Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 21, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 21, 1848 Page 1
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TH I . Whole No. 5101. I ' OFFICIAL DESPATCHES. I* HATTI.R OK BANI"A CRl'Z OK HOSAI.Kd. I I lit: tuiii'AHTKRi Ami of the W'kjt,) I I Chihuahua, March 31,1848 i* i I Gcneki. : I huvo the honor to submit a report of I my operations from the period of adopting the lnteuI tious expressed in my communication to the War DoI yartiueut, dated lith l-'ebruary, 1848, to the?pr?sent iuI slant. 1 Alter making such arrangements, both military and I civil, aa I deemed essential for the socurlty and trailI quility of N?v Mexico, 1 took up the tiueof march on the I Mh 1'ebruary. with one company Missouri horse, for Kl I Paso, where 1 had previously ordered a concentration I of the following troops to operate against the State of I Chihuahua, viz: three companies United States draI goous, commanded by M^jor B. L. Beall?one of which I was acting as light artillery, under tho command of I Lieutenant Love ; six companies Missouri horse, under I the couimaijd ot Colonel Ralls ; live companies MisI Kouri iniantry, under the command of Lieutenant I Colonel Kastou; and Miijor Walker's battalion of I Santa l ? horse, three companies ot hor-e aud one of I light artillery. j I * Un the 2^d I arrived at El Taito, d'.ttaiit fri in Santa I Fe ?>40 miles, w here measures were at once aii ptud for I the Intended operations ; the peculiar characteristics I and general features of the country, embracing the I privations which must necessarily be en.lined on the I ( .road thus travelled, have been, I believe nlready subI ' uiilted to the department in former reports. I The additional information at Kl I'aso continuing f the many report; respecting the .hostile intentions ol' K the enemy, supported by positive evidence as to exB tended preparations in the fabrication of cannon and I munitions of war. together with contributions of small * anus from the adjoining States, induced me to change * my original plan of operations, and adopt forced I marches with my beet mounted troops, for the purpose (of striking a blow before the enemy could conceive my design.. With thiH determination, I despatched Major "Wniker with three companion of his battalion on the night of the '24th. to oocupy the small towu of Carrizal. distant froiu K1 Pa?o ninety miles, uud no situated *.< to comuntnd nil the passes leading to Chihuahua. This command had orders to reconuoitro the country ; cut oil' all communication, by establishing strong i . pickets j and make every effort to obtain information , respecting the designs and movements of the enemy. On the 1st of March, after having been delayed by the non-arrival of my supply trains, conducted as they were compelled to ho by inexperienced officers. 1 resumed my inarch with four companies of Hall's and two of Beall's command, supplied with eight days' subsistence, leaving orders for Love's artillery, the remainder of Kail's command, under Lieut. Col. Lano, and Kaston's infantry, with the exception of one company, which 1 designed as additional protection to tho train, yet in the rear, to march on tho 2d. Major Walker, at tJavrizai, received no additional information, but succeeded in effectually stopping all communication with the enemy. Thus far my march was successful, and continued so until the night of tho titb. When within sixty miles of Chihuahua, a small party of my udvanco unexpeotedly came upon one of the euoiny's pickets, which, unfortunately, succeeded in escaping. Aw are, now. that my approach would bo known on the fallowing morning. I pushed forward my command until I arrived within six miles of the Sacrameutu, at n point termed Laguua, where I was met by a Hag of truce from the general commanding tho Mexican forces, protesting against the advauce of my troops upon Chihuahua. upon the grouud that instructions had been received from the Mexican government suspending hostilities, as a treaty of pcacc bad been concluded aiul signed by commissioners on behalf of both governIj e.its. The evidence adduced on behalf of this assertfr<n 1 did not then deoui sufficiently satisfactory, and could not. therefore, comply with the proposition. Convinced of the uselessness of further conference. 1 was solicited to send in advunce of my command two of my officers, to arrange the preliminaries of r ?pitulatioir. To this request 1 yielded, andimnn <1 i despatched ( apt. McKissick. of tho tjuarter-ni department, and Lieut. Prince, my assistant adj general, who were fully made acquainted wit! views. Kcarfal that dissimulation was tho object. ol interview. I determined to move my command upon huahua that night, and accordingly proceeded wi pidity. when, in about on hour after the departure v | officers. I was met by some American citizens of huahua. who informed mo of tho retreat, the moriuiig previous, of the Mexicau army, with their munitions of war. Anticipating evonti of this nature, I had, on the previous day. detached Uoall's dragoons, so that, by a iorceu marcn over me mountains during ine uignt. lie would be able to intersect the Durango road, aud possibly encounter the enemy in hi* rapid and confused flight. For his operations. I respectfully refer to the report herewith submitted. At 9 o'clock at night, my troops had possession of the city. On the following morning, (the 8th) with portions'of Kail's, ISoall's and Walker's commands, (the majority mounted) and numhcrin&ybout 250 men. I pursued the enemy to the town of Santa Cruz da Rosales. where he had already otroiigly fortified himself?a distance of GO mile* from Chihuahua?where 1 arrived at sunrise the morning of the nth. After a careful rccotinoixauce of the place. I dcter* mined to carry the town by storm, notwithstanding tde immense superiority of the enemy in number*, im ploments. and munitions of war. Dismounting Kail s (with the exception of McNaln's company) and Walker's commands, to operate as infantry, and posting Bead's dragoons, now augmented by one couipauy of Rail's rogiment. to act either as a reserve or to intercept the flight of the euemy. in the event of success. 1 determined the attack on the west side of the town with KalUs command and on the south-east angle of the sam* with Walker's command. These arrangements perfected I despatched Lieutenant 1'rince. with a (lag of truce, omanding an unconditional surrender of the town aud public property. An interview upon this summons was requested by Weneral Trias, which I readily granted for the reason adduced?viz: that official notice from the Mexican government of a treaty of peace having boen signed by commissioners, on behalf of both governments. had been received, and the solemn assurauce by Oencral Trias that he himself had no doubt as to the existence of the treaty; moreover, that he felt assured that confirmation of the same from his government would reach him by a courier (express) expected in three days. This decIaraWon was supported by the honor of the Mexican general, and. under the circumstances, was regarded importaut. I therefore made the proposition contained in the subsequent corresponj dence, which I have the honor to submit herewith.? That success must inevitably follow any course I might decree, I had not the slightest doubt. I was expecting reinforcements of my artillery and horse, aud was willing*. if human life could be saved, to withdraw for a few days my forces; though, at the same time. I considered it my duty to besiege the town, as 1 maintained the right to dictate Buch terms as I deemed consistent with American honor. It will thus be seen that a small American force, not exceeding 300 men in the aggregate, besieged with success a strongly fortified town, containing over 000 * m troops of the enemy. Without tents, a scarcity of provisions, and suffering from the effects of forced marches beyond a parallel, my troops cheerfully performed the onerous duties of the siege, day and night, and arc entitled to the highest considerations of their government. From the 0th instant to the morning of the 16th. nothing of importance transpired for the subject of my report, save the correspondence before alluded to.and the . arrival of small detachments of the several commauds. together with two 12-pounder howitzers, of Mujor m Walker's battalion, under the command of Captain Hassendenbei, whom I left at Chihuahua on the lnoru, iu<{ of Ihe Sth. Kxpcctlug daily a sally from the enemy, my troops were constantly in the saddle ; ever vigilant and cautious each appeared to possess the individual Interests which belongs more properly to tho commander. That the enemy exhibited snplneness -tlmt. hi* every effort became paralyzed by tlic vigilance of my troops, is . sufficiently manifested by his total inaction, although numbering near four time* my own. With a battery of eight piece* of artillery (several heavier than any of . iny gun*). and nine wall piece*, no attempt was male, . designs executed. or picket* forced, to remedy the evil* which were the HUbject of complaint In hi* official correspondence. About daylight on the morning of the 10th. my expected reinforcement* arrived ; they consisted of part of throe companion of Missouri horse. under the oom. * mand of Lieut. Colonel l.ane, and I.uveVJiattery. The report* of these officer*, which I have the honor to*ubmit, evince a zeal *eldotn displayed, n rapidity of movement yet to he surpassed, and an iron energy of will which rccognize* no limit, and convey to thu dcpart mo nt a record of thoir own merits Convinced now of the neceasWJT'of terminating a v . riego peculiarly burdensome to uty troop*. I determined * at once upon an lyt Kroni my sevoAl recouuoicances, I felt sure the encm^wbetieved my main force would b# directed against that purlion of the town fronting my . camp, a* new hatteric* had been e*lahli*hed. and an minimi degree of activity hecame apparent throughout the siege in that quarter. At seven o'clock, A.M., ..Lbrokc u]> iny camp, and with my entire force, excepting licall'* dragoons. augmented by Captain McNair's > ' /company Missouri horse, who were left to cut olT a / retreat on the Durango road. I proceeded round the Jfl ?> southern point of tjiq town, where I placed In position .Walker's battalion, protected from the enemy's artlllery by wall* and MM, f'>r tin; meilitaled assault Continuing to the western side of the town. I then dotached Lieutenant Colonel Lane, with two companies of the .Missouri regiment, to support Love's battery, which I ordered to take position within r?(K> yard." of tho . " town, on tho road leading to Chihuahua, and com- 1 nianding tho principal plaza and chursh. around and in which tho enemy were strongly posted ; reserving Kail's rcmaiuing four companies as mjr centre, and so ? ' disposed a* to afford timely support to tho artillery under Love nnd Hassondenbol. M y final disposition made, Hassendenbel's two 12pou uders having been put in battery on tho west *ldo '' ( 'the town, supported by Hall's command. I, at 10', / a, . A. M., ordered my batteries to open, which, for nesrly rfi? ftn maintained ? spirited and destructive tire. vjjr clearing tho houae* and onurch of the enemy, which ( latt or. from Its Hanking position and strength of cfcn S struotlon. becnnie the stronghold of the enemy Tjfce tire of ttio enemy, during tlii* time, from all hi* lieiigbgun* and wall pleees, was inces*ant. hut. from I theHQMaltion. without effect Observing that a large 1 raffXtlie enemy, which I afterwards learned to bo a tl-poBWier. had been brought to bear upon Ifassenden?. bnl's (lattery, and evidently with a view to silence It. Lieut. Dyer, ef the ordnance, belonging to my staff, E NE J but who volunteered for duty with Love's ImtUry, was ordered to reinforce liasscudcubell wltli a 'i-l-pouuder howitzer and .1 ti-pnundi-r gun This movement having been perceived by tho enemy. his battery was reinforced, and uu inces?uut tire of canister. tfrape, and round idiot was opened upon oi||fUtt?rj. but without doing material injury. Lieut. Dyer was noon in position. where he continued a direct ttre upon thin battery. placed in einbrazuro in one of the principal streets lending to the main plaza, as well as the church and a large building, upon both of which were stationed a strong force. Ror upwards of an hour this buttery was served wltli great elfect. clearing the houses and church; during which time it wu* exposed to the tire of the enemy's batteries, which, throughout, maintained a most rapid tiring. 1 now ordered Lieut. Love, with a 'impounder howitzer and a ft-pounder gun. (the remainder of bis battery having beau disabled in liriug.) to advance upon the position occupied by . Lieut. Dyer, determined, if possible. to silence the enemy's 9-pounder. which contributed. by the efficient manner In which it was served, 1 greatly to our annoyance. Immediately thereafter I re- . ceived information that my rear was threatened by a , large cavulry force of the enemy, supposed to be about ; UIXl strong, and intended as a reinforcement for the encmy within the town. I immediately withdrew my artillery to a commanding position about three-quarters of a mile from tho town, and in the direction of the Chihuahua road ; ordering, at the same time, the remainder of my contmund to tho same point, for the purpose of attacking this supposed reinforcement. Thit movement was evidently regarded by the enemy as a prelude to our signal defeat. Loud cheers arose from Lhii tiiwii. th? hniUHH ?r?rn iii/uiii <*avi>i?a<I Kw Hm u?vl_ diery. n Hag was immediately run up from :in angle of the church, and the lire of the enemy's heavy guns Im>cauie unusually brink. 1 noon discovered tile report of a large reiuforcement of the en amy in my rear to bo incorrect, nnd thai only u small body of cavalry bad threatened it. which I noon dispersed with the command under Lieut. Col. Lane. 1 now determined to storm tho town, agreeably to the dispositions made at the commencement of the attack; and thorcforc gave orders for Ralls. Lano, and Walker to resume their former positions. dismount their men, and charge tho town at the points assigned them, ho soon as my batteries should re-open. Lieut. Love wai ordered to take up IiIh former position. About P.M., the action was resumed, and the lire of our battery returned with unusual briskness. Lieut. Love's battery at this titue consisted ol' one 24-pouudcr howitzer, one ti-pouudcr. and ono .Vpounder. For a more detailed report of this battery, and the efficient aid contributed by the officers who kindly assisted at it, 1 respectfully refer to Lieut. Love's report, which I take pleasure iu endorsing, from my personal observations upon that day. Kor the particulars of the several storming parties. I must also refer to the reports of their respective chiefs, which 1 desire to be identified as a portion of my own. The charge of Kail* was commouccd under my own eye, and in a manner which foreboded success. So soon as tinio would pormit. I witnessed the persevering efforts of Major Walter's command, and tclt confident of the result. 1 would also refer totaf^jar LSeall's report for the duty assigned the squadrtfu of dH^oons, uuder the command of Cant. Orier. In alfnfciug protection to my battery on the 10th. in the judgment aud activity displayed to intercept any attempt by flight of the enemy, and in the dipihargc of the highly important duties of tho siege, 1 discovered talent and ability. I feel confident that I cannot add to the kuown reputation of this command; for the second time has it shared with me the honors of victory. Although ttie first was with the sacrifice of its gallant and accomplished leader, (the lamented Durgwiu.) yet I cannot refrain from according that tribute of praise which is due the distinguished services they have performed since forming a portion of my comuuiud. Shortly after sundown, the enemy surreudered. (Jen. Trias and forty-two (42) of his priucipal officers were made prisoners of war; and eleven pieces of artillery, nine ? pi -en. besides 677 stand of arms, fell into our hands Our loss in this action was one lieutenant, two cor| J .aud on.' private, killed; and uineteeu priva!c 'Undc 1 Ti. loss of the enemy?from the ideiii-c of commanding officers herewith submitted? in two officers, and non-commissioned officers and privates; the number woundtd cannot be correctly ascertained. In submitting to the consideration of the government the operations which have been performed by iny troop*. I feel auxious to exhibit that high degree of praise thcip conduct upon this occasion so justly merits. The exceeding onerous duties of forced marches, over & sterile and desert country of Bcarly 320 mile*, without tcutg or transportation trains, with merely a few days' rations of subsistence, have been willingly, indeed cheerfully. endured by my gallant column. I feci a sense of pride in recording the distingi(i*bcd bravery of all regulars and volunteers : believing that feeling will be reciprocated by the War Department, aud cherished by the American people. The distinguished conduct of Liellt. Love--in the highly efficient manner iu which his batteries were served; iu the rapidity of movement v liich characterized his conduct, when ordered t* reini'nrce me. travelling night and day. going into battery four hours after his arrival, and his unceasing efforts during the entire day in working his battery?de??rre* especial notice ; aud I cannot refrain from expressing the strongest recommendation for that honorable gratitude from his country which the brave soldier acquires by liis exploits To Colonel Kalis, to Lieut.-Colonel Lane, to Major Walker, and their brave officers and men. I must accord tin. tinnn-i. ,, ? II; I...... : - nw?- ? ? , HHinH^uiug in iiiu prriuriiiuiii'i-. they each and all vied, where duty called tlicm. for tho crowning result of success. Kalis, on the west, charged witlt aninmtiou and enthusiasm ; Walker, on the south-east. stormed with daring and bold determination : l.ano. on the north-wont, with a small command, forced the enemy's barriers, gained the main plaza, out. overwhelmed by numbers. prudently withdrew, in good order, his small-command. In thin charge, the brave but lamented Lieutenant O. (). Hepburn. Missouri mounted home. fell, leading his men gloriously, cheering and animating them to the last. His country has lost a valuable officer ; his relatives and friends must look to his deeds, worthy of record upon the page of history, to console them for their loss. From the officers of my personal staff I have received the 'most important services and encouraging aid. ( apt. McKisslck. assistant quartermaster; ( apt. (Jarrison. assistant commissary of subsistence; Miyor Spalding, pay department, and Meut. Prince, A l5. C. and A. A. A. (Jcneral. served during the contest near my person, conveying iny orders with promptness wherever necessity demanded. Captain MeKissick. suffering severely from sicknoss. resumed h+s position in the Held, rendering valuable services throughout the action. To the medical staff, oondncted by Assistant Surgeon R. T. Simpson. United States army. I have to express my acknowledgments. The atteutiou and ability displayed by Assistant Surgeon Simpson to our wounded upon the lield. as well as to those of the enemy after the action, has wou for him admiration and esteem from both armies. I also mention, with pleasure, the services of Captain lUley, Missouri horse, acting brigade inspector of iny command, who voluntarily led his company at the storming of the town, under the immediate command of Colonel Ralls. I also take groat pleasure in recording the services of MlMfl. James L. Collins. K. W. Pomery. and W. < Skinner. American citizens, resident! of Chihuahua, who volunteered their services as aids-dc-camp upon that day. Of these gentlemen. I must make particular mention The valuable information received from the former upon my arrival at K1 I'aso, as respects the condition of the enemy, a knowledge of the country and its language. together with his unremitting efforts to second my views in all that pertains to thoso occurrences, and the personal exertions of tho two latter, in assisting me to remount my command at this place, with their services on llie 16th, entitle them to my warmest thanks. I respectfully transmit herewith a upccial field return of tile forces engaged in tho action of the Kith: a report of the killed and wounded: a list of officers paroled: a list of stores raptured; a muster-roll of the enemy's forces, as furnished by Gen. Trias; and two topographical sketches of the town, showiug the position of my several commands; prepared respectfully by Captain llassendenbel. of Major Walker's battalion, and assistant Surgeon lloraco K. Wirtz, United Status army. I think It proper to state here, that every exertion was made by I.lent Col Kaston. commanding battalion of infantry. I.ieut. Wnblier, commanding two sections oft aptnin llassondenbol's artillery, and those ttffleors *ho were necessarily absent with the trains, including Major liodino. I'ay Department, in charge of the public funds, to share the honor of the attack I wtuld also inform the department, that (Jen. Manuel Armijo. late governor of New Mexico, surrendered himself to tne as a prisoner of war on the 'Jlst instant, and is now on his parole of honor; a copy of which, together with that of (Jen. Trias. I have the honor herewith to submit I am. sir. very respectfully, your obedient servant. STKIIUNU PRICK. Ilrig. (Jen. W. S. A. Com'dg. To Ilrig. (Jen. It. Jonfm, Adjt. Ocu. U. S. A.. Washington. I). C. From tiik(Yrvor thkSai.t Lakr.?Lettersluivo | hern receivfd lit St. Louis, l?y persons connected with the Mormon colony, at the city of the Salt Luke, dated in the latter part of Dec. They represent tho situation of the colony an a comfortable one. They had not ltccn molested by the Indiana, mauy of whom were in the hulilt of visiting the city. An enclosed square, formed of continuous dwellings on each side, faring inwards, intended for defence of the abode material. had been erected, as well as other buildings fi r the colony, comprising some three thousand souls. I'p I to the time of writing, only two deaths had occurred in the colony. Last fall they sowed ah?ut three thousand acres of wheat, and they intended, besides, to put in a spring crop of about nix thousand acres more. If the crops pliotild prove good, they will have grain to spare to the eniigrauts to < allfornia. taking the Salt I.ake route. Tliey had erected two Haw-mill*. and a grist-mill, and iMr? industriously employed Seed potatoes were sell- ] Infc at ten dollars per bushel; peas, fifty cents per pound; and other things at about the same rates. ItnllroKd IiiteillKriirr. A meeting of the cltiien* of Sandwich was held in the Town Hall, on Monday evening last, to take measures to celebrate the opening of the Cape Cod branch railroad to Sandwich, about the first of June. A committee of twenty was appointed to inuke suitable arrangement* for ih? eT?nt.?Yarmouth Hetfittir. i _ _ 9 'imi' 'in?ih?iiiii n iiin W YO JEW YORK, SUNDAY M Albany, May 18, 1*18. The Baltimore Convent urn?The Portrait* of Several Member* of the Free Null Delegation. The ambiguities whirl) hang about the question of the presidency are about to be dis|>ellcd. In three jlays, the delegates chosen by the |>eople to select a democratic candidate for the presidency will assemble at Baltimore. The people will regard the deliberations ol' this body with undisguised interest, and this interest is enhanced in no slight degree by the probabilities that its proceedings will end in the merest farce. The history of the disorganization of the democratic or |M>pular party of America will form :t rich chapter in our political annals. + * * # * # Comparisons have been drawn between the hunker and barnburner delegations from this State. Some believe that the hunker delegation is composed of the most experienced politicians and that it will outwit the other; others presume not. V'or the information andamusement of the Southern delegates, who will assemble at Baltimore, 1 will try to give them accurate portraits of several of the leading men in the barnburner delegation; the Southern gentlemen will then be able to form some estimate of the quality of the metal which they will have to encounter. Jarcj Willson, a member of the free soil delegation, is a lawyer from Caiiandaigua, Ontario county, in this State: he has filled several important public offices, with great ability. As a lawyer, he is about second rate, from fair to middling. Mr. W. is a fine-looking gentleman, about fiftyfive years of age; his manners are winning and cordial. As an advocate, he is even more successful than as a counsellor; he speaks with distinctness and decision; lie has been called anelo quem pleader, and his position in the convention will not be an obscure one. In his public and private relations, he is,'and ever lias been, an irreproachable man. John P. Meek man, resides at Kindcrhook. in the immediate vicinity of the Sage of. Lindenwald. He is the most faithful adviser and counsellor of the illustrious Bage. Mr. Beekman was a Senator of this State last year. In his person, he is a model of the American gentleman; he I is ugeil about fitty years; he is a man of learning, but with all the exertions of his friend Martin to make him an able intriguer, he has proved but an indifferent pupil; he is a frank and honest man. A ' defect in his speech makes it impossible for him to succeed as an advocate: he is but a poor speaker, but the convention will find that he is entitled to | their most distinguished consideration. Samuel J. Tilden was a member of the constitutional convention of 1816, and has been repeatedly elected to the Legislature of this State, lie is u sagacious and successful lawver, and a respectable citizen of the city of New York, lie is comparatively young, being only thirty-five years of age; but his public life has distinguished him as one of those noble and accomplished men who are destined to fill a large space in the public eye; he is an honest man, and in the convention which framed the constitution of this State, lie displayed qualities of mind of a high order. He is an able and impressive speaker, and the conservatives will find him a J. S. Wadsvyorth in a farmer from Livingston county, in this State, lie is ail extensive land owner and a millionaire. He was a delegate to the remarkable convnetion which was held at Syracuse last year. Mr. W. is a gentleman of fair ability and a pleasing speaker. lie will submit to what he believes is right; but be will be very apt to resist encroachments upon the reserved rights of the free soil delegation. Mr. W. is forty-live years of agc and line looking. \\ m. C. Crain, of Herkimer County, N. V., is an agriculturist. Mr. C. was Speaker of the Assembly of 1S4?. and a member of the Assembly of 1S45. He is very friendly to Admiral Horthian. Mr. C. is a good man ; lie is remarkably popular in the county of his residence. As Speaker of the Assembly, he was distinguished for his urbanity and impartiality, and for the accuracy and promptitude | of his decisions. He lias a thorough acquaintance with parliamentary law, and he is an educated man. Mr. Crain is about fifty years of nge, and is one of the most pleasant-looking men 1 ever saw ; be has a line person, lie will M found to be an important feature in the conveniiou. To-morrow I will endeavor to give brief portraits of some of the remaining members of the free soil delegation. Boston, May 18, 1848. Aspect of Political Affairs in IWaiMic'tuxrtl*. Never, "witbin the memory of the oldest inhabitant," was more consternation excited than by the publication of the statement that .fudge Woodbury had given it as his opinion that the Wilmot proviso doctrine is all wrong, according to Mr. Inge's letter to Mr. Yancey. It lias excited a general consternation among democrats here, making their faces as long as the shaft of a "tree of liberty," while the whigs are in eestacies, as they specially feared the Judge, who, as a Northern man, was in a fair way of stealing their thunder. If the statement is correct?and how it can be otherwise it would be hard to say?Mr. Woodbury is booked for a continuance on the bench of the Supreme Court?he has no more chance of the presidency than has John P. Hale. He would not carry New Hampshire?not a single New England State?on the doctrine laid down in the Inge letter. I am not shaking now of the soundness of his views, but amply of the manner in which they have been received in this qu arter, where, until within the last eight-and-forty hours, he has had as many staunch supporters as any one man in the country?more, perhaps, than any other one man. Well, his opinion?supposing it to be his?has met with such a reception as lire awards to a wet blanket. Men are astounded at it, and in some cases quarrel. It has thrown everything into the confusion of King Agramaiite's ramp. Hy common consent, it is universally admitted that il the statement be correct, the Judge has been guilty ol the most, slupendoiu aet of folly |>erpetrated bv any tiling liuinuii since Adam broke the terms ol his lease of Kd'-n, and was seived with a celestial writ of ejectment, with an angel to see that he should duly and truly "eut his stick." Everybody declares that I'olk has had something 111 ill) u nil tlila liiiaimtuw itnil 11 -, t In* li.m *1iiiilli?ii | ilie wool" over the eyes of one who was generally 1 considered a wiw man, he being assist.-d by thai nrince of antediluvian boobies, Grandfather Whitehead, ot* the Union. Perhaps the common b?;liel is correct, and the President will have the pleasure ol hanging up the judge's scalp in lii? wigwam; iliouiili whether that wigwan will he located at Wusliington, or in Tennessee, for the coming lour years, is what no man can Hay just now. Mont ol our democratic delegates have gone south, on their way to the Baltimore convention. Mr. Waiitoul has none, and Col. (ireene leaves, I believe, to-day. The latter is, by no means, ?o much in love with Mr. Woodbury, as to grieve without hope over the prospects which exist of his being sent to the wall. .Mr. Rantoul will probably take if hnrder, as he has thrown himself fully into the Woodbury movement. The Woodbury fun.r /hi* has set people lo thinking about (In- fittest person to be nominated, and more have named Mr. 1 (alias than any other man. His nomination would take well here, and, it is thought, would be acceptable to the free States generally. Our whiff journals arc engaged in demonstrating that Mr. Clay has not the clighteht chance of an election, mid that (Sen. Scott is a fool. The Webster delusion is about us strong as formerly; but I have not heard of any one having been sent to Medium for betting that Mr. Webster would have more than 290 electoral votes. One enthusiastic donkey has betted that the illustrious whig of Massachusetts will receive n majority of the electoral votes; but rts he was a Utile excited at the time, it beingjust after dinner, it waauot thought necessary to incarcerate him. I see that Senator I>ix, of your StMc, has been nominated in certain quarters for the Presidency. Why not run his brother, who is in our custom house, for the Vice Presidency, so as lo have a pure northern ticket! The "claims" of the one, il strikes me, are as imperative as those ol the other. Uttca Stic am Cotton Factory. The work has been commenced for the erection of the buildings required for the extensive manufacture of cotton* contemplated

l>y this company It* capital ftook i* 2u0.OOO.aud It I* calculated that 1.v00#*pindle* wilt be run. The company expect to get up the building tlii* fall, and a* *or>n after as po**ible to commence operation*. UUc? 0*??rt?r. IRK E 10RNING, MAY 21, 1848. Cincinnati, May 13, l.S4>* ' Result of the Democratic Convention?Unanimity of Sentiment of the Parti/?The Cincinnati Delegates Forming the Exceptions?Cunsei/ucnt Distatinfliction?Project for a ntw Democratic Paper in thitcity?A Clues* who will he it* Editor?The JVhijf Editors still Affect to fMue;h at the Proposed Action of the Democrats. Now that the democratic convention has verified, in its action, what I have heretofore basedmy opinions upon in predicting that political affairs in ' Ohio would assume an exciting and alarming pos| ture, I presume I may again claim the attention of ' the readers of the Herald to the importance of the I subject?important, on account of its direct tendency to bring the two great political parties in such open hostility against each other us to probably array them in deadly conflict. The resolutions adopted by the convention at Columbus, declare that no law exists under which a legislature can be elected to cany on the functions of the State government ; that the only way the evil eau be remedied is for the Governor to cnll a speciul session of the General Assembly ; that a new apportionment law may be passed; that, if the Governor refuses to call an extra session, it is recommended that the democrats elect as many senators and representatives in Hie districts named in the bill purporting to have been passed at the late session, as claimed by the whigs; bat with the intention that the democrats so elected should refuse to take their seats or be qualified, which, it is presumed, will leave the two houses without a quorum ; and that, as there will be no mode by which another legislature can be elected under the . present 'constitution, after the second Tuesday in October next, the same should then be considered as void, and that the people proceed to the formation of a new one ; and, finally, that a State convention of the democrats be called, to meet on the first Monday in December next (the day fixed for the meetinu of the legislature) to take measures for tlic accomplishment of the fatter object. A democratic friend who was up to Columbus, though not a delegate, informs me that there was great unanimity among the delegates in declaring these high revolutionary sentiments and measures. The only exception upbears to have been by a portion of the delegates lrorn this city. In a former letter, published in the tttraid, I spoke of the npathv and shyness evinced by the Em/uirer, the only democratic paper in this county, in regard to this whole movement, from the time the democratic Senators lclt their seats, up to the final proposition to hold the late convention; and I then gave as a reason, the fact that the clause in the new apportionment law, which is made the pretext of strongest opposition to it?that which aivides this city and county into two separate districts? was highly satisfactory to a large number of democrats, because it broke in upon existing controlling cliques within the party, and thus opened a chance for a change of influence in the party, under the new organization. This, "and nothing else," is the key to the so called conservative course taken by (he editor of the Emjnirer, as a delegate in the convention. 1 find, however, that the dissatisfaction to Mr. Brough's course is very general, and already do we hear whispers of u new democratic press being established. Indeed, if 1 am not more than usual from the mark in my inferences, I conclude from the movements of l)r. T., now here on a visit, and who was for several years editor of the Ohio Eatfe, and is st ill a contributor to several leading democratic journals, that he has a hand iu the project, if not as editor or publisher, at least as an assistant. It is said that during the crisis of the " bank reform" question, he lost favor with the self-constituted "censors" of the party, 011 account of his conservative inclinations on that question, and also on account of his favoring the nomination of the favorite son of the Keystone State, Mr. Buchanan, and op|K)sing a second trial with Mr. Van Buren. Hut, as he applied his pen vigorously in support of Mr. l'olk, in '41, and has fallen in with the anti-bank view*, as adopted by the party, and coincides fully with the course proposed by the delegates to the late convention, though still an advocate of the Trent Pennsylvania!), tor President, for whom, bv i lie way, he lias made ninny warm friends in Ohio, yet,being willing, as in duly hound, to support the nominee of the convention, 1 presume tnat his assuming the editorshipofthe proposed new paper, would meet with general approbation. Notwithstanding the decided lone and evident .sincerity cviuccd, of the resolutions adopted by the democratic convention, the whig organs still arc inclined to treat the movement with h laugh, and to mock the idea of nnv serious result. But i I fear they will continue this indifference until, i thinking to change railery for argument, and scorn for courteous reasoning, they may be met with the significant " it is too late." They little dream 1 of the settled determination of the almost entire body of democrats to act 111 strict accordance with ] the resolutions adopted by the late convention. 1 hope the governor may yet conclude to convene the Legislature, and thus deprive the democrats of the pretext to the course they propose to take. Western Scribe. Affairs on the Continent of Kurope. The following are extracts from a letter received from a gentleman, who has lately been travelling 1 through Germany:? "Things on this continent continue bad, in a , commercial point of view. It is. perhaps, necessary that trade should be neglected awhile, when I such great moral and political interests are at 1 stake. All is going on well in France, (termany 1 and Italy. Kussiu will be crushed between new : Poland in Posen and new Poland in Gallicia on j the one side, and old Prussia and Hungary, as- ] fisted by the so-called principalities of the l)anube, | on the other side. Russia has for a long time ex- i ercised an undue and despotic influence over these l independent principalities (Moldavia, Servia, and i Wallachia,) and considered their i/tutti conquest 1 as the first stepping stone towards the possession of Constantinople. The northern barbarian, weary of the wildsand snows of his Siberia, has always drcainpt to set a resting foot on the sunny shores of the Hosphorus, and m the fertile plains of Poland and Germany. He has, however, reckoned without his host?civilized Kurope, (|?erhaps England itself,) would not consent to it. "Russian Poland is still kept in chains by the 1 military power; but insurrection is being prepared by Prussian emancipation and that of Austrian Po- J land; and when the hour shall come, Poland will , rise, and must regain her nationality; she will ] I lieu form an insurmountable barrier against the i encroachiug tendencies of Russia, and exercise the i providential mission of initiating the inhabitants of i even Russia itself into the habits and maimers of < Kurojie. There is not the least doubt that trade 1 will lie developed in these eastern countries in the same degree as their inhabitants become free, ( civilized, and enlightened. Therefore, England , can do nothing better, in her commercial capacity, i than favor such eflorts; but nothing, however, can i prevent events as good as necessary, instead of i men being treated and npiwrtinncu like cattle, ' they are going to exercise their rights; and nations are to lie formed according lo their nationality, i. . e., their htnguugetmanners, character, and history. | Than this, uoihiiii; can be more just?all pre- , ..r;,....?.i i: ?' ? 1 ' I'MTiir^i c, n ill l ll|i'IIC|f lirn ill** l?? IM* JIIH^ lished; equality and a certain Iraternity 11 r?- to prevail. Than this nothing can lie more Christian. So long as such improvements an- wanted, no I lasting fieace can exist: ami |ieace is necessary to 1 the full ami tree dcvelopcment of ('hristian man. It is a task worthy of Kngland to favor the enian- ' cipation of l'oliiid and Italy, and tile consolida- \ tion of liberty in every part of Kurope. "In (iermany, things ho on very well, and the i < tciimms are worthy of liberty. N on ninv imagine i how oddly the old lory of Hanover looked when lie ; was compiled to sign the decree abolishing all 1 titles and privtleircs of nohility. A more ludicrous ' subject, however, is afforded l?v that old fooT, Lord J liroiiLrhnm, who applied to the French ministers for ' ' Ins letters of naturalisation, wishing to hecome , Ciloi/cii Brougham in France, and to remain Lord < Hrottgham and Vaux in Kngland?a thing that could l not l>e granted. I am rather inclined to let him re- l main n nnu, or as long as he likes. " I do not pretend to lie a good Lugl^h cor res- ] pondent.hut I know thcKuropcan affairs well enoAgh to give information more exact, perhaiw, than is ( iriven hy the Timrx' reporter, who studies t iertnan | affairs at the tuNrt tl hole* ot Frankfort and Mayaz, i and invents stories of the "thousand and one | nights." For instance, his tale of the pretty (ler- > niai lady, who at five in the morning, entered the ' bedroom of an officer who was in bed, and implored his mercy for her only son, who was to be a soldier. I know many parties who like pretty la- , dies in their bedrooms at live in the morning, but , do n<vf think such is often the cane with the '/'//urn' 1 reporter. i Political Intelligence. , A rumor liftTiug K"1 abroad. in Wftuhington. that Mr | Hitchanan would decline the nomination for th? Prenl- , dency, a not? w?.< addrr-M'd to him. asking if till* wa* ( the fart; to which Mr. II. replied, he fthould never de- , oIIm. | [ERA Eitraots from Foreign Papers. tloueat Tom Htcele, Uio Head ParllU-ator?? ilia Attempt to Commit ftulclde. Shortly belore 11 o'clock, on the 25th ult., the above-named unfortunate gentleman wu? placed before Mr. Jardine, thr presiding magistrate ut Mowstreet lor the day. Mr. Steele wan accompanied by Mr. Martin, barrister, by Mr. Hoare, his legal udviser on the present occasion, and by some other friends. Mr. Steele having been charged with an attempt to commit suicide, by throwing himself from the top of Waterloo Bridge, on Wednesday evening last, Mr. Hoare, addressing Mr. Jardiue, said that he was instructed by Mr. Steele to give his sincere and solemn assurance to the magistrate that he would never again attempt the crime with which he then stood charged, lie had given the same assurancf^to his friends ; and his friends, knowing his strict integrity relative to any promise that he might make, fully confided in the pledge he had given ; mid they, therefore, having the gauie reliance upon liia word. hoped that the magistrate would not couMider it uuveuary to proceed farther with the charge, but immediately restore hiin to his friends. Mr. Jahuini:?Before I determine upou the course which I ought to pursue. I must hear the evidence. Ill) hi. HI l.aiikin num. i iivo iii .>0. 4. nu111i ulm-pHlCC. Stamford-street. Blackfriars. I nut a wuterimn. On Wednesday evening hut. about twenty minutes l>eforo seven, I was proceeding with my boat, near Waterloobridge, in a course front thu bridge, when my attention wan attracted by hearing a splashing in the water, in a direction different to tiiat in which 1 wait rowing. Wile 11 I turned my face toward* the spot whero my notice wan drawn. I saw a gentleman struggling in the water. 1 proceeded n* fact an my strength and activity allowed me toward* the gentleman, who, at that time, was about 400 or 500 yard* from nie. 1 succeeded in taking bold of him just as he was Kinking?I think for the last time?with hi* faco downward. I brought him to the surface of thu water, and hold him for about a minute and a half before any *ense appeared to return to him. With great difficulty 1 gut him into my boat. Tho person at my Hide wa* the gentleman I took out of the water. I bad not seen him before. 1 then rowed him to the stairs at Straud-lane. where, having lauded him. 1 placed him in a cab. A* noon a* I had done ho. a policeman caine alongside. I told the policeman, in answer to hi* inquiry, that 1 wan going to taku the gentleman to I'eele'H Coffee-house; but the policeman prevented my doing no, aud said he must take him to llowHtreet station, where we went together. Krom tho station, we took him to King * College lloipital. where I left him. Mr. Jardivr?Was the gentleman sensible when ho was taken out of the water ? Witnk??No, sir; he had been lu tho water for a mlnuto or two. Mr. Jardini;?What did ho say, when hi* senses returned ? Witnmj?Tho gentleman was excited, and so was I; aud therefore 1 did not know exactly what the gentleman said, lie had been in the water for two or three minutes, aud consequently he was almost iuscusiblo during the whole time be was in the boat. Mr. Jahuinc?When did he lirat begin to glvo auy notion of his knowing whore he wm taken from ' Witsbh?Ho did not say anything further than that lie bad thrown himself from Waterloo bridge. lie told me so. I cannot imagine how he missed tho abutment of the piers, he was so very close. Mr. Jaruinb?Do you recollect what were tho precise words that he made use of ? Witness?No. sir; I cannot positively say. Mr. Jaroink?Did be giro any reason for hi* act ? Witness?No. sir; none whatever. Mr. IIoAKr.?I do not wish to ask the witness any questions. J ami.* Cooke. policeman, was the next witness?1 was on Waterloo bridge last Wednesday evening, when I saw a gentleman throw himself off the bridge into the wator; 1 saw him before he touched the water; I had previously seen him standing in thu recess at tho third arch; I did not look particularly at him; having turned my head for a short time. I looked again, when I saw him lu the water; I saw him in the art of falling; I immediately looked over the parapet, having first missed him; I was was on tho other side of the bridge, and as soon as I missed him 1 crossed the bridge, aud saw the gentleman falling into the water. Mr. Jaroine?Do you mean to say that he was all the time falliug while you crossod tho bridge .' Wit.nk.s4?Yes, sir. Mr. Jardine?Did you see him before he was in tho water ? Witness?Yes. sir; I saw him on the footway, lookiug over the bridge into the water. Mr. Jabihkk?Did you observe anything particular about him that drew your attention towards him ? W itikm?No. sir ; 1 was not immediately opposite to him. I was at twenty to thirty yards distance from him. Mr. Jardine ?What induced you to cross over towards him f Witnrii? I saw three or four persons looking over the bridgo, which induced ine to go across. I then *aw a cap ou the bridge, which caused nie to go over Mr. Jakdine?Was the last thing you saw a cap on the bridge ? Witness?Yes, sir ; I am sure It was there when I drst looked, and then I went across as fast as I possibly ruuiu Mr. Jardinc?Po you mean to soy that, after tho gentleman had thrown himself off the bridge. you uw him igain before lie touched tho water WiTitr*??Ye*. sir. Mr. Jahiii*k?Was there any part of the bridge Uiat lie could fall upon ' Witnrm?Yen. Kir; where the gas pipe* go along the bridge Mr. Ho ark thought it uunccenmiry to auk any questlon of the witness. A police aerjeant. whom name we did not catch, said ?I wan at King's College Hoipital when Mr Steele wan brought there; but he wan anxious to be sent to Poele'd Coffee House He told me that he did not lal>or under any injuries, but merely complained of his chest The surgeons of the hospital, however, thought that he had received some internal injury, ami consequently wished him to ramain at the hospital I said that the gentleman was iu custody, and must, therefore, be taken l?efore a magistrate. I took him to Bow street station house, where lie was put to bed I asked him for his name and address. He said that his nmne wan Thomas Steele, of the county of Clare. Ireland I asked him ivhere he was stopping at in town He answered, at the Bull and Mouth. St. Martin's-ie-Grand. lie did riot wish to go there, he said ; but he wished to go to I'cele's Coffee House. I told liiin that I could not allow tiim to go there, but that 1 would send a mcssnge for liint wherever he liked. I asked him if I should go to the Bull and Mouth, in order to procure a change of rlothes. as those he bad on were so wet. He said that I need not troublo myself, as he hail no clothes there; lie only had a carpet hag. an.t perhaps some books. Having asked him what impelled him to do this actMr. IIoark?Did you make any statement, requesting him to disclose any matters ?No. sir. Mr. Hoakr ? Then I submit that this evidence cannot be received. Mr. J a it in n : having determined that the evidence was receivable. W'i rMK.n in continuation, said?The gentleman, in reply to my question, told me that he was suffering tinier severe mental afflictions, lie then shivered very much from cold aud wet, and remarked. " How foolish I have acted, that I did not pospone or put off " I do ant know which. ' this, until dusk 1 Then I could have iccotnplished it without lieing noticed." I then asked the house surgeon to put hint to bed as goon as possible, md having told Mr Steele that ho was in custody. I then left hiui. There being no further evidence. Mr. IIoark. addressing the magistrate, said In my iipening observation, sir, I said that I would not at ill attempt to shrink from tjjc truth. I told you. sir. that Mr. Steele. In the most serious manner, had given iistiranco to his friends that a repetition of his attempt should never again take place. Having inade tills promise to his friends, he is now ready to make to you. sir. the same assurance. I therefore think, sir. that under these circumstances. you will feel justified in allowing him at once (o depart, without committing liim for trial; but if you should ask sureties, I am prepared to otfer such as I am sure will completely satisfy f V... Mr. .JmniN t. after a short consultation with Mr Rurnaby. the chief clerk. said I muit consider what i* the liest course tulake; Mr. Steele had better sit down in tha other room Mr Sr?t it having retired, tho night charges worn proceeded with; after tho termination of which Mr fardine directed that Mr. Steela should be again lutroJu.-ed As soon an lie entered. Mr. Jardi> k. addressing Mr Steele. said I am quite willing to believe the statement which has been made on ynur behalf, that you made the Attempt on four life under til* pressure of severe distress of mind, iml I hope tliat the circumstance that has occurred , will hate such mi elTect upon you as that you may l>c safely left to yourself, and to render it not ?t all probable that such an attempt will again lake place Vou ore aware, no doubt, that my strict luty would warrant ine in putting this case in course ?f trial before a jury. You are perfectly aware of that Hut I am always inclined to make allowance ror misfortune, and I therefore believe, from what has been stated to me. that this act was committed under temporary distress of mind, and I am sorry that this [ecling has Induced you to do so. At the same time, though I place the fullest reliance upon the promise that you hare given both to ine mid your friends, I am bound to take security tliat tills a?surance shall be kept, ami therefore, as I understand that you are prepared with ball. I must require that you give your >wn security of 1001.. and two other sureties in 601. . *ach, to keep the peace for one year Mr. Steele, trembling from head to foot, and a manly tear tracing his aged cheek, bowing to the magistrate. said I bell ere. sir, that you are aware of the ^ sympathy which I have everywhere met with. My friend, Mr. Hoare, lias itated to you the assurance that I have Riven to my friends; and I now. sir. per onally anil solemnly repeat the pledge In-fore you It would he a high outrage upon the laws of the country. *ndan insult to you. sir. who sit hero to administer Ihe law*, if I attempted in the least to palliate the act that I have committed Before I withdraw, however,, sir. I hope you will allow me to give expression to mv feelings, by thanking the gentlemen connected with the public j>r?M for their kind sympathy towards m?. | a BBSS?a^99R9i LD. Prlc? Tw? CinU. ' I alio thank tin- waterman fur IiU extraordinary e*?r tloiu iu Having ine from a w?t,ry grave The polieeiiivii have iiIno gohly done their duty in taking uie in to custody, and in doing so have acted with the greatext po.H*ibln delicacy and propriety My word*. how ever, are utterly powcrle** lu attempting to give exprHKNion to tliH gratitude which i fuel toward* the phyHlcian. and iiurgenn. and director* of King's Cut lege Hospital und every other being who wan connect<td with that eHtabliahuient. for their measure* of humanity and general sympathy witb which they treated ute while under their rare. They every one of them und one and all. treated me moat kindly, and I hope that the gentlemen present who are representative* of the public prims will favor ine by making my grateful feeling* known to the country at large Mr Jardink- I aui mire that they will do no. Mr. Frederick Lucas, of 26 Pembroke-square, and Mr Jamc* harrinh. of H Lancuiter-plaoe. Waterloo j Bridge, were then urcupted a* bail for Mr Steole. who immediately retired, bowing very politely but tremblingly to the magistrate I The unfortunate gentleman teemed to feel vffl-y deeply hi* poaititn a* he itood at the table, and by hi* venerable and dejected appearance enlisted the sympathies of the whole of the crowded assembly A fife Irs In IUUy. Mrr.AN, April 20, J*I8. As to the question of our interior affairs in the principal towns, such its Milan, Venice, Turin, ("tenon, Bologna, Leghorn, Arc., two parties, |>erfectly distinct, maybe remarked, the constitutionalists and the republicans, Liuth having different objects in view. The former desire to (orm a single State of Lomhnrdy, iSedmont, Venice, Parma and Modena, comprising nearly twelve millions of inhabitants, nnd with rharles Albert as King. The republicans, on the other hiind, who are in great number at Milan, Venice, nnd even liologna, are divided into two sections, the unitai remand federalists, both of whom, however, propose Pius IX. as President of the Grand Italian Republic. A decisive battle, if gained by Chariest Albert, would give a great preponderance to the constitutional party, who desire the formation of all upper Italy into one State. The electoral law for the convocation of the Assembiee Constituante of Lombardy, is just now occupying attention ; of course, whatever part Milan may take, will exercise a great influence on the rent of tlie north of Italy. MM. Mazziui, Canuti, Martanelli, Hcrchet, und other Italian patriots, are at present at Milan. M. Gioberti is expected from Paris, nnd preparations are being made for a demonstration in his honor. The Merman Diet. FlUNKFOlt r-on-THK-MAJNE. April 21. The committee of fifty-six (the number has been increased by the admission of the Austrian deputies) had yesterday two very tempestuous sittings. The following resolutions were adopted utter a protracted and violent debate:? The 1st of May is to be maintained as the day fixed by the preparatory assembly for the meeting of the constituent assembly. The constitution or the assembly will depend upon the number of deputies already arrived. This constitution must, at all events, be complete before the 18th of May next. The committee is to require the Germanic Diet to uhstain from any further decision in this respect. The last resolution was adopted by 22 members against 21. The. committee resolved also unanimously that the president is to insist upon the completion of the Diet, as most of the former members of that federal body have ceased to sit, and no new deputies have been appointed in their place. The Uermaii Club*, Berlin, April 23, 1848. The editor of the democratic ultra radical journal, Volkt-frewul, having published an article exciting the people to revolt and to maltreat the ministers, wus arrested yesterday by the police, and will be placed on his trial. Measures of this nature are alsiolutely necessary in all similar cases. It is time that the editors of the youug free press should comprehend the distinction between the free use and licentious abuse of their privileges. The number of clubs increases daily. One of these has been established at l'otsdam, with the view of counteracting the supposed reaction. The burgher guard clubs, which, with the chiefs of this force, are busily occupied in its organization, met on Friday, and decided that they would reject all and every regulation or law touching the organization of the corps that should not l>e established with the previous consent and concurrence of the Burgcwehr itself. The meeting, called nufional, has drawn up an accusation against the ministry for having done their duty?that is, for having resolved to put down all attempts at anarchy and bloodshed by iieaceable and legal means. Held, one of the chiefs of this assembly, has given in his resignation, but is to harangue them at "the. ' tents " this evening. A club of J)init?boten (servants) lias been formed. Among the innumerable placards that deface the walls and trees, is one announcing a meeUng of this club also tor this eveniruj. On the other hand, a very sensible address of a workman attracts great attention. It calls upon these classes not to dig their own graves by listening and following the bad councils of treacherous anarchists, and also observes that, as the |>eople during many years, patiently submitted to a tyrannical and irresponsible ministry, it is but just to give a fair trial lo a well-intentioned and res|Kinsible cabinet. Underneath this, is an address from the Cerman population on both banks of the VVarte, an afHucnt of the Netze (i'osen,) calling ii|?on all Germans to stand by them in defence of their hearths, laws, and lives, against the Poles, and accusing < General Willessen of having accorded n delay of three days to the latter, the better to enable them to arm and concentrate, in lieu of disarming anddis|iersingthem. Hut so numerous are the placards and addresses |>osted in every eiirner, that it would require more space and time than can be afforded even to furnish a pririt. This day (Faster Sunday) in lieu of bringing forth, as usual, brilliant equipages, gay military cavaliers, anil brilliant toilettes, boasts ot little brilliancy.? . Not a dozen private carriages are to bo seen. Not a single officer is met with, and the ladies,of whom few make their appearance, are more than usually modest in their attire. Dark colored groups stroll or stand conversing upon the Linden. The palaces and public buildings, guarded l?y the burifetrthr, in their common dresaes, without cross-belts, apI pear forlorn and dreary. (J roups of students, with sabres in their hands, and white "wide-awakes" on their heads, perform the internal duty at the king's and other palaces. In that of the Prince of Prussia, on whirl: ure chalked in large characters, " National Eigeijthume" (national property) a detachment of these young men are seen sitting at the o|ton window, on the ground floors, with tneir beer glasses before them. Freedom is a beautiful goddess, but her votaries have a most unmannerly and ugly mode of proclniming her virtues. Right or wrong, the public feeling against the Prince ot Prussia is so unanimous that nis return to Berlin, at all events, for many months, would lie hazardous. By an ordomiacc, fixing in Austria the mode ot election to the i iertnan Parliament, there will be u deputy for every 70,(100 >ouls; thus If*) members will represent Austria at this assembly. The electoral committee of Catholics at Cologne have just voted (2-lth) an address to the kin#, in which they declare, that although opiwrnod to the indirect elections, they ask, for the sake of order, anil out o| respect to the existing laws, that the approaching elections may take place in the mode marked out by the electoral law, as it at present is. Foreign Tlirat ileal*. The l.ondon Chronicle of the'iHth ult., nay*: ? Janny bind w ill lii.iko hur'Arxt appearance for the seanon on Tknrnilaj. the 4tli May In her favorite part of Amina, in the opera of " I.a Sonuambula." A new tenor Sign or l.aboeetto. of whom report speak* highly. will unke hi* deliut at tier MajeHy's theatre to-morrow in the part of Count Aluiaviva. on whirh ocra?ion Laliluche will till." ax noue but him ean do. the part of Bartolo i'errot arrived last night, and will shortly appear. Tadoliui is ou her way here, and mpeeted in a few days. I'auliua Yiardot (larci* (the ?ister of Ma libraii). arrived in town yesterday. an I will appear oil tin- titli proximo, at (,'ovent Garden. Me?erl<?er's opera of the Huguenots." Beethoven's ' (liltlin." ami AuImt'h last new opera of llaldee." in all of which she will appear are in preparation, rendered into Italian. The celebrated ' pianist and composer. Kalkhrenner. lias arrived in London, accompanied by his nun. of whose acquirement* fame ipeaku highly. The same paper says that the opera of I.ucreiia Borgia" wan repeated on the '.'7th ult.. < iardoni having fully recovered from his indisposition and sluging in his best style, a* (?ennaro. It says:? Vlad'lle Cruvelll we never heard in better voice, and she acted with an energy and artistic feeling which In many passages took the house by storm. This young artist bids fair, one of these days, to take the highest rank aa a prima donna in parts of passion and deep tragic coloring. In the last scene with her son she was truly magnificent Kven in the full remembrance of Orisi. we may state that we never heard the tine mnrceau " M'odi aS! m'nili," given with more exquisite sweetness, or mora touching effect; she was rapturously encored. M'dllo Schwartx. who still labors under great nervousuess, sang the music of the part of Urtinl with great taste and richness of vocaliiation. Tin: Lkuioi o?- Huioh We learn from our Krench papers, received at this office, that it is the intention of the provisional government to annul all the gifts of 1 the cross of the Legion of Honor, made since l&IO Poor Mons Uaillardet. in this case, will no longer shine at the opera with his gay red ribbon, as a cktealitr jtrtu.r.. Some few notable exceptions are to be made in the revocation of these honorable decorations, in favor of those who have received them for very eniiueut pufc* ic services.