Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 23, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 23, 1848 Page 1
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~ ?*' ur s~~r~xx a ? ss:j u. TH] Whole No. aiOi. IMPORTANT INTELLIGENCE * OF THE ! Ul IREATEVENTS IN EUROPE- ? THE DETAILS OF THE NEWS J! it RECK1VED IIY THE Jl1 ITEAMSHIP CALEDONIA, (" i ? AND BROUGHT TO THIS CITY BY li Government Express from Boston* ? Rt The government express, with the Caledonia's v< nails, reached this city ut four o'clock yesterday norning. ll made an excellent run from Boston ; pi lie public are indebted to the energy of Thomas il. I'omeroy, Esq., the assistant postmaster of h Josioii, for the eurly deliver)'of foreign mails in ' his city, Dur thanks are due to Mr. P. for the tl aiest Liverpool paper. B1 Our advices from Liverpool nr? to noon of the itli; from London to the evening of the 5th, and g< rain Paris to Jive o'clock in the afternoon ot the 0) Uli innl. These accounts nre, therefore, one week w nter than those received by the Cambria. The intelligence is of the greatest ini|>ortance. w The Hamburg account# represent business to be jjj rery dull, notwithstanding that Denmark recog- p tised ih neutrality of the port. The value of the Miblic funds was firm. hi < onsols for account in London closed at 3 o'clock 11 on the 5th instant at 83J 4Kntlurrs In Knrope. jBraucker. Sir Thomas. merchant, Liverpool. 'fccclm. Burnley fc Co (ilMflgow. flladdonfe Son*, worsted spinner*. . Aberdoeu L London Haworth, iUrdmnu k Co.. merchant* Calcutta La /..'iri, k Co Athens. Leys, Muhsoii it Co.. tlax spinuer* Aberdeen. tPareidas. Brother* Athens. BPotter W., merchant Liverpool. Starkic*. Mr.. Armenian merchant Calcutta. OUR LONUOSI CORHK8PONDKNCE. t] London, May 5, ?Evening. e The importance of the documents I enclose you JJ1 from every part ofEurope, is so greut that com* ii meats would be almost idle. They s|>euk volumes * for themselves, and I leave thern to pass under the tt criterion of the talented pen of the foreign com- I mentator of the New York Herald. V Tin, KW.irh H?unlilli?- V My last letter by the Cambria, will have prepar- jj ed you for the result of the French elections for li the National Assembly. The result of the elec- ^ tions for the department of the Seine will answer ri for the rest of France. It is as follows:? e 1. Liimartinn. member of the pro.gov 2i>9.800 J, ". Dupont, ile 1'Kure. idem 245,083 t i it. Kruucoi* Arago, idem 243.040 n 4 tiiirnivr Pages, ideui '240,890 c f>. Marr:iht. idem 229.100 t 0. Marie, idem 226.770 ? 7. t'remieux. idem 210.099 (j 8. Beranger, Chansouier '204.271 , \> Carnot, Ministerof Public instruction ...195.008 ,, 10. Bethmont. Min. of Agriculture and Coin.. .180.252 ? 11. Uuvivier. lien (dm.of the Uarde Mobile. .182.175 12. l'?erdiuand de I.asteyrio. ancient deputy.. .105.150 f. 13. Vnvin. ancient deputy 151.103 f 14. Cavalgnac, Govornor-Geueral of Algiers. . 144.187 i 16. Berger. ancient deputy 130.000 It). Pagnerre. Sec. Gen of the prov. gov 130.117 f 17. Uuche*. adjunct to the Mayor of Paris. .. .130.078 ? 18. Coruieuin. Pres. of the Council of State. .135,050 10. Corbon. ouvrier, sculptor on wood, and / rtdacleur en chef of lh<> *1lelitr paper.. 135.043 j 20. Cauasldiere. Prefect of Police 133.775 ? 21. Albert, member of the prov. governineut 133.041 ? 22. Wolowski. Prof, at the t'uni. de? .h it rt r Mi tiers 132,333 ? 23. Penpin. ouvrier horlogirr 131.909 ? 24. I.edru Kollin, Member of the prov. gov.. .131,567 H 25. J. P. Schuiith. ouvrier 124.3*3 ? 20. Klocon. member of the prov. government. .121.805 , 27. I.ouis Blanc, idem ...121.140 j 28. Itecurt, adjunct to the Mayor of Pari* lis,076 . 29. Agricol Perdiguier. ouvrier menuiitr 117.290 | 30. Jules Bastlde. Under-Secretary of Stato. ...110.228 i 31. Coquerel. Protestant clergyman 109.934 , 32. Oarnon. anoient deputy 104.747 | 33. GuiHard. Col. of the Art. of the N. Guard. .100.202 n 34. Abbe Lamennais 104 sTt a At the head of the list of unsuccessful candidate* r vm M. Moreau. formerly one of the deputies of Parif, r who had 99.300 votes, aud M. BoUsel. also a deputy for | Paris in the late Chamber. who b:id 93.442 vote* The ? ceremony of proclaiming the representatives was very , picturesque. The square in front of the Hotel de Ville ? was occupied by 10.000 National Guards, cavalry aud t Infiutry. and the es'rade was lighted by a body of the f Garde Mobile carrying torchos. The announcement of each name was received with loud cheering, aud | even those of the successful candidates whi\. were sup- t posed not to be popular, were applauded almost as ? heartily as the others. None of the candidates were ? present, with the exception of M. Marrast. After tho t announcement, the Hotel do Ville was illuminated. I The operation of counting and casting up the ^ votes for the department of the Seine lasted thir- f teen hours, and did not terminate till half-past 10 t on Saturday night, April 2!)th. The elections in the departments are equally favorable to the moderate party. M. Thiers has been rejected for the department of the Bouches-du-Khone, but as La- " marttne has been returned at H different places, , Thiers will probably be returned for one of those t Lamartine cannot accept of. " The most serious disturbances have taken place in the departments. Blood has flowed freely, but * order is now generally restored ; but as the serpent J is hidden in the long grass, and the spark glows in ' the embers, so is there a spirit in France, amongst the ultra radicals, which needs but a breath and op portunity to be funned into a flame. The subjoined proclamation, issued by the redoubted Blangui, r>n the very day of the opening of the National Ab seinbly, will suffice to prove to you that my words are true. It is as follows:? 1 TIIT CfcJtTRAI. RF.rt'BMCAN SOCIKTV TO TIIK PROVIIIONAll V IJOVIHNMK.NT. ' The counter-revolution ha* battled itself in the bloo<l of the people. Justice? immediate justice ? on the assassin* ' For two month* the royalist iourjoitie of Rouen ha* been hatching in the dark a Saint Bartholomew against the workmen. It had made great store of cartridges, and the authorities knew It. Word* of , death broke out here and there, precursory symptom* of the catastrophe.' One must be done with these conaillft. Canaillti indeed ! who had in February, after three days of resistance, forced the bourgroitir to submit to the republic. Citizens of the proviaionary government. how comes it that since the last two month* the working population of Rouen and the neighboring valley* had not been organized into national guard* ? how conies it that the aristocracy alone wora organised and possessed arms ? How come* It that at the moment of the execution of thoir frightful plot they met noue hut unarmed breasts How comes it that the 38th regiment, was presunt In Kouon-that regiment which gained *o sinister a name in the Kau- , bourn do Vaise in 1M34 ? How comes it that the garrison were under the order* of general* declared enemies of the republlo?of a General Gerard, the creature (and a/nc damnit) of l.ouis Philippe > They thirsted fur a bloody revenge?those slave* of a fallen dynasty' They required a massacre of April as a conciliation for a second July ! and they had not long to wait for it: the days of April, scarce two months since the revolution ! finick work that, citizens of , the pruvisloiiHry government! And nothing has been wanting to these new scenes of April?neither grapeshot. nor bullet*, nor demolished houses, nor the state of siege, nor the ferocity of the soldiery, nor insult to the dead, the unanimous insult of the journals?those cowardly worshippers of force ! Why the Hue Trans- , nonian Is surpassed ! To read the Infamous recital of these brigand exploits, one is brought back again to , those inauspicious days which formerly covered France with mourning and haine They are just the same exccutlonir* and the same victims' On one side, a furiou* | ? kturgrmtir. urging on to slaughter senseless soldiers r goryvd with wine and hatred; on the other, the unfor- , q tunate workmen falling without defence beneath the halls and bayonets of the assassins ! As a last resemblance. see come the Cnur jinytilr. the judge* of Louis Philippe, like hyenas falling foul of the iiebrit of the ma?.ii re and fliling the dungeon* with two hundred republicans It the )n-ad of these Inquisitors Is Frank arre, t h?- execrable Procureur-Ocneral of the Court of IVers. that 1 .auberdetnont who demnnded with rage the heads of the insurgents of May. 18W. Mandates of iirri'-t pursue even to Pari* the patriot* who are fly. Ing fi'nn the royalist proscription. For. are ynu Ignorant ? 11i/ n? of the proviaionary government, that, it ( In a royal t pr -eriptliiti which reigns at Rouen? The iinrit II i 'i r grot lit of Houcn rejected with fury the republt* in the in nth or February. It Is the republic which it blasphemes, and now wishes to overturn.? f vrrv republii an of I.a Vrllle ha* Iwen cast Into Irons. Vour iwn a^i nts are threatened with death, deprived of their function" and guarded in *lght The municipal magistrate*. I.emasson and Duraud, have lx*<-n dragged through the streat*, the bayonet* ?t their breast*, and their garmenti In ragi; they ar? E NE1 NJ r>w ill solitary confinement by the authority of the 1 Ih>U! It is a royalist insurrection which litis tri- ; ? nphed ill the ancia nt capital of Normandy, and it in b >u. a republican government. who support thorn- as- d .Minn in revolt! Is thin through treason or through g iwardlce? Are you their supports, or their accomices! They were not opposed, you well know' They II jinuiiltud slaughter, aud yuu allow those butchers to * tuut with pride their acts of prowess. Can it be that i your eyeii. as well a< in the eyes of kings, the p lood of the people is of no good, but to water from r me to time the too encumbered street*! If so?ef- a ce. blot out flum your edifices that detestable false- v >od. inscribed on them in thoge three words?liberty, z Iuality, fraternity. n Were your wives, were your daughters those bril- i unt and fragile creatures?who, clothed in gold and f Ik, idly promenade in sumptuous equipages, suddenly v irown down at your feet, their bosoms pierced by the \ v oei 01 puiH'HM enemies, wnui u crj ut urlu* uuu u> engeance would you not make re-eclio even to the itremities of the world. Well. go. Uo see stretched on the tlags of your hostals. and en the straw beds of their garret3. those boles of slaughtered women, their breasts pureed by, :>urgeois balls. Those breasts, do you hear, which are carried and nourished those workmen whoso mat fatten the bourgeois The wives of the people are as good as your own, and leir blood should not, must not, remain without Tenrunee. Justice, then, justice ou the MMMins. We demand? 1. The dissolution and diaarmmont of tho bourjolsie guard of Rouen. 'I. The arrest and trial of the generals und officers r the bourgeoisie guard and of tho troops of the lino ho ordered and directed the massacre. :J. The arrest and trial of the toi-disant members of lie cour d'api>el (teids) namul by Loius rhillippe. and ho, acting In the name and on aocount of the victoous royalist faction, have imprisoned the lawful maIstrates of tho city, and filled the dungeons with re ublicans. 4. The immediate departure from Paris of the troops r the line, whom at this very moment the rtacleurs re preparing, in fratricidal banquets, for a St. Barlolomew of the Parisian workmen. Kor the Central Republican Society, tho office bearers, t (Signed) t L. AuouiTK ill.a.fi)tri. President, C. Lacamsik, D. M. P.. Vice President, Klotte, Treasurer, t PlRRRK BKRAMD. | I. above, > Secretaries. U. Robert, ) , I.achambeanoie, Crousse, 1 ' , Pcjol, Javelot, Junior. > Members of the Bureau. ( Brucker, Tome erteaux, ) ( THE LAST DAY OF THE PROV. GOVERNMENT. 1 The provisional government shows to the very last j lie same activity which, during the two months of its J xUteuce, has astonished the world. On the lust day T its tenure of power, it issues proclamations, orders, J nd decrees on overy imaginable branch of the admin tration, occupied no less than 13 columns and half of the Moniteur. The city of Paris is ordered to rmtlnue the rue RItoII to the rue St. Antolnc. and is ' uthorized to raise nine millions of francs for that lurpose. The officers of the Garde Repububllcan j a body of men who kept possession of tho Hotel do . ille for six weeks against the wishes of the proixional government, and who were at length legalised ! lerely because they threatened to blow up tho buildup if any attempt wore made to remove them by force) * lave their grades conferred, and rank given to 1 liem. as if they were in the regular army. The ' iow coiuage of the republic is regulated and ar- 1 itnged. and an aunounoement is made that the nurnving of tho die and matrix will bo public oinpetitlon. The governors of the ex-royal pa- ' aces are nenceiorui 10 do eaiieu buiumikiraturn. uuu heir salaries art) fixed at 3.000 franc* as the maximum. nil 2.000 francs as the minimum. The old system of ourts-inartiul in done away with, and a now one iustiutud The employees on the genoral staff of the army ,ro dlmished. The number of generals of division la Ixed at 6a, and of brigadier-generals 130. A supplenentary grant of 1.850.000 francs is placed at the disiokuI of the Minister of War for military pensions, and >f 80.11U.459 franca ''for urgent and unforeseen ex?nm." A supplementary credit of 100.000 francs is ranted to the Minister ot Commerce and Agriculture or dirers expenses, " of which the regularization will Mt proposed to tha National Assembly." A small supleine ntary credit of 16.421 francs is placed at the disposal of the Minister of Publio Works for tiic purpose f closiug the accounts of 1844 and 1845. Cotton and wool are allowed to be Imported by land ' as wall as by sea) on payment of a duty of 30f. per 00 kilogrammes. Th? tax for the Bank of Poissy ou .uluial* dastined for the consumption of Paris is done < .way with, and replaced by a commission pur head of 1 our per cent on oxen, and so in proportion on other ninials. The council of tbe admiralty is extended. >nd put upon a new footing. The rank of captain of 1 frigate Is restored on its old basis, and that of captain \t corrrtlt is suppressed, the present captains of corvette in tho service taking the title of captains of rigate. The medical department of the army is dared upon a new footing, and the condition of that moortant branch of the service greatly ameliorated, ['lie law for the recruiting of the army is applied to the otolites. and no distinction is to be made between coored people and others. The maritime inscription is leo applied to the colonies, and ateliers nationaux tv to ou established for the benefit of the emanIpated negroes. The city of Lyons is authorized to aise a loan of 300.0tt0f at tire per cent: and the oity of louen Is authorised to raise one of 1.600.000f on the mm terms, aud lastly, a great number of magistrates ,re dismissed. But the most extraordinary decree is ion by which all proprietors of forest land, who shall urn thai land into arable, shall pay a tax of twentyIve par cent on tha increased value to the state. Nearly 6M of the representatives of the people had nscrihed their names yesterday at the Chamber, and uarkc.l the seats which they iutend to oceupy. A ;reat number of them assembled to decide upon a list if candidates for president, vice-presidents and secrearies. M. Sonant, deputy for the Seine Inforieure. M. lurhex. deputy for Pofis and deputy mayor, and M. iVoirliaye. deputy for the Mosellu. were spoken of as andidates for the post of president. A regiment of lancers has arrived at the Kcole Millsire. Opening of the Vreiieh National Assembly. [From the London Chronicle, May f> ] P 4 mis. May 4--Thursday. Five o'clock. P. M. Tills great event, which has held the public mind in uspense during the last two months, not only In 'ranee, hut throughout Europe, has at length taken dace. The representatives of the French nation have net. and the provisional government has been by that irt relieved from the heavy burden of oonductiug the mblir affairs of the republic. Ail raris seemeu ueicriuinea 10 consmcr mis soieinn( t as an occasion to make a holiday. and never did the roatber sinlle mom propitious to their wishes. Tlic un shone forth gloriously all day. whilst a gentle ireete tern pored the heat, which would otherwise hare irm oppressive. [From the London Time*. May 6 ] Hams. May 4?Five o'clock, P.M. " Your report from the National AMouibly obviates Iui necessity for my stating any of the particular* of lie memorable sitting of this day. and out of doors the ippearnnces and incidents ?o closely resembled those >f an ordinary file, with the addition of a grand miliary festival, both of which I bare so frequently and vrently described, that it would be to abuse your paience to obtrude upon you details respectlug that rhicli the Boulevards, the Place Veudome. the rue do a Pnlx.thc rue de Rivoli. the Place de la Revolution, itid the prccinrt* of the Palace of the National Asouiblv (n-i/f rail/,* bayiber of Deputies.) offered to the 'lew of the spectator. The National Guard* were called out by beat of Iruin at 9 o'clock. By half past II o'clock they lined he whole distance just referred to At half past 12 hey shouldered arms, aud at a quarter to 1 the momlers of the provlsonal government issued from the lotel of the Ministry of Justice (in the Place VenIonic), and proceeded on foot to the Chamber of Reposentatives. preceded and followed by a grand military scort. They were overywhere received with testimolies of respect and popularity. ' Looking from tlie church of the Madeloine. the ight was interesting at the moment when the tartigr lad reached the Place de la Revolution, and afforded a urlous contrast with that which presented Itself to the iew nt, the same point and at the same hour on Tuesluy. 2'Jd February. On this latter mentioned day the loiilevard to the left could lie seen up nearly to the rue 'Ivlonne. In front was the wide ami magnificent rue loyalo. leading Into the Place dr In Revolution. The lonlevnrd. on the '."2d February, presented a mans <>t <n/tirttri and blouses, except in two or three spots, one of them the fatal place in front of the Ministry or Foreign AfTairs.) in which some cuirassiers and 9urdn Mimici/miix a C.htval were occasionally nrolucing commotion by the rearing or prancing of their lorses. The rue lloyale offered nearly a similar speeacle on the same day; but the eye. carried beyond the Imit of that street, perceived the Plart dr In Htroluion covered with a mass of men and tjpya, rn ratyurllt .nil en A/iiiitc, (among which predominated the formilabln and significant new blouse of the sections.) with lmost at every moment the manu-uvrlng of horse solllcr*.whose charges the crowd disregarded, and saluted rltli " f'irr In as In a peal "f thunder. Tolay tho appearance was more monotonous. The whole if the distance displayed llttje else than a surface of ed tufts (pnr/inonjl and bayonets, except where some if the legions had inserted into their muskets little triolor flags, which, waving in the air, gave to the scene ,n animation it would otherwise have wanted. " Ah usual the utmost good-humor and equality. ometimcH carried to the grotesque, prevailed The National Guards under arm* and in platoon were rossed. jostled, and embarrassed by the spectators. ,nd bore It all as a matter of conrte I saw only one rian out oftemper. and he was a bank runner or col?cting clerk, who, as ho endeavored to push his way n a dense crowd, and against the torrent, hugged to 1 lis breast a plethoric portfolio, and stormed to the lelight of the spectators when Impodod In his march. It was Impossible to resist a desire to culculate his hances of relief were he. similarly burdened, to find limself encompassed by such a crowd In < heapslde. ind equally so to refrain'from complimentIng Paris on ts superior security at a period like the present, and rhen tho re-orgauisatlon of the police is far from com- j ilet'' 1 The cortege had scarcely passed the Bridge of the {evolution iu front of the Chamber, when the Nation- j a Guards became discontented; being disappointed, j W YO EW YORK, TUESDAY M "hoy bad flattered thomsilves with thu idea that the i rhole yo<) represuntatlvos of the nation were to pass i efore them; and. when I left, they spuke loudly of a emand to the Chamber to " show" for their n>eoial i ratlflcation. I 1 ' All has gone off admirably, however, and seem* i ikely to end satisfactorily. For that whtrh passed i ritbiu. 1 refer you to your report. " As usual the wail* of t'aris are covered to-day with 1 ilacards. On*, which is on paper of various colon to ender it attractive, is from Citizen Sobrier, protesting i .gainst the Imputations of violent or criminal designs i rhich bad been brought against him and his parti- | aus. Nothing can be in a more admirable spirit of noderation. He entreats his friends to remain calm n terms the most impressive. " If there be no arriire i nter, no secret reservation." observed some of those rho read it in my hearing, "this is capital." and taken vith the address of M. Caussidiere. prefect of police, o which I alluded in my letter of this morning, canlot fail to produce n beneficial effect. There Is a story abroad that ' M. Caussidiero was obliged to issue the irocl.matton in question by M. Lamartine. who inisted on his rosiguing or giving that proof of hit disapprobation of the alleged projects of the ultra-repub can party,'' but I am unable to confirm or contradict i K " It seems certain that there really was a determinaion on the part of the discontented to attempt the ivorthrow of the government on Wednesday night ast. " I cannot conolude without mentioning that the Bulletin dt la Itcuublique. an official publication posted in the walls of tne city, mentions, among other facts, lie receipt by the provisional government of an address >f ft,000 men of Tipporary, Ireland, complimenting hem aud France on the revolution." The tranquillity with which the opening of the Naional Assembly had taken place did not produce as a vorable an impression on tins Bourse as might have )een expected. owiug to the reflection caused by the aow notorious intention of the dioontentod to revolt >11 Wednesday night last, and to continued fears that 'ranee would bo obliged to interfere in Italy. THE ASSEMBLY. Pabis, May 4?Thursday F.vcnlng. Five o'clock. This being the day fixed for the opening of the Nalonal Assembly, the rappel beat at an early hour in he different quarters, and the National Guards Boon il'lerwards assembled at their respective places of ronle/.vous. At 11 o'clock all the battalions had assumed be statious assigned to them, from the place Vonloiuo, along the Boulevards, the Place de la Concorde, ind round the palace of the Assembly. The first batalion of the (Jarde Mobile was drawn up in front of the palace, and on the sides were stationed detachments of troops of the line, mixed with the National tuards. The cavalry, consisting of dragoons and ancers. and the artillery occupied the Ksplanade of lie Invalides and tho Champs F.lysoos. The entire 'orco under arms was estimated at about 35.000 men. rhe crowd assembled on the Place de la Concorde and n the neighborhood of the palace was considerable. Fhe blouses were in a great majority, but their atti;ude was perfectly inoffensive. Tho edifice specially constructed for the Assembly )ccupies the centre of the court of the Palace of tho "liamberof Deputies, by which it communicates by two ;lass galleries. The hail is of a rectangular form, but ,ho portion facing tho board of the President is clrcuar. It is ahoat forty yards in length, and twenty(even in width, ten rows of seats with backs extend on tioth sides and in the circular part, and in the centre in open space has been reserved sufficiently spacious for the circulation of tho representatives. The seats ire separated by a number of staircases, communicating vitli a gallery which ranges round the hall, and about 3 rards above the last row of seats are the public tribunes. 1'he hall is lighted by windows over those tribunes, md on the same level and in the circular part is a sc:ond tier of tribunes destined to the public, and largo ;nough to accommodate 200 persons. Those underneath may contain about 1.500 more. Tho internal Jcooratiori ?f the hill is extremely simple. It consists if u basement, adornod with large panels, supporting i series of pilasters, on which tho oicling rests. The frieze is decorated with lions heads and shields, on which arc inscribed the words Liberty. F,quality. Fraternity. A little abovo the public tribunes are appended to each pilaster trophies of tri-colored flags The wall behind the President's chair and the tribunes is decorated with a large painted drapery, several groups of flags, and the following inscriptions :?Kepubliiiue Frtincaist?Liberie. KgalitC, Prat entile. The deputies began to enter tho hall about noon. Very few wore the official costume, and the white waistcoat a la Robespierre, and not one appeared with the tri-.colored scarf. Tho aspect of tho Assembly differed very little front that of the former chamber. The nuvrriers had for the most part adopted the costume hourgenii, with the exception of a member from the Department of the Landcs. who presented himself in the Bearnese costume. Three clergymen, amongst whom was Abbe Kournier, tho Cure of Nantes, whose house was sacked by tho mob after his electi?n. were dressed in their soutanes. The presence of only one member excited some sensation?this was the celebrated Father Lacojrdaire. whose shaved head and white robe formed so striding ? contrast with the costume of the rest of the Assembly. Among the Deputies of the former Chamber present wore Messrs. Odillon Barrot. Blln do Bourdon, Isambert. Laraltit. Subcrvic. Dupin, St. Albin. Luneau. Berryer. Boulay do la Meurthe. Ilitvin. Grandin. Rillaudel. L'Herbetto, Larochejac<iuli 11. Roger, Leon do Malleville. Kalloux. kc.. The moot conspicuous ainougst the new member* were Bera tiger, Barbes. Kmmanuel Arugo. Jules Kabre, Murat. son of the former King of Naples. Sec. The tribune diplomatique waft occupied by Lord and Lady Normanby. Mr. Rush, the Americau minister; Baron de Thom. the Austrian Charge d'Alfaires; the miabtan of the MpbiiM of the Ecuador. Chili, and Now Grenada; the Tuscan minister; the Haitian Envoy: M. d'Arnau. the Spanish min stor. Sic. At I o'clock M. Audry de Puiravenu. the senior member. took the chair, accompanied by the six younger members. Messrs. Fresnau, Astouiu (the coal porter of Marseilles). Lagreannol. Gambon, St. Beuvo. Avoud. and Kerronillet. who werp to act as secretaries. Shortly afterwards the cannon of the Invalidos announced the approach of tho members of the Provlrionai Government. and tho deputies proceeded to their seats. In the meantime a rush was made at one of the doors by a uumbor of National Guards, who attempted to force their way into the hall. M. Chateaurcnard. the governor of tljo palace, ran to the door, and declared tliat 110 armed person should enter without passing ,/ver his body. All applauded his lirutnuss. and quietly etired. At that moment the drums of the National Guard were heard to bent to arms, and the officers of the house announced the arrival of the members of the provisional government. M. Dupont de 1'Kure. leaning 011 MM. Lamartino and Louis Blauc. then entered the hall, and were followed by MM. Arago. Marrast. Marie, Bethmont, Ledru-Rollin. Albert Flocon. and Cremieux; M. Pagucrre. Secretary of the Government. and M. Caussidicre, Prefect of Police, who alone *?i dressed in the republican costume. The members of the government having placed themselves in front of the tribune, the entire assembly rose and saluted them with unanimous cries of ' Virt la tiipuhlique," and V'ire la Gonrernment Proritoir*,1' which were repeated by the spectators in the public galleries and the nu merous persons who had obtained admission into the adjoining halls. The members of tj?c government having bowed to the assembly, were ushered to the last bench on the left. No sooner were they seated than the President sent a messenger to M. Dupont (de I'Kure) to invite him to ascend tho tribune, lie rose, and. accompanied by his colleagues, advanced towards the tribune, which he mounted alone. His presence there elicited new cries of " Vive le Gouremment Proviinire!" and when silence was restored he read the following address to the Assembly:? Citizen lleitretenlaliiet of the Peonle? The provisional government of ttie republic fomoi to b<tfr before th<> nation, anil to render a signal homage l" t'"' supreme power with which you an- intmM. " Kitct of the'people ' w?' welcome you to this fireat capital, where your presence excites a sentiment of happincse and hope which will not be deceived Trustee* of llic nntlonnl sovereignty. you are about to fnuuil new institutions. upon the broad baxix of deuiooracy. and to give to Kranre the only oonxti(ution that can xuit her. a republican constitution I Here the whole Assembly rose. and with their right hands rained, cried, flrt la Rfuublii/uf.'} Rut after having proelalmcd the great political law. which Is about to organile definitively the country, like ii?. cltlxen representatives. you will proceed to regulate the [Hiexlble and efficacious action of the government In the relation* which the necessities of labor establish Uioiig all cltixen* and whleh ought to have for liasis Hie sacred laws of Juxtice *nil fraternity. (Hencwed rVering. and criex of Pi re l.a H+puhlii/ne ') In fine the time ha* arrived for the provisional government to rexign into vour hamlx the unlimited pow>r with whleli the revolution had Invested it Y'Oll kun* that, with regard to ourselves. thix dictatorship was only a moral power, exercised in the midst of those ilitllcult clrcum*tances through which we have pn?xed. kaltljul to uur origin ami our personal conviction*, sre have not hesitated to proclaim the Republic of hebrunry "To-day we shall inaugurate the labors of the NnLional iuMtnhljr to the cry that should always salute it? I'iit la HfpuhUtfU* f" The nry was ngain repeated with the greatest enthu iasm by the Assembly. M l>U|w>nt (de I'Kure) having left the tribune. VI. ireinii'iix ascended it In hi* turn, and informed the \ssemti|y that its session wax opened, and that its la>or* commenced on that day lie afterwards called on lie President to luvite the representatives of the |>eoiile .0 retire Into their Standing Committees to verify towers. M Andre* de Puiraveau having transmitted hat Invitation to the Assembly. It adjourned amidst rles of " 1'i'ee la MfjutMifue'* and " |V< It (iourtfHnrnl /'ruinous." At.lo'cloek. the deputies having completed the veri- | Iration of the powerx. re-entered the hall, when the ""resident nailed on M Bochard. chairman of the first ommittee. to communicate to the Asscnahly the result >f its labors. M Bochard having axeended the tribune, proposed he admlsxlon of a number of deputies whose election vas found valid by his committer. M Denioxthenes Ollivler next rose and demanded 1 i hat. after the admission of every member, be should liount the tribune, and there, in presence of the Asicmbly. take the oath of allegiance to the republic. A mat tier of members here interrupted the sneaker, cryn* | I'lic oath i- abolished !" By whom ' a?k> ! M tlllvier Bv the provisional government." What." 1 ontlnned M Ollivler. " do you place the power of the 1 >rovltlonal government above that of the National As- < RK ? 10RJNING, MAY 23, 1S4S ?embly (Cried. ' The oath in abolished aud for BVer.'1)

M. l ucMim i, thu Minister of Justice. then rose and aaid that the oath of allegiance had been the occasion of nr> much scandal during the last tio yearn, and had excitod such universal iudignation, that the provisional government had thought proper to abolish it. The oath of every true republican, added the minister, is in his In-art. anil uot on his lips. The Assembly received that declaration of the Minister with great applause and ratified, by Its unanimous approbation, the measure adopted by the provisional government, amidst deafening cries of " Vive la Rr})uhli<iut" and ' fire la Oom rrnrruriit Prorituire.'1 The verification of the powers of the deputlec was not yet terminated when our reporter closed Uis despatch. Uentral Matt of ICurope. My prognostics are advancing steadily towards their fulfillment. Front which side the first cannon will be fired, that will be the vignal of a general war in Europe is still to be seen. All true patriots will regret that a turn tor the worse has taken place in the scale of war in Italy; the valiant Lomburds, who, with a tew sporting guns drove out the hated Austnans from their territory, and drove them across the Mincio, have, in their turn, now met with two or three severe checks. The two opposed armies, the Austrian, commanded by old Marshal Radetzki, and the Sardinian, by King Charles Albert, in person, are still coquetting with each other across the Adigc and the Mincio. The inactivity of the I'iedmontese king is scarcely to be explained; his army is powerful and disciplined, and his troops animated by that love of liberty and iwtriotiMTi which ought to sweep away an enemy like chaff before the blast. Meantime an army of 17,000 disciplined troops from Austria luive marcher! into the Venitmn tprritnri/ liir tln> Friul, and the Btreets of Venice and Milan have resounded with the words which passed from mouth to mouth:?Tristi novellesihanna dal FriiJi, (Sad news from Friuli.) General Nugent, (an Irishman, by the bye,) crossed the Izonso, took possession of Palma Nuova, the only strong fortress in the hands of the Italians; laid siege to IJdine, which capitulated without exchanging a sliot, advanced to Codraspo?is reported to have taken Treviso, and is now on the high road to form ajunction with Kadetzki, if, indeed, he does not first take Veoioe, which is blockaded by sea by the Austrian fleet. I have to-day seen a letter from Milan, which, however, brings the glad tidings that Charles Albert lias advanced his troops with the firm intention of giving battle. May the God of armies give strength to his arm, and the classic ground of former battles add one more name to the victories of liberty ! My next will be rich in blood and carnage ; but be the result of this battle what it may, the independence of Italy is equally assured. If the patriots are victorious, it is well that they should have achieved their emancipation without the aid of tfce stranger; if they are vanquished, the armed legions of Gaul, which are mustering strong in the Alps, have received instructions to cross the frontier. This fact is not generally known. I had it from an authority winch cannot be questioned. Specie to a very considerable amount has been sent to the army; guides have been enrolled, and the steady fire of the French line, and the swift charges of their dense bodies of cavalry, will again swoop along the plains of Italy; and, perhaps, another Napoleon may arise like a star to shine in the horizon of France. Europe may be said to have her finger on her Una, and to be drawing a deep breath; old men put their heads together, and young men shake hands. How will England actl The figure of Lord Falrnorston rises before the imagination. It was but the day betore yesterday, I met him cantering in Hyde Pack, his groom in his green suit sind leather belt, on a fine blood cliesnut mare, hehind him; the foreign secretary looked pale and anxious, probably conning over in his mind his reply to the announced attack of Mr. Urquhart on the diplomatic correspondence between Hulwerand Sottomayor; and as he cantered along, I could not help taking a second glance at the man in whose hands the peace of the world, to a great extent, is now placed. He is decidedly unpopular, at present. He is endeavoring to stem the stream of liberty, which has burstfrom the lialtic to the Mediterranean; but his prutests have been discarded by ajl. The English arms have been torn down from the Hritish consulate at Venice, a fact much to be regretted, as offering an excuse for England to take umbrage. The consul immediately left Venice, and is now at Trieste, in the Austrian dominions. The peace of Europe hangs upon a thread. Knglaad, however, is decidedly averse to war. and John Hull feels no inclination to have his nead broken and his pocket picked on account of other men's quarrels. As announced, Mr. Urquhart, on Thursday night, asked for explanations respecting the Madrid correspondence. The following is a summary of what passed:? Mr. Urquhart then asked Lord John KuhroU. in the aosence 01 uoru raunersion. wneiner mo " airnosi incredible correspondence " which had appeared in the public papers an having passed botwoon tho Spanish government and tho British ambassador at Madrid, was or was not authentic; and whether there wan any objection, if authontlo. to laying it upon the tuble of tho House? Lord John Ruiikll, after some preliminary observation* with regard to the preoise charactor of the not* sent by Lord Palmerston to the British ambassador at Madrid, observed that it was not intended by tho government of this country to diotate to that of Spain, anything that could have reference to tho internal affairs of that country. All that was intended was. being the ally of Spain, and having at some costly sacrilice guaranteed the throne to the present Queen, to otTer such friendly advice as seemed most consistent with the interests of the constiutional monarchy, with the security of tho Queen upon the throne, and for the safety of those institutions which were identified with her maintenance upon it. As to the correspondence in question, there could bo no objection to laying it upon the table of the House. Lord Palmrrito^, who entered the House whilst the noble lord was replying, repeated that there was no objection to putting the correspondence in the hands of the House. In answer to a question put by Mr. Urquhart with regard to the mark of distlnotlon recently conferred by her Majesty upon Mr. Bulwer, the noble lord observed that it had boon rosolved upon long bofore the ooourrenoe in question, and that nothing had occurred to cause the government to regret its determination in this respect. Mr. ur<ti?haftt then asked if there was any objection to lay upon the table the correspondence which had subsequently taken place with reference to tho recall of Mr. BulworT Lord 1'ai.mf.hstox replied that no sucU correspondence existed. Mr. IIhqrhart then questionoil the noble lord as to the proffered mediat ion of this country betweon Denmark and the (formnn Confederation on tho subject of the iluchies of Sehleswig-Ho|stcin. Lord Pai.mfimto*. in replying, observed that no raRe had as yet occurred, bringing the guarantee by which this country was bound toward Denmark into practical application. With regard to the mediation of this country betwnen the belligerent parties, he was happy to say. that the olTer of such mediation had been accepted by both parties, and that negotiations were now pending, with a view to the amicable settlement of the dispute pending between them. Mr. Baxk?:? inquired, why it was that the despatches referred to had i>eon communicated to tho Spanish papers before they hud been submitted to the Spanish government. Lord Ptt.MKRSToi denied that such had been tho ease. The despatch had first appeared in a French paper. l.a Pre*i*. from which It was copied Into the Vnnniah Itnu II .rnllnt,, I.. II ,?. nnt for hini even to guea* In the Clmnur Publico. time ago. a paragraph had appeared. ?tfitlng that It wan the intention af the British MlnUter to preaent n(in?c unto. similar to that which wax prenented. to thr Spanish anthorition; ha did not know how that paragraph found it* way into thr pap<>r ntluded to. But the note of the Britifth government had not been communicated to the Span inh paper* before it had lteen transmitted to the Spaninh government. Denmark nn?l Prussia, I sent you in my Ikst an account <?t a serious engagement between ?iu* uniieci confederate troops of Germany, headed by Pruwia, against the brickred I lines, who, as is acknowledged by their enemies, true to their cognomen, fought like bricks. They contested every inch o( ground?gave blow for blow?died like nien ({gluing for their king; and ! though they have been driven out of nil Schleswig, j \y hi I'll has been declared annexed to Germany, I tlie.y are preparing a powerful fleet, anil are deter- j mined to light it out. Various reports are current I of Sweden having offered 15,01)0 men to the I lanes, I and Russia having 'oflere.il a fleet: but they are mere reports Meantime, the whoje commerce I of the north of Germany is ruined; no (ess than -ixty vessels (German), many ot them with valtm- ; ble cargoes, have been souetl by the [tanish crulzers. Tlie war is only at its first stage, ami the Internal dissensions of Germany will he a diversion in their favor. Here nirain the question ! arises, will Knglimd act up to her protest, and interfere in favor of Denmark! We are still in the dark, and rumor has as many tongues us Aran* had eyes, It was but a short time since that the sove- , reigns of Euro|>e were ruumni. about like so many hunted hare#. It is now the turn of the ambassiir dors, and the consuls will go nex^. The Prussian ' ambassador has been recalled from Copenhagen Etnd ^he front Berlin, fhe Austrian govern- 1 [ERA J. meat has returned their paae|>orts to the Sardinian and Neapolitan ambassadors, and viyt verm All the consuls, whose arms and insignia* have been insulted, have left their res|>ective ports in dudgeon; but < rerinany has (alas tor the patty courts ot (iermany !) reanlved to " put them down" the way Sir 1'eter Laurie would the paupers?altogether. I enclose you the plan of the new German empire; the King of Prussia will doubtless be I'Jmperor of Germany. Austria cannot stand the affront to the ini|>erial house of llalsburg. She has already refused ?o join the German empire, so has Bohemia, which latter iiiirnoses throwing off the Austrian yoke. I also enclose you the new constitution granted by Austria to her State*. More fighting, with loss of life, has taken place in ltaden, but the death or rather the murder of Von Gagern was a death blow to the abortive attempt at the establishment of a republic. Herwegh, Hecker and Stuve aie still at large. England is perfectly tranquil, and the sun is shining with a greater warmth than it has been my lot to feel here for some time. It speaks well foj- the crops, but the events in the different parts of liurope have been felt here as elsewhere. Amongst the extracts I enclose,you will find much valuable and interesting information. The llibernia arrived at Liverpool on Wednesday last. The friends of Poland will regret to hear that the Polish cause is not thri ving. Tney are not satisfied with the concession of territory made to them by Prussia, and serious fighting, in which many lives were lost, has taken place in the Grand Duchy of Posen, between the Poles and the Germans. But still the old song may prove true : " Noch ill Polcn nicht vcrloren For Ireland, I must refer you to the papers of this day and yesterday. The country is in a most unsettled state, but I think there is more barking than biting. Our London season has commenced, and we will soon have a series of court balls. It seems that Louis Philippe has investments in the Pennsylvania 5 per cents, Richard Welling, of Philadelphia, being his agent in America, and Coutts, in London. He is, however, reported to be " hard ui>." From Madrid, there is nothinjg new. Mehumet Ali is dropping off fast. There is a commercial crisis in Greece, not an unusual occurrence, being a sort of chronic disease inherent in the Greek constitution. Disturbances in Wallachia?anxiety at Constantinople?in short, to sum up this letter, Kurope is pregnant with great events, of which I purpose sending a full and faithful account to the New York Herald, as your faithful correspondent. Constitution of the Austrian States. I.?UKNERAL DISPOSITION. 1. All the countries belonging to the empiro of Austria form ono constitutional Indivisible monarchy. 'I. The constitution belongs, and will bo applicable, totthe following countries of the empire of Austria, namely, the kingdoms of Bohemia, Oaliicia. I.odomiria (with Auschwite, Xator, and Bukowina), lllyria (consisting of the duchies of Carinthia. Carniola, and thu torritory of the coast), tho kingdom of Dalmatin. the arch-duchy of Higher and Lower Austria, the duchies 01 aauzourg. siyria. me mgnor ana i.,ower Miesia. mu Margravlat of Moruvia. the Tyrol, including Voralberg. 3. The territorial division of the provinces will remain as it at present in and oannot bo changed but by a law. 4. The inviolability of their nationality and of their language is granted to all raoeR. 5. On the established principle of the Pragmatic Sanction of the 19th April. 1713. tile crown is hereditary iu the home of Ilabsburg- I.orraine. 0. The heir of the throne is of full age on attaining the age of 18 years. 7. In case of a minority, or an Incapacity to govern in person, the rogency will be formed by means of ii special law. II.?THE EMPEROR. 8. The person of the Emperor is sacred and inviolable. He is not responsible for the acts of his government; but his ordonnances. to be of force, must have the co-operation of a responsible minister. 0. The Kmperor will swoar to the constitution at the opening of the first diet, and each new sovereign shall do the sauie immediately on his accession. 10. The executive power belongs to the Kmperor alone, lie will exercise the legislative power inconoert with the diet. 11. lie noininatos to all public offices; he decrees all dignities, orders, and titles of nobility. He exercises the ooiumand in chief of the forces by land and by sea. 1 J. He declares war and concludes peace and treaties with foreign governments. All the treaties with foreign States will require the final ratification of the diet. 13. To the Kmperor belongs the power of rewarding distinguished services. He has the right of pardon and of commuting punishment, but this right in respect ol ministers who may be condemned is dependent upon the intervention of one of the two chambers of the diet. 14. The entire administration of justico is under the jurisdiction of the Kmperor, and the proceedings are in his name. 15. In the diet the Kmperor has thopowerof presenting laws. The sanction of all laws belongs to him alone. 10. He convokes annually the diet, and has the power of proroguing or dissolving it; in the latter case a new diet must be convoked within three months. In caso of the death of the Kmperor the diet is to assemble within one month. III.?OF THE CIVIL AM) POLITICAL RK1HTS OK THE l!?II.VBITANTS 01' THE STATE 17. Full liberty of conscience, as also liberty of purson. are guaranteed to all citizens 18. No person can be arrested otherwise than In accordance with legal forms, except In cases of being taken in the act of committing crime. Within twentyfour hours from the period of arrest, every porson arrested must be interrogated as to the cause for his arrest. and brought up for trial. Domiciliary visits are prohibited, except in cases and under the forms prescribed by law. 19 Liberty of speech and of the press is guaranteed by the constitution. Censorhip is completely abolished. The repression of abuses which may arise on these heads will be regulated by a law to be passed by the tlrst diet. 3U. The secrecy of letters is inviolable. 'JI Strangers who have not already acquired civil rights, are also to enjoy the liberties set out in paragraphs 17 to 20. 22. All citizens are to have the right of petition and of forming civil associations. Spwial laws will regulate the mode of oxeroising these rights 23. The authorities are not to have the power of opposing any obstacle to the liberty of emigration. 24. Kvery citizen may become a freeholder, may follow any branch of trade permitted by law. and may take any office or dignity. 25. The law is equal to every citizen. They will enjoy one and the same equal legal position ; they wilt be subjected to the same obligations as regards military service and taxation ; and no person can be deprived agai iiHi his win 01 neing juugcu oy oral nary couru, 1$. Tin! lawn in regard to the army are not altered until the promulgation of a special law. 27. The first diet will be occupied with project# of law, having for their aim the settling of the differences which in Rome parts of the mouarchy ntill legally exist in regard to the civil an<l political right* of Nome professions, and the abolishing the obstacles which still oppose the acquisition of all sorts of freehold property. 'is Judges are not to he dismissed except by virtue of a judgment given hy proper judicial authority. They cannot hi> re-appointed to their seats, nor can they hi' removed from one place to another against their w?l. nor can they be placed on the retired list 'JO. The laws are to be publicly and orally administered. Ill regard to the criminal laws, the trial by jury is to lie introduced, and its establishment will form the subject of a special law. 30. No changes in the organization of the law courts can be introduced but by a law 31. The flreo exercise of worship Is assured to all Christian creeds legally acknowledged in the monarchy, as also to tho Jewish porsuasiou. IV.?THE MINISTUr 32. The ministers are responsible for all acts ami propositions done and made in the performance of their duties. 33. This responsibility, as also the determining tb.o authority through whic|i they can be accused QV tried, will be regulated by a special law. v.?T'(v ixrt. 34. Tho diet, w^,ich is to exercise tho power of legislation in f.ouoert with the Kmperor. is to be divided iuio two chambers?a Senate and a I'liamber of Deputies The duration of the diet is fixed for live years, with an annual convocation. 3f>. The Senate is to consist?First., of the princes of the royal house rrfyo have attained the age of 24 years. Secondly, of members nominated for life by the emperor, without attention to position ur birth. Thirdly, of 160 members, to be elected by the principal landed proprietors from their own body, and for the full period of the diet. 3(?. Tho Chamber of Deputies Is to be composed of 383 members. The election of all its members is to bo based upon the population and the representation of all civic Interest. 37, The election of the member* of hoth chambers to the Qrst diet will take place under a provisional electoral ordonnauce. 3V The definitive electoral law will be voted by tho diet, as also tlin regulations referring to the pay to be allowed to the deputies of the second chamber. .'I'.). Kach chamber will elect Its president and vthev official members; ami to each chamber will beUtUrf 'ho sole right of examining and decidlqg upon tho validity of the respective elections. 40. The members of both ofcambers can only vote in person: and any pledge wade to their constituents is not to hold ityod. <^l. The sittings of the two chambers are to W* public. An exception to this rule oan only t*' made by a resolution of the chamber, which Is to come to a ih-cision on this point at a secret sitting on the demand of any ton of lta member*, or of the President. U. No member of olther chamber can ho proceeded agctnsi at law. or arrested pending the duration of the diet, without the express consent of the chamber to *hlc^e belong*, t^e cm* < >{ W* being talten la tkn LD. Prlc* Two Cwrtfc ' oomuiiHHion of any criminal art being alone an ?ic?ptlon. 4.1 A member of either chamber who accept* any ??laried office under government I* Mibjcctud to a fre*h election The Oovermnent cannot refmn the entry into tdc chamber* of any citizen who ha* been elect* 1 a member H. Thcchumbcr* can only u.?*euiblu on the coitrocatiou nf Hie Kmperor, nnd their dix*olution or prorogation onee pronounced, they cannot further occupy theuiHclve* on itny matter. *1.?ATTRIBUTION!! OF TIIF DIET. 45. All law* require the ?dhe*ion of the two chamber*. anil the mine Hon of the Kmperor 40. The tlr*t diet assembled, and the diet which *h?ll immediately succeed each new acee**ion to the throne will fix the t'lvillUt of the Kmperor for the duration of hie reign. The portions and allowance* to membor* of the Imperial family will bo *ubmitted to the resolution* of the diet afl occasion may require i 47. The annual authority for keeping up a standing army -tne autnoruy lor ramn < huh an t tiuie* ?tho carrying out of *tato loan* the alienation of ?tato property -the examination and pa Ming of th i annutl budget of receipt* and payments ? cannot take plaeu but by the laws. Tho prujects of law on huad? inult be presented tlr.->t in the Chamber of Dtputia*. 48. Both chamber* can prop ><? project* of law. or upon grouuds Htated invite thi government to present a project of law. They can accept petition* and deliberate upon them; nevertheless, these petition* oaanot be in person delivered by private parties or br corporations?they must be presented by u member of th* chamber. 49. To enable the chamber to pas* a resolution binding in law. there must be present In Mie Senate at leaet 30 motnburs, and in the Chamber of Deputies at laaat sixty. 50 Any projects of law having for their object the completion, the extension, or the modification of the dispositions of the constitution, must include in each of the two chambers the votos of two-third* of tbe members present. 51. In all other projects of law the absolute majority of votes is sufllcinut. 52. The government Is to be represented In the two chamber* by responsible ministers, or by commissaries of the government, appointed expressly by it to the chambers. Both have casting vote*, but only If they are member* of the chambers. 5.1. Special regulations, to be determined upon by each chamber, will tlx the order of affair*, and up to the period of this being done, provisional regulation* for each of the two chambers will be published by the government. VII.?rROVINCIAL STATU*. 54. In the different countries there will be provincial states for defending the interest of the province*. Such as exist at present will retain their organization and attributions, in all case* where tho constitution introduces no change. 55. One of tbe first duties of tho diet will be the examination of the alteration* proposed by the provincial states to be made to their existing constitution, and to deliberate on the proposition relative to the manner of affording compensation for the charges which weigh upon property, and which are declared redeemable. 50. The legislature will determine upon special municipal dispositions, for the protection of the private interests or tho circles and district* of each province. 57. Communal constitutions will be based upon the firinciplc. that all tike interests of the commune and ts members may be represented by them. 5H. Tho National Guard is to be organised throughout the whole monarchy, under a special law; It will, nevertheless, be subordinate to the authorities and to the eivll tribunals. 50. The National Ouard and every public officer will tl.l.illf , r #,? tk? L'n.nn.ni. .. n A Ik., , .. a t U n ?Inn The oath of thn army to the constitution will be taken ill thn oath to the color*. > Given in our capital, and at our residence of / Vienna, the 2J?th of April, in the year 1848, and ' in tho 14th year of our reign. (Signed) Fran i it a.to. KlcqurLMOifT, Minister of Foreign Affair*. and f President pro torn. PlLi.rainoHrp, Minister of tho Interior. Kiiai's, Minister of Finance. Xommamwia. Minister of Public Instruction /ami 11. Minister of War. The German Kmplre. Wc are enabled to lay before our reader* in full the proposed fundamental law for the constitution of a Gorman empire, as presented to the German Diet In it* sitting of the 'Jitth ult. by the committee of seventeen men of eoulidence. The committee of seventeen consisted of the following distinguished individuals:?MM. de Schmerling and Sommaruga. Austria; Dahlmann, Prussia; Todt, Saxony; Zacharia, Hanover; Uhlaud. YVurteraburg; Basserinann. Baden; Ilergk, KiectoraU of Hesse; Langen. Grand Duchy of Hesse; Uroysen, Holstein; Wilmer. Luxemburg; Von der Gabclents and Luther, i Ducal Houses of Saxony; Gagern, Brunswick and Nu> I sail: Stever, Mecklenburg; Albrecht. Oldenburg, fee.; i I Gervldus, for the free towns; Taup and Petri, of Darmstadt. Bavaria was not represented. , PROJECT OK THE FUNDAMENTAL I.AW OF TIIK EMPIRE [ OF GERMANY. ' The experience of an entire generation having demonstrated that the want of unity In the political existence of Germany, has engendered an internal disorganization in the German nation, and a depreciation of the liberty of the people, as well as to render it powerless towards without, tho German confederation will l>e replaced by a constitution based on national unity. ART. i.?BASKS. St?o. 1. The countries which have hitherto appertained to tho German confederation, including the Prussian provinces which have lately been incorporated. ami tho Duchy of Schleswig. constitute henceforth an empire (federal state).* Sec. 2. The independence of the different German states which constitute tho confederation is maintained.* but limited in so much as the unity uf Germany demands it This limitation consists lu part, that some especial affairs of state will come under the exclusive domain of tho Imperial powor (Vide Art. II.); in part, that certain fundamental rights and certain institutions will be guaranteed to the people.?(Vide Art IV.) ART. ATTRIBUTIONS OK THE EMPIRE, Sec. 3. The following departments will henceforth oome exclusively under the Jurisdiction of the Imperial power:? a. The international representation of Germany and of its component States. In foreign countries; consequently, tho right of treaties and all diplomatic relations to tnat effect, as also as the superintendence over all treaties negotiated between the different States of tho empire, or entered into by them with foreign Statee, the permanent legations (ambassadors) between the different States are to be abolished. i />. Tho right of declaring peace and war. c. The army, consisting of active troops and the Landwelir. and basod on the principle of compulsory servicc, without substitutes. J. Tho fortrei ses. e. Tho iafwty of Germany by fteu by the establishment of au armed navy bud armed seaports. / The customs in such manner th t there shall subsist but one customs law for the whole empire. g. The postal department. A. The superintendence of the navigation of rivers, canals, he., of railways and telegraphs. i The concession of brevets of invention, which will lie applicable to the whole empire. Ar The legislation in the domain of publie and elvll law. insomuch as required for the complete de?.f * V... ..r ?i-11 - - * '""rw "" v..? ?un.j ui insiiuniij, rnjwr iKtijr m law on a uniform system of currency, weights, anil mewurM for the whole of Oermany. I I The jurisdiction to the extent indicated lower down in paragraph 24. m The right of disposal over atl revenue* proceeding from the custom* and post offices. and of those revenues and other receipt* of the eaipira (taxes. Hums derived from concessions lie ), the right of Imposing additional taxed on the State* aht iii.?conititl'tio* or the bmfirf.. Sue 4 The whole of the imperial power in coneen trated In the supreme chief of the einpiro. and lathe Imperial Diet The administration of the different branches of thin power will be entruKted to tpeclal imperial authorities, at the head of which are placed th? ministers of thecmpire Justice i? administered by an imperial court. ?.?tii>: n'prr.mr rHicr or Tiir rMriar.. Sec ,r) The dignity of the supreme chief of the empire (F.mperor of (termany) will l>e hereditary, so aa to ensure the ttuo welfare and liberty of the Herman people H?c IV The supreme chief of the empire la to reside at Frankfort-on-the-.Maino; hit civil list will be regn inteil conjointly with the Imperial Diet. Sec 7 The F.mperor exercises the executive power in all the affairs of the empire; he appoints the functionaries of the empire, and the afflcers of the active nruiy and of the navy, as also the superior officers of the l.andwehr, he regulate* the division of the army The concession of patents of invention (Sec. 3 i) may be granted also without the consent of the diet Sec. H The Emperor has the power of convoking an extraordinary assembly of the diet (Vide Sec. 19) of the empire; he adjourns it, closes it. and dissolves it. The resolutions of the diet promulgated by him are obligatory fl>r every part of the empire, lie renders ; the necessary decrees for carrying Into execution the laws of the empire. He shares with the Imperial Diet , the right of proposing and approving of laws See. (?. The Kmperor exercises the International representation of (Jermany and of the different States of ( which th? empire consists. He ap|>oints and accredit* envoys and consuls He concludes treaties with f?reign states, nnd superintends the treaties hctwuea the different Herman states (Sec. 3. a ) He decide* ou war and pence Sec |0. The F.mperor Is Inviolable and Irresponsible (kit the other hand, alt ordinauces emanating from him. to be valid nnd legal, hut must hear at least tb?? signature of one minister of the empire. a* a proof hid responsibility. Any decree without such signature U not obligatory. ?tiiv Din or tux nirnt. .Vec 11. The Diet of the empire consists of two chambers; nn Upper aad a Lower Chamber. < Ser. 12. The maximum number of the Upper Cham. ber is J*I members, vil : 1, The reigning prince*. It Is In thefr option toswml a substitute, hut who cannot be revoked daring it session. 'i Of a delegate from each of the free town* wot by the government*, at least ft>r the duration of a session. <L Of the councillors of the empim elected by the dlf. k

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