Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 24, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 24, 1848 Page 1
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ITH I Wbole No.|BI04. FOREIGN PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE I OK TIIK J New York Hera'd. I Our Froiifli Corrtspomlence. I 1'ahis, April 20, 1848. J The Elections?Conftdtiirr Restored?l.amartive SusI laintd?Money F.asy?Russia, Prussia. Denmark. J Last evening tho result of the votings for memI bem of tho National Assembly was aunouueed I to the people, at the Hotel Jo Ville. When tho name of I I.nmartine wasannounced,theimmensemass-composed I of tlio people, tho army, and Guards Nationals and Mobile united?saluted it with prolonged vivats. The most perfect silenco reigned during the time Marrust was reading the result; and when the last name was Announced, thousands of vivats were raised in approbation; and apparently, universal joy pervaded all classu.r The seren first upon the list are members of the provisional 'government, as aslo the 0th and 10th. whose views correspond with those of Lamartine; the 21st, 24th. 20th and 27th, are also members; but differ from Lumnrtine?are regarded as, in principle, tendlug to communism; and have been making a tremendous effort to overthrow their associates. As they had the entire organization of the elections throughout France, and paid their sub-agents 40 francs a day. it in an evidence that public sentiment is independent in France, and tho people intelligent. All tliH elections from tho country, a* far as heard from, present almost a united delegation opposed to the views tif I.mlrii li ill I in It Is one of the most emphatic de monstratious against the minister of tho Interior and his agents. and in favor of tho high character and considerate judgmont of the Kreuch people. Tho bth in the poet of Franco; the 11th the Major-tieneral of tho <iu:ird Mobile; the 14th. the Governor of Algeria; the 122<l. a professor in the Kreuch institutes; the 31st, a celebrated Protestant preacher, whom I have frequently heard with admiration; the 34th, a like celebrated < Catholic preacher; the reinaiuder are men eminent in tbeir litUfttloof, fcBd tar probity and honor; and all agree with the views of Lainartiue. Tho friends of J.amartine, a vast number of them, retained the names of all tho members of the provisional government upon their lists, from motives of policy aud magnanimity; otherwise the minority would not have been elected, i.amartine will be returned from several departments; and. therefore, will be obliged to elect what department he will represent; and the vacancies will be filled by order of the National Assembly. Kloctors were not limited to their own departments for candidates; an J the country seems to have been desirous to carry l.amartiue upon their list. The whole number of voters Inscribed upon the lists, in the twelve arrondiisementi of Paris, and the banlitui, amounts to 310.984; the whole number of votes polled was 21>ri,420. which is 70S' per cent?a plurality elects. By this, it appears. that the vast number of voters, in proportion to the whole population, is larger in Paris, than in New York. Is it not so t What proportion does tho voto polled bear to the voters inscribed in your city ? The elections appear to have excited a lively and healthy inlluenco throughout Kranco. and generally have passed off as in Paris, without any struggle. After the elections had terminated at Koucu; there was some serious disturbance, and some lighting, and several killed aud wounded. ltoucn is a large inanufacturiug city, and n great many lawless men congregate there. Lcdru Kollin's ticket, in that vicinity, received about ono quarter part of the votes; uud whether the struggle , has any reference to the vote, or is moved by his emissaries. does not yet appear. But the public declaration is go emphatic in favor of public order, and so destructive to his purposes, to obtain power, that he seems to bo entirely protracted, for the present, at least. 1 again repeat, give no credence to auy accounts contained in the Kuirlish journals, of affairs in Krauce; thoy uru tilled with misrepresentations; and it in extraordinary that men living iu Paris. and witnessing tho order and good conduct of the people, can be so false to truth, aud to all honorable feeling, an are generally tho correspondents of tho English journal* By libelling France, and falsifying the faeti), tlioy hope to prevent trouble* in Eugland. Certainly the French do not iuterfere with thein.and if they entertain the opinion whieh they express. they do not regard the Engli?hassufficiently IntclHgent.educated, eulightened and civilized, to maintain a republican form of government. I thinkmo nuni who properly understands the character of the English, and what is requisite for tho foundation of a free government, can doubt upon thin subject. There in, a certain degree of servility in one condition, und hauteur iu another, and a general absence of all feellngs.of individual independence, which prevent the majority of the EugliHh people from desiring a republic, und render them, at present, incapable of maintaining one. The preparation for the fttr pon the 4th of May. progresses; and it is said, will cost more tlinu a milliou of francs. Everything, to reuder tho scene magnificent and beautiful. is in preparation?all the taste and eleganco of I'aris will be called into requisition. Some of the journals oppose the arrangement, as too expensive; but other* sny it will bring thousands of strangers to Paris, which is true and that Franco will gain, iu all respects, more than she will lose. Money Is now easy in Paris, and every man who was not in a failing condition, can now do business with V*se The bank discounts freely?tho bills aro taken aud exchanged for specie, without auy discount?aud exoept the abscncc of foreigners, aud the effects produced by the past panic, the people of Paris aro inn good condition, and they feci well. The timid are becoming more assured, and the agitators more powerloss. The misconduct aud misrepresentations of UnEnglish journals product), now. comparatively little effect. Stocks have risen much, and tho clouds have cleared away. The rosult of tho elections has given great confidence, and reproved the silly fears of those who could see protection only in royalty. The war continues between Don mark aud Prussia, and the rumor this morning is. that Kussia is coining to the aid of the former. If that prove to bo a fact, it will render this difficulty, perhaps, troublesome to Europe. The policy of Nicholas is to prepare for war? he is looking to the sulyugation of Turkey; and to dofond himself against the spirit of Western Europe, he has appointed one of his sons-in-law sovereign of Poland; aud while it enables him to retain his power in that country, it will partially, at least, satisfy Potaud. by restoring to her her nationality. I have no belief that, at present, a republic will be established iu any of the German States, and every step tends to show that they will be content with liberal constitutional monarchies. It seems extraordinary that a people so enlightened as tho Germans, when they have upon their hands the trouble of a revolution, should not complete the work, and make a monarchy an "obsolete iden ' But It requires a long time to prepare the public mind of Kuropo for a republic, aud to annihilate the impression that a monarchy is necessary. The Sicilians, although they repudiate Ferdinaud. the King of Naples, do not propose to establish a republic. Dut perhaps it is wise for Europe not to take too great a stride at one time, and do as our people havo with Mexico?defer the completion of the great and crowning event, to a future day. The chains of tyranny are no far broken that the masses will not suffer, us they havo done, under any form of government; und iu the meantime, tney will learn better to comprehend that a king mi l a court arethegrent public nuisances ot a nation The influence of the French republic will be Imme diate. constant and powerful upon Europe much more so than that of our own. because of its proximity to Europe, nndits language, whieh is so generally understood and spoken throughout Europe. Wo are represented to Kurope, generally, only through tho English press, using against us all the extracts from American papers most unfriendly to our country. OBSEHVEK. Paris, April 30, 1848. Insurrection at Mourn?Elections?Workmen?Ledrtt Roilin -Pari* Quirt-Austria and Italy?Thr Pope and Ferdinand?Mortice attempt at Revolution in England ? Ireland?Mitchell. 1 ucrc iims oeen a goon mm 01 iignung hi uoueu muco the elections. hotien is a very largo and wealthy manufacturing city; and I believe that anions the members of the National Assembly chosen from that vicinity, the working people are not represented; and they have linen inn ki n>c some fearful demonstrations of power, which have cost several lives, and many persons are wounded. Some four or live thousand men have been gent from Paris and Vincennes. to aid in maintaining order. I.edru Rollln and h!a agents claimed to be the exclusive friends of the working men rather 0 they attempted to (rain the control of the National Assembly by an appeul to them, and very injudiciously and Improperly, I think. In Kouen they have been exeluded from the ticket.; and it (fives offence, and puts power Into the bands of the very man they feared, more than the election of an entire ticket friendly to him It in alleged that those elected were friendly to the Compto de Paris and a monarchy, and that M. O. Barrot is among the members chosen. llarrot. was at a late hour, appointed the King's minister, and attempted in vain, in the Inst sitting of the Chamber of Deputies. to support the Duchess de Orleans, as regent to her minor son. Hut since the establishment of the republic. he has sent, in his adhesion to the new government. and Is a republican nearly as old as most of those now in power in France; and perhaps no man did more to overthrow the King than faarrot; although, probably. at no time did he intend to do more than to effect a change of ministry. But the masses, during the 27th and 2Sth, have been in arms, and cannon and small arms have been freely used to resist them, and to maintain order. It is alleged in the paper of Thiers, that the commissary has been detected in furlii-btng |> wder. and In encouraging the workmen to fight The contest has been resolute, and pretty sanguinary, much more ho than any one since the establishment of the republic. Ilut the lenders have been arrested, an I order and quiet. I believe, established. There hni been Rome lighting at two other small place*, reported from the Ulterior, and it is not known in I'arh that order has yet been established. Kxcopt these Instance-:. Hi" country seems to bo entirely unlet as far a< heard from. The samo causes produced the difficulty in each case. The workmen wvre not properly represented, and they have taken this mode to remind the \sscmbly that, their interests cantiot bo neglected with Impunity. Owing to the conduct of tb* Mlnla E NE NE 1 ti-ilof tliu Interior, and the four* his circulars and rimduct exeited, I think the workmeu will nut be us fully represented as they otherwise would have been; uud hut paper, the Hef'urme. has already proclaimed that the people of France are now divided into two classes, and that the laboring class arc improperly ?xoluded from tho Assembly. It is to be hoped that it will appear that all classes, and especially the laboring classes,are well represented iu the Assembly.because it ia just, and will remove the power and motive for creating dissatisfaction. Generally, tho elections appear to have been remarkably satisfactory, and the members to have beeu elected by a very full and united vote. 1 should not be surprised to hear that there had been lighting in the city of Lyons, which is an immense manufacturing city; and generally, disorder there is created with facility?but none has yet been reported. 1 believe a few Englishmen have ui/ain taken fright aud tied, on hearing of the difficulties at Rouen, and probably the English journals will again be Ailed with frightful stories of the scenes in ( 'ranee. I hope no American will be deterred from coming to Paris, by any representations contained in the English journals; yet. all wil:, of course, understand that although living at 1'aris is entirely safe, aud that the revolution has added thorcto a new interest; yet, that the present condition of Europe is unfavorable for travellers. There is a difficulty in arranging safely for the use aud certainty of the neoessary funds; and there is more or less difficulty, and, perhaps, some danger, in passing from country t? country; but railroads. Liable to be broken up, and bands of armed meu in the Italian States, are traversing the country. But I should as soon think of being frighteued out of one of our beautiful New England villages as out of i'aris, at this time, or during any inomont since the revolu tiou took place. There lias been considerable bard fighting botwoou tliu army of Austria and that of Italy, under the allies of Charles Albert, King of Sardinia, In which tho latter lius generally been successful; yet tho Austria us contest erery step, and yet hold ono or two strong positions in tbo Italian provinces, in the neighborhood of tho Mincio. The Austrian general is a determined soldier, and his retreat has been marked by the most inhuman conduct?men. women and childron have been alike uuspared; and a lawless soldiery seems to have been let loose upon all, throughout the country, without any regard for life or its proprieties. Kach oue of the Italian States has contributed to swell the Italian army; even the Pope and Ferdinand have sent forward their volunteers, with the blessings of the former; but there can be no reason to believe that the latter really desires the overthrow of the power of Austria in Italy, for he himself is flghtiug with his own subjects for existence, and has been looking to Austria for assistance. He probably did not dare to resist the wishes of the people in this respect; and perhaps was glud to be rid of a portion of his own population, which might give him more trouble at home than abroad. Kings have fared hard for the last few months in Europe, and their positions have not been free from danger or responsibility. Prussia has, hitherto, been victorious in ber encounters with Denmark; and the army of the latter has returned from its advanced position. They do not appear yet to have fought with much heroism or good conduct; perhaps tho Danish soldiers are infected with what tho Czar of Russia, in his proclamation, denominates ' the plague," which now infects nearly all of Europe. Prussia has recalled her ambassador from Denmark, and Russia comes to the aid of Donmark; it may lay the foundation for new European difficulties. The attempt at revolution in EnglantUhas boon an entire failure; and the leaders appear to be entirely unworthy of public confidence, or of being at the head of a successful revolution. In Ireland, new resolution and courage seem to be evinced, and 1 think an impression has been made upon the public mind, in Englaud, and that tho question of granting a repeal will be surioufly discussed hereafter in Kngland, by those, too, opposed to a revolution. Mitchell appears like a man of courage; ho was here, and he does not abkte his efforts, dangerous as is his position?even with a halter about his neck; but will his countrymcn stand up to the mark in the hoar of trial, and do or die? 'i'liey must tjght, or Mitchell must be sacrificed, and tho day is near at hand which will settle that question. OBSERVER. Park, May 1, 1848. First of May?Taileries?French Insurrections?Fighting?-Order Established?Jlustrians Successful? Charles Jllbert?Russia Recalls her Embassador? French Huttalion for Italy?Prussia and Denmark? Forty Merchant Skips taken by the Latter?Mr. Ruth and l.amartine. It in the morning of the Jay of May. and what delightful associations attach themselves to the annual return of thin day of fiowors and of mirth, in our own country ! But here. I do not perceive that any universal notice is made of it by tho Parisian population. It is not the openiug of spring to them ; the leaf is now iu full size, and the peach trees have already blossomed, and parted with their gay petals, for the young fruit. The grass has grown high enough to be uinwn and brought to market ; and the fosses and other placos iu Paris, have already had one cutting of grass carried kway (ran. t&out. Tie garden of the Tuileries. at this moment, is one of the most beautiful places in the world?twenty acres of land, made perfectly level and surrounded by elegant embankments, a part of which is covered with large >hade trees iu full leaf, and trimmed In beautiful forms?a part devoted to promenades, and a part to llowers. fountains, play ground for children, statuary, and to a general concourse of the people ; surrounded entirely by an elegant iron fenco, ten to fifteen feet high ; the view from which is bounded on each side by the most beautiful parts of Paris?constitutes a delightful retreat for exercise in thd open air, and gives au air of Alcgauce and comfort to the city, which is delightful, indeed.? Oil its south, pours the river Seine, now much swollen by recent raius ; on its cast, stands the palace of the Tuileries ; on its north, a magnificent range of buildings. between which and the garden is the Hue de Hi vol! ; and on the west, is tho far-famed and memorable . Place de la Concord, covered by its exciting monuments associated with tho recollections of its past history. Kvery pleai-ant day. thousands of children, with their nurses, and ,sometimes their mothers and friends, till these grounds. Chairs are furnished for all who desire them ; men read there, and walk?women do the same, aud sew. kc. Ladies are there in great numbers?little girls form rings, play with tho hoop, ball, ropo. kc. Sic., and one would think that all Paris was there, and in one great family, all enjoying like confidence, privileges and pleasures. The poopie of Paris live much in the open air, from their infancy. and their manners are adapted to these large congregations of people ; or rather formed, perhaps, from them, as all appear like old acquaintances : and there is no waiting for au introduction. Their manners are easy and delightful towards each other and strangers, to whom they are alike courteous aud cordial. The struggle at Hnucn has ceased, and the city is quiet ; but there has been a good deal of hard lighting, and so far as I can understand, without any very definite objcct. At Liinayes. one of the places referred to in a former letter, the insurgents have become masters of the place, and appointed a provisional government of their own. At Paris measure* have been taken to restore order, and to subdue tho emeute. The National Guard were absent, a part of them, 1 believe; and the sub-officers appear to have conducted without efficiency. The guard feared they had boon betrayed by their Colonel, but were preparing to attack the insurgents, when they wvro ordered not to fire by the Commissary. Such is one representation. The place is small, and the matter not important. Number* of the Kreneh are enlisting, to enter the Italian army against Austria. This morning, the Champs Klysees was filled with squads of tho Guard Mobile, under the exercise of their officers, and being trained in the rudiments of a military education. They are mado to perforin their evolutions with groat precislou. The French arc remarkable for their mathematical exactitude in all their operations. This evening, tho news is unfavorable for Italy, and porhaps for Charles Albort. lUline has beeu taken by tho Austrians, and Radetsky.the commanding General, to assume the offensive. It in oven rumored that Venire tins been summoned to capitulate. Charles Albert noem* to have been very inactive, and to have allowed his adversary time to increase hid forces, and Rain signal advantages over him. It is to be feared Unit he U Incompetent for the position he has assumed. He I* certainly in a responsible situation, both for himself and Italy. He stepped out of his way to attack Austria; but this he did in behalf of Italy; and as Austria deserved to be driven out of Italy, and to be repulsed from civilization, for her inhuman and brutal conduct towards the Italians, over whom the treaty of 1S15 gayo her jurisdiction, all the world hailed with acclamation this movement of the King of Sardinia to aid the Milanese, and to punish their oppressors. Russia. by the news of to-day. has recalled her ambassador at the court of Jurln, and given (|lv Sardinian ambassador at St. Petersburg his passports. Charles | Albert, therefore, has Austria and Russia upon his hands, and tills act looks like an alliance between i those powers, as against Italy. A large battalion of 1 men are already enlisted in France t* march to the i assistance of Italy; and these facts tend to give a ! more warlike aspect to the affairs of Kurope. Russia ' Is now in a condition to act with Immense force upon any point in Kurope; anil when she makes a declaration of war. the tocsin will be sounded throughout 1 Kurope. and there will be, thereafter, little hope nf peace. France will not S'c Italy crushed without an effort to aid her. The Danes have captured about 40 of the merchant chips of Prussia, upon the Baltic, having on board, many of them, merchandise of Kngllsh merchants I'nder ordinary circumstances, war would be regarded as existing already between two of the Kuropcau powers In two Instances; but. in the present condition of Kurope, these circumstances attract but little attention. All eyes at this time nre fixed up?>n France and Russia, and war will not be regarded ss of much importance until one or both of these nations move; for any important movement by one will produce a like movement with the other. The duel, if it take place, will be a mortal one between these power#. Russia has been preparing for the conflict, anil making her depositions accordingly, and > hence her policy In granting Poland a national existence. and planing his son-in-law on the throne. He (Nicholas) expects to tako Poland from the ranks of his enemy, and array her force upon the side of Rus| ilk. If be hat teen tuoccMfrl, It la an important W TO W YORK, WEDNESDAY uiovi'iiiuut upon tho chess board, in a gaum In which all Kurope is interested. and upon tlin result of which j depends the present ascendency of liberal or despotic I governments in the old world. Nicholas in a powerful | antagonist, and appearances indicate that ho intends I to put forth his strength in crushing every liberal ' movement in Europe, to the very borders of France ; ! and. if so, war is inevitable, for Frauce will not lie by i while he is doing this. I cannot interpret his recall of his ambassador from Sardinia in any other view than that of war on Italy. If this bo true, then I<'ranoo and Russia are at war. and there will bo no longer any disguise of purposes. Tyrol, of Germany, seems to be at war with Tyrol of Italy, and there has been some fighting between the Germans and Poles, the purposo of neither of which is very apparent. The aspect of aiTairs in Europe varies every week An interesting correspondence has taken place between Mr. Rush and M. Lainartino. OBSERVER. Park, May 2, 1848 The National *4jsi n.bly?Liberality of the French?The Clergy?The Princh?The Statue of the Republic? I.a mart in e and Nicholas?The fetes?Hospital*, if <. ,to .American Students?fine Jirts in Paris ?400 Models in Painting and Statuary. The National Assembly will be composed of the first men in France, elected for their wiadom and exalt?d character, aud for their liberal and just view* of the right* of their fellow citizens. Proba. bly it will be the ablest convention ?ver assembled in Europe to deliberate upou publi* affairs; aud the fair presumption is. that theft* work will be worthy of themselves aud of France. The popular opiniou has been so strong in favor of l.aniartlne. that he has been chosen from perhaps a majority of all the large cities In France, when it was known that he could serve but ouo constituency; and it will make him the master spirit of thin wonderful assembly. In his hands are the destinies of Franco, more than those of any other man; and next to Nicholas of Russia, his Is the most important position in Europe. lie and the Emperor of Russia are now placed face to face, and in their hands arc held the emblems of peace, or the thunders of war. The world must wait for their deoisiou. A new century, new views, and new men, have taken Kurope by surprise -tho old world has advanced an entiro century in two month*?the shackles of servitude hti vo been struck oft'?a mine of intellect burst upon the Kuropean world? and, contemporaneously, the Goddess of Liberty appears to regenerated Kurope, dressed in robes of glory; in one hand, she holds the chart of freedom?in the other, the sword of justice. If the first is ahosen. the latter will be sheathed; if rejected, the latter will be used in defence of the former. Mind and steam have formed a copartnership to regenerate the world, and to elevate its Inhabitants front a state of dogradation to one of freedom and happiness; and kings might as well stand upon the shore, and forbid the waves to roll over it. as to command its progress to bo arrested. The hand of power, divine and human, may be seen in this mighty work, and the ministers of the former seem to uudcrstand aright, and truly to interpret, their Lord and Master. They preach boldly in Kurope the equal rights of mankind, aud the sin of oppression. Tho whole Catholic clergy, as well us Protestant, of Western Kurope. arc performing their duties faithfully, in this respect, and making themselves powerful instruments of regeneration iu tho old world. The jealousy of creeds has beon swallowed up in tho vortex of publie expression; and Catholic and Protestant are alike elected to the national assembly; and it is a curious fact, that in Catholic Paris, a Protestant clergyman received more votes than another equally distinguished Catholic clergyman, as your' renders will perceive by the list and explanations whinli I have sent you In a former letter. A great and most favorable change lias already come over Paris ; instead of disordor. there is manifestly much less desiro to make disorder. and more determination to faithfully perform the duties of public and private individuals, than before the revolution. All feel that thuy are more responsible fur their public conduct ; aud that the law of publie opiulon is substituted, as in our country, for the old fashioned bayonet ; under Louis Philippe, there was an armed police of thousands, day and night, on guard, iu Paris. Since the revolution, there has been none; tlicft has diminished nearly on" half. Formerly there never has been a public fite without great disorder. much fighting, and many lives lost ; generally the majority, by being trod under foot; more than a hundred have, in one or two instances, been killed in this manner. Three of the largest f'tlrfove r held in Paris have taken place since the revolution, and there has not been present, upon either occasiou, any police officer, either with or without arms, and yet upon neither occasion has there been any disorder, or any person injured, rxccpt in the last instance a man was shot by the accidental discharge of the gun of a national guard. Formerly, when I first arrived here, the Champs Klysees was guarded at every point, night nun any, ny inu pmiuu uuuur arm* ; now uicru are none: find every evening the trees ure lighted up by thousands or lamps. ami tens of thousand* rusort there for auiusemeut. company, and promenade, and 1 have never neon nor hoard of any agression or dUorder there among the people. In this large-forest. It in Raid, formerly there wore many crimes committed ; hut a new spirit seems to have come over the people ; and they all fuel alike responsible for the good eimdurt and condition of Paris. and they make it one of the most delightful cities in the world. I shall owe them a debt of gratitude as long as 1 live, which 1 will pay them, in part at least, by fairly and truly representing them in a crisis like the present, when there Is go much power in words and ideas. The provisional government has decreed that a statue of the republic shall be sculptured. and another painted ; and yesterday I had the pleasure of examining about 4(H) models of each, executed by a large company of the best artists in Kuro;.e; from these a selection is to be made for the grand work. All Paris has been and is going to see them. A taste for the flncartsis cultivated from infancy. In Paris every child, from the day of it* birth, is surrounded by statuary, paintings, engravings, architecture, music. Sic.; and living among a population enthusiastically fond of thein. a Frenchman will go without food to pay for the gratification of his taste. The theatre, corirerts, exhibitions of art. they will attend, be the nacriflce what it may. This taste is as common to the many as to the educated ; und the French are deserving of the gratitude of the world, in this respect, for thi'ir liberality and courtesy to strangers. All is free, and one's desires and requests promptly and most politely attended to. In Kngland. all must be extravagantly paid for. and without any guaranty too. of civil treatment. The French hospitals and lecture ( OBM. subjects, fcc , are all free. Six dollars will give a student all the advantages which Paris affords, and he will he daily among the most eminent men and practitioner*, and b* in tho presence, daily, ot numerous operations of every description; all is free, aud every gentleman treated with the greatest politeness. This is worthy the attention of our countrymen. OBSERVER. Paris, May 2, 5 o'clock. P. M . 1843. Xational Assembly?Its Manner of Organization?Sur. t ender of Power to it?Conduct of the French People ? Libels of Alison?Cob den and Universal Suffrage in Kngland?Complication of Affairs in Europe Increasing? Thiers not Elected?Arrest of Government Agents at Rouen. I do not learn that the announcement by the journals, of the adjournment of the meeting of the National Assembly, in well authenticated; and, therefore. I think the meeting will not be ajjourned?the great fete will bo ailjourned. The Provisional Government has established the order of proceeding at the opening ?e it,- i.i.. <k? ,.i.i-..t 1?t. ... v.. i>?.1.1?1 pro lem? the nix youngest SecAtarios- the assembly are. in alphabetical order, to ii? divided in eighteen committees to examine the credential!! of members. The assembly is to be oponed at precisely one o'clock; and tho committee to report at three; if there :<r<' six hundred elected, whoso seats are not contested, then the assembly will proceed to the choice of a President? the President pro trm will draw by lot nine committees of three each, to receive the votes and coltut them. Kaeli member will deposit his vote In one urn and a ball in another, as a check?if no one man has 4.?1 voles, the assembly votes n second time, in which ease the plurality elect. The assembly will then choose by ballot six Vice Presidents and six Secretaries, and three <iiiirUeurs. The President, Vice President and Secretaries term of office is one month. When the elections shall have terminated, the President, pro tern., shall call the President elect to the chair, who will call the members to take their places. The President will then rise and pronounce these words : Re pn'vntatlvos of the people?In the name of tho republic, nne ami iadistolnble, Die National Assembly is definitively erganiioil. Vive la Republic!" The President of the government provi?oire will then ark to l>e heard, in which to explain the situation of the republic now and on the 24th of Feb , and formally resign Into the hands of the assembly, the powers wllh which the people clothed them. Kaeli minister is to render an account of his ministry. Such are the principal points of tho proceeding In the organization of the assembly, chosen by an unrestricted suffrage of the whole male population over 2\ years of age?In the use of which power, the mns?es have, forgotten every consideration but that of their duty, and voted for the first men of the country. The people have performed well their part; now let their better educated brethren, whom they have made their representatives. perform as well their part, and then the republic is safw. What an answer this revolution and election has given to the libels of Alison, the Knglish historian, upon the French people?the masses. I mean, in particular. Tho masses have effected the revolution. almost without bloodshed?preserved life and property entirely safe?established a temporary government?maintained public order?punished crime ? 1 brought the country out of a panic created by the wealthier clashes and foreigners? established the credit i of the government?done duty day and night without I compensation -given their votes with unexampled una| litmity. to the first men in tho country, disregarding the i temptations held out to them to do otherwise; and in a 1 few days, will formally trausferto their representatives, the sovereignity ami power by them exercised with so much wisdom and dignity, since the abdication and flight of the king Never was there a brighter page in the history of the world?our own glorious ancestors hardly excepted?than this grand page in tho history of the French. One would think that the great Knglish historian of the French revolution, would wish to i ' >RK Jr. MORNING, MAY 24, 18 obliterate bin libel* upon a people such at the French have proved themselves, just at the time to respond effectually to the misrepresentations of this enemy of the equal righto of mankind. and sycophant of crowned lieuils. Alison's libels upon Franco are only equalled by hi* libel* upon the people and institutions of the United States, in bin sixteenth volume. No man but an Knglishmau could state no many falsehoods in *o small a space as hat Alison iu thin volume. A meeting has been held at Manchester. In Kngland. last week, at which Mr. Cobden. and other geutlemea of like high character, were present, which will produce

an effect upon the country, and ultimately, the government. Oround ii taken in favor of an extension of suffrage, equal representation, triennial election* of moinbers of the parliament, diminution of expenses. See., and to establish a correspondence aud concert of antlon throughout the country Before this movement the government must choose between reform and revolution. The men engaged in it are a pledge for perseverance ; and will give the movement sucli a character an to command public confidence Sir Robert said it was Mr. Cobden who revolutionized Kngland, on the tariff, and repealed the corn laws which shut out bread from the starving millions. If I am not mistaken. Mr. Cobden will prepare the people for, perhaps, universal suffrage It is a gigantic taak. General Oudinot has just left Paris, to take command of the army of the Alps ; a delicate charge, which may involve the question of a. Kuropuun war. What are his instructions, in reference to giving aid to Italy, can ouly be Inferred from the circular of I.amartine, and the enlistment of battalions in Paris for Italy. The Prrsar, opposed to the provisional government, says a war with Kussia is involved in these enlistments, and liberty for Kra?ce swallowed up?but the Preite is not a safe organ of prediction In such matters?there is too much of ambition and disappointment. Tho editor is not elected, neither is Thiers. The affairs of Denmark, and Prussia, and Germany, and Austria and Italy, become more complicatedeach of the two latter have, now, an army of near 100.000 men in upper Italy. If loft to themselves the result is doubtful. The difficulties at Rouen are eontrolled. Tho government has acted with great efflriiinf?v n tul r#?innvn<l fhn nfflcnpy ininli/>Afml in the emeute. Tho agents of tho Minister of tTie Interior r^pear to be deeply involved ; and several of tbem are under arrest. OBSERVER. Pari., May 3, 184S. Sweeping Decrees Abolishing Slavery?Translation? National Jlssembly?Uniform of Members?Divisitn between Kollin and Lamartine?Latter Guards hit House?Rollin Suspected?Hit Jlgents Implicated? Mitral?Lacovdai re?Denmark?Finances of France Improving?Money Easy?Strangers come to Paris? ' liefor me"?" Piesse"?Loss of Life at Uouen?Is QuieA Tho following important decree has been published since the elections, In refercncc to slavery, which I havo translated for your readers. Art 1. Slavery ahull ho entirely abolished ia all tho Freuoh colonics anil possessions, two month* after the promulgation of tlds decree, in each of them. After the promulgation of tho present decree in die oolonios, nil corporeal chastisoinout, all talc of persons not free, thall be absolutely interdicted. Art.The system of engagement for the time, established at Senegal, i? suppressed. Art. ,'t. The governors or geueral commissioners of the repubiio aru charged to use all the necessary moasnres to secure liberty at Martiniijuv, liuadalouiie and its dependant?*. Isle "of Reuion, Guy an no, Senegal, and all other French establishment* on tho west side of Africa, the Isle of Mayete audits dependencies in Algeria. Art. 4. Tho old slaves condemned, are relieved from all imniahtnent afflictive in correctional, for acts which, if imputed to free men, would not bring ti|Hin them chastisement. Individuals transported by an administrative measure are imlM, Art. 5. The National Assembly shall regulate the Indemnity which slial I he accorded to the colonies. Art. (i. The colonies anil India, purified of servitude, shall be represented in the Nutiouul Assembly. Art. 7. Tlx. principle that the soil of France shall free the slave who touches it ia applied to the colonies and ]H>sse*iioBS of the republic. Art. K. In future, even in foreign is interdicted to all French citizens to buy and sell slaves, or to participate directly or indirectly, in auy traffic, erpotitatian Jece (jellre ; every infraction of those regulations shall bring with it the loss of the character of French citixen. Nevertheless, the French who are found within these prohibitions, at the moment of the i>romulgatlon of the present decree, shall have a delay of thre? years to eonform to theui. Those who become |<os*ess<>is of slaves, in fortiign countries, by inheritance, or marriage, are, by the same penalty, bound to free or sell them, in the same period, counted from the day wlieu their possession shall have commenced. Art. 11. The Minister of the Marine and the Olonies, ami the Minister of War, are charged, each in Ids dejiartuicnt, with the execution of this decree. There are few persons of oolor In that part of France which I have seen, and this decree, therefore, will operate, In fact, only upon French colonies and possessions. There was some opposition to the passage of such a decree, but the general sentiment of the French is In favor of It. The National Assembly will meet to-morrow. The building is In u state to receive the member*. A decree of the government provided for a black suit, white vent, tri-eolorcd ribbon, and Home red trimmings. for a uniform for the member*. Some of the papers ridicule the idea Nearly all the returns have been made.? Some twenty or thirty ex-deputios of the opposition have been elected ; but generally, the member* are new an politician* and public mnu in Franee It ia to be a grave assembly, whirh will attract the attention of the world The well being of France and Kurope is committed to tlielr hand*. At prosent, they briug with thcin the confidence and support of the French nation almost united. Faction bus reared ilk head here and there since the revolution ; but now. a* before, it is powerless before the mighty torrent of publio opinion, borne onward by the boat portion of the French people. The organ of Ledru Rollin. the Heforme, evidently desires to create difficulty. A few weeks ago, it wan the Pmse, whose editor 1* Rmlle Girandin. ex-deputy nnd unsuccessful candidate for momber of the assembly, which took the lead in opposition to the government. But the Prtue hates llollin so much that, perhaps, now it will be satisfied. The Reforme affirms that the fight at Rouen harf' been a massacre; and that while 50 to 100 citizens are killed or wounded, not one ?f the National Guard is killed. If it bo a fact, it is extraordinary?for the masses fought with the greatest bravery. There will be an investigation. as the responsibility of this measure does not. probably, rest with the masses engaged in it Several of Ledru Hollin's agents have been arrested; and those who are implicated will not. probably, he permitted to escape. The government is strong, and will maintain order; and if the Minister of the Interior is implicated, he will not prove to be too strong for the law or public sentiment, which is so firm in the maintenance of public order. If the Minister of the Interior is a patriot. it is to be regretted that he does not command more general confidence; the strong suspicion against him injures the Influence of the department, and does him great injustice. If lie is a man suitable for his exalted position?as he professes to be the especial friend of the laboring classes?1 can well understand that it might bring upon his head the prejudices of those In high standing, who desired privileges for themselves and friends, which they were not willing to award to the whole people: and it may yet turn nut that th? National Assembly contains men of this character, who will attempt to incorporate thoso views into the constitution, and who may deserve to bo charged as counter-revolutionists. But certain it is. that Ledru Roll in has not been happy in his expressions in the circulars which he has issued, and which tend to produce discord or anarchy, without any apparent cause. Mis blows arc levelled at the head of Lamartine. and certainly thero does not appear to be any reason for suspecting him to be faithless to the interests of the whole people, and the laboring classes especially.? Rumor says that Rollin has endeavored to coerco Lamartine, by even threats, into his measures. ai^d that the latter has resisted, and that this was the immediate occasion for calling ont the National Guard so suddenly on Sunday, the 16th of April. That there has been tremendous controversies between Lamartine and Ledru ltollin. there is no doubt: and that Lamartine felt it necessary to place a guard in and abaut his house, is equally true. With ail my strong disposition to look favorably upon the man who,must faithfully support the interests of the masses, in opposition to pretenders. I cannot at present discover any cause or justification for hostility to Lamartine on this account, nor can 1 think that Ledru Rollin has. in fact, served the interests oi the people or his country, however puro his intentions may have been. The tendency of his measures appear to me to produce civil war. I presume we shall witness the effects of this division and oontro verity tn the National Assembly; ami that there the view.* of the two parties will bo more fully mid publicly developed. The .?>n of Murat, just returned from the United States, is elected a member of the National Assembly. from the department of Lot. Lacordalre is also elected; last Sunday he preached republicanism In Paris. 1'niversal suffrage is adopted in Denmark. The financial condition of the country Is improving rapidly Money is easy in Faris, and silver plenty. Stocks have risen, but the masses of the people feel strong ami assured. Many strangers have arrived to witness the opening of the Aiscmbly. Rouen ! quiet. OBSERVER. r**u. May 4. 1848-3 (Vclock. P. M. Mr r ting of thr National *1ucmhlt/. The National Assembly Is In aeMion, In the act of organising?U00.000 guards arc under ai'OM?the city is quiet; the bands are playing, aud the people fi'.ll of enthusiasm and pleasantry. The day is delightful; the cannon have spoken to the throng, and the lattor responded with their vivah. Three gentlemen are spoken of for ['resident, neither of whom is Lamartine? about 170 Kx-Doputies, old and recent, are elected.? The entire delegation is neatly full; Napoleon Bonaparte is a member Mail closes at 4 o'clock for the itoat. p'irr !m Rrpuhliijiir OBSERVER [From the private Cor. of"Lcs Deux Mondes "] The electoral war has decided the triumph of liberty and the happiuess of France. Six millions of Frenchmen have united to nominate IKK) deputies, who form the national representation?men. by their characters and sound principle!. worthy of the great part theyare | called upon to play. The triumph has been complete. What a triumph of order ! What an honor for Lamartine. who has been elected deputy by the greatest cities of Krance. vi* : by Paris. Dijon. Rouen. Macon. Bordeaux (Juimper. JUMW, I'crigneux. Lille, and Marseilles. Be assured the party in favor of order has trl- j uniphed everywhere. The clergy are. as well as all the other orders and ranks of society, represented in this 1 , Assembly, vi* the Abbes Deguerry, LamenncrlH. LaI cordalre. At the voice of these eloquent inon. a new | en will arlie in the world. The influence of their elo* 11 " ??^? [ERA] 48. quence will be immense. and I should not bo surprised tbat the first speech of (.icurilalri, of Deguerry, or the archbishop of Paris. will be the* signal iu Kuropw for the extermination of kings and the triumph of df mocratio 11 iiii Christian principle* Those two (hook lunula together at the barricades on the 24th of February hut The Icariau and Communist party have been ?verywhere vanquished and overcome. The reaction party, having at iU head the Debut i und the Hi ttte, the journal of Oirardin, has also acted with some perversity in the elections, und is defeated like the other. Neither Thiers, nor Bertin do Vaux, nor Oirardin. or any men of their views, have been elected. The provisional government In the crisis of its creation. required all tho power which it has had, and has exercised. It has done well. For two mouths it has exercised sovereign power without shedding one single drop of blood, without signing n single decree of pro- j scription. abolishing the penalty of death for political i offences, causing private property to be respected, j giving relief to more than 100.000 workmen out of employ; yet keeping them in order and in obedience to the laws. Honor to Lainartine. aud the worthy citizens who have acted with him; they have deserved wcllaf their country. And honor also to the popula- ! tiou of Paris, which has secouded them so well. The j revolution of '98 produced great aud noble actious; ' but that of 184His the most complete, the most extensive. the most worthy of admiration of the whole world. The assembly is organized, to-day, May 4th. Mr. Audry de Puyraveau, [the oldest member, is President for the present. The Latest from Krancc. Wo have received by electric telegraph from London to Southampton, says the Courier und Enquirer, from I our correspondent In Loudon, the following despatch, which gives one day's later intelligence from France, Including the important cleetlon of a President of the Assembly :? Paris. Friday F.vening, May 5th. The National Assembly met at noon, aud after verification of powers, tho ballot for the election of l'rosident commenced. It opened at 4 o'clock, and closed at 0. when M. Buohez was declared President. Paris was tranquil when the despatch left. M. Buchez was the candidate advocated by tho Journal Drs Deb at a against M. Trelat, who was put forth by tho National Assembly as the candidate of the Provisional Government. Considerable uneasiness prevailed, and an impression is entertained that the proclamation of the Republic yesterday was the result of intimidation by the mob uumiue, inruu^uirennriu i/ounais anu owner partisans i of tho Ministry. It 1m xaid the Representatives were foroed into that proceeding by its being intimated to them that its refusal would be attended with danger. Another report is. that a compromise has taken place between the two parties, and that three consuls will be proposed?Dupont (D'Lure), l.amartine, and M. Ledru Kollin. Such a cealltion would satisfy no party, and would be followed by similar struggles as the present. MM. Ilollin and K. Arago, and 15 other deputies, met to-day to organise an extreme left section of tho Assembly. The t'rovisioual Government will not order the army of tho Alps into Lombardy, till so required by tho Milan Government or by Charles Albert. Thero wore three candidates for tho Presidency. Tho scrutiny gave these results : Huchez. 390; Trelat, 234; llccumh. 01. The insurgents are still masters of Limoges. Order prevails there, nevertheless. Dank returns in last night's Gazette?Issue Department : Debit notes issued. 26,201,825?Credit: Government debt, 11.015.051?Other securities, 1.984.900 ? Gold coin and bullion, 10,550 203. Threes here at 47; lives at 09 to Our Italian Correspondence. Milan, April 27, 1848. The Independence of Italy. The question of Italian indepandonce is still suspended in the balance. The armies are still in presence, and whatever the sanguine hopes of the Italian people may be. a dispassionate observer will afltrm that Hie ultimate issue is doubtful. Kifty thousand Austrians, under Kadetsky. are now distributed bet wee u Mantua, Verona, and 1'eechiera, all strong fortresses, and the first impregnable. Under the walls of Verona an intrenched camp is formed. The army of independence is now advancing from the Mincio to the Adige, and to-morrojv the head-quarters will be within 7 miles of Verona Austrian reinforcements, under General Nugent, arc In the Frioul. but the distance from thence to Verona is great, the intervening population in full insurrection, and the body of Tuscan ami ltomau troops have marched to the aid of the insurgent population to intercept these reinforcements, and to prevent their junction with ltadetsUy, before the latter shall be brought to a decisive battle. This is the situation of things at the moment I write. A few days will probably bring tilings to a final issue, the result of whicn I will inform you in my next letter. Our IrUh Correspondence. Dublin, May 5, ISIS. The Cast of O' Brien, Meagher, and Mitchell?The Irish Revolution in Limerick?Iriih Republican Proclamation and, Counter Proclamation, fc., tf-c. I believe I omitted mentioning, when last writing, that on Thursday morning last, in the Court of (Queen's Bench, the Attorney General, as in the case of Mr. Mitchell, the preceding Jay, entered a nolle prosequi in the cmos of Messrs. O'Brien and Meagher, and subsequently tenderod. ex officio, information against those gentlemen. Mr. Meagher immediately entered on appearance; Mr. O'Brien being at Limerick was allowed till Monday to make his appearance. On Monday last the court was much crowded, in consequence of Mr. O'Brien having to appear iu person to b? charged with the information tiled against him at tho suit of the Attorney General, and it was understood that Mr. O'Brien meant to apply that ho might appear by attorney. The fact that the traversers had been violently attacked by the people in Limerick, and placed in danger of their lives, was soon circulated.? Mr. O'Brien, on making his appearance in court, appeared to be suffering much from tho bruising he had 'ecelved; lie was greatly disfigured by a frightful black eye. and it is stated thut three of his ribs were broken. The Attorney General then charged him with the er officio information filed against hint. Mr. O'Brien stated that he did not wish to complain of the course taken by the Crown; but he must stato that a bill of indictmont had beeen tiled against him by the Grand Jury, but was suspended; the Crown having resorted to the obsolete course now adopted, he was. however, anxious to be tried by a jury, as he had been accused as a criminal. Sir Colman O'Loghlnu applied, on the part of Mr. Mitchell, that he might be at liberty to appeur by attorney, and after much discussion, the court refused the application. The spirit of disaffection is now fast spreading, and although the confederation Is not supported by tho majority of the population of Ireland, a large number have enrolled themselves as members of the National Guard, whilo some of those who have not gone so far, look on the motions of tjie confederation with sympathy; while "in several parts of the country, tho Roman Catholic clergy are taking an active part in the proceedings daily going on. . Messrs Meagher and Mitchell lasffweek joined Mr O'Brien in Limerick, for the purpose of attending a toner Vhich their supporters In that citv were anxious to honor them with. However, the members of the moral force party were determined that they would not let it take place, but give all the opposition they could for that purpose. When the mail arrived which brought thorn1 gentlemen. n Urge crowd of the old Irelander* had a* Hum bled; nnd on tlu^appearance of Mr. Mitchell, they commenced groaning and used threats of personal injury to that gentleman, in consequence, as they stated. <>f bin calumny of the Liberator Several member* of the confederation, who were there in waiting to receive them, were abused In the evening, the city was greatly alarmed?the Old Irelandnri attacked the Young Irelanders They first burned Mr Mitchell in effigy; and while burning, they placed the figure near the window where the in tree was held, and set fire to the timber work This caused the commencement of the riot. The party within rushed out. and were attacked by thoue outside. Several shots were fired. Mr. Smith O'Brien was struck with a stone near the eye. and cut In the back of the head with another, and also severely hurt by a blow on the side; he got home without his hat. protected by some friends The police then came forward, as also the military; immediately the speaking commenced they were obliged to discontinue, us the magistrate statud he would withdraw the force under his command. The most of thein dispersed. Messrs. Mitchell an?l Meagher being protected home by the mayor and police; Mr. Mitchell carry- j ing a drawn dagger in bis hand for protection They were hooted and hissed the entire way. and stones \ thrown at them Mr. O'Brien immediately rrrigned \ the representation nf the comity, ami intruded retiring j from all further agitation. After the troops had been withdrawn, the mob broke into the store where the meeting had been held, broke all the cups, saucers, plates, benches, and ornamental festoonlngs. and then . retired. On Monday the Sarsfleld Club had a meeting ''for the purpose of affixing expression ; to their sentiments In reference to the melancholy occurrence of Saturday evening." The meeting condemned the conduct of Itev. Father O'Brien. who. it appears, was the promoter of the moral force onslaught The club agreed to the following re! solutions : ? ! Resolved, That? e cannot And words sufficiently strong to express our Indignation and abhorrence of the course taken By Rev. M'in. O'llrien, in reference to the ?aire,- |irtparvil hy the rwi*nler? of l.imerick for the prosecuted patriots, exciting as it aid the wr r?t passion* of an ignorant multitude, who were thereby stimulated to offer violent (distraction to a legal meeting, ami greatly enilaneerinr the lives of peaceahte citixens. Resolved. That the lino of conduct pursued by theMsyorofl.ltueriok on the occasion of the recent meeting, has proved his unfitness for the duties of his ofti.-e, and clearly demonstrate* ilie folly of elevating to |K)*itionit of trnst and responsibility, men altogether destitute of the necessary <|<l:ilitie* that tit them for tin- discharge of such important functions. Mr. O'Brien has since been Induced by his friends in Dublin, and by the universal and unmistakable feeling that lilts been manifested towards him since the occurrence of Saturday evening, to withdraw his resignation. and to battle ou for his county. Th# conference bad a meeting In the Mtuic Hall laat LD. Met Tw* CwH. iii^ht. which wai very wull attended Much an*lety wits ?*viiirud to be present at the proceeding*. as It understood thai Mr. Mitchell ami Iterviu Rielly, (til* writi-r of the L'mled hiihman.) hud resigned * member/* ut' the conference ami council. Shortly be fore the chair was taken, the Hag which wait presented to Mr. Meagher. al I'arU. wan displayed from the Urge viise above the chair. Mr O'Neill took the 'h'lir Three hundred ami seventy new members wore proponed from Dublin, and admitted. Mr IJulTy proposed Captain Ueutinck Doyle (nephew of Sir John Milly Doyle ) Sir P Anderson. anil Dean Monegan Mr. Dillon poke at Home length, anil alluded to the late proceeding at Limerick, which he stated were not worth taking notice of. ux it did more good than harm; and that ho far from the gagging bill having any "(feet on him, he would repeat all that he had said before it wo? passed Hu confirmed the report of Mr. Mitchell's resignation but did not state the cause Mr. Duffy then cauie forward, and stated his derwination to proceed against the proclamation which had been iiwued. Mr. Meagher, in a lengthened speech read a proclamation signed by Mr. Smith O'Brien, lu reply bothe one Issued by the Lord Lieutenant, in which they recommended the organization of a national guard, aud a council of 300. which noon would be distributed amongst the people of Irelaud, and it would soon appear which of the two proclamations the people of Ireland obeyed. The speaker stated that lis) would obey the proclamation, and call on the men of Waterford to eloot him to the council of 300; and a* for the national guard, he was long ?inee an enrolled guard. Ma alluded to the proceedings in Limerick, and Mid he forgave them lie went to Cork, ho Htated, and Mid that 25.000 men declared they would arm. The speaker concludedby stating that ho would b? ntliiid with the conKtlutiou of 1782, modified Mr. Meagher then announced that Mr. Dervln Rielly and Mr. Mitchell had retirod from the conference Ibr the reasons that would appear in the United Mikmmn, of Saturday. (The reason Is. it is stated, that thar are unwilling to involve that body in tho sentiments which they have adopted and proposed.) The Young Inlanders had a mooting in Cork, on Sunday. (Mr. Meagher liaviug gone there from Limerick ) The trades marshalled and inarched in proceesion. accompanied by banners, ami two band* of amnio. Tho Cltiiun Club was at the rear of the prooee ion. preceded by a largo tri-color banner, of green, white, and oraugn, beneath which were Messrs. T. F. Meagner, Lane, M. J. Barry, Jr., C. D. Murphy, and Kelix Muilan. Thorn was some delay oo oasioned by tho platform breaking down. On Saturday last, a meeting of the Irish Repeal mombers. who have formed themselves into a committee, wart bold in tho Assembly House, William street, but owing to fow having attended, it was adjournod. Tho contested election for the county of Wieklow terminated last week in tho return of the whig candidate. Sir Kulph Howard, who had a majority of flrw over the conservative candidate, Mr. Cbaa. Stanley Monck. A meeting of the magistrates of tho county and city of Dublin, was held on Friday last at Kilmalnham, for the purpose of considering what steps are necessary to bo taken in the present excited state of the country, in order to preserve the public peace. There fll a very largo attendance of both oity and county magistrates? Dr. Urabage in tho chair. An addresi to the Lord Lieutenant, recominonding serious moaiures to bo taken, was adopted. An amendment was proposed, which was negatived by a majority of 30. The votes being: ? For the amendment II Against it 48 80 I send you copies of tho proclamation, which have been issued. Tho Repeal Association held their nraal weekly mooting on Monday. Amongst the more prominent members of tho movement present, were Jno O'Connell. M. I* . N. Mahcr. M. P.. A. R Stratch, Thoi. Galling and Daniel O'Connell?Mr. J. ii. Dunn in the chair. After several had alluded to the proceedings of the day. Mr. Johu O'Connell then rose and descanted on the proclamation issued by the Lord Lieutenant. and stated that for the satisfaction, and in obedience to the wishes of the country, they would ascertain whether any such body as tho Council of Three Hundred could bo assembled in conformity with the law and constitution; und if it oould be so formed legally. it would be tho government who would infringe on the law und constitutiou by preventing them from as so mbling. Mr. McKonnon. of Drogheda. moved " that it be referred to tho committee of the association, to report on the best means calculated to promote union and organisation. and that they do forthwith report what steps had boon taken by them with a view to the formation of a national council, and how the tamo oan be legally assembled." Mr. .(no. O'Connell then stated that he should refer it to the committee The rent of the week was announced as Jt'45 5s. Ad. On Monday last tho Corporation held a meeting? the Lord Mayor in the chair. The Lord Mayor said he had receivod a lot of proclamations. These proclamations referred to the National Council. National Guard. &C. A long discussion then ensued between several members, as to whethor they should take any notice of tho proclamations, his Lordship not having received thcra officially, but through the Quoen'a printers. Mr. Stratch then proposed a resolution condemnatory of proclaiming the city under the new net, (which it was supposed would be immediately done,) which was not. however, adopted; but an addreai to tlm f .rtrrl I .imitntifi nf nil fnllnwu WHM (>nrrl?il lintnl. moiifly : ? " NATIONAL COUNCIL OP THREE UL'NDRXD."? "NATIONAL OUAKD." The following proclamation was imuvI on Saturday:? Hy the Lord l.ieutemitU mut Council of Ireland. a proclamation, "Cla h kn 1^0 v, " Whereas divers 111 disposed persons have, in virions publication* in news[aipcr? ami otherwise, anil by addreesea and speech** at |'U111 jr meetings, advised the election of a representative body in this part of her Majesty's dominions, to Ins called a national convention or council, or the Council of Three Hundred, and have invited and exhorted her Majesty's sulijecta to proceed to the election of delegates or members to re|ir?aunl thorn, or certain district* or division* of the country, in etich an assembly?and t|Np same or other ill disposed l- r-tons liave, in the like manner, Mtlt uii'li i- false and pretended allegations, without any eolor of lawful milliority, invited and exhorted her Malesty's fubjecU in Ireland, to constitute themselves iuto an armed association, to bo called a National Guard. or to enrol or regiater their names aa willing to lie member* of and embodied iu such association?and it is represented and manifestly acinars to us, that such proceeding! are <1 -sired and intended for the purpose of thereby, and by force and intimidation, effecting changes In the laws and constitution of this realm. And. whereas, it appear* to us that all such da vie** and intentions of micli ill disposed persons are not only uneonititooonal itii'I unlawful, and tend tn Uie disturbance of tlie public poacc, but they cannot be carried into effect by tha election of such a convention, or the foundation of such an :inned association, without violating the express prohibitions of certain act* of parliament?that i* to say, an act passed in the parliament of Ireland. in the XM year of the reign of hit late Majesty King George ? the Thirl, entitled 'An act to prevent the election or appointment of unlawful assemblies, under pretence of presenting public petitions or other addresses, to his Majesty or tha parliament;" and an net passed in the parliament of die united kingdom, in the sixtieth year of the reign of hi* late Majesty, intituled 'An act to prevent the training of persons to the use of arms, and to Um practice of military evolutions and exercises.' "Nmw, therefore, wo, George William Frederick. Earl ef Clarendon. her Majesty s I.ord Lieutenant General and General Cover* nor of Ireland, do hereby doclare every such national convention or council as aforesaid, and every other the like convention or council as aforesaid, and every other the like convention or coa?cil, hy whatever name it may l>e called, and all election! of nnmItn or delegates thereto, and every such armed association, by th? nat'nV of a National Guard, or by whatever name it be called, to tip unlawful: aud we hereby absolutely prohibit the election, oonstitution or formation of any such convention, council, National Guard, or other the like association, and all drilling, use of arms, or practice of military evolutions or exercises, in connection then-with or otherwise, contrary to the provisions of the laid act of the sixtieth year of the reign of his said lato Majesty; Mid we d i earnestly caution and warn all her Majesty's well dlipoeed subjects against the miiiib. and against tnking part in any soeh election or representatives, or iu the formation of any such Nationai Guard, or like armed association, or eugaging or promising so to do, on any pretence whatsoever. "And we call upon and re-inire all sheriffs, magistrate*, constables, and other her Majesty's sultjects, acting in tneir aid, to be vigilant in the prevention and repression of all such conventions, elections, associations, and illegal iiructices, so far as by law they an' authorised and empowered to do. "Ibited at Dublin Castle, this 29th day of April, I84f. "Hv hU Kjovlli'iiry'* Command, WM. M. SOMERVTI.LE." C'lty lloepltallty. Td the surprise of m?ny, in appointing a committee for the reception of Oeneral Scott, the < omnion Council have placed the name of Alderman Maynard on it. After hi* disgraceful conduct lit tho corporation dinner, two week* sine*, at Hurnhaui s, in refusing, with hi* associate* of the reception committee, admittance to the guest* of the honnl to the dinner, thi* wan nnlooked for. It, of course. in apparent, that the outrage he and hi* brother committee then were guilty of, I* now (auctioned by the Mderinen and Assistant*. and the name *y*t*m ef repudiation which wa* *o successfully adopted at Hurnhaui *. will, to a moral certainty, be again praoti*ed. Under *nch cireumstauce*. no ono 1* safe from outrage; for the hungry craving*, coupled with the I overweening vanity of the repudiating Aldermen. May- I nard - < o.. Will nraant them to drive stranger* from 1 the door, even If invited, if they And. by admitting 1 them thai they, (the npillllalim) may M "hut out I from the table themselves Their past demeanor, on I huch occasions. furnishes ample warning to gentlemen; I and all who entertain a proper ?elf-re*pcct. and depre- I cute wanton and heartleas outrage, are cautioned I against accepting any invitation whatever, while May- I nard and hi* rude associates are connected with the I board. No one is *af? from outrage and in*ult?not I even (ieneral Scott or In* friend* Time wa*. wbeu I it wa* otherwise with our city ruler*?the rite* of hoe- I pltallty were properly and carefully regarded, and a mere verbal invito? i n wa* as re?pectfully attended to I a* a written one; hut since the race of gosling politl clans and vulgar pretenders invaded our civic boards. I neither fbnnal Invitation*, verbal or written- are re- fl garded by *om< who are better KM, by labM n4 lifr W ration, to groom hor*e* than to play the part of gentle- I men The Common Council ought, by all mean*, to I have a joint committee on manner*; let it be named fl at once, and let Mister' May nard and his repudiat- S inir frin I- have the ftr?t fruit* it- labor of love. an.I I absolute necessity A REPUDIATED OUEST. I Fx > n naBkAXM. Tin TT fl imnwi Pwliiw. I Ciiptniti Morunn, from the Brazos, left on the 11th. She reports the U. S steamer Maria Hurt, Captain I Kiddle, having left the l!rar.o* on the 10th. with Capt. I Hays, commander of Texa* Hanger* bound tol.avacca H Hay Messrs. Tanehei. rriltwilt <><deii. < arrick, Hawthorn. Smith. Ksrickn. ( arm a. Cahe. Horn, and a V few discharged soldier* and team*ters came passengers I on the Kashion. The U. K steamer tleneral Butler, H i aptain Wright, left the Bra*o? ?n the 10th for New H Orlean*.? N. O. Crttctnl, Man 16. B