Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 26, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 26, 1848 Page 1
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"*? ?!> < nfmgy n ' fry ?m>? '* m <??i? ?- ? TH # - """ * *" 1 - " i " 1 * ~ WUole No. MOO. THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION. THE llESl'LT OF FOUR DAYS' LABOR. NOMINATION OF GEN. LEWIS CASS, OF MICHIGAN, As the Democratic Candidate for the Presidency. die. &r> ?fce. Baltimore, May 24,1848. Full attendance. No persons In the galleries. Mr. Tildkx, v Barnburner) arose amid cries of "go up to the stand," " we can't hear." He stood on the seat of a pew. and said, in a loud tone, that bo wished to I make application, on the part of the delegation from New York, for a short extension of time. The gentleman was requested to take his seat until the journal should be read. kxtemiom uk rhivileok. Mr. Meade inquired whether or not, under the rules adopted yesterday, Members oft'ongress in the city are entitled to Beats on the floor. Mr. Ki.or unoy. of Georgia?I hope there will be no distiuctiou of that sort. They can take their seats iu the galleries. [Applause ] Tho 1'resident?The rules do not so provido. Mr. Mevde?I move, then, that members of Congress fcnd alternates in attendance, bo admitted to the floor. Mr. Kettlewkll? I move to include the delegates to the Maryland State Convention. Mr. Cameiiox?I move that Mr. Dunwoodie, of Franklin county. I'ennsylvania. a revolutionary soldier, be admitted. I think this is a privileged question. A seat should bo provided for tho old soldier. Mr. Meadk. modified his resolution to suit the views of Messrs. Kettlowcll and Cameron. Mr. Ki.orRi*nv?1 aui opposed to it. Mr. Kkttlewkm., after a few words of explanation, offered a resolution that commissioners be appointed to examine tho gallery, to ascertain whether It would be flute to admit persons to scats there. [It will be recollected that the timbers started yesterday.] The President advised Mr. Meade to withdraw his resolution. Mr. Fi.oi-rnoy arose The Phi: ;ii?:nt -I will permit no member to proceed until order bo restored. Mr. Floi'rnuv?1 oppose any invidious distinction between members of Congress and the people. [Applause.] I would bo glad it' the galleries wore crowded, and that we were so situatod that all could hear the deliberations of this body. Mr. Mr\r>E ?Members of the House of Representatives aro admitted to the Senate, and Senators to the House. Mr. Kloi unov?What is done in cither branch, is not always democratic. [Applause.] The resolution was laid on the table. REVOLUTIONARY S0DU1EIU. Mr C.vMrnow now moved that the old revolutionary soldier be admitted to a seat. Mr. Humphreys?-I move that he bo admitted by acclamation. ["Agreed."] A gentleman suggested that all revolution soldiers be admitted. Mr. Wells. of N. H.. expressed his desire and hope that this would be done. The motion of Mr. Cameron was agreed to. Mr. Biciin. of North Carolina, offered a resolution, which wils laid over for the present, to admit both sets of delegates from New York. IIK.IUINQ OF TUB NEW YORK CASE. Mr. Dickinson, on the part of the Hunkers, took his stand; and. after a few preliminary observations, he said that it was for the convention to decide which were the true, and which the spurious delegates; both cannot be right?both cannot be wrong. He proceeded to show that they (the Hunkers) were the true representatives from the State of New York: and remarked that neither this, nor auy other convention, could go on until the question be settled. The democracy of New York had beeu torn long enough by conflicting leaders; and it was now time that the right bo declared, and the wrong repudiated. It is only the unnatural mother who would consent that her child should be severed in two. as he remarked yesterday, in alluding to the judgment of Solomon. He vindicated the pledge given by the Hunker delegation, to the Committee on Credentials, to support the nominees. Would to CJod I every democrat would submit to the same doctrine. [Applause ] An electoral tickct is already in the field in tlic hmpiro Statu. pledged to support tho nominations of this convention. The pledge is only assailed on some principle of transcendentalism, with which ho was not well voriutd. Mr. Dickinson gavo a history of the convention called to revise the constitution, and an iiccount or the squabbles between the Hunkers and Barnburners. The tlrst breach in the democratic party was evidenced on the 29th of September, 1847, at Herkimer. where gentlemen met to form their political principles, and consult as to future action. He was proceeding with his remarks, when he was reminded that his hour had expired. Mr. Kaufman?Mr. President, the gentleman ran go on. as two hours are allowed by resolution, to each set of delegates. Tho I'rksioknt remarked that ho was aware of this, but an arrangement existed between the two parties. Mr. Tii.okn desired simply to say, on the part of the delegatus of the lltica Convention, that they not only consent, but wish the gentleman to proceed. Mr. Reed did not see what the convention had to do with the matter. Mr. Tildkn made a few remarks from the stand, with regard to the New York city circular. HICK NAMES?EXPLANATION OK THE TEKMi OK BARNBl'RNERa AND HUNKERS. Mr. James C. Smith, (Barnburner) alluded to the opening part of Mr. Dickinson's address, in relation to what the democracy had accomplished. He might, said Mr. Smith, have Adverted to the fact that the democracy of New Vork assisted in tho passage of the subtreasury law. and the tariff act of 1846. He could not toll why .Mr. Dickinson did not refer to these, unloss it be that the measures were opposed by the whigs and conservatives. (Laughter ) As to tho unfortunate nick names: we are called the Barnburners. the others the Hunkers. 1 do not know in what manner, the names originated; it is difficult to tell. I have been told, however, that they originated in this way. In lttW. we had a bill before the Legislature of New Vork to lay taxes on the people to raise money to pay the public debt, the!slock;having depreciated some twenty two per cent under par. Many of the contractors saw that, if the bill passed, the public works would be suspended. and they appealed to the party called conservative there. but Hunkers here, and besought tho radicals not to pass it. because the whigs would get the offices, hut tlie radicals, as they were called, were determined that the credit of the State should be maintained. So onu of the contractors, a humorous gentleman. said : " These men are incendiaries ; they are mad ; they are like the farmer who. to get tho rats out of his granary, set tiru to his own barn." [Laughter.] Well, we burnt the barn, aud the rats did leave the granary. Hence the name of Barnburners. We have nothing to do with the anti-renters, nor any disorgauixers. but we are the friends of order. We have fought against patronage aud place for the last ten years. 1 do nor know whether there is nny dishonor attached to tin- term Hunkers, but I believe it is characteristic of them to get all they can. aud to keep all they can get. [Laughter.] So much for the nicknames. I wish they were out of the question. In our State the Barnburners are the democrats ; the Hunkers are the conservatives. Mr. Smith *po!su on the subject of pledges, in reply to Mr. Dickinson. The pledge proposed to the democrats (Barnburners) was to support the uomination of the Convention, which they refused. But this pledge was not with regard to principles, but to men; and as to liini<elf. lie was baptised in the democratic faith before he became a voter, and iu the language of Jeffer son. he swore "eternal hostility to every form of tyranny over the uiind of man." (Applause.) sii.a" wr.iriMT ?svracl sk, Mr. Smith, in a tone of veneration, referroil to the lamented Silas Wright to the means of Hunker disaffection. by which, lie was defeated in 1840, by a conjunction of whiggery and conservatism, and to tho consequent resurrection of old discarded politicians, cnual contractor!, and so forth, who came out into lift' again, lie next spoke of the Syracuse Convention ?liow the Hunkers obtained a majority there; how they sat from twelve o'clock on Wednesday ti? two o'clock on Sunday morning, working and plotting, and how the Barnburner*, in a minority, were ruled oul; and how at twelve o'clock on Saturday night, without a <|Uornm in the Convention, its resolution* were whipped through. He challenged any member to ray, that, then* proceeding* did not alter the organisation of the party in the State, and overthrow it* old and long existing usages. The resolution* were sprung upon the Convention, and whipped through.? Resolutions adopted under such circumstance* were of no force whatever. You cannot force upon men any rules adopted in violation of the principles of fair dealing. Nor can you hind men to the proceedings of a convocation, the object of which I* not expressed in the call. Such an organisation, assuming power* not delegated to tliein is despotic and of no binding effect. Such was the faction which overturned the regular orYention should have been the permanent organisation of the State. The ri al object of the Contention should li.ivc been the permanent organisation of the party: but the ruthless hand of Aietlon overturned all organization, and let in the vortex of confusion and defeat. 1 THE HUHMinMI C0XVKXT10W. The Herkimer Convehtlnn rtcver profeSsed'to )>e a regular organisation of (he party.1 It was Called from the necessities of the time. Its object was to restore the organlxatlon of the State. Sothe of It* doctrines were not calculated to please the South; but he would say nothing further now upon that point. Ilefe, then. I we have the respective merit* of the Syracuse and the Herkimer meetings; the one was conducted under fraudulent and false practices, and t|ic other <|id uof claim to be a r gnlar organisation Tilt l.BHUMTIVK < 4?'Ctl?- Tl??: l'Tll i t.QNVt'.X MOX? 1 rin ?i.ntxv Annus. r Mr Smi i ii explained the legitimate call anil formation of the I tica convention. The legislative caucus calling it was composed of .VJ out of the 74 democratic members Both sides were represented, and those occupying the neutral ground. He called attention to i 'li mi i i lwifi<|fiiiil|HMIIWIri.MHOIJM?>l E NB" N tlx1 proceedings of this caucus, and to the proof* of its recognition by the Syracuse majority, in extract*. ' which he read, from the *1l!>aiiu *1rgut. The legislativu caucus hail nothing to do with the Herkimer convention. To prejudice us iu the South, we had been I culled the Herkimer and Utica delegation. This in not ho. The one party desired the convention at Herkimer ou the 14th of February, and the other at Syracuse at a later day. The legislative caucus, consulting upon n compromise, selected lrtica as a middle 1 ground, and also a time intermediate between the two respective days designated by the two parties. Iu this i connection. Air. Smith read certain extracts from the .ill> tiny .'Irgus. approving the action of the legislative ] caucus, as putting a final extinguisher to thu " Herkimer abortion." At the Utica Convention, the ro were 11S out of the 128 delegates required, and all but three counties were represented. Tnis is our title?this is our title. Every stop of the Syracuse adherents, from that day to this, has been disorganlting and despotic. THE PHRiI7DICKS OK THE SOU TII. One word regarding the prejudices of the South. The other party in this contest have appealed to these prejudices. We bare made no such appeal. We have kept silent on this subject before the Convention. We leave it to the Convention to act?to receive or to reject us from this ball. If we go out, we shall not go out disheartened, or dismayed, er in a denunciatory spirit. (Applause.) THE HAKMHl)RNER? NOT ABOLITIONISTS. We have been called abolitionists. 1 take the liberty to say that we are not abolitionists. (Applause.) So far from being political abolitionists, we are their political foes. ( Applause, especially by the Virginia delegation.) You have summered with us and wintered with us in our political uniou. aud you know that we arc the stern advocates of State rights?we. thu de inocracy or the State or Now 1 orlc. (Applause.) we are the sworn opponent* of^Mntert'ereuce with the domestic right* of the States, and in these rights of the constitution none will l>e found more faithful thau the sentinels on the watch-towers of the Empire State. [Applause.] TIIE WILMOT rKOVISO. Rut while we are thus steadfastly firm upon the rights of the States, we are also uncompromisingly in ' favor of the federal ordinance of 1787. extended over the north-western territory, penned by Thomas Jefferson. the great apostle of democracy. If we are to be rejected, we will be rejected upon the principles of Thomas Jefferson. At nil events. 1 beseech you. gentlemen of the Convention, to decide with justice and according to truth upon our claims- and if we are rejected, state boldly, explicitly, and distinctly and distinctly the grounds upon which you rqject us. We may be rejected from tills hall; but we shall not go out subdued, or with anything like a feeling that we are conquered. Our banner will still be held aloft and flying, and emblazoned upon its broad folds will be our motto: ' The principles of Jefferson .dear to our hearts, now and forever.'' HUXKKR. Mr. Foster, on the stand, said he did not come hero to appeal to the passions of the members of the Con- i vention. nor to bandy epithets with those to whom ho and his friends are opposed. He left epithets to those who have no better arguments; he would make no sectional appeals. He proceeded to speak of the preliminary arrangements for nominating officers, in towns, districts, and the State, and gave a history of what took place in the Syracuse Convention. In the midst of the proceedings of the last day. and bofore the contest for two of the last scats was decided, the gentleman who just addressed this Convention introduced a resolution asserting tho principle of the Wilmot proviso. But it was laid upon the table?for what had a Convention, collccted to nominate State officers, to t do with a subject of a national character. Mr. Kos- 1 ter cared not whether ho was called Hunker or Conser- i vati vc. so long as he moved with the masses and brought 1 power nearer to the people, instead of removing it farther from them. The ticket nominated was hoisted at the head of the democratic press. The .itlas even had it. This ticket they (the Barnburners) say was founded in fraud : but it was never struck at all. [A voiee? Is the .itlas the organ of the Barnburners ?'") Yes. it is the leading organ. at Albany; and the ticket was at the head of that and all the democratieepapers. ("Kxcept the St. Lawrence Republican." Another voice, l,And the Republic. at Buffalo.'') Can any gentleman point to anotner? (A voice from tho Barnburners, "Three in all.") Only three in a hundred democratic papers. And yet it is And gentlemen who submit to no pledges. wont away indulging the idea that the democrats were defrauded out of their rights; and while the democratic papers put at their mast-heads the result of the "fraud," they organized indirectly to defeat the ticket. I could point to half a dozen now present, of our opponent*, who took part in the Syracuse Convention. Some of those I who participated in the Syracuse. Herkimer, and Utica Conventions are now here, (the Barnburners.) The gentleman who preceded me was in aU three; ho may not hav? been at Utica, but sonjtejof them were in all. They discarded tho Herkimer Convenion. us a paragraph in the Albauy .ilia* shows. Their proeeediugs were in defiance of tho laws and usages of the democratic party. While our country was at war. instead of coming together with strong hands and arms for the great battle with our domestic opponents, they departed not only from the usages, but the principles of the party. There never has been but one convcntiou like the meeting at Herkimer. During the war with Orcat Britain, there was a party in the < national legislature, who blocked the wheels ot govern- i mcnt, and there was a secret session. [At Hartford.] Tho only dilTerenco between them is. that the convention at Herkimer uublushingly proclaimed their sentiments to the world, and invited persons to join their standard. In the other, we were notable to seethe 1 treason as it arose. Mr. Foster read from a speech of | John Van Buren. to show his spirit of opposition to the proceedings of tho Syracuse Convention, and that 1 of his associates. Mr. Van Buren said, among other things, that he would not vote for tho Syracuse | ticket, because it emanated in fraud and was not regu- i lar; and because he was opposed to the exten- i sion of slavery to territory which was now free. Anl when they talk about tho Missouri compro- I mise. do they talk about the lino of thirty- i si*, as connected with it .' Not at all. They talk 1 about a liue as far south as tho utmost limits. Vou : need uot send us back. We cannot agree We have an electoral ticket, selected on the of January 1 last, and they have pledged themselves to abide by the I nomination of this National Convention. Send us < back, and what shall we do? What will be the result ? < There will be two electoral tlckcts. There will 1 be certain defeat in N;w Vork, and the contro- I versy imbittered. the end of which no mau can see.? 1 Vou cannot ask ns to go to them. Their platform is I too narrow We cannot stand upon it. ft is not a national platform. We desire to stand by the Union < ?north, east, south, west and centre. When the plat- i form is so narrow that we cannot, by standing up >n it. I abide by the constitution, wo depart from its princi- ' pics. [Applause.] i Mr. Kked inquired whether the caucus which was 1 called at Mbany. was composed of the same members '< of the Legislature. 1 Mr. remarked that one was in the spring before the election, and tho other after the el ictlon ? IIAI1M1I RNKKS?TUB Wit.MOT PROVISO. ( Mr. TiiKiToN Kino said, wo have no doubt of the regularity of our selection, and our'rights to seats? > The democracy of New Vork havo no doubt of it. t This question should be dismissed with the arguments < already heard. I will address you on an issue by < which we are to be admitted or excluded. It is a i question of principle. Are we democrats or arc we 1 uot.' [Mr. Moses?-No."] If we arc excluded from the Contention, we will believe that it is because we I maintain the principle that slaves shall not be carried t to territory now free, and they admitted beoause they ' hold the opposite. Ohio, in her State Convention, has f passea restitution* as strong. Are tli??y prepared to i send their laboring men there to associate with slaves i [Hisses. | The democracy of Hampshire. in Convention. declared in favor of the Wilmot proviso. Arc ,< her representatives in thin Convention prepared to repudiate the democracy of New York, or will they ' stand hy its' I say. and in this therein no uiistuke.the I domoorac.y of New York know their duty to the whole Union, and thuy will regard the democratic party of the Union as disbanded if they shall he kept out of the 1 Convention. There ia no power that can alter the result. Honorable guntleiucn here, from Virginia. < Oeorgia Alabama, and Morida. say that it is an indispensable condition that we deolar.t ourselves in favor of such .1 construction of the constitution as i will enable persons to carry slavery into territory now t free; and the delegates from New York, on the other ? side. (Hunkers.) say that they will support the nonii- t nees oik that tost. This pledge will never suit the de- ' moeracy of Now York. They will never take nor sus- I tain it If we stand alone wo will tight the battle of t freedom. The legislature of New York, with ' almost unanimity. liive declared themselves ? in favor of this principle. Ten sovereign 1 States have declared that such is their opinion. ? Mr. King made other remarks of similar tenor, in the t course of which he said that Jefferson penned the Wilmot proviso, and that Mr Wilmot took it from the ordinance of 17H7. ( Mr. Do 11.1. afterafew preliminary remarks, said he anil his colleagues could not pledge the democracy t of New York; they were not their reprcuntatives. as ? yet. in the Convention. They have resolved, on their honor as men. the integrity of New York, the rights < of individual States, that the principle on which tney I come into the Convention is that of liberty, equality, | and fraternity." They declare, by the Kternal. whose ! v blessings have been invoked, and to whom they ap- 1 peal for their sincerity and the strength of their re- j 1 solved, that they will not bow down nnd worship the ? golden image, though they be thrown iuto the furnace, t heated wren times hotter than usual. They object, u because such a test would be a/e/Wr tr. T|ie Convention could not exist, If the pledge be adopted by It. 1' 1 MH. CAMItKKI.KNO's IDKA*. ' |e Mr. CAMimELKko culled (lie attention of the convention to by-gone history- to (he suhtroasury ac(? to the passage ?f that measure?the opposition to tlic Old Hunkers, and to various acts and facts, to show that t the Barn burners had jnaiutaiiVod the principles and {he usages ot the party. wMIe the Hunkers had been dodging From these general remark^, hp came dU'cut- V ly to the merits of the (Junker detection. Wl\o is the delegate Suffolk and (Juecns 1 o A Voir* Harry'l.angfttldt. -*Ll Mr. I'iMmci.i ni I would ask that delegate If h*vjt wa< not instructed to vote for A/.ariah C. Klagg ty>r- o Comptroller in the Convention, hut voted against him* ji How was that delegate appointed f c Mr. Lawoi-kldt?Does the gentleman desire an an- fi swer ! 0 S Mr. Cam?*?;lbwu?V??, iir. p W TO EW YORK, FRIDAY M( .Mr. Lanufklot?By a State Convention, in which i every county wan represented, except that in which the gentleman realties. [Applause ] Mr. Camhhklkni!?There was no call in that Congressional District made to send a delegate to this Convention ; and yet the hon. gentleman A Hunker?1 wiil ask the hon. gentleman from Westchester and Suffolk how he got here ' A Bakmbpiineh?And I will ask the game question of the other side f Order, order. | Mr. Cambhki.kno expatiated upon his long services in the democratic rink-, anil also of the services of the Barnburners ; yet he who had thus long served the party, had been called upon, at the very beginning of this Convention, to give a pledge before he could be admitted. He appealed for conciliation between the North and the South Obstinacy In extreme opinions will be our mutual destruction. I hope that day to the democracy lias not yet come ; I hope the Old Guard will not be driven from this house, By our past acts we stand pledged to support the nominees of this Convention [Applause.] I. for one. stand pledged to the support of the success of the democratic party. [Applause.] If, alter holding up the party for sixteen years against all factions, the Old Guard-the old Tenth Legion, shall be rejected from this house, it may be a diastrous day to the cause of democracy. The Old Guard never surrenders its principles. One of these principles in non-interference with the rights of the South. (Question?Will the gentleman give way a moment? [Order! order' goon! speak out! order! Geutleineu will come to order !] Mr. Cambhki.kni; at length resumad. I trust that time will never arrive when the democracy of the North and of the South shall be divided: but should it ever arrive, tho democracy of New York will stanil to their principle* But we do not fear that. We leave the >|Uestloii to your hand*, and trust that the democracy ?wlll be uow as they have ever tiunn. when tlmy have been uuitcifc and that is united and victorious. [Applause. Struggle for the flooi] By a Dei.eoate. not seen by the reporter?I desire to know whether the gentleman and his colleagues will support the nominees of this Convention if they are opposed to the Wiliuot proviso, or whether they do not, in such au event, iuteud to support the nominations of the Philadelphia Convention.' [Univernal laughter. Ha ! ha ! ha ! pa ! Order.] The Chair? Gentlemen, you must come to order. Gentlemen will take their seats. The gentleman from Alabama will be heard. tiir. direct issue. Mr. Yancey said that when the report from tho Committee was presented yesterday, and after the remarks of the gentleman from Connecticut (Gov. Toucey), he felt satisfied that we. a voluntary assembly of the democracy, had no right to sit upon the claims of any of the delegations sent to this convention; but after the evidence upon this contested case this morning, ho desired to offer a resolution, to wit:? R;'?.lived, by tho Nations! Democratic Convention, that between th* claims of the respective delegations from New Vork, the members of the Syracuse Convention be admitted, as regularly constituted members of this Convention. The Chair.?It is not in order. The report is not before the house. Mr. Yancey.?J then make a motion that tho roport and amendments be taken up, and upon this subject I have a word to say. The Chair.?The gentloman is not now in order. Mr. Yancey.?I move then to take up the report. A motion to udjourn was here proposed and lost. Report taken up. mr. yancey meets the issue. Mr. Yancey, with some preliminary remarks between him and the Chair, stated his opinions of yesterday, that we had no right to Bit here in judgment ou the rights of eithor of the two delegations to seats in this Convention; that after the debate to day, his opinions had undergone a change. He had supposed there were conflicting delegations ; but he now believed there was but one delegation here. There was a geutlumau, however, from Herkimer (Mr. King) who this morning has made a test of a great principle. Uj>on that test I take him at his word. No men, proclaiming such a principle here, can be democrats ; they must be factious conspirators orwhiirs in disiruise (lliss-?s-s.n\ If the iron tie nuni wlio hisses me has not bruins enough to express himself intelligibly, he had better go out into the burn- | yard. [lliss-ss-gs-ss], No. sir. you shall not hiss me down. [Order ! order!]. The gentleman to my right hisses, aud if he desires it, I shall point hiui out. [Order !J If the gentleman can make himself understood, if lie has intellect enough for that, he can be heard when 1 have finished ; he has the right to speak; but 1 don't understand a hiss. [The chair peremptorily callrd the gentleman to order ; Mr. Yancey apologized to the chair and proceeded.] Ai a voluntary assemblage. I said that we had no right to apply a test to delegates to tjis Convention ; but when gentlemen put their claims upon a principle, wo know what to do. t'cjutility is the basis of democracy. The principle proclaimed this morning strike* at the very root of this political equality, and the gentleman desires to be tried upon this issue. * Mr Kino?The geutleinan is under a mistake. I said that I was satisfied our title would be decided on oar opposing principles. Mr Yancey understood the gentleman. These gentlemen have proglaimed a principle which they dignify by the name of the white man's resolution. They say they will go out with this motto inscribed upon their banners. That principle strikes at the root of political gquality. It shuts us of the South out of all new territories that may be acquired to this Union. This is not political equality. I take the gentlemon at their word. They have thrown out their bauner. Oov. Steele, of N. 11., (Mr. Yancoy giving way.)?I would ask the gentleman, does ho believe that Congress has the power to establish slavery in a free territory? [Order, order.] A Voice?I hope this question will not be discussed here. It ought never to have been introduced. Mr. Yancey?As the question is put to me upon principle, I will cheerfully answer it. The government of the United States has no right to establish llavery on a single inch of any of the territories of the Union. [Applause.] We do not look to the acquisition of territory with the view to extend slavery over it. [Applause.] It is a slander upon the intelligent people of the South. [Applause.] We advocate the icquisition of territory for indemnity, for the extension of our institutions and civilization, and for the purpose of opening a home to the oppresssd of all other ,ands. [Applause.] Dut. sir. to every new territory >f the United States, wo hold that while the citizens if Hew York have the right to go there with their property. the citizcus of Alabama have the same right to go there with their property. The territory is the common properly of tho Union, and the citizens of all the States Pave a common right in it. Neither the citizens of the South, in a territory, uor the citlzeusof the North, can establish a supreme law, that will impair that polltl ;-al equality, but when the territory has a sufficient population to be carried into a State, then as a State, the people may establish or abolish slavery. Alabama may abolish slavery to-morrow. New York may estabish slavery to morrow. They have the right, for they xre supreme. But the false principle is at open war with this doctrine of equality. It caunot be democratic, for it has been adopted by the whigs. and it has been idoptcd by the abolitionists. They have made it their joruor-stoue. And if, gcncleninu. it is your cornerstone, how, in (>o4'* name, do you differ from tho vhigs or the abolitionists? You may abandon tho iuKi. vun nuu-uiiuuij; uut jruu I'HIIIIIII I?nuu"ii your ornrr-stone. If that bo so. then- is but one democratic lelegation hero from New York. I. therefore, witliIraw my amendment of yesterday; auil upon the rcsoutiou which ha* been read. I a*k the previous question. Mr. Steele, of New Hampshire. (ono of the Vice President* on the stand.) arose. ainid cries of <iue?ion.question." ' Order, order.-' " Take your neat.'' etc. I'hoogh advanced in life, hi* lung* are exceedingly itrong. and liis voice was hoard above all other*. askng Mr. Yancey to withdraw hid motion but for a minute. The Pnr.uuKXT (hastily turning to this Vice I'resilent) I c?l',e?l tlje individual to order. (Bang. bang, vent the hammer.) You are. sir. violating the order if the i onyention. (Knock, knock, knock, knock, knock, very loud and deafening.) Mr. Ilowtnn said a few words about the rule*, and Mr. Jones, of Tennessee, explained how it was in the House of Representative*. , An adjournment wa* moved. Whether there wa* iuit?t, may be judged by the following api'kai. ok the cbksipt >t. t Jet?tle?ien : I trust (hang, hang) that our proceedng* will be eliaraeteriied by order The eye.-: of the naion are upon u*. and I entreat you. fltr your own sake* md honor, that you will conduct yourselves as me he democracy of the Union, (Knock, knock.) I im addressing a party of gentlemen with whom am associated. (Knock, knock.) I do entreat bat yon will come to order. This confusion rould do for a meeting out of door*, but it doe* lot become the democracy of the country I lope that It will not again become necessary to make in appeal to you. either as gentlemen or representaIves of the democracy. | Applause ] An adjournment was moved. The President?Oentlemen. will please be seated. Dung, bang.) A vote was taken, but it did not appear to be satlfacory. and a call was made to take it over. The question ras a'raiu put. and The I'RKsriiKv i said, the majority seem to have It. entleun n will take their Meat* (Bang, bang.) Oenlemen will take their seats. (Knock, knock ) lu the course of a tew Miconds. for a wonder, there fas a calm, truly refreshing. The I'm ?ii>i nt stood behind hi* chair, straightened | ilmself. pulled down hik vest with his left hand, mid in n audible and manly tone announced, at half-past wo o'clock, that the Convention stood adjourned IflMI live. , Immediately. hats were seined by tlie fix or seven , mndred delegates In attendance, and olit tHoy crowd- ( dto (heir dinners.' ' session. T(ir. lll'IRKK (*l) uak\hi HNkI\ ca??;. A^ flvp o'clock, t^e President called the ('(invention o order Mr. Yan? k, \\ ithijrew hU motion for the previous up#Uoq. whl.-.h *** pending when the Convention (

oC)i{ a recess. I Mr. Miiim, and Mr Thompson. of New Jersey. ?u*ed to be read *ub*titute* for the resolution of Mr 'ancey. Mr. McAi.i.i?t? n. of Georgia. one of the Committee n ( redential*. said the two sets of claimant* were conured to settle their own diffleulties; but they say they ( an not do it and both demand scats Must we shrink ( rnm our responsibility? Shall we shirk the question ' hall we say that we are afraid to give a decision, bemae It l? not pontic ! 1 U'Uev? in pontic*. u between | RK E )RNING, MAY 26, 1848. man and man. that honesty in thu best policy Olio of the set* are not entitled to seats; and .shall wo be ufraid to give a decision' No; " let justice be done, though the heavens fall | One of the set gave a pledge that they would abide the decision; the other would not give a pledge. I hold that it is thu duty of every State to settle its own difficulties They wore settled by the Syracuse Convention, by the elec tion of delegates by congressional district*. 1 think it was the duty of those who went to the Convention to abide by its action. Those who seceded front It we i cannot notice aud receive. We are acting as arbitra- j tors, ns though we were sworn, aud standing here in the temple of the Most High. I will uot appeal to any sectional interest*, but to patriotism. I Applause.) We of the South merely demand political equality of all. I believe that, whatever the leaders of the party may do, | the democracy of New York will stand firm. I go further. aud say that gentlemen among the delegates. ' even it they think our decision wrong, will not be driven from their principles, but will be still found by the standard under which we tight. 1 have been sacrificed where I live, for my devotion to Martin Van Buren. 1 shall feel stabbed in the house of my friends, if the blow cornea from New York, in the battle of tne constitution. Mr. Thompson, of New Jersey, was sorry that Mr. Yancey had given, as a reason for turning out the Barnburners, that they are at war with one of the institutions of the south. Is this to be the test on which the gentlemen are to be excluded' A thrill of horror would go from Maine to Mason and Dixon's line. It will be the moat disastrous result which can possibly ensue We have heard of the Wilmot proviso, and dread our Southern friends will drive us into tint question nolens volrns. The Syracuse Convention was called contrary vv> nm un?h. ? ... ??? j.(?| V j . y HUl BU. " IUU Ulinnpprehcnd") The PatjiDKMt?Comu to order. A Dku;wti: from the Hunkers? He's wrong in point of fact." Mr. Thompson said that he was Horry to misrepresent. if he did. This wan not the time to never the great democratic party of the State of New York His only object wan to protest kindly, and in a spirit of liberality towards the South, against turning the gentlemen out on the principle assumed by the gentleman from Alubama. In conclusion ho offered an amendment. to refer the question of the two conflicting sets of delegates back to the democracy of Now Vork, without prejudice to cither party. Mr. Sthawok, of North Carolina, said that his State was whig by a small majority, unfortunately, but present appearances foreshadowed that it would not long so continue. [Applause.] She had not. like Now York, thirty-six electoral votes, but she had eleven, 'and theso were of some consequence. [Applause,] He spoke in defenco of the report of the Committee on Credentials, who recommended the admission of tho delegates of the Syracuse Convention. How is t Wis matter to be tried ! They had but one question to ask. Do you believe in the first article of the democratic faith?a submission to tho will of tho majority' One set of delegates answered yea. aud the other refused. How is it when a man comes into a church to partake of the communion, and there are doubts concerning his opinions ! The minister puts the question, " Do you believe in the Lord Jesus Christ ?" An answer determines whether or not the minister shall admit him to the privilege. The Barnburners have placed themselves in n position which the South cannot sanction. Tlicy have said that which cannot be taken back.? Their votes would be ruin to the man who should get their votes. If tho Convention do admit thou, tho democrats must pray Mod that they may not get their votes. Whenever the i^ivo question shall be forced upon the Southern people, they will maintain their position at all hazards. The question was one of life and death to them. They have no choice. They are obliged to maintain it. Mr. Strange made an allusion to Mr. Yancey's remarks. which called up that gentleman in explanation. Messrs. Preston King, Mr. Dickinson, and Mr. Bayley, said a few words as to who introduced the Wilmot proviso as a test. Nobody hurt ; no explosions. Mr. Stranok deprecated thi\ fact that the Utica Convention had brought up this sulyect to be intermingled in national questions. Mr. CAMnaei.ENti remarked, that the Utica Convention disclaimed that. [Applause.] Mr. Sthan<;k resumed?If there was any party honest, it was the whig party. We see they have an alliance with th^ abolitiouists aud with all other heresies. If they have any principles, 1 dout know what they are. but opposition to the deutooracy. ' They get all they can and keep all they can," as was this morning said of the Hunkers, and therefore the Hunkers should turn over the motto to the whigs [laughterJ. | I ......... .cu.... .... ?IU mm. IIJ? uriuwmcy wore like the early Christiana : ''He whs Is not with uh is against us." The devil claims all who do not helong the Almighty. There were two reasons on which the Itarnbnrners can be excluded, vix : they would not agree to the pledge to support the nominee, and they would not agrocto abido by democratic usages. If the report of the Committee on Conference cannot be dei fended on that ground, it can be on no otlior. The ' question to be decided is. what Is the best course to pursue ? It is best to receive the Hunkers. North Carolina will stand by the decision of the'Convention. Squabbling took place for the floor, which was assigned to Mr. I1ann?:<;av. who ascended the platform. Questions of order were raised and disposed of, when the question before the Convention was read. Mr. liiiKiiiT ? Will the geulleman yield the floor? Mr. IIannj'.uan?The gentleman from Tonncssee applied to me to yield the floor. I declined to do it; and I can yield to no other without personal offenoe to hiin. ((io on.) I rose simply for the purpose of moving the previous question. Mr. Ti'Rnky?1 inquire whether 1 am not entitled to the floor? Mr. Hannk<; an?If I had yielded tho floor to any one. I should have given it to a gentleman who differed with me. Mr. Ti.'Rnk.v?I wish to make an explanation. Mr. Haxmkoa*?I will yield if you don't deprive me of the floor. ((Jo on.) Mr. Ti-rnkv?I was a member of the Committee on Credentials. Kour or five of tho majority have boon heard, and uot one member of the minority has had the floor (Rmt him. QnMoi. qotrtion.) The Prksidkkt?I do not kuow that the gentleman from Tennessee was on the committee, as tho Committee was uot appointed by me, but by the Chairman before I took the seat. Therefore 1 could not havo been influenced by Improper motives. Mr. Hannegan appeared to bo displeased, in consequence of the frequent interruptions, and was about to leave the stand, when ho was eucouraged to "llo on. go on." Mr Tinner?I hopu a gag will not be put upon mo. (flo on.) Mr. HAMNrtiA*?So far I have made use of Vind words, but Mr. TrRNKv?Have I said unkind words? Mr Hannf.<;ax?You said you hoped that I would not put the gag upon you. Mr. Tubnkv?I said I liopod tho Convention would not. Mr. Ha*<ck<ja*?I bog your pardon. 1 yield the floor to tho gentleman. Mr. Senator Hofkitts L. Ti-*pi?:v rose next to the discussion of the question. He was one of the Committee on Credentials. He had objected to the test apvnIIa.I I... V \r i_ J_1 Af I i 11* ,n-w i ui k ui'irKnuuiiK ill ? u had no right to establish Itselt us a high priest. But the merits of these respective delegations would have to be nu t. Disguise it an wo may we shall have to meet it. And the question has now assumed another form. It in this, whrthor n man ran bo an advocate of the Wilm >t proviso, and yet he eligible to thin Convention ' If all are excluded who are in favor of that provino. what is to become of the Keystone State? She lias panned resolutions in it* support and by an unanl- 1 moils vote. Shall we turn theui all out? if no. from whom do you expect the choice of your nominee*, from whom do you expect their election: But it in naid you ' must exclude the Uarnburnern any how. Hut they do not desire to l>e admitted?that they have no declared. ["No. nir." "'No. sir.") If this be their ohjeot. I would disappoint them I would not send them home with ' any such weapou to uiuw dowu the democratic (tarty. Mr (. aMBRKi > <ri: desired a word or two in refutation | of this charge Mr. Trmr*? No. nlr. I cannot (five way; I have not the time to hear the gentleman. 1 know the gentleman disclaims the allegation; and no man has greater con- 1 fldence in hin integrity and truth than I have But I think that one of his colleague* in not so mueh entitled 1 to our con tide nee. or tlie confidence of the democracy. (Applause. '-.Mr King perhaps l? meant.") The sentiments expressed by tliat gentleman I believe are entitled to and will receive the scorn of the democracy. 1 (tpplausc ) But. nir. I woubl make no invidious din- j tinctlon I would not send home these dclcgatos upon 1 such a test, or upon such n principle as proposed.? They will go olT with it and hoist tho Taylor flag. The 1 turning out of the Uarnburnern upon a mere opinion. 3 or upon a test, will not stop with New Vork. It will become part of the contest over the whole Union. I 1 l>?die* e we can elect our nominees without the aid of Vew \Hrk Ves. sir without any iid from New Vork 11 But I desire the disposition of ibis question, so as to ' fence up and confine this political small pox to the State of Now Vork There Is but one way to decide this question admit both the delegations, cj reject ' both I woubl not cast into the bands or the enemy a * weapon for our destruction, i would not adtnit Mthcr. without admitting both I would not din? hurge either. 1 '0 without discharging both. I would make nucbadcci. sion n* would disappoint the common enemy Without i further remarks. I now move the previous question. New Hampshire and r^nnijlvauia duqirfd thu,t the question be taken by States. t The I'hi.huikst. in reply to several inquiries, staked a the question before the ( onvention to b?i the too- t lion to recommit the report of the <uiuwt?tec on t i.'rcduntials, with instructions tore.pc.rt the. facts; to which Mr. Vaiiccy njfevcd *n amendment, to admit tho Sy^cuse (Hunker) delegates ft Other inquiries were made and answered, when o Mr Ci.arhb, of Kentucky, moved to lay the report of the committee on the table. jc The I'rkjiiiiit?| am now ascertaining whether ( there in a second to the motion, and you are not entl Lied to the floor . I H Mr. Ci.tRsr.?Am I In order ? 1 Tho P*K?ii?r.*T-S^ ! Mr (*t.AMHi.?A^ t >u order f | R^SIDK.M I No. sir Mr. ( i.AHm If I am not In order. I do not wish to u res pass upon the question. I ask whether I hi^vo in .t | lie right to make a motion to lay on the tatyle ' The Prmimot No H Mr. ( larkk?I appeal from tbe decision of tl^e chair (9 tLw Couventiou. ? ' Oh, no."] i tl [ERA; The PBKMDBWT?CerUinly; what state are you from ? Mr Claiike?Krom Kentucky The I'b>. .1t (knockiug)?Order, order I inform the Convention that it is not in order for member* to be <>n their feet and to entertain private conversation Thin in the rule of the House of Representative* The question wan taken, and tho decision of the chair wax sustained. viz. that a motion to lay upou the tahle cannot be made while the chair is ascertaining whether there 1h a second on the motion to seooud the demand for the previous question A Mrmhkb?Will the President please state the question The Phkiholut-Certainly; bring me candle. [It was brought, the church becoming darkened.] The question was again stated, amidst more confusion than can be conceived by those who were not present. All at ouce. the church was lighted with gas. 1 and we could see comfortably. The deciaon of the chair was sustained. There were cries of - Question, question." The President?Have patience.geutlemen. (Laughter.) Order, order. No member is more iudispoaed in , body than 1 aui: but I am willing to sit here all night, provided you will preserve order. The question was takeu. by States, on the motion to | second the demand for the previous question. The result was in the affirmative-?yeas 'Jul. nays 00 j Calls were made for the reading of the question. The Phesideht?Lend ine a candle i will read it. The Skcrktahy?You'U have to borrow on?. [A candle wax accordingly loaned from onu of the reporters' clerks.] The Prkiidcnt?Come to order. ["(iuestioh."] Order, order. The proposition of Mr. Bartloy was read (which will be presently given). The borrowed candle was returned. A Mkmukh moved to adjourn, which motion was voted down. A Mkmrkr arose, and stated that, owing to the confusion, he did not know what was going on. Tho Prksidknt?The question has beon stated forty times. ['-Ha! ha!?'l Come to order under the galleries on the left. I hope that the Convention will support the Chair. If gentlemen want to converse, they must go out. The Convention will come to order. If the Convention negative the previous question, the whole subject will be immediately removed from consideration. and can't be entertained. If the motion l>e sustained, the question must be put, unless the Convention wish to adjourn. Another motion was made to adjourn, amid cries of Oh, no''?l'l hope not"'?''Question"?"Question.'' Mr. Stanton?(whose voice was hoarse from public speaking)?I move that we meet to-night at it o'clock. The Prkmdknt?It is moved that we meet to-morrow moruiug at nine o'clock. Mr. Stanton?We should fix an hour. The Prksidknt?If we adjourn until to-morrow morning, the question will come up as though we had not adjourned. The motion to adjourn was rejected by such an overwhelming vote as lo cause roars of laughter. an important votk. The resolution of Mr Bartley, of Ohio, was read, as follows :? Kewilved. That both of the net* of delegatus from the Stato of New Yurk lie, ami tliey are liereliy taken in. aa memliern of this Convention, ami arw entitled to east the number of voton tu which the State of New York is entitled in tho eloetnral college. The President?la the vote desired by States? ["Yes, yes."J The Virginia delegation retired for consultation. The President again called to order, and the Secre tury proceeded to call the roll of States. After tho votes had been cast. changes were made, and Anally there wore culls, Announce tho result," 'Announce tho result." An adjournment was moved. " There is an error on this side of tho house.'' Tho Prkjidknt?What is it? Dklk.uatk from Tf.ia(?Tho Texas delegation wish time for consultation. , The Prksiufnt?Wo cannot proceed till you come to order. (Knock.) lias the rote of Texas been properly recorded .' Mr. Bayly?Has not Texas voted? Tho Phkiiokkt?Order! The Secretary read:?'- Texas, four yea*."' A Delcoatk?The member is not from Texas. Tho Secretary again read:?" Texas, four yeas." A Delkoatk?We wished for consultation, and now give the vote of Texas?four. | Applause.] The President?The ohair will now announce tho Vote. And it was road, as follows:? Stales. Jlyrs. Acu 1 Stairs. Jiyrs. Nays Maine It 0 Mississippi 0 ti New Hampshire . rt 0 Louisiana.. 0 0 Massachusetts .. .11 1 Texas 4 0 Vermont 5 1 Arkansas 0 3 Rhode Island 2 2 Tennessee M 4 Connecticut 6 0 Kentucky 10 2 New .Jersey. 7 0 Ohio 14 tt Pennsylvania 19 7 Indiana 7 5 Delaware 1 2 Illinois 9 0 Maryland 2 0 Michigan 0 5 Virginia 0 17 Iowa 4 0 N. Carolina 0 11 Missouri 1 4 S. Carolina 0 9 Wisconsin 0 4 Georgia 0 10 ? ? Florida 0 a Total 12tt 125 Alabama 0 9 There was on tho announcement of the vote, thunders of applause, clapping of hands, cheers, and all possible manner of rejoicings. Motions were made in quick succession to adjourn. Tho President called to order, and suid that wo were very fur from a decision. The q?MttOB will come up on tho adoption of the resolution, as it is merely an amendment to an amendment. At eight o'clock, an adjournment took place until to-morrow morning, at nine o'clock. Telegraphic. TllE FOURTH DAY OK THE CONVENTION. Baltimore, May 25.1848. Tho Convention met at 9 o'clock this morning; and, after the usual preliminary business of reading the minutes of previous proceedings, Ike. inc.. commenced deliberations on the vexed question now before it. Tho President stated the pending question was tho amendment which was the grouud of the amendment adopted last night. Tho previous question pending allowed no debate. General IIoi?to:? rose. The Chair ? Does the gentleman desiro to explain? If not. he is out ?f order. General Horsro*?I desire to explain The ('hair?It will requiro the unanimous vote of the (' Hear'' " order.") Mr. Jones, of Tennessee?Is debate in ordor' (" No, no.'") The Ciiair?Gentlemen will conic to order. General Houston?1 only desire to say?(-: Ha! ha! ha!''?" Order, order!" The Chair?The gentleman from Tennessee will come to order. A Voice?Texas? The Chair?No. sir; tho gentleman from Tennessee. The vote was then taken by State*, on the amendment of Mr. Yancey, of Alabama, a* amended by Mr. Bartlett. of Ohio, providing that both delegation* be admitted, with power jointly to cast the vote to which the State is now entitled in the electoral college, which was carried in the affirmative by the following vote :? Si<tlci. ,/urs. Anus. Stairs ,'luru. Xuui Mai no i? ? Alabama ? 0 N. Hampshire.. 0 ? Mississippi....? ? Maxsaoh tts . W 2 Louisiana ....? 0 Vermont 5 1 Texas 4 Khode Inland. . 2 2 Arkansas ? .1 Connecticut... 0 ? Tennessee. . .. (> 4 New York .. . .? ? Kentucky . . . .10 'i New Jersey ... 7 ? Ohio 10 12 Pennsylvania. .20 ? Indiana 9 2 Delaware 1 2 Illinois 9 Maryland . ... 3 > Michigan ? 5 Virginia ? 17 Iowa 4 North Carolina - 11 Missouri 1 0 South Carolina U Wisconsin. . .. 4 lieorgla ? 10 h'lorlda ? 3 Total....130 120 Cries of" Order, order." The Chair The question in on tin* resolution, ax intended by States. (" Yes. yes ") The Chair?Come to order, gentlemen; or I will Hit lown until you have done talking A Yoicr Who says by States' VoicM?Vermont? Maine. ( The vote on the previous question now pending, the |Ue*tion then recurred on the adoption of the lUueiulnent as the original proposition ; ?hU'i. was carried n the affirmative by yeas 11H, u?ys 118. The only difference f^.ui the first ballot this morling is. Mas.a.-.iiUsetts 10 yeas 2 nays ; and Missouri 2 ro?s ami 4 nays. So the whole vote by States can lie made a brief comparison. Tlic Chair So the resolution a*amended. Is carried. ndtUte Convention have decided that both delegations m- annulled. Mirsat cheering ) Mr. Pinkiami (Hunker) I protest. .Mfj{JlA*Ni;<i it. of Indiana, said that he felt bound ly instructions from the Indiana State Convention to nbinlt the following resolution ; ? Kc?.|vM- the?Nv? I'erk ilataativn, Vuuviii as tin1 Sjrro iim- r llii'iVc. delegation. tire rightfully entitled to oatt the vote f t?,? mM Suite t? yimventinn. A question of order followed. Mi Ti Rirv-A-I move to lay the motion on the table The previou* question was culled Mr l>irKi??v?. who,, in behalf of the Hunker sec- ! ion. concluded the reading of the protest against the 1 vlion of the Convention tn admitting both dclegaioiu. as unjutt. and calculated to satisfy neither pary. but on the contrary, to produce much mischief This caused great sensation In the Convention A Vote k?Vermont asks that New York be e?*M?ed mm voting. ('Ha! ha' ha!" " Now the tug f war.'") The question of order \? abated; New York is exused, and the rot^wttuh'laid on the table 157 to !?i. Cheers > (Oini-'^Vow jn into nomination of a ean,liii??<? >r Presidency." '-That's It." "Order!" U*d*r." c . he. The Chair?OuntlemeQ, iti-p thU conversation. Order is restored Mr Suiii.hoi. oi Pennsylvania (Jo into the noitnatio^, A Vnicif?Previous question Mr. I!amhiki.ihi. of New York, asked leave for the arnburner'* delegation to retire This iru granted and the -aid delegation then reWi. wmmmmmmmmmmrmm LD. Prie* Two I'ibU. Mr Ktxs?r. of TeuneMe-I bare a letter from President I'olk \ Von >. What bu.tiuexx has President Polk to do with this Convention ' and confuilou ) A Von k?I object. sir The < inik Who objects ' What State i* that ' A Von ?No matter about the State ?I object for uiyxelf (Applause ] Mr. K.\ms4v, of Tennessee. then obuained leave to reail a communication from Preiident Jamei K. Polk, u follows : ? ok raicsiDRlfT roi.a. Washington. May 18, IBM. Dear Sir ? From speculations which have appeared la Um public journal* and from frequent enquiries which ha*e been made of ui<> by many political flriend*. ?ome of theut delegates to the National Democratic Couvea tion which will assemble at Baltimore on the 22d in?t I am induced to suppose it may he the deiire of iota* of my friend* to propone my re-nouiiuatioa a* the caadidate of the democratic party for the office of President of the United State*. Should you aicertaln that Much in the intention of auy of the delegate*. I deiire. tnrough you, to commuBic?t? to tne convention imt I am not a candidate for the nomination; and that any line of my name with that view, which may be contemplated, in without any agency or deslrs on my part. The purpose declared in my letter of the 13th of June, 1844, in accepting the nomination tendered to me by. the Democratic National Convention of that year, remains unchanged, and to reilove the Convention front any possible embarrassment which the suggestion of my name might produce in making a free selection of a suecossor who may be best calculated to give effect to their will, and guard all the interest* of your beloved country, 1 deem it proper to reiterate the sentiments contained In that letter. Since my election, I have often expressed the desire, which I still foci, to retiro to priTate life, at the close of my present term. I entertain the confident hope and belief, that my democratic friend* of the Convention will unite in the harmonious nomination of some citizen to succeed me, who, if elected, will firmly maintain and carry out the great political principle* embodied in the resolutions adopted by the Democratic National Convention of 1884?principle* which it ha* been the earnest endeavor, and the constant aim of my administration to preserve and pursue; and upon the ob*ervatlojju$f which, In my opinion, mainly depends the proi^H-ity and prominent welfare of our country. On reviewing the history of my administration, and the remarkable events, foreign and domeetio, which have attended It, If It shall bo the judgment of my countrymcn that I have adhered to these principle*' and faithtully performed my duty, the meoaure of my ambition is full; and I am amply compensated for alt tl' labor.", cares, and anxieties, whieh arc inseparable f u the high station which 1 have been called to fill. I shall ever cherish sentiments of deep gratitu my fellow-citixens. for the confidence they repos> me, in electing me to the most distinguished an sponsible public trust on earth. It Is scarcely net sary that I should add, that It will be no less my duty, than it will bo my sincere pleasure, as a citizen, to uuite with my democratic friends in the support of the nominees of the Convention for the office of President and Vice President of the United States. With great respect, I am, your obedient servant, JAMES K. POLK. To Dr. J. O. Ramsay, of Tennessee. Mr. VA^CEr?I move to lay the motion to go into nomination for a candidate, on the table. The question of order was then debated between MrYancey and the l hair. The ('hair was sustained. Mr. Yawchv, of Alabama, again moved to lay on the table the motion to proceed to ballot for a candidate for President, which was lost by the following vote : ? Jl\jn. Say a. Jlyrt Nay. Maine ? it Alabama 2 >i N. Hampshire..? 6 Mississippi ? 0 Massachusetts..? 12 Louisiana ? ? Vermont ? 8 Texas ? 4 lthodu island...? 4 Iowa 1 H Connecticut....? 0 Arkansas......? H New York ? ? Missouri ? 7 New Jessey. . ,.? 8 Illinois ? ? Pennsylvania...? 2?> Indiana ? 12 Delaware ? 3 Michigan ? 5 Maryland ? 8 Tennessee 1 12 Virginia ? 17 Kontucky ? 12 North Carolina.? 11 Ohio ? 23 South Carolina. 0 ? Wisconsin ? 4 (ieorgia 1 9 Florida 3 ? Total 17 232 A resolution was then offered that the Convention go into nomination. Mr. McCandlkss, of Pennsylvania?I nominate the illustrious son of Pennsylvania. (James Buehanan.) for President of the United States; and as an omen of success. I have here blended together the white rose ft ) orK. iin<1 inn reu rose or i.ancastcr. wnicn i received from a lady to present to the New York ilele- _ gut ion. v A Voice?Which one? Tli? Hunkers or the Barnburners. Mr. Dickix^o*?Neither?they Jo not accept it. The bouquet, after being refused by both delegation?. was laid on the President's table. The Convention proceeded to name candidates for nomination, as follows: ? Mr. McCanulksb nominated James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. Judge Ellis, of Mississippi, nominated Lewis Cut, of Michigan. Mr Hamlin, of Maine, nominated Levi Woodbury, of New Hampshire. Several Delegates then retired to consult relative to balloting for President, motions were making for adjournment till 4 o'clock, to cousider on the course delegates might adopt in reference to casting their vote*. After a pause thu Delegates generally re-entered thu Convention, when they proceeded to ballot, and on countiug the votes the result stood as follow* :? THE IIALLOTIWOS. .Second Third Fourth ballot. 6 allot. ballot. ballot, Cass 123 133 158 109 Woodbury #3 5# 51 38 Buchanan oo 54 50 33 Dallas 3 3 ? ? Calhoun I* ? ? ? Worth > 5 5 3 Butler ? ? ? 1 Total .251 251 262 244 New Vork delegation not votiug (1-kK Vlltw or THE KKIULT. 1 Vote f<>r i ?? IDA Two ibiM* voir 100 i u> * overplus 9 anotmi a iii* or Tiir ?eiult, Cass's vote 109 Alt other* 76 . Cnss's majority. 94 After the third ballot, several motions were made to adjourn, but failed. In the fourth ballot. <ien CoMMiinm gave the n!n* votes of South Carolina for General Ca?* ("Wkahoo!" boo !" hoo !" " boo ami great appl???e.) Mr Tori i t rose to ask a question A point of order Was raised. He wished to make a motion fnr a unanimous nomination He wished first a re-<ion?ideration. so as to change tUb rote of Connecticnt. ("'Order, order") The enU Wy State* for unanimotM nomination was oC.le redMr. McCtxnLKH pledged Pennsylvania to General l ass by 30.000. but her own favorite son would get much more. ( Hurrah !" " hurrah !'' and great ap|ilau-e ) A Qv-miatf 1 pledge Missouri by 15.000. (Renewed .'lieerillK ) \ in i.kiiati: from New llampiihiro Ye*. sir; *u>l the Itranite State will come dowil U|><>n the host* of feder?li?m likv an avalanche My. Tfiixtr- Tennessee now present* an unbroken "r?n?. nnd w<- pray * >o.l it may have It* fffrflt upon the K.uiplre State Thi' rail wa.* here commented on by Stat** Mmh Mr 1'4ar.v I pledge the State of Maine by IO.OOO majority (t'hoer* I I extend the right hand of Mlowship to the t'onrention. MAXAi tircr-rt Mr Kaitoi'i. We cannot promisx meres*. but we will ! > our whole iluty. (( hirer* ) Mr STH?xnKOf North Carolina We want to hear 'roin New York (" New Y ork ' ' ' New York !" ,;Botb wings." A Voici < all the State* In order. M idh'Hi ?tt? ? M' IIallictT'?We will break th?> band* that bind the abolitionist* ami the whig*?such ibolitionM* a* southern whigs elect ft>r speaker, i h^H> ) Let the South take care ?f their peculiar ..1 >111iiti<> 11 >. anil we will take oar* of our peculiar initiations. which I* abolltlonlviii We will ?ee to them. tVe will glre you .*>2.(W9 ?otc* for CiM. Ar a a a m a , My. Yam it could not for hi* part declare or the noiuluatlon. till the principle* of the nominee rnyp vw*??'' known by the ('onveutloa. Nvrernl other democrat* "poke In opposition to thin lew. pledging the tote of Alabama to < as* The rote, lowever. wa* not unanimous. pledged her thirteen rote* for < a*?. Ktui'i ir?M*. (hirri<i?The power of Henry ( lay < tffofcen. I wish that (?od may eternally damn me if il* |uiwer i* not broken ?p (Roar" of laughter, hisses, heer*. order!") Henry < lay ha* In-en tb? Idol of he whig* , they hare followed him blindly; but they re (cttlnj their tight Once then- wa* a law pa*?e<| rhieh a man denounced a* ahoiainable. and said that *11 otlng for It ought to he hnng A friend said. " Henry lay toted foi It.'1 " Did be f" said tl?? other. " \'< Bk

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