Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 30, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 30, 1848 Page 2
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r ? i hi. m i IV KW YORK HERALD. konh-Ww Cum?r of Pulton ?><! Numh itfc j JiNKS?ORUONBKNNUTT, rROPHII'TOR. AMUSEMENT? THIS KVKMXO. r.vttk the atre- lVrrivu TIII^XTioi-.Vir'niMt Daw111 A tlA*T\ tOICU'UOK-flAlUNT NlCIC.HU II. i ovtritv TTTF*TKK. Rmnrv-DtMOII avji I'itmias? i I r? ?M> Di.v?-C?uim I'bimea. rilJlTNA* THIATRK. l^hatham llv Nkigvbovb'a j \v 11? Tii* I,oam or a Lotu-Niv Yobm a? It la? I'avl | AM) VlaCIMA. PANORiHA HAI.l, nr<>ad??y, co*r Hoatton?Bastard'c i 1 AMIBAMA or TKK MlMtUlPPI. VKCSAKIC9 HAI.L, Rro?.d? ?t, n?*r Broome- Chbibty** K;-?k--HISU??iTmopiAN -8IN?I?S?Uvm.KiHtPB DAWOIH*, Ite. MELOPEON, Do?ory? Virginia Mixtlkla. ho. l*ALU</3 OrtRA UOVSi', Ci'tmbxi* imd?Mo: u, Aktint. SOCIETY l.UlKARY?T\ roikan Almbk Sinosrs' ConCKRT. Sew York, Tuittlnj-, Mny 30, 184 M. Actual ClrriiUttoB of th? Herald. May "29. Mcuila.v 19.448 copl?f. T he publication of the Htmld oomm-ncfil ? t in rninut^o before 2 ?n<l flui?bed i?t 15 minute* N?, 1; re 7 o clock.. Tl?c Foreign Nrm_ The Foreign Policy of Francr_TUc Final (J?#t Strn^lr. The last intelligence which we received from Paris is, if possible, mow interesting and important than any which has reached us since the overthrow of the dynasty of Louis Philippe, and the ussutni>tion of the powers of State bv the Provisional Go vernnicnt. That republic has safely passed ihe crisis ?the functions of government are in the hands of the people's delegates; she is strong in arms and lut-n; and is now the first, foremost, grandest, and greatest nation in Europe. "Behold," said Lamartine, in his eloquent report, "what the republic has cfT*cted in leaa than three months!" Well migh' ihut great man point with pride and pleasure to France as it now is, and contrast it with the France under the reign of Louis Philippe. Her finances, we are informed, are in a prosperous condition; her immense and powerful navy is in the utmost state ?'f efficiency, ready, at a moment's notice, for any emergency; and on land, as we learn from M. Arago's rej>ort to the National Assembly, the republic is able to present to its enemies, should any appear, an effective force of five hundred thousand men, eighty-five thousand cavalry, and a imputation of millions, all ready to take up arms to defend their independence. Such :s the proud position which France at present presents to ihe eyes of the astonished world. A few months sinew she was a bankrupt monarchy, controlled by intrigue, and oppressed by a tyrant?now, a republic, armed to the teeth, with a population of thirty-five millions, all swayed by one heart, and ready to die in the preservation of the rights which tliey have so valiantly obtained. While all these scenes were being enacted in France, England, her ancient enemy and rival, has been looking on with amazement. She sees these mighty chaugcs going on, and knows not what the end will be. She feels that she is powerless to prevent them, and can do no more than hoi>e for the best. She fears and she trembles; slie succumbs with as good a grace as possible?nay, she even favoringly courts the friendship of the great modern republic. She has sunk in a day, as it were, in the scale of nations, and almost supplicates to be permitted to be on terms of nmitv with her powerful neighbor. If the renuhlir increase its army, she takes alarm and snuffs danger in every breeze that comes across the channel, mid despondingly ejaculates that she hopes the jieace of the world may be preserved. Well may she despond. With three or lour millions of chartists in her midst, with six millions of revolutionists in Ireland, with a dissatisfied population in Scotland, with a national debt of eight hundred millions of pounds sterling, with a tax roll that grinds her people to the dust, she is not the Kng];uid of former days; she has become weak aud helpless, and may well dread another encounter with the republic. ??he has sowed the wind, and ?ha has yet to reap the whirlwind. In view of the strong and impregnable position which France has attained, the natural inquiry is, what will her foreign policy beT This is a question of great importance in the present condition <1 F.urope. We are not left in doubt as to what it will be, for Lamartine has shadowed it forth in his admirable report to the National Assembly. He says, emphatically:? If the liberty of any part of Kurope lights np from ours?If prostrate nationalities, if invaded rights, if legitimate aud depressed independencies fpring up. constitute themselves by their own hands, enter ieto the democratic family of nations, and make an appeal to the defence of rights, to the conformity of institutions, then Fiance if tjere ! Republican France is not only the country?she is the soldier, of the democratic principle. for the future." In reference to the scenes being enacted in Italy, he says:? The campaign of Italian independence is being pursued slowly, by Italy alone; but in presence of Italy and France armed, aud ready to act U their principles or the Mifety of their frontiers should seem to them to hit compromised in their watchfulness oyot Italy."' Again he suys :? "Italy is frve. A cry of distress would call Fraute th?re. not to effect conquests, but to afford protection.'' And in reference to Russia, he sayapointedly :? "Russia has time to reflect on the only bond of unity that can exist between he* and us?the re-constitution of Poland, independent and free.'' This language is too plain to be misunderstood, and the principles set forth in it would not be enunciated with such precision by such a man as L unartine, unless lie felt confident ef the capability of ;he republic to carry them into practice. It is, in I jet, saying that the great conflict between democracy and monarchy was commenced in Europe by France?that she has fought her share, and as far a* she was concerned, has slain the monster. Other nations having followed her example, she voluntarily assumes the position of the soldier of i : democratic principle for th?- future; and if the democratic principle is ussmled, in any nation trujrgling to regain its rights, " France," in the words of M. Lamartine, " is there." In pursuance of the views propounded byM. Lamurtine, as the guid? of the republic, the National s-einbly have determined upon directing its attention to the war which was raging at the last aci ounts between the Poles and the Prussians. The Poles have appealed to France, and demanded the rmcd intervention of the republic, in favor of Po -!? indejienderice. The motion was seconded by the Minister of War, and a day was fixed by the National Assembly for the consideration of the in ittcr. The affairs of Italy, too, are the subject i f consideration by the new republic, and the same day was fixed for the discussion of them, too, \ 1/: the fourteenth instant. On that day the embl'-d delegates of the French people will decide wiiat line of conduct the republic will pursue with regard to those countries?whether, in . aw "an apical to the delencc of rights" has been imde to France, she will act ns "the soldier of the democratic principle." The question tlien arises, whether, if the repub? c decides upon taking the part of the Poles against the I'rusaians, and that of the Italians against the Vufti jan.-, t!ie treaties which were entered into in IM .would not be violated by France ; but these ti< atiesare overlooked, and treat d by M. Lamartine, as being of uo force, in making the anoiincement of the principle* which would guide t 1 forei rn policy of ihc republic. IJngland, weak ! imbecile u? the comparatively is, shoiild in mc'i in event, make u stiugule, although it were ! 1 " 1: i l ist; a>1 'I htrc i'r think it a toiutitm of the f .' i 'I ut IMofcrir, ami mri Hating friitn tin l_ ntnt I'.rrii, ft put t'le Freixch <. rt in it it'll* . It til'.1 sunili-e should be cor?-? ;o. ' only teen the. beginning c f the t-nc . . . change, prater than anv wfuch have. I ??? m i ??mm y?t taken place, are a^out to occur. Tt will b? the commencement of the great war, which, sooner or later, was destined to take place, between two antagonistic principles?democracy and monarchy; and which will drench Europe with blood, before the end .-hull have been attained. It will be the verification of "the prediction made by Napoleon, ' that in " fifty years, Uuroi>c would be republican or ?ossack." The next news from Lurope will, therefore, Iip j of the utmost consequence. We shall learn by its tenor, whether this great conflict, this final and ( overpowering struggle, this deadly contest, is about to commence. la the meantime, what part in this great drama is the United Statefe destined to pluy 1 We I may consider ourselves so far removed from ! I tliti scene, that we shall cBcajw all participaj tion in it. We may rest apparently secure in j I our mmitinn mill think that we will be calm snec t iters of this great struggle, in ease it should take ! place ; but it will not do lor us to Hatter ourselves | into too much securjty with the opinion that we ; can efcui* becoming a party to it. It will, in the j j very nature of things, be ail easy task to become ' J merged in the general wur. We may he compelled i : to act like France?as the soldier of the republi- I ! can principle. Our relations with Europe are inti- I 1 mate, and by ocean steam navigation the distance ; I between the two hemispheres is reduced to almost J ! nothing. Away, then, with our paltry issues and I party questions. Let Congress he up and doing. Let them take measures for increasing our navy at once, and prepare the country to take u stand, if the emergency should arise for her to take it; and let it be worthy of our great country. We live in eventful times. The world is unhinged. We are entering upon a new era, and, for aught we know, the millennium is about to com- | mence. The Baltimore Convention.?We publish in ! to-duy's paper, the concluding re|?orts of the recent I Baltimore Convention, made by our own special j reporters, and which we have been unable to in- ; sert sooner, in consequence of the preaeure of foieign news and correspondence, which, by the frequency of the arrivals from the old world, must I take precedence of almost everything in a news- ' paper, at the present day. The proceedings of that body have become doubly interesting, since the j barnburners have hoisted an inde|>endent flag, and deserve an attentive perusal by all who desire ' to be well informed in the progress of thePre9iden- 1 tial canvass. Herald for Europe.?The IVcckly Herald for i Europe will be ready at twelve o'clock to-day, in time for the mails of the Caledonia, which will close here at half past three o'clock this afternoon More News from Europe.?The United States will be due to-morrow, with four days later news from Europe. TUcatrlcnl and Muslc-al. IAUK JUr.AIKt. X 1IU iUI iWMUUU, H UAILCC ID the style and costume of Louis Quatorze. an exoouted by the danseusoa Viennolses last night, was very pleasing?the " Sauvages et le Mirroir," wan alio most beautiful. Altogether their whole per- ; formancea, as u?ual. were ravishing and faacinat- , ing. The other performance* were of great merit. 1 Mr. Barry, as l'Abbe le Bon; Mm. Knight. aa Marie, were excelleut Bans was good. A fine bill, with tho lovely ' Sylph* of Vienna, la presented again to-night. i Bowert TutiTKE.?We have aeen thli house crowded many a time?we have been prudent at aeorea of first appearance* of favorite actors?we have heard cheers and testimonial of applauae given without stint to performers?but never until last evening have we aeon such au enthusiastic and overwhelming reception as J. H. Scott received. Kor six minutoa by the watch (a longtime when counted) did cheer upon cheer arise from the vast audience asaembled. -HI rule of order, in giving them, was lost sight of in the universal desire of every individual to cheer to his utmost; and. finally, wheu some degree of quiet was restored, thoy I would break out atresh. and give one cheer more: and j so it continued throughout the whole of the piece, which was Macbeth." Kvery seat in the house was occupied, and tho pit presented a curious appearance, densely crowded as it was. All this must be highly gratifying to Mr. Scott, and henceforth hia reputation. 1 which was previously first rate, will atand higher than ever. He has evideutly improved much in his acting during hia sojourn abroad, and performed the part of the ambitious thane iu admirable style. The excite- j ment consequent on the overwhelming reception was *o great that we are not prepared to criticise hi* j acting of last night, but must content ourselves by i saylug that Scott showed that he was worthy of all the applause he received. It was really cheering to *c?e the Bowery looking like itself again; and now that old | times, old pieces, and old favorites reign supreme, we trust to see the house proceed in it* accustomed sue- | cossfnl career. To-night. Mr. Scott will appear a* j Damon, in " Damon and Pythias/' Mr. C. W. Clarke will play Pythias, and the strength of the company will appear in the cast. The farce of " L'ps and 1 Downs," and the extravaganta of ' Crimson Crime*," will conclude the evening's bill. Chatham Theatre.?The tame story at this house i every evening?that is. aa far aa;applause and crowded j houses go. for the amuaementa are varied and interesting. and each succeeding night something new and rich is brought forward. As for ' New York As it Is," its success may be truly said to be unprecedented : | over 40.000 persons have witnessed it. and every one agrees that it is tho inosi natural representation of 1 every day life amuug certain classes in ourclty. Chan- | frau s admirable personation of the b'hoy. and \Vi- i nans of the market loafer, arc inimitable pieces of ! acting. I.ast night. It was played the second piece ; the first was the laughable farce of ' My Sister Kate " j To-night. " My Neighbors' Wife'' and The Loan ofa Lover." will be play ed first; then come* Moae." aad " Paul and VUrginiaf*' will conclude?four capital 1 pieces on one evening. To-morrow night, by the bye. hnnfrau take* hia complimentary benefit?ft will be a I great affair, Christy's Minstrels will, this evening, discourse ; their usual eloquent music. " Mary Blane" will be ung of; Ihe plaiutivo desire of the old negro, to 6e , I < arried bsck to Old Virginia." will be breathed ' I forth ; " Pickayune Butler's Arrrival" will be hailed ; j : and all the established favorites of negrodom will be sung of. Of course the house will be crowded. Melodeo*.?<4uite a re-union of talented Ethio- I pinn singers has assembled at this house. No less j thun seven who sing, dance, play the banjo, boues. ' ,Vc.. to perfection ; Wells. White. Howard. Stanton, Smith. Neil, and Mast* Marks are their names. The manager of the Melodeon displays much enterprise in getting together such a famous band. BAtVAKo's Panorama.?This magnificent work I* al1 trading Its hundreds and tens r.f hundreds of visiter*. ! all going away delighted No one ought to omit visltj ing it. Tyrolean Almne Sirokrs, or tho Hauler family. | so well and favorably known here in Now York, will ' give one of their delightful concert* thi* evening, at the Society Library. Their (plendid voice* accord admirably in the wild mountain songs of Switzerland, und their quartette*, catche*. glee*, duett*. Ike., are all ; given with precision and skill Since the time of the llainers no such admirable singers have appeared in I Now York We expect they will have a crowded audi| ence to-night. Palmo's Orr.R* House.?Model artista are all the | rage again at this house. Mose is introduced in some interesting positions, and the audiences seem highly to | relish this specie* of exhibition. MM. Mnnplaisir. Bartholorain. and some other meml>er* of that celebrated ballet company, arrived yester! day afternoon in town, from their artlstical journey ' through the United States Mad. Monplalsir remains j in Philadelphia with the remainder of the ballet comi i.n ??v TK*t v intonri in norfnrtn in that Hi v. and r#>. | turn here shortly, where they are anxiously expected by the admirer* of auch a gaia jy of talent Tin: Ntw Orra* Comf*mt i* Bohtok.?The Aator Placo Opera company were to open last evening at the \thensum, Boston. with Lucrczla Borgia." The performer* are thua nu iition?-d: - ' Signorlna Truffl. aa prima donna. Signorl Benedetti an I Arnold), aa piime | tenori; Signora llosai. prinii contralto; Signora Avo- { gadro: Signori Avignone and Corai. baritoni; Koai and j Sanquirico. priini basal; Signora Albertazil. 2d donna. ' j I'iemonteal and I'aroiii. 2d tenorl. Strinl and Olublell. j 2d batni; aaalated by the original choruaea of the Aa- j I tnr place Opera, and with Signor Beeherini. aa atage j ' manager. The orchestra ia to be led by Signor Lieti." ) Madame Kleury Joly 1* performing in New Orleana. I and with unwonted aucceaa j Mr Mark* and Mr. Donaldson are alio eliciting ' much paaiae in Orleana. Dr ( ollyer'a troupe of Model Artiata are performing in the aaine city and affording considerable delight. Mdn Richer In alao In Orleans. Mr Salisbury ia delighting the people of Buffalo Mr. Bland i*attracting large audience* In Boaton. Mr ' liapoi in and Mlaa Gannon (till continue to de- j light the poop'.e of Albany. Mr. Kemble ia playing-with cnnnld<*rabla rucceaa in Baltimore. Signor Bllts. ventriloqulat, ia gaining much applauae j i in the arnne city Col. Mann, of the Broadway Theatre, aa alao Mr. F. S. Chanfrmi proprietor ot the Chatham Theatre, have, we are inf" uied. tcndei?d clear benefit* to Aleftara. Kippit Brown, as 11 testimony *f th?ir xymyathy in the heavy lo*" MUtnined by that Arm in the recent devtructivii tire which conrunn 1 ;Womnlbuaea and 150 ilorae* We hope, on whatever evenlngx are aet apart ! for thia truly benevolent act, to *ee theae tbeatrea | cr iwded In every, department. Thia effort, in addition to the iiraifewort by conduct of tbn stage pro- ' prietora of thia city, in appropriating the entire pro ed* of n?xt Thursday the drivera and other at- , i t ii he? giving their labor gratuitously, for the aaine laui d?*le purpcn--d?*erv*f the Htjbent commendation. j mt AMM In Ih* Minor Puts ?f Uu World.? The stirring intelligence that reaches us from day to day, from all j>arts of the West Indies and South Atncrica, begins to assume a character not le*? interesting than the accounts from Prance, or other parts of Euro|>e. We have reduced, to a s:u?U sluice, all the most important points; embracing the leading features of discussion, and the contentions which agitate the peace of the various republics, colonies and dependencies on the Atlantic, and on the Pacific. While the people of the United "States are ipiietly enjoying peace?although nominally at war with Mexico?and are absorbed by the news which readies thern weekly from Europe, and si<eculate u.)on its tendencies, and probable results, they neglect events of the most interesting nature, daily enacted almost within the boundaries of their own country. Events in Yucatan have been in the highest degree interesting, and, if summed up, would make the ground-work of a valuable work. The Indians and the native .Spaniards have been at war for some time, growing out of alleged usurpations of the liberty and the rights of the Indians by the whites. The Indians, so far in the affair, have been the victors; and have, by innumerable acts of treachery and brutality, reduced the whites to an utter state of helplessness. The cities of Minda, Caiupecliy and Sisal were deserted and taken possession of by the Indians. Up to the last accounts, which reach to the 7th of May, they had been pur suing ineir moony course, anu naa surprised several towns, the population of which were resting oil the treaty of peace then under consideration, and at one tune reported to have been ratified by the leader. The whites appear to have been the aggressors. A powerfully written appeal was sent to the United States government for aid, which as vet has received no definite action from Congress. The appeal was also addressed to the English government simultaneously with the United .States and Spain ; but of the three nowers, England, by her representative at Campeacny, is the only 9ne that has taken the matter up with spirit, and it is more than probable she will exercise dominion and sovereignty over Yucatan, on condition of saving it from the ruin and destruction which threaten its existence no a free and civilized people. The unfortunate fugitives of Yucatan were fleeing in all directions, and on a recent date some twenty vessels of all nations were on the coast collecting the unfortunate people from the interior. The republic will probably sink into a dependency of the government of Great Britain. Late accounts from the French portion of the island of St. Domingo are very important; and represent affairs there, equally as barbarous as Yucatan. All the South portion of the island was in revolution against the goverurnent, and a war of color had broken out at Port au Prince, in which many of the principal citizens were killed. The President of the Haytien (French) portion of the island, is a black and a very ignorant man. Among other offensive measures wnich he had adopted, was the proscription of the mulattoes. He turned out the mulatto ministry, and abolished the constitution. A deputation of citizens and merchants of the highest standing at Port au Prince, together with uie deposed ministry, waited upon him with a request to restore the constitution. Without deigning to reply to this request, the President immediately summoned his guard, and ordered them to fire upon the deputation. HiB orders were obeyed, and several persons were shot down. Among others wtio were shot was a respectable physician, who was pierced through the body bv a ramrod, which pinned him to a gate post. lie was immediaiely attacked by a soldier and barbarously murdered. These sanguinary acts created great excitement and tumult among the citizcns, which was increased by the subsequent arrest and execution, by order of the President, of several who were suspected of entertaining designs against the government. A skirmish took place between the citizens and the soldiers of the President, in which probably one hundred of the former were killed. A French man-of-war which was in the harbor, and the house of the English consul, were crowded with citizens, who had fled from their homes to the only places of safety. It was said that the British consul had refused to shelter any of the unfortunate Haytiens, who supplicated in vain the protection of the English flag; ne likewise refused to allow the British flag to wave on any other house; while the consulate of France gave unbounded help to the miserable people, a number of wnoin were received oil uoara inc rrencn vessel of war in port. After the skirmish had been stopped, the President caused twelve of the principal merchants at Port hu Prince to be arrested and condemned to death. The whole Southern portion of the island was in insurrection against hun, and he immediately proceeded South with five thousand troops to queil it, hut was driven back. Mexican accounts we have down to the 16th. Although very conflicting and confused, we think there arc slight indications of a favorable action upon the peace treaty. It is stated that Congress had at last met, and the majority of its members seem to be in favor of the immediate ratification of the treaty. Herrera, it is said, was elected President, but it was feared he would not accept. The government at Queretaro had yielded several point* ofettiquette with regard to our commissioners. One of them was the admission of an escort of sixty men. The commissioners await the annunciation that they may come. < iuadiiloupe intelligence reaches the 28th of April, and is also of much interest. Reading over the accounts, we are led to the conclusion, that the slaves would emanci|>ate themselves, whether the provisional governnn nt of France did so or not. Kverything appeared to he in the greatest agitation, no one knowing what was to happen next. The slaves had refused to work, under tne impression that their freedom had been declared by the government of France, and that it was withheld by their owners and the colonial authorities. The mayor of Pointe-i-Pitre had displayed the flag of the psovisional government, whilst the governor continue that of Louis Philip|>e's dynasty. Jt was much feared that no further work would be done by the slaves as such, and as the canes were ripe, the loss of their sugar crop would be the result. The slaves in the island ofMartinique, like those nt O?uadalou|>e, stnick work, believing that tliev were to be at once emancipated, and the greatest violence was being used to prevent an insurrection. The new governor of the island, under the new order of things in France, it is said, had arrived there. News from another source states that the fighting had already commenced, nnd that the black population forced the doors of the Porte des Abymes, with axes and clubs. All the troops were immediately ordered out, and a revolt had very nearly commenced. Almost every morning placards are seen bearing the words?" Death to the whites," and similar threats. The accounts represent a great want of flour, oil and other provisions. Jamaica dates are received to the Iftth inst.? (icnerul Santa Anna is, as we hnve before mentioned, at this place. He had taken up his residence at a splendid mansion near Kingston, where he would remain for a few months, and then leave for Venezuela. Information had been received at Kingston of ten slavers having some time since left Havana for the coast] of Africa; u|K>n the strength of which, the II. B. M. ships Alarm, Daring, and the steamer Vixen, woujd snil in a day or two to cruise off the ports of Cuba and Porto Hico. The captured Atrieans are. according to orders, to be brought to Jamaicn for distribution. The aflairs in Venezuela are yet very unsettled. The mails from every quarter had been stoned, and the public kept in entire ignorancc of affairs. President Monagas is still in the interior with a large body of troops, watching the movements of <?en. I'aez. The city of Caracas, on the lfith, was as uuiet as though no civil war existed. Business i-7 A letter received in this city, dated San Juan, Nicaragua, April !i-l, says all wu quiet there under the nominal Hway of the Mosquito king, hut real rule of hi? British supporters. In relation to this we annex a translation of a treaty entered upon in March last between (ireut Britain and Nicaragua. .Si M-um.?Dates were received here by an arrival, direct,*to the 17th of January. Th<- unlives ou the coast of Sumatra had had many bloody battles, ajid great numbers had been killed*. The sea|>ort towns, Maekey and Qunllah Baitoo, had been entirely destroyed. Trimdak, March 15.?To this date, hut not the latent, we have intelligence by letter, which says, the rain was seriously injuring the sugar crop. < hit of two hundred and eighty estates, not fifty will be in cultivation next year, in cnnrfcjuence of the planters being abandoned by the British government. The planters here and on the out-islands (siys ihe Nnuau Giuirilinn of the 6th instant) bp* complaining sadly of the want of rain. l*p to thi* time the season has been unprecedentedly dry. Many of ihe pine growers are threatened with the lo-s of their nine apple crop*, which but lately wore a most Nourishing appearance, but are beginning to look withered and parched, in consequence of the absence of raiu. The brig Volunteer, from Liverpool, had arrived at Nassau to tnke home n cargo of pine apples. The summer had fairly set in. the weather at Nassau on 111/ llMli instant becoming intolerably hot. No rain, though so much wanted, had yet fallen. Clin i advices have been received overland to t)i? h oi March. Business appears to \>t, in l nnwuiJ <m n\ wrn+Mmrn+mimmm**mm** some Measure improving, and the number of arrivals has been of late very large. Peace, health and abundance, savs the Neighbor, are in all our borders. Senator Sarnnento since his return from Europe, presented a report on the subject of common school education. The titli instalment due | 011 North American claims has been placed by ( the government ut the disposal of the Charge d'Affaires, 8. Barton, Esq. The amount is upwards of $40,000, and lias been ship|>ed for Boston < the Crusader. The road of the Andes has been repaired at the cost of the government, lor a distance of 20 leagues, and is said to be in a very lair travelling order for the most part; in all parts sale, i Rodriguez, by the last news from Mcndoza, had been brought in a captive. In the attack nude upon his troop, nineteen of his men were killed. It is probable,ere this, he too has been but to death. In the capital great quiet reigns, and the improvements of the city are on a gradual but steady advance. Late Peruvian advices state that the Minister Paz Soldan had resigned, we arc told, in consequence of some misunderstanding with the President. Don Matias l^eon has been choscn in !iis place, as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Mr. Pitt Adams, the British Minister, hus returned to Callao. The Peruvian government hud not received the first communication in which he announced his mission. Upon this, Mr. Adams had addressed to the government a second uote, demanding that they should lix a time when they would decide whether to receive him or not; and when, if received, he should have his audience. Our latest advices from the River La Plata are to the 7th of April. Each port of the Argentine territory was then closely blockaded, and all attempts to evade the French cruisers have proved useless. Ten European vessels bound to Europe, mule an eflort to reach the inner roads of Buenos Ayres, with moat favorable prospects, having a dark night and fair wind; but they were overtaken by the French steamer and brought back, and it is said will be served the same fate which attended the British brig Fame, which was condemned and sold. The French and English Ministers appointed to renew negotiations, had not arrived. We have Bermuda papers to the 18th instant. The steamship Great Western arrived hence on the 16tl?. The Legislature was opened by the Governor on the 10th, in whose opening speech were many subjects of interest to the inhabitants. He recommends the Legislature to relieve all steamships carrying the public mails of the countries to which they belong, from light dues at Bermuda; and, also, to support well directed plans for encouraging the resort of strangers to the island, in search ol health, business, or recreation. The translation ot a treaty between Great Britain and Nicaragua, entered into on the 7th of March, we take from the New Orleans Delta, with the remarks of that paper. The Delta says: The attention of our countrymen and tho government at Washington Is solicited to this important mattor. By tho wcond article of the treaty,, it will l>e noon that Great Britain, through her accredited agont. affirms. in substance. that Mosquitia is one of her colonies. and that ax such, an insult to tho Mosquito Hag is an insult to tho British flag. The machinations set on foot by the grasping and aggrosslve government of Kngland have succeeded, so far as the feeble state of Nicaragua is concerned. To all intents and pur|>oses. Mosquitia has been annexed to the crown of Ureat Britain. Who can define the metes and bounds of this fictitious realm of the King of the Mosquitoes, now publicly proclaimed to be under the protection of Her Britannic Majesty T Boundaries it has not. Its limits will be speedily stretched commensurate with the selfish wants of British subjects on that fertile and lucrative coast. Troubles will be fomented with the feeble apologies for governments in the neighborhood. Concessions will bo forced from them at the point of tho bayonet, and British power will bo immeasurably increased on this continent. In consequence of the misunderstanding which lias existed between Great Britain and the State of Nicaragua, with respect to the limits of the Mosquito territory, tnd which has produced collision between the forces of both powers, the government of Nicaragua named as iu Commissioners the Minister of the Treasury, V'ranoisco Castellon, Juan J. Zavala, and Jose Maria Estrada, iu order that in conjunction with Gruneviils Gower Loch, Captain of II. 11. M. brig Alarm, Commander-in-Chief of the fleet attached to the Jamaica station. Division of N'orth America and the West ludios, and in command of lior Britannic Majesty's united forces in the river San Juan de Nicaragua, they might adjust the difficulties between the two powers; ana after careful and mature dt'liberatioa, they have agreed upon the following articles: 1st. The Government of Nicaragua will restore to Capt. G. G. Is>ch, in the Island of Cut*. twelve hours after the ratification of the present Treaty, Messrs. Little and Hodgson, made prisoner* by the troops of Nicaragua on the tfth January, 1S4.H, in the port of San Juan. 2d. The flags of Mosquitia, and other articles of property captured iu said port on said day, rliall be restored without delay ; and whereas the commander of her B. M.'sforoes desires a satisfactory explanation from the governmeut of Nicaragua lor the outrage which said commander thinks has been inflicted upon the British flag, with the design of injuring Mosquitia, which is nnder its protection, the aforosaid government of Nicaragua declares that it was ignorant that the Mosquito flag was so connected with that of Great Britain ; that au insult to it would imply an insult to Great Britain: and that, far from wishing to incur the 11utility ot that power, it cherishes the most ardent desire to cultivate the most fnonoly relations with that government. Sd. Tiie goveinment of the Stale of Nicaragua solemnly promises not to molest the peaceful inhabitants of Uie 1'ort of San Juan, with the express understanding that any act of that nature shall be considered by Groat Britaiu as a declaration of hostilities. 4th. The tariff established and in force in the 1'ort of San Juan on the first of last January, shall be coiutidsrud as revived, and no enstom-houso Khali be fixed in the vicinity of *aid port, prejudicial to It* interests. 5th. The Commander of the British forces agrees to withdraw from the Fort of San Carl"* to the l'ort of San Juan, restoring the I>o?ta?es and prisoner* and all articles of projierty in hit power, immediately after ihe raiiScation of the present 'roaty. (ith. The imputations of the present treaty ahull not p'event the Government of Nicaragua from noeking to effect by mean* of com. mimonoir, a definitive lettleuiont of tho subject*matter* of this negotiation with her liriwirie Muj?st.v. i In faith whereof, we have tinned the present treaty in dupliI eate, in the Island of Cuba, in Lake Nicaragua, tins 7th March, I IN41?(Signed) UratttvilU (i. Loch, Junn J. Zavalti, Fraiieitco <'nittllon, Jo? Marin Ettrada, Minister of Foreign Relations of I the .Supreme Government, lie. itc. March V, 18i?. A true cop*. Salinat. 1 Leon, March 11, 1S4H. J. Xeret. City InttUigMice. Extensive Arrival of Kmiukamts.?Between Saturday and yesterday, 32 vessels arrived at this port, from various ports of Europe, bringing with them 3,744 emigrant passengers, the majority of whom were from Liverpool and Bremen. i Unitkd Anciic*t Ordkr of Druid*.?Thin order yoRterday celebrated the ninth anniversary of its reorganization. by a precession and banquet. At an early hour, the various lodged, thirteen iu number, and mustering in all about 250 members, assembled in the vicinity of Chamborsand Centre streets, and proceeded through Chatham street. Kast Broadway, (Jrand street, Bowery and Third avenue, to 34th street and Second avenue, ta their place of rendezvous in 42il street, where, in addition to enjoying a bountiful share of the good things of this life, several addresses were delivered. odes were sung, and a splendid banner presented lo the William Tell Lodge, with appropriate ceremonies. The several bands which accompanied the lodges discoursed excellent music on (he occasion. The exercises having concluded, the procession returned through Second avenue, 2-ith street to Madison Square. 23d . street and 6th avenue to Carmine. Clnrkson. Hudson, Canal. Broadway and Chambers streets, to their head: quarters in Centre stroet. and dismissed. Where no thi Emiorants Bf.lojki ??In yesterday's Herald we alluded to the debility and illness of a female emigrant found up town, and taken to the 18th ' ward station house. Wa understand that the reason why she was not admitted by tho Commissioners of Emigration. was from the fact of her being conveyed to the emigrant office, after the place was closed for the night. In the morning, on the information being given : to Mr. Thatcher, the assistant agent of the commis1 sloners, (who is a very humane and feeling man. sparing no pains nor trouble In order. If possible, to relieve the sufTorings of his fellow creatures), he sent at once a carriage to the ISth ward station house, for the young woman, and through much exertion procured her u temporary lodging at tho City Uospital; and yesterday afternoon, she was removed to tho Hospital on Staten Island, belonging to the commissioners. The commissioners must certainly have a place provided in the city, accessible by night as well as by day. where the emigrants, when taken sick, by fever or destitution, can be immediately conveyed, and not allowed to lay around in the different police station houses, endangering tho lives of the cltltons. This must be done( and quickly too. before the setting in of the warm weather. Kir*.?Officers Turner and llogan, of the F.lo/enth ward, while taking their rounds about 10 o'clock on Sunday night, discovered a building, at the foot of Klfth street, partly occupied by Messrs. Smith and Demon, as a mould shop, to be on (Ire. which they succoeded in extinguishing. From the largo quantity of combustible materials that were found collected aronnd the bmlding. it is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary, and but fer the timely discov- | i cry of the fire. and it* extinguishment. the destruction of property must have been vory great. Fmr, awd SriPM'ion o? Abion - About throe o'clock i yesterday morning. * flrn broke out In the grocery : store of John Lcttakan. No. 1.1 Leonard street. It was | soon extinguished. however, by private citizen*, and 1 policemen of the Fifth ward Dauinge to stook.fcc., very trifling Th? pretnlso* were evidently net 011 Are, and from noma circumstance* which camn to light, suspicion rented upon the occupant, who wan accor' dingly placed under arrest. to await the result of an | examination. j Hi x Orr.a ?An interesting boy. by the name of (Jeorge Powell, while playing in 2Hth street, near the | rtth avenue. wa? run over hy a baker'* wagon, and I thereby *0 **ri?a*ly injured that very slight hope* aro ' entertained of hi* recovery. At<:ii>r*T*L. D*owr?iN(j. ? Yesterday afternoon, a | pnrty of six younjr men went out on a sailing excursion. In a small sail-boat, which was capsized In Buttermilk Channel, and one of the young men. by tho name of Peter High, a cooper by trade, was drowned. The j other* were fortunately rescued from a watery grave by | the assistance of Mr. Ktlllman and Mr. Somer*, from j the schooners Jemima and Harriett. CoRONtn't Orrh *?Coroner Walters held an inquest yesterday on the body of an unknown man who was found yesterday morning floating In the slip at pier No I, North River On the examination, tho body wo* supposed to bo that of a sailor who fell from a vessel off the Battery some six week* ago He wasdreesed In a blue roundabout Jacket, blue flannel ovemhlrt, and a white undershirt and blue cloth pantaloons. The jury found a verdict that tho deceased ramo to his death by some cause unknown. Nlarrllaiifonii. The ' anal toll* at. Syracuse to May '12, inclusive, ejreed those of last year $237. A terrific hurricane pissed ?ver Detroit, on the night ! of the 2>1d Ins taut. Mouses were unroofed and blown down, cornices dislodged, and considerable other damage done. Loss not stated. On Friday the workmen on the New York Railroad ,truck for higher wafes Ncui Hcvtn Covritr. telegraphic intelligence. Summary. " Our telegraphic despatches this morning arc 11 highly important. The intelligence front Mexico, p relative to the treaty, id decidedly favorable to its ^ ratification. Congress, after the interregnum oc- 0 cusiuned by the Baltimore Convention, has gone ^ to work, with new zeal; and its labors yesterday u afford some happy indications that the business of * the nation is beginning, at last, to attract the aitt n- c tion of the guardians of the public interests at li Washington. A variety of interesting matter will ? be found among the despatches below. | Important News Relative to the Treaty with ! Mexico* Waihingtom. May 29, 1848. L Despatches have been received from the city of ( Mexico, which *peak with entire confidence of the ra- t tiflcation of the treaty. ?i Mr. Sevier had gone to (?ueretaro, determined to push " the negotiations to a close. Mr. Clifford wan still at j Ill* CU|'IIV|. '?"a---" ? - -J""-dy and favorable termination of their mission. A private letter ban also been received here, speaking confidently of the ratification of the treaty. Important Movement! of Ute Barnburner*. Albany, May 29,1848. On Wednesday next, John Van Bureu will speak at Tammany Hall. Yesterday. ex-President Van Buren privately avowed bin intention to oppose the election of Oencral Cass to tho Presidency. The barnburners will certainly nominate General Taylor. Later from Suit Lalte Mormon* Murdered by Indiana. St. Lorn, May 29. 1848. By an arrival at the city of St. Louis, from Salt Lake, we learn that the Indiana had made an attack upon the Mormons, and murderod a number of their men. women and children. An express was immediately despatched for assistance. There is no cause assigned for this d^ollcal outrage. Methodist Conference. Pittsbubo, May 29, 1848. The Methodist Conference, now in session here, submitted the property question between tho Northern aud Southern division of the churches to arbitration, upon the most liberal terms; after which they adjourned. Suicide. Baltimore, May 29,1848. The head clerk of Messrs. Lee Si Johnson, named John P. Bechdell. committed suicide at 0 o'clock this morning, by shooting himself in the head with a pistol, while in his room at Barnum's hotel. No cause is assigned for the rash act. THIRTIETH CONGRESS. FIRST SESSION. Senate. Washington. May 29.1848. The Senate assembled at 12 o'clock, aud was called to order by the Vice President, when the Itev. Mr. Gurley opened the session with prayer. bksionation ok senator cass. Tho Vice President laid before the Senate a communication from Gen. Cass, resigning his seat as a Senator from the State of Michigan. Mr. Felch submitted a resolution, that the Vice President notify the Governor of the State of Michigan of the resignation of his colleague, which was adopted. petitions. Sic. Numerous petitions and memorials wcro presented, received and referred. indian depredations in oreqon. A message in writing was received from the president of the United States by the hands of his private secretary, Mr. Walker, transmitting a memorial from the government and legislature of Oregon, asking aid from the U. S. government against the Indians, and recommending that aid be given to them. The Viessage. with accompanying documents, were referred to the committee on military affairs, and ordered to be printed. a new rill. Mr. Butler, of South Carolina, from the judiciary committee, reported a bill in favor of punishing violations of tho secret proceedings of congress. more light. Mr. Webstcb offered a resolution, railing upon the Secretary of the Treasury for information as to the cause of delay in erecting a light house on Long Island. mb. benton chairman of military affairs. On motion of Mr. Badubr. of North Carolina. Mr. Beuton of Missouri was appointed chairman ot tho committee on Military Affairs in the place of Mr. Cass, resigned. the appropriation bill. Mr. Athkhtok, of New Hampshire, chairman of the Committee on Finance, moved to take up the Appro- 1 priation Bill, which, before being acted on, the subject was informally laid aside. till: foreign mails. Mr. Nilei, of Connecticut, moved to take up the bill to amend an act providing for the transportation of the United States Mall to foreign countries, which was agreed to. A debate sprung up upon the merit* of the bill, in which Mr. Niles of Connecticut. Mr. Dix of New York. Mr. Davis of Massachusetts, and Mr. Hale of N. Hampshire. participated. After being amended so as to authorise the Postmaster General to impose retaliatory rates of postage on British letters brought to this country, the bill was read a third time and passed. Sundry House bills were read twice and referred. relief bill. The b'll for the relief of David Myrell was then taken up. Mr. Underwood offered an amendment to the bill, providing that no money be paid until he gives bonds to repay advances made to him to enable him to fultll 1 his contract for hemp. A debate sprung up on the amendment and merits of the bill between Mr. Underwood, Mr. Bagby. Mr. Benton, and Mr. Badger of North Carolina, when the flutyect was informally laid aside, and on motion, the Senate adjourned over till to-morrow. Tuesday. Home of Keprucntatlvei. The Hsnse assembled at the usual hoar, and was called to order by the Speaker. The Rev. Mr. (Jurley officiated as chaplain, after which the journal was read nnd approved, and the House proceeded to business. ah01.itio*. Mr. Amos Tuck, of New Hampshire, moved to suspend the rules. In order that he might offer a resolution favoring abolitionism in the District of Columbia, which was taken by yeas and nays, and decided in the negative?yeas 63. nays 80. hesoi.l'tions. The Speaker announced the first thing in order on his table, to be a call of the Senate for Resolutions, when the call was proceeded with. the oregon rill, Mr. Smith, of Indiana, moved to suspend the rule*. In order that he might offer a resolution fixing a day for the consideration of the Oregon Bill, which was decided in the affirmative. frehideht's message. A message was received from the President, respect- 1 ing Indian depredations In Oregon, and recommending the prompt assistance of the government. Mr. Cobb, of Georgia. spoke at some lenth In furor of the President's recommendation and moved to amend Mr Smith's resolution so as to take the Oregon question at once into consideration and discuss it. He was followed by Mr. Vinton of Ohio, Mr. Harri- 1 son of Georgia. Mr. Brown of Mississippi, Collamer of 1 Vermont. Mr. Smith of Indiana, with others. J Mr. Vinton said the appropriation bills should b? first passed. They had been too long delayed, and that money was wanted. Slavery would probably be discussed in connection with the Oregon bill, and pro long it- consideration. Mr. Nathaniel Bovr>0"? of North Carolina u.skod i why the President did not send a foreo to Oregon, J without consulting Congre**. as he had Kent a force to Texas. Mr. Smith's resolution wa* amended, so as Anally to make it the order of the day. next after the appropriation Bill*, and adopted. The President's message wa* then referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. thc adjoukwmf.nt. Mr. A?HMt7*,of Massachusetts. moved to suspend the rules in order that he might offer a resolution in favor of the adjournment of Congre** on the 10th of July. On hi* motion the yea* and nay* were demanded, and decided in the negative a* follow* : yea* 113 nay* 80-two-third* not voting It. the iluu*e refused to suspend the rule*. Mr. Vinto* moved that the House resolve itself into a ( ommittce of the Whole, which wa* agreed to. Mr* K ivr., of Ma** . In the chair. tio rn?r orrict: bill. The I'of t Office llill wa* then taken up. and after brief consideration, the committee rose and reported the hill to the House, with amendment*. When ou motion, the llou*e adjourned over till Tuesday., to-morrow. Markets. Buffalo, May 29.?Receipt* by canal *lnce Saturday, the 47th instFlour. 20,700 bhls; wheat. 6.000 bu*h els ; corn. 0.400 do. Sale* of S.ftOO bbl*. Hour were made at 37 X a $.1 B0; sale* of 300 bbl* Victoria j Mill*. Canada, wore made at $6. Oat*?Kales of 3000 bushel* al 41c. Whiskey- Sales of 800 barrel* were | made at 20c. There wa* no change in pork No *ale* , of barley were reported. i Albany, May 20 ? Receipts of (lour since Saturday . the 27th inst Flour,10,000 bbl* ; wheat, 29.<K>0 bu?h- I e|* j corn, 8.000 do. Sale* of 890 bbl*. flour, sold at J 54 7.S a $4 87*a'. Wheat Sale* of WW bushel* were J made, Including Chicago, al Ole .and Ohio at $1 04 I There was no change In other artloles and the general : tone of tho market rather languid Hporttng Intelligence. Uivrow Comm.?TsoTTiwn Match nitvr.r.N Black Hawk ami Laiit Si'ttum. i j 1000 This exciting match will take place this aftern on, mid n ?ivat deal of speculation I* going on a* to the result. The hitting last night wn* even. A* tho adverti*ement give* the condition* of tho match, we refer to that for particular*. The trotting will unque*tionably bo flne; two better horses wer? i??T?r harnesses ? ni.-. Marine .Ulhln. Trial Tiwr or tht Stka.mshif Cicicimi City.? y invitation of Waao Newton, Esq., wo attended the rial trip of thin q iceu of the occau. which took Uce on Saturday, down Iho Bay. She glided from tier looring, at about half-pant 1? o'clock In the morning. aTing oa her dte'l the largest pitri y ever assembled a ship board on any similar occasiou. There could not are been lcsa tbau seven hundred persons present, lore than half of whom were ladit . The other half 'ere composed of gentk-inen and alduruien; and for the redit of New York, we cou'.d wls'i most heaVtily thin liter mentioned portiou b ick whence they xiue. Is it not disgraceful that the honor of our city ustitutions. nud the dignity of it* lawn, should suffer, nd become the laughing subject for atrangers. through he very unbecoming conduct of those In whose keepug they have been placed to guard nnd protect? With >ut one or two exceptions, the proceedings of that >ody were characteristic. Apart from this, however, the affair was got up in he laost liberal and hospitable manner, and enjoyed 0 the greatest extent by every ouo on board. The lay was most propitious?clear, bright, and balmy, with 1 gentle breeze from the sunny south, just strong nough to rulllo slightly the surface of the sea. and to inpart a healthful hue to the * cheeks of he ladies who thronged the quarter-deck. As the tcataer moved rapidly and nobly dowu the bay. addiioual interest was excited among the guests by the requent outbursts of applause and cheers, that ;rceted her tVoui the innumerable crafts that glided bj( ler on her course to the ocean, among which was the liberniii, just in from Livcip'>ol. Thu hi?uvil v-1jh1i?n I uhlo K..urlni? oil ** ? !?? ,ite couUl desire, both in eating and drinking, and the excellent baud of music provided for the occa-don, idded still more to the great variety of enjoyments go jountifully offered through the fortnight and hospitaity of ('apt. Stoddard, Mr. Newton, aud the Mesi-r?. loward. She returned to the city at 5 o'clock lu the afternoon, having given during the day the utmost .Matinaction. Her performances were everything that couid >u desired or expectod from a thorough, complete and ilHcient sea steamer. It is useless to give the points uade down to the llook ; we will merely say that her ivcrage speed was seventeen miles au liour, the ?ngine with apparent ease making sixteen revolutions The Crescent City was built by \V. 11. Brown, for Isaac Newton, Capt. Stoddard, aud Messrs. J. Howard Si Son of this city, and for J. P. Whitney of Now Orleans, who is represented hero by Mr. Kallou. She is designed as the pioneer of a line about to be permanently established between New York and Now Orleans. touching each way at Havana, and is in all respects well calculated for such a purpose, having the idvantago of spoed as well as buoyancy to take her aver the bar at the Balixe, at all tides and weather. Her beautiful model and her almost inexpressible ;racc of movement on the water, were themes of general admiration, and elioited from those capable of appreciating these essential points, the greatest praise. While the scientific gentlemen were enraptured with svery movement and arrangement through the vessel luring her trip, tbo ladies were feasting with unbounded delight upon the oriental splendor of her eabins, aloons and chambers, aud wondering how the rough ind uncouth taste of man could design so much elejauce for their comfort. The gorgeous display of velvets, tapestry aud gold, so profusely and tastefully l<-corating the various appartuients, surpasses rven tbo Hermann, which vessel, a few weeks since, we deemed beyond improvement. There can be nothing we have ever read of, cither In the courtly magnificence of Louis Quatorze, 01 in the fabled history of Aladin, Or the Arabian nights, that . an excel, much less surpass, the luxury and splendor ?f the saloons of this ship. We cannot well describe the furniture?it is too elaborate, too unique, to admit if a casual or a hasty glance; it must be seen, and even used, to form a proper opinion of its beauty and merits. Let it suffice to say, that the sofas, lounges and chairs in the main saloon are of :arved and polished rosewood, oovered with a texture which the upholsterer calls brockatel. and is obtained only at a price rangiug fram live to six dollars per yard. The sofas and chairs in the state rooms are )f a similar make, and are as expensive. The ladies' private saloon, which is located in the very centre of the ihip?the most desirable part as it partakes less of the notion of the vessel?is fitted up in such a manner as to lefy all attempts at description. The furniture here, s carved gold work, coverod with brockatel, and the lide-walls are sheets of mirrors, encased in the finest :arved and gilded frame-work we have ever seen. Tbo sarpeting throughout the main saloon, state-room*, ind chambers, is all velvet, of tbo most costly descrlpion. It might be well to say that the chairs in orlinary use, cost upwards of $30 each, and the lounges H50 each. These may be taken as fair specimens of he appointments in every department of the vessel.? rhe dock is flush, fore-and-aft, forming a magnificent iromcnade. The only incumbrance is a long house vhich occupies the space between the wheels, and conains the engine room. Captain's office, clerk's ofice, and the entrance to the main and forward saoons. Tbo whole spaco under this deck is devo,ed to the saloous. sleeping apartments and the ingine room. The after port form* the beautiful 'etiring saloon just alluded to; which has a direct comnunication with the forward or dining room. This aloon is some seventy feet in longth, and about sixteen oet in breadth, on each side oT which are spacious ooms designed for families, and will each accommodate nost comfortably four persons. Thev contain toilet >tands. mirrors, a small centre table, chairs, and a sofa, ind are lighted by a large square port window, which nay be raised or closed at pleasure; and in either case jlenty of light and air makes these family chambers he most desirable that could be wished for There are *lsr> single, or smaller rooms, equally well furnished, ind are brought in communication with the servants' apartment by annunciator*, or a new invention of bells, l'he decorations of this large cabin are of the most mostly kind. Upon cach side, on the sections between the state room doors, are circular oil paintings, neatlv. even eleeantlv. executed, irirdod bv a richlv "arTcd and gilded bonier. The pannelings and doors ire of rose. satin and zebra wood, beautifully diversified. and between each door arc four detached columns >f highly polished satin wood, resting upon a rosewood pedestul. and surmounted by an elaborately carved und glided capital, upon which rest* a truss of lar.e dimensions, having the full figure of the dolphin In alto relievo. The trusses support the ceiling lietnis. which are richly ornamented by gold beading. On each door Is a beautifully executed viguette encircled by a gold wreath, are otherwise ornamented. The masts are encased with polished satin and rosewood. The transom is also finished in the same style, and is ornamented by a co?tly carved rosewood sofa, mado to set in permanently. Immediately under this, and entered by a stairway from the after part, is an apartment neatly fitted for sleeping. It I* well ventilated und well aired, to which is attached the baggage and parcel room. Adjoining the priucipai saloon, and a little farther forward, is the ladies' private parlor, to which we have already alluded Tills, as we nave said before, requires a vivid imagination to forui auy idea of its beauty from written descriptions. One must hee it to appreciate its elegance. On the other side is the hall or passage way leading to the dining saloon, which is not inferior in point of richness to any other part of the ship. The engine room is also in this neighborhood, but is not at all connected It has its entrance from the deck, entirely distinct from every other department. The forward or dining saloon is very large, und is fitted up with much taste The decorations are plain, compared with the after saloon : yet they Hre rich and the contrast being so great. offers a pleasant relief to the eye It is wainscotted with white enamelled work, relieved by carved and gilded mouldings. aud highly polished pilasters. On each side arj itate rooms, fitted in the same luxuriant stylo wh c'i pervades the whole structure At the extreme end of this stanan elegant secretary or sideboard, carved and gilded, with plated glass doors, which is stored full of the massive piate that belongs to the ship1* table. There am two long tables running parallel from ne end to the other, which will seat two hundred per- . Hons at dinner. This apartment has. also, a separata entrance from the deck, and between meals forms an excellent smoking or lounging room for gentlemen. The pantry, by the way the largest and best arranged we ever saw. is immediately ailjoininlng. and is connected by a door with the kitchen; storc-rooius. winoeellur. kc.. are below. The engin.e which, by the way. i* the most important ippendage to this noble structure, in itself forms a subject which scie nee and philosophy alone can properly appreciate. It is a piece of workmanship that will liear the scrutiny and test of the most scientific moshanic of the age. The ea.?o and precision so porceptIble in its movements, are not more striking than the legance of finish. The care, and the precaution, and the nicety which are observed in the fastening of every t>olt and joint, bear testimony to the great pains taken by the builders. Messrs. Secor Si Co. It has been their great ohject from the onset, to render the engine [>ne of the best that ever came from their extensive stahllshmont, and in order to do this more effectually, they have made a particular study by observation; and bringing to their aid the modifications which their continned experience suggests they have now the satisfaction of having attained their greatest wishes?scciirity and confidence in the performance of the engine. The endeavors of these gentlemen to elevate the char>f imarli-itn mechanics to a nosition comincn urate with their ability and skill. deserve from all. at leant a fervent wish that their future effort* he or iwn*d with a continuance of thatsucccs which linn no de"ervedly attended their recent production*. We fflvo below. f.>r the satisfaction of scicntiflo and prictlcal persons. an account of the size anil power of the engine and the ship. collected from the most athentlc source. It will be found of much interest. The Oesoeut City leaves fur New Orleans, touching *t Havana. on Thursday, the 1st of.lune, und?r tho command ef ('apt. Stoddard who has been for many years connected with the New York and Havre lino of jackets. He is eminently fitted for tho position he liold*. Before she takes her departure, we would recommend those who have a taste for the chaste productions of ?cience. art and Ingenuity, to pay her a visit. The splendid paintings and decorations of her cabins will repay the visiter for the time occupied. We will now give a detailed description of the vessel, which can be used at any time a* reference Her length on deck is 245 feet, length of keel 224 feet, beam 38 feet, and measure 1750 tons, carpenters' calculation, or J.>0A renter The F frame of the ship throughout, is heavily fastened door timbers 16 to 10 Inches, 20 feet in length ; ceiling !> to fl Inches thick, of best yellow uiu* ; h -som and lodge knees, hanging and diagonal ou both upper deck*, are heavy timbers. 1)< sides the ship kelsons, there are engine kelson* 2 by ;i feet, extending the full length of engine boilers. Sic.; bottom plank'ng oak, wale* yellow pine. 4X inches thick; the bed-plate fastening* were adjusted before the bottom plsnk was put on. and go through the kelson and frame of the ship, held on by Innumerable bolts, securing the foundation of the engine in a most substantial manner for sea service The wale* are bolted up and down and through each other, copgc 1 uml dovetailed to every frame with locust ; the kelsons are dovetailed or let down on and over the Moor timbers, securing the ves?el from any fore and aft. workings; her planlodicar are ( yellow pine, and bolted thr< ugh Ihe shear streak* ;

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