Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 31, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 31, 1848 Page 2
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J- I ii mm r j8i INEW YORK flEKALD.' lurUi-WMt Corner of h ultou and ilunti ltl> | JAMBS OORUON BKNNKTT, PfiOfKl KTOB. AWTrSKMKNTS THIS KVBMfiQ PAR* THlATRi?Box and Cox?Virnnoiat Darters? KtMPIIO.il k Co. ROWUT TH&ATKX, Bowery^ acbeth?Ladv or the Li on a. CHATHAM THBATRB. Ctuthia (tract?I.av atkb ? Nbw Tom aa It It?Don Cmai di Bazam PANORAMA HALL, BtMdny, utr Hotuton?Ba.i varn'a Panorama or rxr Mimuiiuppi. at 3 ml 7\ P. M. MECHANICS' HALL. Broadway, aw Broom*- Cnmi?rr*i Mi*streij??Ethiopian SiNeiffs?BvBi.aatirE Dakcins, ta MKLODKON, Bowery?Viroi-iia Mikitkiia ko. PALMO'S OPERA HOUSE. Chunbera atnet-Moj<ei. AbTiara New Vork, WedneMUjr, W?y 31,1?M. AHval Circulation of Um Herwlrt. May 30, Tuesday 20.n2copies. Th? publication of th? HrraM oonmcnood ?#?t?rl?y at 18 minut*# b?for?-t and flniahed at 20 miuute* b?for* 8 o'elook. Foreign Nem. The steamship United States is in her fourteenth day from Liverpool, and is, therefore, fully due at this nort. as she has proved to be a remarkably last vessel. She will probably arrive to-day, and bring us four days later news from the old world, which we shall publish in an extra a few minutes after her arrival. 'I'hc Presidential Hlertlon. The great election for the Presidency, which will take place on the seventh of November next, may now be said to have commenced. The nominations put forward by the Baltimore Convention, of Generals Cass and Butler, is the first distinct step towards the exciting canvass. These nominations have been before the country for a few days. They have already drawn forth remarks from all parties, calculated to excito public attention, and to fix the mind on the probable results of the contest. We have observed that already many of the whig journals attribute weakness to Gen. Cass, as a candidate, and all sorts of offences as a politician. Of course, opposition, of all kinds, might be expected from that quarter towards the nominations of the democracy. There are, however, in the ranks of the democratic party, certain factions full of discontent and hatred, who are endeavoring to instigate hostility to General Cass and his associate, and to bring about a state of things that might give the victory to the nominations to be put forward by the whig convention, which will meet next week in Philadelphia. Let us examine this matter. These unkind feelings towards Gen. Cass come from various quarters beside the regular opposition. The special friends of the other candidates at the Baltimore Convention?Mr. Buchanan, Judge Woodbury and others?will not, of course, be able to reconcile themselves to this arrangement at the first blush; but time and discussion, warm weather and soda water, to say nothing of various other emollients, will bring them about, and make them quite gentle and pliant, before November. Even one of the Herald correspondents at Washington, is bitterly savage, not against Gen. Cass personally, but rather hostile to his position, and to the intrigues which he alleges have been the cause of his successful nomination. To this there is a simple reply:?When there is a number of candidates of any party, coming before either a Congressional caucus, or a popular convention, intrigue, and probably a considerable amount of corruption, in the way of trafficking and bargaining, must take place. Democracy does not make men as pure as the angels in heaven. Politicians may be Christians: dui merare sun sinners. Aoteven a dispensation from Ilis Holiness the Pope, before his deposition and the revolution, can prevent them from trading in in or spoils. We are perfectly satisfied thut there was no more, and no less, bargaining and corruption, intrigue and management, at the recent convention in Baltimore, than there has been at any previous caucus or convention, before which several opposing candidates appeared. General Cass, as a politician and a statesman, is at least equal to any of his compatriots among the democracy, or even among the whigs. In private life he is uncommonly plain, unobtrusive, friendly, kind in his behaviour and general demeanor. There are few great men at Washington who are more unpretending or more gentle or kind in their manner, towards all classes, than General Cass; and we may add, also, his family. Some |*ersons are astonished at the influence which caused the con vention to make this nominatiou. We attribute the result partly to the invariably kind and unaffected character of his public and private demeanor throughout his whole life, in the West, in the East, at Paris, at Washington, every place where he has occupied important positions?so different from Van Buren?and not by any means to corruption and unmanly intrigue, or bargaining with )>oliticians. Gen. Cass, in point of intellect, also, is not the imbecile man that some of the journals represent him. lit; may not be so refined or exact as a statesman, hut he is an uncommonly well educated, learned and intelligent man, in the fullest sense of the word?far superior iu this respect to Van Buren or Polk. Perhai* he is more of a philosopher und a literary man than he is of a politician or statesman; but he is an accomplished man, in every light in which he can be viewed, and as a democrat, probably one of the strongest that could be selected by the conveniion. If the whigs or the barnburners, or any other faction or party, think to carry their objects by underrating his popularity, his acquirements, his talents, or his position, they will make n fatal mistake. As to the barnburners, notwithstanding the declaration they have put forth, of holding a convention on the iwenty-serond of June, weconceive. that .u. -r .i._.u .1 1 M.._ i "iii uir jHir-iiiiMi im |>aiurD, uuiii mrj iiuu *'A-i ir* sident Van Huren are utterly ami overwhelmingly annihilated hv the convention at lialtimore, in connection with the action of the whig convention in Philadelphia . They have announced their purpose Oj holding a convention at Ctien, on the 22J of June. Next week the whig* will hold theira in Philadelphia; and whatever nomination that convention inaymake.it will produce mch an effect on the public mind as utterly to annihilate the barnburners, and place them in the condition of a mere fragment or faction of a parry. If the whigs should nominate Mr. Clay, then General ( ass will come before the country as one of the strongs*t candidates. The nomination of Mr. Clay and the rejection ot General Taylor, would at once divide the whig jiarty. and might please the barnburners, by taking General Taylor into a sort of saving position, that might keep their light somewhere burning foi a few years longer; but if the whigs should?as it is probable they will?nominate Gen. Taylor, the barnburners may nominate any man they please, and nothing would be heard of tham, one way or the other, long before November. We conceive, therefore, that the barnburners and ex-President Van Buren's dynasty are utterly d<*. j i molibhed, forever, in this country. | i Such we believe to b<* the dirttuct position of | I things at this moment. The whig politicians are \ < now in trouble. What will they dot What course will they take? Will they persist in bringing for- I ward Mr. Clay, with the defeats of a long life lung- i ing around him, or will they abandon him and put ' forward < n Taylor, with all the popularity that is i MiftMMed to surround his name in the South arid Wrstl They are, indeed, placcd in an awkward di- , lemma, and will find themselves so in their conven A' -} T> # m I I?Ifc IIin I ih-ifl/Mflvf* lo ' '40 T?yl(ir, mid allow th* v.oWi' partisans ot Mr. CMav to take audi court, uth*v please Yet all this quarrelling and contusion between men and parties will not, after the convention shall h:ive been held, obscure the popular intelligence of the United States, or blind the people to the progrecs ot' the great events which are going on in the world. Ail the old issues are annihilated. The revolutions in Europe, the prospccts of peace with Mexico, will soon, in the progress of this Presidential contest, produce new issues; and these new issues will take a higher, a wider and a nobler ground, than any that have divided the parties in this country for the last quarter of a century. The principal of these, will be between monarchy and democracy. It will be soon brought out in Europe, and we must take sides wi.li it, one way or the other, and probably before a year shall have passed away. On this great question. General Cass and the oartv that supports him, will undoubtedly side with republican France, against monarchy in the old or the new world. And on that ground, we believe the great contest will be fought in this country. It therefore behooves the whigs to deliberate on their position, and the prospects before them, and the results that may follow. A Small Job for Mr. Polk?The Recent Outrage at Havana.?We trust that our government will not overlook the fresh insult to our flag, offered by the Spanish authorities of Havana. No other nation in the world would tamely submit to such a procedure. If the Norma had been a British vessel, that government would send a frigate at once to demand an apology and pecuniary redress. These people "fraternize" with their Mexican brethren to an extent that leads them to do anything but openly assist them, and they would do that, too, if they dared. Cuba swarms with desperadoes of all kinds, who, finding Mexico too hot for them, prefer to swagger at a safer distance from "old Zack." The infamous conduct of their authorities in the case of young Twiggs, and the other officers whom they seized and compelled to pay heavily forgoing into the roadsted in a boat, for some provisions, on their way to Vera Cniz, is sufficiently recent to be also looked into. No other civilized authorities would have so treated the servants of a foreign power. They are as cowardly as they are bigoted, and a3 treacherous as they are imbecile. Our government should be petitioned by Mr. Taylor, the owner of the Norma, for redress, and then Mr. Polk should exhibit his elephant, and charge such an amount for the exhibition as would cover expenses. Relief to Kipp and Brown, Staqe Proprietors. ?We give in our columns, this day, the report of a public meeting held at the Tabernacle last evening, for the purpose of stirring up the generous feelings of the people of this city to relieve Messrs. Kipp and Brown, after their losses by a great fire which Hpstrnvpfl tliA trrpiitpr nnrlinn nf fliAir nrnnprti; nn rw.?.v? v. ?tv.i r. v 4 v ? ur town, a few days ago. It appears that this meeting was got up by the friends and acquaintances of Kipp and Brown ; also, that the various stage proprietors intend to double their fares on Thursday, along Broadway and the Bowery, to raise a contribution for them ; that probably the theatres will be opened to give them benefits for their relief; and it may be that contributibutions will be raised on their behalf in the churches on Sunday. All this movement is as curious as it is generous. Kipp and Brown were insured to the amount of about $17,000 ; but they lost an immense sum over that, by the destruction in horses and carnages, in the late fire. We are happy to see such a generous feeling evidenced in this great city. If it should be successful, no doubt there will be generosity enough to apply it to all those who have been burn1 out during the last year?poor as well as rich. During the last year, the looses of people by fire, who have had nothing left, have hern immense. Many shipowners, also, have suffered losses by marine disasters. Now, we do not see any impropriety in holding relief meetings, or employing the theatres or other means for the aid of those who have lost their property, when burnt out, by design or accident, or who have suffered losses at sea. Therefore, we hope some great movement will be made to hold a general meeting in this city, for the common relief of all such sufferers, without exception, whether injured by fire, or by flood, or marine disasters, during the last year. Falsehood in the Newspaper Press. ? It is well known that the decision finally arrived at by the late Baltimore Convention, in reference to the two divisions of the New York democracy?each of which claimed for itself the right to enter the Convention as delegates?was that both of them should be admitted. After this fart, what can be more surprising than to read in sundry papers of New York, that The delegates from the different Ktato* atmeuibled. refused to allow the representative* of the democracy of New York to participate in tUeir deliberations.? A"fu> York Olobe. After euch a vote by the convention, admitting both sets, such an assertion in New York, is a deliberate falsification of facts. We gave a full report of the proceedings of the Baltimore Convention, and injustice to that body?a body of political men und leaders from every state in the Union, men representing the people and their views, and j therefore deserv ing some respect?we feel bound to protest against an assertion of this kind, which is ' in the direct teeth of the well known and recorded fact. If the people are to be thus abused, by giving them, as history and as truth, that which is con- j trary to history and contrary to truth, who can I answer for the intelligence of a people thus deceived and led astray by lying organs'! If the newspaper press descend to direct falsehood and uvi.ui.iv " * ' } , ?..? is a betrayer of the people. Such conduct ought to be hooted and put down by all men, to whatever parly they belong, if they have not utterly abandoned the party of truth und all the principles of justice and virtue. Money Colliccted for Patriotic Pi rposks.? During the last few week*, the Italian*, Poles. Irish, Herman*, and people of various other nations, have held meetings in this city; and considerable sums of money h ive been collected for the patriotic purpose of being employed in revolutionizing Europe. It is estimated that $20,000 or $30,000 have been collected in this way. It is generally the case, however, that after these ebullitions of patriotism, and when the money has been completely bagged, nothing further is afterwards henrd of its destination or appropriation. What is everybody's business is nobody's business.? Ought not those who have contributed to such pa- | triotic purposes call for some account?some i report, or investigation, in regard to the appropriation of the money contributed ? Who auk Yor, Sir 1?"Mr. John Smith." This notorious gpntlcman, who is known every where? and yet no one knows who or what he i*?has, we knrn by our French papers?b*en to Pal is, and has thrown some little confusion into the National As- i sembly, by the universality of his cognonv-n, and the want of identity to his person. It seems that i Mr. Smith was elected T>pUty from La Srine, und he was described as an ouvrirr. On the meeting of the Assembly, several Smiths, all of them mvnert, claimed the seat. Who could tell which whs which T The Assembly appointed a commitlee to find out; and when our accounts left, it was still undecided who Mr. Smith was, and which was be. Mr. Smith seems to be a very trouble- | ?ome fellow. Again Ahead of the Mail.?We have again to icknowlcdge our indebtedness to McGregor iV Co.. >.t the Albany ami Humulflnir Ra,lrnaH f,.r All..?v _1 ! 1 hf POP*?Rgva&tfVtOft tr# Th* r?i#il^ i revolution in Heme,and rhf qualified dupoeition of the Pope, because he would not "go the whole hog"?as we say in America?against Austria, have created a great sensation in this city, among the various religious sects iuto which we are unfortunaiely, or fortunately, divided. The Protestiuit sects seem to regard the deposition of the Pop<\ as 'o his political power, by the Romans themselves, as a fulfilment of a certain chapter and verse in the Revelations, and as the final destruction of the Scarlet Lady of Babylon of old, as we must now say, in order not to shock the polite ears of Babylon the new. On the other hand, the Catholics appear to look on with astonishment; and not to know what to make of such a movement as this, which deprives the Pope of all temporal power, and simply reduces him to the situation of Rishop of Rome. There is, however, a class of thinkers who judge differently of this curious and striking event. We allude to those intelligent persons who have studied the history of the Church, and who have reflected upon the means by which the Church of Rome came to be so powerful in the Christian world, from its first commencement in the days of St. Peter and St. Paul. The power which has been exercised by the Pope for the last thousand years, was planted during the first promulgation of Christianity by St. Peter; and was gradually increased, as the impe rial power of Rome was diminished. The spiritual power of the Bishops of Rome, was one of j the elements which preserved the civilization of i the classical ages, during the dark days of Europe, and brought it down, more or less impaired, to the present time. For the period of nearly a thousand years, the power of the Popes was a barrier, and a mighty moderator, of the half civilized and savage ! Barons who convulsed Europe with murder, blood, massacre, spoliation, and every crime. The Popedom, and its spiritual power, had nearly reached its culminating point when Luther and Calvin appeared. It was then corrupt and rotten; and its progress downwards, from that day to the present age, has been just as natural as its rise was in the ; first century of Christianity. This revolution in Rome, therefore, ought to be regarded as a natural reformation; and if the Pope should hesitate to unite with new-born liberty ; against the military tyranny of Austria, we can > only express our grief and sorrow that he does not 1 see what is his true policy. But we do not think i we shall cry very much about it. General Scott'9 Departure fro* New York. ?In the midst of the rejoicing and acclamation ' which surrounded General Scott on Thursday afternoon last, in New York, he was ordered by his mili- i tary superior, the President of the United States, er probably by the Secretary of War, to report 1 himself at Frederick, in Maryland, to att?nd the . Court Martial there. General Scott, therefore, hastily left the city, to attend to his military du- j ties ; but not before he received the testimony of the vast population of this metropolis, toward* his military genius and the brilliancy of his campaign in Mexico. The reception of General Scott, on his arrival in our harbor, was very singular, very curious, and very interesting. In giving him this reception, three classes of the people expressed a certain amount of admiration towards his merits? the politicians, the military, including generals officers and men, and the publio at large.? j The politicians of both parties, knew hardly ; what to do about this matter?they were I puzziea 10 aeatn. ine leaders 01 tne two great | factions united together in the reception; but there was little enthusiasm in the matter, beyond the bosoms of a few personal adherents of Gen. Scott, who wish to make him the next President. Pub. lie feeling compelled them to send a boat for him, bring him to Castle Garden, show him off there, and then drop him into the hands of the military ; and among the military of this city his reception was just as curious and amusing as it was among the politicians. " Papa," said a young boy, of about six years of age, the other evening, " will you buy me a sword, i a cocked hat, and a military coat 1" " What," my on, replied the father, " do you wish to be a soldier^ and to go to Mexico 1" "Oh no," said the boy," 1 don't want to be a fighting soldier, I only want to be a street soldier?to go into the streets." Gen. ?andford and his stall may be considered, not our fighting soldiers, but rather our street .soldiere. If I they had a savage hankering after the regular deeds of war, with a hasty plat* of 1 aoup, in full military style, they might have availed themselves of many chances, ! during the last two years, to gratify their passion; | but our street military are great in a campaign up | the Bowery, around Astor Place, and down I Broadway, to make a vigorous assault on the Astor House, and capture Stetson, with his larder and cellar to boot. The reception, however, j given by our street soldiers to the real military i man?the hero of Churubusco and Chapultepec? | was very good, and much more natural and agreeable than the mean and niggardly conduct of ?lie politicians of the Corporation- The speeches of ' General Sandford and his staff, as well as the beautiful verses composed by General Morris on horseI back, and his reciting them between the glasses of champagne, were all very capital, and in very fine taste; yet the eye could not fail to discover the vast difference, on looking around, between the real soldiers and the sham?the street officers and the fighting officers; for there were specimens j of both classes there, and excellent s|>eciinens, | too. The youth of six years was, therefore, right I in ni iking a distinction between the military men, I and classing them the fighting soldiers and the street soldiers. Among the great mass of the community who I came out, hurrahed, looked and laughed particu- i larly at General Scott, duri ng his march around our streets, there was a great deal of sound sense J without enthusiasm, and good feeling without excitement. Generally the remark was, Gen. Scott deserves it?he is a brave man?he is a great general?he has acted nobly. He may have his faults, another would say, in writing letters, and in hasty plates of soup, but lie is always right when iu the , sawiie, or on me neia oi imiue. There he is groat, if no wh^re else. It was a good, sensible, calm and spontaneous tribute to the military talent, genius, and patriotism of (ienoral Scott, whieli wo have no doubt he felt, and will treasure up. But there was no general enthusiasm of that ultra cast which might be expected if such a man as General Taylor wore to travel in the same direction. The Nfw French Cowl.?Kvery Hrrivnl brings the report of some new name for French Consul to this city. The last is that of Mont*. Scmoune, who is said to be a friend of l,edriiKollin. These changes lead the mind to the belief that the next arrival will bring us the account ! of the restoration of Mons. do la Forest. 11 is ad- ( heeion to the new republic must be known by this i time at Pans. It probably may be thought noces- ' sary to retain him as a sort of requital for the beautiful ball given under his auspice,s at the I'urk , Theatre, and the elegant flag there exhibited, ' which was intended to be sent on to Puris. However this may be, Mr. Simpson, we understand, is grumbling a good deal because he has not yet been paid for the use of the theatre on that occasion; I but we would desire the venerable manager to wait a bit, till the French republic shall determine what to do about the French consulate of Now York. He may then be uble to got that money; or, at ull events, to know that lie will never get it?so there will be some consolation, at least, in being relieved from uncertainty. Ki.w thkba.?The pine-apples are very back- j ward this season, owing to the want of rain. Aii American schooner had arrived at Governor's I ' f -j i- .k?1 it ii r 'i'' ii i y"-V. nwt' i ! TELE&aAPmc nrmuoswE. Suitim?r)'. In the Senate, yesterday, the first proposition for ; an adjournment of the present session of Congress, ! was introduced. A resolution to that effect was offered by Mr. Atchison, and provides that Congress shall adjourn, finally, on the first Monday in July next; and, also, that an extra session be called in October following. In the House, the I passage of the bill relative to the West Point Academy, comprised the most important part of I the proceedings. The latest commercial intelligence, ttec., will be | found among our despatches below. Movements of Ucn. Scott, Jtc. Baltimoke, May 30, 1848. Major Gen. Winfleld Scott bao arrived at Frederick. 1 Md . in excelleut health and spirit*, and amid much enthusiasm. The Washington Union of to-day advises the whig* to attend to their own buaine?R. and let the democrats alone, urging that they have enough to do. Owing to the unpleasant weather, our markets are j dull; prices, however, are unchanged. npuromtvnnii mbnmxaa *n vv^iuAuuao* FIRST SESSION. Senate. Washington, May 30, 1848. The Senate convened at the usual hour, was called to order by the Vice President, and proceeded to the conniduratiou of business. Various memorials and petitions were presented, duly received and referred. adjournment of congress?extra session. Mr. Atchison, of Missouri, introduced a joint resolution in favor of closing the present session of Congress on the first Monday in July, and of holding an extra session, commencing the first Monday in October; which lies over. the appropriation bill. Mr. Atherton, of New Hampshire chairman of the Committee of Finance, moved to take up the appropri| ation bill, which was agreed to. Mr. Atchison offered an amendmont to the bill, respecting the paying of Col. Hlchard M. Johnson ten thousand dollars fur expenses of Choctaw Indian Academy. Mr. Atherton spoke at somo length in opposition to the bill, and said that the provision referred to did not properly belong to it. Mr. Atchison spoke at some length In favor of its adoption. The discussion of the subject was further continued by Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky, Mr. Westcott, of Florida. Mr. Atchison, of Missouri, and Mr. Webster, in tbe affirmative, and by Mr. Bagby, of Alabama, and Mr. Atherton. in the negative, when, on motion, the subject was informally laid aside.

executive session. On motion of Mr. Badger, of North Carolina, the Senate went into executive Bession. and after some time spent therein, the doors were opened, and the Senate adjourned over till Wednesday?to-morrow. House of Representatives. The House met at 11 A.M., when the journal was read and approved. PniT OFFICE BILL. After the transaction of some routine business, the House took up and passed the post sfflcc bill. west point academv. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, moved that the House resolve itself into a Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union, which was agreed to. Mr. Toombs, of Ueor?;ia. in the chair, when the House took up the bill in avor of the West Point Military Academy. Mr. Rhett, of South Carolina, obtained tbe floor, and wished to discuss another question; when Mr. Vinton objected, and the Chair sustained Mr. Vinton's position. Mr. Khett appealed from the chair, and said there were instances where another had wandered from the subject, and had been sustained Several members spoke and discussed the suhject very waimly. in this way two hours were consumed by the House, in discussing the question of order, when the appeal from the Chair was sustained in the affirmative, by tha following vote: yeas 77; nays 72. The committee then rose and reported the bill to the i House, with amendments, when it was read the third time and passed. reports from committees. 1 The Speaker then announced the next thing in order to be reports from committees, when various bills 1 were reported, read twice, and referred to the commit toe or tne wnoie. Market*. At.BA.tr, May 30 ?Receipt* by eanal during the preceding 24 boars, were u follows:?Flour, 6.300 bbls; corn. 0.900 bushels; oats, 2.000 do. Sales of 1500 bbls were made at $5 37>? a $5 50 a $5 87>i; the latter for pure to fancy Genesee. Wheat?Sales of 2,500 bushels weretoade (Ohio) at 123e. Corn?Sales of 2.500 bush { ols were made at 50c. Oats -Sales of 3000 bushels were I made at 46c. Whiskey?Sales of 100 bbls were made I at 20){c. There was no change in other articles. Bitkalo. May 30.?Receipts within the past twentyfour hours: Flour 7300 bbls; Wueat 64.000 bush; Corn ! 11,000 do. The Flour market was dull, and prices in| cllned to droop. Sales of 2000 bbls were made at $4 75. Whoat?Sales of 13.000 bushels were made at 91c for Chicago, and 105c for good Ohio. Corn?Sales of 7100 bushels were made at 3Sc. Oats?Sales of 7000 bushels were made at 36c. Whiskey wan I nactire There was no change in freights. The Nfw Codk of Practice.?This ia certainly a new age of discovery. For several months past the people of this State have been living under the new constitution, as well as the new judiciary act; j ; and in another month, the new code of practice, ! prepared by Messrs. Graham, Field, and Loomis, respecting civil contracts, will also go into operation. We have also furnished an account of the 1 operations of some of these novelties, in a recent case between Editor Hennett and Bishop llughes, in which nn attempt was made by Charles O'Conor, opposed by Mr. Galbraith, to give a certain | construction to the statute, that would have intro1 duced the inquisitorial practice of the Star Chamber or inquisition into American courts. These no- | velties in law, and the constitution, and practice of the courts, begin to attract, not only the attention of ' the bar and bench, but also of men in business and [ the public at large?to say nothing of big boys and pretty women. The large proportion of liberty and equality and of ; republican government,now transacted in our courts of law?where justice is administered between j man and man, and between State and individual ' offenders?these new legal novelties, principles and j t practices, have given great offence to the old prac. titioners. At the bar, in fact, the changes have amounted to a revolution, by which the young and the old practitioners are almost reduced to the same level of comparative ignornnee and uncertainty. There will be a great effervescence among lawyers, judges, clients, and the community, during the time required to introduce the changes into our daily practice. In this interesting dilemma, the newspaper press takes a high and important position ; it is the legitimate court of appeals, equally high as the legal court of last resort. The news- ' paper press, in such a position, will he the legal and | moral representative of the people ; and the course \ of conduct assumed by judges and lawyers ought to he fully and correctly represented in the daily journals. We, therefore, mean to pay more attention to this department of our pn|>er than heretofore, in such novelties as may spring up under this new code, and in this age of discovery and revolutions. Tiie Alms' House Chief Ci.erk.? We refer to our law reports for the iong looked for decision in this case, which has been unavoidably crowded out for the last few days, in consequence of press of foreign and local news. Ft will lie seen that this decision takes the power of ap|>ointment out of the hands of the Commissioner, and vests I the same in the Common Council, though the I Commissiouer is compelled to give bonds for the faithful performance of h 11 the duties connected with this office. The decision will be read with interest. IjATEB from N'assap, N. P.?Files of the (iuardinn, and the fVeit Indian, to the 22d, have been received ; they contain nothing of interest. Through all the Haharna Islands, the fruit was suffering greatly for want of rain. Many American vessels were leaving in ballast, whilst others were waiting, in hopes a few days might bring a change for the better. ffporllng Intelligence. Tbottino Match ?o* |1000?The match between I.ady Sutton anil Blank Hawk, which should hare taken place yesterday. but won postponed. will take plnne to-day. If the weather permit* It will he a splendid race; and If It cnmo? off to-day the mare goes to a i'Ht lb wagon, and the horse carried 2'i lbi. more. Thu flno condition of both horses ycatcrday, as they were >-ho.vn on the tmek In oxerciM, led to wager* that '2 40 would be made by the winner, whleh. if performed, will b? the second time that It has arer been don? alone pi Hp? wi?' i yuM lr*jt?n ^t\Ttt R?r*t*svrATivrd A?road,?It if) ?o wldoni that wh have nn opportunity of attn- 1 touting, justly, any disinterested act9 of goodness to our representatives in foreign countries, that we look upon a real case, such as we now give, as a source of gratulation to the country, and especially to our merchants. The following letter is written in a frank and manly sailor style, and is signed by four of our respectable sea captains, with a request that we publish it. It speaks for itself Lubon. March 17.1848 We, the undersigned, masters of American vessels in the port of Liiibon. appreciate the attentions and hospitality shown to us by the Hon. Oeo. W. Hopkins and Mr. Philip A. Hoach. and avail ourselves of this occusion to express publicly to theui. through the Herat J. our sincere acknowledgments for the kindness and friendly interest they have shown in our behalf. We inform, with pleasure, our fellow citizens, and especially those whose occupation may call them to Lisbon, that in (^ol. Hopkins and Mr. lloach. (our Minister and Consul there.) they will flud gentlemen and friends who will receive them with kindness and cordiality, and on whom they can rely for good advice and assistance in case of trouble. We look with pride to the representatives of our na tion. for they uphold truly the dignity of their station and government. Their frank, kind and hospitable manners, entitle them justly to be called good citizens of our republic. Should these lines ever meet their eyes, they will see in them an acknowledgment that those who appreciate the sailor's feelings, and defend j his rights, deserve the sailor's thanks. NICHOL AS JOHNSON, of ship Balance. 1 THOS. CURTIS, brig Sally Ann. ] HIRAM OKAY, brig Silane. , BI RR SCOTT, bark America i Freshet in Maine.?The Calais Advertiser , states that the freshet on the river was so high on Kridav and Saturdav last, as to prevent the working ' of the mills. The water rose to a greater height than It has done for five years. The New Ship Caleb Urlmshaw.?The annexed letter was sen t to ('apt. Hoxle by hU passengers on his lust trip from Liverpool to this city, and was accompanied by a testimonial in the shape of an elegaut gold pencil and pen. "Port or New Yokk, May, IWth, 1W.S.?To Capt. W. E. Hoxie, oommandcr of the ship ' Caleb Grimshaw': We, the undersigned, passengers fmui Liver|>ool to tliia port be^ to express our grateful sense of the kiadness and attention which ?e have experienced during our passage, our entire satisfaction with the orderly arrangements observed on board, aud with the excellent qualiw of the stores supplied to all the passenger*. As a small token of our respect and usteetn, we beg vour acceptance of the accompanying testimonial, and hope that those friends who contemplate joining us in the United States may be enually fortunate with ourselves in securing a passage hv your excellent ship and under your care as her commander. Wr beg to subscribe ourselves, with much respect, your obliged servants, [Signed] SI. I)e C. Barker; Michl. J. Egan ; John Uenshaw; Francis Askren ; (!. E. Schuch. ohirurgical doctor; M. Aldridgo, Wm. Weston. W. II. Weston, Thoa A. Weston, Warwickshire; W. A. Woods, Clare; D. Mahony, E. Mahony,County Kerry; Jno. McElrath,County Antrim: John Hughes, County Tyrone; Jas. McBride, Dublin; Mm. Ilargate, Manchester; Wm. Warren, Salisbury; Wm. llunter, oity of Northumberland; Andrew Siience, Eliza Sj>cnce, Margaret Spence, James Spence, William Spence, Sarah Ann Bales, Margaret McKenna. Samuel Burns, Duugaunon; Geo. H. Shaw, Catharine Shaw, Isabella Shaw MiUinson Shaw. Jane Shaw, Agnes Shaw, Mary Shaw, Thomas Johnson, Preston ; Marest Warren, George Warren, Wm. warren, Salisbury; Jas. Moulding. Manraret Goulding, Mary Colliding, Susan Goulding. Wm. Goulding. liaunah Goulding, Wm. Copa.Manchester, Lancashire ; Henry Miles, Newport, Monmouthshire; W. A. Jones, W. C. Jones, Mr. Greaves. Elizabeth Greaves, James Greaves, Warwickshire; B. Helleraun, Paris; Francis Humphreys, County Cavan; Jno. Jes|>er Bull, Elizabeth B. Bull, Great Tey, Essex; John M-.hony, C unty Kerry; Eliza Bull, Great Tey, Essex; William Rowlands, Angiesea; Jno. Lloyd, Ellis Williams, Richard Williams, Evan Griffiths, Caernarvonshire; Joseph Daubner, Rebecca Daubner, Sou'h Clifton, Notts.; John Dewick, Lincolnshire; Lydia Corry, Manchester; Evan Powell, John Jonos, Moumouth ; Thomas Du Knott, Manchester; William Woollan, brass fouuder, Manchester; Thoa Kilmartin, Margaret Kilmartin, Limerick ; Jane Knox, Sam. Knox, Donegal; James Donuely, Margaret Donnely, County Tyrone; James Kennedy, Hugh Kennedy, Alex. Bowdon, Margaret Bowden, County Down; Thomas Warhis, Yorkshire; James Hayden, Kilkenny; Jno. Kearuon, Kilkenny ; James Bryan, Tipperary ; Owen Hughes, Monaghan: Matthew GiroHs, Brownford; Ann Raymon, Derry; John Patterson, Dennis O'Brien, Roscommon; Francis McNamee, Barton Lanaghan, County of Cavan ; Smart Edens, County Antrim ; Patrick Hacket, County of Tipperarv; Esther Iter, County of Antrim; Michael Casey, County West Meath; Patrick McDinnel, County Longford; Mary Coogen, County Meath; Patrick Grath, "County Down; Ann Handler, Roscommon Kilkil; Goo. Fitzwilliams, West Meath; Jno. Noursay. Limerick; Thomas Layton, iAiicaaliire ; Mary Docher'y. WestMoath; Michael Donally, John Donally, Fermanagh ; Elizalieth Harris, Tyrone: Wm. Swasbrock, Cavan; Michacl Cahill, West Meath; Edward Dalton, Longford; Pitrick Cahill. West Meath; Patrick MoCormack, Monaglian; Samuel Gaskell, Lancaster; Catherine McDermot, Roscommon , Etieu Sanders, Cork. Saunders' Toilet Articles, Dressing Cases and Fancy Cutlery, 147 Broadway, corner of Liberty street. and .187 Broadway, betweeu White and Walker street*. The subscribers respectfully call Ute attention of the public to their collodion of the above articles, which in point of variety, is not equalled in the oity; they have been selected with strict regard to quality, and ! in all cases are warranted. C. SAUNDERS Ik SON, 147 and 337 Broadway. Gold Peniw."Creaton'l celebrated warrantad Diamond pointed Gold Pens" are now admitted to be the best and oheapest pen in the world. They can be had only at 71 Cedar street, one door from the post ofBee. Also, Josiah Hayden k Co'a Speuoer Ik Rendoll's. Albert Q. Bagloy's, Levi Brown's, Edward T. Prime's, and the new " Brown" Pen, superior to the old pen, at i reduced pnoea, wholesale or retail. Gold pens and oases repaired. J Pal mo'a Opera Hoiue?!Vow Is the height of the rush, and about the closing of tho exhibition of the u.ost beautiful Living Models that ever illustrated statuary and (Minting. They have been chosen for this exhibition from those who havo been selected at the institutions in Eurwpe for models, in a mule state. Mose is about, and his "gal." Lite, railing forth the most uproarious mirth, besides admiration, at the perfect jwrroni- \ firs Lion Popular oninioti is in thu ascendant. and curiosity on tiptoe to s?e all the tableaux before cloning. Hair Cutting and Trimming U'liUkfr*.? Gentlemen wishing either of the almve done, in a neat ami nkilful maimer. in all cams conforming to the features and general exterior appearance. would do well to call on HILL, tlie inimitable Hair Cutter, at No. 13 Nassau street, corner of I'iue. Richelieu Gold Pens Completely Triumphant, liocausc experience ha- proved them to lie the bust and cbeapest Tens in use. They will (act for years, and the point* ar? w.r- J anted not to come off. Those who have heretofore experienced the inconvenience of bad pens. should give tlie "Hicbelieui" a trial by all means. AUo l.Vwdoion Gold i'ens, at manufacturer's prices. Gold l'eus repaired. Carpet*.?We stood yesterday for a half hour, notwiths'ahding its being an unpleasant day. in noticing the crowds of |iersons purchasing Carp t?. (HI Cloths, &c.; at Mr. Hiram Anderson's celebrated cheap t'ar|iet store, No. !W Bowery. Tho cheapest aud best Carpets we ever saw were bcught at that place. j We have been requested to call attention to ] Dr. tavett's patent enamelled l'latcs, for artificial Teeth, who 1 ha# invented and patented, and is now bringing into use, the ' most remarkable improvement in the way of teeth; an improve- ; luent. the utility and lieanty of which cnu only lie understood by actual inspection or use. 11 has been shown to us, an I ? ? can vouch for lis deserving the high praise that has been lavished upon it by all who have used it.?V V. Express. Dr. LEVE1T, Pen- ' tist, 200 Broadway, corner of Warren street. COMMERCIAL AFFAIRS. nONKY MARKET' Tuesday, Alny 30?6 P M. The stock market continues in a very feverish state. ^ The fancies fluctuate a fraction from day to day, anil the sales are only to a limited extent. At the first f board to-dajr. Treasury Notes advanced '0 per cent; United States O's. 1H07, *?; OhioT's. '4'; Heading Hailroad Morris (.'anal ; Krie Hnilroad Scrip '4; Nor- j wich and Worcester fell off all others closed at prices current yesterday. It appears utterly impossible to get up any speculative movement in stocks of any kind, good, bad or indifferent. Some of the fancies have within the past month advanced several per cent, and there they remain, neither receding o?" advancing. Trices rule very low. or we might experience a decline, and the condition of financial affairs generally forbids , all hope of any improvement of consequence At tho second board Morris Csnal advanced per cent and Treasury Notes while Hurlem fell off V The law report relative to the United States Bank, published in the Jltrald of Sunday morning last. was taken from the Philadelphia Ltdgrr. A letter from Barhadoes. dated May 12th. says that " a meeting of the extraordinary directors of the West India Bank took place a few days since, and their report goes to show that the liabilities of the bank have j decreased very considerably. and every creditor here | ' seem* MBpilnr, that in due course, every demand ,, against that establishment will he fully liquidated." The position of commercial affairs in thin country is 1 excltingtfie speculative opinions of tlie organs of both ? the political parties, and of individuals engaged in mercantile affairs, in favor of or against the different public measures regulating the financial affairs of the coun- .1 try. The Independent Treasury act appearsto beaimed g at by the opposition, and most of the difficulties and v embarrassments we have been laboring under for the past eighteen months arc all attribntcd to the existence . t of that act. When the Independent Treasury system ' was first adopted. It was anticipated that the change In the policy of the Government would create a temporary t panic In the money market, and derange for a time the 1 commercial affairs of the country; but the advantages ( of the system were likely to be great, and the pusition ? of our flnanres.at the time, were su?h as demanded a T complete revolution in the policy of the Government. Simultaneously with the commencement of the lnde_ n pendent Treasury Act, an importation of specie Into ' the Vnited States commenced, and the channels of j commerce were supplied with gold and silver faster than !> the demand from the Government could drain them It mast be admitted that it was afortnnato circumstance, < that this financial measure of the government went Into 2 operation under such favorable auspices ; that the In- * flux of specie Into the country provented any alarm- | j lug results from the expenditures on account of the t war. and that the contraction In the commercial moveuients of the conntry, In anticipation of the restrictions j that act would Impose upon the currency, prepared us 4 for all th? event* which followed. The Mexican war ' commenced In the spring of lN4fl. nearly a year pre- 1 () vious to the adoption of the Independent Treasury o act. Witliln that year a great contraction had been 1 " I III HI I . In ?mmm?| llili pro4u?sd a mora healthy ?Uti of Ihingl tor th; uhange In the An* noes of the government rdUvei (he public mlnd of much ot tho apprehension which would otherwise hare boon experienced. In the spring Df 1847. when this act was in full operation, the supply Jf specie from Europe was Very great, and the effect up3ii the money markets of this country was such that arge loans were made at a premium, and public contide nee became partially re-established. The exportation of breadstuff's to Great Britain and France exceeded anything of the kind ever before realized, uu i mr importations uf foreign manufactures increased u * large per rent Ail the evils anticipated in coiDtequencu of the war - ;**?r?d , the independent treasury ??< for the tiiu? i /hi of a speculative movement com me nerd >n fancy -links, an expansion of the currency wasresorte.lt') f >r the purpose of lntlatlng prices for >ur staple products and giving a greater impetus to tliipmentH. The greater the exportation of food to lireat Britain, and the higher the point pricos reached, the more confidence the public had in tho permanency of the apparent prosperity of the time. The deficiency in the harvests of Europe were considered the greatest blessing this country could experience, and it was the opinion of tmany that extensive and steady markets for our breadstuffs would be the result of the movements then going on. It was not, for a moment, ^ magined that the immense amount of bullion drawn from England, In payment for the flour, grain, and provisions sent from this country, would derange the commercial affairs of the United Kingdom, or create iny embarrassments in the financial systems of F.uropo Speculators in this country did not, for a monent. dream that we should feel the effect of .hat derangement in a vital point, In the de. irnplatlnn i n mtUaa fr?w ?n? ? | ?- - I" iVVB V?? UIWVV lUipUIIrttUb CA* sorting staple?that It would lead to a return of a largo jortion of the specie exported to this country?to the looding of our market* with foreign manufactures, and ,o the change from a large balance of trade In our fa7ot to a large balance against us. This foreign lnlebtedness has not been created entirely by the movenents of merchandise, or directly by the depreciation >f prices of our staple products on the other side, but ;o a great extent by the large losses we hare Ineurt <! I >y the numerous failures in all parts of Europe. W. lave been obliged te remit millions of specie to ind protoct bills of exchange drawn upon the proceeds if merchandise previously shipped and sold, and the ralue absorbed in the immense liabilities of insolvent louses. This accounts for the present exportation of ipecle, to a great extent, and also for the existing posi? ion of financial and commcrclal affairs in this country The revulsion produced by the drain of bullion from he Bank of England. for export, and increased by tho uspensions which followod, destroyed the markets, lot only for breadstuff*, but for cotton. The maiuacturing districts were paralyzed, operatives thrown >ut of employment, and the panic became general )ur export trade, from these causes, was reduced to the owest limit, while foreign goods were forced upon our , 1 narkets. and sales made at enormous sacrifices, for tho lurpcse of remitting the proceeds In specie. In tho midst of this state of things, thero came a re. 'ulsion of another character, but one equally insidious n its effects?equally protracted in its operation. We dlude to the political revulsion which has swept so apidiy over the continent of Europe, and which threaens to involve the old world In a general war. When Ills revolution commenced, everything connected with lommercial matters was in the greatest confusion? ionfidence gone, prices for everything depressed, and he prospect for any immediate improvement rather liscouraging; but it was the general impression that .he worst had been realized, and any change must be _ 'or the better. It is hardly possible for a more un- ' j , avorablo state of things to result from the political rerulsion; but It will tend to keep the markets of Europe itagnant, prices for everything to the lowest point, iud confidence far below par. A general war may give >ur commercial marine increased activity, and It may >r?ate a demand for our breadstuffs; but we shall suffer nore by the depreciation in the value of our cotton han can be offset by the advantages realised from >ther sources. Connected as we are with Oreat Britain, and, in fact, rith every nation In Europe, we are affected very s? iuubijt uy inese toiogp, ana we can aiinouie me em>arrassments at present existing, and the difficulties tppreheuded. to the position of European affairs. Thu dea of the Independent Treasury Act being the prime ause Is preposterous?so utterly absurd as to hardly il?<icrre a moment's notice; but as it may be necessary to ^reserve the existing financial system of the gcvernnent from the attacks of the opposition, it is well that .he causes of the revulsion which, within the past year, ' i as bankrupted so many, and touched the pockets of all ihould be thoroughly understood, that the aim and ob. ect of those who wish to throw odium upon the most udicious financial policy ever adopted by this or any )thur country, may be more clearly seen. Stock Rxchangr. [30000 Troa miry 6?i 102% 50 alia Harlem R K (M , JUJKJ do 6 th June 75 Kri* K R ?>tl 1.1000 do 10/% 25 do nswfull 70 5000 use's of 67 104% w do do 70% 2000 do 105 35 do bll 70% 3U0 Ohio fi's of 60 100',' 60 Farmers' Trust 21 4000 do 1<H% 200 Morris Canal 10% 2000 Ohio 7'? 101S SO do li>% .1000 do 102 25 do 10% 2000 Alabama 6's 5!'V 100 do Vtt 11 HKM I'son A's 74V 10" do hS> 11 500 Reading Bonds 62 25 Vor k Wor R R blO 27 70 iba Mechanics' Bank 102% 2'i do SlO 27 100 do 10.1 25 do 27 50 Look Inland R R ? 100 do ?0ds27% 150 do 2U% AO do bnw 27 ^ 100 do 21'Si 1M Reading R R b|0 S5% HO Ilarlcm R R 6*Li ?>!> do 36 BIO do to1.! 100 do sIO 36 130 do 5f% AO do 120 36 8er?nd Board. (11000 Traas Notes 102% 200 shs IlitrUm R R M 5000 Olii.i 7'? 102 100 do b30 .WS? I I 25 aha Mor Caual ?3 10% 100 do sKO 57% >25 do 11 16 Del aud Hud Scrip 197 50 do sUO 10% CITY TKADU REPORT. Tuesday. May 30- 2 P. M A?m:??The market is better for both sorts; sales of 100 blils pot at $4 37% ?nj 100 bbls pearls nt $' 25. Cotton?There is but little doing this morning, ihippcrs being busy with their correspondence; the . minunt on sale I* considerably reduced. Ki.ovk. itc .--The market for Western Canal Klour ex- ( libits but little activity, owing partly to the unrnv irnile state of the weather; the transact ions reach 1200 ibis including ordinary (rcnusee; Black Ruck (tin ,nd Michigan at *5 26 a 5 31 %; pure Uenesi e n (5 50 a fi<J 00; fancy Oliio at $6 00 a 0 25, nn> xtra at $7 00 a 7 50. Of Southern, we nutic ales of 150 barrels Howard street. Alexan li ,nd Georgetown at $0 a $0 12%. Rye Klour ! < ,nd no sales transpired. Corn Meal Is firm at f> or Jersey, with sales of 200 barrels. Whe [ here is but little doing; we quote for Oenesee > .ml Ohio #1 20 a H 30 Rte is a shade lower. iim? (XXi bushels have been taken at On a "Or. Corn soils 1] iretty freely: wehcarof 1500 bushel* prime Jor*ey ut Jj >?Jo. and mm? lot* of mix<>d We-tern at 60o Tho 1 ale* yesterday reached 40.000 bushel*. Oats j .re steady and *nleabl? at our former quotation* J Oim?Lln*eed still continue* to advance ; rale* of I '.nglish at ft*c. cash. and American at 6t?c. Provisions?There Is but little movement in Ohio 'ork thin 'norning. the sale* not exceeding 100 bbl* . blinding Met<* at fO 87>* a f 10, and Prime at J-7 87l, a >8 Reef lit without change. Pickled Meat* rule steady, here have been *aleti of 140 tierce*, had*, and bbln .lain cured Hams at 4', a 4 V,. and Shoulder* at -'IS, a 1^. I.ard I* held firm at 6',' for prime; sales of 160 bhls ,t that figure, nn<' "3 do fair at O1^. Butter?Small ale* of Ohio at 13c. Rick?We report *ale? of 00 tlercc*, fuir quality, nt .3 31 < P< ' 1W> "? Wnnirr continue* steady, with sales of Triton ,t 21c Ti-mdat. May 30 0 r M The market for flour continued about the same, bough sale* were not *o freely made to-day a* yester- | lay. The parcel* disposed of. embraced chiefly Osweo, Michigan. Oenesc?, Ohio, fcc. A *mall sain of Ohio rhcat was made, on term* stated below Sa'c* of corn rere again freely made, at *onie lower rat#* for comnon qualltle* of Western mixed, fcc., while good We*, ern and Northern round, and flat yellow, wa* in fair leinand at steady prices. Salt-* of meal Were prett v reely made on terms stated below, llye was dull, rhile oat* remained about tho *ame. We refer to our digraph head for report* from Buffalo. Sic . of to day rovlslon* In tbl* murket *howed no material change loderate sale* of pork wer?> made at yesterday's rates anl continued firm, and sales were again made nt teady price*. Orocerle* shewed no material change, rhlle transactions were made to a fair extent, espe ially In *ngar. which continued active Amir* Sale* of 300 bhls Pot* were reported at ?4 2,i I .4 37', Tearls were steady, at Receipts down th? I (udson River, 442 bbl* \shc*. B*r.Ai)?Tt > r??Flour?The sale* footed up 4000a ,'mnm) ibis. In varlou* lot*. Including among other parcel* 00 bbl* I.ockport, at >5 2.'? , about _00 ilo. pure to , ancy Oenesee. in lot*, at *,*? 87 \ a ; 000 do. \?>h|. i ;an. at $5 2.1 a ft 31 Vji The remainder ron*i*ted of I >*wego. Michigan, common Oenesee. fcc. at 1>.'> 25 ; 00 bbl* Ohio, round hoop, sold at .'? ftO Southern rmalned steady at about 12'f. with moderate sales i'hrnl Sales of 1000 bushel* Ohio, were made at I2lr. i 1 considerable lot of Oenesee was In negoclatlon yes- I erday afternoon, and a sort of conditional *ale made. J int the term* depending on future coiitlngencie*. we || id not deem It necessary to report It. (.'{tin Sales of il 2 a 13 OoO bushels Western mixed were made at 4Mc a If He. .'loon do. Jersey yellow. Were made at fifle ; ami II j INK) to 11000 do. New Orleans, were made at 4Se : and ifMIM Mil lot heated do. was reported at 47 V. some hm1"? J J I leraet ,V?lb>w were reported nt / >."> ,e Mral Sales JM f .'MM) bhls New Jersey were made at f'J 60; and 1100 do, V float, at $2 431j'e ftyr remained inactive at 70c. Hyr H fl ,nut Sale* of 300 bbl* were made at f3 fill1,. Otili HI L , , .. ?

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