Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 1, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 1, 1848 Page 1
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JILv JBm Wholr No. 5111# IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. b V ARRIVAL ;; OF niK STEAMSHIP UNITED STATES, 1 9 n AFTER A J SPLENDID PASSAGE OVER THE ATLANTIC, j FOUR DAYS LATER INTELLIGENCE. qc TERRIBLE SCENES OF DISORDFR IN PARIS, e Invasion of the National Assembly " by the Populace. | a EXPULSION OF THE MEMBERS. b IYI0RE TROUBLE IN PRUSSIA. p Affairs in the Northern States of Burope. ' * THE GREAT BATTLE IN ITALY. j, DEATH of lord ashmirton. THE STATE TRIALS IN IRELAND. ? G THE MARKETS. '? &c. &c. &e. a n The American Ocean Steamship United States, a Captain HackstafT, arrived at this port at an early hour yesterday morning, after a passage across the j Atlantic of thirteen and a half dayt. ,She sailed from Liverpool on the afternoon of the 17th instant, and our advices are to that date, C inclusive. I! The United States experienced very heavy weather duung the passage. *' The intelligence is four days later, and of the tl highest importance. # The capital of the French republic was in a state of the greatest disorder a and confusion, in consequence of an attempt of the c communists to overthrow the existing governinent. The news from all parts of the European Conti- ^ nent is of battles and revolutions. tl Inhere had been a decline in wheat. All kinds j of grain wer? dull. n There is no material change in the money mar- ^ ket. It is stated that Windmuller, Brothers Co., p of iTamburg, had failed. Also, that fourteen or fifteen failures had occurred in Norway and Swe- o den, chiefly at Christiana. G A. Droege, Havana and Bremen merchants, have also suspended. J Cotton had improved one-eighth of a penny. The British Pirliament was in session ; the de- ft bate on the navigation laws began on the 15th w u'.t. The result of this debate will be of con- j siderable importance to the United States. In a speaking of this deb#te, the London ChronicU of the lfitli ult. says :? ?i There is no mistaking the language hold by Prussia. } on behalf of a large part of Germany, on this subject; V anil u nless we comply with tho reasonable wishes of tliu United State*, expressed through Mr. Bancarft. they tl also will geite the first opportunity of placing our mer- J ohanti and manufacturers under a ban. d Lord Ashburton died on the 14th inst., at Long- ft leat, Wiltshire, the seat of his grandson, the youth- w lul Marquis of Bath. lie was in his 75th year. ^ Our l^ondon Dfujiatcli. oi London, May 16th, 184S. t'j It is difficult to compress into a small space, the ni imporiant intelligence I have to communicate tod.iy. it was a clever remark of an eminent writer, t( that he had not time to write short letters. The 11 social and political depths of Europe are foaming, pi boiling, roaring, and lashing against the rocky ^ sides of the mSmorable year 1348, on the sharp ti points of which so many crowns have been P wrecked. My letter of last Saturday will have a' prepared you in some measure for the present. tl A second attempt at a revolution has taken place at Madrid. A whole regiment rose against the n government, and a fierce conflict ensued?nuni- ^ hers fell. General Fulgosio was killed on the side bi of the government, and Don Velo, formerly depu- " ty for Grenada, who commanded the insurgents, tl fell mortally wounded at the first discharge. ? Narvaez ordered the artillery to play upon the in- ? siirgent?, and declared Madrid in a state of siege. Two or three (hundred men were killed. On the. following day, thirteen of the principal actors of pi the insurgents wero led out and shot. One of N them, nil officer, was carried in a litter to the place I n ot execution, he having been severely wounded | V in the fight. d< I sent you a long description in my last of the J* revolution in Poland. It has been impossible for tj the brave and valiant Poles to resist the over- ^ whelming forces of Prussia, and Mierorlawski [a has been compelled to give way. It is even reported that he has surrendered unconditionally; JJj but this is far from certain. The insurrection is it still vigorously carricd out, though it is to be re. gretted that nets of horrible cruelty are perpetrated ai on both sides. Put this Polish question has " brought the movement at Paris to a head, and, on . Monday, nn attempt was made to get up a second revolution at Piris, and to overthrowlthe new gov< rnment. The details ol this movement reached c', Loudon on this day. 7'iie attempt has happily ?? jvovtd a failuie. Intervention in favor of Poland was the pretext of this movement. ci The French Republic The Attempted Revo- p'( lutlon, die. die. hi Paris, May 15?fi P. M. I have just returned from witnessing one of the ^ moat extraordinary scenes ever seen in this or any bl . other?country. To-day the National Assembly was invaded by. the populace, the members ex- H polled, the Assembly dissolved by Hubert, a con- y ihimnt politique ; and" at the moment when I am writing, we do not know whether the republican ?0 government is at nn end or.not. One thing cert.iin nt is, that we are in the midst of confusion and anar- ^ chy. I shall uot attempt to describe the scene cr which took place, as ydu will find it fuHy givfn J1' below. W Paris, May 15?fi P. M. 11 The i>eonle forcibly entered tiie National As- tl penibly. M. Hubert rose, and proclaimed,iin the K1 * name of the people, the dissolution of the A stem- ^ bly. l'uris is ill confusion. ISlanqui, llarbes, tt Conrtgs, and Raspail are qjrested. Thin evening, about fiO.OOO persons marched t>' ftom the iiastile to the chambers, forced the gates, rushed to the tribunes, nnd instantly, mingling k< with members of the Assembly, filled every part jj| of the hall. 1 tit .The delegates of the clubs spoke from the tri- jjj btine, and proposed motions, which were carried *{< by acclanntion. Tlvp chamber was declatal dis- ?? salved, and a new government was appointed, con- r)> sistiug of Hlanqni, Raspail, Hubert, Ledru Kollin, (J BArbes, Louis Blanc, and others. The troops of *,r, the line, infantry, nnd cavalry, were called out,and in jlie National (iijards and the Garde Mobile placed j^1 underarms, j n3 After fnuch uproar and confusion, the populace become intimidated by the troops, left the Assem- j hi % - - " - -v- B-rjevrfE NE JVJ lv, iind marched to the Hotel de Ville. Meanwhile the Assembly resinned its session, and the lational Guards followed to drive out the popuice. The National #uards, as well as the troops of :ie line, maintained their allegiance to the Xation1 Atisembly. The facts not known at the lourse. Threes, last quoted, were 44; fives, C(i. Takh, Monday Keening. Fire o'clock. This begin* the day fixed for the debate on the Polish uustion. A procession headed by the leaders of the ?- '1-- A caamMw in rvt n no. Ition. There were very many troop* on guard; the rowd forced their way into the hall of the Assembly, nd after a scone of great confusion, expelled the lembers, and Hubert, in the name of the people, delarcd the Assembly diasolved. The rabble haabeen beaten, and the National Guard re now collecting on all aides, crying "Fire la AtttmIr Rationale." It i* said that Louis Blanc and a party of the leadrs of the clubs hayu gone to the Hotel de Ville to prooso a new government. Six o'clock. It is said that a committee of public aaMv has been >roclaimed, composed o"f M. N. L. Blanc, Albert, LeIru Rollin, Flocon, Barbes, liluu.jui. Hubert, and two iher members of clubs. The Executive Government is now sitting, and it 8 said will call the National Assembly together this vening. Paris. May 15, Monday Evening, o o'clock. Tho clubs this day marchod in procession to the Naional Assembly ; not being opposed by the National Guards, thoy took posaession of the chamber. Blanui harangued the assembly, declaring that if tho raptl was beaten, it would be troason, and the traitor ealt with. Hubert, with the red flag wuving over him, lounted the tribuno, declared the assembly dissolved, nd the following provisional government uamed :? ( abet, Barbes. Huber, Proudhoininu. Ledru Rollin, ouis Blanc, Blanqui. Pierre Leroux, Uuapail?all Comnunists. Paris is in consternation ! Tho troops aro marching up tho Boulevards. Half-fast Six.?It is just said that the National iuards are protecting the National Assembly and the [otel do Ville, and better hopes are accordingly felt. Paris, May 15, Monday Evening. 6 o'clock. Paris was in a stato of excitement t^-day. from an nrly hour?this morning being fixed for tho great deloustration on the part of the Paris clubs in {pvor of lie Poles. An attempt apon the part of the clubs and worklg classes to intimidate the National Assembly would, t aDy time, cause just alarm and excitement in tho spital; but on the present occasion the excitemcnt is reatly increased by the postponement of the fraternity >ast. which was to have taken plaoe yesterday. A ast number of strangers from all parts of Franco, and ven from foreign countries, have flocked into Paris to itness the proceedings; and their disappointment at ie postponement may be easily conceived. Among liose who have the greatest cause of complaint are the elegates sent from the departments, of whom a vast umber have arrived, and who had not an idea of the o.-tponement. Yesterday morning the delegates of about forty doartments met at the Palais National (ci-dtvant Palais loyal) to concert together what they should do in consquonce of the postponement of the fite to the '21st f May. Atter a consultation, they appointed a depuLtiou to wait upon the Miuister of the Interior, and 3 demand explanations. The deputation was kept 'alting for three hours by the minister, and when at mt received, they demanded that 'he fete .should take lace on Tuesday next. To this the minister replied liat he could not accede to the demand, but that he ould that instant consult with the executive commit. ?e of government, and would send an answer to the dogates at throe o'clock to the 1'lace Vendome. where meeting was appointed. At three o'clock the deleatos met at the Plaeo Vendome. but no answer arivod. At four o'clock a new committee was form1, which went into tlio court of tlio Ministry of ustice to consult. There the committee was soon )ined by M. Klocon, and soon afterwards the linister of the Interior arrived, and announced lat the fit* could not take place beforo Sunay. but Uiat the government was willing to give the elegatci four gratuitous representations at tho theares This proposition was received with contempt ud derision, and the agitation was getting very great hen M. Hecurt proposed that on Tuesday theriliould be a grand review of the National Guard. to bieh the delegates should be invited for tho purpose f fraternising. and at which (lags would be distributed 'his proposition did not appear to give more satisfiu?on than the other, and the parties separated very tuch dissatisfied with each other. In the evening uother meeting took place, when it was resolved that >1 the provincial delegates should join the procession day. which is to go to tho National Assembly to lake a manifestation in favor of the Poles. The National Guards of Kouen and Havre, and other laces within twenty-five league" of Paris, arrived on iiturday evening to be present at the fete of next day. The Kxecutive government has issued a proclamaon. calling upon the people to observe order, and onmlaining of the crowds of people to bo seen assembled 1 the stroets. and thereby creating astonishment and larm to the peacoful inhabitants. The following is 10 proclamation: ? " Paris, May 14. 1848. " Citizens?Tho public is founded on order, and canot subsist but by order; *with order alone you can ave work, with order alone the great question of tinmelioration of the position of the working olassescan t properly examined and resolved ; tho truth you ave comprehended, and all Franco has applauded our attitude, at once so resolute and so calm From le day that external manifestations, the inevitable ssults, of the firi-t d.iy of a revolution, ceased, conti unco began to revive, and with it commerce and ma nfactures. However, since yesterday Paris has again ulield some gatherings of people, which producod in ion's minds fresh uneasiness. Paris was astonisli1 at it. but not alarmed. Citizens, the rcublic is now quick with life, tho government constituted, the whole people moves and acts in the ational Assembly. Force and right are there?they are ot, they cannot be elsewhere. Why. then, these galerings? The right of meeting, tho right, ot iscussion. the right of petition, aro sacrod; i not compromise them, by external and impruant agitations which can add not h! rig to their rength. Citizens, public tranquillity Is < :ie guaranr of labor, tho safeguard of all interests. Tlio commit, e of the executive power, convinced that all intement to illegal or senseless manifestations destroy" ,bor and compromises the existence of tho people, will ike care to maintain with vigor, and in every place tranuillity when menaced. The committee for the aecom[ishmcnt of that duty appeals to all si nc?ro republicans, reckons on that excellent spirit of the population of iris, which has hitherto protected, and will still proict. the revolution, as well against rcactiou as against narchy. An a?o?Oarmi b Taoki?Ma air?Lamartime?Lr.d*i IIoi.lin, Members of the Kxocvtive Tower. "Paowerre. Secretary." Taria, May J5?0 o'clock Tho people, on forcing their way into tho Assembly. ink possession of all the sunt* they could And. They klloU for war. The Assembly refused eompllance, -y "tf thoy would taku the matter into consideration. TUu National Guards aru marching in column* of ns of thousands on tho Assembly. The utmost extemont pruvails I have just seen several men arstod and brought off as prisoner! who were caught >sting up exciting placards. A cry that - treason" us beon committed against the government by certin lendcis of the National Guards and Gardes Moles, is general. If the government be overthrown, there Is every proibility of ^ civil war, for the departments would arch on Paris, The pi>ople are said to have taken possession of the otel de V'ille. The various clubs and the workmen of the Jiltlirrt alionanx met on this morning on the Boulevard*, and 'terward* repaired to the Place de la Bantille. At 11 clock they proceeded to the National Assembly, blowing (he Boulevards, headed by the presidents ' the clubs and several officers, both of the regular oops and National Guards. Among the latter wero colonel and a lieutenant colonel. I could not ns rtain to which legion they belonged, but most the other officers belonged to the twelfth fgion, which is commanded by M. Barbed.? 'hen the procession reached the bridge de la Concorde, was guarded by a small body of National Guards. wli? ere forced by the mob to remove their bayonets from icir inuekcts On reaching the l'alais Bourbon, a neral.in full uniform, who was standing on the steps the palace facing the bridge, came down to receive le delegates who bore the petition; one, or Several of iem. I could not ascertain which, entered. The pro ssion. after a short stand at the back of the palace, oceeded to the TMaec du Palais Bourbon. A small >dy of Garde Nationnle Mobile was drawn up In front the palace, and received the procession with fixed lyonets. A workman. Immediately selling the inus t of one of the men. took off the bayonet, returned m his arm. and urged the rest to remove their hayo>ts also, as resistance was useless, whatever might be eir orders. The procession then stood some time on ic place. Shortly after, some began to shout. " Open ie door*!" when a man scaled the wall on the right ie of the gates, and. with a standard in his hand, gcd the crowd to follow him During the scaling the wall, several persons offered a slight slstance ; some officers of the National uards attempted to push the men off Genal t'wurtais soon appeared, and after an in (focal attempt to prevent one or two persons from entergtlie court, he retired. The doors were now thrown >en. and the mob rushed In. Very shortly after the port of a musket was heard, and the people began to r. and shout, "To arms !" I was told that some were spatehed to convey the news and prepare the people r resistance It was soon reported that the musket id gone off by accident. The greatest irritation pre ***> ? 4*rtrtt W YC m 2W YORK. THURSDAY J ailed among the mob A stuff officer of tho National Guard wont into tlio Assembly, uud promised the poopl? to lot them know what wan going on. He soon came out. and informed those who surrounded him that tho question had the warmest sympathies of tho Assembly, and that they would immediately take tho matter into consideration. That information was very ill recoived by tho mob?one man exclaimed, " We are the master*:'' others. '-Wo will have no such answer! " It must be yes or no We will not leavo the spot till war has been declared." See The troops appeared to be muueuuvering to surround tho palace. A large body of the (Jarde Mobile was drawn up on the stop* that face tho bridge, uud troops were arriving on all sides. . TilK SCENE IN THE FRENCH NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, MONDAY, MAY 15. The President took the chair at twelve o'clock. " la going to thi) Chamber.'' says the reporter of the London Chronicle. ' I found a considerable number of National Guards posted under tho trees of the Tuilerieg. with their arms piled, and apparently ready to act at u moment's notice, should their assistance bo required. This act was deemed necessary in consequence of a strong manifestation of the people being expected in favor of Poland. The small wicket at the corner of the garden next the bridge was closed, but the whole of the walks in that direction were covered with spectators. 1 On the quay deputations were arriving, each man bear- | ing a green branch, and all crying. 'Pice la Polrgne : Noar the chamber itself, next the bridge, there were porsons assembled, but nothing of any importance. At , the other side, however, down the Hue de llourgoigne. a j considerable crowd was crllected. and others were ar- ! riving every moment, some with drums beating, and i others with drums beating and oolors flying M. Deranck presented the proposition of a deoreo, to tho effect that Algeria henceforward forms part of France, and that the French subjects in Algeria shall be governed by the same laws and constitution as those on the Continent." He should call on the assembly to have this matter considered in the public sitting of the next day. (Cries of no, no.) Fiutlly, it was referred to the committee on Algeria. The President read a number of declarations from various representatives who had been returned for more than one department, declaring for which they selected to git. Amongst >theui wo heard Cien. Cavaignac deciding for the Somme. MM. de Lamartine, Ledru Rollin, and Gamier Pages for the Seine, and M. Cremieux for the Loire et Indre. The Preside*!- read a letter from M. Beranger, declaring that if there was anything that could cause him to forget his age, it would be the flattering letter which he had received from the President, dedai ing that the National Assembly refused to accept his resignation of his seat amongst them. He had. however, again to entreat them to allow him to remain in his privacy, and from a distance contemplate their labors for the welfare of Franco. The Chamber, being consulted, decided that his resignation should be aocepted. The order of the dfly was tho interpellations relative to Italy. M. D'Aragon had been delighted to hear of the revolution at Milan. He did not think tho provisional government had been sufficiently decided in its support of that movement, but as he did not wish to embarrass tho executive committee at tho moment of its birth, he should content himself with calling on the Minister of Foreign Affairs to say what principle was to guido the government in its policy relative to Italy. M. Bastide, tho Minister of Foreign Affairs, ascondod the tribune, and read, in a very indistinct voice, a paper ou the subject before the Chamber. Ho declared that the gnrernment felt the greatest sympathy for Italy, and that if its aid was required, it would certainly think itself hound to afford it. No intervention had boon demauded by Italy, and consequently France had not been placed in the position to grant it or refuse it. The government now established in France wished to carry out a system of moderation ; it aimed at no conquest; its greatest ambition was, to bo strong at home, by the Internal organization of the country. It would endeavor, as much as possible, to avoid war: but if from tho course of events, such an event was unfortunately to take place, it would act with vigor. The treaties of 1814 aiirf 1815 had been destroyed for ever; but France am not intent!. on mat. account, rustnug unnecossarily into war. Ilcr conduct would depend on the oourso of events. M. D'Araoon thought that tho Hon. Minister had noftspoken explicitly enough on tho question before tho Assembly. What ho (M. d'Aragon) wanted to know was. if tho provisional government had taken steps to show Austria that she must make such concession/as would satisfy tho Italians. For his part, he should not be satisfied if a single Austrian soldier remained in Italy. He must again ask the Hon. Minister to give more precise information to the Assembly. M. de Lamarti.nk said, that since the questions of Italy and Peland had been brought forwaiU for the same day. he would ask permission to reply at the fame time to both. When tho question of Poland was presently brought forward, he should endeavor not to leave the slightest doubt in npy ruin's mind about the views and wishes of the government on thoso two subjects. (Hear, hear.) M. Wolowski then ascended the tribune to apeak on Poland. [Just as the honorable minister began to speak, a sound reached the interior of the Chamber of shouting outside. The sound became every moment louder and louder, and in the Assembly itself at last a dead silence took placo " This, however, was not necessary." says our reporter, ' to enable the persons iusido to hear the continuous noise of the multitude tutsldo. Without wishing to exaggerate, or to appear to write fine. 1 can declare with truth that it was more like the loud roar of the ocean on a stormy day than anything else."' Aftor awhile, the doors outside were knocked against violently.] A Member then rose and said : Let tho doors of the hail be rinsed. (Hear, hear.) A tumult here arose from the efforts of men outside to get in. Suddenly the doors of tho Chamber were pui-hed open, and a number of representatives, who had been in tho committee rooms, hurried in and took their places. The President?I must request every member to keep his seat. The utmost order is^iecossary. M. Wolowski attempted to goon, but every member van evidently occupied with the noiso coming from outside. M. Dcsoi'uk here ascended the tribune amidst cries of order, order ! " ' go on, go on ! " to M. Wolowski. I havo to announce." said M. Degousse, " that contrary to the wishes of the President, the commander of the National (juard has ordered his men ?ot to act. to replace their bayonets in tho scabbard ! '' [Inilccribable agitation followed this announcement, which wag increased still more when tho tribunes at the end of the hall were violently invaded by an immense crowd o' people, who entered, bearing banners and branches of trees, and crying Vive la Po/ogne." The ladies in the galleries then becoming frightened, a rush was made to the doors, but the representatives rose, and by voices and signs entreated them to remain quiet. This, indeed, became absolutely nccessary, as at this time were again heard the heavy soutid of blows attacking the buildings below. Tho ladies accordingly reseated themselves, palo and terrified, but. 1 must do them tho justice to say. more firm than a seen* to them sodrendful might have led one to expect.] M. Climckt Thomas appeared on tho tribune, and ooutrived to make himself heard, whilst ho said that a large body of the people wero outside, and moved by sympathy for the people, wished to present a petition in their favor. Tho tumult here recommenced, shouting proceeding alike from the people, and answering cries from the members who were seated, and from a crowd of other members who had collected around the tribune : when M. Barbes ascended and endeavored to muke himself heard. Several members got up beside him, and endeavored to prevent him speaking. One old meiribor in white hair even laid hands on him. while ho held firm, persisting in his attempt. The other members then proceeded in the plan of drowning bis voice, so that it was impossible to hear more than the deafening sound of many voices. M. Uarbes over and over again held out his hand to sp?ak. and each time was greeted by cheers from the peoplo in the galleries, aud by exclamations from the members of the Chamber. The President hero left the chair, and was on the instant replaced by one of the Vice Presidents. Uarbes held his place, and a member, having got beside him. addressed tho members who were round the tribute as if in condemnation of that gentleman, and was loudly choered. In the reporters' gallery it was impossible to hear a word. At this moment a shot was heard from outside. n ml the moment lifter. a crowd of the people. having made good their attack on the ('hatnber. rushed in in immense crowd*, anil at once went down to th? end of the hall In triumph; the shout* from the tHbune* increased, and the people about lot themselves down (pcrh.ip* for- 1 ty feet, by the pillar*) to join their comrade* below Tho*o who had entered carried (lag*. and one of tliem having " Vive la Pologna" Inscribed on it. became an object of contention amongst some of the new coiner*, and the descendant* from the tribune. The object apparently was to h:ive the honor of carrying it a* an exproa*ion of their wi*he* to the President'* chair Men were knocked down, and the *cene became ho vlolent, that the female part of the auditory got at last truly terrified, and inado u precipitate retreat. A few, however, still remained. liarbcs still n-mainiug in the tribune, the crowd of j people, all in blouse*, collected round the tribune, stretched out their hand* to him with enthusiasm, and looked up to him as if to their deliverer Not a word could be heard. The crowd became every moment thicker. The seat* behind the deputies were invaded from the doors behind, and soine^f the crowd In the body of the house endeavoring to go up the i step* to join their comrade*, and being prevented by the deputies, the latter were struck and borne down by the rush 9 At thi* moment the reporter*' gallery, which previou*ly had ticen spared, was in it* turn entered, and the door?t myriglft hand being opened, an immense flag wa* pushed forward, and crossing iny line of vision, gave ine the first intimation that I had troublesome neighbors. An immense crowd (for *o narrow a space) at once stood at iny right hand, and I had beside* the felicity of having men standing on the seat behind me. one on each side. The situation wa* not pleasant; but wi'are the creature* of habit, and I continued writing what you are now reading, with tolerable tranquillity. Juntas my new acquaintance* had fettled tbemselve* to their satisfaction, M liaspail. the well-known ?eceutrie republican and chemist, appeared in the tribune with a paper in hi* hand. whl?h he endeavored to read to the Assembly. The effort was vain; the voice* continued to thunder forth like the poise of a cataract. Tb? ear* were rent, but notbiogoould be heard. 1 0 IRK 1 MORNING, JUNE 1, 184 Many of the people asceuJed the tribune near hint and there they stood for ?om>' minutes m tpeclaclt umidsl cries of" Vive la llepubliquo "' " Vivo la Pologne !" Very few of the representatives stirred from their plac?* during this icenc of unheard of turbulence, which far exceeded, for noise and tumult, the aieraurable Hitting of February 24. M. Loi'ii Blanc then got up on the railing clofle to the resident's chair, and. alter mauy effort'', obtained a hearing Cltiiens. said he. I propose to you that this petition of the people, in favor of Poland, be read in the Assembi/. [Tremendous shouts from the intruders ] The people are calm in their force, and the petition ought to be read and discussed at once, that It inav not be said that the people have, by their entering here, sinned against their own sovereignty. [Renewed cheers and acclamations | . During the pause which occurred whilst these, few words were uttered, wo could hear the sound strongly audible, of the people outside coming in. M. Kasi'aii. then read the petition, and at the conclusion of some of the passages tremendous acclamamutions arose. [Whilst he is reading it. I may state that the shot which was heard, proceeded from** musket which went dii ny aociuciu. ju.u ai Madame l.amartine wan crossing the court of tho Palais National, to get out of the dreadful scene inside. She wax much alarmed at the scone in the interior. and still more so when the shot was tired, but she got safely. I understand'away The people, however, on hearing the shot, made a simultaneous rush forward, and had all the muskets at oaco examined, to see if tho others were loaded.] The petition concluded with the words, " Viva la Pologne and this cry was taken up with such a shout as I cannot find words to express to you?It came sharp, loud, and universal, like the discharge of n cannon-shot, only lasting for a considerable time. M. Bakhki then mounted on the estrade near the President's chair, and thus dominating the Assembly succeeded in making himself hoard. Near him on onr

sido stood a gentleman in a fustian jacket, ami behind one in a sort of grey summer suit, such as is worn by messengers. He said that he should propose that the National Assembly declare that the people of Paris hail merited well of their?country. (Tremendouff applausi from the people themselves.) At this moment I pcrceived M. Blanqui in thc^tribune, and several men. of rather more respectable appeuraifre. who, I was told, were delegates of tho clubs. My neighbors of the people had by this time been pressing on mc so dreadfully that the heat became thai of an oven ; I therefore offered one of them part of 1113 seat, and was obliged to remaiu la that position t< the end. M. U1.Aim-1 at last succeeded in obtaining a hearing and addressed the Assembly In favor of Poland. [Th< wholo tribune was filled at the same time with people whilst others stood in a mass at the foot of the tribune or occupied tho seats of the messengers or ushers dowr the centre.] After speaking of the necessity of harmf a strong will and a universal determination manifested in France in favor of Poland, (which sentiment was o course tremendously applauded.) he proceeded to speal of thu massacres of Hoitcn. and demanded that th< prisons of that city should be opened, and the peopl( confined there for tho late disturbances, set at liborty [Renewed applause.] M. Clbment Thomas, one of tho representatives, am colonel of the 2d legion, hero rose in his placo. aud said 1 demand permission to speak. ThW caused every cyi to be turned towards him; but M. Ui.AMqui continued?Wo want that tho Natlona Assembly should at once pay attention to the wants o: the people?[loud cheors], Tho people had been to< much neglected by the provisional government?[re peated cheers]. There must bo a special Minister ol Labor?[reiterated chocrs], The Assembly must, with out intermission, without stop, without mauifestatioi of fatigue, continuously concert together, to give work to give bread to tho people?[cheering as before]. The people by this time filled the whole hougo?(none however, with arms, though some had sticks). All u( the side passages and the whole of the centre of tin house, presented a sea of heads. There appeared not thi slightest chance of the scene coming to a conclusion when suddenly a loud cry of " Vive Hollin'' arose. A man was seen forcing his way through tho crowd, am the moment after? M. Ledru Rolli* ascended the tribuno, and was re colved with universal acclamations from the people He alluded to the justice of their demand in favor o Poland; spoke of the admirablo good sense of the peopli of Paris: declared the people had set thoir gricvancei before the Assembly with justice, and that without doubt they would bo properly attended to. Iiut in would appeal to their sense of justice. If It were possible to deliberate in such a tumult. Ho railed on them tw withdraw on the instant, and allow tho National Assembly to do its duty and decide what was to be uonc. |w? was louuiy appiauuod, except at ine close, when murmurs rose.] Voices?Let it vote at once! Tht matter has been sufficiently debated ! ltre have enlightened the Jissembly ! An irruption of the delegate* of the club* here burnt into the reporters' gallery, and two of the men, advancing on the bed of the gallery. stood there unsupported, demanding to be heard. They could not. howuver. succeed iu their attempt. They told me they belonged to tho various corporations, and that they were about (JiO in all. at that moment in the house. They forced gome of the other* to give way. and remained close to where I was trying to writo. The same men-informed me that there were at least 250.000 men outside. The whole of the Place do la Concorde. tho Boulovards de la Madeleine and les Capucinos being completely filled. ' But what do you all want now ?" I asked. " What we want !" they retorted ; " we want a special Minister of Labor, and that aid sh'ould he given by France to Italy and Poland. That is what wo want, and that is what we must have ! We want nothing more. Look at tho flag of Poland displayed below iu the Chamber ; wo want that to bo seen, with our own tricolwr. at the head of our armies The Polish (lag was in fact beneath us. with those of the ' Ateliers Nationaux,'' the ' Organization de Travail," and others. A Delegate and a PoMrira successively addressed the crowd from thrt tribune, most probably recommending them to withdraw, far almost immediately Hfter. the tribune was evacuated. A movement also was perceptible towards the door, but it wa< only for a moment. The human tide was turned back by tho same exterior force, and again every thing was in confusion A cry was also raised now. that " the tribune was giving way !" Kvery one looked towards the tribune at the end, from which several men were seen letting themselves do-n hastily into the Chamber. No accident, however, took place, all the alarm being caused by a cracking noise of some of the timber work The whole Chamber was by this time filled as if with steam from the perspiration of the crowd. M. Bahhf.s here again appeared in the tribune, and addressed the crowd. The first thing heard was? A fixed tax of a milliard shall bo levied on tho rich, to carry 011 war for Poland." All tho cheers of tho day woro mere trifles to that which now burst forth. I thought it would never cease. Just as it was dying away. Louis Blanc was recognised amongst the crowd, and being lifted on their shoulders. wan borne to the end of the hall In triumph, (the loud was not a heavy one.) amidst tho loudest cries of Vive Louis Blanc." The delegates, who had by this time lost all sen** of politeness, and got completely before mc, prevented my seeing what became of the body thus proceeding in their ovation. A cry hero arote, ' they are beating the rappel" Which having been repeated, it was answered by the dreadful XOUBMkliOB ofAux Armes ' " Thin did not. however, meet with much encouragement Let them beat it Pwhat is that In u? In the midst of the uproar and emotion excited by these exclamations. M. Bahsu again addressed the crowd \nd said that tho people having manifestly merited we 1 >t their country. whoever should order the i appel to be beaten should be declared a traitor to his cwuntry. and horn la hit! [A* usual, thunders of applause greeted the speaker ] All this time the President (who bad made but a short stay outside) was from time to time ringing his inefficient bell, as if to show that the National Assembly was but an empty sound, and that was there to proclaim it. It was. certainly, a most extraordinary scene, and. to one accustomed to.the order aud dignity which marks the proceedings in the Knglish House of Parliament. a melancholy on#, to see the representatives of the people sitting in?tionluss. an I their calling gone, whilst the people themselves seized on theirj'unctions. But a new orator had taken possession of the tribnne. and by the silence which followed his advent, he was svidentiy a favorite of the crowd. I found him to be }|. Hi'bkkv. who had been a political prisoner in the time of the firmer government. itizens." he cried. " I proclaim, in the name of the tovereign people of France, that the Xational .Itiemhly is ditsolred."? [ What shouting arose here it is useless to attempt to describe?I thought it would never cease ] I here looked out over the heads of tho people before me and found that the mist of which I have already ipoken had Increased to such a pitch that it was not sasy to see below But I could perceive that the estrade *hcre the President's chair was placed, the tribune ybere the orators spoke from, the benches where the vpresentatives were were all covered with men in ilouses in their shirtsleeves?in the short jacket of he workman. Klags were waving?men were shouting -a paper on the end of a pole bore the words, "Fran lit tecaurt u la I'olngne All was a scene of such conusion that at tlrst the eye could catch uothing: it was in inextricable mass of the people and their attributes I'he representatives had gone ; the seats opposite, i vhere the public hail been seated in gay attire at the i leginning of the silting, were now held by the men >f the people. All was confusion worse confounded. By degrees, however, the crowd got tired of remainugin so unaccustomed a position - they gradually les- | ened in numbers Tho chant ' da depart," was sung >y some of them: a cry of " ,9ii.t armei ! *1ht nrmet irose amongst others Women flitted about amongst he men: the delegates who had been at my right side lad all disappeared. I found myself the onlj reporter It, and not seeing what further good I could do. in he way of sending an account, I thought it as well to eave the gallery. When I went out I found the National Ouards In he greatest agitation, crying out that they had been tetrayed by Oeneral Courtais. I met afterwards the Irst and second legions advancing to the National Paace in great indignation, and crying " I'ire I'.lttem/(>'' National?." The greatest agitation prevailed in the streets, every ne trying to learn what had taken place At the moment the courier left, it was stated that the ^atlonsl Ouards had possessed themselves of. and are irotecting tjie Chamber and the Hotel de Ville. It is also reported that M. M Blatiqui. I,nuis Blanc, Jarbes. Kaspail. Courtais, together with several other ihlefs of the communist party, had proclaimed thom I ?? # SERA 8. , selve? a provisional governuieut. and that they w^re , immediately arrested. [l-'roin the London Telegraph, May 10 ) Yesterday we bad to refer to alarming una >r?of war; to-day they are lout for the innate lit by news of further great disturbances in Paris. According to the accounts we have received, an immense nuialiir of persons marched at 11 o'clock on Monday from the ll.Htilo tc the Hall of the National Assembly, forced open tlx doors, and mingled with the deputies. In their uame or#as he said, In the name of the pooplo, M. iiuberl then deolared the Assembly dissolved By some of thi self elected deputies a new government wan appointed ' but either the gentlemen named refused the honor, oi their supporters were not numerous enough to give effect to their wishes, and the insurrectionists did not succeed in their object, though they created much momentary disturbance. The National Guard, the Garde Mobile, and the troops of the lino, were called out. and remained true to the goveruuidnt. Their imposing attitude intimidated the rioters, and without any fighting. as far a?our account goes, the latter retreated from ; the Assembly. The uproar was immense, but nothiuu worse came of the irruption; and after the people retired, the National Assembly resumed its sitting. It wan expected at the hour of post. that a conflict wight take placa between the populace and the National Guard; the former huving gone to the Hotel de Vllle to establish a committee of public safety. Bliinijui. Barbes. ( ourtaia, and Ka*pall. who were named the provisional government, it is said have been arrested.? This is one of those outbreaks of which we may expect many. Ambition is let loose by the destruction of the old power, and the only safety for the nation is in the great number aud the conflict of rival ambitions. Wo anticipate from this outbreak no very disastrous consequence*. if the alarms generated by it do not stimulate the government, on pretence of providing for the public safety, to take measurea for permanently rei straining the liberties of the people and permanently 1 establishing their own power. M. Kmilc Oirardln. in the Prrsse, seems to have been somewhat in the secrets ' of the insurrectionists, aud therefore we prosume the 1 government was at least equally well informed. He be. ' gins his Monday's paper by saying? ' -The fate of liberty iu Kranco will perhaps bo decided this day (the 15th of May). If the atl interem government and the National Assembly evince a want of firmness, if they have not the resolution to reply peace, credit, and liberty to those who demand war, ' bankruptcy, and despotism, the revolution of h'ebrua^ ry will have the fate of its eldest s\stor.-' Poland, let ' them be assured, is only tha banner under which tor> ror, which dares not show itself, lies concealed It concludes a long article thus.?'-Tho National Assemi bly in warned. Poland is tho pretext; terror the end.'1 ! But terror seems to have been flrwly met by moderai tion, and we hope, put down. I ANALYSIS OF THE FRENCH NATIONAL ASSKMULY? COMPARISON OF THE E.NQMSIl ANfl FRENCH I.K! G1SI.A 1,1'RKS. f [Krom tho London Herald, May 15.J s Much has been said by our brethren of tho pross on i the conduct and demeanor of tho National Assembly, and on its goneral tone and composition. For ourselves we have few fears as to tho moderation and prul donco of the National Assembly. Most of tho meiu: bers are already past the meridian of life, and are s pretty well desillutionet?to use a favorite French term?as to the benefits resulting from perpetual I changes. Kour hundred out of the nine hundred memf bors are abovo 35 years of age, 300 are above 30. and j there arc not above 200 men under 30 in this con. stituent chamber. Age, to be sure, does not always f bring staidness. sobriety, and wisdom ; there are men . in ail countries who are ever young in discretion; bul i still tho prcyalenco of deputies who have passed middle t age gives one the hope, If uot the assurance, that moderation and good sense will obtain the mastery. ( Much carping criticism has also been exercised on > the mode and manner in which the National Asscm> bly has done its business, and a greut deal of corres, poodence and leading artiolo matter has been bestowed on scenes of irregularity and dlsordor. But the writers and correspondents forget that any assembly I of 500 men in any country must be more or less of a boar garden. Kven in an unreformed House of Com mons wo have ourselves witnessed scenes and hoard speeches?the one coarse and bearish- the other rude i Hi...I ??,1 .... .1-11 Hfl... >?n. 1 ?u?.Buiucu, ??"** ,,ul' UUCO UtM' ICUiCUlUOl m? passages between Canning and Brougham in 1825 ar? 4 1820 -between ('mining and the late .Mr. Juxtiee Join t YVillioms, in the sumo years?uot to speak of the tilti . and encounters between Sheridan and Pitt at the clos< of the last century, or the famous scolding matchei i between Grattan aud'Flood in 1782; and Grattun ant Corry. in the Irish Parliament. if we remember rightly in 171*9. Thus* things occurred in close, uureforme'i Parliaments. Again, in the reformed Parliament o. 1833, we hud tho squalls between Doherty and O'Connell?between Messrs. Barron. Mulion, and severa Knglish numbers; ami those exhibitions of cock-crow ing and braying which so damaged the character and repute of the first reformed legislature. Much allowance should, in any country, be given to a constituent assembly composed of a great majority of new men Kven in an assembly of 658 Knglishmen. in 1832 and 1833, it was deemed by the whigs essential to preserve the late Lord Canterbury, (then Mr. Manners Sutton.) in his office of Speaker, with a view to restrain tho Impetuous and rein in the rash. If such precautions were necessary under a system of reform which Increased not the numbers, how much allowance should be made for tho assembly of vivacious Frenchmen, more than twice as numerous as any of the chambers under the Bourbons of tho elder or the junior brunch? They who maintain the contrary, show themselves as ignorant of French parliamentary history, and of the political history of France, as the writers on French affairs in tne Quarterly and Edinhurdh lieviews. and ns a daily misleading journal, whose mistakes have been painfully prominent, if not diurnally so, during the last threw month*. Open the parliamentary history of Franco at any page during the last thirty-three yeafs. and you will find 'dr violent I mut muret,'' "tienoure aujrrit." interlarded in every discussion. So it was In 1815. in 1819, in 1820. when M. deCorday said to Foy, ' font e.lei un intolent," of which expression a duel was the result. So it was in 1821 and 1822. when La Bourdonnayo Castlebogne, Corbiere, D'Ambrugeac. Becquet, Cornet Incourt. assailed Manuel. Foy, Constant, and Lafayette, with the most insulting phrases. So It was when M. Oudon ' t'elancait it la tribuneamidst interruptioni nourellet; and when M. do Chauvelin. rising up. took the words and the thought, so to speak, out of Foy's mouth, and went beyond tho speaker in vehemence and volubility. So it was in 1831 and 1832. when Maugin attacked Casimir I'erier. or when some of the members of the extreme gauche. as violent as the late General Demurcay. attacked Bugeaud. It is not because Frenchmen thus squabble, end wrangle, and gesticulate and jabber, and slap theirbreasts vehemently, aud i tap their temples wildly, rushing from their seats and i mounting a flight of three steps at a bound, that they 1 are half so mad or so wild as they seem. Qitand on | vent not/rr son ehien on dit qu'il fit enrage,'1 says the ! proverb ; aud as wo are most desirous that the French | should not be mistaken as to the estimate formed of ; them by intelligent Knglishmen. we beg to assure them ! that educated Knglishmen do not misjudue their acts and proceedings as they are misjudged by a small section of ttao press, daily and quarterly. NEWSPAPERS OF PARIS. Terhaps some idea of the daily newspapers published at pri-seut would be desirable to your readers. I shall make an enumeration from memory. Let us first take the old paper* published previous to the Revolution. They are. the Debuts, Constitulionnel, Seirle. National, Coi.rrier Francaiie, Commerce, Prene, Democratic Pacijiqut. Monittur, ' oniteur du Soir. Ia Charivari, l.e Cortairt, L' Kitafetle, I.a Gazette de France, La I'atrie, 1.'Union. La Reformt, Oaligimni, Lei Petiti Jffichet, La Gazette dei Tribunaur. Lr Droit, l/nirert. Court . iuthrntii/ue This was a pretty fair provision, not to peak of weeklies, monthlies, and a variety of periodicals devoted to special subjects. I.et us now look at the following list of new paper*, all udded since the Revolution; ? F.re ffnuvelie Kditor, Father Lacordalro. Commune. de Pari)?Organ of Club*. The house where it Is printed being garrisoned by armed Montagnards. Mena(et?An oldjournal revived, ministerial. I a Repvhlique?Ministerial. I.a Vraie Hepubltque?Denounces capital and capitalists. La Liberie?Started by Dumas, a failure. La Uepresentant du l'euple -Motto, '-All property is robbery ." L'.'hni du Peuple- By Raspail. the quark. l.e Pire Duchene?Who does not recollect llubong and the old cry, II est diablrment en colere I* Pere I)uchene ?" It is still s? cried about, but does not take. I.e Peuple Francaii?r.onflned to the reports of the assembly, an evening paper l.e Peuple Constituent The Abbe f.ammrnais' paper. .'hseinlilce Xationale A courageous foe to communism Sells 25t0OO ft day. LtJornalpour Hire | m I.a Prime dei Ouvrner. l.e Conierrateur de la Hepuhliqtit. l.e Canard exposes the extravagances of Ledru Rollin and i.ouis Blanc. Le Petit llommPRouge--Satirical. La Fair dei Femmei. La Tribune a revival of Is Tempi. Ixi Voir du I'etiple. 1.'Ktprit Public. l.e Snlut Public. Im Seance. Le Monde Republicain I.a Voir de In Veriti. In all 48 daily papers devoted to politics. I have heard it calculated that the number far exceeds this, but I cannot recollect any other daily papers solely de. voted to politics There are others, however, in pr? parat ion But it must be remarked that matjy morning papers publish evening editions ?s well To a stranger entering Paris for the first time, there would appear to lie but one business, that of printing newspapers and hawking them; and but one occupation Hint of reading them and placards, and going to clubs. This consideration may not be a bad introduction to the remark of the Debut? on M. (iarnier I'a#cs. the prosperlty Itobinson of the Kepubl c. who announces a surplus "revenue at a moment when the country is going into bankruptcy. Hesse l>nrm?tn<lf. The Government of Hesse Marnisfadt had laid before the chambers h project ol law for the loan of ' 1,000,000 florins at 5 per rent, for the purpose of cmerinc its war expenses, and for the construction of a railway. I $ -I r- 7-^-" LiD. . Plica Two Cants. Blockade of Dantslc. Extract of a letter from one of the first menlianM ut Lfcuitzic, dated Muy 10:?"I think it my duty to inform you, that though many newspapers report our |K?rt to he blockaded hy the Danes, this is not the case, nnd all neutral flags nail and arrive as usual. Of oooim yftur English vessels, laden with I sleepers, have all Hailed." The War between Austria and Italy?Tha t Cireat Battle. > Verona, May 7, 1848. ? i A sanguinary combat took place in our immediate neighborhood yesterday. The enemy, whose numbers have been considerably increusea by nu' merous free corps, amounts to nearly three timfs , as many as ours. The Austrian troops fought like lions, but unhappily lost many brave men; among whom were the valiant General Salis, who was shot through the breast, and Lieuteuanl-Colonal Luu/sndaurf. The 10th Jager battalion, consisting chiefly of Lower Austrians, suffered ?he most material loss. Nearly four times the number of the enemy were disabled. The cannons roared incessantly for seven hours, and from eleven o'clock to two in the afternoon, were so closa that the enemy's balls, fell at our gate. The town has been and remains quiet. According to a letter from Verona dated M y 6, 1 ten o clock at night, the right wing of the Austruins, commanded hy d'Aspre, and the left by Wrateslaw, were on the other side of the Etsch. I The strength of the Piedmontes was estimated at 60,000 men. They fought valiantly, especially the Swiss Guards. Kadetzky's Italian troops gave wav, wliils their German fellow combatants manfully maintained the honor of the German arms. At St. Lucia nnd San Massimo, three companies maintinnrrf iri-nun.l f I?.. I f n^amri IUUI IJUllHIIUIlS IlJr BIX hours, without giving place one inch to the enemy. The correspondence from Somnia Campagna of 1 tile 8th of May, is tilled with regrets for the heavy losses sustained by the Piedmontes (more than UK) having been wounded,) and characterises the alliums a glorious one. although the result was of 110 advantage. More than 500 Austrian dead remained on the road leading to Verona, and among ! them many officers, two colonels, and one generaT Letters from Somdra, of the 8th of May, aav? I " If we have abandoned St. Mire, it is to take Verona." We havo received intelligence to the 6th from the I'iedmontese army. Seventeen pieces of heavy artillery anil four inortars had arrived and wero placed In ' battery before Poschlera, and an immediate attack on j that place was determined on. Tho left of the Una ; still rests at Bussolengo on the L'pper Adige; but Its right. has been thrown forward ax far as Villa Franca In tho plain, for the purpose, it is said, of protecting Vallegio from being turned while the operation!) before Petchiera are going on Seven thousand Tuscan troops, under the command of General Ferrari, are before Mantua, and the communication between them and the I'iedmontese grand army at Goito is maintained by ? 1 about 700 Neapolitans. Letters, written on the night of the nth instant, 1 from the head quartern of (Jharles Albert, announea ' | that a great, battle had that day been fought In ad | vauce of and uuder tho walls of Verona. Nearly the ' j w hole of the I'iodmontese army had been engaged, per1 | haps as many as ,'10.000 men. while the Austrian foroe 1 opposed'did not number less than 20.000. The object 1 of the King was to destroy tho field works and entrenchments made within a few days to defend tho several villages in front of Verona, from San Vito, on the Upper Adige. to San Lucia, at the same distance 1 from Villa Franca. The operation was successful ; in every part tho Austrian* had been driven back ; on the whole lino their field works were all destroyed, and tho Piodmonteso army was close to the walls of Verona. It was said that the Adige had bocn passed, and a report prevailed that Verena had been entered ; but these accounts were not confirmed. Tho news from Frioul Is also favorable, it seems now ' certain that the Austrians, uuder General Nugent, | have been compelled to fall back on the Tagllamento. 1 and that I'altnanova had not surrendered, but wu still 1 j occupied by the forces under General Zucchi. 1 Advices from Somma ( ampagna of 8th inst. say?In 4 1 the different affairs of the tith instant, under Verona, ' there were tloU wounded. The brigade Aosta, the gre' uadiers and chasseurs, five and six regimonta, tho brl' gade of Savoy, and the brigade of Savoy and Parma. ! suffered thu most severely The greater number of ' ' wounds are iu tli<; leg ami not severe The killod are ' ! 'JS. Cm. ( aceliiu. of the Oth rudiment, has since died ' I of hi.i wound?). Thu Marquis did Caretto. lieutenant ' I of artillery, the Marquki l olli. and the Chevalier Hul' | bio, aid-de-catnp of (ien. Kommariva. have b*en kill# ! 1; 80 soldiers and two officers (German-*) havo been ? ijiiide prisoners. The lir.it liue of our troops continues ' to hold the position from the Po to the Adige passing round Muutua. Ooito. Viilafrauca. SommaCampagna, ' Sona. Sa Uuistina. I'astrvngo The enemy does not ' dare to come beyond tho protection of the cannon of his forts. The sappers of the engineers haw begun their operation* aguinst Pescliiera The Neapolitan troop*, two , battalions of the 10th regiment, protect the important passage of the Mincio at (ioito, and join our troop* to ! tlie Tuscans. Twelve thousand men arc soon coining to rejoin them, after having triumphed over tho (llplo niatic difficulties which oppose their passage across the ! Pontifical States. The Tuscan troops, under the orders of (Jen D'Arco Ferrari, amounting to 4000. anri round Mantua, on the right of thu Mincio. The Neai piditan sijuadron has disembarked four thousand men at Venice. Field Marshal Nugent has sent a bulletin, dated Con| egliano. the 6th May. to Vienna, in which lie state* | that the province of Belluno had surrendered to the Austrian!. Belluno itself surrendered on tho 5th. after i a slight defence. 1 The bridge of Capo di Ponte. on the Tiave, has been I burnt, but the stone bridge near Uelluno, was com' plete. and Count Nugent intended to pass the I'iave , by it. | The Italian force being assembled at Treviso.and the i environs, Count Nugent will pass the I'iave with less 1 risk of being annoyed by the enemy. THE CRISIS IN THE AFFAIRS OF ITALY. [From the London Times. May 15 J Nopart of the Italian question is nioro fraught with difficulty than the present and future position of Pius IX Ou the anil of April last, the Pope pronounced an nllocution in the secret Consistory of the Cardinals, in which he earnestly disclaimed the connexion which tho revolutionary party had sought to establish between his policy and their own subversive and criminal designs. lie showed that the measures of his temporal government had b'en the fulfilment of the reenmnmn j dations uiMlti to the Court of Rome by the five great I powers in IH31; and lie utterly repudiated the inference tliut au enterprise untcrtaken by him in the presant I npirit of patriotism and benevolence, had degoneratod ' by any fault or by any ambition of hie in to the anarchy I now to bu witnessed In his dominions in Italy and Ku' rope. Ou these grounds be positively denied the 'perHdious u.?scrtion" that the Homan Pontiff would ever preside over a republic formed of all the States of Italy; and be solemnly protested that the intention of declaring w;tr against Austria was altogether contrary to hi? intentions. although he possesses no means of preventing his subjects from serving as volunteers in the cam! paign. These declarations were very ill received in Rome. The only troops which could have protected \h? government and the Cope himself, had been sent the frontiers The city was in the hand of the Civic Ouard, who, of course took the first opportunity of using their arms against the authorities which had called thein into existence, and Home became a scene of the most complete anarchy ami confusion Such an event might in these times happen almost everywhere; but the attempt to control the authority of the Pope by thu rubble of Home, has a very peculiar importance. It In i a blow struck at papacy Itself It is one of the grossest and most fatal insults which could be offered to thn head, not only of a small Italian State, but the counties million* of the Ilouian < afholic church. It is moreover, an act of treachery and hostility to the moderate and uatiunal party in Italy who have identified their cause with the na*i? of Pius IX. The possession of independent sovereign rights has at all times been held to he essential to the free exercia* of that 1 spiritual power which the Pop. s of Home have assumed in a large part of ( lirlstendom; but the most fatal invasion of those independent sovereign rights is that which proceeds from the rebellion and anarchy of the Uonmn people. The imaginary union of Catholicism :ind democracy?of popular government and ecclesiastical authority- will here hn brought to a trial It can hardly 'iirvive Neither the captivity of Avignon nor the outrages of Fontaineblcau ever sank pie papacy to so low nn ebb ?s the triumph of this domestic enemy; and wherever allegiance to the ltomish church is professed throughout the world, such an event cannot but produce the strongest sensation, to be followed by stilt mure extraordinary revolutions Meanwhile, everything that is p.wlng dietinctly indicate? that the French government, far from really deiiring thr maintenance uf peace, are preparing for war ; and. a/iove all. war in Italy The first serious reverse which is sustallied by the PicduioBteso army may be made e. pretext fir intervention. The language of (leneral Oudinot to his troops clearly points to Italy, and this officer ha* Ion* been in the confidence of M. lie i.umartine ; whilst the admission of men like Jules i Uastide and Jules Favre to the Department of Foreign I Alfairs of France deprives us of all confidence in the moderation of their diplomacy. We do not believe that any considerable party in Italy is favorable either to republican Institutions, or to a French occupation I'he only real national object of the Italians ought to lie to settle their dispute with Austria on equitable terms, aud to organize their own institutions, not to subject themselves to a degrading connexion with foreign propagandists. M WoToskt lias declared, in the grandiloquent style which suits the National Assembly, that the frontiers of France liave already been extended by Republican sympathy to the Adriatic and the Vistula Hut such expressions have yet to he corroborated by the parties most directly lntertsted in these ques. tions; and we uiust be pardoned for denying to the French Republic that spirit of pure, though ardent disinterestedness, which is asserted In Paris to actuate its movement. The relations it contemplates with Italy and (iermany are anything but those of genuine independence; aud the support of France Is oilly proffered to foreign factions which are ready to conform to the last fashions of Parisian anarchy lu the present crisis uf affairs, some such catastrophe as a French iuv*