Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 1, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 1, 1848 Page 2
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9 i ? ' - - U>? ? iUl? 0*7 Wwin t??%U, 1*?? ?*.#?? Mttc *, IV* tbal fr?Hi k Krputllrau ?,mt?l win artabllsh ? ri ?<rv tran?i?nt tad unpopular domination and u that turopa iriU remember la her day of trouble that : the cause of freedom iu Kngland. at least. ha* never ti bteu allied to internal anarchy or to foreign agnrei- d nlon . 111 Austria. bi Vienna letters of the 7th iust. annsunco the con- oi tlnuauce of tranquillity in that capital although the >1 operative classes are suffering acutely from tliv Magua- |, tiou of trade. Their minds. under these circum?tancos. are n?turally accessible to the seditious appeals of political ag- p itators, one of wliom threatened tue govern ui -ut >v,tu u demonstration " of physical force on the evening ''' of the 8th. supposing no improvement t-o have taken It place iu the interim In the condition of the starving population On the other hand, the Minister of the H; Interior ha*' issued a soothing address to the operatives, u promising to appoint a committee of inquiry; and holding out the prosnest of employment in certain public )( works to be for in w th commenced.The i etitral ( onunilteo of the National and Civic Guard* has presented a petition to the ministry of the n same tenor as that of the students, with the single ' omission of the -d proposition, ( ' That the members of , n tho Upper Chamber ihould only be required to possess i> ? not inconsiderable amount of landed property") and o a modification of the Ust. They also petition for the ^ speedy convocation of the i'arliament A large reduction iu the inland postage will be made . ou the 1st ot June. The military force at present quartered in Hungary consists of lu.20ti infantry, and lu 491 cavalry, aud v" step'have been taken to recall tlio-e absent by leave, 0 when the number of the infantry will bu increased to t 22.255. These statistics are official. II It is stated in the I'ienna Gazette that the Emperor n of Austria has decreed, at the instigation of its government. the abolition of the Kedemptoristx (male , f..... .. .1 .I,? laanix . Il,?t>tl,.. .......I 1 the court of Vienna has received his passports. anil that Austria intend* to break entirely (sir/i lotsugtn) " ,roui the papal see. Count Montecuoull remains director of the aTairs of J Lower Austria. s Affair* In Rome. c Our latest intelligence confirms the announcement that tranquillity has been restored at Home. v On the 6th, the gates which had been occupied by > the Civic Guard were evacuated by them by order of the Minister of the Interior. It is alleged us a t l>ositive tact, that the Austrian ambassador was to , receive his passport on the 7th. The Minister of | the Interior has decreed the formation of a corjm L tit reterve of 6000 men. J The new* that the Pope had agreed to dec'arc war against Austria is not confirmed; but in fact, is the subject of a violent struggle between the pontiff, in his rapacity as a temporal prince, and his subjects. The Tope. t'U the one hand, entertains conscientious *;ru ploa against levying war against Austria. His subjects, on tho other hand, devotedly attached to his persou as ' they are. and not unthinkful fur the part which he t has taken in advancing liberal institutions, are never- u theless inflexibly determined that the ltumau States t shall not stand passively by whilo all the other Italian I provinces and principalities are uniting in a noble effort to expel foreign rule from the peninsula. In short 1 they are resolved, one and all. to drive the Austrian* " beyond the Alps, and the utmost that will be concedcd a to the conscientious scruples of Plus IX., is permission 1 to retain the nominal sovereignty of his State*, while v a laical ministry, exercising the executive power Inde- to pendent of him. shall do that which his scruples forbid K aim from doing. 1; It appears, from tlx* letters wo have received, that, from the 1st to the 3d instant. Rome was without a s government. The ministers had resigned, and others 1 had not been appointed. Tlu manifesto* of the Pope. 11 remonstrating against a war witli Austria, were no * sooner fio-ted on the walls than they were indignantly ' torn dowu ; the civic guards were placed in pickets at S the palace of the cardinals, to protect them from popu- 1 lar indignation ; the entire population assembled in * clubs and sat in permanence. e A deputation, consisting of MM. Fiorentiro, Mami- t ni. Sterburi. and Gen.-ral Rigano. was unanimously I named to go the Quirinal. to inform the Pope of the h ultimatum of the people, which iuvolved these con- 1 ditions :?1 A ministry composed only of laity. - The t dismissal of Cardinal Autonelli. 3. The dismissal of ? the Austrian Ambassador. 4. That war sh iuld be h proclaimed in the official gazeite. The ministers, in t reply to this demand, supplicated the people to grant them two days to eudeavor to accomplish these objects, and promising that if they did not succeed, they would retire in a body. " l It was also decided that an envoy should be despatched to the army to regularise the position of the troops nnd the volunteers. M. Fariui was accordingly despatched on this mission. These events took place on tho -J. On tho night between the lid and od the National Guard continued underarms. A letter dated on the morning of the 3d says that all the niiuisters had secretly fled from Rome, and that a new ministry was then being formed A letter of the 6th from Chita Vecchia. announces the formation of a new ministry, thus composed :?Cardinal Chiacchi. president of Council, par interim : Cardinal Orioli. Count Marchetti. Foreign Affairs : ForeuBio Mamiani. Interior ; Pasquale de Rossi. Grace and Justice; Lunati. Finances; Prince Doria Patnphili. War ; Duke di Risrnano. Commerce ; Galetti. Police. < Letters of the 4th say that Rome was then tranquil and th*t the cardinals were relieved from the surveillance of the National Guard, with the exception of Bernetti. The department of foreign affairs was re solved into two. eeclcsiastical and temporal ; Cardinal Orioli presided over the former, and Professor Marchetti over the latter. Distrust, however, still prevailed. Complaints were made of the undue interference offorcign ministers at the Quirinal. The ministers of the Italian State* informed of this, assembled at the Dutch embassy, and protested against this abuse ol diplomatic privilege. An address to Count Mamiani was presented by the National Ouard. demanding that the following articles should form the progr mme of the new ministry. ^ .!,? If.ll.. _kl-L 1...1 bee a trodden under foot. 2. To unite with Iree people and liberal governments, and preserve only with ab?o- < lute governments such relations as the interest of ? commerce oblige. 3 To trust in herself, and not in i foreign assistance and promises. 4. To create a new t pact between the people conformably to their true interests ?ud the natural and unchangeable principles j of international right 5 Never to compromise with | Austria, nor to sign any peace Dot having for its basis ( the Alps as the frontiers of Italy from the Varo to Brennero and thence to Ouarnero. 6. A blank in thiol ig nal 7. To make our diplomacy worthy a free and great ua'ion No more dissimulation, no more decep- 1 t ion?moderation aud courage. The municipal council held a meeting, at which it exprosscd a wish that the Pope should become a media tor in the Italian question; an l that if his negotiation , should not have a happy result that the war should l? continued The propositions to reconcile the duties oi a prince with the requirements of conscience thai sli iul I be made to Pius IX should be the following : ? 1 ro become a mediator of peace. 2 Not to oppo?c i the mditary operations pending any negotiations. I That the conditions of peace should be?A. Italian na- | tionality and independence; B. withdrawal of Austrian* from Italy: C. a diet to sit at Rome to fix the | conditions 4 After 'lie acceptance of these preliminary conditions the Pope to be created president of the diet. 5 If the conditions are not accepted, the war to be prosecuted with hi" consent and approbation and with the aiil of the pontifical army. One of the expedients proposed for evading the difficulties arising from the conscientious scruples of the Pope, was to order all the Rotniu troops to place theroselves as volunteers directly under the standard of < fcwtsa Albert The last advices say that the ministry above mentioned had not proved sati?factory to the people, and that all was still involved in uncertainty. We learn from Rome, under date May Cth. that a great demonstration had taken place the preceding evenlng before the palscc of the Sardinian .Miuister, on the 1 arrival of the news of C harles Albert's victory at Bussolengo. It is now stated that the correspondence of the cardinals was not read to the people, as stated in former acconnts. More Trouble In Prussia. A letter from Berlin, dated May 12. 8 P. M., stiys: "An imm-nse meeting is now joiner on nt the Tzelten. The President of th? flab Chapter de- i clared the recall of the Prince of Prussia to be tinlawful, and against the will of the p?ople. (Loud acclamation.) He further proposed a deputation of the whole assembly, some two or riiree thousand, to march to the minister Camphausen, and demand the repeal of the king's order. Tli" whole city is in a state of great excitement, and for the present, at least, the I'rinee of Pros jit's return may be considered as hazardous for himself and the tranquillity of this ritv, whose inha- ' bitants are nil pouring towards tli" ThierG irten." 1 Accounts from Leipsic state that the Fair there ! had been very badly attended. There was no spirit in the biddings, antl the business done was consid- 1 rably below the ordinary range. The Greek rner- ' chants had not shown themselves this year, and the Poles were unwilling and unable lo purchase. The news from Kussia, however, was favorabl t A deputation of Prussian manufacfurers hid ( proceeded to U-rltn to represent th?* depressed | Hate of the Fair, and to request assistance in the , *hape of loans to the extent of 1 ,?V?O.OOOf upon the , hypothecation of produce already in the fair. Th , minister expressed a desire to aid them, and promised to effect the necessary arrangements with th? Prussian Hank for that purpose. J Russia. _ I a report trom tin1 Hussuin frontier, via ( racow. 1 states that the Emperor arrived at Warsaw on the third. AITali-a In Poland. Advice# from the Hussinn boundary, of the lf)tli of April, confirm the accounts of the equipment of the troops, ns n precautionary measure. Paske- ' witseh has issued a proclamation at W*r?aw, in which he threatens to reduce th? city to ash*.* at t he very firiit attempt nt resistance. The people, ' however, are prepared for a holy war. The Pop" 1 is considered as at the head of the LMin church 5 against the Greek. Tha Latin church is predominant in Pohnd. , The Intelligence of the absolute unconditional surrender of tile Holes, concentrate^ under Miro?l;iw ^ ski. at or near Mlel?ryn south wit of Onen.n forward , ed to all part* of Kurope. most t>rih.tbly by public wri- , tersan 1 diplomatists, proves to have bean prematura f It I* true, bowerer that Mlro.<i?w?kl ? Boding hirnvli rut off from llamberjr, and menaced within gun shot mi both flank*. uml in frout by th< , strong column* of Generals Wedel. lilumen and llrsndt an i lisvinir no resource. In rw o defeat but to throw them^-lte* ?crun the Ku**Iri ^ front rr, rlose on their rear bar sent a lla( of truce , A(T?ri?K to capitulate Hut the l'ru**iau Cominl* strner (ieneral. I'fual, having InsixteJ upon tn v disarming of Miroalawakl'a corps ?? a prsllminiry , a fort of tacit srmi tiee ku taken place until order- g L. < 11 S?..... r? i*tnfa?i truii Itafrim lu w?h*f iaK4 of ha |l HI, the ct-nfHet >1 nCtiUfr" with nnabatvd and ) I tucvroui trior. Scar<j*ly ft tillage or town i? 1 tempted from Ktnu of bloodshed and d? ?* I itlou The iunurgwuti appear and dhappear In eyery I irecttan. falling upon or puroued by Pru?<naa detach- I uU. Deck, Kogallln and tw?niy other place*. h ito i en plundwre.l or half burned by one p>ir'v or th? I her The most terrible enibittermeut uxi.iId bciwuon \ Hem. < iUUl|(riirc fi?ui Ucrmuny anil thi' Noitiurn ' Slate* of Kuropi'. The Swedish .government has notified to the J russiau Cabinet its inteutiwn of advancing an rmy to tiit* assistance oi Deuuiark to prevent ;uiy iVttaion oi" Denmark proper. In in iking tins notification, the Swodish ambusidor expressly signified thut this step was purely ne of u defensive nature, mid thut German vest-1:^ should be treated, as hitiierto, on it tooting oi eciprocity. in renly i>? this notification, the Prussian governirnt declared that the confederation iiad no in ntion oi conquering Denmark, or pluming foot I the Scandinavian territory ; that the occupation t a portion oi Jutland had no other motive than to btHin the guarantee for indemnification for tUc amage sustained by German commerce by the mbargo on German vesels ; and that as soon as i.it was obtained, the troops should be withdrawn A private letter from Stockholm, of the 2d inst., i'ith which we have been favored, states that the nthusiasm in Sweden for the Danish cause is exreme, und the Swedes are ea?er to meet the GerII ins ill tile lii-lil. Thp fvi-ii.-m >n( ..IJ?r. uany 19 equally great in Norway. Our correspondent, writing trotn Berlin on th. 1 tli instant, suys :? " We are told. that a new element of discord ha* riseu. Sweden, it is said, lias offered 15.000 men and flotilla to aid the Danes in the event of an attack ipon their insul.tr possessions. Russia^ also, it is af irmed. will, if mediation fail, step in with co-operatiou ,ud if that be the case, was can predict tho cousenuenes? In consequence of the Danish blockade, several easels from the Atlantic, destined for Hamburg, vere putting into Antwerp. It is reported in accounts from Hamburg, that he mediation of England in the affairs of Dennark and Schleswig-Holstein will be based upon he condition that the Duchies, in preserving their miun, would st..nil 111 tlif same position towards Denmark that Norway does towards Sweden. Money at Hamburg continued abundant, and :old was quoted at 43~5J. Denmark. Koldino, May 8. 1848. Thin morning the D&nei bombarded Frederic la from !4 urmed vessels, for si* or sewn hours, and set tire to he town in two places. The Prussian artillery ?igorusly replied to the attack with eight pieces of canton. aud sank three great boats, with guuuers ou loard. The official intelligence of the partial raising of the )aui>>h blockade was received iu the city to-day wilh uuch satisfaction. It appears that all British captain.rriviog at Klsioore. destiued for Prussian ports, but tnabie to reach their destination, will be at liberty to rarohouse their good*, either at that port or at Copeuiagen; such property being considered by the Danish overnment as belonging to the depositors indlvidualy, and will notfes such be in any way interfered with. The blockade of the Prussian ports of Dantzic, Straluud. Wisuiar. llostock. Pillau, will be raised on thr Oth iust. The harbor of Kiel, however, and the mouth '( the Seblwril canal. near Holtenau. and Swloa* nunde, with the mouths o the Oder. viz.. Wolgosli ami auimin. will be blockaded as at present The North lea will be left wholly free of navigation, including the ^Ibeaud the U'eser. The period for the departure of leutral vessels from the port of Swineinunde has been xteuded to the 20th instant; but between the 6th and he lllth instant, every vea.?el in harbor, thirty in nuuiier. had sailed. None of the German vessels at Coponiagen laid under embargo have been condemned The >anish government will d< spalch a steamer to acquaint he commanders of tho Dauish fleet, at every place rhere the blockade has been enforcod. of the new rtguition? enjoined, in conformity with tho notices Issued o the foreign embassies at Copenhagen. IMPORTANT TO SHIPPING MERCHANTS. We take the folWwing from a Copenhagen paper )t -May 1st:? At this moment, when open warbu broken out boween Denmark, on the one side, and Prussia, togotli:r with several other States of the north of Germany >n the other, the former, in defending herself against in armed invasion of her territory, will, a* it is her ight, employ all the means in her power to burl bark lie iunilt, and inflict injury on a presumptuous foe Villi this view, she will avail herself of her geographinl position, to spite and detain her enemy's vessel* let on the high seas; and furthermore, as an indispun ible measure, blockade the principal ports ol' her monies. Such blockade, however, will not be declared to xist. but where the entrance Jto the enemy's port is so fTectually closed by one or more men of war. that no uerehant vessel can enter or depart without evident langer of being captured. On establishing the block de. the o inimander of the naval force so stationed, rill give notice thereof to all friendly and neutral vesels at the time in the port, leaving tlicm at liberty to juit witbin a reasonable time. Besides the usual anlouncement of the blockade, care will be taken ti ;ive official information to all friendly and neutral lowers, in addition to which all vessels will rwceiv, varticular uotice thereof on their passage through tin >0:1 nd. or Belts. In no case force will be all >wed to b>ixercised against friendly and neutral vessels, unless ifter due notice, they shall attempt to violate the jlockade. A ny "fllcer acting contrary to the regulalous prescribed for the security of friendly and neural vessels, or who shall abuse his authority to their jreiudice. will be brought to punishment and held retponsible in damages. The seizure of enemies vessels, or those of a suspected hnracter. wll not. until further orders, be carried i lit iffect but byj the cruizers of the royal navy, aud to all ippenrauce letters of marque will, at 110 time during he war. be granted to Individuals.?Copenhagrn pnpe The above article lias evidently been derived rro:n an authentic source. It gives, in substance, ill? contents of the official acts promulgated on the day following, viz.: a declaration of April 29th, signed by the king, and n royal regulation, of May 1st, to govern the blockade "of enemies' ports, and the seizure by D inish cruizers of4enemies' vessel* a'ld those of n suspected character. By the first of these acts, the vessels of t-V. roy.'il navy have been ordered to proceed to the blockade of the port", coasts, and rivers, of the enemy? Prussia. Ilanover, the Duchies of 01 lenburgh and \lecklenburgh, and th? three II mse itic cities?1well as those of any of the king's t-riitories in tli'>ossessi >11 of the enemy. It is furtli r interdict id o all national vessels, as w.-ll as those of allied lowers, friendly and neutral, to enter said ports 01 >lacee, blockaded by Danish men-of-w ir. But tor ihe purpose of defining more pirticularly what con-titutes a blockaded port, the firet paragraph of til? viid regulation does not apply th.it character bat 10 such a port before which one or more men-ofwar shall be so stationed that no merch ant vessel ran possibly enter or depart without evident danger of being captured. In the following official article, taken from n Danish paper of Miy 5th, a li>t 1-given of the porta jid rivers then in actual state of blockade: orrictAL soncr. Tlie Minister of Marine gives hereby notice that. in virtue of the Royal Declaration of the 2'<?th of last month, and in conformity with the first paragraph of the Royal Regulation of the first instant. with reg?r 1 to the blockade of enemies' ports, tlc . the following ports have boen placed In an actual state of blockade viz Pillan, Dantiig. Swinemunde. Stralsund. Rostock Wistnar. Kiel and the approaches of the Sohluswlg ( anal. at Holtenau A list of th<> said ports thns actually blockaded ha* been communicated to th* representatives of friendly and nentrnl powers, accredited ucar the court of the king. and will likewise be delivered by the respective custom houses to eviry vessel passing through ttiv iiiuinl and the Belts. None of the other ports mentioned in the said Royal Deelaraticn are to be deemed to be In a statn ot blockade. until further notice shall be given to that effoet.? Ministry of .Marine, at Copeuhagsn. Mav 4. 1S4S (Signed) ZAHRTMANN Holland. Thk Habit, May 11, 181^. In the lilting of th** Second Chamber of the Si itrs "ipn^rdl tins day, the President communicated a message from his Majesty, notifying the reaignamn of Count Schimmelpenninek, as presidr-n! ; lie council of ministers; and Major General Nep.en, as minister of war. His majesty has accepted lliesc resignations. Kwltzerlnnd. Our intelligance from the capital of Berne is to he effect that on the 9th an imetUt was on the .point >1 breaking out there, in conseqnence of the int-'ligence of M. Ochsanbtin's resignation ; and calm vms only restored by the announcement that the oinmitlee charged with pronouncing on the acceptation of the resignation of*l. Ochsenhein had )-?*n unanimous in refusing it. The grand council las also decided to give M Ochsenbeiu every sai.-faction as to the political line of conduct to be ollowed relative to the principle of absolute neurality adopted by him. The Diet re-assembled on the 11th. M. Ochsen>ein, in Ins speech, explained that the reason of convoking the Diet was the leaf that the Austrians vould force a passage through Switzerland. The I>iet appointed a committee of defence to take all ! lecessary measures on this subject. Opening of tlt? Parliament nt Turin. On the fcth ult , Prince Eugene, of Savoy, Lleutelant General of King 1 harles Albert, left the palace in he midst of the National Guard, and proceeded to the hamber to op>-n the parliament He was saluted on lis arrival by loud cries of t'ivr It Hoi After taking the usual oath, the i'rince read the fol- I owing speech: ? Our internal felicity. assured by the mutual love : 'hieh exists between the sovereign and the people, nd by the wisdom of the King, being disturbed by lie m 'iirniug of our Italian brethren, trampled un 1 < r tot by the foreigner, the nation united Itself to Its hief to sustain the honor and Independence of Italy. [ iod has blessed our arms. The admirable army :is luch by its discipline a? liy Its valor ha*, added fresti lory to its ancient renown The rross of Savoy figures n the standard of the Italian union, and floats on the mks of the Adige Sardinia lias been welcomed by lie oilier provinces as a well beiove 1 sister Savoy has 'een a source of real consolation The natives of Sa<<J have shown themselves worthy of their country. I broad the power* who have the same form of overnment as ourselves, and those where tlie people | M??<??. .in Mi i i mi iiwijj'l ; itnlp ?H , ttonMaifM |0>?| n t)>? AUW. ft?? ft* ptwate a# Mull lympaihl** The ?!lp)f>matte r<d?Mi>fli with the con?tl lutional goTtrnmunt ol Spain, which wore suspended lave been renewed In Italy, the parties which hav< >een divided. tend every day more and more to conn ogether and tlu-re 1* a strong reason to hope that i :oi uion accord will bind togrilH-r the people destiuc* ;>y nature toforiu one n.itlon. (Thisremark was receive) ffilh loud acclamation). (iuutlemen. the government >f the King comprehend* the gravity of Me cir.'iuu<tauce* und?r which it is called ?n to a< t. But it liai the courage to undertake it. aud will have the coui-ngi to follow it up. \ ou will lend it your co operation ti to cousolidate and complete the workof regeneration t< which it has devoted iicelf. Kuropc. which hi* her rye on un. will see us triumph over the difficulties in? pa rable from the dibiit* of a new sta'? of things, by i power alw.iys inriucible?that of anion.'' The prina* afterwards announced that the bu lge) would be immediately presented, at well as several 1 i-vi of local interest, and concluded as follows:? If the desired fusion with the other parts of the pt? nin.snla be accomplished. changes will be made in oui l*ws which will tend to improve our destinies aud maki us attain that degree ?f power to which for the welfari of Italy. Providence would lead them ." (Kntbuslastlf applause). '1 be session was then declared to be opened, anc the Lieutenant General returned to the Palace amidst loud cries if' Vira tl He at Statuto. alia Italia.' Badvn. It appear* that some remnants of the Baden republican baud are still loitering about Todtnau ; the Fold' berg decker, oue of the discomfited leaders, has gont to l'aris. The Kaden government is preparing a bil for the introduction of trial by jury, upou a systcu bcariug a strouger resemblance to the English am Belgian thau the French oue. Haionv> The election* in the kiugdom of Saxony for the tierman parliament have for the most part terminated In favor of the democratic party. Professor Wigard hai been elected for Dresden, the well-known Robert Uluui for Loipsic. and Dr Joseph for Freiburg. The commercial affairs of Leipsic continue very depressed. According to the local paper of Hilburghauscn. the Thuringiau princes are negotiating among oneanothel respecting a certain amalgamation of their states. b> Which Utll of tile priuces will be in turn, and for I certaiu Dcrlod. at the he?d of the entire territory Affair* In Hungary, The accounts from Pesth, up to the 6th May. art alarming. In the districts bordering on Gallicia the peasantry are committing the greatest excesses agaius the nobles, the townsmen, and the Jews. The impnr tant commercial town of Wang-Veustadkel has boei plundered aud destroyed. The peasants demand a di vista* of property. Numerous towns and counties it Hungary have forwarded addresses to the Emperor, de daring that they will bear no part of the national deb of Austria, and demanding the recall of the Hungariai troops from Italy. The Intelligence Prom Praitgu, also up to the Uth last., in equally alarming. Turkey. It would appear by letters from Constantinople, un der date May 1. as il the political events of Europe liavi had al<o gome effect in Turkey. There has been i jreat ehatige lu the ministry. The Grand Vizier. Ken chid Pacha, has been dismissed. This took place sud denly on the 2Slh ult. Sarim Pacha, the President 0 the tirand Council of Justice, has been raised to bi Grand Vitier. and Halil Pacha to bo Prasldent of thi Council, In place of Sarim Pacha. insurrection In Gre?ce. A letter from our correspondent at Athens, dutei April 30, says?"The northern frontier of Greec< has within the last week become the theatre of ar armed invasion, which, if not promptly and vigor ously quelled, may have the most fatal effects. At amnesty had been granted to certain political pri soners, w!io took the opportunity ofass?mblitigtnei companions together, reinforced bv several band: of brigands and some hundred Turks, and, passim into Greece, raised the standard of revolt. Thei chiefs, Vellentza and Papacosta, occupy position! close to the town of Lanna. The government havt sent troops to repel them, but the result is not ye known. Thedemandsof the insurgents are a chang< of ministry, and the dissolution of parliament." Spain. Madrid, May 10, 1843. There is no longer any display of forces except a the Puerta del Sol, where the guard is doubled .Some uuusual precautions were taken yesterday evening towards disarming the regiment "de Es pana," which made the movement of the 7th. Prus sia has decidedly recognised the Queen of Spain. The Gazette publishes the official promotion o General La Pezuela to be Captain General of Mad rid. Congratulations have been presented to tin Queen by thu grandees of Spain and the most ltn portant commercial classes of the capital, on th< result of the events of the 7th of May. Madrid. May 8. 184S. There has been no further disturbance. There weri only thirteen prisoners shut yesterday evening. In stead of deciinutiug the insurgent battalion, they onli decimated the men who had refused to urrender. am were taken in arms?amongst whom were two retirei officers, one of them so badly wounded that he was ta ken to the place of execution on a stretcher. The re mainder. with three exceptions, were sergeants am privates of the Kspana regiment. They were shot out side the gate of /Until at t) P. M. General Kulgosio expired this morning at six : h had be-n conveyed yesterday to his own bou?e. nnd to Jay's G.izrtte has a decree raising him to the rank e lieuten.int-iron? ral for his survieeu veatenluv The Uazettr also contain* n circular from the home ifiiiH. in which Senor Sartorius informs the politic* c hie fx of tho truniph obtained by the government th previous day. and attributes thu soldiers of tho Espan regiment taking part in the insurrection to thoi having been victims of surprise and of foreign gold.' The Esva'ia say* that Colonel Baceta. who ha* fled was the chief military load-r in yesterday'* affair. The Progressiva general and deputy. Kvarista Sar Miguel, has been banished to Soria Major General Lemindi. a young officer. who wa made brigadier for the Portuguese expedition, and g<> hi* general'* sash on the last promotion took the lend iug part in putting an end to the insurrection yester day. according to tile ??paua. It say* that he madv i da*h into the square, followed only by an aid-de-camp and escaped the shots tired at hftn. which ceased on th< latter waving a white handkerchief. o.? which h? ha rangued the insurgent troops, and getting down fror his horse, which was woundol. embraced a trumpeter of the t'.spana regiment, who was standing by. upoi which the insurgeuts began to talk of surrendering, i their live* were spared and eventually did *o. with th exception of seventy, who refused all terms, and again" whom artillery had to bo employed; but it adds tha only four cannon shot were fired. I have heard tha Geiicnl Lersundi did. as stated, embrace the insurgen trumpeter, hut that it wa' a stratagem, which succeed ed: the insurgent troops imagining, on seeing the ac iion. that he was with them, and ceasing tiriug am thus enabling a large body of government troops to ge into the Plata, which they could not do befure from th tremendous tire kept up by the insurgents. He ha< ( da email column of the government troops into th I'laz* but found him-elf alone with his aide-de cam, on reaching the middle of it. According to the Madrid journal* of the $?lh instant th . house of the Danish ,\ ini?ter had been searched b; the police, in tho hopes of finding M. Salamanca, th former minister of finance. An attempt being mail to M arch the house of the Belgian amha-sador. tha minister refused to admit the authorities, and protostei against such un outrage Madrid was tranquil. The Madrid journals of the 8th contain but few d? tails of the insurrection of the previous day. the lead ing fact* of which we were able to give on Saturday.It appears that barricades were created, that the in sur^c nts had to be dislodged from several house*, am that it was after a severo conflict that cannon was em p!f yed against them After the rising wa* put down the different points of the capital were strongly pro tceted by military force*; at the Pncrta del Sol. for cx ample, thvro were several piece* of cannon, and th balconies of the neighboring houses were occupied b soldiers, ready to fire. The hando. declaring Madrid it a stnte of pie^e. sets forth thatany person notgirini up his arms, or uttering seditious cries, or committin, other specified offence*, was to incur the penalty of be ing shot. In a report to the Minister of War. th ' aptain General states that a great number uf citi lens and soldiers had been arrested with arm* ii their hind* ; that many of them were immediate); brought to trial before a court-martial ; and that pursuant to the sentence* of that tribunal, eigli soldiers and five citizens were shot. P^JcetS of tlx regiment of Kspana. t? which the cond^Tned *oliicr> belonged, executed the sentence. A number of pri soners were condemned to the hulk* for life Th military culprit* on whom the sentence was passed ha< their uniforms torn off. an I were publicly degraded \II the garrison was present at the execution of tlx sentence, and after the men had been shot. Genera Pexuela addressed (lie troops, and ma?'e them file ol before the dead bodies A great number of other pri soner* were in custody awaiting their trial The cr; of the in*urgcnt*. it oppcar*. was Viva la I,ibertad Viva la Ilepublica!'" Some noblemen and wealth; gentlemen having waited on General Narvaes to con gratulatc hitn on his conduct during the day. which i appear* wa* very cool, energetic, and soldierlike. h< modestly disclaimed any merit, and ascribed the tri umph of order to th? people. The Oattllt pllhlishr an aildres*. signed by a v??f number of the high arts toe racy. expressing loyalty to the (Juenn Similar ad r^.n, ?h.. .w.r. -H - - 1 < !??.c? were it is siid. to bnadop. (!. <J"n'Tal Kulgo*i' hn< died of the serious wound* lie received in eom hatting the Insurgents. A while before hi* deatl he <vk* rained to the rank of lieute nant-general, a* i reward for the ckiil and bravery he had displayed. M ujtwiBornsK.?Three pcrconta.,2] J ; Two jw Cents., 11J. Lxchani'* on London, II. The trier cuntile position of affairs throughout Spain Hon not enable us to quote the r.-.tes of exchange will perfect accuracy. Paper, with the exception o (hut upon London, is scarcnly negotiated. At som< places?Barcelona, for instance?transactions an quoted at from 3 to 4 nbove the rates quoted a Madrid. Important from th? Contlnent_\r*r* of tIn Coalition of the fJrenl Hhwiti. The Paris Hffnrmr has the following under thi heii11 of i*rw? of Tiir co4litio"?:? An aide-de-eamp of the F.mpernr of KiiMia had ar rived at Vienna, charged with a ennfldentiai inissiot for the F.mperor of Austria. It referred to a treaty o allianee between Hu??ia and Austria Stm'lar iiegoti ations have for soni" time been going on at Berlin am even at London, with a view of renewing the roalitloi agiinst Kranre. Thi< we extract. from a Vienna lett. i cil the Mb. Independentlv of the eump of Nuremberg and of Ulm, a camp of fln.OOO men will bn establish"! between I ohourg and .iehwernfnrt In nelglum th< ministry have pent oril''i* to the military governors o provinces, for the immeiSata rn/i/irl to arm* of the mi litia of 1H47. They are y> repair by the :2Mh to tin ramp of Beverloo. On tile other hand, the coalitlor eontinnas to develop* itK.fr Already ban the Danisl r Utat from Baitu, ft tlu hh, miutm ut that th# fctu ?ian oablnat bad dsraandsd explanations on the sutyect of the entry of Truwian troops Into Jutland. This dli plomatic lntrigua. this mask of war. ?ill soon fall. t Th* Russians have now a pretext for entering Prosi sia This good Kiug of Berlin is capable of pretending

I to our Minister of Foreign Affair* that he ia the victim I of Kussia aud of his good disposition toward* Poland I In the meantime tile consul of Sweden mikes knowu to the Senate of Hamburgh that his government bar i resolved to assist the Danes with lO.OiM) troops und alt the Swedish marine Lach plays his part skilfully in > the cautp of the coalition. The Confrtrrt are not loss > able, in the Diet of Frankfort. Nothing can o<|ual !. what is passing there, and if tho Germans allow themselves to be blinded it is their own fault The bourgnoii i of Cologne, urged on by the King of Prussia, have addressed a petition to this assembly, demanding the t neutrality of Belgium, which they say. " resists with i calmness and ilrmnwss without example the storm that has burst over Kurope." 'I he delegates have supported this petition with ardor, announcing the approach; ing difficult negotiations of the Belgian government. > Tho spirit of hostility against republican France?the t intrigues of the reaction, are then, as w? cease not to repeat, manifest?and our ex-son-in-law, Leopold, takes his own share in them. Once more, it i? time to I look to it. 1 Ireland. El'borcan il'iMEs Office, ) May 17?Nine o'clock. ) We stop tho press to announce that our express, which left Dublin at a late hour last night, informs us that the jury in the case of Mr. S. O'Brien, not having I agri-cu. worn ui-cuargeu uy I no <_ ulel justice. I\lr. i Meagher's trial was proceeded with yesterday. but the I foreman announced in court, during the evening. that there was no likelihood of their agreeing to a verdict. After the arrest of Mr.Mitchell on the 13 of May. that gentleman was conducted by the officer to the head pol'ce-offire. where they arrived at seven o'clock. Two ( of the magistrates. Mr Porter and Mr Wyse. were in | attendance. Mr. Ketnuiis. crown solicitor. and Mr. Perrin. an counsel for the crown, were also in waiting. The proceedings which took place were as follows :? Mr. Pouter, addressiug Mr. Mitchell, said: ?Informations have been sworn before me that you have com, inltted fvionies under the act of 11th Victoria, by i writing and publishing, in the United Irishman, newnpaper, certain articles, on the (ith and 13th of this month, addressed "To the Protestant farmers, loborers. and artizaus of the north of Ireland." The informations are framed under the third section of that act, aud it became my duty to issue a warrant for your ap' prehension 1 will read the articles on which the informations are framed, if you desire me to do so. Mr. Mitchell : If you please, sir. Mr. Porter was then proceeding to ruad the articles > referred to, when Mr. Mitchell said he would not give Mr. Porter the trouble, as he was fully aware of their 1 contents already. 1 Mr. Porter: Mr. Mitchell, these informations, under which you stand arrested, have beeu sworn by superintendants Walsh and Selwood. of the metropolitan police ; und upon these informations it becomes my imperative duty to send you to trial. * Mr. Mitchell: To what eourt. sir ? i Mr. Porter: To the next commission. Mr. Kemmis. crown solicitor, addressing the magistrates, said: Mr. Mitchell is at liberty to put any ques f lions he thinks proper to the parties by whom the lui> formations have been sworn. They are both present ; Mr. Porter : Mr. Mitohell, do you wish to ask those parties any questions ? Mr. Mitchcl : No, sir ; I have no question to ask. Mr. Mitchell (ad trussing the crown solicitor.) said: j Mr. Kemmis, when will the commission sit? Mr. Kemmis : On the 20th Instant. 1 A committal was than made out. and Mr. Mitchell was conveyed, in tho custody of Inspector Guy. to l Newgate prison. Tho demeanor of Mr. Mitchell during this proceeding was calm and reserved, and he appearr ed to be deeply impressed with the serious responsi? bilitles of his position. Uuder the Treason-Felony , Act the accused has not the privilege of giving bail. Ou arriving at Newgate, the governor ushered Mr. 1 Mitchell into his apartment, which is In the upper sto-^r of the prison. Its naked appearance attracted Mr. Mitchell s attention, when the governor observed I that tho furniture corresponded with the prison regulations?a straw bed and wooden bench: but that he would Fuller Mr. Mitchell to avail himself of any reasonable accommodation he would require. Accordingly Mr. Midchcll was furnished with a hair mattress, and to-day he was supplied with a better ' breakfast than the hard prison fare. A few of his frieuds visited liim to-day; but the pressure was uot inconveniently great. Among the earliest were Messrs Meagher, Reilly. Doheny and Reynolds. He walks about the corridors and appears very thoughtful. His trial for the last offence will take place on the 20th (next i Saturday). His resolve at present is to defend himself His family are allowed free entrance to him at all hours, and also his friends: but the latter are not suffered to visit him in his private apartment. Smith O'Brien has not yet been among the sympathising ' visitants. A II'" UllUUUUtUUIVUl. gltCU UU ftlltUlTll/. appeared in the Dublin Mail of the 14th of May. " We arc enabled to state, on authority, that it is > her Majesty's intention to visit Ireland within two months from the present time. aud. probably, to re' main a considerable portion of the autumn. Arrangc1 (Dents for the (Queen's reception have already beeu 1 commenced." Important Debate In the British Parliament on the Navigation Lawi. In the House of Commons on tho 15th of May, Mr I-AiiocciiEHr. shortly before live o'clock, moved Uutthe HOOMre solrc itself into a committee on thi> ' Navigation Laws. Mr. Aldcrnian Thompson objected to tho House revolving itself into committee until some substantial reason for its so doing had been made out. .Mr. Larouchfrf. observed that it would bo more convenient to make hi* statement of the views of the ' government, with regard to the Navigation Laws, in committee. 1 After a desultory conversation, the House resolved itself into committee. The portion of her Majesty's speech referring to the t Navigation Laws having been read. Mr. Laiioi'cheri: ro*e to state the views of tho government respecting them, in doing whivh he cxpressi ed him?elf conscious of the weight and responsibility of the task which dwolvcd upon him. The laws in which he was about to propose a change had been re? yarded with a degree of reverence only inferior to that paid to those immortal statutes which were justly re,. yarded as the bulwarks of our liberties. If the changes vhich he was about to propose were of a far more vital ,, and important character than any which had formerly boen effected, he begged to remind the House of the 1 number and magnitute of the changes which had ret cently taken place in almost all the departments of ro,. ciety. The right honorable gentleman than, in a raI pid and general manner, called the attention of the i committee to the changes which had heretofore been t 'ffected in tho navigation laws The first navigat tion law upon the statute book was that of the riftli Richard II.. which contained some of the most stringent provisions in the whole code. In the fol1 lowing year it was somewhat (juulified. A few years t afterwards it was still further modified. The distinc. c tive character of this, the first period of the system, i was that of exclusive monopoly and restriction. This , period lasted till the reign of l^ueen Klizaheth.in the ,, drst year of which a remarkable change took place, reversing the principle of the navigation laws which had previously existed, and adopting that of protection. In h 'tcad f f that of exclusion. It wa? during this, the , second period of the system, commencing with the i reign of C^ueen Elisabeth, that, for the first timo. was I introduced the principle of making the coasting trade j of Knglaml a monopoly. Strongly contrasted at that time with our system was that of the Dutch, who had adopted the principle of the most unrestricted freedom, tho result of wliicli policy was remarkable, enabling as it did. that people to build up a most magnificent fabric of naval and commercial greatness. The system ' as modified in the time of t^ueen Klizabeth, lasted, without material change, until the time of tho commonwealth?when our colonial empire began to develope those gigantie proportion* which it afterwards attained. In the time of tho Commonwealth liegan the third period of our navigation lystem. which had 1 lasted with but few changes up to the pratent time 1 The system, as then settled, was developed in the statute* of Cromwell, and aftcrwaiuls confirmed In the famous navigation law of Charles II.. the principles of which were too familiar to the Mouse to render a detailed recapitulation of them necessary. It would 1 suffice to say that the Legislature then reverted to the f-yxteni of monopoly and exclusion, which was the cha1 ractoristlc feature of the policy of Richard II. .The * motive* which instigated to this change were more of a political than a commercial charactcr. Since that ' time some very material modifications had been effected In the system, to which time would not then permit him particularly to advert What first led to the modification of the system were the events which hail led to. and which Immediately succeeded. the war of \merican Independence The changes then made effected a wide breach In the system of our navlgatlon laws, Having. in a general manner, surveyed ' the coursc of legislation which the House had pur' ?ued with regard to these laws. the right honorable gentleman called the attention of the committee to the \ existing state of the lnw. As it at present stood, the system was mainly comprised in the famous Naviga' tion Act. and in the statutes 7th and 8th Victoria, c [ 112. and 8th and 9th Victoria, e. 88. lie then atated the reasons which had led him to think that th? navigation laws required still further alteration. A* they now stood, they were designed to securo three main " iioints. vie : to secure to ourselves the colonial trade; to secure the long royage trade to ourselvas; and also to secure us the indirect or carrying trade. With rer itard to these three objwets. we could not. consistently .vith our own well-understood Interests, leave the system on its present footing. With reference to the co. 1 lonial trade. If there erer was a just demand made upon 1 the House, especially after its recently adopted commercial policy, it was that which now proceeded from r onr colonies, that we should, without delay, set them free from those restrictions which, before we had freed ourselves from restrictions, we had Imposed upon them In the matter of navigation. Kven under the system 1 of protection, our colonies had chafed under the reI strfctTon* placed upon their navigation. It was no ' wonder, then, that they should now remonstrate against them. The right honorable gentleman then I alluded to the remonstrances vhich had recently proceeded from Canada and the West Indian colonies Me then traced the mischievous consequences to our t trade and manufactures from the laws which, for the purpose of pres-rvlng to British shipowners the long-voj age trade prevented the snhlects of this country fr"tn importing from the ports of foreign countries the produce of Asia, Africa, or America. Of what advantage could such a regulation be to any class? This i part of the system was replete with absurd and lndei finable restrictions on which he should be sorry to be. Ileve that our marltim- greatness In any degree deI ponded Me then briefly adverted to the effects of those provisions of the navigation laws wh ch were der signed to secure to this country the Indirect or car i lying trade At no time hail these provisions ready i answered the purpose for which they had been framed. f'hey Involved a game at which two could play ; l and foreign nations had iriven no obscure Indications of their Intention in this respect. The time was fast approaching when we could no longer expect i to trade with any foreign nation on unequal, i terms The practical question, then, now before i the Houm wm, not whether any benefit ?m de Hv?4 fr*? that part w' th? iyit?ifi wM*)? ut. ( mod th? Indirect trade, but whether they war* to embark upon a war of retaliation with avary country in the world, or by timely concessions to do more for the prosperity of British trade than could be effected for it by any system of restriction based upon narrow and jealous dUtinctions. From Prumia had al,tady come a voice of teaming, our commercial treaty with which pswer wat about to expire. I-Vom %Qmeri a, too, had come a voice, not of menace, hut of invitation?the precise nature of which the right j bou. gentleman explained by referring to the corres- . , ondeuce wbich bad passed last August between Mr. Bancroft and Lord Palmerston. If we did u little in I the way of rela ration. Jim trie a would do but tittle alio? i if we did much, Jlmerica would do much?if wt did all, ! I America wat also prepared to do all. Having stated 1 i the law as it now stood, aud bis reason for believing 1 that it oould bo longer be safely maintained on its < prudent footing, the right hon. gentleman proceeded to state the alterations which her Alujesty's government were about to propose. There were tome portions of < tho system in which it was not proposed to effect any < material alteration. It was not his intention to pro- 1 pose any material change with regard to the coasting trade. Foreigners were, by nature itself, practically excluded from participating in that trade, so that to permit them by law to do so, would be accompanied I with but a little amount of good. With regard to the 1 coasting trade of the colonies, he proposed to reserve it 1 10 British ahipping, in the same manner as the coast- 1 ing trade of the mother country, with this exception. 1 hat each colony would be at liberty, whenever it thought fit. by an act of its Parliament, to throw open its 1 coasting trade to foreign countries, to which act the consent of the Crown would be necessary ; in short, to allow men colony 10 ueai wuu its own roasting trnue i as tt might think flt. For similar reasons, but atrongur in tliia case in their application?h<? did not intend to uake any change in that part of the system which restricted the British fisheries to British vessels. But ho proposed to deal in a Urge and general mauner with | the remainder of the system. which this country had no roal interest in retaining up?n her statute-book, lie therefore proposed to strike from the statute-book all those restrictions which characterized the remainder of the system. Id other words, the intention of the government was, with tho exceptions aobve alluded to. as regarded the fisheries and the coasting trade, to throw open to competition the whole navigation of this couutry of every sort, and description.'' But lia would at the same time advise the House not to deprive the Queen in Council of that power which she now possessed, of imposing countervailing duties, if she thought fit. on the ships of such foreign nations us might treat our shipowners with injustice?that it was not intended that this power should be obligatory upou the Crown. Such were the views of government with regard to the navigation laws, properly so called. There were other measures connected with the subject, to which it would be necessary to call the attention of the House?measure* affecting the character of British vessels, as to their ownership, their build, and their inautiug. In exposing British shipowners to unrestricted competition, it was but reasonable that they should afford them every facility for obtaining their vessels in the cheapest manner. He therefore proposed to do away with that restriction, which at present limited the right of acquiring a British register to a British built ship, by enabling a ship built abroad, if purchased by a British subject, to acquire a British register. With regard to the general principles applicable to ownership, he did not Intend to make any alteration in them, although there were some anomalies connected with this part of the subject which he proposed to remove. Nor w?s it Intended to introduce any ohange into the syatem of manning, the government proposing to leave it still necessary that a British ship, engaged in the coasting trade, should have her crew entirely composed of British seamen, and that ships engaged in thu foreign trade should still have three-fourths of thulr crews consisting of British seamen. It w?* also proposed to admit Indian seamen. such A Lascars, to the character of British seamen With regard to the question of apprentices, it was proposed to abrogate the necessity which now devolved upon a British ship of taking apprentices. This was an obligation which he believed to be of a most burdensome character, whilst it utterly failed to accomplish Its professed object. It drove able bodied seamed ont of our ships, that boys might be introduced into them, tho former being driven to seek employment in the American marine and elsewhere. So far. then, from securing its professed object, this was a regulation which had an exactly contrary tendency, in driving away from our marine those able bodied seamen whose number it was intended to increase. It was proposed, therefore to leave the shipowner free In future to employ men or boys, as he might think flt. Such was the general outline of the measure which the government proposed to submit to the House. He was conscious that the proposition was one of a grave and important character, but it was one from which he apprehended no injury to our commercial marine. When Mr. Huskisson proposed his commercial changes, the prognostications of evil from them . WLTO HUUIiUUUt. UUI? UUO Ul WUIl'U UKU UCt'U rt'KUACU , and no it would tarn out with similar prognostications which might be indulged in with reference to the changes now proposed. If they compared their protected with their unprotected shipping, they would And nothing to discourage theui from proceeding in tho course now submitted. Nor did he apprehend that there was any danger of the British ship-building interest suffering from the proposition. He then came to an objection which had great weight with manv?that the abrogatiou of tho navigation laws would be destructive of the military marine and naval greatness of England. He was not prepared to go the length of those who might coutend that there was no necessary connection between a large maratime commerce anil great naval power. Hut would they, by the changes which he proposed compromiso. or iinjuriously affect, their maratime commerce * If he thought that such would be thecasc. lie would dread the result, as regarded the naval power of the country. But as he did not believe that such would be the case with regard to our commercial marine, he could not see how it was possible that our military marine should suffer. And whilst he was confident that there was no danger in the changes proposed, he saw every danger in the existence of the present system. The communications received from our consuls from almost all parts of the globe, showed that great detriment arose to our mcrcautile marine from the low character of shipmasters and mates, their want of skill and capacity. and of a decent standard of morality. This was an evil which it was necessary to do something to mitigate, lie proposed to submit, in addition, two i ther measures, one respecting light duos, and the other for the regulation of the Merchant Seaman's Kund. The right honorable gentleman then concluded by respectfully recommctiding the measure which he was ab?ut to propose to the anxious deliberation of parliament. It was a measure which, he was convinced, would be beneficial to every interest in the country, and to note more so than to the shipping interests of the empire. He then submitted the resolution on which the measure is to be founded. Several questions were then put. which were replied to by the right honorable gentleman; after which M* Gladstone put some questions with regard to the fisheries, the education of young persons for u seafaring life, the examination of masters and mates, and such communications as the government might have had j with other foreign countries in addition to Prussia and | the United States, with a view to getting them to cooperate with us in the relaxation of the navigation ! laws. In answer to these questions. Mr. Lab?i'chkhk replied that, were tho measure carried. it would be in the power of foreign vessels engaged in the deep-sea fishing to bring oil. the produce | of tli-t fisheries, to this country, and that the govern- . ment had not deemed it expedient to make any over- ' turei to foreign powers, until the intention of I'arlia- ! ment on the subject was known. As to tho examination of masters and mates, a voluntary system of ex- j animation was now in vogue, and with the most beneficial effects. As this voluntary system was working well, he was disposed to give it a further trial, before he asked the House to make the examination compulsory. As to the education of young persons for a seafaring life, he attached to it the greatest importance, and would be glad to see the House, on ' a fitting opportunity, taking some steps to promote it. The more effectually to watch over the interests of tho 1 commercial marine, he proposed to constitute a now department in connection with tho Board of Trade, to be called tho Department of Commercial Marine. 1 Mr. Rom-uo* regarded the time as inaptly chosen ] for making such an alteration in th? navigation laws. The measure was of sufficient importance to justify Its postponement till next session. Mr. IIi'Mi: thanked the Government for the introduc- 1 tion of the measuro. the exceptions to which were, in bis judgment, of but little moment. Lord Q. Bentisok could not join Mr. Hume in thank- ' ing the Government for the proposition which It had just lubmitted. He had never hoard so important a measure founded on so poor a case. Nodesiro for such ] a sweeping change had been shown to exist, nor was it pretended that freights were high or sfuMB NMN. It was a calumny on British shipmasters to charge them with being immoral or unskilful, as might be proved by the comparatively low rates at which British vessels , were insured. Not a single word had been said by the right hon. gentleman as to how the navy was in future to , be manned. Tho only parties who would benefitby the proposed changes were foreign seamen, shipowners, , and shipbuilders. Had it not been for the improvement in the details of the navigation laws, embodied In , the proposal to register Lascars as British seamen, he would have boon prepared to reject tho resolution at unrc. i Mr. Ricardo. after pointing out a variety of fallacies | , into which Lord (> Bentinck had fallen, proceeded ; , elaborately to attack the whole system of tint navigation laws. , Dr. Biwriio moved that the chairman report progress and ask leave to nit again. i Lord O. Br.wTiHcK seconded the motion, which was put and carried. The House resumed, and the chairman reported progrew. Mr. Laboucherk proposed that the committee should 'it agsta on Monday next. . Captain Harris moved ai an amendment, that the committee sit again on Monday fortnight. The Marque** of Orambv seconded the amendment. ' Mr. Alderman Thompson supported It, thinking the ( delay of a fortnight but reasonable. Mr. Waw* and Mr. P. Milks pressed tho amend- | ment. Mr. LA*ni'cnr.Rr. resisted It, and. after some further consideration. { The Hou?e divided, and the numbers were? For the amendment 2S Against it M Majorltv against ?34 Colonel Sibtiiorp then moved that the House do now adjonrn Another division took place, and the numbers were? For the motion 2fl Against It S3 Majority against ?37 Lord O Hk-xtimck then moved that the debate be now adjourned. On the suggestion of Mr. LARorcilKRr, the debate was adjourned until Thursday ne*t. the 18th May. when the day for resuming the discussion upon the resolution should be agreed upon. The House shortly afterward* adjourned. ] 'in* Pimm of Wilfciit In ttnat MUln. [ From the London Tlm#> Majr 16.] One thing ii r?ry clear from the result. The Luglish people are not disposed to organic change. They don't want a bran new Parliament; they don't want ruch a change an shall absolutely destroy the identity of the constitution. There have been no such changes i'n thin country, unless they have been forced upon it by unhappy circum-tauces. The "glorious revolution" of 10?8 wa.i thrust upon us by an infatuated and innovating king. For six hundred year* we have gone on with the same identical legislature, without aoy essun tial change of character, except that the duration of the legislature aud the condition* under which it should be dissolved, were settled about a century since, after ages of uncertain and vacillating practice. A sudden and simultaneous change of duration, of the electoral divisions, of their mode of election, and the qualification of the constituents and representatives, would amount, in their accumulative force, to au actual revolution. We should call it a new House of Commons, and it would be one. The tradition of the Legislature would be broken. The useful authority of precedent would be impaired. The drst House that met undorthe new system would be almost us chaotic au assemblage as the UOo just thrown together at Paris. It would be a legislative mobj and In such bodies we put no sort of faith. No. It is the custom of this country to go on improvlug. repairing, chastising, and occasionally reforming. How are most of our fortunes made? How are our citios beautitk'd, mid our villages made ueut and comfortable? How have most of our institutions grown to their pre'eut efficiency and splendor? How do names become jj.vnt How have our own leading manufacturers attained to thuir greatness.' All by continually insisting in tho track of safe improvement. This country seldom throws away. It will never throw away the existing House of Commons. Kcct signum. A lot of incendiaries have been poking up and scraping the whole islaud, and cannot, either by promises or bribes, or auy means, trot mnru tliun alvJ "??? ?"* tend tod.vote themselves, to the tu?kof agitating for a fundamental change of the legislature. And thoso sixty-five separate of themselves in a fortnight. Tht> bubble bursts almost before it issoen. MlM't'llaiifous. Privateers lit the Enoluii Channel.?A correspondent says, under dato Towns. Tuesday morning. May 9, " The intelligence of the blockade of Hamburg. Lubeck, and the German ports, arrived here yesterday, and in consequence our roadstead is rapidly tilling wilh I lain burghers. llolstiencrs. iic.. no less than seventeen ships having come up during the night. One of the pilots reports that, yesterday, whilst coming up tile channel on board of a Prussian *hip. he witnessed the capture of a ilolsteiu schooner, by a privateer under Dutch colors, which fact cftnfirins a report current for the last few days, that there were several privateering vessels in the chops of the channel, looking out for prizes."?London Newt. Steamship Rack.?Without any intention on the part of the managers of the vessels, there is to be a race from Liverpool to America, on which large sums of money are pending. The steamers are the United States and the Niagara. The United States sails today for New York, and the Niagara on Saturday for Boston. The difference in sailing may be counted about a day farther for the United States than the Niagara; but as the Niagara's passengers for New York will have to be forwarded by railroad, the actual difference in the distance is extremely trilling. It will be seen that the United States has three clear day* the start, and the question to be decided le whether the Niagara will overhaul her sufficiently In (ailing to set down her passengers at New York as soon as the United States. Could it have been arranged that both ships should start on the same day for the same point, it would have been more satisfactory ; but an the weather is generally pretty uniform in this month and as the distances are, accurately l>U"?n. a fair approximation to the relativo qualities of the boats may be obtained. Both are One vessels, and they are pretty equally matched The United States Is New Vork built, and her engine* (or. as her engineer* term them, injinet) were constructed in the States. She li also commanded by ons of the most able of American captains. She is of 2 000 tons burthen, and her engines are estimated at 1.000 horse power The Niagtra was built by Mr. Steel," of Greenwck. and her engines were supplied by Mr Napier, of Glasgow. She is about 1.800 tons burthen, and 700 horse powor. The Niagara is the last constructed steamer of the British and North American Royal Mail Steamship Company's line, and is under the command of that excellent British seaman, Capt. Alexander Ryrie. We give no opinion on the comparative qualities of the rival boats. We only say to the captains and rrew of each?'- Gentlemen, the eyes of Liverpool and New York are on you ; you will know what you have to >o !"?Liverpool Courier, May 17. For Markets ?tc Fourth page. Vanv Late aid Important from IIavti.?The Philadelphia North American, of yesterday morning, announces the arrival of tho brig Ida, from Port au Prince, whence she sailod on tho 20th Instant. The intelligence she brings is but a repetition of the late aceounts. The President was still absent, alarm was universal, and businoss. of course, was at a stand. Themaiket was overstocked with American produce. There was no rate of exchange, and bat little money in circulation?scarcely sufficient to pay import duties. Spanish doubloons t-old at $126 currency. From the linton Traveller of yesterday morning, we have intelligence, although not as late, but more in detail, and of some interest. It was received by the brig Draco and includes the date of the 8th instant. The hatred and prejudice existing ugniust the mulatto population broke frrth on the lfith of April. It was the day i<f the weekly parading of the guards and army, and all the generals were assembled at tho palace. The President opened the scene by preferring charges against certain mulatto generals, of treason to the government. This soon reached the ears of the assembled soldiery. and at a signal volleys of musketry broko upon the air, and several fell victims to tho charge ; two other volleys were tired. The President, barely escaping wilh his life, succeeded in restoring order. Alarm guns were now fired from the fort, and the whole city set in dreadful commotion. A procla-' assist in restoring order. The call w?* obeyed, and the mulatto merchants and clerks paraded in front of their warehouses for protection to their property and their homes. This was just at nightfall. Without further notice, the ('residetit's guard, amounting to some 1000 men, with artillery, came dowu upon them and ordered them to dispose. A general Are was now opened between the two parties. which resulted In the route of the uiulaltoes, who left some thirty of their auuiber dead upon the i-ce: of the conflict. The refu-al of the mulatto** to 1 . perse was assumed at the palace as treason against th government, and on the following morning foil their number were arrested and shot in front ot iho British consulate Several others were shot iu differ ent parts of the city, wherever they could be found, and on the lKlhonc inoro was shot iu front of thu ilritUh cousulate. It is supposed that fifty mulattocs were killed in thu city, besides many others on the plains. All tho foreign consulates, as well as the houses of foreigners, became asylums of the mulattoes, and were densely crowded. A French corvette was lying in the roads, and the French consul, with a bolduuss becoming hid dignity, demanded of tho President an amnesty, on threat Of bombardment. This had its effect. a. d a proclamation was issued granting pardon to all exctpt twelve, whose names were given in tho proclamation. Thiii notice enabled the twelve to escape ill disguise oil board vessels In the harbor. Another proclamation was issued calling on all citizens to open their doors aud resume business on pain of being considered as compromised; but so little confidence was placed in the sincerity of the President, that it was not until the '24th of April that any husiness was done, and even up to the present date very little has been done except to embark such effects M could he got on board foreign vessels. No farther disturbance lias since taken place, yet very little confidence Is felt that peace will aoutinue many weeks. The President has set out on a tour through the south, with a large force, as it is said, to restore order: and until ho returns, no further demonstration will bo made. Tho commercial agent of the United States hoistod liis (lag in the early part of the troubles; and his house, in common with the other consulates, becamo tho asylum of the persecuted mulattocs. A private letter from n mercantile house at Aux ( ayes, to a merchant in this city, give* the following particulars of the disturbances in that vicinity: ? Aui Civm, April 22. 184S. General Andre Telemaquo, of this place, had l#eeu chosen hy the pickets." or country people (so Called rrom thoir heing armed with a poisonous pikti of bamboo), as well as by the authorities of thin town, te replace the General Dugue Tamor. who hail been callrd to Port-au-Prince, to answer a charge brought against him of having conspired the overthrow of the President. A short time afterward. General Lelievr*. of A<|iiin. together with Louis Jaques, of St. Louis, flew to arms, in opposition to tho existing Oovernraent. The alnrm gun here was ftnmediately fired, and tho pickets assembleil outside the town, under the command of Generals Jean < laude and Jean Dennie. amt In the town the national guard, with a part of the 17th regiment, under tlie orders of Oen. Telemarjue. All the entrances of the town and the bridges were well defended hy cannon and parties of the national guard, tad for some time lu vain did the pickets attempt an i'u trance Tho colored part of the population, inen. women, and shildren. rushing for protection to the houses of tho llritish and Kronch residents (the writer cannot at lliis moment have less than fifty people in his house), and othvrs going off. no one knows where, in boats, barges, Sic. The inhabitants are all under Arms, and not a stick of logwood naturally comes to market? there being no stock in the town. The same may ho Raid of coffee, of which we can neither buy. borrow, or procure freight. < aptain Gordon. of the Pearl, by which the above letter was received, reports that Aux C ayes had bee* raptured by the pickets, or mahogany cutlers A general revolution had taken place, and the Inhabitants were flying for their lives. Robbery and murder worn stnonq: the common events, and the Pesrl was filled with women and children most of the time, praying the protection of the American flag Mr Dunclionor (firm of B anohard. Dunchoner. lluti nu) came passenger In the Pearl, having fled for his life All persons tinder sixty years of age, were ordered under arms. HpnrtlnifilnlHllgi'iiri1. Union Ooranr.?Tho match between I.a.fy .Sutton and Dlack Hawk, for $1000, mile heat*, best three lu five?the former to a 22"i lb w.igon. and the latter to on# weighing 2-V) lbr.?came off yesterday, and was won by Lady .Sutton in three straight heats. The report and particulars attending this race will be given tomorrow. the foreign news crowding out the repoit. Time. 3 45- 3:42?; 2:43. ARMY INTK1.MOKNCK. One hundred and forty-two recruits left Newport Barracks Kfor the (eat of war. on tbo 20th May,