Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 3, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 3, 1848 Page 1
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TP TI' X XX. Whole No. 511J? IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE NEW STEAMSHIP NIAGARA, AT BOS TON. THREE DAYS' LATER INTELLIGENCE. The new steamship Niagara, Cupt. Kyrie, arrived at Boston early yesterday morning. She sailed from Liverpool on the 20th alt., and has made the pissage in twelve and a half days, j which is equal in speed to that of the steam ship ; United States, Boston being one day nearer than i New York is to Liverpool. The news is, of course, of considerable impor- 1 tance. Tile French Republic?The Insurrection In Purls. On Monday morning, the 15th ult., the populace j of Paris, composed of the clubs, the atrliert ruitioiwux, the provincial delegates, and other vio lent democratic associations, began to assemble, , and by half-past eleven upwards of fifty thousand i persons marshalled under banners, and marched in procession to the Chamber, the numbers augImenting as they proceeded. On arriving at the bridge, finding the passage 1 Imir u u|neut iiic ^ruccBSiuii luuiru luwuius mc Chamber, and arrived at the uate in the Place La- ! layette. General Courtais, who, justly or unjustly, | is suspected of being a party to the alVair, had previously ordered the bayonets to be taken from the muskets. Some of the people HtUl this, were encouraged to escalade the railings ; others lollowed, and the court of the Chamber was sooc fihed. General Courtais then advanced to them with conciliating language ; but, in fine, the gates were soon forced open, and the populace entering the Chamber, rushed to the tribunes, and, instantly mingling with the members of the convention, tilled every part of the hall. The troops of the line, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, were called out by the ministry, and the national guard and guard mobile were placed under arms. After much uproar and confusion, the populace became intimidated by the troops, left the assembly, and proceeded to the Hotel de Ville, to ap point a committee of public safety. MM. Barbes, Albert and theotherministers of the new provisional government, had just commenced in the identical room in which Robespierre and his associates were seized, their functions, as directors, when the National Guards entered the building from the rear, which had been totally unguarded, potmced upon the pseudo government, and, alter a struggle, in which M. Barbes, in particular, ran some risk, carried them off as prisoners. How fared it with citizen .Sobrier in the interim ! lie repaired to the Minister of the Interior with his montaguards; but thefe realized the tale of catching a tartar. lie demanded admittance, und the transfer of the ministry to him, and of the military nosts to his faithful followers. He was admitted, certainly; but only to be arrested. His hundred partisans wefredisarmed, stripped even of their scarlet cravats, and turned adrift. Afit*r the Chamber of Deputies and the Hotel de Ville had been purged of their new occupants, and after the arrest of several parties connected with the attempted revolution, who had. ,in the first instance, escaped, all Paris presented masses of National Guards, moving in columns of thousands, to ihe (ireat points of the city?the people and the women, the best-dressed ladies even, cheering them en /nssant. Not a chair was unoc moving in the Boulevards, from the crowds of welldressed people, of both sexes, and of Workmen mixed up with themv discussing in groups what had taken place, and in loud condemnation of the disturbers. This feeling was almost universal. Here and there n fanatic cried Vive Baring! hut was immediately snrronnded, seized, nnd carried off to prison. Such was he conduct of the people throughout that important evening. By midnight all was quiet. In the course of the ninlit; a regiment of cura.ssiers, and the students of the military school of St. Cyr, arrived in Paris, and several regiments of the line, from other quarters, marched on the capital. The Jirtimal dei D6ba1? contains the following account of the uVrest of M. llaspnil:? ' At a quarter before 0 o'clock in the afternoon, a cabriolet wan Feen to ascend as quickly as possible the difficult and steep street of La Montagne Saint* Genevieve. Some citizens, in order to assist the horse, were pushing the carriage from behind, and the coachman was tlngginir his horse. There were three men in the carriage When it arrived near the Pantheon it set off at full gallop, and stopped at No. 5 Huh des Krancshourgeois. the residence of M.Ka?pa l. The national guards, who were at their bivouac in the Luxembourg, having been informed of M. Haspail's arrival, proceeded in a body to his house. They searched that and the adjoining houses without finding him. Having been assured that he was concealed, they repeated their search anil discovered him. This was at halfpast !' o'clock. Three officers placed themselves with 0 liaifiail in a hackney coach, and lodged him in the Luxembourg. Not a cry nor a threat was raisod by the national guard " The Jourwit des DSbnts adds, that the students of tiie I' ilvtechmc school turned out at tli1 first report of an insurrection, nnd placed themselves at the disposal of the executive govern- 1 ment. When M. Lumartine nnd M. Ledru Hollin Went to the Hotel de Yille on the loth, the latter having advanced a few steps before M. Lmnrtine, was arrested by the second in command nt the Hotel de Ville. M Ledru ft ollin having strongly protested against this, the nlii...>v :?nswrreri: " I nrresf vnn vmif mime is on the list of the pretended government that has been proclaimed. M. Lvdru Roll in then alighted from iiis horse,when he was joined by AI. L unartinc, who said he would he answerable for Jus colleague. Paris was throughout the night "of the 15th ultimo, pretty tranquil. 80,0(10 National Guard passed th"<~ night under arms or in patrolling; tint no incident, save one, that could be characterised as violent, occured after nightfall. The exception was at the headquarters of Citizen Sobrier, whose house. No. 16 in the lluc de Rivoli, exactly opposite the Tuilcries, was entered by the people und the firemen and the National Guards. Iiis own body guard of Montngnards were seized, disarmed, and ignominiously kicked into the street, his bureau and private apartment broken into, his papers torn or burnt. The furniture on the premises was smashed, and strict search made tor the citizen himself, who, fortu- j nately for him, was at that moment in durance on the other side of the water. Three Xutiona! Guards were killed during the nflray nt the passage Moliore, and another was very seriously wounded at the corner of the Hotel de Ville itself. The *irian who shot him was immediately arrested. A vast nnmber of prisoners have been taken, among whom are Sobrier, llaspail, (.'abet, Albert? (nnvrier),?lately a member of the Provisional Government, Toutin, Sfaisset, Lamatre, Hoquet, Thore, Harbes, Huher, Courtais, and Hlanqui. The National Gunrds seized upon Gen. Courtais, stripped his epaulettes off his shoulders, and carried them as trophies before them. M. Caus: idiitre, ihe Prefect of the Polio*, is implicated in the affair, and has been dismissed. Seventy-five of the body guard, kept by the ClubDist Sobrier, in the house Ituc do < Rivoli, arrested. In the same house a large m quantity of arms and ammunition were found. It :i was announced that the guard called the Mon- i tagnardt was disbanded. The persons who were in the room with M. 1 Harbes were also arrested andconducted to prison. These arrests are said toaniount to at least , sixty. On many persons were found pistols, dag- ! giTH, and on some letters from the chiefs of the I plot. The first legion of the National Guard, which ; is the most aristocratic in Paris, was the ' tnost ardent in favor of the National Assent- | Id v. It was the Iluke de Mouchy who arrest- | cd (Sen. Courtais. The sword of Gen. I 'ourtais was carried by the first legion in triumph through the streets. The prisoners were sent at 5 o'clock on the lfith , lilt., to Vincennes, in diligences, to the number of about fifty; national guards were on the top and in ] the interior of the vehicles. Itarbcs had made an utteiiipt to escape. , 1 The prisoners are now all strongly guarded in 1 t lie dungeons of Vincennes, and any attempt to relieve them would be useless. Two regiments of cuirassiers came up at a aa I lop from Versailles, and the poor fellows actually wept with joy at the idea of getting their revenge for the days of FebThe part taken by Louis Blanc in the affray of ^ I liT- - - - - E NE Nf ih<- 15tli is yet involved in some mystery. lie canui.t, it m supposed, clear himself of complicity in the matter. During the time that the mob had possession of the Assembly, he, as well as Barbes, Albert, and General Courtais, mingled with the crowd in the ante-chambers and lobbies, shook them by tli hand, an 1 expressed his confidence in them. When Albert and Barbes went to the Hotel de Ville, M. Louis Bhnu also quitted the Assembly; but tortuuaU-Iy for himself, he did not accompany them to the Hotel de Ville, and he has not given any explanation of where he was in the interval. But certainly, after the failure of the attempt to establish a provisional government, he reappeared and declared solemnly that he was perfectly innocent of all participation in the events of the day-r-a declaration which was received with shouts of derision and contempt. M. Sobrier seems to have been oneof the prime movers of the imeutt. ? In the search made on the eveningofthe 15th, at the offices of tile Commwne de Parit, published bv him, there were found 600 muskets, most of whicn were?loaded. a barrel of gunpowder, and other munitions ot war. Some of the papers which were seized are said to be of great importance. We understand that not lens than eighty-two arrests were made in Sobrier'a apartments. One of the persons arrested had a pa|>er in his hand, which he thrust into his mouth aid tried to swallow; but being seized by the throat, h? was obliged to give it up, and it turned out to be a list oi affilet. Altogether, the movement was a most violent attempt to usurp the Government of France. A correspondent writing from Paris on the 16th ult., says:? " It appears that tlie government ban ascertained that tbu i uvasiou of tbe Assembly yesterday watt a regularly organised conspiracy, and that tho insurrection was intended to break out at the same instant at Lyons, and probably at other places. A telegraphic despatch was sent off to the authorities at Lynns, to inform them of their danger, and to announce the suppression of the insurrection at Paris. The great point of solicitude and attention on Tuesday night, was the Prefecture of Police. The neighborhood was completely blocked up with troops. The Pont Neuf was covered with regiments of infantry of the line, and of the Ouard Mobile, so as to leare barely room for a carriage to pass. A11 circulation was stopped on tho Passage d'Orfevrea leading to the Prefecture, that road bein g entirely filled with troops, as was also tbe court at tho prefecture.and all the avenues of the Palais de Justice. Tbe Hotel de Ville continued tro be similarly surrounded. t The conduct imputed to M. Causvidiere, in reference to the proceedings of Monday and some other previous events, brought the question of the Republican Guard, a corps formed at the revolution and only subject to the order of the Prefect of Police, before the Assembly on the 16th, and it was resolved by the executive government to disband it. M. Gamier Paces declared from his placc in the Assembly that it had been actually disbanded. it appeared, however, that this troop had refused to quit the prefecture, or to allow the National Guard to enter it. Tney declined even to obey any verbal order from their chief, M. Caiissidiere, who was then at the Assembly. They declared that they would not move until M. Caussidiere himself came to order them. This contest continued for several hours, during which a great military lorce collected round the prefecture. At 4 o'clock, 10,000 men surrounded it. They admitted some detachments of the National Guard within the builing. During the night, however, the neighborhood continued, M<9 uriuir, IV UC Ufllipn-'U Ijy II1C livup, >V IIV Ui" vouacked in the streets. A report prevailed that Louis Blanc had been arrested. According to another report, he had taken flight. The number of prisoners in Vincennes is 67; 3*3 individuals are under arrest in the Hotel da Ville. Advices of the 17th state that tilings begin to resume the aspect of civil order. In the early part of the forenoon, the usual mass of troops was collected round the Chamber, but about noon an order arrived that they should march to 'their quarters, and that the only external mark of precaution visible during the day has been, that the garden and courts have been occupied by a regiment of the line and some detachments of the guard mobile. The w*U? have been placarded with an apolo getic manifesto from M. Caussidwere, in which lie defends his conduct by declaring that a republican police cannot adopt preventive measures ; and that his functions could onlv be repressive, lie wrote on the morning of the 15th, to M. l'agnerre, Secretary of the provisional government, assuring him that the demonstration about to be made would be perfectly tranquil; that his agents were at the head of tl??movement; uud that he would be responsible tor ihu result. The Executive was not, however, wholly tranquilized, but made iewer and less important preparations, scarcely expecting an attack. THE NATIONAL ASSUMDI.Y. On the opening of the Chamber on the lGtli ult., M Duciiez. the President. having resigned the chair to M Corbon, onu of the Vice President*. proceeded to offer to the Chamber explanations for bin conduct on the occasion of the invasion of the Chamber by the populace the day previous. M. Duchez ha id. that being pressed and besieged by threatening letters, containing furious menaces against tile Assembly, on the sut^ject of beating the ruppel, he thought it right to give orders to suspend it At these words, violent murmur" broke out from all parts of the Assembly. M. Duchez appeared disconcerted, and stammered out excuses, raying that he feared for the lives of the members but honor is more precious than life !" cried several voices. ' lUther die," cried others, " than ndopt your course !" (.Loud applause.) Vou have been iu'repid. it is true (resumed M. iiuches). hut it seems to me that the conduct of your President is not worthy of yours. After further altercation of this kind, M. Bucbei withdrew, without returning to the chair. M. Gamier Pages assured the Assembly that the most effectual measures were taken to assure the safety of tho Assembly aud of the public, uud enumerated the prisoners taken He added that M. Caiusidierc. Pre feet of police, had not yet been dismissed, ami that he wai about to offer explanations to tho Assembly on the subject of the inaction imputed to the police yester Jay. Several members spoke on the subject of the Prefect of Police anil the republican guard, imputing to thein complicity with the insurgent part v. Mr noon after presented himself to offer explanations to the Assembly. Two hours were consumed with the various questions put to liim and the answers given, at the end of which he resigned his otrtee. When M Caussidicrc presented himself in the Chamber, much surprise was expressed, inasmuch as reports had circulated that he had shut himself up iu the Prefecture of Police, and set tlio government at defiance. Respecting this the lollowing explanation is given Twonty-tive thousand men of the National (iuard and troops of the line had gone to surround the Prefecture of Police. M. Clement Thomas, (iencral-inL'hief of tho National (iuard. having presented himself to summon M. Caussidlere to surrender, that person answered that, as a representative, he would not surrender, exccpt to a decree of Ilia Assembly. M. Thomas consequently invited biu> to repair to the AsKeinbly, to which he consented. The explanations give* by M < aussidiere possessed no particular interest. beyond the circumstance that he sought continually to make the provisional government, the executive commission, and the present ministry, participators in the wrongs with which they reproaeh him. M. < remieux having considered It his duty tc give explanations. M. ( aussidiere became more violent, and. in a tone of bruvado. Cried out that it had been his intention to curry on Ills office in a fraternal manner, as the times required; but since he no longer had their confidence, lie would resign. Among the propositions brought forwsrd In the Assembly at tills sitting, was one by M. Hillault. to interdict, under severe penalties, all tumultuous meetings (atlroupimenh) within 1600 metres ef the Chamber It was ordered to be referred to the Committee on Justice. In the course of the proceedings on the 17th ult., the President read the letter in which M I aussidiere had scut his resignation. M. Sarrut defended M. Caussidlere. The Assembly," said he, " before accepting this resignation, should examine the real motives of it. which, in mv Dpiulon. were nothing more than a just sentiment of Miseeptibillty which is befitting a member of this Assembly who has been called on for his justification." After some vain attempts to continue this defence, the resignation of M. ( aussidiere was accepted. The question of the validity of the elections for Corsica being brought forward, it wa? decided that the proscription existing against the Bonaparte family should not prevent MM. Pierre and Napoleon Uodapartefrom taking their seats. M. Louis Blanc being also returned for Corsica, his election was annulled, in consequence of an irregularity in the admission of foreigners Into the ball of election. M. Louis Blanc mounted the tribune, and made some observations, which were listened to with the most chilling coldness. The Assembly then proceeded to appoint the committee for preparing the project of tho constitution The following Is a sketch of tho members of the new ministry: M. Bastlde and M. Duclerc were, since the IMtli February. under secretaries of state tn the departments in which they have now beceinc Ministers. I olonel < harras was also under *eo:etary In the war department, and has the character of being an able administrator; but he is only appointed minister of the war department ad interim. M. Hecurt was one of the adjoints of the Mayor of Paris, and lias, within tinlast two days, been elected a Vice-Presideut of the Assembly, lie has the character of being a sensible, liberal, ami moderate man; but his administrative rapacity has not yet had an opportunity of being knowi). as be has all hi* life been employed In adml W YO 1WIYOBK, SATURDAY J uistcring medicines to the good people of the Faubourg St. Autoine. Admiral < asy in very little known, evan in his profession. M. Trclat. who is ulso a physician, was the candidate of the uitru-repuhlicuBS. and is considered a nominee of M. I.edru Ruliiu Much attention has been drawn to the appointment of M. Jules Kavre. a* under Secretary of State for the Foreign Department. M. Rastide. the minister, Is understood to have the full confidence of M. de Lamartine. who, though he ceases to be at the head of that department, will probably continue to overlook the business of it ; but M. Jules Kavre in the nominee of Ledru Kollip, aud It U insinuated that he is placed an a check on the too pacific M. Uustide. M. Kavre wan the uuder secretary In the department of the interior, under M. Ledru Holliu. aud the principal iustrument in all tile acts of violence which emanated from that office, uud which have doue so much damage to the Republic, in the eyes, not ouly of Frenchmen but of all Europe. Colonel Clement Thomas, of the '2d Legion (formerly editor of the National) is named general-in-chief of the Paris National Guard. in the room of that weak , old man. General Courtul*. The Executive gavernmeut has just issued a decree for retaining the national guards under arms until all the guilty in the late attempt shall be in the hands of justice. M. Bcthmont has resigned the Ministry of Public ! Worship, which, it is said, will be united with that of Publio Instruction. M. Pagnerre had been appointed secretary of the Executive Commission, with a deliberating vote in the council of ministers. The composition of the Chamber is as follows : Exdcputles, 1'2'J; magistrates. Ill; ecclesiastics. 71; doetors, 17; workmen. 34; manufacturers, 38; soldiers. 38; muuicipal magistrates, 30; commissaries of the government. (13; authors and journalists, 31; agriculturists, 01; engineers. 8; lauded proprietors. 60; unknown. 24.1; in all 830, which, with the colonies,and the double olections. make 900. The Natioual Assembly contains 17 surgeons. The late Chamber contained but one. Under Louis Philippe, but one surgeon was created a peer. Another, M. Double, did not reoeive this honor, as he refused to ..r.Mij,, ,,r hit 'in,., (Uuchez) and the Vice-President (Recurt) of tho present Assembly, are surgeons. Tile prlucipal competitor with M. Buohei for the presidency, M. Trelat. is also a medical man. The new Minister of Foreign Affairs hat) appointed M. Emannel Arago aa Minister Kxtraordinary at Ber! iin. It will be recollected that this ii the commissioner i whose extraordinary conduct at Lyons nearly created ! a rebellion in that city. The National announces that the army of the Alps, which already consists of three divisions, is to be augmented by a fourth division formed of three brigades of seasoned troops, which are already under orders front Algeria, aud which are considered the best in that colony. The command of the new division U given to General Lorre de Arbouville. whose head quarters are to bo Avignon. The army of the Alps, with tkia addition, consists of 38.000 effective troops. The army of the Rhine consists of 8G.000 men, of whom 12,000 are to be concentrated in Strasbourg and Its neighborhood; 12,000 in tho neighborhood of Hagucnau; and the other 12,000 at Colmarand the neighboring communes. Orders have been given at the Arsenal at Bxyonne for the arming of the whole of the points of defence of the coast in that arrondissement. Orders have also been given to repair the fortiilcations of Calais and Dunkirk. The National says that a telegraphic despatch received at Cherbourg on the 13th. ordered tho immediate arming of feur steam frigates which are in that harbor, and of which two were built for transatlantic steam packets. The 100 gun ship Henry IV. has also been ordered to bu launched forthwith. At Avignon, there have been barricades and fighting; 18 persons were arrested, and one wounded. A decree of the Executive Commission appears in the .Vonitfur, organising ^sort of municipal guard, to consist of 2000 infantry aud 000 cavalry, for the special Kervice of the polico of Paris, aud to bu called the Parisian Republican Uuard. The following protest, signed by a great number of national guards, fiaa been published : ? Citizen ReprustuUitim*?The persons and functions of the reprowii laves of the |wople are sacred, bui there uru solemn clmtmstanoes under which, iu the name uf order and the public safety, immediate justice ought to be done. At the moiueut of danger. uvuunii V'Vuruu*, iu? iitjiuu in ui? uuiy uy- aoanuooinff U10 iiauuaul Uuard, which he com man J?<1, leaving it without direction. lie tfiTe a written order to allow tli* faction* men to en tor. Upon the proposition of Hubert. Bark's cried, " Down with tins assembly ! Urn Amenably in dissolved!" These are flagrant ofTutieel. Tlieao men malt Tie repudiated by the National (Jiuurd, by the National Assembly, and by France. Wo demand the expulsion of llarlxin aud Couruiia from amoug tho representatives, and the dismissal of t'ourtaUa* general, and tliat both may lie brought to trial. Juative in tlw name of Franco! I'itvul lei Rrpretrnta nli ! lire la ttcyribluiuf The following In the programme of the ministry and executive government, which was proponed to be formed by the conspirator* who violated tho Assembly :? Executive government : Ledru Rollln, Blanqul. and Darbrs. Ministers: (aussidiiTu. Interior,- Flacon. Kor?ig* Alfcrtm; Loots Mnue, Labor; "Aftwrt. Public Works ; V. Schalcher, Marine; Pierre Lorouz, Justice ; Hubert. Finances ; and Sobrier, Police. The Paris paper* of Thursday, the 18th ult., have irrived. The execbtive government lias published a decree, appointing General Cavaiguac, minister of war. It is -aid that iilanqui aud Hubert, who had both been arretted, have, iu consequence of some mysterious agency. been suffered to escape. Everything was tranquil, and the whole population ra? animated with the very best sentiments. The Niitioual Assembly has decreed that all armed meetings be forbidden, and that whoever shall be fouud in a meeting buuriug arms ostensibly or secretly, shall be punished with au imprisonment of three months to two years. The late events at Taris have had an effect upon ilouoti ; but all became quiet as soon as it was known that the National Assembly had frevalled. The Paris Presie state# that an order has been giveu to tho manufactory of Cliatellcrault for 1U0 000 mmk*ts, to be completed as quickly a* possible, it was added to this rumor that a levy of 200 000 men. from eighteen to thirty years of age. was about to be duroed. "Thus not a single fault of past times. nor one of its Crimea, will in all probability be avoided." The Coiutitutionnrl states that orders have been despatched to the port of Rochctort to prepare two frigates for sea. one of sixty guns and the other of fifty two. The iamc journal also states that ' the military commission appointed by the French government has rccommeudetl that the forlication* of Dunkirk be restored. They were rased in the year 1713. in virtue of the treaty of Utrecht, and the port tilled up. The convention wished to restore those works, but time failed it; and it appears that the second republic in destined to fulfil the wishes of the first." The army of tho Alps is, it is said, about to be reinforced by a fourth division. composed of three brigades which had arrived in complete order from Algeria. Important from Italy. The Vicuna Gazttlr gives some further intelligence from Conegliano. dated the "Oth ult. Nugent had crossed the Piave on tho evening of that day, and on Sunday was to force his way to 'Proviso. On the fith, some troops of the left, wing "of the army of Marshal Kadetsky. commanded by Gen. llossbach, had marched down trom lMluno. and. consequently, the two armies may be considered as united. liy advices received at Milan wo learn that a battle had been fought between the Austrians and the Pontifical troops and Italian volunteers, between Cornuda and Mollnetto. The Austrians lost four hundred men killed and five hundred prisoners, and many i wounded The body of their troops, to the number of r>000 men. were surrounded, without having any artillery. at Cornuda ami Molinetto, and are placed be tween two Ares by Generals Durando and Ferrari. Another account says that the battle lasted tiTo hour.*, ami that the Roman troop* received a check. The minister for foreign affairs of ricdmont announced to the chamber of deputies, on the 13th ult., the accession of i'iacenxa to tho Sardinian dominions. The provisional government of Milan had ordered the opening of reflaters throughout the country to receive the rotes of Me /iO)julntio>i relative to the annexation af l.omhar4y to Piedmont. This decision was adopted in consequence of an energetic manifestation to that effect, made by the national guard and the people, followed by a demand in which it was stated that the intrigue* of Metternlch. Ouliot. and Louis Philippe in ! London, the hostile attitude of Russia, the friendly dis; position of Germany, the avowed neutrality of Swit?erI land, and other diplomatic complications tending to cause an apprehension of general conflagration in Kurope. render it more necessary to Increase the force of Italy by union. A fusion with Piedmont would render it possible to collect an army of 200.1XH) Italians. The Milan Gazette, says the blockade of Venice is an abunrdity The merchant ships go in and out as they please. An Austrian vessel has appeared at Leghorn. The Venetians at Leghorn boarded her. anil I ii'h two cannons tin: pun: axi> his sriuKcrs. [Krom the London Time*.] The most Important occurrence which has lately takeu place with reference to the affairs of Italy, and, l we must add. the circumstance most calculated to throw discredit on the lil<ernl cause, is the insurrection in Home, and the threatened deposition of the Pi pe from his temporal sovereignty. When we call to mind the enthusiastic devotion which the Italian people of all ranks, and in every state, have professed for Plus IX.?when we remember the zealous and disinterested spirit in which he has pursued the one great object of the regeneration of Italy, and the reform of the Pontifical government?it must be confessed that , Rome herself never witnessed a more revolting instance of popular Ingratitude. Pius IX.. with all his attachment to the cause of free institutions, and the welfare of his people, is the last man In Italy to surrender whnt ho conceives to be a right to the clamor of the pop. ulace. Asa temporal sovereign, and ?S the head of the Romish ( liurch. he has sought to eierclse the powers confided to him in a devout and trusting spirit, full rather of his saered duty to that Ileing whose power he believes himself to represent and to exercise upon earth, than of the calculations of worldly policy. In the belief of a largo portion of tho Christian world, the Pope of Rome cannot, without desecration. I>e degraded from that sovereignty, which has for so many ages attended his spiritual power. And when that Pope is pre-eminent for his virtues and his wisdom, we know not what tothiuk of men, claiming to be Italians, ( at holies, and his subjects, who have dared to lift a hand against him In the effervescence of popular passions We are convinced that I'iut IX will never submit to the mere dictation of passion, and that If he is compelled to descend from the throue of the quirlnal | ? dORNING, JUNE 3, 1848. tie will ntill occupy ?n undiminished rauk amongst the i Independent spirit* of this age A provisional govern- I lueut In Home is a in. ru extravagance Nothing but I tb? wildest anarchy can spring out of it : for the liber- r tie* wbich the I'op* hail already granted to bin subject* e far exceeded their desert* or their ability to turu them t to good account. If. therefore, thin calamity ha* ac- c currert beyond all hope of redemption, we can only t apprehend the worst consequence* from it. not only to 'J the Roman State*, but to the rest of Italy; and there < i* great reason to apprehend that the struggle which l: began for independence will end in anarchy p The Oaztlla di lioma contain* the programme of the (l ministry. In which they *ay they profess the sauic sen- 1 tiniuntx of patriotism, liberty, order, and justice, a* their predecessors ; that they will constantly have at , heart the Haored cause of Italy, to the success of which ^ they will apply all their energies. They will apply theinselvec to alleviating the miseries of tho people, aud ^ ameliorating the condition of the workiug class, aud with the amiistance of the two chambers, briug about as much an possible a cure for the evils of poverty/degra- ' C dation. and tgnoraucu. Tfttmiuillity was completely ti restored in the city The official journal of the pontifical government as- |e serts that the programme of the new ministry which w ha* been published, ha* no official character, aud Is h wholly unauthorized. n The f'entitude Mario, of Milan, ou the 13th gives a i letter from Venice of the 11th. announcing that an estafetta, arrived on that day. brought the news af a : *; serious encouuter that hud takeu plane near ('oinuda b and Mollnetto. between the Austrian* ou oue side aud j c the corpi of Durandi and Kerrari on the other. Thn | tl Austrian* lost ftlK) nri*oner*. 400 ileail or wotimleil ; t Subsequently their main body. ft.000 strong. wan f< blocked op in the vicinity, and it wan expected thuy hi would lay down their arm*. The Venice Gazette con- r tirmn tho fact, and adds that the battle was fought in c the immediate vicinity of Souiane, four miles from c Seltre. Thin victory render* an attack on Troviao lin- a possible. i Tho Dublin Freeman nay*, wo have been favored with ) the perusal of a private lettor from Koine, dated Nth 1 Mny. We extract from It the following important pan- 1 sage:?' Tho Pope lias perfectly recovered hi* intlu- ' ence; the gates of the city and the castle have been restored to the proper authorities. The ' Trastevcrinl' took an aetive part in favor of tho Pope, stating that if he wished for war they wishod for war; if he wished c for pearo, they wished for peace. This demonstration I bad an immense Influence, and things are now quiet ) again." I Austria. Our advices from Vienna arc to tlio 11th ult. The Wahl-Ordrung, or provisioal law to regulate the * eleutiou* to the first Austrian Parliament, had ap- 1 peared, and the following are a few of tho more im- 1 portant provisions :? The chambers are to meet on the 27th of June. The 1 number of tho member* of tho Senate is not to exceed 1 200, to consist of the princes of the blood. 160 chosen ' from and by tho chief landed proprietors, for the duration of tho Parliament, and the remainder to be nomi- ' t?d by tho Kmperor for life. The Chamber of Deputies 1 to ron?let?f 3S:t members, being at the rate of one for ' every 50.000 Inhabitants, oxcept in the case ?f the 1 principal town*, whioh urc to have a larger number of I representatives in proportion to the population. Thus Vienna will have 15 member* The elections are to be Indirect, as for the Frankfort Parliament. The right of suffrage In the eloction of the Wahlmonner appertains to all Austrian cltiiens, without distinction as to reMgion. who have attained their 24th year, possess the free exercise of their civ II rights, hava been for six months resident in the electoral districts, and are not entitled to vote iu the election of mem- ' bers of the Upper Chamber. Daily and weekly laborers. domestic servants, and persons receiving assistance from public charities, are excluded from the suffrage. To be eligible a* a deputy it Is requisite that tho candidate should have attained his aoth year. atUl have the right of voting lor the election of the Upper or I.owcr Chamber, in one of tho*e purls of the monarchy which are enumerated iu the document proclaiming the constitution. Denmark. The mediation of England with the Germanic league, Denmark and Prussia, is reported to have laiieu, me war 01 dismemberment being still carried on with unuhated implacability against Denmark. No further conflict has taken place between the contending parties, each rapidly preparing for u general engagement. The Danes are await in? a 1 Swedish reinforcement. The English government ' h is been informed that the mouth of the Kllie, the ' \Wiser, or any other part of the North Sea, will j not for the present be blockaded?that the blockade , of 1'illau, Dantzic, Strulsun, Rostock and Wismar, will ?MUM on ibe H?th mst. i Ten thousand Swedes will shortly assemble at Goth nbuYp. whonw they run bu fornarded hi etffht l hour* to Jutland. Tho Swedes entertain groat boHti- I lity to the Germans. and tbuir junction wit > the j Danes would, in all probability, turn the tide of tho I bittle. Tho Herlingsche '/.titling of Copenhageu positively asserts that 20 000 Swedes have received march- I ing orders, and that a corps of Swedish allies may shortly bo expected to arrive on the Danish territory Kioni the ISth of April to the .Id ult.. not less than 1 sixty-four German veisels were captured by Danish f men-of-war. A bill for a war tux to the amount of four t millions of rix dollars, bus been laid befoae the Danish t parliament at ltoeskild. (the old capital, al least royal t 1-. sideline, at DtUMfk.) It is hinted tlrit Russia will supply tho needful cnh, the funds being at a rather low figure in the royal trcu- j, sury of Dcumark: so much so. indeed, that the king is r converting all his valuables into hard coin. < Accounts from Hamburgh confirm the report of a ? suspension of hostilities, at least on the soil of Denmark itself. An order of the day. issued by General Wrangel to tbe German troops under his command at Kolding, promises them a temporary repose from their fatiguing duty; but he assures the army that poace will not be concluded till tho rights of Germany are fully secured, and the looses sustained by the German peo pie during the conflict, compensated. The Senate of Ham^nrgh have received a copy of the declaration made to the Court of Berlin by the government of Sweden: it is to tills effect?that if the hostilities are not confluod to the Duchy of Scbleswig. and If the German troops enter any other of the provinces of tho Danish monarchy. Sweden will feel justified in sending a military force into Denmark to co-operate with the troops ?f his Danish majesty, in the defence of his territory against such invasion, or the landing within it of a German army. They will act. however, strictly on the defensive; and. it is added, the Swedish government will resort to no aggressive measures against German merchant vessels: they can enter and depart unmolested from all the Swedish and Norwe- j gian ports as before, as long as no act of hostility is : committed against these States. i f'orr.NHAacn, May lfi. i Tho number of vessels which have been seized j amounts to about eighty, several of which, especially I tho?e from Hamburg, have very valuable rargoes. 1 It is untrue that Sweden refuses to interfere in the alfair of Scbleswig, as is deiared by the German papers. Pruaaln. Advices from Berliu have boon received of the lflth The ministry have published a proclamation, dated the Kith ult.. in which they state, in reference to his ?"ji?i me inuce 01 i ruMin? 1 iii? Koyal (lighness ran nod will return in a fortnight's time, ' at tlm curliest, and consequently after tlie 22d i astant, the day H which ha* been irrevocably appointed fur the opening of tae *?- * aemhly of the representatives of the people. The Prince will, before his return?a?, indeed. it was never o otherwise intended?give his full ami public adhetion to tho new constitutional government. o Tint deputation* oxprowed also a want of confidence in the s members of the ministry. j Though wo are sorry for this, we cannot be induced by it to le i ve our places, and I*?st of nil, at present, ou Um eve of the 1 meeting 01 tha popular representation. We own this to the whole people; also, with reapect to nume- v Poli addrrami, prof, .mug opposite wntimenta, that liare reached u?from the capital and tin: provinces. We owe it to the aascm - ^ of |?>piilar reprcaeutatives, to whom we niuat give an account of onr official aeu. We truat that, alter this related public declaration, no other ' demonstration* will in future interrupt the pr paratory labors of n the ministry, e?|?)clally respecting the draught of the constitu- r, wliieh it to bo sulonittod to the popular representatives. < The Ministry of State, CAMPHAt'Sr*. AH.VIM, HOKNIMANM, I'ATOlf, Kaxitz, Ai'UIW^i.d, ScnwrRi*, Hanb?:ma**. ^ Ureat excitement still continued to prevail at Berlin The province of Kast Prussia in said to bo in an ex- . tremely disordered state, and fears are entertained lest total anarchy should ensue. ' The greatest want of money is experienced by the government. and the Minister of Finance is at a loss to (1 discover any mode of replenishing the treasury, ns in r many districts the increasing misery of the people run- ? der* it dilllcult to collect the taxes, while distressed merchants and manufacturer* loudly clamor for ad- ( vances of money from the government. An address in favor of the Poles, placarded on the 1 , walls, and signed by 104 llerlin students, has been an- 1 j swered by a counter address, and placards, aigned by 41(5 of the same university, not against the Poles, but in favor of saving their (lernian-Po?en countrymen P from Iming abandoned as Polish subjects. " ltiiHHln. * Advices from St Petersburgh. to the !Hh ultimo. slate that the export of gold had been prohibited by imperial ukase liohrntln. ? The discord between the Sclavonians and Germans seems to increase, and it is probable that the contend- ('| ins parties resort to violence for the settlement of their quarrel. The h'rlnitrke Zritung publishes the following letter from Prague on this subject. "The J1; terrorism of the Csechs has begun. Three hundred ' fanatics form a corps, dressed nnd armed as in the time of Zyska. They call themselves Swornorst. ii Similar corps are at Tabor, Ncuhaus. and In other b places. The whole number of those /yska warriors Is e computed to amount to 20.000." Hot Inn<1* n Our Amsterdam letters inform us that a new mi- et nistry had been formed, including some of the members of the preceding government (j The programme of the new administration is said to be tantamount to a complete reversal of the policy hitherto pursued by the Dutch government. The Minister of Justice. M. Dirk Dotiker < urtius, then rose and addressed the Chamber The hon 14 member slated to the Assembly that, when the exPresident of the Council declared that the new funda- r MWBMMWiBIIWWMMWWil)' ?IIWWW V" I'" Ti [ERA - - mw ^ Mi iicntal law would be drawn up on the model uf the >'.ngli*h constitution. hi* (the ox-President .<) colcagues gem-rally believed that ho only referred to the ospousibility of the Ministry and the direct system uf lection ; but that it was subsequently dlscoven-d thai he majority of the members of the Cabinet did not ononr iu the sentiments of their President, and hence he secession of the Count Van Schiramelpentiinrk 'lie lion deputy proceeded to develope the programme I' the modified ministry. The statement uf the Milliter WM linteiicd to by the A sHembl y with the Wit rofound attention, and mc-ived with demonstrations I' general satisfaction The people appear to regard lie chauge ot MluiHtry with equal complacency. Our correspondent add*, in a postscript. that the king has appointed M. du Kemponaer. member of tho tales General. Minister of the Interior, aud that M u Luzac will contiuue to direct the affair* of hi* deartinent ml interim. Switzerland. Letter* from Berne of the 15th ult. say that the irand Council refused to sanction the new constituioti of the canton of Lucerne. The National states that the difference which existd bet ween M. Ochsenbeiu and the Swiss Diet, and 'hich induced the former to teuder his resignation, avion been arranged. M. Ochseubein would, as forlerly, preside over the Diet as President. Poland. A Cologne correspondent, writing on the 15th ult.. ays?The report that a revolt was on the point of , reaking out in the citadel of Warsaw, has beeu fully j outlrmed by a number of Poles who had arrived from 1 bat city on the I'osen territory, under the impression t nai an importing national (Polish) army had linen ?rmed in the Grand Duchy, and that that army would uon invade the "kingdom" of Poland. Tho fugitive 'oloi (who have been assigned, provisionally, a domiile in Daniig) declare that tho conspirator* in tho j itadel, '200 in number, (chiefly native* of Courtaud .ud Livonia.) had undertaken to spike all the cannon, n order to prevent the bombardment of Warsaw, the nhabitants of which were to break out simultaneously n insurrection. Tho projoot was discovered two hours lefore the time appointed for its execution, and all the onspirators were immediately sent to the fortress of nlodlin. where they were shot. Ireland. At nine o'clock on Tuesday morning the several lonfederato clubs assembled opposite the Council ooms of the Irish Confederation, in D'Ollerstreet, and troceeded, in marchlug order, led by Mr S O'Brien md Mr. Meagher, to tho Inns-quay They continued ;o interchange cheers with the multitude by which the itreets and quay* wore thronged. A trl-colured llag, utspondod from a pike, floated from one of the windows >f the couucll-rooins. The court, as on tb'j previous lay. was crowded. At half-past nine o'clock, on the tntrance of Mr. O'Brien, the hon. gentleman was oudly cheered, as well by the outer bar as by tho jrowd by which tho court was thrusged. Shortly after Mr. O'Brieu's appearance, Mr. Meagher entered, and the moment ho was recoguisod. Mr. Charles O. Duffy sailed out " Moajhcr," upon whloh tho outer bar commenced cheering and clapping of hands, which was [saught up an 1 continued for several minutes. After Lhejury had beeu impannelled, Mr. Perrin opened tho pleadings, stating that it was an r.x-othcia information filed by tho Attorney-Oeneral against Thomas K. Meagher, for making a seditious speech. The information contained several counts. The case on behalf of the Crown was stated by the Attorney-Oeneral As In the ease of Mr. O'Brien, it wart a mere detail of the statements contained in the speech of Mr. Meagher. Two witnesses were examined, including Mr. Hodges, as to the delivery of the speech, and a Major Drew, to provo the inuendos. Mr. Butt. <1. C.. addressed the jury for the defence, in the course of waich ho castigated the Attorney-Oeneral for his presumption iu dictating the course he (Mr. llutt) should pursue on that occasion Ho also twitted him on his want of legal knowlege in criminal cases, and then proceeded to vindicate his client from the charge of sedition brought Against him by the Attoruoy-Oeneral. After his address to tho jury he was. as on the provlom day. hailed with loud and enthusiastic cheers, which the Chief Justice could not repress. Tho Chief Justice having charged the jury, they retired to consider their verdict; but. as in the case of Mr. O'Brien, they could not agree: and. after spending the night locked up, they were discharged on the following morning. (Wednesday). At two o'clock, on Monday. Mr. Mitchel was conveyed in custody l'rom Newgate to tho Crown-ofllce of tho (Queen's Beuch. where the two jury lists, struck on Kriday last for his trial on charges of sedition, were reduced "from forty-eight to twenty-four each. At the termination of tho proceeding, in consequence of the lifflculty of obtaining any other vehicle at the time, Mr. Mitehel wart brought back to the prison in the police van. He was followed by a mob of about :1000 per ons, who cheered moat lustily. The Dublin commission, before which Mr. Mitchel will be tried on two rharges of felony, founded on articles in the Unitrd Irishman of the Otlj and 13th of May, ooinmences it* sittings this day (KiiMmUyV His trial for treason wiil take place on Monday next. He has written to tho Dublin papers to say thut ho has been most kindly treated by tho authorities of Newgate. The following Is a copy of his letter to the editor of ,ho Frrrman'i Journal. " Vcwpito Prison, Muv 15, HI''. "Sir?I re^retteil tn "peri'eivo, in the h'r cetnmi't .'on rut! this nontiiijt, that a rather exaggerated account of the discomfort* uf ny position here wus givou to the iiiiMic. ft is true,! was in >rmril at mv eiitrnucc tlnil t!io regulations <liil not iwnuit anyliing I'llt a fied of straw to lie ?1 van nu1 tn deep on; l>ut I wa? ut lie saino time told that whatever aocuinm odations I might choose o send for would lie freely admitted?an I 1 at mice sent fur. and ihtained, nil tlmt I wanted. It is also trim, fur the tirst 'ivy iii? 1 not a room to myself; hut, after your reporter loll the prion yustepta.v, there him it very comfortable one provided for me: iii, s i far from having to eomploin of diseoiirteiy or needless igorof any kind, I think it duo to the (iovemor and to Sir E.Iuird Stanley to say, that tlicy gave *]iecinl orders to liavo iu? acoinniodatea as well as the nature of the place will admit. " Vour nhadiont servant, "JOHN Ml It 111. I, " I*. S.?I should add, Unit I commissioned a gentleman who isited me yesterday evening, to k*i to your uftice and mention the u't that a separate room had been pr ivided for me, and to re piest hat ii i complaint of Imrsh treatment should ma le on mv 1'h mlf ; hut I have no doubt that he forgot to call. J. M." On Wednesiluy. Sir Colman O'Loghlen applied that Mr. Mite lie I might bo admitted to bail. The Chief lustlce said, in cane he felt disposed to make an irdee consenting to the traverser s application, ho ould only consent to do ho upon receiving assurance in his (Vlr. Mitehel's) part that these objectionable taper* should not be repeated. Sir Column O'Loghlen aid lie was not instructed by his client's solicitor to :on*ent to an arrangement of that kind The thief lustice replied : "1 have only to say. that uutii Mr. ditchcl consents to the proposition I have made. I an nut entertain an applieatiou to admit him to bail." lu rousciiuence of the objeiiuio* connected with tile j lenth of Mr. O'Conuell. ou Monday a?dTuesday last j he usual weekly meeting of the Repeal Association ; vasheldou Wednesday. Mr. Maurice O'Conuell was sailed to the chair, lie briefly addressed the meeting n the result of the trials of Messrs. O'Brien and Meagher, and regarded the dixagrccmcct of the juries ii these respective cases a"> a triumph of the popular an*o over the attempts of the government to stifle the roice of a brave and detoruiined people in thoir cry for 'epeal. Mr. it. Stritch moved the following rcMolu ion :? That this association hails with inexrresiihle delight the refusal | n the part of the two ipeeial juries, coinpoicd of a selection ran1, i ully made hy the agouti of the crown from what they declared n Ik* the intelligence. property and chara.-tcr uf thecitliens of j iihlin, t" And a verdict oi guilty against Messrs. O'Brien and , leather; inasmuch as the moat convincing nrosf has heon there- ! y furnished of the light in wiiich the <|U?siloii "f repeal is regard- | d hy the elass to which those Jurors belong ; and an inenntrovertiile answer has Iwti given to the i aluinule* of the Kuglish press nd the bi asts of the whig ministry. Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing be communicated, with ur sincerest congratuintions. t.i Messrs. O'Brien ami Meagher. Mr. Oalwuy seconded the motion, and after a few baervatinns of approval from Mr. 4.phn O'Conuell. oborve.i, that. Mm many M*tkl Kiitrland would have oreign warn pressing upon Iter, anil she would not , hen dare to refuse Ireland iter domestic legislature. , Lftn Home ordinary business. the rent of the week . raa aunt unccd at ?33 5-0. Nothing daunted by the fact of the Crown prosecu- | ing the leaders, the confederate clubs marshalled very morning, and, as already observed, conducted ho traversers to aud from the hour Court*, amidst '.lie | (lost deafening shouts of applause They were ha- I angu?d by Messrs. O'Briun and Meagher, who seemed o have protited but little by the narrow escape whicli hey had from punishment. MlarHlniirou*. Mr. Bancroft, the American Minister, and Count j iunsi'Q, the PriiHHian Minister, were in the House ! if ( 'ominous iluriiiL' the debute on tiie navigation ! iws, and appeared to take tin* deepest interest in he proceedings. It is said that the government contemplates an iinlediate application to Parliament for authority to aim' a loan for emigration The nmount, it is said. I ill hi- at least ?600perhaps ?1,000.000. Some important regulations an- about to be submitted i) her Majesty's Postinastcr-Ucneral for bettersecuring he snf?< transmission of bank note*, ami every descriplon of m-ourit e*. to all parts of the world, without the lightest Interference with the post-ofllce revenue. The ceremony of christening the Infant princess was erformcd witli great pomp in the private chapel of uckingham palace. The babe ?a< christened by the rchbishop of Canterbury. and received the names af | ouisa Carolina Alberta, the sponsor- bring the (4m en uiwHger. proxy for the reigning Duchess of Sine Mei- , ingcii The batteries at Newhaven, Kast lll.itehington. and eaford, on the Sussex coa?t. are under repair, anil uns are arriving from Woolwich to be mounted 011 Item. Official notification has lte?n received of the blockrle of the port of Venice by the Austrian government ho blockade will commeuco on the 23d inst. The price of wheat lias never been so low. perhap 1 franco as at present The price is twenty per cent 1 plow the average. The coming harvest also give* i very promise of bring excellent < It is stated that from ?12,000 to ?13.000 in gold are ow transmitted weekly to Holland, in payment for ittle, butter and other provisions The votes given in favor of M. de I.amartine at the ] liferent electoral colleges amouut. says the i'nl,to- . sther to 3.54S 201 Mailance Pauline Vloardot (iareln a star whose ris- 1 ig was loudly announced, madeherdebut in Kngland jt ('ovent Harden. I.onilon. She appeared as \tnina j l ' I.a Somnambulic ' thus putting herself In direct i>mpctition with Jenny l.iud, and Is Maid to have made * ^ WMIW?I ' ? LD. PrtM T?* CMK. ~ ~ ~ Kreat Impraaaiou Hh<-i? aliawvl t<? ho worthy r? pri'-wMitiit of tin- nam* of an \ comniunii-ali'U fr * uihtcfi that I ve?N*la are to !? *(?mpt fmin th* rai'.ar* The Prino* anj Prinemi of Jotatili" will >^*l tt?* mimiut-r at Km lawiro Tit* flratiliait rn? -raaa- at hail, it in ?ai<l unlilw of ?|>|?>inti nx tk? friitw l> lb c<iinuiaiiil of th? Hranilian ua?al (nrrn )>ut at>?? I ?-I it W-Kt it should rawt wlth"ppoaltt?>? by ?. nfla I I 1-utUn(rum llavkurfh uf thu I'itli o?t%nt l fuviintliln t'ruaioaii oavalry anl Infantry n Urilo WrauK?*i. iia< a.lvanc*>l farther Into )uti?e-l rb? Swuilliih government In aarii.-t in the utiw mf I Inn in.irk A cr<-<lit of < mm mat ban* I *.i ?rt kiaWii unanimously I t . \,y lh. r..ia'iittea I aar*t lb. current *xpeu?f? THE auMuasn Mi'ionn i | b* Hia'a Jidrertifr of Saturday *ay? W. aaa ua -4 a f-.ri night ?lnr*. in r*f*r*nee to h.i m .twrt r?-.-i 4 . . ? 1.. h*r \Uj?nty. at (inborn*, that a rum - ... r to that vi*it thu proposition for a rhang* "f m> > .tri aai other mea*ure<? which no mtaiatar or ?i a .? cept Sir Robert l'?*l. could b? (upp > . ! < %v??i f r a toiupl&tiliK What wa? iu?r? rum >r h*? a < ? 1 a rn irii deflnit* form aui w<- b-ll*?? w* ar.' ju-l * ! it stating. that from tb>- &rraiig*in nt? invl* at tba: ?.?it will result a <-liang* of ministry. with Sir It i?-rt fa?l ut the hoail of thu government .4 pin* financial ra form in ?v?ry department of tlia state an I rvipiaata of the p'ibli" money. an vit?n?<'>'i >f lb-- fi?a.- >iaa ana a shortening or me juration ?r rariiaoi> nt* N?:w Kifoim M'i?mnr in K?ui?*n M??t ?*? having for their object the t(i|ln( 'if the ?i?? n>i <rm movement, hive been held during Hi- * k 4?i l.->n I > Oldham. Northampton *<- ke U iota* of the imootlng?, howavor. resolutions in f??<v nt universal Mf fra{c, rather than hDnirholil suffrage w.-iv ptf*?llty majorities The answer* to the circular* seal ihr- ?fh nut Kngland by Mes?r? Hum* ? >?> ! n an I W.lso* have bieu most satisfactory ' . per c-tit blnf In fa vor of the movement; anl of the r*intmin( Hv? p*r per cunt, full tfi-aml i half assigned t< their "bjec tion the ili'tin- to amid agitation in thin e.?untryt whilst revolutionary principle* are bMng pripi(itfi| In neighboring nation* Ifilmn't T<mtt *fiy Tiir. Diploma nr Pourv or K?ni nn - In th* Hon** of Commons on the 16th ult. Mr l'r<|uhart call#.I th* attentiou of tho House to the relations of tbia r >untrjr with Russia. in reference to event* in th* north of Europe. I.ord I'almerstou Insisted tint Kngland had neither overlooked th?j ! ??(? ? of Kussia. nor pur?tt*d a policy subservient, to h<T aggrandueuieut In eoa*ai|Uonce of havlug aoeeded to the principle* of th* Holy Alliance. Hi* objected to the production of wither Hut of paper* for which Mr rr)iiliart had m>v*d After a speech of Lord Dudley Stuart, on the affair* of 1'oland and tin- late enormities that hare occurred at Posen. the motion wan withdrawn Tiik Wkatheb iid th* Clori The weather eipe riouced during the last fortni|(ht. though p?rhap* t?o hot and dry for iipring-lnwn corn, has lieen tavorabl* for Wheat; and most of the account* from the agri cultural district* agree in stating that the appHaranee of the plant ha* undergone a decided improvement The yellow. slokly color, no much ?pokeu of about the end of April, ha* oliauged to ,t healthy green. anil, with few exceptions, the aspect of the crop I* promising (ira*s laud* are also very well spoken of; a?d. a* far a* any judgment can at present be formed, th?r? are indication* of a good wheat and a large hay harvest. This is the favorable side of the picture: In regard to Spring Corn and Pulse, the prospects are not nearly 80 promising. The almost constant rains during March and April interfered greatly with the worklnK ?* the land, nnd most of the seed committed to the s?ll In those months win got in very Indifferently. Where fanners delayed the sowing till the commencement of May. they were not much better off; tho hot sunshine which succeeded tile wet weather baked the su rface of the land, and rendered it no ?'a*y matter to complete tho work no long deferred. ? H'ilmer'i Timn, Afuy M Tile Corn Traile of Kurope. [From the Kuropeau Times, May 20 ] Ij0i*D0>. There wm a very small show of wheat by and carriage sample.* from tile ueighboring couuties, I fresh up for the market held on the 15th ; but the continued tine wheather checked the demu nd. and the trade win exci edingly dull. In some few cases rather ' Imjm miinov VfK* takiMi ift*m?rn II tr Iihvhvmp ?i?h r*? | fused to submit to any decline, and wo consider quotation* about the same a* on thin day se'iuiight. The news from Hamburgh relation to further liberties being granted by the Danish fl t for neutral vessels to on tar or sail from the Kibe and Weser had the effect of cheeking the demand for foreign wheat, and only retail sales could be made nt barely previous prices. Klour moved off very slowly at late rates. The display of barley samples was trifling; and though this grain did not sell so freely as of late,It* former value was well maintained. Malt was generally held Is to '2* per qr. higher. The arrivals of oats were again small, and notwithstanding the cautious mann"T iu which the dealer* conducted their operations, Friday's rise was well maintained, prices being at i.tast 1* per qr. higher than on Monday sen night There was but few hnglish bonus on sale, and full price* were realized. Kgyptlau beans were held rather higher Peas were likewise a turn defcrvr I ill inn corn, to arrive, was held at enhanced rate*.? Ami Indian corn meal, on the spot, was in active request at 12s per bbl. At the market ol yesterday both Kngllsh aud foreign wheat was held (irmly, and prices fully as dear as on Monday last Oats, being scarce, are rather higher. Nothing of moment has been done in Indian corn, and meal was in little request. Barley, beans and peas unaltered. fjivKRrooL.?The supplies of grain and flour sine* the Oth inst. have been small, while the exports of Indian corn and corn meal to Ireland continue t* increase, Duties have been paid at this port from the ttth to tho 12th Inst, inclusive, on wheat. 9,169 qre; flour 2.116 brls: Indian corn. 18.!!52qrs; Indian meal. 1.373 brls; Barley. 47 <im; beans. 4.122 qrs; peas, 360 <irs. With tine hot forcing weather, the wheat trade has become dull, and prices tho turn in buyers' favor The, value of all spring corn and pulse has been fully maintained. The demand for Indian corn and corn meal from Ireland increases upon us. and the stocks here nro rapidly diminishing; prices incline upwards: the last quotation for American white corn was 2Hs to 30s, and yellow 31* to 32* per 480 lbs; Indian Meal brines 13* to 13s (id per bbl. At the market held ou the 10th. there was a good attendance of town, country, and Irish buyers. A steady business was done in wheat, at an advance on last Tuesday's prices of 2d per bushel on Irish new. and Id per bushel nn middling qualities of foreign No improvement. however, could be established on fine foreign Wheat. Klour was Is per sack, and Cd per bbl higher Indian Corn was iu spirited request for Ireland, and the advance since this day se nnight may bo called 2s to 3s per qr. aud on Indian Meal fully Is p?r bbl. Oat* moved steadily at an improvement ef Id to 2d per bushel, and Oatmeal 6d per load. Orinding ISarley was 3d per bushel, and Ueans Is per qr dearer. There was a fair attendance of the trade at yesterday's market. The middliug quality of Mediterranean Wheat brought an advance over Tuesday of Id to 2d per bushed, aud two or three parcels were taken fer shipment to Ireland; but there was no improvement on the best samples of Knglish. Irish, or Foreign. Irish Hour was 6d per sack higher Western ( anal was held for 28* per l?fl lb*, but there were few transactions in it. Barley. Oats. Dentin, and Peas. nil supported fully Tuesday's prices. A good quantity of Indian ( nrn. and Corn Meal, was again taken for Irish account nt an advance of Is Co 12s per qr. and (id per bbl on Tuesday's rates. American White Corn sold nt 30s to 31*. and the belt Vellow 3'is, per 430 lbs. (iaintx V'ellow Corn held nt 34s per 480 lbs. Indiau Corn Meal was sold nt 14m per bbl The news from the continent is now of very little interest in n commercial point of view, nnd many of our correspondents hnve censed writing, there being icarcely n chance of business to be done just now. either with the Baltic or the Mediterranean poqp. The Danish fleet appears to hnve established nn effectual blockade of nil the principal rivers nnd harbors of the north of Kurope; and. according to the lntest nccounts, there was no symptoms of either party giving way So long as thitf war continues, there can. of course, be no export trade from any part of the Baltic, nnd it becomes almost useless to give quotations ar far ns we are concerned. Letters from Dnntilc state that only nbout 100 lasts of Wheat had changed hands: but stocks being Tery small, holders had insisted on former terms. Oood mixed samples weighing 01 lbs per bushel, had brought equal to 3Ks (Id. and Ho lbs ditto 117s per quarter, free on board During the mouth of April, the exports of Wheat had amounted to 1447 lasts. nil of which, excepting M) lnsts to Holland, had been shipped to British ports. At Rostock. Stettin. Sto . business appears to have been brought to n complete stand, it beiug itnpossibl to mnke shipments with Danish cruisers in the ofBng. The price for tine heavy red wheat at the places named were nominally 3Hs to 3(?s per qr free on b^ard. The weather appears to have b*en fine nil over the continent. and the prospects for next harvest are generally well spoken of Meanwhile farmers liad brought forward very scanty supplies, but it was expected that the receipts would increase nft. r the sowing of spring corn and other out-door labors shoiid have been completed. Letters from Hamburg, of Tuesday's late, inform us that a good deal of wheat had been brought there for Immediate shipment. ?t .'Ws to "in per qr. with n view ?f getting it off prior to the commenci uicntof the blockade by the Danes Hurley appears to have been in lively request there, nnd for tine Saale, on the spot, equal to 24s per qr bad been paid. From Holland we may expect some quantity of oats, ns vessels under the Dutch (lag from a Duch port will of course experience no mele-tation Our letters from France, ftaly. nnd other southern countries, nre completely taken up with politics, business being hardly mentioned ; there is consequently no need of particular comment. Sinc? writing the above the Hamburg mall of Friday las arrived, and we learn that the time to be allowed o neutral vessels to clear out has been extended ; and f was thought that the blockade would not bo strictly ibservcd MarkM Clrrnlnr. f.ivKitroOL, May 10. 1S4S.? During the early part of he W"ek our cotton market manifested considerable irmncjg at nther improved rates but holders having >ecome alarmed at the heavy import during the past ' ? dav?. prices have given way VI per lb In all quallies. The sales for the week are 'Jfl.iOO bales, of which 21H) have been taken by speculators and 26H0 for exlort Vair Orleans are now quoted 4',d ; fair Mobiles and fair I'plands 4'?'d ; middling qualities :<%d a 4. .ud ordinary 3d a 3'nd per lb Our stock of cotton is estimated nt 4t?' bales a^aius(

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