Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 4, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 4, 1848 Page 1
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HP TT JL Jtx i ???j?.zsr, i r .... ? ...... I,.. . ?. ... -...zn Wholt Ho. 0114. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OK TIIE NSW YORK HERALD. I The Latest New*. IMI'ORrAKT lltn.U IRKLASD?AFFAIRS IN FRANCE, OKRMANY, &C. Ll vKiu-ooi,, Saturday, May 20, 10 o'clock. The news from Ireland this morning iu most important. Not satisfied with the imprisonment of Mr. Mitehel, the authorities of Dublin Castle have directed the commissioners of the metropolitan police to issue a precautionary proclamation warning the people against any further processions. It is said that the confederate club9?for these are the parlies at whom the proclamation is issued?have determined to defy the government, and continue their processions as they have done during the present week. A letter from Dublin, informs us that thi government had made arrangement to stop the processions, and that as the confederal.' clubs were expected to walk thit evening, a collision between them and the military was greatly apprehended. These clubs number ten thousand able young men, each of whom is s:iid to be well armed, and properly drilled to the use of arms. An attack upon such a body, al. though successful, would undoubtedly give rise to u most sanguinary and bloody conflict. Since writing the above, the weekly organs of the repealers and confederates have been placed in our hands. Mitchel again addresses the "Protestant farmers, laborers, and artisans of the North of Ireland." His letter is dated, " Newgate Prison," and as bold and daring in its tone as any of the preceding ones, and concludes this remarkable epistle?written in such a place, and under such circumstances?with the following sentences:? MITCtlfcLL'l ADDBKtS TO THE I' KOTI'.ST ANT* OF Till NORTH OK IRELAND. ****** For me, I abide my fate joyfully; for 1 know that whatever betide me. my work in nearly done. Yea.' moral force,' uud ' patience and persoveriinee.' are scattered to the wild winds of heaven. Tho music my countrymen now love b?i?t to hear, in the rattle of arm* and tbo noise of the ritle. As 1 sit here, and write in my lonely cell, I hear. just dying away, the measured tramp of ten thousand marching men?hit gullaut confederates, unarmed and silent, but with hearts like bended bow, waiting till the timo comes They have marched past my prison windows to let me know there are lU.OOd lighting men In Dublin?'felons' in heart nud soul 1 thauk (?od for it. The game Is n-foot at last. The liberty of Ireland may come sooner or come later, by peaceful negotiation or bloody conflict?but it is sure; and wherever between the poles 1 may chance to be, 1 will hear the crash of the downfall of tho thrice accursed ' British empiro.' ******* " JOHN MITCHELL." There is to be a meeting of the confederate clubs in Dublin, on Monday next, in reference to Mr. Mitchel's trial, and a meeting of the citizens to condemn the practice of jury packing in political trials, which, it is rumored, the government mean to revive in his instance. Our commercial letters from the city of Dublin, dated last night, state, with reference to the corn nnrket of yesterday, that the demand for Indian corn having increased, prices rose from 2s to 3s per quarter?the rates paid being 30s to 32s lor white, and 33s to 36s lor yellow. In barrel flour, no change was noted, and all other articles of the trade ruled dull. From the Continent, we have this morning re. ceived imi>ortant and interesting news. Paris con tmues trauquil, and our letters advise us of the arrest of conspirators. The committee lor considering the constitution arc disposed to accede to proposals of a hursh nature against the ex-King. Amongst the committee on the subject arc Dufaivrc, and the ex-King's friend, Odillon Uarrot, and proposer of tho regency of the Duchess of Orleans. At Madrid, nothing of importance had taken l>lace. From Lombard)', we arc informed that the provisional government had proposed to annex that .State to Piedmont, as the only means of expelling Austria from Italy?to be decided by universal suffrage. Vienna accounts, dated May 14, state that the bank had improved, in consequence of imports of specie, in silver, from London. More confidence prevailed, the election having taken a conservative turn, and the prospect of France taking part in the affairs of Italy being less unlikely. ' From Berlin, we hear that the unfavorable opinion entertained of the Prince of Prussia had been greatly modified. Lo*do*. May 19. 6 P. M. Summary of Kuropean Intelligence. All liore Is qalet?a bright run and acinar sky? something, hy-thc-bye. unusual; and Keargus and Cuffav are asleep, Ood Knows where. 1 begin my letter thus, owing to the accounts brought to us by tho Acadia, of the anxiety felt at the other sido of the water respecting the state of merry old England." If the American public had paid attention to my letter in the New York Herald, when I said that " a few heads would be broken, and nothing else"?they might have saved themselves a great deal of anxiety. John Bull is a corpulent, anti-revolutionary gentleman, with an eye to his pocket. I conversed with many tradesmen on tho memorable " day of th^pecial constables,"?some of whom were special drunk in the evening?and all that I could elicit was. ''Ves. sir, the net loss to London traffic, to-day, is so and so," the amount varying to the speculative mind of iny informant. In Ireland ?(a hot potato which no doubt will some day he too ' let it go,'' and "oil." aud afterward* shake hand* and stick "Irish warehouse-' nbovo hi* door, with the harp of Krin in a groan ground, as a sign board ; but that day is far distant) ?tho trials of Mitchel, S. O lirien and Meagher, are miniature copies of the great O'Counell's trial They will all get off. and agitation will run a< smooth as ever. I think tho Irishmen in America liavo acted injudiciously In investing their capital in arms, and endeavoring to smuggle them concealed in merchandise as it is rumored hero to have boon the rase. There is. however, a reform movement in Knglaud, demanding electoral reform, fcc , but. mind you, a peaceable ono?so do nut let our good friends over there start. A decllno in buniness at New York and Philadelphia. Is felt here. The Atlantic joins u?, Instead of separating us. The indignation ol' tho French at the (julet of Kngland Is. at times, ludicrous. They stylo the chartists cowards; and the plea that they are not accustomed to fighting, is laughed at by them. The fallowing anecdote is so rich, that I must give it. Wo, says the Courrirr rfc Parit, (Sobrler's organ.) or at least many of u*. never had a gun in our hands before. We saw an rnfnnt Hit prnvte. a rrai uamin He I'arii, at the attnek on the Palais ltoyal, knocked down by the shock of hia own gun. It was plckcd up by another, who was about to load It. when the prostrate gumin, rubbing his nhoulder. exclaimed?'"It was not ueuessary. mon n'eiu. I put in live cartridges, and I only fired it once, so there are four left!" Surely he can't be aaid to have been accustomed to fire-arms. The first blow at th.i navigation laws has been iitruck; and I trust it wlH not be long before the whole fabric falls down. As yet tho discussion has scaroely warmed. Our funds are firm, and the crr^is in a flourishing conditio*. The war in Italy Is carried on with unabated vigor. Something like a battle took place under the walls of Verona, in which, however, tho Austrian* had the upper bund. The following is the official report of Marshal Radetaky. The hat'.lo took place on the Oth May. tiik niTTi.r. or vkkona. "I have to inform yon that I was attacked this morning, a little ? fore nino o'clock,in iny position ?n the Rideau, Iwfore Verona, and especially on tho left win*. at St. Lucia, whit", at tha lame ftm?, tnc enemy opened the n?Kii,{cment with a heavy cannonade in the direction of 8t. Massimo, < >ce)?ianca and Cheivo, nnd made a faint c.t attacking theiu. They directed nil their force against Si. I<11. is, which was defended only hy the weak lirigMle Str*soldo. 'I lie conflict lastod altogether fully eight hour.'. The brigade fought wl h the coma of lions. \o?er have 1 liesrd so well sustained a fl>? as that which the enemv opened at this point. Only one sVirt psii-e InU-noned during the engagement, In wliich time the rnenn attacked St. Vassi m n, nnd made continual demonstration* against my centre and right wing, oonsiating of brigades Cynlial, l.lchtcnstcln. and Taxis, 'nit was here forced to retire. " At last the brigade strn-olilo w ai ol,lined to evacnatc St. Lmlii, after n renewed assault Irntn the enemy, ft retired, however, nylon ?h irt dist iuc.\ and 1 sunt toine reserve troo|? to its aslimame. In ihe meantime a portion of the brigade Clam aim huatened to its support. nnd rtcp were immedis.ely taken to assault and reconquer St. I.ucia. The brigade dim advanced from Tomb* with two battahoas agauut th? right flank of tfe* may, white E NE NJ I tlMi battalion d'Anthon of the Italian Grenadier)1, and n battalion (icppart attacked St. Lucia iu the f'runt, and the brigade Stra soldo ' aanuilcd the right flmk. "The enemy offered a most determined resistance. The troopi forced their way within a short dintancc of the place, aud even the euciny, but could only advance tlovrlv. " I now (cut to the tow n f.ir the grenadier battalion U'eiler and a baf.alion K. U. Signmnd. The enemy did not, however, wait for a renewal of the attwit, and finally evacuited St. Lucia, having ula'> retired on the whole line. "Hi* retreat from St. Lucia had rather the ap|>earanco of a flight, as many military accoutrement*, drum*, kuapaacks, tec., wen' found there. "The engagement lasted from nine in the mo ruing till live in the iftaUN, " 1 have to lameut the lorn of many brave officer*. LieutenantColonel liCuzoudorff fell at tli? head of his ba'talion, U. M. Harm Sain died of hi* wound*. Colonel fottomki lost an arm. the liori* of Count K'nUiluw was wounded, I'riuce Schwarxenberg received a contuai n, the head of Mi^jor S*huicrlinj{'* horae waa earlied off by a cannon 1*11. "The giouad being euwdln^ly cit up diJ not permit of our pursuing the enemy effectively with our cavalry, and we were therefore not in a position to make many priaoiinn, but a groat , iiuuiber of wounded, whom the enemy woro not able to carry off, j fell iuto our handf. " I have pvat gratification in Iwiug able to nan iuncn that his Im|?'ri,kl lli^imcss the Archduke Kr.tueis Joscpu, *iu fre |umitjy ia the thick of the hrv, niid exhibited the neatest eoolncu ana I c um|K).<nrc. I was myself an eye-witness of the fact, that a an. uou-ball struck the ground a nhort distuuee ?roui hiiu without his I betraying the slightest eointiou. "l cannot sufficiently praise Uie prudent conduct of the com- i ' uumders, and the bravery and devotion of the troop*. " In conclusion, 1 mum rail the addition of the Ministry to one remarkable fact, vis., that the Papal Swiss troops were at the head of the hostile foice which attacked St. l.utia, which stand* in singular contradiction witJi the friendly assurances of his Holiness." In tho Venetian territory, General Durautlo, tho Romin general, had a severe battle with the Austrian general, Count Nugent ; the Utter wax driven hack with lost. The Pope has not been deposed ; but war has been declared against AustriA and the new ministry forced upon his Holiness is very patriotic. The last advices from ltom? are to the Oth May. The imperial city was tranquil. Piacenzalias been annexed to Piedmont, and the annexation of Lombardy will follow, probably; but this ii conjecture, supported, however, by facts. Madrid is quiet. Narvaex has had above sixty mea shot. The Union Bauk has been declared bankrupt. Austria proper 1* internally tranquil ; but Hungary, Bohemia, Moravia, he., arc ready to throw off the yoke. Prussia is in a most unsettled fttate. The accounts received in London, to-day, are most alarming. At the time of the revolution, the Prince of Prussia, you will remember, flew to London; he is said to have given the order to tire on the people when the horrible carnage ensued. The King has decided to recall lilm. and a decree to that effect appeared in a recent number of the Staata Jtoizeiger. The excitement this produced amongst the good Berliners, 1* indescribable, in the twinkling ot an eye. they were all streaming, as if by a tacit understanding, to the Zelten, their favorite meeting place?some of thom armed. About 20.000 proceeded to the house of Catnphausen. and demanded the resignation of the ministers and the revocation of tho obnoxious decree. The Prince is not,now to return till after the !i2d. on which day the Prussian Parliament is to meet. Krederick of Prussia, is playing a high game ; and as Kmpcrorof Germany, ho should like to see the heir to tho crown of Prussia, or the Prussian throne. The Princo is. in the meantime, here, going to operas, dinners, fcc., and hearkening to tho silver notes of the Swedish nightingale, who fills tho theatre every night. I would not give two dollars for the life of tho Prince of Prussia, if he returns to Berlin. Mcttcrnich has tukou a fine mansion in Katon place, close to Belgrave cquaro. and is going to act up to the Holce far niente, loll on silken cushions and feast like Lucullus He will, however, have to pay duty on his Johannisberger. Louis Philippe has taken a small house on the banks of the Thames; and Lord Clifford has placed a country house at the disposal of the general of the Jesuits, who was compelled to quit Home. The insurrection in Poland, notwithstanding the surrender of Mieroslawski, is carried on by a guerilla warfare. Mieroslawski is to bo allowed to leave the country. The war in Denmark is now defensive on both sides. All the great powers or* arming. Se vis pace in. para be'.lum. Lo*nox. May 19,18A8-Night. The Prggreu of the Reform Movement?The Navigation Laws?Failure of M. Jullien?The Queen's Levee? TAf Ifish Trials A-r A*r At The Reform Leaguo, to which I pointedly alluded in my lust letter, i? progressing with grout, success. and will noon become fully organised. Tho provisional committer: hare rent circulars to the entire body of the freo trader*, containing a detailed account of the principles of the new movement, and resetting a reply. In nearly all the cases, the answer* have been most satisfactory, only a few refusing to oo-opcrate with the reformers. In addition to tho questions it embraces, in a political point of Tiew, it will endeavor to make equitable taxation a grand feature. As yet, nothing else materially important, has been executed by the Keform League. While upon this subject, it will not be out of place, and at tho same time may prove useful to soiao of your renders, to give the amount of income an4 expenditure of this country for the last seven yearsNet Net Income. Expenditure. Year ended 5th April, 1R42. . ?48,192,373 ?50,332.357 1843.. 48 745.45'.) 61.167,236 1844. . 52.835,121 60.73U.0U7 1845. . 64.417,615 48.075.179 1S46. . 62 000.324 49.628.724 1847.. 54,473.762 61.708.571 184#.. 52.082.757 55.175,042 In the House of Commons, a proposition has been mad:! by Mr. Labouchere, to suspend the restrictions on the Navigation Laws. The three chief sections of the act which are especially stringent, and are suggested for alteration. are the following :?1st. It is derided that no articles of consumption be imported here except in British ships, or ships belonging to tho place from which tho article is produced. 2d. That the produce of Asia. Africa, and America, shall only be imported by British ships, or ships of tho place that produces the articles, and that nothing at all shall he imported from Kuropa. 3d. That no goods be imported into our colonies, except under those restrictions. At present, this is tho tenor of the navigation laws, which it is proposed to modify or repeal. Tho letter of Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Viscount ralnerston, was read during the dsbate. It urged that universal reciprocity was the only thoroughly appropriate basis for intercourse betwuen the two nations, and intimated that if little was done in this country, to promote this intercourse, tittle would be done in the United States ; but if much was done here, much would bo done there also. Tho debate stands adjourned ; there is, however, every prospect for supposing that thoso laws will undergo considerable revision; at the same time, I do not think it at all probable they will be entirely repealed. The motion is Introduced into tho House by a member of tho government. Among the other bill* now before Parliament is one to enquire into the condition of the collegiato institutions, which it is alleged are in a very bad state. As an inhtance. it was cited that frequently at Canterbury Cathedral, tho number of religious functionaries i? thirteen, and the coogregntion not more than three or four. Some very warm debating ensued upon the mo lion; but at present nothing definite has been settled. Mr. Redhead Yorke. one of the representatives for the city of York, committed suicide a day or two back in one of the public parks, by swallowing prussic acid The honorable member of lato has exhibited some eccentricities, but nothing sufficiently serious to wnrnnt his frujnds being justified in using forcible means towards imn. A now writ has consequently been moved for. for the representation of York. ,\lan?. Jullien. who has made himself so celebrated as the projector of the promenado concerts in London, is in the Gazrtlr as m bankrupt. Ills liabilities are very heavy; but anxious to arrange things in an amicable manner, he offered a portion of his professional earning') until the demands of his creditors should have been liquidated ; they did not. however, entertain the proposal as at all favorable, and accordingly M .lulliun has beeu gazetted ; his losses have mainly arisen from his recent engagement* with Drury l.ane Theatre, at which place ho ha? been endeavoring to re-ostablish an Knglish opera, but with indifferent success The amateur performances to whion I referred in my letter of last week, for the benefit of Shakspeare's house, have taken plscc, but were most mnerobly enacted by the "distinguished literary men" with whoso names you are acquainted?each actor ondeavoring to make himself spoil the piece. It will be a long time before a similar attempt is made. The queen held her levee on Wednesday last, which. In consequence of the numerous fashionables in town, was very thickly attended. Sir Charlni Napier has just arrived in London from India, lie was landed on Knglisb ground by the same captain who brought to Newhaven the ex-king of tho French?Mr. I'aul, the commander of one of the < h.mnel steamers. The preciso object of the visit of Sir Charles is aot known. A meeting was held the other day in one of tho metropolitan riding schools, for the express purpose of endeavoring to bring about a coalition between the radicals and the chartists. Mr. Joseph Hutno was in the chair, surrounded by many members of Parliament, the sheriff of London, and many of the most influential of the chartists. There was sonic excellent speaking, and many wise resolutions were determined. There is. notwithstanding this demonstration, a wide barrier between these two parties, that 1 do not well see can be healed?but to accomplish a grcnt political cause, most singular anions take place occasionally. I The grand point of observation, at this time. Is Ire| land. The trial of Mr. Smith O'Brien was proceeding whan my last despatoh left Kngland ; since which it i has beeu concluded in a very abortive manner. The | counsel had spoken, the judga had charged the jury, and the latter, after a long deliberation, returned into ' court with the astounding intelligence that there was not tho slightest possibility of their arriving at an unanimous verdict, and consequently they were discharged. After this Mr. Meagher waa placed upon hia trial on a similar charge, via., sedition and conspiracy; the same proceedings were gone through, nnd the jury Ix-havcd lu precisely the same manner Mr. Meagher was therefore discharged. The result of these trials has not tended to increase the popularity of the government ; that tho Jury faithfully performed their duty Is not by any means so clear, for on Mr. Meagher's trial only one person dissented, and he was a Unman I Catholic. The new act for tho better security of tho Crown, has constituted seditions acts felony?in place of having the offender tried by a State commission Mr Mitchcl has been the first who has been convicted under thia statute, and It is generally believed that he s^'wM.ws.rw1.!.y.mjjymu mnj ?it"?j|"Jt>"4 W ? O EW YORK, SUNDAY MOI will not escape so easily as hi* contemporaries ; his 1 as iffunce is the publication of another inflammatory ar- wot ,icle in the column* of Ills paper, the United Irishman, of i> Hie Attorney-Uoueral will, it in currently reported, ap- tha >ly in each of the two cases I- have cited, for ' trials (In tt bar." Should this be the case, a conviction of both of I liese gentlemen (Messrs. O'llrien and Meagher) is the Umost certain The Irish are perfectly delighted at lier :he result of these prosecution*, and muster in the the itreets to the number of six or seven thousand strong, hea Lo listen to the speeches of the discharged prisoners; i Mo but there Is a large number of troops in thatl country me who are almost always under arms, so that fears of any car insurrection are quite groundless wit I n order that the metropolis should be properly de- elej funded, iu case of the regular troops having to go into stlc foreign service, the amateur London compauies are api being considerably augmented. The Honorable Ar- is fc tillery Company is receiving n. reinforcement of seventy the from the Post Office. To those gentlemen who compose , Th' the corps it may be very pleasant employment, strut- eve ting through the town in their military dresses; but if dup their services were really required in a powder and eiul shot engagement, a considerable quantity would, I fear, is i show the white feather. doa The Knglish government have decided that the sen- noi tence upon Mary Ann Hunt and \nnetto Meyers, f kIuiU be two years imprisonment in Bridewell, and then mei transportation for life to one of the penal settlements; j hid the former was convicted for the murder of two clill- era dren, and the latter killed a soldier when on parade, ma Notice has been posted at Lloyds, the shipping mart, woi to the effect that for the present all exportation of ma specie from Kussia Is prohibited; the causes that have ulfa led to thin announcement are not made public. wqi The Queen has been pleased to approve of the selection Hoi of James McDowell. Ktq., to he the Consul at Belfast for bio the United States. The appointment of this gentleman leoi to the post appears to have given satisfaction to all but parties with whom hid official duties will throw him lad, into connection. sen We had the grand christening of the Queen's last to I child on Saturday evening; most of the royal person- yet ages in London were there; ufter the ceremony there bui was an eveninir nartv. The National Assembly of As? I hartists in London liw been dissolved. The delegates flei have guno I know not whore, but I suppose to thuir > homes. bo Thn prooeodlng* of the Fronch people have a raogt wuinfluential effect on our money market. The news of ant the disturbance in France tho other day. and tho torn- loo porary overthrow of Lamartine and his colleagues, ?a caused a decline of prices. Tho subsequent intelli- we] (fence of their restoration to power, caused things to dm look better, anil they have since kept so. The closing Du prices to-day are tho following; Consols 841*; Re- apt duced Three per cents 82?B to %; Three and Quarter the per cents to ; Long Annuities 8>? to 0-10; Kx- tile chequer Bills (June) .'ills to 36s premium; India Bonds fill 22 to 20 premium; Bank Stock ISO to 102; India Stock X\ 230 to 232. C. P. rep Tar is. May 12, 1848. ?r?, Action of the Executive?Xew Ministers?Vote of La- Th marline?Poland Demands the Assistance of France? W'1 an Prospects of a European War Increase?Uussia and j)0( France Ready?Views of the French People. sta Tho executive has appointed tho ministers, as fol- jj? lows: Crcmieux, Justice; Jules Bastide, Foreign Affairi; ,-j, Under Secretary of State, Jules Koore ; War, Charms; na Marine, Vice Admiral Casy; Interior, Reuurt; Public ' coi Works, Trelat; Agriculture and Commerce, Flocon; Public iMtruction, Carnot; Culto, Bcthmont; Finan- Fri cos, UucWo; Mayor of Paris, Marrat; Prefect of Police, Caussidiere. Five members of tho provisional govern- j,;u mcnt are rotaincd in the ministry, five more being the of executive. J^jl The vote given to Lamartine. and the refusal of the an Assembly to assign to him the presidency of tho execu- to tive commission, continue to excite much remark and profound regret among the people of France. It j? will have tho effect to draw the friends of Ledru Rol- an lln nearer to him, and perhaps, thereby, give greater ki adhesion to the government, and render every attempt ?h to divide it tho more difficult. It will create a feeling umong tho French poople, that will manifest itself, I have no doubt, upon the day of tho fete, and in all other public places. It was a hasty act. probably, under thv sting experienced by the defeat of the report of the committee, at the hands of Lamartine. But i what choice was left to him.' On the one hand to as- t sent to a plan which would give France no executive, save the National Assembly?no head to conduct the important affairs of the nation in war, civil or foreign. . in pence; or to address himself to the Assembly, and call upon them to reject the plan of his more parttcu- * Inr friends. He showed himself to be worthy of tho **' confidence France had reposed in him. and he did not to hesitate to adapi his conduct to the exigency demand- Uu ed. and to stand up for France, at tho sacrifice of himself. It was a division upon the question, most inipor- 111 tant, at this moment, tor Franco, that he separated To from his immediate friends and went with the friends \a of Ledru ltollin and others, carrying with him 411 to .. :)8o votes, against what might bo considered the organIsed majority of the Assembly. M. O. Barrot, the tin leader of tho opposition in the Chamber of Deputies, Coi minister under Louis Philippe tho last throe hours of his official existence, supported tho report with great sbility; and it was the effect of that speech that drew <lo; out Lamartine in reply. But this executive is only tem- th: porary, and I have no doubt that Lamartine will have assigned to him the first plate under the new constitution?at least, the present state of public sentiment Hn demands it. Poland has made a formal demand upon ha the French for assistance; and it is understood that an the subject is now under full consideration. The spi- ?f rit of the nation is in favor of coming to the assistance of Poland ; and I entertain the impression thut it will manifest itself to that effect in the National Assembly. I regard the circumstances as tending more strongly, ul> fhe last week, to a Kuropean war, than previously, stu The declaration of war by the Pope against Austria ? tho demand of Poland f>r assistance upon France?the mutiny of the National Assembly in France, and its M sympathy for Italy and Poland, all conspire to increase 1111 the chances in favor of a Kuropean conflict. The fete of the 14th. will express, by its emblematical figures, the bo union and sympathy between France, Germany and t'11 Italy: whether Poland is intended to bo included or exeluded by this, does not sufficiently appear. But to there will be no manifestation of sympathy for Rome, fri Austria and Prussia. The elements are in motion for foi ills developcment of extraordinary events; the struggle. tal in hU Europe, ha* not abated : it may not be a* striking s?" as in the moment when king* were hurled from their *' throne*, and the dynasties of age* overthrown; but pl? the element* of power are assembling. and preparing for a terrible conflict; yet the sword may not be invo- ,ln ked a* the final arbiter between the power of the people and of dynasties and kings ; but the blood that is fiow- "" ing in the war between Prussia and Denmark?the w' i?i rman*. and roles, and Austrian*?the Italian* and Vustrlans?the Sicilian* and king of Naples?and the *n preparations of Russia and Franoo, yet behind the Pr scene*.?portend an awful conflict of arms. To live ft under free Institution*, or to di in fighting for them. is the firm resolve of the people of continental Europe. Continental Europo cannot be judged, in thi* renpect. K* by England or Ireland?with tho former, word* are '*> Tew ; the *tern purpo*e of the people tnanlfe*t* it*elf by J" the most resMute and determined acts. To die for the country 1* the sentiment which now animate* contl- co nentnl Europe, and from which no one shrinks Life rul seems now not to be regarded a* of any value, except llt a* a means of effecting thu liberty of the people?the toi Mariellaiie 1* *ung by every roan, woman and child, in puhlic and private, and Its sentiment ndopted fully by the people?if necessary, thousand* of women would 1 put on men'* apparel, and take the places of soldier*? there are probably but few exemptions In France ; anil thu loss of a father, husband or brother. In battle, does t>*i not cost a tear?he died in glory, and hi* country embalm* hi* reemory ; and his friands arc ready to *pare en him for that purpose. There i* no shrinking from any danger, or the prospect of any danger ; and all *tand u,) ready, at a moment's notice, to inarch up to the can- Hr lion * mouth. No one could bn a coward In Franco, or shun death at tho call of the country. I think the ) 1 people genaral'v court the honor of dying for the causo ,r< of liberty. OBSERVER. 1,0 Pa it i?, May 13, 1848. Monument! to Napilron and Mtrthal fftj?SepKr.vt of "" Napoleon?Lnfayelln?Elyiie Hmirbnn?Pi're la | t'Unite?Uravtt of Ifey and At .hioriatei?of La- tri f.njette, ?Jv.?Alerander und IVetlinffoi ?Napoleon wli and Mitra'?M.nt. I'ompadtnr?Increasing I'roipecti of IV.ir?Fall nf Stocks ?Englith Influence. im The momiry of tho in-n who have given glory to wll France appears now more ilear than ever to the heart* of the French people. The monumunt to the memory ^ii of Napoleon Is in proce** of c instruction, and will be his worthy of the man and his country. That ordered by j'n' the present government to be erected on tho spot ,ii, where the herolo Ney was shot by the allies, I* about rrf to In) commenced. Th? memory of Ills chlvatrle ]>irit is dear to the Fronch ; and n^xt to Napoleon, up, 1* cherished hi* momory. and tho hatred of tho au- Ho thnrs of tho treachery by which his life was sacrificed. Mis remains lio interred in the celebrated I'ero la l)(i Chaise, the most beautiful cemetery in France, and, nr perhaps, Europe. There Is no monument over the grave ?but nn Iron fence round It j and eight cypres* | , ,, tree* are growing upon it ; the earth is covered also h.v with a variety of flower* and shrubs, all of which arc "" cultivated with us much mrc as if they were ornamenting tko drawing rooms of the living hero. Mis 1 grave is rltuatrd towards the eastern extremity of this " grind cemetery. which overlooks Vlnccnncs. and near ( those of Marshal St. t'yr and Massena ; and. a ' , little further distant, those of Marshals Davoust, j l.efebre, Suchet, Serrurler, Mortior, Macdonald. and other* of that distinguished age. -AH the resting n places of these great men are marked by elegant, and / even magnificent. inarhle monuments, with Inscriptions recording soma of the wonderful events whleh rendered them, as well a* their country, Immortal But the attendant said. " Marshal Nay needs no Col monument and. In a moment more, seeing me ^y( doi ply Interested In an examination ol' ornaments whleh friends had thrown over the " hrave.-t of the 'I"1 brave," he said. ' You are an American, I think." ?I . i mmu'iiiii! ji. i. 1' l111" , 1 1 It K T tNING, JUNE 4, 1848. ked him why. " Hcoaii'o If you wore English, you lid not loci a a interest in recollecting tin- hixtory larshal Noy."' I toll him I was an American, and t Marshal Nov had almost as many friends in the ited Slate* as in Kronen Mure too He the remains .aplace. Lafoutalne, Junot, Ca*slmer Porlor, and heroin and devoted Labedoijere, li arras and Moe,

ko.. fce. : hilt those of Lafayette are not here ; y lie in the cemetery of .Mont Parname. The rt of Marshal La ones is buried in tbo ecuietery of ntmartre, over which is erected a large Htoue monunt. All these burial places uro tended with daily e, and the (lowers aud slirub.i watered and cared for h daily attention. The monument* are generally ;ant. and many of thnui furnished with candle:k* of silver. wreaths, crosses and other furniture iroprlate for the house of the dead. All the ground luautifully shaded and oraamonted with tree*, and walks cut And prepared with like care and taste. ? French live forever, for in death there Is life, and ry day the friend* of the dead cotniuune with the iarted. kneeling at their graves, aud cultivating bleuiatic (lowers and shrubi to their memories. It n delightful feature in the Fronch character?the id are never forgotten?and the house of the dead rer neglected. Japoloou Bonaparte, the nephew of Napoloon, Is a inber of the National Assembly, and is the image of statues and portraits; and those who have seen the peror, sny the reseuif>taucc is very striking, lie has tie hilt one movement, in whioh lie addressed a few ds to the Assembly, and In which he acted like a ? ,,f nnu ,.,..1 :t - .r._ i . I... r 1.. lira. ami upon tho report of tho minister. Tho Id will again listen. probably, to tho counsels of a laparte ; and his voice may yot make Europo troui, like that of hin immortal undo. Whether N a poll's grattd-nioco lx a* beautiful as Paulino,I cannot nay, ; I have told you that.?ho is tho most beautiful young y I huvo seen in Pari*. Two Kafayottosare in tho Aslbly ; on? of whom (Kilm mil) was yesterday chosen >o ono of tho secretaries. The son of Murat lias not boon hoard in tho Assembly. To mount tho trilo. Mid to meet tho robuk'M and impatience of tho lombly. u <iess tho speaker is oipiai to tho place, is a y ordeal to pa*s through?he is not spared. lessrs. Lamartlno, Arago and I.e<ru Uoliin have ved into the I'alaeo of the Klysee Bourbon, which a long timo the residence of lionaparto and Murat; 1 in which Napoleou slept after his defeat ut Water?there stood his bed, as it was when he occupied it nd the room so elegantly fitted up by his sister, to leome tho return of Murat from his field of'glory, ring tho campaign of Napoleon. Alexander and tho ko of Wellington h ive, too, occupied tho same irtments ; and now tho Kxeuctivo of a republic aro lncnmbints. and hold the destiny of Europe at ir will. This palace is as memorable as it is beautiHut Matlame do Pompadour, tho mistress of Louis occupied it before cither emperors, kings.dukos, or mblicaus ; and the history of tho Palaco of Klyseo urbon reveals the manners of courts, the revolution iMiipires, and the oppressions of the French people, e Klyseo Bourbon lias been preserved in the state in ich it existed during the tiinu Napoleon occupied It, d open to visiters, till since the revolution it has >n appropriated in tho manner above described. It ,nds at the corner made by the Rue Faubourg St. norc and a beautiful street leading therefrom into j Champs Rlyauos. Its garden extends into the amps Klyscjes. and contains many interesting orincnts and memento* of the history of tho past, stocks art; continuing to depreciate. Tho events aro nsidered as rapidly tending to a Kuropean war iglnud is making head against tho influence of mico, In every court in Kurope. as far as is practice ; and it would not bo surprising if she were again lud to be an ally of Russia, tin great despot of irope. Englauil is interfering directly in the ufTairs Italy and Austria, it is understood ; and endeavor; to secure to Austria a part of tho Italian States, e Is intimidatiug Charles Albert, as far as possible; d in this state of alfalrs, I should not be disappointed soo Franco move in preparation for war. Indeed, it >ks as if freedom lias yot to oucountor despotism at e point of the bayouet, and Kurope bo again drenched blood, that privileged orders may exist in idleness d live upon the earnings of others, and starve mannil, that they may squander in millions, and disiice the world with tho enormity of their vices and oir crimes. OliSKRVKR. Panis, May 13,1848. immittee on the Constitution?Entente and Rappelle lleaten?Prospect of a Europe*in War?Stocks Fallen ? Condition of Germany. Prussia and Austria?Jlnirahy in the latter?Expulsion of the Jlustrian Miniser?Metternich?English Influence?Overthrow of the Theory of Louis Blanc and Socialism. \ committee of eighteen members of tho Nationnl sombly has been chosen to roport a constitution, lis committee was chosen bv ballot, and are exuected report next week. The assembly In large. and someiK's disorderly, but no mure so than 1h to bo expected so numerous a body of representatives of the people, -day the rapprlle has been beaten, to call out the .tional Guards. lean hardly discover any occasion it. A procession of men favorable to giving aid to s Polo?, composed of several thousand, formed to nvcy a petition to the National Assembly for that rpose, ami their approach to the chamber had buttn precated; and the papers had expressed the opinion lit It ought to bu represented only by delegates?that numerous a body was calculated to create alarm; d the National ?Juards ought not to permit it. I vo been to the chamber, on the Dae* dw la Concorde d Champs Klyseos. and the I'lace de la Madeline, all which are in the vicinity; aud there is no appearco of disorder; and only a few thousand men about, 10 appear to be in good cheer, aud are sending up ?ir riratt to the orators who are addressing them on the subject of Toland, and the necessity of abdnlng from nil assemblages calculated to create irm. The National (iuards. to the number of tw? or ree thousand. I should think, are standing, sitting, d lying about the chamber of the National Assembly, d marching about the I'lace de l.i Concorde and Maline. It is to be regretted that these alarms are atun.to call nut the guard, in one sense, as it gives a English and others unfriendly to a republican form government, an opportunity to alarm hurope, and misrepresent the condition of affairs in Paris and nnca; and in another sense, perhaps, it is beneficial, r it proves the determination of the people to inalnin order, and the National Assembly free from danr. and the prmnptnxss with which they are always idy to form in Use of battle, armed in the most coinite manner. To day, stocks have fallen, as there is great anxiety d increasing expectation of a Kuropean war. Rrance gins to think that it will yet have Russia. Austria, d Prussia to light; and it is not improbable that it 11 be so. Knglaud has labored assiduously to hold e sovereigns of Austria and Kust-ia in their places, d to nrcvent the establishment of a renuhlic ami the opagation of republican ideas, a* fur us practicable. at kings nn'I their supporters have hud ranch to do stirring up ill feeling between the people of Germany d Poland, there is no doubt. At first there was a nerM burst of enthusiasm in Germany in favor of land, and against Russia; but lately the facts are Tercnt. and there is not only ill will, but much bloody hting. between a portion of the people of the two un tries; and Germany seems to be nhout as near a publican form of government as wa? I.ouis Philippe the commencement of his inauguration. Tho arisnracy of Germany is opposed to a republic, and Kngh influence has been activo in counteracting repuban tendencies on the Rhine. Metternich resides in lgland. is lauded by the Knglish press, and receives eat attontion from tho F.ngllsU aristocracy. He is id to be in close correspondence with people in Ausa and about the emperor:,and within a fair days, the mister who was his successor, and under his influico, the people have forccd to resign. The condition of Prussia and Austria presents a reirkable condition of politlcnl events. The people, by ma, have overthrown both government*, and held e existence of both sovereigns at their disposal.? ft they do not depose them formally, and expel them mi the country, but allow tliein to hold their places, uninally. at leant, and leare them in a condition to trlgue with their own people and foreign powers, iparoutiy. they do not understand that the existence Iciai. of a king, is incompatible with the liberty of 0 people; and that sooner or later, tho king will ush them, unless they d > him Germany, and Altsa. and Prusxi* must learn tlie les?on, by experience, lieti Louis Philippe nnd Charles the loth have taught e French people before the people of those countries II be ready to establish a government of the people, stead of kings Much liberty lias been gaiurd, and II be retained, under any circumstances, by tlio poo of those countries; but they are evidently not in u ipoiition to attempt to form a government without a ng. They want a serpent among them, with some of 1 teeth utruck ont; the serpent they seem to consider iccesMiry evil, ami only propose to limit, in much as ?sible. his power to do evil to the people. Austria is lorgaiMned at present. The " Provenas slaves " have used to elect delegates for tho ( ongress at Frankt. < indicia is upon the point of insurrection and aration. Hungary, in coinpleto nnHrehy. insists on the recall of the troops of Austria from Italy, hernia is putting itself in a state of war. The setae does not wisli to mak? nny part, of \uitria. i-nna is without authority or government; there is Ither commerce, industry labor nor security. Tho w minister has promised to convoke the chamber as in as possible. Tho Minister of War has published notice that he should not co-operate with Russia tinst i rncow The National \ssembly of France ( overturned the theory of I.ouls Blanc, ar well as author. Socialism has met a mortal blow in France. OBSF.RVF.R. r??i?, May 14, W8. mutter rf Ihr Sational ilnstmbly fit Pr?rr">:ngi? Jnmplainli of Ihr /Vfn?Rutsia Demands Kx/tlanaion*?Anarchy in Germany?Poland Appeal* t? l'ranre Grtal .Igitatinn upon thr Suhjtet?vM/onrn lent of the Great Fete ? Hourit Falls Ff'ur Mart mminrnt fait Pifpartitions Figure of Ihr lieuhlie. 'he National Assembly has established fifteen mmittecs, of sixty members each? vlr. : of Justice? irship Foreign \fTalrs?Public Instruction?Inter?Commerce, Agriculture and Rents? Marino?War department*?Algeria?Colonies?Kiuancct?fublio HI 'I.I _.1 JJI1". ? ' II III ? H IE R A ] Works?Legislation, Ctrll and Criminal -to which wax to added one of Labor. It has also established its rules ul and regulations, and debated many things. hml among J',' others the important question of where the powers of t! th? National Assembly cease, and those of the Kxeou- 1,1 tivo Committee commence. The press of Paris Is loud ' In its complaints of inaction and inefficiency of the Assembly, for the purposes of giving aid to the nation. ' The truth is, that too much has boen expected of tho Assembly, nnd therefore those who expected such extraordinary and immediate benctHs.will Hud themselves disappointed. My letters indicate that I have mora j fear of the convention than of the people of France; i but as yet I see nothing to justify any oomplaint against the Assembly?that is a great body, and should be a body to discuss and deliberate, as well I 0 as to net?and hitherto there has been a predominance p of good sense, and wise conduct in its proceedings?but Monday will be a day of intense interest. The budget in reference to foreign affairs will be opened ; and the ll peace of Kuropo will hang upon the lips of the oratory, u and next week may determine the erudition of Ku- i, rope for the next twenty years. 1 . Kusiia has demanded explanation of Prussia for ha- ; vlng entered luto Jutland ; and they aredlscussing the i b project of a provisional government at Krankfort. w Strong efforts arebeing made to organize ail Oerma- I , ny into States, under ihe one common head; and some I propose to include oven Prussia anil Austria. Tho King <>f Prussia started the project of thus organizing ] tliu tierman countries. and placing himself at tho head of thorn; but thin met with immediate aud prompt resistance ; and those opposed. ridiculed thn idea of a sovereign'* aspiring to such a post, who wanted the capacity to govern hi* own people, and to protect his own power. All Oermany i* attempting to form a government tli.it shall he neither a despotism nor a republic?since they are floating about iu a state of anarchy, and uncertainty, like a shipwrecked, with neither compass, rudder nor sails. Kings, ari*tooracics, bourgoiHo, and people, arc commingled together ; and while there is little struggling and shedding of blood, there is little progress made towards thn establishment of a perininent government. In the meantime the Herman and PoUSa population are lighting in a manner most desperate, and every day reuders their diflloulties greater. Kngland Is an obstacle iu the way of the establishment of any Government, but that of a monarchy ; and Russia stands ready to uae her tremendous power upon the Rhine, as sure as a state of things in (iermany admits, or demands it. for the preservation of despotic governments. Poland i*prv?sing France to declare war. in favor of her national independence; and, it is believed this morning, that Italy is about to Invoke the nid of France, and that a French army will, in a few days, cross the Alps into Italy. It is said, and believed at the Bourse. that 200.000 men have been called ; but I see no ovidenoc of tho fact, beyond that stated?but It is manifest that the National Assembly are preparing to settle tills weighy question without delay, in this debate will be heard the voices of the descendant* of the mighty dead, and the illustrious living, of the present a;je. The grand fete which was to have taken place today. has been adjourned one week Tho reasons assigned are want of time for the necessary preparations, and the proper representation of the departments ; but 1 suspect that the agitations of yesterday have some influence upon the question, and the movement of the rnassos upon tho National Assembly, to press it to give aid to the Pole*. So many hundreds of thousands assembled together under such stimulating excitements, might lead to bloody collisions and untoward events, which would disturb the peace of Paris. Last evening. I examined the flgure representing tho Republic, which stands in the centre of the memorable Chauip du Mar*, on a pedestal about forty feet high, measuring in stature thirty-two feet ; its head is six feet long?and yet all looks in good proportion. On each aide is a huge lion, of proportionate dimension*. The column* on each side of the entrance are iu preparation to he J raised ; but tho labor i* very great for *uch a feat, ami will not cost less than 1,500 000 franc*, probably?the government estimate* it at 1.100 000 franc*. The whole di*tance from tho Place do la Concorde to the Champ de Mar*, is in vast preparation for a continued triumphal arch; aud in the evening, firework* upon a scale of grandeur and magnificence never witnexsed in Europe. The entire Champ* Elysces are one grand laboratory of preparation* for display, natiouat and individual ; dancing, and every other ipecie* of amusement. Strangers, in great number*, (look to Pari*, to wit liens thin imposing and dazzling exhibition of French taste and magnificence,and to mingle in the enchanting scenes which are incident to it ; but they muit remain one week, or return disappointed. Thousand* of people wero, last evening, examining the preparations, and giving their opinions upon the taste displayed by the artists ; and ail the French are, or ought to be, competent judges, for from the moment of their birth they live among the fluent specimens of sculpture, statuary, paintings, architecture, mimic, ami other exhibitions of the tine artn of the present age ; and their love of them in increased by the daily interest which the whole people manifest for such exhibition*. Generally. all are public ; and except music, the theatre, kc., all are tree. The Louvre, having a gallery of paintings of nearly lflu rods in length, fitted with the bent collection of painting; in Paris, is open to the publie, and free. Such in the case with reference to statuary, sculpture, &e. Indeed, the public grounds and daily walkn are tilled with them ; and in them all France are nursed in their iufancy in the open air. OBSERVER. Paris, May 15, 1848. Grtal .irjtatim in Paris.? Grand Procession for Poland? Honaiiartt in I lie Assembly?Poland and Italy ? War.?Champs Elyteei. Paris [is much agitated to-day. This morning the streets were filled with people, and olubs discussing the question ot interference on tho part of Franco for the protection of tho Poles. Notices were published upon the buildings in all directions, of a reunion of the friends of Poland at tho Bastile, for the purpose of marching in a procession to th? chamber of the National Assembly, with a petition calling upon that body to comc to the rcscue of Toland, from the massacrcs that Prussia. Russia, and Austria are committing in different parts of the country. Thousands of spectators, ladies and gentlemen, congregated in the garden of the ^ Tniilerios, under the shade of the magnificent forest which adorns it, to witness the approach and passage of the procession. This gravo question was discussed there in the most earnest manner, by thousands?the whole assemblage was a great debating club, discussing the question, upon the decision of which, depends the peace of Kurope?for a time, at least. At about one ( o'clock, there was a rush to the margin of the embankment, and the head of the procession wis then seen approaching the Place de la Concorde. through the Made- ? lino and Hue Royal. The French chapeaux waved in ( numbers at the head and throughout the whole length of this impoMiig body of men They had neither arins, 11 nor music, nor drums, but cheer upon cheer greeted tlirm upon their approach ; there lial been a large mass of poodle attracted at the north end of the bridge leading from the Place do la Concordo to the chamber of th't National Assembly, for two hours or more; and bodies of tho National Guards were there to prevent thoir approach to the chamber?but when tho procession arrived, tho Guards made way for them ; and the baxners of France wero neon moving nlowly and majestically across tho bridge, and the procession with them, at tho same tim?. The rear columns of the procession continued to till up the Place, and to npproach. as far lis practicable. l 11 v oriuge, men crowueu i>v me neati of th?) column. At tho south end of tho bridge the head K of tho column halted ; and about fifty delegates were ceen ?oou after ascending the steps to the chamber; ' Homo wore lu black suits. and Home in blue frocks, and 11 they were enthusiastically cheered a* they parsed up * the step<. In about half nu hour they returued. and 81 were elieered as before, by the column in waitiug. " They addressed their comrades, and all at thin moment ' am apparently waiting in their places, in tha l< burning hot sun, to be informed of the action P of the Assembly. It in an important day for , France and for Kurope, and is life or death for (l Poland. Napoleon Bonaparte had called frr the fo- ri reign correspondence touching Italy and Poland, and ' T Lamartlne had assigned this morning to report upon ;l these subjects. May heaven grant that Napoleon the ' ^ Second has the capacity of his uncle, in this hour of | ~ trial between liberty and despotism in the old world. It Is three o'clock, and the people still i|Uietly wait to lr hear from the chamber of representative*. It is un- ' dcrst'iod. that the whole subject is before the Assembly ' in regular form, and that the debate is opened upon it; " but the rush to the chamber is toi gr"at for admittauce. and those who waited to see the procession and its incident*, as I did. must be content to wail to hear n of tho action of tho Assembly. There never was a w more interesting period than tho present to be In Paris n or France. The Champs Klysec* aro filled with people; * and in tho evening it is as gay and as brilliant as the most magnificent drawing or ball room. This forest, n of one or more hundred acres, so beautifully cultivated. trimmed, and levelled, is, at once, a promenade, draw- ' ing room, ball room, drive for carriages, concert hall. P theatre, museum, rhow box. dining hall, supper room Y or tea table, menagerie, circu*. grand kitchen and cook ^ room, gaming hall, market, nlay ground, and the lover's " boud??ir. It is brilliantly illuminated every evening ; r and tho French *tci> Into the temporary dancing halls. J' I erected among the illuminated trees, with only a can- 1 vass covering and curtains, and dance without divest- '' I ing themselves of their hats or bonnets, and without * knowing their companions or partners; and then pro. meDade. attend tho concerts, or dispose of themselves | in any other manner they choose. It is generally the masKes who dance in these places; but the fashion of ' things is alNiiit the same as at the masked balls, which the Hitt of Paris attend In thousands; ami yet, under such circumstances, all are polite, civil and gay. and , there Is nover any rodeners or Impertinence. All appsar as If they had kn#wn each other from childhood; ' yet they inoet there for the first, and, generally, per- ( haps the last time. Immensely extensive preparations ' are being made to illuminate this enchanting anil fairy " land, on the night of the grand/e<*. Here are also to j " lie tho most magnificent? displays of fireworks, on tho | * same occasion. I will remark, that the procession i? , composed generally of young men, who have to bear I ''] the fatigue and danger of a campaign in ca*e of a war w ii i >| ii'j' mi ? ummpmm LD. Prfc? Two CwM> i aavt* TuUnil; but lh?r? in hi much f>>HlIu^ in Frano i linn thu mibject. that, n >'?MriUnt'inlin< the want of ouey. and th?- peril* I *h;ill not bi mirprUoil t'> fl ixt it* Aaiembly prepwl to adopt < mr III '.kui'm up iu hi sulijm-t Italy UgainiiiK many battle*oyer Vmtria, i appear* by tint information of t )-<iiv That P in'it w becoming a grave one. OBSKKVKK. Pahii, Mat 16, 1848 niurir-fiaii in Parit - The .htrmlily .it tar hi d andTaken ? Vremon / thr Commanding Ueneral, 4"<'- fc.?Ntw Provisional llorennnent?Dissolution of tAe National ,'hiembly .1ms t of thr Traitors?Promptitude of the. National Guard?Order Restored? Insurgents in Pri ton. and Deposed at their OlRr.es? Paris under *1rins? National +1i*einkly aifain in Stttion. In my letter of yoiterday, I informed your readers of vents precisely as they appeared to uiv to hare taken lace, and ax they did take place, in fact, In all that art of the scene which could bo wltuessed by specta urs standing on tills (tho north side) of tho Seine, pon tho embankment of tho Tullleries, which over>oks all tho spaco and places referred to. Out, upon tie other side, and at the other entrance ofthe Chanter, a different scene was being enacted, and which as, at three o'clock, entirely unknown to the speota ' >rs. among whom I wan one Treason In the c.?mlaudur of the National Guards, General Courts Irs. ad opened the passage upon the bridge, so quietly to he procession. I expected, from previous information, o have seen the procession stop at the entrance of the ridge, and. in a struggle there, to pass it, hut it passed n quietly and majestically. Orders wore given by the General, on the spot, to the Guard, to give way. and o allow the procession to pass. I'pon the presentation if the procession at the gate, upon the other sido, a sinilar order w is given to allow ine procession to pass to ho cutrance of the Chamber, which the brave captain f the Guard refused to comply with uutil It was reluced to writing; then it was executed, and the proession entered the hall. The members, knowing what irdurs had been given for their protection, upon seolng he approach of the multitude, exclaimed, We have leen betrayed." Immediately the Chamber became . scene of confusion?the insurgents took possession of he tribune, the scats, and the chair of the President of he Assembly; and. after making certain accusations ind declarations, declared tho Chamber dissolved, and ormed there a provisional government, composed of iarbi'S. Ulanqui. Louis Blanc, Kaspail, Cailssldlere. Leon x, Hubert, Cobot, Klocon. Proudhon, Ledru Kollin. md Albert. Darhcs. General Courtals, and Albert, tore actively engaged in the Assembly in assisting the conspirators, being themsolves members ofthe Assem>ly. Uarbes was manifestly the leader, and he assumed lie chair, declaring the Assembly dissolved?that a uilliard should immediately bo assessed upon tho rich; .bat whoever beat tho ru/iptl thereafter, was a traitor, md without the law; and that the new government vould forthwith repair to the Hotel de VlUe to organ /.e. The insurgents, in the mean time, took Louis Itlanc upon their shoulders, and carried him round the liall in triumph. Hubert first declared the Assembly Unsolved. Ulanqui. aud other conspirators, not memliters of the Assembly, mado speeches. The Chamber was Hied with flags, and irivati for Poland. Barbes, Louis Ulanc, and the Committee on Labor. Ledru llollln at."inpted to spvak. and to appease tho many, and to reitore order; but they would not hear him. Other numbers attempted to speak ; but they were put down t>y tho confusion and the members themselves. Cries it "Vivt Pologne" were constantly sent up from the Hitside. which encouraged the oonspirators within. \t last the raviiel was heard to beat, and the conspirators cried, ' Tney have come to shoot us?let us hold the representatives here as pledges of our safety." Soon the National Guard enter the Chamber with bayonets charged -the insurgents recoil before them. Lieneral Courtals. the commander, orders them to retire and leave the Chamber?one member of the Qu&rd stepped up to him. and said : " Sir. you are no longer our commander, you are a traitor, and I will strip off your epaulettes''?and Immediately he was disrobed of his uniform, and his sword taken and broken before him. He was put under arrest?is now in prison, and euard ?d by a faithful company of tho soldiers whom hi. had deceived. Before thin catastrophe. however, the new provisional government hud left the Chamber. and proceeded with all p(Mnibl?> xpeed to the Hotel de Ville. to organize the new government. They forced their passage into it. and immediately commenced the work of organization. They had some debate over Ledru Rol1111. whether they would accept hiin; but did ho Anally. But noon there wax to bo an end to their glory. The National (itinrd appeared, and instantly forced their way into tho prexonce of thexe new pretenderx; and arrextod them, and all prexent. Barbed, Albert, and Thore refused to walk to prlxon, xo the Guard dragged them?sometimes head first. and sometimes feet first? keeping their bayonets well directed towardx their bodies. Sobrler. the new Minixter of the Interior, was arrested by a deputy, who caught him while he was drinking in a shop, on the way to his office. About ilxty of the leaders hare been arrested, it is said.? Among those arrested, ari* the General of the Guard ; Jarlirs and Albert, of the Assembly, and the latter a neuiber of the provisional government; Caussidirre. me of tho new minixterx appointed by the supreme exetitlve. and others of xome distinction. Louis Blanc irotests his Innocence, and is not arrestod. Lamartine ind Ledru Kollin. arrived immediately after the Naional Guard, at the Hotel do Ville. and gave the most irompt orders for the display of cannon, and the most tfective measures for protection. No one supposes that ?edru Kollin has had anything to do with this moreuent?or that he is not sincere in arrosting it?but hey think the investigation may show him connected vitfi preparation* for similar movements upon former iccusions ; but it may be all prejudice. Col. Clement rhiiMiiis, a brave man. and member ?f the National Vssembly, who appears to havo followed Barbes closely, s appointed, by acclamation, commander of the Nalonal Guards. The Guard Mobile were immediately inder arms and on the spot, ax soon as it was known hat there was difficulty. This has brought matter* ;o a crisis?the manifestation has been immense, In iupport of the government and order. It will be useiil to the republic and fatal to Poland, for the present, 10 far as France is concerned. This morning every ipproach to the National Assembly is cut olT by armed lien, and the most rigorous measures are adopted, to ecu re order and the detention of the prisoners. OBSERVER. Paris, May 10?3 P. M. 'ncidenlt of the Grt.il Insurrection?Plnn?The Assetnhly?Hail/is and Thomas?Diplomatic Correspondence Touching Poland?/(? Effect?Views of the Executive upon thai Subject. and in Reference to Italy. Paris this afternoon is entirely calm?tho Place de la "oncorde ix surrounded by the National Guard, and no >ne is permitted to enter upon It. The scenes of ye?erday are of an extraordinary character?whether we efer to the audacity of the attempt?its complete xucexx?the treachery of the commanding general?the aring of the conspirators?the promptitude with which lie conspiracy was overthrown; or the faot, that In 11 this there has been no bloodshed. The petition for oland was a well devised pretence by the leader*, to liable the multitude to enter tho Chamber; and the orruption of the general was equally necessary to give uccess. Probably not fifty men in the procession wer? ware of the purpose of the leaders; anil it was by acts ml appeal*, after the multitude entered the Chamber, hat step after step was taken, until the President wan liven from his chair, and the Assembly declared dln>lved It is equally remarkable for unanimity of nenintent which it has developed, in Paris, in favor of the overnineut. and against the project of giving the oles any assistance in the present condition of France, 'he dignity of the Assembly. and its calmness during Ills exciting sccne.l? spoken of generally with unlimited dmiration. a* well as their promptness and efficiency la jppresslng the insurrection, and seixing the criminal* s soon ns the opportunity for them to act had arrived, hey allowed the conspirators to proceed far enough ) commit themselves. Indeed, this they ceald not well re vent; and the promptitude of the National Guard i delivering themselves from the command of their ieoeritl. and arresting him on the apot, is above all [>mtnrndatlon. The Assembly immediately passed a nte of thanks to them and the Guard Mobile, which 'tey well merited; and upon the arrest of B&rbcs and Ibert who. being members, were exempt from arrest tbuy solemnly decreed to sustain the arrest, and put tetn in accusation. Hubert, who was the first man to lount the tribune, and to declare the Assembly dis lived, ha* lied; lint they are in full pursuit of him,? lie new <>?nernl. Clement Thomas. Is the only man n?erstood to be Hounded in the whole affair, and that 10k place at the Hotel de Villo. where he went to aid ue arrest of ilarhi s. He and fiarbe* had some warm ords in the National Assembly, upon the tribune, hile the conspirators were in the act of expelling the lumbers; and being both colonels and commanders of bout 90,000 men each, they met resolutely But how liferent is the result the former is now commandr in chief of more than 900,000 brave men ; and the later In prison, overwhelmed with public indignation.? .amartinc. too. appeared again with all his former ower and glory, lie declared for the most prompt and Igorous measures, and electrified the National \sseiulv and people by his genius and elo<|uence; but. h? aid. the National Assembly was not the place for the xecutlve. but it was out of the Kail, and among the eoplc that they should find their appropriate duties; e. therefore, with l.edru Kollin. mounted the first nr-es that they could find, and rode to the Hotel de Die. to aid iu arresting the now government ; but the fntlonnl Guard had been there before them, and atinded faithfully to that part of the business People itlmate the masses in the procession at AO'Ms) to i (too men; hut very few of them could approach much ss enter the chauilntr. and I have no doubt they were i Ignorant generally of what was taking place in Iho kimber. ns Wert the spectators I went among them i different parts of the procession, aud there *m no nlication among them, either In their conduct or lantsge, of any other purpose, than an honest <>- ?, of tiling in a manifestation in favor of PolanilflteJ tey did not act to support their leaders, or to st^^pR tern at the Hotel de Vllle. in any manner to indicate general understanding of their purpose, or resolution > sustain them in i' Many ladies were in the < hintrr during these exciting scenes. They screamed, and ad Lamartlne wu fleeing across the eourt. just a