Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 4, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 4, 1848 Page 2
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- OM of thr gun* nf the National Guard wa' aoelden tally discharged la tlx- inid?t of the Aturmlilf Th? Pere La Cordalre wa* dressed in his white lobes?a ministerial dre?? The mob examiued hiin elom ly.and seemed incliued to (trip them off . but he ?at quiet and tirm. aud calm, doffmlnl by a deputy and a wontagnard the latter armed; but he wan not Dion ted Hocon sto >d by the Aweuibly .au I received the approb ition of all The Aaaembly and the executive resolved to make the criminal* feel that there is a )>ower to the law . aud that order shall be preserved, and crimiuals puuisbed. at every hazard. The Minister of Foreign Affairs laid befor* the Va-emtjy extracts from a <reat number of despatches from the Chart?* d'Affaire* of Franco at Berlin, in reference to Poland ; and if hi? views are correct, there will he little sympathy felt for Poland iu the present struggle H- represents the great mass of the Poles as not desiring the interference of France. but a* ready to fight for Itiinxia . and in the war waging between the I'tfli-s and Prussians, the Poles are represented as generally in the fault -and by their follies ami errors, to have brought about the present state of tilings. 1 am sure, that this representation will take the majority of the French by surprise ; and it account* for the mission of the Polish flag, in the grand Jilt that is to bo. from the side of that of France. Italy, and Germany a fact to which the Poles in Paris have referred iu a letter to the government. This correspondence ti eid this fact, aud one or two remarks from I.amartine. I consoler clearly indicative of the views of the executive of France against all interference, except that ol negotiation, for the present, at least ; and I think it equally certain, that the executive is opposed to interfering in the war betweeu Italy and Austria, until Italy u?ks for aid : aud that preparations have been made to respond instantly and powerfully to such a demand; that the national existence of Italy, free from all foreign control. France has resolved to" maintain This view of the case renders the prospect of war loss threatening, than it would be by an attempt to assist Poland, for it is not certain that Italy will ask or need any assistance. She is ambitious to do all wi'hout Franco, if possible, and hitherto her efforts have been very successful. The danger is. that the States may disagree among themselves, when the pressure of the external danger shall have been removed ; but Italv is now well united in the pursuit of Austria. niti; l" n ir l-u Pa r13. May 18.1848. The Prisoners?General Cow (ait?His Anguish?Intidtnts and Reflections upon the Great Inturrtction in 1'nris. and ,'lttark upon the Motional ?'lttembly. and Subsequent Erents?La marline. Pari* is full of troop* from the surrounding country ; us the alarm spread, the guards from all parts liasteued tn~u>tain the National Assembly; and the unanimity of sentiment is as great upon the present occasion, as upon that which deprived Louis Philippe of his throne, and established a republic. The Assembly have made lite most ample preparations against a second surprise, and they have manifested a Arm resolution to punish' t ' a certain extent at least, for the past. Hen Courtais' l' 1 Barbes. Blanijui, Albert, and two or three othrr principal leaders, are placed in the dungeon at Vincennes. Barbes, and Hlanqui. regarded as the most UesperaUi In culls Tory high from the ground. They were carried to prison yesterday, without any attempt at rescue; and. Indeed, they seem to have received but very little support from any considerable number after they assumed the robes of office at the Hotel de Ville. Caussidiere, the Prefect of Police, wan on Monday questioned with j.'reat severity in the Assembly; and seeing that he was suspected nearly unanimously, by that body, yesterday resigned that office, and also that of representative. Lu-ge quantities of arms aud ammunition have been discovered, in several instances, on the premise.-, of those arrested ; and in some eases decrees drawn up. reciting that in view of the revolutions of February and of May.'' fcc..iic. The leaders had arranged all things in perfect form, and numerous despatches were in readiness to be sent to every department of France, to announce the change of government?the declaration of war to aid Poland?the levy of money upon the rich? the overthrow of the National Assembly, aud the duty if the departments to take their orders from the new government : but the resolution of the Uuard* Mobile and National, who entered the Chamber with bayonets lixed and crossed, and expelled the intruders there, and then entered the Hotel de Ville, and arrested the new government, rendered these despatches inappropriate. aud the decrees inapt in the recital of events. The plau to create a procession and gain admittance into the Chamber, under the pretence of a demonstrate n in favor of PoUnd. was well conceived ; and through llio defection of General Courtais. most succes-fully executed ; and had the people in any considerable number been lu sentiment with the insurgents. France would have been deluded in blood, liut the entire mass of the procession, being only a few hundred abanrt >ned their leaders as soon as they discovered their purpn-0, and a lowed them to be surrounded, arrested, an 1 dragged to pri>ou. without making any attempt to rescue them, aud the spirit of the people was never more unanimous, upon any occasion, than in resisting all efforts to disturb the government, and in insisting lipou some reasonable puuishineut for the offenders. Thr nigh the treachery of the Prefect of Police, or for home other cause, several of those arrested have been allowed to escape?but not the leaders. I believe, in any instance; perhaps it is the mercy of the govern mi nt, as in thu case of Louis Philippe and hie ministry There is a great aversion lo punishing or imprieoning any one. except in cases of absolute necessity. The Assembly have made searching inquiries into this matter. and manifested considerable disapprobation.? Sonic of the members treated Lamartine with a good deal of severity when he expressed an opinion favorable to the inuocence of Caussidieru; but he is a man of a noble soul, aud 1 hope France will treat him as well as ho has France; he has been sustained by the acclamation* of the National Gu*rd in all he has done, and generally by the Assembly; and it is not Impossible that he has foreseen the gathering of this storm for week", and has adapted his policy to break its force, bj detaching from it some of its principle members. Certain it is. that Ledru Kollin acted vigorously, in the Chamber and out of It. to arrest the insurrection and the parties engaged in it, and exposed his person freely to danger Lamartine was in danger several times; but hii friends surrounded him ami put themselves between him and his assailants. Whit a miracle that no blood was spilt in such a scene; and how strong the testimony in favor of th* firmness, forbearance and magnanimity of thu French people, and of their high qualifications for self-government, under the most trying clrcumstauces ! General Courtais does not wish to survive hi* disgrace; he declined, for some time, to take any food, and only wished to die. He is undergoing a distress and anguish that are a terrible punishment?and well hi may. The chosen General to command three hundred thousand as fine men and troops as the world affords? the pride and strength of Paris?to open the door tc the conspirators to overthrow the Assembly and to in vur the risk of deluging France with the blood of he: ?>wn citizens, and of seeing different bodies of his owt command murdering each other?it was a crime, an aw ful crime: aud a remarkable fact is. that neither h< nor Col. Barbes, could carry one man of the Nationa (iuard with them?the latter of whom had been chosei only a few weeks before to that high honor, by the suf frages. almost unauimous. of 21.000 men. How intelli gent and resolute men must be. who can stand againsi such influences, and without any authority, step for ward in the presence of the National Assembly. charg< them with treason, and strip them of their uniform, a: lliey did their commanding general Only remarka ble men could firmly and successfully perform sue! remarkable deeds The Place de la Concorde is surrounded by troops dally, and none are permitted to pass Kvery avenue t< thu Assembly is guarded by strong bodies of armci men Some dragoons of the line have been introduce into Tarls. and the city is one grand and imposing garri Hon. Many of the clubs are shut up?the Guard Re publics dissolved, which was an appendage to the Pre feet of Police ami was an organization of that bod; The F.xecutive have assured the Assembly that th< inoU complete measures shall be taken for their futuri security; and they have been assured in turn, tha they will be held responsible by the Assembly?that i so. I think the people of Paris feel more and more se cure, after each attempt to disturb the public peace Th?y have not been accustomed to see a people govern itnd when they see how much good sense and goo< faith the masses possess*, and how promptly they cal both into requisition, it creates confidence in th< doubting, of th? ability of the people to maintain i government and preserve order. The masse* will no disturb France?it i* only the few unprincipled an> ambitious leaders, taking advantage of circumstances like the case of Poland, to operate upon the sympathic of the people Mail closes at 4. to-day OBSKRVER. Paris, May 18. 1848. TUt .Itlmpl at Counter-Rrroltilion?III Failurt?.flr rett of tKr Inilifatort. 4"C. \ great event ha* signalized this era since the dati Scf my last letter?nothing less than a counter revo lutioo a new provisional government, a new adminis tration. formed and crushed; the ( hamber occupied bj a new \ssembly ; the guillotine and a committee o public safety voted ; the Hotel de Ville occupied ; pro ( tarnation* prepared? and all tbii again crushed ; an< the government deposed, and its chiefs sent to Vln reanee ' Pray, don't think I am joking ; truth is oftei more wonderful than fiction But to my story, j begin with the memorable morning of Monday. th< 16th May. in the year of our Lord 1S48 This morning, from 10 o'clock great agitation wai obseriable in all quarters of Paris ; every one was ac ci htinc his neighbor, and askiinr the .....i .u. iconvcrnation on all *ide? betokened the anticipatioi <>t fomc coming event" of more than ordinary impor tance. The report mo>t generally in circulation wan >hat an immense body of operative* had m<jt in thi ace d?' la ilaKtiiie. round the column of July, and it the Champ de Marti ; and It wa* aatd the priced o these person* *> to present themaelvea at tile Na tifiial VMcmbly. and make a manifestation in favor o Poland. It .a-oh.erfed with Mirpris* that no military pre rantioa had b?en taken Wo went throughout th while ioiijth of the ljoulevard- and the Place do li i n# .rdi' and wc only naw in all tliir distance.n picke of a,.in'; 15 or mi-n of the ijarde Mobile, pouted a th" k.igl* of the Hue St Honore and the b >ulevart which fci?es the Madeleine. Abcut 12 o'clock, i i 1'imo of abii;it - or ;i?oo operative- preceded by bijn li.of the nut tonal w.-rk hips. pa > 'd along tho Boul" x a- 1?. in ma-ch forth* National AaHeniMjr. nn 1 ftjlI we<l at a distance by m? immense |> ^ ly marlbullm in jr?w>d order, by platoon* <r i., .B(.? i? a eac| lint in ' a commander at their head i h of thenc platoon- represented a corporation oi po'itlcal society Kacli had lt? banner. on which wai f-rib.*d the name or title of the The bannTi i t ill the clubi< were t'i b seen that < | the ,.i?l m.o rat;. Society Th. WouoleJofJu v i - . i he ?riltfcal Vidian, he Ve Kt-dJei the** ?*r? the d?l?f%tionJ from til* different departi ments. i In the inidat of tbaac deputation*, tu Men la * ? I hriolet driven by himself. a man still young, with a long 1 black brard, and who from time to time turned round to give order* to the platoon by which he waa followed Thin wan Hubert, coudeuiued in 1W8, t>et at liberty by the revolution of February. The nuuilter of this latter body may, without exaggeration. be stated at seveniy or eighty thousand. Vh" head of this inuneuse cortege had arrived at the Madeleine. whilst the end of it had not passed the Porte St. Dcuis At every instant. this immense crowd made the air ring with shouts of Viva la Pologne I" * Vive la Ilepublique !" From time to time, and from some of the group?, issued. almost stealthily, the cry of Vive Louis Blanc !" but this vivat, we are bound to say. fouud Tew echoes, and was not welcomed but by a significative silence. Thi.- immense assembly inarched to the Palais Bourbon Some few battalions of the Guard Mobile were uow posted ou the Pont de la Revolution. The cortege defiled in good order in the ui-ddle of the bridge, repeating the cries of Vive la Cologne !" " Vive la llepubli^ue !" There an incident occurred which became I the subject of false statements. This we believe to l>? the ttue version:?Some of the operatives said tliut the soldiers' guns were loaded, when two or three young men who bad done so without orders, discharged them, and this gave rise to the report that the soldier* hiAL fired ou the people. The head of the cortege having passed the Tout de la Revolution, proceeded down the Hue Bourgogne, aud went to the door of the National Assembly, which was opposite to the Place du Palais Bourbon. This door was closed, but this obstacle was uot of a kind to stop the crowd, every instant growing more formidable by fresh accessions. The two railings which were on either side of the gates were scaled by some of the mob. who mounted on the shoulders of their companion*, and the door was forced ; the crowd then made an entry by this ingress, which was offered them it is said that General Courtais. the commandant of the National Guard, and who is a member of the National Assembly, came out to meet the mob, and went with them into the National Assembly. Whilst the Assembly was in full session, thil body burst open the door behind the seat of the President. The sentinels and huissiers were thrown down by the pressure of the crowd. They bore Into the hall their banuers. and with one voice shouted ' Vive la Pologne !" M. Itarbes. followed by some twenty of the crowd, uscended the tribune, anil attempted to address them ; those wlio followed him likewise attempted to speak, but all were inaudible amidst the again repeated shouts of ' Vive la Pologne !" The President proposed to adjourn the Assembly, but this proposition being met on all Hides by crie* of "no' no!" he relinquished the chair to one of the vice presidents, M. Corbon. The members remained seated. Several ladies who were in1 the galleries attempted to fly. but were most of them restrained by the entreaties nnd gestures of the members. The report of a musket was hoard outside, and produced general consternation. In the midst of this universal confusion, the members preserved their dignity and calmness. I.'p to this moment, the object of the crowd appeared to he all centred in their sympathy for an oppressed people. On a sudden. Blanqul and llaspail appeared on the scene, nud from that moment the manifestation assumed another character. The middle of the hall was completely filied by people, who shouted and gesticulated violently; banners were broken, fights ensued, and the uproar beca-jte perfectly fearful M. Ledru Kollin mounted the tribune, and attempted to speak, but in vain; and he quitted the tribune.? The mob raised Blanqui in their arms, and carried him to the tribune; he. too. in vain, attempted to obtain a hearing. At leugth fiarbes succeeded in obtaining a moment's calm, when he exclaimed, " Citizens, you hare come to present a petition. ' A multitude of voices responded. ' Ves! yes."' and all again was chaos. Kaspail again ascendcd the tribune, with a paper in his hands; and. on seeing him. there arose a universal shout of ' Silence!" Two now banners now entered the hall?one the Club de la Moutagne;" the other, the " Wounded of the barricade Saint Mery." A man now in a voice of thunder, said : " Raspail is about to speak"' Kaspail at length obtained a hearing, and said: >'I will speak to you of the events of Rouen?the people demand a Minister of Labor." Again all was chaos! Barbes at last succeeded in saying. ' I declare that n tax of 1000 millions shall be levied on thvrich?whoever shall order the rappeV (for calling out the troops) "to be beat, shall be declared a traitor!" And again confusion was in the ascendant. At 4 o'clock. Hubert mounted on the shoulders of some of his comrades, and a comparative quiet ensued " In the name of the people." said he?" in the nam' of the people whose voice the National Assembly would not hear. 1 declarc the National Assembly dissolved." I Tremendous cheers and shouting by the mob.) Immediately, some twenty men of the mob forced the President from his chair, whilst some others produced a list of a provisional government, and read it to the mob. A shout arose. " To the Hotel de Ville." At this cry the whole mass left the Chamber, and proceeded to the Hotel de Ville. after having proclaim ed a provisional government, consisting of Barbes. Ledru Kollin. Louis Blanc, Albert, Thote. Blanqui, Cabot. Kaspail. Flocon. Leroux, Caussidiere. j ne wnoie oi wnai we uaTe recoumeu passed (sirangi ax it may appear) without the least interruption by the National Guards or the troops; but thin is explained by Gen. Courtais, who is charged as having been a party in the conspiracy, and is now in custody as one of the conspirators, having eith* omitted to give orders for. or decidedly given order* to prevent their in tervention. The victorious demonstration in their march to the Hotel de Ville made the air resound with unceasing shouts of - Vive Barbes!" "Vive Blanqui !" " Vivt Louis Blanc !" After having passed the quays, in the midst of an astonished populace, they arrived, about five o'clock at the Tlace de l'Hotel de Ville. which was occupied bj several battalions of the National Guard and Gard? Republicano. ' The windows of tho Hotel were filled with thousands, who seemed to be wholly engrossed by the expectation of some great drama to be enacted. The gates wert kept by tho troops, who appeared disposed to rofist force by force; but in spite of them, Barbes, Blanqui llaspail and Hubert, with their followers, forced an entrance. A member of one of the clubs mounted on one oi the gates and read a proclamation of the pretended provisional government. At the Hotel de Ville, tfci benuer* of the clubs were substituted for the national colors, which were torn down by the mob. and the people stationed at the windows again shouted. " Vivi Barbes !" " Vive la republique deinocratlque !" ' B&rbi s mounted on a table in one of the salles of th> ' Hotel, read iigain mid proclaimed the names of the no* provisional government. Many objections were made 1 to the names of Ledru llollin and Flocon. which endec in the former being accepted and the latter rejected r Tho names of Sobr:er Tliore. and Proudbou. were add 1 ed. and the urovisionat government duly inaugurated A cry now arose They are surrounding the Hotel ? and are about to kill our friends; make haste. Citiiei ' BUM!" aud a general panic, considerably increase) 1 liy the report of a musket fired without, took possessiot of this assembly of some 3000 or 4000 men in blouses ' Tables and chairs were thrown down and each sough 1 the means of escape. Barbes. after a moment s beiita tion. retired into an adjoining room for greater securi ' ty. where he was soon joined by several members of hit " government They wrote the names of the new govern ment on slips of paper, whieh the people threw to thosi 1 hi the space below from the windows. By some th< lints were torn, by others the names were proclaimed t< thbse around theui i Tho " guerall " was now heard without, and tin 1 troops were forming into dense squares. The tumul 1 became frightful. Barbes and his friends posted armci men at the door of their retreat. Barbes und his coadjutors wero busily engaged ii forming a Ministry, when a body of the .Nations Guards broke into their salle. " Barbes? which is Bar e be*?'" was their first question. l,He is our prisoner!1 ** " Never ' to arms, my friends' "To arms !" was the re ' joinder by his guard. " Vou shall march over our dea< h bodies to capture him A greater number of Nation si Guards now presented themselves, but all were op posed by a determined resistance of the guardians o the so-called provisional government. A cry of ' Vivo Lamartino !" was heard, nnd aooi | M. de I.amartine presented himself to aid and give au thority to the troops. Barbes was now seized aud led off to prison. Alber 1 and Tliore soon shared the same fate, and also somo 7 i ol their new lieges. ' Reports of these various events spread throughou Pnrls. and all was alarm and consternation ; the rappe * was beaten throughout Paris, and some 150 000 mei were under arms Soon after the evabuation of the ball of the Asaem bly. the Assembly resumed its session. Amongst th< members, a large number of National Guards, accom pa nled by General Courtais presented themselves. N sooner was ho observed than one unanimous cry o e n hoi CnuvtaiiV resounded from all sides. An office of the National Guard tore bis epaulettes from hi shoulder, and another wrested from him his sword whilst others expelled hiin from the chamber. M f t lenient Thomas, who had been appointed command nut art int'iim. BHlM the tribuue and said?"Th ' National Assemb!y is now uncftr the protection of th "ational Guard This wns welcomed on all sides b I shouts of" Brave ! rive la (larHt National* .''' rosponde i<i uy r m r i ?issrmntrr naiionuir . nnu iu? wuoi assembled body of p< raons united then in one unani i inons shout of Vice la HtpubUqut I M de Lamartln* now entered the Chamber an< ascended the tribune He then addreaaed the Amom lily, nnd wld-Our first duty is to express our grati tude to the National Guard, the Guard Mobile and th aruiy ; they have deterred well of their country ! (Vet ye? !? ' fire la Gardr Xa'ionalr!" -'fire la ()ardf Mn hilr ' Fire la Ligne burst from all aide* ) M de I.amartine added. " Our neit duty la to take Imuic iiately such steps a* the urgency of the circumstance demand", and the Executive government shall not b< f >und wanting In its duty." The Minlater of Justici declared that the majesty of the law should be vindi eatcd. The executive government then retired, and th< f Afsembly continued lta session General C ourtais was arrested and given Into custo f dy of the National Guard; and in addition to tho? already named. Sobrier. lies pail and several other* bare since been arrested. c The pn-oners have since, with the exception of Ge ? ueral ( ourlals. b-en sent to Vlncenne*. aud order t have been i?sued fur their trial for the conspiracy t< t overthrow the government. i The effect of this ha-, like every other plot, discover t eJ and defeated. been an accession of strength ani. stability to the government On its announcement a the Bourse, the fund* suddenly rose, the Threes fr u 4( to Is belujf e<|u!v>tlcDl to 10 per cent, and the Klve* 1 from (K to 71 i The spectacle presented by I'arla on the followini day. Tuesday, the lGtli that of a elty in a state o lege Not lets than .'100000 men were under arms besides the entire adult male population, under Ml ? which formed a National Guard, there was the ent!r< n <1 v of regular troop* of evrry arm. 1 be iwlare id the National Assembly win surrouad t e l by a denM maee of troops and all the venue* t< ? - - - It (trongly guarded ; the mum precaution ?u taken K with the palace of the Luxembourg, the Mat of the 1 ececutive government. the Prefecture of Police, and the Hotel de VUle. Yesterday these precaution* were observed in a much le*s ilofrct-a couple of regiment* only, being ou guard at each chief pout. Meanwhile however, troop* hare been pouring into I'ari* from the department*; and there U at present in the capital a .force 10 enoruioua aa to render all attempt* at revolt, without the aid of the National Uuard, absolute insanity. The Assembly *hows itself every day more and more moderate in it* republican apirit. aud no doubt re- no wain* that the predominant party in it. will be that of th? left contra of the ex-Chamber ; indeed, iiiuuy perrons entitled to credit, entertaiu the opinion alreudy. that a reaction will ensue, aud that the country ( will relapse into a constitutional monarch v. a< INVESTIGATOR. a? Paris, May 18, 1848. Tht fail* hour it and Money Marktt. The market was a rising one to-day. but not so freely a* yesterday. The speculators who were desirous to realise, were numerous; still the aulouuts of small capi- ^ tals remitted from theprovinces forming a somewhat considerable sum in the aggregate, kept up prices pret- gj ty well, which would have been still highter if soino fear in the want of energy in the Executive government had not prevented it. The sittinc of yesterday of the National Assembly, and the explanation given by M. s Caussidiere. gave rise to some dismal forebodiugs. It ~ was even said that the Prefect of Police had again found new panegyrist*. However, as it was known that = hi* resignation had been accepted, prices rose during the last half hour A multitude of reports were spread about, which. Ji however, found few persons to believe them. It was said that the " rappul " had beeu beaten in the faubourg Montmartre. and that some disorders had taken place in the Faubourg St. Antoine. It was also said fo the station of the North railway had been set on tire: but this was soon contradicted by person* who came from the ipot. The reports had. however, caused some troops of the line and National (Juards to bo sent there; but there was no necessity for such a step. w There wa* a meeting of ouvrirrt. at La C'liapolle. and the workmen of the North railway still continued their n< strike. This did uot, however, atfect the North shares, H in which there was a slight improvement. m Tim nthor railwnv* wnrx 1.. rlitmanH n ml tli*? rrr*?H.tor number of them rose on yesterday's quotations. ^ It is said that M. Uarnier Pages would have presented Si his project as to the railways before this, but for the wj disorders which have occurred. It was said to-day that he still retains the same plau as was previously known ,n to have been determined on by him, viz: to re-purchase N at the average price of the six months preceding the w revolution of February, ivnd giviug as indemnity 5 per cent stoctqp. at par; but it is believed that the Finance K1 Committee will introduce important modifications in it. m Bank shares appeared inclined to continue to rise. w but as soon as they touched 1390, they suddenly fell to . the quotation of yesterday. Much doubt was entertained as to the showing of the weekly account of Fri- m day next. It would comprise the accounts of the local tc banks fused with tha bank itself, and would also contain an item of a new advance to the treasury. The more favorable accounts from the Italian army and Home, caused a rise iu Roman|and I'iedmont funds. T Premium on gold 20 to 22 SO. Exchange?nothing doing. Three Per Cent*, 48 a 48 25; Kives. 71 60. INVESTIOATOH. Marseilles, (France.) May 1. 1848. A&c of Ke'volutiont?Ftiv Hints Id the Present Con- r< Crest. "1 Mv Dear Bennett :? You have heard of the revolution in Home, and the pi state of the Pope. ? ? * ? jj. It is sincerely and earnestly to be hoped that the y present session of Congress will not adjouru without jr something having been done for the revision andame- jr lioration tff the so called consular system?heaven save the mark !?which, up to the present period, in all jj its ramifications, is an unpardonable disgrace to the, . in other respects, liberal policy of the United States. It to a most romarkable fact, and strikes with amaze- ^ menteven the most potty of Europcau powers, that so P1 . great a country as ours should pursist in treating with such culpable noglect and indifference this large class J* of worthy public functionaries, the good organization of if which is of such immense importance to the grand ,i f commercial interests of the Union in foreign lands. The urgent necessity of remodelling ihis disgraceful f( -ystem and placing it upon a similar respectable foot- j : .ug with that of England. Franceand Ku-isia. has been repeatedly brought before Congress, particularly by 8 iliat most able of statesmen. Mr. Buchanan, and as often has it been treated with lofty contempt, as a subii'rt tdfullv unworthv of iMiriRlm.iifn Itnt ilm flvn? i? W uu>t approaching when. unless some activo measures 0 are tuken for improving it. an . raining it to th? digni ly which the urencnt position and importance of our 11 foreign relations demand, the American nation can n never assume abroad that distinguished rank to which .1 it is justly entitled, and which it is incumbent upon her foreign representatives to be able to maintain. si In a few plain words, what is the present consular system? Nothing more or loss than a shameful mockery. A large body of otherwise very worthy men are t! sent every four years into foreign lands, often without p the slightest preparation for the task they assume?ignorant of the language and customs of the people pi amongst whom they are to reside, and without one cent |e furnislmd them for the absolute and primary wants of iheir offloe. This latter fact ia unknown to many in our 91 country, and American travellers in Europe are often tl j struck dumb with astonishment when, by their inter- . course with the consular corps, they learn, for the first , lime, that they receive no remuneration for their ser- 11 vices. Under such conditions, it is not at all astonish- y| ing that so few capable men can be found who are wil1 ling to serve their country in such a capacity, obliged. H as tkey must be, to live upon their own income, and u that without the most distant prospect of promotion. . The little book of " instructions'' furnished in Wash- " iugton to this estimable class of functionaries, pre- |j nous to their departure for their respective posts, . merits that I should extract a line or two. which will * give you some idea of the extreme liberality of our go- tl vcrnment towards them Under the head of" Kx- , f peniei allowed to Consuls," they are coolly and expli- *' I citly informed that the paper upon which they are re- it quired to write their despatches must bo paid for out I of their ewn pocket! They are to procure, the beat ? way they can. their own ink, quills, sealhig wax and tl , sand; and all the government feels disposed to pay is the postage upon the above-mentioned despatches (which, however, they must first pay in advance, both tl , when received and sent), and then, if they choose, (l . send in their little bill to the Department ot Statu for 1 liquidation. Thair office rent they must also shell out tl of their own private purse, together with all other ex- a pense* to which, as consuls, arriving for the first time . in a strange land, they are necessarily subjected l' I These are shameful facts, which are now becoming gc- u ) nerally known, and which call loudly for a thorough 1 reform P , In truth, for this reason, the consular system abroad o particularly in Italy, is a horrible nuisance, and it ^ I would be infinitely better if our government. instead " . of sending persons under such circumstances, and on ii . ?uch conditions, would keep them at home, and have .1 ( no consuls at all. Under the pretext of "protecting'' their fellow citizens, many of them are forced, in order 1 to obtain the humblemeans of subsi?tcnce, to offer tbem n > ' that protection which wolves offer to lambs, covering } and devouring them,''and it is for this simple reason & that American Consulates, particularly in Italy, in j", t stead of being at it were "oases in the desert." are t now much more willingly avoided than sought after, j by the traveller. The Consuls are not at all to blame c fur this wretched state of things, but rather the legisla1 tlve body in Washington, who by their incessant ue- e ,1 gleet of the ameliorations required in this abominable p system, force them to lay on the henvy and unlawful fi tax of two dollars upon every American who order to save themselves from bankruptcy and perhaps tl i starvation.The lawful fees upon which Congress expects the Consular corps to live do not amount in many place* to a ten dollar bill ! To sustain themselves, then. U f recourse must be had to charges upon their fellow-citi- ? ten*, the justice of which has never been satisfactorily 1 established. How humiliating and painful it must be. to find themselves forced, in order to subsist, to gouge t poor Jack out of his hard earned wages ! The poor sailor, t on being discharged in port, la not only forced by Con- P U gress to pay two and a half per cent on his trifling wa- s g?s. to the Consul, b?t the Captains compel him. in . t addition. to pay the fee for the'certificate of discharge," '' 1 and all the expenses of consular stamps required for r a shipping another man. which amounts to several dol lars. All this mast come out of the poor weather beaten manner r pocket, and the 2% per cent, by order r b of Congrcsg ! Again, a passport Is. for example. . . In every reipeet, a great nuisanrto a traveller 0 in F.urope. Well, In .aiidltlna to being en t f route obliged to take It out and show it a'. c r every little turnpike gate and feeing the officer for ^ r lookiag at it, to be forced ov r and above to pay an ' 1, American consul two dollars for merely writing hi* << name upon It. in an unworthy aggravation of the nuisance. which a prompt law of Congress should obviate. P e by according thein a trifling pittance upon which to e live decently. as American representative* ought to y live, and thus prevent no respectable a body from being d obliged to have recourse to such uudiguiflcd and une popular means of gaining a subsistence. At this pre|. sent moment the eyes of all Europe aredirected towards our country, some for the purpose of studying and add miring the principles of our organization, but many others, and much the larger cla-s. with the sole view of searching out its fault* and exposing its weak points, e with the hope of thus being able to depreciate our inI, fluence and operate against the progress of republican . principles throughout thin Continent. How necessary is it. then, by Improving what Is really nnworthy of us as a nation, by introducing proper ameliorations in our s system of foreign intercourse, to ueprive our enemies of s the pleasure of finding fault and continually tlgrowing ? up tne insinuation in onr faces, of the clese-flstednees of our Grand Kepublic. A country is often, and with reason, judged of by iti representatives abroad. Ilow > all Important is ! , then, particularly at this present moment, to have a reflned. polished, well educated, well paid, independent set of men at the head of the various s consulates, capable of well and efficiently representing i, their country as it really Is, and sustaining themselves face to face with John Bull, who now towers over us with his usual supercillus pride, because Her British 1 s Majesty'i Government sen is abroad picked men and > remunerates them well, while ours sends the first who 1 Ivg for It and forces them to pay their own expenses When a.. Vmerican arrives in Kurope. and sees that i 1 the Knglish. Russian and French pay their consuls t from three to five thousand dollars a year besides con- ; i tribnting a contingent fund for office expenses postage, i &c. it. is no longer any wonder to him that those countries are everywhere so ably represented, and that j C their consuls are capable of taking and occupying such f respectable positions, and thus do honor to their res- i pective governments. For the honor of the American republic, Congress ought seriously and in earnest to ? take this ijuestlon from under the table, and that immediately. and place the consular syatem beyond the r?-a< U of the c.hut kling sinirk of ridicule and iutoriupty , 9 with whlota it If viewed by European nations j , ?KW YORK HERALD. Htk-WM Owir of rittonud Ihm Ma. JAM1IOOSOOI TT, PROPRIETOR AMUSCMCNTS TOMORROW KVRMINb. PARK THKATRB? U?Hactv Oocousiore?hxr. n V Co. BOWKRT TH RATER, Bowery- Em?ihthi<-Diu:?k:?ircn. CHATHAM THRATRR, ChAtTsu sOm*-Chao? ii Com* jain?Old Oak Ckmt?Nmr Tomb ai It I*?Lamd Smakki id Ska Gull*. n'lblo's, Aftor Plaoo?vikhnoik ChildRkm?Haw Witht a Ukau?Roland roa an Ouvui. C'ASTl.E GARDEN?Tn? Two H hovi?Madamk Avousta? Miic Mirror. PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, iw Houston?Babtaw/i knouiu or thi Muuuirri. MECHANICS' HALL, Btwdwiy, mm Broom*- Vmbictv's lairini li MIOPIA* IIMIM, M MRLODKON, Bowery?Tirbi* la MiccrcuJL fco. ro-ai MT castle garden?3 aor?i> co.nca't. Haw York, 8uii4?)r, June 4, 1SW< Actual Circulation of tlM Hmld. ine 3, Saturday, Daily 20.280 cople* ?' Weekly 10,704 ' The publication oftbn Herald oommenoect yantwlay 24 minutes before 4, and & niched at 15 minutes bere 8 o'otocK. The Sunday Herald We desire to inform that portion of our subscribers ho take the Herald at thoir stores and places of busings during the week, that if they desire it, the Sunday 'erald will bo left at their residences every Sunday orning, at two cents per copy, payable to the carrier. re desire, also, to Inform the public at large, that the uiirlay Herald can be subscribed for separately, and ill be left by our carriers at their residences, by leavig directions to that effect at the publishing office, orth-west corner of Fulton ana Himu streets. We i.ih it to be distinctly understood by all, that our reilar carriers are not authorised, in any case, to charge ore than two cents for the Sunday Herald, and we ill be obliged to any person who hears of a violation of lis rule, to report it to us. We learn that the comunlty have been very much imposed upon in regard i the Sunday Herald, and we are determined to apply remedy. lie Foreign Ncw?_Our Foreign Private Correspondence. We give in our columns to-day, nearly the whole F our private foreign corres|>ondence, which we :ceived yesterday from Boston, and which was rought to that port by the steamer Niagara, from ivcrpool. Wc have drawn the attention of the ibltc, frequently,to the high character which marks le private foreign correspondonce of the New rork Herald. In a more especial manner, we now ivite our readers to peruse attentively the letters oni Paris, which we furnish in to-day's paper, iving a full and exceedingly graphic account of le recent insurrection of the socialists against le National Assembly, which was fortunately put own by the good sense and general uaion of all irties in that great metropolis. A perusal of this exceedingly interesting corresDndence, describing the recent scenes in Paris, i equally, and perhaps more deeply, interesting lan the famous history of similar events which are :corded by Lamartine in his history of the Gironists. There is a striking and remarkable analoy in the circumstances, the ideas, the cries, the olicy, and the efforts of those insurrectionists, 'ith many of those which took place under the Id republic during the regime of the old convenon. Fortunately, however, the socialists, or lodern terrorists, including the Fourierites and le communists of the sections, have not the phyical power or the intellectual capacity which their ncestors of the old revolution possessed, under le leadership of Robespierre and St. Just. The rench public men of the present day have more radical knowledge of public affairs, and their :aders unite more practical courage with phyical energy, than the Girondists of the old revoluon did. It is a curious coincidence, indeed, lat Louis Blanc's personal appearance, manera, dress, and demeanor, resemble in a trong degree those trails which distinguished the Lobespierre of a former age. Rat the Girondists f 1848 are a different race of men and politicians om those of the last century, led on by Madame Poland und her coterie. Ledru Kollin may be taen to be the Danton of the present republic. Formately, however, Lamartine snatched him om the centre of the socialist camp, took him lto the executive committee, and by dividing the ounsels and the strength of the socialists, confuted to defeat them, and to preserve intact the ower of all the moderate and conservative secons in the National Assembly. It has also been very fortunate circumstance for the success of le republic, that tins insurrection was attempted I the period at which it broke out. Had it been elayed until divisions had taken place among the reat conservative parties, it is likely that the imudent and audacious faction of terrorists, though reatly in a minority, might have accomplished lore mischief and done more injury to liberty, i a divided assembly than they have done to ?ne lat is united. This new and extraordinary phase of the French epublic, is most fully, clearly and remarkably decribed in our private foreign correspondence, jrnished to our readers to-day. We are more and more encouraged in the firm onviction that the republic will be successful in Establishing its government, and maintaining its osition in the heart of Europe. In some respects tie French people present similar characteristics to he American people. Here, in the United States, ur business men?our practical politicians?those iseful persons who work silently in committee? re generally the delegates from the Northern and Middle States, where you find the manufacturers, he men of business, the financiers, and the whole iractical talent of the nation. The most of the plendid orators in Congress, and of our popular eaders, are generally Southern men. It is a renarkable fact that similar characteristics prevail n France. The French nation is composed of two iCep?the Southern and the Northern. The Southirn supply the republic with all its splendid oraors, its fine poets, it? exquisite historians, its original philosophers, and its remarkable thinkers, rhe Northern furnishes the bankers, the men of buiness, the manufacturers, the mechanicians, the iractical lawyers, and all nien of real practical taent. United together in a National Assembly, we lave the strongest laith in their ability to produce l useful and working constitution for France, ind to give it such a form of republican governnent as will place the the thirty-six millions orming the French republic, far ahead of every ither nation in p]urope. If peace be preserved in Iuro|>e, nnd the factions ery out for foreign var can be put down, tlier'' is no danger or difliculy before the French republic. She has an army md n navy, stationed on the land and naval froniers, sufficient to protect her from the whole of Ourope around her; but to her physical and intelectual power of defence, may be addad the revoutionary condition of Germany, Italy, England, reland, the Netherlands, all around her. The mperial despot ol the North, with nil his power md all hi* hatred to deniocrncy, dare not touch 'rnnce, if *he chooses to preserve peace, to keep vithin her own limits, to organise her own intertill government, and take care of her own inte ests. Such in the position of the great European repubir?noble, glorious, and encouraging to all the rienda of liberty throughout the world. May t'-od noted her in all that in right, and pardon her in ill that she is wrong ' (>knkrai, Tavi."R.?The Washington Unitn of 'fhienjay on Information rrrojvwl from a niein >cr of the Court of Inquiry, that (j?n?ral Taylor will lot b* a w|t?ew. and la not co?1b| to Waahingtcn , Origin or NativisA.?Our contemporary, the Tribune, in its political lucubrations, states, that the native excitement ?riginated in 1844, among the locofocos in this city, in consequence of the unequal distribution of the municipal offices. We believe the l\ibunt makes a gross blunder in thus assigning the origin of the natives in this city. Their real origin took place in a different quarter. A year before that, if we are not iniptaken, a meeting took place in Carroll Hall, in this city, at which liishop Hughes made a splendid speech rrlative to the school system, and advocated a distinct organization, as a party, of the Irish voters of this metro|>olis, in order to accomplish the particular measure they had in view. We believe this attempt, which was partially successful at the time, wus the first ever made in this country to organise the naturalised citizens of foreign birth, on such a narrow ground, for the pur|K>si- of operating on the election of any candidate, in this country. It certainly wus the first distinct political movement of such a character, in which h holy bishop of the Catholic church made his appearance, delivered an eloquent speech, and took part in i>oliticul agitation, so i:or i i,. UlIIlTt'lll 11IIU 9U IU ltto uuiiv-n no atinj;;man, as a naturalized citizen, and as a good man. This singular and extraordinary attempt to organize the Irish citizens was the foundation of the native excitement in New York, because it furnished an opportunity to those who hated and execrated the Irish voters to organize and form a puny, by way of counteracting the movement at Carroll Ilall. The results of this movement are well known. The riots in Philadelphia, the burning of two Catholic churches, and the violence of those days, may all be traced to their legitimate and natural origin, the meeting in Carroll Hall, and the importance given to it by the splendid and eloquent speech delivered by Bishop Hughes, of the holy Catholic church. This was the real origin of the native American excitement; and any attempt to give any other origin to it, is an attempt to falsify history, and to publish untruth, when all the world knows the contrary. Tiik Indians.?There have been risings of the Indians against the whites, in several places, much about the same time?in Yucatan, in some parts of Mexico, in Texas, in La Platte, in the Northwestern Territory, in Oregon, and as was reported, a few days ago, in Wisconsin Territory. In several of these places they have committed fearful ravages. Yucutan is by this time, it is probable, entirely in their power; the settlement of the Mormons, on Salt Lake, is said to have been cut off, and in Oregon their excesses have been frightful. There must surely be some concert and plan in this simultaneous action. There must be some Tecumseh movipg. If this be the case, wo may look out for trouble, and the red men may boast of their revolutions as well as the white men. The wild Indian is now revolutionizing, as well as the polished Parisian. Opera Movements?Attempt at its Re-Establishment.?One of our contemporaries, in eulogising the ability and acquirements of Mr. Fry? who has undertaken to create a world out of nothing, and to re-establish the Italian Opera in thic city during the next season?states that the gentle man in question has already sent directions t( Italy for the importation of additional Opera sing ??r? hnfli mali* and femnlp. We by no means approve of this contemplatec importation. It is on a par with the blunder, anc error, and folly which the old managers of the Astor Place Opera committed; and which liai caused its failure in the face of as prosperous i season as they had any right to expect. The olc Opera management sent Sanquirico to Italy, anc imported double and treble sets of Opera singers ii^ a great expense, without any judicious arrange nipnt, but costing an immense expense, wliicl swallowed up their receipts, so that they could no continue the season or pay their debts. We ar< credibly informed that the aggregate receipts o the Opera, before it was broken down, were ove: seventy thousand dollars; yet, in eonsequence o: bad management, their expensive arrangement* and their ridiculous conduct, they have failed tc meet their debts, by about sixteen or seventeer thousand dollars?besides, we believe, cheating th< subscribers out ?f one-third of their subscription money. If Mr. Fry intends to pursue the same lavish and grasping system of inviting a number of new vo calists from Italy to thi% country, while there an plenty here, he will end as the late trumpery mana gers did. We have materials enough in this coun try for two excellent Opera companies, perfect ii every respect. What is the use, therefore, in send ing for further materials, paying their passage mo ney, paying them for doing nothing, and wasting the profits on ambitious and foolish arrangements' It would, indeed, be jumping out of the frying par into the fife. Clean Streets.?We find, in pursuance of i resolution passed in the Board of Assistant Al dermen, in relation to cleaning the streets, tha the committee of that board have taken the matte up, and made a report on the 22d of May last. Wi are not informed whether it has been acted on o not; but if not, it ought to be taken in hand imme diately by both Hoards, as it seems to us to con tain some excellent suggestions; indeed, the coin mittee recommend doing away, altogether, witl the present system. They very pointedly etat< "that the synteni, if system it may be called, i wrong, and that the city will never be blessed witl clean streets, nor be rid of the tremendous and an nually increasing expenditure to which the peopli are now subject, until it is abolished, and som< other plan adopted." Experience has fully proved the truth of thii statement. For years the street cleaning depart ment has been going on from bad to w^rse. Th< greater the expenditure and outlay of money, th< more filthy the streets are kept. This is abundant ly proved by the fact that in 1&46, the expenditun for cleaning the streets was $158,439 79; while ir 1847, the expenses were $180,069. Now ever] a! ii - ?1.1 *4 _ 1 Citizen rrcuuccip, iiiai umiy us me cuy wnn iwcji in 1844, it was at least 20 per cent worse in 1847 The report contains another very remarkable state inent, namely, that in 1846 the receipts for th< sale of manure were $41,242 49, while in 184' the receipts for manure sold, were only f29,687 showing, contrary to general principles, that th< greater the outlay the less the returns. It this fac does not prove, it at least strengthens, the hypothe sis we have above laid down, that the extrava gance of this department of the city governmen acts as a sort of premium for keeping the street dirty. We cannot understand why the same syaten adopted in Paris and London is not pursued inthi [ city. In both those places, contracts are entered into with persons by the year, for cleansing th< streets, lanes and alleys of those capitals, ant for carting it away. The contractors have lnrgi yards,or receptacles, at a convenient distance fron the city, where it is dumped, until sold, and carriei away by the farmers and market gardeners in th< vicinity of those places. Besides, the contractor are bound to provide gangs of laborers at a certaii hour every morning, and have the streets cleanct and in perfect order before the business begins and we believe that in London and Paris, the sail of the manure pays, or nearly piys, nil expenses.Indeed, we know th;it in London it not only pav all exi*nscs, |>ut leaven a handsome emu to th< credit of the city treasury. It is surprising, there fore, that the C orporation does not adopt such i system in thu city. VVe think, at least the] should give it a trial ; and in doing so, we woul< impress u(K?n tliem to bind contractors to emplo; laborers Ht ;in early hour in the morning?say fou nr five o'clock?so thnl the city uny l>? swep chined bt'i?ru business hours, wnjch will great)) | tend to preberve the health of the cituent I 1?i,rrT ii m I m'Tu? ^" ill TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. Summary. A government courier arrived at Washing!. yesterday, from the city of Mexico, with despatc es from Merora. Clifford and Sevier, the pea Commissioners. The information thus recviv? in highly favorable to the ratification of the treat Indeed, a telegraphic despatch from Macon, Ga given below, contains the assurance that the trea has been adopted by one branch of the Mexioi Congress. Even if this should prove preinatur we have no doubt that positive intelligence < similar import will be received here in a vei time. We also annex a telegraphic despatch, receive by the Philadelphia Bulletin. The simple assertu> that we have already published news from the cit of Mexico one or two days later than that put porting to furnish this exciting intelligence, is su licient to stamp the Hul/itin's despatch u ""fjf H cent hoax. In Congress, yesterday, little was done. Tli Senate adjourned over to Thursday next, unquet tionably to attend the Whig National Convention at Philadelphia. The House adjourned over ti Monday, when a further adjournment will proba bly take place. Ratification or the Treaty with Mexico. Macon, June 3, ihlh. The treaty was ratified by the Chamber of l)e puties, on the 17th ult. at 64 o'clock, P.M. Vote 51 to 35. The other branch of Congress will n<i doubt approve it by a large vote. Highly Important?HalllleatIon of tlic Treaty Continued, ?Sic. Haltimork, Juno 3, 1848. A private letter has been received here from JalApu, dated the 20th ult., which confirms the ratiflcati#u of the treaty. Arrival of a Hi nit r of DfHimtclieii from AlexWashington. June 3?6 o'clock, 1'. M. A government bearer or despatches from Commit*sioners Clifford and Sevier, has just arrived. He left Mexico on the lftth. The vote on the treaty was not then taken, but it was ascertained distinctly that the vote in the afflrmatlve would exhibit a lurtre majority. This gentleman left the steamer Kdith at Vera C'rui, In readiness to bring the news. Peace Is considered here fully established. Presbyterian Coiifereiice?Tlie Ratification of the Treaty, <te. dee. Baltimore. June 3 1848 The Presbyterian Conference adjourned, to-day, tint die. The next session will be held in Pittsburg. A bearer of despatches from Messrs. Clifford and Sevier has arrived In Washington from Mexico, confirmIng the ratification of the treaty. General Scott is indisposed. General Cass dined with ('resident Polk to-day. UeneraU Shields and Pillow. H Baltimore, June 3. 1848. Generals Shields and PUlow arrived at Frederick yes- ( terday, from the West. THIRTIETH CONURJCSS. I FIRST SESSION. Washington, June 3,1848. Senate. The Senate convened at the usual hour, and was called to order by Mr. Atchisou, President pro tem. a petition pom new railroad between hew york and philadelphia. A petition was presented by Mr Sturgeon, of Pennsylvania, from citizens of Philadelphia, praying Congress to authorise the building of a new railroad as a ' post route between that city and New York. It was duly received, and referred to the committee on the post office and post roads. agricultural product!, &c. Mr. Underwood, of Kentucky, offered a resolution in favor of requiring the commissioner of patents to report annually the products of agriculture, of manufactures. and the prices of labor employed thereon. i Mr. Beiton opposed the passage of the resolution, and gave his reasons why he thought it ought not to H pass. He said such a measure would prove both ex' pensive and useless. L Mr. Underwood replied, and spoke at some length in favor of the resolution he had offered, and urged many H reasons to show the necessity aud utility of the mea- H 1 sure. H Mr. Benton rejoined, and went on to state other ob- H > jections. Mr. Uwde*wood again replied, and spoke with ability H and animation in favor of the resolution, and in an- II swer to many of the leading objections urged by Mr. |H i Denton. On motion, the subject was then informally laid J aside. f an adjournment to attend the whig national. 1 r convention. i. On motion, it wax agreed that whon the Senate ad journ, it do 10 from next Monday to the Thursday 1 following. the oregon bill. a ' Mr. Bright. of Indiana, moved that the Senate take ; I up the Oregon bill, which was agreed to. Mr. Foote. of Mississippi, offered an amendment to * the hill, which he thought would obviate objection* I made on the part of the South to the 12th section. ; Mr. Brioht accepted the amendment. ' Mr. Weitcott, of Florida, spoke at some length in opposition to it, as ineffectual and deceptive in its character. Mr. Foote replied at some length. , Mr. Underwood addressed the Senate In favor of leaving the people of Oregon free to act ou the question of slavery themselves, and offered an amendment to that effect. Mr. Dayton, of New Jersey, inquired of the Senator J from Kentucky, whether he admitted that Congress had a right to exclude slavery from the territory of Oregon. Mr Underwood stated in reply, that he admitted that Congress had sueh power while Oregon remained a territory, but hoped that the whole subject would be left to the people of the teriitory. Mr. Baldwin, of Connecticut, followed. After he had ooncluded. Mr. Badger, of North Carolina, suggested an amends' ment, inserting in the 12th section the words, " But . shall not be subject to the sixth Article of the compact contained in the ordinance of 1787.'' I Mr. Foote accepted the amendment, as a modlflr ration. Without taking any question, the subject was , passed over. e Mr. Hale, of New Hampshire, has the floor for Monr day. depositing a flag. Mr. Datton, of New Jersey, submitted a resolution In favor of depositing the flag presonted to Congress ( yesterday, in the Department of State, which was adopted. l Mr. Hannegan, of Indiana, moved that the Senate go into Executive session, which was agreed to, and after some time spent therein, the doors were opened, and " the Senate adjourned over till Monday. 1 House of Representative# The House oonvened at 11 o'clock, and was called to order by the Speaker, when the journal was read and P approved. ? naturalization laws Mr. Simmons mado an unsuccessful effort to get up his bill respecting the naftralimtion of citizens. 9 Various bills under consideration yesterday, were taken up and passed. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, moved that the House resolve itself into a committee of the whole on the state of the Union, which was agreed to. Mr. llockwell, of Connecticut, in the chair. the navv appropriation rill. The navy appropriation bill was then taken up, when Mr. Brodhead, of Pennsylvania, obtained the floor and made a democratic speech. In the course of which, he repudiated the Wllmet proviso, and said the whigx t would have to do the same thing, if they run a man who takes no ground on the subjcct, but who is himself a praetieal slaveholder. After he had conceded. Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, followed in a political t speech. astronomical observations. ' Mr. proposed an amendment In favor of au; propriatlng flve thousand dollars for astronomical observations. Whereupon an amusing discussion grew r up between Mr. Stanton, of Tennessee. Mr. F.vans, of t Maryland, and Mr. McClelland. Mr. Kvans' speech was a brilliant affair, while that of Mr. Holme*, or South < arollna wan aiKtinguinneu ior ? - hl(rh order of eloquence. Without arriving at any t final action, the ro?e?nd reported progre** ; wlven, on motion, the Hou*e adjourned over till Mon9 day. On Monday, it In likely the Houne may adjourn over ^ till Thursday, an well as the Senate. M StartllnR HfWi from Nfilro. J [Krom the Philadelphia Bulletin. June 3.] e Jlrrivat of an American Cowirr al fVatMn/ton Ihii , morning?Rejection of the. Treaty?Reiumption of * Hontilitiri?The Mexican! firming? Paredet in the g Field. W*?iiijioto>', June 3. 184S. 11 Mr. Collin*, the ffOTernm?nt courier, arrived in J Wa*hlngton Mil* morning He left the city of Mexico ou the 17th of May. with despatohe* for our gorerne ment, thus performing hi* journey in fourteen tluyj ! n He travelled day and night. I have juht conversed with him. and learn that he 1 bring* official new* of the rejection of the treaty ' 1 He *ay* that th*r? wa* great excitement at Qucretaro. and that the Mexican pooplo were arming on ' I side* for a renewal of bo*tllltie*. B | Parede* ha* taken the field In person, but with what force he conJd net a?eertaln. Pena y Pena had been elected Treildent. s _____ Mwkfti. i 1Io<to*. June 3 ? Klour? Tho market continues firm Y with *ale* of 1 900 barrel*, mostly we*tern brand*, at ' $f> 87K * 3"H- <'orn ?12 0<H) bushel* western mixed, y and yellow, changed hand* at 52c a .Sflc Ilye Sale* i( of (100 bushel* at 7V, which I* cheaper. Oat* Arm, y and in demand We hear of 3.000 bushel* at 60o. la other article* there la bo particular change

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