Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 5, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 5, 1848 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

TFT , S- JLJL ? Whou wo. nur( HIGHLY INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE VilOM THE CONTINENT OF EUROPE. Tue AHtiuplcd Iievoiu.'lon In Parla of tbe Villi, uittl tile Frviu'h l'iipcru of tlie of Mny. [M'Oin the Paris Meformo?M. Klocon's paper! ??*? ?? ? There win no longer then any di>cussiou, even a violent one? it win a revolutionary declaration; it wan a tail. We deeply deplore'. the manifestation in favor of I'nlniiil i-Uuuld hav% led to no serious an Ineideut, which will ncitb?r serve the cause of our brethren of the North, uorlhatof the French revolution The National Assembly retired; groups directed their course towards the Hotel de Villa to instal the new government. 'j lie attempt had at the first (succeeded, but about nix o'clock the Mayor of Pari*, in a second sittuyof the Assembly, declared that the guard at the Hotel do Ville. increased by the beating of the raj/prl, had overcome the movement, and that the chief of the fac i ous. ottru1^. nouner, auu jtaspiiii. u:iu uuvu urrvsiuu. 'Hum, then th? prisons arc again to be opened. Poor republic ! Poor revolution ! nay Ike noble hearts of tin- people aud the fortune of France spare us from civil war.-.! [Krom the Paris Journal Jos Debats ] What a duy ! What a terrible (lay, full of sorrow, but also l'ul of grandeur ! Let us uot, however, lone confidence. Liberty received for a moment a frightful wound which oue might have believed mortal; but th<i liaud of the people, of the veritable people, was immediately placed ou the wound?it slopped the blood which was Homing?aud la-t evening, liberty was saved, and France is still mistressot herself. A frightful crime has been committed We saw the body of the National i Legislature invaded by ins rgent bauds; we saw terror ) and its abominable Hag dominant in the midst of naked j sword', aud of a tempest of savage cries. But let us hasten to say that the crime Immediately called down j the chastisement; that it drew forth from every street, i every house, every pavement, aud every breast In our I great city a universal and irresistible cry of execration | and justice. In an instant the whole town was covered I with legiou*,armed fororder and liberty,transported with ardent enthusiasm and legitimate anger; and anarchy, which raised its hideous head foruu hour, was humbled to the dust. Some moments after having been expulsed by a sacrilegious invasion, the Assembly created by the universal sulfrage of the people resumed its deliberations under the protection of the National Guard. and again seisied, with a stronger hand than ever, the liberty which had just b?en torn to shreds. Let France be reassured; let all France rely ou Paris; uud at the same time that she will hear of the criminal attempt committed agsinst her representatives, she will learn the striking reparation which was obtained for it; and let her declare, as the Constituent Assembly has done by acclamation, that the National Guard of Paris has merited well of the country. [From the Paris Union ] The day which has just past will be recorded in the history of our revolution. During more than three hours, anarchy reared its head; during more than three hours, the intyesty of the nation was violated and insulted in the persons of its representatives. A band of factious men breke into the National Assembly ; masses, blinded, deceived, and exasperated by culpable tribuues, violated that pale, in deliance of the protection it ou^ht to have received from respect for the laws and the sacred title of thoso whom It Inclosed. This is more than a great scandal, it is a crimo of LczeNation. which God has permitted us to witness. But the genius of France was awakened. Good citiiens marcneu to me succor 01 uieir uieuaceu country. utM hundred anil fifty thousand citizens camo band in hand to support this common weal, and victory remained with the cause of order. Thanks be rendered to the National Ouard! It has saved I'aris and France from the horrors of anarchy, and has deserved well of its country, and a page in her history. [From the Paris ITnivers J We write in naste, quite agitated with the great and tcrriblo scenes which have passed before our oyes. We have seen the National Assembly delivered up by treasou, invaded, violated, and dispersed, and an hour after order re-established in its power and sovereignty by the spontaneous co-operation of the citizens. The National Guard of I'aris has not only saved the republic, but has saved civilization, which was at one moment iu the power of the barbarians. The represcutatives ?f the people were worthy of their uiissiou. The emeute kept them during three hours under the roup of its violence. It could not wrest from them a vote, nor even a sign of sympathy. They only replied by the majesty of their silence to the threats of which they were the object. Victorious, they will know how, we doubt not, to give to their outraged dignity the satisfaction it demands, and which the interest of the country exacts, without making liberty expiate the crime of factions. The guilty are In the hands of the National Assembly?it will punish them?it will punish all. for they have committed the greatest of crimes ; their ti iuinpti would have been the signal for civil war in Paris, and in all France, but it will only punish them. It is not a hope that we express here?it is a profound conviction. The National Guard and the Assembly had only one cry? five la tlefiublique dm honniiet gem ?that is to say. ' Long live order in liberty !" This day. so frightful up to the moment at which the National Guard, the Garde Mobile, and the army acting with one heart and as a single inau. dispersed the tactions?this day will be a happy oue ; it have shown the demagogues their profound impuissauce ; and it will, at the same time, make known all the inf.nny of Ihoir projects. It is auotber respite which God acoords us on the brink of the abyss ; at five o'clock ail was lost?at the present hour all may be saved. [From thn Courrier Franeais] The 15th ,iiay belongs to history?a sad day! It profoundly grieves the true friencs of the republic. The majesty of tile national representation violated; a luriotis multitude overwhelming the voice of thn men of heart uud goud sense who endeavored to advise them; mnu misled by ambition, or by the fatul passion of disorder. usurping the tribuue. and filling the tulle vv:tli their vociferations?such is the heart-rending spectacle which we had before our eyes for nearly a whole day. The grief which wo feel?we whose lives belong to the democratic cause?is iiupots.ble for us to express. May God watch over this noly cause, and always keep it beyond and above the attempts of some madmen. [From the Paris National.] To the people is due all our sympathy, nil our concurrence; but to those who usurp its uame and sovereignty ouly to ruin its inteiests. and compromise the fi>rn? of government it has chosen for itself, is due the reprobation of tnu whole country. No reaotlon! uo anarchy! ought to be the motto of every true citizen, for up iu it depends the safety of Frauce. That which the uution wills, it will uiuintuin against every anarchical orreactionary attempt. It has willed a truly democratic republic, uol a.rcpublic in mere name, decorated with the trappings of an antiquated monarchy. The pcopie will not be deceived, 'i'he moment it saw its work threatened with a species of violent surprise, it Hew to its support, uud, iu a manner, created it anew What we hail with the greatest joy is. the victory gained by the people, the people which comprises one universal body of the citizens. For those who, by a criminal fraud, endeavored to clouk a real conspiracy, under the manifestation of the uoblest and purest of sentiments. a just punishment has already had its com* mcnceraeut iu the indignat.iun of that same people whom they wished to deceive mid make their tool. They will tell you that they were yesterday conquerors. They tell you a barefaced falsehood. The people was victorious in tlx; victory of the laws it had made, of tho government it hud chosen for itself, of that holy republic which is formed of its eutirc self The republic triumphed yo?torday. as it ever will triumph, over guilty abei rations Cut it is not enmged in its triumph. or surprised lit it. because it feel* that its strength is invincible. it triumphs only with grief for those excesses which it has been forced to repress, May these lines, written in haste, convoy to our brothers in the departments, the sentiment* which animate tho entire population of Paris; and let that cry. which is in all hearts, as it is in a'.l mouths, which 1* as much the cry of patriotism as of necessity, resound from one cud of Kranoo to tho other?" five la Utpuhlii/ur!'' [From the Paris Commerce ] The cause of order and liberty is once more saved, Yesterday was a day of victory?to-day must be a #fty of justice Let us hope that justice will bo impartially done, that it may reach the culprits wherever they may befounl; hut we hope al?o that it will he administered with clemency, for. let It he recollected that clvmoucy is a proof of power. The doling Scene* In the National Aisrnlily on the 15tli of May. KVr.ninn sit ti Nil. Immediately after the representative* had left the chamber, an Impost ng de-elopement of forces made their appearance arisund the building. Considerable uumhers of the 1st and !<d legions aud of the garde mobile entered tli" hall with their arms, and caused the people to leave it. When the whole building was completely cleared, a certain number of the representatives returned. and after some little delay proceeded to hold a .sitting. All the tribunes were occupied by the national guard, nnd loud cries of " Virr Vjlnstmhlit Nationnlr rose from nil sides. The scene, in fact, was the very reverse of wiist had taken place during tho day. M. | i.n uinrti no soon after appeared and the greatest enthusiasm was manifested. A number of the national guards who were occupying the space below, rushed forward to meet him find even some of them kissed his hands, lie was in (act borne in triumph to his place. ' At. > Vi hou, one of tho vice-presidents, took the chair about seven o'clock. Oenor*l (ourtais appeared for a moment at the entry ?if the hall, but tho chilling reecfrtlon which ho met with caused him promptly to leave It. A Member Our first duty Is to declare that the National Assembly Is not dissolved Several members attempting to speak together, considerable confusion arose. Tin. Mi vhtps ok Jrsriri;?Cltlxens. the government Is In permanence. It Is determined to take the most severe and the most efficient measures to avenge the shameful attempt committed on tho natlonnl representatives, and to restore order and calm. (Hear, hear ) Tilk Miitrsi nn ok Commkrck?1 recommend the As- ' sembly to abstain from everything which might look like anger, and to leave to the government which the Assembly has formed to act as thedignity of the Assembly and the great interests of the country demand. I I ETV T? 1^1 -E> Nl M. Bebbtch supported the view of the question taken by the Minister of Justice. .?!. Lauahtini: rose uud said, addressing tho National Guard*The first duty ol' the National Assembly which by tho aid of your bayonets will be able to deliberate in security, will be to.pass a vote of thanks to the National Guards, who have merited well of their country. (Great applause, and the roll of the drums ) Numerous Voices?And to the Garde Mobile! M. LamauTi>t I join then together?tho two form but oue guard for the defence of liberty. (Cheers.) The immense majority of the inhabitants of Paris huve been moved with indignation at the scandalous scenes whicli have taken place to-day. in this place, (i hoers, beat of drums ) Shame to the wretched madmen who wanted to plunge the country in mourning !. But. perhaps, it is fortunute that the scene of to-day has taken place. (Tremendous applause.) Let us be united : let us form only oue body, whilst this pretended government goes to seek a place which will give way under their feet. We are all going, in tho name of the government proclaimed by you two months back, to meet the Executive government, who are all, I doubt not, animated with the same sentiments as I am. (Great applause ) You. cltizcns. will recognize only that government?you will obey the brave commander of the National Guard ! (From all sides. No ! no ! If it be Courtais. we will not have him ! A has Courtais ! A bas Courtais !") At such a moment, the place of government is not in the council, but at your head, in the street, on the battle-field itself! (Long continued cheers ) Lot us go to the Hotel de Ville ! (Cries of " Vive Lamartine ! Vivo tho Executive Coniinittoe !") MM. Lamnrtine. Arago, Ledru-Ilollin, Gamier Pages, and Marie, the Executive Committee, then left the hall, followed by some of the representatives. Several members here observed that it would be im possible to deliberate in tho presence of ho many National Guards. A roll of thu drum here called tho National Guards out of the hall, and they at once left the place. A Membor?J demand that General Courtais be declared a traitor to bin country. Other Voicen?No! No: Lot us not anticipate the decision of the court before which he is to be tried. We must merely authorise his being placed on trial. Other mombers?We also demand the arrest of Barbes. Krorn all sides?V'es ! yes ! his complicity is evident ! Ho made here, in the tribune, most incendii-.ry propositions : The President?The citizens Courtais and Barbes, being representatives of the people, can be arrested only by the authorization of the Chamber. Several Voices? But that is not the case with respect to Blanqui, Kuspail, and Sobrier ; they are not invested with an inviolable offl<in. The Assembly, on the proposition of M. Luneau. declared itself to be in permanence. The President had to announce that the executive committee invited tho Assembly to join it at the Luxembourg. (No ! no!) Tho Assembly decided that on the contrary the executive committee should como to it. The President?i have to announco that I havs invested General Baraguay d'Hilliers With the command of tho forces charged to the protect the National Assembly. (Hear!) M. Jules Favre announced that the oxecutive committee had invited tho Assembly to proceed to the Luxembourg. as considering it moro sure, but seeing the great uumber of National Guards round the building, lie conceived that it was useless for the members to quit it. ile should suggest the propriety of sending a deputation to ask the executive committee to come to the Assembly. A voice?Ne ! no ! * message is sufficient. M. Beruyer?It is enough for the Chamber to have beeu violated for us not to quit it! (Hear ! hear !) M. I'oittalis?As Procureur General do Paris, 1 domand authorization from the Assembly to bring to trial two of its members, the citizens Courtais and Barbes. (Movement.) After a few remarks, this authorization was granted. M. Gamier Pages and M. Arago here returned to tho Chamber and were warmly received. M. Garnier Parks?1 wish to render to the Assembly an account of the measuros taken by tho executive committee From the morning, we were aware that certain agitators intended making somo attempt and we ijttve positive orders to have troops placed about the Assembly. These orders were not properly executed. Wbon we knew that this building was menaced, three of u-tcame here, und two went to the Luxembourg, and from thence issued orders to the armed force. When we learned later in the day that a factious crowd had invaded the hall of deliberutiou. we ordorcd the force* to be concentrated on this point, and the national guard at once responded to our call. At present, our duty is to provide for the necessities of a severe reprea. siou. The persons who conspired are already in custody. (Hear, hear.) The right of meeting is sacred, but the clubs who deliberate in arms, and who speak openly of attacking in this Assembly the veritable sovereign of the country?the clubs shall be closed. (Loud applause ) We wish to have the Republic honest. firm, and moderate. (Continued applause ; cries of "Vive la Hepublique !'') France wants nothing else ?we wish to have a real fraternity, and not a fictitious one We want to satisfy the real necessities of the puople. in giving It order and work, (Great applause ) \i. Lko* K?iriikpi suggested the propriety of publishing a proclamation, declaring that the Assembly had resumed its liberty and its sovereignty. Agreed to. M. Ci.emkwt Thomas appeared in the tribune with his right arm bound up in linen, and was received with great applause. Citizens (said he), having been invested with the command of the National Guard. I come here to render you an account of the execution of your orders. The authority of the law is established Kvcrywhere the factious have been arrested and de livered into the hands of justice ; and now I deliver back into your hands the command with which you temporarily invested me. (Cries of-No! no!") I d<) not think I conld properly guard it, unless it was confirmed by the execut ive committee. At this moment M. Latnartiae entered the chamber, and ? as loudly cheered. M. Garnikr Paok*?In reply to what has fallen from the last speaker. I have only to propose the following decree:?''In the name of the French people and of the National Assembly, the F.xecutive Committeo declare* that the citizen Clement Thomas is nominated commander-in-chief of the National Guards of 1'aris. (I'nanimous applause.) M. I.amartiisk? The sedition has been nipped in the bud. The men who had betsken themselves from the capital, from the departments, and from this Assembly to the Hotel de Ville. have been disavowed unanimously by the people of i'uris. M. Clement Thomas has rendered us an account of the general result of the measures which have been tukrn to restore order; my colleague. M. Ledru-Kollin. and myself have provided for Justice taking itscouryc. One word more. From every side the people protest their devotedness to the National Assembly. Between us and them, it is for life?for death ! (Loud cheers.) M. Lukkai' wished to know what was meant by a communication that had. he understood, bean rec?*iv ed. demanding reinforcements for the Hotel du Ville ? Did the National Guard occupy at present the old hotel of the civil list in the rue de Rivoll' (Vos, yen.) M. Marie?At this moment a strict march is being instituted there. M. Luneau?I wish also to know At this moment a violent tumult was heard outside at the left-hand door, and M. Louis Blanc. supported and protected bv M. Liixoehejnquclin and another member, was pur>hed into the chamber by a great number of National Guards. He was exceedingly pal? and his elothes were torn, He ascendei'the tribune amidst great agitation. M. Louis Blanc?What has taken place to-day is extraordinary I pray you to be well convinced of what is parsing in the country. I witlied to speak to the people?with a profound conviction, with the dignity of one of your colleagues. I ant deeply grieved at seeing that you iuscrted In your regulations a clause which seemed to placo the people under the weight of a suspicion. (Violent murmurs and cries of order, order !") I cannot but persixt with respect to Poland in the sentiments which tho people hare manifested, (t ries of 'order !*' redoubled.) Several Voices?What, you think It nothing that an attempt has been made to install a provisional government ! M. Lorn Blanc?The French people aceords all its sympathies to the suffering of oppressed nations. Several voices here called to tlie President to prevent his continuing. (Oreat agitation ) M. Lorn Blanc contlnnud to speak in the midst of the most violent exclamations. We heard hint say :? " I swear to you. on my honor, that I liad nothing to do with tho scenes of this day, aud that I even expressed my disapprobation of the demonstration." Numerous Goiccs--You area larhr ! Speak not of honor ! Von are thoroughly heartless. M. Louis Blanc was then obliged to leave the tribune. M. Marrast?Citizens.I have to inform you of what has passed under tny responsibility. (Hear, hear ) At .1 o'clock a considerable crowd assembled at the Hotel de Ville, and surrounded it. They forced their way in, because there were not sufficient forces there to prevent them. They seised on the principal hall, and proclaimed a provisional government. Other factious men followed, nnd proclaimed a second provisional government The National Guard arrived, and in its turn became masters of the buildimr. Several individuals wore arrested and amongst the rest the Albert, representative of the people, and one of the members of the last provisional government. (Sensation.) I did not consider myself authorised to detain prisoner a representative of tho people, and so set him at liberty. The Chamber must now decido, M. Lanusin demauded that authorisation should he given also to proceed judicially against the citiscn Albert. After a short discussion this was agreed to. tho Minister of Commerce (M. Klocon) being the only person who stood up against it. Tho President then proposed a decree, declaring that the National Guard, the Garde Mobile, and the army had merited well of their country, and that the National Assembly thereby passed thcin a vote of thanks Adopted. The Pr?:*iih:*t?Nothing now remains but to close the sitting. A Voice?But we have decided that we are in permanence. M. Montreuil?It Is useful that the National Guard, after having protected us so effectually, should watch over tho Kxecutlve Committee sitting at the Luxembourg. and preparing important measures of publio safety. I propose that the sitting be brought to a elose, but that w? meet early to-morrow. (Hear, hear.) iaa srrafcjftfwiii W YO SW YORK, MOM DAY Ml The Hitting was adjourned to the next day. at ten in tlie morning. The Assembly then rose, at a quarter pact nine. The member* an they went out were received hy the National Guard* with loud cries of Vive 1'Auemblee National*!'' to which tliey replied by cries of Vive la Garde Nationale !" ' Vive la Garde Mobile !" TUe Proclamation of the Freud* tiovcrnnifiit. ' Citizens ? A crime has been committed against the National Assembly. Some factious men have attempted to violate the sovereignty of the people, in presence of this attempt your representatives remained calm and llria; the majesty of right has triumphed over brute force The Assembly, for an iustaut disturbed, has resumed its labors. It sits in the midst of you still great, still strong, ever ready to insure the triumph of the Republic, and to realise for laborers the just hopes which the revolution had given to them. Crime is vanquished. The National Guard, the Garde Mobile, the :trmy. all the forces of Paris and the banlicuc. drove before them the insensate conspirators, who masked their plots under the name of Poland Citizens !?Your victory is hallowed, for the blood of your brothers has not lieen shed. Remain still armed at your posts ready to defend, as you so well have known how to do, the Republic against anarchy. The men who have sullied the temple of the constitution henceforth belong to justice. Justice is in action; the government is vigilant. and the culprits are in custody. Have faith in the future, for the future has never been wanting to those who have fidelity and courage, and your fidelity and courage have been put to the proof." Signed by the Kxecutlve Commission. Paris. May 16. 1848. The Constitutionnrl says : " M. Trouve Chauvel. who has just been appointed by the government to the post of Prefect of Police, was Mayor of Le Mans at the time thn llllV.. ilo V,.... Mm.I U.i, I.,,-., u ml ..... ..-r.,. .... ............o Fu-.r..u ?1IUIIKII win* n. U, nun was immediately remorod from his. situation. in consequence of the bold but err caii&ttfipceqftrwhioh be made on the occasion. M. Trouve Chauv<TT who is nu old Republican. has lately filled the office of Commissary (ienerai in the departments of the Sartho. the Maine et Loire, and the Mayenne; he has been able, by the vigor of his chararter and the probity of his conduct, to maintain peace, good order, and confidence, in those departments. He was unanimously elected to the National Assembly, by the department of the Sarthe.? The choice of the Executive Committee cannot fail to be generally commended. M. Trouve Chauvel is already installed at tho Prefecture, and M. Caussidlere immediately offered to put hiin au r our anl with all tho affairs of the office.'' Important from tho Ucrman Slates. Kkankkort-on-thk-Maink. May 14. The disturbances in this place still coutinue. and persons who have rendered themselves personally or politically obnoxious to the multitude, are visited nightly by them, and then, when they have been hooted and groaned, their houses are attacked and the windows smashed in with stones. These scenes of outrage occurred last night at the Palace of the Diet, the residence of the Austrian ambassador, at the mansion of one of the senatori of the city. Hnrr Ilarnior, and at the house of Herr Kaester, tho burgomaster. Tho last named person. I am told, was so assailed because he has rendered himself disliked by his workmen. The burgher guard, or patrol of citizens, attempted to prevent the mob from breaking into the palacc of the Auntrian ambassador, i n this attempt many of them were severely injured; one stabbed with a knife; another, tho proprietor of the Hotel do Kusso, knocked down with a stone; and finally the mob triumphed, dispersing the patrol, taking from some of them their guns, and casting them in the river Maine. As it is believed that other and greater outrages may occur to-night, the guards are to be doubled, and I hope that the force exhibited may be sufficient to prevent a repetition of these scenes. It is supposed that tho discontented operatives of Frankfort have beeu the ringleaders in these acts of violence. The following is a copy of tho proclamation under which has been convoked the meeting of the working classes which took place this day:? " Bhuthkk Germans !? ' Freedom presents its beneficent fruits to every one. Are the laboring classes alone to bo debarred of their eujoyment? Freedom Is justice; and even for the laboring classes the hour of justice has struck. Let not the sound of its chimes fall upon listless ears ! The operative classes constitute the very marrow of tho people?they are in point of fact tho people; for without labor there cannot be life, nor people, nor government. To all. then, who labor, our appeal is addressed Marshal your strength; keep the step; confederate. The isolated individual can do nothing for himself, and nought of general benefit for others. It is in union is to be found the strength of all anil by means of that strength wo cau gain the object that wo desire. When any oue trade takes up a position for itself alone, it by so doinj; separates itself from it* brethren; but when all who labor ure combined together.there is then conferred upon each particular trade the confederated strength of all the rest. The object of our union (rerein) is a clear comprehension of the general circumstances of all workmen; a distinct understanding of the matters peculiar to each particular trade; consultation as to the nu'ans by whiuh these peculiar! ties may be regulated; consultation as to the mode in which the laboring classes may participate iu those popular rights which have been w in in the rccent revolution " The right of combination is now under the protection of the law; and none uow can presume to interfere with the exercise of such a right. Brother Germans ! your future fato?the futurity of the people, is in your hands. All you who labor, be your condition what it may. regard now the circumstances and state of the operative classes as your own; eougregate together for tho foundation of a German working classes union. " Vou arc all called together to the first meeting, whiuh takes place on Sunday. May 14. at a o'clock. 1'. M.. in the Town Hiding School.'1 This proclamation brought together, at th<* appointed hour, about 4.000 persons, when a Wiesbaden workman took tho chair. The result of this meeting was tho establishment of an operative club, or workman's union, whicli is to ba governed by a comaiittlte. composed of a representative from each trade. The object of this union is to redress the peculiargrievances of the working classes. When it is known that every workman. a native, has a vote for a member of Parliament, and that he has aright to carry arini. and tint in every respect he Is on a political equality with his richer neighbors. it seems difficult to discover what can can be the peculiar grievances of tho working class In Germany. The only intelligible oue put torwsrd by the speakers to-day was. that as a cla>s they have not a representative in Parliament. They themselves constitute the majority of voters?they could elect workmen if they pleased. They do not do so. and then they claim an exclusive right to have a vote for a representative of their own. and of course a vote for tho representative of other classes. There was a solemn service in all the churches of Frankfort to-duy. at which prayers were ..ITered up fur the new German Parliament. An advertisement appearsin the papers of this morning. summoning a meeting of the members of Parliament for Tuesday next, at three o'clock, in the Hall of he Kmperors. the place usually occupied by the members of the Committee of Fifty. The meeting of Tuesday is a preliminary one. but in which it is not expected that auy matter of public interest will be transacted. All that it is supposed will be done will he the formal arrangement for proce?diug with business on the following Thursday. I have before now alluded to the intense Interest which has been excited as to the opening of the new Parliament. I could not perhaps nlTord a more striking proof of that iutcrest. than by the translation of the following notice, which appeared in the Meidelburg paper, Deutche Xtilunt, of yesterday morniug. and is ronit>i) int.n tlm l<'riinkfnrl ii!ini>mnf In.tlnv The mlitr gcstion contained in it, I huru not the least doubt, will lie acted upon universally " an ArPCAL to ALL GCRMAMl. ' The opening of the parliament In Krankfort is fixed for the 18th of May. The undersigned, therefore, vouture to suggest that thore should be brought into operation a plan which mutt have occurred to many a* well a* themselves. After the great battle of the people at Leipslc. Are* were lighted on every mountain in Germany, an testimony that the yoke of foreign despotism had been shaken oil \ mightier day than that of Leipsic approached. The German* have to celebratu the commencement of the unity of their native laud.that first and indispensable con dition of internal and durable freedom On our Kaiseretuhl will ou the evening before the 18th of May .a fire be lighted up the name be done one very height, where the German accent* are heard, from tl?e North-* ern ocean even to the Adriatic sea. The ascending pillar* of tire shall show that the German people recognise the awful importance of their new Diet they shall present the emblem of the spirit that animates the people ; those (laming columns shall also be as a warning to the men to whom a most sacred deposit is now confided, that the people are wakeful and watchful, ami that what is required is not only a powerful but n free fatherland. (Signed) ' Orto \Vri.carn. 41 Kaei. Millkbmi'ikr. ' Heldelburg, 12tl) May. 1R4S." Upon the dispute between the Diet sitting at Krankfort alut the Committee of Kifty. a correspondent of the Krankfurtur Obfr/wtlanl$ Ztituvg writes thus : ' Srr rTOARu, May 11. From the marked feeling with which persons here peruse the account of the proceedings at Krankfort. it may readily be surmised what universal lutcrest has been excited by the dispute which has arisen between the ( ominittoe of Kifty aud the Diet. It is regarded by many as a most lamentable circumstance ; ami those who most regret it are the adherents of monarchical power, whilst on the other hand the radicals rejoice over it. aud seek to convert it as much as potsiblu to their own purposes. It is. in truth, impossible to conceivc how persons should endeavor at the present moment to take up a position which at another time, and under far more favc.*blo circumstances. It was impossible to maintain Mow can the last two months be so easily forgotten ' It is a bad beginning?it is one that gives a most unwelcome shock to the most ardent champions of the monarchy?It is a enmmencemant that threatens to Influence the future fir who can be certaii** anything. when that which was supposed to be a solid foundation, aud had been won with such difficulty, disappears from beneath his feet ' Are we doomvd again to hear tAoseawful word*? It is too tate.'' In my letter yesterday I referred to a rumor which had reached uie respecting a secret met ting of the committee of fifty, and the consequent retirement of more , than one member of the Diet. I have not auoceedcd In r JLW JRk? JET. RNIN(r, JUNK 5, 1848. tracing this report to an authentic source, and 1 am not able to give it a positive contradiction, as I have not seen the member of the committee who oouldgive

me a positive assuranco on the subject King Louis, of Bavaria, it is stated, positively will not visit AfrchafToukurg this year. The last accounts mention that it was so crowded with troops there was no longer any room for them iu the barrack*, and they had to he quartered in private houses. The object for which they were professedly collected was to put down the violators of the forest laws in the neighboring villages. The distance, however, of AfschalTciiburg from Frankfort is not great, and in case of neee-sity soldiers could easily be marched from one point to the other. A letter from Munich. ?f the l'Jlh of .May. refers to the dissatisfaction generally felt in cousequenee of the most of the deputies to the German parliament having I had a long conference with the king before their departure for Frankfort. "It is feared from this " remarks ' the writer, "that an attempt will he made on the part of ilavaria to maintaiu an isolated position of its own, and that its deputies will be more anxiourf to forward a dynastic than one common general German interest. Such a policy could alone give occasion to the unsheathing of the sword of civil war. and perhaps of plunging ! all persons and parties into a deplorable anarchy." I have read the description, in the Hut and Cry, of i some of the political fugitives. It appears to me that the authorites. in despair of catching them, have portrayed thnm in such a manner as to ronder them ridiculous. Take, for instance. tbi? description of two of i the runaways. "Otto lleni'hlinger. 23 years of age, thin, fair hair and beard, and fresh complexion?never looks steadily at any person, and Is of a very fantastical appearance." "batter. 21 years, stout make, pale face, and black hair; may he easily reoognised by his impudauce and brutal behaviour." SchloofTel. the German student at Berlin, and the champion of the working classes in Berlin, has been condemned to six months imprisonment for that which was designated a political, hut, in reality, a blasphemous libel. Instead of attempting a defence, his speech was a series of libels upon the king and all the authorities He is a contemptible fanatic, but it is observed - r'"?? luuurui-n with the ignorant was no great a* to render his incarceration necessary. The hmtscht Zeitung mentions, on the authority of a correspondent in Frankfort, that Austria is. in (Jalliciu. about to follow the example of Prussia in I'osen, and to institute a national Polish government for its subjects in that province. The Deutsche Zrilung also states, that at the meeting of the Trotostaut Synod in Heidelberg, on Wednesday. the most amicable spirit was manifested by the professor* of the different sects, and that all agreed in seeking for a complete separation of chucch and State. A letter from I'rague gives the following account of the state of that place as the capital of llohemia:? ' The terrorism of the CzecUen has begun. Three hundred young fauatics. clothed aud armed as in the time of Ziska. constitute a corps. They call themselves Swornoszt. and only wait for the signal from the 'National Committee' to strike a blow. Huudreds of them are thus always ready for action. In Tabor, Newhaus, Sic., there are simitar corps, and there certainly cannot be less than 20.000 such /iska champions iu the country.-' A person writing from Munhclin. May 12, remarks that ? "Although the stato of siege is doclared to bn at an end. still the holding of public meetings is prohibited. Wo cannot consider that the government is justified in adopting this course, because tyhen It is admitted that the town Is no longer in an exaoptlonal state, the law should be permitted to resume its usual course." The twentieth number of the Drutachen Zurhauer was seized by tilt government, and its editor thus expresses himself:? "We enter our solemn protest against this act. and we call upon our fellow-citizens likewise to protest against it. We warn the government to abandon the. path which they seem determined upon pursuing. The violation of rigiit is at all times dangerous: but at a period of movement and of agitation its only result can be the destruction of those with whom it lias originated.M A letter from Stuttgard, May 11, mentions that there never was a liner prospect for an abundant harvast in (lermany than in the present year. On the preceding day tile price of the loaf was lowered, and the market was so well HUnulied with notatoe*. that, eoiiinurinir their price witu what it ban been fur some years. they were sold at u very cheap rate. " Bomk, May 15. " We, Frederick William. &c , hare resolved that the deliberative assembly of the Prussian constitution shall, after the conclusion of the elections of the deputies, chosen according to the basis of the new electoral'law of tile Sth of April, be opened on the 'JJd of .May. in our cipital und residentiary city ot Berlin We hereby summon the elected representatives of our faithful people for the 2'Jd of May instant: and charge our Minister of Slate to make the further requisite arrangements. ' FREDERICK WILLIAM. (Count rsigued by the Mimtters ) Potsdam. May 13,18-18." Great excitement continues to prevail respecting the return of the Prince of Prussia A deputation of the Berlin students has waited upon the minister Camphuu'en. aud another, from the burghers, upon the minister Von Schwerin, to protest against the recall of the Prince of Prussia, as a measure calculated to euJ mger the peace of the capital. M. Camphausen promised to submit the protest to the King Similar addresses have been presented from Cologne. DusseldorlT, Sic. Fraukkort-ok-the-Maimc May 15. This city was. as 1 had anticipated, again disturbed last night by the same mob of persons who have assailed the palace of the Austrian ambassador, of other members of the Diet, as well as of the respectable inhabitants. The preparations, however, made to encounter and defeat them, were more happily arranged than on former evenings. All passed off quietly during the day. yesterday, in Frankfort. It was not uutil about tea o'clock at night llidt there were heard in the streets the cries of drunken men shouting out " Vivo la Kepublique." The streot in which they collected is that in which the Diet assembles, and as it was feared tiiat the same placo might be attacked agaiu. the patrol ordered the crowd to disperse. This was refused, and a; the mob was momentarily increasing in numbers the drum was beaten for the National Guards to turn out. In less than twenty minutes there could not be less than 2000 mpn. assembled. and all under arms. The mob, however, stili maintained their position. A charge was made upon them, aud in an instant they were dispersed, leaving 20 prisoners in the hands uf the guards. Of these, eigiit were found to have received bayonet wounds. The remaining 1 i were lodged in the guard-house, where lltey await examination by the authorities All the prisoner* are mechanics?shoemakers. tailors, kc., and but four of them natives of Frankfort, It is hoped that this act of rigor upon the p irt of the authorities will put an end to the cKm ira-ii, by which the most distinguished persons in the town have been insulted, and which have always been accompanied by a destruction of property. In the letter forwarded yesterday I gave an extract from a journal to show the feeling that has been aroused by the dispute between the Diet and the Committee of Fifty. The following extracts bear upon the same point :? , " Dahmstadt. May 14. " The much talked of protocol of the ambassador from this place to the Diet has produced a most painful impressioh here. It is universally admitted that Merr Von Lepel has not only proved that he Is unfitted for the position to which he has been recently appointed. but that ho has by his act utterly forfeited the public estimation which he once enjoyed. * * * In the approaching parliament its members cannot but perceive in this incident a demonstration of what they have to hope and to expect in certain quarters; and through it. too. they may learn what they have to do to protect (iermany against the manoeuvres of a cunning, concealed, but obstinately determined revolutionary party; and how. in despite of that party, they may make their country great, free, powerful.and prosperous. The warm blasts of revolution now blow over the hills and the valleys of (ierinany; and now stand the people of Vienna, of Berlin, aud of other towns, ready for action, but waiting until they see their native land obtain its full and well-secured rights. It is under the favorable influence^ of n most Irippy crisis that ?ur national parliament meets and consults. With prudence and with boldness it will act; and we are sure will be careful that the (lirman people be not exposed to the danger of losing their 11rim nf the glorious revolution; that such a prize shall not he awindled from thrin either by old diplomatic or thoir new assistants. who are acting in perfect concert with the ultra-montane* and concealed Jesuit* The (German nation pos*e*se* now four great securities both for the present and the future These are. the liberty of the pres*. the right of petition, the right of meeting, and the right to carry iirm? It I* impossible to rob a people of it* freedom that know* how to make a proper use of thesu * * * We have now smnethl ng el*e to do than to bow the knee ln-fore u make-believe Herman Kmperor. a* if he were a *econd Providence. and a* If the futurity and happtne** of ( erinany wore dependent upon any oue man. Our political club* In city and country district*, it I* now plain, will be of the utmo*t importance, an they will at all times be at the command of the (icrman parliament, ami will lt?*t know what the nec?Mitle* of the time* require " Wir?H4D> t. May 14. ' T)i- citizen* here are signing. in vast number*, an j e nergetic protest against the protocol. The Diet fall* j into * grievous m stake if it suppose it can thu* delude i I lie (leruinn nation and bring back the oM *y*tem, ' The people are on the wnteli alike to defend themI selves agnlnft the assault* of anarchy a* against the e(Torts rf Je*uiticai reactionaries, and woe to tho*o i t hrough whose crime should be caused the shedding of ! one drop of blood In the battle for nationality. The quiescence, the apathy and endurance of (icrmany are :it an end." A letter from Manheim mentions that though the | town ha* been but a few day* relieved from a state of siege, it already begin* to feel the good effect* of the release It ha* experienced In Uaden Bad? n the numberof visitor* are on the Increase, although up to tho present moment they are lamentably, small, as compared with former year*. (irwat apprehensions are entertained for the preservation of peace in Rerlin. should the ministry. In deapite of tne demonstration of the I'-Jth of May. persevere in the determination to recall the Prince of Prussia There can be no doubt, but that the Prussian ministry are placed In a difficult po?ltl?n It they recall the Prince of Prussia they provoke an rmrnle In llerlin if they do not recall him they expose themselves to unpopularity In other part* of Prussia, which have ft great objection to th* lierllneso aMumlng to TTjl T| A 1 Jbi Jtt A , themselves the position in Germany that the Parisians occupy an regards l-'rance, aud dictating either to the Kinif or the K<"rHrn,1,l!nt t,lu acts they should put-form, or tho course of policy they should pursue. 'I'liiH u certain. thai should thira ho another collision between the Berlinese mid the troop-), the great probability in a far greater loss of life iu Merlin. with a different result to tiiat which wax obtained in March. As to the state of mercantile alTalrs it ntill continues to lie most lamentable Hallway shares am declared to he absolutely unsaleable, and no money to lie raised ou any species of security without the payment of enormous interest. A correspondent of the Frankfurter Journal, who writes front Stuttgard. May 13, mentions a very curious circumstance with respect to the King of Bavaria, which, if it can possibly bo true, will excite feelings iu Kii)(laiid fur different from those which this letterwriter eutertuins. The correspondent of the Frankfurter Journal, it is to be observed, is a irreat admirer of llerr Straus*. ami ho ix indignant that such a writer should have been defeated by a pious Protectant. I In even ufltruis that the King of Uavaria entreated of the colleague of the gentleman who hail beeu elected to resign his float, in order that there might b<- a uuw election: but (s.iys the correspondent) Pietism. like it* brother Jesuitism. thinks all ineanx right which tha end sanctities, and thus wax thin noble proceeding on l the part of the King inoperative' Thus the writer, who think* It wax improper for Protestant laymen and clergymen to exert thomxelves t? defeat Straus*?the Infidel author?conceived it win a noble, becoming, and kingly proceeding on the part of a monarch to interfere with an election, and to render void the popular voto : Those who have heard overmuch about undutf Influence at elections will be astoulshed to learn what are the notions of a free constitution entertained by a free-thinking Herman * Affair* In Polnnti?The War of IUccm. Annexed are extraclii of despatches from the French charge d'affaires at Merlin, relative to the condition of Poland : ? March 20.?The statesmen of Prussia are inclined to give up Polish Posnaniu, which costs more than it produces March 21.?The popular party wishes for the re-organiiation and indepenileucA of Poland, and desires , that Prussia should immediately take a part in this work ; that l'omerania should be given up and made | the hauls of this reconxtitution; that Frusxia should | take i nto her service the Polish Legion. which may have | been formed at Pose 11. The Poles are the most lively : objects of interest. The students take the lead in I these patriotic effusions. March 23 -The poles have resumed their national ! cockade. They do not wish for disorder, or for \he im: mediate triumph of republican democracy; they only i desire that Prussia may employ herself in the regenera| tlon of Poland. A deputation from Poxnania ix come ! to petition the king to proclaim the re-ex' ilishment | of the kingdom of Poland, and place its < u on the head of a Prussian Prince. March 25-The Ki tig of I'ruxsia has rosol \ > pon In > r ing all couseiiueneex rather than accept itleofk of Poland, aud thus declare, with iut >voi*ation. war against Russia; and in this sen ii is answered the address of the Poles, but leaving tlw:u at liberty to raise volunteers. Neitli' P -?ia not Wermany will, without having a pret< ulow their territories to bo traversed by organ!/' ud armed bodios moving upou either Poland or Itu March 29.?The w tv among the Prussians and Poles are of opinion suaaor of an overland army should not be or even accepted, from Kraneo; but that tl. >ti required should be confined to a fleet in iving on board troops ready to be lauded. I oryski, who arrived yesterday at Berlin, is gat received a verbal assurance from M. Lamartiue, that succor should be sent to Poland by sea. if Prussia would do the same by I land. The good understanding between the (iermans i and the Polex is uot durable. The liberal Ueruiaux are I desirous of contributing to the reconstruction of Po1 laud, but the people have an Invincible dislike for the I Polos, whom tlioy call barbarians. April 1.?In Upper Silesia, the peasants of Polish oriI gin are devastating and destroying the habitations 1 Prince Adam (^xartoryxki was not received at Uerlin with any mark of popular interest. The Polish democratic party has evidently the supremacy. April 3.?The Polos in the Duchy of Poxvn are treating the Germans with the most brutal acts of violence. A war between the two races appears to be inevitub eApril 4.?In Prussian Poland, uffairs are plunging rapidly into a frightful chaos. The (iermans. who are in I all narts armed, have burnt the Polish flmr ami In (! < Sclavonian district*, Imprisoned thu agitators. The peasants are rising agaiust their feudal lords, are massacreing them and driving thmn away, protesting against any return of tin? Polish system/which they regard as the re-establishment of the equestrian order. In fact, the Polish insurrectionary parly is composed exclusively of the Polish gentlemen and burgesses. This party is in arms, and marching along the frontier, announcing their intuntion of immediately crossing it. Prince Cr.artoryski has lost all his Influence over his countrymen, whose violent conduct at Berlin has alieuated from tliein all the <ytnpathy of the Germans. April 8.?The Polish peasantry are opposed to the reconstitution of Poland. There is a revulsion against it. in the whole body of the Germanised peasants in Upper Silesia, and in great part of Posnania. They trample the cockade under their feet, and threateu with a Jar outvie the gentlemen and the returned emigrants. TL ' intelligent Poles hopo and wish for the reorganization of their counrty; but only through thu means of negotiation. If the Prussian government grants more than it has lately dune for the Duchy of Posen, there will be a massacre (i la UaUicicnnt of the gentlemen by the peasants. April 14.?The whole of the armed German population no longer confine themselves to the defensive, but are preparing an aggression against tin reorganization uf Poland, and the entire body of the peasantry are ready to make common cause with them. To a war of races will tollow a war of ca*te*. and then will come a war of man to man Thus will the nationality of Poland be annihilated at one blow April 15?The Poles are sending deputation after deputation to Birlin. urging the preservation of the Prussian organization The conduct of the Polish emissaries proves too evidently the total change of spirit that has Ix-en mad". They labor incessantly to excite the clubs of demagogues, to seduce the w >rkmen. to destroy all internal order, and to overthrow the government They boast ?f having done all this at exhaust themselves in uttering declamations full of hatred again-1 the members of the French government. The Polish peasants in Russian Poland make common cause with the Russians. April 19.?The Polish emigrants are using all possible means to drive the ciubs of ultra demagogues and the workmen of Uiriiu into insurrection April 21.?The people of Berlin feel convinced that the interest* of the Polish nation are incompatible with their own If France disturbs or threatens Germany on account of the Pole*, there will be an alliance between Prussia and Russia, and these two powers would be able to annihilate Poland befori e. French army could pas* the Rhine. April 22.?The Pru**ian government ha* interdicted the Polish emigrants from entering Posnania. They may either return to France, or go to Cracow. The Krench envoy has made a strong remonstrance against this decision. April 27.?The Pole* of Posnanian origin will be authorized to go into the Duchy of Posen. and those of Gallician origin to Cracow. Those of Russian origin must remain in the German territories. None will be sent back Into France. The German* are persuaded that, to reorganize Poland, would be to aid France, and place themselves between two fires. The slclavonians are incapable of doing anything alone. The Pole* must be considered only a* an element of disorganization in the service of Franca. April 29.?A new manifesto by the students of Berlin against the Poles of the grand-duchy of Posen has appeared. The Kmperor of Russia at present keeps the Polish provinces in restraint as much by the support of the inferior daises a* by force of arms April 30.?The scenes at Cracow have exasperated the Prussians of all opinions agaiust the Poles. They will lx> excluded from Berlin during tlie elections May 1.?Th? most decl-Ied aiiimonity against the Poles pervades all classes. and a crusade against them is preached in nil tin- clubs The volunteer corps which ! were armed and organized fur the nruiy of Schleswig are now ready to march into Posnania to the support of the Hermans It is no longer the Pole* who are the objects of pity, hut the Herman victims massacred at Cracow. It will be a long time before Hermany will do anything for Poland, and to andertake anything for the restoration of Poland would be an attempt upon ] Hermany. The Polo* themselves cannot be of any ser vice to us. engaged us tlicy are in tearing each other to i pieces May 3.?War is spreading in Posnania. On April .10 , Mlernslawski was attacked in his eatnp at Milosiaw by a very superior Prussian force, but remained tu:ister of the field of battle. From .ill information, gathered with 1 the greatest care. It appears certain, first, that the pro- i vocation was given by the Poles both in Posnania and in < racow; secondly, that, their disorganized hands and their chlcfs. who are generally unknown, cannot anywhere stand against the Herman troopi ; thirdly, that it is one of the plans of the promoters of this war to in- , volve Krance in It by compromising her name ; fourthi ly. that nearly the whole of the Herman nation takes cause with the government* which represent it against the Poles ; that 160 or !()<> Poles coming from franco to Cracow, and expelled from that city on April %">. arrived at the gates of Berlin, where they were disarmed and sent to Magdeburg or Menden with passports for Franco. In the duchy of Poten there it open u> ir between the rnrei, in which the Scalvoniun rare in likely to parish miserably. May 4.?The cause of Poland, after the revolution at Berlin, seemed to have gained strength, and would have done so as fur as depended upon the Germans, who wished. In all good faith, to rt-etlahlith Poland at a hutw-i'k againtl Uiutia; but they calculated without the Poles, and without taking into account the antipathy which exists between the Sclavonlan ami Oermanle races. This antipathy is not derived from prejudices or from routine, but has its source in the elementary qualities of the two people; In their, mental and moral constitution which is founded upon directly opposite bases. The Poles havo shown themselves In 1H4S what they have ever linen. The political vices which brought In the decline of their state In the 17th, and Its dissolution in the lHtli. century, have spontaneously been displayed in all their meetings, under all the divisions of their territory The utter Impossibility <f forming any combination between the Hermanle and Polish eloments has again received the sanction of experience. Undoubtedly many and grave wrongs have I LD, / Mm Two C?an< on thi-i ooonion b*oa done by the <j.irn)m< (urticilarly t>y tU" p -r ?.i < >?li > are in th o n >1 i)T'0 'tt' >f t*l ? cr iwn an l pjr;ii|> witli i it e? '0 ex.-'ptluf it? hi i <'11 >ri IIut thh m v'c n n ? e'ian {> lith* -??16?*? lWhi'il riMUlt* Qu-miij wi" n>t J> ?'?/'Vi? fi ih' yt ilit V fi' iv tilr1 rion 'if Pi'.mt If PVtin 4*1 > 11 1 ri'iort to a.-im, O-r.niiy -rill n it lulint t'l? < 1 u if i <>f It mi i to w i > n <i i will I.?if i tn i t ulc if ni-a I'i'oj thi m'i i iility if I'lUni irrii'i n i<' i until r >ir i*h >f i itovor m iv b i th i U m i of :t a-<t n n 11 ; i >u th? it iinn. If 11 / > ? ,i i' a " < it f} * 11 i f'. in till trill f.nt't >h- II tuft It to n i i / P n i, nj.* wi" tltrri ear r ai H:l thr K lllilltiAtt C.-? May (J. ?''it'll ir l< it 11 ilatln; th wh >'.? v? a" Primian P >'.*u I M HlawV*! lu< h,*iin ill hi? camp. Mi l i? r itnn'ncing a w ir of pirtHim. Hi lia< mtvrfral tlmii n >n orer t'.i i Rj <<ian ft >nt;eri T> thwar of rj''ti it a'tou' to fir a<ll*<l it ivtr of rt'i^io'A! r o milt union, a war of cji/ti. \ll>>rol-iw >ki wiihn t'? try un nnurreotlon in ll*r!in. which rm njv?r mtonjcl; and h? rellm mtiih maro up >n an arn-1 miniftitat'. in t Pari* In firir tC tbj Poi'H, anl t> which h.? W lnot>?santly otisltln; the Kintinti. Tin real ob'niot of th*< Polish Dint at Hrmlaa. U t> arm Primii a^ilmt Rm?ia. and Kronen ajiinU I'rimia ; ntil, b04lilii I horn, an iin;>Ucabl? war in alt part*? j uncial wir, a i<< itill uotse. n theoloxteal anl /tolitira! war. May 7 ? Ytierolawaki Inn iloolaroj him<?ir nenirallU?lmo of th'i republic of Poland Thu war I* belaj o?rriudon with invuturwy. orifauiiul by th? dim jcratio party alon 1 In (> illirtia. thn pooplo rtioiiln pu-Mnanlously attanhod t* the Austrian ?yit"?m. If th? iiuarrnctlon hroaki uut. th* sign it for th? JaO'|il>?rlo w.ll be Kivon On the firtl art $ of af trillion Ay France upon (i'rinami. Pnlawl /teriiltri. One only insane rem iloi of ?avin? Poland, and that U. by nalining m?n'n mindx, ....V* r win nvtuilK IHBU. In these days France cannot save Poland by any other means than negotiation Mierolawskl. after hiving < iptured lluck has pillaged. burnt. and abandoned it. Tho exasperation of the population of tho Otrinan duchy in at its height. May 0.?In Posnania thn war has iwmmml a frightful character. On neither side it quarter given or asltad fi>r. Tint most violent among thn Poles ? and among thein. Count ChriHtian Ostrowski ? have unanimouiily agreed that at the flrst ual of hostilities tho peasants of (Jaliicia shall massacre thn gentlemen. and throw I themselves into the arms of tho Russians. IMP* In thn Turin Chamber of Deputies, M. Palluel, deputy of Savoy. wished soni" expi illation respecting thn reports that Franco had given order* for its army on the Alp* to cross the frontier. These reports had produced the greatest uneasiness in the mind* of hid constituents The Minister of Foreign AfTtirs replied, that he was happy to say, that in consequence of the rumors in circulation, he had written to M. I.amartine upon the subject who liai assured hiin of his ardent desire to continue and t? promote the best understanding between the governments of France and Sardinia mi l that no French troops would pass the I) uindary, e< ^|>t oalle 1 for by thn Sardiniancablnot ; "iin I i .wesliail not c ill for It." continued the minister, tli>- I- i-ench uriuy will not enter Savoy." This explaI nation i is de mud highly satisfactory We tind the following iu the correspondence of the Pretfe :? " Milan on tho 12th was in a state of the greatest agitation. A revolution a|>i>o.ir4 imminent, and the greatest efforts aro mtkla g to affoot it without a c illixion. Tho parties in presence are the demouratic party, which wishes for the indepoudauce of Loinhardy, an I the party which. by uniting I'ieilmont to all the smaller States, wishes to form the kingdom of Upper Italy. The latter party has the most friends at its command, and has, therefore, hitherto shown tho most signs uf success. "Avery imposing manifestation wm to have taken place on tin 12th, Imt the Milan journals of the 13th make no mention of it. " Massa and Carrara have decided on uniting themselves to Tuscany." linaala. St. Petkhsbi'ikjh, May 0. By command of the Emperor, the sum of 0 000.000 rubles was transferred, on the 2d of this month, from the reserve store in the vaults uf the fortrnss of PeterPaul to the vaults of the credit expedition, for the purpose of augmenting the ready cash of the treaaury of that expedition, which has beeu diminished in consequence of the payments for the purchase of the public fuuds fur the transfer capital payment of the gold washers from 30,000.000 to the amuuut of 1,140.000 rubles. From the official scrutiny and revision of the state bonds lying iu the reserve store vaults of the Peter-Paul fortress, it appears that after the deduction of the above sum of D.OOO.OOO, there still remains the sum of 10U .188.595 ruble* 10 oopecs silver.?Hamburgh liorienhallr, May 13. Autncntic intelligence from Russia states that many soldiers who had quitted the service had re-entered it. In the extensive possessions of Prince (Jallltxin alone. their number* amount, to 400 m?u The merchants of Mkcow have placed 50.000.000 tdlver rubles at thtt disposal of tho Kmporor ; the various provinces, at Tint sacrifices. have offered to furnish horses and provision*; almost all the influential and wealthy Russian* who are abroad, are returning to Russia. Yesterday evening the family of Prince Itallitzin arrived here from Pari*, on their road to Ru?xia Tho Russian noble* are flocking round their monarch more than ever, and there in no longer a doubt that preparations for war are being made on an extensive scale. Meantime M. Von Mageudorf continue* the assurance that the Kmperor enteral lis moat pacific Intentions The report that the Kuipemr had left St. Petersburgti for Riga is Incorrect. Ilis uu^justy in still at St. Petersbargh, and held ft grand review a day or two before the sailing of the fteftmer.? C<> ?gnt Gazett*. Mm* Jim(thui % Gazette states that large bodies of troops have lately ppssed the Niemen. near Kowno, to reinforce the Kussiait army under Rudigerand SchaohoiTsko. which already amounts to 30.000 men. A second corps had marched on Wilna The guards cantoned around St Petersburg!) have reeclved order* to miroh on tho 13th. Large bodies of troops were disposable in Little Russia and Kiew, particularly cavalry. Placencla. The declaration of Piacensa in favor of It* union with 1'iedmont, which we mentioned yesterday, took place on the 10th ult ; the number of vote* na< us follows 37.000 for the union with Piedmont; 00 for the union with Lombardy , 300 for the union with the Pontifical States ; and 10 for the union with Parma. On the result beiag known, the town was illuminated, and the event saluted with 60 guns. Parma and Modena are on the point of declaring thoir junction with Piudmont also. The provisional government of Parma, in a decree of the 4th ult, orders registers to be opened in all the parishes of the Stato to receive the votes concerning th* ultimate destiny of the late Duchy, and at the same time recommend* the junotion with Piedui >nt as the bust course. Bank of England. An account, pursuant to the Act 7th and 8th Viet, cap 32. for the week ending Saturday, the 13th day of May, 1848. II1UK l>F.r&RTMr*T. N'oUia issued Jfc2ti,3t>4,U90 Government Debt.. .Xll.016,100 Other Securities... . 2.VM.U00 Quid Cuia and Bullion. 10,8JI,?9 Silver Bullion 1,442,301 il?0 ?36,364,000 liSIISII lir.rtSTMKtT. Proprietors' Capital.?14,661)000 Government SeouItunL a,43W,37<i rltles (Including I'ulilic Deposits (in- Deoil Weight Anciuding Enho- nuity) ?11.713.630 iiuer, Saving* Other Secnriti**... . 11,816,930 flanks, Coinmis- Note*. >*,036,S3) doners of National Oold and Silver Dubt, and Divl- Com 726,316 dduil Account*)... .1442,007 Other Deposits U,7 Scvon Day and other llill*. 1,101.270 ?31,291,HMO X32.2V1.XM Views of Affialn In Rarapr, by an Rnfllsh Kill tor. [Krom the Liverpool Mail. May 13.] The Constituent Assembly of Krance has met, and hus had Its tlrst quarrel, as we expected, much after the mauner of (Conciliation Hull, in Dublin. We have not yel heard of any blow being struck; but these will cons in good time. The Assembly has chosen a Speaker who i* to continue in that arduous office for nun month only, a period of puuishment sufficiently long for humftu endurance and nearly ample enough for the oxistence of the Assembly itself. In this new constituent body M Thier*. a historian, a mall of umloulited talent formerlv a urime minister. mill addicted to popular opinion*, htn no place. The Provisional Government have taken considerable pain* to exclude hiui Poor old Uerangcr, the poet. ?a* returned, but he wm no much ashamed at being classed with l.amartine. the l.eigb Hunt of Paris. that he begged to be excused, and w.ia allowed to resign The other poet*. pamphleteer*, fiddlers. dancing master*, and hair dresser*. in true, hut do not Rhine. The club* In Pari* ar* their master". and a* the member! of these club* are all mant.-rtailors, instead of being journeymen tailor*, they are busy in cutting out new work for Krmnee. They have decreed that the Pole* and the Italian* fliall be takeu under the special protection of France?the former to o<> restored to their ancient nationality, ami the latter to freedom - a word they do not understand a condition for which they are totally unfit Meanwhile Pope Pin* I V ha* declared war against Austria. This i* uncommonly (arslcal It is like Lord John llussell offering ?? flg"t Tom Crlbb. But the Pope I* to be pitied, although he Ih? the author of hi* own vexations The poor man i* in jail. Neither h? inr hi* cardinal', bishop* or priest* are allored to pas* the poitais of the fitcriuil City. As an ecclesiastic he I.* professedly tolerated ; hut a* a teuip >ral prince he Is actually dethroned, not a* in former tiuio.i by an invading and military despot, hut by hi* own suhjeeU, I)is own pooplo, hi* own children ! This is a blow at the Popedom which never wm struck l?.f, rc. and it reveals secret* of noordinary importance. What Austria will do is a problem Her efforts and .cliona much depend upon the policy pursued by Franco. If any French legion shall pa** the Rhine or the Alp*, all Oerinany will unite a* one man against the Invader, anil Russia will come down In awful force to settle the contest. H e believe, as we have always believed, that a republic in Krance is an Impossibility If an honest and economic republic can be established there the people of Krance made happy, Industrious, and contented,? republican institution* must supplant monarchical ones over the whole surface ef Kurope. But Inasmuch us we do not think this desirable or possible, we must return to the moral and physical force of antagonist government* and nations The success, the conquests, and the glory of Napoleon are now histories I events. They cannot bo repeated. The French jh- >jde

Other newspapers of the same day