Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 8, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 8, 1848 Page 2
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I-Hl "V^V -*?^c'l ?!>? NEW VORK HEJRALDi! RlKlti'U'KI * Vinivr ttf h uJLoii end RuiM IU> JAlXl ttORUOR BKNNKTT, PROPRIETOR. Il.ltl Y v <i ly. (MtwLiy iruluJeet,) tv*o cent* ffr , <? .*?$7 2ft iter annum. Wk!''i\J.Y HF.KALD?Kivry Jt :'ttrd*itf???renlt /*> C'TV? 1 i.'^ ;*r rii/ium??nfV Unhid Slutei. Bu'-o('* in n' < ribrri, | ?> < -i/mm. fo inrlwlr tVi?il<i?r : un edition (in //!? h\?nch a.*5 I'.iuluh I nifwti/ti), mil br pubiuhed on evrry European tr.1 m p irkrt day, uVA inlMigeiu.e from all porta o/ r/.u fo/ltlmt'tf lo th- > :'? ! momei.!. ADVERTlSKMESTSirrnewl every morning) at reaiontibU J>r?*. , ro I-* vrtitrn *)t .1 /roihlr minner ; the proprietor nt4 r*?iwniib/r/i>r errort in manuieript. fHlS Tl\H aj ,ill ktndi > recvted beautifully and ioith diva If h. Ordrri rernved at the Publication Otfi.e, torntr v/ tXlran and .Vmii IU ttreeti. ALL LETTERS by mail, for lubtrriptioni, or with adrertuemrnlt In br |?>?r paid, or the pottage trill be deducted from the mnncy rrm.ttei. Vol. I S TA R Y (X)RRESPOSDESCE, containing important nem, tnl /. om any uuarter ot the ivorld?and 11 uted inil be Hdn r illij paid for. p<U SUTRE can be tike,i of a?<muim>ut commuitieatume. . H'Aatrper u intri, led for iiucrtion muit be a u!heiJirated by the name and addreti of the writer; not necriv " rt/y for publiea ton. but at a i/unr inty of kit good faith. H'? c,intuit undertm'xe to return reitcted communtea hont. ALL PA YMKXT8 to be made tn advance. AMUSEMENTS THIS ?FINING. BOWmiT THUnTKR. Rnwarr? IticHAKi) III?Oj.e Bl'l.t? Pu.OT or TIlGtHHAK Ocfam. CHATHAM THEaTRR, Chatham itreet.?Chain or Guilt ?Nrw Vuki Klrb-DmiiAm NIBI.O'S. alter Place? Vie?omi Children in Thbbb Dancei?* Maii>?Misrniaa or Uvman Life. CASn.E GARDEN?Lend Mb Five Smilunoi?Madame Ai avtta i Dance*?Mauic Mm bob. MXCBAMCV BALL Broad wat. dmi Bro"i?ia- t'^aurt'l VmriMJ-lmiORAn Bi*?in?, bi'bi.ektve Danoino, M PANORAMA HALL. Broadway, naat Houtoi-BiRTAlD'l panukama or the u ISHlMlPPI. MRIDDEOV, Boworr-Virginia Minstrkij?? Ethiopian simgivg, An. N?W York, Thurttflaijr, lujie H, 1N4P. Actual Circulation of til* HaralrtJune T. Wednesday 21.804 oopies Thp publication of the Herald oommenoed yastirday at 15 minutes before 3 o'clock, and finished at 10 tuinutoa past 7 o oionir. Important from Plilladelphla?Iiitlrpcnde nt Nomination of (ienrrnl Taylor?Organlxn> tlon of a New Purty-Whlg Convention. We have received by mail, by railroad, and by electric telegraph, highly important political intelligence from Philadelphia, which will be found under the proper head, in another part of this day's paper. The vast assemblage of politicians, delegates, and amateurs, of all opinions, collected in Philadelphia at this moment, will yive a new and intensely interesting direction to political movements. and must unquestionably produce a revolution of parties in the L'nited States. Our intelligence comes down to last night up to eleven o'clock. On Tuesday evening, an immensely large meeting of the friends of General Taylor was held in Independence Square, Philadelphia, for the purpose of organizing a new party, called "American Freemen," and of placing that distinguished chieftain before the American people as a candidate f<>r the Presidency, on independent grounds, and with the support of American freemen throughout the Union. The following is nn official account of the proceedings 011 that occusion; but a more graphic description will be found in our correspondence from Philadelphia. A largo meeting of the friends of General Taylor was held on Tuesday evening, in Independence Square. Dr John K. Mitchell presided, assisted by a number of vice presidents aud secretaries selected from the four Congressional districts. The meeting was addressed by Dr. .Mitchell. Oen. Peter Sken Smith. David Paul Drown. ts.j . and other gentlemen. Another meeting was organized immediately, at the rear of the State House; but here much dissension prevailed?the supporters of Taylor and Clay being about equally divided?and cheers and groans were alternately given by the two factions for tneir respective favor- ; ltd. The following resolutions were offered at the princi- | pal stand in the Square, and adopted : ? Whereas, the people of the l'nited States, acting in the primary and sovereign capacity of American freemen. have risen in their might to dissolve the tyranny of party that ha* held the country spell-bound for the list half century, and with unparalleled unanimity have designated General Zachary Taylor for the Presidency; and Whereas we. tlu' people of the city and county of Philadelphia, the friends of General Taylor, have taken the initiative, so far as regards independent demonstrations, "irrespective of party;" therefore. Resolved. That in the hero of Kort Harrison. Okeechobee. Palo Alto, Reaca de la Paluia. Monterey and Iiuena Vista, we recognise the country's standard bear- 1 er of the truly democratic principle that in the sovereign people resides the right?and they mean now lo exercise it?of nominating and electing directly at the ballot box. their own Presidents and Vice Presidents, independent of'-obsolete" caucus nominations dictated by a* interested few at the expense of the many. Resolved That the lirst nomination of Old Rough and Heady as President, was made spontaneou-ly iu the hearts of his countrymen, on hearing the glorious tidings from Palo \lto ; and that his disinterested and patriotic reply to the solicitations of parties, that, if elected, he would be the President of the country, and not the President of a party. untrammelled with party obl'gations or interests of any kind, and unler none but those which the constitution and the high interest* of the nation at large most seriouMy and solomnly demand" displays a more exalted moral courage than the glory of his noblest battle-tields. Hesolved. That General Taylor's position is identical with the position of General Washington, in regard to partv pledges What American heart does not approve of the innnliness. simplicity anil m >desty of the declaration? I Jo not desire the Presidency, aud only con-eat to be a candidate in the same proportion in wnich it is desired by the people. irrespective of party ; ami hi- that cannot be trustej without pled*' R cannot be trusted with them : ? 1 have no private purposed to accomplish ? no party project* to build up?no enemies t? puuish ? nothing to serve but my country " Resolved. That this meeting concur in lliat otlnr sentiment of General Taylor? I have neither the power not de?ire to dictate to the American people the manner in which they should proceed to nominate me for the Presidency of the United States. If they desire such a result, they must adopt the means best suited, in their opinion, to the consummation of the purpose ; and if they see lit to bring me before them for this office, through their legislatures, mass meeting*. or conventions. I cannot object to the designations of these bodies as whig*, democrats, or natives; but in being thus nominated. 1 must insist upon the oonditloa?and my poaition on this point is Immaculate that I shall not be brought forward by them as tho candidate of their pirty. or considered as tho exponeut of their party doctrines." Resolved. That this meeting reeoguise the principle that the President of the t inted States should Im* considered the executive officer of the constitution and of the government, and that we yield our cordial assent to the exposition of General Taylor, that ' the power given by the constitution to the executive to interpise his veto, is a high conservative power, and should never be exercised, except in caaes of clear violatinu of the constitution, or manifest haste aud want of consideration by Congress. The personal opinions of the individual who may happen to occupy the executive chair ought not to control the action of < ougress upon questions of domestic policy; nor ought hi? objections to be interposed when questions of constitutional power have been settled by the various departments of government, and acquiesced in by the people. Resolved. That this mass meeting of American freemen with one acclaim do ratify the nation's nouiina tion of old Kough aud Heady a? President of tho 1 nited States?the uian that cannot be bought, nor sold, nor scared, nor beaten; that asks no favors, shrinks from no responibility. and never surrenders !"?the man who will run all the better now for never having run l>nfore. Resolved. That cherishing the Conviction, nay. the absolute moral certainty, that if we all pull together we cannot be whipped, but shall give to the opponents of Old Palo Alto a Buena Vi?ta defeat, we have insert lied our banner?the flag of the country ?with the popular determination to out general" the " Generals of King Caucus." and to reinforce (?en Taylor at the ballot box as he reinforced the field of lluena Vista with the mural power of his presence Resolved. That as citixens of Philadelphia city and county, by the grace of God free and independent, we rxteud. as with the arm and soul of one man. the right hand of fellowship'' to tut h hvdiei of our /? /low ciliieni of thr Unitrfl Slain an ihall h i vr the /inIrimtiim to tinitr with ?? in thr tu/tperl of the nation'i landiilatr. '/.arhary Taylor Resolved That the proceedings of this meeting lie published In the Philadelphia papers friendly to (Jen Taylor and in such other papers of the I nion at large as shall have the independence and the courtesy to republish them From these prorocdinas, it will lie wen that f? Tnyloi is now plgt^d before the American people as an independent candidate, without reference lo the action of the whig convention, or nny mere party convention, throughout the country. I he meeting which made thin nomination wan held in l'hiUdel|>hia on Tuesday evening, the day previous to the assembling of the whig convention. If that convention xhould t ike up the name candidate. it will undoubtedly increase his chance* of , success; but we believe, now that General Taylor is nominated, he will be etipporled by a lar^e portion of the American |?eople, as an inde|?-ii(iefti candidate, and in opposition to all the other organized parties in the country. One of the resolutions iwseed on this occasion, ^^^^^^^^^vwmh^fiendMt^venera^ra^lor^iug^hou^ n^A.., . Hfc ??r ,? . 4toi. HU C (?iU J vlat- > 13 {iirehngfe; uk;1 Uj, their c?f dnJrtU1. and i?r< jta?e for thi' gcnariJ. eli'-c*' lieu in XoVehilx'r ite$l. 'Tliia may be considered a lull, distinct, and emphatic nomination ol" Gen. Taylor, and the organization of a new party. It is an important proceeding in the present state of political all lira throughout the Union. Gen. Taylor has it peatedly declared, that if those ina-s-s of the people who had put him forward insisted on running him whether the whig* nominated him or not, he would acquiesce in such nomination, and allow his name to be used on independent grounds. I Even the New York Tribune has asserted that 11 private letter from General Tuylor, of a late date, I contained his sentiments on this point, iu which he avowed his determination to run as un independent candidate, provided those who put him forward continued to support him. General Taylor may, therefore, be considered in the field. He will be taken up at once, enthusias- , tically, by large masses of theJAmerican people, in every part of the country. What the result may ! be, we will be better able to know after the whigs j have made their nomination, and all parties have , taken their respective positions. One thing is cer- i tain?the inde;>endent nomination of General Tay- ! lor, and the organization of a n<*w republican party for his sup|>ort, trill create a political revolution in I the United State*, break up the corruption, intrigue I and power of the other two great partitt, and throw the election into the Houu of Repretentativet.? I There General Taylor ttandt ai good a chance at any. But if the whig convention should confirm and sanction this spontaneous nomination, to-day, or to-morrow, then General Taylor will undoubtedly stand the best chance before the j>eople, and so far he dims the hojtes of the democracy, and the prospects of General Cass. On this point, the impressions last evening at Philadelphia, as late as 10 o'clock, were highly encouraging. The whig convention was organised yesterday, and meets again this morning at 9 o'clock. There was a private consultation last night at 8 o'clock. It will ! be ready for action to-day, and at any hour, after i 10 o'clock, we may be able to surprise the city with the announcemen of the positive nomination of General Taylor by the whig convention. G? nerd Cass was yesterday in Philadelphia, attended by several of the leading democratic Senators? General Houston, Mr. Benton, Mr. Allen, and others. They are all expected to arrive here this afternoon, at Castle Garden, at 5 o'clock?probattly on a mission of conciliation or negotiation to the glwrious barnburners of New York, headed by .lolin Van Huren and his old guard, who leave 1 hemselves (-till open for negotiation up to the 22J inst. at Utica. If the whig convention has the wisdom to confirm the nomination already made of General Taylor, the democracy will require all the force of the barnburners, and a little more, too, to take the great Siate of New York from the hero of Buena Vista. Thus, it will he seen that wc are in the very cri1 sis of a revolution. We have strong hojies that I General Taylor will yet be the candidate of the combined powers of the whigs, independents, A'c. Arc. i The mystery will be solved to-day. 1 _ _ . : The ke-(iRGanimation ok the Native Party, ok J the American Freemen.?We understand that pre. I partitions will soon be made by several of the old j leaders of the native party, for the re-organization of its forces in the coming Presidential election, for the purpose of checking the attempt now making by the politicians and office seekers to organize the Irish voters, as well as the Germans, into separate and distinct parties, capable of controlling the election next November. There will probably be a meeting soon, called together for this purpose by the leaders, at Military Hall, in the Bower)', their form-rhead-quart-rs. It seems thnt the fire of the native party h:id burnt out naturally, two or three years ago, in consequence of having, by its efforts, apparently knocked common sense into the heads of the office seekers and politicians of the day, in resp;ct to th;* impolicy of binding men of particular birth into Particular political fuctions in this countn? some of this fire is yet in existence. But the sad events growing out of the folly of Bishop Hughes, at Carroll Hill, have been forgotten by such learned statesmen as Robert Enitiiett, C. O'Conor, and their associates and colleagues, ! in the recent Irish movement at the Tabernacle. A very short time ago, a meeting to express sympathy for Ireland, in the present crisis of its destiny, was called, unconnected with party, and keeping aloof from anything looking towards a pronunciamcnto for the approaching election. The politicians of the day, however, paid little attention to this movement, though it i was quite as worthy and respectable n movement j as that at the Tub**rnacle. Now, however, when there is a prospect thnt the immense Irish vote of this country m.iy be driven tog, th.?r, as O'Connell i used to drive the Irish misses in his own country ; and when there is a chance that political capital may be made out of that power, we se* the politicians of all the factions of the day, bustling, busy, aud, hurrying to express their sympathy for Ireland. I This is nothing but hypocrisy and mischief. We feel as deeply for Irish liberty as these noisy declaimers; but the Irish, like the French, and like the Americans, must achieve their liberty by their , own energy, their own wisdom, and their own I sober sfiiw and unanimity. A great liberal movement in Great Britain has now commenced?a ge; neral agitation is now making?and Irish patriots, instead of isolating their effort?, an they u*?d to do under the counsels of O'Connell, should unite with the liberal party in England and Scotland, upon some general platform which would lead to ! greater rights and more liberal measures than they ' , have been accustomed to receive from the British | government. The proposition put forth of a sepa- | 1 rate government, npi<cars impracticable in the pre| sent condition of (ireat Britain. The Irish, ui this l country, are right in expressing sympathy for their own countrymen; but if thuy pass b ;yond the expression of that sympathy, they act in a manner ' clearly hostile to iheirduties as American citizens, and to the duties which they owe the laws and i constitution of thid country. ! ,. 1 Mb. Tbist and thk Treaty.?This celebrated i diplomatist arrived at the Astor House, in this city, the other day, on his way to Washington, as ' a prisoner of war, to report his doings to Mr. Polk | and the administration. The history of the Trist negotiation, including all the ups and downs of i this diplomacy?the protocols, pajwr correspondence, both diplomatic and military?would make I a tal?' almost as amusing as the history of Oil ! Mas de Santillane. It is reported he is proceeding i to Washington as a prisoner (at large). If so, we hope he will have a trial?a sort of diplomatic court marliul?in which all his proceedings, the ! private instructions and secret doings, as well as , public acts, will be brought before the world; so i that we may he able to unravel the tangled web ol , Mexican diplomacy within the last few months.? We rather jliink Mr. Trist will prove a match for Mr. I'.ilk in this Mexican business. Estimates of IYbi.ic Mektinos ?The Glnbr, the organ ot the barnburners in this city, estimatj I'd the number of persons present at the meeting in the I'ark on Tuesday la*t, at twenty thousand, and the Trihunt sets it down ut ten thousand. Now the Gloltt wishes to make the assemblage as large as possible, with the view of making the public believe that the barnburners are the democracy; and the Tribune wishes, also, to make it us large as possible, in order to widen the breoch between the two factions, so as to keep tlietn from pulling together, and allow the whig I candidates to sweep the State. It is iin|?ossible for the party journals to tell the truth. They could not , do it if they were touy. The probable number present at that meeting was correctly set down by this ] tidh i i ' ? ? "dftw|>M?'*< ' * **? * K(*?s .>' >>!? H(v w?a ' ? cfitAin n?wf|mp?r puMwhtfiUtuhi* iiy.whiib Ha~ obtained u distinguished reputation tn astronomy, in expresses, in annexations, in banking anil linance, in daily bulletins of news, stuck. over its doors, and in terrible arrivals of specie- The fift item in this history of hoaxing the public for the public good, was ihe famous muun story?which, for two or three d tys, was a capital hoax in astronomy, and tickled many wiseacres almost to death; but it was soon discovered and laughed ut, and did no particular harm to the journal which guve it circulation. The next attempt of the sanio character was in topography; and accordingly a tremendous freshet was invented, by which it was said that the Falls of Niagara hud been swept away, and this curious and magnificent natural phenomenon had been reduced to a simple insigniticent rapid. This hoax was considered silly and absurd. The next hoax from this concern was in banking and finance. A bank was bought in Florida, and called the "Jacksonville Bank," located somewhere among the wild everglades. This, however, broke very soon?as wis to be expected? and went to the dogs. This hoax, however, turned out a little morn profitable than the moon 01 Niagara; and, consequently, the same inventive genius attempted another hoax, which was anothei bank, situated in Plainfield. It is thought the Plainfield hoax yielded about fifty or sixty thou l J.It .L- : buuu uuiiurs pruui 10 mc mvcuiur? a nine mure than the others had done. In the midst of all these magnificent operations, another great hoax was got up in Cuba and Mexico, consisting of sundry speculations in gold mines, negroes, and coffee plantations, embracing the annexation of all those countries to thf United tjtuti-s. These hoaxes, however, turned out badly This genius, however, was not content with thest enterprises, in such a line of hoaxing; but attempted tiioin in smaller things, such as newspaperexpresses steamboats, specie importations?and, to crown all, the hoaxing stories written upon bulletin boards over his doors ! In fact there i3 no end to the va riety and multitude of these hoaxes, which art daily palmed off upon the public as veritable fact and truth, in the columns of this newspaper. Ru we think the public, which has been bit to the turn of forty or fifty thousand dollars in the Jacksonvilh and Plainfield hoaxes, is beginning to get tired o them, and will be careful how it givescredit to an> thing coming from such a quarter. The age o hoaxing, and its instruments, too, is nearly done. Accommodation to thk Press?The li.vR\nrn\ ers' Meeting.?The conduct of the getters up of th> barnburners' meeting, which was held in the Park on Tuesday last, was, as far as their duty to tin press wa9 concerned, in the highest degree dis graceful, and ought not to be passed over in silence During the whole time of our connection with tlv press, we never saw or heard of such an outra geous breach of propriety as was committed on tha occasion towards the reporters, and we tru?t tha we f-liall never be called upon to advert to a similai one. Here was a meeting, the proceedings o which were anxiously looked for by the people Oi a continent, and which, in the present condition o; parties in the United States, were of the greates consequence; and instead of facilities being af forded to the representatives by which they couli fulfil their duty to the papers to which they respec tively belonged, and to the public, there were n. seats?no chairs?no pens, paper or ink?nothing in fact; but above all, they had to force theii way through a dense crowd to the speaker's platform, at the risk of their limbs, and at the mercy oJ pickpockets. When they succeeded in reaching the stand, they were obliged to use the shoulder: of the crowd as resting places for their note books, and were jostled and pushed about in he most disgraceful manner. \Vh?re, w would ask, were the committee of arrange ments ? Why were not the ordinary f.icili tics extended to the press on that occasion Why was it that the carpenters had not finished the construction of the temporary staging until fiv< or ten minutes after the time for which the meet ing was convened I If it had not been that tha meeting wa.8 looked upon us of great importance the representatives of the press ought, in justice t( the dignity of their profession and of the public press, tdhave left the ground, and allow the ailai logo by default. How is it that people canno comprehend that, while their speakers arc making a demonstration, as they call it, before an 1:11 dience of four or five thousand, the press, by r? I>0rung the proceedings, converts those tour or rtv< thousand into hulf a million. If they did but un derstand this, they would spare no pains to furnisl reporters with 4ue facilities for fulfilling theii duties. We hope we shall not again be called upon t< notice such a lack of courtesy?such a disgracefu proceeding. The PiKSiDKvmi. Election?Thk Gkhmaxs.? As it is with the Irish, so is it with the Germans The politicians are billing and cooing with them? Haltering them about " faderland," and endea vuring to make them believe?the lenders o each party for themselves?that they havi the highest regard for that same " faderland' and its sons, especially those of tlinrti wh( have votes. They are using every etfort tf organize them into 11 German phalanx, ioi voting purposes. We must ugain condemn this attempt, ns we did that at the Tabernacle 01 Monday evening, and we trust it will be denounc ed by all good citizens. We can have no foreigi voters?as such?in this country. We must hnvr 110 organization of foreigners here for political pur l>oseH. They are all American citizens, nnc should exercise the elective franchise as such, nn> not ns Gernnn*, or Irish, or forei^n-rs of any country. The Hiiiekma left yesterday morning, at half-pa^ twelve o'clock, for Halifax and Liverpool. She hit thirty-eight passengers, und$27i,70<J in specie. Laths mo* I'uha am) Jamaica.?We are in recoip of a file of the .lurora tit Ma/nn?ai, to the 2')th ult. from which we cull the following items of news:? They mention having r eeivod paper* from Kiugston Jamaica, to the 2<1 nil., wlnr-in it is stated that Stn Santa Anna had arrived there from Mexico, aecoin pan led by his wife, three sons. and a friend, and tha lie had proceeded to Venezuela Wo think this mux lie a mistake, as we hare later account* from Jamiiicn wherein he Is stated to be residing near Kingston. At Santiago de Cuba sugars were selling at the fol lowing prices, vix.. superior white. JU\,. fair d". H superior brown. fair do. f3: superior Muaeoradn f.21, a $2^ without much demand. The use of ehlorof irm in surgical operations ha now become quite general In Cuba; numerous case are reported in the papers. All the preliminaries for the construction of the rail rond between Cienfuegnx and Villa Clara have beei gone through with, and it will shortly be commenced. Marine Affairs. Till B?bk R a an \n a .?This Is the name '.f a line Karl now loading at Hoxton's wharf, Rrooklyn. which although not an American bottom is certainly, fron her svnimetrleal nronortionsnna frront .ill!*,.* worthy of the notice of nonie of our neientlflo and nau tiral gentlemen Wo are willing to render proper ere dit wherever it in duo. and In thin rane it in juntly do nerved. Noono who will examine hor riband model Impartially, will, or pan. deny It She ha* been brnnuli to our notice by more than one InManco of her re marknble npoed. and by a uimiber ??f quick pitwafO1. made apron* the Atlantic About a yenr and a IjhI nince. nhp landed her pan?enj(ori at Halifax in tw-M< day* and a half, from Oalway. Ireland; nlnco whirl time >he ha* made four or (Ire pannage* to thin port, al of whioh were nomething under the ordinary npaeo or rupird by our own fennel*. It I* no neidom we no tice. In thin city, an /.iiRliih vonnel no finely proportioned. with ureal car:ying rapacity, that wo took orrtnlon to enquire nttil further Into her pedigree. She wan built, we learn, bj Mr. I.yleof Halifax, forThomai M. reran*, Kaq. of ('titty, Ireland, to whome nhe now mtfttrt. ui m?l Wuili?lt r. TiijiaTIK ?TM'. I:ou?p v><\- W#!i HUftt.U.l i.>-t evuaiujj, t<? *itftc?? the p<-tfofiiiA?eM M dO vli u 110 Liil. The flr.-t piece was ' Val<ha, ' ? r-plenJid spectacle, which has always been a favorilu with the public. Ah each sucoehoive scene was p.usjuted to the audit ncc, the u] p ause ran higher and higher. and the perlomiers, liellamy. Hail. Burke. i;c., all obtained a fair rhaie. The liowery is eminently calculated lor there opu udid dramas indeed. it ih able to do justice to auy cIiihh of performance*?for we have never seen the regular drama bettor rendered than at this hout>e. Thu manager. Mr. llambliu. keeps up well in the dramatic race of improvements, which are ?o much the fushtou uow-a-days. The return to the old Drices. of -5 cents to the boxes, nn.l 1'2U rents to the [lit. lias been a judicious on*, us since it went into effect. the house has been fully attended by most respectable audiences. Mr. W. .Marshall will take his benefit th.s evening. We wculd bespeak u tew words in favor of the claims of this gentleman on the public, lie is a I , nio.->t excellent and judicious actor, always perfect iu i his part, and happy iu his delineations of the characters entrusted to him. As a Shakspeareau actor ho is eminent, aud shows that be has studied glorious Will's immorial writings, understanding^ aud intelligently. To-night he will play the part of ''Richard i Til." Ho is to be supported by the FtrengtU of the c jmpany; aud those who go to hear him will enjoy a delightful evening. The Yankee comedy of "Ole Bull," and the drama of the "Pilot of the German Ocean." will conclude the eutortainments. Wo hope Mr. Marshall will have a bumper. To-iuorrow night, Mr. ('. XV. Clarke, another great fnvtrlte, will take nls bene l tit?his farewell one. by the bye. . Nim.o'i, Asioh Place.?'lhis tine resort for umuse. | nient was again tilled last evening with a very fashloni able audience. It is a very curious thing lo remark, that the Fame people who had frequented'h* Italian Opera during the last winter, seom to hare taken this I theatre under their patronage, and fill nightly the luxj urlous boxes of the elegant ionboitniire of Astor Place. t I This Is now certainly in New \ ork one of the best , places to find a charming entertuiument. without being suffocated by the heat, and no doubt the Astor Place I house is the best vcntUKtcd in our city. The churiuing r Viennese fairies performed three times last night, and appeared in their best dances I.u Polka Paystuno." I a very true picture of the Bohemian festivals; the "Pas Rococo.'" with the coquuttbli costumes of the time of Louis XV.. and also the celebrated Pas Oriental," which we may as well call au " Oriental Dream," from [ the thousan l and one nights What a delightful sight it would b.- to see these graceful children appear in a > regular ballet, in which the principal characters would be played by Madimo Augusta, or by the Monplaitsirs. ' and with appropriate costumes uud scenery, us it was ' done often in Paris, when these danseutes Vieuuoises tirst appeared at the Academy of Music. This we sugg.'?t to Mr Niblo. whose enterprising skill aud knowledge are able to accomplish, should lit undertake to do i so. We have but the same words of yesterday to ro, peat in favor of the i'.nglish vaudevilles performed by thu talented actors, under the direction of Messrs. Chippendale aud Sefton. Chatham Tiikathk.?This house is so fully attended f every evening, that it is almost Impossible to procure n f seat after nine o'clock. The near approach of Moso's |? departure, has hurried the folks up." as he would say. aud they are all anxious to avail themselves of thcao last few nights of his performance. Ho goes to Bostou next week. We uuderstaud there lias been quite a controversy in that city, as to the originality of the authorship ol" Now Vork as It Is." However much they , may dispute that, the liostonians will huve no reason to dispute the originality and excellence of Chant'rau's Mo?e. That is a performance which stands unrivalled, and wc question if it ever will bo equalled. The drama of the Dream at Sea," waa the tirst pieco last evening. It went off well and was much applauded. Hield. Herbert. Varry, Mrs. Jones aud Mrs. Sherwood, all hud good parts iu it and they played them well. The furcc of M v Friond the CanLain." coucludod the bill. Hield. ' YViufttis. and Mrs, Booth keeping tlio bouse in n roar all I the time. C'umiuv'c Minstheli.?For eight successive months lias tli 1m band attracted crowded houses nigbt after ' nigbt. They have suug more rongs. ilnuced more danf ce*. amused more people, and. though last not lea-t. have made inoro money during that period, than auy other band of the same sort in the Union. There is no I much vivacity and real art about these melodious darkies that it seem* as if one would never get tired of hearing them The best things, however, must conic 1 to an end some time or another, and therofore their stay iu New York? cannot bo forever. They will slug but ono week more after the present ono. and then > t ley ,leave us : bo th- ir admirers had better hear them while they can. They give a full programme this ' evening. Caitlk Uahukv.?The Garden was pretty fairly attended last night. The coolness of the evening, per1 haps, preventod many from visiting it; but stil there was a very fair house indeed. Mr. Holland s and his inimitably comic style of performing, caused . roars of laughter. Certainly, Holland is one of the best comic actors we have among us. and in the lively, dashing farce he is unrivalled. Madame Augusta and her dancing were the theme of universal admiration.? This lady is truly a captivating dansCutt ; the ease and grace with which she bounds over the stage are such as are not met with in many of her profession.? 1 She takes her benefit to-night, and will, in the course of Ihe evening, appear in the grand trial dance from La Bayadere.*' M'lle Va'.lee will danco with her She will : uNo dance a Spaui-li ;.o.? dr deux with the same lady. La Maniola." and in th>< delightful fancy burletta of I the 'Magic Mirror," pile willdauccLn PolkaComi<|Uu" t I with Mous B uxa.v This i? a very great bill A visit j to Castle Oar.len to witue-s such performances, is in' j deed a pleasure. The promenades, the superior refresh1 meuts. the clear, fru-h air direct from the ocean, all , combine io ual;e it a uuu<t elegant and delightf d spot. r Melodrom ?Success attended this house on its tirst opening and li is tuck to it ever since. It is, indeed, t quite mi accommodation to hundred* of families r i>n the eastern si le oi the city, as well as elsewhere ' They can go there at half pa-t seven, pay a very moderate entrance, and enjoy themselves highly listening to the Virginia Minstrels until 10 o'clock, when all is done ; fo that they are home again iu due season. This ' is the true way of mauagiug such places of amusement. , Another Mammoth Paxo nama.? V panoramic view of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers has been painted, and 1? tho exhibition of it will commence at the Apollo Room* on Monday next. It is painted by Mr. Hudson, we believe. ami will, doubtless, attract much attention from ' our citizens. I M. Maurice Stbackosh,Piaiut to the Emperoii ok Ru?iia.?This highly talented artist, whose reputation has already reached this country through tho channel of the London papers, arrived tho other day on board of the Hiburnia- and came directly to New York. As a composer and executant. M. S. has an ropean reputation. We have often heard his written f music, and a luiircd the ?tyle. genius, and accuracy, with which it ii composed ; and since lie hat arrived in this country, we have had several occasions ot judg" ing for ourselves of th" facility, elegance, and talent of his execution on the pianoforte. M Strackosh is a ' very young man. of un elegant and distinguished > tlgure. of an ever smiling face; and no doubt he will i<r 'ally plea-to our American ladies, as well by his fashj lonahlo style n< by Ills rich talent. The biography of J j .VI. S. resembles much that of all the great l artists, lie was born at Lemberg, Poland, of very honorable parents. His father was a Colonel in the Polish army, and scarcely was his son Maurice six years old. whon he remarked that hn had great natural disposition for music After six months of lessons, the little boy wa< able to play pretty well. . and he often astonished his hearers by the skill of his 'loigie and the accuracy of hi* style. M. Strackosh's ' father h iving emigrated to (i. rinany in 182s. for a po| litical cause, lie took his ion with him. aud had hiin deeply educated In all the musical branches, andwlicu 1 twelve years old. he launched litni in the great circle, where the young pianist soon won many deserved laurel... Tho artist went to Denmark and iu tho city of t I Stockholm he gave several concerts, at which a young I lady, then unknown, and who is now the celebrated lenny Kind, sang. I r> ni Denmark. M.S. went to St. Petersburgh. where, having met with great suej cess, lie received from the Cgar the honor of being t j named his pianist and was charged to give lesson* in music to tho beautiful Princes* (Mga who is known j as the most lovely woman who ever lived. At Paris the i reception of M. S. by the dilettanti was also very favor ; able; utid he performed during a whole winter at dlf! ferent concerts, and in the large concert room of M I Henri Her*. At Lyons, at Marseilles, he was rewarded " ; with a harvest of deserved applause, and Ills success ext celled that of the renowned Signor Mllanollo. who had t created a real ftu orr all over the country. M. S. has travelled for the three let years in Italy and Spain. ') ami performed in presence of nil the kings and queens of the Aid world Thers is a very good anecdoto reported to have taken place at Naples, where he played liefore the old King Ferdinand, whose reputation for ' silliness and imbecility Is proverbial. The king, after S having heiird tile pianist, told his court iers that he. who could not distinguish the difference of melody between j a violin and a drum, had had his ears agreeably de* lighted by M Strackosh's instruments. A in'wig the s e impositions of this pianist there is a mnrcrmt. written for one hand, which l-i considered a real lour dr torcr. Tiir nuron nT >pain i|illm<'iitn l him highly. ' I after having heard thl* piece of inn>lc. When M. S. i | untied frinn Knglnnd for Amtrica, ho thought that the , Miininer *oa?on waf an fashionable in the United State*' ?? it i.< in l.ondon. and Intended tn make It profitable, j Although ho hit* tieen mistaken on thl* point, we are Mire ho will meet here with the *nrre** de*erved by bin i reputation Wo hoard yesterday that Mr. Niblo had . | offered him an engagement to play on Kriday or Satur, day next Wo ph <ll axcortain it. aud make it known to our reader.' ax noon an ponilble. Movement- of Traveller*. The hotel* oonliniie to overflow Wo found. ln*t night, amount a host of others, at the Antor. J N. Mir.kin.ion. Wu-hincton ; Mrn Mitchell. t do. : Mr*, lolin <i \datu* and family; I V, Bonaparte, Mr apd [ Mr* llrlngin New Orlean* At the Howard II. Mci lellitnd. und W S Karley. Washington ; J I) Van S'biiielt. Albany; It. .\io< b llan. Hudson ; J. I Nor' | cott. .North Carolina The other hotel* generally arcf [ rage a fair proportion. MlwfllineoiM' ' The conn*el of the city of llartf >rd hafe withdraw . 1 tlio petition before the (tenoral Assembly of Connecticut fir the repeal of the authority granted to the Alrl.lnc'' Itailr a?l ompatijr t? hiidgu tho ( onnccj t if it t River at Mlddletown ! The b-ir of St f.oiil* h ive moved tho criminal court tooxpun o from their papcr*on tile the presentment by the grand jury nf the (iovernor of Mi**ourl for u lug to too groat au extent the pardoning power. The amount of lutnlier aurvcyed at Danger. Me., from the 1 Nth of A pi 11 to tho 30th of May, IMS, wm itt.070.70A foot. ? t - A i tii r i r i i rr I TEtSORAMtC mmUOENCB. feiunutary. <1 i. t-le<;r:tp!iic despatches, communicating tilt |ir?-ci*?-Ji?irs ?i' the Whii{ Natiomtl Convention will l>c found in another part of this paper. Tht latest information we have received from Phila dclphia, is to the eflect that Gen. Taylor has re ceived a majority of the votes in caucus, for tht Presidential nomination. Several important telegraphic despatches will b< found below. Confirmation of the Ratification of the Treaty Waiiiihoto*. June 7,1848. A private letter haw been received here from an offl cer in the Cuxtom llouae at Vera Crui, dated 23d ult It state* that the treaty haa been certaiuly that the American trooDg have commenced thei homeward march. The Humored Arrival lVora Mexico. Baltimore, June 7, 1848. The Union contradict* the rumor of a messenge having arrived in Washington, in the Southern mai boat, from Mexico, yesterday. Two thousand Baltimoreans have gone to the Phila delphia whig convention. Markets remain unchanged From the South. Pktkrsmuro, June 7,1848. The New Orleans Picayune of the 31?t ult. has bee: received, which contain, nothing worth sending by tc ldgraph, other than the markets and ship news. Murder ot Keokuk, the Indian Chief. St. Lotws, June 7.184P. The celebrated Indian chief. Keokuk, the head of tb Sacs and Foxes, was poisoned by one of his band. Tb murderer was arretted and confessed the crime. The Military Court of Inquiry. Frederick, Md., June 7. 1848. The Court of Enquiry assembled. General Pillow presented papers asking for the summoning civilian lo prove Burns' unimpeachable character. Oen. Scott Intimated a similar wish on the part ? i the prosecution. The Court ordered arguments to be made in wr! ting. Gen. Quitman was examined. He certified mostly t uninteresting military operations. Gen. Scott pu one question to which Gen. Pillow objected, as it was loading one. (Jon. Scott then modified it. Gen. Pili.ow again objected. Intimating his willing ncss to allow General Scott to proceed in a regula way. and warmly charged tbo design of teasing him. Tho Court interfered and ordered the disputo t be reduced to writing. Papers were presented to th Court. After the clearing of the room, tho Court deci ded on disallowing tho question. Market*. Buffalo, Juno 7.?Receipts within'the past 24 houi ?Flour, 3400 barrels; wheut, 10,200 bushels; cori 4000 do. Sales of 970 barrels flour were made at $4 87: u $5. Wheat?Sales of 6090 bushels were made, li eluding Chicago, at SOc. and Ohio, of good quality, t iuuo. corn?sales or auuu Dusneia were maao at ?ui Freight by canal to Albany?Flour, 62c; wheat, 14K< corn. ll>?c. Boston. June 7.?Flour?The demand wa? active, an we noticed sales of 1200 bbli. woatern. etc., at $5 87 to $0. Corn?15000 bushels aold. including mixed wes em, at 50c. and yellow at 56o. Rye?Sales of 400 busl ols at 75c. Oats?2500 bushels changed hands at 5( for northern. Albany, June 7.?Receipts by canal within the pai twenty-four hours :?Flour, 5.500 barrels; other n ceipts limited. Sales of 1.000 barrels flour were mad lit $0 37>a a $5 60. Wheat?We note sa'es of 1,1< bushels. including Genesee, at $1 34, and Ohio at $ 20. Corn?2.600 bushels changed hands at 60c. ft Western mixed. Oats were dull and nominal. Prov i sions?No change of moment. New Orleans, May 31.?Cotton?Middling to got middling, a G^. Sugar and molassea?Unchangei Flour?The market quite heavy. Freight!?One ci gageincnt. Exchanges?Improved. Shipping Intelligence. Ntiv Om.kAM, Hay 31?Ait ship Hsugrore, Baltn; lark lie ry Eubank, Boston; brut Emulet, KYork. CM ship Francis, Ft ladelpiila; schr Mary, NTork. City Iittulllxence. The Weatiiku.? Vosterday was a very pleasant da, though the afternoon presented indications of a storu . The morning air was delightful, and the sun rose froi :i cloudless horizon and dispensed his warm and genii rays. The afternoon was eloudy. and about 2 o'cloc there was a slight sprinkling of rain. The clouds col tinued to grow thick, and gave every indication of a approaching storm. Ufuo* Stti'AHE.?This delightful little spot has bi come one uf the mo*t popular places of resort, anion the ladies, iu the city. I u the afternoon of a pleasat day. the scenes In that square are moat interestingnut unfrequuntly from three to live buudred chitdre assembling, where they can take all necessary exe: else without the slightest danger. It is kept in pc feet order, acd the ladies in tbat vicinity are bleiwv with all that makes a sultry evening agreeablewalk in its bough-covcred avenues. There are seven genteel looking young men who make it a practice I frequent Union square, and pass among the childrei smoking segars. and sorietimes behaving in a disr*1 spcctful manner. If they are gentlemen, they shoul act as such; if not, they will And themselves in tb close embrace of a policeman, who haa been detalle especially to attend to that place. The Battery.?This old and favorite place of ri sort, more beautiful than all the other promenades < the city, has become almost forsaken, though there now a probability that it will soon regain its form? popularity. For several years past, that delii<hifi place has been beseiged by a set of geuteel-lookin loafers, who prowled about to insult females who r? sorted thither to oateh the pure ocean air. after havin spent the day in tho pent-up streets of the oity; an so great a nuisance had they become, that it at laf became imprudent for a genteel lady to go within il enclosures. That, however, has been remedied. A efficient police force haa been stationed there for th protection of the ladies, and one or two of this miseri ble specics of loaferlsh humanity, having been caugh and exposed, the most perfeet good order is now obseri ed, aud already the tide of fashion begins again to mov in that direction. Kven those living in the upper pni of the city, but excluded from catching the pure sal air at home, take their carriages and drive to the Bal tery. where they feel secure from the insults of th lo,iters, and have the most delightful city promenad iu the world. Besides, its close proximity to Cast! l iarden. where are constantly kept the luxuries of lift renders it the more desirable. The trees are in full fu j Huge now. and the walks are In fine order. It is onl I necessary to give It a start, and it will on every plea I sant evening, present one of the most gorgeous dia ' plays of beauty and fashion the world can boast of. Street Beooiho.?This way of making a living li New York, has become a* comtnnn as in the streets c Naples. Kvory variety of begging and imposition eve thought of. is daily practised in B road way. and all othe streets of the city. It is not uncommon to see a wo man. with an emaciated child, sitting before the dooi | of some of the largest stores, asking alms of all wh pass by. or into the store, regardless of tbe scorch ing rays of the stin. the chilling blast, or th i pelting rain, children, too. mny be seen cry nig through the streets, imploring every on for a penny with which to buy something to eat. It I a fart that nenrly all. if not quite all. these childrer are sont into the streets by their parents, who prn ; mine them severe punishment if they do not tak ( home a certain amouut? persons who are only a but den upon the community, and live in vice and dc { bauchery. There is an imperative and a speciflc lni I against such proceeding, and It Is the duty of th police to arrest all such persons, and if upon examl I nation it is shown that they arc without tho means c , support, they are provided with comfortable quarter : in the alms house. They are to lie arrested and treatei I a ; vagrants. Very frequently strong and able bodlei men are darting upon our citizens, as a vulture upoi its prey, seeking help. This Is as culpable as it is dis graceful to the executive officers of the city, who dall, witness such scenes without making a move to arres their progress. Kir? s which Occi'KEn Drtwxo the Month or MayThe following is a correct list of all the fires whicl occurred during the month of May: ? 1st?Three story brick. 40 Maiden Lane ; damag trifl ng. 1 Ft ? Wood stable, rear of 33 Troy street ; trifling. 1st?Two story brick, rear of 27 Leroy street; des troyeil ,\lso, Nos. 31, 23. 26, and 27; partially des troyed. 1st?Brick stable, rear of 140 lrtth street; also, tlire two st.ry buildings adjoining ; destroyed. 2d?Three story brick, corner of Broadway and I.Is penard streets; trifling. Uth-Two*story(brlck. corner of nth street and 3d avo nue ; trifling. 10th?Four wooden buildings on Bloomlngdnlo road ilnaii>nvarl I l&th?Three story brick. S Depeyster street; trifling l!Uh?Three story brick. 54 Ka?t 13th street; trifling. I 17th?Two story brick. 312 Hudson street ; trifling | 18th?Two nt"ry wood. Sflth street; destroyed. ' 20th?Two xtory wood. 80 Centre street; trifling. 1 20th?Kour story brick. R0 Cedar str. et; triflinic ! 20ih?Three story brick. !?4 Henry street; trifling 21st?Three story brick. 432 Water street ; trifling I 20th Three two utory brick, corner of Oth ftVMW iintl 1'iltli street, Klpp St Brown'* stable* ; destryrdi loss *7A 000. 20th?Stable, rear of 20 Morton street ; destroyed. 20th -Stable, rear on Suffolk, near Stanton street i partially destroyed. 28th?One story wood, foot of 5th street j trifling ! 28th?Two utory brink. 13 Leonard street; trifling. Making a total of twenty flros during the month. I Riii.oid.?It I* astonishing to see wltt | what authority the driver* of the Harlem Railroad can order off the track cartmen. with their heavily loaded carta, and other vehicles. Just as If they were the sol? own' rs of that portion of the road on which they art p, rmltud to lay their rails. We understand that thU company U no more entitled to the exclusive right ol th*t yrrtoa of the street, which U the pen try, and, ol * im i iwr* i >'i .ii-.ii im?<| pWat?i to drlfK hi? r>o??#yan<? Id th? It w?<t but t nhort tlma Moo* t?i?* a rartman, with a heavy lout wm hurried 'iff t?i?? trarlc when th<- nhootit the 1 orsc boeftme fmti-ued lu the rail Iron, ami, by a ^ud (l"ii struggle to extricate himself, the poor animal tore ' tl? hoof c.unp'ate y oT, th reby causing the lo.-s of the horse ?o tin; cartmau. an he was compelled to kill ' the poor beast The rails are equally an fatal to light ' wagon*, frequently the wheel of the wagon becoming . locked in the rail, and anap goes the axle-tree. To obviate thiH evil in a great measure. the rati* ought cert?luly to be placed on a level with the road, and uut above it, as they are now, whioh is a great nuisance. National Kkfohm Mkktimo.?A meeting of the Na- , tionai Reformers wan called to bo held at Military * Hall, in the Bowery, at 7>? o'clock last evening, to conaider some amendments to thu constitution of that party; but at 9 o'clock there were only some ten or twelve persons present, with very little prospect of itu ' organiiatlon. They were also to diicuss the claims of j Oenrral Cass to the ('residency, whom they denounce as a great land speculator. ' Imiii'cst*?Ki'm?Coroner Waltera held an Inquest i yesterday, at the liouso of P. ( Molony. corner of I r Barclay and West streets, on the body of John (ilennen. The jury rendered a verdict that the deceased ' came to his death by drowning in the river, foot of I Barclay street, while in a state of intoxication Tile . deceased was lately in possession of some money, when he commenced to drink Hn lnu left, h wife ami fine. i 1 y. Another Inquest was held on board the ship N? w r World, lying at the foot of Ilarclay street, yestenii.)' il on the body of Jokn Nelson, who accidentally toll overboard while employed on board the vessel. \ vi diet accordingly. 1 IMPORTANT FhOM MEXICO. .? (j Ratification of the Treaty. n _____ [From the New Orleans Delta Extra. May 30. t The steamship Edith, Captain Coulllard. arrived this morning from Vera Cruz, having left there on the afternoon of the 23d. To Capt. Coulllard we are deeply indebted for his prompt delivery of highly important > despatches from our correspondent " Mustang,'' to the > >' eveulngof the '21st from the City of Mexico, and the ie 19th from Que re tare. The final vote on the treaty was taken in the Chamber of Deputies at 6o'clock on the evening of the 19th. It was ratified by a vote of 61 to 35?a vote which completely settles the question of peace. The action of the Senate will be hud with little or no delay ; in n fact, its decision was looked for every moment nt the 18 City of Mexico, before our express left, und not the . slightest doubts were entertained that the treaty would " p.tss that b >dy with little or no opposition. . Gen. Butler was about issuing orders for calling in l* all the outpost* preparatory to the Immediate march ot" our troops from the country. ? (ion. Persifer K. Smith hus been selected by the commander in chief to superintend the embarkation of the a troops. He was to leave the city of Mexico for Vera t'ruz on the 24th inst. for that purpose. Between the 1st and 4th of June it wus confidently expccted our army would bo on its march for the coast. 'r The Monitor Hrpubticano of the 2lst contains the sub o ncdjuttersfrom Queretaro. introduced to Its read? era in the following manner, with all the honors :? '* " attention !?most authentic and important ! " Our express arrived last night about 10 o'clock, bringing us the annexed letters. They announce the approval of the treaty by the Chamber of Deputies :? Qckhetaro. May 19, 1848. "g At last this population is relieved from that state of a mortal anxiety in which it has been kept, by a debate J of a graver character than any which has engaged its atteution cinco the establishment of ourindependence. >' At a quarter past six in the evening, the ratification of the treaty was voted by fifty-one to thirty-five who were for war. Senors Lacunza and Rosa were the last 3' speakers?both displayed immense power, and have ); prevod themselves consummate statesmen. The danger has parsed; the Senate will Immediatiily take up the business, and, less numerous, less turbud lent, without comprising in its bosom a single man y? who has. In any way. shown a disposition to mutilate the national representation, by keeping away from the session, It ie impossible that the affair tan be left undel* cided, or that it be not decided happily and oppor- , )c tunely. I do not wish by these remarks to cast any obloquy on the ( hambvr of Deputies; it has conducted itself with dignity and magnanimity. The warmth which e- haa been displayed in the discusion will ever do it |v honor; and with rare exception*, good faith had shone out conspicuously in each party; among tho?e advo,0 eating peace and those contending for war. On both il sides of the question there are illustrious men: all de)r fended their opinions with all decorum and due selfrestraint. ' qckretabo. May 19. 1848. It was at a quarter past 0 o'clockin the evening that )(j the treaty was approved of. by flfty-one votes to thirtyfive. The last speakers were Senor Rosa, the minister, * a gentleman named Aguitar. the latter in opposition, l- My friend, all haa terminated happily. At the Government Kzpresa leaves this city to-night at 10 o'clock. I have decided on sending off yours also, in order that you may be the more speedily put in possession of this favorable news "* In our dally issue to-morrow, we shall publish ample details of the subjects only slightly glanced at here. The agony, however, is over. naval intelligence. The U. S. ship of the linn Columbus. lately arrived at T' this port from the Pacific, was taken into tne dry dock " at Gosport on Friday. The Columbus requires a thorough repair. V The U. S. sloop-of-war St. Louis, at Gosport. is ordered to be fitted for sea- said to be destined for the '' llrxxil station. Lieut. John L. Hint; lias been ordered u to the St. Louis. Commodore Skinner, Chief of the Bureau of Cons' struction. Equipment and Ilepair. arrived here on >g Saturday, and took lodgings at the National Hotel, it Commodore Smith. Chief of the Dureau of VardB and ~ Docks, arrived on Friday, aud male a tour of inspec n tion to the Dry Dock, Nnry Yard and St. Helena, r- Commander Harrison H. Cocke, who is ordered to r- the U. S. sloop-of-war St. Louis, now fitting out at the d Navy Yard for the Const of Brazil arrived here on Saa turday. and took lodging' at the National Hotel. il The experiments which have been made at the Navy o Yard, by Captains Paulding and Forrest, on the United 1, States ship St. Louis, with Captain Taylor's sub-marine caaiels. are said not to huve proved successful. d The Norfolk Seamen's Friend Society make their arte knowledgments for the liberal donation of upwards ot d $628. towards the erection of a sailor's home lu Norfolk 1 lately made by the officers aud crew of the Unite' ). States ship of the line Columbus, who were recent! * jf paid olT at this station.?Norfolk Heucon. June ith Il ! This Dead Ska Expedition.?Ou the *i3d of A . i >r last. Lieutenant W F. Lynch, of the Un.ted States il | navy, commanding tho exploring expedition to the g Dead Sea. was afloat on that sen. with his boats launch- ' ' ed. tho weather mild, aud all his party safe and well. j Codfish Aristocracy. it | Mit. Bennett? :? I 1 trust you will publish this for the sport | cih! benefit of highly instructed business men 8 ; who, like myself, have made application to l" many ot the " codfish aristocracy " of the " un- J * ! j)cr ten " for situations in their Stores. The foi* i lowing is n fair sample of the dialogues which t have been held between myself and those to whom t | I made application; and you must imagine the ' " nristocrat" shaking, on all occasions, in the * i language of u less than nulf educated human rub, " ! and in a very coarse and austere manner, to the e ' applicant, who is a highly educated gentleman, in ^ some instances, and of refined manners. "y Applicant?How do you do, sir ? ' Aristocrat?What! i. Ap.?I said how do you do, sir I Akist.?Whatd'you want ! ? Ap.?Is the owner of the establishment, or one if of the co-partners of the house in, sir ! r Arist.?I'm one ; what d'yon want 1 r Ai\?I am a business man, sir, and I am seeking - employment in some resectable house, anil thought it pottlbw you might desire fo huve the services of such a person. i e Here the aristocrat assumes a haughty air as if j . he were lord of the universe, a devil to torment, J P and the despotic master of a million of brutal J s serfs; and the dialogue proceeds thus :? 8 i, Akist ?Who are you ! What's your name ! S ' Where'd you come from ! j * . Ap.?I am a practical business tuan ; mv nam** a IH KliilN TllOIimsnn unrl I IV-..*. f'1%*...I.. .# , * vuuiv. I VIII Vlltlll'nllMI. , I Auist.?What whs your father's name 1 Who a ! did you live with Inst ! In wlmt parts of the world . j have you been! _ I ,f , Ap.?My father's name wan Thompson, sir; I . lived last with Mr. Julius Jones, and 1 have been ' in several States. 11 Arut.?Were your father's eyes blue or black ? 1 Did he six-ak Dutch! ] " Ap.?My father's eyes were blue, and he spoke ' \ English, sir. n Arist.?What age were you at 2() years old ! Did von wear boots at 15 1 J, Ap?Von are disposed to be humorous, sir; you are striving to quiz me; but I hope it portends tcmething ttood. j Arist.?I expect you to answer me, sir! if yon 1 exp'ct to get any nlace in our store! I don't want j any bodv to trilTe here, sir! 1 Ap.?Then, sir. at the age of 2f> I was twenty years old; and 1 think I was nearly II when P I first wore hoots. Arist.? What was your mother's in nden name ! Could your uncle dance '! Had your father a peach - orchard ? Ap?My mother's name was Temploe; she had i a brother who, I think, danced occasionally; and my father raised some very good peaches; but what has all this to do with my qualifications as a smart, well informed business man. Autsr.? Who do you refer to ? Who is your V reference " to prove all that you say ! II you ' can give us " reference " to prove the truth of all your answers, we will give you a situation. In the foregoing, there was no stress laid ony9 where upon the necessity of knowledge or prac- H " tice as a business man: and as I could not giv* " reference " to prove that my father's eyes were blue ; that my mother's name was Temploc ; or, ' that I wore boots at I i, I could not set the situation, ubhouj;h a single question on the suhicct it bnfiie*s, would have satisfied any man who desir 'd assistance, that 1 was qualified to render him i great service. " Heference "?"good city refei rence;" and for what ! Not to prove my business I capacity, hut to prove that my father's eyes were 1 blue !?and that, to secure a valuable and Jj 1 Slide place ? ft business man. "Reference!" Gen- i tlernau of the " codfish '* nrovc y?iur man's Ihisinc? qualities, and that will be the best rcferencjj_

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