. -?-fa T H tVliolc No. B141IMPORTANT EUROPEAN J INTELLIGENCE, RECEIVED BY THE J3TEAMSHIP ACADIA, AT THIS PORT. We published, in yesterday's New York Herald, | a telegraphic summary of the important news received at Halifax by the steamship Acadia, and expressed to Boston by the steamer Buena Vista, Captain Jarvis. Since then, the Acadia, commanded by Captain Stone, has arrived at this port, in a passage of Ih teen and three quarter days. Our advices from Liverpool and London are to the 27th ult. inclusive. The hatest News. BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH. According to letters dated Prague, May 20, we ar informed (says the European Times of the 27th ult.) that a message had been received from the Kmperor of Austria, stating that he had retired from Vienna for a short time, for the benefit of his health. No further accounts had been received by the ministers. Advices from Berlin inform us that several manufacturers in that city had suspended payment, and that if aiikirs did not take a favorable turn, the wool fair at Breslau would be removed. Hamburg letters state that mercantile allatrs are in a better position. We learn from Mayence that that city was in a state of meat alarm eonseouent unon the asneet of political affairs. A deputation from Schleswig had gone to Kensburg, to protest against the annexation of any part of Schleswig with Denmark. The Oovernmeitt Prosecutions In Ireland.? Trial and Conviction of Mtteliel. [From the Liverpool Mail, May '27.] I A few minutes after ten o'clock on Friday morning, Baron Lefroy and .Mr. Justico Moore took their seats on the bench, ami Mr. Mitchol was placed at the bar. lie was cordially saluted by several of his friends, aud when his counsel, Mr. Holmes, took his seat, the learned gentleman was greeted with a hearty cheer from the occupants of the gallery, among whom were several elegantly attired females. The court was thronged in every part, and .some of the most respectable and influential parties connected with the country and city endeavored, but ineffectually. to obtain admission. The Jurors having answered Ito their names. The Attohjcky Gf.nef.al stated the case in along and able speech, and adduced evidence to prove the delivery by the prisoner of the scntimonts charged as felony. Mr. Holmes addressed the court on behalf of Mitchol. He deuounced the law under'which Mltchel had been arraigned, and denied the power of the F.nglish parliament to deprive Irishmen of free discussion. The court repeatedly attempted to stop him, but he detled all Interference with his client's defence. Mr. Holmes then di-cussed the conditiou of Ireland?alleging that she was an enslaved country?that in '83 the Irish nation, with arms in its hands, asserted its freedom, and that England for ever renounced the claim to make laws to bind Ireland. The history of the legislative union, the corruption which brought it about, and the right of Ireland to disobey, were then in rapid succession discussed. Baron I.Krnor here again interrupted Mr. Holmes, stating that the court would not permit him to proclaim in its presence the doctrine that mon might rise against the government. Mr. Holmes again insisted on his right, and added? 1 insist that what I affirm is good law. and you shall hear it from me. I contend not for the right of an individual to rise in arms, but the right of a people. Mr. Holmes then went into the constitutional question of the people's right to redress their grievances, and liberate themselves by force of arms, the court sitting patently all the while, and .Mr. Holmes every now ana then reepeutiug the obnoxious doctrine, and asking the court was it not law?was it not according to the constitution ? Stntutnbly, aceordtug to the law made for his special punishment, his client might be guilty, but morally ho was not guilty ; he had performed the part of a good citizen. To biin character was dearer than liberty, and he (Mr. H.) was there to defend his character, and demonstrate that no moral guilt was upon him?that Kugland, and Kngland alone, was guilty?guilty of the enslavement of Ireland ? guilty of her people's blood?the thrice guilty cause of this prosecution. I now stand, said the old man, on the verge of the grave. I plead not for my client alone, but for you and your children. He then appealed to the jury for a verdict in favor of Ireland and of liberty. Mr. litss replied for the crown, and in the course of his observations, said h? was froo to admit that there were cases which would, probably, justify a people in resorting to force, when there were cases of defence? when there was an aggression upon their liberties. Judge Moonr charged the jury, who retired at a quarter past four, and had not returnod when the mail left. It was subsequently telegraphed from the Amphion frigate to the I'rincess steamer, after her departure from Dublin Inst night, that Hitched hud been found guilty. The report may be credited, as it had been sent to the government in t.ondoa on the authority of tho Admiralty agent, by electric telegraph. Terrible Mnunrit at Naples. On Saturday, the 13th. iu the morning, at Naples, the deputies wore assembled in the Salle do Monte Olivette, in preparatory session, to modify the form of the oath to be taken at the opening of parliament. This oath was in these terms : I swear fidelity to tho King and the constitution of 29th January." The deputies were opposed to this form, because it was not iu consonance with tho OHnccssions of 3d April. Saturday and Sunday passed in negotiations. In the evening, at eleven o'clock, it was announced that the Kiug would not modify the form. Tho deputies, to the number of 80. met. declared thomsclves in permanence, and sent a deputation to the King to treat as to a modification. The King refused. Tho National Guard wont iu great numbers to Monte Olivelto to persuade tbe deputies to persevere. About miduight another deputation was sunt to the jialace. when the King demanded time. A modification of the oath was then proposed. In which a reservation of tho rights conferred by the decree of tho 3d of April should be made. 'The King pretended to accopt this, but the chamber learned that the troupe had. meanwhile, been ordered out, and force being thin resorted to. all conciliation became impossible Soon after midnight the National Guard commenced constructing barricades. At halfpast one. the gentrait was beaten, and at two. the troops?infantry, cavalry, and artillery?issued from their barracks and occupied the spaces around the palace, the castle, nnd the market. The King, being informed of the construction of the barricades, ordered the soldiers to withdraw, aud consented to the parliament being opened without any oath; this formality was to have taken place with explanations on the subject of the statute. The National Guard, however, refused to lower the barricades, except on the condition of the abolition of the Chamber of Peers, the surrender of the fortresses, and the removal of the troops from the capital. This being declined, the troops were again ordered out. and the squares of the palace and other places were covered with armed forces, including a groat quantity of nrtillery. . At 0 o'clock, the Swiss troops were drawn out around the castle. At half-past l> there was an npparent movement to retreat, hut about 11 o'cloeka musket was dischaggwd by accident, wben the National Guard, believing itself betrayed, commenced firing. The Swiss ami the other troops then opened n murderous lire of musketry hy battalions, and the artillery enmmeneed a tremendous discharge of grape ; the conflict. in fact, became general. At the barricades of San Fernando and San llridgida. the National Guard* sustained a tiro of mu?ketry and artillery for three hours, without yielding an inch of ground. On the commencement, the lower orders seemed disposed t.o take the side of the National Guard; but being tiffored by the King ami tlie troops the privilege of pillage. they took the other side. Doors and gates of shops and private houses were soon forced, and n general pillage and massacre commenced to cries of Viva el Key!" The signal of attack was given hy three guns from the fort, when the red (lag was raised. Unheard of atrocities were perpetrated by the laz/.aroni nnd the troops. They rushed into the private houses, nml massacred the inhabitant* without distinction of age or sex. flinging the bodies of their vie tims from the windows. In one house were shot a father, mother, and four children. Other victims were 'dragged alive through tho streets, to be butchered, struck as thev went along, and insulted hy the agents of tho policn anil soldiers. who compelled them to cry ] " Viva cl Roy." When thoy refused, they were pricked In the face hy the points of tho bayonets. Tho royal guard murdered two sons of the %yiri|Uls Vassatorl, in hi^own palace ; the father went stark mad. The palace was sacked. The emissaries of Del ( aretto. and. accorlllng to some accounts. Pel Caretto himself, were employed in goading on the rabble to these acts of atrocity Several persons known to entertain liberal , opinions, were dragged from their houses and shot. The massacre continued for eight, hours. The hos- j pitals were tilled with wounded In one Swiss regl- 1 ment nlone there wore '200 killed and wounded, of " which -'10 were officers Government was proceeding to disarm the National Guard. The aspect of tho city was deplorabln. It seemed to be converted Into one vast tomb Tho correspondents of tho French journals say that ' fhe French admiral, Baudin. expressed the greatest j indication at tho conduct of the king, and announced , that treaties and the law of nations having been v io- | * lated hy the Neapolitan government, he would givo pno hour to' stop the disorder, and guarantee the In i * ?* . . . E NE JN violabillty of persons and properties; that, otherwise, in-would bring bis fleet from the Castcl Mare, and disembark 9,000 men to defend the rights of humanity and nations. Naples, May 15, 1848. I was awoke this morning?a most brilliant one ? about u o ciock, oy mi* movement 01 troops past my house, including several pieces of artillery. Halt-fast Six o'Clock ? Evidently some disturbance is expected, from the preparations which are made. Kioiit o'Clock?I was just preparing to leave for the church, when intelligence was brought to me that within two hours barricades have been thrown up across the Toledo, from San Kerdinando across a side street, leading up by the French baker's, across a small street nearly opposite the theatre of San Carlo, and at this moment they are barricading the main street, which runs by San Carlo. The street of Santa Bridgida, is also barricaded. My informant saw stools, chairs, and every article of furniture being throwu out of the windows to fonn the barricade. Workmen are digging up the streets, and the military stand by, as also the National Guards. On the top of the barricade, near San , Kerdinando. stand three National Guards, as sentinels. Crowds are fast collecting in that direction. The gardens and squares in fr-nt of the palace are filled with soldiers, and some of the iron railings of the gardens have been removed in order to admit canuou. The villa is closed, and patrols of soldiers are at every corner 1 and in every direction. 1 have just been up to the king s palace, which is surrounded by troops, advanced to the barricade in the Toledo, the summit of which is crowded by the National Guards; they hav'- got possession of the windows also, at which they are ' landing with arms in their hands. Mid-day.?a National Guard, by scolder;, has just tired off his musket. The artillery immediately fired twenty rounds What damage has bean doue I know not as yet. There is immense excitement prevailing here. This instant, as 1 am writing, the red Hag (signal for firing) lias been hoisted, and four shots have been fired on the town. I hoar the artillery now firing in the town, and musketry towards the Toledo. Two o'Clock.?The troops havooarried the barricade in tho Toledo, and taken possession of some houses ; hut the National Guard are firing from the windows, and have committed considerable slaughter. Many soldiers were taken off the grouud, and one general ; officer fell wounded in tho neok. apparently dead. I whilst anothor was wounded in the leg. At this mo- I meat, a body of people arc coming down Santa Lucia I bearing a white flag : they cheer, and are cheered by tho dragoons. If the mob all join with the troops, as is probable, adieu to the National Guard. I am informed that thirty Calabrese have sworn to take the life of the king. They laid in ambush for him the other day. but he escaped by anticipating tliom by 10 minutes. A great many Calabrians are expected to-uight. information liusjust arrived, that the king's party have possession of tho city as far as the Bridgodos, and tholazzaroni are rushing through the streets, pillaging, and cheering " Viva el Hey." Parties of women amongst them, some leoking like fiends, exclaiming as they passed us, li Viva Kerdinando nostro." Many of the National Guard passed, pursued by tho troops and the lazzaroni, who all had long knives in their bosoms. Orders were issued to arrest any one wearing the uniform of the National Guard, so that there is a perfect crusade against them throughout tho city. The best intelligence appears to exist betweon the troops and the mob, whom 1 have seen cheering one another gloriously. Very many lives have been sacrificed l hcur Two Swiss officers were borne oast us : the one wounded, tho other dead. The house's in Toledo. as far as the troops have had the advantage, have been oompletely riddled ; at least those where it is suspected that any members at the National Guard are concealed. I have this instant spoken with a soldier of the 4th Swiss regiment, who told me that in his regiment he had counted fiftoen dead ; Colonel do Salis and two other officers amongst the number. Erairiiro.?AH is for a timo quiet. The loss of life and the number of the wounded during the day must have been very considerable, from the numbcrof wagons which have passed, laden with soldiers. The loss on the side of the National Guards, though loss, has been also very great. The wounded soldiers and the prisoners have all been taken to the arseual. It is said that full two regiments of uational guards have been taken prisoners. As they passed before the palace, the guards on the road to the arseual struck them in the back and over the shoulders. witM the butt end of their muskets. to oblige them to cry out ''Viva el Rey." Several, though cruelly beaten, could not be Induced to utter a word. Amongst the wounded, has been General Florentano I'epe. who was shot in the leg by a woman. The troops on entering the house, immediately threw her out of the window. An Knglish officer belonging to the Sidon. who was taking a French lesson in a house near the Toledo, received a bayonet thrust through his hand from the soldiers, as they entered. An Knglish lady, who went out from curiosity to look on. received a musket shot in her foot. As tho soldiers cleared the barricades, they took possession of the houses, climbing up by ladders to the balconies, and dashing in the windows with hatchets. All the houses which had been occupied by tho National Guard were given up for plunder by the mob. who have been looking out for this for a long time. Hence I have seen men. women, and boys, laden with chairs, i tables, chandeliers, linen, silks ; and some brought me in the streets books very splendidly bound, wanting to sell them. The plunder has doubtless been very considerable. The soldiers are in the best possible disposition. and full of rage against the National Guard, nnf rvnlv nn account of to-<lav?H affair, but on account of the state of subserviency in which they have been kept for four months. The lazzaroni are also extremely hostile to the National Guard.who have not been particular in the means of keeping them in order, beating them and shooting them as occasion required. Of course the city is in a complete state of siege. The French and Kuglish steamers are taking on board such of the subjects of both countries as wish to withdraw. The city is in the possession of the military and lazzaroni. mmrrioht?Firing still going on in the Mercatello ; two palazzos have been set on (Ire, and aro lighting up the whole of the horizon. They were fired by the troops. Cavalry passed my window all night, and every passenger was stopped ; immense quantities of plunder 1 have seen carried by. Tukidav MoRNiwn, 10th.?The red flag is still flying, and the sound of musketry rings in my ears. Towards the Marcatello a desperate struggle is being carried on. especially in the Palazzo of the i'rince Piombino. and of a Calabreso. They have six pieces of cannon in these houses, and very many of the dragoons have fallen It appears that the National Guards have received reinforcements and fresh supplies during the night. The firing is very active also in the upper part Of the Toledo. I have this moment half-past ten) been told that a new ministry is form. d. Troja. liozzelli. and i'rinoe Isclilatella. are among (hem. Near ray house lodges the hated General Nunjiante, who. in the n.nno of the King, promised 20.000 ducats to the lower orders. F.vory house has a white sheet or handkerchief hung from every window to defend it from being sacked. The inobare now going to ''Victoria" to sack it?a strong body of troops is there to defend it. I cannot sufficiently condemn the conduct of the. National Guard, who have thus sacrificed public order for vain glory?an empty desire to imitate the French. The National Guards have many of them delivered up their muskets. As all is now quiet, I shall take as extensive a survey of the city as circumstances will permit. Six o'clock, T. M.?Going up Santa Lucia, I found the streets covered with straw, and the soldiers bivouacked there as in the open field, their muskets standing in piles beforo them. I n front of the palace the square was crowdea with soldiers. Most of the windows in the royal palace are broken, of course, from the concussion produced by the cannon shot. It was not until our arrival at tlie church of San Ferdinand, that the extreme desolation was apparent. On the facade of the church, as if in mockery, still hang the preparations for the illuminations which were to have taken pluce on last \louday. The next house in the palace of Prince Circili, which is shattered and burnt, and family ruined; their brothers prisoners; (one of them, says report, is dead.) I saw the ladies of the family arrested, and taken away in two carriages, under a strong military escort. On o. ...J.. II.. I fc' r,,?? iv lli.ro I cam me noes tlic destruction on that side of the street, anil so on either side continues the work of destruction all the way up the city. Windows all battered in. balconies* broken down by cannon shot, huge gates, guarded by the soldiers, presenting marks of the hatchets of pioneers by which they were broken in. the sheets of iron with which they were eased, and the heavy locks, hanging loosely down, where they had been tuken olT by the mob. The facades of houses are. of course, covered with the marks of musket and cannon balls, and long holes and vaeaucies in the mason-work show what must have been the horrors of tho scone. On going down another street the destruction. I found, was still greater. Kvery house lias suffered. The guard-house of tho National (inard is destroyed; tho house opposite burnt and gutted; doors hurst open and in fragments. Ileturuing. I went higher up the Toledo, nnd the same sad scene presented itself l'p the street of San (rloinechino the batteries of the Castella dl Nuovo had struck an immense piece of mason-work, and carried it way. whilst the fronts of the houses are battered terribly; the Cafe Dongelli being more particularly ruined. Towards Monte Ollvetto, the i'alazio liravina. one of the finest in Naples, has suffered, a bomb having fallen upon It. The streets themselves present a snd aspect, being covered with burnt materials. and I saw mattresses and other articles of furniture hanging from the balconies, and projecting ntf houses, having been thrust down in a hurry, as It is said. liy the ln7.7.nrnnl. who entered r<ir robMry. or a* others enjr. many of them to defend their houses against the shots The plunder has been general Kvcry house where the Nationals were dislodged was plundered. In some eases even by the military, nnd always by the mob. One soldier was seen to throw away his cartridges and (111 his box with dollars. I have already told you of the mass of spoil I myself saw carried away. Some of It was offered to me for sale. The henrt-rendlng scenes whieh were of course witnessed. were numerous and consequent on sncli acts. An officer of tho King's army said to me, I ncrer imagined that the Swiss were so ferocious. On breaking open a house they tired up the staircase on which it often happened the inhabitants were assembled for escape. ami thus many men, women and children fell. On getting up stairs and breaking open the room, they | bnyonetcd as they advanced, nnd hence carnage upon carnage. It was In these circumstances that an officer of the Porcupine was placed, when holding up his hand to save himself, he received a slight wound from a bayonet. In a house In Santa liridgidn. some of the National Guard concealed themselves till midnight, and 1 then putting their mueketi through some holes, fired W TO JEW YORK, SUNDAY M upon the soldiers wlioui they exasperated. TIib royals then went round, got in and hacked them to pieces. Wednesday, May 17?At eleven o'clock officers of mftlllery passed my house, sentinels were placed at every twenty yards through the city, and the whole available force bivouacked in the streets. It was spread abroad that tho French were about to land some 1600 men for the protection of French property. By many 1 have been Informed that a deputation of residents waited on the French admiral, in the course of the day. I requesting his intervention, alleging that they had ! been plundered to a ruinous extent. That the aduii- | ral replied that he had demauded satisfaction and compensation, and that he had sent for a portion of his fleet to Castel Marc. A sharp correspondence, it is affirmed, ensued between the admiral aui the government. aud that a bombardment was threatened.? It is a fact, however, not to be passed by. thut this morning, two French vessels sailed over for L'astel Mare, and remained till this afternoon. As far as it i goes, this looks like a corroboration of ono of the sto- i ries i send you. The soldiers are still inoccupation of the railways. A strong force of artillery had been sent down in that direction, to be ready for every occurrence. should any of the provincials come up. of which there is great talk. 1 don't expect them, however?the king has struck too decisive a blow. Fresh troops came In this morning from Nocerd ; and it is reperted that the king has sent off to Lombardy for that portion of his troops?this wants confirmation. Our shops are still closed, but they are beginning to repair the streets and glaze some of the windows. I saw his majesty this afternoon, accompanied by his two brothers and a general officer; they walked from the paiaco to Castel Nuovo,followed by a carriage. His visit was to the sick, and he reviewed the soldiers in the Largo, llis reception was most enthusiastic on tho part of the military aud the lazzaroni. This morning are gazetted the names of publie functionaries who have renounced their salaries at pres.nt, in order, if possible, to relieve tbe public burthens. This may be regardod as a mark of adhesion to government. 1 have seen a list of killed and wounded, which, perhaps, approaches nearer to truth than any that has been as yet published. Noldiors. 400 killed (Swiss suffered principally, and particularly the officers. who were aimed at); National Ouard, 200 killed in lighting iu the streets, sheltered, therefore, behind the windows); wounded on each side, '200 ; 500 prisoners. The plunder seems to have been considerable. La Carta, who was nominated to the Neapolitan embassy in England, had his houso sacked of everything therein, and his brother being placed on his knees, soldiers holding pistols at their heads, whilst others plundered; they were not, however, implicated in the affair. There are many who think that the whole thing was urged on by the royalist party, to produce a reaction. On Saturday, a well informed man told me that there was something brewing to produce a counter-revolution. 1 see no sufficient grounds, however, as yet, to nuuni'.nuo iu Lain upiuiuu. .l ib i,-umi ivnu.u, uci mismj, that tho troops looked on, whilst the barricades wero being made; but then, said a soldier to mc, we wero so united with tho National Guard to maintain the Constitution, that wo did not believe they would procood to the extremity of firing upon us. Tho actual fighting continued fiftoen hours. Genoa, May 20. We havo been for some days in groat anxiety, owing to the non-arrival of tho Neapolitan steamer. This morning, a courier from Leghorn arrived here, and brought tho appalling news of tho bombardment of Naples by tho Neapolitan troops. More than 5.000 persons have lost their lives in this horrible outrage, further particulars are expected with the arrival of the Neapolitan steamer the Capri?, which had arrived yesterday at Leghorn, and is expected here in the courso of this day. Tho whole city of Genoa has been thrown into utter dismay at this horrid news. Large numbers of people proc'oeded at once to the hotel of the Neapolitan Consul, whore they committed great excesses. uttering the most awful cries of maledictions and threats, pulling down the consular arms, which, under the wildest shrieks and yells, they dragged through all the streets of the town. Any one witnessing the lawless conduct of these infuriated masses could not but consider the place in a perfect state of anarchy, for neither the military, police, nor national guards interfered or attempted to re-establish order. Interesting Proceedings In the French National Assembly?The United States?The lie. bate on the Polish and Italian (lucstlons. SITTING or MAY 23. The President took the chair at a quarter past one. Tho display of force round the Chamber was considerably greater than on the preceding days. A strong detachment of the troops of the lino occupied the peristyle and front of the palace ; on the quay, above and below the Pont de la Concorde, large bodies of tho National Guard and the Garde Mobile were posted, their muskets being piled across the whole way. and vehicles being prevented from passing. Towards two o'clock, these were again very largely increased, and the military occupied in force the whole of tho bridge, and considerable part of the Place de la Concorde. It was said that not less than from 8,000 to 10.000 men were in the neighborhood of th* Chamber, ah. however, remained quiet to the end of the sitting. The crowd was larger than usual, but not such as to excite alarm. Inside, the public tribunes were crowded. General Cavaignac and several other officers were present in full uniform. More bustle and movement was apparent than in ordinary sittings. The Minister or Foreign Affairs stated that the \mericau Minister had just presented to the Kxccutive committee a resolution from the Congress of tho United States to recognise the French Republic, aud to congratulate it on its existence. Up to the present time, the executive power had always acted of Itself in such circumstancos; but on this occasiou.it was tho whole Congress of the United States which had directly addressed the representatives of the French republic. Such being the case, it would be advisable, he thought, to respond to such a proceeding by one of a similar nature ; and. in consequence, he had to propose, in the name of the executive eomniittce, that the Assembly should nominate a committee to draw up an address to the American Congress, which should be forwarded with as little delay as possible. (Cries of yes! yos I") The proposition was referred to the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs. Tho order of the day was tho discussion on Poland and Italy. M A n ./!nv_-Tli? ul Vlinni I,f vliirll in. telligenco has just boen received. have determined me not to address any questions to the Government relative to Italy, but to leave to the executive power full and eutiru liberty. (Approbation I M. Woi.owjki?The new revolution which has just taken place at Vienna cannot but be of advantage to i he cause of Poland, and, in consequence. I think it imposes on me an additional obligation to ask some explanations relative to this latter country from the government. Bo ore doing so. I have to express to the Assembly the indignation felt by the Polish refugees residing in Paris at the horrible outrage of May 15, particularly as the name of Poland was made the pretext for that outbreak. The hon. member then warmly eulogised the conduct of Poland, in all her attompts to recover her liberty, and declared that no matter how much the great powers might endeavor to blot her name from the map of Europe, she would still live in the hearts of her children. Alluding to the documents presented to the House by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, he said the cause of Poland was in them represented as desperate, but where others saw a cause of ruin, he found a motive for hope. It was said that the Poles (lid not agree well together?that discord divided their councils ; but how could that be with truth asserted, when they all agreed in one point, to strike for liberty ? Of what consequence, he enquired, were minor differences, when the great moving cause was the same for all ? After dwelling for some time, though not in very clear language, on this point, he declared, that in the duel between liberty and despotism there were three stages?the first being Poland, the second Germany. and the ttyrd France How. he asked, was it possible for despotism to prevail, when it had to first elear such obstacles as these ? He concluded by calling on the executive power to do something of n decided character?either to negotiate with energy in favor of Poland, or to fight with determination. M. Vavim observed that as to Poland they were all agreed as to tho end?the only question which could divide them was as to the means to be employed. As one of tho means which would contribute to the triumph of the cause they all loved, he had the honor to propose to the Assembly the following declaration, addressed to Kurone. and esneciallv to Germany, and which would At the same time nerve an tho basis and rule of policy of the government of France The National Assembly of France, considering that justice ns well as the interest of Kuropean societies, demand tho ro-establishment of an independent PolnnJ: that the German nations, who had taken part in the partition of Poland, have manifested a wish to repair tills Iniquity; that France cannot he wanting In the engageinents which have been contracted through her old relations with Poland, and the sympathies and manifestations which she lias not. ceased to make for seventeen years; declares that France, in the limit of her influence. will demand, as the basis of the Kuropean halanee of power, the re-establishment of Independent Poland; that, happy to see tho representatives of the German people united as a sovereign assembly, and hailing with happiness the advent of Germany to liberty, she makes an appeal to all its sentiments of generosity, and rails on it to admit the re-establishment of independent Poland, as the basis of the public Kuropean law of na tions." They would. ho continued. all underetand tho opportuneness of that proceeding. at the moment at which the representatives of Ocrmany were assembled at Frankfort.; and It waa with confidence that he railed on tho Assembly to adopt the declaration he propound. M. Sssaws?The advice which lie had to address to the government would ho summed up in one word. " Forward !" What he reproached it with waa. Ita not having with sufficient boldness and firmness set forth tho principles of the new policy of France, of having employed too many precautions and circumlocutions. In saying to F.urope that the will of France was to re. turn to the traditional system of her alliances, which wore those of oppressed nations That was the policy of France under the old monarchy, the empire, and the republic. M. do I.amartinc had asked the other day. what had resulted from the war of propagandism. made fifty years ago by the republic ' Imperial despotism. invasion, and the restoration. Hut he (M. Sarrans) protested against such an observation witli all his strength. Who had always defended oppressed nations--( lirlstianlty?the frontiers of F.urope philosophical liberty ? Franco, always France. I.et not his hearers deceive themselves -aristocracies still hoped to remove F.urope from the civilising Influence of France. Efforts should be made by tho Assembly to , IRK ORNINO, JUNE 11, 1848. consolidate that influence. The ambition of Kranoe, an M. do Lamartine hail eloquently said, was to bavtt ' by her aide nation* freed by her example. With respect to Poland, the hon. geutlemau entered into long details, and concluded by saying, that ho boldly declared that, in his opinion, a revolution which had for itaohiect the regeneration of Kurooe. and whioh vet should leave Poland in its shroud, merited not altars, but the pillory.
M. OuicHitD opposed the proposition of M. Vavin as dangerous, and argued that it was better to leave the German nations to follow the course they had now so happily commenced. Prince Napoleon IIhuimiiii -Citizens representa- ! tives. in my eves, and in those of many others, the Polish question Is one eminently French, eminently democratic. The reconstitution of Poland is necessary to the republic; never, in faot. can we have any true allies amongst the Kuropeau cabinets. The proposition ' of M. Vavin pr, reeds from a noble and generous I heart?from that of a friend of that glorious cause; but in order to support that proposition, it will be necessa- i ry to decree immediately a levy of 500 000 men. and de- j clare war against Prussia, Austria and Kussia. I do not think, however, under existing circumstances, that i such an act of rashness could bo thought of. Neither do I accept the proposition for an address to the diet of Frankfort. One assembly cannot address itself directly to another assembly. [Approbation.] The following Is the solution of the Polish question as I understand it. [Movement of attention.] What ought we to do ? In order to save Poland we may demand from Germany and from Prussia that they should fulfil the promises they liavo so many times made; and from Prussia, a Polish national reconstitution of the Duchy of Posun. [Approbation] Let the envoys of the republic say to the cabinets of Vlonna and of Uerliu, "Fulfil your promises, for it will bo for your honor and for that of the whole of Wostern Kuropo to do so." But you will, per| haps. ask. how will you act If Prussia or Austria doos not obey. Well, then, citizens, there will be at tho botI torn of that questson. as with all questions of foreign policy, a possibility of a war. Such, in my opinion, is the only plan thut can be pursued; such the only path that can load to the desired end. To do loss would be cowardico; to do more would bu imprudence. (Approbation.) Tho Hon. deputy concluded by reading a project for a decree, in which he demanded that the fulfilment of the promises made to tho Poles by the Prussian and Austrian governments should be insisted on, nndnlzo the formation of a legion composed of all the Polish refugees. M. Vavin doclared that he had never outertainod any idea of war: he hoped, on tho contrary, that his declaration, which oontained nothing of an aggressive character, hut which was. in fact nnrnlv moral miirht actively promote the pacific triumph of the Polish cause. M. i>k Lamahtink? Whatever may bo the measure, the reason, and the perfect intelligence of the diplomatic character of the discussion, which have been displayed by the hon. members who have preceded me in this tribune, It is for me a most painful thing to have to touch the still blooding wounds of a friendly people, without having the power to heal them, or to alleviate them in any immediato manner. That is one of the misfortunes which, for many long years, has weighed on our country; this sad feeling has afflicted every tribune?that of Great Britain, as well as our own. Tho French republic could not escape this misfortuno. although, by the very foroe of its government, it possesses more will and more resources than any other to overcome the difficulties which these questions present. Tho government has not waited for the Interpellations brought, in my opinion, prematurely into this tribune, to occupy itself with the great question of I'olaud. Wo were yet at tho Hotel do Ville, under the emotions of the events of February, when we decreed the creation of a Polish legion. It is not my wish to distress this Assembly; I will not say why that decree was not carried into execution; there shall nothing fall from my lips which might afflict a great people, or look like an iusult to its misfortune. A few days after, scarcely had wo entered on tho path of regular government, scarcely had I myself entered tho hotel of Foreign Affairs, than our attention was directed to defining our foreign policy. and clearly pointing out the line which we considered it our duty to pursue, in order to remain faithful to what the interests and tho dignity of France commanded. Several questions presented themselves to us ; the first was that of our general attitude towards F.uropo. Wo resolved that in a few words. Animated by the true spirit of French nationality, we declared that if the republic could ostablish itself in ponce, we should show the most lively solicitude for the repose of tho world. Allow me to remind you of the lunguage which we used on that subject; the Assembly will there seo tho clear indication of the principle which guided us on tho great questions of Poland and Italy. We were, moreover, happy to be able, before engaging on tho future, to wait your presence here. Wo wished to place in your hands intact the foreign policy of France; we were happy to preserve to the National Assembly full liberty of action, and to give it tho choice of peace or WRr. (The hon. member then read a part of the manifesto addressed in the Iteginning of March to the agents of the Republic, and continued :) Does tho Assembly recognise its ideas in the words I have just read? (Marks of adhesion ) If any member of this Assembly, or any one out of it, does not find in it sufficient dignity. or sees in it too much prudence and too little republican patriotism, I will beg him to carry back his thoughts to two or three events which, in spito of us. falsitied for a moment the republican principle; I will remind him of the two or three invasions which were made in spite of the Provisional Government, to whom war escaped as it wuro through the fingers, from the want of military force in tho j arts in which they took place. I willrcmiud him of the disastrous attempt of the Belgians to revolutionise their country, and of tho expedition of some natives of Savoy against Cbambery. I will also remind him of that fatal fact which has lod to an unfortunate misunderstanding between Germany and us ; I allude to tho invasion of the German refugees, who assembled in spite of us at Strasburg. although wo several times dispersed them for implicating the land in which they had received hospitality. You witnessed the astonishment and the indignation of the German people, at first drawn so strongly towards us by our sympathies, but afterwards repulsed by tho appearance of our bayonets. This is what has embarrassed the progress of our foreign policy, and caused tho greatest difficulties, particularly on the Polish quenuuu. iTitu iw)n>v<. iu >uc iuHtpnii?nuuri ui m, d'Aragon. I shall uot avail myself of the resorvo to which he lias appeared to invite mo. There are doubtless some points which require circumspection : for those things I shall allow events to speak. Hut what I can now declare is. that it is not true there has ever existed the least understanding, the least concert, betwoen the policy of France and that of Austria. This is one of those calumnies which you will see fall to the ground with a great many others. The former government. compelled by ties of which you are aware, to flatter despotic governments, had abandoned the people ot Italy, and nipped Italian independence in the bud ; but scarcely bad power come into the hands of the Republic than the policy of France in Italy underwent a change. Thus Naplos had but an imperfect constitutional government ; but soon after the declaration of the support of France, what did we sec ? We saw that kingdom enter each day more and more into the path of democracy ; we saw Koine, already moved by tho Holy Word of Its sovereign, reach the plenitude of its liberty ; we saw Tuscany enter on the same movement ; we boheld Parma, Placentia. and Modena, give themselves a provisional government, and hold out the hand to Italian unity. And have we placed a seal on our lips f Have wo concealed our sentiments ? Have we disavowed our principles of liberty, and our wish for her independence .' Certainly not; but if we have wished for the independence of the people of Italy, we have considered that it would be for their glory, for their honor, and for their safety, that they should achieve it themselves, but that, should their rights be attacked, or should they be too weak to make them respected. Franee will be there. She declared aloud to her friends and enemies, that let a cry for assistance cross the Alps, and wo will fly to the succour of the people who struggle for liberty. For the satisfaction of those who doubt, let mo be permitted to prove, by reading some extracts from dispatches, that we have not hidden timid acts under doubtful words. You will seo if we have not always had the intention to intervene on the first appeal. It was on account of that intention that, on the lirst day. wc assembled near the Alpsa body of 30.000 men. which ' could hare been increased to 80 000 ; and. if an appesl ; had been heard on the Alps, we should not have waited | tor your consent, but should have sent tho French , | troaps to the assistance of Italian independence, certain as we were to anticipate your wishes, and to obey in advance uie generosity or your sentiments. jwreat applause ) I now present you with extract* ffoin the c irrespondence with the insurgent population", which will prove to you that no appeal has been made to us, and that the best patriots of Italy, before whom you would bow with respect. addressed to us the eounsclwliat do I say ? the supplication?not to go to Italy liefore the time. (Here M. I.amartine read several letters written hy the nmhasadors and ministers of Sarilinla. I setting forth that 110 French intervention ought to tnke nlace. as it would put an end for a long time to thn influence of France in Italy. nnd supplicating ; the French government to keep the troops at a distance from the frontier ; V. I.ainnrtlno then continued :?I received this very morning two new lettes to the satire effect One from the government of Milan, implores our neutrality until an appeal be made to us ; the other, from the envoy of Lombardy. praying me to ; declare publicly, what is true, that he and the representative of Venico have always been opposed, from national sentiment, to the intervention of France, so long as Italy shall be strong enough to achieve her independence. If such a circumstance should arriso to eallforintervention.be assured that France will act at the proper day and hour. In no case shall Italy again fall under the yoke she has ju <t thrown off so gloriously. ( Applause.) Never will we fall in brotherhood towards these 2(5.000 000 men. in fraternity, which Is our law for the past, and which will l>e our duty for tlio future. ( Applause ) I will not entor Into further explanations on this subject. I will only add 0110 sentence, which will not ho denied by any one - it is. that although ( 'ranee has not Intervened. Italy is free, and the seen ruy 01 mo rrvnrn irnnner i* assured neer*) i now arrive at the priori pal question which lm.? been discussed In this tribune?that of Poland. If there be any which appear* one of delicacy to timid diplomatist*. it i* without contradiction that of Poland. For my part I disdain, and am convinced that the republican jrovernment ought to disdain. the dark way* of diplomacy whirh have been employed to thi* day It i* to the frnnknes* of our language that we owe the fortunate maintenance of the good relation* of whirh 1 thi* day assure you A* to Poland, we did not enter on the question a* an easy ngc. but a* the greatest diffl- ( culty which now weigh* on Europe. Hut we knew that if wo did not touch it, that if it remained undecided j [ERA' between ua and the Northern pow?rg, [t would ronder impossible all relatione of dignity aud good harmony between theiu and the republic. M. do l.amartinv then read the direction* lent by the provisional government to the charge d'affaires) of France at Vienna, in which it wai formally declared that the independence of Poland i* a came which the French government would never abandon He then continued?The same language wasi held to Prussia. Before the revolution of Berlin, the king of Prussia took some of the engagements) to which he has since subscribed for the reconstitution of the Grand Duchy of Poiien. A few days after that revolution, the king, faithful to his preceding engagement. declared to our envoy that he would fulfil his promises He did more?the Grand Duchy of Posen was declared free, and a free constitution was given to it. Immediately after the reconstitutiau of that province, the hatred, the confusion, the hostility ot families and of races, disturbed the country. The king of Prussia has sent an army to intervene between the Germans and the Poles, and that proceeding has caused struggles and massacres which haro drenched the dawning liberty of Posen in blood. The king of Prussia lias declared that his army only intervened for the re-establishment of order, and that, as soon as he can, he will rigorously keep his promises for the reeonstition of the duchy. (M. Lauiartino here read a despatch on this subject addressed to the charge d'affaires of Franco, together with the reply of liaron d'Arnim, the Minister of Prussin, from whioh it appeared that France had protested against the cruelties exercised towards the Poles of the duchy of Posen ; that she desired to retain a cordial understanding with Prussia ; also, on the i other hand, that if war wore to break out botwuen j Russia and Prussia on the subject of Toland. Poland would be the first victim ; that the Prussian government had exercised no rigorous measures towards the Poles, and that it had authorised the Tolish prisoners to proceed to France, giving them assistance to do so.) Vou see (continuod M. Lamartinej that nothing has been neglected to guaranty the interests of Poland. And I will add. that the reproaches addressed to foreign governments relative to tho reconstruction of Polish nationality, are ill founded. Those governments have commenced the execution of the promises which they made ; bat the events which havo occurred have provented tho full roalisation of thorn At present now events are succeeding with rapidity. The example of Bohemia. the example of Italy, must bring about the accomplishment of those promises, within perhaps a few months. It is sufficient at present to know how to wait wltli patience. Kvents are stronger than mon, and always end In being realised. Wo have been reproached with weakness; but wore wo to forget our own fellow citizens t Wero we to forget the millions of workmen who, from the want of work, woro left a prey to the horrora of hunger, to go and reconstitute the independence of Poland ' Ah! do you not know that when we were called on to send from 100.000 to '200.000 men to Oermany?aud here I appeal to the testimony of our colleagues, of those brave generals who shared with us the fatigues and perils of government ? do you not know how many soldiers we had on the banks of the Rhine ?? We had only 138.000 men (marks of dissent), whereas now, throughout the whole of France, we have 500,000 infantry, and 80,000 cavalry. The resources which wo now possess we owe to the solicitude of our honorablo colleague, who was charged at the same time with the double department of war and the marine. Return thanks to the indefatigablo vigilance of the whole government, which had the courage to resist the enthusiasm which led it to testify its sympathies for Poland. And besides, when we should havo sent 100,000 or 150.000 men into Germany: when wo should havo had the weakness to yield to the genius of counuests?are you aware what would havo happened! We should have met with 150,000 men in (lermauy before reaching Poland ; and once arrived in that country, .we should havo found 250.000 Russians to have opposed us ; that is to say, without being of auy advantage to Poland, we should have sunt our brave soldiers to certain butchery. (Sensation.) That is a responsibility wo never could havo accepted. (Approbation) Thanks to the admirable potitical instinct whicli now prevails amongst its, political genius is now commonplace ; there is not now one of the orators whom you listen to, who would not have proposed to you a means of arriving at the ruconstitution of Poland. All have understood that it could ouly be attained by war ; but if that feeling wore yielded to, a unanimous cry of reprobation would ariso from every part of tile country against a government that could allow itself to be led into sucii a war. Throw, then, yor eyes on the map of K.uropo?measure the distance which separates the Vistula front the Rhino. The only means which can hare auy chance of success is to interfere by kind representations in favor of I'olaud. As ministers, wo are far from throwing obstacles in the way of the manifestations demanded in favor of Poland ; the Chamber has the right to proclaim its sovereignty, its sympathy; but that proclamation must not be useful to Poland alone?it must he so also to France herself; and it is for that reason that we support whatever may attain that two-fold object. I have deplored more than any one the scenes of violence and disorder which took plane in this Assembly on Monday l,i. I nnrt I r,.irr.it that th.. <rlnri,,iu nam,. ,,f P,.1an,l should have been made thu pretext for sedition. (Ap- I probation ) These spontaneous demonstrations in l'uvor of Poland are not and tierer will be a sourco of embarrassment for us?it will certuinly never be us ttiut will repulse the warm appeals to justice and to reason. No, citizens, it is the force of our diplomacy, as it is the honor, the eternal honor, of the people of Kranco, in the midst of the gravest crisis, forgetting its own concerns and its own hunger, to think only of its brethren of tho North, which it knows only by name. Calumnies have been heaped upon us, but the thoughts of government aud its feelings have been to keep France at poace with the world. (Loud agitation.) We have pursued the realization of that idea in the interest of that people, by whom and for whom the revolution was achieved, but that interest, and all the great questions connected with it, cannot be made available and useful unless by tho continuance of peace. (Hear, boar.) General peace was formerly a Utopian idea, but now there is an absolute uecessity that. Utopian as it is. it must become a reality for nations and government*. Formerly it was said that the victory remained to the great battalions; but in the modern day. In our times, victory must be on the side of right, of justice, and of truth. (Great applause followed this discourse.) M Sarrafis, after praising tho eloquent speech which had just been delivered, said that he wished to remind the Assembly that, eighteen years back, a minister of the fallen government. M. Sebastian!, had used exactly the same language as M. do Lamartine did now. and that his promises ended only in these words : ' Order reigus in Warsaw !"' M. Vavix?Since M de Lamartine has declared that he accopted the declaration which I presented, except on the score of form. I shall submit to you an order of tho day motive to the same effect. (This the hon. deputy then did.) M. Marrait?The discussion ought now to be brought to some conclusion. The question which is before us is a European one, but still more is it a French one, and I am convinced that the government will not consent to continue in this grave matter former errors Poland stretches out to usher suppliant and blood-stained arms, and we will unite. I am certain. all our efforts to again raise up her glorious flag Tho hon. deputy then r ead an address to the German people, calling on them. 1st, to enter into fraternal compact with France ; 2d. to grant a free and independent constitution for Poland M. Dk Lamartim; ? I have no objection to make to the two propositions which have just been submitted to you. Nevertheless, as former minister of foreign af fairs. I may (? ailownj to mako a rew observations ; whether it bo a proclamation or an nddrcss that may he derided on. it is to be presented to the Diet at Frankfort. If that is to be done by diplomatic agents, it will be irregular, and if any other mode is adopted the most serious inconvenience* may bo thee result. I.ook at what may happen, for instance, if by the caprice of a minister of the German States a passport should be refused to the person whom you may charge to carry your address, and it should not therefore reach its destination. Von must fully understand the consequences of such an outrage There Is only, in iny opinion, one plan to which the Assembly should direct its attention ; the National Assembly is sovereign ; it may manifest its will as it chooses ; but for that very reason I think it should adopt the order of the day motive, as proposed by M. Vavin (Hear, hear ) A Member proposed the following order of the day : The National Assembly, after having heard the explanations of the executive committee, approves the conduct pursued by the provisional government, and, convinced that the executive govcrument will persevere in sentiments of justice, firmness and moderation, and will neglect no meansof attaining the reeonstitutlon of Poland, passes to the order of the day. (Hear, hear. Vcs. yes. | M. DieoKoauK proposvd another order of the day M. Wolowski brought forward another M. Taschkbr.sr?There are at this moment Ave hundred different orders of the day prepared. (Laughter ) I demand thnt, they be all referred to the committee on foreign affairs. (Cries of " Yes. yes.") The pKKstnrvT, In spite of this proposition, suggested that a number of them should be read. This was received by cries from all parts of the chamber in favor of tile proposition of M. Taschereau which wasadopted ; accordingly. The .Mixistkr ok Kinsxck demanded a credit of ISO.- I 893f 9.r>c for the expense attendant on the carrying out 1 of a decree issued in February, by the provisional government. ordering the Monte do Piote to release cer- . tain pledges without repayment of the sums lent on them. Referred to the committee on flnanco. The reporter of the committee on commercial and 1 departmental administration presented the report 011 the decree authorising certain departments to contract loans for the establishment of workshops. Adopted. The chamber rose at half-past six. sittino or may 25. The Phkiidknt took the chair ut one o'clock The minutes of tho previous sitting were read ami adopted The order of the day was the luquiry into the state of the laboring classes throughout the whole of the republic. The bill was presented to the Chamber, which, without entering Into any general discussion, passed immediately to the consideration of the articles, and after some rory short remarks, the bill was adopted in it rnsrmhtr. An inquiry will consequently take place throughout tho whole of France, through the medium of the Prefects and the sub-Prefects, as to the state of labor, ami the condition of the working classes, neeessnrr to bo known before any definite organisation of tne question ran be come to Owners! Lk Brkto.y proposed the following amendI ~--er~ rnmmmmmmmmmmmmmamttKI LD. Price Two Cento. went to the decree Tor preventing the ex-royal family from returning to H'ranee "I demand that in no run chii the decree relative to I.iuie Philippe and Ilia family he applioahlo to tli- member* of tlint family, who, being absent from Pari, in February laat, ware notonoualy atranger* to all the wh which led to the aipul.i >o of the family from tlia throne." i tin ikini' iiuinv ui. win urucmu tur iiincuniiuu i'imorrow, with thn decree to which it relate*. M Dhouv* ok L'Huvs read the address proposed by the Committee on Foreign Affairs, in reply to that from tlie American Congress It was couched in the mo*t fraternal term*, and wo* voted unanimously The other hUHiuoH* brought forward up to p?*t hour pre*euted nothing of general interest. AtTalra in tike French Kepubllr The American Minister communicated a resolution to the Provisional Government, tendering tbe congratulation* of tile Uuited Statu* to the people of France on the recent revolution The resolution wa# accom panted by the expression of thu President's hope that France would be able te establish internal order, and to avoid foreign war. M. do Lamartine returned the following reply: ? The resolution which you preaont to us on the part of the Senate, thu legislative body, ami the President, of the American Republic, is a happy confirmation of the recognition of the French Republic which you were the lirst to proclaim. The new government of the republic would view with a just susceptibility foreign governments mixing up counsel with the expression of their good wishes; but in the Intimate relations which exist between tbe French republic and that of America, every word which the latter may address to us will he received on thu sooru of perpetual friendship. The Menater thn legislative body, and the executive power of the United States may be conviuned that their wise counsels serve in advance as a law to the French republic; not only will it follow in their path, but it will follow the examples which they give of the order of regular institutions, of attention to its neighbors, of solicitude for labor, instruction, and the prosperity of the people. Tho names of Washington, Jefferson, and Jackson are inscribed on the banner of the new republic; and if France is fortunate enough to And in its future annals names worthy of these, liberty will assume its real character on the old continent, as it has done on the other side of tho Atlantic." New CovsTiTUTiorr ok Fsaivck ?It is stated that the new constitution of Franco will consist of one cham bcr. oloctod trinunially by univernal suffrage, a presldent, also triennially elected, and a council of State; judges and magistrates are also to be elected every three yearn on the name day. The following are the names of the men to whom, as a committee, appointed by the assembly, have been entrusted the composition of the future constitution of France:?President, M. de Cormcnin, ex-deputy, president of the council of state; Secretary, M. Corbon (operative), editor of the Jltrlier, vice president of the national assembly. Members. MM. Armand Marrast, mayor of Paris; the Abbe do Lautennais; Vivian, exdeputy. ex-minister of justico, ex-vice-president of the council of state; Alexis de Toequuville, ex-deputy, member of the institute, author of " Democracy iu America;" Dufaure, ex-deputy, ex-minister of public works; Martin (de Strasbourg), ex-deputy, advocate at the court of appeal; Woirhayo, attorney general of the court of appeal at Metz; Coquerel. protestant minister; Tourret (do 1'Allior), ex-doputy, agriculturist; Dupin, ox-deputy, attorney general at the court of appeal; Gustave de Beaumont, ox-deputy, member of the Institute, author of'l'lrlande. Sociale et Politique;" Odillon Harrnt, ex-deputy: Pages (de l'Arrlego),ex-deputy; Domes, editor of the National; Considerant, chief editor of the Democratic PariJ'n/ue. 11 was stated that the decree for dispensing with the attendance of the executive government in tlie sittings of tho Assembly, having been rejected, the executive government would resign. The rumor is abroad that the present executive government is about being superseded by a directory of three?MM. Marrast and Arago. and Gen. Cnvalgnac. In tho sitting of the National Assembly, ou Wednesday. M. Buchez, the president (who has not resigned), shortly afterwards communicated to the Assembly two lutturs. signed by Francois and Henry d'Orleans. dated Claremont, the lUth Instant, (Prince de Jolnvllle and the Duke d'Aumaule,) and a third letter of Louis d'Orleans, dated the 20th, protesting against the decree pronouncing the banishment of their family. They thought that their resignation, on quitting Algiers, when an appeal was made to their patriotism, had been appreciated, and they never imagined that they eould be rejected from a country they had loyally served?one of them as a seaman, and the other as a soldier. Tho Duke de Nemours, absent from Claremont . on the lUth, declared that he fully concurred in the sentiment expressed by his brothers, and in their protest against the bill. M. Leon Fauchur laid on tho table the following proposition :?''An extraordinary credit of ten millions of francs shall be opened in the Ministry of Public Works, for the execution of the ground works of the following railroads ;?Paris and Strasbourg, Orleans and Bordeaux. tho Centre and Chartres and Hennas. The operatives of the uational ateliers of Paris shall be employed on those lines, and such of them, not natives of the capital, who should refuse to proceed thither, shall receive passports to return forthwith to their respective departments."?The assembly afterwards voted, with out any disoussion. different projects of law. to the effect of authorizing a number of towns to levy extraordinary taxes to procure labor for their suffering population. The assembly afterwards voted, on the report of .VI. Ducos, various sums, amounting altogether to 7.000.000 of francs for public works, and adjourned. Who la nt the Head of the French Government 1 [From the Paris Union, May 22.] In the Knglish revolution there was Cromwell. Before making himself Protootor of the republic, ha was In the Parliament, and in civil war, the personification of the revolution, lu Cromwell authority wholly resided. Cromwell knew how to put each thing In ita place. When he got on horseback ho did not spaak? he drew his sword; and he kept the tribune for his speeches. He was a great man in great circumstances. In America there was Washington?another man who directed all the forces of the revolution. He spoke without doubt, und he spoke well ; but he acted, and acted with promptitude, lie had especially an admirable quality?he was one, if we may so express ourselves. and it was known what he desired and where he would go. One might be with him or against him. Those who followed him had confidence?those who combatted esteemed him. In council his opinion waa auoptea. uecause nis opinion* with never ambiguous?in the assemblies be was listened to. because hi* character gave power to hie speeches. Thus history unregesters a great man the more. In France, (luring our first republic. we had, also, not a great man. but a man who had at least the advantage of not being a living hyerogiyphic. He was perhaps too clear in his conduct and opinions?be was a visible Hag, much more visible to the eyes of the multitude than to its intelligence. Kven his horse has taken his place in history. But this time, in your second republic, where is the man who directs it ' Where is Cromwell, Washington, even Lafayette ? Nowhere. Consequently there Is no authority, no guide, no direction, and that causes everybody to say, ' Whither do wo go ??' And this necessity of a man in a revolution is so well indioated that all France in the first moment turned towards M. de La murtine. A man was wanted, and France believed that he was thore. She consecrated bim by acclama tions first, by votes afterwards. M. de Lamartine had ^no need to choose his place?it was given to him. To be at the head of the movement ; he had only to lei's ttr fairt. Never was there an easier part Was it on that account that he disdaiued it ? He perhaps sought what was difficult without doubting that he would only meet with the impossible. He alone was desired, but he determined to be two. He divided?fTactioned himself?abandoning the first rank, he placed himself on the lower step by the side of M. I.edru Kollin. In our opinion, it is not only the constitution which is necessary to lis it. is fi in 1111 wlin rirevhilliilv ihnnlil him presided at the drawing of it up. and who afterward* should aid in establishing it Let the committee labor then, but with more care, activity, prudence, and wisdom. from the fact that, iu order to give order. It mutt derive all it* strength from itself. And when the work Khali be accomplished. let the committee not imagine that it in at the end of it* task. It would do well to descend to the public street with a lanthorn in the hand to seek a man. The Prince of .Join villa's Letters. [From the Paris Presse.J The Salional is in error in accrediting the rumor, devoid of all foundation, that the I'rlnoe do loinville is at Paris, where he was said to have arrived accompanied by < ie tic nil de ltumigny. An officer of the navy, formerly an aid-de-camp of the Prince, begs us to contradict this statement. It is to this officer that we are indebted for the communication of the following extracts from a correspondence which is indirectly the best contradiction to the statement, and the most energetic protest against the decree of banishment, presented to the National Assembly by the commission oI executive government: '' Mi sr triiA. iWth Feb. 1848. The mail from France comes peri idically to trouble my happiness, by inspiring me with fears for those who are dear to me. for it is not ccrtsiuly for myself that 1 am agitated by the idea of a revolution in France. All my ambition is dead since i have profoundly learned tiie means which must be employed to shine in this world. I would go to live on the banks of the Illinois with as much tranquillity of mind as at Neuilly or St. Cloud." ' Ci.irkvio.it. 'doth March. " I saw yesterday by the newspaper the arrival of the Solon at Havre. Another strong affliction (Hi'chirt mrnt) for mo to think that I shall never again put my faot in France. Hut let us leave that and all the sadness with which my heart is filled. -1VII rtliril.? l ?? *. . uuiiuuu.i, a |imiu u ir jbiterday. We took our wive* on the Thame*; fresh east wind, and foggy Arrival of a prodigious ftr *st of *htus \ iiu know how ninch this spectacle ha* already stru-k me. I saw Innumerable vessels with screw propeller*, und among other* a frigate in Iron, with battery from end to end I had at one moment the idea of (coin# to J!rc*t at the time of meeting of the Assembly. and to e*tahli*h myself there with my wife and children What do you think of thl* idea? I think that at llre*t. living a* a almple rltiaien, my presence would give offence to no one. ' Uth April?I think more than ever of going to Home to wait until our lot shall be decided We *houid he freer there and we should lire economically. But previously I wish to accomplish my duties to the country to the end If I can re-enter ( 'ranee, under a government strong enough to permit me. it Is what I desire the most. If the Assembly be oppressed, and plm od uudc( /