Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 12, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 12, 1848 Page 1
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m it JL JL JL . Whol* No. 51*4 4. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. ADDITIONAL 1NLELLIGBNCE OF IMPORTANCE RECEIVED BY THE STEAMSHIP ACADIA. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OK TIIK NEW YORZ HER AID, Our Lioiiilon Correspondence. London, May :26, 1848 ? 6 P. M. Summary af European Intelligence. Whcro in all this to cuil? Since February la?t, enough blood hue boon poured out in Europe to lluat a fleet, and the artery is still open, liotwitbstuudiug the a endeavors of the most skilful surgeons to stop the bu'iuof huge. It can uot be denied that Europe was , apoplectic ; it had in many quarters glutted itself with the good thiugs of the people, and a timely bloodletting. moderately applied, would have brought matters right again?made kiugs aware of the fact, that there is a limit ever to tyranny, and ail would have settled down smooth. But the copious streams that have poured fortb, have paralysed the right nana ana arm of Elyopo?commerce?or, at least, of a large portion of Europe. Prussia's treasury is empty?all the Northern ports are blockaded by the Danes?Austria is nearly bankrupt?Franco is literally cleared out, and trade neutralized ; and added to this, the reaction naturally felt in all other couutries in connection with those States, is lamentably severe. Ireland acts as a sort of poor mau's plaster on England, keeping her in continual irritation ; added to which, Bulwer has been kicked out of Madrid?the arms of the English embassy taken down, holding out a pleasant prospect to Spanish bond-holders. The Emperor of Austria has cut and run from Vienna, and curiously enough, has become more popular by it?the King of Sardinia demauds payment ; he won't take loss than a crown for helping the Milauesc?the King of Naples (il He hoinbuiore) lias been massacreing his subjects to his hearts' content, und to the disgust of all Europe ?even Vesuvius seems roused with Indigu&tion, and dense volumes of smoke and flame, with streams of lava are beginning to pour down her Iron ides, threatening devastation to the peasant and the herdsman. At .Madrid every morning the sharp rattle of musketry is heard, sending somo poor devil to his last account, for the late insurrection, which nevertheless has burst cut with fury at Seville?the oity of palaces aud dark oyos?and where the insurgents gained the upper baud. A change of ministry has taken place at Constantinople. Mussurus. the unpopular Turkish ambassador at Athens, has been nearly assassinated. Disunion instead of unity prevails in Germauy; and France, to use Salvandy's words, iB dancing oa a volcano. The Jewish disabilities bill has been thrown out in the House of Lords, by a majority of 35. Such are the heads of the communication I have to make to-day, into which I now enter more fully. My last letter (from Paris) will have brought you a detailed account of the diabolical attempt of Barbe, Blamiui and others, to overthrow the government. This abortive attempt rather strengthened the existing government than otherwise; but the want of energy showu by Lamartine and his colleague, has weakened public confidence in them. Distentions of the most serious nature umougst the members?the resignation of Lamarliue. &c.. were current to an extent, that it was found necessary to publish a statement that the members of the executive government were purfaite meiit d accord, which is very like >u old Jew's practice of banging up an old coat, with "quite new,''on it. The following is the decree I allude to :? " For aoiue days past persons who evidently wish to excite disOrder nave spread alarmi ng reports. Justine watches over these machinations, and will know how to sclto and disarm them. The puuiic should lie on its guard against these tactics, vt hi h are nut new. It lias been said, resaid. iii all quarters, thai the executive commit tee of government had given, or was about to give, in its reiiguatiou. There is nothing true in this; thero is nothing founded in all these stories which ought for an instant to occupy serious minds." By way of shoving the blame from off the shoulders of the clubs, who are feared, the Xaliontl threw out dark hints that a reaction In favor of monarchy was at the bottom of the late attempt. A decree is now under discussion in the National Assembly, for banishing forever the family of Louis Thllippe from France. The French princes have protested against such it measure. The fete of Concorde took place, as had been announced. on Sunday, the 21st. All passed off in the greatest harmony; but the greatest secret precautious H?re taken, as a plot was on foot to overpower and slay the moderatu members of the government. A not unimportant feature in the occurrences of lust week, is the publication of some letters from the Priuco de Joinville. an attempt at a reaction in favor of monarchy. The Prtttt boldly takes up the cause of the fallen dynasty. The Xaliontl speaking of the recent proceedings of the Pretst, suys ;? Yesterday the Prtttt, after draw iug a very frightful picture of our present position, and having asked if the republic was to hive a President,or hrcu Consul?, or live Dictators,or a committee, and being opposed to each of these plans, oljecliont which it considered serious, it comes to the following significant conclusion ' Tne situs.ion is an intpatte, out of which wc caunotget wit .out retracing our su ps." To-day the same journal is still ignre clear, so clear indeed that it does not dare to take the direct responsibility of the ide-i which it circulates. It brings an imaginary citi sen (j'illes. who, after arguing en a preceding article in which France was compared to a sinking ship, concludes, with the most cindid ilr in Uio world, with the following innocent phrase:? " if it he to a general ihipwreck the republican system is to conduct us. it is heller that \ e should return to a system la of fact, lias given us seventeen y are of ti e greatest tranquillity. OUSTAVK OlIiLEM." II. re then is the question regularly started, and we now know where the enemy is. lie has established his headquarter* in the oiliee of the Prtttt, and it is the cit ten (lustavus (lilies, who is his tiumpetcr. The fanfare is brilliant, and will have ita effect. The Prrtte which knows how desirable it it to strike while tlie iron is hot. follsws up II. tlilies' proposition w itli eight letters from the Prince de Joinville to an olllcer of thwnavy, for the sole puriKWC. on it assures us, of proving to the Satioocl that the ex-tirand Admiral is not in Parts. The proof Is, in fact, conclusive. and admits of no reply, for as the last of the letters is dated ('lareuiunt, near London, tho 11th May, It is c\ ident Unit M. de Joiuvillo. who was at t'luroraonton the ilth, could not be In Paris on the IS'ih, tho distanoo from Englaud to France it to great. I From tho theatre of war in Italy. I have hut little newt. Carlo Alberto is still under the walls of Verona, nnd daily skirmishes take place, lie has commenced the bombardment of Pesehlrra. Ho exposes his person with temerity, and was very nearly picket! off by a ciSunon ball tho other day, which was aimed at him from the fortress. At Naples, there has been a regular fit Bartholomew. I encloso you the latest ndviees. In England all Is quiet. The affair of Bulwer, is likely to lead to a sovcro attack on Lord Palmerston. The Spanish government accuses Bulwer with having fomented the late insurrections at Seville. A Spanish Senator. Coute do Mlrasol, arrived tho same day as Bulwer. in London, to explain this strong measure, takeu by tho Spanish government. Curiously enough, they both crossed In the same boat from Folkestone. The questiou of the Navigation Laws, will again shortly come forward. Ireland is in that intermittent fever in which it has b en in for wo long; an outbreak is daily feared, and daily postponed. The State prosecutions arc going on: a second edition of the great. O'Conncll trial. As this Is an interesting topic to your renders. I must refer you to the papers for extracts, as it would be impossible for me to condense it in this letter, writing as I do, at the latest hour, to send you the latest intelligence, MOVEMENT. I.onoov, Friday Night. May 20th, 1848. The Derby and Oaks?Arrival of Sir Henry Bulwer from Spain ?The lie fur in Movement?The Jewith Disabilities Bill?llailway Movements?Affairs in Ire' land?Ocean Steamers, <f-c.. dr. Tho intelligence' I have to communicate is almost entiiely relating t.) pleasure, for. whnt with racing, the opera, and concerts, we have quite enough to do. Wednesday was a grand race dny. Tho''Derby" run I'or fit hi,no 14. opouf 1?j mbes j'vorn London. to wliirh most of the nobility and fashionables go, Thp course w is fully nttondod, and tho running very Rood; a eclpbrated horse named Surplice -won the principal stike, amounting to upwards of flvo thousand pounds, i a very pretty sum to fall Into any person's hands. To-d.iy has been a OOther sporting day of consequence, entitled tliu "Daks." I ou may form some estimate of the favor in which racing is held in this country, when I tell you that the llousu of ('ominous did not sit on the Derby day. V/e are somewhat In tabulation about the arrival in ...t* country tf hir ilujirv Wulwer, tjio Knrlisb ambasibdor at Madrid." lii .11/ last communication, I took opportunity to refer to the uncomplimentary despatches that have passed between Sir Henry and the Dnke dc Sotomayi r. as well as to thp publication of some correspondence In one of tho Spanish newspapers. A few dayj back. Sir II. Ilnlwcr received his passports, accompanied w'th an intimation that he must quit Madrid within four and twenty hours. He accordingly d d so. ami lias arrived in London, where he has alresily had an interview with Lord Pnlinerston. hut what w.ll bo the result of his sudden departure is at. preseut a matter of supposition. It is not conjectured that it will cause any rupture with Spain, for. unquestionably. the Knghah goverment have been in tho wrong and. from tliolr present conduct, it would appear lh"y nee sensible of the fact lteform Is still the cry in Knglnnd. ! have already apprised you. that, on the 23d inst., Mr. Hume, M P., was to have introduced into the House of < nnimons a motion embracing the extension of many liberal principles; tills, for ?ome private reason, was postponed, a proceeding that, caused much angry feel'iig in the House It will, however, lie moved for at the earliest Opportunity. Lord (Jeorge Hnntinck has unburdened hiais-If of a great weight; he forsook his sporting for a day and made a long speech upon what he Is pleared to term the fiillsoies of tree tra-fe. In the course of which Jm strongly deprecated our intercourse with foreign nations. In ? commercial point ?f view . If the reins of government were entrusted to tho partisans of this gentleman. I fear our progress towards perfection Would be ilow indeed Xbe Jewish disabilities bill, which pawedftiq nphant,1 y i mm t^m iff i^fei*A E NE NJ ly through thu Cominoni. wui thrown out lust uight, j ou iue secunu reauiug. iu me Mouse 01 l.oru?. uy a majority of 3j. tlvery oue imagined the great opposttiou would have been In the Lower House, and that the Lords, after a few grumblings, would not hare damaged it ; so that its success was believed certain, only a formal reading "? two being required to complete it. This I communicated to you some time ago; but contrary to general expectation, the Lords rejected it, under the ostensible excuse, that its adoption would tend to unchristianicu the land. The tenor of the bill was to give to the Jews the same privileges a., are granted to other sects in England?to allow them, for instance, to sit in Parliament, and become eligible to All official posts?no very inconsistent request, you will say. This, the members of the Common reed to at once, acknowledging the unquestionable riqht of the Jews to an equality of prlvilepe. ThearistO' racy in the House of Lords have rejected it, although it hud been I introduced into the other House by Lord John llussell ; himself. Here is an instance of the prejudice and nar- j row dealings of an hereditary aristocracy in t'.ugland. who do not appear to have the interest or welfare of ' the people at all at heart. They are, iu tact, not in the slightest degree tho representatives of the Knglish people, yet they have bad the power to overthrow the decision of the Commons.who approach mora closely to being the real representttives of the nation. Political opinions vacillate greatly in this country. I think that notwithstanding the cry there is for reform, the conservative section manage to keep their giouud. The fate of the Jews' disabilities bill is one instanco. and the same 1 party have recently obtained two elections, one for i Cirencester and the other for York, in the place of Mr. Vorke, of whose death I apprised you in my lost. Mr. Milneris elected for the latter, and a Mr. Mulllns for the former. They came in. certainly, by no groat | majority, but still by sufficient to insure their election, j The railway world hero is rather at a stand still : the j Knglish shareholders in the French lines, arc by no I means pleased with the conduct of the government of France, in appropriating the railroads into their own j hands. It has been a heavy loss to many people connected with the London Stock F.xchange?indeed it ' lias boon disadvantageous to all who chanced to hold | shares. Besides this, there is not the mauia this year for , contracting new lines ; all speculating companies being at a considerable discount. A uay or two back, the commission who were convened to decide upon the comparative merits of tho broad and narrow gaugo, gave it as their opinion that a greater state of speed, combined with corresponding chances of safety, were attainable on the former, and a rccomraeudation will shortly be issued to the north line. (Birmingham, See..) to adopt the broad gauge. As far as private convenience is concerned, the broad is decidedly supcreor to the narrow. Ireland is in uuything but a comfortable state. Bands of armed men march about the streets with military precision ; clubs consisting of from forty to one hundred persons, are organised in almost every county, under tho titles of variuus Irish patriots, such, for instance. as the Kinmet, the Grattan, the Kitzgeruld, and the like. The press is uncontrollable, the people arc excited, th^Lord Lieutenant is iu bad odor, nnd the Queen is prevented from visiting Ireland by the threats that are openly indulgod in by some of the moro violent repeal party. In addition to the government seisures, Air. Duffy, of the Nation newspaper, and a Mr. Iteilly. have been arrested, but without they are arraigned in a different mauner to Messrs. O'Brien aud Meagher, no Irish jury will convict them. The English government have no sinecure with regard t? Ireland, for every line of policy they adopt for tho better management of that country, only appears to increase the discontent that rages throughout the land. Some little rivalry exists in Eugland, between tho proprietors of tho American steamers, and those belonging to the Mail Packet Company. Wo were rather amused to hear that a trial of speed was determined on between the vessels of each company. The American was the United States, which left three days before her competitor ; she was commanded by Captain Hackstaff; the other was the new steamer tho Niagara, the mail boat, under the pilotage of Captain llyrie ; it is tho general impression that the American vessel will be tho victor. We have not had auy more continental revolutions lately of any importance. Spain, it is true, might be more trunquil, and so might Austria ; the Emperor of the latter place has flown, at least so the F.ngli*h are credibly informed la innumerable second editions of newspaper*. The new* of the change* of the forms of goveruuent on the continent have become so frequent and expeoted, that they excite uow but little wonder orooufuslou. The eteady way In which the French are proceeding ha* re-asaured in in this country, and we begin to regard thein with more confidence than hitherto ; although many people are sanguine that they will be oompollcd to re-establish a monarchy ; not, of course. eo oppressive or tyrannical ax the old, but a modified and moro liberal form of government. Some extract* from private letter* written by the Prince do Joinville, sou of Loul* Philippe, have been publinHed, from which it would appmr jdiat he ha* an eye to the French throne ; but the chance hi* Highnee* ha*, ia mere boyiah speculation. The Due de Bordeaux stands well to become King of Fraucc. and this you will find is not altogethenunfounded assertion. The Queen of Kngland'a birth-day will be kept tomorrow, May 27th ; pleuly of illumination* are in preparation, and dinners will be given by the Cabinet Minister*. The money market i* improving ; price* are bettor, and tiie exchange closed to-day after the following fashion :?Consuls, S4'A to 84S ; reduced three per cents. 83U to S3; new three and quarter par conts, Sd'a to 83>, ; bank stock, 191 to 193 ; India stock. 232 to 234 ; India bonds. 21 to 25 premium; long annuities, 8>i ; Kxchequer bill*. 39 to 44 premium. C. P. Our Pari* Correspondence. I'akis, May 2o, 1848. Tile Mugni/ictnl f'clr iir la Concnrdr. The great event here. *inee the date of my la*t. has l>oon the grand spectacle of the Festival of Fraternity, got up to celebrate th* establishment of the Republic. I will give you. in duo order, a report of it. This fete, so often postponed, took place on Sunday and most brilliant it was. The sky was magnificent; some elouds caused n momentary approhoutiion ot ruin, but they soon passed away, and 1.200.000 person* enjoyed, without annoyance, this splendid spectacle, so long expected, at which not only all Taris. but very many persons from tho departments, wero present. At tt o'clock in the morning, the '-rapper' was beaten, aud nt ?. the National Guard was in march 011 the Boulevards and quays, from the Bastile to the l'lacc do la Concorde. At a quarter past 8. the executive commission of the government was received by the members of the Assembly 011 tho paristyle of tho Legislative I'alaee. and the cortege commenced its inarch to the Champs de Mars, where more tliun 100,000 spectators were already assembled. The heights of Chaillot aud Passy were also covered wiiii people. A battery of artillery placed on the osplunade of Chaillot. tired cannon, at intervals of live minutes, go goon as the cortege was in motion. Almost all the representatives were present at this fete given in honor of the National Assembly, and which had something in it particularly attractive, after the attempt of the lbth of May. At half-past t?, tho members of the Assembly took their places on tho platform prepared for them In front of the Koole Militairo. Many ladies, elegantly dressed, were already seated there. On the arrival of the cortege, the multitude clapped i their -hands, and joined in cries of Vive la Ar/?aA- I liqur " fire l\'hatmblie Nationalt Tho preparations were hardly terminated by the workmen at the time the cortege arrived. The decorations were thus disposed:? Going down the Pont d'Jena, towards the Kcole Militairs*, there were seen ? Pour large masts, with oriflaiumo*. At the entry of tho Champ de Mars, two pyramids of a triangular form, covered dilh flags, or circular bases, having each at its foot three colbssal allegorical ( statues. On the sides of the pyrami Is were painted the names of the cities of France aud other countries fiiendlyto her. Two other statues represented agriculture and Industry. All round the Champ tie Mi^rs, were forty large masts, with tri-cblori'd oriflamuies, and Iropites iu colored glass, fl>ur metres high. Between these masts, lances 1 were placed supporting oriflauitnes in colored glass, for the illumination in the evening ; and, beyoud the masts, on each side, a range of V'euetiau raudelebras for the illumination. Sixteen pavilions, highly ornamented, surmounted by antique tr pods. '1 hese pavilions held tho speci- 1 mens of each trade. On each aide of these pavilions were tables for the banquutof the corporations. #ti the midst was placed a colossal statue of the republic. having a Phrygian rap, the left hand resting on the altar of the country, aud the right holding a crown and a sword. Opposite the iimphitheatrc, were twoeolossal statues, one representing the army, tlic other the navy. The pyramid 011 t ic left, on entering the Chaiup de Mars, had at Its base three statues:?Germany resting 011 a l|re; Italy holding a sword iu one baud, aud the uni.i in nil- nmer, nun r niurr naving :ii in leei tue Gallic cork, her hand on a stone table, oil which nan Inscribed. Abolition oftho punishment of death, universal suffrage, liberty of the pre**.'' Around the pyramid on the right wore seen the statues of liberty, equality and fraternity; the tlrst with 1 a mace and broken chain?the second holding the le- j ' Tel. Above liberty wax inscribed, "liberty consecrates justice ax a rule, the rights of other* a* limit* nature a* a principle, and the law aa a safeguard." Above equality. "The nation reign*, the law govern*. The law I* the rigid Jevel of equality, the people i* fovcreign; the people'* delegates administer." Above fraternity, ' be uuited one to another, love your fellow being a* yourxelf; each for all. all for each ' A corrion of nine banner*, bordered with gold fringe, floated between the pyramid*. On the middle. Were there verses of Ucfiingef; Teiiplen, f mitt une lainte alliance, Et diinnei voua le main." A double IItie of thifty-twn pedeatal* were placed round the immenxa clrou*. On the top of there pedeatal* were tr.angular cen-er* In the interval* were placed banner* and trophic*. The statue of the republic, of which we hare spoken, i* a flgure with (Merlons countenance, clothed in a long robe. Her right hand, extended horizontally, support* < the olive branch and the sword; her left, falling naturally by her side, hold* a crown of oak leaves J'our I TT Y O EW YORK, MONDAY M Hons an ceuchunt at the four corners of bur pedestal, which itself reels on a circular platform large enough to receive a large number of person*. Banners and antique vases in Imitation of bronse, complete tho decorations of this principal figure. The first uersons in the i-nrteirn w?ro Kfl man tn hlaelc coats with wbito pantaloons and grey hat*, bearing banners representing the 80 departments. Then came the corporations, the delegates of the departments proceeded by their banuers, on which were many inscriptions. A cry of " Vive V Emptreur," was heard from some of tho old soldiers of the Emperor, who could not but associate his memory with their acclamations, amidst the shouts of the assembled multitude of " Vive la Hepubliyue !'' The different trades, bearing specimens of their trades, came next, and many or them were well worthy of observation. The masons had the dome of the Invalidesas a plan in relief; the carpenters the labyrinth of the " Jurdin dtt l'laatesthe cabinet-makers a square building j sorrounded by a colonnade; the stone-cutters a model of apalaee; the tobacco manufacturers a monster cigar under a palanquin in red velvet, fringed with tobacco leaves of Virginia and Marylaud; the bakers, a crown supported by a bundle of long rolls and cakes; the florist and feather makers. n? dais holding feathers and flowers, elegantly arranged; a steam plough was brought by the engineers; the printers had a printing press, with which they were printing off the " Marseillaise" and the ' Chant du departwhich they distributed to the crowd; the musical Instruincut maker, had a kind of pyramid compost^ of musical Instruments; in front of this, children crowned with flowers bore banners of the art. On the baunur of eloquonce were the names of Dossuet and lierryer; on that of comedy, the names of Mollere and Scribe, on that of declamation, Talma and ltachel: the old masters had their banners apart. The Bazaar du Voyage had a very elegant pyramid composed of game bags, umbrellas and various articles. The upholsterers and gilders had a sofas gilded and elaborately ornamented, covered in white silk damask with a beautiful vase of artificial flowers. The banner of the feather makers was surmouuted by a plume of tri-colored feathers; that of tho workurs In steel glittered with boquets and garlands of polished steel ornaments. The goldsmiths had a splendid vase, and a rich fountain splendidly worked. A beautiful vase and some fine small statues were exhibited by the brouseworkers. Tho armorers had a panoply of armor of the middle age with four worriers clud in complete armor. The porcelain workers exhibited magnificent vases and figures iu biscuit china. The bakers drew on a car a child representing cupid, the car being surroudned by young girls. Besides, there were tho fringe workers, the saddlers, the coiners, &c., &c., all with their appropriate productions. At last came the car of agriculture, surrounded by five hundred young girls chid in white and covered with oak leaves. 'J'lieu caiac the Orphanistos, the children of Paris, the pupils of the conservatoire. Song resounded, cannons roared, an immense populace poured its living waves through all tho area of the circus, tho heights of I'assy and the csplanudo of (.'haillot rendered brilliant by the cuirrasses of tho cavalry whioh glittered in the sun, and the plumes of tho soldiery which floated in the breeze. At this moment, the young girls sung in one vast harmony the song of the Oiroudins, and with an unanimous and melodious ' Vive la Repuhliijue passing before the members of the Assembly, made thorn an offering of their boquets. i um wuuie population. Minister* ana executive Commission, responded with transport. Kvery one wu standing on the platform, so that tho ladies behind, were unable to see what was passing, but what will not the ingenuity of woman! they got on the boxos of the national guard assisted by those gallant cavaliers, and thus satisfied thoir curiosity. About 6 o'clock the troops finished defiling beforo the representatives, who were greeted by the National Ouard by boquets. which they had carried for this purpose in their muskets, and by repeated and long Continued shouts of" Vive la Republiyue Vive i'Jlibite Rationale !" In the evening the crowd besieged the quays, the Champs Klysoos. the Tuilcrles ; exclamations of surprise and pleasure burst from all sides at the fairy seen*; the terraces of the Tulleries were illuminated; vases of orange trees shot forth their magnificent fires; the alley of Neuilly exhibited its lustres, its girandolos. its tri-colored arches of light, and later in the evening, the Barriers do l'Ktoile became one mass of resplendence from some cheft daunt of pyrotechnic skill at its summit. The illuminations of private buildings were very beautiful. Notwithstanding the immense masses of human beings congregated at this fete we have bad no accident to deplore. Cannon were fired from minute to minute during the evening, which terminated a day consecrated to the real fraternization of the people. The following anecdote will show that the gaity of the Kcench never forsakes thorn :?The artillerymen of the National Ouard went to the lnvalidcs to relieve the services of the old soldiers, when one of the latter observed " Ma foi, comay ade. you arrive tret a propot. for I have been standing so long I am sulTcring from my corns." iie hnd two wooden legs. INVKSTIO^TOR. Paris, May 25. 1848. Parit Bourte and Money Mprket. Political events, which in ordinary times would affect materially the money market, and rumors that wouTd immediately cause a considerable rise or fall in the fund*, are now almost without influence. Since the revolution of February, the couliste at the Bourse and in the Tiisaage de 1' Opera, were nearly all speculations for the account; were carried on. has been discontinued, and transactions are now almost without exception for cash. Capitalists have no confidence, and speculators are fearful of engaging in any operations that may turn to their loss or ruin, by the unexpected events of the mozrow. Thus little or no business of importance is transacted, and that which is done is confined principally to purchases of small individual amount, uiade on account of persons in the provinces, but which uuder present circumstances are the regulating medium of the prices of the funds. Railways fluctuate, as the chauces of a more or less advantageous arrangement with the government appear to be afforded by the projects of the government, or the movements of the companies. In short all is uncertainty, and sets all judgment at defiance. The principal events which hare lately operated at the 15th May?the project of the Minister of Finance prosented to the Assembly as to the railways, and the budget for the coming year presented to the Assembly by that minister. The first produced, aided by thu purchases from the provinces, a decided rise in the funds. The railway project produced considerable business In those securities, and the budget has given rise to great variety of opinion, leaving capitalists in as much uncertainty as to the financial condition of the country as before. The railway project is to take the railways at the average prices of the shares for six months before the 24th of February, and to give as an indemnity 5 per cent stock at the average price of the same period. This, though generally objected to as unsatisfactory, is still so far acceptable that it puts the matter on some definite grndhds on which to form some judgment. It is difficult to say what is the prevailing opiutnu on the subject, as opinions differ so widely. They who have purchased at the low rates approve it. as they will be gainers, while the original holders, and they who have purchased at high rates, make a cry of spoliation. The generality of holders, however, hope to obtain better terms from the Assembly, many of the members <>f which, it is understood, are favorable to their interests. i'robably the greater number of holders would be-satisfled if the indemnity given were in 5 per cunt stock at par. The budget shows a clear surplus of elcTen millions, but many of the items of receipts are held to be very problematical, and as to many points doubts are cutertalned as to the obtaining the sanction and vote of the Assembly, so (hat it is considered to hare so little of substance or reality about it, as that the end of the year, instead of showing any surplus. Is not unlikely t<> show a deficiency. Pouhti are entertained where the dividends which will become due in June are to be provided, since with the additional taxes imposed by the present government, the old tsxes. which have been very generally paid in advanco. and an advance of 50 millions already mnile by the Hank of France, the government is at this moment reported to be obliged to obtain an additional loan of 30 millions 1 from the hank The slate of the Rank of France is fur from satisfactory; to cover an issue of 402 m llinns by it. and the vnrious local banks which have recently heen united or fused t(tth if, It hai} in Its sorters lift millions of bullion and cash; whilst the protested bills held by it amount to 20 millions?its shareware now at 1360. A movement in favor of Poland has called from M. do l.amartiue an s-rpojc of the policy of the government ,11 In III, il rollnlrv - .....I - - II I ..... ?. I I., tcntlnu <>f direct interference in its allairc. some confidence has liven given it the Bourse, this having been held a t rxnla i/uestio. which has occasioned a slight rise, hut on all sides It is said that prices are too high for any speculation under nresent uncertainty. The report which is gaining ground that the executive commission of the government will he obliged to resign on account of a misunderstanding with the National Assembly, also to the pnralyration of business, by reason of the uncertainty as to the constitution of (lie power that tquy succeed it or the ntea- j sure* likely to be ndopted by the Assembly. Smne serious reports are atloat too as to a decision of the German Confederate Diet sitting at Frankfort, i which is said to have adopted a series of resolution*. 1 and anmng?t other* the dethronement of uli the German sovereigns. News of importance from Vienna is nlso expected, consentient ou the flight of the Kmpemr of Austria, hut us the aetual situation of Austria is considered favorable to the peace of K.uropo, sonic Col sideratdo bets haie been made that tfoe Austrian troops will he forced, before the end of next month to evacuate Itaiy. The packet bout Splendid, from New York Is reported to have brought fl-IOO.nOO in specie, to Havre. The llank of France Is not expected to pay any half yearly dividend for the first six month* of lHM. Woman stock was In some request at a rise, on account of the news fron| Austria Premium on gold from 20 to 21 2A Threes. 48 Fives, KN INVKSTIGATOH. >RK I ORBING, JUNE 12, 1848 Our Madrid Correspondence. Mtunu. May 19,1848. I The Dieruption in the Jimicable Relation between England and Spain. We have just had hure an iuoideut which will net all the goealps in Europe talking. General N'arvaer, the Prime Minister of our dear little Queen has very once- | reinonioualy sent Sir Henry Bulwer. the British Aniban sudor, about his business. The day before yesterday a 'note was sent to the British embassy, accompanied by the necessary passports for the Ambassador and his suite, intimating that ho must leave before the expira- | tion of forty eight hours. The alleged cause of this very sorious proceeding, { involving moru or less risk of war with England, has been that Sir Henry Bulwer had, by his intrigues, aided in promoting and fomenting the lute ruvolts against | the Spanish government, and especially the reosnt military revolt at Seville. Government has seised, it is said, letters in transitu through the I'ost OlVoe. which 1 afford conclusive proof of the complicity of the British Minister with the insurgents. It is further reported j that Sir H. Bulwer had au amorous liaison with a lady, the sister of one of the insurgent chiefs at Seville, and { that her correspondence with him has been seized, and that it hatrays the whole seorot of the affair. At all events, the government have informed Sir H. I Bulwer that they would not be responsible for his personal safety longer than 48 hours. Accordingly, tho Minister, acoompanied by his entire suite, except one attache who remained as charge d' affaires, started in two travelling carriages for London, on the evening of the 18th. just twenty-four hours after receiving the unceremonious notice I havo just mentioned. Alt diplomatic relations between the countries are, therefore, for the present, suspended. The British arms aru removed from the front of the Hotel of the Embassy. Our Milan Correspondence. Milan, May 18, 1848. Movements of the Jlustrian and Italian Forces?Interesting Condition of Things in Italy. Considering the magnitude of the interests at stake, and the critical situation of the hostile parties, you will be surprised to hear that little real change has taken place since the date of my last letter. The armies of the King of Sardinia and Marshal Radetsky, aru still in presence on the plains of the Adigo and the Mincio. Tho army of General Nugent still raanieuvres in the Krioul. No movement lias been effected, which lias seriously modified the chances of the war. Vou will recoil-ct that the Austrian forces now in the north of Italy, consist of two armies separated from each other by a long tract of country, ono commanded by Marshal Kadetsky, and the other by Gen. Nugent. At the present moment, the former reported to consist of somewhere about 40,000 men, is divided into four divisions, which are severally concentrated in and around the four fortresses of Mantua. Legnano, Verona and f'eschiera, which, as you will see by any map. form the angles of an extensive quadrilateral, situate south of the Logo di Gardi. and which is traversed by the rivers Adige and Miuelo. The main body, however, of this army is cnllocted in Verona, the strongest of the fortresses, and in an intrenched camp immediately under its wails. The Sardinian army, and its auxiliaries, is necessarily disponed in a corresponding manner; ihe ms'n body is in face of the intrenched camp uuder Verona. A strong force, however, is around Peschlnra, which must be reduced bofore any decisive battle Is ventured at Verona. According to the latest accounts, the bombardment of I'eschiera had commenced, and its speedy surrender may be expected; that ouce accomplished, the force which invests it will unite with the army before Verona and a general engagement may bo expected. Meanwhile, the other army under General Nugent, in the Erioul. has been making slow but steady advance. At the date of my last, it was on the Tagliamento and at Udine; since then, it has advanced through the country between the Tagliamento and I the 1'iave. has crossed the latter river, and is now under th? walls of 'Proviso, on the high roads from Venice and Padua Treviso is toiorably fortitird. occupied by 14.000 inhabitants, who are aided by 8000 Roman volunteers. Sorties have been made with more or less success against the Austrians; and. according to the latest acoount*. it seemed likely that the latter would be kept in check, and be compelled to procure artillery of siege before theiowu could betaken. In the mean while, a considerable force under General Durando, Is collected at a place called Mogliano, half way between Treviso and Venice, so that if Treviso should surrender, the force within it would retire upon this reserve, and the whole would form a body of troops sufficient to prevent the march of the Austrians under Nugent upon I'adua. and their ultimate junction with Kadetsky. While these things were going on, the Sardinian ocyl Neapr litan squadron, consisting of two frigates, live steamers, and two brigs were sailing on Venice, to raise the blockade established by the Austrian squadron. These vessels were seen from the tower of St. Marc on the 14th, and they will thus have arrived, and have rendered Venice accessible from the tea. Such is the situation of alTairs in tho theatre of war, at the time I write. The critical question now is, whether General Nugent can form a junction with Marshal Kadetsky before a decisive engagement at Verona. The provisional government hem have lately issued a proclamation, declaring that they believe the independence of Northern Italy can only be assured by the annexation of Lombardy to ricdmont, but not de'siring to take the responsibility of such a measure, they have determined to decide it by universal suffrage; the votes of the people on this question are being takeu at the moment 1 write. The Venetian provinces, incapable of maintaing their independenoe. separated from the other States of Northern Italy, would necessarily unite thi-niselves also, and thus there could be one extensive kingdom extending from the Culf of Genoa to tho Adriatic, having Venice nnd Genoa as norts, and Turin. Milan and impugnable barrier against the encroachments of northern powers, anil would thus contribute to tho independence of the Tuscan Pontifical and Neapolitan States. The small principalities of Modena. Parma. Riaconza. be., are uniting themselves respectively according to thei( respertive tastes to the Roman, the Tuscan, or tho Sardinian States. No event of any general importance has occurred in the Roman States since the date of my last letter. Our Naples Correspondence., May 16, 1848. The Teirihle Massacre of the People ?The Beauties of Koyally. 4r The most deplorable events have just occurred in this unhappy city. Ferdinand II. and his troops have committed the most liorriblo massacre of the people. On Saturday, the! 5th, tho deputies assembled in the Salle da Monto Ollfctto in preparatory session to modify the form of thfl oath to be taken on the opening ofthe Parliament. This oath was couched in these terms "I swrar fidelity to the Kiug, and the Constitution of the 2T>th of January." The deputies were opposed to tills form, because it was inconsistent with the eonccssions of the ,'td April. Saturday and Sunday wero passed in negociations.? 1 n the evening, at 11 o'clock, it was understood that tho King would not modify the oath. The National (luards went in a body to the deputies and advised tlieui tc be firm. About 12 o'clock a deputation was sent tr the Kiug. but he only promised to give an answer on tho morrow. The .Ministers sent in tlioir resignation. when the Kiug appeared disposed to adopt a modification in these terms : ? " I ssutir lid, luy to tho king and tho constitution of I'Stth Jannary, under tho rosorratiou of explaining tho statute according to the decree of 3d April." It was eveu understood that the king had ordered out the troops, and all arrangement became impossible, the deputies judging that tho king wished to settle the question by force. At half past 12 the National (luard began construct inn barricade*. At half past 1. thn generate'' was beaten throughout the town Alxnit 2. the troops. infantry, cavalry and artillery, left their barrack*, and occupied the square* of the palace, the rastle. and the market. The King learning that barricade* were formed. consented to the opening of I'arliament. without any oath. The National tlnard refused to remove the barricade* unless the abolition of the Chamber of Peer*, the delivery of the foitro*' .-.* and the removal of the troops from the city, were cunee About 8 o'clock on Monday morning, the loth, the square of the | alace was covered with troop* and cannon ; the Swiss occupied the open space. At V o'clock they made a movement, as if to retire ; but at 11 a shot wa* tired from a musket by aeeidentfrom the ranks of the National <luard. who. thinking they were betrayod. immediately commenced tiring The Swls*. on their side, opened a murderous tire, and the artillery commenced to pour in grape against the barricades. The conflict then became general The National (luard sustained the Are on the barricades without giving way an lnrdr*for three hours. At the commencement, the Lainroni appeared disposed to side with the National (luard. but tnuueed by the hope of pillage, they took part with the troops, who broke open for thein shops and houses.and excited them with cries of" Viva el Hey.'' to the most brutal exci *ses These hordes of barbarians having gained an entrance. committed the most horrible cruelties; children were thrown from the windows, women wore vloloted ; no respeet was paid to age or sex. fathers, mothers, and their infants were brutally butchered In earh other's arms ; others were led naked to the slaughter amidst the Jeers and Insult* of the mob and th" soldiery, anil compelled to cry "Viva el Key!'" with their dying breath * ' The Hoyal (luard assassinated two sons of the Marquis Vassati re in the palace of their father, who went Immediately stark mad. his pnlare was sacked. Two palaces, one the beautiful pxlaee of (Jravlna. were burned. Almost all the Natloual Guard* wore killed, and T ? ?? ? [ERA % thoao who survived and were taken, wore immediately hot by order of the King. Many per.?>n4 known to entertain liberal opinion* were taken from thutr houieM and shot without tri^l The lone on botli aides ban been considerable during these eight hours of carnage. The hospital* are ftlled with wounded. One Swiss regiment alone loat eight hundred killed and wounded, amongst whom are thirty officers. r.uiissiarii's 01 irei < iirciio aru nam lo iiavu Doen in Naples. and to have excited the mob to the acta of violence committed by them The Krtftich ships ill the bay received on board about Ave huudred of the inhabitant!*, and the Kronch Admiral, Baudin, was no exasperated at this horrible proceeding that he wrote to the President of the Council telling him that? , i' Rights uf humanity and treaties had been to violated by the Neapolitan government, that he would give them one hour to put dowu disorder, and guaranty the safety of persous and property; and that if it wen- not done, he would bring all his fleet to Naples, and laud at the head of 9,000 men, to protect the rights of humanity." To thu preceding, we add the following from the Itali a of I'isa : ? " The civio guard of Naples has been almost annihilated after a valorous resistance. After tho struggle, all who wore taken with arms in t1 eir hands were shot, by order of the King; many others were carried, bound hand aud foot, on board a ship, where there are at preaont moro than five hundred. The National tiuanl has been suppressed, and an order issued that whoever did not give up his arms within twanty-four hours, would iw shot. Naples is lascouie a charnel-house, and is governed by martial law. The white Uorbonio Hag is substituted for the tri-color." Intelligence from A ustrln The Flight of the Kmperor from Vienna. Our advices from Vicuna arc to the 'ilst ult.. Inclusive. About six o'clock on the evening of the 17th an open landau, containing the Kmperor and Kin press of Austria, drove out of Vienna by the Maria Uilfgatn, the Kmperor acknowledging the salutations of the people, who supposed he was driving to Nchnnbrunn. One hour afterwards an empty travelling carriage, with the imperial arms, took the same route, and at nine o'clock four other imperial carriages, each drawn by six horses, passed through the gate, it was now evident that the imperial fuinily had left Vienna. This event was made known to the astonished population on the following morning, by a proclamation placarded on the walls by the PiUersdorfT Ministry, which rumainud In ofllcc at the earnest solicitations of the Kmperor and of the university. The proclamation stated that the Ministry had only received a verbal announcement of this departure, which was kept a secret at the palace, and that the Kmperor had gone to Inspruck for a change of air. It also announced that Count Hozos, the Corainander-in-Chief of the National (Juard, and COVnt Wilczek. had posted after the Kmperor, to persuade him to return. Thu rush on the National Rank was so great to got oash for notes, that it was found necessary to shut the gates. Small numbers wero admitted at a time, and their notes changed. The following is tho proclamation issued by the Ministers:? "This evening at nine o'clock a verbal communication was unoxpectedly received by the ministers that bin Majesty the Emperor, accompanied by the Empress and his Highness the Archduke Francis (Hurries and his ouusort, and the three princes, had, for thu sake of his health, quitted the imporial city, and taken the route to Innspruok. " Tho undersigned ministers, wlie are unacquainted with the orisin and other circumstances of this Journey, fo il themselves oallod upon to make known the faet to tho inhabitants of the capital. " The ministers deemed it their first duty to send off durirg ;he night by the commandant of thu Natioual Guard, Count II ",s. <1 pinion worthy of all confidence, an urgent entreaty to his s . the Emperor cithor to return immediately, or give an open statement or the circumstances which may render it impossible to quiet tho anx'oty of his subjucts. A si nilar urgent request has boon forwarded to the aroluliikc througlitho president, Count Wilczek. Tli.. I'ni,-..<l ..t ui._ <1.1. - - a i. . sacrod duty to dedicate its undivided care and attention to lha weal of the oountry, and upon its own responsibility so to uct as circumstances may demand. "The co-opcrati-n of tlioir fellow burghers, and all right-minded mon, will enable them to maintain peace and order,1'and to allay all apprehensions. Whatever information tho Miuiatcre may receive on this inbtact shall he instantly, faithfully, and circumstantially made known, and so soon us they shall receive any <lisect communication from tho monarch, it aliall lie published inI tu nter." " Vienna,May 17. (Signed) "PiM.ensnonr, La TOR, SOMMAA I.OA, IJOBLHorr, K II A It, It A I'.Wd A R T.V Kit.' The news that the Kniperor had (fuitted the city produced the greatest excitement. The inhabitants arc unanimously for the F.mperorand the maintenance of the constitutional ujonnrchy. Several ill-advised young men took advantage <jf the confusion which prevailed to proclaim the republic, but the people were excessively exasperated, fell upon thein. and would have hanged them, if the National Guard had not interfered most energetically, and rescued them. All are acting In concert for the speedy restoration of order, and a deputation has been sent to the Kmperor. expressing the universal desire that he will come back immediately. Great military precautions have been taken to preserve the peace of the capital. All the better classes of the population are in favor of the maintenance of constitutional monarchy. The Henna Gazette is full of decrees, signed by the ministry, calling upon the people to maintain order .Martial luw will be proclaimed in Vienna, and two miles round the city, at the first sign of an outbreak The return of the Kmperor to his capital was hourly expected. home of tho German journals givo various accounts of the flight of the imperial family, but they arc in all probability made up of rumors, as they do not tally with she official statement of tho IViener Zeilung, already published. We read in the Cologne Gazette:? "(In the 17tli, in the evening, their Majesties left fur Scleenhrunn, where they got into their travelling carriages. Archduke Charles and his family had left the palace in the afternoon, whil st the Empress-Mother did not leave the palace till nine: sho Was on foot, ana accompanied by a lady's maid. They took the road to .Mariahilf, where they Stopped into a hackney coach, which took them to I'urkersdorf: there the Em press-Mother met her travelling carriage. Of all the iin|>erial family, Archduchess Marm Anna, the Emperor's sister, is thu only oue who lias remained here, but as she is ill she ins-'uds going this day to Dmla." Sai.t/. in mi, Mny 19. Last night nt eleven o'clock their Majesties and the royal fnmily arrived hern in four carriages, and alighted at the hotel of tho Golden Ship. After a short time they retired to rest, and started for Inspruck at four o'clock this morning. Two hours afterwards f ount Ho/,es. commander of the National Gunrd.and tks f liainbcrlain, fount Wllciek arrived. They expected to have found the illustrious party still here, and immediately followed to Inspruck. fount ChoJn-bl / Lmmmm ll,? " ' ' 1 * * t I,..I*. . ra ... vi.JT U>.I.>'UI|MIII<U tuisu Majesties to Inspruck. At one o'clock in the morning, his .Majesty published a declaration to his subjects, according to which the imperial family left Vienna in consequence of the disorders of the 15tli of May.? His Majesty acknowledged with joy and gratitude the perfect tranquillity and devotion which he found in all the provinces of Upper Austria through which he traveled. IximucK. May 19?Ten at Night. A courier has this in^pient arrived here from Vienna with the Intelligence that his Majesty the Kmperor will speedily arrive. The news spread like wildfire through the city ? Drums are calling the Burgher and National Guard* underarms. Kvery window is being illuminated. A Burgher (iuard bearing torches has gone out to meet the Kmperor. The imperial apartments nt the Castle arc being prepared with nil speed for the reception of their Migcstics. Crowds are assembled on the racecourse before the castle to welcome our beloved monarch. Hi-ARTKB-rAsT Tts.?Their Majesties are now entering the town, which lias been lighted up as if by magic, nmid the most indescribable cheers of the people. They are accompanied by the Kmpress Mother, the Archduke Francis Charles, the heir presumptive, the Archduchess Sophia, and thejjtwo little Princes, and the Lord ( hatnberlain (Count Uomhrlles). At the drawbridge at Muhlan, about a mile from the city, the horses were taken from the two carriages, which were drawn into the eity by the rejoicing multitude. surrounded by torchboarcrs and thousands of people. They are proceeding round by the Franciscan moat to the new city and back by the Stadtplatx. through the Kspalinr of the National Guards, to the castle 'J'lie people are thronging round the carriages, nnd greet their beloved monarch with " Vivats." The Kmperor and Km press, led by the governor Count Brandos, and Mnjor-General Kliatsehek, repaired to their apartments. and immediately appeared on the balcony preceded by six torch bearers. The mouutains re-echoed the deafening acclamations of the immense assemblage, while the band of the Burgher Guard were pluyiug the national anthem in the castle yard. It is a pity that the sudden and very brief announcement of his Majesty 's approach, together witli a heavy fall of rain, prevented our giving to our mon .reh a more triumphant reception And now arises the question, what circumstance could have Induced their Majesties to quit Vienna and to flee to their loyal Alpine Tvrolese. who love their monarch and reverence him Where shall we lo for a similar example in Austrian history ' Shame to the deceitful leaders of the Viennese, who. by their unbounded and unbridled demands, nay. perhaps even their threats.have compelled nur hinpnror to see* r??f?!?? among our mountains ! Such is their boasted love ' ? But an Duke Frederick, with liiM empty purse, onee l'ouiul protection and assistance in our country, so will the powerful men of the Tyrol now (lock around their beloved Kmperor. and vow to shed the Inst drop of their life's blood for him. come what may. Every Tyrolese is doubly proud this <l.ty at the honorable distinction confivred upon him This day will not only be inscribed In the hearts, but will iudellibly lie recorded in the annals of the Tyrol. Allgtmrinr Ztitung. May'11. Affair* In Pi'tiMln. On the 22d ult the Assembly of Prussia was opened by the Kiiiit in person. On the termination of the royal speech the President of the Ministerial Council declared the Assembly duly opened. His Majesty then loft the hall amidst universal cheering. The chair was then taken provisionally by the senior member, bis Excellency the Minister VouSchoen. The four youngest members acted as secretaries. A commission of forty members was appointed by ballot to verify the election returns. The President of the Council of Ministers thca read the royal notification to the Assembly, transmitting the draft of the new constitution to the President, and announeed at the same time that copies of it would be distributed In the evening to all the deputies 0 The next sitting was to take place on the '24th instant In the hall of the Singing Academy The following it the royal notitlcatioa to the 1' jDILL s ld7 I i i Price Two Lenta. dent whiuh eocompaftled th? draft of the romtltu tion ? We I'rederiek Willhira, by Ood'e pure. Kiii* of I'ruaaia. fco IU*iii? by uiir patent of the IHth of Maruh proinleed a oonetltution fur our fatil* appertaining to the Herman < nnfelerntioa, we herewith send a projeot of the *a ne to the convoked aeeetnblv of the representative* of our faith till people. Uiven at Potedam, May at, IHti, _ plikllcrick wili.iam. -unphw-wn, < ovnt von Schwirln, Von An* row aid, Bornoiiiimn. V ??n Armm. Ilaiiitoiiiaun. (' ?unt v.?n Ktmi< :Umn *na fa tow. the m* nruiai cottrriTi'Tlow. Th? project of the new ''.institution, a* submitted by thu Kitif to the Assembly, consists of seven chapters and eighty-four articles of which the following are the prinoipal:? mac. i. , All the territories of the Prussian monarchy in their present extension, with the exception of a portion of the hi rand Duchy of Pusen, for which a special reorKanuauou is under consideration. oonstitute the Prussian domains belonging to the Uerman confederation i Tlie oontincs of this territory can only he changed by a law. chap. II.?ON TNI IIUIITIorrSVHISS OITIiaxa AI1 eitisens are equal in the eye of the law. Personal liberty of the citisen is guaranteed. No citisen ean be arrested esoept in the form prescribed by law. 1 Confiscation of property isVioliihed. Private property can only be appropriated by the State, when, for tho common weal, and at n just indemnification. Freedom of confession. Separation sf civil rights from religions confessions. Liberty of the press. Censorship is totally and eternally abolished. 1 Assemblages of unarmed citiiuns for peaceful discussion are allowed. Tho right of petitioning is opeu to all. Tlie eecreiy uf . letters is luviolahle. In extraordinary cases, such as war, ke? i sp.-cial laws are established. cll ac in.?the kins;. i Tlie person of the King is inviolable. Ills ministers are responsible. All the acts of tlie Kiug require to lie countersigned by one of the ministers to show their responsibility. The executive power appertains to the King alone. Tlie King ia oommender-in- < chief of the army, and makes all the appointments. Tbe King has tlie right of appointing all the elvil fundMnnaries, of eonferring titles or uohility and of distinction. The King has the right of tlio right of convoking and closing the Chambers. Thecrowais heroditure in the male branch according to the* right of primogeniture and the agnatic succeasion. Tlie King is of age at eighteen. g chap. iv.?the ministers. Tlie ministers can lie arraigned for neglect of duty by the second Clinmber. They have a vote in each ( hamhor, they may eouimand the attention or the < hamlmr. Each Chamber may demand the presence of the ministers. chap. v.?the chambers. Tim legislative power is executed in common by the King Rod two Phainbcre. The consent of tho Kiug and the Chamber! is requisite to every law. Tlie first chamber consists of thu priuoea of tho royal house as soon as tliey have attained their eighteenth year, and of, at meet, sixty members who must have rvaehed their fortieth year, and hove a yearly income of not under H,HJO dollars: their seat la hereditary. Tlie second chamber is to consist of lfil) members. The member* of tlie second chamlsir arc elected for four yean. They inuet have A mumm uipir your. a No one can las a uiuuilier of buth i liambor*. The sittings of both cbainlairs are public. * chap. vi.?the courts op judicature. The judge* arc appointed for their lifetime by the King. chap. vii.?finance. A budget for tho etjwnwja and ruvuuues of the State fur eaeh coming year must be presented beforehand. As soon as the constitution has been adopted, the King will take an oath before the Assembly to upheld, maintain, and protect the constitution of the Prussian Slate. The heir to the throne has to do the same. The remaining clauses are relative to local taxation. Itc. a State of Things In Prussia. Berlin, May 23, 1S4\ The recall of tho Prince of Trussia is etiU the prominent topic of conversation and discussion. 1 must not forget, however, to state that he has more friends here thau the inhabitants of the Rhenish provinces give him credit for.. Not that the citizens of Berlin are in favor of a reaction, even on a email scale, but that the majority of them?cortainly the vast majority of the higher and middle classes?entertain the conviction that hie royal highness is really disposed and prepared to accept loyally the new state of things, utui to cooperate in the development of popular rights. Without exactly poseessing the "chivalrous'' disposition attributed to Uiui in tho ministerial rescript proposing his recall, the Prince is of au upright and etraightforward character It cannot be said of him ? as it majAof u party in another quarter?that he " doth protest too much," but we may well apply to him Hamlet's exclamation?" Oh, but hiv'li keep his word." It is now understood that the Prince of Prussia has explicitly declared to numerous private friends, who naturally muku tio secret of the declaration, that he will opqply and cheerfully aid iu the consolidation of thn newly-acquired popular privileges; and it is no flattery to add, that his promises may be i elled upon, particularly us the non-performance of the prognsss which be is ready to make ofUcinlly, as soon us An ojfportunity ia ullordod him, would be the signal for the total over- , throw of the monarchical principle in this kingdom. It is not a litlic gratifying, moreover, te know?and there will be no indiscretion in making a communication which is taking the run of the saloons of Berlin? that his royal und amiable consort has ever brought hergeutle influence to the liberal side, and certainly no one will more heartily rigoioe at the " conversion" of the Prince of Prussia, than her royal highness, the Princess. German ladies do not play the prominent political part which their sex does in numerous Parisian cultriet ami circles, but their influence is not tho less considerable or important on that account. On the whole, it inay be safely stated that, although the recall of the prince was premature, and at the time, an act of great imprudence or great weakness on the part of the ministry, his ultimate return will be satisfactory to the vast majority of the inhabitants of this capital, including the Civic Guard. The greatest prudence, however, is still necessary; for. although his royal highness has numerous warm friends, bo has also very many bitter political enemies, who seem resolved? contrary, it mnst b? observed, to the spirit of the times?ueither to forget nor forgive. Potsdam Is ou the direct line of railway from (Intend to Berlin, and a brief residence there will alTord the Prince an admirable opportunity of drawing up a political confession of faith?if it be not already drawn up and ready to be issued. Hungary. Serious disturbances have taken place at Teeth. Ths ,irw.n II... ........I.. Il.m,. I .il.m. II.... ..... mander-ln-chief, ha* fled to Vienna The troops were to take the oath of allegiance to the Hungarian constitution on the 12th. Our correspondeut^writing at 1(1 o'clock at night, on the 11th iust., *ays: " 1'here 1* now no mean* of slopping the revolutionary torrent; the people have insisted upon the return of the Hungariau troop* from the foreign province*. The radicals are stirring?everywhere mob* of people surround the revolutionary speaker* A grand popular meeting is to he held to-morrow It is now ten at night?the whole town i* alive. The moon shine* bright?numbers of people crowd about the street*. Speeches are making lu the open air the troop* have beenoonsigned to the citadel and the barrack*?every post i* occupied by the National Guard Tranquillity will not be disturbed tonight, but to-morrow must be a decisive day. It ia rumored that Caul Nynrl, the leader of the radicals, has been directed to form a ministry Count Uatthyina, the 1'riiue .Minister, arrived an hour ago lrom Vienna, whither he had repaired to send in hi* resignation I'aul Nyari ha* taken upon himself to raise on the spot 30.out) men I am informed that thirty person* wera wounded dangerously in yesterday'* affray?four have already died. According to the law of the country, the troop* cannot interfere till they are called out by the civil authority. They not only did so yesterday, ^ but rushed upon the unarmed people, and charged them mercilessly without the slightest warning or summon* to retire. The Italian soldier* alone stood motionlesa. notwithstanding the orders of their officers, i'ublio thank* were voted to them in to-day's meeting. General de Lederer tied during the night, and is un hi* way to Vienna, but the Austrian government will be forced to give him up The demand is already dispatched.? The Hungariau Colonel, .Maurice Uoyueburg. ha* provisionally taken tlie command in chief of the troops at (Hen. Trouble* at Aleuts. Kassaroar. May 22, 1848. This evening a courier bus brought the news of a bloody conflict which lias taken place between some newly-registered soldier* of the Prussian garrison at .\fcnts and the Civic Guard cf the town. It seems to have originated in a long-continued antipathy, brought to an i*-ue by the heated brains of some of the iniltiary Several persous were killed and many wounded on ! both sides General IIuser, the commander of the for tress- ii liberal mid very popular man?has politely desired the ivir Hoard to surrender their armt. under a threat or boinbarding tho town. Should ho succeed, a I pig-cherished wish of the olhrers would be fulfilled, who h ive uever thought the co-existence of two separate military establishment* a very safo thing. 0 o'clock?The account* from Montx are etlll very vague So much scein< certain?that the disarming of the burgher'' goes on without any great opposition. The gate* of the town are cloned, and nobody in allowed to enter tho town, because an inroad of tho nelghb >nng peasant* in likely to take place. The tnu! tiittl animosity of the Prunaiann and the citizens la almost ineredihlo. The city of .Ments is the only town in (>crmikiiy where a strong republican faction prevail*. The Yientxvr* are almost the only constituency by whom u member of aukiiowludged republican principles has boeu returned. Tho election of L?r. Ztt* for the German Parliament Is a proof of the ultraradical tendency of those who returned so violent a political visionary. There is in fact a strong malignant party at Ments. who feed themselves scandalized by the g<? d spirit and loyalty of the Prussian troops, and who task their ingenuity iu inventing modes of j insulting and outraging the Prussian soldiers by attacks upon what they love and respect. The printi shops at .Mctitz wore for many weeks exclusively devoted to the display of the most disgusting caricatures oil the Kiug and the country of Prussia. The Prussian sentinels have frei|ueutiy been shot at by ruRUu* placed in ambush. Vii public places of resort havo resounded with tho vilest invectives against the Kin? Prince uf Prussia, while the soldiers were tolii lu their faces how happy the inhabitants of Mentu would he if they could drive those "stinking Prussians" o it of their town The Probable Stoppage of the war In Uric niirk. [From the London T1me?. May 26] We are happy to flud that the iNfnpition* recently lirired by in upon public attention for tbo immediate t.rminution^of the luumntahle hostilities between Denmark anil tlie German confederation had already been anticipated by the pacific disposition of the cabinet off llerliu Orders have positively boon despatched to> General Wrangei to withdraw the German bvupl ak once from that part of Jutland which he had occupied; and of course the threatened contribution of Ik

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