Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 14, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 14, 1848 Page 2
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1 1 Ml" ' 1 NEW YORK HERALD. RorUt-WM Oornu of rmlton ud Mh JAMK1 OOSOOS BKRRKTT, ntoniKfoi BAIL Y tfKRJID? Awry day, (Sunday/ included,) two cent? per coy )?t? 28 per infiwm. U'kulH. Y HERA1J)?t)cory .Satwrdiv?oenti ptr ropy? gg irv Vr 1?"?"??in the United Statee. Bu repeat,lubeerihcrt, $A per in..am. to include the pottage : .in edition (in t*? 8Vonch an? Enphth l inev igei). irt// tx puhluMed on every European iteim picket day. intA intelligence from all p-irti of tMi conttnentTto the I. licit moment. ADl'KR TlSEME.STS (reneteed every morning) at reaeonable prices ; to he U VM w u [ecihlr manner ; Pie proprwtor nut rreponsible /or errors in mo nuirript. P RIS'TINll of ail kinds executed beautifully and with d't- j patch. Orders received aif the Publication Office, corner cf Fulton and Nassau it recti ALL LETTERS by mail, for i u btrrtjCsoe. or intA a doer- j ements. to be poet paid, or the postage unll be deducted from j fh money remitted. DLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, oontavsmp important I t < t, solicited from any quarter of the world?and y) used will | be UhrraJly paid for. SO NOTICE can be token of anonymatu rommuiiioationj. M V. lever u intended for ietsertion niiutV authentic a ted by the name ami address of the writer; not necessarily for pubtieatum, but as a guaranty of ku good faith. We cannot under, take to return rejected communications. ALL PA YNENTS to be made in admmee. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. bowkry thicath.r. bmnri-chriit AJrc Fair Star ?Pride or tmb Mil > rr-liinioouxia. chatham THEATRE, ch?tti*m rtwet-olr national dbtehcei?rett Dat?sealed Seitenob. NIBLtFS. Aitor Plam?Virivnotir CHnJiim m these dahce.?naval E.ncaoehent?? Lorr Little. CASTLE GARDEN, Batteiy?Lbmd He Five SrilueM? Latatsr. panorama wav.t^ bnhni.'inv B art arb'a Famraea or tu miakmirn. at 9 and 8 P. 1(. APOLLO ROOMS. Broad-a-?Hi*t>?o?i's Paroraha or the Ohio ard Rue Mirri, at 3 and 8 P. M. MECHANICS' HALL. BkmIitu. n?r Brooma- Chriett's luuiriitu?Ethiopian 8iH?ivaBriiiK)ve daroiho, Ra MEI.ODEON, Bowery?Viroinia Minstrels?Etkioman Singing. kc. Now fork, Wednefday, June 14, 1HAO. AMRal OwrUMob of tlM Hirald. June IE, Tuusday 21,120 oopiaa The publication of the Herald eommsnced yeeterday Rt 90 mloutospast 3 o'clook. and finished at 30 mlnutei paat 7 o'olock. Itate of ParUoa?Southern Infloenee?Danger to the Union, There can be no mistaking the signs of the times, as developed by the present position of political parties throughout the country. There is danger ahead. A portion of the democratic party, known as the barnburners, have seceded, and formed an inde. pendent organization, on which they have joined IWUC n nil LUC OVUII1 Ull LI IV LjiirMiuu Ul me Miension of slavery. The whig nomination for a candidate for the Presidency wai, it is maintained by the friends of Mr. Clay, in the Northern and Eastern States, accomplished by Southern influence, irrespective of whig principles; and symptoms are apparent that that nomination is not only distasteful to the whigs oi the North and East, but there ars strong indications that he will not receive their support. In this condition of things, the Wilmot proviso section of the one party, known us the barnburners?a very large and powerful party?have determined .upon holding a State convention of their own, and nominating and voting for a candidate for the Presidency of their own ; and the whigs of Massachusetts have determined to have, likewise, another State convention, and nominate Mr. Clay. What the wtygs of New York will do, is not yet fully developed. From present appearances, however, we think it is a matter of much doubt whether they will all support General Taylor, and cast aside Mr. Clay. When the nomination of General Taylor was received here, the whig general committee endorsed it, and issued a call for a meeting of whigs to ratify it. On deliberation, however, and in view, probably, of what their brethren in Massachusetts have done, they have countermanded that call, and the meeting stands postponed until it shall have been ascertained whether General Taylor will ac- I cept the nomination as a whig, and will consent | to run as the whig candidate. Now we have no idea that that distinguished man will consent to do any such thing; for he has expressly said, over and over again, that although he called himself a whig, he would accept the nomination of any party. If he should reply to the queries which the general whig committee will propound to him, in a similar strain to those which were asked of him before his nomination, the whigs of New York?or at least that portion of thein represented i v the whig general committee, and Mr. Clay's gan, the Tribune?cannot ratify his nomination and will not support him. They will then, in such an event, follow the example of the whigs in Massachusetts?call another State convention? and other States will do the same. We may, therefore, have another national convention, and another whig candidate in the field. The two great parties are, therefore, placed in exactly a similar position at the present time; and the matter which divides them relates directly to ths South. It is, in fact, the first step towards ar raying the Northern and lree States against the Southern and slave States, and may yet, if extreme moderation be not used, result in a fierce struggle for the ascendancy between these two extreme portions of the confederacy, and, perhaps, end in a dissolution of the Union itself. The struggle between the North and the South, which ended in the Missouri compromise?a measure which, by the way, was accomplished by Mr. Clay?was participated in by only two parties; the struggle now being commenced is in that respect different. It comprises men of all political parties, sects and factions? I whigs, democrats, socialists, Fourierites, poets and abolitionists, of every grade, color and hue. If it be carried on with vigor, the regular liberty, or abolition, party, which cast sixty thousand votes at j the last Presidential election, and whose strength is now probab'y increased to one hundred thou- | sand, will, in all probability, join the extreme ! Northern party, and add so much fuel to the fire. | It will, therefore, be a more fierce struggle than the first, and may rock the confederacy to its foundations. There is at present a lull. What the whigs of New York will do we shall know in a few days; what the barnburners will do, we already know. They have taken their stand, for good or for evil. What the full-dyed abolitionir-ts?the men who ; supported Birney as their candidate at the last elec- j tion?will do, we shall likewise know in a short : time. But in view of what is now transpiring, parties in this country are evidently in a state of dangerous | transition; the signs are, that the different reeu sant factions will be fused together in course of ( time, and form a great Northern party, pledged to top the progress of tSouthern influence, and attain 1 the ascendancy. We wait, with fear and trem- j bling, the result. The times are evidently preg- ] nant with great events, and what the result even- | tually may be, no one knows. Politics and Trade tit Li-rope.?The political agitations spreading all over Lurope, beginning with the revolution in Paris, must create a terrible revulsion in all kinds of trade and business throughout the whole world. We expect nothing now, for years to come, but bankruptcies, failures, and revulsions of all kinds. Even England, unconnected as she is with the political convulsions of the day, to a certain extent; must feel their effects upon h' r trade and commerce. Our own helief is, that all the political systems, financial svstems, bankin^systcms, and systems of public crc on, in me ain<-r?-nt country*?trom the shores of | the Atlantic to the confines of Rua?ia. North and i South?will go to utter ruin during the next few year*. Arrival or the Northerner?Later trom the Sot m.?The steamer Northerner arrived yesterday morning, in n very quick run from Charleston, i bringing p.i|n ra through to New Orleans one day in advance of the mail. We have, on usual, an abundant supply of papers, for which we are indebted to Captain Dudd and to the newspapers of Charleston. k - \ I ? Vi i <|>>i mm 4 i i?> tm%mmn t+ n m mi A" The people of th? United 3tntoa nrn in tho rifidst of their regular quadrennial revolution, which results always in a change in our government, if such chingc thoulJ he demanded by the voice of the people, or the continuance in office, for auother term, of the party who h?'ld it for the four years preceding. If the policy pursued by the govern ment meet with the approbation of the people, expressed through the ballot box, then the party already in power will be permitted to retain it for another term of four years; and if, on the contrary, it do not meet such approbation, the party in power will be repudiated, and the opposition will be vested with the direction of the national affairs. Tiie more it is examined, the more beautiful doea the theory of our government and institutions appear, and the greater the wisdom, foresight, and prudence, which animated those who framed it. Simple and uuimposing?unattended with any of the pomp, extravagance, and oppression, which mark the governments of the old world?it is strong, powerful, and abundantly capable of protecting the life and liberty of its citizens at home, and of upholding and defending the national honor abroad. When the constitution was first launched, and the wheels of our republic and institutions were first put in motion, it was amid the gibes and jeers of a world of enemies. Disaster and disunion were predicted to our cause; and in a few years, it was foreseen by those whose rule and sway over the masses conflicted with the theory tnat man was capable of self government, and the truth of which we were determined to test, would end in\ civil war, anarchy, aid bloodshed. With full confidence, however, in th? wisdom and patriotism of the masses, our fathers watched over the work which came from their hands, protected it in its infancy, and when about to fulfil their destiny, deposited the treasure in the hands of their oiirt/tAMnra with atr\f*t iniiinntiAno aa t/\ ito tion. Year after year rolled on, until the present. The American republic, which first numbered only three millions of people, now numbers twenty? which was confined at first to thirteen States, now extends over thirty?which was weak and almost powerless at the commencement of its career, is now,in everything that constitutes national strength, the greatest and most powerful nation on the lace of the globe. While revolution after revolution racks the foundations of the old world; while crown topples after crown, and ministers and tyrants flee before the uprisen masses, the people of the Uuited States look calmly on, contemplate the changes, and congratulate themselves that they are free from the oppressions which their less favored brethren are so successfully shaking off. Having successfully proven to the world that self government was not a theory, an abstraction, an J impossibility, and having made mighty advances in the arts and sciences, and in civilization, under the auspices of free institutions, it i was natural that other nations slifuld imitate ours. They have done so. The woru-out theories of government tfhich have prevailed for centuries, are repudiated by the masses of the whole of Europe, and the great democntic principle is in the ascendant in every country in that quarter of the world. This is a proud and honorable position for our country to hold. We are now looked up to by a world, as a great shining light. The clouds of prejudice which ignorance or design formed around us, are dispelled, and our institutions stand before the astonished people of the old world in all their purity and simplicity. Never was there a time when the United States appeared to more advantage than they do at present, and never was there a time when the peace, quiet, and calmness which now prevail in the midst of our Presidential canvass, could be watched with greater interest and advantage than the present. Our people meet in their townships and wards?then in their counties, then in their several States, and afterwards in a grand national assembly, where they select from among themselves a man who, in his past conduct, has rendered himself worthy of being en trusted with the great honor which they wish to confer on him, by electing him their President. The regularity, order, and decorum which characterise these assemblages, cannot be too highly appreciated, and cannot but inspire men with confidence in the principles of self-government. We saw-recently, a national assembly, composed of an immense number of delegates of the great whig ' party of the country, exercising the trusts which . were confided to them by their constituents. There | was no need for an armed force to protect the members?there was no need of special constables to preserve the peace ; every delegate, and every spectator, was a magistrate, charged with the pre- j serration of order. The duties which these dele- j gates performed affect the whole people; and yet, j amidst the excitement attending their deliberations, , and the breathless anxiety which pervaded the Union to know the result, there was no outbreak of popular tumult, no breach of the law?rfor it was i the people who were acting in their capacity as freemen?the people who make the law, and the people who preserve it. Nor are the Beveral candidates who were before the convention of dele- i gates men distinguished by any titles of nobility? by wealth, or by blood, from their fellows. They were, in fact, all poor men, and occupy their positions more by the superiority of their intellect and their past services to the country, than by anything else. We remember the man who has heen selected by that convention?General Taylor?a few years ago, as a plain, honest, rustic looking man. He was ordered to the frontier, and entrusted with the command of an army. His mode- I ration, braver}', and firmness, were conspicuous in ' the ecenss which followed; and at the present time, he stands the candidate of a great party, for the moat honorable office in the world?the chosen representative of a nation of twenty millions of freemen. .Such ia a brief view of the admirable workings of our government and institutions; and it would he well for the people of France and of all Europe, to ! heed the lesson which they can learn from our example, from now until the inauguration of our new President, in the month of March next. They will gain much that will be of value to them j in their practice nnd experience as republican.*, and much that will be of essential benefit to 1 them in successfully working out the problem which they, like us, have undertaken to solve. ! If they copy our institutions as faithfully as they can?if their proceedings are marked with the same regularity nnd order?if the law is upheld with them, as it is with us?all will be well with them as it is with us, and the republic of France will be to the old world what the United .States are to the new. That it maybe so, is the desire I of every friend of liberty and human rights in America. Benton and Van IJiren?Is it a Wonder I? Wonders never cease. Who did not regard Thomas II. Benton as a wonder of stability, firmness ( and fidelity, in his attachment to the Jackson dynasty, and the heirs and legatees of that power I j Who could have thought that " Old Bullion," as he has been called?we suppose because he possesses so much of the bull and the lion in his temperament, rather than for any other reason?who coidd have supposed that he above all others, would forsake the fortunes of the Cesar of the independent treasury! To him, as he figured on Monday night at Tammany Hall, thundering forth in dictatorial accents in favor of Gen. Cass, the ghost of Van Buren, like Banqtio, seemed to appear before him, and to say in solemn, nwful tone, ?? Et tu, lirutr !" Is it not then a wonder to see old Bullion joined with the new bullion, and a star from the former firmament going over to salute the rising sun! We should nay it was a wonder, if we did not know men too well to wonder at any hiag. I..,,?. - i4i?? 4 Tft ? ? X*w <Jaa*fuz*aai <m rma W1m Psifrr ?& whig masting whish tu held on Monday rrwving?and which wu reported yesterday in the columns of tho Herald?was a remarkable sign. Matthew L. Davis, the well known politician, and constant friend of Mr. Clay, presided over the meeting; and some remarkable speeches were delivered, particularly by Mr. Selden and Mr. Fowler. These will have rather a startling efleet u|h>u the community, during the present crisis. It appears that a great portion of the friends of Mr. Clay in this city are determined to re-organize , the whig party in his favor, and to run him at all ' hazards. The speakers at this meeting all ex- i th^ir notion I nomination of Taylor?dictated, as they say it is, by Southern influence. This sentiment, as uttered by them, was re ceived with prodigious applause by the audience. We expect, therefore, to see, in a few days, the guerilla standard raised on behalf of Mr. Clay, by his adherents, in spite of the Philadelphia nomination. Even the whig committee seems to be taken all aback ; for after having called a ratification meeting of the nomination of Gen. Taylor, it has backed out, swallowed up nil the resolutions, and postponed the meeting indefinitely. Probably they intend first to send on a messenger to Louisiana, and procure some private pledges from Gen. Taylor, before they give their support to his election. There never was such a state of effervescence in political matters, in this part of the country, as there is at this moment. In the meanwhile, why do not the independent, industrious, fearless, determined people of New York, meet spontaneously together4' in the Park, and ratify the nomination of General Taylor, in spite of all factions and political parties') He is not the candidate of the whigs exclusively, or of any other party. He has been brought before the country, supported by the country, and no minatea by tne spontaneous influence of the people, without any reference to any party. Qome to the Park. Who Killed Cock RobinI?The solution of this pre at and important question may be now said to he determined. For the last quarter of a century Henry Clay has been the Cock Robin of the whig party. For twenty years he has been alive and kicking; but the recent Philadelphia convention has killed him outright. In answer ta this great question?who killed Cock Robinl?we reply: To the best of our knowledge and belief, we have now found out the individual?and that individual is, we think, that profound philosopher, Horace Greeley. During the last year, Mr. Clay's nomination has been advocated with so much pertinacity and violence?with so much obstinacy and irritability?by the Tribune, that it has attracted the attention of Southern politicians in the Southern States, to the fact, more than usual, but yet sufliciently to destroy the chances ot Henry Clav'a nomination. The social doctrines of the Tribune. put forth by that journal for many years?its abolition and Fourierite doctrines mingling with its political sentiments for Mr. Clay?have appalled the Southern statesmen, and driven them from participating in any support of Mr. Clay, as it has been seen in the late convention at Philadelphia. The socialism of Greeley and the Tribune, connected with his Fourierite clubs, have killed Mr. Clay; and thus is solved ths great question?who killed Cock Robinl Van Buren, Calhoun, Clay.?These three distinguished statesmen are now in a similar position ?on their backs, like a turtle. For many years the country has been convulsed by political parties, and struggles have been made in order to advance the personal interests of some one or other of these distinguished men. Now they are on their last legs. Some years ago, Mr. Calhoun raised a separate tlag in his State, in consequence of ids failure to head off General Jackson. Mr. Van Buren is now in the same predicament, and is ruising his separate flag of revolt and Wilmot provisoism in this State, to head off General Cass. Mr. Clay?ditto. He and his friends will probably raise a separate and distinct standard, to head ofl General Taylor. All the old timber must go down the stream?and new trees, fresh from the forest, take their places. Newspaper Enterprise andHoaxino.?Perhaps we need not warn the public to beware of the hoaxes which are attempted to be played upon them, by our virtuous cotemporary, the New York &un. That journal is known and duly appreciated. The impudence with which it claims every piece of newspaper enterprise as its own, is only of a piece, in point of morality and justice, with the hoax of the Plainfield and other banks, or with that of its daily circulation of 55,000. The news steamers employed by the leading newspapers, of which we are one, at least, of this city, are called, one of them the " Newsboy," the other the " Buena Vista." The one is employed in this port?the other between Boston and Halifax. These steamers belong not to the Sun, but only to the associated newspapers engaged in this business and enterprise. Yet the Sun is impudently and daringly claiming for itself alone the credit of originating and setting in motion, and of publishing exclusively, the news received by these channels. The j ublic, therefore, is informed that such is not the tact, and that the Sun publishes falsehoods for facts. There are five or six newspapers in this city, associated in the enterprise, and the attempt of the to claim the sole merit, is just about as correct, ' and true, and fair, as its Plainfield Bank business, i or its hoax of 55,000 circulation, or its report of the i importation of specie?twenty-one millions, into I New York, by a Dutch vessel?or any other of its ! numerous and barefaced hoaxes. We have long attempted, by good advice, to give this journal ' some sense of morality and justice; but we arc afraid we have not been able to succeed to any extent, if they wish to reform, they ought first to begin by paying the holders of the Plainfield Bank currency, the nniuniit of money out of which they have been chested by its fuilure. That ought to be the first step. MrsiCAL?ANOTlinr. KxctTitsutTr.?-The breaking up of th" r cent Opera, by the cheat perpetrated upon the public by the *n : nagers, is something which happily is new beginning to be forgotten by the public. The chungee, revolutions, and reconstruction*. in musical and theatrical tflairs, are bring- | ingbnck fashionable ev bences,and restoring the j good feeling which prevailed b"fore the upper ten I mad : fjdsof themselves. Nil !<< is succeeding admirably in the Aetor ! Place Theatre, and will ieslo: the character of j that establishment, so woftiliy maltreated by the 1 defunct Opera. Castle ffarden, but for the cool rvpniniTH would hnvc been crowded nnd I ful?and it will be bo very soon?while the other theatre* are getting along admirably. The old opera troujw has been divided into two columns? one nt Boston, the other at Philadelphia. But above all. the newspapers are giving accounts of & new musical meteor which has appeared in the fashionable atmosphere of New York. It is a young Pole, with an unpronouncable name, ' (Maurice Strackgoch) who has made his appear- ' ance at Niblo's, and produced a sensation in the i musical and fashionable circles, equal in'every respect to that created by any of the previous great artists who have appeared in this metropolis. He performs upon the same instrument which gave *\\ch fclat De Meyer and Herz; but. according to i the accounts of all who have listened to him, tnis ' young genius has his own originality, his own I characteristics, his own peculiarities/both perso- ! nul nnd artistical, which cannot fail to make him j quite the rage during the present season in New j York. We hear on all hands enquiries when he intends to give a public concert. We shall endeavor to ascertain, and let the fashionable and musical world know. He ia the only musical wonder i TEtEGRAfHlO , SEVEN DAYS LATER! FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF TIIK STEAMSHIP AMERICA AT BOSTOZT Extraordinary Short Passage.

IMPORTANT INTELLIGENCE, SSZffVBXfCB OF BKXSOBB& to FOURTEEN YEARS' TRANSPORTATION. EXCITEMENT IN RELAND. Chartist Disturbances in England. TRANQUILLITY IN FRANCE. Battle Between the Danes and the Germans. Commercial mod Financial Newt, &c., Sic., Sue. B.ston, Tuesday Night?11 o'clock. . The steamship America, Cupt. Judkins, from Liverpool, June 3d, has arrived at her berth in this port, in the remarkably short passage of ten flayi and tight hourt, including a detention of eight hours off and at Halifax. Her time from Halifax to this port was thirty-six hours. Ireland. On Saturday last, in Dublin, Mr. Mitchel, convicted of treason upon the previous evening, was sentenced to fourteen years transportation, and immediately removed under an escort squadron of cavalry to a steamer of war, which was in waiting to convey him to the convict depot, at Spike Island, in the Cove of Cork. His destination is Bermuda, whither he has already sailed, to be incarcerated on board a dock-yard hulk. Intense excitement prevailed in Dublin, up to Sunday night, but has since given way to a deep and solemn silence, which denotes stern preparation and resolve. A liberal provision will be made by the nation for the convict's family. The European JSmet says:?When the verdict : of guilty against Mr. Mitchel was delivered, a scene of great confusion ensued in the court, j but the tranquillity of the city of Dublin was not materially disturbed. On the following day, the 27th ult , Mr. Mitchel was brought up for sentence, and after some speeches, equally defiant as his previous conduct, of all authority whatsoever, he was sentenced by the court to fourteen years' transportation. On the same day, he was conveyed, in the ordinary prison van, to a government steamsr lying close to the quay. We forbear t? touch here upon all the tender and affecting circumstances of the sudden parting of this unfortunate man with his wife, children and confederates. The sternness of ambition yielded before the overpowering claims of nature, and hurried away as he was from the theatre of his criige, few can have felt more painfully than Mitchel the ! deep anguish of seeing one's native land receding | amidst the growing waters. This has been a stun- i ning blow to the confederate party. A great clamor has been raised about the packing of the jury. It has been attempted to impeach the legality of the conviction by showing that Roman Catholic |urors were struck from the panel, and in the cases of O'Brien and Mr. Meagher, no doubt this was the fact; but it seems to have been done in direct I contradiction to ths instructions of the government. | By a vote of the Repeal Association, the wife and children of Mr. Mitchel are to be adopted by the people of Ireland, and their comfort and education provided for at the public expense, out of a subscription to be raised for the purpose. The types of the United. Irishman newspaper were immediately seized by the government, and his property sequestrated. That paper is accordingly at an end, but arrangements are in progress for bringing out a nsw journal, of a similar ten ucucjr, uiiuci uic Dwrcicijju oijric, line tuiu ui^uuy of the Irith Felon. The language of Mr. John O'Connell, at the Repeal Association, when urging the members to adopt the family of Mitchel, and in expressing indignation against the Attornoy General, was particularly exciting. He called upon all Irishmen never aguiu to speak to the Attorney General, but to spit j upon him as he had spit upon the Catholics?not to I expose themselves to be struck down singly, but to band themselves together as determined and united Irishmen. Mr. Mitchel arrived at Spike Island, Cork, on Sunday night, and was instantly handed over to the Governor. He will immediately assume the j convict dress, and be treated in every respect like an ordinary convict. From the declaration of Sir George Grey, in the House of Commons, it appears that the government has determined on carrying out the sentence against him of transportation beyond the seas. Jn consequence, however, of the bad state of health under which the unfortunate man is suffering, they have relinquished the intention of sending turn to Norfolk Island, but have ordered him to be conveyed to Her Majesty's dock-yard at Bermuda and there, on board the Thames convict, hulk to un~ dergo his first year's sentence. II. M. steam sloop Scourge of six guns, Com. Wingrovc, left Portsmouth on Monday morning for Cork, to take on board the unhappy Mr. Mitchel, and other prisoners, and to proceed immediately to Bermuda. Chsrtiit Movements. Some partial disturbances have taken place in London, at Bradford, Manchester, Leeds, and other places. Chartists have been the chief instigators of these tumults, which, in every case, have been almost instantly suppressed. On Monday evening a large assemblage of chartists collected in Clcrkenwell, in London, but at midnight they quietly dispersed. On Wednesday evening similar meetings took place, but the arrangements of the police, aided by a demonstration of the military, were so complete, that the mob, whenever it appeared, was speedily scattered. The special force was called out to guard the outskirts, and the same alacrity in turning out to preserve order and property was exhibited by ths middle classes as on the 10th of April. At Bradford, a collision took place between the Chartists and the police, and a great riot ensued ; but the military restored order, and enabled the jsdice to capture the principal ringleaders, mnny of whom have been committed for trial at Manchester. After various meetings of confederated clubs and Chartists, a grand meeting was organised, to be held on Wednesday, comprising larg" bodies from the surrounding districts, hut the magistrates issued a proclamation forhiding it. They also prevented the Oldham Chartists from entering Manchester. A large body of military and police were drawn up, and the multitude was compelled to retreat. There enn be no doubt that very deep seated misery prevails amongst immense bodies of the unemployed people. Mr. Mitchel's conviction is the general theme of declamation by the orators who address the |ieople on these occasions. The evil ia becoming so great, that we should not be , , r,*\ adopt actoe aatenatVa scheme at emigration. Certainly effort* were being made te stimulate auch an enterprise, but the government ia quiet, passive us yet, with regard te any comprehenaive li.t-.i. .lew ? f iclit f. The price of bread i9 very low, which, doubtless, mitigates uiuoh distress, but the mercantile derangements of last year are now telling deeply upon the working alasses of England generally. France. Dlirinflr tho nftfit urnolt frnnnnilitu ???'? * o ?" r?* " unv|wii*kj iiaa ucuu uiaiu- i tained in Paris, under the vigorous administration of Gen. Carvaignac, with a large body of regular troops under his command. The attempts which have been several times made to create disturbance have been at once suppressed. The National Assembly, surrounded by an immense military force, sits daily, and appears by degrees settling down to the business of practical legislation. The determination of the Assembly and the executive to break up the system of organisation of labor, set on foot by M. Louis Blanc, has occasioned deep resentment among the recipients of the wages of the State. The executive first struck a blow at the directors of the ouvrtert, M. Emile Thomas, who succeeded M. Louis Blanc in the administration of the ateUien nationaxue. On the night of the 26th ult., M. Emile Thomas was suddenly sent for by a Minister of Public work, and superceded in his office by two civil engineers, and having been compelled to sign a resignation,, was sent off in the custody of two agents of polise, to Bordeaux, or the neighborhood. The workmen demanded the reinstatement of M. Emile Thomas in his functions, and since that time the rapptl has been beaten almost daily. Large assemblages of workmen have been drawn together in various parts of Paris, but being kept in check by the overwhelming force both of regular troops and National Guards brought against them, all the efforts made to disturb the peace, have been abortive. The persona actually re/ Aivinrr fVisa warraa nf tlia Qfata ka w?i?<g iitv iv age d v/? iiiv uvoic tutiuui uc it nw? than 120,000. It is intended to draft a portion of these into the provinces, and thus break up the confederacy. The police have at length succeeded in capturina the redoubtable Blanqui, and also Flotte, whilst these notorious conspirators were at large it waB felt that no security existed foi public tranquillity, the talents and indomitable audacity of Blanqui rendered him especially dangerous; but the trial of the prisoners now confined at Vincennes, together with the dismissal of the ouvriert, has put the power of the executive to a severe test. Ii, however, a good understanding prevails between the executive and the National Assembly, we have no doubt they will survive this ordeal. The relations between the executive and the Assembly are at length settled. The members of the executive must attend the Assembly when forty members require it. Theyjhave, however, a special right to be heard, but they are exempt from general attendance. The article relating to the measure of defence of the Assembly, has been finally passed by specifying in the clause that the President of the Assembly has a paramount right of issuing the proper commands in case of urgency and necessity. This contest has thus ended by the declaration that the Assembly shall protect itself, and not owe its protection to the Executive authority. Lamartine, perceiving the feeiing of the Assembly, acquiesced in the decision. It is 6tated that the Committee appointed to draw up a constitution has decided unanimously upon the expediency of#having but one Chamber and a single President, both the result of direct popular elections by universal suffrage. The number of members to the Chamber is undecided, but it is said that the present will be incapable of re-election and must have at least two millions of votes. The Committee will probably conclude its labors in about three weeks. There can be no doubt, whatever, that the com plicity of Louis Blanc in the conspiracy of 16th May, has been established in evidence before the Minister of Justice and Attorney General. These authorities have demanded of the Chamber the liberty to prosecute him, and in spite of the alleged opposition of the executive authority, a committee has been appointed to report on the case. The Chamber has been thrown into great confusion by this proceeding. It appears that Louis Blanc, Barbes, and Soubrier, breakfasted together on the morning of the 15th, and together concerted their measures. The two latter are fast confined in Vincennes, while M. Louis Blanc, after several days' absence from the assembly, has again ventured to show his face there. Can the conspirators of the 15th May really be brought to punishment, under such circumstances 1 The decision of the committee, on Louis Blanc's case, will disclose whether the assembly is sufficiently strong to exercise a just vigor. Fresh disturbances have broken out at Lyons. It is stated that M. de Circourt has been appoin ted Minister to the United States. The Paris journals of Wednesday, represent continued distrust. A committee of eighteen, one for each bureau* had been appointed to consider the propriety of impeaching Louis Blanc. The prosecution is looked upon with,disfavor. The Assembly did not sit on the 1st inst. The Sub-Committee of Finance has recommended the rejection of the ministerial scheme, with re gard to the railways. Prince Louis Napoleon, who visited Paris incog three days ago, has received orders to quit. Baron Rothchild's model farm villa has been burned by incendiaries, in pursuance of the system, a detail of which was found in Blanqui's papers, viz, to destroy the bourgeoisie by extinguishing credit through perpetual outrage and compulsion. It is supposed the frightning away of M. Rothchild will be a great blow at the finuncial means of the government. Intelligence from the Continent, Continental news is rather less warlike. Prussia has discovered that the occupation of Jutland could not be tolerated, and she has withdrawn her troops. A violent street riot, arising out of the disputes so frequent in that city, arose in Berlin on the 2fith. The National Guard charged the people, and a good many were hurt. Order was not restored until an early hour of th?* next morning. A letter from Trent states that a sharp action between the regular troops of the Milanese and some Austrian regiments, assisted by irregular i a T f cuip, ntiu tnrvru |uuuc mai uic uuivu ui iuiu, in which the latter were victorious, having taken ' CafFaro, a strong post called Caatcl Lodrone, nnd repulsed the Italians as far as Rocca d'Anfo. i The Schleswig Holstein journal, under date of ' May 29th, announced that a collision had taken i place between the Danes and the Germnns, at Sundcrlirtt. The Danes landed on the main land and attacked the advanced posts of the German , army under the heights of Dupcller, while a num- ] her of gun boats assailed the Germans in another quarter. Large numbers were stated to have been killed and wounded on both sides; nnd at 7 o'clock in the evening, the Germans retreated by Graven- i stein, the Danes advancing after them. About 7,000 were engaged on each side. It is reported that the Germans lost 1000 men " nnd 6 pieces of cannon. It is stated that a com- J bined Russian, Swedish and Danish fleet was off j Copenhagen, Frince Conatnntinc being on board. j An Lxpress in anticipation of the overlahd mail, J has arrived with dates from Calcutta to April t 19th, and Bombay, May 1st. No news of interest. J Miscellaneous Intelligence. ( The papers relative to the dismissal of Sir Henry I ffr % r';. _ * ? .-J1-JL__ JtImj, adnut unaqtHvooatty that Sir Henry fiohrai gava no provooatioa whatever to the Spanish government ; that there ia no presentable charge or complaint against him ; and that the pretenoe that tho Narvacz cabinet only wiah>*d theainbaaeador to quit Madrid to save him from assassination, is false and worthless. The resolution with respect to the ministerial proposition for the modification of the navigation laws was met on Monday evening by a counter resolu. tion, proposed by Mr. Herries, upon which the supporters and opponents of Mr. Labouchere's measure in the Ilouse of Commons had joined issue. The counter restitution ui inr. i lernes sets ionu mai 11 is essential to the national interests of this country to maintain the fundamental principles of the ex- H isting navigation laws, subject to such modifies- H tions as may be best calculated to obviate any H proved inconvenience to the commerce of the H United Kingdom and its dependencies, without H danger to our national strength. H Commercial and Financial Intelligence. H The improved tone exhibited in the general cha- H racter of trade up to the close of last week, has H been fairly maintained for the last few days, not- H withstanding the constant augmentations of conti- H nental intelligence, by no means conducive to an H expression of the prevailing feeling. Unmitigated H derangements on the continent have greatly aggra- H vated the feeling of alarm, caused by disorderly ma- H nifestations at home, and a reaction, though tri- H fling, has of consequence been produced. OnMon day, and the two following days, i i insubordinate H spirit was displayed in London, some parts of H Yorkshire, and the neighborhood of Manchester, H by armed assemblages of chartists and repealers, H who, with the avowed object of making u sympa- H thetic demonstration in favor of Mr. Mitchel, whose fate is noticed in another place, and exhibi- H ting a public defiance of the government, have ef- H fected a considerable deal of mischief. The immediate results of these demonstrations have H been an almost suspension of business in the seve- H ral localities. The wanton destruction of some H factory property, the compulsory closing of three I or four large establishments, and collisions with H the civil power, in which the police and special I constables were beaten?the authorities, however, H having resorted to strong repressive measures?the I disposition to riot has, with the aid of the military. I been greatly checkiJ, and now it is to be feared I that perfect tranquillity is far from being restored. I No life was lost, but several were wounded on both M sides I The accounts from the manufacturing districts, H though somewhat conflicting, in many respects are not in the main gloomy. Operations for the I past week have been limited, being almost wholly I confined to the execution of some United States I and home orders, and a few for the German mar We are in receipt by the overland mail of some I demands for the India market, but not to any ani- I mating extent. The manufacturing condition of I the country is critical, and will continue so until I the re-establishment of continental harmony. I The interchange of traffic with the United | oiaies ia ai present me palladium 01 ureal Druain. The monetary condition of the country still continues buoyant. Money is plentiful, accommodation liberal, and discounts are moderate. The national securities are firm, though, for the last day or two, inactive. They have, of course, been materially nfl'ected by the varying announcements received from abrond, the vicissitudes of trade at home, and the speculative opinion entertnined regarding governmental probabilities generuliy. An impression is generally acknowledged that the present ministry must abandon office before the closing of the session. From the late defeats which they have sustained in both Houses of Parliament, tne growing unpopularity of the Irish policy, ana the great inadequacy of the revenue to meet the current demands of the State, the funds after much vascillation during the week,opened well yesterday morning, with a large influx of money upon the stock market. The closing quotations were 83| to &14 for transfer, and 84 to 844 for account. Bank Stock is quoted 191; Exchequer Bills, 37s to 86s premium. The condition of the Bank of France is represented as improving,though slowly. Business is exceedingly depressed in Havre. Markets. Liverpool Cottoi* Market, Juno 3?Uplands, ordinary. 8d to 3)4d per lb; mlddllug.3)4d to 3%d; middling fair,-Id; fair, 4)4<1; good fair. good. 4)4d. New Orleans, ordinary. 3d to 3)4d; middling, 3)4d to 3%d; mid. fair.-Uad; fair. 4)4d; good fair. 6)4; good, 6)4d to 6d; oboioe mark*. 6)*'d to 7d; middling ordinary. 3d to 8)4d: middling. 354d to 3)4; middling fair, 4d; fair, 4)4d; good fair. 4)41; good, 4J4d Sea Inland, ordinary to middling, 7d to 9d; fair to good fair. lOd to lid; good to fine, 13d to 16d ; stained, id to 7<1. This market remains substantially unchanged in quotations since last night week; but has been very languid, with a turn in favor of buyers. The prudence of insisting npon present prices was much questioned up to Thursday evening, when it was determined generally to drop )4d per lb: but the demand being tolerably improved yesterday, the proposed reduction was abandoned, though it must be acknowledged that the rates as quoted are extreme and difficult of realisation. The sales for week ending lost evening amount to 30.080 bales, of which 3.700 are on speculation, and 1600 for export. The American descriptions consist of 6.410 Uplands at 3)4d a 4)4d ; 16 920 Orleans at 3^d a 6d; 4560 Alabama and Mobile 3d a 4)4d; 290 Sua Island 7d a 14)4d. The imports for the same time, amount to 76.000 bales, of which 69 000 are from the United States ; and the stock in port at present exceeds that of last year at the same period, by about 10 000 bales?being 610.000 bales. The American qualities are 360.000 bales, or corresponding as nearly as possible with the quantity held last season. Liverpool Con* Market, June 3?10 A. M.?Best western canal flonr 27s 6d a 28s per bbl; Richmond and Alexandria. 27s a 27s 6d; Philadelphia and Baltimore, 27s a 27s 6d ; New Orleans and Ohio. 20s a 27s; Canadian. 27s a 28s ; United States and Canadian sour. 24s 6d and 26s Wheat?United States and Canadian white and mixed, per 70 lbs, 7s 6d a 8?; red 6s 6d a 7s 6d; Indian corn, per quarter, white. 32< a 34s; yellow, 84s a 36s 6s. Corn meal, per bbl. 14? 6d a 16s. Barley, per 60 lbs. 3s a 3s 8d. Oa's. per 46 lbs. 2s a 2s Hd. Oat meal, per 240 lbs, 22s a 23s; rve. per 60 lbs. 3s a 3s 8d. Peas, per 604 lbs, 28s a 32s quoted duty paid. On Saturday last, and during the early part'of the week, this market fully maintained the Arm tone per Acadia, but since Tuesday the trade has been inactive, and in any business reported, the tnrn of prices has been in favor of buyers Considerable rain bas fallen throughout the week. The declining tendency of the market with'n the last few day* more particularly refer* to Indian eorn and meal, the former of which 1* fully 2* Od per quarter lower than at the beginning of the week, and tho latter 1* a la 6d per barrel. Flour, though comparatively acaroe. t* In exceedingly limited demand Th? shipment* to Ireland rlnce Tueaday. conalat of 13.070 quarter* of Indian corn ; 6 003 barrel* of eorn meal, and (14 barrel* of flour. The weather continue* moat favorable throughout the country, and from It* gental Influence upon the growing crop* promt'ea an abundant harveat. The metropolitan market* for the week partake of the depreaaion felt in I.iverpool, preaentlng little animation. Arrival* of home anpplle* have not been beyond average. The ahow of cample* haa not been large, and operation* up to laat night appear to have Ven remarkablo only for heavineaa. The atatement* of the acrioua blight of the potato crop are without foundation LiTKarooL Paovmov M*a*rr. June 3?Beef, prime mea*. per tierce, new. 86?a92*0d; ordinary. 76?a83; old B0?afl8a; roe**, per barrel, new 60a64a; ordinary and old 30a4fla; prime 30a3Aa; extra India family, fce per tierce P7al0(*: pork, prime mea*. n?* . per barrel. (4a 70*: old 44a(0a: mea* 44a60a: prime 36a42a; bacon dr'ed and amoked. old. per ewt 16a30?; long and abort middle*. eaatern P.'laVl*' weeteTn Vir.til.l**.- oo-ort-. hum*. amoked or dry. In canva**. per ewt. duty paid, 20a50a; in eaak*. in nnlt. not ?moked. 25a45a; tongue*, o*. In pickle. duty paid. per doien, 12a20*; pip*. per cwt., 20a2.r>*: lard. fine loaf, in keg*. per cwt. 32a44*; In barrel*. .10*4.1*; ordinary to raiddlinp 30* fida.38* 8d; Inferior and greaae. 28a3l?; cheeae. (In*, per ewt. duty paid, 48a52a; middling 4.1a40*; erdlnery. .1.1*42*: butter. no dale*: rice, duty 1*. Carolina dre?*ed. flrat quality, per ewt, 17al8* fid; aeeond quality 15a10* 6d Lirtaroot. M*aarT*. June 3.?Turpentine, rough, per cwt, 8a a 7a; apirita. duty paid, 31a a 32a; roaln, amber and yellow, per ewt. 2* a 5a- tar, per bbl. 11a a 12*; pitch, per ewt. 2a a 2a 0d; tallow, duty paid, per ewt. 46a a 48a; oila. aperm. duty paid, per tun. ?84 a ?88; whale. ?24 a ?20 10a; llnaeed rake, per ton. ?0 a ?7; lard. United State*. high in bond, per ton. ?16 10a a ?17; hemp, dry rotted, perton. ?23 a ?26; liaekled. ?26 a ?20: hide*, from wet aalted to hemlock tanned. per lb, l\d to Od: hop*, in bond, per ewt. 30? a 50a; bark, quercitron. New York and Philadelphia, p^r ewt. 8* a 10a fid; beeawax. unbleached, per ewt. ?6 10a a ?8 10a; aahea. Montrenl pot, per ewt, .10* a31a; pearl, 40* a 45a; United Statea pot, 28a Od a 20a; pearl, 40a a 46a. 8hlp New*. June 8.?In the Meiaey, panned the pocket nhip Waterloo, bound in. June 8?Inf. 50 25 N., Ion. 58 45 W., npokc ntcnmship Caledonia, from BoaIon. The Amcricn left Liverpool on the third, at Mi Arrived at Halifax twelfth, eight A. M. From Liverpool to Halifax eight day* and twenty hour*. Lelt Hnlifax twelfth innlnnt, t<<n A. M.. and arrived it Boston thirteenth, ten P. M. Passengers by the Steamship America. From I.ivrnrtooi. tor IlAi.irAX?Hon 8 Cnnard, Mia* Cunard ind f?malo aerrant, Mra Norman. Mr Norman, Jr. For I1i*to*?Ja?T"d.*r and lady. Mr TVIIHama ami lady, Mr tnni'i and lady; Jatnoa Ilanialvv, fady and child; IT .'on**, la ly, hlM and nnr*?; Mr* Hill, femal# nenrnnt: Mlaa mil. R n (iulm, fla* Dakar: Mi"* Stephana; Mia* fTodtra*: Mia* Twcmhla; Mlaa IT. >awar, Mlaa Wllhalni. Mlaa tlallam. Mr Rldaalay, Mlaa Rldraloy, Ir. Hldgalay, Inn and aort. Her. Amn, lllanoliard. A T Rnnincr, ^ Warr?n,V Wi'aon I'atar Tlnohanan. Mr Raahlay. T> (' Mnrd n, Cr Delano, Mr llnrdrc. Mr tlanhrotrar, Rnhart Rtnltb, Mr llanill. on, Jamaa Vnea, J R llallam, J II Rtephnna, Mr Hakar, Mr lolmrty, Mr Brnca, Mr MeClnllan, Mr Crydar. Mr Walmorr, lanrv A (larrett, J H llinlnaon. Mr* Rcnnyler, Mr* MoKIm, I Iinnd, M Collnnyh, John Thnmpann, R F Hold nam, Valtar Hail. John Pollock, Jamaa Wllkia, A T Mnhr, David Rn. artaon, Mr lludton, Mr Cornier. John A ml raw, John Niebolaon, In Wtimer, Mlaa Hamilton, br Tobaald.

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