Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 15, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 15, 1848 Page 1
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I I m xt J. II V?| '/?>! No., 514 '. INTELLIGENCE FROM EUROPE. II SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE I OF T1IK | N317 YOail HERALD. I TRIAL AND SENTENCE OF MITCHEL. I IMPEACHMENT (IF LOUIS BLANC. I &C. lt?'. &c. I Our Loudon Correspondence. I London, Friday Evening, June 51. Interfiling Summary of European Intelligence. It is only fifty-six hours since I sent you u letter, by the good ship Washington; but in the year 1848, a few hours are often richer in events, than u month in more settled times. Curious us it may seein^ the sentence of transportation for fourteen years on John Mitchel, has caused a greater stir amongst the London chartists, than amongst the Dubhners, unless there is an underhand movement on foot. Subscriptions, it iu true, are being raised, and large sums have been subscribed for Mrs. Mitchel and her family. The United Irishman is changed into to the Felon, as a compliment to John Mitchel. I I wish now to warn you against any exaggerated accounts of outbreaks that may reach you. As a person on the spot, I am capable of giving you a correct idea of what is going on; and before a new panic is created, I must usk all men who are likely jo be more or less concerned, to turn a ready ear to what 1 am saying. For the last three nights wc have had lurge chartist meetings, at the usual places for these displays, such as Stepney Green, Clerkenwell Green, tkc. At each of these meetings, the usual quantum of slang, vile language, and bombast, has been spouted forth by the self-elected Agamemnons and Ajaxes, and like the Greek captains before Troy, they are not wanting in disputes uinongst themselves. These men are driven from their battle ground by n small band of constables. It is true they pelt stones and other missiles; but, if there was any real intention of insurrection amongst them?some line of preconcerted action would show itself. They have not one man of any note or head to guide them; and nil they do. in to cause honest citizens to shut their shops, for fear of having their windows smashed. Seme of the most unruly are arrested and sent next day to the house of correction. I regret to say, that last night one of the l'olice*Inspectors was stabbed by a cowardly villain in the leg; but the whole affair is too small, iu its present shape, for me to dwell longer upon it. The adjourned debate on the navigation laws came on last night, and was again adjourned. The state of the West India colonies is a source of much discussion and anxiety. Kvory body is aware that something must be done; but do not exactly agree on what is to be done. I.ord John itusseli has notified that on the 15th or 16th Instant, a member of the government would communicate to the Mouse the course the government wouM think tit to adopt. The noble lord also announce? his intention that he would move, on Mouday next, to bring in a bill to alter the form of I the oath to be taken by members before being adinitI toil to their seats in Parliament. This is owing to the rejection of the Jewish disabilities bill in the Lords. The explanations of Lord I'almcrston. respecting Bulwer's dismissal, have not yet been laid before Parliament: but a full explanation will be demanded. It is next Friday, and not to-day, that Parliament adjourns. The principal feature of the foreign news is the impeachment of Louis Plane, for participation in the late ..M,......I ,U, 11,., V n f iti n 1 A c?m >,1 v .. U II... -Ilu. missal of M. F.mile Thomas. le pert det outliers, as ho is styled by the workmen. I enclose you an account of the sitting in which he was impeached. Paris is continually on tllo qui vire, the rappel beaten, and, in fact, a residence at Paris. at the present moment, would be death to any old lady of a nervous temperament. The fall in French securities of every description is consequently very great. * The news from Italy is very important. The union of Lombardy with Piedtnont is decided upou and tho kingdom of I'pper Italy, under the sceptre of Carlo Alberto, will be proclaimed in a day or two; but the great event of tho campaign is on the eve of taking placo. General Nugent having failed In his attacks up m Proviso entered suddenly, and has succeeded in joining Ri'.d' tiky with 20.000 men at Verona. The / real liat'lr <./ Lallan independence is. Ihcrefore, perhaps hting fought ai this present mnment. and liberty and tyran :i:i are struggling for the upper hand. May the God of battle- lend his aid to the righteous cause. Peschiera has been regularly bombarded, its forts silenced; but it has not surrendered, ltadetzky must, for honor's sake, sally from his stronghold to relieve It. The 20th of May is the anniversary of the great victory gained by the Lombard league over the Kmperor Frederick Uarbarossa. History is rich in coincidences, and it may not be unlikely thai this day was selected beforehand by Providence, to cliastiso anew the tyranny of kings. The horrible massacre at Naples has created a feeling ot universal horror, and the throne of the He Bombutore totters beuealli him. lie has recalled his troops from the Italian causo, and General Pepe. who commands tlieui after calling a council of his officers. notilled his intentions of disobeying him. He was loudly cheered aud the consequence is. that the Neapoli. tail troops have de facto forsaken their monarch Trieste Is closely blockakod by the combined fleets of Naples. Sardinia and Venieo, and a bombardment Is expecteih Trieste is to Austria what Hamburg is to tho North of Germany. Tho citadel commands the port, but vessels of war cau anchor close to tho city. The Denmark question is not yet settled. The king of Prussia has ordered General Wrangel to withdraw his troops from Jutland, and this has been done. egotlations are on foot for a peace, and then suddenly the news arrives that the Danes have attacked thiW Germans, and routed them with great slaughter, and that h united Russian. Danish, and Swedish fleet has made its appearance at Cronstadt, Germany is in the most unsettled state. The F.mperor cf Austria has established his court at Inspruck. and Is at war with bis Viennese (not dancers. but. subjects;) there are. according to the last accounts. no less tlisn 200 barricades erected in the ,.r er. ?v.; ..i... i.;,.. ,i i i exact the fill III in. nt <if all the concessions they comP?*U.mI the Km per or t? make to them; tho Kmperor refused. n ml the Sclavonic population of Hungary and Bohemia have felted upon the occaeion to make us# of the Kmperor as a pretext to throw oil all oonncctlon wt'h the Teutonic race*, who. they nay. haro illtreated their good Kmperor"?and they now wish the Knipemr to form a great Sclavonic empire. Prussia i? in a moet unsettled state. The Prince of Prussia 1ms left London for Berlin. The Prussian constituent assembly is sitting ; hut the only characteristic of their discussions as yet. is violent language an'.l uproar. Tho German parliament is sitting at Fr.uikfort, and has determined to rule all Germany?a determination which Hanover. Wurtemberg, and Bavaria. have resolved to resist ; tho kings do net like being dictated to by a parliament, the members of which were elected by universal suffrage from all clns?es of the people : and the boasted unity of Germany la as tar from being realised as tho theory of t the organization d\i harail, by M. Louis Blano. now impeached f ir treason, by the National Assembly. Spain is quiet? rather uneasy about this Uulwer affair -a i J endeavoring to strengthen herself internally, liy conciliating the Carlisle. From Constantinople, the latest advices are to the 10th nit. The cholera had broken out there with re. nrwed vigor. From Kgypt. the accounts of the health of a:elieiuet All arc still that he cannot live long His death will he tho signal for intrigues on tho part of the different F.umpenn powers. Kir Stratford fanning has returned to his post at Constantinople. MOVEMENT. Our French Correspondence. Pun, May 25,1848. The Mattacre nt Xaplee?Perfidy ?/ Ferdinand. This evening Paris is agitated by the certain information . tlie massacre of the National Ouarda and people of Naples, in large numbers, nnd the horrors of piil.ige, murder, incendiarism, and every other spee'es of brutality nnd excess, practised hy the soldiery and rufllaus in tlie employment of Ferdinand, the king. It appears that Ferdinand refused to swear to tho constitution of the 29th of January, reserving the right to the Chamber to modify it, as the instrument itself provided; aud therefore would not subscribe to the form of the oath upon which the Chamber insisted. In the meantime, he drew up the Swiss and Royal troons ah< ut his iialac.o. and filled his premises with tlic agents .of Del Curctto, hi* former Minister of Polioo? who wn* obliged to leave tho country a fow month* iilnce?and tho lazzaroni, creature* of tho throne. ' Tho Deputies ond National Onard.i on duty feeing this preparation, threw up barricade*, and prepared to defend themselves. There w?* only ahout two thousand Ave hundred of tho latter. An aeeidental discharge of n musket brought on the fight, sooner than was expected. The guard* fought heroically, until their ammunition had become expended. Klght hour* . tho battle raged between the troop* and the guard*; but when the mean* of the former became exhausted, they lb 'I to the house*, and showered projectile* upon the head* of the enemy. Yet the preparation of tho king for thl* *eeno of murder had been ton complete to fail of Mteee**. The 6anuon broke away the barrlead *, and the regular force gained strength a* that of the guard* diminished. The route w?? terrible? cipry house of the mope wealthy w?g cuterod?men, E NE mM ihM tain V m&mmSI NE women anil children murdered, and the house itself robbed of all Its valuables The bands of the lazzaroni : f illowed the Swiss and the Koyal troops, and finished 1 what the former had left. Admiral Uaudln, of the Krench ficet. was In the bay. and the decided manner | in which he interfered arrested the horrors of this bruj^tal outrage of a Hourbon king. The ministry of the kiDg resigned instautly, upon the commencement i of the massacre: and a new one has been an pointed. represented to be worthy of their manter. and suitable instruments for such an e-.coK* of brutality. The king has dissolved the I I haiuber of Deputies, and considers lie has obtained a , o unplste victory, and the re-establishment of despotic power. The tirst representations of this transaction 1 are terriflo; murder, robbery, pillage, aud every species i ofexces.4, uppear to have been the leadiug features of tiie achievement, and the result of a deliberate preparation to that effect on the part of the king himself, if these circumstances of aggravation are not modified by further information, they must bring about a crisis for that blood-thirty sovereign?for that the people of 1 Naples, Italy, and.Krance, will lie by. and quietly witness the perpetration of such an act of inhumanity aud barbarism, is not to be presumed. It is hoped, for the honor of humanity, that there is exageration in this lirst representation, and that the king is not the cannibal which he now appears to be. But in any view of the case, this is but another instance of the treachery | of heurbSWhich appears to have perverted the breast of every Bourbon who was ever permitted to sit upon a throne. Such events tend to hasten the downfall ofthat system of oppression and abuse which all monarchies perpetrate upon the people, and to prepare the way to expel from the bosom o' every nation in Kuropo, those , enemies of civil liberty and human happiness culled kings, emperors, lie., he. England, with all her assumption and startling \ abuses?her oppressions and exactions, is the greatest : obstacle at this moment, in Europe, to the freedom of the people, acting through the forms of republican governments. Russia is a despotism, and the danger of her cxamplo is not to be apprehended ; nor will the example of her government be followed. But a constitutional monarchy, with a nominal representation in one branch,of the people, is a half-way houso between despotism and republicanism, and through her influence and the influence of her press. In Europe, she can do land has done .much to arrest the progress of the revolutions In Europe; or rather to cheat the people out of the benefits of them, in the same manner Louis Philippe cheated France out of that of 1830 But England herrolf is on a precipice, and the aristocracy flght for selfpreservation. The English government owe more than eight hundred millions of pounds sterling to the aristocracy principally of that country. It squanders from fifty to seventy-flve millions of pounds yearly, in supporting that aristocracy; and besides this, the indebtedness of individuals and companies. A revolu: lion in England, or a change in the form of the government, would strike out of existence all this vast mass of paper security; and England would be bank runt an.l thn cesnns rtf hnrrnr ami duaflnlufinn fnllnw. lug a thorough route of the aristocracy, who can foretell! OBSERVER. Paris. May 26, 1848. The Five Members constituting the Executive of France? Some Incidents and Points in their Biography. In the drder in which thoy were chosen by the National Assembly, and according to the number of rotes they receirod. they are?Arago, Gamier Pages, Mario Lamartine and Ledru Rollin. Arago was born the 26th of February, 1786. at Kstagel, near Perpignan. and was the son of a cultivator of the soil, in easy circumstances. During the revolution, the family were quiet, and supported themselves by their labor. In 1803. Arago belonged to the Ecole Mllitaire and to the artillery, from which position ho was removed, to be secretary to the Uibliothlcaire de P Observation ; and in the following year, he was sent to Spain, to make astronomical observations. This service was then attondod with danger, but was faithfully performed, and ho returned to Paris in 1810, with the important results cf his labor, lie was invited to follow Napoleon in his exile, but declined, aud returned to Perpignan. In 1830. the Roussulleunais elected him their representative. He soon became chief of the extreme left, and declared for reform and the right of labor. Since February, 1648. he has beeu successively minister of murine and of war. being a member of the provisional government; aud at the opening of the Chamber, was chosen to the first place in the Executive. His course as an astronomer and his connection witii the telegraph. are known. He has taken no part iu the debates in the Assembly. Gamier Pages was tho younger of two brothers : and lie said to the elder. " you make the name and 1 will make the fortune, aud we will share all between us.!' This was faithfully fulfillod till the death of his elder brother, who was the advocate and politician while the latter was the merchant. After the death of his brother, Gamier Pages cutered the Chamber of Deputies, in the ranks of the opposition, where lie immediately exhibited talents of a high order ; he participated warmly in the establishment of the banquets. and wut among the uumber who resolved to jolu that in Paris, which was the immediate occasion of the deposition of Louis Philippe. A member of the provisional government, he was appointed minister of IInance; the duties of which he discharged, till elected member of the Executive of France, by tho Assembly. Mario was a celebrated advocate ; ho was tho udvocate of the prisoners of the conspiracy du Pont des //rt." after the installation of Louts Pliillippe. He defended M. Heroole du Roche, and others, who wore accused of having attacked the government Since that time, he has been distinguished in his profession?an opposition deputy ; took a decided stand against the regency of the Duchess d'Or leans ; was one of the members of the provisional government, until he was chosen the third on the list of the preseut Executive. Lamartine was born Oct. 21, 1790. HIsTather was a Major of a regiment in the cavalry, uuder Louis X VI. and his mother was the grand-daughter of Madame Dusmoys. under governess of the Princess d'Orleaii" After ho loft college, lie went to Italy in 1813 ; in 1820 his verses ; for a long time no one would print them dually. M. Nicolle printed his volume of " Miditations Poetiqutafter this he engaged In a duel ; he en tored the Chamber a friend of the government, but becoming dissatisfied with its conduct, he changed to thi opposition, took part In the celebrated debate just preceding the fall of the minister ; and upon the 24th o February, distinguished himself by the delicacy ano yet firinuess ot his conduct, in the presence of th< Duchess d'Orleans. in rcsistiug her right te continue the dynasty of Louis Philippe, and in proclaim!ug a re public in its stead ; his course as a scholar, historian and poet, is before the world, he has l>?eu the guiding star of the provisional government; the messenger ot peace to Franco and Kurope ; the idol of the French people ; and lost the first place in the present executive, by the support he gnve to the measure creating that body, and thereby giving momentary ascendency to the friends of Ledrti Kolliii, in the Assembly. La martins was. 14 early life, attache to the legation of Florence, secretar/ of the embassy at Naples, and at London ; and then charge d'all'airs at Tuscany ; and was upon the point of accepting the place of Minister Plenipotentiary at Madrid, when the revolution of 1H30 took place. Whether lie is yet destined to bo placed at the head of the French republic, is a matter of uncertainty. Ledru ftollin. the youngest member, was. in early life, distinguished for being a radical republican, possessing much talent. After the frightful massacres dn la rue Truusnonnalre. in 1834. ho wrote a memoir which gave him the rank of the chief of the radicals, lie was at the banquets at Lille and Dejon ; at the latter of whibh. in response to "vivo Ledru Rollin." he gave ' libtrle, taualiti. frattrnittf which are now written upon the French flag, and every public monument in France. Ho took an nctive part in the debate, opposing tho regency of the Duchess d'Orleans. and declaring for a republic and a provisional government He was a member of that part of the opposition deputies, who desired a revolution, and not merely the deposition of M. (suited ; and he took a leading part in that indescribable scone, in making up the nuinl>ers who should constitute the provisional government, in which he assumed tho office of minister of the interior. All those men. with their associates, have the honcr of striking for a republic, at the hour when one could ho established without a struggle, and of carrying forward the provisional government for three months whimnil MII-UIIIIIK * urup 01 mood, or making a < >i>KI<prisoner. anil of preserving the country from a all act* of disorder. until. In triumph they surrendered the power which they hail seised. to the National Assembly. The world afford* no similar example of utter can and moderation, under sneh circumstance* : anil history will deli|(ht to pause at. and to write the history of the ntnctv day* of the French provisional government. and the magnanimous conduct of the French nation during the same period Some of the partisan* of the Bourbon* arc en'orring the Idea of choosing the Prince de Jninvtlle to the first place under the republic ; and they begin to assail Lamartlne a* the friend of l.edru Kollin Of course there will he struggle* for power, under the new order of thing*; but there!* n* little exhibition of tht* oharattcr a* could be reasonably expected. In organising a new government for *ueh a nation a* Franco. Indeed, I thmk the election* have been characterised with much unanimity, and a decorum in the pre** that i might lie profitably imitated The executive appear* to bo well uuited ; and there are no *uch division* in the National Assembly a* indicate any eau*e of division beyond the natural diversity of sentiment existing among so many members. Pa a is. May 27. IR IS. Matsarrti at Knfltt. by Ferdinand, Confirmed?Cord Napier an Inetigater and Countellor?fietalut* Con' duct of the Freneh Jidmiral?Sores the City andJlwet . tin King. I do not pereolvo any thing In the more recent de . tail* of the horrible ovent* at Naples, to modify the aspect in which the first accounts placed Ferdinand? Indeed, the accounts rather confirm the enormity of the crime, and leave no doulit of the great preparations of the king to perpetrate It successfully. An additions' feature of aggravation Is given, hy associating the English government, through Lord Napier, with this cold blooded murdor and attempt to overthrow a reprvson I I ga???m % V iimmmmmmrnmmmmmm w YO 1W YORK, THURSDAY 1 tativc government at Naples. I aay Kugllab, for it can hardly be supposed that an admiral of the fleet would have joined the king in *uch a blood thirsty and Infamous slaughter of men. women and ehildreu, arson, robbery, and every apeoiea of crime, and given up a city like Naples, to daya and nights of pillage, sacking and murder, without the countenance, direct or Indi rect. of Ills -overnuient It appears that by th? decree of the Wth of Januury. Ferdinand promised hi/) people a certain (OMtUltin. ami l/y that of tin* Oth of April last, he essentially modified the former constitution, and engrafted upon it new provisions. more favorable to the people ; that under these provisions members of the Chamber had been elected, and the lftthof May was the time appointed for these meetings ; previous to tills time. Lord Napier had been sent to Naples as com- i ma.ider upon that station?that he had beon an inti- | mate at the king's palace?that the king, after his ar- I rival, had put in requisition ail his powers to annul as i many elections as possible ; that on the day .appointed for himself und the deputies to swear to the constitution, he preferred to swear to the constitution of the i JOth of January, instead of the latter one. which had j modified that; that this, the deputies refused?that his ministers.und delegations of the deputies, remonstrated with him? that in the meantime, seeing his immense accumulation of force, and the presence of Napier, constantly at his palace, and the king in communication with him. holding frequent conversations with hiin during the time the delegation and ministers were remonstrating with him. the deputios became alarmed, and retired to the Hotel de Ville. and the National Guards commenced the erection of barricades. Under pretenco of yielding, he informed the ministers that he would do so. if the (iuards would destroy their barricades; but understanding that treachery was about Ihein they refused to comply ; the ministers tendered their resignations?the king refused to accept them? Napier continuing all the time, to occupy his palaco and to be in consultation with him. The contest commenced, as referred to in a former Jotter. The king himself gave orders to pillage the c?ty. and told the Lazr.aroni that the city was theirs. The Guards defended themselves with heroism, and hundreds of the king's butchers were slain ; but the massacre of the Guards and inhabitants has been awful?and but for Admiral Baudin, who hnd a strong fleet iu the bay. Naples would only have existed in ruins. Fire and the sword did their worst for two days and nights?the King and Napier encouraging and directing it. Napier is said to have advised against yielding to the threat of Admiral Baudin that he would send hi* force* In there, if the carnage did not cease in three hour*. But Ferdinand feared the French, and yielded to the demand. Foreigner* are laid to hare been murdered indiscriminately, in gome instances, with natives. A rumor is in Paris, from Turin, of tho 21st ult.. stating that the troops have joined the people, and the king is a prisoner; this. I fear, is not true. But at Genoa, and all tho places in Italy, as fast as tho news spread, the people raised tho cry of ' Mart an Hoi nd ho will bo fortunate if he does not suitably atone for hi* unexampled acts of brutality and troachory ; and the world will hold Nnpier and hi* government responsible for another eold-bloodod murder of thousands of citizen*, for 110 other causo than a desire to perform their public duties, and to give institutions to their country based upon tho wishes and the necessities of tho people?for an attempt only ta perform these functions to the discharge of which they had been culled by a decree of tho King himself. Never was there a more glaring act of treachory and murder than the scene referred to, which has filled Europe with consternation, and shown more clearly the game which the English government Is playing, to hold Europe iu the bond* of oppression and servitude. At the same time, the London Timet is writing eulogiums upon Nlcholy in tho most bombastic style. It is now manifest that the truo purpose of tho English government, in moving the Italian States to take step* in favor of freer institutions, was not dictated by any motivos of magnanimity and humanity, as was hoped ; but, as the French alleged, to give trouble to M. Ouiiot and Louis i'hilippe?and that, having effected this purpose, the English return again to their old system of tyranny and oppression, which has invariably characterized that government from the time they attempted to impose their tea and their stamp act upon the Americans, up to the present time. 1 have watched the movements of the English since the commencement of this revolution, with the hope. and. a* my letters will show, almost with the expectation, I of the announcement that Lord Palmerston would becomo the benefactor, instead of tho tyrant, of Europe. But since tho French revolution, and his fright at the 600 000 Chartists, lie ha* thrown himself into the arms of Russia and despotism ; and if Commodore Nnpier has truly represented him in the murder scene at Naples, the world may judge how much mercy freo principle*, or a representative government, will receive at tho hand* of the English government Thnt an alliance may be yet formed between Russia. England, Sweden. Denmark, and perhaps Austria. and probably Holland, is not improbalile ; and that clforts may yet be mude to destroy the effect of the Assembly or Congress of the thirty seven German Stutes, now in session at Frankfort, is also uot improbable. A deputation has been sent to Tyrol, to ask tho return of tho Austrian Emperor; but he ho* not yet assented, and yet no other government is established at Vienna The people are waiting impntiently for the Emperor's return ; in the meantime, the greatest agitation and anxiety continue. Martial law has been proclaimed, and all assemblage* in the streets prohibited; and yet tho peopio wait for tho return of one m,m. who has caused such a state of thing*. How much more stable are republics, welt understood and well administered ; and what a triumph, at this moment, for the United States! OBSERVER. Paris, May 2!), 1848?4 o'clock. The Engliih Prest, and the Mattacrr al Naplet?Proletl of the Prineei?Bonaparte?Drcitien of the A'utional Jltsembly?French Executive and National Jlttembly?French Ilultle at Mayeace?German Diet anil Jlttemhly?Characteristic!. Wh>>ri the French expelled about oue hundred and fifty troublesome Englishmen from Rouen, at the commencement of the revolution (he English proas was ililed with eloquuuco, bum boat, and declamationagainst this wanton outrage of a republic. For more than two weeks, it was made a leading topic of discussion. and a great display was made over it in Parliament. and in getting up subscriptions for the distressed?now an English Admiral ami a treacherous king, dare revoked the pledges of a mouarch?overthrown the Chamber of Representatives brought into existence by his own decrees?overthrown a government established by the people, and which ho had pledged himself to swear to support?massacred from two to four thousand citisens. of all ages, sexes, and conditions; and burnt and sacked a city?an English Admiral, I say, acting iu concert with a treacherous king. How many lines of el<K|iient indignation will the English press, especially the London 'JSmet. spare upon this outrage upon the laws of civilisation and humanity. and upon the spirit of the nge, in which so much of infamy was perpetrated? Will the English press explain tlio moaning of the presence of the English Admiral, in the palace of th-i king, at such an hour, while raurdpr was going ou in the streets, and lasarotii were burning and sacking the city ? If the English liava so much sympathy for the colored race, iu America, why was there no manifestation of sympathy for the white people who were suffering all the horrors of death and destruction before thvir eyes, and who had it in their power to huve stayed these brutalities at any moment : If the object of this murder was not to give effect to treachery, why was the Chamber ,II.,I I I... .? Ik.. 1.1..- I 1 ?- - " ". I/, "J Ul .... n.u* ?ui? fur what purpose wa? the F.nglish admiral present in tho palace. but to encourage ami sustain thu king in this outrage upon civilisation? If the Kngli.-h press lias tears to shed for republican excess, why is it silent .' Will it be silent over derpotio brutalities enacted under the superintendence of an Knglisb admiral? Will the admiral be recalled, and dismissed the service ? Time will determine. In the meantime, the public and the press of other countries will not be silent spectators. The protest of the French princes has operated as I suggested it probably would, In raising an issue in the Assembly, which has been decided against thein Vesterday the question was discussed, and settled by a vote of 032 to 93, In favor of applying the law to tliein. which Ivid been applied to the elder branch of the liourbon family. It was adopted as a police measure merely, with a manifestation of a disposition to relax It. whenever the condition of France and the stability of the republic womd permit it Some member remarked, in the discussion, that the lionapartc* had been admitted only provisionally. Tills drew .Napoleon Bonaparte to the tribune, who asked, who dared thu* to call in question an act of sovereignty on the part of the Assembly, who admitted him without any such qualification? This brought out Ararat, Ararat, j from all parts nf the Assembly -he demolished tho member, who declared that he had been misinterpreted; but it shows that the nephew of N'apoleou lias some mettle. Another important question was, yesterday, satisfaetorily settled? defining more fully the relations be- i twoen the F.xecutivc and the Assembly; their manner I of intercourse, and tho power* in some respect of the latter. One decree provided, that the F.xeeutlve should not he called into tho Asseinblv. except upon the rail, of Ht least forty members. There had been some division of sentiment upon this delicate question, and It was this that created the rumor at the Bourse. , that tho Executive might resign. The Executive have . taken possession of the palaoo of the Petet Luxembourg, in which the live families of the five members are lodged. I.amartlne never to,,k possession of ihe h<uise of Minister of Foreign Affairs; ho held friendly relations with M. (Juixot and his family; and the blood that lind been then shed In conflict among Frenchmen. ereoted association* too disagreeable to allow him to inhabit this splendid mansion. There Is great delicacy and justness of feeling among the French upon such subjects Another incident among the lads at school is in point:?The son of M. Guisot, a lad of about 1ft. was the first scholar in his classthere had been great rivalry and struggle among a class, numliering about one hundred; hut young Guiiot had fairly won the position, hut left the country with his father, just before tho time had arrived for the designation of the piisc* The clas* voted : unanimously, that the flrst prise belonged to young Ouixot. end that no one would accept it; the govern- ( tueut remonstrated, but lit vain, the class was ttriu, i "D XT X MX JRk. Jti V10RNING, JUNE 15. 18< ud<1 the first prtfe !ik- never been distributed. Such Incidents are beautiful iu the history of mighty revolutions, and murk the character of tUe people. One lovci to refer to them and vet. the LiUtorv of the 11UNl four months; would orect a monument to the memory of the French, of Incidents like the foregoing, to full of honor h ml j out sentiment; and yet. the Kuglish, hare 110 word* of comtnondntion for the hen>iHui. magnanimity. and delicacy of feeling of the French people; but only anathcmies for auy trilling excesses. and sombre anticipation* and foreboding* At Mayenee there ha* been a bloody eucounter between the citizens aud troop*, and the city ha* been put in a *tate of siege Soutu llfteen men were killed, and fifty wounded Thin engagement took place on Suuday. the *21 at: on the *2*4d and '23d, there wax Home lighting, and no citizen dared ri?k him*elf near the Prussian garrixon. bora l'ru**ian soldier ri*k hiinxelf in the city. The contention between the soldiers and ' citizen* is at it* height, and tho authentic* of the . city have cent to the German Diet for aid; but the action ef that body is slow. Soma Austrian troops have interposed their good offices; but from the last accouuts. there will, doubtless, be more blood spilt at Mayenee. M. Fits, the member from Mayenee, has called the attention of tho Congress of Germany to the subject; and he declares that Mayenee has boon oppressed by the Prussian troops, anil that thoir oppressions of the troops, hare produced the pre*ent state of things, he demands tiiat the Assembly shall recall the Prussian troop* forming the garrison at Mayenee. The Assembly have referred the matter to a commission, who are to visit Mayenee to ascertain the facts, and report them to the Assembly. In the meantime, the Governor of the fortress had addressed himself to the Diet, at Frankfort. Informing them that Mayenee had been put in a state of siege by him, and the Diet replied to him. to pursue with moderation. the course he had marked out. Lord Palmerston has found some difficulty in meeting the question raised by Mr. Uulwer. at Madrid; but I expect in tho present state of things, he will throw the minister overboard, and save himself. OHSF.HVF.Il. Pants, May 28. 1848. Committre on the Constitution?Their Report?.1 President? One Chamber, <J-c., tf-e., adapted to France? llahits of the People. The committee on tho constitution is composed of much intellect and exparienoo. Barrot and Do Toquevillo are of the number, and I understand are progressing rapidly with the great work entrusted to their deliberation._ l understand that they will agruc upon a President, ono Chamber and a Council for the Government, to be chosen by unlvorsal and direct suffrage, every three years; that the Judges, Mayors and their adjoint*, the general and municipal councils, and viiv iiuuuifiBi civik oiucee win oe cuosen lor 1110 same time, and in the name manner; the officers of the National Guard will also be chosen in tho same manner; that it will be the duty of the Council of State to prepare the laws to bo submitted to tho Chamber. The abovo gives a mere sketch of somo of tho prlnoipal out. lines of this important organization, which is to exert hereafter sucli a mighty influence upon tho destinies of Francs and of Europe. My opinion is that such a constitution will answor tor Krance, perhaps better, at this moment, than two Chambers, eaeh having a negative upon the other, as in our country. It would not answer for us ; but the French aro differently constituted, and are actuated by impulses, the force of which aro not so fully experienced by our people. Tho French are quick in their reasonings and decisions, impatient of delay, acquiescent in decisions, unless they determine to resist them by forco. Whatever is done in France, must and will be done quickly. The delays which attend measures in the United States and England would not bo tolerated in Paris. No legislative body could continue in session under such circumstances; tho people prefer u bad decision to none; interminable discussions they will not tolerate, cither in the Assemblies or out of them; to decide, that is what they require ; this ss characteristic of them, lu all their private transactions and social relations " Que tuulrz-vuut ?" is their interrogatory, and a prompt answer is expected?yes or i o?instantly. There is no hesitation in assuming the gravest responsibilities, no shrink ng from any danger, porsonal us political. Again, Paris is France, practically and politically; the government will be a central government, a municipal as well as le^i I itivn one; it will embrace all matters, foreign and domestic; there will be no division of France into States, counties, towns aud districts. as in the United Stutes. but all officers will hold their places by election und appointment, and subject to the control of the I'resideut and the Chamber and their subordinates, under ccrtuin conditions and restrictions. The people of France have been accustomed to an energetic government and an energetic police, aud they require a government that can act promptly, and a powerful police for their domestic regulation. They have been so accustomed to it. that they would not feel annoyed by It. hut rather feel a security in it; and if it was a little arbitrary occasionally, they would prefer it to delay discussion, and indecision ; theu. again, they are surrounded by neighbors who may be required to be restrained. or need the assistance of their armies in twenty minutes notice ; attd a central power is requisite to act iu emergencies like these. The Americans w< uld not submit to this kind of prompt, and frequently stringent, exercise of power. With us there is no necessity for it; but it is different in France* with a central government in Paris. Lyous. and Kouen, to control a (Vontier surrounded by foreign States, and an army of 60U.000 men, and a national guard in Paris of 300 000 men. and one in proportion In each city in F'tince. Besides, parties do not. aud will not. divide in France as in the United States. The friends of monarchy are few; there are no imitators and admir ers (ii inc I'.ngusn government. and the laboring cla-" uk ho fur out number all others, Mint there never will be any Mich political divisions us einist in our country. Then. again, the change from a monarchy to a republic in Immense?time is re((iiirod to prepare mens' liuud.-, for it?to accustom them to self control anil tiiu rights of freemen, without (limner of getting iuto exceases. They have been accustomed to decrees all their lives?to unexpected decree*? to sudden legislation of that kind?to tu instantaneous remedy lor a new evil, or in case of a new exigency; and at present they would not be quiet. under any delay, under a republic. The French want a strong government?prompt in its execution?just in its operations?existing through the will of the people?prompt remedies perfect order and public tranquillity throughout the country. System, perfect order, and rigid discipline, are the feature* of French society. These apply to all conditions, all classes, and all cases In rocial and public life it is the same There is as much discipline upon the railroads und at the depots, as in tbo army ; the rules arc as strict, and enforced with the sauie rigor. there always being armed men p-esent to lie called upon in.-tantly. All their beautiful and magnificent gronuds. palaces, promenades, bureaus, hospitals, gardens, nunneries, picture galleries, botanic, raineralogirnl and astronomical halls and laboratories; their lecture rooms, their arches and monuments, their statuary?in a word, all the magnificence, learning, Stc . and unsurpassed elegances of Paris, are freely thrown open to the view of both foreigners and citizens ; but, her-, too. there is discipline anil order the most exact, and guards stationed to enforce it. if necessary. The population of Paris, in masses of thousands, in rushing to enter any exciting place of public amusement, are subject to the same order; they are accustomed to it. and tbey like it Is there a rush for the theatres to hear a new and popular actor, the crowd must form only two abreast, and those who are last must fall inul the tail end of I he quell, as they call it; it may be a hundred roils long?it is the same; go there, or go away. If those before you nil the house, you must wait till the next evening, and be in season; no rushing, or crowding, or passing in in front. Is tolerated : patience, till ' your turn conies, can only avail. Carriages, be they ever so numerous, are under the sumo regime?there is never any confusion or noise in Paris, exoept in case of revolutions. All these habits and ideas must be consulted, in forming the constitution of France; for while there is the greatest freedom of opinion, ease aud grace of manners, charming familiarity, and kindness of deportment, freedom of individual action. Ike. k.o . yet acting in bodies, they are order and decorum personified ; and they are accustomed to this condition iriim incir iniancy ; una mi cnango or (wrnmcni ran change their habits in this respect. Mr nor a republican government must preserve these (nature*, which will Miisurr the force. the promptitude. ami the order, requisite to inert the (-reiieh taste, and the necessities of the case, in a cit v like Paris, and a country like Krance. OUSKIIVKII. Tsui*. May 29. 1H49. Jlrrott of Plani/iy? Incidents Touching Him ? Rarbri and othert--Trial of General Courtaie?Criminal J it" ritprudence in Franco?Grand Grrman Confederation Tc her he e of .huh ia .Yeie Mora merit-- Ganger of Ciril War. Illan(|ul. the assoriate of Barbed, and possessing lils daring, and more talent, perhaps ha* been arrested and lodged in the dungeon at Vinconnc. l)lan<|iii was en- 1 gaged in an attempt to excite an insurrection among the people on the ltith of April, in tho Champ de Mars- ' but failed; and although a warrant was made nut for , his arrest on that occasion. It was never issued, in the hope that the attempt would not he repeated, and under tho strong desire of tho provisional government to rnako no arrests during their existence. lie left the cliOTnber of the Assembly at the same moment as did llarbes, but by a different door, which delayed him for a few moments, and therefore he was behind Barhc* at tho Motel dv Vllle. When he arrived there, he found Burbes' friends blocking up tho door; and before ho oould enter, tho N'atlonal (Jtiard* had arrived, and began to seise t he insurer uts: which satisfied Hlanoul that thn new uovrrnnirnl would not la?t Ion*. and that hi* security existed only in making hi* racnpr. which ho <lld. hy dressing himself In the uniform of a National Ouard. Although ho and Barbe* were tile tarn leaders of the rebellion. they weM petrmial enemie*. and a* Barbe* entered the Hotel d* Vllle, ho (tare order* to hi* follower* not to admit lll.tnijui; and upon thn now lUt of memlicr* at the Hotel d? Vllle. for the provUlonal goverunu ut, Blan^ui waa loft out. Although * rriD A X Jji XV 18. he hue written bold aud threatening letter* in hie hiding place*. Tor the press. over hi* own signature. he was prostrated aud overcome entirely hy Id* arrest lie ws* dining with a party of friend* when arrested, who surrendered liini without any resistance Indeed, both ' he and Barbed uppear te inu to be destitute of the ca- ' parity, nerve, and imalifloatinns requi0te for leaders ' of such an enterprise in Pari*. A few daysbefore the 16th of May. a gentleman challenged Barb<* verbally to tight luatmtly; he answered that be did not tight. "No.'1 said his antagonist, "you assassinate " in these incident*, people will see some of the character laiiu* ui iiicu wm? will ucrupy it purt ui i*uo m i>un history which will record the incidents of the French revolution of 1848 General Courtuls in boou to be tried, and Hetliniont and Joley are bin counsel The former wan one of the member* of the provisional government. Arrests are yet being made, though not numerously. Certain prominent individuals are selected, and then arrests effected. as soon ns they leave their hiding places. Doctor Laciimbre. the Vice I'resiilent of tilani|Ui. has also been arrested. Blanqui. in going to prison, cried, laughed, and sung alternately. When arrived ut the prison, he prayed not to be plarcd along side of Barbt>*; said he was an imbecile: he had ruined the party, and tnude a bad play of it. Blanqui is now undergoing interrogations?a singular (nature in the administration of the criminal law in F rance. The same pructioe exists, however, in Spanish countries, and in many other parts of Kurope; but enlightened jurisprudence will never tolerate the practice. It is a treacherous mode of proceeding? dangerous to the purity of criminal proceedings, ami to the life and liberty of the citiccn. F.very person charged with a crime which compromits his lifo or liberty, should be exempt from this proceeding, unless ho is to be made a witnes in chief in the prosecution, and. in consideration thereof, discharged from his arrest. No man is bound to criminate himself; the well being and security of society do not require it, and humanity revolts ngainst it. i do not understand that the French prisoners are coerced, by penalties. to answer; but men are agitated at. such moments, and frequently oumiirninise themselves and others unjustly. The whole system is dangerous; and, I am glad to say, is generally repudiated in the United States. The emperor of Austria has htthorto refused to return to Vienna. Anarchy exists. The Boheiniau slaves, so called, are moving; and as they are energetic and daring, the greatest alarm exists among the German part of the Austrian population; their men are numerous aadpowerful; and present appearances indicate that these movements, and that which is taking place in Hungary, may completely dismember the Austrian empire, if it does not nil the uountry with dlsor- . der and death. The German port ion of the population are forming themselves into National Guards, aud preparing for a terrible conflict with their more rosolute and uncivilized neighbors. What an upheaving I of society, which has been trodden to the earth for i centuries under the iron heels of despotism! These people are called Tcheches, and constitute the most efficient party in Bohemia. They are warlike and brave; and hnve never before taken much part in the revolutionary scunes. Since February, one of the Gcr- j man presses has been compelled to suspend its publication. in consequence of the displuasure of the ! Tcheches against it. Indeed, Austria appears to be in j a condition which may hereafter give rise to a war of , classes, such us exists now, to a certain extent, in To- I land. No ouo can conjecture what will bo the condition of Austria one year hence; its slaves and crootes, both so numerous, powerful, and untamed; its Bohemians, Hungarians, Gallicians, Germans, Poles. Tyrolcic, Italians, aud Austrians proper, constitute a confused mass of seclcty, which, in a revolution, may exceed in confusion. Babul itself. Austria is mudo up of torritory, and countries, and people, which she has detached and annexed to her own dominions; aud j terrible may bo the day of retribution whioh lots loose all these rival countries, and engages them in u civil war. One can hardly wonder at the circumspection of the emperor's friends, who have transferred a man ; so unfortunate in his capacity aud his empire, to a ' place of retreat, at this early hour in the impending dangers of this country. Perhaps the greatest probability at this memeut?if such a case admits of pro;labilities?is that Austria will be dismsmhered; that civil war will exist to a greater or less extent in the dilTorent provinces coustitutiug the empire, aud that ultimately. the most, or all of them, may come in. as States, into the grand Gurman Confederation, whicli is now sitting, by its Assembly, at Frankfort, and now representing thirty-seven German States. Indeed, this same power, rising up so suddeuly in tho heart of Germany. may yet swallow up both Austria and Prussia. The King of Prussia is watching it with great interest, and has suddenly convoked a Congress of Prussia to checkmate it. us fur as may bo practicable and nesessury. All this part of Kurope may be newly organized. OBSERVER. Pan is, May 29,1848 -4 P. M. Rappel Beaten?Oucriers?J.ouit Blanc't System?Railroad Coutptinylnnd fiavernment?Latter it Firm and , Reforming Jihuttt?Kngiand and France fact to face over the Jiff air at Naples?Later News from Jlustria ?New Constitution of Prussia?Contest between Prague and Fienna for the Capital. The city is not quiet; at six o'clock this morning tho rappel was beaten, as it was said that large bodies of | men were assembling which would endanger the session of tho National Assembly. The facts appear to j bo as follows : In reference to the condition of the class of Parisians called curriers?workinginen. Under ! the administration of Louis Blanc aud Albert, about one hundred and twunty thousand of these men were ! enrolled in the national workshops, so receive ! two francs a day for labor, and one a day when they | did not work. Under such a system, it appears that a j great many have enrolled themselves who lutd other means of employment and other situations? some un- ! der a variety of names, receiving pay for eacli name i ?a great number of convicts, Inc., Sic.?and that i little labor lias been performed. It wa? an evil produced j by I,onis Blanc, and tolerated when the government I wus only provisional nnd too weak to remedy the evil. ! Tliis matter in now undergoing a thorough revolution j atul excommunication. Louis iliunc in out of power. ' the most of bis associates are in prison, and the attempt ' at revolution linn brought matters to a crisis. The. government in making thorough work, and preparing to establish itself upon a firm and just foundation. These changes produce dissatisfaction among the lazy, idle and viciouiN' bey and ambitious leaders have conspired to create difficulty; and occasion* ly. therefore, there are indications of an emrutr. lint ail these inou will soon he transferred to work upon the railroads c.ud : other public works, uud the whole system of Louis j iilanc broken up 'J'ho discussion is grave also between the railroads j and tlie government. The latter will, prolmhiy. tind it | necessary to take these roads and pay for them Some of them are unable to proceed w ith their road r.ud their j engagements; anil others are regarded as incompatible I with the condition of lite republic. It is in content- I Illation to assume them all nnd pay for them. | Against this measure a part of the shareholders reuiou- i strote; the Koglish arc particularly eloquent against it?it creates somo agitation at present, and the tjues- i tion has not yet been decided. The continual arrests j nnd trials of I lie prisoners also arc exciting subjects to ] abortion of the population; and under these circumstances the government is watchful, and uiivu and { prepared for the first movement. It is gaining strength, and the credit of the government is growing stronger i mnl stronger? the manifestations from all ports of tlio country s overwhelming in support of the Assembly, and the government feels strong, and is strong, and is making a rigid examination ot abuses, and applying the necessary reforms to them. The afTair at Naples has created a profound sensation in France, and will be the subject of discussion before the Assembly on Wednesday of this week. The London Timet, as I anticipated, both falsifies and justifies the transaction There is no longer any doubt what course Lnglaad will adopt in the great drama now being performed in the Kurupuan world ; her part is with tyrants and despotist), and no considerations of bninauity are permitted to punotrute iter heart of marble. This question may create complications between the French uml F.iigli-li cabinets , and without great circumspection the question will not be left to Imi settled by the perfidious tyrant and the Italians Frenchmen have probably been of the number massacred; and if this prove to be true, and that Ferdinand was acting under the advice of Lord Napier, as is now understood, the Freurh will not require a repetition of such affairs, to prepare thein to take the redress of grievances into their own hands. After Wednesday the facts, precisely as they transpired, will be published to the world, through the Assembly, and the position of France, in reference to it. will be known The king Is following up Ins massacre with proclamations and measures worthy of such a scene, and of Nero himself. It is said, that nil the surrounding country is arming and coming to the assistance of ihc people of Naples. <ircat excitement exists at tlerioa. Turin, Milan. Hotne. and, indeed, throughout Italy. Admiral ilnudin. commander of the French navy, lias ordered his fleet from other ports into the hay and notified the king tiiat his conduct towards the French, is a breach of the treaty with France, which admits only three ships of war in the harbor. Thus the F.nglish and French both have a navy In the hay; and are at direct issue npon this question?one admiral in the palace advising the massacre, and the other giving notice that he would open his fire ami land his forces, if the massacre did not cease within three hours. Latest news from Austria, shows that Bohemia is attempting to cause the emperor to trausfer the capital from Vienna to Prague Oallioians. Hungarians, Bohemians. and Vieuneso. are all petitioning the emperor, meanwhile, there Is a liberal movement of some consideration, going forward at Vienna. Kvcry day's news snows me eonuiuon or Austria to bo more ana mora complicated. A civil war between the Germans and slaves, I regard as probable. The King of Prussia has laid liia constitution before the new chamber; it consist* of twenty-four artiol?s. and Is. In substance, that which I have stated In previous letters At the ] last accounts no election for President had taken i place, and whether the lllwriils or monarchists were i strongest, was uncertain; both parties had designated their candidates. i The ministry of the Kinperor of Austria have issued i a proclamation, charging the (light of the emperor to the base " conduct of the people, oti the 19th of \l#y They have not learnt wisdom from the fate of I,nuls OBStRVLR. 1 IJIJ LB. IVlM Two Cool*. PiUH. May 30. 1*4? Increased Jlfitalian in Hum .'ki.OUO (Jtivrieri-Jihductionaj Emtte Thorn at f'j (nil of Ihr i no(piracy? (Wave (}uettl0H hrhvern I hr .deeemhly and the Ear. entice '/Win Hull in threatena to Hettgn Elei hunt tn Harit Thirre a Candidate, and will hr Elected Paris is still undergoing a severe agitation Strong efforts are being made to create agitations, and serious difficulties, if possible M Kinile Thomas, the chief manager of the Atelier Nattonale. has resigned, and been sent to Uordeaui The workmen said be bad been sent away by force A letter of bis. to his mother, was found written in pencil, in which he declared that he had been forced to resign by the minister, and w as sent out of the country, accompanied by two gentle ra?n, who treated him with great politeness. and told bim he bad an important mlwiun to execute, which would be made known to him. The Monti* ur announced that he had been appointed to an important commission. Yesterday, proclamations were published, inviting a meeting, to take this subject into consideration ; and some thirty or forty thousand assembled in two or three different parts of Paris The government. al?o, were upon the qui ilire, and nbout twenty-live thousand guards, and some troops of tha line, were on duty. The minister of public work* was called upon for explanations, in the Assembly, aa to M. Thomas, and he said that he had bim in charge of his office twelve days that upon the first day, he demanded of M. K. Thomas an account of the number of workmen unrolled, to be paid under his charge, and was answered. 05.000? soon after 100.U00 105.000, 110,000, 115.000?that he had weekly followed up the matter, and could get no accounts satisfactory ; that M. K. Thomas had nuly complaints and intimations to render to him; that the difficulty had become too grave to be permitted to exist longer He hnd. therefore called upon the chief to resign, which he hnd complied with, and he had given him a mission to Bordeaux, in the department of (lironde ; that there were other gruve subjects to which he woald not allude, in ' the present condition of Paris ; that this mission he took the responsibility of; and he hoped he was not wrong. The Assembly said - no, no,"?and "to the order of the day." Still the subject is a matter of public discussion. In and out of the press---and the violation of the liberty of the citlsen. in the person of M. K. Thomas, is much spoken of The truth ts. that one vast conspiracy bad been prepared, to overthrow the government, embracing a vast number of chiefs, and this Atelier National" was relied upon to furnish tha force at the right moment, to accomplish the means ; but, ns Blanqui said, "Barbe's made a bad play of it." The development was a little too soon, and there was not sufficient force in readiness to sustain the success of the first movement?the officers failed for want of soldiers to sustain tho charge. The government are themselves astonished, moro and more, at tho extent and complications of those preparations ; and have found It necessary to remove a great number of chiefs, of whom, at tlrst. they had no suspicion. The whole system, of keeping 100.000 men. and allowing a few chieftains to draw, in an unrestricted manner, upon tho treasury, is to be broken up. Kmployment will be offered, per piece, and not per day. and work must bo performed before money can bo received. The government is resolute upon this point, and will maintain itself; and of the great number of laborers'assembled, it is said, two in three favor the new measure. But whero the numbers are so large, and a minority only are mischievous, they can cause, for a few days, f good deal of agitation, and create alarm among the timid. And those who have witnessed the scenes in the "Reign of Terror," or have keen made familiar with the accounts of them from their families and friends, feel timid, and are easily alarmed?like the inhabitants who have witnessed the awful effects of earthquakes, who will turn pale, scream, and faint, frequently, upon the first Indications of tbalr approach. I have been struck most sensibly with the similarity of the effect produced in the two cases, among the leaders moru particularly. The men of Krance do not know fear? they have no conception of the mean ingof the word. Tho firmness and heroism of the Kvenoh ! character, are read In every lineament and movement, I in scones like those which they have passed through l the past few month*. They appear to be born brave It is exhibited in tlie children aa well aa in the adulW. ' I think thia kind of agitation will continue for a few j daya, until thia question. touching the interest of ao large a body of men ahall have been definitely lettlud, I and the mischievous men fully dispoaed of and re' atralnad. Veaterday the Aaaeuibly diacuaaod and adopted the | report, of the committee upon the decree* referred to tha Assembly by the executive, regulating the Interconraa between theae two bodiea. and, In antnc important respects, defining their powera. The committee have amended and modified the decreea. and entirely atruck out one. which took from the I'rcaident the power to order the rappel beaten. The Aaaembly. at tne opening of the session. had given auch power to the Presidentof their body After the alfalr of the 16th. the executive proposed to take it from him. and lodge It only in their own hands. The Assembly have rejected this proposition The executive proposed not to be called into the Assembly to respond to the call of members The Assembly have modified that decree, and require them to be present, on the call of forty members The debnte was grave, yesterday, upon this subject. in which l.edru Robin only, on the part of tho executive, participated. If I understand the meaning of his language, it is that he will resign, if the Assembly insist upon the piodiQcation they have made, and the construction given to it by certain members The Assembly did insiy upon it v? ry promptly, and almost unanimously'?leaving the construction to he further discussed ?indeed, without a division; and what is tv be the effect of tiiia vote remains to he seen, l.edru Rollin said the executive power, as defined by some members of the Aswmbly, was only one of derision, and without substance. * Kleven vacancies exist In the delegation from Pari*. These members are to be chosen June 4fh. Thiers is a candidate, in two or three different departments where there are vacancies and I think he will be elected, iti the present state r.f the public mind Ho has pledged himself to sustain tho republic. The editor of tho Pre.tie a paper opposed to the government, is a candidate?he. too. ssys he is for the republic, but he complains of neprty every act of the government, and i believe of nearly every member But he h.'? talent. Is m ex-deputy of tho opposition, and. I think, may be elect ed < aussidiere. too. is a candidate, and bis election I regard as more than probable OBSERVES. Pa it is, May 29. 1?48. The Flight of the Emperor of .lmtria. and the Court Intriguei?The Proclamation?Qurenv of Portugal and Spain ? The Mauacre at \aplet?The Swiit Diet. The flight of the Emperor of Austria is attributed now to the intrigues of Count Rrobellen, the husband " de la main gauche de feuF of the Arch-Duchess Marie Louise They call hint the husband by the left band, &c.. because according to the custom, when a lady of rntiK marries a man in a condition inr?rlnr to ber own, she f<>vt*n liiin theluft band instead of tha right. The Kmperor still refuses to return to Vienna, and a proplantation says :?" The fanatic efforts of a party do siring liberty without any restraint, hare brought about the deplorable erents of the 15th of May. which hare repaid with black ingratitude the imperial authority for a liberal constitution which had been received the 25th of April, with general acclamation. In the midst of the violences of such an illegal movement, which threatened te produce the most complete anarchy, our august Kmperor lias resolved not to live longer in tho capital but to goto Inspruch. I Hiring this voyage. proof the most emphatic aud touching, of love ami attachment of the entire population, has been tho most grand consolation for the heart of his majesty. May heaven continue to protect the head of tho august monarch, who only seeks and flnd* his honor in 0 that of his people." What bombast over the head of an imbecile ; and what must be the condition of a people, when such a document could be safely published under such circumstances. Tho people of the United States can never fully appreciate the condition of a priest ridden and a king ridden people, without seeing the country and living among them norcnn the truth be appreciated It would be taken for Action But Austria I * struggling into existence ; and whatever thu course of pre-cat events may be. light has broken in upon the miuds of the people 'I hey are shaking off the lethargic state ?f mind in which they bare lived and served a tyrant ministvr for the last forty years, and the revolution has been immunve in the feelings and purposes of tjp- Austrians within the last four months tor the Tirst time In the history of their couutry. they have breathed the air of freedom, and they have committed very few excesses In breathing the intoxicating draught Metternieh has often committed more crime by one dash of his pen. than all tliat has been committed by the people since the commencement of the revolution The King of Naples has dissolved the Assembly? abrogated thu constitution he has granted?put Napiea \ ill a state of siege filled the prisons with the inhabitants thanked the laz^aronl for thrirexplolts?ordered his ministers to prepare a new decree for elections ? and taken the ministers of Kngland and Austria hy the right hand. The streets are deserted ?the Inhabitants are imprisoned and flvd-the lazxarotii and the police of the king are only left Fire and the sword have 'aid waste to this beautiful city?and this had been perpetrated, as all aeeounts concur In stating, under the advice of Kngland, and with the Kuglish Admiral ocnupying the King's palace at the time of th>? enactment of this bloody and brutal scene Thu most careful preparatinus had been made f r Ibis bloody drama, according to the latest accounts. The government of Switzerland have taken into consideratiou tbo Course which ought i Lft Km .'li 111111 <> 11 in r??ft'rnn^f? in thu n rf (ku Swift* troops, under the p*y of Ferdinand, who were the lu?truraentft in hi* ha ml* of overthrowing tbn National Ciuardii of Naples The custom of thift country in lotting out troop* to light for hire. In the employment of different nations I* most extraordinary ; ami this massacre at Naples will tend to cause the new and liberal governm-nt of that country to annul the practice While I am now writing, the subject I* under consideration In the Swi*? l?ift The result of these delilieratlons will soon be known at Pari* and Naples. The Neapolitan deputies have resolved to meet In some province of Naplc-; aud that there will now be civil war In that bnautiful country, there can be little doubt. Lugluud be rcs^uu.-ible for th? t

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