Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 17, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 17, 1848 Page 2
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% T j jijm '1 iVKW YoW^lULD.J t<)TfiiaWwi Comar of futon and 9tmm* dii , J AUKaoordoibirrltt, . PROPRIETOR ARcsmom rnis tttniva ?OfW;v ~hk\TRR n??4j-; _cher?Y and Fair 9ta*? Drvn. nc Pari??Dbsaktbr. >'hat<law tmeatre. ChAthAin fttml?y'iROtNirs?merchant or Vex tec. niri/)'*. a mot piaoa?viennoue Cmu.ube.v in three dancer?mi-b*ibb or hihax lxfb. CATTLE GARDEN, Battery-Do* it on Hotm Sidka?La- 1 ATK1. MECHANICS' HALL "l-o?Aw?.. near Broome- CnRvrt*! | kikrreua-ltmeriis St.xi.tci;, Burliajve Dahciao, ke. PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, near Ooorrom?BavtaRd'i , rtseuiu or th* EaBvirri. MELODEON, Bowery?Ethioiiah Scioing, Be. Etw York.. Saturday, Jane IT, 1VM. Actual Circulation of Mia Uarald. Juno 16. Friday 30.308 copies j The publication of th? Herald commenced yesterday , at 3 o'clock, and finished at 7 o'clock. The " Lut Honor Strop"?The Great Whig Meeting?The Great Whig Failure?Mr. Cloy Nominated for the Presidency. We give in another column, a very briel repot \ of the wthig meeting in the Park, last evening, and of "the last razor strop" ol the whig party. The meeting was called for six o'clock, but it wa9 long after that timo when it was called to order; and when it was called to order, the attendance was very slim, and shin as it was, fully one-half of those present were democrats. In fact, it was a complete and perfect lailure?an abortion?a lame duck, and perfectly impotent, except to add to the popularity of General Taylor, and to convince all that his nomination by the whig national convention was perfectly fair and honest. The monotony of the proceedings was varied by j a proposition emanating from Mr. Selden, nomi- I nating .Mr. Clay for the Presidency, which, however, had as many opposers as supporters. The question on this proposition was put twice; hut the ; ayes and nays were so equally balanced, that it j would be a difficult matter to decide which had a majority, and it will not be decided until the day fjudgment. On the whole, it was a pitiful affair?pitifully nd meanly arranged?worse carried out, and any- j thing but creditable to the parties concerned. We ! nad made arrangements to give a full report of the speeches and proceedings on the occasion, and despatched to the scene a corps of reporters to do so; j but the perfect disrespect which was shown to the press, by the omission to provide for them proper 1 facilities with which to perform their task, de- ! termined our reporters to take no notes. In this they were perfectly right. Our reporters are gen- i tlemen?conscious of their dignity as members of the press, and mindful of their own self-respect. When proper opportunities are provided for them, ' they taJte pleasure in reporting, as fully as possi- ! ble, the speeches and proceedings before them, I without regard to labor or inconvenience; but ' when the press, through them, and themselves as , individuals, are insulted by being jostled about ; by Tom, Dick and Harry, and everybody else, j they will not degrade either themselves or the independent paper to which they are attached, 1 eo much as to put up with such disgraceful con- I duct?a sample of which was exhibited at the J meeting last evening. On all occasions our reports i are to be relied upon, as regards the sentiments I and words of the speakers, and the numbers j present. If those interested will not give our re- ' porters projier accommodations, we shall not re- I port them. In a word, this meeting maybe termed the "last j razor strop," not one more being left. From all I appearances, there is no doubt that General Taylor j will receive the support of the whig party of the I Tsorth and East; and that he will make a clean sweep of the State of New York, there can be no question. VVe observe that Mr. Webster will address a ratification meeting at Baltimore on next Monday. A great ratification Taylor meeting was held last evening in Boston; and others will no doubt be soon held in other cities. How is it that we have had no such meeting in this city I Is New York to be behind in this matter, and to remain in a state of iiiiiesepnep until fli#? nnliil-i.n. I , ? give the signal for our citizens to move? What is xo prevent ttie people from calling a great meeting on Wednesday or Thursday next, for the ratification of Gen. Taylor's nomination as the candidate of the people? Surely they ought to do so, and we rust they will. Thf. Liberty of the Press in Danoer.?It ap pears that Mr. Butler, ?f South Carolina, a member of the Senate, has reported a bill in that body, aHecting the press in such a way as will astonish the country when they come to read it. A full statement of it was given by our able Washington correspondent, " Galviensis." What could be the motive of the resectable senator from South Carolina, in identifying himself with the promulgation of such an atrocity as this proposition is ? If we can understand the provisions of the new law, under the name of preventing the publication of the confidential proceedings of the Senate, the proposed law makes it a penal offence to simply publish news and intelligence which may be the same as that transacted n the Senate. The Senate may be permitted to have full authority over its own members in any reasonable way they choose, and even of punishing them for a breach of confidence in relation to the riropeeHincn in wrrpl upeamn t?nf th? tion of Mr. Butler, of South Carolina, is one of the most impudent and atrocious projects that ever was offered in any legislative body in this country, aince the time of the alien and sedition laws?and even worse than them. There is no parallel to it, unless it is the law of the British legislature, under which the patriot Mitchel has been convicted of felony, for writing an editorial article favorable to his country, and denouncing the British government in its rule of Ireland, and for that article sending him fourteen years out of the country, to be confined in the hulks of Bermuda. The position which the respectable Senator from South Carolina has taken, is a position of infamy and atrocity. If he has the slightest feeling of respect for his own character, or the constitution of the United States, or the principles of liberty which prevail in the present age, he ought to divest him self of all connexion with that atrocious project, and repudiate it on the same tloornn which he presented it to the .Senate. Final am> Second.?Tlie first journal that advocated (leneral Taylor for the Presidency, was the JVrtr York Herald, wlucii did so on the twenty-fifth of May, The second was the Albany Evening Journal, winch did so on the eighth of June, These are curious facts. The Lottery Hcsiness.?There is a very important suit pending before the Circuit Court of Hudson county, New Jersey, in which the legality of the lottery business in that State is at issue. Cur readers are aware that a nest of stock brokers, lottery gamblers, speculators, and bankers, have ruled that ^tate for a number of years past, and converted it into a hot-bed or nursery of monopoly, of all kinds. Among the most prominent of these, are the lottery gamblers, who have fleeced the hard-working people, or at least such portion of them as were foolish enough to be gulled by them, of their last dollar. This suit has been argued, and the decision is looked for with much interest. Jt was commenceil by Mr. f'hurlea F. Durant, on the p?rt of the county, agnin-t .lames G. Gregory nnd others, to rr< over iwo thousand dollars for each drawing. It has caused much excitement in New Jersey. Ahead or Au.?The New York Herald of the 2hth ult., was received at New Orleans two days ghsad of the mail. an ?jh"'iihi i u m i i tiuvthmm * *??im 4ww %r Oil Fie?td?fl<?y 4f U4? is.. The reVrtlutimi of parries, frhieh we predtctedln May, 1S*6, after General Tayloi had gained hia firat victories over the Mexicans, is going on with the same extraordinary vigor?the same decision and determination?which has characterised the war now just terminated by the treaty of peace. Yet revolutions cannot be carried on without contest and agitation with the antiques of former parties, and with their old men, their old princi pies, and their old prejudices. This agitation, which always marches with revolutions, is now developing itself visibly in both the old parties?whig and democrat?in almost every section of the country. The old men, the old dishes, the old cliques, and the old coteries, in every region of the country, are endeavoring, by every s|>ecies of agitation, discontent and ultraism, to impede the new men, the new age, the new principles, the new fashions, which have been gradually brought about by the revolution of parties, begun two years ago, and supported and encouraged solely by the indepen. dent and multitudinous press throughout the Union, headed by the New York Herald. We need not enumerate the various movements in both the old parties, since the conventions held in Baltimore and Philadelphia. The nomination of General Cass, with the principles represented by him, have thrown the same amoant of discontent into the old democratic ranks, as the nomination of General Taylor, by the Philadelphia whig convention, has cast into the old whig hereditary ranks. These discontents are still working and fermenting. Yesterday the rump of the old ultra Clay party held a meeting in the Park, in this city, the proceedings of which are spread before the world in our columns of this day. The views, measures and purposes promulgated at that meeting, can lead to no other special result than to aid in the organization of a grand ultra abolition party at the North, calculated to shake this confederacy, at no distant day, to its very centre. To counteract this motion, a strong party in the North, in the East, and throughout the country?composed of those from the native and democratic factions?who have united to support General Taylor?is busy organizing ana arming ior ine approaching battle. The new party, under the banner of General Taylor, therefore, is gathering together materials, and rallying its forces, in the North, South and West. In a ff w days we shall be enabled to see more clearly the power, force and popularity which it will be able to bring into the held in the coming election. The friends of General Cass, on the other side, are equally energetic and equally active; but the confusion of a new revolution of parties makes it difficult, in the midst of ever-varying changes, to say exactly what tnay be the resultprobably we shall be able to do so in the next month or six weeks. At all events, the new position of parties?the nomination of General Cass on one side, and General Taylor on the other?involves the complete abolition of the old parties of whigs and democrats, and leads to the creation of new parties, upon new principles with new issues. The recent democratic and whig parties were the embodiments of those principles which have been respectively bundled together by Mr. Clay on one side, and Mr. Van Buren on the other. From the termination of the late war with England, up to the inauguration of the late John Quincy Adams, Mr. Clay, as a public man in Congress, was engaged in endeavoring to create a personal party of his own, by the enunciation of certain principles and measures during his career at Washington. The tariff, internal improvements, the independence of the South American Republics, a United States Bank, with many other less, but important,issues, were all put forward by hiin for his own particular personal promotion during his public career in Congress. When he subsequently became associated with John Quincy Adams in the government, from 1824 to 1828, Mr. Clay endeavored to organize his party upon the above and similar principles and watchwords, _ iL. _r _1_ T?l__ A. ' A J wiui me UDjrci oi rr-riecun^ junn ^uiucy ^vuhiiih, and of placiug himself in the line of safe precedents. In the subsequent contest, which took place for the Presidency between General Jackson and Mr. Adams, Mr. Clay's candidate was defeated by the union of John C. Calhoun and his party, in the South, with Mr. Van Buren, and his friends, in the North, in favor of Gen. Jackson. But notwithstanding this defeat, the principles embodied by Mr. Clay, and which ware adopted as tha principles of the whig party, were continued and kept alive as the basis for action, and a bond of rallying, by his special friends and supporters, and the great body of whig voters, down to the moment of the late Philadelphia convention. The nomination of General Taylor by that convention was equivalent to an act of the people dissolving the old whig party, and abandoning all the old wing principles, such as they had been collected and constructed together, in a platform, by Mr. Clay, years before. In some respects we might say the same thing, and point out the same analogy of situation, without respect to Mr. Van Buren, and the principles, system and watch-words by which besought, under the mantle of General Jackson, to embody a party and principles for his own special promotion, building up the democratic party, under color of the popularity of General Jackson, in 1828. This party, with his platform, may also be said to have been abolished by the nomination of General Cass in the Baltimore convention. The Van Buren faction of New York,with its affiliations in the other States, governed General Jackson, and | influenced his administration, giving to the party 1 which supported him its form and pressure, up to the late nomination of General Cass. This may be called a brief historical review of the two old parties, and their two old leaders, which have been extinguished by the action of the two late conventions?the whig party, which was only the embodiment of Mr. Clay's principles and measures: and the democratic party, representing the views and measures of Mr. Van Buren and his friends, which had been constructed under the mantle of General Jackson. ^The partizansof these two are now endeavoring to operate a secession, in tne present circumstances, of the new nominations by which these twogreat leaders have been thrown overboard. This is the revolution in which we now are. But in this revolution it is necessary to ascertain and point out what are the principles which will constitute the creed af the two new parties, wi hCass <>n the one side, and Taylor on the other?for, by the nominations of both these distinguished men, we may consider both the old parties, with their old issues and creeds, annihilated. The new platform or creed of the Tavlor partv, I cannot be understood from any developemcnt made hy the Philadelphia convention?for they made r.one, but merely slaughtered Clay. That body made no declaration of principles; but confined itself simply to the nomination of General Taylor. < 'ther conventions, as well as it, during the past > ear, have also nominated General Taylor, as well us mass yieetings and legislative bodies. There must, therefore, be a difference of opinion among all these nominating bodies and conventions,which can only be adjusted and regulated hy the expressed opinions of General Taylor himself. The letters, therefore, of General Taylor, upon political subjects, constitute the only source from which we j can ascertain the opinions and purposes of the new party. We have collected these curious letters, and give them in another part of our paper. As far as can be understood from these developments, General Taylor declares himself in favor of peace, of no more war, and of no more annexation of foreign territory. The questions of tariff, of internal improvements, the currency, and other great questions, will be left to the decision of Congress, without inter- { mmmmmmmmmmmrnrni .1.%. 1 I*I*H, ?vi) imit or a*u#?il ItyW, ^wild M he eleifwd i'fdfidcMH. He lirofcum III lie Opposed to any exercise of the veto over the acts of Congress, unless such acts as are palpably opposed to the written letter of the constitution. Legislation, therefore, of any kind, which is not directly in the teeth of the constitution, is left entirely to tha action of Congress. General Taylor also proclaims that nis administration will not belong to an/party, nor be under the domination of any clique of politicians. The offices in his gift will conse ljurniiy dc given io individuals ot any ptrty, provided they are honest, competent and capable? thus realising the principles of Washington and Jefferson. There will be no removals from office for mere opinion, unless incompetency or dishonesty compel such an act. In reference to the future prospects of Europe, and the present situation of the French Republic, General Taylor will probably pursue the cautious and independent policy of Washington and Jefterson, and keep aloof from all entangling alliances with European powers on mere matters of opinion. These views and principles appear to constitute the future views and measures of the new party now organising for the elevation of Gen. Taylor to the Presidency. They are the views and principles which are developed in his own correspondence. Nothing issaid,(nordo we think it necessary that it should be,) in reference to slave territory, or to the free States acquired by the treaty with Mexico. All these questions are left where they ought to be?to the action of Congress. Now what, on the other hand, are the principles of General Cass? These we may gather, both as they have been developed by himself, in the position which he occupies, and as thay have been promulgated by the convention which nominated u: __ ^1 i i - ? - -? " mm, ub mey nave aiso Deen put lorin by many 01 his confidential friends, acquainted with his views on certain contingencies. These views embrace the following measures:?The independent treasury, as it now exists ; a gold and silver currency ; the present tariff; no appropriations of public money for internal improvements; no Wilmot proviso for the new territories; the bestowal of public offices upon the partisans of the new party. These are the well known views and principles of those who support General Cass. But it appears from more recent statements, judging from developements made by leading men and variousjournals, we may probably be able to say that this new party will go for annexation on agrand scale?the annexation of Mexico, Cuba, and of Canada; and probably for the rescue and liberation of Mitchel, the Irish patriot, now in Bermuda; also, the independence of the West Indies from European domination, and we may also include a fraternization with the French republicans against the monarchs of Europe. Such a policy as some of these views and measures would imply, might lead to a war between this country and other foreign powers?to the necessity of contracting more debts and making fresh loans?to an increase of public taxes; and, perhaps, to all the glory and honor of another war with Great Britain, on the Atlantic ocean ! Such, according to the fairest investigations, appear to be the principles and tendencies of the two new parties?that of General Taylor and that of General Cass?as they are now in the process of formation and organization throughout the Union, on the ruins of the old whig and democratic parties. General Cass, at the head of one branch of this new revolution, is a strong man, an accomplished, talented and popular candidate. No one can deny this, except the mere blind partizans of particular candidates. He is a forrmidable candidate, and is rendered more so from his sincere and generous devotion to those principles of liberty and right, which are now agitating the whole world. General Taylordoes not need a word from us. His principles exhibit the sublime spectacle of a great warrior, with a peaceful tendency. His views, in this respect, form a singular contrast with his brilliant achievements on the Rio Grande, and in other places, during a long career in the service of his country as a soldier. He, therefore, is the embodiment of the peace principle, and goes for no war, no entangling alliances; but all is to be harmony, happiness and prosperity to the whole republic. There are other party movements, but they are not entitled to notice, or worthy to be named. The candidates they have put forth only deserve to be kicked into oblivion, and left there to their own meditations. The people of the United States, between now and next November, must make up their minds, and choose between General Cass, on the one hand, and General Taylor on the other. Tub New Loan.?The bids for the loan of sixteen millions of dollars, authorised by a recent act of Congress, to enable Uncle Sam to carry out his views in regard to Mexico, will be opened to-day ut the capitol, in the presence of the several bidders who have tendered proposals for it. These bids will show the estimation in which the old gentleman's credit is held here at home, which we think will be found pretty tolerable, considering the distracted condition which the world is in. They will also show in a Wall street, dollar-andcent point of view, the relative value of monarchical and republican governments; and we should not be surprised to see the latter quoted at something like eighteen per cent more than the former ?to see that our institutions will rank some one or one-and-a-half per cent above par; while English institutions, by the same criterion, will rank sixteen or seventeen per cent below par?consols, we believe, being quoted at eighty-four, at the Now we do not know of a better method of testing the value of political institutions than this. Take anything into Wall street?whether it be water lots in the moon?wild cat bank stock', State stock or government stock, of any desceiption? and the sharpers there will fix an appropriate value on it. It must be taken into consideration, however, that English consols may, in twentyfour hours, descend as low as twenty, next day to ten, and ]>erhaps the day after that, they would be worthless. Distant symptoms of a general Euro|?ean war drive them down one or two l>er cent ; kicking the English minister out of Madrid drives them down one or two per cent, likewise. Preparations for a chartist demonstration, the people to be unarmed, make them descend a notch or two lower. A good armed de .u. ...... ....... ij -i?i? .1 iiiuiioiiaiii'ii wi iiic nniii' iiaiuic nuuiu buojvc uieiu down perhaps ton per cent; and if the Irish will hut do their duty, nnd kick Clarendon out of Dublin, as Bulwer waa kicked out of Madrid, we think it very likely they would reach aa low a point as twenty-five, which would be seventy-five ] |ier cent below par, and twenty-five per cent more I than they would fie worth in case of a union and ' preconcerted arrangement between the Irish and chartists to overturn the government. Now, taking into consideration all these contingencies, which cannot occur here, in the nature of things?for we have nothing to revolutionize, except it be to revolutionize Mr. Polk out of the White House, and revolutionize Gen. Taylor into it?it must be conceded that we arc entitled to stick on a few per cent additional to the value of our government stock. When this is done, and you strike a balance in dollars and cents, on the Wall-street plan, you will then ascertain the relative value of monarchy and republicanism in the money market, or on 'Change. Jamaica?Hkavy Rains ?An arrival at Philadelphia with dates to the 2Hth ult., states that heavy rains had recently fallen in different parts of the island, which wasiied awny a new and beautiful chuich at Kin ston, injured several dwellings, and damaged the railroad at Mpanishtown to such an extent as to make it completely imptMuble, f M?M|> tMIMMoM loUlllftMl MM MImS MCritli In Mill aJMmu We ptesent to our rem! s rhe following htgtiiy important despatch, whicn was received in Liverpool a short time previous to the departure of the steamer, and which is tne first fruit of an arrangement which we have recently entered into, to procure intelligence from Europe to the last moment. This despatch, from some cause or other, did uot come to hand until yesterday morning. Here it is :? LATE AND IMPORTANT FROM IRELAND, BY SPF.CIAL EXPRESS. Liverpool, June 3?11 o'clock. A. M. The Irish mall has just arrived, bringing us very Important advices from the city of Dublin, stating that the Irish confederation had published an address, sirnod br Mr. Smith O'Brien, declaring that ' the period is rapidly approaching when armed reiiitance to the oppreaeora of our country will become a sacred obligation;" and advising the people to " prepare at onoe for the protection of their invaded liberties." The address adds:?" Learn to oontemplate, calmly and firmly, the chances of a final struggle, and prepare for that struggle." Mr. Charles Oavan Duffy, editor of the Nation, has written a powerful artiole, headed " The Business of To-day," In which he urges the dissolution of the two repeal associations; and the formation of a new one, kindled with the new spirit of the times?that it should be open to all repealers, without pledge or qualification, and its government committed to a legislative council of one hundered repealers, the foremost in Ireland for capacity and devotion, with an executive committee of five to act as the cabinet of the new organisation. From all that we can gather from our letters received by the mail of this morning, there is evidently trouble at hand. It would be dishonest to conceal the fact that Ireland abounds with vast numbers who are, in the words of Lord John Russell, " weary with suffering, and would view with complacency a ohange of rule." Such is the important despatch which came to hand yesterday, and which was framed in Liverpool, from the Irish mail which was received there an hour or so before the sailing of the steamship, and after all the newspapers had been printed. A movement of this description is precisely what might be expected to follow the base and despotic conduct of the English government towards the patriot John Mitchel, the enormity of which was heightened by the fiendish malice that marked their treatment of him after his sentence?such as manacling him with heavy irons, cutting his hair, and

treating him in other respects as ajdegraded felon It now appears that there is a union of all the repealers, on the principle of arming, to resist their nnnressors. If ever there were a people who had cause to rise and strike down their tyrants, the Jrisn are that people. II there ever was a time to do it, the present is it. The crisis may be delayed until alter harvest; but we are inclined to think that it will come, then, beyond all peradventure. They will gam an accession to their ranks, from Mr. Mitchel's conviction and transportation, of thousands, who have heretofore opposed their movements; and if, after rising in arms, they can but hold their ground tor five or six weeks, their example will assuredly be followed by the Chartists, and the result will be the downfall of the great tyrant of the universe, one of the most corrupt, tyrannical, grinding and despotic governments that Providence evsr permitted to afflict a world. In this downfall the nobility and aristocracy?the well led puppets of the government, they who have lived on the fat of the land, and revelled in luxury purchased by the sweat and anguish of a nation?will be crushed to atoms. In their struggle for their rights the Irish people will have the sympathy of all civilized nations? of the United States especially. The freemen of this favored land are not unconcerned spectators of what is going on in Ireland. They take a deep interest in her sad condition, and it requires only a bold, determined and united blow, to be struck by the Irish themselves, to call out those feelings in a substantial manner. It is beyond all doubt that the reception of the intelligence of the conviction, sentence and transportation of the patriot, JohnMitchel?who may be called the Robert Emmett of 1848?caused a tremendous and overpowering sensation in the United States. In New York the announcement produced a feeling of horror and indignation which cannot be suppressed?which must and will find vent. Nor is this feeling confined to Irishmen?it is participated in by every class of our citizens, native and foreign. It is looked upon by all as a gross act of barbarity and despotism, worthy of the dark ages, but not to be tolerated at this enlightened day; and when the proper time arrives, England and her tyrants will be made to feel it. It is gratifying to read U1C OClllllllClliO CJipitOOCU UJ IIIC illliv. 1 lUUil pivoo VII the English treatment of Mr. Mitchel. The feelings, and prejudices, and hostility, which succeeded the war of independence and the war of 1812, were subsiding and being forgotten. But they have burst forth fresh as they ever were, and stronger than ever, by reason of this piece of barbarity. These feelings will find vent.? A great meeting has been called at the Tabernacle on Monday next, which wc have no doubt will be the largest that has ever convened in this country. There will be no partizan demonstrations at it; there will be no attempts to curry favor with the Irish voters?they would not be tolerated. The time has gone by when this would be permitted; for Ireland's crisis has arrived at length, in earnest, and another year will not elapse before she is free, and her supercilious, weak and tyrannical task-masters levelled with the dust. We shall look with intense interest for the arrival of the steamers from England, for the next few months. Watxrino Places.?Summer has suddenly burst upon us. If the present weather last half a week, there will be a great scampering to all the watering places about the country, from Saratoga to Coney Island. The sea shore, the mountains, and the vallays, will soon be filled with fashionable and unfashionable strangers, from the cities. Amidst all the changes and revolutions that hava been going on, Saratoga still takes the lead. Newl>ort attempted, within a few years, to take the palm, but tailed, Saratoga being still prelerred, tne quality preferrin to go there, whatever that quality maybe. Of late years, however, all those independent persons in the large cities who can afford it, go into private houses during the summer season, and rusticate on the banks of our rivers.? Facilities for reaching the country have been very much increased of late years, by steamboats, railroads, and other rapid modes of conveyance.? During the last season, many of our ritizens lived during the whole summer in beautiful country houses on the line of the Hudson river, on the banks of that noble stream, or on some of its inlets. Maonttic Tri.koraph.?We are informed that the magnetic telegraph will be extended as far as .New Orleans in a lew weeks, w hen it is linisli?*d, we shall he able to publish intelligence in the Herald, tha day after its occurrence in that city. Indeed, it is more than probable that the result of the presidential election in November next, will be known on the evening of the same day, by the whole country. STKAMSHir Crksok.vt Cjty.?We learn by te! legraph that this bpantiful steamer, which sailed ! hence at 5 o'clock, on the afternoon of the 1st instant, arrived at New Orlenns city (not at the Be, lize,) on the morning of the 8th, which is less than seven days passage, and would leave very soon on ; her return, with about 270 passengers. An nffray took place on the 8d Inst., at Blloxl, La., between Mr. N K. taught and a Mr. Baylls. formerly 1 partner* In business there. Tha former flrod no less than six shot* at the latter with a rerolror, some of which took effect, but fortunately none of the wounds are mortal tin the preceding day, Baylls ordered Vaughtoff certain disputed premises.and on not being obeyed, fired at him Vaught gave himself up, And was bailed in |30W, / fmiHMtKNI VKOM VlWMMHJ.? ty Hi* nrfiVfl | ol <h?* liirl* Pw* *' 'iiilmMyhii) w Hir m w i reipt of i citable intelligence, from impartial sources, to the 25th ultimo. The scene of war 111 Venezuela is at Maracaibo; consequently the accounts we hare are not so late as those previously received from that port. The geuer.il impression at Caracas was, that the result of the exjiected battle at Maracaibo, would go far to decide the supremacy of either contend- . ing party. Our renders will recollect that a few! days ago we gave news from Maracaibo, stating ! that Paez's party (General P. was himself on the ! ground) had completely routed Monagas' troops und squadron. This news wt? received via Porto K ico, and from the charactefof the parties through Wiiuill 11 tauir, t uiiuiitc iiiuj uu piuuvu WU it. All the Caracas papers we have seen, express the opinion that the continuation or cessation of the civil war would be determined by thut battle. At that date (25th May), they had not received the news of it; the battle appears to have taken place about the second week in May, or possibly a little later. As Maraeaibo is some 300 miles to leeward of Puerto Cabello, and no vessels scarcely trading between the ports now, it is not surprising that the news should have got to St. Thomas and Porto Rico before it reached Puerto or Laguayra. The city of Caracas was in possession of Monagas' troops, and all was quiet. Business, of course, was dull, and the merchants dispirited. The U. S. sloop of war Albany, Commander Kelly, was at Puerto Cabello on the 23d ultimo, and sailed on that day for Cnracoa and Maraeaibo. The Hon. Belford Hinton Wilson, who has been for some years British Charge d'Affuires to Venezuela, has arrived in the United States, on his way to England. He came in the bark Paez to Philadelphia. The following is an extract of a letter from Ca" racas to a gentleman in this city:? An Italian, named . goes to tho United States, by way of St. Thomas, as government commissioner, to buy vessels and arm them for the Monagus party?to buy muskets and munitions of war. tic. He carries letters of credit from the custom house, promisiug to nav his fimftft in nrt>fnrimPH to all others Tht-v ii.ro worth nothing. Already such promises amount to more than the custom house can pay for months, and will soon, for years hence. The government has no money, its credit is worth nothing. Interest on the public debt is not paid, and never will be again, by this administration. The commissioner carries letters of introduction to , New York, and it is said will be aided by the Influence of a certain British personage, as he passes through New York. Lot the Yankees tako care how they let go their powder and ball, and ships, and muskets, for the promises of Monagas's administration. Intelligence prom Yucatan.?By the schooner Mary Ellen, from Laguna, we ure in receipt of the following interesting letter from our correspondent. It throws much light upon the present actual condition of unfortunate Yucatan :? Lacuna, May 10, 1848. Since my last, nothing of interest has taken place in this part of the world, if I may exoopt the continued bad accounts from Yucatan regarding the Indiau movements. It hardly seems possible that our government can be acquainted with the actual terrible state of atTairs iu Yucatan; and yet, when we view the apathy with which the United States receive each succeeding despatch forwarded by tho government of this ill fated country, wo cannot but arrive at the conclusion that it is their intention to allow these savage hordes to overrun the country, laying waste every town and village in their route, and exterminating tho white inhabitants. The last advices from Washington have cast a gloom over the most sanguine among us. viz :? ' That the U nited States cannot interfere in this war of races, and will resist also the interference of other nations." Setting aside all questions of policy, does not humanity demand for these people the assistance and protection of the United States. Sufferers by a war in which they have taken no part, their revenues have been withhold from them, their resources cramped. Yucatan presents a wretched spectacle. Much better would it have been for this unhappy country, had they sided with Mexico in this war. Occupied by the American forces, the Indians would not have risen?or had they done so. they would have received a check from which, perhaps, they never could have recovered. The late treaty made between Jacinte Tat. the leader of the Indians, and General Barbachano, the Yucatanese Governor, the conditions of which wero that Barbachano should be governor for life, and Pat remain at the head of the Indians. and ttiat the Indians should receive all the arms taken from them, has been broken. The last advices state the 1 ndians to be but twenty-seven miles from Cauipecho, oarryiug everything before them. L'ampeche is overrun with refugees of the poorest class, with neither food nor clothes, and the inhabitants are obliged to support them, and furnish both. As for Laguna. we are dally receiving them in scores; houses cannot be procured for thein, and Captain Bigelow has ordered the erection of a number .,# el,...la r.i- th..ir ahoUua Tl... ..f tl.i. inland by the United States forces, la looked forward to with dread. Their presence la the only protection for both pcraon and property. The Yucatecos are certainly a cowardly race; the ery name of Indian frightens them, and men whose station should be in the ranks, with muskets on their shoulders.are daily arriving at this place, leaving their country and property to the ravage' of the Indian, and afraid to strike one blow in defence of either. 1 have no doubt that even Campeche, with its walls and guns, will be. ere long, in the hands of these barbarians. With men of any courage, whatever, it could be held against the entire hordes of Indians, and with an open seaboard, from which they cannot be attacked, could always receive supplies. The Indians havo scarce any weapons but the machetti and the war whoop, and it appears the latter is the more terrible of the two. If. B. M. ship Electra arrived off our ort some short time since, with despatches from the English Minister at Mexico, for the Yucatan government. England would, doubtless, like to stiengtben her possessions in Honduras and Bacnlar, by taking Yucatan, under the plea of protection, and the United States are doubtless delaying any movement of help to the country, being fully aware that England has srarce yet had sufficient time to consummate any action in the matter. Perhaps, however, the United States are afraid that it may interfere with tha Utopian idea of a ratification of the treaty with Mexico. But humanity demands the sacrifice of such interests. A promise, even, of future interference, would have an immense moral force upon the Yucatecos. It might Induce them to strike a blow for their lives and homes and property; while at present they see nothing a? the ultimate result of such a struggle, but ruin, death, and desolation. Such must, ere long, be the case; and must it be recorded upon the page of history of so great andglorious a republic as the United States, that it refused to turn back by a little sucoor and assistance, from its great resources, the march of barbarism and savage warfare which, ere long, must render Yucatan but one scene of anarchy, waste and dosolation? U Irish Republican Union. Another enthusiastic meeting of this spirited body took place last evening at the Shakspeare Hotel?Mi. r* 11 at-1 T nT'nvvnn nf t tin f J. />.??.... 1? * Y,. obalr. Mr. MooMiY.the Irish historian, proposed that the meeting go at onoe to business. and take up a subscription to further their objects. He took occasion to propose the following resolutions:? Resolved That tlio executive committee select the first delegation to proceed to Ireland. Resolved, That the funds now in the hands of the treasurers, be drawn out of the bank, and nlaeul in the hands of tho present treasurer and secretary, to defray the neoessary expenses which may be inoarrtd in sending on delegations to Ireland. In support of the rosolutions, Mr. Mooney took occasion'') say, that the press was outraged in the person of John Mltchol. He was a writer of ideas, of truth, (eheerel not a thief The members of the press of America felt the wrong towards him. and would resent it. (Cheering and applause J The Chairman said, that a delegate from Anne Arbor. Michigan, wished to state that the funds in tho hands of his constituents should be at once for warded to this body?that the stream of patriotism should be unbroken, and that the 1st of September next should And 5000 republicans in the bosom of Ireland. (Cheers.) f A delegate from Baltimore said that the same ex. presslon was directed to them, as there was not a moment to he lost. Several other delegates expressed the inmp DfDuuifuii, wnrn Puoncripiion* poun?(] in rroHiy, , and It was resolved to hold ? meeting on Sunday noxt, at Kort Green. Brooklyn, at 3 o'clock. T. M. Tho meet, ing adjourned at 10 o'clock, P. \I. to meet at tha above named place. Major Graham.?We hnci the pleasure of seeing Major Graham Inst evening, soon niter lie hud arrived in tho Potomac southern boat. He arrived nt New Orleans in tho Water Witch (a slow steamer) from Vera Cms. He left the city of Mexico at 11 o'clock on tho night of tho 27th of May, and travelled all the way?with tho exception of a very short distance in a wagon ? on horseback, with an escort of ten dragoons, not meeting with the slightest interruption on any part of tho rond from the capital to the react. He did not brl ng the ratified treaty, and In fnet did not positively hear of tho exohnnge of ratifications when he left tho city. Our commissioners had arrived at Queretaro on the 25th; and it was expected that tha necessary forms would be executed, and the ratifications exchanged on the 27th Mr f'ommlssioner Sevier would bring the treaty with him. and is expected to arrive in a week or ton days at Washington Prompt preparations were making to march the troops to vera f'rux, and they were to leave In different detachments?some on the principal road, ami others by the way of Orir.nha Tho first division, being of artillery. was expected to set out from Mexico on the Isf of June Tile last division that was to take up its lino of march, was General Worth's. We understand from Major Graham, that there was some yellow fever in Vera Crus, but our ofllct rs did not appear to dread It Many transport vessels bad arrived at Vera Crux, and others were every moment expected from New Orleans; and General Butler had determined to ptirsne the system which was made public in the last general orders of the Adjutant General, and land the different detachments at the several points which were most convenient to their respective place* of destination. ? Wai king ton \ Union, Juno li IHII 'I I.'. . HIIWS'1 "?! mmmui uutmiduU B.'HkfiV fdMW The hilt*e tra* H?ll rtllfH la<i etsmiag, ??d the iarge tiidleaea *>?? **li piSMad with the delightful entertainments presented by the mauv ger. ' Charles the 12th" and "Cherry and Fair Star." alio the farce of " My Fellow Clerk" were the pieces represented ; ami we must say that they were all well done. The scenery in " Cherry and Fair Star" <s really magnificent, and the acting of Mins Taylor is most vivacious and pleasing. The Bowery is taking the lead, now-a-days, and the theatrical public appreciate fully the exertions of Mr Hamblin. To-night, Aliss Taylor will appear again as the eburming Prince Cherry. On Mouday, Mr. Scott also will appear ; he has entirely recovered from his severe hoarseness, aud will take the leading part in a new and successful play, which has met with universal applause in Europe. Miss Taylor also will appear in the same play. Tonight, we expect to see u grand house, to witness her Prince Cherry, Nmio's, AnTon Place.?A crowded.houze, each evenlug, rewards Niblo, the enterprising manager of this summer place of amusement. The success of the Viennese Children cretcit cundo; and the more these be- , witching fairies are seen, the more they ure appreciated by thousands who have chosen, nightly, tho Astor I'lace for a rendezvous. The "Pas Styrien," the I'otPaurri of ten national danses ile caractere." and the '"Pan ile *fJmourettes." were executed with incomparable precision, and elicited great upplause among the delighted amateurs there present. The vaudeville of Simpson k. Co " was also performed with great ensemble by Messrs. Chippendale. Walcott. and .Mrs. Mender. The ilcbut of the two youths. Masters Alexander and Joseph Uguccioui. was also a very great feature of the performance last uight. These two prodigies are really wonderful, and we intend hereafter to devote a special article to them. The bill for this evening is | very attractive. Chatham Theatre?1"Othello" was the play last evening?Othello, Mr. Addutns; lago, Mr. Urattan. There ' parts were well enacted, though we cannot say that we were altogether well pleased with what we saw of Mr ( rattan's lago?his vllluny was too apparent. Mr. Urattan is an excellent actor, however; the best will occasionally miss the right conception of a part. Mr. Addarns' Othello was very good; still, we think it is not his best personation. We like Mr. A. best in Virginlua ?a character which, by the by, ho will perform this evening. In Virginias he is truly eminent. The performances this evening are to be for the beuelit of Mr. Oratlan. and his last appearance. Virginius uud the Mcrchuut of Venice will bo played?in the llrst piece Mr. Addams taking Virginius; in the last, Mr. Urattan performing Sliylock. We trust there will be a good house. Tho house is well ventilated these warm evenings. and is quite pleasant and cool. Castle Garde*.?A visit to this delightful resort during this hot weather, makes one loth to return up town, the contrast is so great. The pleasant murmur of the waves agaiust the walls of the castle, the flue breezes, delightful view of the bay, Stutcn Island. 11 ud.-on river, ko.. make it the place of all others in New fork during the hot weather. The performances thi*eveniug will be peculiarly interesting; tbey will consA' of the very laughable burletta of -Done on both Safes," and the delightful i.avater.'' Visiters to the g.?rtlon must not ; target tire excellent retresliiueuts there to be obtained. The intervale In the performances allow full time for promenade and the discussion of the good thiugs. Christy's Minstrels.?'These patriotic geniuses are holding forth with us much elegance as usual. Talk of the Wilmot proviso and other Ethiopian fancies?a ' visit to Christy's will place a 1 doubting politicians and constitutional abstractionists on the right view as to our colored folks. Christy's hand arc in earnest about nil their assertions, for no one can deny they give every thing in black and white, every eveuing. To-night they will give their usual good programme. ? Banyard's Panorama will be exhibited twice to-day, viz , at three and eight P M. As it will soon close, uo time ought to be lost in visiting it. Mf.lodeon.?This house is crowded cvory eventi^' The Virginia minstrels are a most popular band, and aTe highly applauded. Miss lteynaldson likewise addt> i much to tho entertainment of the eveuing. " The Steyermarkisch" Musical Company, who were ! so well received in this city last winter, will give one of their grand concerts at tho Tabernacle, on Mond'jy evening next. They have been immensely successful at the South, and we have no doubt that their concert will be crowded. The National theatre at Detroit opened on the Otli inst., under the mauagmeut of Messrs. Ellis fc Parker. ' Signor Beneventano was to take a benefit at the Howard Atlieneum, Boston, last eveuing. ltith inst., i when the entertaiments were to be selections from the operas of "Ernani," "Nubuco." and "11 Giuramento." Tho Stcyermarkische band are playing at Philadelphia. The Heron Family are performing at the Norfolk The- ! at re. City Intelligence. The Weather.? V esterday was decidedly the warm j est day of the season. Tho sky wns clear, and though there was a good breeze all day. the heat was oppressive. Tho thermometer in the Htra'.d oifieo, stood at four o'clock, at bl degrees, being five degrees warmer j than any day of the present year. The night was clear, and gave every indication of a continuation of the heat. | Anniversary or the Battle or Bunker Hill.?The Washington Continental Guards, and about two hundred of the order of the l.'nited Americans, left yester- | day for the celebration of tho anniversary of the battle of Bunker Hill, which takes place in Boston, to-day. Annual Cherry Festival.?We understand that the Honorable Moses U. I.eouurd. Alms H?uso < orninissionur. and the Committee on Cbarity and Alms, propose celebrating their Annual Cherry Festival, at the close of tbe ensuing week. Colonel Doniphan, who has been at West Poln'? for j' the last ten days, as a member of the Hoard of Visitors, returned to the city !a-t evening, and put r?p a: tho American Hotel, where he will remain for a tew days. I when he purposes visiting Boston. Cart Kacino.?Wo are requested by the driver of cart No. 1 11. to f.av that a mistake ^ i., ;.. rv... number at tile racini in Hudson street, on Monday evening la<t. he declaring that U? had not been in that. j section of the city for several months. Our informant was probably mistaken. Fatal Accident.?A laboring man. named Leroy McKouna.was killed on Thursday afternoon by the caving in of the bias of a drain which he was engaged In digging. In lilth street, between avenues A and B. cftrable Carelesssem.?Mr. William Griffiths, of I No. 90 Kssex street, had his leg broken about half past 10 o'clock. Thursday night, at the corner of Bowery aud Grand streot. by being run over by the truck of llook. and Ladder Co.. No. 4 The truck was run upon the . sidewalk, and hence the nccident. We learn that the Company has been reported to the Chief F.ngineer.? V small boy was also very seriously hurt at the same time. Dn. Bovtvtick.?Wo perceive thnt Dr.llostwick has removed his Medical and Surgical Institute from Cham hers street, to No 501 Broadway, where he will no doubt have as much business as be eau attend to. Br Bostwick is a young man. a practical physician, with a peculiar taste for surgical operations, lie is. in fact, a surgeon by nature, him gained great celebrity among a large class of patients, and lias the reputation of great skilfulntss. Fises.?A fire broke outabout 10Ja" o'clock, on TV.tirs- j day night, in tho match factory of M. Laeour. at the J corner of Second avenue and 30th street, which m partially destroyed. The firemen were promp tly on tlw | spot, but It was some tlmo before they etiuld get a supply of water, in consequence of thtj want of hose. 1 A little girl wan sleeping in the bui jfllng at the time the fire broke out. who hud nearly quflocated from the sulphuric sinoke, when u colored man rushed into the burning building, and rescued her, for which he decrees all praise. The fire is supposed to have originated from spontaneous owhustiou. The firemen de- ! sorre great credit for their usual prompt and efficient action. Ifrqi csT.?An inquest was held by coroner Walters, on the body of Terence McKenna. who eamo by hia ileath from suffocation, in consequence of the earing in of a quantity of earth, in 12th street, where be had been employed as a laborer. The deceased fell in. nnd was covered in the ehiism by the earth Hint fell, and remained in the same position for about twenty minutes lie was taken out dead. He was represented to be an industrious man. with a wife and two children. Ijittr liitidllgrnri'! GuNr.nal Skssionh. June lit ?Before the Hecordsr nnd Aldermen Carnley and Hatfield. John McKcon, Ksq., District Attorney. Trial for Forgery.?Unfits K. l ee was put upon trial for forgery in the inird degree, in erasing and obliterating his signature to n not" for fill 50. on the fid day ef Novoinber last, which note was passed to a party *1 named Timothy 0. Abliey. who was sworn, and testt tied as to the note being made lo hiiu by prisoner 1 W. Greer was produced, and testified lie h id te en pre I sent, some time nfter the charge was made against pri I scner by the complainant, in his oftter. anil heard no thing about the note. Th note in <|tics Hon was produced. when it appeared Hint there win no ?r?g ire or the signature. and the jury rendered a verdict of noi guilty. Robbery.?William Hunt was put upon trial, charged with robbery In the first degree, on the night of the DOth April last. Mahh Lewis testified that he is a sailor employed in the United States service, on hoard the N orth Carolina. And had arrived here from Boston, when he put up at a hoarding homo In Cherry street, known :w the house of " Duteli John;" and that on the night in ((Hestion. ho was waylaid, knocked down, and mid ad by prisoner, and two associates, of about S4I in gold ami silver. There was no defence. The prisoner wa, found guilty. James Kinley. (alias Hcndlgo,) one of the accomplices in the above crime, was placed upon trial on the a ne ehnrge. Lewi* testified as to the same (net* Two witnesses were produced on part, of the defence, to prove an alibi- The Jury, however, found the prisoner guilty The court sentenced both prisoners to tsn years confinement In the State prison ? Andrew Prussia pleaded guilty to a charge of assault and battery Judgment reserve.1. Jtrreel ana llenrh b'm rani Alexander Coxe. Ifo. veywell Vincent (alias Henry Vincent.) and K. Shrain, were arrested on a bench warrant, on a i barge of obtaining goods under false pretence*, and were committed. Three persons were burned to death in a mill at St.. Marie Nouvelle-Ueaure, Canada, on the 10th ln?l They were Mrs. Illsson, her child and a miller employed about the establishment. It is supposed that tile nssistnnt miller fell asleep, the greln run out. and that. I 1 thn friction of the millstones caused the fire I l Several Italian Jesuits have arrived at Chicago, or III their wnv to th# Itooky Mountains, where they arc t<- H Mi aa miaaionariaa to the Indiana. jfl