Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 20, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 20, 1848 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

taur" tf- ' ? ? TH fVbalt No. The LiiiiRtlr A? > liun ul' I lie Clt)* uf Ale w \ork. We have received a very interesting document oil tins subject, viz : The report of the physicians of the Lunatic Asylum, on Blackwell's Island; and a perusal of it has given us information on the subject, which we think it important that every citizen of New York ought to have. It will be remembered that during the past year, Bellevue Hospital, and all the institutions connected with it, were placed, under tlip charge of a medical board, composed of some of our most eminent medical men, and tb at the entire medical charge of the details of thesa establishments was confided to those gentbeincn. These appointments are honorary, so far as emolument is concerned; but to the honor of the medical faculty of New York, be it said, that all of them have been faithfully and admirably liJIed, and the duties attended to with the utmost punctuality. Drs. James McDonald, A. N. Williams and Benj. Ogden, are the visiting physicians of the Lunatic Asylum on Blackwell's Island; uind the document to which we have alluded, is their report on the condition of this asylum, ui.dreKsed to the medical board of Black well's Islun.j, anil which was laid before the Common Council by this latter board, on the 30th of March last. The report commences with some remarks on the momentous importance to every inhabitant, whether ric'a or poor, o( the care of the insane, helonging to the city and county of New York. "It is true us it is humiliating," says the report, " that no one, however born, is exempt from poverty and disease?many of the tenants of our pauper institutions were born to wealth and expectations, and numerous will be the descendants of the richest families now among us, whom inevitable destiny will doom to seek a refuge in the Lunatic Asylum on Blackwell'a Island." This, we are afraid, is but too true; as any visiter to the Island can ascertain, by personal inquiry, the truth of the statement that many of the inmates were born under every advantage of wealth, station, and luxury ; and these facts prove how true are the following words of the report: "We all, therefore, rich and poor, educated and ignorant, have motives, personal and private, for reforming and perfecting this establishment." The report then goes on to consider the probable increase in the number of the insane among our population; and a slight historical sketch is given of the rise of the present institution, from which we extract the following:? " The present population of New York city does not exceed 400.000, and there are about 400 pauper lunatics in the asylum on Blockwell's Island. It will not be many years beforo accommodations will be required for a thousand. In the great metropolis of the western world, as the city of New York is. and is destined to bo. tho increase of the insane will exceed the ratio of progressive population, as will bo shown by the following facts. In 1834, when the insane hail become so numerous that they could not be suitably provided for i.n the basement story of tho Bellevue hospital, (now a part of tho house of refuge), an energetic inovoumnt wins made in the Common Council to erect a buihfftng for t'heui. which should be large enough to accommodate loO. This was actually a considerebly larger lium er thau there theu was at the public charge, there being on the first day of September, 1834, but 116 insane patients : but it was thought proper to provido for a prospective augmentation ; and the wisdom of the resolution is now evident, the increase having exceeded all pal illation. No less than 40.r> insane patients were actually in the asylum on the 1st of Jan., 1S47. " Estimating the future increaso from these data, the cltv autl couuty of New York will, fifteen years hence. hive more than a thousand lunatics to ba supported lit the public charge. And this disproportionate augmentation is in perfect accordance with facts already developed by older nations. The city of Paris, a few years since, with a population of about 800 000. had uo less than J..ri00 female and 800 male paupor lunatics, besides a large number of insane in private and other institutions." Arguing Iron; this prospective and sure increase, (for any p-rson a. customed to study statistics, t:..n see how surely these results will work out), the report goes on lo show that it is not only a duty of humanity, hut one ofecnomy. for the city government to provide suitable and fitting accommodations for this class of patients. " No means can bp devised," say they, "so surely calculated to relieve the public from the expense of large accumulations of the insane, as the liberal provision of such methods of cure as will restore to health a large proportion of recent cases." It has been found that, taken in the onset, the chances of u cure are greatly increased ; hut, unlortniintelv, " in the present state of the asylum on lllaekwell's Island, physicians will not advisa patients to he sent, and relatives will not take friends there, unless excluded front every other hospital; or where the subject has becomp so violent that nothing else enn he done ; or until so much time ] is been lost at home in vain efforts at restoration, that the chances of ultimate recovery are very in 'cb diminished." The report then goes on to state what litis hitherto lieen done for the insane; by which it appears that in lsCJ3, when Bellevue Alms House and Bloomingdal* Asylum became so crowded with lunatics that they could not be accommodated, at the suggestions of the Commissioners of the Alms House to remove the Lunatic Asylum, the Common Council took up in earnest the subject of erecting an hospital for the insane, and made an appropriation for procuring plans. < )n the J7th of February, 1834, a plan was accepted. It was furnished by Dr. fames M&cdonald, who was then physician to the Bloomingdale Asylum, and ulfiinat"ly was adopted by the successors of that year's Common Council. It was on the basis of the Middlesex Asylum at Hanwell, England, so modified as to remove what appeared to be its objectionable features, and adapt it to Blackwell's Island. The corner-stone of the Asylum was laid by the M tyor, with 'he customary ceremonies, in the spring of l^W, but the building was not sufficiently eompl *ted to receive patients until fhe month of June, is;{;), when thirty from Bloomingdale and tiiosc from Bellevue were removed into it. The different sams appropriated for this edifice between October, 1S57 and May, I8IW, amounted to $125,000. In August, 1HI1, the number of patients had increased so much that it was found necessary to enlarge the accommodations; but, instead of carrying out the plan already adopted, a proposition was 111 ide to erect a distinct building close to the water, on the east side of the island. This was finally agreed upon, and what is now called the Mad House was completed and occupied the following spring. This building also was soon crowded far beyond what was originally intended as the number it should bold, and thus matters continue down to the present day. On taking charge in November, 1817, the present medical board found 1175 pitients, under tli care of one resident medical oflieer, who, in addition to his Mtrictly professional uunes naa to nci as apoinecary. 1 ha rooms were all crowded ; the first and second stories, however, were clean nnd in good order?they were occupied hy females. The basement or ground floor, however, was damp, ill-ventilated, and gloomy; it was occupied hy miles, mtny of whom were sick with dysentary, dinrrli.ri.or fever. These rooms were originally intended for store rooms; and several years experienee lias fully demonstrated what was anticipated when the building was planned, that its basement is decidedly unhealthy; the crowded state of the house, however, has forced the manager to n -ett lis a receptacle for patients. The Asylum found to he out of repair; the enclosures or niriny yards forthe patients a re too limited in extent, mid so arranged as to shut off a view of nil tin* fine prospects wliich can be seen in that part of tlie ground. The number of keepers, too, was too limited, so that on one occasion the resident physician had to dct nn twenty patients after their recovery, rather than employ prisoners. In the finest weather, therefore, the patients cannot enjoy the poor recreation of being conducted to these enclosures more than twice a day, while in cold nnd stormv weather they must be entirely deprived of if. The description given in this report of the Mad Utilise is so graphic, that we must insert it in lull. The building knowi as ' The Mad Mouse,' standing ( n tps water ctiuo. alms! 150 ti nt cast of the Asylum, '.hi? t'oun<f considerably out of repair, badly adapted to its purpose. Immeasurably crowded. Imperfectly vontilii'ej nnd extremely offensive. This house, which to eh .lit .'lii liv Sd fi-et. nnd three stories high, not much larger ilinri an ordinary three-atnry dwelling. contained Do lesn than 113 patient* ! The firnt Moor wan appropriated to men, of whom lit were white and l'<! colored ; total. 32 " The aec.ond and third atorle* were occupied hy women, of wit on 7X were white and 3 colored , total, HI |>'nr thin n tint her of patient*, there were 24 cell* on the aecond and 1H on the third IJoor, making about, two pocuj antH tor each cell of ^ by 0 feet. The water i ioeeta of each utory hail no head Of water to carry off their imporitia*. and were conaeqnently rery offenaire j-'or t liia large number of patient* there were found no ' ? Tm*? ' " I1 II <! II | ! " I ? E NE NJ , airing yanle. The two which had been originally prepared. be in i' miserably email and without prospect. had .lilanlHutaii .. a In fnvt.l.l thai. Aft..- ..v amining this part of the establishment, we could not but agree, that its name 1 Mad House' was well applied, for there was madness in its conception, madness in i".s completion, and msdness in its continuance. It was certainly ulore full of madness, and better calculated to perpetuate madness, than auy house we have ever examined." In concluding their remarks about the buildings themselves, the reporters sum up as follows:? "They yvere excessively crowded, some portions containing twice us many patients us could be conveniently accommodated. They were also, in many places, out of order, and requiring repairs. The first and second stories of the Asvlum, occupied by females, are extrun dv well adapted to the purpose, and in tolerable condition, ' while the basement and 'Mad Mouse' ar . in our I opinion, unfit for occupancy. The aim: grounds are too small, too far removed from the house, too | few, improperly constructed, and almost worthless." The condition of the patients was not any more satisfactory than that of the house. The first visits of inspection were the most painful duties of their lives, say the reporters. Notwithstanding 1 tiie faithful exertions of the resident physician, I idleness and confusion seempd to pervade the establishment. Three hundred and seventy-five paI tients, eight or nine-tenths of them being incuraI ble, were confined in a space not too large for two hundred, without regular treatment, occupation, or classification. They were accumulated in large numbers in the halls and lobbies; in the basement, the men were suffering from fever and diarrhoea; their rooms badly ventilated and offensive. In the Mad House ' One hundred and thirteen crowded into a space not largo enough for half tho number, fourteen confined to cells, three or four restrained by iron hand-cuffs, aud> one with a strait jacket ; there being only one penitentiary convict to take charge of thirty-two men, and one woman to manage eighty-two female lunatics, with no yard for exercise or change of air; but all confined to the houso; all idlo, some excited and noisy, singing, chattering, or raving ; others moping and listless, remindiug us of the descriptions of mad houses in the last century, and in countries not yet enlightened by Christianity and civilisation." The reporters ulso complain of the idleness that pervaded every part of the asylum, and justly reprobate it. In their remarks on the condition of the patients, the reporters absolve the resident physician from all blame. It was not his fault, but the fault of those who placed him there with three hundred and seventy-five patients to manage, and none of the necessary appurtenances and appliances to do it with. They deduce from this wretched condition of the asylum the argument, that in its present condition, it does not fulfil the purposes for which it was intended; and that, consequently, in the long run, it is more expensive to the pnblic pane than it would be were a reformation established, even at the expense of some extra expenditures at the present tune. At present, it costs $1 15 per week to maintain each patient ; and under this arrangement the tables of statistics of the asylum for the four years ending in December, 18-17, show as annual mortality of 25 per cent, of the average number of patients during that period, viz. 367 per annum. As to recoveries, no reliable tables could be found. If then we compare the Lunatic Hospital on Blaekwell's Island with other establishments for the insane m different* (tarts of our country, we ?l,?ll i;?,l tli-.if it vi* 111 uMlK.r I.,. each one of them, without r u-'-|>tion. To remedy tine Btate <?i attaint, the reporters earnestly call the attention <>t the Common Council to the following recoriiiicmi ;tioim: 1st. Togo oa steadily wet. the original plan until the building Khali !>. c?uip>l*u %lway- 'tearing in mind that every uiodel of a I.oust asylum, however perfect it may be a* a whole. is but )' adapted to Its purpose when only a part is fini-he<l . and that the erection of mad housei," or other detached buildings at a distance from the main edifice, interferes with what is of vital importance in all public institutions? facility of inspecti n. 2ndly. To set apart as much as possible of the upper end of the Island, (say 40 acres at least) and build a high wall across its whole breadth, so as to exolude all common paupers, vagrants, and penitentiary convicts, as well as those ordinary visiters who are in the habit of resorting to public institutions from mere motives g>f curiosity ; laying out suitable portions in kitchen and landscape gaidens, and adorning the latter with shade and ornamental trees ; then to divide the lands thus dedicated to exercise and recreation, into two nearly equal parts, by another fence runuing east and west, so as to give the men one of these allotments, and the women the other ; appropriating that on the south side of the Asylum to the men. and that on the north to the women ; which enclosure for the females, when properly filled in, will contain more than lfl acres :?the walls to he so constructed as not to interfere with any desirable views ; ? numerous stnall airing conrts to be made near the buildings, so that each class of patients shall have a separate one to which it may resort at all times?the quiet, harmless, and convalescent only to enjoy the liberty of the general grounds. 3dly. To improve accommodations for the sick by establishing in large, well ventilated rooms, two infirmaries j one for each sex,?and, if possible, to prevent the basement of the new part of the Asylum now building, from being occupied as lodging rooms for patients. 4thly. To prepare a receiving ward for each sex. where patients may bo temporarily lodged until their cases shall be understood, and they properly classed, and so to alter the law respecting the committing of lunatics. us 10 avoid tneir Doing ihko.i 10 iiw ponco office. ftthly. To procure proper attendant* for aalc and nurse* for female patient*, avoiding the employment of all prisoner* and other person* of bad moral < haracter, and to give the resident physician every necessary aid in the performance of his arduous duties. tithly. To provide all the mean* for maki the Asylum a curative establishment, by finding - .liable employments for the inmates, engaging them, as far as practicable, in useful labor, kc ; and while the most rigid economy may continue to be practised, to dispense as much money as will renlize this grand object, which we think, may be accomplished by an expunditure of two dollar* a week for each patieut. Law Intelligence. SursKMr CorRT, June 10?Uexkral Tkhm?The following deci*ion* of cause* argued at the April generat term, in addition to tho*o heretofore decided, were delivered thi* morning by Judge Kdmonds:? Swan and O'Connor, Executor* of John Pyc. rs. Rachel Wholly, Executrix, 4 c.? A trustee may purchase a claim against the estate he represent*, but he may not make a profit out of it: and whether the purchase be for hi* benefit, or the benefit of the trust estate. Is at the option of the cmlui que trust. Where an executor purchases a mortgage against the estate, and is at the same time In the receipt of moneys belonging to the e tate. ho eannot foreclose that mortgage for his own benefit, until he accounts for the money thus in his hands, or. at least, by his bill of foreclosure, offers te account therefor. Decree of assistant Vice Chancellor reversed. Delaplaine el at re. Waildell, ff-c.?Demurrer to the replication. The first fault was in the declaration, which was on a bond, in the penalty of $1,000. and contained three assignments of breanhe* of $51A Jo <iup)i 'This unit. i? hrmiirht far thu u<rcrt*ur*i' Mmen thn i! breaches. and not for the penalty of the bond. Declaration act aside, with liberty to the plaintill to amend, without coats. Holmes el al ass. vs. Dickinson and Dcla/daine. -The testator's personal property not being enough to pay his debts, a portion of His real estate was sold for that purpose, and afterwards $20,000 was received hy the executors for indemnity, under the treaty witli Krance. Held that tliut sum did not pass to plaintiffs under an assignment of an interest in the personal estate, hut belonged to tlie devisees of the real estate to indemnify them for so much as had been taken to pay the testator's debts Decree of Assistant Vice Chancellor reversed. and hill dismissed with costs Com stock vs. MrGrcear cl al --Motion to set aside a non-suit.?A nephew could not. before our revised statutes. inherit immediately from his uncle, but ouly as he derives title from the common stock The grandfather. through the blood of the father, and the grandfather being an alien, his uulnhciitable blood impedes the descent. Motion denied. Minium vs. Parmer's Loan and Trust Ca.?On a bill filed to cancel a note given as security for another, on the ground that thn creditor had dealt with and given time to the principal appearing that, there was an adequate remedy at law. The decree of the Vice Chancellor dismissing the hill, affirmed. Ilnynes vs. Carpenter.?Motion to set aside report of referee. Denied, with costs. if'irdu'dl re. llaigkt?A retiring partner must give actual notice to his customers or dealers, in order to exemnt himself lYom liability for debts contracted after the dissolution, in the name of the firm. No particular number of transactions necessary to> te ync a : dealer or customer within tho rule. A uorsort'knowing ' of the part nershin. having *0*1' one hill for cash and on?on credit to the firm, is within the rule. Motion ] ^<t-se| aside'report of referee denied. irmnii gany, .'lariinwraror, fr. vi. Clarke. <Jc.? An adtniniatrator who ilflirwrw over to hie on adminiatrator. with the aaaent of a creditor of tho eatate. all tho aaaeta in hi" hand*, ie discharged from all ilahillly to , that creditor In reaped of thoae aaacta Testimony . taken In an ordinal ault la not evidence per ?i. without an order of the Court, In a croaa anlt In Wyurk ] other perron" are partiea. and the hj,ie* different. , Decree of the Vice Chancellor affirmed. Kelle 1/ vs Kelley.?On error to New York Common | Flea" An aot'.on of account Ilea between two joint 1 contractor", to build a hottae. where one haa received more than hie "hare of the proceed* of the joint labor, and la the appropriate remedy in/ieaae; whereas. in thi* care, the balance waa leaa than $100. so that a hill in equity to nettle a partnership woplq npt l?e . Judgment affirmed. Stewart ?#. Smalt, IV ill iant 4 Co.?PUintiU war an W YO EW YORK, TUESDAY Mi accommodation endorser on a uotn given to secure a ( de! t dttc to the defendant, which endorsement wan oh- ( tained from him by misrepresentation!) made by the maker of the note. The defendants received the uete l before maturity, and gave their debtor credit for the i amount of it. by endorsing the same as payment on a ' urait 01 nis men pasi uue. rteia tUat defendants were not bona fide holders of the note for available consider- < ation. having merely exchanged credits, and not part- , 1 ed with value, and therefore the decree of the Vice < Chancellor dismissing plaintiff's bill, wherein he soeks to have the note given up to be cancelled, is reversed. , Srscui. Term?Before Judge Kdinonds?Murray re. ] 1 JHltn.? The general rule is that on a bill of discovery i merely, defendant on putting in his answer, is entitled i ; to his costs I n this case there are two reasons why it falls within the general rule?the defendant has not 1 made the discovery sought tor. on the contrary he has i , denied the material matters charged; and secondly, he j i did not retuse the discovery when appied | fore the suit was brought; he consented to give it with j > all due diligence when plaintiff tiled his bill. Order to j pay defendant's costs, granted. Ualjield re. Moore.?Motion for receiver, granted. ; Dran re. Garry and Wife.?Plaintiff's motion denied; | | I if he has any claim it is against the prumises; he has , i suffered the surplus to be taken out by other parties. ; Milee re Nilee.?Decree for a divorce denied. I 1 Si'pv.hioh Court.?(Before Judge Sandtord.)?Jihra, liam Hell 4* Co. ve. Win F. Leg felt and other Kx'ors.? | ! This was an action to recover the amount of two ] I promissory notes, one for $57'J 37, and the other for >080 11. The defence set up was want of considers- ' ; tion. It appeured that in 1843. a son-in-law of the late Mr. Samuel l.eggett applied to the United States District Court, by petition, to be discharged from his debts under the bnnkrupt act; ho was opposed by tho 1 plaintiffs, and his discharge was refused ; the notes in ' suit were given by Mr. Leggett in 1845. and in 1847 his 1 son-in-law receive i his discharge. The defendants' counsel insisted that the notes were given in consideratinn nf withilpuwtntf th?ii* nn?r?iltinn vhlMi *a.< against good morals ami the policy of the law. The Court charged the jury that if they believed the note* were given as a consideration for the withdrawal of opposition to the discharge in bankruptcy, they ought to find for defenuant*. if not they ought to llnd ' for the plaintiffs. Sealed verdict to-morrow, this morninjt. Burkhead 4' Co. t's Brown and others.?This was an action on a letter of credit for $40,000. A verdict was ' taken by consent for the whole amount, subject to ad- 1 juBtment, and to the opinion of the Court in Banco, on a case to be made, with ^liberty for either party to turn it into a bill of exceptions. Rankin 4" Birch vs Haggrrty and others.?This was an action of replevin; the plaintiff* sold t? tho firm of l'eck It Co., n lot of dry goods in September last; in a few days after, Pock & Co , made au assignment of all tneir property to aeienuani* lor mo Dene lit 01 a lew favoreil creditor**, as the plaintiffs allege; upon which they procured a writ of replevin, and took the goods out of the possession of the defendants. The suit is j brought to try the rights of the parties. Adjourned till to-morrow (this) morning. Circuit Court.?Before Judge Kdwards.?IVm. B. , Jlstor vs. James VJlmoreaur.?This was an action for rent of premises in Ludlow street. The premises were leased by Henry Astor to one Crolius; the latter as signed his interest to defendant, under which he became bound for payment of rent and taxes. The defence set up was, that the defendant merely acted for his brother, and had no beneficial interest in the matter; that therefore he was not legally bound. The jury found a verdict for the plaintiff for $193, subject to the opinion of the court on a ease to be made. Geo. B. Mooreutood 4* Co., vs. Lewis Batelle if* Co.? i This was an action to recover tho difference between ' the contract price of three thousand gallons of oil. and the price for which it sold. The oil was purchased in Kngland. and after it arrived here the defendants re- , fused to receive it, and it was sold for about $400 less tiian the contract price; for which sum this action is brought. Adjourned. United States Circuit Court?June 19?Before Judges Nelson and Betts?Henshaw vs. the Mutual Safety Insurance Company.?The Court was occupied in an argument for a new trial in this cause. General Sessions. June 19?Before the Recorder, Aldermen Carnley and Hatfield? John McKeon, District Attorney.?Petit Laiccny?Sarah Ann Benson, indicted for stealing a black veil and three handkerchiefs, valued at $1, the property of Julia Hilson, of No. 3 Kim street, on the 30th April last, was put upon trial. Margaret Wilson testified that the articles were found in prisoner's possession. The defence set up on part of prisoner was. that she got the articles front a person named Smith, already tried for the same offence. The jury acquitted the prisoner. Trial for Embezzlement.?Krederick Goodwin was put upon trial, charged with embezzling monies at va rious times from John B. Ray. a manufacturer of cordials and syrups, in whose employment he had acted In the capacity of agent for the sale of the satne.? John B. Rav, examined by Mr. 1'iiiLLirs. testified that he is a manufacturer of syrups and cordials, ru- > siding at No*. 31 and 33 Burling Slip ; that he employed the prisoner as agent for the sale of the cordials, , and that he was in said employment from October. 1)145 to July. 184(1, and received $25 per month for his services. An arrangement was made between the prisoner and witness, which made it imperative on prisoner to hand over all monies received on business each night, and also to deliver such quantities of the cordials as remained unsold, and to post up his accounts nightly. Knows of his own knowledge that prisoner collected money which he did not account for, from several of witness's customers?from persons named O'Brien. Lewis. Ackland, Wane, Porter and others, he collected sums varying in amount, from Lewis $10, and others $15, and in the cross examination appeared that prisoner was to get a commission of one per cent after the first of January on all tho money returned, and that said arrangement was to last as long as prisoner remained in wit- , ness's employment. This was agreed to as a new year's present, which prisouer did not ask for himself, but was tendered by the witness. The written agreement between the parties, making it obligatory on prisoner to pay in the monies received nightly, and that nil goods should be returned every week?such as was not sold. RicHAan Lr.wis testified that he paid prisoner about $19 on account, for Mr. Ray, on June 3. 1840. [The bill w?s here produced, and showed that prisoner signed the same, and marked it "Received amount for Mr. Ray.] John Acki.ano was produced nnd sworn?lie test!- I fled he paid $15 on 8th July. 1840, to prisoner, on account, for Mr. Ray, ami produced n receipt for the i stme. He aNo produced a nother receipt for the sura of i $15, paid on the 23d of February. 1840. I Rom i htkr testified that he paid some $60 to prisoni i . behalf of Mr. Ray : prisoner gave him an | order fro:: Kay for $'J, in groceries, whioh he delivered to priMHii | ,nl two orders, to the amount of $21; has i not the orders now in his possession ; believes they i were destroyed among his papers. i Thomas H. O'Bsikn testified?Ho is a grocer, and paid prisoner $9 in cash for Mr. Ray. on account; has not | the receipt; the goods were delivered to prisoner by i witness's c.lerk. I Mr Rat was recalled, and testified that the sums of ( money referred to by each of the last witnesses, were not paid him by prisoner. He received on the 3d June, 1840, $23 33 from prisoner . Athai C. Pratt, who had been employed as bookkeeper by Hay. was tendered on part of the prosecution, to prove, by account bonk, that prisoner had received moneys from several, and did not pay up to Hay. Defendant's counsel objected to the testimony, which was ruled out by the Cwurt. The attornoy opened for the defence, and said that the prosecution was set on foot with a view to quash other law proceedings at present pending between the parties, there being civil suits, and cross civil suits, between Ray and his client Goodwin, who sues for i wages. Sc., and that the object of the prosecutor here was originally to procure the services of the prisoner to extend his trade In the city. The Court here adjourned to 11 o'clock this forenoon, when tbo defence will be proceeded with. Cotrt Cai.ksoaii?This Day. ? Circuit f\>urt?71402. 1. 20. 27. 25. 28. 3t?. 40. 41. 42. 51. 46, 00 4. 5. 02. AO, 400, 11. siijtrriti i Cmsv| 27, 72. 74 4, W. 14,49 160, 51, 08. 104. 170. 79. 130. 09. 100. 174. 175, 177. 170. ISO, 181. 183. 184 180. 187. 0. 106. 171. 172 SI. 110. 115. 116. 111. 30, 135. U. 134. HO. 01. 83. 55. 126. 07. 173. 157. 44. 107. 50. Common Picas 335, 11, 13 to 10. 21. Common Council. Board or Assistant Ai.dkasfs. June 17.?Wilson ouann, mi., rrimlWBl. in IIH' ?'ii?ir. | Thirty fourth street. --Petition of Thomas McSorley. unit other*, to Iirvo .14th street opened and regulated from the tlth avenue to the North river. Referred. S'wrr in Pine street ? Petition of sundry property owners and lessees, to have a sewer constructed in fine street, between Nassau aud I'earl streets. Referred. Hewer in Water street.?Petition of sundry owners of property, for a sewer in Water street, between D?peyster street and Maiden Lane. Holding Over.?A communication was received from > Anson Willis, the duly elected civil Justice, for tl > oth judicial district, stating that James B. Sh y. t^n farmer assistant Justice of that dist' cwntihfles to hold a court in the said district. ae the ehvncr i?f Broadway aud Twenty-first *t,?e?, wheri lie iasues processes. and goes thru rh aft tlpi forms of law as practiced |w 'Lj|(a lower ciVil counts in this city, and recviTo* fees far his i setviccs. Referred. free Hydrants.?Petition* to have e free hydrant at the corner of Delawcey and Columbia streets ; also. In (Irand street, between the Bowery and Christie ?tV?vV Referred. Presentation of Colore. ?A metfifnUl .<r-s presented from tho couui'Mtdants of the wU Wrlgrtdh, 10th and 12th regiments, for n oi^ colors to each of the said regimont i. ajoethpanfod by a resolution in favor fS06 hir that purpose. Adopted. t,VU?sc{ Fees.?A communication was received from Justipe l.athrop. to have refunded him the amount i t l*?iu ? oo?n?i !! < ?. inrurred in auat.alniiiH UIh election as Police J list ire. Referred. Twmiy-Ninth ttrert.? Report Iw of ro^ul^tinj? * 20th afreet, between ttth and UMh lyenuea 1 Ftncmg I.olt ? HvpO.t iu btVorof causing tlie vacant ' lota on the ^tn Avenue.'between Itttta and '20th atresia, * to h? fenyet^ Id . Adopted

Naitiion Report In favor of yrodinR the see- ' tlon of Madison Avenue between 24th an<l 2oth atreeta. f Catfinrvtion Ordinance*.?-Report and resolution In ' tavor of caOM?g a retielon of the corporation ordinan- ? Ill I ' .1 J. Iill II mil i^Ui , .1 RK E ORNING, JUNE 20. 1848 under the direction of the corporation attorney ! ] 4 Mure Sewn*. ?Reports in lavur of constructing a <ewer in Greenwich street, between ('edar aud Rector .treets Also in Kedar street, from opposite No. 75 to rrinity Place Concurred in. Washington Monument.?Resolution from tint Hoard >f Aldermen, in favor of granting the Washington vfon ument Association permission to conHtruct a i i sovured drain in Hamilton Square, preparatory to laying the foundation of the monument. Concurred in Where'g tin \luneu??Report aud resolution in favor of compelling the late Superintendent of streets to give in account of the uinnure. He.. sold by him. Concurred in. Putrid Bodies.?The following communication was than received from the Mayor, relative to ulleged disgraceful conduct on the part of the Superintendent of lime house. Mayor's Office, New York. Juue 19, 1848. To tup Hon. the Common Council.. Gentlemen :? On Sunday afternoon, at two o'clock, I was waited upon, at my residence, by Dr. Carter, one of the visiting physicians at the House of Refuge, who informed oie that on that morning, while on his usual visit to that establishment, he noticed a stench almost insupportable. He immediately took steps to discover whence it proceeded, and traced it to the Dead House, it the foot of Twenty-sixth street, where there were not less than twenty-eight bodies lying, a portion if which were outside the building, exposed to the scorching sun. Keeling that the health of the inmates of the Hellevue Hospital, as well as of all the residents in the viei- j nlty, was endangered by the continuance of the nui- i 1 sance, he immediately made knowu the state of the * ,?a8? to Alderman Mavnnrd. whn t?nfu*?rorl lilm II myself. i I started for the spot. and. on my way. I stopped at ' the residence of .Mr. Leonard, the Alms House Commissioner, who. I was; informed there, had Just I started for Hellenic, having heen summoned thither ' by a note from Dr. Iteese, with reference to these bodies. ' On Toaching Bellevue, 1 found there Mr. Leonard ^ and Dr. Ituesw. and was Informed by the latter that these bodies had been accumulating since Wednesday last, and that he had sent several messages to the Su- 1 perlntendent of the Alms House, and who has the charge and direction of the dead boat, to have them removed, but that no attention had been paid to them. On proceeding to the Dead House, in company with these gentlemen, the sight which presented itself beggars description. There woresome If) or more cofflnslying outside of the building, exposed to the action of the | burning sun?the bodies contained in them wero in a | state of loathsome putrefaction, and many of them . hud swollen and burst the coffins?presenting n revoltiug spectacle, while from others blood was freely coxing. Among the corpses thus exposed, were some of 1 prisoners who had died of the small pox. and tho i stench arising from them was absolutely intolerable. I < made an effort to enter the Dead House, in persou, for i the purpose of examining tho condition of the bodies f within, but so druadfui was tho effluvia, I found it ab- > solutely impossible. 1 was. however, assured by those | who had entered, that the condition of tho corpses wen nan quliu Its UttU HM lllill <>I IIIOSH ou mo OUlsiae. Mr. Leonard informed mo, that upon reaching Belle- ' vue. he had despatched a messenger to Mr. Eolls. di- ' reeling him to send down the dead boat immediately? f aud it arrived while i was waiting there. Ah I pre- t turned that the bodies would be removed by this boat, t I left the promises; but have since been informed by ( Dr. Heese, that tho crew refused to removo any of . them, having, as they said, been so instructed by the Superintendent of the Almshouse: and after waiting j until after sundown. Dr. Reese was obliged to hire a ' crew and cause the bodies to be removed by them. 1 This Dead House is tho receptacle of the dead, not I only from tho hospital at llellevue. but from the city at ( large; and it has always been the practice, as i am in- t formed, since it lias been located 'here. to remove the bodies which accumulate, oitb. < daily, or as frequently ( as necessity has required, i lie neglect of the Superin- . tendant to have them removed after repeated requests from Dr. Reese, and his permitting them to remain so 1 long at this season of the year, when our citizens are 1 so apprehensive of contagious or pestilential diseases, can only be termed criminally culpable. I would, therefore, suggest immedinte investigation of the case, in order that such steps may bo taken, as the facts will warrant, and as will present a repetition of these disgraceful occurences." After considerable discussion the matter was referred to a special committee, consisting of Messrs. Webb. Hetty, and Alberton. Mure Trouhltt at Bellevuc.?Communications were then received from Dr. Reese, resident physician, aud Dr. Rochester, a visiting physician or surgeon, in relation to alleged Intelfereuacs and obstacles thrown in II,..I. V,.. M- L'?l? -.. 1_? j 1 -r -i 1 vuuu. na; uj mi. CjMIO, oujICHUtCUUOUb VI tUD U1UIN i house, Referred. ' Police Intelligence. SlWgW.1.- Cttir of lligrrwy.?We glW below s brief historical sketch of the life of a beautiful and intelligent youni; girl, by the name of Kmeline Sturdevunt, during the lust four years of her existence; she being now only eighteen years of age. and yet so young, the wife of two husbands, for which offence against tho laws she was arrested yesterday, by officer Patterson, of the lower polico. on a warrant issued by Justice l.athrop, wherein she stands charged with the crime of bigamy. Tho younger portion of our readers, and especially those who are unmarried, wilt we trust, read this narrative, and ponder well before making the first move on the checker board of human nature, lust by the first false step, their future happiness is ruined, and from one step to another, are ultimately brought to destruction, and finally consigned to the State Prison; becoming an associate with thieves and felons of the worst description, which we fear will bo the result of poor Kmeline and her first husband. Albert Davis. In order to give our readers some idea of the facts, wo must go back four years ago, and give Kmeline's first appearance in New York. Having olnped with a young man by the name of Albert Davis, from Albany, her extreme beauty (and not being quite fifteen years of ago.) naturally drew down the admiration of all the admirers of female beauty; and. as Kmeline was well aware of, her good looks only helped to add fuel to the flume which was already kindled?in her great love for gaiety and pleasure. She had scarcely been in New York 114 hours before she was closely pursued by a Mr. Campbell, her brother-in-law. who was married to her sister, and was likewise her guardian and muster, she having been bound an apprentice to him. Application was made at once by Mr. Campbell to tho polioe authorities, to find out her whereabouts. This tusk was soon accom- J piished by Mr. Matsell, the present chief of police, who was then a polieu magistrate, and Kmeline and her lover brought up before that magistrate and examined. ' Persuasive measures were now taken by Mr. Campbell, L to induce her to return baek again to Albany, but s without effect, as she was determined to continue her t [iwn courflo. refusing nil th? irnntl tulviro nf h?r frlnmln Her brother-in-law finding that she was resolved, pro- ( posed either to take her back to Albany, or that she should marry Davis ; the latter bargain she eoneluded ' to take, and the result was. that Justice Matsell. on the nh day of July. 1S44. married Albert Davis to K.molino 1 Sturdevaut, and thus the matter ended, so fai us the po- t lice was concerned. Days and weeks rolled on. and Ktne- s ine began to ttnd that she had been altogether too ijuick u in making her choice, that since her marriage, she j tiad seen many men whom she ndinlred much more, , tnd being of a rather roaming disposition, soon brought discontentment between herself and husband, and in ' s few weeks, they separated. Kmellne becoming the ad mired mistress of a Pearl street dry goods jobber, who s Jerked her out in many line dresses, which exactly I inlted the simple vanity of poor Kineline Davis. Her II iiushand. finding himself completely deranged in all s Ills family comforts, concluded to go to sea. and if pos- ^ dhle. to drown his sorrow on the briny ocean, and w ^ tbsent near two years. During this timu. the pretty j' Kmellne had been the mistress of several. not feeling lisposed to bo the admired 0/ nny Oho in particular. * l'wo years had now t,iap??id. when on a visit , >no of her friend". was introduced to a Mj, l^arles \ 2. Turner, captain of a vessel sailing Jrotn this port < is a Mrs Davis; a young widow, s.nd being a showy pretty young woman, the captain fell in toye with her. and, the consequence was. were both 4 married by the llev. Mr. P. K. Br^iL bn the Iftthuf 1 Nov . fSJ4?"> Now K.inellne becutu,. >!;,) turner, a house r was furnished in good style, Brooklyn, and the I aptain, together with Li? young widi ?, for It short f ;inie were as happy possiide; time cams however, for tl :he captain t<, sail on his regul'tf three months voyage r ind leaving his pretty wtfo, with a sigh departed Kme- 1 |j ine. as tile reader eau Ithagine was not a woman of re. ired or Solitary habits, and no sooner was the ship at lie Narrows, than Mrs. Turner was in New VcirSt, lirting about with her old and new acqnaintm*es. rhus She spent her time during the absence c/W hus- I * land. On his return he found her from, tg?te, on one v if her little pleasuro excursions; an < suspecting some. | 11 hing was wrong, made ep..n'rAs which proved too I li rue and caused at one* , .eparsllon The llrst hns- j ^ ?i??u uuvr r?>?uiuvu iruui m* t?)*ny trip, hn<1 pro-* I i >o?e<l to live wait*. T^S Km?*lin<? would u?>4 k iri",fc'.,T: WW"*'0* in fr'^nw her own natural so, j.'*1" '"vunatloui" i'evis'llow obtain d work ns journey. * baker, with >v"r vv?rj in Fulton street. and hi*- ' :?utMkit wi'ii it young w mifto, by the name 0 f i?.n -'.ot. ttft- a short >: hip they were mar- tl '" >0 ,y Rat Benj. I van- Itiih dav of May. 1848, it the residence of the minister. No. 178 itroome street. r 1'hus it appear* they hnth na.o married a second time ind both living, w.lftout either ohtninsng a divorce, vhich in a tetany by statute, and indicts a punishment, lpon ooaviction. on each of fttr years in the slate frijon. Therefore, upon this state of facts, dustice 'othrop issued a warrant for both parties OtJIcer Petersen finding F.meline boarding ata house in Forsyth I treat. with a young roan called Fowler, as his wi|V; | ind officer Hopkins, of the 3d ward, arrested Davis at he bakery in Fulton street. Hoth are now committed 1 'or a further examination. The above is evidently ?>ne t >f the consequences attending the early matches made i by young people, before they actually know what they '.?o doing. .Vooi irfnrr JnHict T.alkrnv.?At the weteh retnrns r >n Monday rooming, officer Harrison, ol the fitli ward < Kilioe, brought before the magistrate a little short-nosed | rlsh woman, with pepper and salt looking hair, and no i . ipper front teeth ; her dress was considerably torn. 1 tearing large spots of ntud. showing evident marks of ' vhere she had been resting th? night previous She ' tave her name Kli/sbeth tnderson. wlien asked by the I ' naglstrate The officer charged her with being drunk I md disorderly in Centre street, between the hours of j d [ERA II and 12 o'clock, making quite a disturbance and creating a crowd Mauisthate.- Elizabeth, it appears you are brought lieforo me on a charge of being drunk and disorderly. What have you got to nay for yourself' Elizabeth smiled at the Justice, and said?Judge, foil han't had me here for some time before, and it's no use telling you a lie. case you'll ketch ine at it. so I'll tell you the truth. I acknowledge I did take a little beer last night ; and when I do, I always talks pottles Me and two or three others were disputing pret:y high about lien. (.'ass. (Laughter in court ) One >f thu policemen standing near, asked tier what her inlitics were. '' Oh "' said Elizabeth, (making a grand lourish with her hands and arms, a la John Van Buren.) " I am a democrat, and no mistake, and have ilways been one. and I go Oen. Cass up to the hub. I Always goes the regular nominations. (Laughter.) Vnd that's the way always when I gets a little beer?I ilways talks politics ; and last night I was all out and foing the whole figure for (Jen. Cass, when the M. P.'s :ame along, and brought me in; and I hope your honor will let me go this time.'' Maoistratk.?(The Justice in a laughing good naiured manner said?Oh ' 1 have no wish to know your lolitios, as it might possibly bias my decision. (Laughsir in court.) VVe have nothing to do with your polllies here; all 1 have to do is. in consequence of your irinking too much beer, making a disturbance in the licet, and creating a crowd However, you are not the inly one whose head has wandered on politics, during ;lic last few days; and as the city has been in conside ahle commotion within the last few days by political larties, 1 feel disposed to let you off this time in order ihat you might rolorin, and thus see the folly of your josition; but remember I have no objection to your miking politics, but don't drink so much beer, for no iiolitician can keeo a clear bead if he liouors too much. Laughter.) There Klizabeth, you can go thin time, but ?e mors careful In future. Klizarkth.?I thank your honor, 1 must talk a little toliticn zome time -cauee I'm a democrat to tho hark tihne. and goes the whole figure for General Ursa Klizabeth'h democratic feelings created quite a laugh n court, and ofT she started, apparently well pleated with the decision of tho magistrate. More of Major Ucneml Taylor's Political Letters. to some gentleman unknown. Headquarters, Army of Occupation, \ Camp near Monterey, May 1KI7. J Dear Sir,?It is with much pleasure that I actnowledge the receipt of your most interesting etter of the 1st inst., untl to wlucli I desire to reily in terms more expressive of my thanks to you for your kind consideration for myself, and yet nore so of my hinh appreciation of the upright uu) >atriotic sentiments which are the principal tenor if your letter; but 1 am burdened with official Juties, and, at this moment, with many letters rom distant sources, which require attention, and yill necessarily oblige me to reply to you in a few ines. The Presidential ollice presents no inducements :o me to seek its honors or resjionsibililies; the ranquillity of private life, on the contrury, is the treat object ef tny aspirations on the conclusion of he war?but I am net insensible to the persuasions hat my services are yet due to the country, us the country shall see fit to command them; if", still as i soldier, 1 am satisfied; if in higher and more re<ponsihle duties, 1 desire not to oppose the uianiest wish of the people?but I will not be the canlidateof any party or party rtii/ue; and, should tlilation at large seek to place me in the chair ot :hief magistracy, the good of all parties and uaional good would be my great and absorbing aim. Sentiments such as these have been the burden >f my replies to all who have addressed me on :his subject, expressing the assurance that by the spontaneous and unanimous voice of the people done, and from no agency of my own? can I lie withdrawn from the cherished ho|>es of*\irivate retirement and tranquillity when |>ence shall return. Please accept, with this, my brief reply, the warm appreciation and high consideration of Yours, most sincerely, Z. Taylor, Major Gen. U. S. A. to nu. c. l. wilcox and others. Headquarters, Army or < teoUPATtOR, ) Camp near Monterey, Mexico, > July 20. 1817. > Dear Sir?I have the honor to acknowledge the eceipt of your esteemed letter of the 16th, which ins just reached me, accompanied by certain re jolutions entered into by a democratic meeting of ny fellow-citizens ol Clarkesville, Tennessee, on he 7th of June last, in relation to certain important natters and principles connected with the management of our national affairs, desiring to know my riews and opinions in regard to the same, as they night have an important bearing on their course, ihould my name be belore the country ns a candilate for the Presidency at the coming election, .vliich 1 must beg leave to decline doing; for even f disposed to do so, I cannot spare the time from ny official duties to devote to the investigation of hose subjects which their importance seems to reluire, to enable me to reply to them in a way that vould be satisfactory to myself, much less so to four honorable committee. I must therefore say, n this instance, what 1 have stated to others on like occasions, which is, that I am no politician, lear forty years of my lite having been |<assed in he military service of the republic, most of which n the field, the camp, on our western frontier, or n the Indian territory; and 1 may say, with great iropriety, for the most part constantly on duty; the ast two in Mexico, or on its immediate borders, luring which I have not pussed one night under he roof of a house. You may, therefore, readily uppose, under such circumstances, I have had hut ittle time to devote to the consideration or investigation of important |m>1 itical matters, or to their liscussion; nor have 1 attempted to do so, or been nixed up with political men or mutters in any way, lot even having voted for one of our chief magisrates or any one else since I have heen in the mblic service, having been stationed or serving, or the most part, beyond the limits of the States. I cun say in all sincerity I have no aspirations or the Presidency; and if 1 am a candidate, or to ?e one, it must be recollected I am or will be made 10 by others, and by no agency of mine in the mater. Under this state of things, should a majority >t the good people of our country think proper to slevate me to the first ofHce in their gilt, or I may my the first in the world, I will feel bound to serve hem, and will do so honestly and faithfully, to lie best of my abilities, strictly in conformity to lie provisions of the constitution, as near as nosible in the way it acted on and construct! by >ur Presidents, two of whom at least uarticipated I n creating and putting in operation that glorious, nstrumcnt. Hut many important changes ,i<, our ! flairs at home and abroad may take 1^1^ wiweeu his and the time for holding the dic^Yuui lor f'"; aid office ; so much so, make it de?; . he general good tUs^ Some indivi'1' , ,or nyself should ?*> v.-k-cted a* .uul other than tatimy itHd. could he " . " candidate for that I,al l would yield " elected, I will not say mished posit" ,n,y pretensions to that distmleve 1 h? ",n?'or ' have not the vanity to beyjiH ' .ve any?but I would not only acquiesce .? pleasure in such an arrangement, but would ejoio* that the republic had one citizen more Vnrthy and better qualified than I am, and no loubt there are thousands, to discharge the ar? 111nw and important duties appertaining to that high >moa. He this as it may, should I ever occupy he White House, it must be by the spontaneous nove of the people, and by no act of mine, so that could enter on the duties appertaining to the 'luef Magistrate of the country untrammelled and inpledged beyond what I have previously slated as egards the constitution, so that 1 could and would >e President of the nation, and not of a party. For the interest you and other kind friends of he committee, and those you and thev represent, ake in my continued success against the enemy* vliile this war continues, which I sincerely hope vill soon he brought to an honorable close, as well s I fear for the too flattering manner you ha ve ie?n pleased to connect my name with the distinguished office in question, and es|?ecially for the tandsome and complimentary terms in which they iwve been communicated, are duly appreciated uul for which' i beg leave to tenner to yon, and lirough you to the gentlemen of the committee, oiiecnveiy and individually, my mosi coruiui hanks for the name. With considerations of the highest respect and stcein, [ remain, gentlemen, Vour obedient and devoted servant, Z Tavt.ok, Major General I'. S. Army. To Dr. C. L. Wtt.cox and others, ol committee. TO Wlt.MAM DOCK, F.Slf. IlarDCtt/AKTRRS A.KMY OP OCCUPATION, ) Camp near Monterey, Aug. lf>48. y Dear Sir: \ onr letter enclosing to me a eopv of he proceedings of the Demoerntie meeting held at iarrtsburg, Pa., in whteli I find myself nominated villi so much honor for the Presidency, has been eeeivod. This evidence of the high and flattering egard of so many <>f my friends of the Keystone tate, is, I assure you, most feelingly appreei ted. beg you, as president of the meeting, to convey to he |>cop!e of Ilarrislmrg, as opportunity may offer, ny sense of their kindness, and the assurance that, hough sinrerel.y distrustful of nty ability to fill with ffictency so emitted and important an office, it will irniv strong ai id zealousendeavor,should the people lecide to bestow it upon me, to serve them for the LD. Prl<-? Two Unit. I good of tile country, and us shall !>< required bv a strict respect for tne constitution and the manifest wishes of the whole nation. I return you mv thanks for the handsome and acceptable manner in which, as president of the meeting, you have made known their proceedings to me. With many wishes for your prosperity in life, [ remain, with high respect, your obedient servant, Z. Taylor, Ma). Gen. U. S. A. Wm. Dock, Esq., President of a late meeting at i Harnsburg, Pa. to william hall, esq. Headquarters Army of Occupation, i Camp near Monterey, Mexico, July H, Hf47. $ My Dear Sir: The resolutions recently adopted by a meeting of the citizens of Prince George's county, Maryland, forwarded to me by you, have i been, with your accompanying letter, duly reI cetved. Through you 1 would respectfully return to those kind friends my deep and sincere thanks for the very high honor and flattering testimonials of approval which they have just conferred upon me. If the good people of the nation should so greatly ! honor me with elevation to the Chief Magistracy, I 1 shall, by all zealous endeavor* and to the beat of ' my ability, strive to serve them, and maintain ths | best and highest interest of the whole country; yet, j though I feel impelled toyield to the call of the peo| pie at large, I should hail with pleasure their deterI mi nation to confer so great a gift on some eminent statesman. Ill* nlpuaAfl f<? Willi fll*?u#? o/?lr nA\t*rlAArJ?r_ ... | .- ? WW,- *>??' auniivniPU)1 ments, for yourself and those whom you represent, the warm good wishes and regard of your moat obliged servant, Z. Taylor. Major General U. S. Anny. Wit. Hall, Ksq., Aquasco, Prince George's county, Md. to henry a. M I'll lev IIEKO, esq. Headquarters, Army of Occupation, i Brazos Island, Texas, Nov. 25, 1847. > Dear Sir?I take great pleasure in acknowledging the receipt of your favor of the 8th October, enclosing to me a copy of the proceedings of the Democratic Taylor Stnte Convention, which assembled at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The resolutions of the meeting have given me great pleasure and satisfaction, as the expression ofliign respect and consideration, from the people of Pennsylvania: and I embrace the earliest moment to acknowledge my warm appreciation of the high honor thus bestowed upon me by their nomination of me for the Presidency. To yourself, I would not fail to express my thankfulness for the very courteous and acceptable manner in which you have conveyed to me the proceedings of the Convention. I remain, dear sir, with high respect, Your most obedient servant. '/. Taylor, A*-: n 1 ft n A i?i?|ur utucrm u. .T>. Army. Hknhy A. muht.kjfbkro, Esq., President Taylor State Convention, Reading, Pennsylvania. One Day's Dirty Work. [From the United Irishman. May U7.1 The people of Ireland all know that John Mttehel is a prisoner in the hands ol the mortal enemies of Ireland. Because he is the champion ol I the poor man's rights, the "government," whose calling it is to grind the laces of the poor, have seized upon htm, and hope to get him murdered hy their dagger of "law." Because he preaches ti> attentive ears the. God's truth?that the life of one peusant is as sacred as the life of one nobleman or gentleman?the "government" which holds that there cannot be "noblemen" and "gentlemen" in Ireland without clearing off millions of peasants by starvation, will refute bis doctrine, by sending him in chains to perish among felons. He is not loyal, and constitutional, and genteel enougii, to see his countrymen made slaves, and paupers, and brutes, without feeling indignation, and without doing hipart to make an end of Irish shame and misery. He is not "peaceable" enough to exhort hiu countrymen to be starved quietly. He is not "well-disposed" enough to approve ol wholesale robbery and murder. He knows that Ireland affords rich abundunce for all the Irish i?eople, were thev twice as many as they are, without needing to mi* or murder any of them. He would have real peace and good-will among Irishmen, and he knows, and we all know, that there can never he peace and good-will in Ireland until the principles of social and national justice he expects tne people of Ireland to assert be established. And so he is a true Irish felon. And the official vermin who crawl upon the diseased institutions of Ireland?signs to the world of the hideous rottenness of an enslaved community?ure commissioned to do him to death with their poisonous stings of "law." The enemies of Ireland?the government whose business it 1H to keen un hatred and social war among the Irish people?are going to "try" him for his true Irish felony. They fear that, oppressed, half-starved, cowpd, as the Irish people are, they would not stand by and see him shot or hanged, simply because he is the champio'j of Irish rights. Therefore they would cheat us into permitting him to be destroyed by legal hoousporus. And his "trial" before partizan judges, and by a jury selected out of a packed panel, comes on probably, on Thursday. lie must be convicted in "legal" form, and, therefore, the nieana to procure conviction must be employed. No iKifairnes* is too ungenerous?no bullying is too insolent?no rogueiy is too mean for the, ugenta of British tyranny in their attempt to get John Mitchel sent "legally" to Norfolk Island. The packed jury pane I is withheld from h;s insertion; a copy of tus indictment is refund him; the day settled for the legal attempt on his life rs kept a secret?as long us ',hui,r law can be stretched to warrant. The foreman of the Grand Jury gives in the bills found for "sedition," or "treason," or "felony," or any crime the government plaintiffs desire to make the pretence lor destroying him. " ileresv" would be the best name to give his crime. He is opposed to the orthodox British faith of civilized butchery and enlightened brutisituesH. Bccaut*bis friends are engaged in d< t*tiing measures for saving him from legal >?assinutlon, the most active oHhem, T lH*\i,i? lloilly, is clapped into a police oftioe, and, uy ?ne <iabby pretext or another, kept idle 'yi *M entity, day, on nn absurd charge of nil ,'tkr* tlr?Hin*r-?the evidence for which ia, that )Y- c-onduct* u H peai.j.ful procession of Dublin citi\.i an orderly manner to a |teucefiil meeting. . nen John Mitchel is placed in the felon's dock, some mean miscreants from nmongthe real felons ( are placed beside him, as if to intimate that his " heresy" is morally akin to burglary or rajs*. And, indeed, the crimes o! all the real felons in ! Ireland together are less odious in the eyes of our 44 government" than the simple words of truth and right weekly spoken to this people by John Mitchel. But what of all this! Is there any scandalousness of outrage, any depth of debasement, any wrong, anv misery, that Irishmen will not bear and endure without resistance ! What is the 44 last plank of the constitution," which being gone, the 1 Inst resort of oppressed tuitions will alone remain I to us ! It is not trial by piry, we are told?there must be some further infringement of the constitution ! In the name of Heaven, what? If an Irtsh| man were directly shot hv a platoon of soldiery, or directly hanged hy the civil instrument of foreign tyranny, for the crime of speaking and i writing the truth, and of making the people feel ! and understand it ?if if were simply enacted hy the Knglish Parliament that any man who preaches repeal of the I'nion in such a way as to effect repeal of the I nion, shall he hanged?would that satisfy the constitutional scruples of some of cur people ! Citizens of Dublin, how long will you permit your streets to he blocked up with processions of the policemen of a foreign government, to shove you off your own pathways, and to prevent you from going about your own business? How long will you permit your public offices to he occupied with crowds of the same imlicemen, so as to leave 44 no room" for yourselves ? How long will you endure the disgrace and danger of having your hank, your college, your custom-house, your chief seats of industry, now idle and desola'c, through want of a government?your very prisons occupied with the soldiers of u foreign power, hired with your money, to he ready at the bidding of a man, who has no duty to you?who is not resimnsihle to you?to butcher you in your own streets or houses ? When w ill the time'* come about which your orators so boldly vaunt, amid the tierce shouts of your applause ! If it come not when one of you, selected by your enemies as your champion? when John Milohel, the true Irish felon, is sent to perish among thieves and murderers, for the crime of loving and defending his native land?then it will never come?never. If the people of Ireland tamely suffer this Inst atrocity of tyranny, no " opportunity," no organization, no foreign aid? nothing less than miracle of Heaven, will foe them. ARMV IN'TKI.I.IGKNCK. The troops at Fort Leaveuworth, about 300 In number. under Col. Oarlnnd. were to leave for the plains oq Saturday last. ?St. l.ouit Htptthltcan} Junt li.

Other newspapers of the same day