Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 21, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 21, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YOKE HERALD. * Xorth-Weet Corner of KiAton and Numu Mo. jahks QORDON BKNSKTT, PROPRIETOR. DJIJ.Y HERAl.D?Every day. (Sunday included,) two rente per copy? " 'lb per annum.. WEAKLY HF.RAl.D?Every Saturday?6\ rente per corny? (5 12Vrr annum?i/< the United State*. European eubecribere, tbver annuel, to include the pottage ; an edition (in the French and Englieh language*). irill be publuhed on every European team packet day. with intelligence from all parte oj tMe continent. to the I a tret moment. AD 1'ER TIS EVES TS ( renewed ever y morning) at reaeona hie pncri i to be written tn a plain, legible manner ; t/u proprietor m* rm?"wwi?/wr rrruri in nvinuirnn, HKlS'riy(i of all kmde cercnlM beautifully and with divat eh. Order! renewed at the Publication LUfice, corner c/ Pulton and Saetau it recti. Al.L LETTERS by nut it, for ivbtrriptwni, or rinth advertucmrnti, to fw pan paid, or the pottage will be deducted from the mnncy remitted. VOl.LS TAR Y CORRKSPOSnRSCE, containing important new. toliritrd from any <jua rter of the world?and \f uted will be Itnrellypaid for. SO SUTIt H can be taken of anonymous communication!. Whatever u intended for uaertion must be authenticated by the name and addrett of the writer; not necettariiy for publication, but a? a guaranty of hu good faith. W> cannot undertake to return rnecled communications. ALL PA YMLXTts to be made in advaeiee. AMVSRMRNT8 TH19 EVENING BOWERY iTIXATHJt. Bcw?rr? < >thn.i.o?Tin 100 Poubd Note, (. ATtlAM TllSATitZ. Ch*th*Ti itrott ?Damoh and PyTHIAO?OLU 0*k 1'nr.AT?SrilUT OP THE WATER*. NIBLO'S, Aftor PIaoo?Vienboib* Dahcera?Hanijoome uI'ihamu? l'scla POO/I.e. CASTLX GARDEN, Battorj? Bevlah Spa?Myiical Ouo ?Water WlTCHM. MECHANICS' lUHt 3ro*d*?jr ntAr Broom*- Okbutt** Ni??tiel??Ethiopia* Binoias?Dancino, k*. PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, bom Hovitoa?Babtahp'o Panorama or the Miwumuppi. T VHEKVACliF. Broadway.?Stivermahuischk Mrale*i. Company'? Concert. New York, Wednesday, June 41, 1848. Actual Circulation of the Herald. June 20, Tuesday 20,112 copies The publication of the morning edition of the Herald corainfnoed yesterday at l.H minu>s past .3 o'clock, and finished at SO minutes nasi 7 o clock ; the evening edition at 2ft minutes after 2 and finished at ft minutes of 3 o'clock. The Klection and the Candidates. The Presidential election is now fairly begun.? The two leading parties have made their nominations, and with some local exceptions, the newspapers attached to these organized masses, have very generally come out for the persons nominated. The democratic journals, as they call themselves, with a few exceptions in New York, rally at the tap of the drum to the name of General Cass.? The whig journals, as they also, call themselves, perform the same evolution at the name of Gene ral Taylor, setting aside some exceptions, also, in this city. In some respects, this is a novel election; it differs from any similar contest which has taken place for many years past. The two great leading candidates have been taken up by the more energetic and younger portions of the ditlerent masses who support them; leaving out of account, and in the back ground, those old hacks j that have been so long contending lor the mastery. : Gen. Cass may be said to be the candidate of the youthful and more energetic portion of the democratic party, as Gen. Taylor is of the like kind in opposition attached to the whig ranks. Mr. Van Buren and his corrupt adherents, are as savage against the democratic nominee and his friends,as Mr. Clay and his partisans are against the other. It is, therefore, a very odd. very queer, and very strange election; a sort of fight within a fight, and even a fight within these. There is one point of view in which this election may be examined which augurs well for the public morals of the people, as well as the press. For many years past, these controversies, as conducted by the politicians and political journals, have been utterly disgraceful and discreditable to the country. All kinds of personal abuse, without the slightest foundation for such, has been heaped upon the candidates by each of the factions which opposed them. The moral sense of the American people has often revolted at these disgraceful exhibitions; but the want of a liberal, intelligent, and independent newspaper press, prevented the moral feeling of the people from having proper sway. There exists now, however, a newspaper press in this country, published too in large cities, competent?independent of political hacks and political parties?and capable of wielding, for the honor of the country, those weapons with propriety, which niHy produce, ' in time, an entire revolution in the character of these elections. Already are these party journals, on both sides, beginning to show the old symptoms, which have disgraced them in previous years.- Some of the more violent of thf whig journals seem to accuse General Cass of wearing a "black cockad<\" some time near the close of the* la^t century. This must be a terrific oflence for one to have committed, who wishes to occupy the White House. Can't the same antiquarians tell, also, the color of General Cass's breeches, in 1799, or the peculiar cut of his coat, and what sort of a vest he wore when he travelled over the Alleghany mountains, to Michigan! On the other side, the ea:ne discreditable attempts are made against the sublime simplicity which characterises General Taylor. Some of them are already beginning to accuse him ofinability of writing a letter; others that he is a vulgar and ignorant man; and further, that in the midst of a fight, when he is crossed, he swears like a trooper. No doubt, but if many of these accusers had been on the battle field at Buena Vista, in a position similar to that which Gen. Taylor occupied, we should never have had to accuse any of them of swearing ; they would have run away, and thus saved the profane language, but disgraced their country and their country's flag. Now, this mode of conducting the Presidential election, shall receive no favor from our hands. We mean to take up the subject seriously and deliberately, and to show the American people the utter selfishness, tolly, vulgarity, and blackguardism of the party press on bath sides. Gen. Cass is as good, as pure, and amiable a man?also as honest and honorable in all his dealings as Gen. Taylor; and lien. Taylor has all those qualities as well as (fen. Cass, with some additional traits of character that few other* have. Either of these distinguished men Mill do honor at the White House, and credit to the country. Their private, personal, and political characters, so far as principles and morals are concerned, are beyond reproach, and can furnish no grouuds for attack on that score, by any rliyuct of office-seeking scoundrels in the country. How, then, should the fight be conducted 1 The only jus! and honorable mode M-liich the American people have for deciding the contest between the two great and leuding candidates for the Presidency is, to study the national and political consequences which may accrue to the country from the election of either of those distinguished men. < fen. Cass has been long known as a public man, and creditably so. lie is identified M'lth party and public measures of great importance, both by his conduct as n public man, and by his votes, as well as by Ins correspondence. These channels and sources of information should constitute the materials from which the American people ought to draw their reasons for preferring or opposing (fen. Cass. On the other hand, (fen. Taylor, though less known as a practical politician through the country, has yet inade such developements of his views on certain great points as will sntisty any reasonable man, who believes that distinguished military hero to he honest, well intentioned, and intelligent, as he must be. (ieneral Taylor has been a military man during his whole life, and only of late has he been called to turn his attention to public questions, in consequence ol the means adopted to bring his name before the country. He is an involuntary candidate; he has never intrigued, or made any etlorts for the nomination, and considers himself a no party candidate; and will, if ,? 0,, - uiyui (>l politicians. Although, id opinion, he ha* I been moat favorable to the moderate meaauraa of i that association of men heretofore called the whig party, yet. Gen. Taylor has been nominated, ( not only by the whigs, but by many of all parties. (ien. t'as? has been nominated by that purty .1,,.,.. ,,r, ,u.. :_ii ?f n... " "?VH up Uiiuci UIC lUiiurutc v? VVH. Jackson. They call themselves democrats; but wefdon't think they are entitled to an exclusive use of that spallation. Many of them are wings, and those belonging to other parties, ure aB good i democrats as any republic can desire. These are some of our brief views in relation to the Presidential election, upon which we shall enlarge at a more leisure moment. Both the candij dates are able, acceniplished and competent; and ; either, of them would do honor to the country. The characters of these distinguished gentlemen are above reproach^ and the partisans of either side, who may emit their blackguardism and abuse, ought to be put down by the American people. Let the contest not be governed by personal feelings, but depend entirely on the great measures that may be supposed to be identified with the triumphs of each; and, in this view of the case, every inteli ligent man can make up his mind and decide, , whether he will go for Gen. Cass or Gen. Taylor, ' as well as we can. There is one thing, however, in this election, J which appears to require noticing, perhaps, more ; at this moment than heretofore. These are the secessions of the old hunkers, as we call them, who I formerly ruled the two great political parties here, ; and who have recently backed out from the two ' nominations. The friends of Mr. Clay on one side, and the friends of Mr. Van Huron on the other, i have seceded; although we don't apprehend that they have already collected force sufficient to set | up lor themselves, as the friends of Mr. Birney did four years ago. These seceders are merely adopting this mode of getting rid of their surplus steam, which has accumulated amongst the discontented and disappointed office-seekers. Th? day of Van I Buren and Clay is past and gone. The great issue of the approaching election will overwhelm both these hands of old office-seekers, and leave ; them twenty feet below the bottom of the receding waters, after the 4th of March next. Their conduct ' is selfish, and contemptible in every point of view. Van Buren has been living out of the public for his whole life, and so has Henry Clay; and now, because the young generation of politicians have resolved to shake off the old hacks, they endeavor to create secessions and bring up sectional questions, to the danger of the Union of this great confederacy. Looking at the conduct of Henry Clay and Van Buren, the sages of Ashland and Lindenwald, in tnis ngnt, tney are the embodiments 01 ingratitude and selfishness. The Great Irish Meeting?A Great Farce.? The tremendous Irish meeting, which was called to meet at the Tabernacle last night, by the potent names of Emmett, Hogan, and otherVish patriots, turned out to be a great farce. What is the meaning of all this 1 Mr. Emmett was not to be found at his own meeting, and that disconsolate philosopher and silly politician, Horace Greeley, with his pantaloons inside his boots, had to take the chair. The case of the martyr Mitchel seems to frighten the fair-weather Irish patriots of New York. After some difficulty, Mr. McKeon made a speech, tame enough too, and others followed?as people do in taking a drink at the bar of the St. Charles Hotel. What is the meaning of all this backing out I Will not the free people of New York get up a tremendous meeting of their own 1 Public Creuit in the United States.?A most extraordinary and happy revolution has taken place in the United States within the last few months. The recent revolutions in Europe, thus far, appear to produce bankruptcy, repudiation war and blood-shed?the revolution in the United Sates, employment of labor and ultimate happiness. Let us come to particulars. By a telegraphic de i spateh from Albany, we learn that a canal loan ol nearly a million of dollars, has been taken, at a premium of two and three per cent and over. | Place this by the side of the recent loan taken in Washington, in which some of the great bankers of Europe were concerned, and it speaks volumes ; for the credit of the United States. A few months ago it was with the greatest difficulty that European capitalists could be persuaded to invest their i money here. This is the revolution to which we allude. This remarkable change in the sentiments of capitalists ought to be fostered and encouraged, not only by the old States along the Atlantic seaboard, but by the young, thriving and productive Western States, which have heretofore been careless of their pecuniary engagements. The State governments i along the valley of the Mississippi, and its tributaries, should take esj>ecial care of their future credit?make regular payments of their dividends, trusting to increase of population and industry for earn ing out their future engagements. What a contrast. Europe and America. EuI rope overturned by revolution, and suffering all I evils of anarchy. America at peace, and in the , enjoyment 01 uie iiiguesi pruN|H-rny aim uappiuess. Mi st Do It?Can't Help It.?The amiable but silly group of old men and young boys, who strut in high-heeled boots, and look big enough to touch the upper edges of the clouds of heaven, have at last come up to the scratch, and voted for the no| mination of General Taylor, 47 to 7. Awful cunI descension ! Wonderful effort! Terrible magnanimity! How many glasses of grog?how many ! chews of tobacco?how many pinches of snuffhow many hard words?how much dowlass and I dirty linen, were necessary to bring them to this | hold act I Do tell. General Taylor, when he hears i of it, will smile that j>eculiar smile, which jve i have seen him snnle, when he once described the Seminole war to us, and probably may say?" The field of Buena Vista again, by G? Troubles in Martinih lb.?Affairs at Porto Rico.?Within the past few days we have had various vague and conflicting reports from the French West India Islands. Those from Martinique arc particularly unintelligible. Capt. Clark, of the bark Clarissa, who arrived yesterday from Porto Rico, gives in brief a somewhat clear account of j affairs. He states that a French government ; schooner arrived at Ponce, with fifty passengers from .Martinique, from whom it was ascertained i that the white inhabitants had assembled in force ! and drove the blacks out of the city. The governor of the island of Porto Rico, on I the receipt of this intelligence, issued a proelamal Hon to the slaves on the island, exhorting them to avoid all mutinous movements, and threatening those detected in any measure calculated to cause an insurrection, with instant death. Intelligence from Central America.?We I learn by the arrival of the bark fames Hall, which left Pulkas River on the 30th ult., that the English had possessed themselves of the town of St. Juan de Nicaragua, and a small fort at the head of the river. A British commandant had been appointed at San Juan, and the place garrisoned by English soldiers. A tariff of duties has been imposed on all foreign goods, and tonnage dnfies and port charges for all foreign vessels. The king of Mosquitia was under the care of Dr. Green, formerly fa mily physician of the laic consul. i Arrival of thr Southerner.?The favorite and fast sailing steamship Southerner, Capt. Berry, arrived in good lime yesterday morning, at her uaual ! hour, with papers through to New Orleans, one day in advance of the mail. Saiu.no or rtiK Hermann.?This vessel left her l dock in the East Kivcr, at 12 o'clock, yesterday, | for Southampton and Bremen. She has on board ?i rfll n ?r iSSl Tiw mma WUI Cum. On# of the most curious and interesting law cases which has recently come before our courts, is that which was reported a few days ago in our columns, entitled the Mason will case. The interest of this case is increased by the respectability and wealth of the parties interested, on all sides, and by the particularities in the will in question, as well as the inferences which may be drawn from the decisions hitherto made in the preliminary courts. As far as we are able to understand this case, it appears that one of the daughters of the late John Mason has been, to some extent, disinherited by the will of h?r father, and deprived of an equal share with the other sisters. The wtll itself was made and sworn to, under certain curious circumstances, which have already been reported in our columns. There may, however, be a great many facts and impressions, and other circumstances connected with the whole affair, which have not appeared on the trial, and may, perhaps, never appear. In the false and factitious system of society, which, for centuries past, has prevailed in Europe, the property of families has generally been confined to one or two branches, while the rest have been thrown upon the world, or upon the public, to obtain a living in the best mode they could. In England the principle of entailment exists to a certain extent. By this principle, landed property is confined to the eldest son, while the younger sons, by the political influence of the elder, must seek their fortunes in public life, or resort to the walks of commerce or gambling. In all parts of the continent of Europe, except France, this same principle exists, though the inequality of fortune is not so great as it is in England. It is, however, still too great for the approaching state of society, which must, in no short time, prevail in Europe. In France and the United States, the two freest countries in the world, where all the materials of intelligence and wealth are open to all, the laws are different, and the distribution of property is made equal, generally, among all the descendants of those who die rich. In this country, however, we have seen of late, hoth in the North and South, among certain wealthy families, attempts made to effect a distribution among particular members of their families, in such a manner as to accumulate a greater amount of property in particular branches. The Astor will, which we published, is a particular exemplification of this idea. It is generally believed that the property of the late John Jacob Astor was about twenty millions. Of this he left only five millions to the various branches of his family; while the remaining fifteen millions fell into the hands of his son, William B., who was already worth several millions of his own?thus making him, probably, one of the wealthiest men of this country. It is true, the mere arithmetician, looking only to the figures of the will of John Jacob, would not draw such an inference: but. on looking behind the will. and estimating the property of John Jacob Astor, we shall discover that, after willing away five millions, the probability is, that the rest of his property will be equal to fifteen millions, all accumulated in the hands of his son, VV. B. Astor. This may be all right and proper. The deceased Mr. Astor may be said to have the right, ia some respects, to bestow his property at his death acaccordingto his own pleasure and disposition. But society has also its rights. Mr. Astor was made rich by the peculiar facilities afforded him by the free and equal state of society existing in this happy land. Society, our social system, our government, and our laws, which are the organs of the social system, have the right to prescribe duties for those who are made rich under its favoring wings. These duties, as we well know, are the distribution of those riches as equally as possible among descendants, and not to make such a dangerous disposition of them as would lead to entailments or exclusions, or anything which would interfere with the well being and existence of society. Looking, therefore, upon the Mason will in this point of view, there is, in the exclusion of Mrs. Alston, one of the daughters of John Mason, from having an equal share with the other daughters, something which looks like inequality and injustice, and at war with the social principles of society in this country. It is true, this will, so far, has been sanctioned by the surrogate, and one or two inferior courts; but there is no doubt that in these nreliminnrv examinations of the nnestiniiM nt issue, there has been a great deal of looseness, and a great deal of influence exercised. The case is now, however, in a higher court, and is before the Supreme Court, which is deliberating upon it. In doing so, that court must take the responsibilityof making its decision, as a popular as well as a legal tribunal, before this community and this country. The members of the Supreme Court are not appointed by the corrupt influence of the Albany, or any other mere clique of the government. They are put in their situations by the independent and free votes of the people, and if they attempt by any decision, to impair those great principles of equal justice and equal rights among members of one family, they must take the responsibility of such a decision at some future day, and that too, without fail. Tlie attempt to evade the great principle of the equal distribution of property nmong all the members of the family of a man dying rich, as appeared in the Astor and Mason cases, has been gaining ground for some years. It is an attempt which is counter to Amej rican feeling, and to those principles and that system of society which have given to this country its wealth, its reputation, its grandeur, and its magnificence. We trust, therefore, that the higher courts will be careful in their decisions, and study well every case, before they commit themselves in favor of a principle, which, one ! ......l.i .u_. VJ<?? , nwuiu ruu in CDim/iiouiug aui'Mi^ us mm mine state of society which now they are endeavoring to get rid of in Europe, by war, and murder, and bloodshed, and revolution, and every thing else. In making these remarks, we have no allusions to the different parties concerned. We are indel>endent of all influences, but those of morality and sound justice. We believe them all to he respectable persons, botli men, women, and children, on both sides. But they are not more so, in any particular, than any honest, decent, and clenr-starching washerwoman, in the next cross street; whose grand-daughters, probably, under the free institutions of this happy country, tnny ride in their coaches, in as splendid a style as any of those now rolling over the buss pavements, when they can catch them, with the Mason or Astor coat of arms painted on the panel. All blond is the same here?as red, us high, aH pure in the healthy porter as the millionaire. Merit makes the only difference, and justice ought to lie done in such a case aa this, to the poor as well as to the rich daughters; and if our judges, from the lowest surrogate to the highest on the bench, do not make these principles their guides, they will soon find out that an I intelligent public will teach them a different lesison at the election. The Jury Commission. Dn* Si*.?Will you do tue the justice to state fn your paper to-morrow, tnaa the conversation detailed In a communication in your to-day's paper, aliened " Fact." as having occurred in my offlee. ia a aheer fabrication, and falae in ererr partlriilar' I am inducad to make this contradiction only hecauae thia statement. if uncontradicted. might hare 1 the effect to pravert some of our citizen* from calling to record their exemptions. and thua auhject them to the Inconvenience, through the year, of being notified to attend aajurjra. Your obedient servant. | WM, A WALKER, Commiaaloner of Jurora. New York, June 30. 1M8 Remarks.?The converaation, signed " Fact,'? whs true ; hut the conversation did not, of course, come within the knowledge of Mr. Walker. No one supposes that he held such a conversation; some person in his office, however, did amuse him-, self with what wns detailed in the communication. Nuch trifling will not lie repeated, and we hope that those who are exempted will call at the commissioner's office and record their names. This will stvt tun$ sad trouble hereafter. I - - Itntilinl and HmImIi Bowery TheatreThe new play of " Feudal Time*.' waa repeated lait night to a very nuineroua audience, the excessively unpleasant weather that prevailed during the day. having abated about dark. 'We like thla play to have a fair field, for we believe it U one that will become an universal favorite. The character of the Earl of Mar 1* well suited to Mr Scott's energetic mode of acting; and Tllton, J. 11. Hall. Mr*. Phillip*. Mr* Stickney. and the rest of the company who appeared in the piece, all did well. Mr. Clarke, a* King James III,, was especially good. Mr. Hamblin is doing well with the Bowery?the tide of poualarity is setting strong that way. and it has assumed a high stand as a national theatre?not higher, however, than it can support. What shall we say of Miss Taylor in her famous character in;the ''Devil in Paris?" We can only say, that she makes the most charming Devil going. There has been seldom such a popular edition of the old one presented to the public. To-night, the performances will be of the highest order, aud such as to insure a tremendous house. "Othello" will be played?Scott as the noble Moor, aud Mr. W. Marshall as lago The laughable farce of the " One Hundred Pound Note," with charming Miss Taylor as Harriet Arlington, and Burke as Billy Black, of conundrum fame. A pew drama is also in preparation. Niblo's. Astor Place.?The success of the Vlennois children increases nightly, at this fashionable resort of Amusement, anu no one in our city, resident or strnger. fails to pay a visit to these bewitching children, who are the greatest (theatrical wonder, of the presant age. The numerous assemblage, lounging last evening. upon the Astor Place sofas and luxurious arm chairs, enjoved several line treats, which were very attractive and elicited rapturous applause. The splendid military " Gallop des Drapeaux." an Hungarian national flag dance ; the " Pas Roco," with its costume of the time of Louis the XV, and the " Chinese Balabile," from the ballet ' Thing, Tohang, Tchung," (as It was said In the bills.) formed a group of dances, and amusement worthy of the grand Republican Academy of Paris, and were received [with [enthusiasm by the whole audience. The Knglish vaudevilles. " Handsome Husband," and " Thumping Legacy." gave Messrs. Walcott. Chippendale, Mrs. Maeder and the sweet Kate Horn, the opportunity of displaying their histrionic talent, and to gather the approbation of all there present. The bill presentvd for this evening will undoubtedly favor Mr. Niblo with another crowded house. It consists of the Vlennoise danseuses in three of their ballets, and the American actors in two of their best comedies. Chatham Theatre.?Mr. Herbert took his benefit last evening, and had a tolerably well filled house. Mr. A. A. Addams performed the part of Hamlet. This character, and that ofVirginius, we think his two best. There is an earnestness and a depth of feeling in his Hamlet, which accord with the view which the most thorough commentators have taken of tho " noble Dane's" peculiar cast of mind. We will not review all the particular points of Mr. Addams' performance, suffice it to say. he played tho part with dignity and emphasis. Herbert as the grave digger, was very quaint and amusing. Could he regulate his tone of Toice a little more. Mr. H. would be a most excellent comedian, for he evidently has a keen perception of the ridiculous. During his present engagement at the Chatham. he has grown into much favor with the audiences. The spectacle of tho "Spirit of the Waters" concluded the evening's performance. To-night. Mr. Addams will appear as Damon in 'Damon and Pythias." The drama of the "Old Oak Chest." and the "Spirit of

the Waters," will conclude the bill. Broadway Theatre.?What a greon people we are in New York! How fickle! how ohangebale ! how cheatable, too! Why, the very washerwomen cheat us. Last ovening there was, at the Broadway, a "beggarly account of empty boxes"?and ill-dressed, at that. Yet the performances and the players were In the highest range of the drama. The "Hunchback" was the comedy, and George VandenhofT was the Master Walter. with Kanny Wallaek for Julia, and beautiful, intellectual. graceful Rose Telbln for Helen. It was most admirably performed by these three exuislte artists; but we must see lovely Rose Telbln in Julia before we make our will and die. Col. Mann, who is a generous and a liberal man, must do us this favor, or we shall haunt his chamber after death, and have a ten years' law case on the will. Fanny Wallaek 1b a fine woman?but she has a little too much red and white in her cheeks for our money. She has too much beef. Rose Telbin is truly a lovely creature, full of genius, grace, and poetry. If she could only claim, by any kind of a pedigree, to be the great grand daughter of Uarrick?whose style she must come nearer to than any actress we have recently soen?she would be the rage of two hemispheres in two months. She has more variety and grace, to say nothing of a much higher beauty, than Fanny Kemble, when she first made her appearance In New York. We remember well the time, the place, the play, the very lamps, and never shall forget the Impression. Why don't Col. Mann be a man, and give Rose Telbln a chance to make herself immortal. Give her that ohance, and she will prove herself an equal to Fanny Kemble?as, in our opinion. George Vandenhoff is now to Forrest, Macready, or any other on the stage. Everything is luck. Castle Garde*.?If there be any place beyond another in this city where one can really enjoy himself, it is within the precincts of this beautiful theatre. The view of the magnificent bay and surrounding scenery?the refreshing and invigorating air. and the performances of an excellent dramatic company, are features of attraction which cannot all be found at any other place of amusement iu this city. The performances commenced with the comedy of " Old Honesty.'* in which Mrs. Vernon, as DameBradshaw. was. as usual, everything that could be desired as au excellent actress. Holland and Nicklnson were also very clever in the characters they sustained. A musical olio followed, in whioh Miss Phillips sang " Land of the West" very creditably. Mrs. Frary sang the Caledonian air, " Whistle and I'll come to you. my lad," very much to the satisfaction of the audience. une nurietia 01 tne water wucnes coociuaca tne entertainment. an<l the audience separated, perfectly pleased with their visit to the Garden. There can be little doubt but that French and Reiser, from the excellent selection of dramatic and vocal talent they have engaged, will do an excellent business during-the summer season. They bare expended a large sum of money in remodelling the Garden, and deserve patronage for their endeavors to cater for public amusement. Tabernacle?Concert of M. Maurice Strakoih Pianist to the Emperor ok Russia.?This great musical treat, which will take place on Thursday next, will be the most important event of the season. The genius of this high talented Pole, his fame which has already invaded all the fashionable circles of our dillilanle city, will undoubtedly attract a crowded house at the concert given by this wonderful pianist. We must say that beside his own attraction. Mr. S. has engaged for this occasion, several artists, who will entice, also, numerous concert goers to attend this soiree musicals. Signora Patti, who created such a sensation at her appearance at the Astor Place Opera House, i n the character of Romeo; Signorina Amalia Patti. whose sweet voice and clogant method, were also much appreciated there; and Mr. Schrelver, an excellent violinist, will be the jewels set in the musical crown of M. Strakosh. Among the novelties presented in the bills, we see the advertisement of the celebrated F.tude Fanlastique, |" the Naiad," which is said to be one of the greatest works ever performed on the pianoforte. It is composed by the hentficiaire. and reflects great credit upon his high musical capacities. The grand triumphal March of Isly, by Leopold de Meyer, will be also performed by M. S.. and will show hin talent upon all ltd transition*, we am waiting, with great anxiety the hour appointed for M. Strakosh's concert. Christy's Miratrels.?Lout evening, tho performance of this band wad postponed in consequence of the sickness of (J. Christy. Ho will be all right for tonight, though, and thoy will sing every evening this week. Christy's band have opened an entirely new branch of musical performances, and one calculated to be popular always, provided such excellent dingers as Christy's arc performers. It is not often, however, that half a doxen such capital singers get together: therefore it is well te make the most of them now They give a full programme this evening. Harvard's Parorama.?Travellers on Banvard's Mississippi. have the advantage of Anna fide travellers this rainy, disagreeable weather, ad the panorama Is always clear and sun shining ; and the voyage every evening is sure to end prosperously, accompanied as it is by pleasant anecdote ami descriptive notices of the country. To-day it will be exhibited twice, vix : at 3 and 8 P. M. Stcvcsmarkmciii:.?The first concert, this season, of this distinguished band of musicians, takes place at the Tabernacle, this evening The programme contains many new ami beautiful pieces, and it is needless to say, they will bo performed with all the science and sweetness of tone for which this inimitable band are so celebrated. As a body, comprising nineteen performers, each playing on a different instrument, such unity and harmony, together witli tho most finished and delightful execution, we have never hoard . The grand "Pot Pourrl," in which will be introduced the Marsellaisc.'' is. in itself, worth tho admission money. No doubt, hundreds who have before listened to them with plensure. as also those who have not yot heard their thrilling music, will crcwd the Tabernacle this evening, when we promise them a rich treat. Mr. Thomas Barry Is now in Boston, and Is invited by the press to take charge of some of tho theatrical enterprises of that city. The Common Council of Cincinnati have refused to give license for " model nrtist'' exhibitions. Thk Slave lrri niie<tion atmautiniqi n.?Capt. Saunders, of bruj Spartan, arrived at this port yesterday, from Surinam, reports that he touched at file Island of Martinique on Sunday, the 2Sth ult. He brings no later news, hut states, as to the bloodshed caused by the rebellion, that he heard of hut one family killed and two men nhot. It was mml>o*ed there when he nailed, that the black* would go to work again in n day or two.?Button Trav., June 19. Drplomatlc Movement*. Among the recent arrivals in the city, we have to announce that of Belford Ilenton Wilson, Kh<|., IF. B. M., r/iargr tfAffairrt, at Venezuela, who oeeii|iir* a|iartiiient* at ilie Howard Hotel. Movementa of IMatlngulaherl Inril vlilnal*. Kdinund Burk, Commissioner of Patents, arrived in Philadelphia on the 19th in?t. City IntrUlgvnve. Tm> WtiiHii.- Yesterday was another very un ?leaaant day?the rain having fallen in frequent and eavy shower*, the greater part of the time. The sun shone ont several times, when the heat was oppressive. There was no thunder nor lightning, the electricity in the utinospliere having probably been exhausted on j Monday 1 lie night was cloudy, and there was very little indication of fair weather Mao Uotif.? Within the pant week there have been killed, in the upper part of the city, nearly a dozeu dog*. aiTeeted with hydrophobia This is the result of carelessness, and owing to the manner in which the law is carried out. The law imperatively commands that all dogs found running at large in the streets, unmuzzled, after the first day of June, shall be killed. ! and persons are accordingly appointed to perform that duty. The month has now nearly passed away, and thousands of dogs are running at large, without muzzle, home or master ; the consequence of which, is, that mad dogs are killed in the streets almost daily.? The law relating to dogs, should be most rigidly enforced, for it is impossible to imagine the degree of human misery which might result from an improper attention tc^tbis duty. From the fact that in the upper part of the city, there are a great many children constantly running in the streets, and the majority of the men employed, there is greut danger to be apprehended. Let this duty be attendeu to. and as speedily as possible?rid the city of every cur that is found without a muzzle, however useless or valuable he may be, aud the dread of this more than horrible hydrophobia will subside. The Storm of Mondav.-It was announced In tin* Htrald of yesterday morning, that a sloop wax upset in the North river, on Monday, and two persons on board drowned. Such is not the fact ; they were rescued by a boatman, and carried to the Jersey side, for which that boatman deserves great praise, in thus risking his own life in the midst of a tempest, in a smali boat, to save the life of a fellow man. The ravages of the storm were felt in several sections of the city. At Washington Parade Ground the tops of several trees were blown off; and a house on the Third Avenue was struck by lightning, without, however, receiving any considerable damage. OniTnucTiNe a U. S. Marshal is the Discharge, of his Dutv.- On Friday last, a warrant, issued out of the United States District Court ou civil process, for seamens' wages, against Brodic Uadevey, captain of the ship Victor, was put into the hands of Deputy Marshal Flanagan, who wont down on Saturday to one of the North River piers, where the Victor was moored, to arrest the captain, and found him ou the deck of the vessel. Mr. Flanagan told him civilly, that he had a warrant to arrest hiin. and begged him to put his house in order, and come along with him. The captain took the officer coolly by the button hole, and desired him to take himself off as fast as possible. Flanagan demurred, and the captain grasped him by the collar, and shoved him against the side of the vessel, and again desired him to be off. Mr. Flanagan is un elderly and delicate man, and the captain a very powerful and musculur man. Seeing no assistance at hand, he thought discretion the bettor part of valor , ho declined a contest with the enptain. and returned the warrant. On Monday it was given to Deputy Marshal Morrison, who went to the vessel, saw the captain. and told him that he had a warrant for him. and was determined to bring him up any how ; the captain's Southern blood (for be it kuown that he is a Georgian by birth, parentage, and education) immediately rose to boiling heat; ho called fur his pistols. Morrison then grappled with him. and wont down in the scuttle; he was let up, and invited to clear out ; he declined the invitation, and went into the captain a second time, but with no better luck than the lirst, and again went down in the scramble; he was then let up. aud a third time attempted to capture his?prisoner, but has again knocked down. Five or six .\1. F.'s now arrived, boarded the Victor, and a general melee ensued, between the M. P.'s. commanded by Deputy Marshal Morrison, on the one side, nnd the captain and his crew on the other. After a running tight of about fifteen minutes, on deck, the captain was captured. hauled on shore, handcuffed, nnd brought in triumph to the United States Marshal's ofllce. and scon after paid the seaman's wages and costs, for which he was arrested. In the meantime. Deputy .Marshal .Morrison caused a writ to issue out of the Court of Common Pleas, to hold him to bail in $'J.000. in uu action for assault and battery, under which he was arreste I, and gave bail. We understand Judge lletts has yet to settle accounts with him for a contempt of the process of the court. An Inkiest was held by Coroner Walters, on the body of William Farthing, residing at the corner of William and Ann streets, who suddenly expired at his lodgings, while in the act of putting on his shoes. Deceased was a sea captain, and had just returned from Rio. He died suddenly from a disease of the heart, occasioned by family difficulties. Another inquest was held on the body of man named James Uilmer. who came by bis death from exhaustion, having fallen in a state of intoxication, into a cellar, at No. 40 Laurens street. Deceased was taken up and laid on the sidewalk, and subsequently removed to 8th ward station house. Verdict accordiug to the above facts. Fires.?A fire broke out about three o'clock, yesterday morning, in a small wooden building, in Thirtieth street near Eighth avenue, which was put out with trifling damage. A fire broke out. also, about 6 o'clock, on Monday evening, in the building on the corner of Pearl and Oak streets, which was also put out with trifling damage. Run Over.?A lady, whoso name we could not ascertain, was accidentally run over on Monday, in Grand street, near the Bowery, by one of the Dry Dock line of stages, by which her arm was broken. Sporting Intelligence. TROTtiNo.?Lady Suffolk and Lady Moscow have another engagement to-morrow afternoon, at the ( en treville Course. It will be a tiro mile contest, in harness, and there is nothing within the knowledge of the most shrewd, to prevent this being a remarkably fast race. Lady Moscow has proved herself so excellent a two mile nag. that Lady Suffolk will have to be very fine indeed to win ; in fact, it may require less than 5:10 to bear off the prize. Both these nags have given such exhibitions of fieetness this season, ill At we would not be surprised to see better time made than has previously been recorded. Cricket Match ifr Albaxt.?The following is the score made by the Albany cricketers in a match played last Friday on the beautiful ground opposite the city. The match was a very interesting one. though it was played when the mercury stood at 110 degrees. The Albany cricketers are improving, and may offer the St. George's Club a challenge during the summer. Firit Inninot Second Inningi, S. Bonne, c by White b by Atkins. ..Ob by Wright 4 | Hill do 4 leg before wicket o Hughes 0 ... do 4 lieliard; ran ont 1 t by Wright 15 Lacy, b by White 8 b by White 9 i Bonne, c by Rice b by Atkyns 0 o by l'aris,b by Wright 0 : Raliy, not out 6 b by Wright (I | .Woodruff, st by Paris b by Atkyns ... 2 st by Parts b by White 0 Baillie, hit wicket n h by White d i Calnll, leg before wicket 2 not out 4 ; Walker, hit wicket 0 hit wicket tl Wide balls, U?byes, 1 12 Wide halls < 7 31 4(i ! White, c by Ten Eyek b by llcnne.. .27 c by Lacy b by Hughes 2 ! Paris, b by Bcune 0 not out 4 Atkins, c by ilnllard li by Raby 7 bliyBanne U | Wright, b by Lacy 8 b by Ucnue 0 W. Stephens, c by Uill b by lienne... 0 runout 0 ! Clark.on ? ... do 0 R'co, hit wicket , 0 b by linghoi I I Morse, h by Ballard 11 not out I (I I tiower not out 0 c !>y Woodruff 1 i Blackinan, e by Lacy b by Lacy .... II I lyes 0 Byei 8 66 16 Marine Affairs. Tbo Creacent City, at Now Orleans, refused the sum of $110,000 for one month's service in government employ, to bo used in transporting troops from Vera Crui to New Orleans. Packet Smr Margaret Evans, ) Oee Sandy Hook, June 20th, 1848. ] Captain K. O. Tinker.? Dear Sir.?At the close of a delightful passage, perI mit us to offer our thanks for the many acts of ktud! ness and courtesy received lit your hands, aud to as| sure you of our high esteem and friendship. [ Allow us to inform you that, at the unanimous desire of the undersigned cabin passengers, a committee has been appointed to present to you a piece of plate as a slight token of their regard. Will you have the goodness to let us know when the committee may have the pleasure of waiting upon you. With great respeet, (Signed) We are your friends, I Mrs. C. K. Lester, Mrs A. B, Malcolmson. Mrs. Talfourd. C. Edward Lester, Joseph 11 Jones. Morgan I (iunderson. Abraham B. Malcolmson. Wallace W. Ibil: rymple, S Balsdon, Kromo Talfourd, <4. Leigton IJitson, ( Joseph l.inder, lloDalii Williamson, I haih s Wru.y. Horace C. Hastings, Goo. Hastings, Jean Gerard, G. Valo, Helen K. Watson, Nr.vv Vork. June 'JO, 1848. To THE CARIN PASSENGERS of 1IIE PACKET SMIpMaRGAoaret Evans, krom London. Ladies and Genti.emen?I have received your note of 'this date, which, though unexpected, was extremely gratifying Every exertion in my power to bring my vessel I speedily and safely Into port, and also to make the voyage agreeable to you. Is iny duty, as commander of a ship: hut learning the high appreciation planed liy you on my efforts, and that you are pleased to make a substantial expression of your kind and friendly feelings, in the presentation of a piece of plate. you will each one accept my thanks for kindness so expressed; and believe me. when I say. I slntll be sensibly reminded of our pleasant intercourse, when I look, in future days, at the token of your esteem At any time most j convenient to the eominittee, 1 shall be most liappy to ; receive It With best wishes for your prosperity on tile voyage of life, I am. very sincerely yours. (Signed) E.G. TINKER. The Free Navigation of hie St. Lawrence.? The good people of Montreal have commenced the agitation of this important question. The Board of Trade have memorialized the home government, through the (Jovernor General ; and at a public meeting held oil Tuesdny last, petition from the people of that city to the Imperial i'arliarnent was unanimously agreed to?Kington Whig, June 19. Mkktino of tiik Friknus of John Mitch hi..? A meeting, the call for which is headed " Liberty to John Mitehel," is to he held hi Philadelphia this evening (21st) for the avowed purpose ot expressing " indignation and disgust at the recent i act of the British government, by which, through | the machinery of a special law, itself illegal, a ' packed jury, a partisan judge, and a perjured sheriff, it has convicted John Mitehel, the noble Irish patriot, and sentenced him to a felon's doom." The call if made by Robert Tyler and 22 others. telegraphic Intelligence* Summary As the warm weather progresses, tlie members of both branch es of Congress seem to go to work more heartily. Yesterday was comparatively a busy day in both Jiouses. In the .Senate, Mr. Fitzgerald, the new Senator from Michigan, in the place ot Gen. Cass, was qualified and took his Q0..t Ti,u ii.;II ...? ?i literary exchanges, us proposed by M. Vattemore, was passed; as was also the bill respecting bounty land claims. A joint resolution to presenter series of weights and measures to France, was adopted. A bill to prevent the importation of adulterated medicines, was introduced by Gen. Dix. After the consideration of some other bills, the Indian appropriation bill was taken up, and gave rise to a lengthy discussion. In the House, after the introduction of u joint resolution to erect a monument in memory of the late John Quincy Adams, and the transaction of other business, thecivil and diplomatic appropriation bill was taken up in committee, and a warm discussion nrose on political topics, embracing abolitionism, internal improvements, the principles of Gen. Taylor, Gen. Cass, Arc. Arc.?which, perhaps, was altogether more interesting to the spcechifiers themselves, than to their constituents. Another Loan taken at a Premium, Albany, June 20, 1848. The canal loan of $800,000 lias all been taken at two to three five-eights per cent. The bids were to a large amount in the aggregate. Illness of Mr. 'Webster. Baltimore, June 20, 1848. Mr. Webster was too sick to speak at the ratification meeting last night. By the advice of his physicians he left for the North, promising to speak on returning, in about a fortnight. THIRTIETH CONGRESS. FIRST SESSION. Washington, Juno 20, 1848. Senate. The Senate convened at the usual hour, when the Vice President took his seat, and called it to order. Prayer was offered up by the Itov. Mr. Gurley. Several memorials and petitions wero.presented. recinded, and referred. a nkw senator. Mr. fblch, of Michigan', presented the credentials of Mr. Fitzgerald, the newly appointed Senator, to till the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of General Cass, who was introduced, duly qualiiied, and took his seat. international exchanges. The Houso bill, on motion, was theD taken up. respecting exchanges of books on Mr. Vattemare's plan, which was read the third time and passed. bounty lands. On motion, the House bill allowing turthertlme for satisfying claims for bounty lands, was taken up. read a third time, and passed. present to france. Mr. . from the committee on the Library, reported a joint resolution in favor of the presentation of a series of weights and measures of the United States to France; which was passed. adulterated drugs. Mr. Dix. of New Vork, from the Committee on Commerce, reported the House bill ill favor of preventing the importation of adulterated drugs. 1.aw business. Mr. Badger, of North Carolina, introduced a bill in favor of promoting the despatch of business in the Supreme Court of the United States. Mr. BuTLF.a, of South Carolina, desired time to examine the bill, when, on motion, the subject was laid aside informally. indian appropriation rill. On motion of Mr. Atiikrton. of New Hampshire, the Indian Appropriation Bill was taken up ; Mr Bell's amendment beiug in order, respecting the payment of the expenses aud subsistence of the Clierokecs, on account of their removal from North Carolina. Mr. Bell said that the amendment he had offered was intended simply as an act of justice to the Cherokees removed from North Carolina. He said that they had been deprived of their lands, and that they *liad a right to bo paid for them. A tedious debato sprung up of several hours duration, when the previous question on the amendment was called for. and decided in the affirmative. The bill was then ordered to be engrossed aud read a third time. On motion the Senate then adjourned over till Wednesday, to-morrow. Hnnse or ilt'prt'gcutixtlvca. The House assembled at 11 o'clock, when the Clerk rose, nnd announced the indisposition of the Speaker Mr. Kino, of Mass.. offered a resolution in favor ot' appointing Mr. Burt, of South Carolina, temporary chairman for the week, yhich was agreed to. Mr. Butt thcu took the chair, when the journal was read and approved. army matters. Mr. Haralson, of Georgia, offered a resolution requesting the Secretary of War to furnish a list of the lorces which would be in service. Rfter discharging the troops on their return from Mexico. Objections were made to the call. Mr. Goooin. of Va . called for the regular order of business, which was agreed to. I' K i N r i x o. Mr. St room's report respecting printing of correspondence being in order, he moved that it be passed over (the question of printing) till the minority report now made could be examined; which was carried. The Speaker pro teui.. decided the first thing in order to be reports from committees. When Mr. Houston. of Delaware, introduced a resolution in favor of allowing the clerks of the House to employ Mr Smith's invention for taking the yeas and nays. Mr. Jones. of Tennessee, and Mr. McCi.f.i.i.ano. of Michigan, opposed the proposition. Mr. Karran. of Ohio, was opposed to leaving the matter to the discretion of the Clerk of the House. Mr. Jones, ot Tennessee, moved to lay the resolution on the table, w hich was put ami curried monument to john q. adams. Mr. Kino, frotn the Library Committee, reported a joint resolution in favor of authorizing the Library Committee to erect a granite monument to the memory of the late iion. J. tj.. Adants. In the congressional burying grounds. Mr. Heni.v, of Indiana, nnd Mr. Bowxin. of Missouri. approved the resolution, and said, that lie (Mr. (! ) thought all monuments in the Congressional burying ground Phould he alike. While the question was pending. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, moved that the House resolve itself into a committee of the whole on the stato of th? Union, which was in CIVIC AMI DIPLOMATIC A I'PItn PR I AT 101* nil.L. Mr. Hoot, of Ohio took tho chair, whan the civic anil diplomatic appropriation bill wan taken lip. Mr. Lincoln, of Illinois addressed the committeo in favor of internal improvements by the National Government Wh?n he had concluded, ? Mr Wick, of Indiana read a prepared sp ch against the whip; party. He was followed by Mr. liedsox. of Massachusetts, in a speech against slavery. _ Mr II was interrupted by Mr. Sawvch. of Ohio, who asked him the following question :? ' Are your sentiments the same as your candidate for the Presidency, [ Gen. Taylor?" Mr. Hioson replied by giving Mr. ( ass's speech at a Cleveland. (Great laughter ) lie said that Gen. Cass was truckling to slavery?that he was a dough face, and that, as such he would prefer to vote for Taylor against Gen. Cass, as ho would then vote for an honest man against a hypocrite. Mr. Kicklin. of Illinois, followed, who nsked who was the hypocrite ; he who concealed his sentiments, or be who showed them ? and concluded by making a speech in favor of internal improvements. Mr. Milliard, of Alabama, obtained tho floor, when the Committee rose. The House re-considered the resolution, and laid it on tho table. When on motion, tho House adjourned over till to-morrow. Thursday. MarkcUi Boston. June 20.?Klour?The market was dull, and prices were inclined to droop. Sales of 1200 bhto wcrn uiade. including Genesee and other Western brands, j at $6 87>i n $0 12X. Corn?Sales of 11,000 bushels Western mixed at 60c, and yellow at 55c T he market closed heavy. Rye?350 bushels sold ?t72c. an improvement. Oats?Sales of 2500 bushels at 47e. which was lower, Freights remained the ta'nn. Alranv, June 20.?Tho market f.ir breadstuff* was dull, and the transactions are net worth reporting.Receipts within the past '.24 houvs--Klonr. 4 .'100 barrels; Wheat. 2 000 bushels : Corn,'5.000 bushels. Common Council. Assi<tam Aim Hints. June 20.- Wilson Small. l'.-c| in the cloiir. Super in Wall Street. Unsolved. That the rnnatrue tinn of tlio n-trr in Wall at reef,lie t wen Na--au sir.ct. anil Broadway. be so amended as to allow the construe tieu of receiving basins and culverts at eneh of llnv oram of Broadway Md Wall rtMt, Adopted. < Bmnmw'i Okwrtk, \ petition wm presented l>y d> i V. M. Johnson. and others, for the e\elu-ive n-e ol tho pier and bulkhead, foot of l)ey street.. for the Prn'.estnnt Kplicopal ( liureli Missionary Society for Seaman. Tliia petition caused a long discussion betwee n l. ho alderman of the fifth Ward, anil other tuctube rs, which reaultcd tin ally in the petition being adopted. I'rtiHim an Amlt. \ petition of Henj F. CdnM and other* to have .'tilth street, between Lexingt on avenue and 3d avenue, cm led. curbed and cut ter atone* net. waa referred to < ominitteo en streets. Strut f'umihi .vomer - ( oinniunlention from tlio Street Commissioner changing the namea of aascst ior* to aeveral a* eminent* concurred in. ^ duo mi. V coutniunlealion Irom the'.tree! c un missioner. with the assessment list for r<.minting snrb and cutler in : lith street helweeil the Nth and I'tll avenuea ; also 43d street. from 6th avenue to lllnouiIngdale rond. concurred In, S'rrrt luntrncl Section No. - wi- l iken up In relation to cleaning the streets by oontract. ami on committee of the wholo the city was divided into 17 distriels, which will make each ward capable to contract, for the cleaning of lU own .Ueel*. i.