Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 26, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 26, 1848 Page 1
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I- ?? ? TH Wllqll Nu. *134). Our London torrripondencr. Lovnov, June 2, 1B13. Ajf'airs in England. I cannot communicate to your renders the intelligence th it things urc quiet in England ; very far ; from it; the nocturnal perambulations of the Chart- ; ists manage to keep the country on the alert. In Hom? of the provincial towns, such for instance as Bradford, Leedp, Liverpool, and Manchester, the ! ion'. ..mnniitinrl mitrncrps of no ordinnr/ OC- i Icurrence, chiefly selecting for their practice the bodies of the special constables, very many of whom they mercilessly thrashed. In London the force for the preservation of the peace is stronger, besides which, nothing is easier than to distribute a few companies of soldiers throughout the metropolis ; these, assisted by the regular police constables, are enabled to secure the public peace. The Chartists have confined their meetings to a place called Clerkenwell Green, where they assemble in tolerably large numbers, indulging inmost violent 1 tnguage, and causing alarm to the neighboring shopkeepers. Processions proceed from all p iris of tlie town to the place of rendezvous, which produce the greatest inconveniences in the streets. The evening before last, I was coining through one of the principal thoroughfares about ten o'clock, where the mob were coming. Without the least ceremony they stopped the vehicle, and compelled me to stay until their procession had passed. I cannot refrain f rom repeating the caution expressed in one of my former letters to your readers, not to imagine that there is any connection between these disorderly Chirtists ana the charter. The mob who are now parading the streets, to the inconvenience of the inhabitants, are nothing more than nil idle lot, ready at all times to create a riot, and to take advantage of the confusion to benefit themselves. It is monstrous that the authorities do not decide upon adopting stringent measures to stop the nuisance which completely puts a cheek upon trade of every kind. Her royal highness, the Princess Sophia, aunt to Queen Victoria, died on Saturday. There is now but one female child of George the Third remaining, viz: the Duchess of Gloucester ; and of the men there are two?the King of Hanover, and the Duke of Cambridge.? The death of the Princess Sophia has caused m inv (ft< ? to be postponed, and an extraordinary Gazette ordered that mourning for ten days should bo worn. The deceased princess will not be buried with the other members of the rovnl family at Windsor, hut is to be interred at Kensal Green c-Mn-tery, situated about four miles from town. The funeral will be^ strictly private, in conformity with the wishes of the deceased. ^ Mr. Cobden, the member for the West Riding of Yorkshire, was, you are aware, the principal man in the present successful Ami-Corn Law League, his constant attention to which occasioned hint to n eglect, and eventually retire from his business The wealthy traders, merohanfs, <fcc., of England, who had felt the beneficial influences of his cruC.rl ll... nr.*.. 1..... ,..r,w1 int.. o ...U.ln, WK ?,?#! .1 I.UI. IVU 1UIV U SUW^II,#11011 to reimburse Mr. Cobden for the loss of hi* bu-in*s-, fa cotton spinner) as well as to provide him with lands to live upon *To give you an idea ot whit tlie English can do wheiii tlipy have the inclination, the list is now closed, and it more than seventy-six thousand pounds, (.?76.000), which sunt Mr. Cobden has, in a ver> excell nt letter of thanks, acknowledged. This gentleman, in his place in the House of Commons, told Mr. F. O'Connor, the chartist leader, that his followers were not really desirous of the charter This disconcerted Mr. O'Connor, who, forthwith challenged Mr. Cobden to a public discussiou of the question on Whit Monday. I do not expect it will conte oft", but should if, you shall have full par ticul trs of the event. The act for limiting the hours of factory labor to tenhnurs, (more familiarly knoyin as the ten hours bill,) came into operation on tiielst of May l ist; and so satisfactory has it proved in its results, that the persons whom it materially affected have pres-tit-d the Queen with a superb gold medal, ii consider.!lion of her reudv acquiescence to tli p>-.?yer of their petition. The great reform move m*nt is steadily gaining strength, but; with the ex ception of some public meetings at a few of tin principal towns, its proceedings have not been chronicled by any remarkable incident. The deb ite upon the navigation laws has been continued, I* but is again adjourned; and the discussion referring to the Sp tnish affairs the dismissal of Shr Henrj Bulwer, has not been broughtf'orward in the House, in consequence of the incompleteness of som* documents relating to the matter. The English ministry are in an extremely ticklish position, and 1 think I may state, without boast, that th"y will not he in office six weeks hence. They are de feated night nfter night, although, it is true, it is not exactly upon any important qnestion. The people are dissatisfied "with their doings, and they re.illj do not appear able to extricate themselves. When Lord John Russell, with his colleagues, were oui of office, some time ago, they strenuously opposeo the imposition of any tax upon income; directly, however, they got into power, the whips proposed (us I informed you in one of my earlier letters,) to increuse the tax from three to five per cent The opposition to this barefaced trick was tremendous. since which he has never hern trusted by the people. He would never he able to retain his position were it not for ih? uul of ^ir Reberi Feel, who carries him through every unpleasant m ittcr ; but one thing is certain, that Lord John Russell must either resign or coalesce with some one more capable of assuming the reins of go that, whenever the whigsare itt office, the country is invariably in debt, and all internal affairs go on unpleasantly; discontent apneara to thrive and get impudent under their vacillating policy; and it is the general belief that if a general election was to take place Lord John Russell would be in a large minority. About the only attempt he made to remove existing prejudices was the introduction ol the measure for the removal of the Jewish disabilities : this the aristocratic lords threw out: but, Lord John, resolved not to be defeated, has hit upon another plan, by which he hopes to gain his end. The oath the members of tkc House of Commons have to take when they enter Parliament is, to the certain things" upon the true faith of a Christian," which was of course an inseparable barrier to the entrance of the Jewish persuasion. Lord John Russell in order to get Haron Rothschild in the House to represent the city of London, for which he has been elected nearly n year, has given notice that he will bring forward a motion inaduy or two, to niter the form of the oath. Should the lords again defent his project, (and there are cogent reasons for thinking tliis will be the case.) it is npire than probable he will resign, and the choice of Prime Minister must fall on Sir .Robert Peel, who is the only man capvble of managing with credit the affairs ol this country. A Protectionist partv may attempt, hut they cannot succeed, in these liberal times, in getting through the work satisfactorily. Tlv Britannia, Captain Long, has arrived, with jEWXN) specie on freight. From the columns of the Am rican papers, we have gleaned that some irregularity was committed, in order to evade the postage laws. The offence should, of course, be visited with a severe punishment; but, at the same time, if must be evident that if a reduction of the postage to >k place on American letters, there would i * no dejjeieiK , 01 revenue, but an inorease, as the otwrenpondenee would heroine accordingly numerous. It nupenrs that, at the present rate ol one Hulling the half ounce, that the postage of a ship ion is ?'1.832; whereas, if reduced to 3d, it would he about jC'kW. L ist year, emigrants to the 9 number ol 3n0,000 crossed to vour coiintrv, audit is computed this year there will be 400,000 ; ?nrely the communication that these persons would neCe-s .ri , indulge in, wohld warrant the n-durtion *""Tbc money market is decidedly firmer, and ,uniii!s fhus-.-OntlPpts, 8"tj ; new Three and Qn <rt'*r p? r Cents, H3| ; Reduced Three per Cents, 824; Bank Stock, 101; Long Annuities, 8J to 9-1 (j; T-n|i i Bonds. 19 to 22 premium ; South Sea Stock, 90;? ; Exchequer Hills, 30 to 36 premium. C. P. I v rctmstino Document, Very !?The West Prns i ?j,i.. a ? .u? ......a. mnTl III'^ IIUIIH D?U tl IVHCI I" UIC J'CWJIIC ot Berlin, wliich is tliua communicated by tha L'olonnr Onxtttf.:? " We peasant* from West Prussia warn you Berliner* th it. if you don't gut your cursed ne?t Into good order and restore our beloved king to hit right*, we peasant* will come down noon \du with a vengeance. Yon dogs ! you have set free the treacherous Polack* (Pole*), and let th in loose upon us to murder and to hum. Yon have betrayed and butchered our son* and br t*v>?r. irtards, ao;l. t-'.ltd, wj'.I ruisemuer it. #*p?finily sines you go on bragging ?ad since you ire too pliwHi^y to tloor your mob. Yop rascals ! you have -pin miffed the Treasury. and yon have wantonly de?tjoy-d other property of the'state which tve too had p d for. U'e will msge you fork out for It, Your proyoking behaviour hue caused the Prince of Prussia to flv. Now mind! If yon don't net the Prlnee back to , his rlgbt nnd to his country before the 24th of May, , you shall know something of the West Prussian*. We'll light your thieves' nest at a hundred places at oure and burn It. We peasant* will not feed you that your rabble may ruin u?. Mind the 24th of May. | We'll teach you to ape tht Frenoh I" ? - v -**-w -w<&?* E NE N j ? ? Opinions In England of the Attempted Revolution In France on the 15th of May. [From the London Times. May 18 ] Greut and sudden as was the fall of the French nation from the treacherous grandeur of the late monarchy to the impenetrable obscurity and the formidable difficulties of their present state, we have never entertained a doubt that this revolution was but the commencement of frequent convulsions, and that the abyss into which France has precipitated her destinies will prove, for a considerable period of time, not only deep but unfathomable. Nevertheless, the compassion and regret which so mournful a spectacle as the ruin of a flourishing kingdom, the reverses of civilization, and the misery of a vast population, ure calculated to exc^e, have led us to repress the gloomy forebodings which the aspect of Mich times could not but suggest. It was due to the men who had stood between Europe and tne anarchy of France in the first dreadful moment of unbridled popular power, to give them all the support to which their motives entitled them, and even to afford them the benefit of a confidence we could not unreservedly feel. Nothing but the most superficial acquaintance with the revolutionary principles which had been let loose upon society, and with the state of France in particular, could induce any man to delude himself with the notion that the French republic had already arrived at the condition of a permanent and uncontested power. From day to day the approach of another explosion became more evident and more certain. Before ever parties had been formed in the Assembly, a faction of the most daring character rose in the streets. The scheme was evidently planned by some of those who had taken |>art in the last roup de mam which decided the fate of France. At one moment it was so successful that the hall of the Assembly, the Hotel de Ville, and even the Ministry of the Interior, were in the possession of the mob, and a terrorist provisional government was actually formed. Happily the National Guard and the government were sufficiently on the alert, in spite of the treachery of many of those on whom the command of the civil forces devolved. An immense demonstration was made in support of the Assembly and the Executive. This frightful conspiracy was stifled. Paris was saved, and, for some little time, at least, the horde of ferocious insurgents who had all but seized upon the government, and who actually did renew some of the most terrible scenes of the Convention, has been put down. The cause of order is strengthened; the resistance has begun ; but the certainty of the danger and the vindictive spirit of defeated anarchy nave been augmented also. From the moment it became known that the result of the general elections had given a decided majority to the moderate republican section, and had even brought back to the legislature the leading members of the liberal monarchical party in the late Chamber of Deputies, it was perfectly certain that the minority, allied to the communists and Clubbists of Pans, most of whom had failed in their own elections altogether, would make a violent eflort to coerce the Assembly. It was seen that Birb6s, one of the most violent of these infuriated pitriots, excited to the highest pitch the disgust and horror of his legislative colleagues by the audacity of his language and Ins gestures. Louis Blanc had been noi only laughed at and hooted down by the Assembly, but confuted by a sturdy member of that class of operatives which he himself affected to represent, and he bitterly resented his failure. Some of the other ultra members of the provisional government, had been appeased, but not satisfied, by a concession. All these pasdons were eagerly seeking a vent. To attack the National Assembly was their first object. The revolution of the 24th of February was a great les son in species of popular warfare. The att ick was renewed in the samemunner; and before ihe National Assembly had sate for one week in hall, un irruption of the populace outraged its iignity, contested its power, forced its deliberations, and, finally, with the grossest insults of word and blow, expelled its members. Thus was >ur prediction verified to the letter, when we remarked several weeks ago that no such legislative iody could at this time deliberate with safety in Paris. The first act of the scnrcelv constituted Assembly h id been to provide for Us own defence, by giving the President direct authority over all the military officers whose services might be reuuirod for the protection of the palace in which tlie legislature is convened. It seems that General Courtais, the commandant of the National Guard of Paris, betrayed his trust, and was afraid to act against the people; for on the approach of the mob, he ordered the detachment of the Gard? Mobile on luty to sheath their bayonets, and no effectual measures were taken to prevent the escalade of the building. Elsewhere, however, more vigor was displayed, especially by M. Duclcrc, the Minister 'f Finance; and, for the firat time since the revolution of February, the government succeeded in m iking its power felt, in opposition to the anar hical part of the population of Paris. M. Lainartinc recovered all his energy; Ledru Koliin certainly exerted hunself in defence of order, anil in opposition t* this fresh revolution; and the light closed on a decided victory of the establish-fiJ authorities of the republic. But can anything efface the recollection of such i scene as that of the 15th of May 1 The French i itton had been called upon to intrust the sovereign >ower of the people to an Assembly which held in its hands the very existence of the commonwealth. In the midst of its deliberations, already sufficiently igitated by the conflicting elements within its hall f meeting, a tumult arose which lias been compared by one of those who heard it to the roar of a tempestuous ocean at the gates, and in a moment Bedlam broken loose usurped the powers of the great conclave of the nation. A frantic and sanguinary cry for war was the pretext of this extravagant demonstration, and in this effervescence of f lin nic?innQ nf f lm Inti'nof ro kklo in D.i via imwln.l by the worst of men, the name of Poland was used to complete the humiliation ofFrance. In that frightful exhibition of lawless power, the spoliation of the rich?by which term all those possessed of pro|>crty arc of course designated?and an armed invasion of Europe were the two propositions carried by the insane applause of the multitude. To n certain extent some members of the Assembly, and even of the government, lent themselves to these absurd and atrocious schemes, and promised the people obedience to their demands and the immediate gratification of their guilty passions. It was fortunate that even these concessions failed to nppease the tumult; and the temporary dispersal of the Assembly was a less evil than the prostitution of its authority to those who had outraged the dignity and menaced the persons of the national representatives. But the consequences of such an event are momentous and indelible. It has put an end to the delusion that the proclamation of the republic had rallied all classes of Frenchmen round ne principle and one standard. We arc told, and truly told, that these bands of ignorant and misguided men arc the very dregs of the capital. No doubt they are, but what becomes then of the doctrine of complete equality and universal fraternity 1 According to the extravagant formula of the pure democratic creed, these very men, who are at wai with the first principles of society, are the political equals of the wisest citizens of France, and th~ fraternity of an indivisible republic includes tiie deadliest enemies of its own laws, im ^vn.? |nubpie on ifs onn institutions, it is now at least to<> iate iosjieak as if no such class existed in the ranks of the people ; and such is the rtern i! inequality of 1 hum hi conditions tint in the land of equality this ! struggle took place between two great orders of the j population. The republic itself has been assailed i in its most sacred recesses; the principle of the I sovereignty of tlte nation has been openly attacked by those who pretended to invoke its authori- > ty There is no remedy for such calamities but forcible repression. There is no sccii'UV against i them but armed resistance. The government uml the i^Hiientbly nre, therefore, oompelled under pain of forfeiting their own existence, to exercise these ' name rights of defence hv military force, and by the penal sanction of the laws, against which j many members of that very government rebelled I but ten weeks since, when they were put in force j by otlicrconstituted authorities against themselves. Even the defeat of this aggression is an imperfect security against the recurrence of the danger. Before many weeks have elapsed the donatives lavished on the idle and the dissolute must be stopped ?the false promises made to the industrious and suffering operatives must he reduced to their nakedness nnd impotence. The army of the disaffee- i ted is recruited by the most formidable Oi ait ?ue- ; r..ic^, dbauiuwou apd despair. "Reward,"' said | Louis IflMrtr, rn the first speech he addressed to ths Assembly?" beware lest the next revolution be the revolution of famine," Unhappily these fresp disturbances will only render the progress of such social calamities more rapid and inevitable ; and alter hnving promised nil Kldorado to the combatants of the barricades of February, the de- : lnded and miserable victims of those rash fictions must expect to encounter the armed opposition of nn irritated and alarmed community, which will not submit to these inroads and menaces of anarchy. > * ' 1 'n".s '.'vfft W TO EW YORK, MONDAY N Ponce, P. RMay 17, 1?W. Social Lift in Ponce?Interesting Description of Society in the West Indies?Dalit?Dances, frc. As I promised in my last letter, I will now endeavor to give you and your readers an idea of social life and manners in this, one of the most beautifnl of the West Indian islands. I have already given you a glimpse of the nature and importance of our commercial relations with the United States, and have marked, with surprise, the trifling influence which that intercourse has heretofore exerted upon the somewhat original and peculiar customs of our people. 1 may now add, that although there are many merchants in the Atlantic cities of the United States who liava long been indebted for the most extensive, as well as most profitable part of their business, to this island ; and though few of your grocers are unaware of the value of Porto Rico sugar and coffee, yet there is very little known, even by persons of the best general information, of the character of our country and people. It would, perhaps, be well, therefore, to tell you, first, that Porto Rico, for size and population, ranks as the fourth in importance among the extensive group of islands which form the West Indian arcnioelago. Its length is a hundred miles, and its width fifty, so that its shape is quite a regular, oblong quadrangle. Its surface, like that of the three larger islands. Cuba. St. Domingo and Jamaica, is characterised by a range of mountains of no inconsiderable magnitude, which run East and West through its centre. It is this feature which gives rise to tne name Antilles, applied by the Spaniards to these islands. So formidable an obstacle do these steep, rugged barriers place in the way of inland travel, that many in going from one port to another, prefer sailing half round the island in a little coasting vessel, rather than risk the dislocation of their necks by taking the short cut over the mountains on horseback. The wild and romantic scenery which they thus miss, would well repay the travellerof leisure, however, for any risk or trouble he might incur in his explorations. I scarcely think it would be possible to concentrate in so small an area a greater number of landscapes, each one uniting in itself, as they do here, all the grand elements of beauty. From almost every point of view, a single conp d'acil will embrace tlie towering neak, the precipice, the smiling hill side, the valley, the cultivated plain, the thatched hut, and often the silvery stream winding annd the luxuriant verdure of the tropics, or the sea, ever beautiful, rolling its surf upon the yellow sands of the shore. A morning ride among the mountains, and a view from one of these peaks, whence the rising sun may be seen as he emerges from the bosom of the ocean, surrounded by a canopy of gorgeously tinted clouds?the varied landscape below, the distant music of birds, and the fresh, balmy breeze, loaded with the breath of a thousand aromatic plants, form together a combination which could not fail to impress any one possessing an eye, Hnd a heart, with the most exquisite sensations of delight. But I am awnre of the inadequacy of a sketch like this to convey a correct impression of the scenes I would d -scribe. They would furnish ample matter for volumes, and would lend lustre to the fume of the artist whose pencil should be the first to transfer thera worthily to canvass, or the portfolio. Meanwhile. I will proceed with matters more common place. You mu-t know that a large proportion ol our population consists of a class which, m vour slaveholding states, would, I suppose, be called poor white folks." The name which thev obtain here, " Jibaros," is perhaps quite as significant and contemptuous. There is a striking similarity, in many points, between these people and the natives of another green irem of the sea?the " finest pisantry" in the world. The resemblance even extends to persona! appearance, and you mav often be confronted by a pniz so perfectly Hibernian, that you start in astonishment when you hear its owner swear at his donkey in the classic idiom of Castile, instead of the rich brogue you had expected. The same custom exists among them of waking the dead, so common in Ireland. No sooner is it announced that a member of a family is dead, th in the female portion utter the most frantic cries, beat their breasts, dishevel their hair, and pour out a perfect torrent of lamentations nnu tender expressions. When they have thus.kirly exhausted themselves, tliev change their mood, and, with the greatest wing froiti, proceed to array the deceased in his best attire; and making him look as elegant as possible they stretch him out upon a table in the middle of the floor, where, with lighted candlesat his head and feet, and the crucifix in his hands, which are crossed upon his breast, he awaits farther proceedings. In the evening, the friends of the family drop in; and ere long, this singular reception room is perhaps crowded, with the old, the young, the grave and gay, who come to pass the night and " make merry" over the last mortal remaine of their departed host.? Coffee and cigars circulate freely; the fair, as well as the sterner sex indulging largely in both luxuries, and fun, gossip, anrf flirtation are the order of th? night. Kather an ill-timed jovialty, according to American ideas of propriety; but 1 assure you when one becomes accustomed to it, the presence of a defunct guest by no means diminishes the zest of a game of pawns with the black- yed tenoning, or a quiet rubber of cards with their papas. The death of a child, or cf a voung unmarried female. is particularly an occasion of merriment; sometimes among the poorer classes, amounting to the most boisterous conduct; but never, like their Hibernian cousins, do they give vent to the exuberence of their animal spirits by hammering each other over the sconce. This 1 look upon as one grand redeeming feature. While speaking of the " Jibaros" I am reminded of onc of the proposed measures, and I believe quite an original one, of our new and popular governor, the Conde de Reuz. Ilis plan is to form the white laboring population into battalions, and companies ; fix their wages and their hours of labor by general regulations, and make them at all times comt-at-ublt to the planters, through their officers, who will probably be the various civil functionaries of each district. As yet we have heard nothing of the minutiapf the system, nor is it certain that it will be put in operation, but among those best acquainted with the character of the people, and the wants of the country, it is regarded as a most desirable reform, whicn will tend to prevent all disappointment or imi>osition on the part of the employer or employee. I wish you could have witnessed the reception given by our little city, a week or two since, to the Coude de Reuz, on the occasion of his first official visit. You would scarcely believe that, amid the general cry of hard tim^s and ruinous prices of we could nfli>r,t fo nonronrist" StSOdf) in ihp getiing tin of brilliant b <lls. concr>t?, and dinner*; yet such is the undeniable fact?and never did our fan-loving people abundon themselves with more devotion to the enjoyment* of the flesh For three day*and hh many nights, Ponee was fairly given up to the genius of frolic, and the no- nes of carnival re-enacted, without, however, its exlrav-ig.nt in isqiieradiilg. I look a f',ro|l on the evening of the grand hall, given by the ?|Hitieulan?" 'he townhail, and chanced to ent"r ju*t as some of the most splendid forms, that v<r ravished the eye i>| a painter, were sweeping through the evolutions ol a live I j wdtz widi all the gn-ce so peculiar t? the Spanish women .The chandeliers the w a hrilli <nt flood of light upon t>?e rich and tasteful costumes of the dancers, and the fl shing of costly jewelry, rivalled the electrical gl ,nees that shot forth from ?oh, such eyes! For a while 1 forgot that I was a sojourner on \his mundane -ph-re, and imagined I had been transposed (o the enohseted dwelling of the houris. Put hear how 1 discovered my mistake. Stepping out into the plaza, where the I'Jibaros" were kicking up h young Bedlam with their fandango-, to the music of home made fiddles Htid guitars, I hecame involved in the crowd, nnd before 1 could think how it happened, 1 felt myself whirling i around in company with a gay little brunette, through one of the most intricate and delightful of | our contra-dangrti. As von miy imagine, I was about waked up when I finished my exercise ; hut I had no idea of undertaking another fandango, so I took French leave of my lively partner, and elbowed my way through the crowd toward a new scene of excitement, attracted by the well l^notyn sound of the pegro b miia. |t you afv not WifTiciauily versed in 'African lore to know what {hrtt1 rn^Ans, suppose we make a voyage of discovery towards yonder bamboo hut, surrounded by such un eager mob of the dingy votaries of the dance ; and if" we can stand the deafening roar of a calithumpian bind, we shall prob ibly be edified and amn-ed in aosmdl degree. Pee those four lusty darkies, with their mouths stretched from car to ear in the excess of their enjoyment, ea. b straddling a keg laid on the nine, over one end of which a piece of sheepskin is tighily stretched, nun upon which he thumps as if for dear life. The Size of the keg, you perceive, regulates the octaves from bass to treble, and the performers, or rather operators, by the scientific floufish\ng of th'ir 11 f 1 1 W " 1 ' iu u I "? IRK I 10RNING, JUNE 26, 184 knuckles, bring forth a degree of symphony you would scarce exiiect from such an uncouth instrument. But the dancers?there's the fun ! Never since the colored race was invented, were " breakdowns" executed with a better will. See that six foot specimen ot animated ebony, balancing to that plump, dainty, little mulatto girl. How Bracefully he cuts the " pigeon-wing," as he bucks up until his knee is within an incn of his partners' nose, and then retires, with his shins describing such terrific figures, that you won),' scarcely think it possible he could ever bring them back to shape again. Yet he keeps perfect time with the music. and ins heels never forget to thump on the floor at the very moment when they produce the greatest effect in the deafening ehoru9. Now tin* partners change sides, joining their hands above their heads and turning each other beneath them?now the four bombu's strike up a livelier tune ; the dancers become more and more nimble ; their heels are almost invisible, from the rapidity of their movements ; they seem to bring into play every muscle, and strain every nerve to "keep up the steutn," until the excitement becomes so intense, that even the house itself Beems to dance, nnd the tallow candles, the drum, the drummers, and our phlegmatic selves seem to be afll mixed up in one grand jumping medley, wherein it is a Question whether we are on our heads or our feet. To make, if possible, this dire confusion "worse confounded," as the excitement increases, the " fair" portion of the company get up] a loud chaunting chorus, as wild apd monotonous as an Indinn war song, and one or two of them shake about the ears of their companions a gigantic rattle, made of a dried gourd, filled with pebbles, and another, perhaps, by dint of hard knocks, makes the sound of a triangle, perceptible amid the resounding din. Hut to cap the climax, just s?e those pretty, gaily dressed white girls with their b-aux, dashing young men " about town," mixed in the motlv throng, and joining with heart and soul, ns well as witn hands and feet, in this uproarious " kick up" of the durkie. There you see more practical amalgamation, both in the spirit and the letter, than you could find in a year's residence in the strongest haunt of abolitionism in the world. Yet here slavery has existed in its most confirmed form centuries. The utmost good feeling prevails as a general thing between the slaves and their masters, and seldom does a bomba dance take place, in which some of When one enters into the spirit of it, it certainly affords him more real hearty enjoyment than he could have any idea of before trying it. There is the most respectable young white people do not join, so much lite and spirit about it, and withal such perfect freedom from restraint and ceremony, that it is popular with all classes. Yours, &c , Antonio. Ponce, P. R., June 5, 1*48. The Difficulties in the West Indies?Their Effect on Business, <$-c. In mv last I mentioned that an excellent feeling existed between the slaves here and their m tsters. The latter are kind and indulgent, though firm in their treatment, while the former are generally willing and induHirious. I h*ve never >cen the slightest indication on, their part of a desire fur insurrection ; indeed, it would be folly for them to make the attempt, so far inferior are they to the wluteB in numerical force. Oar people, however, possess very excitable imaginations, and have been not a little alirmed by the recent nvws from some of the neighboring islands. The actual arrival of a vessel in our harbor, laden with fugitives from Martinique, seeking the protection of our government, seemed to bringthe d inger to our very doors. But a monisnt's reflection will convince any one, that with the large preponderance of white population which we possess, and the observance of common precaution, we are perfectly safe. Even admitting tnat our negroes were turbulent and maliciously disposed, our active and energetic governor, (Jenerul Prim, has taken every measure calculated to inspire confidence, aud insure tranquillity. His proclamation, with reference to recent events, jias had the fltect 01 producing u great deal of conh.lence, as it shows he is awake to the importance of prevention rather than cure. The general is adding to his popularity every day, bv a liberal and judicious system of reform in all departments. He shows his proffrcmta principles at every step, though with caution, and thus far justifies the hopes I expressed in my first letter, in which 1 announced his appointment in place of the Conde; de Mirasol. Our only fear is that his liberality will not meet the views of the cabinet at Madrid, and that he will be recalletfhrfore he has half fulfilled the measure of his usefulness. In one important act which he has recently passed he has directly reversed the policy of his predecessors; namely, that which refers to the admission and naturalization of foreigners. Formerly it was a vexatious and expensive process for a stranger to obtain even the privilege of a temporary residence here, and everything seemed to he done with a view tp discourage immigration. Now, on the contrary, inducements are h;ld out, and all the old obstacles are swept away. We trust that ere long we shall have a considerable influx of American capital and industry, and, God knows we stand in need of both. I presume that accounts have reached you of the wretched state of business h?re. I believe it is generally conceded among our merchants that they have never experienced a severer pressure. The extremely low prices of sugar and molasses, added to the slow demand, is the immediate cause of the depression, and I regret to sav that the prospect for another year affords very little encouragement. During the past year many of our merchants advanced considerable sums to the planters, on the present crop; and the planters, in turn, expended a great deal upon the cultivation and improvement of heir estates. The result is, an immense amount of produce, with scarcely any sales, ?nd no price. The Playa or Bay, where tne merchants reside, actually presents the appearance of a deserted town, the quiet of Sabbath reigning in the streets, which but three months ago were filled with an active and busy crowd. There wi I probably be nothing more of any consequence done, nor any farther arrivals of the great needful, specie, for eight or nine months tocoinc. Capital could now be invested here to very great advantage, for it cannot be doubted that with the great natural resources we possess, and the encouragement of a wise and liberal government, a very few years will suffice to place us in hs prosperous a condition as any of the West Indian Islands ever enjoyed. Their present dictfiulties would induce many merchants and planters to make large sacrifices for ready money. Adios. Antonio. riAVANA, June z, itwa. Preparation* for a Change in Cuba?Fortification*, fyc.y 4-r. Knowing any information relative to this Island is eagerly seized upon by the majority of your readers, owing to its great commercial value to the States, I beg to take my pen and communicate to you what I trust may not prove uninteresting. Before the arrival of the present Governor General, great excitement prevailed amongst this commuuity what his character would be, ns reports had reached here he wns of the " Tucon" school, which would not be acceptable, owing to the stop he would soon hnve to put to many prevailing vice* and disorders, the correcting of which had given "Tacon" a terrible n ime for the vicious Cubanos ; but to the grent disappointment of pultlic expectation, nothing us yet has occurred to show the man, and all remains surmises ; but after a cairn we generally exj?eriencc strong breezes, which may, eventually, reach a gale with its consequences. Ttii*|<er*nnage has very quietly sent private agents of his confidence (military men) to evety place of consequence in thisjaluna, t<ut principally to those having ports, to obtain (and it has been done quietly and ol served of but by few,) information, the strength of ouch place, the number of men capable of hearing arms in its pii isdiction, the employment of all, the shipping materials at hand, tScc. tee. which make some few, and I amongst the number, suspect this calm prognosticates sum * new era in the existence of this rich island, which will take many by roup rtc main. Who knows but what Spain, fearful that our unsupaqsed achievements in Mexico, might Lead us to further attempts?wishes , i,n tint'' to ?hrt;fy, so as to allow her some chance, lite brightest gem now sinning in her widowed crown. The European news and difiieulties, have caused great talk here, and t?o many to repent are the suppositions they bring forth ; but amongst th? m the following would prove most difficult to rcs'-o;.,', to. What would become of Cuba nlouki i^puili follow France's steps, mid proclaim the emancipation of t'er iiaxes ! At Fperfo Principe there huye been sbnv srriotts difficulties between the troops stationed' there and the yonng characters ci' rt,?. ..i..? ... ,..u..i. u? t 1 mni , in niiicii wtr<M*vrim imir l,rr? ru^uriru to, but the former have always i.een in the riittit, as government must protect her own. This, I am afraid, >yiU not rest quietly, ?? the younc men.' front private accounts, are not dteroitrttgeci, atld ; we w;ll hear Rtoje of them I mi .wu 1.1ulj 1 j'-wi'tat: r.-'' * "? - '-? ' lERAi 8. Chicago, May 28,1848. c Notes of IVavel in the H'est?Illinois?Its Canals, ( l# Railroads, $ <'.?Facilities fat Agriculture, Stock, 1 4*' ., Sfc.?Interesting Parti< ular?. ri The following is hastily made up lrom notes by ' the way, during a trip the present spring, from St. r Louis over part of northern Illinois and Wiscon- || siu, originally and mainly with a view to nee the h doings on the Michigan canal, since transportation began on that valuable work, already |>roved pow- ( ; erful in stimulating trade, and the farmers around ( to increase their grain crops, as is abundantly j shown by extended fields of spring wheat, corn, ( Acc., on the route. 1 venture to send you these s sketches, trusting you may think the information 1' given may possibly prove of service to some of n your forty or sixty thousand subscribers, and hun- j n dreds of thousand readers, especially to the sx- ; H Meted emigrants from Furope, Fngland in particu- 1 lar, of the class that have means to purchase and e stock farms; indeed, for all who labor?mechanics, <farmers, shepherds, Arc., Arc.?all may, in the r range ot country alluded to, find resources in soil, b wants of settlers, &rc?, that will enable the indus- ? trious and frugal to become possessed of adequate income, in a few years, in the midst of most beautiful and varied scenery, richest, deepest soils, I mpst easily worked, and the most pleasant and brightest climate in the United States. From St. Louis on a steamboat, upon the bosom of the " Father of Rivers," thence upon the River Illinois, I reached Peru and La Salle, where for the first time I saw canal bouts, (and beauties they r are,) for transit of passengers, on the canal that n unites the great lakes with the Mississippi River. e The bustle, activity, and quantities of goods, products, 8Cc., moving each way were great?so in contrast with that quiet terminus of the canal but a v month or two previous, that the mind is led to look a forward, half doubting from the great and sudden a (magical) change, a year, or three or more, when u the business, ns is usual in the favored sections and points of the West, will have expanded ten, a (. hundred, or thousand fold. The farmers ut once felt the favorable influence of cheap freights to the great nonhern and eastern mart Chicago, by a rise in price of grain of 15 to 25 per cent. La Salle f in not r pretty place, but will be a large town, ex- fi panded by trade induced by the canal. Along by, and diverging from the canal on either side, the p country exhibits valuable land for farming; but a some of it is rather too tame and H it for agreeable s scenerv. There nre several flourishing towns tl along the canal, rapidly increasing in trade, population, Arc., and Ottawa and lolist take lead. Prices E of land for farming nlong the borders of the canal, I and say 20 miles either way, range from eight, n ten, to twenty-five dollars per aore, about all of tl it being owned by settlers and speculators. Chi- u cag9 is now a large town?city?say of 17,000 in- a habitants, and ere 1849, I doubt not will have in- s creased to over 20,(M)0. Matters don't go slow in a the west. Indeed, the rapidity with which citiej tl grow up?trade in proportion?the prairies fill in fi with population. The projects of canals and rail- Q roads; the increase on lakes and rivers of steam- s ers, propellers and sailing vessels, astonishes all: o especially those raised in the old countries ; and s for those to helieve, they must see, as there has w been no parallel in Europe at any age, much less v the last century. The country around Chicago, p for fourteen or eighteen miles, is not agreeable, b being nearly a dead flit, and wet at periods; roads n consequently bad. Hut about Fox River, the v country greatly improves in ull respects, and con- p tinues to; especially in scenery, elevation, and a slopes and rolls of the prairies; with soils not sur- y passed in the west for richness and depth, as the traveller moves westerly or northerly. After pass- 1 ing a few days, and very satisfactorily, in the 1 "City of Gardens," (Chicago), a kiad friend took 1 me in his buggy to Fox River, along part of it, f and thence toward Rock River. The borders of a Fox River, and for some miles each side, are 1< considerably settled, and most of the land taken u for farms; the prices of which range from eight to ti eighteen or twenty dollars per acre, according to position, Arc. Mills, villages; stores, Arc., abun- y dant. s From Geneva, on Fox river, we wandered in ft about a south-westerly course. The country a pleasant, soil good, timber not abundant, nor is it 1 sufficiently watered for many extensive stock T farms. 1 was surprised, and agreeably so, to sec ? so many farms, villages, Arc., dotted over so exten- \ sive tract of country, as say from Chicago to Fox n river; and onward to Whitesides county, through tl which Rock river runs, we always had in sight p several farms, and frequently ten or twenty, with a o village now and then, una good flour and saw fi mills; yet,'tis only some twenty years ngo since a the first settlers moved u|w>n this range of Illinois, fi The last year brought in far more than the number a of settlers of any previous year. The country be- s gins to be known and appreciated, though steamers s do not run through it. Considering the circum- ci stances, the number of stock, as cattle, sheep, hogs, a iVc. are numerous, und they yield the husbandmen tl liberal profits, if properly cared for, I observed b much neglect, carelessness, with slovenlv farming, 1 fencing, Arc. We found the roads excellent, when p beyond the R idge, say 14 miles from Chicago. Post offices are very numerous for a country so \ sparsely settled. b When approaching Hock River, say twenty or fi more miles before reaching it, there was a decided fi improvement in the surface of the country?less ii tame?more elevated?sloping and rolling?soil at tl least as good ; and, I thought, better. The views e are lovely; all fresh, verdant, and mingled so much with the utile. What a refuge for the | r thousands who will leave Europe, seeking a home (. where all is safe, and advancing?where, with a t< small amount of means, all mav possess farms that p will afford confidence if well worked, and. in a tl few years, give the jiossessors independence, h Here the choicest, richest sjiots of land, may be h bought so low in price, that the possessor may, tl and not fear disappointment, look forward to the d I period when his farm will he worth four or six n times what it cost, and within ten years. Wo b meandered with the river?that most beautiful r river (with high, clean banks, and bottom of stone; c current flowing at the rate of two to three miles v per hour, and the water clear as though just from ^ springs), keeping quite near it, generally moving a up stream, say northerly, .toward Wisconsin, ti enjoying its pretty, and, at times, beautiful scenery. C ' As we moved up a more elevated spot, command- p ! ing views of ten or twenty miles in every direction, a | causing us (companion and self) to si'th that we h I could not now here pitch our tent for life, and at c once throw into the stream the baited book among f1 the thousand fi*h of various kinds that were sport- w I ing in the crystal waters, I could not restrain pi desire?passion?so we drove to the nearest house, h borrowed a rude, heavy pole (small tree), with ft coarse tackle, and a basket to take minnows for a hnit, and at it we went, and within half an hour C ' killed over70lbs. of black bass, pike, Arc , selected b some of the best, threw them into our vehicle, and < drove on. They were fried where we passed the w night, and delicious they were, f b-tt-ve that h '.with two nnglers we could have tilled throe or ? four barrels with fi?h in as many hours. p! Wc learned in Whit-side county, that the land C down river, until wnbin six or eight miles of the i ll Mississippi. t'fC -me flat and sw.mipy Bui above, 1 o we found it clung- for the letter in all respects, It especially in Ive, (Vie, and up to Winnebago C counties. In tlic two former sre sortie ol tli- most w admirable, perfect c intonations for (arming and ! Ii scenery, that we saw in Illinois or elsewhere?say | 1c prairie of various surface, from level to gentle j v sloi?e.s, and ri lima, with now and th- n deep, wild ; n; ravines nnd glens?a plensing van ty, as itytUT of l I: taste, and, in some degree, useful. Z^nen minting 1: over, through ili-se places, stream* ot pure, never- 1 tl failing w iter for stock. Aco., rind, in the midst, a I I grovp of ancient forest trees, of 2110 to 1*10 a acres. Such torm th<* perfect combination for i I furmints on :.n e? tensive ?r iL ?n.l ...I.. ... I .. tngeou,?ly, and i? matter of taste for landscape i n scenery, especially as sometime* may be found an hi elevated spot in the midst. from which ire views i from 15 to 25 milt*. Siwli we saw anil ? n\ r passing a few day* among these beauties ol nature, n also, a mingling of the artificial, so far pretty good ei farming, with good stock, espycially large flocks of ci verv choice sheep?very thriving and profitable. ; ti Now, in aid ot our purpose, it will be appropriate i n to make some particular statement received from ei 11 gentleman we passed n few days with, who lias in travelled into part* of the four ewai ters of our globe w residing some (juarter ~r umry of more in Asia, and V we trust he v-1.^not disapprove ot our naming him u in ?hU communication, a* lie desired us to name al him to all Whom we meet, seeking knowledge of In the West, giving introductory letter* to those who Al would visit him (Well, Mr. John-Shillaber, whose th address is m [)i.xon, Illinois," slates that it will si afford him pleasure to reply to queries regard- ill tnir the country, by letter, or better, by receiving hi visiters seeking a new home.) was our host; here- | sides on onaol the best tarmswe have seen in Illinois. I V i must break off here?hut in a lew days I will c? address you again in continuation. v< | may as well state that I saw, in drives of to si LD. Frio* Twt C*nt?. ir 20 miles around?La Grange as the rentre?two ir three spots possesing all, and abundantly, the omhinalions alluded to, lor very perfect fannsou ,n extensive scale?say 1500 to 1000 acres?that nay now be bought at low price ; but as the cans! s now at work, and the Chicago and Galena Kaiload is now being built, rutimng 21 miles or so, ortherly and easterly of La Grange, and Congress laving granted adonalion of a million and ? hall ,cres, or thereabout, of land for building the "Ceural Railroad," to run from Cairo to (lalena through *eru, diverging to Chicago, and this latter is to mss La Grange, distant about two miles, prices d choice land must, we think, advance in price he present year. We need not, to the experienced n rural atVairs, remark that in laying out and ltitiroving sew farms, much expense maybe saved by eyeral parties joining in the fencing, Arc.; also in s aying out the approaches, roSds, Arc., and as icighbors be ol much assistance to each other in uatiy matters, especially in obtaining choice atock nd improving it, such economy may be pracised in the farms alluded to, and some others ouully good, near the boundaries of "La Grange." )f nil I have seen in the West, the Rock Ktver ange of country I passed over, appears to me the est lor settlers who would farm it, especially for tock?sheep husbandry particularly, t will continue my extracts shortly. H. W. W Richfield Spkhxos, June 21,1916. { Vint lu Rvhfiehl Sjnin^??Col. VVm. C. Crain, of Herkimer. 1 feel something like a felon who has just been eleased from the galleys after u long imprisonlent. I breathe the spicy uirs of heaven, uninfectd with the foul load which they often gather diting their journey from chaos to those azure fields, vherc they are put through the process of filtration, nd sent hack again to gambol over the bold jieaks nd the modest valleys of the earth? Thou ?Aust not tell whence they cometh, nor whither they goeth."?Hihle. Bring with th?,. sirs from heaven, or bliutg from hell ?"?Ham tut I breathe these " airs from heaven;" those "airs ront hell" never rang through these primitive arests; these crannies and these crags?these Iimid brooks and mossy banks?these venerable trees nd those islets, are kissed each morning by airs carce half an hour old; airs just unloosed front teir skyey caves. I left Albany yesterday morning en route, for the lemocratic Convention to be held to-morrow at Itiea. I had lime enough, and I determined to t ike a living visit to the Richfield Springs. I terefore [eft the railroad at Herkimer, and ms provided by Mr. N. Smith with a tilbury and strong horse, to muke the ascent to the Springs. I lumld observe here that the village of Hichfield is * bout twelve hundred feet highty than Ilerkinter; le country through which you pass is one of the neat in the world ; the scenery is very beautiful, fuming Il-rkiiner, you make an abrupt ascent of everal hundred feet, from whence you nave a view f the country of some sixty miles in extent; you ee at your feet the work or the master artist into those studio mortal eyes cannot penetrate, but in rhose gruce we confidently rely ; you see the exandmg horizon?the mists, whose blue rivals the lue ol the heaven above them; you see only a cover of the web which the master mechanic ban roven; but you are a rn(>t observer ; you are overowered; a teur (the fruit of mingled reverence and dmirution) glistens in your eye; but you recover ourself, and you give your horse the rein again. But wc proceed on our journey to the Spring*. The farms present evidences ot high cultivation; ittle wheut is grown ii|ion these hills, the climate lemg too cold; wheat also suffers from the insect ;nown as the " weevil." But rye und oats are own in abundance. The country, in fact, never aoked more charming to me. Having been shut up ti the eity during the receat hot weather I was ruly glad of an opportunity to leave it for a time. As you approach within a mile of the Springs ou see the pretty village of Richfield, with its now white cottages, reposing in a valley at your ?et. Last year I remember to have sent you an an lysis of these waters, it was published in the leruld;they arestrongly impregnated with sulphur. "hese springs nre not ns widely celebrated as the siratnga and Aharon Springs in this Slate and tho Vhite Sulphur Springs in Virginia, and there can bo o more desirabje place tor a summer residence,than lie village of Richfield. Some of the eastern peole, who love quiet, and hate the bustle and jostle f the more noted watering places, make Richeld their constant residence in summer. There re fine opportunities tor yatching, hunting and slung, and the society is certainly unexceptionble. Invalids who have faith in the virtue of ulphur water, will find Richfield an agreeable reidence. Youngjgentlemen who are Buffering with until, may come to H ichfield ; florists may come, nd naturalists will find something here worthy oi Heir attention. Young maidens should also come, ecause it is said that if there were no women in 'aradise, the men would become canibals and vamires. 1 halted at the Spring Hotel, of which Joshua Vhitney, Esu. is the proprietor. This hotel has een enlarged and improved, and it will compare ivorably with the hotel! at Saratoga and Newport, ill the hotels here nre good enough for the kings a Europe who have graciously abdicated their lirones for the people's sake. They are good # nough for any ban vivant or unv millionaire. After my arrival here 1 remembered that I had . reeived a kind invitation from the Hon. Wm. C. Irani to visit him at his residence, which is only ivo-and-a-half miles distant from Richfield. I .. ? . _j ? i_?i uMiru on wiuiuiii [mien army, anxious to grasp lie hand of a man, noble heart lias endeared iut to all who have been so fortunate as to maku is acquantance. Mr. Grain is a democrat : front leorigin of thedissensions which have divided the aocrttk p<: rty of the North down to the. present loinent, this gentleman has been ragaraed by * otli sections of the party, as a mediator ana acificator; his attitude toward both has been onciliatory. If any man tn the State can unite tha ote of the democratic party, it is Win. C. ('rain, is a manifestation of the kind feelings which re entertained for liini by the lenders of both secmis, I lake leave to say that at the lute Syracuse '(invention, when concession, and even common urliunientary proprieties were utterly lost sight ot, ud when the voice of the President was drowned y the anathemas of the contending tactions?at thin risis, when silence was for a moment restored, the'resident of the Convention resorted to a measure 'Inch he believed was the only one which could revent a personal conflict among the delegates; e appealed to Mr. Grain, who was standing aloof om the belligerents to decide the point of order bout which the delegates were contending?Mrrain is a radical or Van Bnren democrat; (abaniurner;) he had witnessed the proceedings of the oiiveniii'ti ; he had shared the mortification rlti h lii- own partisans had suffered, and he proably experienced some feelings of resenitnent g iinsi the. conservatives or hunkers; bu?. fet this |toh of |vikhioii when order no longer emoted in the 1 'onvention, Mr Grain responded to the appeal of ie President;f h promptly decided the point of rd r against hi - Iriends and in favor of his enemies. 1 wu- a coiielu- ive and correct deeission and Mr. miii s iw with -.tii-f ictio'i th it his magnanimity ms attended ? ?tV\ itm^rtunt result-; he saw that he id p icified *,l?e rrp-inbers, and that there was no ujger danger tfiat tiiis august body would be con;?*ed into a furious mob. This is one of the may act- which liave increased this gentleman's popu iriiy. li" was .i member of the legislature tn 1 <12. mid also in 1845; he was elected Speaker ol ie Assembly of 184H by a commanding majority, need only say, that he was one of the most able nd |M>pn(.tr sjieakers that ever presided in the louse. He was universally esteemed. Mr. Cruin rill, in all probability, receive the democratic nolinution for governor tins tall. His election, K -lieve, would be cert tin. ; I was received at the mansion of the veteran' nlonei with kindness; Virginia run boast ol no % lore hospitable men. Mr. G. is a very large latidil proprietor; he has one thousand acres in Otsego uunrv, and he own.- a large tract iti Wavne coun r. < >n ??ing nnn, i whs reminded 01 wine 01 ttie a ?tuii 111k portraits ot the nn*n who lived ia the irlier dnys of the republic ; he is unostentatious ; s receives you cordially, but with dignity. It as Into and 1 aiip|>ed at the Colonel's hoard. Atr supper 1 was invited to remain through the kght I accepted the invitation, and thu morning ter breakfast [ quitted his hospitahle mansion, a ippier man. Mr. ('nun urges tho nomination ot < I irtin Van Buren for President. He desires thai ie Convention shall act with tirrrness and decson. lie stands u|?on principle, and he will defend int principle at all h.wards ; he will do so because s believes it is just. A hr.iketunn on the Fitrhhutg Railroad, named y Wallace, either fell from or was knock id off his ir, near Concord, on Thursday, and was so ?esrely injured that it ut doubtiul whether he can trvtve. I

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