Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 28, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 28, 1848 Page 2
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~ --**?x~ ?^? ". " p . 1 * 1 lti NEW YORK HERALD. ftortt>*W?rt Comer of pulton and NiHM ft*. jamb* uokooi bknnktt, PROPRIETOR. amcmlfkm* this kv??|*u. h.'wim i'UKATHX Boworj. -Riombiabc?Bab Pick be or Pi?? vihu's. srmr Vikrmiisb cvuiin?Btic tt Oust?A cnca otttii. BROaW V THEATRE. Kroedvrrj?3rrcn tb* Pior ,11? Moo<l. or A Hire. hatha* ''lhal'fa ?. ?1 t3 (Jjor Lt-cn?Nrw Tom* A- It I?Hirrr Mab. ' a-ti r 8* w Tub Two B'kotb aT^/Vki.ah Sr?? OrBBATic Ouo?Pbizb Ubaw.n*#?Dovbli. obi' room. mhamop hai.i, btomwbt "?r *?" ? ' ?'' mirwiim. iniwutr scwuiae?bchliaqoa diitcmi, *? PANORAMA HAUL, Crocdw*. "*? tic.-*.- <4?v??iO , tama aw* o? thk ?'- ? hkot'. Bt 3?nd 8, p.m. Yew York, Wedncataf, Jane 'AS, 1*48. Artiul Circulation of the Herald. .'ant 37, Tugd?y 21,218 BOpM Tx* ivkiuv.i, of tb* M,.ruins Edl ioa of the Hri .ii.' own. BBB<-cd jrn"?liv ' S "olek kiih Xr WW" *1 10 ooi.iute? pBBt 7 clock. Tub Eve iu* Edi Ion Bt 10 miDutci before 8 o'clock, 1 Bed SalBtiBd Bt 17 minu e pBBt So'clock. Interesting Politic*! -flatter. Our columns' of this morning, are filled with political intelligence of considerable interest to the public at this moment. We give:? lat A full and graphic report of the great Taylor Ratification Me.tiug held In Canal street, last evening 2d A report of the speech of the Hon. John A. Dix. in the United States Senate, on the Wilmot proviso 3d A full telegraphic report of the great speech of the Hon John C. ( alboun. in reply. 4th. The rich and etirring debate In the House of Representatives in Washington, on Slavery, Genera. Cass. General Taylor, feo. fee 5th. The opinion. In letter form, of the Hon. Henry Dodge, the barnburners' candidate for the Vice Presi" deney. We thus present to our readers, in one paper, a bird's eye view of the latest movements of nearly all the parties that now agitate the Union. To the politican it is of great value. The political matter crowds out our foreign correspondence till another day. Kxtension of Blavsry and the United States Senate. The speech which Senator Dix pronounced in the United Stages Senate on Monday la^t, n oompreh. nsive telegraphic report of whic h we gave exclusively, the next morning, is the beginning of a grent and dangerous movement in |M? ' "untry. Mr. Dix was to be followed, in opposition, by Mr. John C. Calhoun, a brief report of whose speech will be found in this day's columns. Senator Dix only follows up the movements of the Utica Convention, in relation to the extension of slavery, and the application of the Wilmot proviso to the new territory recently acquired in Oregon, California, and New Mexico. The principle contained in the Wilmot proviso, is but a small and unimportant matter in itself. It is rendered still 'ess important from Its want of practical applicability to the territory Oregon, which gave cause to the debate in queston; but the movements of the barnburners in this State, the extraordinary letter of Mr. Ma'tin Van Buren, his nomination to the Residency, the organization of a Northern party of any kind on anti-slavery ground, all present a ; general dark aspect, and possess certain peculiar I features, which may lead to events ot the greatest ' magnitude and the deepest importance to this ' Union. In travelling through one of die romantic valleys of the Tyrolean Alps, the traveller is shown the lineament of an immense peak in the moun * * iians, which had been placed by nature in auch a tottering attitude, that the weight of a man, placed in a certain i^aition, would precipitate it from its place, send it down the valley below, and crush whole villages and ekaiUtt in its progress to the river, that runs at the bottom. Such is the Wilmot proviso in relation to the slum- j bering sensibilities of the free States of the North, | in regard to slavery in the South. Such has Mr. j Van Buren, of Lindenwald become?the weight i that precipitates the* high rock over the happy vil- j lagers below, carrying ruin and desolation in its progress. Out ot mere revenge towards the Souih for the tn atmeut he received at Baltimore, four ' I years ago, Mr. Van Buren has boldly stepped on the detached rock, the high precipice of the Wil- 1 mot proviso, itidit is likely enough that his bare weight will precipitate it on the villagers below, destroying everything in its way, and carrying t de^th and destruction, not only to parties, but probacy to our institutions, to the Union itself, and to all th it this country lov? d for the last half century. T ie Wilm >t proviso is a small aff-ir; but from the po.-itiou which it has now as?..u . .. . .. . : .a. 4UI u, aim iilC tlUCHI|*l IU org tiller me lumbering fei!tas,;.- of tb? North on such a g ounil, n<> atop ciin be put to its progress to the U'uiort jH iui ol auti-.av-rv sentiment, befors it cease* 10 p ~s? onw ?r \ The cry of the barnb un-r- h is if. u tik.-n up in the S< nate. Sen .tor D * has lollop ed it, mi'i he will be met by Mr. Calh >un and tin* South, and thus the whole question, n ( tu in re W liuot proviso, b it the great and u tim t pi-stiou ol slavery, w II be turow.i open to Hie int.-ses of the North and Souih. and the result a? one can tell From the in inner in which Mr. Van Buren's nomination at the North, and the ground asBumed there toward* the South, have been received, wv should not be at all surprised to see nil Itlie usual aii'i-sUvery factions of the United States united in his favor?fragments from all parties, and parts of all parties, forming u strength that will not only demolish the pros|>ects of General Cass, hut may soon mcnara a deplornble collision between tie- North and the South, arid ultimately dissever the Uni n. Hitherto the South has been too touchy on this question, and now the North has taken up the sensibilities of the South on the the other side of the question. What will be the end no one c?n tell. In the meantime, what course should be pursued by the friends of the Union?the friends of moderation?the friends of all the best interests of the country! The democratic party?better known by the term of locofocos?organized by Mr. Van Buren, under the mantle of General Jackson's popularity, is about to be scattered to the winds of heaven, by the same hand that made it. General Cass's prospects of election are diminishing every day. His triends hrr paralyzed and thunder-struck; the violent supporters of Mr. Van Buren are vociferous and noisy. In such a state of things there is no safety, and no prospect of stability for our institutions, or of the present arrangement between the North and the South, but in the united support of General Taylor. The radicals of all kinds have brokun loose from old party ties, and the cornier, vatives and friends of this glorious Union, belonging to all former parties, ought at once to unite and form a compact force, for tne preservation of moderation in the government, by the election of such a great man as General Taylor. This is our only safety. Grand Mass Meeting of tiie Barvb'tinkrs.? Vast preparations are making among the ultra de- ! mocrats and b ttnburneu, to g*t up a grand miss meeting to respond to the nomination ol Martin Van Buren, who husbei-n placed before the people again ms a candidate for the Presidency, by the Convention at Utica. It is said the subsciib- rs will be very numerous Many of the old abolitionists are uniting in this movement, and wilj probably form part and parcel of it If the Coiiveutiou at Won ester, with tbo?e at Pitt-uurgh. Run ,lo, and oth-r places, to be held by d.scout.-rued democrats, v* Hi C'liifnm Mr. Van Burvn's not miUallU i, LUC fate Ol ' reiiVid < -use uill b-Inully seuied Iwog oefotc thv election ,__i ?*Wlkf J th? part of ?.r UIU? 0??rr?ch in k"X^Wkjrto , Pay Old Debu." This play Is not a tery great iJIrrUT of ours fir Giles Is too <le?p a villain almost for toleration and the plot, though striking In Ita catastrople I* scarcely natural; rt.ll the play ie ona wliiah is a great favorite with the public, and undoubtedly p ?sesses rnuc ? merit. Mr Mcott's Sir Giles *>* the cm 1. unsparing grasping Overreach, to the life ilur'.e p>*yrd Marall 'this l- a character we have seldom m eu p><tj?d well. Much, indeed, all the development of ihe plot, depend" on Maratl; though a cr.nging ohae^ul >u> rascal he po-sesses spirit enough to revengi his ili- rea' eient by Sir Giles; aud. th refure, we think ! the overactinc, which those tllliug this part are so apt | to indulge in. detracts from the force of the character, and the light In which it places Mamll but ill acaords with the character the ant nor undoubtedly unaut to bestow on him. when be makes the whole plot turn on , hia actions. We would tain see tuls character repre- i hcuted in a m re original style than the stereotyped ' manner in which it is usually given on the etago now- , a-days. l'he 'Hag Picker ot Paris'' concluded the en- I Certs.union's Miss Taylor shows to much advantage ih pieces of this stamp She Is one of tho best ac- i tresses ill domestic drama now on the stane. To-night. I - Scott tskes his first benefit tiuce his return from , 1 iilttrooe ilia numerous friun la and admirers will j { ?oubtless muster strong to witness his acting hs Car- ; dinal Richelieu. The "Rag Picker of Paris'' will con- | elude the bill. Niblo's, Astor Place.?There was last evening a ( vry large audience, who attended to witness the | t B 'soud performance of tne Giant Jos. Bihln, whoso wonderful and incomparable strength and stature ' made such an impression on Monday last But the j spectators were greatly disappointed when a clown. j stepping out in front of the curtain, came and ex- j pressed bis great apology for the nonappearance of the great person, M. Blbin, who at the present moment (half past eight o'clock) had not yet appeared at the I g.iles of the theatre, aud proposed to repay tho as| -eiob y with a vaudeville of his own manufacture. It < appears that the Giaut of the Forest" went to re i l.e?rssl. in spite of Mr Chippendale's wishes on Mon- ! Usv mo niug and ?as pltved the -am# night. without 1 the 01 d>uary >-tudy f .r a rhowy piece. mud without any 1 i f the properties necessary to such au exhibition. We | confess it was a wry interior pernriUTnce on that ere- i ning. and we thought it would La better afterward; ] i but the priTate council decided it would not du at all; I ] and thus informed .M B hin that he would hare to at- ! . tend the rehear-al on Wednesday,in order to appear hereafter a- Ooliaih Departing for Battle" Tnus the giaut did not attend last evening warned as he i was ttiat his performance would not take place. The I fiublic as we -aid. were very much disappointed, and I t was necessary for the Yleunoise children to display their best talent to chase away the discon ent gene- | rally manifested. These charming fairies appear'd in , three daures. the "fas des Amourettes." the "Pas j Hoogrois." and the "Chinese Balabile," which elicited numerous plaudit* from the whole house. The bill of this event "g will consist of the " Pot Pourrl." composed ' of ten national dances, the " (iallope des Drapeaux," j aud the ''Chinese Ballet." M. Blhln will also posi- ! lively appear, for Mr. N'iblo is nut a manager who wishes the least to dlssutb-fy the public who patronito i his theatre, and kuow- perfectly his duty both U a private and a public man. Broadway Theatre ?Notwithstanding the warm weather this theatre was. last night, respectably 1 filled, to see Mr James Wallack in the beautiful tra- , , gedy of " The Bridal." The part of Melantius was I ably sustained by Mr. Wallack The scene, where be ( accuse* his sister of dishonor, was a noble piece of < acting, as was every scene throughout the entire play. : Mr. W. is a decided favorite, as he richly deserves to * be. for there is a freshness and excellence In his perso- 1 nation ef tragic character which few actors possess. Mr* Wallack, as Evadne, read aud conceived the character well Aniintor. by Mr Fleming, was very resper- t table. A grand Pas dc Deux, by Mons. Wietbuft aud ' Mies Celeste, followed.'and was well received, and the a amusements concluded with the serio-comic drama of " Hubert .Vlacaii*, ' which was well sustained throughout by tho stock company. This evening is sot apart 1 for the benefit of an excellent, perhaps one of the best. 1 low comedians in the Uulon. Mr. Hadaway. It Is * hoped his friends will rally, and give him a bumper. ' Chatham Theatre.?We need only say that tho t tide of popularity sets as strong as ever towards the Chatham now-n-days. Mose is on hand again. Cousin William nightly sees the eleuliant, sea hoi so. and all c the other wonders of New York: Joe and hi* shad ; the ' iu>up house. with nil its rows, kc . seein as popular as the first night this piece was produced. Barney Wil- , ilam-. last evening, was much applauded as " Teddy the Tiler." Mr. William, is a urst-rate Irish come, i dian; he does not broadly exaggerate and burlesque Pat's peculiarities, as some Irish actors are wout to do. I This evening he will appear as O'Kafferty. in " Born to Good Luck." and Paddy Muiphy in the " Happy j Man." Chanfrau will also appear as Mose; and. alto- ! getber, w? expect there will bs great times at the Chatham. Castle Gaiceh.?Mr. Holland will take his benefit | t here this evening, and that accomplished actor do- < serves to have a good one He presents a fine hill, viz., ; " Beulah Spa." an operatio Olio, aud the " Double- | bedded Room." He also offers an additional atlrac Inn in the sbaDe ?>' ? to the audience?three ! valuable onos. viz . a silver ring p ir.c. with a SlO gold j piece in it; a coral bracelet, set in gold; and a musical ; box. J here prize-will be distributed with the ut most fairness, under the Inspection of gentlemen te be se- I leoted by the audience from among themselves; and otery vi itor will have an equal chance of obtaining th>-m This Is a novel and attractive method for gathering a good audience together, though, to tell lho | truth, i be natural advantage- of the garden. IDe do- 1 ligbttul situation. flue refre-hmcnts. and excellent 1 performances, are attractions not easily excelled. \V? j trust Mr. Holland may have as numerous an audience as he could desire. i Malrice Sthakosc it.?The second grand concert of 1 this distinguished pianist will come off on Thursday evening next, when be will be a-llsted by Signora Valtellins. Slguor Vietti, Slguor de B gnis. and Maestro Antonio Barilll, A programme of uncommon novelty is preevnted. in which there are several beautiful pieces i composed by M. Strakosch. whioh will be executed by j h m-elf on that evening The souvenir ds ' Jenny L ud." with brilliant variations. Those who have beard h<m play this piece pronounce it surpassingly , beaut.rut ; and we say, tbose who have seen his oxqul- 1 s te touch and listened to his thrilling exccuuon at the Tabernacle. pr mucrig melody and harmony I tlir >ugta ut every octave the chaining blending of linlf-toi.c ?the rl-e anil fail of noaer ,,r mndtilmnrw .-kill agreeably lo the s-nsu of th* subject, lead one to iinagin- that deep science in the divine art. (rives almost the po<?' r of -p?ech to ihe iuirura-nt played on. There i? sometbiug in (be expulsion of i bis artist that I is exceedingly P' ^possessing - hie affable manner*, blaud-in le. and rourteou* 1? bavior in fact eTery exterior feature of the ennobling spirit f music which e naive* htm tortvet lb' aiteni ion and chain down themlnd* of hose who hear him pour forth in aweet and melting et. am* a'd notes wnich warm the heart, that heapappear* the very impersonation ot all the rare gems and melodious sounds of the great composers of the day.? The sudden and unanimous plaudit* whieb he recelv> d at hi* last concert, prove the power hi* melody ha* over the minds of h'* and'ence In fine, with the aid of such distinguished arti-t* a* the great primo boff , De Begnis and other celebrated vocalist*, we predict the Tabernacle on Thursday eveuing will be crammed in every department. Thv Stavehm*rii?chx Musical. Company will give one of their superb concerts at the Female Academy, J > h man street in Brooklyn, to-morrow evenii.g. Our lirooklyu neighbors were great admirers of tlna splend d band of musicians last winter; they will ttnd that tlcy are as good, if not b"ttor, than ever, and will | no doubt turn out in great numbers to her them CiiHiiTr's Minstrels progress onward, and have the 1 unanimous vote of the people They hold ratification meetings every evening at Mechanic*' Hall and the applause which Is given them would satisfy the mo t rsbid politician They willgive a fine programme this evening Bam Panorama will be exhibited twice to-day thus afford ng an opportunity for the youug folk* to *ee it aitbout going out at night. It Is the prince of j panoramas Onasb ( over ?t ?Bottesinl. tb* extraordinary per- ! former on the double bass, and Arditi. the violinist, i will give a concert at Castle Harden on Friday next. They will be assisted by talent of the first eclebrity. Natal?The Hon Geo M. Dallas. Vice President of the Ciiited States, visited the navy yard yesterday, tor ' the purpose of superintending the removal of the re- ( mains of his brother, the late Commodore Alexander ; J Dal!**, to their last resting place, In the family vault near Philadelphia. The Vice President wa* received with the usual salute hut being d ' irons of avoiding any unnecessary display the remains were rjuietly removed from the 1 nited Mates ship F.rle to the railroad depot, under minute guns from the North Carolina. 74. The following Is a copy of the ci remonies which took pla;e at the disinterment at ( allao. under tile direction of Commodore T. Ap C. Jonea :? Match .Id, IMS. A Ill * U 11? L.u f I v - ',.. flu... v h uw at u,e Ammcu t.onenl at Call*", '0 half-inaat, told of tlx . I preach of toe remain! "t 'be lamented l>alla? toward* the Mole. . i hi ,d fr :n wbei'? bey ere again to be oomrnitted to tlie tare of hie own Iwrrared countryme n Ti it rgnal ?a* answered by a yon from (he Ohio flag ahlp. which | ' liter* nod barge*, fully manned and officered. abieh. a* tli-y reached the Mole, formed in two column* I ? reaat, throw* I, w hich a ihird line. COIlidltingof the Ohio'* launch. | bearin* the remain?, h r flr?t and *econd eutter alioail, with tr,e gnrlf li i,> r ai d (lie Onio'a fine band. ?l wly paaeed, i with eolo ?i haif-mn?t. Immediately following ti e launch, wan : fntnmod. re loan, in hie targe ec tn panted by nia rmi'C, C'ommed re 0 leinger, < ap e n f )l r. and the Rot. Mr Clarke, Chaplain < ul t e O lio, aa et.|. f mourner*. . Ai the >ob mi. pr-w -In "f boat* cleared the Mole and opera! ' t > the vew of the ?li p* of war,' ooimodore J one*'* dug ?hlp, the < Ohio. 74. lowered her col r? 10 half ma* . a d commenced (Itirg M i in,. M ?ere rwclred 1 on 1 aid i a (' o e.ilp 1 rle, l.leut. C'oin'g J. M tt'atcon. . I*or i,< - i.i *hole of i n an a mi and ini|?>*tng ceremony, tho * flag* fail too moo of a ar In i ort, and merdian *Mp* at anchor a* t eellaaa . nl lioiim thir imp* ciandlng off and on the bar- , bur Hire kep- al talf-r, a-t. I * I . I i ir n. the-h we to the Ere which ay far on*, the fleet r of I al ).**. ahead of the French r n? <v Heroine, and a? er i be bile Ir *a e bile C >minod re .? in peon. It ear a r rratifrme and t u.thing compliment Mghi anpieela'ad by all ' | ? , w c-d n, aa it I >1 In I ?- will lie oy ever American' who h'-aiaof I', tow .he o!B or* and crew* of foreign men of Marat I r p ? ? ai I t iheir rp.tntaac and a I- 'nn ITeHnga tf re , tact 'be ma of an American t nmnaod rw, width coma of tiiem |wr .rpr had fo lowed to he grave f. ur year* i-eforc. li ' niiitn d if Alexander J. Iia Ihh dopated tliie life on ? Iton/d itie I' N chip harauoab, at C'fcliao, June 4th t (twa Una.; 1144. . p i r i . nuaiAnio ormuBOMnt. 1 ?--* * 1 fuf rf? Summary Oar telegraphic report to-day will be lound very nteresting, containing, us it does, the speech ot he great Southern statesman, Mr. Calhouu, in eply to Mr Dix, which we received last night, retried exclusively for 'he Herald. He ma.ntained hat Congress had no power to legislate on the subect, and demanded that all ucquired territory hould be left open to every portion of the people o settle ; and if they preferred taking slaves with hem, they had the right to do so. He was to be picceeded by Mr. Berrien, ot Georgia. Our other telegraphic reports, containing inteesting news from Mexico, Yucatan, and elsovhere, will be found under their respective heads Latt from Mexico. New Ouleans, June 22,1S-18. By the arrival of the steamship Globe, from iVra Crnz, June 16th, we have intelligence to the ith instant, being two days later from the city of Mexico. Tne news is uninteresting. General lerrera bus been installed President. Two thousand troops are encamped at Cerro lordo, awaiting tracsportat'on, and the arrival of let .chment* from the Capitol, The health of Vera Cruz was improving. We ea*r. Irom Yucatan that Islega had petitioned Com nodore ivrry not to withdraw the Unit-d State* I orcea until the Mexican government had provided ! or the safety of the whites. The peninsula was in a deplorable condition. Later from Yucatan. Nfw Orleans, June 23, l&ifS. The schooner Jonas airtved yesterday from rumpico, whence she sailed on the 10th. Sytnpotus of disaffection appentfd among the Indians i u that quarter ; they h id become troublesome to he authorities. Capt Ilunter was with a com- j t iny that repelled an attack made upon Cumpenchy ] >y the Yucatan Indians. In the severe battle which ! van (ought between the whites and the Indians at j Soleucheu, the Indians lost 900. Several small owns were destroyed or vacated. INTERESTING DEBATES IN CONGRESS. SPEECH op HOW JOHW O. CALHOU ST. thirtieth congrem. first session. Senate; Waihisoto.ii, June 27 Tho Senate convened at 11 o'clook. when Mr. Atchison the President pro Ism resumed the chair, ind called to order. Several memorials and petitions ware presented, received and referred washington monument. The President pro tem. laid before the Senate a communication from the Washington Monument Committee. Mr. Clatton submitted a resolution In favor of the Senate attending the laying of- the oorner atone, vblch was adopted tfcculatino in pt'blic lands. Mr. halb. of New Hamn'hire. gave notice that he vould move to Introduce a bill to prevent speculation n tbe public lands, and to open tbe same to actual lettlers aud cultivators. taking care of the insane. Mr. Dix. of New Vork presented a highly Interesting nemorial from oitlzens of Massachusetts, respecting he amelioration of the condition of indigent insane, to . and moved to refer the same to a select committee, vhieh was agreed to. It was ordered to be printed and Ire thousand additional copies more than the usual tumber were ordered for the use of the Senate. whitney's railroad Mr. Nilks. of Connecticut, introduced a bill in favor if sotting apart and selling to Asa Whitn-y-a portion f the public lands, to aid hihi in constructing a rail ad to the Pacific Ocean. On motion of Mr Niles, .he bill, with acoomoaaying documents, wore referred to a select committee. the oregon dill. On motion, the Senate laid aside the morning bnsiies?. and proceeded to the regular order of the day. rhich was the consideration of the Oregou hill. Mr. brioiit. of Indiana, rave notice that he would nove tbe adoption of the Missouri compromise, as an intendment to the bill, at a proper time in its progress. The Oregon bill was resumed, the question being on Vlr. Jefferson Davis's amendment, providing that nohing in the act shall be construed into the exilnsion of slavery from the Oregon territory. Mr. Calhoun's Npccch. Mr. Calhoun said Mr. President : Th? ?t*vo ii'jiaw.g and uou elavctolding States stand on very unoqual grounds In repard to the question under consideration. The former usk for no Laws, no privilege but they are willing to :oncede to the latter ; they ask for nothing but thnt :bey may be permitted to remain on that equality with :heir sisters of the confederacy, which was established )y the constitution while the non-slave holding Slates isk for the enactment of such laws as will give ;h< m a monopoly of the territory belonging to the Union, and which will have .he effect of excluding the people of the Southern State*. Mr. President, I will not a?k from the North anything I will not yield from the South; nor will I yield anything from the South which would not be yielded by the North. I wish, air, to argue thla question dispassionately, and not upon pari y grounds I shall direct my observation to ascertain tho rights and malutaln the rights of all parties, is tho only way to put an end to this dangirou- question The constitution is to decide, and. on constitutional grounds aloae. I will look at it. With these preliminary remarks. Mr President, 1 come to the qursion: have the non-slaveholding States the power to put down slavery in the slaveholding States? V'ou find no such power in the constitution itself.? There you find all States are common in rights ; there is no disparity; so all writers declare, and so all usages prove. Can the fact that there is a slaveholdIng population among us affect this question or our rights? The slaie p pulation was as nearly equal then as It is now, and that it is the only dei-criptton of property recognised by the constitution, strengthens the assumption that the constitution never intended that inequality should exist; and. hero. too. we find that the fratnrrs of the constitution never intended there should be a discrimination bctwoen these portions of the Union and any other portions. Mr. Presld nt. if the power th< n exists, if it is not to be found In tho charter of our government; If it exists at all. It liiual theu be found ill the constitutional compacts; ami if it exists not there, ths power exists not at all, unit") you can show a positive, acknowledged power in the constitution upon this broad basis. I ask now. sir. where is ths power to be found belonging to Congress of admitting Into territories of thel'nion one portion of the people und their property, and one excluding another? it cannot be found it does not exist. I contend that the constitutional clause giving ], wcr to Congress to dispose of, and make ail needlul regulation* respecting the territories of the United States, does not refer to the government of such territories, but sir.'.ply to the disposition or care of sa d territories As to the public lands of the Union, not a word Is said about population. The power to Congress in exclusive legislation over this district, and over plaoes occupied in the States for Dock Yards, &.c . strengthens this construction of the slave, respecting the territories; and though Congress has exclusive legislation over this district the sovereignty remains in Maryland entire, and wiiliout the assent of Maryland, els very cannot be constitutionally abolished In this district. Having thus shown that Congress lias no constitutional powor over the question of slavery In the territory, the wholn chain of authorities cited yesterday by the Sonator from New York (Mr. Dlx). from the basis upon which they are erected, fall to the ground Mr. C. then gave a history of the ordinance of 1787: Virginia ceded the north-west territory in 1784. and Mr C cited the attempts of every succeeding year to Introduce as a fundamental law of this territory this principle of the proviso They were all defended till 1787. when a compromise was agreed to tire South asranting to the exclusion of slavery, and the North tgreeiug to restore all fugitive slaves arrested within '.heir borders It was a compromise ; there was no commitment by the South on the abstract juration of the power of Congress over this sompromlse; it was a compromise agreed upon before ;he adoption of the constitution, and under the last lays of the old confederation, at a time when it was tardly mentis. It could not he quoted as a >owcr of the constitution; the South faithfully ad hi rod , > their part of this ordinance They have acquie. red n the admission of all the non slaveholding States, erred nuv in mo irormwerv territory una) r mid irrniH if the ordinanea I Ktn rorry to nay that thi* North iare not ftith'uily kent their part of this compromise natcad of reetorlti|t our clarea all lln -e Northwestern Intel bXcept Illinois an 1 Wisconsin, have parsed uwi gHalnst the restoration of fugitive ularc* Tne 4orthwi-it hare done more?they hare ^ivcti counicigoco to organ!/' d oouijiaulrc and punjtled thc.u to lifer our i lure* audio run tbeun off toCauedn (fee *nh*tw *> M?J M Cf tudhntaf * Mr. CitMauw?! fithw my fuetifrotii th? r#port of my colleague on this subject, nearly all the States, North and North-west, liave passed lawn against the restoration of fugitive slaves. Mr. llariMr.oAiv?Indiana baa passed no auoh law. Mr. Botlkb etplained that Indiana and Michigan were exceptions. Mr. IIanbeoas?Indiana, assuredly is. Mr. Calhov*?1 am glad to bear it I should be happy to hear that there were no organised aompanies tor running off slaves In Ohio, and other States. Mr. Cokwi.v ? Does the Senator say there uro incorporated companies of this sort in Ohio? Mr. Calhoun?Oh, no; 1 said organized companies Mr. Bi'tlsb?And if the Sejaator from Ohio wants evldenre of this fart. I nrorure it U'a have the proof*, , Mr. Cai hoc* rMumed?The South had acquiesced to the fedebaT ordinance. They acquiesced to the | Missouri compromise. They have not acquiesced to the other nide. Mr. C. thou defended Miv Jefferson in his position on this question lie had the same apprehensions of this abolition which we now entertain, in a letter to Mr. Adams in 1819. he says - he feels no uneasiness in rospect to the bank or bankrupt laws, or manufactories. or treaties : all these are billows that will pass under the ship; but the .Missouri ques'ion is gr ater on that bar; the vessel of State may bo stranded and foundered.'1 This was in 1819. In 1820 the compromise came up. Here Mr. C. had a letter read from Jefferson to John Holmes, dated April 27. 1820. in which this Missouri question is compared to " a lire bell in the night, filling the mind with terror, sounding like a knetl of the Union, aud as the question which rannot be obliterat ed. We have the wolf by the ears and can neither hold him or let him go.1' be. Such were the prophetic fears of Mr. Jifferson. Mr. President, mark those prophetic words, mark the profound reasoning upon which it is founded, mark the prophetic and melancholy impression which it made upon his mind. Sir, there is evi dence of great foresight, deep patriotism, and profound melancholy; and yet the date of Jefferson is used to organise sectional differences on this very question. He is not without blame ; be made a great error in moving that sh rt proposition to the first ordinance on the government. In consequence, however, in my opinion of tb? state of the times, and which I may explain in the course of my remarks, having shown there is no power in the government, and tho Missouri compromise and all other compromises fall to the ground. I com* to the question?has Congress any power to legislate ? Sir. it would be foolish and ideal to deny its power, while we are legislating here for the establishment ol a territory when a session uses up and moves to lay tho bill on the table. Yes. sir, Congress has p wer, and the only question is. first, for whom is it done, and secondly, what is its honor? Judge Marshall states that the power applies to that of acquiring territory;..find 1 am more thoroughly confirmed in this view, because, long before I was aware of Judge Marshall's opinion. I entertained theaame opinion. If you acquire territory, you do so for some purpose; you acquire, to occupy, to possess, to use, and control; to govern?and if not. this power would be the most ab-urd and ridiculous thlug in the world. I agree with the Senator from New York to-day, that wo have the right to acquire territory. It belongs to tho warmaking power; but, sir, if there be any gentleman who differs from me, I have not a word to say. I regard the agency as of no importance; let it be what it may, :t does not exist as an absolute power I recognise it as the sole power; but that is a very different thing from despotio power. All despotic powers are absolute; but it does not follow that all powers are absolute. Sir, we are forbidden by the constitution to grant patents of nobility. Can wo do that in territories ! We are permitted, except in case of war. to suspend the habeas I corpus act Can wo do so in territories ? All these are limitations, and being so show, that the power of Congress is not aosolute. but this is not all. We are the trustees of the people, we arc the mere representatives to administer the territories for the benefit of all. We are merely invested with a trust power. WTe have no absolute power over the question. I appeal to all able lawyers on this floor, if trust power is not limited to keeping for the trustees to whom the property belongs. Now, sir, I ask to whom the property belongs T To th? people of the United States ? Have you a right, as security trust, to make a discrimination between one class of citizens and another? llavv you a right to exclude ono portion of citizens because tbey have slave property, by excluding their prope. ty ? No, sir; you have not. There are two other propositions which have been presented, if not here, elsewhere. It hus been said that territories have the right to ostabllsh tbelr own laws in this respect. Well, sir. we must be either bound by a constitution or by some other power. If the former, there all the arguments fall to the ground. If the latter, there, sir. the territories instead of being the territories of the United States, become the territories of the people occupying them, the very first naif dozen or mure of squat! ters. who divest vou of vour territories. Youcouauer a territory of Mexico; and the inhabitants of it. the Mexicans. become the owners of it. and not you. according to this most absurd idea. The Protestant religion cannot outer Mexico until we hire a law to allow it; for tho Mexican laws prohibit It. Would our people respect such a law? No, sir; it is alvurd. Well, sir. will you say that our cattle and cititens eannot go to California. until you have a law passed to repeal their law. for their law prohibits it. and a law against slavery is just as absurd as these? Mr. President, I have now stated ail the points I intend to put; and 1 have stated enough, 1 think; I may say I have made out my case, that no power exists which can prohibit any portion of the t sens from equal rights, hut if sophistry could make this appear to bo constitutional, it is not suihcient; 1 yon possess power to exercise it; you must show, us your case justly and rightly to do so The constitution miy give you power, but the next question is. can you rightfully and justly do so ? Sir. I put the question solemnly to the non-slavcholdlng States, fori wish to do so In all solemnity?can they justly and righifulfully do so ? We are partners rightfully, we have given our share of the common fund for the common good, and can you justly and rightfully exclude us ? If you exclude us. you must approve of the principle that in a partnership of common rights the stronger party can rightfully exclude the weaker from an equal share ? But I como now to the question?how was the territory acquired? 1 think that we acquired it in coneo quenco of the purchase of Louisiana. From our purchases from Spain next; by the discoveries of Lewis and Clark; and next in the Jefferson negotio. Cons. Louisiana cost us fifteen million; Florida Ave million - coming out of a common fund. The explorations. under Lewis and Clark, were paid for out of a common fund?so that under every aspect, wo arc full contributors to all. Now. sir. would It be proper, under all these aspects, to deprive us of equal rights' Would you do it In private life? And why, if you would not to thirty men. should you rt<> it to thirty States? Well. I come to California and New Mexico. Have the slave holding States had an equal share in tho war? In both ways fortnne was so that a larger portion of military renown w uld fall to the share of the South than the North Well, shall territory thua acquired be exclusively the prsprr. ty of a party? Sir, these are r|Ueation to the liearla, not the heads. If a mnn decide* them wrong. It ia a proof of malformation ; of deep aeatod prejudice. Now. air. 1 ask my fellow citlr.ons from nonalaro holding Statea, what are you prepared to do ? Are you prepared to put at defiance all right* and juatlce ? If ao. vote agaiuat the amendment of my friend from Mississippi, Mr. J T)avi*. If that wont do, rote In favor of the twelfth aeetlon, and wo ahall know what la Intended. If not, put ua on your ground, where we ean atand up nnd *ay we are e<inal We are here on common farm*. Now. air. I turn to my friend* on alave holding What ere you to do. If neither the Constitution or juatlce will protect you * Are you prepared to fink down and acknnwlcdge( the justice of there acta' Slra. If that he the caae. you have woefully degenerated from your airee If yon will not. and the other aldo deelinea to do Juatlce, what a apectaele will he exhibited ' If I have wlahed to puah thi-ao questions now on the eve of the Presidential ideation it la because I aaw it waa the only lime when a reflection ot the great event* could he attracted Wall. Mr President, thl* bring* u? to the great question. How t* this to be settled ? the question cun never bo effectually settled, hut by leaving It to the constitution not the north 'ay If left I o it-elf the constitution will he excluded : for that ia In my opinion, a great error; for I give it as my opinion that sieve terr<tory would, on an avenue, not exceed a I et one time , nriy be a little north; sometime south; but that uikites DO difference; for danger I y* in a I straight Jiii<* L?avu it to circumstance*, and 1 ? i KliplBW^WHI i"""^H i ilx r?n iiTTft r 11 -m ??A ?>y Mdivfa fc?n th? fc>r(h, tlxft CtoM Mf?r wu a $m(?r Militate than t<^iupp<M? thai alava later excluded all otfirt For all classes of labored, except two. tllerc la no place where I ikor la ao elevated aa In the South. A southern man will nut becume either a body or a house servant. Sir. there ia not a laboring white man about me, who wlU not insist upon aitting at my table, and I am proud it ia so. Does such a state exist in the North ? lam proud it does exist In the South; and I hope never to see the day when any Southern man will permit a white man to brush his hat or clean his boots. The sooner this question ia settled ; the better fcr all. The sooner It reaches a certain j po nt. the betta ; and I solemnly b ll?ve that we arJj 1 now near that point Mr. Pr-sldont, If this I Union is to shaft the fate of ao many governments that have gone before ua; If it la doomed to fal', the historian who records the ovent, will devote his first chapter to the ordinance of 1787. That will be set down aa the origin of the deed of separation. His next chapter will be devoted to the Missouri compromise, and the next to the proviso of the present time. Whether there will be a chapter beyond mi!*, we ciiuiiui. iuti. ii iu? uisvurmu uu ui u puiiu.iuphio turn of mind. locking into remote and recondite cause*, be will use the disaster to a proposition which is now understood as a most dangerous and fatal error, but wbicb was originally a truism. This futal error is the universal idea that all men are bornfreo and equal. Now. sir. I purpose to examine this, and I am not afraid to meet the strong prejudices in its favor. Tbera is net a word of truth in the proposition, as commonly understood, all men are born. No. sir. men are not born; Infants are born, and they grow to be .men, (Laughter.) They are born free and equal; not so?they are born subject to their parents and guardians; and so they continue till tbey grow up to the free gentleman. May I a?k, if this is not the language of the declaration of independence? No such thing; that declaration, in more simple terms, says ail men are created equal; but this is equally erroneous. According to the scriptures, only two of the human race were created?one man and nne woman. (Oeneral laughter all ronnd, the idea universally suggesting itself that the rest were propagated) Mr C., unmoved, went on. We may traee this error of equality to Locke and Sydney. They claim that all men In a state of nature are equal. This is a trneism: but it is of no great value. It is only hypothrtieally true; what Is It? There are states and conditions of man. In the first, man loves as an individual, and partly independent of his fellow man. This is called a state of nature. In that state, he is free, and every man Is a sovereign; but it is a misnomer to say they are all equal. The next is the social state. 1 he philosopher In this, will trace out all the rights belonging to both conditions; but equality is still further removed than in the first. The political, blending the two, is the only state adapted to the wants, the progress, and the de. velopmmt of the powers of man. His social state cannot exist without sovereignty; hence the necessity of government. In his state of nature, man cannot exist At illl? V*?t it iti Htrnmru that, thn atata in arViiMi man never did exist and never can exist, should be called the natural state; while the only state in which he can exist, should be called the artificial. This is the great misnomer. This only natural state is that in which he best exists with this false doctrino?that all men arc born equal. Then comes up the idea in the mind that these natural rights are the highest rights; that the rights of individual are higher than those of society, and then society rests upon a faiso basis until those imaginary individual rights arc restored. This is all false. Political rights are the highest of all rights of the Individual?but supplemental to the rights of the community. No man is entitled to any natural rights at the expense of the community. We may make some important deduotion fr jm this. The rights of the individual aro ceded to, or taken by the government, according to necessity ; but government has no right to substract more from the individual than is necessary for the general organisation ; hence the great distinction in governments, of which the people are ignorant; and in a wild state, it is necessary that government should have an immense power to prevent the evils of anarchy. As we ascend in the seale of intelligence, we come, at length, to that point where every man possesses the knowledge, and the readiness to act under mutual concessions; and as we approach it, we find that government relaxes more and more in the liberties of the lndlvMfeal. and less and less exercises the supreme power of its original condition. Instead, therefore, of all men being created equal, or all men being equally free, there is of aecessity the greatest disparity. What then becomes of the error that all men are created equal, or that they are born free and ; equal 7 It vanishes. Yet to this error we may trace | every struggle against government for individual I rights, however just, or however fallacious. This error ' is the very organ of abolitionism and its dangerous offspring. It is this error which threatens to | give to the revolutions, which it has excited in i Kurope, a tendency to anarchy aQd all its confusion. This error of equality is all powerful to pull down, but impotent to build up. It can destroy i fast enough, but it cannot reproduce. It is an error under which, unless detected and discarded, all Europe i and all Christendom may fall,into hopeless anarchy, as tlin ft rot fiifill I 1a Kn 1 ?i ?* ?i./l In *?{!!? ? ?? -1 ? ...v. ....... .. -- .S..U.UC.SU in m'tunijf urppuiiem. MtMr. C. 8ftt down, and the spectator*, with a number of approbation*, retired. ro?t office irreopniATion nn.t.. Mr. Atiierton. chairman of the coininitlee on finance, moved that the Senate take up tlie Post-office appropriation bill, which was agreed to, when sundry amendments were proposed and adopted. After which, on motion, the Senate adjourned over till to-moirow. (Wednesday ) House of Rs-preacntatlvea. The House assembled at 11 A. VI , when the Speaker resumed his seat and called to order. The journal was then read and approved. aRmino the militia. Mr. Newf-LL, of New Jersey, offered a resolution instructing the ' ommittee on Military Affairs to enquire into the expediency of reporting a bill for arming tho militia of the United States in a suitable manner; which was adopted onnanization of Indian tfrritorifs Mr. McIlvainf. of Pennsylvania, reported a bill from the Committee on ludian kffairs. in favor of organizing Indian Territories west of the .Mii-*issippl river; which was read twice and referred to the Committee of the Whole. oust of rrni.ic lands in aid or a railroad. Mr. Emeree. of Indiana, introduced a bill In favor I of granting lands In Indiana for the construction and I completion of the Wabash and New Albany (Fndiaual Railroad, which was read twice and referred to the Committee of the Wholo. at'thohizinu the state of texaa to extend iieb hol'NDARr. The bill previously reported authorizing the State of Texas to extend her boundary to the H'Jd degree of i North latitude, was taken W>up. read u third liuie and passed >.1-1. run i ii l u r.ui r. r ur ? ii.ehi 1 n ?luiiipa The Senate bill for the relief of bouu fide settlers on 1 the public land in Florida. wua taken up, read the third tune and passed. The .vhk.ken announced the first thing in order on lilx table to be the motion, last (lending, to print 10 000 copies of Mr. Stroluu and Brdsmrr'l reportl?. respecting alleged errors in the report of the Secretary of the Treasury which was agreed to. Mr. Rockwell, of Connecticut, obtained tbo floor, and s okn in strong terms of opposition to the minority report Afier he had concluded, the furthor consideration of the subject was laid aside Mr. Vixtox, of Ohio. Chairman of tho Committee of Ways and Mentis, moved that the House resolve |itself into n Committee of the Whole on the State of tho Union, which wns agreed to. Mr. Itoot. of Ohio, in ' the Chair, when the general appropriation bill was I taken up. Mr. Thompson, of Pennsylvania, then went on to conclude the politicnl speech which he commenced I yesterday, bearing chiefly on the Presidential ((llestlon. 1 Mr ltnriwiLi. of Massachusetts. followed in a territorial speech, endorsing pretty uiuch the barnburners' 1 vie* of the case. Mr. THonrsott. of Mississippi, followed on the oppo] site side. When he had concluded, he was followed hy Mr. ! Brady. In a set whig speech, at consldcruhlo length. iWben he had concluded, the Commltteo rose, reportad progress, and on motion the House adjourned till I to morrow. Wednesday Market*. Boston. June 27.?Flour?Tho market was but moderately active, and the only sales reported were 800 bbls at $8 82.S a fid Corn?Sales of 7000 bushels at 4Or for mixed, and yellow at 66c. Rye?B00 bushels sold at 7Be. Oats?Sales of 3BOO bushels Northern at 48c. Provisions were Inactive. No alteration In freights. Di rrsuo, 27.?Receipts within the twenty-four hours. Flour. 3000 barrels j wheat, 11,000 buDhela; corn, 0,200 bushels. Sales of 2 000 barrels Hour at $4 76 Whfat?No e aI * of moment trAnspired. For fair <|iu?liiy f> 1 1)1 wa< **kcd, and $1 offered, (lorn 10,000 bushel* changed I>?it' 1 -* At ;i7o. Freight* wore easier and lower prior* Accepted. Ai.raoy, June 27 Receipt* within the p*?t twentyflourbonr*. Flour. II,COO tmrrnl*; *heat 1 ?00 bushel*; hurley. 240 bushel*; OAt?, 3.100 bushel*. There wi * nothing <>f imooitince doing in flour or grim. For good -4 teneseu whcHt $1 30 wan asked. but no offer* were mad* Nothing new in provision*. Whiskey dull. j \ Us. * >..!.< i. . .! .1.1 ! ! I , ^...iwUli ll?4 New fitt* *.-fC?K>a to tatotor Mai* si 4010 toktaa, (gaging at iff*, tor middling Fslr sugar U quoted 3M< Flour to qulst. and freights and elchanges without alteration. Juuo 23.?The sales today, reach 3000 bales at bSi a bSi for middling, and 3.V a 0 for good middling Sugar is in limited demand. Sales of molasses at 10 a 20. Flour is without a change. Freights are light?a ship was taken by government for the Brazos. The rates of exchange have advanced. Our markets generally are quiet. Weather pleasant. Shipping Intelligence. Naw Oulkanz June 22?Arr, ship ludia. New York; bark Got. Taylor, Boston; 23J. ship Caspian, New York; bark burette, Fijh. Boston. CM, 23<1, ship Plato, and brig Amulet, Boston. The Sarah Sands. ? This favorite vessel arrived at the city yesterday, after a very fair passage from Liverpool. She was detained five day* by fogs, and was on the bar on Monday night. Tmc Northerner, owing to the very thick weather, was unable to reach port until yesterday about one o'clock. Spurting Intelligence. Ckntrcvillk Couasa, L. I.?Trotting.?This announcement yesterday of a trotting match for $400, induced quite a number of the admirers of trotting to wend their way to the traok?some of them men, who log. to completely do they seem wrapped up la their favorite amusement; and well were they repaid for their trouble. Apart from the trot, they had a most delightful afternoon for their ride through the couutry. which at the present time Is in the height of its beauty; aud we cannot refrain from toucblcg upon its loveliness ere we proceed to the race, lluw refreshing and invigorating is the pure air of Long Island, and how pleasaut Is the balmy sea breese that wafts over its rock-bound shores! It stimulates, aud gives power and vigor to our physical aud mental faculties. enabling us more fully to enjoy the surrounding beauties of nature as they present themselves to our admiring gaze; and what a contrast to the dirt and dust, noise and bustle, smoke and beat of the crowded thoroughfares of our goodly city! Few sections of our country present more varied and beautiful scenery than does Long Island, more especially at this season of the year, when nature puts on her gayest attire and rejoices in the golden hue of the ripening grain, in her variegated fruits, and the delightful odor or her flowers! The afternoon was beautiful, the sky clear, the atuio phere cool, bracing, and life preserving; and all nature seemed to vie in contributing to the au-pickiusne.-s of the occasion. The roads were capital: not a particle of dust was to be seen; and the appearauce of the growing crops, the beauty of the gurdens. bedecked with flowers, and the numerous warblers spotting in every thicket, rejoicing with their mates in the beauty of a summer day, had an effect upon the inn/i nation that can be much better realized than described Every where the eye turned, peace, plenty and happiness ubounded the sure reward of the frugal husbandman. The heart cannot but involuntarily offer up a prayer for a continuance of these blessiugs to our beloved country But to the race which was between Mr. Hoaglaud's g g Ol I Whitey and Mr. Whelpley's s. in. Lady Bevlns. th? latter being the favorite A more closely contested affair throughout, by the bv, has seldom been witnessed. The race was two mile heats?Old Whitey to a '2501b. wagon and the other to a light sulky. Lady Bevins won the track. First Heat?The start was very even, and they dashed off as fast as iheir legs would carry them, but ere the turn was made Old Whitey had the lead. He passed the quarter pole in 49 seconds, two lengths aliekd of the mare, and continued to hold it down the back stretch, round the lower turn, and up the home stretch, passing the stand in 3:07. Round the turu the mare went up to him. and they kept side and side for half a mile, the mure going Tery unsteadily, al- 1 though losing nothing by tier skipping and jumping. The old grey vcterau, however, proved, that though 1 both hard usage and old Time had taken great liberties with bis propelling machinery, he was a diamond of the first water, and he led to the score two lengths in front in 0:12.' Second Heat.?The off hind shoe of Old Whitey, between the heats, having undergone an operation from a celebrated farrier and trainer, came to the score as as game as a pheasant, and as " gentle as corset." and as the word was given, he again took the lead, and never was heuded throughout the heat, although tho mare stuck to him so closely, that he was never clear of her. Time. 6 15. The following is the summary :? Mr. Hoagland's g. g. Old Whitey 1 ] Mr. Whelpley's s. m Lady Bevins 2 2 Time 9:12?6:15. City Intelligence. The Weather.?Yesterday was another of the delightful days of summer, the sky clear, and a gentle breeze from the west nearly the whole da v. The morning was cloudy and indicated raiu, but the clouds toon dispersed, and the sun shone out most beautifully. There were thin white clouds floating during the evening. which is generally the forerunner of rain, and it is not Improbable that a storm is ncur at hand. Im?h Rkpi blican Union.?An immeuso meeting of this body was held last night at the large room of the Sbakspeare hotel. Dr. Ryan was railed to lire chair. Immediately on the chairman being appointed, there was a cry from all parts of tlie meeting fir VitcheU's brother. Mr. O'Connor then came forward, aud said that Mr. Mitchel was not in the room, as be was at present in consultation with some friends of Ireland, , but their present business was to collect funds to send the necessary aid to Ireland. Some confusion occur- I red ou account of ob-ervations insde by home pe. hod in the meeting, which it took a short time to allay There were cries of put him out, aud let him to the stand, I but he was finally put out of the room Mr. Moonrv I proposed an address to the Irli-h in ( unadn. calling on them to aid Ireland. He made a speech, and was well received Mr. L)e*klin. of Montrval. said that there was no necessity to call on the Irish in Canada?that they were all ready; and entered into a history of Canadian politics. In which he said that If the government there attempted to seize on the New York delegate about to proceed there, that it would be the cause of au outbreak. Heiuculcated union, and was loudly cheered Mr. O'Connor said the transportation of Mitchel had cemented all the patriotic parties in Ireland, and his brother's arrival had put an end to all Irish differences ~ in America ; and >t would not supriso liiui at the nest meeting to see Robert Kin met t ake a stand on this platform This announcement wan received with thou.oM enthusiastic cheers. 'J he collection of money was then proceeded with, and other speakers, a< intervals, addressed the meeting. Their remarks, other proceedings have crowded out. A large sum was collected It j was understood at the meeting, that >lr Mitchel will not make any public appearauce for some days. Seniors Accident.?A man named Thomas Quin lau was very seriouily injured on vionday evening, by being thrown from his cart, and the wheels passing over him, in the 2d Avenue. His horse becam- unmanageable. and ran off. which was the cause of tbo accident. He was taken to the City Hospital. Another?A little boy, about five years old. son ol Mr. John SullitAn, residing in Deekiiian street, win, d knocked down, on Monday evening, by the wheel of a milk wngon. which passed over his head, producing concussion of the brain. No hope is entertained of his recovery. Riot amono the Black Masons.?A most disgraceful riot occurred on Monday afternoon, in Fifth avenue, near Washington Parade ground, among the black Masons, who were passing in procession, and some of the colored citizens. A difficulty arose, when some called out for the parties to " form a ring.''and a general light was about to ensue Judge Montfurt. being near at hand, rushed into the thickest of the crowd for tlie purpose of restoring order, when he reco ved a severe blow in the face, which, however, had only the effect to mako him more determined; and, being a iuo-t powerful man. knocked them in every direction until begot hold of a fellow named Lane, who seemed to he chief of the rioters. The mob passed through the Parade ground, though 110 further violence was offered. The whole affair was most disgraceful. Oak Hii.l Ckmkterv ?This hcaiitifui place, chosen for tlic reposo of the iload. was dedicated yesterday It is situated Immediately on the North River nrar the village of Nyack. In Rockland county. The scenery is beautiful, and the place admirably adapted to the fiurpose for which It has been chosen. The cards of nvitation said " Passage Free," Tiif. Masosic Festival.?The colored Masons of the city, yesterday held a grand festival at the German House In Elizabeth, near Grand street It was rather I poorly attended, in consequence of the price, which I the colored citizens did not care to pay. It was kept up all day. and during the evening. Military Excursion.?The lluzzars of this city, yr> terday. made an excursion to Hrooklyn. where they were leceived with a salute. After a general parade U with the Hrooklyn soldiery, lliey returned to the r11 v , 11 when another salute of twelve guns whs fired from tlic V Bryoklyn side. The Bebee &. Costar Guards also paraded. They were dressed in black clothes and white hats, and presented a very fine appearance. Improviro Church St nr. ft.?The movements which have been made to relieve Broadway, hy opening Church street through to the Battery, and widening it its entire length, have had a tendency to injure property In that street. The proceedings have progre-sed so far ns to place real estate in n state of em hurras ment. both as regards sales and improvement*, Something should lie done hy the city authorities at once, to relieve property holders in that section of the city from flic difficulties under which tlicy now labor. The project of widening Chureh street from Canal street down to Its present termination, is not at present feasible. and should he abandoned?ten or fifteen years henee will he time enough to enrry out that improve- ' ment The demand at present. Is for the relief of Broadway, below (be Park, and tlio only way to do so is, to open < liureh street from Vcsey sir, 11. to the battery, so that omnibuses coming down Brondw.iv nod * the Bowery, can puss down Vr-ry street t 1 ( liuieli, | down ( bureh to the Battery round up Broadway, or , tore t-frtc. down Brondwnv and no Chioeb v. I ntreetn. Thin would relieve Lnw iw.y, bcl * tho Park, of one-half of the omnl'nn tr.ivel. and cat rt tl.nt * 1 nil in one direction nn?l would tin nil Hint would bo rc. i|iiiro?l for yearn Thin Imprnvcmr- l would bo of vn*t impoitancc. and would eo?t but n i ll ? ?.. ared with I the widening of Church ntrcet to I mil stunt, besid n I opening it ii"4 proponed above. In the oour" of n jenr or two. Broadway, below the Park, will b' nont im| pannible. anil It in time to device -nde.nry out inn plan for Itn relief. | Fiaa.- A fire broke out about half pa?t ten o'eloik i| on Mondiit II.gilt in tin. Inrj-. f. niie l ...i, ; .11 at the foot ot 8dth ntrn t . I.ust Rlvr > coin. <1 h) Mr. II III' I. till The police were |irnln|ii I v . n ?I mid jgl secured all Um furniture. worth ulmut <pf> 00J Th? Mil building wan entirely declroynd. Ill

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