Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 29, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 29, 1848 Page 2
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Y ~~ Itl* a* iwitonim AwwwMi! augerl** It t*? N-miw of H*prweetiutlvas. ha* bwr ooo?art#d into a minority, when the demooratio party of the I'nlon tun b*-?n dtiorftoit^d and disbanded?when a candidate baa been put in nomination in its natnu who stand-at a far more immeasurable disteooo from the presidential obair than he desoribe.l Gen Jackson as standing ? when an entire revolution has taken place in parties, and he himself may bo deemed standing on his bead?you will s'>on hear hint cry. witi all bis ancient sprightliness. " Skies bright. heads up ' Once more unto" the breach dear friends' Onoe more!" I Immoderate laughter 1 Mr Ritchie charges me with demagogue ism, which. 1 take it. is au insiucere political profession for personal ends. If I had opposed the proclamation and force bill, and yet pretended to sustain Gen. Jackson?if, when in debt to the State banks. I had opposed tho independent treasury policy; ai d when an administration was elected upon it, come to Washington as its organ, and displaced an original friend of the measure?if I had deprecated the election of Andrew Jackson a- a curse upon the country, and then turned in and supported him?if. in doing this, I had paid iny debts to the banks, and put mouey in my pocket. I might then be termed a demagogue, although then he could not apply to me. thus laden with the fruits of political inconsistency, his favorite phrase of an empty" demagogue. 1 hare done none of these I things. 1 profess no faith now that 1 hare not always < entertained. I seek no personal advantage. And on the other hand, all these things, if 1 am correctly informed, are justly chargeable to Thomas Ritchie. But Mr. Ritchie says further. " he is too impassioned to cousult 'the sober second thought' which was j nnwnonllw JstMiiUat^.l Ku hist iliati nfflliahflfl I father." In thin Mr Ritchie ha" rendered hi* verdict before lie ha* heard ail the evidence. Ifthegentloinan to whom Mr Ritchie allude*, shall see tit to favor the public with hi* views in regard to the conduct of the Baltimore meeting and the propriety of supporting Lewi* Cm*. 1 (ball of oourse submit to the institution of a comparison between his " sober secand thought. " and my "impassioned Impulses," and shall be prepared to suffer all the oonsequenoes of such a comparison. In the meantime, as 1 have studouely refrained heretofore from connecting in any way the gentleman referred to with controversies into which I hare been forced, it would be considered good manners in New York for Mr. Ritchie to pursue the same course. Shall we then support Mr. I ass ? Shall he be nominated at Utica? I think he ought not to be. Kirst, because the disorganisation of the republican party of New York, and the nullification of its voice, wits effected by his friend* and for his benefit. Second, because If the testimony of Mr. Rathbun is to be rolied on. he has abandoned the cause of freedom and conformed himsalf to the Southern test on the subject of slavery. The democrats of New York deelarwd in convention, at Utica. that they would support no man who did tkls. and that such a candidate would inevitably encounter defeat and disgrace They perform what they promise. Third, because he cannot possibly carry the State. You may put under him a Governor. Lieut. Go- I vernor. Congressmen and Y-semblymen. aud while they i would be powerless to float him. he would " sink them 1 to political perdition." Forty democratic newspaper* | in New York have already denounced him. and this j State gave 3,1.000 whig majority last fall. It is natural enough therefore, that but two men should ever have been heard to say that Lewis Cass could carry New 1 York Oue of these (Judge Tremaine) is an accom- ! pitched young lawyer In Green County, who by some j singular mischance has strayed Into the conservative 1 ranks. He is a county judge, und his judicial duties ' have so far withdrawn him from intercourse with the people a? to leave him entirely ignorant of their pre- I ' sent views and wishes The other is Mr Daniel K. Sickles, of New York, who illustrates the beauties of the congressional district system of representation. , The theory of that representation is to bring the ropro- ' ; tentative home to the people. and under It vlr. Sickles, , I of Nsw York, was elected in Baltimore to represent Queens and Suffolk in the National Convention. ' i The sturdy and respected democracy of Queens and Suffolk thus enjoy the first fruits of the new system In i 1 having Mr. Sickles brought home to them To do this | i it became necessary to nullify the vote of Mr. Piatt WlUette. an aged and highly valued citlcen of Queeu* ' Couuty. born and brought up. 1 believe, and univer- ] sally beloved in that couuty. who. with the intention of discharging his duties as a delegate, started ten i uays oeiore itie meeting, and travelled the entire dis- ' I tanoe to Baltimore in hia own conveyance, arriving there only to be informed that the body iu which lie i was to act had determined that Mr. Sickles should nullify his vote, on which unuouncement he of course , retired from the meeting Mr. Sickles pledged the vote of New York to the Baltimore nominee, and it i will require great activity on his psrt to make his j representation of the feeliug of the State even as faithful as his representation of Queen's and Suffolk. 1 do not think that Lewis Cass should be nominated by New York. I do not think he will be ; and if not. I do not think he will be supported by the people of the State ; nor in my judgment, will ] General Taylor be. The Utica Convention spoke in j high ternn of General Taylor as a soldier and as it man. To the declaration thus made I adhere, and if it I becomes necessary, in order to defeat General Taylor, { to assail him with scurrility. I shall leave that portion i of the duties to the conservative seceders.who are more : familiar with It, and have more occasion for its exer- j else. It is with his capacity to discharge the duties of | the office of President of the United States, and with the propriety of his elevation to that office, that we have to do. General Taylor has never held a civil office . to select such a man for the Presidency is an untried experiment. General Harrison had been Governor of the North-Western Territory,delegate in Congress, United States Senator, and a foreign minister. General Jackson had been a United States Senator, a public prosecutor, a judge. General Washington, although no man in this country can fairly be compared with him. had beeu president of the convention to form the United States constitution, and had familiarised himseif with the necessities and interests of the American people during the war of the revolution. But General Taylor i< proposed to be called to the head of this nation when it numbers 20.000.000 of people?is in the midst of a career of progress and prosperity unequalled in political history, and when it is the admiration a d example of the civilized wor d. This is a fearful experimeut General Tayler. with the modesty and truth which I believe belongs to his character, says, in one of bis letters, that he trembles when he j contemplates 11; an J if lie, a veteran soldier, who no- t tit trembled in an enemy'* country, in the face < of any odd*, aud amid carnago and death, 1 trembles now in view of his own incapacity to enter i upon these delicate and responsible duties. How thuu 1 could I, a man of peace, who never saw a gun fired t upon anything more dangerous than a bird, fail to be 1 overwhelmed with apprehension. In contemplating the t same result He is entirely unacquainted witli the 1 political principles and measures which have agitated < this country for sixty years, and out of which political i ' parties, as fately organized, grew. What will he do I ' when he enters upon the discharge of his duties no j ' ouo of you knows; no voter kuows?General Taylor 1 ( d- es not know It may be urged that he will choose a : I cabinet of accomplished and upright men; but by the i theory of our government, the administration is to be I selected by the people, and is responsible to thorn. The I idea of an irresponsible head and a responsible cabinet, 1 is monarchical and kingly. But in regard to the great , i subject which disturbs the public miud of New York. I General Taylor's position is most unfortunate; he 1 is a Southern man and a slave-holder, who. recruiting < a regiment of supporters marched from the South, up- < on the Convention at Philadelphia and beseiged them 1 long enough to learn whether he should storm the con- I vsution. or whether they would surrender at discre- I tion i hey having to deal with a man who never sur- i rendered, felt called upon to Isy down their arms and I surrender to him To do this they ha to sacrifice an < aged md distinguished statesman whom I always have ' and probably always shall oppose ; but whose c parity. ' fidelity to whig principles, and agreeable personal and social qualitie- are univer-ally conceded?who wa b"- 1 yond ad question, the chore of a majority of his t political party itfii who had arrived at that pe- < rind of life wh#h precluded the prubibi.ity of | his being, on any future occasion, a candidate 1 for the highest offl -e in the gift of a free people? i the natural summit of potitiral ambition, ntid the ! 1 appropriate end of a well-'pent political life. The tion- j l availability of Mr ( lay arose from two causes Kirst. i the determination of General Taylor to run, whether [ 1 Mr Clay was nominated or unt. which ensured two | ' whig electoral tickets in each State. Aud second. Mr. i i Clay's declaration in his Lexington speech, that he wn> 1 opposed to the acquisition of any more territory for | the purpose of planting slavery upon It. ..Loud and protracted huizas ) This declaration was fatal to him. as would have been a declaration in favor of the tVil mot proviso Slavery must and will have territory to expand over The first difficulty should have be-n overcome by whigorganisaiion. forcing Gen Taylor to conform to the will of the convention; the second should have been made to yield to whig principles; for so firmly was the whig pariy of this State committed < to the principle of preserving freedom, that I have b on i charged with being a whig for snpporting this principle The Philadelphia Convention, however, surrendered 1 both their organization and their principles, and sacri- 1 : fired their meet cherished U ader to the exactions of ihe slaveholding interest The democratic party of New 1 < VorK had no leader to present?had no great preference ' among the candidates, and in this rcpect have not the < same right to complain that the whig* of New York have T by no means uodertvl.e tosdvi e whig* what | t m> no i n?vr neunerme right dor the disposition to 1 give any such advice The party with which I act ha* for the last fifteen or twenty y-a'rs or more been term- | 1 ?d a party of dough-face*. ?nd If the whig* submit to ' the treatment they hare now received. I ahull consider the account b?t ween us fully adjusted Cti.e thing It : I I* due to Gen Taylor to eav that whilst he omit* to 1 declare what be will do, he nnnouuce? what he will not ' do He rays. that although a whig now he must not 1 be expected to l?e a whig after he I* e;ected In regard ] to Tyler I thin* they had a right to complain, al- | ' though they did sing that they would t Go for Tyler therefore. | 1 Without a why or wherefore." i I The fact that Tyler was nominated aa a whig, accepted { oa a whig, and elected as a whig, gave them some tight to expect that be would he a whig after he win aworu , in [Laughter] Hut Gen Taylor has foreclosed anv aueh expectation, he ha* ret used to occupy auy Mich , j position Whatever disappointment. therefore, there j may be at any courae he may take. 1 do not think there 1 can be any just rause of complaint Hie situation was described to me by a whig the other day most appro- ( priately who said that anybody night vote for (fen 'Jnyior. but nobody ought to (Laughter) I see It J elated by one of ht? leading friends that he will remove no one from office for a difference of political opinion, and 1 am inclined to believe that some veteran ( office-holding friends of mini place full reliance on this ' promise I was in Albany the other day when Gen I asr made his entry inte the eity in front of him were tea or fifteen men on hoi eeback the rlass of men known a* " boys. ' who will ride n horse fo.- any man who . will pay f. ir the horse Behind them came Ave carri- j , ages, with ten men in and twelve horse* ; afterwards , came what was supposed to Vie cittxens on foot [laughter] amongst whom [ observed Mr. David Hoyd Joins, of New Vnrk and Mr David Seymour, of Troy I fell. J for my watch to see how long the procession wonl be In passing . Iiut It had got hy before I got tuy watch ! <>ut of iiiy pocket Laughter and cheering n 4 reaching Congress If all. Mr Kufun W IVckb*lu an in- ' m tell gent lawyer of Albany, drew himself up to address * (f?n < ae* aud to lsud-r to Uiin a oordiaJ wsloome ? L ^Iln Am or foot Mnteoom, Mr. P. stopped end *11, u the truth 1?. General t< axe v?ry glad to im yon, hat t amt read th? rest of it from my paper and drawlag from bis iMOkut, aco?rdiugly. a pa par. ha proceeded to i read a cotdial and appropriate welcome ; but 1 did not are in the procession either the I'oatmaster, the Collector, or ilie Deputy Collector. It maybe that ths*e i gentlemen recognise the impropriety of attempting to Krpetuate their power by p >11 ileal efforts. Or it may that they are friendly to Gen Taylor. The offering made by Gen Cass to the South will. In all hoaan probability, prove inneffectual. Amongst tho delegates from the Albany convention to Oaicimore, were i tho Tostmaster of Buffalo, the Postmaster of I'enn Yan, i the Postmaster of Delhi, the Collector of llooheater, and other offlee holders under the geueral government. They aided to proouro the nomination of Gen. Cass, and if, in addition to tho defection of the South, he should now be abandoned by the office holders who put him in nomination, he w*uid present an unfortunate illustration of the fable of Actcem, who was devoured by his own hounds. [Laughter ] It will be the duty of the L'tioa convention to soleot a candidate who truly represents the principles of New York. The nominations made in behalf of both parties have been made by slaveholdtng dictation. The Baltimore nominee does, as Col. Benton says, come from the North, lie does more ; he goes to the South, and the people that be abandons wilT not be likely to adhere to him. The assemblages at Baltimore and Philadelphia saw that, after a struggle of twenty years, the great questions of the tariff, the bank, and the independent treasury, were substantially settled; that whatever disposition there might be to disturb the existing tariff, the present national debt would probably prevent any interference with that, or with the proceeds of the publio lands, at least during the ensuing administration ; that the contest in regard to a bank of the United States, had been waged since the foundation of the government, and had three times resulted in a refusal of the people to charter such an institution; that the independent treasury was established in 1839, and although It was repealed In 1840, it was re-established at the first opportunity, and is the undoubted preference ot our citizens. The business interests of this country have adapted themselves to tho existing order of things; strife and unoertainty are more injurious to them than almost any policy, and the country is now enjoying, in all the various departments of industry. an unexampled degree of prosperity. If. howover. a desire existed to modify the financial policy of the government, they saw that this could be effected through the election of members of Congress In view oi these circumstances they made the presidential election turn upon the question of extending slavery into free territory, and secured two nominees who were supposed to be friendly to such extension. To effect this, regular organization, past political differences. preseut associations, public services, capacity, iudividual cla ms, consistency, and every other consideration. were made to give w y to the uuyielding and imperious demands of a slave hclding faction. Shall. iu?q ino cuizi oh 01 r\h* t orx meet me issue wnicn has thus been pre?ented ' If no nomination* have b<-ou made with reference to pant political divisions, ahull the Utica nomination be made upon the tarn* bati*. and with reference mainly to the single great que*tiou of the day ? Can a greater question be presented ? It ha* already destroyed the organization of two parties which bare -xisted since the foumiation of the government. It ha* sacrificed tome of the first ineu in the republic It ha* o?u*ed others to apostatise from their own oonvlctlons -from the faith taught by the fathers of the republic?and to turn recreant to the spirit of the revolution?the brilliant history of the republic?the dictates of humanity, and the example of the civilised world. And this question is fully understood in this State. In pursuance of the intention of the framers of the constitution. New York proceeded to abolish slavery within her own borders. The abolition was a subject of earnest discussion, and was effected in 1817 under the patriot. Tompkins. Having thus willingly deprived her-elf of the advantages of unequal slave i representation, New York has waited thirty years, without even discussing the evils of slavery, for her Southren brethren in like manner, to execute the implied engagements of the constitution. Instead of \ finding them disposed to do this. we find them bent upon acquiring further slave territory, and bringing 1 into this unequal Union more slave States. Having I yielded to this, and huving suffered Texas, Louisiana, j tod Florida, thus to come into a partnership which 1 violates tbe great princip'e lying at the basis of our ' ndepeudenue, that representation and taxation ' <hould go hand in hand, she now finds a determine- ' :ion shown to u>e tho blood and treasure of the I'uiun. to march upon a degraded and half civilit- ' >d people in Mexico, cr the free and sturdy ' jopulatlon of Oregon, to overturn freedom and plant ' .here new Blare States. Shu will resist this aggression. 1 in.l I tremble when I think of the consequences which 1 he South have thus provoked. The wealth of the 1 free Statu, their enterprise and their energy, urea" ' boundless as is their progress No less distinguished ' ind remarkable is their intellectual power. It would itinost seem as if there were something In the institu- j ion of human slavery which depressed the intellect as ' rell as the energy and enterprise of the white race. ' .ook over the face of this country, in its local LegUla- ' ures, its courts, bar, Congress, in all the departments 1 if literature, science, and the arts, and without uudi r- ? aklng to mention names, does not a glance show that f he braim of this nation, like those of the natural 1 nan. lie above the belt? (Tremendous laughter nud ihoers.) Suffer then this enterprise, this energy, this 1 utetlect, to be brought to bear against tbo sin and ] lii-crv of human slavery, its (also economy, Us J lolitical injustice?its social degradation?its exclusion ! ir prostration of the Anglo Saxon raco. Unfetter it dler thirty years of silence and restraint, and suffer it , o speak the truths which fraternal love aud a just report to the compromises of the constitution compelled ( t to suppress. (Applause.) Let it chide our Southern irethrcu with their tardiness In euiuncipat'iig the 1 lave; let it publicly agitate the horrors of slavery, t vhich it cannot avoid doing; let it point to Ureat brain. Denmark. Turkey, and other despotic governments .hat bare abolished slavery, (cheers;) or to the young epublic of France, founded on the declaration of Jeferson. that all men are born free and equal ; let tins vork be entered upon?and it is inevitable, for the iouth have forced it upon us?and he must be blind vhu does not see that the institution of human slavery liroughout the United States must fall before this discission (Nine cheers were here given for the speaker.) In this respect (continued Mr. V. B.) it becomes an niportant consideration to thO'e mi-guided men who. Vw in numbers,and sternly opposed by the mass of our upright and prudent citizens, have looked fixedly at the sun of freedom, regardless of the bars of the couitltutlon which lay in their path; who. shocked by the enormities of human slavery, hare jeopard?d fraternal love, and our glorious Union ?whether it is now their duty to adhere to a position in which they have faced defeat, persecution and danger, witli the unyielding tenacity which distinguishes those who act from conviction, or whether they should join that great democratic army who. when they o ce 'lioulder the croi-s of liberty, never sink under its >ur<ien, and who were never known to enist in behalf of freedom, without eventually being crowned with complete succeRS. I have | rmnr nm) duar frUndo om elu?uk.v1.l?we. ---1 [ tremble when I think of the danger* which may at.end a discussion which Southern men and slaveholdirs hare titu? forced upon the public. The fraraer* of our government foresaw thin difficulty; slaveholder* .hcmselves, they took the lead in denouncing slavery; bey were careful to make it a purely dom rtic insti.ution; they promised and endeavored to amelioratets condition, and eventually to abolish it. They rounded a government and a policy which forbade its rxtension. thvy then relied, a* the result show*, with i-ntire rafety. upon their more fortunate and non dsvehnlding brethren, to leave the institution unuolested All these wise and patriotio cousideration rave been thrown la-hied them by the avarice of tile -Inn holder and the intrigues of the partisan; the con eqnenees are fearful to contemplate. -But I am told thai either (icn Taylor or Gen Cass must be elected Pr< sident; tl-at there l? not time to effect any other result. There arc etl:l five months beforn election, this country 1 Intersected with railroads, magnetic trlegr. phs; thousand* of newspapers aie ilaily issued and public speakers are addressing the people 'n "11 directions. Louis I'bilippe was one cf th most able sovereigns that ever sat upon a throne; he had strengthened his power by matrimonial ailianees ?ith the reigning families of neighboring kingdoms; be had a eulogist and biographer in this republic: (a loud laugh, - he means Cn-s.") lie had one hun ired thousand men under arms, and legally subicrt to his order. In the city of Paris; he was supposed 10 be the wealthiest man in the world; and jet. in five hours be was driven from Ills throne and his -uuntry by an unarmed people, and landed almost pcnnyless upon a foreign shore. If. then, such an unequal contest for human libert y eau be waged by a peopl- who never enjoyed lt? bl'-saings. am I to believe that Ave months are not sufficient to r liable 7 000 000 of laboring men. enjoying a free government, to vanquish 200 000 slaveholders, when the stake to be contended for Is the preservation of freedom, and the task to be xccotnplished is to deposit, under the protection r.f our con litution and laws, a piece of paper in a ballot h-ix next Novembei? It has been suggested Lbat this question can be compromised; that l>ader* of both politlrnl parties will be found who will lihandnn th# ??rinMnli?s wIhaIi thee v>v.,,f*no?-?i ?. ?* , J >1111 r ndeavor to ?furo the election of one of the two candidate* now in nomination In my judgment thin I next ion ha* pa?xcd Ucyni i the control of any leader; ' It I* In the hand* ?f the voter*. I.eaden may comprorr.i?e th*Tu*? put they cannot comprouiiiie the ' principle* they have ailvm ated ; they may M'U thein olvec. tut they cannot roll the people with whom they r have heretofore acted. It i* a bad. u ly xeaxon for ' leading, and if my almanac I* correct, thoiie who em- f hark thil fall on the tempe*tuou* *ea ef party politic*, hoping to he wafted into a *?!. harbor by the mild and t itoidy breeze* of the trade wind*, greatly mi*- ' calculate the *trenglh and temperature of the t (alee they will encounter. The condition of the pub- t iic mind i* eminently favorablo to earnrxt dlacuaxlon ? I dilfer with tho*c who believe that a happy nickname ir a <"U. oeeefnl battle erer did or ever will make a r I'reeldeut of the 1'nHed State*. The hietory of tiencral * iianleon and <>enrral Jarkxon ought to di*pel *uch an ' impr?**ion JJoth were beaten when they flret ran? <i the one by Mr. Ad*inx, the other by Mr Van Buren. * tud to neither of there gentlemen wa* generally conceded great perxonal popularity. But Oeneral Jack ion. a* the head and representative of the democratic ? arty, wa* trrexlrtlhle So wa* (ioneral llarrieon a* the a epre*entatlv e ef that ma** of men who. *eeing a uniform c lnanclal |?olley pursued for twelve year*, and at the t ante time limi ng it followed by commercial depre**lon. t letcrminod to hold tlie policy re*pnn*ible for their t Differing*, and to try a change The great argument t! n 1140. my judgment, determined the re*ult ea* the ordinary aud vulgar one that it 1* a relief to a nan In pain, wjio ha* been lying in one poeitlon *ome n Die. to turn nv.r ; and I infer en from the prompt nee* (| ?ith which the people who tried the change of po*itlon v timed hack again ' A careful examination. I lielleve. * 11 alway* ehow that the people of thl* country deride ? iroeidential elect ion* upon principle; and I am extre- ' nely curioii* to *ee upon particular principle the (' eople of thl* country are to he naked to place il teiiera! Taylor or (feneral f a** in the preeidential a flice to art for them What are they to do ti rb*n they get there ? if It wa* a mere application (( o contribute four year* Hilary or the hlgbeat a >ral*e and gratitude to Oaneral Taylor, there U sot a ? I i * mm \m ** nt, *<aui o# ehtid in thla rwpabtta, i 1to?o? would uot unit* la a contribution. Bat the Selection of a chief nugletratc of 90.000,000 of people, to dlicbtrp delicate and Important trueta for them, requiring great civil wisdom and experleuoe, and the dfrvotlwn of thla ehlef magistrate. In the courae he la to puriu>, are other and totally different dutiea eoaneoted with self-government, which the American people ate imperatively called upon to dlacliargo; and which, In my humble judgment, they will dUcbarge at thla election?with the name oalmueaa, Impartiality and Independence that would diatinguial twelve qualified jurora rendering a verdict In a caee which they w*-re swum to try. There are indicatlona In neighboring Statea, in Ohio and Ma*aachu*etts, and - ? 1 1-? -w -V ? ?- ? giKSKUDiir, vi >|ninu uiiniiQ| ui mo people IB DObaif of the great principle involved in this election. But it ia with New York alone that I am particularly acquainted, and of her people only, that I would preaume to apeak. I have attended meetings unprecedented in slse and reapectabllity, in spirit and intelligence in New York, Albany. Syracuse, Auburn, Rochester. Buffalo, Warsaw, and here ; and I feel entire conviction what will be the course of the freemen of thia State, unless the nominations to be made at Utica. should be sueh as to impede or embarrass the principle to be represented. Thia State will be. as it lias been on several momentoua occasions, strongly united in support of liberal principles. It was so in the revolution ; It was so in the war of 1812 ; it was so when the constitutions of '21 and '46 were formed. Seduotion and intimidation will be alike powerless with our neble Commonwealth?great in physical resources?great in social and meral elevation and Improvement?great in intellectual power?she is greater than all in her devotion to liberty She can ueither be bought nor bullied; if she should stand alone now, she has stood alone before. The land of Jay. Hamilton, Clinton. Tompkins and Wright, is able to stand alone; she bore nearly the entire brunt of the late wsur? assailed by land and by water?abandoned by those who should have aided her?she never faltered or hesitated or sank; and if now, In the light of example abroad, in the face of human progress, fn the Improved opinion of this age, the duty Is to devolve upon her of tearing from the bright banner of the United States the emblem of aggressive slavery, and of standing before the world on the platform erected by our revolutionary forefathers, whlob ail others seek to prostrate or destroy, she will calmly, firmly, and proudly assume this honorable position. Interesting from Africa.?The Liberia Re] ptrBLic.?The ship Madonna,Capt. Lawlin, arrived yesterday from Monrovia, in a passage of 39 days. The United States brig Porpoise was at Monrovia when the M. left. The sloop-of-war Decatur, Capt. Byrne, touched at Monrovia on the 18th of May, and sailed on the 19th on a cruise. All well. Passed Midshipman Willock, of Elmira, New York, committed suicide on board the Porpoise. The circumstance leading him to this most horrible and cruel act, we learn, is his having to associate with, and be governed by those who were in no respect his superiors in a literary point of view. This is not the first attempt he has made upon his own life. He shot himselt about 8 o'clock A M., aud died about 5 P. M. The ball took effect in the right temple. Intelligence of the revolution in France was received at Monrovia, near the end of April, and caused much sensation. In reference to President Robert's visit to the United States, whose arrival we have already mentioned, the African Herald says:? " President Roberts left our shores clothed with oertain powers, the amicable arrangement of whloh, In the United States, England, and with other powers, nrill raise our spirits, and infuse new energies into every citizen. The Legislature, knowing full well the importance of having at the earliest day. foreign governai-nts to acknowledge the independence of the republic and at the sauie time having no available relources wherewith to send commissioners to foreign courts for the purpose, found itself In rather an awkward positio'. While in a state of uncertainty as to the most practicable course to be adopted, under these untoward eir'umxtanceg, it was intimated that the President intended to make a foreign visit for the benefit of the Health of his family. It was proposed by some of the neinbers of eaoh branch of the legislature, to seek an iarly opportunity of introducing the subject to the Pre ident, and if possible obtain his consent to attend to Hur foreign affairs while abroad. The interview took place, and the President, though lisposed to do all In hu power to forward the affairs nf he State, was unwilling to be burdened with matters >f so much importance, when his object in going abroad ras to seek health. But after considerable reasoning, he President said he would no longer consider himself it liberty to decline performing any duty, however ar- 1 luous. that the representatives of the people might be i nclined to authorise him to attend to. No delay took place before the Legislature passed -esolutlons clothing him with suoh authority, and it nust be gratifying to the members of the Legislature, to lear the favorable opinions com! ng from all parts of the state, as to their action In this respect. A scheme has been set on foot, no doubt by the British government, through one Capt. Murray, to leiraud the natives of Settra Croo, of their prosperous country. The Herald speaking of the affair, ill tides to it in the following terms:? " One David Murray, a Londer trader, has for several fears past, been engaged in trading on this part of the coast, and made several timas large offers to the people :>f Settra Croo for their country. They have Invariably refused to sell it to him. but permitted bim to trade with them, in common with other traders. Murray Having ascertained that the chiefs had concluded to tig the many notaries be bad Interposed to prevent it, immediately formed a plan whereby he hoped to besome the purchaser. This wm,to call the chiefs together, ?nd to thank them for the trade they had given him, and to make them large presents. Of course, the natives readily met and received the presents. "A day or two afterward, Murray told the chiefs that, ?s he bad made them large presents, it was proper that ihuy should sign him a receipt, and be had accordingly prepared one lor them to sign They unhesitatingly refused to sign it?and. notwithstanding all the coaxing, manoeuvring and intriguing of this wily Capt. Murray, lie is likely to fail in this attempt to defraud the natives >f their country. For several days he had been urging ! ind insisting upon their signing of the recoipt. as he > called it. but It was nothing less than a regular pur- ! chase deed for the entire SettraCroo ceuntry. The same David Murray has played at this game before. and apparently with a little better success. He claims a part of Trade Town and Little Colah. but takes

food cure not to contend for any such claims before the chiefs of either of the places. The Prince of Trade Town accosted him one day. and told him that he had. been informed that he had reported abroad that ha jad purchased bis country. After considerable equivocation. Murray told the Prince )hat he had purchased bis country. The Prince immediately drew his sword, tnd would havo killed him on the spot, if the spectator* bad not interfered He was very glad to escape with lis life, and made n > delay whatever in getting on board his ship. This nice captain will receive at Little I'.olab the sums unceremonious attention, should he trust himself on shore at that place. Monrovia appeals, from our accounts, in a most hriving condition, and is rapidly improving in ap- | >earance as well as in mechanism and many of lie aits. The following brief account will be found nlr resting:? For the last two year* a spirit of Industry and enterirlse seems to hare taken possession of onr people; and 1 hough the song of "hard timea" continues to be heard ; in every side, the improvements of the last two years n buildings, of a durable and costly character, far cx- 1 :eed in number and comfortableness those of any other | eriod It is really gratifying to us to notice the rapid >trides that are now made by all classes of the people to make themselves comfortable. 1 W#\connted. a few days ago. thirty-four new buildtigs mio y of them of brlok and stone, and In a forward itate iif completion; and arrangements are in progress 'or the building of as many more Our young men are lot behind tho spirit of the times. Many of them are lonorably exerting themselves to get into their own < looses. Ship building has been u feature in the new re- ( mblic; and, although but in a very incipient state, , vas attracting much attention among the natives ( md the colonists. The Herald, alluding to the aunch of a new schooner, says:? I "In a few weeks we hope to have the gratification of recording the departure of snother new craft; having noticed, a few dsys ago. one of respectable sise nearly i eady to b? launched; and we aro assured that mate lals are being collected for the building of another lonsidersbly larger than the Susannah." < The slave trade is still going on at different i aunts throughout the West Coast. The Heia'd < lays:? i " We learn, from an authentic source, that the slave : rade is carried on quite extensively at or near Little ape Mount, (distant about 40 miles), by a Krooman mined Do; employed, as we are informed, by that noorious slave dealer at New Cess. Me has now on hand 1 ibont 70 slaves for that market. 1 "Some few months ago there was a similar establishnent nt King ffray's town, distant about sixteen miles, ind a goodly number of oltisens volunteered their earices to go and rescue the poor victims, doomed to un lergo the severity of their inhuman masters, If some ' fsisfatice vas not afforded I j "The natives of the Little Rosea country are again , t variance: however, it has not yet terminated in i ' rar. These difficulties among the native tribes, | j rising from some unprinriolud source, have lieen nt 1 natrrtal Injury to thl?" government; fur they atop all ' rade with u* and the native*, and. In a manner, among ( hemaelve* Many of them have been obliged to loaa he time of harvest, and eonaeqaently have been re- ' lured to extreme waut and etarvatlon." Fatat. Accident.?A serious accident occurred ( n the Western railroad, in East Brookfield, Monny Hfternnon. In attempting to secure his horse, rhich had become frightened by the approach of t gravel train, Mr. iMrling Mclntvrc, of East ' Irookfirld, was thrown directly on the track with I lie horse, and run over, causing hia death almost < mmediately. No other |>erson was injured. The 1 ' ttemoon passenger train from l'oston was obliged I J ? wait for some time at the scene ot the accident ? ir the track to he cleared of the wrecks of the I . ravel cars, and did not strive at .Springfield uutil \ I m o'clock.?Boston Paytr. 1 < I, '"fi'r IT if NEW YORK HERALD. ffortb-WMt Oornw off Valion and Raww Mi. ft JAHKS OOBBOI BKRRBTT, PROPRIETOR. AMUSEMENT* THIS avftiulfm BOWERY THIATn. *w^T.-At'iruuri?Hols mi thi Wiu-Bm Piobmm or Pna niblo-s, Altai PUoa?Yisrboibb Dabckri?Blbwn qlawt?smktohbi in india. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway?Maid or Cromiy?Rabbrt Mac air a?Mudsl or A Wira CHATHAM THEATRE. hiimimi itmi-iiiri ambamador?Nbw York A) It I??Limerick Boy. CABTI.b oa1dik. r?nw??Barrack Room?Havibr Family Concbrt?Donb on Both Su>m MAC HAN ICS UALJL, BmMvi), max Bnmm- OimiirVl (imtiwi ftrwionAB Swenia?Buiumvb Dab cms, ft* PANORAMA HALL Bnwdwty, Rmi Bwim BAMYARD I 'aborama ob tub mlbbibbibbt. TABERNACLE. Bioadw*)?Maurice Strakobom'i Orand COBOBRT. bro"klyn. FEMALE ACADEMY, Jnroleauut itrMt.?Stbybrmarkxsomb Muiical Combany'i Cobobrt. New York, Tburodmy, Jane SO, 1848* Actual Circulation of tke Herald. Juno 28, Woducaday 19,920 OOpiM Th? pukUoation of tka Morning Edition of tha Herald oommaicao yaaterdAj at 18 mlnntaajast 4 'olook. asd faiabad ml 30 minutea before 9 c'olnok. The Evaning Edition At 38 minutea put 3 o' olook, n>d ftnlahad at 3 o'oleok. The Frenek Republic?Ita Fruition?ItR Stability. By the last steamer from Europe, we received a vast mass of foreign exchanges, and letters from our various correspondents in different parts of continental Europe. We published a day or two since, extracts from our English exchanges; and to-day we publish a part of our special and private correspondence. A perusal of the English newspapers will satisfy any unprejudiced person, that there is no use in looking for facts in them, in regard to the present revolutionary state of Europe, especially the French republic. We have, on former occasions, expressed this view, and we have abundant reasons to reiterate it now. According to those journals, France is in a state of anarchy and confusion, dreadful to contemplate; and, as to the idea that peace and order can ultimately be proj j a -C i_ _ i .r .L: aucea oui 01 sucn a cuaouc staie 01 inings, as was produced by the overthrow of the government of Louis Philippe, and the formation of a republic, it is the height of absurdity. In fact, if we coincided with the views expressed by the newspaper press of England, and their numerous correspondents in Paris, the people of France are already sick and tired of the experiment of free government. This is downright nonsense. France never will be governed by a monarchy again. Louis Philippe was the last monarch of that country. Hereafter Bhe will be a republic, one and indivisible; and hereafter there will be more order, more tranquility, more liberty, more freedom, personal and political, as well as more prosperity, generul and individual, than have ever reigned there before; or that ever will be observed in any of the other countries of Europe, unless they adopt a republican form of government, as Francs has done. The truth is, in political matters there is no truth in the English journals. There have been, to be sure, emeutet, disturbances, rowB, and riots, in France ; but who is so unreasonable as not to find either sufficient palliation for (hem in the excitement of the times, or in the mistaken zeal of the friends of freedom, who wish to push the cause to extremes. But these circumstances, so far from endangering the strength of the new republic, have actually solidified it; and from day to day it has gone on increasing in strength and power until the present; when, notwithstanding all the assertions, wishes and surmises of the English newspaper writers, it is positively the most tranquil, the most prosperous, and the most powerful nation in Europe. There is no country in that quarter of the world but France, the general prosperity of which can be at all compared to the United States. A constitution is about to be formed, on a basis like the constitution of the United StateB. A President will be elected like ours; and we have no doubt that, in other respects, our political institutions will be applied in France, as far as they can be followed, considering the differences existing between the manners, habitB, and wants of the people of the two countries. Our special French correspondence, a portion of which we publish in to-day's Herald, will give our readers a clear insight into the present condition of France. These letters are written in a fair, unprejudiced, and impartial minner; and it will be seen at a glance, that the statements therein made are true; and any deductions that are drawn from them, are done so in a reasonable and philosophical way, by writers who are liberal in their ideas, and who understand the workings of democracy in all its various phases. From the few emeutet which have taken place in Paris, they do not jump at the conclusion that republicanism is impracticable; neither do they assert, that, because a few of the aristocracy, whose wealth was dependent on factitious credit, have fallen, the neonle generally are not prosperous. No, they do not do so; neither do they assert, as the English press does, that there is a reaction in favor of monarchy; but on the contrary, they sny that "th'. prospect for the establishment of a constitution is put beyond any reasonable doubt, although there may be many occasions for alarm and agitation to the timid." The predictions and assertions of the English press, are repeated and reiterated by the correspondents of some of our American journals. We allude, especially, to the letters from France which appear in the Commercial Adoertiur, the Courier ind Enquirer, and the Journal of Commerce, of this city. The same quaei lugubrious forebodings are entertained by the Paris correspondents of those papers, not only because the writers are Englishmen, but because, also, they know they will suit the columns of those papers. The republic of France is, we think, safe beyond question, notwithstanding all that is said by the English press, and long may it continue so. If the writers would look nearer home, they would lind more materials on which to base the prelictions of disaster and ruin, than are exhibited in France. When the chartists of England are silent ; when the Irish cease from attempting a dismemberment of the empire; when the taxes are educed so that the poor can live for themselves ind not for their taskmasters?(he aristocracy and oligarchy; when, in a word, the English people ire no longer the most oppressed and over burlened j>eople in the world ; those English journals nay, with some consistency, find fault with what s disagreeable to them in other countries. Speech ov John Van Burks.?We give in another column the last speech of John Van Buren. It will be read by all the Old Hunkers in thecoun try. We intend to give in n day or two, perhaps an Saturday, the address which was adopted by Ihe Barnburnern, at their convention in Utica, on the 22d inst. That, also, will be read by the Old Hunkera. These political papera will read curiously enough a few yeara from thia. The t(>eeches, addreaeea, and resolutions of the politi lans of IMS, ought to be salted doWn for future i?e. The Stkamkr SomiKRxiiR arrived hence at Charleston, on Sunday morning early. For LivKRpoor,.?In consequence of the state of 'Be tides, the steamship Ameuca (which sails tonorrow for Liverpool.) cleared to-day, and will Irop below. So far, 70 passengers are engaged, of which all but sit are for Liverpool. Among the Liverpool jtassengers, we notice the name of Mrs. Maria O. ('hapnian, wha is designated in the list is an "abolition lecturer by trade orprofesaion." As to sp< cie, the Amrrica has but 1,639 dollars on joard, which probably will not be largely increas d?Boiton TraviUtr, Ami 97. Twt PutroSNTuL fiUonoN?Tn Orrto* uolvkmm.?As matters stand at present, it is almost beyond doubt that General Taylor, Mr. Polk's hoint manufactured candidate, for he laid the egg, and the Mexican war hatched it, will be the next President of the United States, and will aa assuredly reign in the Whtte House for the next four years, as that the present occupant thereof is one James K. Polk, who formerly practised the intricacies of law in a neat white-washed town somewhere down in Tennessee, and who was nominated for thut office because he had the peculiar felicity, before the canvass, of being unknown, unhonored, and unsung. With this certainty staring us in the face, what, in the name of politics and patriotism, are the numerous hordes of office-holders to do, what course are they to take in the coming contest? Are they to support General Cass, whose election is a contingency of doubtful occurrence, or are they to throw their influence in the scale of General Zachary Taylor, a certain military man, who did certain great things on a certain occasion, on a certain field called Buena Vista, with a certain kind of shot called grape ? It is estimated that thers are at least sixty thousand office-holders under the general administration, and that the amount of plunder annually distributed by government, is equal to forty millions of dollars, which is expended in a thousand and one ways. The party which has the command ot these office-holders, and the scattering of this vast amount of spoils, is possessed of a potent weapon, which,when wielded by a cunning hand, can knock down opponents as fast as an expert bowler will knock over ten pins in a New York alley. But the opponents must be of the right sort, of the tothe-victor-belongs-the-spoils character, or these great feats cannot be accomplished; and the man who handles the weapon must be expert as well. Now, in order to determine the question, as to how the present office-holders will conduct themselves in the coming canvass, we must inquire first, whether this great weapon is in the hands of an expert bowler, or whether he who wields it is a bungler, apt to run his ball up the alley?and secondly, whether the adversary belongs to the order which we have referred to 1 The first inquiry can soon be disposed of. Every one in the country knows that Mr. Polk, previous to the meeting of the Baltimore Convention, resorted to every trick and artifice known in the politician's manual, to procure a re-nomination, but iailed. He threw his balls at the ten pins; but instead of knocking them over, they rebounded, and toppled himself on the slippery alley, where he remains floundering away, amid the jeers of the lookers on. This shows that Mr. Polk is not an expert hand in the political bowling alley. In regard to the other p int, General Taylor has unequivocally declared that he is not a party man, and in relation to removing political opponents from office, and filling their places with his friends, he says he will not do it. Therefore he is not a to-the-victor-belongs-the-spoils opponent. Now, how wi'l the office-holders act in this peculiar position in which they are placed. For certain reasons, Mr. Polk would desire their influence in favor of General Cass?but he ts an unskilful operator. They are therefore thrown on their own judgment. How then will they act ! We are satisfied that they will act so as to deprive General nf tVlu UniiHto urki<*li tllo sVPrslOA r\f thlfl rwl\JLT. er has heretofore conferred Many of them will doubtless adhere to the fortunes of General Cass, and sink or swim with him; but the greater proportion will take sides with General Taylor, because his star is, and most likely will be, Li the ascendant, until it bursts in full splendor at Washington, like Crutchett's lantern on the top of a long pole, of a dark night. The influence of oflice will, therefore, in the present canvass, be an instrument to help to defeat General Cass, and to elect General Taylor. Such is the view we take of the matter. It will add to hia popularity and to the chances of his election, which, from the signs of the times, is almost certain. The present is, therefore, in this, as in many other respects, anomalous, and it will result, we have no doubt, in the destruction of the two old parties, and the establishment of a great comprehensive republican party, known as the Taylor party; as the present democratic party was known as the Jackson party. Van Bi'rkn and Bi rr.?It has often been remarked by those acquainted with both the persons and characters of Mr. Van Buren and Mr. Burr, that there was a great resemblance between them, in intellect, in ambition, in manners, and might be in destiny. The recent movement made at Utica, and the position taken by Mr. Van Buren on the Wilmot proviso, leading eventually to a great anti-slave excitement of the day, would seem to tend far to All up the parallel between these two remarkable men. Burr was disappointed in his hopes of succeeding Jeflerson; and he immediately set on foot an expedition, which, under the name of producing a revolution in Mexico, was gene rally thought to be intended to separate the North from the South. Mr. Van Buren, more politic in a more politic age, and less military in disposition than Mr. Burr, has headed a movement at Utica which may have the same results upon the union ol these States, as those contemplated by the original project of Burr, unless the good sense of the people of this country should prevent it. According to nil appearances, under the name of Wilmot proviso, an attempt is now being made to form an immense party of the North, generally imbued with all the anti-slavery feeling, and placed in hoRtile array against the South. If the conventions held in the free States, and the general assemblage which is to meet at Buffalo on the 9th of August next, should follow the lead of Utica, and go for the Van Buren nomination, he may be able to array an immense party together upon anti slavery grounds, in opposition to the ^uth, and in opposition to General Cass.? In fact, bb things now are, and as this movement progresses in these latitudes, the prospects of General Cass are melting away every day. Now, if the anti-slavery feeling should increase und spread, under the lead of Mr. Van Buren?as there ia every appearance that it will?there will then be, before the 7th of November, virtually, only two candidates and two parties in the field?General Taylor and union, and practical legislation, on the one hand; and on the other hand, Mr. Van Buren with the Wilmot proviso and anti-slavery sentiments, and hostility to the South, and ultimately, disunion, and every thing else which may follow in its train! People of sense, and sound Americans, may select between them. The New Coi>k of Phocept he?More Revo. t.uTios.?On Monday next, the n> w code of procedure in legal practice, goes into operation in this State. Lawyers of all nges and cnpacity will now be reduced to a dead level, and will all ofthem have to begin to study practice overnguin. Great apprehensions are entertained that difficulties and doubts, springing out of the new code, will cause even more delay, expense, and uncertainty, than all the technicalities of the old system. Some there are who affirm that the whole code will be set aside on the very first case brought up before the High Court of Appeals, consisting of eight good and lenrned judges, elected by the people. There will be, at all events, a greut deal of difficulty, a grent deal of trouble, and a great deal of contention. But we must remember that we nre in a new and highly revolutionary age, and tlist the day, is now come when the lightning of heaven ! > harnessed, und does the work of the old cart horses. Movements of Distinguished Individuals. Gen. Shields arrived in Albany on the evening of ths 19th, and proceeded west m the care. TOUBMPHO tWTBLLKJSSCB. IniWMry. By our telegraphic reports of the proceedings ol Congress, it will be seen that the Senate waa principally occupied in discussing the subject of the incorporation of the Texas navy into that of the United States. The Oregon bill was taken up and discussed, but nothing ol moment transpiied in the deliberations. In the House nothing of importance was transacted. A formidable conspiracy, headed by Paredes, has broken out in the city of Mexico, having for its object the extermimtion of the peace party, five of whom have already been murdered. hate and Important front Mexico. Ntv Oiu.ka.vs, June 28. 1848. The steamship Palmetto arrived yesterday from VetaCruz. Our advices from that city are to the 18th, her day of sailing. A formidable conspiracy has broken out in the city of Mexico, having for its object the overthrow of the government und the extermination of the peace party, or the party in favor of the late treaty. The work of assassination had already commenced?five of the prominent udvocates of peace, hiends oi the United flutes, having been murdered. Tne conspiracy is headed by General Paredes, Ex-President, and Padre Jurauta, the guerilla leader. g All the United States troops were expected to V leave the capital on the 21st June. V The Palmetto brought four companies of Michigan volunteers. Mr. Sevier left the capital on the 12th, and was expected to arrive at Vera Cruz on the 19th. H On his arrival at Vera Cruz, the custom house H at that place would be given up to the Mexican au thorities. Explosion at Washington. I Washington. June 28,1848. I Another explosion occurred to-day, at the Navy I Yard. The workmen were preparing several large I fire-works, for the Fourth of Julv. when the mute. I rials ignited, exploding in every direction with a I tremendous crush. The building was entirely ^ destroyed. The workmen, three in number, miraculously escaped without personal injury. THIRTIETH CONUKUCSS. F1HST SESSION. Senate. Washington, Jans 28. 1848. The Senate convened at 11 A. M. The President pro. Itm sailed to order. A number of petitions were presented and referred. INCORPORATION or the texas navy WITH THAT Or THE united states. Mr. Ruse, of Texas, moved to take up the bill in flavor of incorporating the Texas Navy with that of the H United States, and moved to make it the order of the H day for to-morrow week, which was agreed to. H mail CONTaACTORS. On motion, the joint resolution in favor of removing H the disability from mail contractors, incurred by en- H tering Into combinations, was taken up, amended and H passed. APPROPRIATION! IN PAVOa OF rORTIFICATIONS. On motion of Mr. Atherton, chairman of the Commlttee on Finance, the hill making appropriation* for V fortifications, was taken up Mr. Atherton offered an V amendment to the bill appropriating $60,000 for the V improvement and oompletion of the Fort in the Dela- 1 ware river on Peapateh island. 1 On motion, the subject was informally laid aside. V The morniDg business was then, on motion, dispensed J with, and the 1 oregon bill was taken cp. Mr. Berrien, of Georgia, being entitled to the floor, rose and asidrepscd the Senate at length. Ho sitid that he had always carefully abstained fnm discussing tho important question now presented to the cooaideration of the Senate, and had earnestly endeavored to prevent any such discussion, by stnadfa-t resistance to the acquisition of territory. The question, he said, was now. however, forced upon them, and it became the South to meet it. He denied the right of Congress to legislate on the subject of slavery, and argued the question at much length. House of Representatives.^ The House mot at 11 o'clock. The Speaker resumed his seat and called to order, when the journal was read and approved. extra allowance to gen. casi. Mr. Andrew Stewart, of Pennsylvania, offered a resolution calling upon the Pre.-ideut *f the United States for information respecting tho extra allowance rendered Gen. Cass while Governor of the Northwest Territory Amendments were proposed in favor of including the amounts paid by Gen Taylor for bloodhounds iu the prosecution of the Seminole war in Florida. Objections were made, when the subject was passed over, Mr. Stewart, however, saying that he would offer a resolution at another time ou the same subject. REVENUE (StMr.ntl. OK THE TOST OFEICE. A resolutson was offered and adopted, culling upon the Postmaster General to furnish the amount of the revenue received from each State- within the past ten years. THE TAilMl'tt FRROKS AM) PRINTING?COVttlU HEports. v The resolution in favor of printing 10.000 copies each I of Messrs. Strohin's and U dinger's majority and mino- 1 Hty reports, respecting the errors in the report of the I Secretary of the Treasury, came up for consideration. I Mr. Rockwell offered a resolution in favor of refer- V ring Mr Strohm's report, with the minority rep?rt, to a committee of enquiry, and authorise it to make a thorough examination into the Treasury accounts, loans of Treasury note*. kc., and to send for persons nnd papers. The question was taken by yeas and nays, and decldou in the affirmative by the following vote : yeaa 104; nays 37. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio. Chairman of Committee of Ways and Means, moved that the House resolve itself into aComm.ttee of the Whole, on the State of the Union, Mr. Root, of Ohio, In the chair, when the general appropriation nill i was taken up. Mr. Holmes, of S?uth Carolina obtained the floor, and made an rloqueut speech, and sa:d the action of the government was dictated by hostility to South Carolina lie praised General Taylor, who he said would, as Prerident, bring about a healthful state of things. When he bad concluded Mr. Simsi, from tho same State, followed in reply. Mr. Woodward, of the snnte State, followed Mr. Simms, and made a few remarks on intornal improvements. Mr. Jamcs Pollock, of Pennsylvania, obtained the floor, when the committee rose, and on motion the House adjourned over till Thursday, to-morrow. Alnrketa. Boston. June 28.?Flour?There was no cliango in prices. We note sales of 1200 hbls, including Mlchl- t wMvoov. <?uu u?uci if vniuru uranun. Ml u;s>a fl fO. Corn?6000 bushels sold, part Western mixed, at 49c, aud yellow do at 65c. The market closed dull. Rye?Sales of 450 bnshcls atT5c. Oats were dull; 2000 bushels changed hands at 45c. June 28?Receipts by canal within the past twenty-four hours?Flour. 2900 barrels; corn.900 bushels. In flour no change was perceptiblo. Wheat?8000 bushels were on tho market, (good Genesee) for which $1 33 was asked. Corn?We note sales of 6000 bushels, consisting of round yellow, at 51a51>i. Oats?10.000 bushels were disposed of at 40)^0. No changu In provisions. Whiskey dull. New Oat-EAtsa, June 2.1?Cotton Is quiet. The sale;) yesterday reached 1500 bales, ranging at 6.V a Oo. for middling and good middling. Sugar, molasses, and flour are without chango. Northern cxchango has improved. Shipping Intelligence. New Obi.eans, Juno 18?eld, sl ip Luum, fur Philadelphia. City Intelligence. The WtATHsn.?The weather yosterday wm considerably wanner than that of the day before At no time, until lato in tho afternoon, did lint therwoinutcr stand below 80 degrees in the JUruli office. A heavy cloud rose from tho West about Ave o'clock In the at veruoon, wnicu porwinueti asiorin, nuu lllcre was considerable thuuder and a good shower. which made the 4 air delightful. ^ ?' Irish Rrprm.ic.vM Umiom.? Another meeting of this i body woe last night held at the Nhakspcara Hotel? *1 Dwyer'i company of the brigade were present. They are a lino body of young men, and seemed well drilled It waa announced that tho Irish emigrants who were to hare gone out in the ship ' Skiildy" should rail on the ooimnittco. and other arrangements should now be made. Smai.l Loaves.?It is a source of general complaint that the lonves of bread, sold by a'mcjnt ity of the lakers affile city, are no larger now then when Hour mi $10 per barrel. The excuse they offered was that tho vuormou* price of Hour would not. in justice to the nsolves, allow the loaves of n larger size What Is tins excuse now ! Flour has fallen to nhnut ?fl per barred, and yet the loaves retain the same slie. In nlino-t every other city in the Union, there lean ?'Xcress alatute regulating the quantity of flour to be put In aloiif, hut In this great clvy, whpre every man has a right to do as he pleases, the bikers, by combination or otherwise, compel the citizens to pay whatever prices they please to charge. It is raid that loaves are made of tlireo sixes Theso sold rt the counter the largest, those carried around to customers tho next, and those sold to grocers for retail, the l-ast. thus compelling tt o poorest, classes to pay the largest price. There should lis something done In this matter, and compel tho?o vendlne bread to uiaUe the loaves In proportion to the price of flour. Tub n attrav.?The attractions of this brut of pronmnadpe, we rigr> t to say, are lessened In a great dogree. by the unsightly and to say the least dl>agrecnhl? , display of bed linen, liedillng, and all sorts of wearing apparel, allowed to blench on Its railings Tills, if n a an encroachment upon Its beauty. Is eeilalnty a <4eapcratlnn. which, during llie annum r months, when ' A so many strangers visit tUn Battery for pleasure and >1 recreation. is ealeiilnted to leave no very favor >b1e Im- 1 presslon. either as regards the regulations of the per- I sens in charge, or of the ta?tea and halilis of the re d- J deutsin tho vicinity. The prsctioe of using po Mo I promenade* for such purports. has been allowed to grow I upon a certain class, much ty the dbcrydlt of vu* tit/ ' . J

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