Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 30, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 30, 1848 Page 1
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' ^ TH Mdiuit Ho. f 10. THE OLD WO R L D . - ^ FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE OF Tint NEW YORK HERALD. Paris, May 30, 1848. Cmmitte* on the Constitution?Resignation of Lamenm i?Farther Details of B'tin/iii's .Irrest?Louie P t ? ? Bjnajtarte?Club of Barbts?Trial of General * l, imrtoie. \ M. Je Cortnenln la the president of the coinm'.ttoo \ iargcd with framing thu constitution for France. La a Catholic priest, was also a member of the Mime committee; he is also the editor of the New Era' (lately published at Tarls, and conducted with a good deal of ability; he bad prepared a constitution, and ' fe drawn it out fully, which he had also published. The ' i committee have, even, instead of asking for his oonstif tution, charged their prosidontto report the draft of one I for consideration. This was done, and two important I principles, to wit, a president and one chamber, agreed 1 upon. M. Lamennais, in the mean time, resigned his I place on the committee, alleging iU health, which is ( I (j iite possible, though others suppose sensibility had r its Influence upon him. Ho is a man of talent, as are 1 a great number of others in the Assembly, and all in tld' committee; and as bo and M Coquile are almost the only two clergymen of influence in the Assembly, k I thiuk the people would regret to have them leave it till their grand business shall hare been fully accomplished. Some further interesting details of Blanqui's arrest, &c., are now known. It appears that after his flight from the Hotel de Ville, as I nave before stated, he disV guisc.d himself in the apparel of a female. He is very y small; and. as he shaved off his beard, he personified . x ono of the fair French ladies very well; yet the ofltcers \ of the government were after him; as he. perhaps, more than any other one, it was necessary and desirable to f Arrost. He boldly addressed his coninlu nidations to ! . the press, and yet he botild not be discovered. It was rumored sometimes, that be was in Belgium, Brussels, ' &c. At last, news was convoyed to the executive that be was at No. 14 Rue Moulotlien; aud officer Zero was charged with the arrest of this celebrated leader, I will \ state, that all this time, ho had kept up the thread of I the correspondence among his confederates, and mainI talned bis position as their leader. The officer selected I four or five resolute and tried men, well armed, to en/ ter the house with him; and took a small detachment (of the National Guard, and plaeed them ata small distance, not to excite observation. He entcrod .the mansion house, oommunleated to the gentleman and lady his purpose, who said M. Blanaul was not there. I He searched the house, both stories,"in vain; but ju?t I before leaving, it occurred to him that there were more 1 stories on theoutaido than he could find on theinaide; I and he then searched for a secret stairway, which he I discovered, adroitly concealed, and leading into a dark f passage. Into this, he ordered the gentleman and lady r to enter in advance, as therb might be armed men Concealed; and he and his associates followed. They pressed forward and upward, until thoy reached the upper story, where Blanqui and a few friends were sitting at a luxurious table, dining and drinking. The officer said, ' In tho name of the law, 1 arrest you, M. Blanqui." M. Blanqui replied. " I believe you arrested tho patriots under Louis Philippe." As this was^ true, tin, retort was so much the more eovero. Kor a moment, an-re were preparations made to resist; but the officer said, 1 -ui can the National Guards if you do not surrender." BUu<mi then said. " Allow me to drink your health." " I will allow you to rinse down the paper you have just swallowed," replied the officer, and thereupon ho took him into custody, and left the honse so suddenly and privately, that ne one knew, out of the house, that anything unusual was transpiring in it. The narrow lanes and French houses, frequently six. seven, and eight stories high and in sonlo parts of Paris dark and seoret passage ways, form Ane hiding places for those Who need them, and render pursuit dangerous, as in the case at the Passage of Moliefe. where several of the National Guard were shot down In the dark, in attempting to nlake arrests, in which they suceeeded, notwltwithStanding the loss of life and numbers. When pistols and giins are Used Instead of words, at such moment*, making arrests Is an employment full of haxard ; and to capture such a man as Blanqui in the oity, in tho midst of his companions, without a contest, and take him from mnong his companions, required both dexterity and courage ; and probably the experience acquired bylb" of'Jeriu arresting the patriots, was not if"B lan,,u i'" to' fc&ftf}^ attempting to arrest bis companions, so tbey escaped; since which one of llmm has been taken. Lewis Blanc hi- returned to the Assembly, but he has deolin> <1 to take any part in the commission to organise a system f'r the laborers; and he has not spoken, or ? *?* n any pert in the action of the Assembly ?inc? th- Itlth of May, except to vote against tho 1 decree Lent'Mug tho family of Lnuis Philippe from Irene* Y**t-rday Louis Bonaparte, heir to the throne addressed a letter to the Assembly, protesting agamst a dec no of banishment against him. saying ho h id ft i rtt?*r right to the crown than Louis Philip, but that he yielded all to the republic, under which be wi?hcd to live e? a simple citizen. But France will hold all the three heirs presumptive to the throne, that of Charles, Philip and Bonaparte at present?and I am inclined to think, if the nephews of Napoleon had not already been admitted, there might have arisen a ou-stion even over them, representing, as they do, Corsica. But they are safe now, and they have conducted themselves like good citizens, and friends to the republic ; nnd Napoleon the second has acknowledged. in repelling the Idea that he was only provisionally a citizen, the right of France to banish a family ar an Individual, wnen they aro dangerous to the quiet of the country. Neither of the Bonapartes voted on the question of the banishment of the family of Lonis Philip. It is understood that the eourt will soon he organised for the trial of General Courtais. I prssnme tticse trials will be delayed till the public j pulse la a little more firm. The club of Barbes is again organised, and they keep open tho presidonoy for him. I am Induced to think it will be some time before he Alls it; although sooner or later, I think thero will be an attempt mado to rescue him I have no apprehension about the republic ; but I think there will be yet more disorder, and more stringent measures, but no capital punishments. OBSERVER. Paris, May 31,1843. Excitement in the National Attembly?Lamartine Maket ^ Peace ? Characteriitici of the French?Ouardt National and Mobile?Jlclt of the French?Question of Immunity Yesterday was an exciting day for the National Assembly, but the termination was happy. The question which produced tho general agitation, referred to the line of demarcation between the powers uf Ik* Assembly and the executive commission. Lainartlne came to tho rescue, recognised the right of the Assembly In | the fullest manner, to grant or revoke the powers of bh0 Executive; and sustained the position, that the President of tho Assembly should bo tho Judge when it was necessary for him to assume tho direction of the forces, to protect the Assembly. It appears to me, that the Executive neither acted wlselv nor disereotiv. in send log Into the National Assembly a decree, retaking the powers of their president, and transferring to themselves, those which he had exercised. I do not wonder that the Assembly has struck out the provision, and reserved to themselves the right to dictate measures, upon such a contingency as that which happened the lath May. If the conduct of the President. in that trying hour, was not satisfactory to all, neither was the conduct of the Executive any more satisfactory; and while I do not think that much censure ought to attach to either the Assembly, tliolr President or the Executive. for the inoldents of that day, I think that the chief praise is due to the Guards Mobile and National; and that they have shown much less timidity as a body, than either tun Assembly or the Executive, acting as bodies. As individuals, the French have no fear either of personal danger, or of responsibility; but as a body, they sometimes have manifested a great deal more aglKtion than seemed to mo to be ealled for. They an cvceodinglv sensitive?alive to their honor, personal u :;l national?and it is not surprising, perhaps, after what has occurred, that they should be over sensitivo that such scenes should not bo repeated, and that they should he careful not to put it in the power of any one man. or small number of men, to betray them a second time Rut these agitating soenes have o bad Influence upon the public and the press, which again reacts upon the Assembly, and produces complaints. The press ie full of complaints of the inaction of the Assembly. It seems as if it expected that 900 wise men would come together, anil all be of one accord, and prepared to act without any discussion; and propound not only the wisest measures, but those effectual to relieve the country from all the evils which oppress it. While! adhere to the opinion that the republic Is safe?that the French have conducted with great wisdom and singular forbearance, I cannot help teeing and referring to some of the evils to which an inexperienced people, in a republican form of govveruteut. are exposed, in commencing their extraordlnsry course ; yet under all these circumstances of excitement on the part of the Assembly the executive and the press, the masses of the people are calm. Arm, and resolute The Guards perform their duty daily without hesitation or complaint; and tlic public sustain them in preserving order, and ensuring tranquility to Paris and to Franoe. The Provisional Government was obliged to acquit see too In the continuation I of a good many evils and abuses to prpscrve | peace and save disorder and perhaps bloodshed, i which might well have endangered the republic 1 Itself; and now the government are taking a ' great many steps to reform those evils; and U|?on those questions too, men take sides. 1 have no doubt that 1 the removal of F.mll# Thomas, as chief of the .ffe/ier Nvtionale was urgently called for. and that the treasu- j ry and neoesritv of the country demanded it ; bnt It appears to me that It. would have been wiser in the exec utive. to have openly effected It. and directly too.than to have sent him out of the country in the manner I - ' E N E I thoy have, accompanied by two more gentlemen, and assigning to him, aa they allege, an important mis ion. Ovor him they could not then have raised the quextlon of Individual leourity and the privilege of the citisun, in which it appear* to me, the ma*sex are right and the government wrong, in prlnoiple. But 1 offer any impressions of my own upon both of these point* with little confidence, that they are correot, because -nil the circumstance! which might demand this particular remedy, can be known only to the government itself; but it look* like the violation of the immunity of aeitlaan. Yet M. Thomas ia well provided for; receive* the greatest consideration, according to his own letter to his mother, and ia to be charged with the execution of an important mission at Bordeaux in vieinlty. But the French are a peculiar and wonderful people, and I shall be slow to call In question the wisdom of their acta because they are not suoh as would, in every case, bo most expedient in nna* rnnntrv. Rnaiii and Belgium have recoenised the Frnuoh rsrUbllc. Louis Bis no will be arrested. It If t?id, ho has been interrogated. OBSERVER. Paris, May 31,1848. Grand Battle between Ike Italians and Jlustrians expected? Swiss Recall their Troops from Naples?King of Naples has Recalled his Troops ssnt against Austria? Blood flows at Mayence?Yucatan. The news of to-day is, that the King of Naples has recalled tho troops, amounting to several thotuand, which he had sent against Austria; and that the English and Austrian ministers and his Majesty are united in tho most cordial cooperation. The corps of Radetski and Nugent have formed a junction; and although the news of last evening was, that the Austrlans had gained some advantages, I think, Judging by that of this morning, that it is not a fact, and that the Italian army are acting on the offensive and gaining advantages. But tho Austrlans have received reinforcements; and after this junction, are in condition, if ever, to aocept the eneounter which the Italians have been tendering them. I think.ere this, the two armies may have met. and fought a decisive battle. After the manifestations at Naples. I regard the Italian question as very critical, both for Italy and Europe. The Swiss diet are taking prompt measures to oause all the Swiss trOop* to be recalled, and the greatest excitement is prevailing throughout Italy upon tho subject. Even the Pope is alarmed at the number of Neapolitan troops now on their way through his dominions; as the treacherous King may turn them against himself. Butwhile there is so much of indignation felt and expressed,and new exertions will be made to sustain the liberal party in Naples. Ferdinand's treachery has shaken the confldenoo which the Italian States bad in eaoh other, as they do not know whore next England may show her hand. That Charles Albert himself will be put to the test is very probable; and when anee treachery baa entered into the Italian counoils, and found a subjeet. no one knows where it may terminate. To-morrow, I think, something will be known of the course France will pnrsue in this extraordinary orisis. This blow may burst upon liberal Europe with the suddenness and the power of an earthquake, and create a corresponding sensation. Blood continues to flow at Maycnce: and tho National Assembly at Frankfort, by a small majority, hare refused to interfere at present The discussion gave rise to a good deal of party and national fvBlingln the Assembly. Every humane man in Europe is rejoiced that the people of the United States are about to lend their aid in protecting the people of Yucatan from massacre. The horrors of a massacre, by the Indians, in suoh a country, can never be imagined. OBSERVER. Paris. May 31,1848. Deputation of the National Guard of Vienna to the Km. peror?Their Report?Ineurrectiont?Arret! t?Bank* of England and Auttria?Switt Troopo recalled from Naplet?Italian Bulletin?Sieiliant?Pope of Rome? Pruirtmn Attembly refute to he dinolved hy the King. The deputation of the National Guard of Viennahave returned frotn Inspruek. (Tyrol) from their visit to the Emperor, and report that they obtained an audience with the Emperor; that there were presented to the Emperor a great many important personagos, and other delegations; that a convocation at Lints of the Austrian German provinces was under discussion; that the Emperor had Invited the diplomatic corps to leave Vienna, to reside at Inspruek, and had abolished the University of Vienna; that he had published a proclamation, in which he deolarcd that some anarchists had wished to lead the people astray, and turn thcra from tllelr accustomed fidelity, to rein tln u.-ol.tr, lU?Ui he had retired into the mountains of Tyrol; that he did not wish to withdraw the concessions ha ha<t made to the people in March; but he wished them to be goI ?npn?d Itv fhft ftnrl thnt vri nA nrnannot nf the return of the Kmperor to Vienna. The Council of Moderates have convoked an extraordinary diet, for the second day of Jnly, and have invited the nation to volunteer in support of the country, ' which is in danger." A letter from Gradde Corrisco. arrived at Pesth says:?25 000 insurgents are marching against that city; that the Croates are triumphant at Neuliats, and that the troops opposed to them have been disarmed. The Archduke Ktienne has declared the Croates traitors. and the country In a s'ate of siege. Daron I.ederer, his aide-de-camp, the Baron Lippe, and Lieutenant Cersini, have been arrested, as the result of the inquiries instituted at Bude. The Bank of EngLtud has been supplying the Bank of Vienna with specie, a quantity of which has just arrived. The money of England goes to Austria, and her squadron to Naples. The High Diet of Switieriand have resolved, considering that civil war exists in Naples, that the military capitulations whieh have been hitherto made with that monarchy, cannot be maintained In the actual state of things; that in the situation In which the Swiss troops at Naples are -found, they would bring dishonor upon the honor ?f the nation, by their participation in a oivil war, in which they would be employed against tho general cause of liberty and the people, decree that the countries who have oonoluded military capitulations with the kingdom of Naples are invited to recall their troops. Tho Italian bulletin from the seat of war announces that their battering against Peschiera had eontinued all dav. that the rosources of the enemy were failing and tneir force diminishing: that the fort Mandilla was much dismantled; that there had been no diversion of the enemy either by Verona or Kivoli, to operate as a diversion; that the commander of the Neopolltan troops, when he had heard of tho conduct of the king, made forced marches to reach the seat of war, that lie might receive countermanding orders; that tho Swiss rofcidinn at Livourno had nubllshed a nroctamation ngainstthe part which thoir countrymen had taken in the affair at Naplea. The Sicilians are ooming to the aid of their friends in Naples. The civil convulsions at Rome are calmed, and all now la quiet there exoept the new anxiety as to the purposes of the King of Naples. who has near 25.000 troops In the States of the cnurch, The Pope has sent to the King for explanations, since the news of the massacre. These troops are In the cities of Macerata. I.oreto, Ancone, and Bologne. Most of them at Ancono tosve left under General Pope, who. when he received the news from Naplea, said, "montures quo nous sommea ltau?a?.u By the nir*. 0f to-day. it appears that the Assembly at Berlin are dist>n?niDg the right or power of tho King to dissolve their sitlin*. and that they are about to decide that question against ?.txo right of the King, and that they will proceed to form a onstltuHnn in concert with the crown, or In contradiction to its ?ommands. as the crown pleases. Under these circumstances, Prussia is likely to have a constitution, and the King to be put in check. Kngland ought to interfere. I think, and get up another massacre in Berlin.? Perhaps the Timeo wilt recommend it. Large companies are giving charibaris to the obstinate royalists and enemies of the people, which creates a good deal of trouble at Berlin, and causes some bloodshed. I think the power of tho King is sinkiug every day. OBSERVER. Paris, May 31, 1848. National .'htcmbly at Frankfort? Their Povxrt? Their Reoulto?Some Speculation> upon them?Rejection of the Conititution of the King of Pruttia ? Excitement at Berlin?The King't Righto Hueotioned?Englioh Jew Bill Rejected?London wilt Inoiot. The German National Assembly at Frankfort, marks a new era in the history of the north, and is the most extraordinary Assembly that ever existed. It repre sents thirty-seven distinct sovereignties, oach havinB a government of its own, some of one form and some ?r . Cw.n? 1l. 1 .f 1 ...1-1 ? --?" . ?" '"'F"" ? Au.in??utt I.IIK Kingdom of Prussia down to tha duchy of Poson?all foreign governments?somo in a state of revolution. and others In a process of reform, bordering upon that of revolution. Indeed Austria and Prussia are substantially In a state of anarchy, and both State* at warone with Italy, and the other with Denmark. Neither of the latter of which are represented In the National Assembly. The Diet, sitting also at. Frankfort, took a paternal protection of the Assembly when it first met, and delivered to it a fatherly address ; called It n Parliament, (which name it printed in emphatic letter* ;) but Its patronising airs were not well received by the Assembly, and no notice has been taken of its proceedings ; and the Assembly, instead of calling Itself the Parliament, after the fashion of P.nglaml, calls Itself the National Assembly. Of what nation I the report of Its proceedings, containing the remarks cf the member from Vienna, then from Berlin, and so on through the catalogue of nations. If it adopts the principles Indicated by the propositions of Its committee, to whom was referred the question of Us powers, it will swallow up all the governments which it represents, and establish a power upon the Rhine which will introduce a new few feature into the diplomacy of Kurope, and create a power between Franca and Russia second to neither, or, perhaps, to both. What do the two sovereigns of Austria and Prussia expect, or Intend to do with this new herculean power ? The King of Prussia, two months ago, whsn ha received the shock of the French revolution, issued a decree demanding a coq. t. '4n W YO MEW YORK, FRIDAY Ml gross of all the German States. This, at first, was not ! well received by Austria, Bavaria, bo. be. It was then | supposed that the king wished to place himself at the , head of such a new organisation; but since that time, under the auspices of the people, and sovereigns, and | minister, (for 1 do not understand that objection has j been made to the Congress from any quarter) an As- j sembly ha* been elocted. and not at Frankfort, wbioh, j as referred to in a former letter, claims that all j the constitutions of all tho States represented must be made to conform to the provisions of that ! which they may create; and, unless they are clotbud with this power, for what purpose are they assembled? Is it merely as a body to proposo. as indicated by the Diet ? That would be folly, and deprivo the body of any power beyond that of an individual, or public journal. But suppose the different nations resist, and refuse to alter their own constitutions in conformity to the new one, who can coerce them? Will they be coerced, or left out of the confederation of States ? it is understood that a majority of this Assembly, favor a monarchical form of goverment; but that may not prove to be true; nor does it ohange the principle. Should a republic be established, will the sovereigns abdicate? Then again, who is to bo the head, the chief of this new power, and how is he to be chosen, and what are to be his powers and his duties? All theso questions, it is presumed, the Assembly will, in duo time, answer; but in the meantime, It is exceeding interesting to speeulate, and contemplate the stupendous powers claimed; and the mighty importance to be attached to such a movement in the heart of Europe. Prussia is still in great agitation; the Assombly just organised, have already manifested a decided repugnance to the constitution laid before them by the king; and, in this manifestation, thoy have been sustained by the people. That part of the constitution, which provides for tho appointment and elootion of the upper branch, will meet with almost universal condemnation; and the whole construction of the instrument will bo re-modeled. Many members have already assumed the bold proposition, that it is no part of the king's duty, to provide the Congress with a constitution; but that it is their business to provide oue for tho people. Indeed, ideas of freedom, and individual rights?of the necessities of free Institutions, and a constitution to define the rights of the governed and the governors; and of the capacity of the people to' frame their own organic laws, have found their way into the German ceuntries ; although the people have not yet learned, how much better thoy would 'uccoed in their new Institutions, without those with kings. Many of the Germans read English, and they feel the influence of the English press upon their minds, in this respect. The time will come, when they will gather more strength and confidence in themselves. and feel less the influence of a press, which is so hostile to the progress of froe institutions in Europo The Jew bill, so cal'ed, has been rejected in the House of Cords; Lord Wellington voting agaiust it. This will create more difficulty in England' than the Spanish question. Tho more liberal party are much the strongest in London, and the question will be pressed, probably, by the presentation of Baron Rothschild for a seat. OBSERVER. Paris, June 1, 1848. The Steamers?Louis Blanc put in Accusation?Extraordinary Scene in the Assembly?Speech of the Accused? Will agitate France?Falsehood Charged? Report of Minister of Foreign Affairs in Reference to Maples?Oreat Dissatisfaction of the Press therewith. The steamer sails the 3il, and this is the last day tor the deposit of letters, in Paris, for it. The steamer preceding this sails from England to-day, and my last letters were deposited on the 30th ult. It is necessary thus to deposit letters here about forty hours before they leure England for the United States. The passage across the Channel which ought to be made in two or two and a-half hours, requires sometimos six or eight? on account of the wind, storms, ho., and tome other difficulties which 1 do not preci ely understand. Yesterday a as a stormy day in the National Assembly of Franca. I say of Franoe, for when there are so near each other?each filling Europe with the most important measures, it is nocoseary to specify those to which reference may be made. The Procureur-General sent into the Chamber yesterday, a demand in writing, asking that Louis Blano, a member of that body, should be put in accusation, and stating some of the evidence .tnAn wtkiaK h? ku uuil lata <lumu.wl TVtia tnntinn uf* w introduced to the Assembly by M. Senart. aud produced tor a few momenta the silence < f death itself; following which was a scene of excitement aud di*wl?r seldom xveecdnd Louis Blauc denounced the Manutlnn ami some bS the statements ** false: tg ferred to his courso in the Assembly, to which the requisition for his arrest refers; reviewed his oourse upon that exciting occasion; recalled his words; and appealed to members to sustain the truth of his statements. Many did so; and 1 think they correspond very accurately with the reports that were, at the time, given of that extraordinary scene. Four mumbers of tlie Assembly had testified before the authorities to certain words used by Louis Blanc upon that occasion. The statement of these members was pronounced false by him. and by them re-afllrmcd in their places. The scene became so exciting that no one could be heard when Cremieux. Minister of Justice, moved a reference of the whole subject to a committee of eighteen members, who are immediately to report upon the subject. It is said that the discussion has been most animated in the bureau, and that the result is yet very uncertain. That Louis Blano was carried round the chamber on the shoulders ot the insurgents, was evidently their favorite, and by them relied upon as being one of them, is very manifest: but that his language on that day, in the Assembly, was calculated to implicate him. is not certain. It is difficult to determine precisely what was his language; but he was evidently circumspect, to prevent committing himself, if he did commit himself; and without knowing what the result may bo. I doubt whether he will be be put in a/iAtiaaHnn 11 nloaa flwsrn la fno! imrtn v atrninct him nfhnr than that arising from his acts and language before the Assembly. Whatever conclusions one may derive as an individual, as to the real truth of tho matter, it does not appear to me that he ought to be put in accusation upon any legal evidence arising solely from that day's proceedings. The Trocureur General is a resolute man, it is said; and it is further said that he will resign his place unless the request by him made is granted. Louis Blanc said, " This proceeding means me to-day; to-morrow you will bo called for. It is an attack on the Assembly, and puts all their lives in danger." There is much force in this remark, and it is a grave question?it will agitate France. Barbes, Albert, and Gen. Courtais were so manifestly,guilty, that although they wero members of the Assembly,their accusation caused no agitation in the country. All considerations of tho gravity ot such a proceeding, and of the dangor of the precedent, were swallowed up in the enormity of their crimes and the crisis of affairs. But the case is now different, and the matter is a grave one for the Assembly and the country. The Minister of Foreign. Affairs mado his report in reference to the massacre at Naples; but he produced no new facts, was very reserved, and desired the Assembly to relievo him from any further interrogatories at present upon the subject. The press is terribly severe upon him; yet the government may be very nctivo upon the subject, and acting most wisely, at present, by keeping their own counsels. But, sooner or later, the executive must speak out, or give place to those who will. France will not be quiet till effectual measures are adopted upon this subject. OBSERVER. Paris, June 1,1849. Civil TFLr in Naples?The Jinny Refutes to Obey the Kinp, and to he Recalled?The Heads of the King and Oovemment Involved in the Issue?Frankfort ,1sseiahly have Passed the Resolution jlhsorhing ths Powers of Tnirty- Seven States by it Represented?Its Rights and the Effects?Union of Venire, Milan, Tuscany. and Prussia, with Piedmont, under Charles Jllhert?Blockade of Trieste. Civil war is raging in Naples, with all Its horrors? the army have refused to obey the tyrant and bloodthirsty King, and put at defiance his orders, recalling them from their march against tho Austrians General Pepc received these orders at Dolosne: and he placed the question before the army, whether they would return to light lu the streets of Naples, in pursuance of the orders of the King, or proceed against the Austrian*. All his followers, by acclamation, decldod to proceed. The General then wrote to the King, "That since thesafetyof the country demanded his services, he should noionger receive orders from one of its tyrants." The-die is cast?the army proceeds?and the heads of the King and Gener.il must abide the issue. The Chamber of Deputies have also put at defiance the mandate of the King, dissolving them; and thoy have retired from Naples, to meet in some one of the provinces, in the meantime, every place is filled with prisoners, in Naples; and two or three thousand are already placed on board of some floats lying off the harbor. I he news from the Italian army still favors the cause, though that of the junction of the armies of Radetski and Nugent is confirmed. Tho Italian corps, commanded by the brother of General Durcendo, have repulsed the Austrians. who had descended front the Tyrol on the side "do Roeco d'Anto;" and other reinforcement* arc stilt advancing on the Italian side. Nugent had made a second attack on Vfoanoa, aad been repulsed. The Inhabitants of Trevise have also maintained themselves, and have n pulsed him from that city Trieste ha* been blockaded since the IMd of May, by a floet of nineteen vessels of war ; and a large proportion of tho people of ' that cltv are renr>Mnn<?,l ? fnvnrahln in thn Italian*' j but there In a strong garrison of Austrlaos there. which J holds them In cheek. The Selavonlans. and tho Austrian* engaged In commerce at Trieste, are in faror of 1 the Austrians A Sardinian squadron has arrived at

j Venice, and I* going, with a Neapolitan siuadron. to I make a demonstration before Trieste, and upon the ! shore of the Istrle. Venice ha* decided not to decide I the question of a union with Tiodmont. till after the j war; bnt the province* are In favor of cementing the | I union immediately, t'harle* Albert apparently take* j it ii rinrxnii'ii "in ri mi'i < inn in iwm i >KK E ORNING, JUNE 30. 1848. no part in these measures, anil to all their addresses to him upon the subject, he says he is engaged in expelling the Austrians, and that work must first be completed, before he takes these other matters into consideration?a oourse truly politic for him?for his dominions are growing faster in his absence, than they would by any direct agency of his?may ho, justify this confidence Of his own people ; and those of Milan a ml VaninA. Tiuaaiiv Anil Purmg who urn trimtlncr in his gooil faith, and enlarging hi* dominions by the annexation of all that territory upon which tha Iron heal of Austria trod, in the days of Mettern'ch. He declares that tha war with Austria will not be finished until every Austriun soldier is driven from the soil of Italy. His operations before Peschlera still continue, but this fort is strong, and it is expected to require several days to reduce it. Austria is strengthening her army?but her powers at home are so crippled, that her reinforcements are not largo. On the 27th of May. the National Assembly at Frankfort. passed the resolution of the majority of the committee, almost in the words of the report given in my former letter. It finally passed by a unanimous vote, after a long and animating discussion. This morning, for the first time, the French press has commented upon tho importance of such a measure?perhaps they reserved their comments till the '-fait accompli)" ?it is done, and at one effort, the assembly have absorbed in themselves, all the powers of thirty-seven of the Kuropean governments, Austria and Prussia included. Whorcin is tho necessity of tho people of these governments contondingabout the form or principles, or the organisation of a government, till tho constitution of the assembly at Frankfort, shall have been agreed upon and enacted ? If Prussia makes a constitution, as she is now engaged in doing, at Berlin. by her National Assembly?she may find it null and void, being in conflict with that framed at Frankfort?and have the work to perform a second time.? The more we reflect upon this extraordinary state of things, the greater beoomes its manifest complications. Indeed, the Frankfort assembly may save the Austrians and Prussians all trouble in getting rid of their sovereigns and princes, or In limiting their powers?for tho power claimed at Frankfort is sweeping?requiring all constitutions and laws to conform to it; and yet, not a single provision of that instrument, whiohisto override all others, has been enacted ; it is, as yet, a simple declaration of powers?and, yet, it may be asked. if the assembly has not suoh power ? Of what avail will be the work of Its hands ? It is not expected that any constitution that could be framed, would be so acceptable as to be adopted by all the States, if it was not compulsory. And. again, in the present oonfu sion. mere are now governments, in many ouu.ni, authorised to bind the people. Thin assembly, at Frankfort. appears to have been an emanation from a revolutionary power?like a Provisional government?resulting from the necessity of tho case, holding their power from the people, and overriding kings, princes and constitutions ; and demanding, as in France, that all powers shall give way before it. If sustained, it will change the position of affairs in Europe, perhaps even more than the French revolution. OBSERVER. Paris, June 1,4 T. M., 1848. The \bth of Ma\j?Jlffain of Jluttria?The Duchtti of Orleant?Tht Prinee of Joincillt, <pc. Paris is quiet, and1 as It it Asconslon day, the National Assembly are not in session. The Executive have made a long report in reference to the affairs of the 16th of May, in which I have not been able to discover any new and important fact, not before known, except that Brenin went to the palace, and demanded of Arago its delivery to him; which Arago not relishing, arrested tho gentleman upon the spot. The news of to-day, up to tho latest hour, confirms that before referred to, of a rising of the Sclaves in Austria, and of a good deal of flghtirg between them and the Austrian Oerman population ; as, also, of the Emperor's determination, not to return at present to Vienna, and tho dissolution of the University of Vienna. The discussions touching the eleven new I candidates for thu Assembly, from Paris, is growing more interesting ; and the friends of the different awn- I didntcH, and the candidates themselves, are pressing their pretensions. The fashion bereJfJiQr ?. MfatnhlX":principal and pretensions in his proclamations. This would save a good deal ef labor, If adopted in our country, and bring the parties moro directly before the public. It presents encouragements, and brings men boldly to the point. Suppose you try it in New York ? The course oi England. at Naples, has created a great deal of anxiety in Italy, but they will only tight the more violently. General 1'opo has placed one of his subordinate I Generals under arrest, who was disposed to return to Naples, and obey the order of the king. Thus England has created an awful issue in Italy, which will I otisf rivers of blood to flow. Tho God of Justice will hold her to a corresponding responsibility. England lias made her attempts upon Charles Albert, but has not been able to control him. He sees his interest in the increase of his dominions, If he has no higher motive. Portugal is in imminent danger of a revolution. All the liberal Spaniards, flying from Spain, have been expelled from Portugal. The summer has so far advanced that many of the Parisians have left for the oountry. Many go to Havre. Bordeaux, Nantes, to., to ; and to different parts of the country, where they can have the benefit of the salt water. Vet thorn are a great many foreigners in Paris; and no part of the year is more beautiful in Paris than the spring andsi.mmer months. Music, dancing. promenades, and illuminations, give a oharm to the delightful summer evenings, '.rhich (he population understand so well how to enjoy. The members of the National Assembly, and their families from the interior. are found mingling in large numbers in these scenes. Versailles and St. Cloud are now in their glory, and these palaees surpass, in the splendor of i heir furniture and paintings, any in Paris?that of the Tuileries not excepted. Louis Philippe has expended a good deal of the publle money in adding to their splendor; but he made but a poor tight, that he might continue to enjoy them. The Duohess d'Orleans is now In Germany, with her two sons; and the fast seems to be well established tbat. since the death of her husband, she has been very badly treated by the king's family; and that she found her residence with them a very miserable one. She had mora intelligence than any other female in the establishment, and for some cause sho seems to have been an object of envy and illwill throughout the household, it is said?the king himself excepted. But nuu wna viic luumn w >uo *"#, wu.tu u.iHuv have caused jealousy; and she wan not only the moat Intelligent, but the most popular of the ladies with the people. Prince do Jolnvlllo is a candidate for member of the Assembly. His numerous proclamaticna fill the city, signed by one or two of his friends, putting forth the " heroia sailor," to fill that post: but the attempt will fail?all lored the prince and the admiral under the Dack dynasty ; but all understand the danger and Impropriety of such a movement. He must not allow his friends to speculate too much upon his popularity; it will endanger his condition. I think Theirs may fail of an election in Paris, but will be elected in the provinces. Much discussion has taken place over his head during this canvass; and I cannot doubt that his acknowledged powers as an orator may have created some opposition?but not from Lamartlne. I think the prospect for the establishment of a constitution put beyond any reasonable doubt, though there will be many occasions for great agitation and alarm to the timid. OBSKRVER. Paris, June 3, 1843. Ministers in the Palaces?Subject qf Remark?The Legion of Honor?The Question of Daniekment of the Family of Bonaparte?The Electiont are Exciting Great Interest and Discussion. An interesting and exciting debate arose yesterday in tho Assembly, upon the question of modlfylug or abolishing the lcgleu of honor. It now Is worn by large numbers, having tho efflgy of Henry the Fourth; nnd there were two motions, one to change the efflgy for that of Napoleon ; and the other to abolish the "gew gaw." as it was, Unhappily for the nation, styled, altogether?indeed, there was a third, to substitute an emblem of the State. In connection with this question, was one involving the abolition of the act of 1832, by which the family of Bonaparte was banished from France It was evident that tho members, and tho people of France, attach the most sacred feeling to the legien of honor; and all hough the deolsion of the I. .I?r..rr? I H,..? nil) nnt no?nlt it IV.? ?l?. lishcd; they regard it as connected with the proudest days of France, and the manifestation waa very strong in favor of substituting the effigy of Napoleon for all oilier emblems. Indeed, the sentiment of veneration and love fur Napoleon in so strong, that the Assembly will not llston to any proposition removing any thing from the presence of the French people, associated with the recoiled ions of himself. So, too, while they will not permit Louis Napoleon, who has conducted indiscreetly, to reside in I'aris, or France; yet thoy will remove aoy obstacle In the way of other members of the family returning to the country and enjoying its privileges. Cremeui, the Minister of Justice, and a nutn of much consideration, yesterday broke out into a strain of enthusiastic admiration of Napoleon, and carried i with him the Assembly, in an overwhelming expression of admiration for the umn and his deeds, lie declared the name of Napoleon nn 44 iinperisbabln souvenir, whirh would forever cover the country with immense glory.'' Tile approaching elections excite a great deal of in 1 terest iu Paris, ami a good dual of warm discussion, both in and out of the press. I have been through different parts of I'aris to-day. and clubs In the streets are numerous and animated In discussing the merits of the dlfferrnt candidates. The votes are being distributed in great numbers in every part of the city, and addresses of the candidates themselves, and of clubs and conventions are numerous, and some of them pretty warmly recommending the names agreed upon. I And Thiers' name at tho head of one list, and at the foot of another ; and upon a great number and variety of lists his name does not appear. I am glad to see you taking a Just view of the character and capacity of the ' French people for solf government ; as your paper circulates more generally in Kurope, and other foreign i Isjrti!0*M*ii.,srr*n ?- v- - '+? >* 11; a a > countries where I have resided or travelled, thun any r other; and is more generally copied, except, perhaps, ? by some parts of the tory press of Kngland. which r finds artlole* in some other journals more iu keeping with its general purpose of disparaging our oouutry ' and republican institutions. ' 1 cannot think that the vote will be so large at this ' election as at tho former general election, but the ap- ' parent intsrest Is even more exciting than upon that t occasion. The ouestlon, whether Thiers. K.uiile Ol- r rardin. the conductor of the press. Cusnldiere. who j resigned under imputations, F.mlte Thomas, the chief i of the Atalier, who was seut out of the country, so mysteriously arrested at Boulogne, and there set at liberty, 1 (to. he., creates great Interest, and a corresponding 1 discussion. Taris to-day appears like one ot opr cities < just before a grand election. The halls are full of , i addresses, lists of candidates, resolutions, he. he ; and < the streets full of elubs of people, all talking, discuss- ] ing, and playing off their witticisms. The papers iu ; < the interest of Thiers and Oirardin are accusing those ( in the interest of the National, of nulling down the lists which contain the names of tneir friends, or of < J striking them out; and the whelo scene, is bceomiag quite animating. In a few more elections they will I learn the art of employing carriages to bring out the I lame, halt, and blind, and in fine to Imitate us in all I those arts by which success Is sometimes secured at | the ballot box. They also accuse each other of getting i up false stories of declinations, ho. ho . of tho candi- . dates ; and aro waxing warmer and warmer in the ways of these frauds orer tho water. It will require j but a short time longer to enable the Knglish to perceive, that tho French take an Interest iu these ' elections. I It is said that tho ministers aro going to inhabit the I residence ci-divant royal, (if so, they may judge for . thoir own interest at least;) that Kloran will take the < PaviUion do Breteuil, dependence of tho Chateau St. i ( loud, a beautiful place ; Rocuil that of Mnudon ; j Tlelat that of Fontainebleu; Duolerc that of Tratnon ; Cremieux that of Coinpiegne, and Basttde that of ! Kambouillet. The French people have consented to | see the palace of the Tuilorlii* occupied by the masses and their wives, because it was made thereby a kind of I hospital for the wounded, and they were therewith content, notwithstanding the lucongruity between tho | caps of the women and the inagnlflcenoe of the inte- , rior. But I think it will not be satisfactory, to see ! these splendid palaces, which are now thrown open to the public to visit and examino. occupied by those 1 persons who arc perhaps little qualified to fill the places j with the grace and courtesy of those who' huve preceded them, Oreat men and distinguished women, of whom the nation is proud, have ocoupied these splondid and magnificent mansions, and the French will i perceive an incongruity in tuste, as quickly as any other people. Ladies must be splendid and accomplished, not to suffer by a residence in such rooms. OBSERVER, F. S.?Last Tuesday, at the Church Ruid, an annual religious service was performed to the memory of 1 Josephine, by a large concourse. Our London Correspondence. London, June 9, 1818. Matters in England?Preparations for a Universal Chartist Demonstration?Irish Matters ?Banking Business?Theatricals, $c. In these turbulent times your readcis will naturally expect that I should commence my letters with an account of the chartist proceedings in England, who have been, during the last week, doing their work in right good earnest. Not a night has passed without severe skirmishes and conflicts ,.i.^ .i,? i .i iittv lug isivcu |>iact ucittccii mc |iuuuc auu luciu. Broken heads, arms, legs, Acc., have become now regular occurrences, and the hospital dressers begin to have enough to employ them. It appears to be the desire of the chartists, by an unabated series of meetings, held at most unreasonable hours, to tire out the civil and military force. To a great extent they have succeeded In endeavors, for the troops have been under arms for the last ten days, and are impatient to have the question decided in some shape or other. Monday, the 12th of June, will be Whit-Monday, on which day the chartists have announced that large meetings will be held simultaneously throughout England. To be prepared for this, the government have already taken the greatest precautions to preserve its ascendancy. The special constables are all to be re-sworn, their time of serving expiring on the 10th; and tt is resolved that on Sunday night they are to do street duty, in order to atiord relief to the police, so thut the latter may be prepared for any disturbance on the following Monday. Should they, by any mishap, come into collision with the authorities, it was stated in the House of Commons by Sir George Grey, the Home Secretary, that, although the government were most desirous of avoiding any encounter, yet, if the police were in any way inured, they would be immediately withdrawn, and their places occupied by the military, who are to be placed under the command of the Duke of Wellington. Five of the chartist leaders have been arrested?Messrs. Ernest Jones, Fussell, Sharpe, Vernon, and Williams?all of whom have been committed to Newgate, to take their triajs. I do not think there will be any trouble to obtain ajury to convict them; as they have, by their insane proceedings, created many enemies. Mr. Fussell was the person who stood upon a tub in the midst of a common, and asserted he would disown his five children if they did not acknowledge the soundness of the doctrine of "private assassination." If the cause could be weeded of such extravagantly absurd partizans as uiuoc 1 uavo ciiumciaicu, uicic wuuiu Ut* it rtriUJOll- ( able chance of the main portions of the charter becoming the law of the land. To-nignt, both houses of Parliament adjourn for j a week ; although they have plenty of work to do, still they mast nave their holydays. Nothing of importance has been debated upon in either house during the past week, with the exception of the discussion of the Spanish question. There was a , brilliant debate upon the dismissal of Sir Henry ' Bulwer from Spain, in which Lord Palmerston. | Mr. Sheil, Lord John Russell, Mr. Disraeli, and , Sir Robert Peel, took part. The members were , almost unanimous in freeing Sir Henry Bulwer from all blame; indeed, the highest eulogies for his j tact in diplomatic atliiirs, were showered upon him , from all parts of the house ; so that the question rests thus at present, and is not likely to be again referred to. I, however, send you a summary of the parliamentary proceedings during the week. j The new Reform League are having meetings , day by day, in some of the thickly populated towns, { where they gain many adherents to their cause.? , Bath, Wakefield, Manchester, Marylebone, and , Chelsea, have been ths scenes of their latest labors. Another of the Irish patriots, a Mr. Mea?[her, has been arrested?not for sedition, but or assaulting a police constable, while in the execution of nis duty. It appears that Mr. Meagher was marching at the head of his club, when the police attempted to stop the procession, upon which Mr. Meagher struck the officer, and was forthwith taken into custody. The clubs in Ireland are as violent as ever, the cry for "repeal" being incessant,still no fartheroutbreaks have taken place since you last heard from me. The new Irish paper, or rather the new born United Irithman, is now published under the title of the Felon, advocating the following principles:?That the Irish people have a just and indefensible right to this land (Ireland) and to all the moral and material wealth, arising therefrom, and to govern the same for their own nee, maintenance. ~and comfort.? 1 That the custom called tenantrignt, which prevails 1 in the North of Ireland, is a just custom, both for ' north and south?that it ought to be extended to J Ulster, and adopted by common content in all the three provinces of the island. That every freeman, , and eVery man who desires to become free, ought to have arms, and to practise the use of them.? 4 That the sovereign title, and honor of the Irish 4 people to Irish rule, are higher, more glorious, J and more sacred than the title ol any king or , nue?n on earth; nnd that the life and liberty of the Irish people urc, at least, as precious and sacred as x those of our king or queen, or our viceroy, judge, ' sheriff, or juryman. How the last principle just ' enumerated, will be carried out, is more than I * can venture to say. The proceedings of the provisional government [ in France are daily communicated to us through the several correspondents of the daily pa|?ers, and afford tolerable satisfaction. Intelligence was this morning circulated here, nnd indeed I have seen the document, stating that an amnesty woi*W | be given to all military deserters, who wer re- f quested without delay to apply for their certificate c of pardon to the French ambassador ir London. t| This is, unquestionably, a very praise,'or,hy l'ro* d cceding, speaking volumes for tnc humanity Uamariine and his colleagues. . i; I have no very interesting ncv" 'n 'I"' theatrical , world to send you, without it be that Jenny land . is gaining fresh triumph every night of her performance. Last evening ber reception in the opera of "PEIisir d'Amore.' ifi^t '"me of its perform- J nnee) was most cn'busiastic, being culled before fl the curtain twice at the end of each act. I think I o informed you ? week or two back of the coldness t with which ?hc foreigners were met in Lngland ; f ?>i? .in*u tills want ot cordiality extend to ladies* &onnets and dresses, but even to theatrical*. The intention of M. Dumas, the French s writer, to tfive a series of representations at Dniry p f.aiie Theatre is likely to he abandoned; for so * violent have been the editors of many English s ? LD. Prteo Tm Casta. mpers, in their denunciations against the performince, that I do not think he will attempt it. Toitght was to he the first night; but every moment f xpect to see the announcement of the abandoning if the protect. If he is-rsist in owning hia theatre, here will be a tremendoua show of disapprobation. One of the most im|*>rtant meetings in connecion with the blinking interest, has been the annual neeting of the Batik of British North America, Ylr. James l)owie beingchairman. The report reerred to the probable reaction on the Nortn Ameican colonics of a fall in the prices of agricultual produce, contingent upon an abundant harvest n F.urope, and it also suggested the necessity for caution in the business operation of the bank, swing to the recent severe pressure on the British money market. It was stated that the diminution the aetjirofitSj as compared with those of lie year irnu, Had hpcn occasioned by the increased lmount set aside to meet the estimated losses of >ud_ and doubtful d.'bts; and although the rate of irofit during the last quarter was materially diminshed, by the precautionary measures adopted by he directors, yet the gross profits of the bank for :he year 18-17, nad exceeded those of any former fear. The net profits for 1847, after making the irovision referred to, not being found equal to a rear's dividend at the rate of six per cent per anium. it was announced that a half year's dividend would be paid on the 5th July next, at the rate of ive per cent per annum. The amount of undiviled net profit to the 31st of December, 1846, was ?61,457 8s (id. The net profit for f847, aftsr deduction of all current charges, and providing for lad and doubtful debts, was ?54,(M5 3s 0(1. ?115,>02 Us (si, from which is to he taken the amount jf dividend paid during the last year ?60,000 ; eaving an amount of undivided net profit to the *1 st December, 18-17, ?55,502 Us (id. With this statement the meeting closed. The money market is slightly improved, notwithstanding which, there is an universal apathy on the part of the buyers, and of course a corresponding anxiety oil the part of sellers. Consols closed this . afternoon at 84$; new three and a quarter per cents, 83$; bank stock, 1924; exchequer bills, 36 to 38 premium; Brazilian, 67; Danish, 65 ; Mexican, 15J; Spanish consols, 12; Spanish 3 per cents, 22$; Dutch two-and-a-half per cents, 424- The rates of [lie principal railways are as annexed :? Eastern Counties, 144. 4.1. |; ditto New Guaranteed, six percent, 3, 4; ditto Extension, five per cent. No. 1, par; ditto No. 2, jf dis; ditto Northern and Eastern, 43$; Eastern Union. Class B (late 1 and B.) 5J; Edinburgh and Glasgow, 43; ditto Half Shares, 11; Great Northern, 5|, 4: Great North of England, 227; Great Western, 90; ditto Quarter Shares, 15; ditto New, ?17, 7J; -Hull and Selby, 894; ditto Quarter Shares; 20 ; Lancashire and Yorkshire, West Riding Union, 2; ditto Preston and Wyre, 344; Leeds and Thirsk, 234; London, Brighton, and South Coast, 31, ex in; ditto Preference Convert., five per cent, 1848, 464; London und Greenwich, 8J; ditto Preference or Prtv., 194; London and North Western, 123, 4,24,34; ditto New, 3; ditto Fifths, 7; ditto ?10 Shares, M and B (u,) 84; ditto (b,) 8$; ditto (c,) 34; Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincolnshire, New, ?10 Preference, 7jf, 4 5 Midland, 1004 ; ditto Birmingham and Derby, 73; do consolidated Bristol and Birmingham, six per cent, 1184; Norfolk, 68; North British, half shares, 94, $; do quarters, 4$, I; do thirds, J; North Staffordshire, 9J; Shrewsbury and Chester, Owestry, 8$; Shropshire Union, 1$; South Eastern, 23], 4$; do No. 2, U{; do No. 4, thirds, 5$: Wear Valley, six per cent, guarantied, 8J; York, Newcastle and Berwick, 31$; do original Newcastle and Berwick, 30$; do Extension, No 1, York and Newcastle, 17$; York and North Midland, 69, 8; do preference, 134- Foreign Railways:?Boulogne and Amiens, HJ; Namur and Liege, 3j, 4; Northern, of France, 4. P. H. The debate 011 the Navigation Laws, it was agreed, Phoufd close to-night. I stopped in the House for a considerable time, but as there is no chance of the discussion closing until tho morning, I dare not detain my letter. The Harvest in France.?The Paris National states that, from all quarters, the most satisfactory accounts are received of the state and prospects of the harvest. All the journals of the departments repeat that the " oldest inhabitants" cannot remember a season so favorable to the fruits of the earth. The corn is strong and well advanced, the heuds begin to be heavy. The vines are covered with grapes and flowers. The grains are abundant, and already in many parts of the country it has been necessary to mow the artificial prairies where the luzerne, the sain foin and clover begin to suffer from excess of vegetation. Affairs at Montevideo.?A recent arrival from llio Janeiro brings accounts from the River Platte to the 20th of April; but the only item of interest from that quarter, is contained in the following extract from a letter received at Boston, dated Montevideo, April 15:?" As regards the political state of affairs here, they are in a moat wretched state. The English Minister. Mr. Gore, and French Minister, Baron de Gros, nave lately arrived, and negotiations are now going on between them and Rosas, and Oribe, the would-be President of this republic. What the result will be, none can say, but the gejieral impression is that it must be decided in die course of a few days. They are said to have come out with full powers and authority to negotiate, from their respective governments ; and tne general opinion now is, that the result must be, either an entire removal of the blockade, or else a very strict enforcement of the same. We are all in the greatest stute of excitement at present, to know how things may turn?no one wishing to act until something shall be known decisive. This government is drained completely?the funds entirely exhausted, and unless KnirlanH nr Fr?nn? furnishes them further means to prosecute the war, the government must fall. Tney have already nailed upon the merchants und residents for aid to the amount of $50,000 for one month more, which lias been refused. There ia no one able to form an opinion of what the result will be. The government is deeply indebted to the troops, and they have refused to lay down their arms in case of peace being effected, until they are fully paid for their services; and being unable so to do, thev threaten to take any private property they may find, and thereby pay themselves. Such is now the stnte of uffairs with lis, and nnder such circumstances terras of a peace are looked forward to with more fear than a continuance of the war." Correction. A statement appeared in the Herald of yesterday, :opied from the Liberia lit raid, published at Monrovia, on the coast of Africa, giving an account of he melancholy death of passed miasipman Wheeock, United States Navy, on bord the United States brig of war Porpoise. We have since been avored with the perusal of a letter written by H. 3. Cordon, Lieutenant, commanding said vadsel, o the mother of the deceased, communicating the md intelligence We perceive that the account aken from the Liberia herald is in every respect ncorrect. Passed midsipman WheoloCk was a intive of Virginia, and had just completed his wenty-tliird year. On Tuesday evening the 11th >f April ultimo, soon after the expiration of his vateh, the report of a pistol was heard in his apartnent, and he was found a corpse in his bed, having ihot himself through the brain. He expired initantly. He was buried with military honors at St. rcorge de Elmiria, a Dutch military post on the vest coast of Africa. From the statements of 'aptain Cordon's letter, it further appears the debased was much respected and^ beloved bv his loinmander and all his brother officers, who have inited in erecting a monument to his memory. Cap- 1 ain Cordon states that for some time before the ittal deed, it had been apparent that the deceased vas laboring under n/ental derangement, probably H >rodured by the trvaig nature of an African climate. H S'o other cause was Known to have led to the taHl fl ict, and those assigned in the Liberia newsoapn^. H ire altogether unfounded and erroneous. It is H ileasurc make this correctiou, as some solaflro W H o the suffering feelings of his surviving relations W'f H md /fiends. ' wB H Political Intelligence. I No*inations in low v.?The whig convention in H own bare nominated Timothv Davis, of Doboqon, i>r Senator, in the uortliern district. The demorats have nominated Sheppard Letlar, in the Norhern, nnd William Thompson, in the Southern listrict, for re-election as Senators. James B. Bklskr, on* ot the Taylor candidates or Presidential elector for Alabama, has withrawn his name, r. fusing to serve because Mr. 'illmore is cn the MM ticket with Cen. Taylor. / A vvitot.k Pomtkai, Team.?The Low?srt/7* \ournal ways, that C?cn. Commander having "cap be nine voflM of South Carolina for the nominate f a candidate for the Presidency, he is surorfie ii roiitcito>r>it'' eastini; (lie entire autfragy H bate for I'lesidentiHl electors in N'oynju^ "Sr. riKoi'p with the Sick.is dieaid that when a locofoco is heagftiier is sent to owed to holt on Cass, an oth|fnng tip with ?'v? IH ittnid to him. Slid they cnlMy%Hj, is spreading ick f" The" sickness." \Kr^ l'?