Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 4, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 4, 1848 Page 1
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V TH i-~ * NO. 5143. J ADDITIONAL FOREIGN INTTELLIGENCI FItOM THE CORRESPONDENTS nf Hip. NEW YORK 11ERILD twins. juno 8, 1848. ^ juui a 1 uiwersion s r.vpoc??itu lionoranie uonauci to vvcrds Mr I hi liver?J2'.!? oa-eir.eitl in Paris?Manne of Disputing I hem?fitnicest oj Iht New Lawlam happy to dee that Lord Palmerstou has diss owed nny authorised interference ou the part of Kng land in the nflair of Naples; ho states tho case strong!) and his disavowal received the applause of Parliament But now urircR the question, what becomes of tho con duet which Lord Napier is represented to Uavo udopt d upon that aw ful occasion? Was he in the palace e the King two dajs, while the massacre was going for ward? If so. for what purpose was he there? Why dl he not adopt the course of the French Admiral, am arrest the illusion of blood, and give a refuge to thos who were fleeing from the massacres of the laxzaroni There is something so extraordinary and revolting t humanity in this transaction, that the world will rc quire an explanation, that the responsibility may fal where it belongs. Lord I'ainierston has also assume* the responsibility of the acts of Mr. Bulwer. who aete* in the spirit ol' his instructions, though diirereull; from what he expected tho minister to have done Like an honorable man, he assumes what he ghouh have assumed, and the country applauds iiim for it J He did not give-?parol instructions, and then evad them because they were uot reduced to writing; nei ther did lie utt< nipt to equivocate, and shuttle olT th responsibility from himself, because the minister, act ingin the spirit of his instructions, had gone a littl lurther than lie anticipated, and actually uounnuni oated a copy of his instructions, which were not iu tended to have been communicated; neither did b neglect the legation for the purpose of avoiding th responsibility, to take advantage of contingencies, ti afterwards approve, or disapprove of. the acts of th minister, according as the uu? or the other eeurs would bust relieve him from responsibility. IJut he ha . set an example **' houor to ministers giving instruc lions, to a?Miino the responsibility of ull acts done ii pursuance of the spirit of those instructions, be tL consequences to himself what they might. Tu example 1 commend to the attention of uvei; gentleman who may have happened to have pursuei exactly the opposite course, that he may see how dit fcrent is the image reflected by a man of honor fron that arising front a tricky politician, struggling to as cend one step higher thau he will probably roach Lord I'Mlmcrston has also declared, that in the media tion between Russia and Denmark, Kugland actei without concert with Russia. June 0 ?Last evening. I saw put into execution, fo the first time, the new law against attroupementa, si called. At eight o'clock, the people began to assembl t in large numbers before the Arcs St. Martin and Ue nis, in the iloulovaid. and by nine o'clock, the Bou levard was filled, as far as the eye could extend, ii each direction. 1 erhaps 50,000 people had assemblei to participate in and to witness the spectacle; am he present at the first attempt to enforce the lat against such assemblies in the streets. For one or tw< boors the omnibuses could not phss through the en tire distance occupied by the masses; but havin) passed thiougli tliem as far as they could, they turned off iuto other streets, and thenco passed on theii course. During this time, the actors placed bctweet the twoarcB. in the street, cried " rice Barb itmadi speeches, performed some waggish tricks , and finally the leader took a young lad. seated him npon hi shoulders, with one lug earh side of liis neck, am dressed in u ludicrous appearing cap. marched at thi head of the alarm up and down the street, singin) t'lfr Barnes. tire Barnes, ana tne wnole company marching at quick time by this cliaunt. followed tw( and two. At a little past ten o'clock, the dragoons ar rived, and a passage in the street was immediately cleared for them; and they were received by tremcn dous cht ers tioinlhe assembled masses, who evident ly desired to see an end put to this kind of jugglery h the streets, and attempts to create disorder. They passed through upon the trot; and the instant they had passed, the barbesites formed, and ran in proces sion after them, cheering them as heartily, apparent ly, as the spectators ; aupl when this witticism, so in etantaneously adopted and executed, took place, thi whole body of spectators cheered'it as vociferously ai they did the troops themselves, aid enjoyed the fui heartily, but soon the National Ouards appeared three or four thousand strong, tilling the streets ant sidewalks from store to store. The drums boat thei tulmonitions. according to the law, in less than threi minutes, and at the last roll, the people ran, nearly a fist as d d the English in the revolution; and then in Btsntly the gitaids folTowed in quick time, and tin streets were cleared, as if by magic. Men, women ant children ran in every direction; and escaped as best they could ; aud the space occupied by the multitude was imm< d ately occupied by the Guards. It was t comp eto triumph of the law, without any bloodshed and a happy experiment, but of such a mass of poo ' j pie, the rogues were uot able to get a processiou o mere tliau one or two hundred during the whole even ing 1 hey showed themselves to bo ingenious at thi tusicess, but it did not work well; people preferred ti he spt ctato s to participators; anu attended to witues the scene, in the same manner they would a concert or feat, of common jugglery, and enjoyed the musii quitt* as much. 1 give this recital of facts just as the; transpired. under my own eye, of ono of tho target * assemblies 1b Paris, "that every can appreciate the hor Tid pictures which are pourtrayed by many persons am presses, ot n street crowd of people in Paris, assemble! to disturb the peace. Not a person or piece of proport; Was injured dining tho ovcnlug. OBSERVER. Park, June 0,1848. French Paprrs Delighted that the American Xavy is t Pint Frai.ce?Seme Considerations in this RespectOur Country Rrjre.ented by our Ships and CrewsAustria. <jc. The Taris papers of to-day notice the rumor that a Ameilcan squadron is expected soon to be upon th f coast cf France, and of Europe; and they are congratu lating themselves and the people upon the bcautift sight of seeing the ships of the two great republics si lute each other, and giro and receive the hand of fe: Jowship; and comment upon the remarks of some c the English journals, looking askance at this propose greeting of two sister republics upon tho ocean. I pra the attention of our government, and our people, t this subject I gi.ve you the translation, a few daj since, cfa Venitlan paper upon this subject, and I oa assure our people that such a manifestation of sympi y thy and friendship for liberalised Europe, would be fel and appreciated throughout this country. Englani every day, through her press, which is the only pres in the English language which has great ciroulatlo in Europe, and which is copied into the French, Span ish. Italian, nud German languages, is bearing dow hard upon tho republic of France, scandalising he Statesmen, libeling her acts and condition, flnancii and political, and throwing her whole force, private! and publicly into the scale of despotic power t traduce and degrade the character of a republican fori of government; and the appearance of a squadron c the United States navy, bearing aloft the flag of th< country, and carried by a finer specimen of ships, offi cers and crews, than any monarchical government al fords, giving evidence of our wealth, oapaoity. am powir, and the happy condition of our pooplc, woul give courage and strength to the people and govern monts struggling against the power of monarchies, am be appn elated by all of liberalized Europe. Our mo tives would be understood, and the compliment wouli be appreciated. Let Franco and the United States ap pear in the harbors, and upon some of the difieren palmts of the coast of Europe, represented by the! ftflMrons. giving to each other the band of friendship snathe nations oppressed by the power of the Englisl navy- would ' breathe freer and easier " than the] have in years past, under her nava'. superiority, am resumption ofbeing mistress of the seas It cannot b< denied, lliat tho public bare the impression that thi French, at sea. are not equal to the Knglish. and think ihere is much to warrant that conclusion; but i pirtion of Kurope hare an impression that the Kngllsl were hardly dealt witkhy us. many years since, in tbei encounter with us, on their favorite element? out stlli the impression is a slight one. and was never tot; strong as Kurope receives most of its impressions o the matters touching Knglish and American interest through the Kngiisli press?and among the masses they have about as definite an idea of us, as a natioi and people, as we have of tho inhabitants of the moon We are then fore gainers by opening all eonvenlen avenues of information to tho Kuropean world, respect ing ourselves; and making our acquaintance direct rather than through an unfriendly or prejudiced in terpreter. Indued, one of the first points on which ai American finds himself surprised, and his pride o country wounded, pel liaps. when he goes In foreigi countries, and mingles with the masses ef the people it any considerable degree, is to seo how little is knowi of our country, its institutions and people. Of course this rvmark does not apply, with so much force, to thi more intelligent and better informed portion of thi people; but It applies with groat force to all classes?1< an extent which will not bo appreciated In our owr country, only by those who have knowledge of the fact by personal experience. Our government will Am both i rotlt and honor In using the necessary means, a1 tills tin e, to introduce our ships, both of war and com jnerce, Into every port In Kurope. Nothing gives mor? character to a country abroad, than a fine repve-entn tfoa of elegant ships, under f he command of aiieh ofli eerl and crews as man our fleets. Those are object which can be seen?and in them our superiority ran bi seen over every other nation in tho world. Cur mer etiant ships have done much to give a character to on eouoiry. nmong the intelligent i nd business men of nl countries; and there has bci n nothing wanting on thi j art of our navy, in contributing their part to prnduci the same cfTeet, except theab? <>nr? of number*. Icon pidir m ncv well employed that Is Invested in our na vy; ll that navy Is sent into all parts of the world, ti give character to our country, and protection to llf and property. It prevents war. causes qur interests t< be respected, and throws the Hag of protection ore every eit ren who may he In a condition to need it it gives'orce and consideration to diplomatic agent E NE : and the just demand* of the government in the more despotic countries, both of the old uud new world, | win n Utile regard is paid to the demands of a power, I I which is not known to bare the means to enforce them promptly. | ' ; '1 he condition of Austria is daily growing more and I more confused; and the sentiment of attachment I : which was manifested towards the Emperor. in the first days of his flight, is sensibly abating, and loud coinnluints are now made by nearly all the delegations who r I Lave waited upon him. of his obstinacy. All are dissatisfied with liis present condition; and the delegation ot Indies, from Vienna, who approached him on their knees ! to indue* him to return, report that lie and hiss family treated them rudely. I believe the day has come, r when a just retribution is about to be inflicted upon | the power in Austria, that has caused so much misery, ' and been deaf to the appeals for mercy. ' I r OBSERVER. Paris, Juno 10,1848. '' | The Orand SeTave Congress?The Costumes and LanI gunge of the Members?Jjater Details and Views in ^ ! Iteference thereto?Demand for a prompt Answer upon 11 the Emperor, from. Vienna. 0 In a noent ette-. I have explained tho condition of * Austria, at this moment. Further news announces 0 that the authorities haTe sent to the K.mpuror to obtain an immediate and decided answer to the question, | whether he intends to recognise the Congress of the j 1 Sclaves at Prague, or whether he will return to Vienna, f to maintain the empire ; and the notice adds that, in case of the former alternative, or a refusal to Comply ' with the latter requisition, the people will forthwith e adopt measures for the formation of a government. Indeed, the crisis has arrived when it is to bo feared that nothing can save the effusion of bloodshed and a e civil war, in Austria. A Congress is called to assemble at Vienna, the 22d of July inst.,tobo elected by e universal suffrage, under tho decrees of the minister at 0 Vienna, and the authorities of the people co-operating j wi h them at Vienna. All persons feel that there is e not a moment to be lost, on the part of the authorities ? of Vienna, if civil war is to be avoided in Austria. Ing deed, what prospect is there, or rather can there now be, that a Congress of three hundred representatives a of the majority of the people of Austria, already orgaa nised, and who have decreed that the empire wus 8 1 then-after to be Sclave. and that the authority of the y INatlonal Assembly of tho German Status would not bo 1 recognised by thorn, will yield to the authorities, new or old. at Vienna. 1 oonsider that the die is cast? u that the hour has gone by when this brave and warlike people can be 1< nger controlled by Austria. The Cotfi gross numbers seine of tho most distinguished names . ' of the country which it represents, and the Sclaves are I as proud a people ns the Germans. They have assembled there, under provincial regulations, for their r elections, and in the uniforms and costumes of their 3 respective tribes and countries. Speaking several difo ferent languages, they have but one common language in which they can understand each other, and . ! that is the German. I say common language, 3 ?I do not mean the native, but all can unj derstand in the German language: so that the j debates of their body arc to be conducted exclusively v in that language, it strikes the mind of some Kuro3 peans strangely, that these different classes of men should undcrtuke to separate themselves from Ger, many, and to form a confederation of States, where they have no language commou to the States who are to be f united in the confederation. It mAy be an unusual t ease; but as they all speak the German tongue, that ? will serve as a medium of commnnication, until some , other language shall have been adopted, as a common g medium, in the manner provided for in one of the roj solutions, to which I have referred in a former letter. s Tho city of Prague is now full; its streets are tilled . daily with the roost beautiful costumes and gaily f dressed men and equipages. Proud of their mission 3 and confident in their power, these men have arrayod themselves in the liveries of their countries, and come f forth to proclaim to Kurope the birth of a new power, whose parentage rests with the mightiest men in the Austrian Kmptre. At this moment, they are playing 3 a game for the sanction of the Kntperor against Vi/ enna; but with or without his consent, their course is r taken, and Austria-is hereafter to be Sclave or dismembered. This Congress contemplates that the greater . ; portion of it will be Sclave, and the rest be separated? . j perhaps that will bo the result; but Germany is arm b in*. and blood will run before she submits to that huI miliation. There aro conjectures that Russia is pressi ing forward the Sclaves in the eotirse which they have adopted; and there are others that they wish to seek 1 an allianre with France; but 1 see nothing to warrant r the conclusion, either in the information or the g state of facts. The Sclave morements can be well exs plained, without adopting either hypothesis. The time will come when they must take sides in favor of freen dom or despotism, and range themselves with France 1 or Russia on this issue. OBSERVER. ' Paris, June 10, 1848. a Sclave Concrete?Its Resrlutions?Austria declared an Empire Sclave?Power of the Assembly of Frankfort f denied?Ministry of I'ienna denying the legality of the Congress Sclave?Austrian Empire Dissolved?Valae qves and Saxons. ? On the second inst., the Sclavonian Congress was opened at Trague, the capital of Bohemia. M. Pacholl was chosen a provisional president. There was also J chosen a president for each one of the three sections formod by the principal tribes or clans, called Sclaves in 1 Austria, to wit?Tcbeches, Sclaves Oriental,and Sclaves . Meridional. The number of members amounts to ' about 300 ; and in tho first days of the session it has b !cn resolved that Austria ought to be an empire SclaTc! 1 the Sclave forming, in fact, the greater part of the emplre. The programme of the committee provides that the first point to be considered and resolved, is an alliance defensive and oppressive among the status I Sclave; that it is only by an alliance with the people, Q and a transformation of Austria into a state confedrative, that it will become strong : that, by tho voluntary 0 union of the people, constitutional liberty, and the t- maintenance of the sanctity'Of nationalities will be ,1 guarantied ; and, moreover, greater glory will be as Buiei 10 Ausma. aunouga one part 01 toe monarcuy ' should be loot (referring to Vienna) ; that, in the I- aeeond place, it will be necessary to take into consid,f eration the condition ef the state of confederation; . that it should be a confederation of states, enjoying a the same rights, and in which no one should be opy pressed ; that the hand of friendship should be extend0 ed to the other people of Austria ; that all the people of Austria, of the different languages, should he heard '8 by an equal number of representatives, touching their n , several interests ; that, in the third place, there should be a toleration common to all; and privileges, in this ' respect, alike beneficial to all. among all the different 't races of Sclaves; that, in the fourth place, the i, Sclaves will never consent that the sovereignty of Aus|g tria shall be annihilated by submission to anothor power; nor 1 hat there shall be. between the Emperor n and the people, any other organ than the parliament; i- and that never will the Sclaves recognise, in the n decisions of the assembly at Frankfort, a force >r which shall bind them ; and, in the fifth place, il that these resolutions shall be communicated to y the F.mperor by a delegation of that body. Vp0 on being officially notified of their prooeedigns, n the ministers of tho F.mperor. at Vienna, gave if notice to the Sclave Congress, that all its acts were 9 illegal and void, and made tlie samo representations to the Emperor; they have also given public notioe to r- the same effect, and addressed a circular to all the 1 chiefs in the empire, and the government of Bohemia, d wherein they make known to them their views, interdict them from taking any notice of the acts of the 1 Sclave Congress, and hold them each responsible for - any infraction of their order. At Vienna, also, the d ministry in attempting to recruit the army, professedi ly for the Italian campaign ; but the recruiting officers t have been coolly treated by the people recently, and r there seems to be little to flatter the hopes of the i, government in this respect ; and moreover, addresses, 1 numerously signed, issue from the country to the r bands of the provisional government or committee, i composed of the people and students at Vienna, and e assurances are given, that if the Emperor does not res turn ere long to Vienna, the people will take measures I to form their own government. The Valaques, who in a Transylvania amount to two millions, and in Moldai via and Valachla to four millions, reclaim, if not their r independence, immense and grand modifications in , their political conditions, which amount to the recogv niticn of an independent nationality. The Hungaf rians are In danger from the power of this class of m-n; s and as the race called Saxon arc fewer than the Va la<iucn. and lean warlike, they fear the latter, and will sacrifice the Hungarian*, probably, te nave themselves. Thu*.while the Solaves are forming an independent nation and claiming to govern nearly all of Austria. and to make the empire Sclave. the Serbe* are in insurrection, the Ynlaquc* demanding a nationality 0,000,000 , strong, the Galliclan* refusing to recognize any authority except their own, and Austria a* it wore, dismembered, the Emperor is playing hide and go seek in the mountains of Tyrol, surrounded by women and Jesuits for his counsellors, Vienna In anarchy, and the ministry powerless for purposes of good or evil. Austria, from this day henceforward, will only exist as a German province, or a nation Solave She is dismembered, and perhaps new governments will rise up to preserve order and prevent bloodshed. Krom the wonderful forbearance of the European people, it is hoped that the snme spirit may animate these now powers, and savo Austria from rivers of blood. OB8KRVE11. r*an, June 12, 1848. Ittitudr of t'i'ensin ami I'rafue?The Position of the. Kmperor. Tlio news of this morning indicates that the Emperor of Austria jus consented to leave Inspruck. on his way to Vienna, and that he will yet atop at the point which lends him either to Prague or to Vienna, and that by holding there, he hopes to make tertns with the one party or the other; but probably to frighten the Vichninns Into nn prrangement with him. Whether ho will not succeed, in making them yield to him. I rngnrd as uncertain, yet Improbable. 1 think the tinto has corhe for him to yield, and to return upon the terms prescribed fbrhlm.ortiot to return at all. While I think (hero is very little disposition lu either Austria W V I iEW Y011K, TUESDAY proper. bchemla. Prussia, or any ono of the German Stairs to create a republic, (for which 1 aiu sorry) I think thero is u Urui resolution existing, nlmo-t uuivcr gaily. 10 insist upon such a constitution uuil guaranties, a will secure thcin against oppression, ami that tiny will adopt the uionaruhical form of government, beeuuie they do not wish to ilsal hardly with their sovereigns ; and because they think it will give theui a more stable government than a republic. Vain hope ? but yet it is the prevailing opinion?and monarchy is destined, yet a little while longer, according to present appearaiiccs. to drag out a lingering existence along the It hire and throughout the German country, i'be Congress of I'rague have replied defiantly to the ml nit try at Vienna ; so that the Germans and the Sclavcs, in Austria, are at arms, aud eacli party is taking tginstructions to maintain its position. The Vs8 lnbly at Frankfort side with the Vicnnlaus. <f course in this lssu?. and as tlieir authorltv. too is ituniuil l.v the ( ongrcas of Prague, ho tar an it uppiiea to Doti'Miiia and the country Sclave. (whose representative* have n fused to act in the Assembly at Krankfort, since its famous decrees defining its powers and mission.) it may -involve all the Gorman States in the issue now made up. Our people would not allow South Carolina to go out of the Union, if she wanted to; and the German States may adopt tho same ideas as 10 Bohemia and the couutry Selavo. If so. fc'rauce will not be likely to separate from Uormany, whose friendship she now possesses ; and the Sclave country may ask ltussia to stand between her and the German* ; and. possibly, this re<iuest Nicholas would he glad to re- eive, that he migl.t y< t further extend his dominions, and plant another domain between him and the infect ed country. I do not yet consider that a civil war is inevitable in Austria, in consequence of tho prosent disinclination in Kurope to engage in a war ; and the inconvenience of it to other States, all of whom have so much internnl difficulty. But, in ordinary times, one would judge u civil war to bo inevitable, involving, perhaps, the'German States, if no more. Tlie war. if war it may be called, is still progressing, between I russia and Denmark ; but both Swedeu and Norway have notified Prussia, that they will come to the aid of Denmark, and have actually raised forces for that purpose?yet all seem to be holding back from earnest prepuratioi s for war. or rather active engage ments In war; as if t' oy wero looking forward to some terrible convulsion, which might overwhelm thein, uud which might be hastened hv their acts. OBSERVER. Paiws, June 14, 1S48. Prince 1S'apoleon?His Prospects for the Presidency? The Aristocracy?The National Sentiment?The Memory of Napoleon. Trinco Napoleon is exciting an immense sensation throughout France. 1 hare just returned from Fontalnbleau, and passengers upon the railroads and steamboats were engrossed in discussing the passing events of the last three days. They seem to regard it now as certain that he will be a most prominent candidate for the Presidency, and probably a successful one. The common people are full of Napoleon, and they can almost see Napoleon himself, with his cocked hat and gray surtout, again resuscitating the mighty power of France, and dictating laws to Europe. No one can fully realize how strong this national sentiment is towards Napoleon, without mingling with the French peopleIndeed, the man is living all around them, lie lives in paintings, statuary, and monumenta? in every man's resting place; and the glory of his deeds is written upon the walls of all the huts, as well as palaces, in France, Wherever you go, the traveller meets Napoleon. Napoleon really accomplished more in the tun years of his immortal reign in France?more that will be enduring, and is worthy to be commemorated?than all the Bourbons that have sat upon the throne. This the plain I common sense of the people understand, and all the j old meu of the nation, or nearly so, have uiudo with him the tour of Europe, and been eye witnesses to tlio* magnitude of his foreign conquests. They want a republio. but they want a great man at the head of it: and they feel that it is better to have the descendant of u great tnan, who bears the name of Napoleon, if they cannot have u new name which will give new glory to trance. Without undertaking to pass an opinion upon the correctness or incorrectness of suoh a sentiment, I cannot fail to observe the existence of it to that extent that will produce an important influence upon the destinies of France, in thv present crisis of political affairs in Europe. They say' France, under Napoleon, was the first power in Europe; since that time, and now. she is only the third power. This sentiment is shared by the masses, perhaps more fully and sincerely than by the higher classes; indeed, the higher classes in France and in Europe do not cm body the feelings of liberalised Europe. They are not its representatives in any respect at this time, and they ( are generally not to be trusted with the great work of giving free institutions to the old world ; hence, if 1 were to regard the sentiments which 1 hear uttered iu travelling among those whose position in society is the most elevated, us the true sentiment ot France, I should pronounce France to be aguiust a republic, and as hating no man, or set of men. <iuulilled to conduct the nation to an established form of government under free institutions, in going to Fontainbleuu my lumily and myself rode in a car occupied by three tliiu gentlemen and one lady, and wo found ourselves the only advocates of a French republic; the gentlemen were French, the lady a Belgian. But hotv little can people judge of the sentiment and condition of a country, who rely upon such representatives of it for their information ! These people were remarkably Intelligent, since the truth is, that they did not want n republic. The aristocracy of the country are opposed to a republic, from motives of selfishness ; and in this day they are not to be trusted with the management of the government, and therefore the masses feel the necessity of a mail like Napoleon in power and capacity. who will establish tree institutions, and exalt France in the rank of European natious to the first position. The masses of France embody the patriotism of the country, as a general remark, having of course many exceptions, and subject to many modifications. OBSERVER. Pan. a Taiwan IK Ikl.lfl Annexation in Europe?Charles Albert and his Career? Russia Advancing upon Austria?Berlin in great Agitation?Vote of the Assembly the Cause?War between Prussia and Denmark Renewed?Naples. Lombardy is joined to Tiedinont. More than half a million votes were polled ; of whom only about six hundred were opposed to the reunion. There are some provinces in Lombardy which did not vote ; but they have hurried tho act of annexation in Europe as well as in America ; and the liberals have adopted a new mode of doing it by the will of tho people. The career of Charles Albert, for the last few months, has been an extraordinary one for a King, and, if he will persevere to the end of bis life, he will give an oxample unusual in this species of oppressors of humanity?a term which in no sense appears to me to apply to Charles Albert, for, upon tho first request of his subjeots. ho gave thorn all the privileges they asked for ; and, upon the request of a majority of his counsel, ho as unhesitatingly gave his people a constitution as free as they deserved. Against the advico and admonition of England he drew the sword, and undertook to expel Austria lrom all Italy, in which the people fully and faithfully seconded him. and has resisted the admonitions and even threats of England, growing stronger and stronger, until victory has crowned his efforts. Actuated by sentiments of gratitude, and impelled by motives of security, all the country which has been trodden down by the iron heel of Metternich for thirty years has joined itself to the kingdom of the Sovereign who led his own and their troops to battle against a common enemy. He has won a kingdom by his valor and his integrity of conduct upon an occanon so important. not only to Italy, but to the European world ?a kingdom, not by conquering it, but by the will expressed in the form of ballots of the whole people. Venice anil all the other southern places in Upper Ttaltr will In,TV Ji liatnlw fnlln? IK., I.. ,.f Ik- 1 countries; and, upon the return of the Italian Uonoral, he will probably find himself the chosen Sovereign of nearly twelve millions of people, united into a kingdom called Upper Italy; and presenting a formidable barrier to Austria, or any other power that may attempt to enter the Italian dominions. Serious alarm is said to exist at Vienna, at the advance of the troops of ltussiajltowards Austria ; and a strong remonstrance has been sent against the measure. Prussia is occupying a condition which indicates an approach to a serious collision. The Assembly have rejected a proposition, recognising the right of revolution, and that the combatants of the barricades of the 18th and ll'th of March deserve well of their country The majority was 167 to 170, and the halls are now Oiled with addresses, no . demanding a republic. This vote has created great dissatisfaction at Berlin, among the people ; and must have been as unwise as it was unjust. It promises to bring about ail issue, which will be decided again only by force. At the same time, the war between Prussia and Denmark is again renewed, and prondses to be much more sanguinary then it has hitherto been. The mediation of Kngland. rather the advice of Kngland. in that capacity. is said to have been disregarded by Denmark ; encouraged, as is alleged, by Russia. Norway and Sweden ; and that Kngland is ilissntMod with Denmark. Whatever truth there may be in this matter. It appears that the war is to lie renewed with greater violence. Thr|news to-day Is. that the new ministry of the King of Massacres, nave demanded the recall of the old deputies ; and that all things shall be replaced In a condition such as existed iiefore the massacre ; and that they will resign Sicily has 7000 troops in a condition to help Immediately the Neapolitans; and four large cities have already their provisional governments, in opposition to the King The people seem to be recovering from their shock, and are preparing to reassert their rights, and to recover their liberties. The Pt pe has addressed to the King a remonstrance upon Ids conduct and the tendency is now strongly sgainst him. May tlicy do him justice for the blood lie has ihrd. j OBSERVER. I Tin-. Wa?hiiv?tos Linm lira ana.?This military cotys, fnm Ronton, passed through the city, on Sunday. en their way to Washington, to be present at the laying Of the corner stone of the National Washington Monument They are a fine looking body of men. and n fleet credit upon the military of that city. They arrived about 6 o'clock in the morning, and left by the 4 o'clock train for Philadelphia. IRK I MOENING, JULY 4, IS [Krom Ihe Washington Union. Julv 13.] It ul tli?- Kmyieror of llir Hra/.ll* on o|)('Ii1uk tlu: lint m imIoii of till' ljegl*laluiTof Ihr ( i n! l'aI Aistmlily. at lUo Janeiro, ;><l of May, IK tH August and most worthy representatives of the nation:? Tim always-desired epooh of your re-union linn ui rived, und I congratulate myself in seeing around inu i the representatives of the nation, wlio-o wisdom ami I experience promise the greatest benefits to the cause 1 ot civilization unit order, auil to the prosperity of tlie ' impiie. 1 have exerted myself to cultivate the relations of 1 pi ace and u good understanding with all the nations

of Kurope und America; and to overcome sonic difficulties. with which you are well acquainted. I Hhall | oi iitinuu to en))ploy peaceful and honorable means. The questiou between the republics of the itivcr of I I\ate is not yet definitively terminated; and the interests of my subjects continue to ho gravely prejudiced . by u struggle as unhappy us it is prolonged. For the i pacification of the two lepuhlics i make the moatsinJ cere prayers, it accords with the intere-t that the j independence of tho Oriental republic of Uruguay i Satisfying the wislieB which I taw manifested to ! you, I have, in th? beginning of thin ye ,r, visite I > souit* parts of the province of i(h> Ue Janeiro; an I I have observed, with the greatest pleasure, the devei lopement of its industry and wealth '1 ho evidences of ! lutaclinicut to my person, and adhesion and (i lellty to the political institutions of the country, which I met with everywhere, have been extremely satisfactory to inc. The public triini(Uillity has not been disturbed; hat it is proper to acknowledge tltat in some of the proj v >ni es of the etnp'ro the surety of persons and prop>r! ty is not yet sucli as we must desire. My government, 1 however, is confident that the religion and tin? amej berating of some laws will establish the necessary guarantees on a basi wore solid and permanent. I There will be presented to you a proposition in ro1 fereuce to tile law of the lid December, 1^41. and ano in r which lias fr r its object to declare the incoinpati lulity of tlio election of certain public functionaries in ; the places in which they have jurisdiction or authority. I 1 recommend t<> your consideration the examination of the law which organised the national guard, and of ! those which regulate promotions in the army and navy. and the manner of recruitiog. All those objects call for the particular attcntii u of my government. 1 equally hope that during this session you will endow the country with a law that may attract to the empire useful and industrious colonists. Vou cannot f il to appreciate the orgi nt. necessity of such a law. IJy the budget which will be presented to you. you will see the relations existing between the revonues and expenses of the nation ; and 1 assure you that a rig' rI ons ecom niv Mud bUiierintendenec shall nrcsidc over tlie acts of my government, and that, in the applicatlon of the appropriations afforded to them, they will t avo in view to i romote the muterial amelioration of t ie provinces August and roost worthy representatives of the nation I Sure as I am of yoor loyal and patriotio cooperation. and of the spirit of order and love of concord which form the distinctive character of the Brazilian nation, and whieh i.iy government shall exert itsi If to consolidate with the continuation of its system of justice and political toleration, whieh they have prescribed to themselves. I nourish the nattering hopo that Divine Providence will maintain over the empire all the Met sings which it enjoys, and will grant to us a future of pence, aud a progressive augmentation. The session is opened. DON PKDRO II., Constitutional Kmperorand Perpetual Defender of the Brazils. I r ssKiLi.. July 3.1818. I Jlwful Death. The veil of gloom, has. within a few days, been thrown over the inhabitants' of this flourishing vilI Inge, by one of the most awful deaths it lias cvt r been my lot to Record. 1 lie name of the sufferer is Frederick Minor, the son of 'J'rueinan Minor. F.sq . of the lirm of Minor, llortoli St Co.. >\ho carry on a very extensive foundry business in this village. In the prosecution of the business, it is nocee-ary to u?e steam powtr; andtbe engineer, that took charge of the en gine in this establishment who taken sick a short time since, and consequently was obliged to give up his situation, when Frederick Minor, who was only I fifteen years of age. and a lad who possessed mechani iti.1 gcuiun III 11 liis.li urgim, liukaiueu |"-rrnISNIOI1 lO take charge of the engine, and lie noon gave evidence i of perfect competency to discharge tho duties of thu situation. On Friday of last week, whilo the engine was in operation, he i;ot up on a stand to oil the pivot of thu shaft connected with the bellows, and in atI tempting to get down again. Ins foot slipped, and he fell over side wuys, striking across a large tly | wheel which was in full motion. in an instant I the arm of the fly wheel caught him across the I middle of his body, and dragged him down through t a hole in the floor, through which it makes its | n volutions, and brought him up again on the other i side, where his body came in contain with the cogI wheels, between tw o of which tho heel of one of iiis hot was caught and ground into a jelly. One oftho v orkcen seeing liiin lull.immediately ran down stuirs, i in hopes of liciug able to take his body from the arm of the lly wheel, as it came down through the llnor ; but I it was so tightly wedged in. that lie was unable to do ; so; while another imincdiatly let oif the steam, and | then stopped the engine. Although this was but the j work of a moment, yet the fly wheel had made tliri e j revolutions, each time drugging tho mangled body of the little sufferer through the narrow opening in tho floor. Upon his being taken from tho machinery, ho gave two gasps and expired. An examination showed that his body was horribly mutilated, bo! Ii of his arms being broken, his collarbone smnshed to pieces, his abdomen torn open and liisentrails hanging out. and both of his legs broken in several places. His mangled body was immediately conveyed to his home. Ife. father was in your city nt the time, and his mother' vas there alone to receive whnt remained of her o# ?e beautiful boy. To describe the anguish of her bosom, when she heard that ho was dead, or to tell of the agony that rent his father's heart, when, in a few hours afterwards, ho returned home, would bo a tusk too great for inc to perform. ilis body was kept in ice until Sunday afternoon, win n it was removed to the Methodist church, (that being the largest house in the village.) where thofiiucral ceremonies wore performed by the Iiev. Mr. M-Koe, I j astor of the Second Presbyterian Church. Tho homo was crowded with people, and the reverend gentleman delivered an nlile ami feeling discourse, suitable to tho event which had called them together. The procession was then formed, and the body, carried by six young men, was conveyed to the burying ground of tho First j Presbyterian Church, while the tolling of church bolls : rendered the occasion doubly solemn. The hid posi sessed uncommon merit?was polite and affable in ! com),any, and consequently, was greatly beloved by all who knew him. In the domestic circle, where he wag petted by a loving father and a doting mother, lie has Indei d 'left an aching void.'' nnd there, while life lasts, his memory will be fondly cherished. Kxtensive preparations were being made in the village for colehratj tag th?anniversnry of the nation's independence; hut I this untoward event bus cast such a shade of gloom I over the inhabitants, that no one has heart to proceed with the celebration. Dai.timore, July 3. 1848. Joy Jim miff the Whig*? Jlnxiouo Democrat.??.7 Wreck. The whips, this morning, as they pass the bulletin boards of the newspaper offices suddenly put on joylul countenances, notwithstanding the heavy fall of rain they are tgudging through. The full endorsement [ by General Taylor of the statement of the Louisiana j delegation to the Whig National Convention, is there posted, and is hailed with delight, whilst our independent Taylor men are hanging their heads in sncki cloth and ashes. The democrats are now pronouncing j the old Gem ral to bo inconsistent, and appear to bo anything but pleased with his full and frank avowal. The pilot-boat comet of this port, on Wednesday Inst. about two miles south east of ( ape Henry, fell In witli the wreck of a brig lying on her beam ends. Shn was dismasted, and appeared to bo new. anil of about two hundred tons burthen She win boarded, but nothing of any value was taken from her Her name, aswtli as could be mads out. was tho Rodney, but where slie belonged could not be ascertained. Sbo did not appear to have been in that situation long. The Perilous State or Mexico.? From a conversation with nn intelligent Mexican, who has just arrived from Mexico, we hare derived muih valuable information confirmatory of our previous predictions, that a fierce revolution will soon break out in that unhappy country We learn that thn pronunriamento > t I'aredes has met with more favor 'than Is generally supposed. He has many inliuential partisans, who. it is thought, when a favorable opportunity offers, will rally around his st andard, and in as great numbers as they did in IMS, when Parades overthrew the govern mentof Herrera The party of 1'ena y renal* said to be disaffected,and to be secretly laboring to under mine the weak and imbecile government of llerrorn, who is generally admitted to be entirely unequal to the task of holding the helm in these stormy times ? Ilia cabinet, moreover, is composed of such heterogineons and conflicting elements, that unity of cnuns<l and action, so necessary in such a crisis, cannot 1 e I expected of it. The spirit of party, now rnging mote fiercely through the country than at any previous epoch of its history must inevitably.in a very short time, j bring about the dissolution of the present government. I A war of races is already begun, and soon will extend all over Mexico. The extermination of the llispauoAmerican race will be the result of their hostilities, unless timely measures are adopted to break up the im Ipient organisation of the Indians. Horrent Is so apprahensivo of a general rising of the Indians in and about tlie rity of Mexico, that he dares not send away any troops t<> oppose the progress of I'aredes and Padre Snrauta To add to these difficulties, Kngiand. we understand. has peremptorily demanded the payment of the debts due by Mexico to Kngll?h subjects, and threatens to bloc kudo her ports in caso of refusal. Xrw Uilrant paytr, June 23. miscellnneoiis. The plunks were being hud down upon one track of the Niagara Suspension Bridge lust week, anil it wus hoped that communication would !> opmed by means of the road thus formed, on the 1th inat. The mails from Kuro|?e for Canadu now go from Halifax to Quebec direct. The lust 111 til reached Montreal in five days and one hour from Halifax, including seven hours stoppage at Quebec. E _E J& A 18. Immense Irish Mt'i'lInK?Mr. Ylllllum Mltclie) ?Krntcriilzutlou. Last evening, a most enthusiastic aid numerous meeting of the fr iends of Ireland assembled at the corner of Ifroadway and I'rince street (late Nihlo's), with a view to set on foot an effective plan for the collection of a fund to In- presented to the lady of the Irish patriot and exile, John Mitehei : anil also to further the cause of' Irish freedom, in the present eventful crisis o! her history. it on tier Kmmst, Ksij., was uiianim ni-ly called to tin- cliair, amid loud an l vehement cheering. Colonel lirasky and Charles A. Ketne. Ks.p, were appointed to act as Secretaries. 'l'he i iiaihman hereupon came forward amid the most deafening applause, and thanked his numerous friends for the cordial [The stan 1 her.- gave way viith an immense crash, and all who had been -tauding upon it, among wlioui was Mr. Williaui, Mitchel, brother to the Irish exile, were precipitated to the ground, but received no injury] The iiairmi'i?Never mind ; all is right. I was thanking my friends for the cordial reception I hare met with. (Cheering.) Tie thanked them for appointi _ him by acclamation, to preside upon such au occns ' n. and would not detain them by any lengthened oh nations, u- it wn- net the provinceot the chairman t lake up much t ine, when gentlemen who wore selected, would addre s thvm. 1 he object upon which they were nret was the land of their nativity,?(cheers) ? tinir own dear Ireland. (Renewed cheers.) This object bad lately raised un excitement among Irishm *n everywhere, and it wus their duty to do everything in their power to aid their native land in struggling for In r independence. (Cheers.) They had met for the .purpose of expressing their sympathy for one of the purest patriots that was ever brtd in any country?he meant John Mitcliel. (Vehement cheering and continued applause.) and to express thcinS' Ives on llio conduct of the iiriti.sh government, j who pa'sed a law and packed a jury for his case,? ((iroaus for the Mitchel jury.) No nun was placed ' upon that jury but those who had beeu packed for the 1 puipose of condemning him. (Cries of ' ?iroixTin r the jury.") The career of Mitcliel was a short but a brilliant one. (Cheers.) They should, then, open their ar ms nnd their hearts for the purpose of aiding in vet t i g (it liberty that martyr of freedom. (Cboering.)? They bud. however, luet upon that occasion tooxpresH their sympathies, us far as they could do so ton 8 ; tciitly uudt>r the laws of the country, and t> aid in collecting a fund to bo presented t > llie wife of that martyred patriot who said to her h i.-bund, at the trying hour of their separation?never 11 unsay or undo, one single act that he bad done Cheering). 'J boy intended to hold a largo ineotl :g in the oil i of New York, for this special purpose and lie felt assured that sub-tantia! aid Would be given ! them on the occasion, (t heering). The ladies of New \ i rk. too would extend their sympathy to the lady of Miiclul. (Cheers) There were various ways In which th y could si rve I.eland; he did not mean to say that the people of Ireland were going to take up arms; lie i did not mean to say. that they were not going to take up arms (cheers); but he would say. that it was iinposd! bie for a people to remain in sueh a condition as they were in. and not be driven to take up arms. (Loud anil vehement applause and cheers.) And he held It to bo as certain an event as the coining around of the next equinox, that Ireland would be driven to that p?int, so ns that she would bo compelled), ty take up arms. (Loud and continued cheering.) It was now uit< rly impossible for the British government to pruvt nt it. (lienewed cheering.) It had been said by some persons, "what good will this do f r Ireland !" He would ask In reply, what worse could ILmake her ? She could le no worse. (Hear, hear.) Was it nbt hotter thst she should die by the bayonet and tho biflfyt, than die by starvation? (Yes, yes. and cheers.) Hut it was 8 bl. if I hey attempted to (It out a brigade, they con- I t: avi nod the laws. They had no such object, but it j would he easy to go to Ireland in twos and threos. and [ not violate the laws. (Vocif rous ahoering.) And ho I iru-ted they would believe him. wllen he said that | there would be no one found before himself in propos- i ing sueh a plan (Loud cheering.) But he would ask, ! whs there any thin;; to prevent tlieir going to Ireland on such a plan us that he ulludcd to f Nothing, (tirles of " no, nothing.") He remembered enough of what took place of the rebellion of '98. He was not old enough to Hi are any of the laurels of Uallinnhinch, or Vinegar Hill, but he l:ad sworn at that tlrno to liato the foes of Ins country. (Prolonged cheering ) And ho j would keep to his oath. (Renewed cheering and up- i plause ) After further culling upon his countrymen | to conn- forward, and aid in the cause of the tirecn , Isle." their native lund. and incidentally alluding to the manner in which American freedom was achieved, and the celebration of their glorious anniversary tomorrow (this day) the chairman introduced to the | nice ing Mr. William MitchcJ, brother to the Irish martyr, who. on making his appearance, was hailed i w.tli the most vehement ch'cring and loud applause, I which ia-tt d for a considerable time. Mr. linimett concluded by introducing to the meet- I ing Mr. W ill am Mitchcl, a brother of the captive patriot Jt 1111 Mttcht l i Mr. Mitchg . then stepped forward, and as soon ns he l ad done so. and was oli erved by those assembled, he wns received with vociferous bursts of applause, acc< mpnnii d with the waving of hats, handkerchiefs. Stc. 'J his distinguished stranger is quite a young man, notoirr twenty-two years of age, we should suppose, of fair complexion, medium stature, and possessing a clear bright eye. An observation of his countenance wrilllfi ri'.'lflilv fHnftflVl'P ' iulon *' If* Hlu f ofrnn onnjii ?. ' tho term. In every feature. In fart, his appearance is on the whole very "felonious." in the mine sense, and marked hy a spirit of determination, so characteristic of liis illustrious brother. After the applause had somewhat subsidoe.which it did not for several minutes, Mr. Mltchel spoke as follows :? ntlru en your chairman has informed you that it was not his part, as chairman, to monopolise your time | to the exclusion of others, who have attended here this evening, for the purpose of addressing you; and it certainly would not do for me. a stranger as I am among you. to take such a liberty. I shall merely take the opportunity to thank you for the readiness with which you have always answered the call of Ireland, in tbu timo of n? ed. (Cheers.) How much soever his own citizens may have failed, yon never have; but tho i spirit which has prompted them. 1 can assure you, has ever been the sauiu. (Applause.) On the part of my brother, I thank you for tho sympathy which you have exhibited for him. (Cheers.) Your sympathy, gentlemen, and your esteem, as well as that of ail Ireland, is his compensation and his reward?(great applause) ? for what he has done. Our worthy chairman has said that the freedom of Ireland is as inevitable as the next equinox, hut I take upon myself to say. that it is tnoio intvitable; for the Millerites tell us that the end of the world will occur gome Liino about Christinas, but tho freedom of Ireland will bo attained immediately after next harvest (Great applause.) [ Voico? , ' Hurrah for Mitchel's pitchfork.," '-Hurrah.''] In tho rrisis which is coming 011. you Irishmen in America will do your duty. ( ' That we will." from some one in the crowd.) It is not my place to torch ycu wl.at your duty is. Y011 have among you men who are worthy of your confidence?men in whose hrea-ts affection for Ireland is enshrined, and they will guide you. Act boldly, and wisely, and unitedly, for there is no disunion among us at home, headers may quarrel, but the people are unanimous. (Applause, and eries of " That's as it should be.") To bo mre wo hare moral force men, und physical force men, and others, but we are all agreed to strike a blow for the island's independence. I will not fatigue you unv 1 uiger. I thank you once more for the kindness which you have shown ine since my arrival in New York, j and I wish likewise to thank my countrymen else- , where in this republic for the lienor which they have conferred upon me, but which circumstances have j compelled me to decline. Mr. Mltchel then sat down. Wo must not omit to state that during the delivery of Mr. Mitchells remarks. the staging ami platform fell under the weight I of persons standing on it, but fortunately no one was injured. Mr. Mltchel wns followed by Mr. Roainsorr, who said that he would nddress the assemblage as soon as the staging was cleared of the looso boards. This lamp, raid he. (pointing to a gas lantern which was in a . blaze, and which a man was attempting to blow out) is like the spirit of Irish independence, they can't put it out. (Laughter and applause ) lie then proceeded to iay that he bad just left Washington and come to N< w Y ork for the purpose of joining in this meeting He trusted that nil the old mtton staging w hich had just fallen to the ground, is emblematic of tlie fall in prospect for the llritlsh government, andthat its fragments may be trod upon by the heels of Irishmen I us the fragments of (hat staging were trod upon by them this night. He came there, as others had done, to gir* a heaity reception to bis friend Mr Mitohel, for s ich he would cull him. having been born and brought lip within a short distance of him. who is the brother of the man who is the friend of nil Irishmen, the man who lias been adopted as the son of Ireland, and we heirg on* of Ireland, the brother of that man is brother of all of us. (Applause Hero the staging again gavo way. and Mr. Robinson said, " Oh, wo will have the | whole British empire down by and by.") He came hero he said to join in this movement for Ireland, and whenever the occasion called for it, so help him (Jod, his voice, his purse, if he should be so lucky as to have one, and his heart's blood shall be given for Ireland. if Ireland calls for that sacrifice. (Applause.) Oh, said lie. arc there not n thousand hearts burning around us this evening, to avenge the insults of- ! fere J to Ireland through the patriot John Mltchel. I Oil for the swords of former times. Oh. for the men who wore them. When Muhichi wore the collar of gold, ? but we have forgot all . these things; for instead of making our greatest men wear collars of gold, we have adopted another Imdge?the chains of the felon, ((jroans.) 1 wish to God, said the speaker. I could sen a felon like John Vltohel (applause,) before I slept. Yes. we hare adopted a more glorious badge than the collar of gold. My friends, | ain In the midst of an enthnsinstie assemblage. an<f I see before me representatives of all the civilized nations of the earth. Oh! what a beautiful td. a: and how good it is to bo hero tli's evening to sacrifice all our prejudices. .Mr. Robinson then related the changes which are coming over the Protestants and Presbyterian* of Ireland, on the subject of Ireland's Independence, since the trial and conviction of John Mltchel, and spoke in the highest term* of Smith O'Brien. Meagher. John O'Oonuell. and oilier distinguished leaders of the repeal cause in Irelaud. He then adverted to Irishmen In America pay. ing a handsome compliment to General Shield*. Ho . Uo spoke of Ireland's cllorts !to help America in iivf i I, J). V Vi. TWO CENTS ??????? bond of sympathy herevolulions. which fnrm?(l .. ^W4he time has come, tween the two countries; nail now when those deed* should he reciprocate^""^^)!? came Mr, Mooxkv was hero loudly culled fof hour, forward amid cheering, mid raid, in that holy ?. when the Mood of Kiuuiett (and of Mltehel was urn, i I fin the same platf >rm. one only feeling should orw vail (cheering) ?all hearts?one only resolve, aiwkl' s uiulil ho tliftr vow to set IrelaadjtVee. (Immonsuot^ "it ing.) No wretched anlmositiivi or potty jealousy ''9r none of the wretched addtcthfrrv m* aJj si ruble ho ii,unity should separate Irishmen this perilous hour. (Ilenewed cheering) The men on that plntfnrm had the frneiloin of Ireland in their hand- if they hut united and fratralied with rach other. (( rit-s of VVe will, to be sure wo will; wo must.' ) Sections of Irishmen who were struggling for the mine end. (/V voice, Unite, unite.") Vet. let M em hut unite and present n lirm. a hold and resolute f out cheers ti t ie enemy, (t rb s "To be sure we will ") 1 Mr. \l. concluded by moving for .1 committee of nine to hu selected from the meeting, to act as a Committee of < onference to elfect a fraternisation among all tho friends of Ireland in Now \ ork, amid the most veheni> nl applause and cheering i of i iiaihman ruiiy concurred woh Mr. viooney, and Miggesti d that tho appointment of that committee should be left in the hands of tho Irish Provisional i ' niniittee, to which Mr. Mooney cheerfully assented. Mr IIi im nv having seconded his proposition, The' iiaikmam put the question, which was carried amid the most vehement ob"ering and applause that could witnessed nt any Irish meeting got up in New York Dr Met U fa*, brother-in-law to Charles divan CulTy. of the Nation, here addressed the meeting ill favor of the object for which they jhud assembled. He w as folb.wi d liv .Mr. I1m.uk. who offered some resolutions denouncing the iiritish government for its oppressive course towards .Mr. Mitchel and Ireland. He alio spoke to the resolutions, which were put from tho chair, and carI ri"d: t 'i li?* iiaihman again offered some remarks on tho subject of the accusation brought against their body, m to its 1 oing used as a political engine. He indignantly repudiated all idea of any sueli thing, and would be foremost in denouncing Its appearance in any shape. (Cheer#) t .Mr. Lyncii here came forward to offer some suggestions on the subject of the formation of local clubs and was loudly called upon, as one of the Kinanco Committee of the Irish Republican Union.for the jdlOO which that body had in their possession, belonging to the said body. Mr. I,, stated (ain'il much interruption) that it hud been decided to submit the matter to a meeting of those who had subscribed tho money, and abide the result. The (iiaihman rose and assured the meeting that the money was safe, and would be applied for the cause of lrcluud. or as the owners should desire. (Cheers) lie moved that the meeting adjourn to a future lay, iis the stand had broken down, and they would not be able to curvy out their object iu tukiug up a collection that evening. 'J be meeting hereupon adjourned, and all preI sent sei med mticli gratified at the prospect of harmony among the Irish in .Vew Cork, now in course of finul completion, and which would UifTu.se universal satisfaction among ail classes of their countrymen. Political Intelligence. Mr. Clay's Letter to (iov. Owsley, deoliniso the Office of U. S. Senator.?Ashland, June 'JJ 1848. Utah Sir.?I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the '20th inst., delivered to mo yi st< rday liy Secretary Mitchull, tendering ine a tempi rary app intinont of a Senator from Kentucky in comequencn of a vacancy produced by the resignation of .Mr. Crittenden. Y our excellency is pleased to urge me to accept the office from various'reasons, which I admit pos oss considerable forco. There is much ground to apprehend tint both in our donjestic and foreign relations, grave and momentous questions may arise the jiro|ier adjustment of which will ruquiro all the moderation. wi.-doui, and experience which can be placed In the national councils. YVhen you were kind enough, some weeks ago, to intimate to me that you had intended, in the event of the vacancy which has since occurred, to offer me an executive appointment, it is true that 1 observed to you that as I had taken formal and tinal leave of the United States Senate. I could not return to it without apparent inconsistency and some personal embarrassment. lint tlds was not tbe only consideration that weighed with me. .My service in the two chambers of Congress hud been long aril arduous. I had remained in tlie Senate longer than I wished, at tbe instance of the Uencral Assembly of Kentucky. I needed retirement and repose; and there were many highly competent citizens of the Stato. from whom an easy selection might bo made to snppiy my place. If there woi'o a certainty tlia*. any great em rgency would arise, and thai I better than another, could assist in rouducting the guvern nent safely through it, obeying the paramount duty which one owes ever to his country. I would suppress nil repugnance which I feel to the resumption of a seat In the Senate, disregard all etiuucUe. make any nersonai sacrifices and proceed, with alacrity, to the post which might bo aligned mo. lint dark and threatening as the clouds nro which overhang us, I hope that tliey will bo dispersed, without any storm bursting upon our heads ; but. if it should come. [ am persuaded that tlio commonwealth has many citizens more able than I am to face and avert its effects. 1 mutt, therefore, adhere to the resolution which 1 communicated to your excellency, and respectfully decline accepting the appointment which you have had the goodness to offer me If It were possible for me to reconcile to my feelings, and tou sense of public duty, my return to the Senate, there are some minor considerations opposed to my acceptance of a temporary appo ntinenf, uot without weight in my mind. The session of the Senate is drawing to a close. By the time that I could make preparations for the journey, and r noli Washington. a very short remnant ofit would bo left, during which 1 could render no essential service. And again; tho executive appointment terminating wi'h the meeting of the General Assembly, that body will have to perform the duty of designating Mr t'ritj t -nden's successor. I am unwilling to be in a position w lirli might occasion it the least embarrassment in tho choice of that mocessor. 1 request, your excellency to a ceptmy profound acknowledgments for the distinguish! d proof of the conlldenoe in inc. which you do me t ie honor to entertain. I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, your excellency's obedient servant H. CLAY. His Excellency Wm. Owsmcv. Sic., ffce. From thh Fa* West.?The St I.ouit Republican has the following correspondence, dated Lake Pepin, June 21st?"I arrived at Fort Suelling to-day, after n pleasant run of six days and a half. On our arrival at Wabashaw's prairie, I was somewhat astonished at meeting ('apt. Eastman, with troops, encamped on the hank. It seems that the Winnebagocs, who are being removed to their new home, after haviug got as far as this spot, refused to go any farther, instigated no doubt by some of the traders who live near their old haunts, and who are fearful that they will not be able to get a wense 10 iruue among mein wnere mcy am going. The Indian* allege that the sale of the former land* was made without their consent; that the spot the government ha* given them is not large enough; (It is about twenty-two miles square ) and that they are placed in the war path of two hostile tribe*, (the Sioux and Chlppoways) to be murderod. In addition to this. Wabashuw, who ia not in very good standing w th his own people, (the Sioux), has offered the Wlnnel agues a part of his land if they will remain with hm. They have concluded to do so, and the force with them, being totally inadequate to compel them to move, have sent to the fort for reinforcements; and rapt. F.. has taken down 25 men nnd 100 Sioux to counteract the influence Wahashaw has had with the Winncbagocs, and persuade theui to move. They hold a great talk to-day. and should the Sioux brought down by the captain join with Wabashaw's badd in a'king the Winnebagoes to remain with them, I believe they will have to stay, as there are not troops enough to force them, being only 125 men, all told? against some eight hundred fighting men the Indiana rould command. Should the captain attempt to forca them against their will. I think a tight is inevitable and I am now on tho way to join them; being anxious to Bee a little Indian lite. I will send you a detailed account, should anything worthy of note occur. On our way up we learned that there had beon trouble also with the Indians at the Full* of the St. t'roix, and that Mr. llrownell. the agent there, had sent for reinforcements. It teems that about two weeks ago an Indian shot and killed two white men, one a trader named Tornell and the other a lumberman named Drake. Tho Indian concealed the bodies, so that for someday* the murder was not discovered, but when it was. suspioion was fixed upon this Indian, as It was known that he and Tornoll had had a quarrel some time before. Tbe Indian, on the sort of mock trial which was given him, admitted that he shot these two men. and that he was Instigated to do so by a man named Fred. Miller.? This man was accordingly arrested, but theso assert una could not bo proved against nim, although all believed turn guilty. being a notoriously m<1 character. The Indian they sentenced to be hung, and the whita mini to receive forty Inches and leave the country Immediately The next morning the sentence was carried into effect, there being some sixty or seventy pardons present. The whole proceeding waa informal, but the excitement of the people was very great, and theytook the law into their own hand*. Tho chief regict seems to be that they did not hang the white man also. This has caused great dissatisfaction among tho Indians, and a rising is daily expected. There are plenty of white men in the country to defend it, but f< w have arms. Should they send there a supply from the fort, I do not api rehend any serious difficulty." Army.?The steamship Galveston, Capt. Crane, arrived y -sterduy Irom Vera Cruz, having left there on the IMth instant. 8he brought over seven compa nies of the \ew York Volunteers, nnd landed them atCarrolton. The following isa list ol the officers accompanying tiiem:? Lieut. Col. Jas. C. Burnham. commanding : Mt\j. M. I B. ilnlstcad. Surgeon U. 8 A. ; Capt. J. F. ilutton. A. ? S.. I . S. A. ; Lieut J Miller. A. A. U. M. ; Lieut J. S. McCabe, Adjutant ; ''apt. J. P.'Taylor, Capt VV K. Ilungerl'ord. Capt. M. Faltcmld, Capt. S. S. (lallaghcr, Capt li Harry. < apt. H. A. t arter, Lieut. F. F. > I'lnto, Lt. F F Boyle. Lt. I). Scannell, Lt. H (iaines, Lieut C S ( coper, Lieut. I) M. Doremns, Lieut. Bar i ker. Lieut I llill. Lieut. T. J. Rogers, and Lieut. E. B Carroll -AT. U. I'i amine, June 'i4. Navai..?U s steamer Bibb, on tho Coast Surrey, 4 was at Nantucket bar on Friday last. j