Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 5, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 5, 1848 Page 2
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fmm ' r*t" NEW YORK HERALD. ( orwrr ?l Kuilon ami livutaa iiti. JAMGH OORUON BKJIXBTT, ntnicroK. EDITION FOR EUROPE. Atw loik, W<iliirt(liiy, Jaly A, 1H4-H. Actual 4 Irrulatlon of llu- llrralri. Afxrtf?(? a?u. in Jnne 7Z7.I9Ieopie* - laat neck i " " Monday iy,V4 " Tkr pc Miration ol the Mamitig Edition of tlie Hrr iid comuencro jrr*?.-*d?y at .11 niioutoa past 1 'nock. * J ttn ?t?.d it 0 eV.rrk. Tton on Edition at 3 o'clock, r.aJ ti.uohcl at J) tuntrt 1 act 3 o'clock. THE FORE ]_G N MAILS, THE NEW PO ST-OPF1CK ORDER. rOST OFFKE, (TITY OF NEW YORK,) Ji't.v :t, I Hl.s. i y I avc received from the T*o?t Offlco TV|ar ntent, an Order, of crkkh the following i? ? copy, tocetlirr with f?? p-rMon . f the Law of t'oofrcw referred to KoUT. 11. A|!l,i:tl;, I*. M. INSTIU'C" IONS. "All letter* or other mailable matter, oomina into the United Stale* from foreign oouutriea, or K'-oc ont of the United ?<> other eountrtea. an- require* to n? sent r,r?mgri the P(4t Office at the place of departure or arrival. The Uo*t<i?*g to I* eb*rged on all letter* going out of the United S atoa to, or thi ouch, the Kingdom <? Writ-in, or ith Colomle , or eon iopfrotn, or?hmnch, the Kimdotn ?>f Gr<?:it Britain, er its Colonic*. into the United Staters by any foreign mok**t-?Mp or other venel, w ill 1? as follow*, the postages ou the out-going i?tiers, or * thrr maila) le matter, t?? be pre-paid: ?1>.? each letter, not exceeding half ail ounce in weight, c.inveye I bet-non the two eoniitrica, by &Tvx+ifii jacket. 24 cent* am f r each additional half ounce, or fraction under, an ad itional postage of .'ft cents; and if conveyed letwn'n t e t%%?? countries, by \nv foreign private ship or vend, when weighing half an ounce, or under, the postage will he 16 route; and for each additional h If ounce, or fr*ctf >n under, an additional postage of 11? rent* each. N-w-sp&pers will 1m cl argent le with postage of four ivn*s ; each sheet of other yuinttd matter will 1e ra'cd as a newspaper. Any violati >ns of the law wiH he reported, with the evidence. t-? the District A <<raey, for prosecution.* C. JOfl VSON, I\ M. General." General Toy<or In New To AtFrom a |erusiil of our pruphie reports of the Taylor meeting, which was he'd in this city :t few dn)6 since, persona at u distance might suppose, from the contrariety of opinion developed on that occasion, that General Taylor was not as popular in New York as he really is, or that Mr. Clay is the favorite ol the wings of New York. An inference of this kind would be unjust, and in order to develcpe the fact, and to show cause for the contrariety of opinion which characterised that meeting, it may be necessary to advert to the histoiy of the country for the last eighteen months, or two years. After the battles ot Palo Alto and Resne i de In Palma, General Taylor's name, in connection with the Presidency, was first mentioned by this paper. We had previously seen the man, and knew something of Ids gnat genius and gallantry, and us soon us he was placed in a position in which he could show his quality, we knew that he would create a feeling in the breasts of the people that would elect him to the Presidency. After those battles, the taking of the city of Monterey ensued, and at about the time when that great military feat was accomplished, a knot of politicians?of wuifsand strays, and odds and ends of ail parties, mid all fac'ious, conceived the plan of taking General Taylor uuder their social care, and of directing the popular ft-eling in his favor. They accordingly set to work, hired a room in Military Hall, Bowery, organized what they colled a Rough and Ready Club, cut out and apportioned all the oflices among themselves und their friends, and by way of clenching the matter, secured the aid of a rickety evening paj>er, without mliuence or circulation, to fire its popgun on every occasion when General Taylor's name was mentioned. This was the first petty movement by the oflieeseeking politicians to secure the nomination and election of General Taylor; hut it will be perceived thut it was not undertaken until a long time after General Taylor had been named for that ..?.i m. i >k.i hie name was on every tongue, and his services treasured up in the, breasts of his fellow-countrymen. Meanwhile, the popularity of the old hero was becoming greater and greater every day, and the Militaiy Hall clique congratulated themselves that they had played a tramp card, and were certain of getting the offices and emoluments which they had in view. But they were destined to have rivals in the field ; for some time alt r C neral Taylor became so popular that it was evid it he would be nominated hy the people, by acclamation, as their candidate for the Presidency, politicians throughout the country hoisted the Taylor standard, and soon Hfter he was nominated at several btate conventions, and hy several legislative bodies. "While all lhe*e things were going on, there was another clique of politicians closely studying the signs of the times, and waiting for an opportunity to show their hands in f ivor of the man whose popularity would elect him in case of hi8 nomination. They nipt and consulted together, from time to time, and finally decided that the time had arrived; and immediately the Taylor standard was hoisted in the columns of the Counrr and Enqvtrtr, and Lafayette Hall, in Broadway, hired lor tae meetings ot llie Walt street Taylor clique. This was the second clique of officeholders of all parties, who combined together to effect General Taylor's nomination, and through that and his election, to obtain the long sought offices which they had in view, li-tween the two rival factions, there wa much bitter feel ing and ill will. Each was jealous of the other, and each insisted upon being considered the f ivlor party of Nrw York and the whole North. There were other politicians, however, who did nut appreciate Gen. Taylor's position before the country, who thought his popularity was evanescent, and would entirely subside long before the meeting of the whig National Convention in Philadelphia, and who likewise had an eye to the spoils of office. These elected to stand by Mr. Clay, and to take heir chances with those of the st.itesm an o f the West. This is a short sketch of the preliminary raove' jnents and occurrences that took place within the last eighteen months, and of thd intrigues of the several factions ot off' scking politi'i'tans. Einally, the whig National Convention assemoled, and after a hard struggle b< tween the Clay and the Taylor delegates, the latter succeeded, and Gen Taylor waB nominated as the whig candidate for the Presidency. By this event the ultra Clay men were mortified, their long cherished hopes? of office and soup were annihilated,and after a longand arduous struggle to obtain the Domination of their man, ilmy found themselves at length utterly prostrated, t'nder these circumstances it may well be supposed they were not in the best of humor, and many of them threatened death and d< struction to the whig party. For a long time, the whig general committee, which had all along supported the . UintM of II? l.rv ('lav. refu.'i d to call u meeting ratify General Taylor's nomination. At length they issued a call for that purpose ; but. c n second thoughts, it was countermanded, and, sometime afterwards, another call w s i.. u< d, in pursuance of which tiie meeting in Canal street was convened, On. Taylor's popularity, in the meanwhile, inert .sing, not only i New York, but throughout th- whole country, North, East, South, * and West. At this meeting, u!l the disappointed Olay men, and a goodly proportion of locofocos, were in attendance. They sought, by every means in their power, to prevent < Jen. Taylor's nom nation being ratified, and by freely using their lungs, their tlirohtsund their ha ;idc, succeeded in creating a great deal of noise and confusion. Hence we have an explanation of all the groanp, Liases, Ace., which linracte-ised that meeting, anJ which were faithfully reported lit the time in th,? pnper. This is an explanation of the scenes and incidents of that meeting, and those ol our readers at a distance, who have formed the o iinion from a perusal of its proceedings, that General Taylor's popularity in New York is not so great us they SL j do iti -'Fl ic?* to hi* oh use. The tact is, that the met ting in question was the list eflort of the dis! appointed politician* and office seekers, to vent ; their chagrin at the defeat of their hopes ot plund> r. We are satisfied that Gencril Taylor is the most popular candidate before die people of New York for the Presidency, and that lie will continue so to the time of election, \\ hen he will get the vote of the Empire State withi out question. We have thought it advisable to make this statement for the benefit and information of persons at a distance, who were not acquainted with the numerous intrigues that have been going on for some time past in this city. Mi xlco and lh? l'ntt?*l states. The ratification of the treaty of peace betwee i the United States and Mexico is the commencement of a new cm in the relations of those two countries. The relations may continue peaceful for a while?for a year, perhaps for a longer, perhaps for a shorter period of time. It w as feared by far-seeing statesmen, that the severe chastisement which Mexico lias received, and the hard lesson which we have endeavored to teach her, would be of little profit to her. It has been foretold that with the withdrawal of the American army, whatever party consented to a peace with this country would be attacked and deposed by some of the military tyrants who have ho long cursed that beaut it'ul country, and kept it in tu'moil and revolution ever since the overthrow of the constitution of 1S24. Such predictions, we regret to say, are too well founded. Already the wotk of revolution has commenced, even before the evacuation of that country by our forces. Paredes, it appears, has engaged in a conspiracy to , upset the existing government, having for his object the downfall and ruin of the government which concluded the recent treaty of peace, and the extermination of the nien who ratified it, five of the leading peace men having been already assassinated. Paredes, it will be recollected, was the chieftain who pronounced against and destroyed ! the government of Herrera because he wasin favor of nesee with the lotted States: anil if lie succeed i ill this last attempt, nml overthrows the govern- j ment which concluded the treaty of peace, lie may then seek to embroil the two countries in | difficulty again, and thus bring 011 a second Punic ; 1 w,,rI It will be seen, therefore,.that the difficulties j and disasters which were predicted to ensue after 1 | the withdrawal ot our troops, have occurred soon- j er than was anticipated; and when or how they J | will end, there is no telling. Mexico being again 1 divided into factions?one havinsr possession of die government to-day, and another having it to-mor I j row?it will he a difficult matter for our government todeteiniinc which is the legitimate one, and to which to pay the instalments of three millions an- j J Dually, provided by the treaty to be paid to Mexico j : as the purchase moupy of the newly acquired ter- ! ritories of New Mexico and California. Tiiis may j involve us for the second time in war with Mex- 1 ico. I .Agair, if Faredes retain power, he may seek to establish a monarchy in Mexico. A vearortwo aero. lit-was in France and Spam, and it was pretty well ! known there that his object was intrigue with that i view. We do not know to what extent these in- ; i trigues may have been carried with Loui3 Thilippe, or the Bourbons of Spain; but whether J I they are intended to be carried into opera- | ; tion or not, it is very certain that there I j will be great trouble in Mexico, in case he should : secure himself as the head of the government, and perhspe an attempt made to embroil the two coun- j ! tries again in hostility, in ease oi an election of a 1 i peaceable man to the Presidency of the United States. We could not tol-rate the establishment j of a monarchy there, at die head of which any of j the Bourbon family might be placed. Our deter- ; mination on this matter is fully known to Mexico, j having been frequently expressed in our journals and in our housesof Congress. In whatever way j we view the recent revolutionary proceedings in : Mexico, we cannot but see the probability and j danger of more trouble, and perhaps another war. i With such a probable state of things before us, I the people of the United States ought to be careful j whom they elect as their next President, so i that pence can, if possible, be preserved. Our next I President should be a man of ability, determma- ' J tion, and sound statesmanship?one the prestige | I of whose name nlone would deter the contemp: tible military despots of Mexico from again at- j | tempting to create difficulty between the two | countries. We are not yet ready to carry on tho > | second Punic war with that country, neither have i we commenced to digest the large slice of territory which we acquired by the first. We want a I ; little time, energetic as we are, and cannot pos- j I sibiy swallow up such an extensive country 1 as Mexico at one meat General Taylor ' is just such a man. llis determination and bravery are well known to the Mexicans, for lie his given tliem many memorable proofs of them. Any military dictator who may be at the head of the Mexican government will be very cautious about I mcddlinc with any thing affecting the United States, while General Taylor was our Chief Ma- ; cistrute. Ifia name alone would be sufficient to crush any such attempt in the bud. if there were ! uny one w ho might have the temerity to undertake ; it. In the meantime, however, our present go- j vernment will be under the necessity of acting very decisively towards Mexico, in order to ensure the safety ot the Amctican citizens now in Mexico. In regard to the jnnjet of the establishment of a ! monarchy in Mexico, with any of the Hourbon family ot the head of it, there is tnorc difficulty in the way than ever, in consequence of the events that have recently transpired in the old world. Yet there may be a design of putting Montpensier in the position of king of Mexico. If any such ntj tempt be made, it will immediately involve us in difficulty, with not only Mexico hut Spain; and in j such an event, what would he the destiny of the beautiful Island id Cuba? It should then come under the control of the United States, in such a conjunction of matters, anil forever after form part and parcel of tl e United States. The New Code of Practice.?The new code of practice, as prepared by Mr.Graham and others, and adopted by the Legislature, went into operation yetiordny. Various opinions as to the probable j eflect of the new system, ate expressed by the j rm mbers of the bar ; but a majority of them seem ' to have no confidence th it it will benefit the coin- ! 1 munity. Jts leading features are the abolition of all forms , of action, the old system of special pleading, and ! tl,,. rfictinolinn Iwlwrotl |..ur fiml nmaitv anile i i Kvery proceeding hv oit* party against another is I called h "civil action," and whether it be what I wculd formerly have been called a law suit, or a j Chancery suit, the proceedings are to be| tially the same. The first step is, what is called I the " complaint," to which the defendant put,; in ; an "answer;" then the plaintiff files a 11 replicai tion," and thus the pleadings become complete, and the cause is at issue, ready to be tried by a jury. It remain- *o he seen whether this new form ; of proceeding will be an improvement, and wlici tlier the old di <tincfion between law and acuity jurisdiction nuglit not with advantage have been | p rserved. I There is one feature of the new ;tem, and the lavs connected with it, which will produce a cuf 'Uh state of things in our courts. We refgr to the right of each parly to call and examine the , other as a witness, the plaintiff or defendant putting his adversary on the stand and subjecting him to a rigid examination. This will in all probability occasion many more j?tjuries than now I oct'ir; and in one ease at least, it will operate, j strangely. Win n an insolvent person is sued with | one ja-rfectly responsible, who is alleged to he his i copartner, the insolvent may be examined to fix | his debts upon one abie to nay them. The mi dun I operandi of this pal of the new system smells I sttorglyof the l'oman code. The learned codij fu rs must have dipped into the Panderts for it, or I else they received it from some personage at this j side of the water, deeply skill* d in Human lore; hut it will not etniid the test of this age of reform and revolutions. We shall, however, watch the progress of the machinery with continuous interest, and, of course, as from time to time the various complicated questions arise, we shall show how th / are disposed of. It si ns vry clear that years will be required to show he practical working of the new contrivance-, and until each part has begun to perform ' it function well, there will continue to be, as ; ecn.d the " r Joriotis uncertnbiM'of th-!- ? *, The DnrHbnrntrwtltrlr P(hltloiu.Their linU Prortuttel niM itta. The movement commenced by the hurnhnrners of this State being one ot great importance in the present state of the country and of parties, we h ive spnied no pains or trouble 111 fully e.\p! lining it in the columns of this journal. We accordingly pub lislud reports of John Van Huron's speeches, on several occasions; ex-President Vun Huron's K-tt'-r to the Uiicu Convention; a full report of the proceedings and nominations of that convention; and to-day, we publish in our columns, the pronuueii men to of that convention, to all good and true barnburners, in this and all other States, on the earth, over the earth, and in the waters under the earth?out of which it is supposed Mr. Van Buren has been fi'hed by some of the faithful, with a hook baited with the Presidency. This jnonunciamtnto is a curious and remarkable document. It embraces, in full, the principles advocated by the new party called barnburners, and contains a clear exposition of their doctrines i i. .? i_:_ ,i j cinu jniMiiuu. 11 |?ui|'Uiia iu r.\pi(iiu mc that compelled them to hoist a separate standard, repudiate the proceedings of the Baltimore Convention, nnd nominate candidates of their own for the Presidency nnd Vice Presidency. It is from the pen of the Hon. Benjamin F. Butler, or Citizen Butler, as he has been dubbed by the new party. The opinions and views promulgated in it, attract a prodigious deal of attention, and are looked upon as of great importance in this part of the country, and soon will receive equal attention in other parts of the Union, especially in the North and East The importance ol the movement, however, is much overrated, in consequence of Mr. Van Buren's personal connection with it, and from the fact of his being nominated as the candidate of that party. This, however, is the i mullest feature about it. It lias, in fact, given importance to him, and not lie to it. This attempt ou the platform of the Wilmot proviso, and ultimately to embody the whole anti-sl ivery sentiment of the North, has given to Mr. Van Buren personally an importance which he does not deserve, and a degree of consequence?a dangerous conse quenee?which he has never heretofore possessed in any of the various positions which lie has been placed in before the country. It is like digging him out o( the retirement of Lindenwald, as ;?eologists dig beneath the eartli for some curious and extraordinary fossil remain, to attract the notice of philosophers and speculators. It is like excavating the mountains for saltpetre and sulphur, to furnish materials for a general explosion of a con tinont. And why all this importance to Mr. Van Buren I As a man, he is utterly destitute of public principle of any kind. For a long period of lus life lie occupied a bold and manly Southern ground on the slavery question, and he never saw or acknowledged.. any immoral tendency in that position, until he was defeated by Southern influence, and restored to Ins private residence on ?lie banks of the Hudson river, as one whose public life was forever filli-hed nnd sealed un. ltnl be lias elinnmad that position; and from a knowledge of the circumstances, and of his past history, together with the course which lie is now pur uing, the conclusion is irresistible that he lias meditated it ever since his defeat in 1844, and on the nomination being again tendered to him in 1848. All the letters which have come from him, and all the -developetnents which have been made, within the last two years, show that he held himself in reserve for the nomination in Baltimore; and it being withheld from him, and given to another and more popular man, Mr. Van Buren, with his personal political friends, has thrown himself into this new movement?this terrible current, this dangerous rapid?combining, as itdoes, all the moral and immoral sentiment, floating through the Northern Stutes, in hostility to the slavery institutions of the South, lie and his party have, indeed, planted themselves on the principle contained in the Wilmot proviso, as a fulcrum on which to use their lever; but that is all nonsense?a mere bagatplhi nllipif tli?>l*P la hi \ tnimli tlrpuc l-.iri mum it in their journals, their speeches, their letters, and in the proceedings of the convention at Utica. It amounts to one thing only, and that is, to form a | great Northern party, for the first time in the histo- ' ry of the country, in opposition to the Southern States, on the institution of slavery. This movement acquires greater torce, and more I interest, and additional danger, from the fact that 1 the Sonthern members of Congress, of both of the j old parties, assume a position directly opposite to that assumed by the barnburners. Th"y take their ground broadly on the platform of slavery, and on its extension to the new territory acquired from Mexico by the treaty which has recently l>-en rati- ! fied. Mr. Calhoun boldly, decidedly and deter- ' niinedly marks out this policy, and is followed in ' the same strain by Mr. Berrien, of Georgia, who , seldom chimes in with Mr. Calhoun, lie likewise takes bold, plain Southern ground, openly and above-bourd. Yet Mr. Berrien is a whig, and a supporter of General Taylor's nomination. In ad- j dition to this, we find that the discontented journals in this region of the country, whieh have hereto- i fore been in favor of General Cass, have repudia- I ted bim, and are assuming the position taken by j ...u;_t. a. ?...? una n *'i in' i ii |'?nv, niiini ir? uiur; >'i, uu unti-slavery ground. The Tribune, heretofore a ; lending whig journal, jump3 into tire new movement with ecstacy, rejoices that the ouestinn of slavery has at length come up, and that N >.\v York has uttered her sentiments through Mr. Pix. It is probable, therefore, that the discontented whigs of New York, with the odds and ends of all parties winch entertain feelings of hostility to the South, will unite in the Northern movement, and organize a vast and terrible party on anti-slavery principles, a ground of opposition that m ty lead to unutterable danger to the country at large. The convention of the discontented whigs at vVor center, has tvolvcd a new feeling on the subject, and the applause and shouts in favor of Mr. Van Huron, and of the position which he has taken, | may bp looked upon as a foregone conclusion,that there will he a vast accession of fores to'this | movement from Massachusetts and other Kastern ai d Northern States. The course of this new movement is onward. A general convention of the Northern States, entertaining common feelings of hostility to the South, is to assemble at Iiulkilo, on the ninth of August, ! nnd it is probable that the nominations made at Uticu will be confirmed by it, and the flag of antislavery be added to that of the W'lmot provi o This might Und to a concentration of a oew and dangerous parly, calculated not only to defeat and paralyze General Cass, take away his strength and annihilate his hopes, but enter into competition with those conservatives of nil kinds who have j uoen forming tnemsoivcs into a party tor tin* sup- i port of General Taylor. In regard to the subject of slavery in Orngon, j that will, no doubt, be settled doting the pr -'ent ( session of Congress, by the adoption of the 1 Missouri compromise line, but that will have no influence on New Mexico and California, the territory of which is as well adapted for sluvery as the soil of Virginia or Louisiana. This movement will still go on. The question ol abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia will be adopted. Every effort will be made to defeat the csta- 1 blishmont of slavery in the new territories, and tl unsuccessful, the new party will organize anew, j make further attempts, and if possible procure the repeal of any laws that may be made for tint purpose. Thus the movement tuny go on from 'ime to tiinr, and if successful, will finally end in hedging the slave States in with legislation in despite of the compromi ses of the constitution, and per Imps the dissolution of the confederacy ns it is at v 'organized. American Steam Sums.?Mail CoN-ta\crra? We learn that the Charleston line of steamers ia to be increased to four, in order to have a semi-weekly communication with that city- That line has b en highly successful. We also learn, that the owners of the Crescent City intend to build alio thrr steamer, like her, to run between t lis port and New Orleans. Jl must be gratifying to every American to witness this success in ocean steam navigation, Tiis Crescent City can beat th overland mail front one to three days, and she will, therefore, afford means for the transmission of letters ; and we understand that the owners will take all papers and letters gratuitously to New Orleans. All will be pleased to hear this. It is to be regretted that government should interfere, directly or indirectly, with the success of private enterprise, as exhibited in the above state ment. It in understood Unit the assignees of Mr. Sloo's contract arc not able to proceed with that contract, unless government will nntke them an advance of twenty-live thousand per month. It would 6eem, theu, that two hundred and ninety thousand dollursper annum, or two million nine hundred thousand dollars gross, is not basis enough to carry them through; therefore, they feel obliged to call upon government for eight hundred dollars per day for this purpose. It appears strange that ineu should obtain a contract from government, ("giving them ssme thousand dollars per day, for establishing a route now successfully commenced by another concern, or other parties, without any aid except their energy, experience and capital; and yet, as has been represented, be unable to go 011 without aid from the said government. The public will be most happy to see this line in successful operation, but accord nig to contract. VViien, however, they acknowledge their inability so to do without further aid t from covernnient. and asl? for an advance of 1110- ! ney to enable them to build their boats, the ques tion then arises, is not this currying the joke a little too far 1 There are some men with capital in the United States, who would be most happy to make a con tract by which they could be guarantied money iflieient to pay all the expenses, and they have all tiie profits; a nd there arc many, apparently | without capital, who, in addition to such a guarantee, would have no objection, in the first place, j to having the money advanced without interest. ! To be serious, however, us both the original eonJ tractor and his assignees have been represented i as abundantly uble, let them proceed, backed by the tvyo millions nine hundred thousand dollars, but don't let them put their hands into the public treasmy in advance. If this, however, must he done, and they insist upon it, then open thoMoor ; and, with the new conditions, submit the whole i to public competition. Such a course would save the government more | than half a million of dollars. VAN lilT.K.N AND ijURR. ? it n;lS OltOl) DCC11 rt'm irked by those acquainted with both the persons and characters of Mr. Van Buren and Mr. Burr, that there was a great resemblance between them, j in intellect, in ambition, in manners, and might be in destiny. The recent movement made at I IJlica, and the position taken by Mr. Van Buren on the Wilmot proviso, leading eventually to a great anti-slave excrement of the day, would seem to , tend far to fill up the parallel between these two remarkable men. Burr was disappointed in his hopes of succeeding Jefferson; and he immediate- j , ly set on foot un expedition, which, under the name ! of producing a revolution in Mexico, was gene- I rally thought to be intended to separate the North i from the South. Mr. Van Buren, more politic in a more politic age, and less military in disposition ; than Mr. Burr, has headed a movement at j ' Utica which may have the same results upon | the union of these States, as those eontem- j 1 plated by the original project of Burr, un- j , less the good sense of the people of this country i should prevent it. According to all appearances, j under the name of Wilmot proviso, an attempt is ! now being ntnde to form an immense party of the I North, generally imbued with ail the anti-slavery ! feeling, and placed in hostile array against the 8011th. If the conventions held in the free States, and the general assemblage which is to meet at Buffalo on the 9th of August next, should follow 1 the lead of XJtica, and go for the Van Buren nomination, he may be able to array an immense parly together upon anti slavery grounds, in opposition to the South, and in opposition to General Cass. In fact, as things now are, and as this movement progresses in these latitudes, the prospects of Ge- 1 nerul Cass are melting away every day. Now, if the nnti-slaveiy feeling should increase and spread, undet the lead of Mr. Van Buren?is there is every appearance that it will?there will , then be, before the 7th of November, virtually, only j two candidates and two parties in the fi id?Gene- j ral Taylor and union, and practical legislation, on the one hand; and on the other hand, Mr. Vun Buren with iho Wilinot proviso and anti-slavery sentiments, and liestility to the South, and ultimately, disunion, and every thing else which may follow in its train! People of sense, and sound Americans, m ?y select between them. Election Revelries.?We are glad to see that the moral and independent press of our large cities is generally coming out in favor of decency and propriety, in conducting the Presidential election, now taking place. The songs, log-cabins, revelries and orgies ; the drunken frolics, and all the oilier exhibitions which disgraced unJ disgusted the country during the last eight or ten years, are in a fair way of being changed lor the better. The great revolution of the old whig and locofoco factions, which has taken place under the populurnameof General Taylor, will be the signal and the commencement of a change in the public taste in the manner of conducing elections. In the recnt struggles between tli- different factions, a? shown in the tumultuous assemblages called ratification meetings, we see only the struggle between the moral and iinmorul elements of popular opinion. The old party leaders, with all their tr eks, ure going to the wall; nnd those who are bout to take their places in the present contest, should be careful toiuaik and note the signs of the times. Those ridiculous campaign papers, so called, which ore generally reservoirs of all the filth a ri abuse of a Struggle, ought to be ah.uij dole d, and discontinued by the public,just as muen as the vulgar drunken minstrelsy of sonic of the recent Presidential elections. Let the public only pi lionize those regulai journals, published regain ly and possessing a permanent reputation, which are e -lculated to give correct intelligence, without tli.' degrad iti<>n of the tilth of the political leader of the day. That is the true course. Amkhicans Abroad.?We learu that Silas E. Burrows, Esq., of this city, sailed on Fn lay in his yacht, the l'atapsco, for St. Petersburgh, Russia. He is henrer of despatches from the State department to our minister at the court of the Czar. It is the intention of Mr. B., wc understand, to visit the principal porta on the Baltic, before his return ro me iinuon states. iir.s win t>e me iir^i irip or an Amercin gentleman across the Atlantic in a pleasure yacht. ]vrn.ligkn( K from brazil a.Ntl X1IK RlVER of Plate.?We liuve received the jo urnals of Rio Janeiro, to the 27lh ol M.>y ; the news they contain is trivial and local. The chamber of deputies continued in session, occupied in the discussion of matters purrly domestic. The dates from Montevideo ore to tic 12th of May. I't ace was not yet concluded with Oribe; all the negotiations to that client had utterly failed. (General Hosts seems to have interposed to prevent the acceptance of the terfns nnd conditions suggested by the French and English agents, to Oribo. The French had, therefore, landed their artillery lor the defence of Monte Video, which was pronounced to be in p. rfate of siege. % EDITION FRANCAISE I ? s o m .11 viim Dt:s NOUVELLES AMERICAINES P 0IT It ENVOY Kit EN BVIIP1 Par le fiteanrr "Britannia." Hexlqur. Los nouvelles que nous recevons do ce pays soat, pour Id Vera Cruz du 18 Juin, et.|>our Mexico du 13 du iiicnie tnois. Cette derniore date les troupes qui se trouvaient encore duns le voisinuge de Mexico s etuient inises en route pour la frontiore, entr.iinant ii leur suite l'urriere-garde de l'arni?e Americ.j/ie. Le gcucral Worth, lui-mOme, a quittc la viile, ct Herrera qui avait enfin consent!, apres des refua reitcr^s, a accepter la pr?sidence, etaii arrive pres de Mexi co, escorte par la garde natiouale. Ce mouvenu-nt dccisif indique que le drnme long et sanglnnt qui vient de se jouer au Mexique est entin arrive u eon denouement. Ainsi qu'H arrive [>our let; cruvres d'un succt-s douteux ct fatigant, 11 cloture en etait vivement eouhuitce par ]<*s uuteurs et les spectuteurs. Aujourd'hui que la paix estsignce, que lea evenemens de cette compagne sont tombes dans le doniaine de l'hlstoire, il 6erait curieux ct interest-ant a la fois de placer les objets, degages des pactions de rivulitc et d'aniour-pmpre national, sous leur veritable luniicre d'en examiner lea C6tails, ft d'en deduire lea consequences. Le mo ment ist lnaintenant venu de se livrer a une appreciation raisonnable de cette guerre, et de aes resultats. Nous ccinptons trailer ce sujet plus tard. Le cabinet mexicain d'llcnvra vient de ae constituer definitivement. 11 se compose du aenor Otero pour l'intereur, du senor Cuevas pour It s allaires ctrangeres, de Don Jose Maria Jiminez pour la justice, D. Mariano Kiva Falacio pour lea finances, et du general Arista pour la guerre. Nous regrettons vivement la retraite de M. D. Luis de lu Kosu, ministre des allaires Ctrangcres sous Penu y lVria, aux eilbrts duquelfla puix est due priucipalenient, et qui imeux (pie tout autre, se trouvait en position de la rendre profitable uu pays. Aujourd'hui surtout, ce qu'il faut an Mexique, ce sont des homines qui lui apportent, avec la liberie, les institutions qui en aiipellent le restime, la fernu'te qui en assure le trtomphc, la droiture, et la loyautc qui en consolident le regno. Nous souliaitons lort que le personnel du nouveau cabinet remplisse ces conditions nccessaircs. Nous apprenons, par- le Siglo XIX, (pie trois regiments d'mfanterie, trois compagnies de cavaJerie, et une compagnie d'artillene, nppartenant a Pannesdu Mexique, devaient quitter Qucrctaro, ct se mettre cn marcbe j.our attaquer Paredes, qui, aujourd'hui, menace serieusement le pays. Les Indicns de leur cote commencent a devenir roellement a cramdre, les troupes dont nous veuons de parler sont egalement destmcesh 1-schatier. On voit d'apies ce rappoi: que les motifs d'inqiiictudes ne liianquent pas ait nouveau gouvemoment mexicain, et que ses debuts ne sont point deja si fnciles. Le pore Jarauta ct un individu dy noni de Martinez out surplus la garni son de Layos, dont ils ont fritc prcf'et prisonnier. Xou content de eel exploit, ils sont alles jusqu'b. proposer un plan de constitution danslequel, desavouant le congres mexicain, ils declarent que lesEtats sauront re.-satsir la souvoriunte, qu'ils out perdue, et qu'il profitcront de leur independance pour continuer la guerre. Get j exces d'audace ne pent provenir que d'un exces de I faiblesse dont le gouvcrnement assumeruit toute la responsabilic, s'il laissait vivre le coupables a l'ombre d'une impunitc d'angereuse. Nous appro- ] lions du reste que celui-ci est t'ermeinentjdecide ii ' punir les faclieux, et qu'il a dejii pris les mesures , encrgiques pour rcprimer les desordres. .lusqu'iri I'aredes est l'enncmi le plus rc'rieux (iu pouvoir clabli. Cost ce monarchist entete qvti a jete duns le pays le souffle d'insurrection dont il est agile ; c'est lui qui tient dans ses in iinr, riit-on, ie til de toutes les seditions, lni qui a comninnde le mouvement du pere, Jaruuta sur Layo3, lui encore qui stadeve, les tribus iadienrtes, les scdnit par I'upp&t de promises troiupeucea et les Inure contre scs conqutriotes. Quels que soient ceprndiut les efforts de Parades, l'aaminibtration d'Hcrrer.t en triornphera faeiletnent; car la cause qu'il defend est perdue d'avance; n'est-il pas curieux de voir conibatfre p >ur la monarchic dans le nouvenu monde, alors que tons les trones s'ccroulent dans la vteille Europe. Nous t.onvoiis dans qaelques joumaux le rccit <les cruautvs qui auraient etc cxercoes stir les i famines mexicaines accusces d'avoir eu des rein- ! turns d'nitiimtc uvec l<-s americuins. D'apres c.-s i journunx,ces malheurcuses auraient etc vic'iin"* ; des traitemcnts lea plus burbares. Lea Mexieains ' les uuraient depuil!6es< de leur chevelure, et apre-j 1 jfur avoir marque le visage d'nn for rouge port ant j les initialed U. S., ils leur nuruicnt mduic, cn plusieus circonstances, dcchirc les oreilles. On ptctctid que 2,000 frmnies mexicaiucs ont | suivi Pumice des Etats-Enis et se diaposent a ! <iui'ter Ic Mexique ; pour ae sonstraire h. la bubtti vengeance que leur prcparent ainsi leur compitrintes. En grand nombre dc mexieains compromis pur leurs relations amicales nvec les nnicricuins pendant l'occupntion, se disponent egalenvent h s'exilyr aux Etats-Enis, craignant d'etre |>ersccutcs uusdtot aptes le retrait'des troupes aim ric lines. Nous avons peine ii croire ii ces detail;; qui nous donnent un<* luen trial- idee de K eivilisition d'une pnrtie d?'s populations inexicatnes. M. Sfvtcr s'est cmburquu le 12 po ir la Nouvellc Orleans, ii bord d'un steamer du gouverncment. On antioneait mix dernieres dates, que le general Ilerrcra, a cause de sa manvise u nite s'et iit demis de la" presidence; mais que pu demi-ision ne serait pus aceepfce par le Oongres mexictin. (>n pen sail qu'il n'en per-isterait pis moins, ct I'on parluit de l'edraza, d'Kllariaga, de Don Luis C'ue\as et de plusicurs autres candid its pour le r mI'laeer. Les Senora lltwa, ntinislre d'litat. ct Igeneral Auxyu. ministre de U guerre, B'ctaient eg.dement demis d" lours functions. Ene conspiration terrible a relate dans la villr de Mexico, dans le but de reny user 1?* gouvernentent M d'extcrmincr et les pnrtisuns de li paix et ccu.x qui sont cji faveur du traiti. L'tmvre d i sang a de ii conimetic6, cinq des plus protar.acns paiiisnns des Etats-TJnis out etc massacres. La conspiration avait pour chefs 1c Pore .Tarauta ct le general Parcdes. II est convcnu outre les deux nations que ]es troupes des Etats-rms uuront toutes lift quitter le sol rnr X'C du le 22 du mois de juin. 1 )cs lettres ite Zne. t eas font npprfehonder une incursion de 2,000 Eoinanchcs dans I'Etat d<* San Luis. Inutiio d'njonter que la terreur est generide. Les vols ont rbpns leurs cours, comme avant la guerre. Pas unc voiinre ne * ?rt dc Qu6retaro pour sc renrlre a Mexico, qu'eilo ne suit devaItfee. . A Alexico, lc.e vols ct les outrages do to if - sort" sont journnlicrs. Vurntan. Nous donnons aujourd'liui comme complement dos nouvellcs que nous nvons dojii public 's sur l'Yucafuii, l'extrait d'une corrrspondnnce particulii-rc datiie du 13 juin, que nous croyons digne de toute confiance. Les details qu'elle conticnt repandent une lueur plus sinistre encore sur les evenenients dejk si sombre dont nous avons fail le r?cit. dn verra que les miseres qui ullligontcc malheureux pays f ont loin dc tirer ii leur fin, et qu'h nioins d'unc intervention des Ktats-ITnis if est mennec d'une riiiue complete. II est difficile, en face do pnreilnfails, de comprendro, I'jitiitiide immobile du Congrea devunt cette question, plusieirrs fois deposec sur li s bureaux, et tnujours rejetee sous nn pretoxte on sons un autre. On salt quo la position d s mnlhe;ir.::x Vucateques a excite ii plusieurs reprises dans e s differentes places la commiseration des populations am6ricaines. Des citoyens honor diles se sont reunis dans cette ville memo, pour leur voter des secours et une lisfe de sousenption c rcule maint nnnt fi cet eiret. Cetle question d'liunmuite n eu de loutes parts de notnhreux 6c!ios: ellc a retcnti ir les rives du Mexique ; un moment, cile a nritMc dans leur passage les braves soldats amerioams revenus ii Vera-Crux. On pnrlaif dans cette derniere ville d'un coi"ps de nolle d'enliVtix qui d"V lit 'organiser, et partir pour la rote V u.'nteque loisqu'est arrive, des bureaux do la gnorre, un ordre I t.ui rejoin; h eh pie soldst de rentrerau foyeram?- I rici in pour y ctre liucneic. L* pr?jet a done ''e avorte par suite de cette messo*. ?-t |??s malhearcux , ? habitants de I'Yucutan, ee v i.*nt prives des secours volontiires dont ils oru un si prcssant b;eoin. A ceux qui douterai?*n? encore de la position j vcritablement critique ou se irmivent plunges nee ' inalheureux voisine du g<?lfe, n us citcrous les extraits de la lcttre que nous aim moons plus haut, et qui a ete publiee par le Picayune :? " La vdle de Yzamal, dit cette correspondance, situec ii environ quinze lieues de M6rida, vient d'etre prise par les ladiens, et on suppose qu'an , grand nombre dc blaucs ont sujeombe dans cette ' ufl'aire. Quinze jours aupur.ivant onze milk fagit ft, composes en partie d< P innies et d'eafants ton i entrcs a Mctida, a tin d'y ciiercher un refuge D'apres les nouvelles re$ues de I'interieur, cette ville no eernit pas non plus a I" bri des sauvages; on suit que Merida n'est p.i detendue, et que sa po.-itiou ne la protege point contre un coup de main. La noulation nloncree dans 1'nnxiAt* lanlu> vivo, s'attend d'un moment a l'antre& etre asmilbe Les sauvages se soat emp ?rd- <ie la vtlle de Ticnl, place assez importante situde dans le votstuage dt Mcrida, ct de lit menaccnt d'euvahir citte ville. De uieme que tons les peuples, les iadiens oit aussi leurs prophcties. Celie qui circule mainte nant parmi eux remonte a la couqufite du Mcxtque par Ferdinand t'ortez. Cette prophdtie sanguinaiia comme les instincts dcs race.* nidicnncs, leur promet une eclutante revanche, dins les murs de M4rida. " Vos pieds 8e baignerout jusqu'h, la chevilla dui s le sang des blancs vos oppwsseurs," leur annonce Cliilam Balaam leur ru.i hornet, a eux. Cette opinion entretient la supersliiiou dans leur esprit, et leB rend beaucoup plus dang r ux. Les environs de Campechc sont a la veilD d'etre occurs par les Indiens; il en a paru dc a. d uis les environs Merida est niaiutenant le point le pluj expose; il renfenne, y compris les fugiui.--, pifes de (X) mills , > ames, la plupart incapable* de potter lesarmes. La population est' plongc , .t t morale coanne an physic|ue, dans la plus afircuse decrease. Cruellement exposes il la misere ct h la lint, s'tls echappent a ccs Ileum, ee no sa que pourtoiuber plus surOnient sous k* cout'-.oi des sauvages qui guettent leur victime avee uua^rnge impatiente." Ce tableau nous sentble ass i sombre, pour que nous nYssayons pas de le cli ug*r davontoge Un tait saillanteurgit de toute.-> I o aouvelles que nous s < a\? ns reyues jusqu'ict. CV*?t q t'an seconrs de niilie. homines, envoye par I s lit its-Unis, au Yuc..tan, suflirait pour relever lap ys dela malheureuse situation oit il sc trouvc, y arrachcrait plustcurs centatnes de victim s a u te inort certaine, y ictablirait l'ordre et la tranquility, et lui ussikcrait, pour longtemps peut-fetrc, uu ere de paix ct de prospdritc.?Nous avons, a l- gret, vu, dans p!usicurs circonstances, le Congtd des Etats-Unis semcttre en opposition directe avec les instincts gencreux du pays. S'il faut, i>our secouer sond- * -jgoitme, toucher la corde des tindrets proprea de l'Union Aincricatne, nous l.ii dirons d'unvoyer, suivant la recommandutiou du "President des Etats-Unis, un secours prompt et efficase a I'Yucatan, c'eCit etc d'une sage et habile politique, indtne sous cc point de vue. Nous avons die en eflet comment, par uric coin- ... cidence dtrunge, qu'il faut ueeessatrement rattaclier a un plan concentre sur une vaste cchelle, les Indiens kc sont soulevds, a la foie, dans toutes les patties des deux Amdriques. Bien qu'ils n'aient ni diplomatic, ni courrierde cabinet a leur service, ils sont patfaitement et prompteuient instruitsdes evenements survenus sur chaeiut des points, oil l'insurrection a levo la tete. Les succes remportes par les Indiens de 1'Yucatan, out encouragd ceux des uutres pays ; un exemple terrible au contraire, les lerait rentrer dans l'ordre; les Etats-Unis agiraient done dans leur propre cause, en portant secours u la population blanche qui a fait un si pressnnt appel a leur intervention.?Tout en ch&tiant severement les barbares de I*Yucatan, ils detourneruient tres probablement, I'or.tge terrible qui menace en ce moment, leurs n monaux elablts en Oregon.?11 ten n'est terrible et ne se propage coninie les guerres des cas'es ; dais ces dures extrcmites, les diflcrences des n uionalites ilispuraisient pour ceder la place a l'humanitd. Nous dei lorons viveinent pour le Congr&s Aincricain qu'il ne l'ait pas compris. Les dernieres nouvelles pub!tc-s dans les journaux de Catnpdche, ne sont gndres rassurantes. . , On nous nnnonce que les Yucaidques ont livro nn combat aux indiens, combat dans lequel ces derniers on jierdu neuf cents hommes. L'engagement a eu lieu pres d'un endrcit ippele Bolinchen, et les Indiens apres une complete dcroutc se sont enfuis dans les inontagncs. On n'en voyait plus aucun dans les environs de Campftchc, Sisal ef Alerida ; mais toutes les petites viiles du pays on etc ru dctruites par les sauvages, ou evacuees par " les Yucatequcs. Tous les habitants de Pinterieur sont venus a Campdche, Mend* et Sisal afin d'y trouver un abri contre la fureur de ces terrible* barbares. Le gouverneur Barbachano se sert de touts les nioyens en son pouvoir pour recruter de nouveaux regiments. On onnonce Parrivce h CampGche d'uue carg .ison de ma is envoycc par les habitants dc la Nouvelle-Orleons pour souhger la malheureuse population entnse?e ii Campfiehe. On devait expcdier a Mcrida les deux tiers de cette cargaison. La ville de Ticul a etc entierement detrude par les suuvages. Iznrnuel est a peu prcs dans le mfime etat. Harbnchnno a lance iui decret severe contre tous ceux qui seront pris parmi les Indiens rebelles, ou qui lettr aideraient en uucune faijon, en |eur fournissant des urmes ou uutrcment. Ces indiyidus devront Aire poursuivis devant une cour lunrtiale, puis fusillea. On u off*rl une recompense pour l'apprthension des coupables. Les habitants de 1'Ile de Carmen ont adrcss6 au Commodore l'erry une petition pour le prior de ne pns relirer ses forces de leur parage uvant que it liouvernement tuexicaia n'eut pourvu h-leur surete. Lo conimendant Bigelow, gouverneur civil et iiiihtuiic, avait jireulablement ordonnc tousles Indiens, employes duos I'ilc eoinme dornestiques, de sojtir duns les dtx jours, et defendu a tousles a litres Indiens d'y einbarqu"r. La p^ninsule Yucatiique est toujoursdans tin etat (16scsncre. Vencinrta, *?1 I n It&vire arrive de ce navs. |e 2 millet a Boston. * r.ous a apporfe dcs nouvclles d? Caracas t^lu date (In Jojutn. Una bataille a c'? livr6e entrele g?neral Monagoa et le general Marino. Le premier a 6te defait, et a pris la fuite. On s'attend a ce que Ilermingildo Garcia qui commande deux navires ohar'gen de munitions et de huit cents hommes det -iniincs pnndra parti contrc lui. Les troupes du gouvernenient sent an noinbre <1* H 5,610 homines eommandes par d'ivibileS gonernux _ On croit pnrtout qne la guerre civile va eclater de tfl plus belle. Antonio de Gusman nttend ses passeporu pour partir pour les Etats-Unis, tnaisil ne quittera pays que lorsque le resultat des 6lections pour la vioc-Prrsidcnec Hera connu. Lea candtduts pour ee;te election sont:?ftusnwn, Munoz et ISanalvia, le ministre actuel de I'intcrienr. he general Pncz est h Santa Martha et le gi;ne->. nal Soublette, uucien President b Hogotn. A us demieres dates, le g6 uVul Flores btait h Pnnuinn, determine a sn rendre a I'Equuteur, ou pet partisans sent en grand noinbre. H lies lettres particultcrcs Jatees dcsCayca le 90 in..i, contienncnt les nouvellea qui suivent:? I gencrnl Jean Claude a envoye un corps de troupes pour nttnqncr les villes de Camillon, Sain Louis et Aquin. Ccs places sc sont rendues depuis 1-rp, (t de ferrrhles repr^sailles ont ?u lieu. Cent j c'.nquantc priaonniers ont ete mis b mort dans les prisons de Camillon, et la tite de l"un des chefs, Louis Jacques, n etc promenec dans eettc ville a i bout d une lance, pour servir de legon b ceux qui Bcruient tcutcs dc Pi miter. Les troupes ont t ouvc les villes de Suinf-Louisetd'Aqumdisertes. L*s muttons ont ete. iivrees anx solda's, qui ont c minis loutrs sortes d'exccs. Ccs troubles ont eu, nialheureiisement pour cause, cn grande partie, u ic question de races, ct la population dc coulenr a eu gmndement it sotiiVrir. Ilier, le Presidentcf* ' nrnvci iei pour y roster quftlq-ies jours. .Sa pre- ! sence aura suns doute pour resuliat de mottre nn t"rnie a ect tffnt de chose i* riH

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