Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 11, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 11, 1848 Page 1
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1 .{ TH _ % __ _ NO. 5149. ADDITIONAL FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE TO IHK WEW TORK HERALD. I/Hnaa, J?? SI, 1HIM Slatr af England? TV Chart,ami tk* Hon gmtae?EMing lata rm tkrm? 7V M/mnigk V"" turn ? Culm ? Tht I'mtrd Utatr* ? /V?tg? of England, jr. So rabidly (K ill* rvrnla nf I lie prMcnt diy or- I cumnc, that it retpnrea < onaidrrable activity to , keep pace with th? m ; ami. 1a fart, the Mparliamentary,** or .low train propl#, are Hi aaJly in the rear, tw apeculatr in ohorunty on the maae thai gtmuw uicm i 1 rrrorg in?*ni ail wuuu] tw a work of auinr diffi< ulty, if done with arc a racy ; and it would aUo be ?v of torn daafrr, mire the coercion act <>f ?*??i govennneai haa conic mto O|>cratioii. 44<*1*8 and adviaed" apeaking and wrltina baa alieady a> etc Ita victim*, though I d >ubt If tha " crown and (n??rta??t ot bar Nlu?lf baa. by ita operation, ao far. brra taltaf ?w?r?J Ita aee urtty, aa vticbcl wall remarked in hie race. waa aeegred according to act of Parliament It ta ebvt?ua a# curity built on a piece of printed paper la not eqaiva lent to oao built on that love far n go re r bum at that artaea from the hearta of a well governed happy, and prorperoaa p?opta. In the eaaa of Mltrkel. which must l>? familiar to jour reader* the effect of hn un fair trial haa hern to make him a martyr and to en rert thoiiaonda of tho?e *ho were b ?tile ta him into active ay m path It era and repealrra State proaeeutioaa being the order of the day. half a doaea of our obartiet leader* have bad true billa found again*! tbvm by a Middlesex Grand Jury, for aedltioa That they will he yjonvlcted ia certain, aa our *hopocracy are determined to lend the government a helping haad to - put .down" the cbartleta Three willing loola to our artetoe racy have lately made thvmeelvee eeperially ridiru loua In their display a* epeeial conatahlra They cannot be better doarrihed than aa being a complete counterpart of your codtiab arlatooracy -only, probably, 'morf servilo when their Immediate Interval* are concerned. being alike etrangera to the feeling* of patriotism and to the claiuia of humanity, aa presented by the aufferingn of the atarving population to their ?tioe. In fbet, no dlatiartlon can lhay allow, by tha zpreeaion of public opinion, that wiM dUtnrb their busineaa or curtail the'.r profit* Self-interest, of the mAat cnr?lifl kind I am ?nrrw In ? w Is (ha ahaeaeierfa tlo of the Knglish fbopkeeper and middle elaat nil, ] jto interest does he leel for tbe sufferings of the poor ? BO long as he is comfortable. Tble, however can Dot '< last long ; the " millions" are becoming ail re to their condition, their rights, and their power, and are begin- t sing to express it very unequivocally; and henee our t gagging bill. II The Konnington Common meeting was pronounced an affair finished, never to appear again. The first Monday, however, of the present month, proved the fallacy of the supposition On the evening of that day. sixty thouiand men appeared, almoat Instantaneously, in Clcrkenwell, and marched, with military precision, six abreast, through the principal streets of ; London. Their ol\ject was fully realised ; they struck terror into the hearts of the aristocracy?for the feet was fully proved by the immediate organisation of a large military force iu (the metropolis, with its attendant train of police und " specials " The journals deBcribe the procession to have amounted to fifteen or twenty thousand ; but the principal evidence before t the committing magistrate describes it as I have stated, at 60.000 persons, when it was beaded by William*. J'or upwards of a fortnight has this system of agitation been kept up, with tbe view, as asserted, of tiring out the military and police, and harassing the busineee of the shopkeepers. This may seem very vexatious and very wrong of the working classes; but theiaet is. tbe mass of destitution aud misery in London, and all over tbe country, is frightful, and it is not to be imagined they will await, with a dignified patienoe, the redress of grievances they have petitioned to fre- < qnently to have redressed, for the last ten years. Aa far as they are concerned, petitioning Is abandonee; as they assert, with murh show of truth, that not only is no attention paid to their wants, but their oonstitu tional demands are treated with contempt. Hence the advances towards physical force, which the government foresees will assume a dangerous character, if public meetings and proces-ions are not stopped. Whit-Monday may be a long-remembered day in Kng- P land, for from it we m?y date, in the Tear 1848, the 1 light of public meeting in the open air being virtually abolished. On the atlempt of this constitutional pri ? lilege being exercised by the working-men of London i on the above-named day. to express their woes and their wants, a soldiery and pollee, eager for carnage, I awaited their commauder'a order to fire, had they not , dispersed. A heavy rain, coupled with a full kuow- j ledge of the incompetency of these poor men to compete with such a force, induced them to disperse, aud when advised to do ?o by one of their leaders, Mr. Mo- 1 Vowall, he at the same time told them each to reflect what was the next thing to be done. What that next thing will be, time alone will prove ; in the meantime It is driving them into secret societies, where, if a spy is detected, bo is summarily treated In a very rough manner, and turned out with no further disposition to make a second visit. It must, I think, appear pretty evident from the alarms and preparations of govsrnment, that our aristocratic and royal institutions do not stand upon a very firm basis. The fact Is, an opinion Is fast gaining ground that it is rotten to the core ?that our 'glorious constitution" is worn out. and that Kings and Queens, by "Divine right,'' are very problematical. and that intelligence is marching too rapidly for the present state of things in Kngland to last much longer. A happier advent would not be distant were the middle classes not so dreadfullv afraid of contact with the artisan. aDd alarmed at the assumed anarchy and spoliation on the admission of the great mass of the people into a share of the representation of the country. Democracy is every where the rising tide.that cannot be stayed, and if it can not be stayed.let it be fairly met, before it overflows its boundaries and overwhelms its opponents. A system of organisation and arming is going on rapidly all over tbe United Kingdom ; it is divided and subdivided into districts, all communicating through organised leaders, it is supposed, to one central body. Imagine the working population,amounting to about three m-lllons. fully organised and armed, . rising simultaneously in every dlstrlot through the length and breadth of the land?what could our troops, amnuntinir to onlv 100 000 men do. in ODDOsttion to this mas* of human being*. lighting. not aa hireling*, hut J: each for hla family and himaelf for life, for existence, ' for liberty? 1 he fact ia, the Kngiiah monarchy hang* by a thread which ia at thl* time tightly xtrung, and ? may snap any day; and then follow* the awful craah. " A craali must follow, and to prove thia we have only to * remember the fart that the hard-saved earning* of the . humbler claaaca ia clutched by the government in the ' savings bank*, to the amount of 30 million*, which ia J, twice the amount of bullion in the Bank of Kngiand, f at the most prosperous limes. At thia time. *o far has the expenditure of government exceeded it* Income )n the present year that there ia a present deficit of nearly fivo millions sterling. If the Kngiiah pre** were not an exclusively upper and middle class . one, It would expose these danger* ; but such is the ' lainrz /atre-' propensity of thia class, that they may be assured they are laying up for themselves truths they little anticipate. The Kngiiah preaa of the present day is bound up in one system of mis . representation, lo promote party views, of which the . most unblushing specimen is the Timr?. Honorable exception* exist in the independence of the metropn. . lltan press?but It ia rare; and thia will be the more readily believed when the assertion publicly made, re- J mains uncontradicted, that they absented to Sir Oeorge j n ti|t|*-?ti i?? ris|'|?i vrn WI Uinui i nit n.>wvu?vn ... auiar commotions. It l* facts such as those, that 1st sympathy on behalf of the working classes, who liave neither half the kindness nor the comforts of one of your Carolina slaves In the manufacturing districts of Yorkshire and Lancashire, the working population are described as b*'ing on the verge of starvation; whilst in many parts of Ireland the condition of the poor is beyond description: yet these are the poor wretches whom Prince (teorge of Cambridge, anil his grace of Wellington, propose to make food for cannon, and who would like to have "a cut at them " Will tlod's vengeance never overtake these wretches ? Hark as may appesgour domestic prospects, our external policy is beginning to bear its fruit. Our officious meddlings In the affairs of other countries are notorious. The impertinence of Lord I'almerston's tone towards the Spanish government, is generally condemned, both in nnd out of Parliament. It appeared a little amusing, the free and easy tone assumed by his Lordship, in recommending those wholsome reforms to the Spanish government, which, at the very time, were so much needed at home |The Spanish minister's teply was. that some attention paid to Knglish disaffec- i tlon and Irish misery, would be quite as mueh in plaoe with the duties of the English cabinet, as gratuitous meddlings in the affairs of Spain His appeal, also, in he name of humanity, for the unfortunate Asiatics under our rule, it l> to be hoped will have a beneficial effect, and lead us. ns a nation, to sneak less Invidiously and harshly of the slave owners in ths western hemisphere ; In fact, our government has besn much humiliated, and told. In the best possible terms, to have , the klndms*, before beginning the ungrateful task of gratis advice givers- to have the kindness first to pull ths beam nut of their own eye. , , This, as was naturally to be expected, naved the way to unpleasant consequences, terminating, a few weeks ] ago, In thft dismissal of our ambassador Mir H L. Bulwer, from Madrid In the present state of things In this country, the rlvsl fictions In Parliament adept the policy of union, and^ponsequently no crimination and Ye-crlml nation takes plsee on the subject; they are agreed, though Lord Pslmerston was Indiscreet, yet he was right?and ^so the affafr rested for some three , 1 CMKV ill T*--E N E s week* On Wodncaday ni^ht, however, a prominent article appeared In the >'imi evening paper, announcing i that ti.r |a?(M uika Nulorhad McnordmdtoInti | I.eBdun <)iat war ?m about to be declared a^ain-a I .Spain, ami the firat aet <>l ourp iTernmeut woul t be the j tilting nul an expedition to reiro ? uba n* payment f >r it . in' ii uimipii .iiuiiut- i ins nil tiou urcill '111 was. within half an hour, contradicted in a second edition of ihe C'abt. a demi-official hack. The denial was a* ran fully worded as an affidavit, which, at the time, was n . iirilod as su-picious. Lord John Russet's answer on the subject l ist n'ght, In the House, shows hew litil* official contradictions sometimes should be attendrd to lor the fact, nnnounccd bythu Suit, as to tb? Npam-h amhassador's dismissal, was confirmed, and il war airainst Spain, and tho aei/.ur of Cuba w?ir?- not r otrniplati d. or. ill fact, decided on, In lordship wt u .l have stated the fact distinctly A variety o| circumstances, having a tendency to confirm this fact . x -t and I will enumerate a few. Ktigland wishea to possess i uha, that the States" may not Intro that advantage By thi possession of Cuba, a powerful run.petimr ?. old hi almli bed to our colonies, in the product n-n < f ch spsi . ir \ h .ivy blow would be truck at-larrry in Cuba nod through Culm, a hoavy blow at slavery n tin I nited States, und her productiveness I tied The . ore of this island has long lera the p.-t sch. me of tlie JII Itectioni; ts, of whom Lot d t.?<rgr It. Iitu.ik i- the leader, and it is ouly lately la Parliament he I t slip the fact Nuvur was a preteat mere wanted f r this act by this party, who arire the government, If urging they ri'<|uire The dens ad Of It e ri.rt y comprising (he i n t and West India inte-ert t? *r. -t government should place a protecting Juty of It's |o r cwt on slave grown -ugor; and as it is in uiatetial to tlo ui lew they pocket the ni mey.as long ka they get it the v bare n objection if Impediments ire thr< w u in th-w..y of other sources of production that wilt pri dure tliein, by indirect means, an equal j fli uat of pro t This is the uiore probable, because t la believed that Parliament dare not concede the Ills luty to our i.lsiiter- aed therefore their ouly ohance 1 * getting ho d "f < ut'k, ari l damaging the slave States ?f America and tie RtiiH* The >|Ucstion. however, is In t iwry month But will n< t tills lead to a war wi h ameri< a At this moment I believe Kngland would kaaard the rhanee o: such a contingency; and the easoa ia etivi u- aa our ministry no d ubt -peculate .hat k ran.-.- is too mm h iweupied to r mliine with you, i'sllrfl ia not sincere In her treaty with the l'nit-d ; ftatna and may vet he troublesome lie these as th?y nay. a darker chenie than eilher of the above appear* n st re tor you the renewal of the old threat of a negro mi?' u 01 your - inarm snore* some or our iristtciwfo tocy humanity monger* propose the raising ! >f IO.Mbin'k millutrtr niliilrriiIn th? Wart Indies.aiul >til(ip)ii( tlirai "II in our transatlantic mail b >at*. un- ! ler British leader* to land < n your rhore*, to proclaim he freedom of the -!?? ? ami to furm*h the in with irmi to nia-*aere tbeir employers, or. In other word*, to 'itertiiluate the people and t" >lcvacate the country. Whilst ib? people of thla country abhor slavery. yet bey cannot shut their ear* anal nit the truth Tl.e -ant about slavery in tine country n the more deteata?le. because th se who are loudest in it* do nun tation trw lb?ee who have in bowel- of com|ia**ion for the poor vhite alare* at tbeirown door who-e condition I* in inv inter worae than that of their black brethren. BclievBg firmly that i uba will not add to the interest of england but oaly to that ol a nla>* of inonopoliata.it a to be bnpett that the I'ni'ed Stater will lake high md ftrui ground on the subject of tliia threat ued ap >ropriatiun It ia a matter in which the government rtU receive no support Ironi the people; but rather itberwue. aa they will see in perspective even if nc|Uired. a aourre of increased patronage, an increa-ed : irice of sugar. and the rariehment of a rla** intereat. it tbe public coat, on all of which pointa Kngland haa 00 coatly and painful an experience Before cloning bea? remark*. I tuny add. that it ia already fully heleved that the repeal of the Navigation I.aw will bo unmarily Burked in tbe llouaa of l.nrd* l*ostMiw, Juno S3, 1H48. Theatrical* ami Mutter* and Thing, in (! urial. Now lliut the < hartiM* have r 'aecil their nocJinal, ?? well us their tluy perambulations, il mvea the subject quite threadbare. Since ihe lilurr on the 12th, not n sentence hits been heard bout thetn. They api>eur to have been mink into omplete insignificance. The next excitement lere will be ubout them, 1 stij?|M?ae. will maniteal self on the trial ol some ot the leaders now in riaoo The aauie unaerouIItable alienee i* preaervc 1 1 Ireland; but whether the-e are only deception*. I hlch arc to be followed by freah oulbreaka. it la iniporble to ray. Tbe proceeding* in Parliament have, during the rek. been chiefly confined to debate* on the West In j ian diatre**. and tbe reform measure. nrith r of 'bleb are. however, eoucluded The latter, you are j ware, waa to be brought forward by Mr Hume who ; cpt hi* word at last A* y> t there tea* been ouly oue venlng'* discussion on ih? question very few "uiein r* having spoken l.ord John Hua?ell. Mr Vt' J. ox. and the tnover of the motion (VIr Hume), were he principal speaker* M> I-..a Is a I nilarUn | reseller, il !? Li* fir-t *e*aion in Carliameut and hi* perch waa rertalmy very briiliaut k r detail* I ntrt eferyouto tbe parnam- niary -unimary Mr Huuie lotion Will be lort.lt I* gen'rally supposed. but how tr tbe matter will be taken up by lh< government, I yet a matter of conjecture Nomethlag really ought nbe done, for tbe people are making terrible coinlaint* ebopkeeqiei a* well a- operative* both of bom lament tin liardne** of the time and mauifert derided want of contbleue in tbe governme nt Cabinet council* are held by the no-mber* of the adlinirtration three or four time* a week from ?bu-h il onld appear that the ministry are uot ln*eu*lble to he critical rtate of thing* in general A graud ball for he benetil of f.nglUh operative* will shortly l.e given t 1* to l>? enlithd tbe Spitalfields ball wilt tie in column, and, I believe, on a scale of great splendor , lost of tbe aristocracy have already si. infll their in- , ention of being pie-eut Should it be pvtroniaed a* It erervea. there will be a very hand-ouie sum to be anded over to tbe distressed wi aver* There v?< a rawing room held yesterday, but I do not think it | ran so lull a* tbe former ones her Maje ty ha* ba.l thi* , raaou. A Slate ball I* announced by the iqueen to tke place next inontb. ro we rhall have grand doing* , t the paiace Tbe member* of the I heairw Ilia- j , oriaue are going to leave u* In-gu- el at Ibeir eception at Urury laur. Mr Mitchell. the le* ee of (li* , lynch theatre, the si Janie*. offered t be uir ol h - hou-e n order that tbejr might tire their reprv-eotation* he oiler wan immediately accepted by \l li.-iem he director of the tt aupe, and the perl >rmanee? l.mk lace without auy interruplioD J he tlieatu which a very small one. ??> not half filled Indeed the ram a of" Monte Cbrtato" i? a miaeralih affair, added o which the aetora were not by any mean* * > perf.et d their part* a* they might hare lie.-n There ha* n t een a tbeatrirai riot ol ueli unp rtaoee t r *..m ears, and it i* to be hoped it will be a Ion.: time I* lore . repetition of the *auie dograreful arem will hat. to chronicled Mr. Webater, the leaqpe of the liayinrket. ha* iaaued a notice to the effect that -neb i* he influx of foreign performer* into Kngland ami *o inprecedented the patronage given them that le i* onipellad to cloae hi* h<<u*e earlier than ti-ual of all beairical inana|(eri. thi* gen lie man i* the U t who lo oi l complain for by ct of Parlntntc tit ha It pnrndtlad I pen much longer than other- and the i.iigb*b hart lever been behindhand in pa i rhich. he ha* a foreigner i > a i. . ;o i. . I f hi* pertoi nier*. n i da theatrr* Mr and Mr- iharh-* keaa are playing o crowded hotiae* in the play of the Wit. .s ?ret lalph W i do I iim r*on I* giving a ?eri '.n gland The early eloaiug a--",iat|.>? ha? i ng eug*g d nim to deliver three leet lire* f..r t lo lie n flt af uteIf I ociety. in Kiet.r Hall he will I ?hould imagine i it . crowded aodo iice I believe be ha- aire* |y g ren wo or three lecture* at one of Hie literary iu*t iio.n* n London; hot a* yet I have nt had an opportunity f hearing bint Mr. Rowland IIill i? making eon*, irral ic luipr nenta in llie working of the |'.?| i ifll m l I *b .1 lot beaurpri'ed f tlie weekly mail* te tmerieanwfw la I >c continuid throughout the year II ? t?r muea he notion Of an ociaii penny p !?<- may n ? l> r.d tiled, Ihcte are rea-oualo. cioini- I. r a* that lefore long It nju*t In- brought int.. ..|? ration la af-w enra there will, you may rely, lie a ?a-i .. .rat...a in hla wonderfully increaring . ?ial.li-hu?. m I l>. tuple room for ninny change* wlrn b. w ii. it i nt. ;ing the revenue, would gire adl.lioaa pr.? . t . rriter* and receiver*of letter* A very amueing *reiic occurred In > i d t". aw | onrt* on 1 h<n*day Mr f".?'iir*ue wh ? nam- I hat * reijuently brought before th. notice .if your r ? i. n connection with * rue atrvel rio at- a ran I i or the representation i f We?iniin*lrr ai ihe . ?l election Alder rather a *li?rp ciilot he o 'ented, which, he a*rert* no utallily altril at*' I. a ibellotta article that appear.il m the *>m *. w p rhe fact* were thaw S"Uie twenty year* a* Mr Cochrane took it Into hi* head to make a tour tar..ugh relit liritain. di*gui*ed a* n span Pi. vhlcb excursion lie eontriva d to r..ii*ci at? .i right ton ml* b. side* a 111. -1 i 11 ra. r.li oar > n uinl.. r ..r i.an.. cn favor* from tba wi*?a and daughter* "4 tin p-r* >* ih? behtTcil (UrltahlT tuainiii liia I In- In h.aM t itataa In a work puMiabod upon li i?turu audit a ? "or aom* MMM mad* n|>"ii tha MtltaU wf thi? | ml tune llint \ r 1 1.1?i>< .1 1 ln> Uiim<i'< aga, d?i Ik* j Sun nawrpupor at U?? thou-and p"??nd" I ho 1' - 1 very ahurt' no, and tho jury .,*? ? . t 1 ny ihlllinftH Hie on tiro pn i c lilt:) rott.oi gr?i I irrdit on Mr Cochrane A triangular rurror of l.ntilok t? ho tig n'*d 1 >r tho >urpo?? of a correct map baing made at a ? ?ix nche* (8) to tha rniln Tho?f of your r.alon *nu Sara a?ur ln?n in London will In- aurprWd alio? I '01 ihrm that St. I'aul a (htlhndral i? -iiriiiomil' I iij a <1 rjr nigh foitflohling aboro tho ball ami rn-< >n l i? oar 1 ihf moat partnct rpocitiiorir evt-r built t'ho iiiuo .1-. y high oh lit oh lotik* quita nov.l with it- ,|i 1 11 'hitectuia At the top of nil in a Niuall lout lor tho ^nginoer'a funWBl?l?i>, aoina 480 font In tho air JtWt at thla roar on of tho j,.,r w? am atmm ly lot?jr with ragged achuol ?nniror?art?? I 10 not know it ?ou haw Mtiy rnggkd ai lioolr 011 jr.,ur ni.ta of tho \l lantir. hut I no iiliou 1 l.oir tlMWIa, M t lo v M ' urcful Inatitut ona Tboy aro altnatod in ovary pariah tometuno* two threo, or four 111 onrh pariah a, rl n< to Ita kino nud population gifing laxauna of a xi.upln Datura to tho chitdrrn of thf pooraat inbuilt tin < f , Tha tanrhora arc youn, nu n who pari rrn th duijr poinntarily. <>*ar whom i? a mart or r. . ting * oi ralaty, ro that hunUitd.- toitiiv a puriiott ol ait vdu a W TC EW YORK, TUESDAY j rational course without paying for it. If those noli >nls did not exist. thousands would bo prevented fr u going to any placo of instruction, not having means of payment. I.ord Ashley has shown himself greatly interested in them, and frequently presides tit the annual meetiugs. Mr. Hudson, millionaire, is attracting considerable att.? ntion by bis proeeediiurs He amassed the greater part of his money by railway speculations; consequently. until very lately, he lias been unused to moving in aristocratic circles He is a member of the House of Commons, and twice lately ho has been accused by his pHrlisnientary brethrou. of having paid devotions to Bacchanalian pleasuros. Two or throe evenings ago lie and his wife had a party; for three hours there was an uninterrupted arrival of guests, and the whole of the fasliioiiablu world were there. Thus you see what money will do Pahis, .Tune 20, 1848. Provisions I lurking the Judiciary?Many of them appear Extraordinary, and, to me, IJungerous. For the interior administration, the actual division of the territory into departments, arrondissenients, cantons, unci communes, shall only he changed by law. In each department, there shall be an administration composed of a prefect, consul irencrnl. and 11 ti iluinnl adminiatrntivn noauiw-i. injf the functions of the council of the prefecture ; ulto, one sub-prefect in oucli urrondisscment. In each canton, u council composed ol ull the mayors of t he communes of the canton. In each commune, 1111 administration, composed of the mayor, his at]joints, and the municipal council?ihe municipal council to choose from its members tlio mayor and ailjninls. A law to determine the powers of the general councils. councils cantonal and municipal. The councils general and municipal are clioseu by secret ballot, by all tbc citizens domiciled in the department or commune. The law shell regulate tho elections in Paris, and other cities having more than ouu hundred thousand souls. The councils general and municipal > ran be dissolved by the President, upou the advice of the < ounril Of State. The chapter on the judiciary provides that justice shall be remit red in the name of the people ; that it shall be gratuitous; the debates public, when they are not dangerous to public order and good utauners; that the firms of proceeding shall be abridged and simplified; that juries shall lie returned in all criminal matters ' (only !) A jury shall be beard in matters national and civil in the cases, and following the forms, | determined by law. Justices of the peace, and their assistants, shall be elected, in each canton, by sufTrage dittct. by the citizens of the cantou Judges of the first Instance and of appeal are appointed by tho President. after an order of candidation. (?) which shall he regulated by a law of judicial organization. Judges of the tribunal of cassation are appointed by the Assembly '1 be magistrates of the public ministry are appointed by the President ; those of the llrst instance, of appeal, and of cassation, are appointed for life ; their powers can be revoked or suspended by a judgment for causes and in the manner determined by law. The law of judicial organization shall tix the ago at which JtffM shall ret ire. The military councils, by land and sea. the tribunals of commerce, the prml'hotumrt, and other special tribunals, shall preserve their powers until modified by law. In each department a tribunal shall be established to act upon litigated questions of administration ; these members shall f>e eppi inted by the President, from a list presented by the < < unril (.ciural of tho department There shall for Kranco entire he a superior administrative j council which shall decide all litigated questions ad- i ndnistrative of which the composition, the powers, I and forms, shall be regulated by law. The members of tliis body arc named by the President from a list I resented bv the Council of State; their powers can- i not be revoked, only by the Presideut. upon the advice ef the < ouncil ot State. The members of the 1 t i urt of Accounts shall be appointed and revoked j after the same manner. The conflict of powers be- j tween tlie authorities administrative and judicial shall be regulated by a special tribunal of Judges of I n-> inn and of Councillors of State, designated c7ery thiec years by these respective bodies, in equa. num- \ b'-rs The Minister of Justice shall preside over this | tribunal The reclamations sgaiust the decisions of nit- i nuri i'i Accounts Mimi Di' carried before urn cc.mt A high court of justice judges without appeal, j or recourse to the Court of Cassation; the accusatiot.s presented by the National Assembly, either against its own members, the President, or the Ministers; it judges equally all persons accused of crimes, at ii ui|t-< r i on-pirnri.-s against the security, interior or < xtrm r. of the state It ratinut be in gcsdton only by urtue of a deeree of the Assembly. who shall designate the rily where it shall ait. It in composed of jurtgi s and juries . the judges. (Ire in number, are ehoscn by ballot, from their ho ly, by the Judge* of t aaaa on and they choose their President; the ui?gistrateg fulfilling the innetionp of public minister.* are designated by the President. and. iu ease of his accusu- i tion. by I be Assembly ; the jurors nre selected frotu ! anionic the I ounrils General of the department. U lie ii tie tssemhly hai ordered tlie sittinic of the | II ; h < ourfc. the President of the tribunal sitting in , eai Ii de| artuo nt pliall, In public, decree the name of a Minister of the Council General Upon the day indicated for the session of the court, if at least sixty | juioi* are not present, the President of the Court shall j ili i ree supplementary jurors from among the members nt the i on mil General, when the court sits, and the drliiujui nt jurors, without good cause, shall he subject | l six mouths' Imprisotiment. and a tine from one i Inn ri d to a thousand Iraucs; the right of challenge i to be exercised by both parties, hut in u manner to | lease twenty-four Jurors . guilty can be prououueed i nly bv a majority of two-thirds In the rase of Minl.-tets and other public functionaries accused, tun ! A--i rohty ran send them before either the High Court, I he ordinary tribunals, or the Council of State. The I ooi.ril of state can disqualify for holding office for , nly fite years and liy a two third vote ; the debates : lo he public The President and the Assembly can j decree th<- examination of the acts of any public ' ruorGonary. tlie President excepted, before the Coun- j nil of State whe-e report is to be- public. The President can only tie tried before the High Court, upon llo presentation of the National Assembly, for crimes j m l i (! net s recognised by law Much of this system j t recommendation and appointment, and manner of 1 trial aiol option of places and tribunals, docs not \ tribe my mind favorably GHSKKVKR. Paris, June 20, 1HI8. 7 i Cfitt</ic/ini: Prornt'HW of the French Const I- j tulun? My I'n ic? art adverse to many of the I'i to im/ns?I think tlinil Dangerous. 'J lie puhlii lon e is declared to lie instituted to l?-f? nd tlie M lie Irion enemies without, and to in-ure wa .thin the maintenance ol order and trie excution ol the laws, and is composed ol tlie N'aiioioil I iuards, tin-army by land and Ma. Hack ? !>< , with certain exceptions, iiwci military -enter to the r?talr and duties as .National( iuards. ['oiiip* iiaaiioii is interdicted; the iruard is com s'scd cl all the citizens capable ol bearing arms who do not I og to tin- army; it should be orr4iu< d by law, and ujniii the basts ol direct and ugior>?| n.llit,'' Particular laws shall regulate the nc ! <1 ur< u>< nt in the army by laud and rea; the I'mdani'r 1- p.lac b rio i f judgments and punslilieBt public lorce is sc oiially obedient, armed i|-> shall not d> ilte-ralc lb'- li tre employed lo lliSIUu a ord< r in Go latmer. an "nly upou the requish II- a of iks c< asiiiulrd aaih rllo - and aerordnig to llic tab ' pr rr ' > d by llie Assembly No forwigu III - - 't'S is a i>* ii.li' I.-I np" a ihe k reach territory Wllb-iut I be i tifi-- III "f III* \--calbly 1 guarantee <4 rights are the abolition of tlie penally <4 4*alb * i "i in al off' bo no eoullscation of property M" "to ry "g trig' u soil. th? pre** In uo ease sii I ,si t in rrggtw, all pal so a lisle tu* right to |i gi gii lie < "< I* pciuii 1. arenrtug the guarni* b-1 ? dor tu pub r and pi tale nitty, olfeuces of the pfi aa es-k aisatw* aa y I* t rs- isr' I" and tiny * -ess Ilia damags- be ail | . i 'i gl i4sn-' are cognisable only Is ii*, n '-I < b i i a i- fi- in prof- ns hi- n In ( u ai.d -bail It elf equal pri-O-cI Inn Ir-Ui the Mate; II lint I, liti i i f.iu 11 ^ii. rail l.w Isn .,o, - llwt'o li.? ri|M ? ?al?r- fr. m Ilia slali- Ilia libHl| J l.arli K| ia u n>4? r ibr ( ui.iDl) i>( tba It* au4 tba 111UN of Uh Ntala. tiwrrilUwr. aataaba la all tba abHabnaaia ,,f * Jural Ion aa4 Ibrtrwait . a a>ib?wt an-pinn. ilia .! >??.f11.. ?f Itrh fill*'* ia larloiabt*-. It ta |> rnii la4 In alitor out* ?hi i4iu< l.- iba fria- m l ur am J. l. rml n-J k) law WW abwll b 4* |.ri?? ?| <4 hia Hal ural ; li ?n riati I W ?>M i?w? i?ai?wrr- aw4 aairaurtiii arj iribfeMar* ww.xr aa> tHlw wr 4?uoaai aalioa. no t>wa raw W am at- 4 or Ouiu-4. ?a|) mo* ii*| to Iba I !? * *>< * <4 iba law aw | r fltj * lurw-Ubia. but II. Mala mm) i?ir )rnaia pri>|?ri) I * fun..- raw I4*ralw wa i?|ali| i?UMii?m4 praaartlo 114 a Ju?l aa4 ibtlmw irbauii). ail n)>ai< at* a-iafe.-U.-U tor tlx r..MWi?.a WmIi 1-acU |m r*?u r.-wtrtbataa ta H arriailiMf to kn f'*laar a?4 ku IWaiUtta*. wa lis|??(> it* b imfuil vtr<i)l Ik tirtwa ul tba laa, im|ihI< IIn ? t h* owl) ?a> )?a?. tlwpa la Ih4 nrl, t .r *a?- rai )aai* I la mtWul |u?iauim ! * lb* n|lil i4 labor an 1 b? lilany of a ark * alu a Lar y a>-? latloa . ?|Halll) "I rafalb'i a Mktrk Ilka patroa aa4 Ilk laborat; 111 al allow* laf-r wa|i?a, fWibwiakal JuraInk. lo-liiotaa* <4 K' aaal aa4 Mailt. Ilk* aatabu b a. a 1 b) I to ?tala <4 |rr*l )?M? wrrba af alUII). 4a-liaa4 ta awakt, In mm <1 lit. MIH" >4 lb* Hilt lH? my .ItlHlion |uara IrM ife. ^uM.r 4>k. ik? I i^i?* vf lli'k>? W Miai?i?ihi <1 ilit iltin tbiil ba raruH ami ( Ul In baiHrfiH) t ik Ilk* rnkriftibik ?iUH anil n | ultiirau . Al|rfui ia< lb- lr- *<k nk?kiM M? ikr inn il lirkib latrllorj. an J (bail W r?t? aU4 by f>r |iritlar ia?? 1 k? kiiluk Ita* l.tijl Ikr rtfhl la lln*0 Of hhmI<(/ tin* r?'H?ilinlit.ii. if. at Ibn ffc<l f I tut k?Ki<lattir? I h? A?'unlit I IrtuiiM Ik* >t m?ii liat ilw it>H*t>tHti<in ft 11*11ra lu lm ay.t nj.ll in ab< .# in fail. tbla Mi.b m i |n?ti H .hail br r?M?arU>ii into a b :lil? rmto.ilI.on. afit f ikH* nmhi if Mb iaU*ti, lak*a a?b

alliritki in- it'll i.l laiirmi ami k) Him iHirl ra tlx nlii. Iba A*?t|i Itiji of lit * mpa w I i.nxl | i.l ml) lao xiMb* m.| U -r M auk' i nn i I.IH'U . i.ij. I... a u .1 a >u , ,t ia - m ' * r IR K I MORNING, JULY II, 1S1 on. ? of urtrurr. It e?n t.r..tirt? f,.r I... ;? ... collide* lli* code* laws. and r> irulatt ii,-Mu?in llrn ' ?* until llii ) ' hall hav* twxi r?-* iilsrty mi r?.* t*> I al< tli | :iul hortils" in ill" ai-tunt n> r< >h i | th?*ir tanrctin I i lut 11 continue until the pullirati. u uf the i.rra ni- lax i herein provided fir; the juj I iary law -hall it?l?f| mini" HpCc'iilly the I nMil- ??r ti i un it 'i fur tht* Itist ' ci "in position if the new tribunal' I hiivo now presented an exact ?b w of tha new ? ! Ftitutien nf Krnnrc, n* it coinva from tha hand- >! Ih? i committee, revised by the el? 1 - t- frnui || ? ral ; bureaux. IVtlmps it may n il b m.y i? | ti l | by the assembly. Itt*i?? Imp 'Mam ( r i- rain- a ?t the constitution prepared by nuram -im -t ru- m y it prove to be as wisely prepared It* pr .v -uiu. in toy of them, are novel ; it* cbarueter la imu. neu ily cm---rvatlve? too much * > fur our ruuntry ev i-' in tha t grand elections confided to the jm oj |r I tie utile' t power of reci'tninendatluu and npp >lnt ui-ut la to > limit - I ed, too inni-)i "nunopoli/ d. uud too f,ir r :n >?<-I fi' n i the voict; and control of the pe pie I bat is Hi- in > dangerous Uind of monopoly fin a lepiiblle aud h.-i the t , strongest tendency to corruption and a tni-u-e nl tin t ' public fund* I think die trial by jury i? in t well pr < vided lor, nor will succeed ia ca-i * where it ia aliwe i i , I think the power rerervi d to the Nat'onal V?- inloy I to select between tbeao tribunals, bet irn one of whn li ; they will Hi lid nil accused, in very ilan;aToUv and in I connirteiit with n pure and impartial administration I of justice ; I think there is not millli-ient restraint iiu: poioii upon the power of the National A inbly, whh'h i is almost dietatorinl and ui.l niited and 1 lint the public functionaries sre too much minded with the as1 seuiblv. and arc likely, too friquently, to irr- w up out | of its bosom. While many of the pruviilons appear to me to be admirable, there urn others to which I could never cement, and they are among the most important in the instrument OBSERVER. 1 Paris, June 21, HI**. 1 Discussion and Vii irs of the Press and Pe pie, of On 1 Constitution?Rome Observations of mi/ own? 1 Its Dangerous Powers?Marks tlic Differenre in 1 the Condition of France and America. The discussion of the constitution, either in the ' press or the National Assembly, has not yet com" ' mcnced. Generally, the press has remained cn- ' tirely silent, and the Constitutiormel only has remarked that there exists grave objections to many of the provisions. The Debuts speaks of it as a creat work, und cives no opinion. The on/an of Henri Cinq, says, it ia an enunciation ol the revolution and the democratic principle, and could be put into execution, just as it now exists, und would be uflnitely preferable to the present condition of | things. 1 think, gouerally. it lias been received with great favor, very great favor, and hope ; and what np! pears to mo to he grave objections, to some provisions I which it contains, does not so appear to the French I people. I do not mean to convey the idea that, an an I instrument, it is not a grand proJuetion, and emtio| dies eminent wisdom, and certainly is the result of the | fruitful labors of the lirst minds in France. Neither j would the same objections be regarded as important here, which would be most felt, perhaps, in our own , ' country. It. therefore, points out the difference in the | ! state ' of the two countries iu many respects What j ! would be thought of a people or a State among us. who ( 1 should f? uu n ci nstitution without securing the right , oftral by jury In oivlfsuita??or who should provide , f< r their selection only from certain bodies of office j holders in those cases, where they are admitted, and , where the highest interests of man and society are at , issue? Who, that has had experience, does not under- , stand the importance of selecting jurors by lot from | the body of the people and in all eases reserving to | tin m . the exclusive jurisdiction over the question of fact ? So, too, the importance of free recommcnda- j lion end uppt iutments to place and power among ' the people, imlead of limiting their selection to small , bodies of uieu. already in office, thereby accumulating , the power of recommendation and place to a degree , that cannot bo healthy in any government. There ^ are many other urovisioiis that impress my mind un- , favorably; yet they may work well in France; but they ; mark the difference in the stute of civil polity in the two t countries, aud the inexperience and condition of a ; most intelligent pimple, without practice in the ; iuauiigemeut of political institutions, based upon free T institutions. There is another peculiarity; and that j is. that, the French think this constitution much more . IiImtiiI than that ol IheUnlled States, and many regard two branches?indeed that is the general impression? , as a feature ton aristocratic to he tolerated in France. | , They do not seem to comprehend that the very object i j of the second branch is to secure the liberty of the p?o- | pie against the tyranny ol one branch, and that of the , vi to to serve the same end against both?that they are | shields f..r the people, aud not weapons to be used , at aim t them. ! ; The French adopt the idea that the will of the As- ( sent lily is the Identical vfice Of the people, and that it must be unrestrained?hence the only restraint ; upon the rashness, temper, party spirit, or petty 1 | tyranny of a body of men whose term of office is three , years, with an iinineuse patronage in their hands, is the right of the Prosident to cause them to reconsider , their decrees or laws. They hare a national bank , under llieir control, the railroads and insurance offi- ; ces assunn d?tlie .vfe/ier* Nalionale, with its hundred , and fifty thousand men?the power or right to choose ( tlie supreme judges, ami a Council of State without a , jury being attuched to the latter, aud the power of sending all political persons before the one or the other for trial, at their election and to accuse by a mere majority. With nil the other powers retained liy this body, , whowouid not tremble to is* thus plncod in the power of seven hundred and fifty men. or a mere absolute majority of them ? I regard the power of the \-sembly, as dictatorial and dangerous in the extreme?it endangers even the President?for at any moment, when a majority can be obtained, he can be sent before the high court for trial, ami bis powers suspended; ami the Vice President, the creation of tlie Assembly, put in his place Hence, a refusal on his part to sign or publish a bill or decree, in a moment of excitement in Paris, maybe attended with great danger; and in an hour afterwards, he may find himself on trial for the offence. From a close examination of this constitution, it will be seen that the French regard an unrestrained power, on the part of the Assembly, ns the most democratic feature of a republic. Whereas, in fact, it is the despotism of an aristocracy of office-holders, wielding the power and patronage of the State, during the terms of their office, and to seenro their re-election ? their sitting too. ig permanent. I think this power is too gi- s gantic and absolute to lie compatible with a republic. t OBSERVER. I Paris, June 21,1848. r Ct nil mplated Impeachment of the Executive .Com* 1 mittee?Condition of Armartd Marvast, Clt- t ment Thomas, M. Arago and the Constitution? F Giand liant/nrt of 20#,000 Ijthorers?Counter- ' movement of the East?The Dungeon. " The press of Paris announces thnt the executive ' commission nre to be impeached?that the comniittee who have exninined into the atliiirs of the n Ate/ins Rationale, have discovered facts im- t; leaching them, and that they are soon to demand I ? powers from the Assembly to proceed against i h then-. Now how much truth there may he in the tl statement, time only can determine; for the ? French are very close and secret in their aflatrs I' and movements, and little is ever said until it is n done. but the statement has been travelling the '* round* of the press for the last three days.? : II has the appearance of being a grave affair.? j " allair. hmlle Thotnaa who was sent out of the country j ^ in so mysterious a manner, lias boon examined before the committee, and he is in a condition to make dis- i t< closuris If there are any in his power to make. The h report of the committee tins been very severe against t< the jresrnt Minister of the Interior. Hecust; and the 1 <> coiniiiittee remark that ttiey have treated him. not- !l withstanding, with grent forbearance, lie threatened ' a the ronini'ttt e and the Assembly witli the powers of 1 '1 the . Ilrlin $ Xationali against them, which raised a 1 A storm in the llouse. This matter of collecting 120 000 j u li e i in a body in Taris. to be supported by the State, j a w e i gri at erime or mistake, and will bring inealcu- j d laid' evlla Ixvth upon the men who have lived in idh - j " rie- principally and the State, which has lived in fear. it I lira e millions no re have just been granted to support u tl I "dy of men ; but the Assembly are writhing un- I a der t, and will adopt some course to bring the ijue ition h' to an issue ; and then the extravagance, if not 1> tin- corruption, of some of the leading men who o: h." boon entrusted with its management, has a o,nailed the folly of tile measure. It is now s| a < re on the h. dy politic, which endangers the d whole system, nnd which must he cured to save ti tl > Mate t dement Thomas, the commander of b the National Hoard* lias resigned. His re- n r oof to the cross of honor, and his announce- ri mi ot "t 'the battle for to-morrow."' in the case of I in Napolinn. has put him in piint. in rarica* o ti." and hctote the putdic in such a form, that ho j t: I " '<< n ri'iepelled to resign. It is said that (ienernl U II. I. au will he his successor. Armand Varrast has an N i i in . mi ho ill-termination to renounce his salary as 0 > <<i of the citv. while he is retires, ntative This is ii a i h.nl.i be. ami yet he I* the or^an of th" com ' u .iter who report a constitution containing the pro- Ii i n that the Vteyor. If n reprelentative. shall f i' tr ili.lit I pay. aiinll nnil not be permitted to re- n i > i ? tt \t hat a commentary ' And what ideas of fi 'y, purity. mid | olltirnl Justice. In men to exult- t tt... \| \nuo was 1'oitmiwter. with a salary * of sm and s rt, :i -U >tlve. and received pay for d I and when lie was compelled to renounce the f j. v f rietn.aatar li?* resinned the office of reprnaon- t t?: ? I tert day't experience confirms my former r im preaatons thai to re is no difficulty with the maiM I I ii .-tal> i In in aid iiiuintaiiiinc republican instltu- 1 11 i ii.ee , and ihat tie tlilDrulty lie* among the ' ' i.i'nf fi eri of the rollntry. Who are de-titute of the t i> v> I . || w ild ! II-. ful Hut inileli wis loin ! i- halm 1 ? in II urn Uo-ii ate put in a po-ttlon to t i1 h > n a sue j ir n til nti office end alien ru- I i 1 ''n .1 n '11.1 ! to a fed t|n/.. :,s of I I J n '? .. I ? I s lei llti} to tolls Ot th' U- 1 I ! 1 w" ' ? ", *' tu?t tlx ? "TP?- v7 ' ' ' I E K A 8. - * ' tiNnln .1 thmiaand offlee* were ko divided an to average t til tif to each man H < nothing f?r ? republio, riling from such a data nf rrtiptinn. to evpel men troiu the Assembly ??l - o * prim | I* of reform in this respect, andtorel< ? i .om.tliui oi continuing thiaoutragenu* abase to < i'I \ i lew ill li vltluai*; and a lien the people elect such fur imri, < it -how* how little the importance of tl -ol . rt i> understood by thetn. 11 holds up to our people a mirror in which they can see the political r-milium of ilie people of another great republic, and c? mpare it with their own 1 li? . reel hnui|iiet he? been adjourned to the 14t.h day of July end preparation* are heiug made to dine .Hiit/O larer* 'I'he goveruniuiit have alio determined upon a / tf the htmo day. and to turn out the P ' oi < National Hoard* in ami aliout I'arin. and to inrn drier at ion a in ni the National Guard*, of all Krance [o no i t them All thia la done, professedly, for a fralern /a'ion hut two parties are at the head of the two mi r. i '. ni and it doe* uot require iinic.il sagacity to > mj rrheiul either movement find only know* what h.-d ip.v will bring forth The republic will outride I rt' nit and f. rea it* way te tweeu par ie* and the >mlu I lorn of man ; but It need* a wise and great man it the helm and steady nerves among the people. OBSKltVKK. Pari.", June 22, 18-18. fi'ioMiiu Declaration if I Far against Germany? /?'- ?;n o*l?u ie- i f <i'i < many atfain.it the Blockade it Tnt.at- Italy utlh far mure Troop*?Denmark Ji/ruiirri nifiini.it Srhlrwiif?Farther New* from | /Vague. Tile * - * ii ii i >! v i f vs fif 1<'iil*<iiui?n u4l iiru hj iii<ie<ioa I ing. W*r has been declared by Russia against [lie < Ivrmun confederacy, represented at Frankfort, iccording to the Gazette de C<Jo%nt. It lias been eceived in Paris lo-duy, and created about as much ipparent moveinent ai-|wouId ibe news of an emcute in some depHrinient ol the interior. Such is the Intensity of public feeling, and the state ol the [tublic iiiiikI, that no event could create much surprise or consternation. 1 do not think the news is fully end.ted, though regarded ai probably true. Some think Unit the war is genuine; others, that it is a inniln ' ol lifting tlie Russian army conic into the Gorman ' Stater, to put down the people and to put up kings, and Unit Russia is to la- paid "IT liy l raeow, or some other gland piece of territory, for her trouble. Trio to hss again bean, and now is, blockaded by the combined licet of Sardinia and Ven oe; but tlie Assembly of Frankfort has solemnly protested against it, in the niiii'c of the German Stales ; and liararia has Im-trucled her minister at the court of ( buries Albert, to n-k for his purports, in cose the protest Is disre- ' guided. The Krencli nmha>sndor ut Ibe court of Verona has i been nl Inspruck. and offered the mediation of France 1 in the affairs of Austria and Italy, (as is affirmed this ' morning )?hieli luis been rejected by Austria. Charles , Albert hu? called for fifteen thousand more men ; and he is charged, by some, with lining so busy in getting Com hardy annexed to Piedmont, us to have neglected Verona, and allowed it to lull before the enemy. This tray be only imagination; hut there would seem to lave been some fault, iii allowing the whole Austrian orce to attaek ten or twelve thousand meft. with hut i very limited number of caution ; and not be able, luring fifteen hours'carnage, to come to their assistince. f'sdua lias been surrendered to the Austrian*, without resistance; and the forces have retreated, and reserved themselves to defend Venice. The slaughter and light at Prague have been iven more terrible than I have described in a former i ttir. Men and women appear to have fought hand .o baud, and to have fought also with a fury that has yet haul no parallel; and, from the best accounts, it appears doubtful whether the troops iiave gained any ad- , rantHge. and whether, in fact, they have not been ''impelled to retire from tho city to the heights, from ] sliich they are now cannonading tlie'city. Vienna , tppcars to fear to send any aid. as the Sc'avcs. thirty , houiand strong, reside iu that city, and are in great | agitation; indeed, I think that the information, which , aalerired only from the Austrian sources, indicates ; nat the Sclaves in the country are rising rapidly, and , ocrease tfcp forces arrayed against the troops. The \ iohemiun students are on the side of the people; and \ vherever they are, there is sure to be liurd lighting and j, leroic conduct, in alt the revolutions, this class of , roung men have been found at the post of danger. j t From this slight refurenco to the aspect of F.urope. I | vhich the news of to-day presents, it can be seen what . ; lew aud important complications are growiug up in I ( be affairs of Italy and Germany, to say nothiug of 1 r *'rance and Russia; added to this. Denmark is again \ ulvancing Into Schlcswig witli 8000 troops, aud Prussia I t is preparing forces to meet them. M. Arago has an- | nounceil that he shnll rotire immediately and definite- I , y from the F.xttcntlvo Commission, and the character , f tlie uiiiiuncialioii indicates that it will be executed < ?that it is not a threat, but a purpose. There has , been hut little agitation, comparatively, among the , masses for a few dsys; but the Reform of this , morning says it is the culm which precedes a storm. < It may I e so; hut that paper is exciting fears in refer>nce to l.oula Napoleon, and it may desire to prepare tlie public mind for a decree of hauishmeut. which, it s said, the F.xecutlve Commission are preparing. The oniinittevs now have the constitution before them. I hink the /Vest Is preparing to ultack many of its iinlortant provisions The mail leaves at 4 P. M. OBSI'.HVKR. Bf.ri.in, June 19, liMH. The War in Germany?State of the Country? Condition of Rares?Movementt of Ruttia, frc. I The great European revolution, which, like the unburst ol a mighty volcano, shakes the very 1 'arth on which the old fabric of Europe rests, and iprends flames of lire throughout the great buildng, which has stood the ravages of time and age, s rapidly progressing every hour. It is raging in 1 he north and in the south, in the east and in the ; , vest. A war between Denmark and Germany has : i teen excited, and great losses ot lives, destruction ' >f property, ruin of trade, and general disturbance ind confusion throughout the north of Europe, arc ) he lamentable consequences attending it. Nor is J here any prospect that this war will be noon term!- I inted. On the contrary. Sweden lias united with j' ienmark against Germany. und just sent troops to T bo assistance of the former. Norway, moreovuj. Is e irepnring to send a fleet for the reinforcement or the )anes. Germany is not united against Denmark; nd without a fleet to defend her coast, German res- a ids are raptured l>y the Danes with impunity. Till ' iow the war on the part of Germany has been earried j n principally by Prussia; but the German parliament r ssembled at Frankfort, lias, in one of its latest sit- 1 logs, urged the assistance of the whole united Oer- fj lauy a ninst Denmark. Most of the German States, t owever. hare refused to take part in the war, and K bus I)eiimark, faiored by her position, and pissessing fleet, ran. with the help of Sweden. Norway, ami r erliaps itussia bid defiance to an enemy like Ger- * isny, which, though powerful if united, is not to be p arid when divided. \ The question about the Duehies of Schleswig-iiol- ^ lein will, in tlie present state of things, remain un- j, I'tth d for pome Etiifle to come; ami a destructive war d e continued in the north of Kurope. r Similar to the Danish war, as regards a bloody eon- w >st and the Ihousand calamities caused by it, Is the ci (.Ii li s-struggle of Austria, carried on in the south, p > maintain lo r dominions in Italy. The iron hand tl oppression which held in subjection the north of g inly, is obliged to yield against tlie determined will of w people rising to shake off tlie yoke of tyranny ? a lie latest news from the seat of war south of the b lps. states Hint the position of tile Auslriau army ( nder ( ount ltadetzki has become very precarious; ri nd ilie last report is. that Ihe Austrian government, it c spairing of the hope to keep down the revolution in M ialj. is willing to give up its Iran-alpine dominions, if ei chii obtaiu ik peace Ity which l.oiuhardy would take pun it He If a purt of the state dcht of Austria. Such s pence, however, will not he accepted by the Italian rople. wh? nre determined to make themselves wholly if end IndelH nuent of Austria Meanwhile the port f Trieste is blockaded by the Italians, and all t'adc nd inti rcourse is stopped Disaster and confusion pread throughout Italy Accounts up to the latest ate Irom the south of Italy, state that serious illsurbances continue to lake place In the kingdom of laples. and the pioviueial governments have just asked ssistancu of the government at Naples against incurictions In the provinces. In the east of Kurope. one of the greatest political atastrophis known in the history of the world is ikitg place. AH the d.lferent nations comprised udi r the nnnic of the Sclavonic races, including the lug jars. I r.echs, and I'oles, and numbering above ftp iiiiUions of people, have risen to make themselves idi pendent of the great powers of Austria and rufsia Some of these nations are still true to the otife of Aii.-trin. but each one is lighting for Its own tipienincy over the rest. The conttlct between these tixed races is dreadful, and news has just arrived rom Prague that that city has been thrown into ti mo It by the ( sechx. and a bloody light ensued, In rhleh 000 lives have been left. Similar accounts are nily received from other parts of the csuntry. The irospcet o? restoring some degree of order among hese mostly semi barbarous nations is a very vague inc. if Prussia, who Is advancing with all her forces owards the west, does not succeed in realising her Ian to establish a griat West-Sclavonic kingdom under jer sceptre Kor the purpose of obtaining 'his object, treat preparations have been made by Prussia, and ,>40 o Prussian troops are now oonoentrated on the frontier of Germany One hundred thousand ii en are moving towards I'osen, a'^tl the latest accounts Irom M Petersburg state that ihc Kussian guard stationed there flus received n?dors to leave that city a ij , if-' 'one and msrcja f.w.rJ fh-;'c"n'lHr :* - < ' ii *C LD. TWO CENTS. Whilst this in going on, and great thing* aro preparing in the east. the state of Germany is not leas dieturbcd The contest between tho royalist*and the repuhlii ana continues, and tin* breach between these l?n parties becomes greatei'eyery hour. The political struggle increases in proportion, and multiplies the disasters anil calamities under whWsh the noiintrtU suffering already. Vienna .Vrankfort and this n?W, the gn at oentrnl points of Gerraan/, are thrown fmo ihe gieatest commotion and ooLdtaxlen AH part* of the country are more or leas in the samp state Accounts just received from Thurlngla at ate that the republic lias been proclaimed there, ard many pe*te ol western Gcimany are willing to join the republican' At Kimikl'ort a great. democratic convention has jn?t assembled, and passed the resolution thaf the republic is tho only form of government suitable for Germany 'I he great German Parliament, also aJt.oetnbled atI'rnnlifort, has held l?s seventeenth sitting without coming to any result on the important questions concerning Germany The Prussian Parliament assembled here lias, in one of its latest sittings, rejected the constitulion preposed liy the ministry tor Prussia; and in consequence of this defeat of the ministry th#ee of the ministers have resigned Great disturb inces have taken place here. On the 14th inst , the arsenal~WM stormed by a mob, and robbed of several thou. Mid stand of arms Tho latent news from Vienna state that the A nutria* Parliament will not assemble till tho tlth of July. Frankfort-on-tiie-Main, Tune 11, lrtl#. Matters in (Jrrtnany?Proposed Alliance unth Frame and the United States?The IVutiimal Assembly?The Schlesurig- Uulstein Case, tfr. The (ietniun National Assembly, in now completely organized, nrid nearly all of the members from the most distant regions have arrived. A few days ago, they proceeded to the definitive election of a President, and the choice fell almost unanimously on Henry Von flagern, who hail lifted the chair provisionally. The announcement of bis election was received wilb the greatest enthusiasm, by all parties, and it is the most cheering omen for the future. Von Gagern is one of the purest patriots in Germany, and is destined to play a most important part in its future history. My opinion is, that a nboit period will And him issuing commands to kings and priuces, it class that for years have scorned and reviled him. For ninny years ho fought the battles of the people in tho uppor chamber of Hesse-Darmstadt, with tho most UDtiring energy ; and seeing in the French revolution tho moment for tho salvation of hie country, he fought with redoubled vigor, and In a short period the crown was obliged to call its most bitter opponents to preside over the ministry, as the only means of satisfying the people. Ho was eleoted te the Assembly almost unanimously, chosen president, and is now, without doubt, the man of the whole German people. One of the members exclaimed to me most enthusiastically,?" Ho is our Washington,"?and hn truly deserves this compliment. The dignified, impartial, and fatherly manner in whioh he presides over the deliberations of the Assembly, gives proof of a noble soul, and his whole appenrance is calculated to inspire love and confidence. He is u man between fifty and sixty, prepossessing in person, large stature, with a finely developed head, splendid eyes, and powerful bat harmonious voice?in short, he was born a president, and is the first orator of the house. In the most confused debate, a few words from him replace everything in order and restores harmony. Tho evening of his election, the citizens of Frankfort, of ail classes, and all parties, honored him with a torch-light procession. The x*sciiihly has now pretty clearly divided into parties, iccording to the French custom of taking seats togeth r?and they number four,?the extreme radical I aft, he left centre, right centre, and right extreme. Tha lection rd Von Gagern. who adheres to the left centra n principle, ua.i a great victory for liberal principles, ind proves that in the grand object of their mission, ,he member* of the Assembly are willing to yield frost lie extreme* for the purpose of nnity and strength.? ieversl important question* have proved that the left lentre is the only party that can unite the others so as o ensure a majority, and their measures will no doubt >e carried through. As for a constitution, ours s tlie model, and they are all ardent admirers if our sovereign State system, with federal uniou. 1'hey have already declared every Statn oonstituion illegal that does not harmonise with this *y?ern, and there is now a proposition before the house ,o create a provisional executive power to put their neasures Into force, and carry out their resolutions, intil their labors ihall have been definitely settled.? Should this proposition lie carried through, it will be a tweeping victory for the people, and if this executive consists of one man. Von Gagern is that man, and should a directory be formed, he will be the first man in it. The constituent Assembly is the most conglomerate body that ran be imagined, and contains every shada of political eleiuuut from republiean to prinoe. Tha extreme left uumbers about thirty, who are open republicans, without expediency; this party will be somewhat Increased by the elections now taking place in ths grand duchy of liaden, the delay being caused by ths avowed revolt of a portion of the inhabitants, assisted by French. Pole*, ete. from Paris, under the command ofHi cker. The left centre is very strong, and all sra friendly to the republic the moment it can be introduced without the terrors of civil war and anarohy? and many of its members see no danger or impossibility in the federal union of the Stales, with the privilege of choosing constitutional monarchy on a democratic basis, or republic, as they may individually think best calculated to advance their welfare. The right centre are liberal constitutional monarchists. nnd this party may be said to be led by ths Prince Lichnows ky, from Silesia, a young soldier, who distinguished himself in Spain by fighting for Don ( Brio*. The prince is frequently reminded of this fauj. van by the republicans, who evidently make bins and his aristocratic manners a laughingstock. On Hie extreme right, sit the Catholic bishops and priests, u their clerical robes. What they want can be easily livined. As yet they have said nothing, and appear to se husbanding their efforts for the church and state lueetion. It is well know n that they advuoate a cornicle separation of church from state, but at the same ,ime willi the present powers of the state in clerical fltflr*. to lie transferred to them, or in other words, iicrely with the tyranny to change hands, and, of nurse, to their benefit. Belgium lias already cursed irrself in this way. and now begins to see the disadantage of clerical princes It is to be hoped that her Xperienre will not lie loet on Germany. 'I he most remarkable man in tbu Assembly is unuestionably Hubert Blum, of Leipsio?the leader of tha miu-aia ; ne organ lite a* n lamp-maker, nnd ahortly Itirward* wa* engaged a* lamp mender and trimmer, n the theatre at LeTpaig. Kr .ni tin- poaition. he waa aired to the po*t of ticltet neller. and f)nailjr became reanirer ; he i* now a hook ?'ll?r. lie ii a man of erv ftrong and remarkably clear mind, and, although ml a brilliant orator, hi* language ie *o forcible and lain, and hi* manner no impreaaive, that % latli liko aiienee prevail* the moment he takea be floor III* influence with the manaaa I* very rent, aa ha* been proved by eeveral occurrence* ritbiu the lart few month*, eapeclally In I.etp*lc ? 'he uioat violent wave* of popular excitement rqulre but the ('care, lie atlll " of Robert Blum, nd they become calm and manageable , a violent ntrodurtion of the republic may make Robert Hum it* provident. a peaceful developemant point* to on ae the leading atar of tbe Herman uation. The M'h'eawig-lloletein >|Ue*tion ha* occupied the at ntii n of the .lormbly t? a great extent during the i- t work It waa taken perfectly aback at the withrawal of the troopa from Jutland, and threaten* to i'p*y the wile* of diplomacy with a vengeance. They ill take nothing lea* than both the ductile*, and paa*il a revolution ordering tbe vartou* Herman State* to repare for a deaperate atruggle agatnat Denmark, aad he .Scandinavian league and. if nvvd* lie. the ltu**iaa iant The lirrniani attribute the tardine** with lilrh ihi* war I* carried on entirely to their want ef navy, and the committee on naval alfair* have ju*t rough! in n revolution to autUori-e the collection of iur million* of dollar* for naval purpn*e? from the *pcctive government* two million* to be collected umrdlatelv and tku* applied f. r 'J Mcateafrom hi to J gun* eacli. four corvette* from Jo to 32guaa, 2 -teamr* of mi her e power and 1 of :w*i to empower. and bout 2ia> gunboat* There aeetu* to be a *lroag deire to have an alliance with h'raaee and tue vwlonty head* are eveu talking of end* troriog to form an Ilia tire with our government.ein order to have our earel* of war to operate againat the l?aa?e In the Belie and the North S* a Tbe Waahlugtou. on her laat rip till* way cimc into tbe p..rt of Bremen with the .lack red-golden tricolor of toe Herman* at her ui**t n connection with our flag It ?< reported there that ho Dane* bad *een the Herman flag ami not our*, ind fired on ber. and the new* wa* reeelred with |oy n the hope* that the Dane* by a fear ye would Inrolve t hctn-elvv* In a .|itirrrl with u* aad ta thi* tu ?u... I.,. . .IK.lal.it l>. - ? * IK. u .eiU ,o connect the Idea of ontipoI^nH with our u*r r I ?? it oprnlr unnnuDi'ml in the journal* that >J \ mil Iran reaael* ??ri aanl to U- on their way to the llnltlr The money rent by the < irrman ritiaana ?t tbn nited State* to their Imthrra in tin ulii faibi-rlanth tan reratved a few ilaya ago by th* W??uibiy wlth gtwnt >nthu*iasni. an J they gare u* ikrw Uaw three. it la >7opo?e<l to appropriate it to the new fleet, and ?Mh lowrrful effort* are bain* made In behalf of tkla li rtakinK thatpi'tiny colli etlon* are being taken jp in all part* of the country. In or Jar to giro tho Xjoreat an opportunity to coo in but' their mite Profeator Von Hanruer mad aoiue T"r7 1 'tawittaf levolopment* rclntirc to lb'1 'ierman-llnntah qua*. ion. thr.e dey* ago. in the %? ? ??/ He ?? nounne t hat Rumut had r- rmall.r de.lared to lha court of Ho*. In that a oontiliuanca of boatilltie* again*! the Wane* ii Jutland, would ba attended with a withdrawal at ho Itu>*ian amba?*ador front Harlin; and cava it ma lia opinion that in thia moment the three powera of mania Denmark and Sweden, are forming a leagwg gaiiot <iarmany; remarking, at the aame Mm*. that t a very aaay affair for lha ainaJler ilarnai Sta'a* f the Interior to ahako their (lata at the laag-te la de. anca. but that for I'ruatia It in no laughing matter? it whi Ii' Ileliir mast la unprotected, and Ituaain enn ??e a very rity along the oo??t (o th? rnoiinl In ? r-rg

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