Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 12, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 12, 1848 Page 1
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TH KO. 5150. ATT AIRS IN FRANCE. SPECIAL UMRESPONDENfE OK THE NEW VORX HERALD. I'abi?. June lu, 181S. f.i'glaiid will ."Hack Spain?Perhaps Seize Cuba? Will our Gocti ninmt Permit It ?llussiais.Approaching Germany? The Latter is firming?Ifrw Organization in Krru] r. Kiigland has determined to sustain her ministers, at homo aud abroad.in tho aiTairwith Spain; and as Spain owes her large Mini.-, she is undoubtedly preparing to Feize upon her possessions; and rumor, pretty well authenticated aud believed in France, assigns Cuba us the point upon which she will make her demonstrations. The English press of to-day declare that the Spanish Minister has been ordered out of London, but 1 doubt whether the time has (julte arrived for thi* movement ; but that it has befti resolved upon to make Spain suffer for the insult which sho offered to the jmiAJBier, uuu mucu mu gomnui'm; imye adopted, there is no longer any considerable- doubt; and I am induced to think that Cuba way be seized for that purpose. What will our country do under such circumstances' England has captured, by force, u point iu Central America, and retained it, by negotiation. Will she bo permitted to do so in reference to t uba' If so, what becomes of the principle proclaimed by the President. and sanctioned by Congres i and the people? It has been violated in the coso of Central America, and. I believe, without any remonstrance. Shall the tu mo be true of Cuba? England has also sent a fleet Into the Cay of Naples. Why? Is it to sustain the king of massacres, and to weaken the force of the French admiral' It is said J that the king has refused to pay the indemnity that has been adjudged the French for damages done to the citizens of France on the 15th und ltitii days of Nay, since the arrival of the English ships. If England desires to hare it war with France, she tan have it, upon giving merely an intimation to that effect; and if she becomes over officious in propping up the falling fortunes of Austria, at home and in Italy, she will have it. without giving any intimations, if. in so doing, she interleres with the French. One of the causes that have weighed down Lumartine, was his efforts to preserve peace with England. The idea that J'vance is to play a part second to England in the preat drama of to-day. will not bo tolerated for ?no moment; neiiber will the French stop aside to avoid a ruptiuu with a nation like England The peoplo of France feel that the true position of tbe republic is at the head of Western Europe, find they will aciju usee in no other. Indeed. France Jibs not yet drawn tie sword in the cause of freedom? there has as yet been no necessity for it?all she lias done is to give her example?others have desired to bo permitted to take the held alone. France has indulged them, and in the meantime looks on. But in less than u month after liui-siit strikes the first blow, France will liave a million of soldiers in the field Let Nicholas uiiiiri. vtcrmany as in now mreaicned. and (i Tiuany nsk Krnnce to come to her aid, and the contingency mill have arisen to which I have refei red. Italy. France. {Switzerland, oil the (! 1 man States, and the liberals of Austria and Trust-in. will bo alllofs in that hour.? How the new powers which are springing up in the heart of Austria would array themselves, cannot so well he foreseen. App? urances strongly indicate that Rust-in has a disposition to commence the great game Vhlcli is yet to be pluyt d out in Europe. and that she vill make her first muvi ment towards the Rhine. The I'russiaus are making great exertions to prepare to defend themselves on the ltussiun exterior boundaries. The Emperor oj Austria has made known his inton_ lion of visiting i'rague. as. also, perhaps fetch ; lidt vhether he will return to Vienna is entirely uncertain. 3 ho new Sclave powers which are rising up in the heart of Austria, are growing too strong to be easily ov< rcomohy any power which the ministry can command Indeed. I now regard Austria as separated into two or three States?piohnbly three?and that the whole empire will be reorganized under liberal" institutions, founded upon the tight of representation In the legislature, and univeisul suffrage. This latter ideu has taken such general root in Europe, that it can never t>e exterminated All governments hereafter must ho Eased upon universal suffrage,whatever their forms may lie?and the press must also be free. These points the j.eople understand. In some other respect s they ean yet Ee deceived OBSERVER. Farm, June 20.1548. Capitulation of I'icenza?I.oss on lloth Sides?Its Constyttivves to Italy?Position of Charles .llbert? Keu-t from Rone Important -From Berlin do.?Arsenal Captured by the People?Russian Invasion. Yicenza bus fallen Into tbo hands of the Austrians fter having fought an army of 25,000 men and one hundred nieces I f nmnnn from I- - ?'? ?? . -- "1 ? ? nil M.U O'clock nt night. It is mid, also, that their ammunition failed thim, and that while live thousand Austrians hare been killed and wounded, only about tiro hundred Italian? l.aio fallen. Seme of these details want perhaps. confirmation, hut that thin Tictory is important to the Austria ns, there can bt> no doubt; and that it will lead to the capture of Tadua. Trerisa, Bussacco, jBelluna. and perhaps Venice itself, is not improbable; and the question naturally arises, why has this been permitted? and why has there been such a diminished force placed upon this exposed lino Of towns? All concur in declaring that the Italians fought with heroic brarery. and that they yielded only to immensely superior numbers, and the failure of ammunition. It is said that Charles Albert holds bis strong po itiajis which cost Bonaparte a great deal of hard lighting to win. and that he cannot yield them till he cuts olT the enemy from Tyrol?that Verona is the capital point in the war?that tliat is to be attacked immediately, and a great battle is there to be fought; and that when tl nt shall have fallen into the bands of the Italians, they will sweep the Austrians front tho Venitiun country?that the Pontifical army has not yet arrived, but that their loss is soon to be supplied by other corps of rtgulars and volunteers; and tliat the government is taking ail the necess&iy measures to make their plans ducoessful?that tbe ex-minister of Austria und the Count Montccuculli have been arrested and brought to Milan. The last news from Home is very interesting, as it indicates the settlement of the question of the division of tbe temporal and spiritual powers of the Popo, in a manner satisfactory to both himself, the constituted authorities, and the people; and that now the Congress are proceeding to Home to form the constitution^ and that great joy and happiness reign throughout tho States of tho church, the Austrian Jesuits excepted. At Berlin the fighting has continued, and tho artillery has been freely used; hut the people have taken the arsenul. and evidently remain masters of the city; all the principal streets are thnrnnohlv hnrricmli.il anil no -ni-io-.,i -1?' late in the city?all the shops are .cloned, find business suspended. and the city assumes the appearance, it diil on the day* of the first great revolution. The National Assembly, in opposition to the violent efforts of the Minister, have decided, that they are not requir?d to take the con.-titution from the Kiug, but may make one of their own. or amend that furnished by him ; and Iho left have published a declaration of tights, recognizing the revolution of March 18th and 10th. The electoral law of April 8th, consented to by the peopia, as a basis for the assembly?that they have the Fame rights as the crown to form a new constitution?that the crown has no right to dissolve the chaniber; but that it Is its right to remain in session until the constitution shall have been completed?that the assembly is at a liberty to present a project of a constitution to the crown?that the constitution ought to be bared upon the principle that the king and people exercise in common the sovereignty?that the participation be fixed by the constitution?and that in the chambers, no special rights, or privileges be conceded to the first. At Thern. the greatest consternation reigns, as the Russian army is hut one league therefrom, and the greatest efforts are being made to arm and supply the town to withstand an attack. It is raid, also, that troops are on the road from St. Petersburg?that tbe most rigid discipline is introduced in the Russian army ; and that there is the most imminent danger of a Russian invasion. Yet Prussia is in anarchy, and does not appear to take any vigorous or gieat measure* for a defence. The democratic congress, in tbe meantime, is holding its session at Frankfort, of which Jules Frobel has been chosen President, ind professor Begrhofen, Vice-President; tbe body comprising nbout 200 representatives, and among other places, from Berlin, Breslau, i.oipsic, Jena.Munich, he. kc. This Congress propose* republican lnatitution* for Germany. with a general government, and the mutual guaranty of security to each other; and a coiumitttce has b?en charged with the formation of a general plan for all tbe sooietlea in the different States in Germany. I do not understand that thle body claims any powers beyond those of reoommendation. Like all republicans, its character appears to be peaceable and modest. OBSERVER. Paris, June 21, 1848. Ureal Bailie at l*rague?The Enpultion of the National Jhtemhly from the City?lit Influence upon the Country?The Condition of the Lower Clattet in Europe. The Congress of Trague have been expelled from the city, after a terrible battle, which continued one day and nearly all niglit. There was a parley in the midst of the fight, after blood had flowed about five hours; but the parties being unable to agree, the battle was reoemmrneed. and decided by the sword. Of course it will be understood that this contest took place between the Germans and German government on the one side, and the Selave* and Tcherhes on the other. Many of the Tcherhes wi ru soldiers In the German army ; and It ia laid that tiny fought as heroically against the insurgent Trhichrs, as the Germans themselves. A great number haie hern killed and wounded, and the ataugbtcr to ins to have been commensurate with the an?i-gfga?mm ? - i. E NE NE1 importbnee ofthr question to be decided; aud it is hist said that tiie people of the country did not come to tin aid of t lie insurgents in the city, in was expected; a id ti nt t in im i b rence in shun d more generally ttian h is been anticipated throughout the Solave country, Thia may be ao; but who can fore-ce the effect a of this batt.e upon the S'clavo country and the people,' .Already Hungary in alarmed, aud a largo f.>re? in said to be approaching, for the purpose of overthrowing the Cerman power in that part of the oountry Toe Sclavea have once moved?held their National A 11 lnbly? made lav -, und doelarod their independence ?t bey aie tiie mo, t numcrouaand warlike,and it is lilt'e pr bntde that tbey will acquiesce, in the result of the tilst bloody struggle of uu unarmed airalnat ? roinilnr a mod force, in which the parties were so evenly matched nnd wlii re f< r so long a time the victory was so doubt tul It may l>e that they will; but if they and their condition be truly represented, there will bo a o\il war ol tare against ruee in Austria, which >. U sev< r the empire forever Indeed, civil war exists new. nud the question 1s how it will terminate, rather than w lien it will coiiimeuce. Vet Ithinkthc sue. ess of the Austrian government at Prague ha b en unexpected, nnd shows that notwithstanding tlio state rfnlTuirsat Vienna, and the condition of the guveinment. the discipline in the army is maintained. and that the military force of tl.c country may be relied upon by the government, both against the insurgents at home uud theltalians Indeed, the conduct of the army under Itadetzki, in the Italiau country. proves that there is no disposition on tho part of the toldiei. tod'iert to any considerable extent, and that tonic of the Italian regiments were still lighting iu the Austrian ranks; We can form little idea of the di graded condition of llie lower closes of the population in nfliny part- of Europe, and especially in Italy, Austria, (sc.. &c.; and how little there is It H Of them, except as animals after they lravo been reduced to soldiers n nd the lash and discipline of the army. We bare in America no eins- of people.?not one man?that give our people any idea of cia-. es in tho South American. Spanish. Italian, midmost of the other Kurort an countries. Fiance iB an exception to this remink, to a g'Tt at extent; and henco licr progress towards the rttubliehnicnt of ireo institutions, or rather a republican form of government. Tho laxxmronr of Italy are an example of the millions of human beings that are found all over Europe and cxi.-t in every country except our own. Even Switzerland, tho freest government iu Europe?Franco excepted?has ln-r soldiers hired out throughout Europe, lighting fjr those who employ them. It was the force of the Swiss troops that enabled the King of Naples to massacre tho inhabitants and overthrow the Congress. At Vieenxa it was the force of tie Swiss troops that enabled Duruudo. the commander of the Italian forces, so long to resist the armv of Kadetzki. thirfv Hir...-.,....! .......... . sustained by one hundred pfecc* of artillery. Thus one body of Swiss is fighting under pay against It;i y, aud other bodies, under the same circumstances, fur Italy: vbfit the political existence of S*lUeriaud herself. urn free government, depend- upon the maintenance of free institutions in the surrounding couutriiG. and the overthrow of the old dynasties. OBSERVER. Tani3. June 21.1811. ' I.os of Public Confidence in the Executive and Minislei s? Its Effects tijion the Republic ? Character of l be Charges against them?Jlttack upon the Press?Its Effect?The Bondparles?Their Conduct. Characters, and Positrons. I regret that truth requires tne to say that the dis1 satisfaction with the exist ng state of things, appears to ' he increasing at Paris .' and that I think a crisis is ap! prouching. in reference to men, at least. Right or i wrong, there is no longer any confidence?general, I ' mean?pl.-ccdjn the Executive Commission?the pubi lie. iridnd. even charges them beyond the point of ineopacit;?and, although I do nut discern any very j great cause for it. they are not allowed to have straight | forward intentions. Their treatment of Bonaparte. 1 and et-pei ally the uianin r in which they arc charged ! with having attempted to impose upon the Assembly. 1 by theatrical scenery, and a pervert 1 slate of facts, 1 has lost Ihtiu hosts of friends and brought upon them a , mass ol i (1 inundation from t he press, and oiher organs S of public information, which uo body <d' men can ever i resist in Paris. Then, again, the d. deration of the hiinistt r uf Justice, that 2j.0UU franc wouid h r quir< d to ho paid to the government for the privilege of establishing any public press, following out, thereby, theexauiple of Louis Philippe, who required lot)000, has creuli d a feeling which cannot be well coutrolledor resisted. Between sever, and eight lrundri d prc>.-.-s have been established in Franco, it is said, eiucc the revolution, and they linvo some millions of readers, at I vuv cuwn < u^u. ^vuviutij?*i inn ilijes iwo; WtlOreHS.be! lore the resolution, papers could not b? gei; Jly ob- 1 tuim-d ; i: nil. in no oaso. only at exhorbitant prices. ! Now, the attempt to deprive the people of that which i is ?s valuable to them us breuu. or to make them pay high for it. the people will not tolerate?they will , resist it ut eveiy hazard ; besides thu principle involvj ed, the loss of sources of information and (ilea- | j sure ; tbey regard it ns an act of tyranny, on the part of u few men. who have sprung into existence. ! by the j utr of the pre, g and now fear that they may poi nt hy the sum means, u- most of t.i? jour, r.als ari against the government; they take this view of the case, and declare, moreover, that it is an j attempt to save their offices, by d priving the poor r classes ot the privilege of printing and reading. That tl is is a moie imprudent attempt tban was that of L< uis I li lippe to put dan the bninjint , no impartial nian can doubt nor tbat the result will be alike fatal to tbe dehors, if persisted in. This feeling towards the K.xeoiitlve and ministry lias become, so strong that ' it alienates the public feeling from the republic. There is uo longer, therefore, the cry of" rite la i ijiub; lit/uc !" b nrd In the streets of Paris, and many of the liic< nsidi rate declare tiiat they are dissatisfied with it. and seem to want a revolution. lint I do not tliiuk | that th:. latter foi ling extends generally beyond the feeling < a revolution in men. and the expulsion from \ power of the present set. They charge them. also, with having squandered immense sums of the public money, and actually as having appropriated, in some instances, these funds to their own use. A committee ol tbo As euibly is now engaged in investigating these accounts ; and they have refused to be satisfied with the u ns wi r tbat they w< re expended for secret purposes ; and havi resolvi d to require vouchers, which may bo troul 1cm inc. it is said, to furnish. Ccitaln it is, that confidence in the men no longer exists ; and there are in progress measures, 1 have uo doubt, that will lead to important results in this respect. The feeling towards Louis Napoleon lias not diminished, hut rather lias incrcn-cd ; and 1 have no doubt tliut lie will be elected ogain in Paris, in spite ot the government and its decree of banishment, which they are said to be preparing. unless he or bis friends interfere. Napoleon Bonaparte, now in the Assembly, would have been chosen, unanimously, colonel of ihe Second Legion, numbering from 26 to :t0 000 National (iuard*. but for bis litter of tliis morning, positively declining, for the reason tbat to command an nrmeil force in Paris is tnoi mpalltile. in his opinion, with the duties ol a representative; end In litis be is right, and his conduct is a commentary it pen that of others. This gentleman ..... ............. ui me ju-xentDiy. ana He in u men of liuo sense, and hen much talent, an lias also Louis Napoleon. who lias been tlio object of so much agitation If the Executive is not careful, it will raise e hurricane in Krsncc which will sweep it from power. ?n<l laise lliese men Into tlieir places, in spite of all resistance froui every <iuurter. Things arc tending to this point. OBSERVER. La a is, June 22. 1S48. Contest at Prague still Paging ond Undecided?Great Slaughter?War af Race*? Military lit colt at Perth Insurrections in Turkey and Greece?Demand of the Diplomatic Body at Porta. The battle still rages lu Prague.Iietween the German authorities and the Nclave people. The Bohemian students are united with the people, and are masters of the old part of the city, where they nre well entrenched and barricaded. All the Poles join them, and the people from the country are flocking to their assistance. The German government, on the other hnnd. are masters of the new part of the city, and are well supplied with cannon and a strong body of troops. The cannonading has already been heavy, very heavy, ami the fight desperate, nnd slaughter terrible race against race, nil attempts at ngrci uient have failed, nud ail advances on the part of the German government have been rejected Prince WindlshgrnU conunandsthe German army, and the news ia confirmed that liis wife hnshcca shot in her own bouse, having unfortunately peine to the window, in the first ding of the battle, and was mistaken for another person, whom the marksman intended to kill. 'J he women light as well as the men?Indeed, this Is one of the remarkable features of the present war in Europe. The cases are not single, but they tight in hundreds, sometimes in their own apparel and sometimes in the habit of men. One woninn in Prague declares she has killed eight men with her rifle. The German Trinee has published a proclamation to the people of the old part of the city, that he wae going to bombard it. and that they must quit it. A great many persons have left their houses and goods and fled, and others have remained to tight. The bombardment had commenced, and at the date of the laet information, had produced a great deal of destruction; hut no serious advantages had been gained or lost, and both parties were actively engaged In the assault and defence. This war of races is terrific In Austria; and no human power can foresee when It may terminate 1 have referred to its probability In former letters?hut it was upon us suddenly, after all. The Assembly of Prague has not been permitted to proceed?although it was not any act of theirs that produced the immediate collision. It grew out of a demand for arms, and a collision between the people and troops.and the expulsion of the Assembly has been only an incident in the proceeding. At Pesth, also. In Hungary, there has been a revolt on thje part of the Italian regiments, and many lives lost?itgrew out of a difficulty between an Italian soldier and an Hungarian volunteer, in which weapons were used ; she Hungarian forces and masses of people assembled, and the Italians fired upon them, and received Are In return ; they entrenched themselves in theCaseme des Invelldes, and the Hungarian regiments were brought from their fortresses, and with the aid of their cannon, they carried the defencea of the Italians, and disarmed them principally but * grei t uiany lives have ]>een lost, and great numbers of man wounded ; these e.lrcum W YOKK, WEDNESDAY i (I auces chow how readily the people engii^e in battle, i ;i ml Unit (be country In in the hinlie.it Mate of eic'toment, anil that one cannot east hi-eye toward* llio i future without the uront painful anticipations , | Thcr? have been some attempts at insurrection* in i | Turkey and Greece, but not of a very important ebaI rai t< .?and they appear tokmfl been easily nu| pre | i'd. , Tl.e Lea a of the defeat of the Italians, and the capture I O! the Duke of Savov. doe- not nnni.nr to I... ?nnS.m..l by the ncv? ofthis morning, and stronger hopes are, ' thereF re, entertained that it is incorrect. It appears j b.v ti e proclamation of Otirando. that bo capitulated to I ho Austrian army upon tho solicitations of tho iu1 .abitaiits of Viiiceir/.H to save the oity?if this is so, lie n.-mmi d some responsibility. The Sardinian Atn* biosader, in the name of the diplomatic body, i< : charge. to demand of France tho reason for putting 3 :0 COO guards on a war footing. OBSKIIVKK. Fontaisi ui i a , June Id, 184S. ; Palace of Fmilainehleau?Mrmorialt of i\ ipolton?Jj srj:lint? Marie Louise?Kailroatl i cud Hotels -in , France?The Throne of Kopoleotl. To arrive at thin city, po renowned iu Watery, aad ; identified with the great events of the empire, ant ' some of the reigns of Die Krcnch kiugs, we took the cars at the depot near tlio Jurdiu des Plants, and followed the ruilr, ad till we arrived at t.'orbeUc. about | twenty four miles, and from that place we cauio in tin stage, on a paved loud, the same distance, to Kontainci hleuu. .And let nio Say: tiut tile railroads iu i'ra?M | arc not well liiaile, or rather the motion of the cars i upon them is tery great, and very unpleasant. I have | travelled over four of those leading out of 1'aris, uuJ find thom very much the same their entire dltta.o- . They fatigue ; aud yet the cars do not run rapidly ; it ' is because the motion Is so great and so unpleasant. ' From Corbvile to this city, ?4 miles, wo came in about i 1 tince hours and fifteen minutes, with five horses, d: owing foity passengers! The toad is paved with stone, very milch the same as tire centre of the streets in Paris; that is. with pieces eight or nine inches sijunre and ten doen From the funt that. ? t.?-. , could dtaw nn immensely heavy wagon. and forty ; 1 pussepgers, any one can comprehend how level urc tin j roads and the country in France ; and so they are. in | fact, pretty much all over it. Attain, the hotels in France ? Paris not excepted I think, are second in point of furniture, attendance, and the comforts of a I bime lor travellers, to those in the I nited States i ; am aware that many views which I have expressed of the people nnd country of France are widely different ] fr> ni those I have ruen i-xpn sed by others, and perhaps, the) are not aeeordlng to li.le; hut I write preci-ely as 1 think I see things, v ithout any regard to what huvo been, or may now be, the views of others. In general, my views are remarkably favorable to the French people nud the country ; and they will pardou ino for an expression less favorable wherein I happen to cntertaiu such Impressions. II they do not, I cannot bo uivelted from speaking exactly as I think, alter having the hi uelit of my own observations. I have long since ohseried that to know any real facts ubnat a country, it must lai visited, seen, examined, and the people talked with, hut of tills city : I have this day stood upi n the magnificent steps where Napoleon bid adieu j to tin- army, before going into exile ; and I have seen ' the little round mahogany table on which he signed i ins abdication. That table is eased in a gl<,ss box, and ' stands in the centre of Napoleou's smalt cabinet, precisely iu the spot where it stood ou tLat memorable oe- j cusioii ; and there it will stand us long as Franco is a i millions unborn to emulate his heroic groatness. nation us the records of tiniu endure; and will i otlueu' e 'i ll. re. too, is the chamber and bed of this immortal man, dressed in imperial grandeur, and made up and . preserved, with all the oruanunts and bedding pro- ( eisely us it was when the man of destiny slept upon j it. 'J he gilded curtains and embroidered coverlets are , there, 'lliere. too, is the bedchamber of Josephine; I and. oh ! awful thought, of Maria Louise, the Austrian , princess, the feeble W|""?*| ? ?'? u ' *** - uuiuuom win) and mother. Josephine wn.i worthy to be the wife of the Emperor?Miuie Louise to be that of the captain of a horse guard, whom she afterwards married. by the loft bund, lit re, too. stands the throne, ill the mini tier pieparcd by Napoleon; it Is rich and elegant; and the furniture for his ministers, by whom he was surrounded on stnte occasions, is iu keeping with the . man. the place, and the occasion. Napoleon expended 2ti.04JU.U0U Irnnes in fitting tip this beautiful palace and preserving the works of liis predecessors. OBSERVER. Kontaineiu nr, June 14. 1843, i Palaces?Th'c Interior?The Historic Furniture The Put of Madame Mantignon and Madame ,'ldelaide? Of Louie Philippe?The Garden?The Fore.- >?The Private Harden and the Vineyard?The Pope's Presence in the Palace. I have now visited all the palaces in France, of any considerable Importance?Including the stupendous one of Versailles, which, with its accouiponiments. is Paid to bate cost two hundred millions of dollars; and i I consider that where I now am, as the most tasteful , and beautiful of them all; but not so magnificent, massive and gorgeous as that at Versailles; neither is there the huudreth part of the number of painting and statuary that there are at Versailles?but the furniture is far supplier; that is. tasteful, historio, and elegant. In- I dud. the history of France may be lead iu tLe furniture if the pnluee. There is the furniture of the Hen tics. Francis the First, the Louises, the Bourbons, and j the Kiupire. and last of all. of l.ouis I'bilippe and his ( numerous family. It is a little curious that Madame i Ade'aide should take the bedroom and salon of Ma- 1 diane Mantignon. the most celebrated of all the" misIre si es of Louis XIV., and occupy the sumo bed? i She changed the salon into Ihc sleeping room, and the I sleeping loom into the salon. But iuditme Adelaide 1 hud a left bund) d alliance with au olticer in the tinny; ( and such women and rooms ore a part of the morals 1 and theiurniture of the courts in Europe. But one 1 of the curiosities is the bed of Louis Philippe and the i Quefii, (for what is very uuusat in France is, for a * Cm?s.?s i v? ? " *. - - ...m mr. >? in- in occupy me same hod.) One-half t of tliic has two mattresses, while the other Mil.!. I occiiph <1 liy the king, has a , lnuk lor the under mat- | I trass; all his beds in the different palaces are construct- ' ' eil in tbo same manner. This palace being built in ' I diffircr.t parte, and under different reign*, ban diffe- i < 11 nt siylm of architecture; but it is all beautiful, and I does not to much rotelnble a huge block of stones us i d" *01110 of the other palaces in France, and especially <1 that at Versailles, from the first view. I do not menu i to disparage the architecture in either, because it is i t mngnlflci nt 11 only mean to expre s a preference fur that stilus place '1 hen. again, the interior is less splendid 1 than the Tulleries or Ver ailles ; hut yet, 1 think, luore h cliH'te and beautiful. Hut with what can you cotnpan 4 the magnificence and glory of the collection of paint- v iugs at Versailles? With nothing that 1 have ever i s< en Louis Philippe has expended millions in collect- v 1110' *11 ll??' lilulnrinnl noUlU. ? - ivii ,.<..<it.ugiiui rriiuee, commencing 1 al the first dawn of tin history. down to the year 1S4?'?. t ami eorutnemora: ing nil tin- important era*, battles, i anil events. as well ns distinguished men ami w i.m n, * during the same period. I have no idea that any other I Mich magnificent array of paintings, giving life to f every year in the history of the French nation, exists t Ten immense rooms are filled with the five years of the a Hnipiie; and these are scarcely a hundredth part ol u those embraced within the exterior walls of that re- I c niarkable palace. Jlut the garden, park, and forest of j h ontainebleau are indeed grand and beautiful, having ' A had bestowed upon them pesliiips less expense than : I those at Versailles; but nature has dono her part bet- ! ter hi re than at Versailles The forest is about twenty P miles in diameter embracing probably one hundred k thousand acres, with ronds and paths cut through nil c parts of it which I have been able to see. The reeks S contain inscriptions, dated in the ages belonging to the kings who have erected and inhabited the palaces. f< Upon different parts of the palaces, aro the initials of a the names <>* the kings who eroded them; anil forming J a part of (he ornaments over the windows and doors. a aro the facsimiles of their crowns, carved out of the stone In the garden, the artificial water-works, and n ponds, and canals, are grand and beautiful; yet there t is no such cascade as at St. (/loud, nor tlio extensive h jtt d'ean of Versailles. Hut they are in I eautiful liar- h mony with the palace, the garden, and the forest and t country about It. b One of the imperial Ouard was the keeper of the ji King's (iarden. He thought at first that we were F.ng- n llsh. and he came to say that It was not |H<rmitted to walk upon the steps where Nnpoleon stood when he P bade adieu to the army The steps and thn whole on- ?' trance to the palace, which Is more than twenty feet c high, is more magnificent than anything I have seen of o the kind, in any country. And we had been on them' We told him that we were Americans " Thon," said {"< he. ' 1 will open the private garden, which the public ii are never permitted to enter." And so he did; and there too were the beautiful small fountains and other c tasteful decorations, arranged by Napoleon. He allowed h us to take a flower from this garden, wliioh, I presume, ? will some day find its way to America. In the palace ars the rooms elegantly fitted up for the Pope, while he A was a prisoner here, and situated where they overlook J' the most beautiful part of tho surrounding scenery. t OBSERVER. ? ~mmm v Kontaineri.rav, June 17, 1848. Thf File Dance t'n the Forett?The Company and Dress c oj Men and Girh?Their Mannert ?Our Return to ^ Fontainehleau and Paris. i) Last evening we attended the annual fete, about six J miles trom this city, in the forest, where were assembled from one to two thousand of the ladies and gentlemen and |yonng men and women of the country, ( accompanied by their parents and numorous flocks of (1 children of all ages. As soon as the sun bad set, the C lamps were lighted, and the band commenced playing, j and the company ^to dance upon the ground, made ( smooth and prepared for tho purpose. A small but or- v namental fance, very light and painted green, was built around tba danoing ground; Inside were chairs for thore who chose to sit, and ample space for those a who deslrod to dance, whieh latter embraced thn entire I population. The ieene is droll beyond description; | ( * ii k r MORNING, JULY 12, 16 : tl e forest in illuminated and filled with people; the luUfeic acundn delightfully; and, standing at a little | dietunce. where the eye will light upon three or four | ditlerent circled nil dancing at the name moment, the scene Is in< a. picturesque, C> p-lagos in great numbers mrround the rcene, wailing to carry home, towards miming, the buppy eompituy. It iH also n pic nic tarty? every want in that way is supplied? wine, coffee. lemonade, fruits. and everything that a person hungry or tli rsiy wisl e- a a tin re to hi had. JCveiy y<ar a gro.-.l liuoibi rot' handsomo equipages ootue from I aiis tilled with \isiters. hut this year tbero were comj.-natively few: fright und want of uioney kept them away; perhaps they have gone to the watering planes wore numerously than usual. Here too ate seen the prr.ee. the ease, and the decorum, that every where

distinguish the French character. More than one. l alt Oi tb" young men of the country were dressed in l)iue frocks or wore blouses ; but their manners and entire deportment wore those of gentUnion and i am sure are worthy of imitation liy their neighbors n the other side of tho Channel. who. upon such an occasion, wherever 1 have F<?n then), are as ineanab'o of being gentlemanly as tl e French are of being rude: hence tho national ehuracteiisties- of the two races of men are '-xhihitrd. and (lie just observer may safely make his dedttctions therefrom The girl- lanced In their bonnets, o caps, as tiny fottud most comfortable, or without either, andtiie old people and children sat round and looked on, or a mured themselves in playing the diffurut g-itnis pini-tifcd by the French, and for whic.lt Miry preparation was i. aile. 'J his tote continued till ? o:,r<Tf]U;t irorHnjr when we left, which war about elm n o'clock. \l > met large numbers ou their way to the !i le. The roll is very soft in Franco, much as it is in Kentucky and Tennessee, so that wheels run very badiy where there am no paved roads. Mi st of the yoi tig men. perhaps, walked, or came on borsch ck, and wo saw n serai children, from throe to dx years of ape. walking home to the city in the evening, which 1*11 uicoiiugui. nnu uengnuui. j"Ho farms in this part ] of France ate luurh larger tliitn iu runny <tl<ur parts, , and look finely. anil till- pi oplu appear to be happy anil ( bountifully supplied. We saw penplo from all the sur- i ri niMu.-i ooun'ry mat y miles distant; they curat in pat t it a. and as wo were \.W cricnns. they were glad to si r us, and we were soou fnouils, nml Hindu acquainted w .ili tbi ir places cf residence. llie distance they h id n.iiio. &e. fndied. Americans and Frenchmen are friend., and old acquaintance.*, a soon as they meet; i there is u chord of sympathy which vibrates in an inrtar t ; and they approach an American as they are in 11 ded by the presence of an Englishman. I entail i Menu is about three miles from the river ; ( and we shall leave this morning to return by the steamboat down the beautiful and meandering scene, i We 1 ave been in Fontainebleu hut 48 hours, and wo .*.1 a'l leave behind many whom we should he glad to me scan. No people can he more delightful to visit than the branch -always polite, cordial, decorous and civil, and most attentive to stmugers, at least to Americans. If I were not an American. 1 would like to be a French- , num. They have more of the enabling churn ct"rlstlos 1 of the Americans than any other nation unless it, be the Scot eh OBSERVER. [From the Newspapers.] A London paper of Friday evi mng. Juno 2J. gives the following intelligence from Paris up to the evening of the 22d :? In consequence of the opposition of the National As-crably to the existence of the JlttHert XaHonaux. the povtminiut has determined to reduce the number I of workmen t in ployed in them. Vesterday an attempt < was made to put this determination into execution, ' and Peris was consequently threatened witli renewed disturbance. The workmen, one and att. refused to volunteerinto the army, and the greater portion of them have a strong objection to return to the departments, of which they are natives. Delegates from * tin' iiuiiH won- yesterday morning among the workmen. urging tlifin to resist the tymimical measures of the rriii lionnairr govcrnim-nt; and promising theui all porta of assistance from the people of Paris It is said that the chiefs of the brigades are in the conspiracy, and stronply urge the men to insurrection. Many of tlie workmen were disposed to return to the r native plao' ?. but they have been dissuaded by the delegates of the workmen, who represent to them that they will lie h.ughi it at by their neighbors, and probably limited out of the eountry. where they are golug to be burdens upon the already impoverished people. These arguments bavo bad such an effect, that 12.000 workmen, who had contented to go to their departments of the expense of the state, yesterday morning refused to quit Paris. It is. probable, therefore, that the government will be obliged to have recourse to energetic measures, and it is not unlikely Ihat the aliairwill not be brought to an arrangement without some lighting. The was beating in some of th" arrondlsseinonts of Taris yi ,terday evening. The telegraphic despatch published in the IlcruUoil.Sunday last, gave the beginning of the result of this double. bntv liiteHigt'in'e I Si ewi .iii Court, duly 11. ? Present. Justices Kdmcuds. McCoun. mid Kdwurds.?The Court met and organised. No. 12 was r"umeJ and flnished ; the calendar was culled to No. 20. which was taken up and argued, the intermediate numbers being reserved. Tlio Court adjourned until 10 o'clock to-morrow morning. tip*' it Coi iit, July 11.?Before Justice llorlbut.? Edward Fox vs. U and J Kalatgh.?'This was an action to recover a balance of f. 100. The plaintiff, Mr. Sox. sent out ready made clothing to defendants, who reside in some part of Indiana, to bo sold on commission ; the proceeds w re remitted to him short of the above balance. lie was unable to prove the partnership ami a non-suit was grunted. Geo. .S. Howlanil vs. Isaac I Vails Shrriff.?This was an actlou of replevin, totrythe right to certain property leviid on by defondnut as sheriff of (Queens county, under an execution issued on a judgment. The plaintiff claimed under a mortgage. The jury found a verdict lor the pini utiIT. on the ground that no change of possession took place lifter the mortgage was executed United Statti District Coi-iit. July 11.?Embtx- I zling J.dlrrt.?.John Cooper, indicted for embezzling ^ letters and abstracting money therefrom, wns put on " lis trial. On Ills arraignment lie pleaded not guilty; 1 !>y advice of his counsel he withdrew his plea of not " ;uilty. and pleaded guilty. Mr. Andrews, one of the w prosecutor*, stated ttint he hoped the Court would deal n i niently w ith the prisoner?tlint he was a very youug c' nan that it was the first offence he bad committed? ind. nioioover. he hnd reason to believe he was driven ,o do it from necessity. Under these circumstances. " lo hoped the Court would make the sentence as * iglit as possible. Another gentleman, connected with ' lie press, wns railed, and gave I lie prisoner an excel- J1 i nt character. The Judge ordered him to lie remand- !j d and brought up to-morrow for sentence. Srniftier.?Jlobert Cooker, found guilty of obstructng a ciiftom house inspector in the discharge of his luty. wns sentenced to pay a fine of $2't, and to he . mprisoncd until the line was paid The Court then J1' ook up Admiralty cases. J J am rt C. Struurt 4" others, lihellanlt u. the Steamboat '' '.tare Afirfoa, her Tackle, ifc?Collision?The libel- v MI'S were owners of tbl boom* Fos, bwdnllioal J" 0 tons. On the night of the 10th of March last, she J m on her way down the Hudson, loaded witli lime- tr lone. The steamboat left this ritv mi iiui i !th pas-angers for Albany. About 8 o'clock on that ev light, opposite Yonkcrs. Ihrv rnme in collision, and ' ci he ?cbooi er went down insiantly. One of the crew, limn J William Slovcr. wns drowned; the other tliree ' no rere picked up by the crew of the steamer. The 11- t B( lellaiita claim $1200 damages for the lo?s of the ! chooner. cargo, he. The defenceset up In the answer j th n the libel, la, that tb? schooner was out of her course, ed nd that the collision took place i n consequence of the ' wi lismansgement and negligence of her captain and va rew. Adjourned. wi (ii m ho. Snimn, duly 11?Before the Recorder II ildcrmen Downing and Carroll. John McKeon, F.sq , ti< iistrict Attorney. so Srntmad?Honeywell Vincent, found guilty of false re retences, in fraudulently obtaining >750 from Brown to (lerrian, gold pen and pencil manufacturers, of thli hi ity, was sentenced to two years' imprisonment In the th tale's prison. l.< Highway Rohhery.?Robert Wilson (colored) was put th irward on trial, charged with assaulting and robbing j to man named Simon Leonard, in Bayard street, in i ar anuary ls-st. of a pocket book containing $14 in cash. en nd also of a pen knife. hi Simon Leonard, tho prosecutor, te tiflsd that on the m iglil in question, he was pai sing along the streets in u? his city, and n ot the prisoner, and asked him to show Te ini tho way to C herry street I'slsoncr walked with cc im part of the way and soon knocked him down in hi lie gutter, where he was found insensible. His pocket ni ook. containing $14. was Rtolen by prisouer. who tl imped on him when he was down and itkjurej him rt v. re!y te II L. VV.t itiiit. a fireman, testified that he beard the ge roseeutor cry out' murder." and came up a nd rescued tl im . subsequently he arrested the prisoner, who also < d ried out ' murder,'' in order to deceive witness and hi there ; ho then took prisoner to the Tombs The money was hero identified, and prisoner was in >und guilty. Sentenced to ten years' Imprisonment cd n ttic State's prison. nt Margaret Campbell was neat pnt forward on trial T harged with grand larreny in stealing eight ten dol- Bi ir gold pieces from Kilen McManus, of 15 Franklin in treet. ui F.i lew McManvs testified, that she knew prisoner th ret in May last; that she got 111 some time ago. and p< risom-r came to her lied side, and gave her some drug- nc cd liquor to drink, upon whieh she became insensible; at hat prisoner hereupon robbed her of the money, at rhich she had under her chemise in bed with her. to A witness was examined in corroboration, when the sa sse was adjourned over to this forenoon, 11 o'clock. th Cor rt Calendar ?ThHl Day.? Circuit Court-Hi, 'a 1, 16. 73, 74. 75, 76. 78. 82. 8:1. 84, 85, 86, 87. 88. 89. Ik), flr 1. 27, 92 Common PI,a*-143. 144. 145, 147 to 156, R" 17.167. 168 to 162, 4. ___?? Political Intelligence. *' Fkkk Soil Movkmkntr.?Tne Syracuse Journal * wlug) contains a call signed by over one hun- ? Ired names, for a meeting of "the whiga of the ounty of Onondaga, who are not as yet, prepared o vote for Oeneral Taylor ; who are opposed to tc he extension of slavery over territory now free ; f? nil in favor sf preserving the principles of the ? vliig party." ? A convention is to be held at the Umpire House, n, ?yracuse, on the 22d of July, to take into consider- fl< dion the propriety of sending delegates to a T National Free Soil Convention, to be neld tn the U1 'ity of Buffalo on the 9th of August. IEEA $48. I'nllcc 1 11 <111 Mavoh's Pkkiok. Monday. July 10, tS4^. / >< thr Malttr nf the Complaint ef Stryhrn It Thorot is llclirit 11' Hnwijer.?Dtrifimt of h-v Honor It'm. / '. }!a'ni,rytr. l\inyor?Robert W. llowyer. one of the policemen ol the city of N'.'w York, win complained against by Sti It Thorne. for having ?n Sunday, the '21 t May. 184H. at about 11 I'. M., struck hiin three blown with n weapon rnlled a billy " Tin1 complaint having been made In the usual manner, a day wat appointed for its investigation, and at that time, the parties re pectlvtdy appeared before me. In perron and by counted Mr. Thome'* roundel .stated the charge us comprehending three distinct offences, wlss: ? 1, Violent, coarse, and insolent Ix hasi ur ; "2, I'nlUeors for duty; 11. 111.-obedience of orders. '1 lie sneciflcution* of these charges relate exclusively to tho arsault above mention! it. and therefore it will not be neon -ary for me to consider them itrintim They form, iu fact, tiut one complaint, ana will be thus disposed of Tho witnesses for tin* purties having been duly examined, Mr Ilowyrr according to tho practice iiesuoli eases. submitted a written statement. and tho counsel on both sides ftirnii hud mo with written arguments. I have deliberately examined the testimony aril arguments, giving tin in h11 I lie retloelioii necessary to form a aatlsfcctory judgment in the cw. and now prccced to state ti e conclusion at whieh I have arrived. It was objected by Bowyer's cnunai-1 at the commence- , meat of the investigation, that the complaint had no reference to Rowyer's official conduct, nnd was not therefore the subject of complaint : this position I decided to be untenable for reasons which I now state i consider that a policeman, iu his relntiona with tho public, is always on duty, so far as to require that notice be taken of nil complaints duly made against them Tho offices.charged must necessarily Ixe ei l her personal or official: personal when they npply solely to the individual and do not injuriously affect the character or disclplitio of the department; official when they aro committed in tho performance of public duty, and do not affect it; anil the investigation must in all cases be Intel tlmt in 1 lie entire evidence it may ultimately lie determined whether the complaint affect the official or exclusively tlie personal capucily of the aocus d. I itixens who hi eomo policemen, although considered by some ' the uiciiialsof the law." do not lose their right* a-" individuals: they continue to have personal relations towards society villi which the public have no concern; but such of their private actions us necessarily disgrace their i tib ial position and injuriously affect the character and discipline of tho department-1, should ; never bo suffered to pass without investigation nor wltVinnl ......1,1, ? in.l,. ?i . I .......4 v i uia ruiu equally ueu'l'- ! mines tin- fitness of the citizen to be appoint- 1 i>il a policeman, und to be continued in the department when appointed; and if the candidate I should not bo rejected who may have indulged prncficiH or committed nets which in a policeman might be regarded as disqualifying him for office, if tin re be sufficient reason to believe tliat ho will not repeat them when in authority ; neither should an | isolated personal impropriety, committed by a police- : man Of deportment generally good, under circumstances affording any Justification for bis coudubt. be | visited with undue severity, or deemed to destroy hit : capacity for office. 1 have stated these general prin- I ciples. because they have heretofore regulated ray I official control of the police department. How far thry bear upon this ease remains to be considered. It will ho seen hy referring to the charges and specifications that tliey do not relate to any official act of the aroused, and they tin furthir affect his official capacity than in boicg supposed by the complainant to xhihit in liitn a violent an'd revengeful temper, leadng him to the perpetration of what the complainant dirges to he an unprovoked assault, with what ho ilso alleges to be an illegal we upon. To determine how far this accusation is supported, it is j necessary that I first find what are the facts of | lie case, and then apply to them tin so rules to phieli i have referred, f'rein tii? evidence before me I earn the occurrence complained of to be a< follows : ? On the night in question, Bowyer stopped at the j Ivy (Jrrcn." kept by Mr. Malachi Fallon, and having akeli a glass of soda water, was advancing towards , "alien, wiio was seated at the window, when ho was j iccosted by Thorne. who stood at tin, t?,p ?vt,i<inti? ! inc'ir the influence) of liquor, anil to whoui llowyi r on 1 ntering hnd given a passing salutation. Thome com- 1 nencert a conversation with Ilowycr by accusing th" | htter of having wilfully omitted to notice him in the j treat en several occasions, and having passed him as ! f he wt re an animal." Bowyer excused himself, by tntingthul when his mind vie intent on btpiniRs. , ie frequently panned hin be t friends without noticing I hem. Then, Bowyer. anxi us an it appears, to avoid arther conversation with Thorne, seated himself by dr. Kallou %nd commenced talking with him on police natters, when Thorne again acoontcd him, urged Jowyi r to drink with him, which the latter Several ,!mes declined. declaring at length that lie would not limself drink, hut if Thorne wished a drink, he, Bowrer. would pay for it; Thorno then began a series of lUeFticnr to Bowyer, an to wliere he reside^}, where hin j troperty wan, where lie paid taxes, where he had liis ! sashing done, and others id the name naturi*? ovident- : y ih igiied to show tliat Bowyer was not legally quail- , led by it niib'iice: to be a policeman in the city of New 1 < rk; and tiuring the convernation. olTered to bet tliat uowver had no right to be an officer. To all these j jncstions, Bowyer gave brief but civil answers, endeavoring to avoid Thorne, and keep up hin oonvernaicnw.tliMr ballon. While thus engaged. Mr. Hoggin*. 1 in officer from Brooklyn, entered, and asked Bowyer ontep to the door on business. Bowyer tried to rise to o out, when 'J'horne put hin hand on Bowyor's breast o prevent bin rising, telling him. also, "not to go yet." 1 nllon then took hold of Thorne by the arm. anil told Iiu to let Bowyer go, as ho had business Bowyer got p. and was going towards the door, when Thorne seised 1 lie lnppel of his coat. Bowyer taking hold of Thome's | ' inndlo dim ngagi himself. and telling Thorno to let 1 oof him 'Ihorr.e asked Bowyer what he meant. - I iowyer told him, sharply, to let go of him, which b'.il- 1 on nays wan the llrst time Bowyer showed any excite- i nent. and therefore rallou took hold of Thorns and old hun to let go of Bowyer, which he then did. and I low) or went out of the door. On his leaving. Thorne n'd "Bowyer had no right to bo nil officer, and he 'J borne) did not like him any how " Thin was nalil in tone loudeDough to be heard by Bowyer. who wMon he ntoop; aud junt after it was uttered, Thorno. who |) 111 nun nine naa n an? in his hand (which after- ! ard* proved to bo a sword ranot went, or a* one wit- 1 1 if fa id. hurried out." ancl rudely grasped by their ! < DtilkOih BOWjer and officer Higgins. iinwyer again i I xclairmd, "let go of me." "1 liorne," said Bowyer, | what do you mean?" or "what did you mean V Then ' . e let go of lliggfns. bnt retained a hold of llowyer; ' ho jerked himself down the atop* of the stoop, 1 B borne going down with him. and still retaining hit. i old. When they had reached the walk. Bowyer,draw- , g a "hilly.' which he carried, atruek Thnrne a blow j rough the hut ; then, and not till then. Thome re- " used Bowyer, but did not recede from him, ' it. aa Higgins anid. '-rather approached" him ? 1 ' i.wyer aimed another blow. Thoruo threw up t s arm and received it there, and then immediately d io third blow was given, which took effect under the c it i ar. and staggered Thome, whernpon Bowyer ' [tlked across the street, calling Hivgin*. and they 1 0 out away together. Thorne went bsek into Fallon's. * i'il profusely from his wounds, and was afterwards ' eated by Dr. Jones, whose testimony is annexed. I This is the liistory of the affair, as established by the * ideuce. audin reference to it I arrive at the following ? nclueion ; ? First?That the occurrence was exclusively of a per- ' iimI nature, not connected in any manner with , jwyer s official character or conduct Second -T hat under the circumstances of the case. ' 11 0 violence on the part of Bowyer was not unprovok1. as the complainant alleges, hut on the contrary. d <s produced by provocation of a taunting and aggra t ling character. wantonly offered by Thorne. Thorne 1< is sufficiently (excited! by liquor to bo quarrelsome, j is language, and the spirit evinced in ids conversa- n >u with Bowyer. showe d any thing but a friendly or f rial filling. His interruptions of Bowyer's con- t rration with Fallon, which llowyer commenced r avoid Thome ; his atttcmpt to keep Bowyer In t s scat, when tlie latter sought to rise and leave , room, on business; the rude grasp with which v 1 seized Bowyer, aud the difficulty with which )< at grasp woe released ; liis expression of ill feeling wards llowyer when the latter had left the room, ? id wheh. from the testimony of Fallon, Bowyer >uld not I ear ; his laying down or throwing down a cane, and passing out of tho house, not for the * ere purpose of lenviug the premises, but. as bis man- t r clearly itidicati d. with the design of giving further nt to his ill feelings against llowyer ; and |l?is entire nduet throughout the transaction.alt show a determi- {l i |M ii i. f ci/iirc ol Bowyer In Higgins outside; his ,, ition to irritate Bowyer and provoke a quarrel with ingitig to llowyer after lie hail released Higgins ; his tai nlug that bold until after the first blow,and thaln- 8 ntinn he evinced to elose in upon Bowyer, untjl stag- P red by the third blow ; these facts place Thorne in > ie light of an aggressor, and, in my opinion, f riiDh u I a justification to Bowyer in using force to get rid of s assailant. I '' I hird Being satisfied that llowyer was justified in in- i * g force to rc|e 1 the assault the next question suggest- * l,la.,wlicther lie used Improper force, or more than was T cessnsy for his protection, under the circumstances. ' o determine this satisfactorily to myself against 1 ' vwycr, I would requite tube placed by the evidence his situation, and to be thus enabled to exercise ? nder the same circumstance In which he was placed i ie judgment lie possessed. I cannot obtain such a v isition. and will not. therefore, attempt to decide ex- p tly what, should be done by him who occupied It. I s ii aware that the law docs not justify a man who is r tacked in using mote force than lie honestly believes p be necessary in protecting himself against an as- b ilant? he cannot convert a mere rude aggression into e pretext for gratifying revenge. A jury in such ses Is. I believe, made the sole judge as to the suf- v lency or excess of the force employed, and deciding j a juror in the facts in this case. I do not feel war ntcd In believing that Bowyer transcended, under j > aggravating circumstances of this case, the limits filch should be allewed We should never forget that t! lere must be a wide difference between the calm de- g sion of a Judge determining what would have been in C sudden excitement the wisest course for a prudent c an. and momentary conclusion of the party affected J f such excitement, placed In danger and struggling ? > avert it, and when the person attacked sees in the ature and manner of the assailant what testimony , innot portray Self-preservation Is the first and para- " ount law of nature by which all mankind are go- a irned. ffom the sense or right of which policemen are u nt exceptea. the law and mankind considering them ti ah and blood liks alt ourraoe; and If in this case Mr. It borne, by compelling another to self defence, brought |< pon himself consequences more serious than were aa- ( cipated or Intended, the unfortunate result can LB TWO CENTS. not but be regarded an tbp effect of hfs own indiscreet provocation. K< urtta?The morn fact that Bowyer carried or uwl a billy" cannot change my view* of this ca<? The natuieofthe business in which policeman arc ngaged r quires them to huv? some protection. Tney continually encounter burglars and desperados of the worst character, who, when engaged 10 the perpetrat on of crime, are generally armed. I cannot, therefore prohibit policemen from protecting themselves npainst the desperate men with whom they corn? In contact, day and night. But I will hold thmn atrictly accountable, according to the rules and regulations of the department, for the use of any weapon whatever. In thin particular ease. Bowyer did not use the "hilly" in any official proceeding, nor according to my yiswa of the case, was his resort to force unnecessary. In conclusion. 1 repeat my conviction, that from the e>i<l< nee in this care. Bowyer has not sutyected himself t ' any punishment under the rules and regulatinns of tlie police department. And therefore, leaving this case to the ordinary tribunals of justice, as a private c litroversy between two citizens, In their personal capacity. to is- judged of as the law may warrant, I dispose of it. so far as Bowyer's official position is concerned, by dismissing the complaint. W. K. HAVEMEYER, Mayor. Tlu-ntrl<-nl anil Musical. howr.m Thkathk.?This house, last evening, was i..1 1.- .? 1? -p, iv-i uiinu i r.i>|iTiiTii.jr ; us >])ianuiii performances which proved ro attractive on Monday evening were again repeated, and Miss Taylor, and her /roup/- of praccful Naiads; J. H. Hall, Burke, Mf, Suth'-rland as the fearless Knight; hie jovial squires, nnd loving water sprite together with all tho eccentric locking demons. curious and tl*h-like in appear since, all played well their parts in the really beautiful and interesting spootaele of the ' Nuiad Queen." All the seenery In this'piece is cleverly managed, and the drews, decorations, &e.. are so dazzling, and spiendi I, that we do not wonder at the a- plau'e which was lavished on it. We need not say that Miss Taylor waa eiignging and I eauliful as ever; her songs in the piece are all beautiful ones. The " Wizard of the Wave " was the concluding piece, and wont of! with as much eclat n? usual ; after which. tho audience separated, well pleHHed with their even lig's amusement. Tho Bowery is finely -ventilnted, and the boxes are <|Olta cool and pleasant on tlie hottest evening. To-night, the same attractive bill wilt be repented. Niiilo'h, Astoe I'lack.?This magnificent temple of amusement, was again filled with the beauty and fashion of the city lust evening, when the entertainments commenced with the dramatic ballet pautomime. entitled Jocko, the Brazilian Ape,'' in which Mo us. Mnrzett i displayed his wonderful genius and uiuiculur powers as Jocko. M'lle Mathilde. as l ora. a young Indian, in the same piece, ollnltod the warmest manifestations of a delighted audience. The second piece was the truly langlinble sketch called "The hiton liny." in which .Miss llose Telbln. who has already be* ,,lilf? ,1 fM./irif.. .!*..? ., .. mini ia|iiuiuun aiipmuin as f-'aiiny Lurry, anil Tom. the Eton Boy; and Xefton as Dabster. kept the audience in roars of laugh ter, while Dawson, ns Capt. Pophani, undlKunny Curry, likewise contributed much to the fun of the piece. The onti rtninuiunls concluded with that singular and pleasing c< mlc ballot pantomime entitb;d ''Log Legadorcs, or the Corn Threshers," comprising a va-lety of wonderful tricks, transformntions, dances, Sic., in which that graceful iiud unrivalled danieuae, Mad'lle Adi laide, van enthusiastically applauded. The final grand pes de deux by Monsieur Schmidt and Madra'llo A. va? probably never surpassed. To-night, Mrs. Tilbln Appears ns h'ranclne. in the favorite comedietta of "Grist to tlie Mill." Those excellent actors, Dawson and Chippendale, also appear in the same popular piece, which is to he followed by the national Polish dance of "La Varsovlenne," by W'IIch Juliaand } lora la burnt,. and a grand pas de deux by Mad'lle Ad< laidc and Ma'bible. anil Mons. Schmidt. The amusement* to conclude with the laughable comic ballet pantomime of Vol-au-?\'ent, or a Night's Adventures. " ( n atmam Tiikatre.?The patrons of this house seem to he flocking to it more thau ever, during this the ia> t week of the season, as there was not a seat vacant. and but scuut standing room, at an early hour Jr.st evening. The local drama is the thing te draw full bouses, it Is evident ; and yet the Chatham theatre is so great a favorite with the public, nosr-a-day*. thut wo think, henceforth, it will always enjoy cxteuslre patronage?that is to say. whilst the present managers continue hI the head of nfTuirs. MissMestayer is i|uitean addition to the company ; we hope next season to see her permanently attached to It. Mr. Chanftrau and Miss M., last evening, performed in the ' Glance at V. w Vork.'' witli their usual excellence. The " Idiot Witness," and the " Morning of Life,-' * both well played, made up the bill. The little Miss Drains. Wiuutis. and the rest of the company, aniuittod themselves well. We refer to the advertisement fur this evening's bill. 1 asti.f: Garufw.?" Lavater. the Physiognomist," was presented here Ia?t evening, by a full and effective cast. Mr. Nickinsou. as John Casper Lavater, sustained the part witli much ability; Burgomaster Betn nil, by Mr. Holland, was an excellent personation, and Miss Nickinsou. as Louise, acquitted herself in a highly creditable manner. The production was designed to illustrate the many and admirable qualities of the Diysiognomist. The costumes of the timitf. now scenery as presented, and entire perform toco, seised ofT most successfully. Thu eminently gifted ndian son of the forest. Chuhbeo. next delighted the vudienee with several beautiful airs on the flute-sold, ,,,.1 ,,u ... !,; ...i n.i > - -* ...? .......... U.O rpi. 1IUIU llinLCUUlHnt. Itllt MlU'iepiKOIt. HI* wife gave 11 very beautiful translation of one of his "on^x in the Choctaw language. auil both displayed a pioticienov and tali nt that would do honor to tho most accomplished professors upon our board. The entertainment sari' much satisfaction to those who were present. This beautiful evening retreat, whore the balmy evening breeze, aud a rich combination of attractions invite the citizen, affords every possible recreation and enjoyment to those who wishtosoek a luict and agreeable eveniug?free from the dust, care ind toll of city lifo. Bi stos'i Tiie?t?k.?This delightful house was filled ast evening by a most fashionable audience, and altotether presented a most brilllantscnne. The little Vienloise dancers performed several of their most charming livertisements. These young folks are becoming more nd more bewitching every day. and wo think that heir engagement by Mr. Burton, will be a most proflable one for all concerned. The farce of the Wea- . hercock," with Crisp, as Triatain Fickle, was played in ashing style; his various resolves, law. physic, arras, hurrh. agriculture, Quakerism. . and the odd way ii which he carried them out. brought down ahonts f laughter; and really Mr. Crisp performed the part o admiration; nor must we forget Miss Chapman and , ler part, which was as i|iiaintlv carried out as Crisp's, lurton's theatre will, we are certain, be a great addiinn to the places of amusement in this city, and a nost delightful resort for the enjoyment of intellecitninnd refined amusement. The company is excel ut. the house ||nely arranged aud luxuriously decoafed aud fitted up. and all things are fitted aprapaa r the accommodation of the nubile w...n..i?li.. drorlisi inrnt fur this evening's bill. ? unit i v'? Minitrela will lie gone next week, and a 'lightful place uf re?ort will l?<> lost to tho town. How hey onn be (pared we do not know. In the meantime, :l all go to bear them whUxfthcy are here. RaIivaRd'i Panorama.?The glorious Mississippi and ,11 its beautiful scenery?the pleasant and lively deception of the country as tho panorama mores on? lie whole of this delightful exhibition, will soon bs emoved froin New York; but one week longer i( the ime allotted by Itanvard for his stay here. We need lot do more than mention this fact to induce all tho?e rho bare not yet seen it to postpone their visit no anger. Tiik Panorama or Oknsral Taylor's Mkxilas 'amfa iqsi, now exhibiting at the Minerva UoomS.il Isited by numbers every evening, and is approved of a a most admirable and correct panorama of the narches and battles of this branch of the army during he late Mexican war. The explanatory books ara applied to visiters grntis. and the clear manner ia rhirh the whole cntnpalgn is shown, make It a delightnil exhibition, and one which ought to be seea by nry one. TAiigattacLg.?The Steyermarklsche Musical Society ives their second and last concert this evening. The rogramme contains a variety of beautiful polkas, quarlltes. marches, overtures, he Among them is a very iflleult, but exceedingly beautiful piece, called "Th# light's Ueview," which may. indeed, bo styled a taieau of harmony, for it is a delightful composition, rhirh brings into action the various instruments of his band. They will also play the overture to" William Pell." Wo have no doubt the Tabernacle, this evenng, will present a brilliant array of tho musical dilttanii of this city. Mai ria r. Strakosi hi;.?This general favorite and elebrated pianist, will give another conoert at the 'emale Academy. Brooklyn, to-morrow evening. He rill be assisted by Miss Julia Northall. who is always 'leasing in whatever she sings H S Saronl will preide at the piano. The cltlsens of Brooklyn have Ich treat to receive, and they should embrace the oportunlty. as it will be some time before this Inissitale performer will give another concert. An Incidknt.?Yesterday, shortly after thearrial of Gen. Taylor, in the Natchez, from Baton lougo, and just as the old General had been sajely mded in the St. Charles, there came no a terrible renchinu rain, which deluged our whole city. In he midst of this rain, an elderly gentleman, of ;rave aspect, with spectacles on nose, checked oat and white pants, was seen making the dimult navigatian of T-ake Common, wading ankle leep and but poorly detended by a small cotton mbrella, but with a resolution and steadiness i hich defied all obstacles. Finally, after many angers by Hood and field, the resolute gentleman rrived su'ely at the marble steps of the St. Charles, pon which he stamped hia feet with a very w?. ry sound, and then quickly bounded into the ra? inda, and eagerly asked, " Where is Gen. Tay?r V Who is this elderly gentleman I?New trfratii Mta, My I.

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