Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 13, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 13, 1848 Page 1
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L' ' m ri J3_ JO. NO. 5151. TELEGRAPHIC. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP NIAGARA AT BOSTON. One Week Later from Europe. TERUIBLE NEWS FROM THE FRENCH REPUBLIC. "Pniir ?nv?i* "Pijrhtiflijr I The Archbishop of Paris Murdered. ityurtecn .Officers, Six Deputies, and 35,000 Men Killed and Wounded. THE REPUBLIC TRIUMPHANT. &r. &e. &f. I .The steamship Niugara, Capt. IIyrie, arrived at Uoston at seven o'clock yesterday morning, from Liverpool and Hulifux. She suiled from Liverpool on the 1st instant, at noon, and has thus made the passage in less than eleven days. One of the bloodiest dramas the world ever witnessed?one of the most ferocious and obstinate insurrections which the ensanguined history of France has had to record, f rom her earliest annals? has just been brought to a close in the streets of Fans, by the absolute annihilation of the revolted party, and the triumphant success of republican arms. To furnish any adequate idea of this appalling occurrence, would be immeasurably to surpass our limits, and we therefore refer to the newspaper accounts, which doubtless will be perused with feelings of the profoundest soleiqnity. After four days and nights of incessant fighting, the insurgents have been utterly vanquished, with a loss on both sides of 10,000 killed and 25,000 wounded, which is believed to be much beneath the true estimate. ; The commencement of rebellion appears to have been by a deputation of ouvrimrs, who waited upon M. Marie, at the Luxembourg, lie listened to their grievances; but observing (hat their spokesman had been Active in the afiiiir of the 15th of May, said to the men, "you are not the slaves of this man; you can state your own grievances." This expression was distorted by the workmen that M. Marie had called them slaves; and it seems to have been the signal for the conspirators, who had previously organized a vast movement, to commence their ope rations. On Thursday night, the 22nd ol June, the first barricades were raised, and the troops and the National Guilds called out. On Friday, the 23d, the insurgents possessed themselves of all that portion of the right hank of the- "river Selhe, stretching from the faubourg St. Antome to the river; whilst on the left bank they occupied all that portion called the Citt ?the foubourgt St. Marcti, St. Victor, and the lower quarters of St. Jac/juet. The communica"tons ol the insurgents between the two banks o the river were maintained by the possession of the Church St. Gervaic, a part of the quarter of the Temple, the approaches of Notre Dame, and the bridge St. Michel. By these extensive lines of . operations, the insurgents occupied a vast portion of the most defensible pans of the city, and afterwards threatened the Hotel de Villc, which, if they had succeeded in taking, might have pecured the first victoiy on their side. On Friday there were partial conflicts ; but the insurgents seemed to he occupied more in fortifying their positions than in actually fight-ug; hut whatever successes the government troops may have had in various quarters where conflicts took pluce, as at St. Denis and St. Martin, it now appears that the enthusiastic courage of the insurgents repulsed them, and even beat them in other parts of the city. M. Lamartine rode with the stall" of Cavaignac through I'aris to quell the insurrection; but it was evident that nothing but the power of arms could compel the j insurgents to yield. The government force3 were divided into three divisions, and large musses of troops were brought to bear with artillery upon the positions of the insurgents; but still Friday passed, and the insurrection had evidently gathered ; strength. - " J-- ..L. .L- XT_..??_1 A Li.. ' Ill caiuraay, uic me xinuuimi /vpociuuiy declared itself in permanence, and I'aris waa placed in a state of 6<*ige. The executive power was delegated absolutely to Cavaignac; at halfpast ten, the members of the Executive government resigned. They declared that they should have | been wanting in their duties and honor had they withdrawn before a sedition or a public peril; they only withdrew before 11 vote of the Assembly. Repoits poured in every hour to the Assembly; and as the intelligence arrived of the slaughter of the National Guards, and the fall of one general after another, who was killed or wounded by the insurgents, the sensation became deep and alarming. Various proclamations were issued by Cavaignac to induce the insurgents to lay down their arms; but to no effect. The whole of Saturday was employed in desperate /ighting on both sides, except a lull during a frightful tAiunder* storm. In the afternoon of Friday the conflicts were without intermission. On Saturday yfiowever, the carnage and battles on the eouth of the / river were horrible. During the whole of Friday night, and until three o'clock on Saturday, the roar of the ailillery and the noise of the muskets were incessant. In this frightful state of things the As" 3embly betrnyed not u little alarm. Deputations from the'Assemhly were proposed to go and entreat the combatants to cease this fratricidal strife; but ul' III1C SUCCeeslVB IIJ1UIID inn, lllc nnuigcuui were bent on only yielding up the struggle with their lives, and their valor was only surpassed by their desi>erute resolution. On Saturday night at eight o'clock, the cnpital was in an awful state. Fighting continued with unabated fury. Large masses of troops poured in from all the neighboring departments; hut still the nsurgents, having rendered their position almost impregnable, resisted more or less effectually all the force which could he brought against them. The red flag, the banner of ihe rcpublifuc democratit/iie rt twcwlc, was hoisted. On Sunday morning, at the meeting of the National Assembly, the ['resident announced that the government foree had completely succeeded in suppressing the insurrection on the left hank of the river, nfter a frightful sacrifice of human life; and that Gen. Cavnignac had given the nsurgents on the right hank, till 10 o'clock to surrender; when, if they did not lay down their nrms, ne would storm their entrenchments, in the fail-* Itourff Si. Antoinr, where they were now driven, ,d \ v'. th? whole to the sword. The heaviest ar < urn n * KV IV 17 E3 a _i_ ^ B A N till^ry had been brought to bear upoa them, ai little doubt could be entertained that the insurre tion could be put down. The hope thus he out of the termination of the insurrection, was nc however, realized. The fighing continued tl whole of Sunday, with a fearful loss of life?esp cially to the National Guards. 'On Monday, the reintorcetnents General L moriciere had received from Gavaignac, enabh him to hem in the insurgents in the eastern nt of the city; and although reduced to extremity they still fought with incredible valor. It w thought, on Monday morning early, that they wou surrender; but again the ho|>e thus held out of t terminaltoa of the insurrection was not immci ately realized. At half-past 10, the lighting w resumed; and it was only after a frightful strugi of about two more hours, that the governme troops everywhere prevailed, and thut part of t insurrection being broken, the insurgents we either shot, taken prisoners, or lied into the cou -try in the direction towards Vmcennes. T eastern quarters, comprising the faubourgs St. A toine, du Temple, Menilmontant, and Popincou were the last subdued." The last bund took ic!u in the celebrated oemetery of l'ere la Chuii but the Garde Mobile hunted them even from tl sanctuary,"and they were slaughtered in the neig boring fields. On Tuesday the inturreel ion iras definitely quelli The loss of life has been terrific?no fewer th fourteen general officers had been put hart ilncoi but?a greater loss than in the most splendid engaj. ments of Napoleon. Amongst those who fell, a General Megrier and Generals Deart and Brt Generals Charcolnel and Renault and others 6 vetely wounded. Four or five members of the N tional Assembly are amongst the killed, and many more wounded; but the most touching dea is that of the Archbishop of Paris. The veneral prelate on Sunday volunteered to go to the insi gents as a messenger of peace. Cavaignac ss that such a step was full of danger ; but tl Christian pastor persisted, lie advanced, atten ed by his two vicars, towards the barricades, wi an olive branch borne before him, when he w ruthlessly shot in his groin, and fell morta wounded. The venerable patient was ordered the insurgents to the nearest hospital, in St. .d toine, where he received the last sacramen languished, and has since died. Tbe editor the Pere Duchesne, M. Laroche, was shot the head, at the barricade ltochechouart, whe in the dress of an ouvrier, he was lighting at t head of a party of insurgents. It will, probub never be correctly ascertained to what extent t sacrifice of human life in this frightful struggle h reached. Some compute the loss 011 the side the troops at from 9,000 to 10,000 slain; but < hope tins is exaggerated. The number of prison) captured of the insurgents, exceeds 5000. All t - ...... Oil,.,! .... ,,..,11 00 ?l,n ? J?I lM'Iia UlC I11ICU) uo uv u no 11iv duii^vviip a vaults of the Tuileries, the Louvre, Palais Koy the Chamber of Deputies, and the Hotel de Vil A militury commission has already been appoint to try such as were found with arms in their ham and they will probably be deported to the Marqi sas Islands, or some transatlantic Fren colony. A decree lias been proposed w that object. We have not space to recoi many acts of individual heroism. Many soldi* exhibited sublime courage. On the other hand, t savuge cruelty with which the insurgents wag war, almost exceeds belief. They tortured soi of their own prisoners; cut off their hands a feet, and inflicted barbarities worthy of savag The women were hired to poison the wine sold the soldiers, who drank it, reeled, and died, seems to be believed generally, that if the insi gents had succeeded in following up their m< admirably concerted plan of operations, a had advanced their line, and possessed thei selves of the Hotel de Ville, and followed up t river, that the whole city would have been g.v up to pillage. Indeed, the words " pillage" a " rape" are said to have been inscribed on one their banners. Not less than 30,000 stand of ari have been seized and captured in the faubourg I Antoine alone. [From the London Times. June '28 ] The city of Paris stands in the vahey of the m Seine, in such wise that whilst the most cent] part of the city occupies the lslunds and the stra of the river, the streets which diverge at rigiit ? gles from this point rise,by a somewhat rapid asc? to the high ground oil each side of the valley. T centre of the insurrection was established on t low ground 6y the river. Its wings rested on t opposite heights. The Hotel de Ville was its nn advanced post in front; but all the narrow strei and the quays from that building to t laubonrg Saint Antoine were in the han of the insurgents. The attack wus carri on uj>on this point by General Duvivier; I such were the preparations for resistance mat that, according to the written statement the Mayor of Paris, to the National Assemb the whole district was converted into a vast fo ress, which could only be reduced stone by stoi The streets were barricaded, the windows wt lined with mattresses, behind which a murderc fire was poured down on the troops ; and the gai ways of internal communication had been open from house to house, which supplied ammuniti or means of escape to tin-besieged. The progri of the forces from this point was, accordingly, vt slow ; and it was in the rear of this position tl the final stand of the insurrection was made Monday afternoon: but the operations were carri on with equal skill and courage at the two win; ior that term may strictly be applied to (lie positic j which the insurrection had assumed. On the I ( hank of the Seine the left wing extended to t Pantheon, by the steep and nurrow line of the It | St. Jacques, which was completely barnoa'ded, a even fortified with cannon. The attack on this | ' sition alone cost fifteen hours'hard and uninterru ed fighting; yet it was the first which was recc quered by the troops. The attack 011 the right wii i which extended to the Clos St. Lazare, was c< | ducted by Lamoriciere, who gradually forced I way, on the third day, to the barriers, and tin ellected his junction with the central division ( Jen. Duvivier. It may be inferred from the rej 1 lar distribution of the insurrectionary forces, tl their plan was to exhaust the troops by u |fruitl< attack on the barricades, and then to assume fensive operations by an advance of the two wir I ii|>on the National Assembly and the west end | Paris, so as to place the Government between t' fires, and reduce it to inevitable destructi< The extent of organization which the execution such a plan, extending over a line of several mi in length, and maintained for the last four dn disclosed, is perfectly inconceivable. Every s cies of artifice was employed to convey amn nition. The pails of the milkwomen, the coucl of the wounded, and even the coffins of the dei were found tilled with gunpowder and cartouch Large sums of money in gold and notes were dis< vered on the |>ersons of men apparently in cxtrei poverty, and young children. The women of I'n took a most active part in the struggle. Tli conveyed orders and signals through the holt I .1 ] ,.4| .1 ?...,J.,.| . rtfffc. lire ; mey cumi n mi un nuumr .. , - ... .... i perished in tne barricades, or fired from t bouses on the soldiers; whilst some are even ported to have inflicted the most refined barbn ties upon their wretched fellow-cituens who h W Y ( EW YOEK, THURSDAY id I fullen prisoners into their hands. None were c- s| nred by the chances or the uiidiseriminating Id f ury of this general slaughter. The Archbishop ol >t, Paris, who in the sublime exercise of the mosl tie awful duties of a Christian priest, sought to bring ie- back tin t outrageous multitude to reason and peace, was basely shot f rom the back of a burna. cade, and Cienerul Negrieu, who had survived L.j the numerous campaigns of Africa, fell in a like irt manner nt u parley with the savages of the faubourg St. Antotne. Strivge and terrible u8 conf usion of the strongest passion and emotions ol human nature ! So vast and horrible a desolation |ie wrought in the heart of a city by the hands ol jj. her own citizens, the world has not witnessed ir a3 the whole survey ol historic memory; and the r|e arms of a stranger and an enemy would have beer nt devoted to eternal infamy, if they hud inflicted st jie awful u chastisement on the great city of Paris ,re j\'one but herself could permit her iniquities, 01 n. inflict her doom. jle [Prom the London Times. June liO.J The position of die insurgents througiiout tin rt line, 1 have mentioned, was immensely strong.? ,e The barricades in advance of the barriers were oj formidable us regular engineers could have coq suueted them. The houses covering them occu ,|j_ pied the means of passing from one to another the tall houses of the barriers were occupied bi ,j them, and the windows removed; tiie houses 01 an the side of the Boulevards were, moreover, in tin possession of the rebels, and manned with marks re_ men. That which formed, however, the strengtl ,.(1 of their position, was the perforation of the walli ,a. 01 the city, which are twelve or foutteen feet liigiie_ at inteivalsof 8 or lOyurds, and the creation by tint a. nieuns ol several hundred loop-holes. Wltei na those who have been ut Waterloo learn, that fo th more than a mile the walls of the city of Paris we.< as profusely furnished with loopholes as was tie jr. garden wall of Ilongcment, they will easily ima gtne how foimidable was the obshtcle it presented ns When they shall bear in mind that the barricade j. in advance were composed of paving stone Klj of u hundred weight each, or of the cu ,a8 stones for an hospital in process of erection Hy and that they were protected by houses adjoin |,y ing to, or comniading theni, and that us oe Ln. casion presented itselt throughout Saturday am Sunday, a constant unerring and deadly lire wa 0f kept up on the assailants, by an ulinost invisibl jn garrison, they will not be surprised at the fire re longed resistance, nor at the immense bus of lib jie amongst the troops und National Guards, that 1111 |v fortunately occurred. What will be the astonish |ie meut ol ull the world, und the feeling oi all mill ias tary men in particular, when they are told thu of the w hole of these works were defended by betweei kVe 80 und ICO ruffians!?the largest number stated wai irs '100. flow many of the insurgents were killed oi he siunduy at the barrier ltochechouait, think you nc| while the loss ot the armed force was more that a| one thousand! Two! One ofthem was shot througl |e, the brain while firing through a loop-hole, not si; ej inches in diameter; live were wounded. They rar JS) from loop-hole to loop-hole with the agility of mou je- keys. They only leit the corner of the high wall ti ch seek ammunition, of which they had only a scant; ith "id precarious supply. 1 was shown the mark o mt the crucible under the wall in which they meltei ?rs lead for bullets during the figb\ They even at he tempted to fabricate gunpowder. Against thes ed men were brought as fine an army and as service ne able a park ol artillery as the world could produce nd und nothing less would have sutiiced to dislodgi es them; their position had been turned, and the; to had been attacked in the rear. It Let us recollect, however, ulso, that on 800 othe jr- points ot Faris the troops were occupied in contend jst ing with the rebels, at the same moment; and hov nd this must have embarrassed the Generals?that tin in- usual means of obtaining information were no he available, nor when information was obtainei en to be relied on. When these lacta shall lie takei nd into consideration, there will not be so much sur of prise at the offensive and defensive efforts of th< ns rebels; who, though comparatively few in number St. were ultimately acquainted with the ground,strong ly fortified and supported by the sympathies anc the positive co-operation of the whole population o >er the continuous line of tower that borders the ral Boulevards. n(j [Krom Second Kdition of London Globe, June 30.] tn. The new ministry does not give universa ,nt satisfaction, of course. Many persons coniplaii numlnn in nnwor <if iVinr nf the nlrl mi ho U1 l"c . ?, ? |ie meters, viz:?Recurt, Carnot, Bettimont and Bus |ie tide, and ask why M. Thiers is not named. The] oat aleo complain that what is called the clique o e(g the iVd/ionne/.has still the ascendancy, and rnentioi he as a proof the nomination of Admiral Le Blanc ai 1(]s Minister of the Murine. As to the composition o L.j the new ministry, the only really hud nomi )Ut nation is that of Carnot. This man is aimos je as objectionable us Lcdru Rollin; for his cir 0{ culars, when they were in power together, be |y fore the elections, were as violent as those of Leilri ir,_ Bollin, and seemed to have been written by tin le same hand. As to Recurt, he is really an honest ,ro well-meaning republican; for 20 years he li is en ,us joyed an usullied reputation in private life, am ,g_ none of Ins public acts have brought odium upoi e(j him. Bethmont, the Minister of Justice, is alsi on an honest man and a moderate republican. B is >83 tide, the Minister of foreign Affairs, althougl ry long suspected of a tendency to red republican lat ism, behaved nobly in the affair of Louis Blanc on He was the only Minister who had the courage am e(| the honesty to demand the arrest and trial of tha mad demagogue. ,ns The appointment which gives most satisfaction t.ft is that of (?en. Lamoriciere, as Minister of Wai |lt. first, from the esteem that is entertained for him ?e secondly, from his being the brother-in-law ofM n(] Thiers, which leads to the supposition that Cn >o- vaignac intends, in due season, to avai. himsel of the talents of the brother-in-law; and thirdly )n. not least, because the appointment proves that Cj lg, vaignac is above all jealousy. The conduct of La m. moriciere, in the late insurrection, has mad |us him so popular that if Cavaignac had not a no >r? ble mind he would not have admitted sucl of a rival of popular favor into the cabinet. Cai tU. not cannot remain long in oflice ; public opinioi ,lllt is too much agani6t him?it was even dopbtfu ess yesterday, whether he would be named. Ca of- vaignac hesitated long between him and M. Bat 1?,H thelymy St. tiilaire, wiio, or ivi. victor rrugo 0| will probably take Ins place. The National Guari wo and tlie Line arc resolved to insist upon a rigii )n inquiry into the causes of the lute insurrection ?f and every hour adds to their irritation on this sub l,.a ject. It lias been discovered that telegraphic des y.?t patches to the provinces for reinforcements wer not sent off with pro|ter rapidity, and it is even re in- ported that others of a different character, forged it is said, were forwarded ; but these are reports ti ltj which implicit credit must not be attached. The ar rest of Ledru Rollin, Lnmartine and Flocon, an :o. generally spoken of to-day; hut up to the pos llic hour, I could not ascertain that they were true rifl It is the general opinion, however, that no tinu 1Cy ought to be lost tn securing them. Marbcs m id< [.?( <juite sure of being released by his friemls, hot! ?m on Friday and Saturday last. Since his confine lie ment at Vincennes, up to that time, he hod beer re- very negligent of Mb person ; but on Fiiduyant ri- Saturday he was ro grand luHelle, and wai ad anxiously listening to every sound. As to Albert ,llM >1 a. >y ""KHIk "B 7 "W J It JV i MORNING, JULY 13, 18 i i he liud declared tliut he should be in Paris on Fri; ' day evening, and the insurgents had prepared for f linn u high post of command. We begin now to t perceive the danger in which we were placed a tew ; days ago. It is ascertained that the insurgents had I resources; that they hail even pre|>ared several hundred Congreve rockets, for an uttack on the dis[ tricts of Paris, in which ihe persons most opposed s to them, viz: the first and second arrondistenients i reside. The moderate republicans begin to think that the republic is sate; and it is but right to assure ! you thut men ol influence wtio were anti-republii cans only a few days ago" now express a hope thut f a victorious republic will be established?it is, i they say, the only chance ol restoring domestic ! peace. They demand, however, very.strict and i stern measures against some of the clubs and the > incendiary press. If these be not put down, all o dcr will be impossible. The slate of Beige caur not lust lor ever, and with the least encouragement anarchy will again raise itself. 3 he greut bunkers have hud a meeting to-day to ? devise means to assist M. Goudchuux, the new Minister of Finance, and provide a cupitul for the 9 employment of the working classes. Every effort will be made to prevent a creation of paper money; but it seems impossible to do without it, as there must be new taxes upon those who are called rich; / but who, in the present state of tilings, hive i almost as little us the poor. The pay of the ateliers naliumux hus been resumed, to keep the men from starvation and desperation; but they are to be iini mediately re-organized and compelled to produc3 live labor. The Bourse has been quite animated , to-day; the funds have risen 2 per cent since the t closing prices before the insurrection. It our mir nisteis have but the skill to take proper advanr tag- of the confidence that is reposed in them, e inattets will again come round. [Prom the Loudon Sun. June 30, 7 P.M [ The Constitutim?*lstates that, among the mass of papers found at the lodgings of Lieut De Flotte, s were discovered several letters from Lunartine, 3 together with a passport signed by him, aud 1 another by Louis Blanc. Orders, it is said, have ? been given for the arrest of Lunartine, Ledru Bollin, Louis Blanc, Caussidiere, and La Grange. Contrary to general expectation, the provinces had been generally quiet; the only exception has 3 been at Marseilles. An <?mcute broke out there u en the 22d ; barricades were formed, and after a loss of 50 National Guards, killed by the insurs gents, the barricades were successively carried, and the movement put down, with (lie exception " of a small port ion ?f the Northern railway, where the rails v. taken up. \11 the postal communit us had I en maintained, i l.iu si advices di seribesome frightful scenes 3 ge bodies of prisoners being shot in various i , mpts to escape. The National Assembly seems , I d up to a high state of excitement, i I n the debate, If it may be so called, upon the i d e to transport the tive or six thousand prison" < ers taken, Caussidiere burst into aloud imprecii tion against their cruelty; and from the tone of the speakers, no doubt exists that the insurgents were J ! supported by the Mt ntagaards of the Assembly. V 1 Already several legions ol the National Guards f : have been disarmed by Cavaignac. He has been 1 _ ??.l r ? ml... r.l * eiiij unnni 11/ iujiii u iicyv ministry. i ii?* in. j lowing ministers have beeu appointed :? e Oi neral ('avalgnac President. I. i Bethinoi.t * Justice. Dastide Foreign Affairs. ? : Sennrd Home Department. e | I nmoricierc War. Le Blanc Marine. ! Ooudrhaux Finance. Ret art f'ublio Works. r Jounca Commerce. t'.enerul Cavuignac has appointed Chang.mier f Commander-in-chief of the National Guard of r I'aris, and General Badeau Governor of Paris t The National Assembly has this day to elect a ] President in the place of M. Senard, nnd M. Du i fuure has been started as the candidate of the - moderate party. The Commission oflnquiry into the ? conspiracy, and of its connection with that of the , | 15th of May, sits in permanence, adjourning only for short intervals. During the day it has ad| dressed a circular to the law officers of the f republic throughout France, requiring them to send, with the utmost expedition, the telegraphic despatches that they received, the documents which they have in their hands, and, in 1 a word, all the political information which has any l relation to these two events; and also the result of - 6uch inquiries as they may be enabled to make. Stnrtllng Disclosures. j The government, it is said, was quite aware, for some days previous, that the insurrection was g about to break out, and the Minister of War con j. sequently gave orders for a fresli supply of troops to b<" sent to the capital, which orders were to be ( transmitted to the military authorities in the pro| vinces by telegraph. These orders, it seems, were not sent, and as the telegraph is in the department of the Minister of the Interior, it remains with him why tliey were suppressed. Some of the insurgent prisoners do not hesitate to assert that tliey have ' friends in the government who would have moved in their favor had an opportunity occurred. This may account for the manner in which the insur1 gents were allowed to complete the barricades " without interruption. One of the principal prisoners, M. de Flotte, was found to have in his posses1 sion a cttinrc pa|>er in the hand-writing of M. de Lainartine, and another in that of M. Louis Blanc. " I Several letters from M. de Lainartine were seized at his house. It is now ascertained that at one 1 time the insurrectionists were as near as possible gaining the victory. Further Drtnlti 1; une hundred thousand insurgents were on the [. one side, and 250,000 troops and National Guards L. on the other. All the anarchist journals are siijv [f pressed. The Pressr and the Rtformc are also susrf pended. MM. de Lamartine and Arago headed t. detarhments of Nations I Guards and boldly ad vanei? ed 011 the barricades. M. Lavaigne, one of the e editors of the Commrrcc, and an associate of So?. brier, was arrested on Monday. M. Watrin, Lieut h Col. of the (ith legion, was arrested after having been admitted to the conference on the plan of the a attack, lie was taken in the ranks of the msur[1 gents. The 8th, 9th and 12th legions of the 1'aris [- National Guards, and Iai Cliaprlle, Belleville, and other National Guards of the btmlieue, were dis i, armed on Tuesday. Napoleon Lebon and Ker [| sensie, both chiefs of the insurrection, have been j arrested. The rallying sign of the insurgents was lf a small osier wand that each ot them kept concealed in his sleeve. Those borne by the chiefs were i- forked at the end. Kvidence has been obtained that besides their general plan of operation, the insurgents had a revolutionary government organized. , The military committee at the palace of the , Tuileries, has already examined upwards of IKK) prisoners. All of them were m possession of pieces of gold. Some of them had each live louis d'ors. t " We saw," says the Sirrlr, " a box full of money, which had been taken from the insurgents." Several of the prisoners, when naked by the judges . why they did not surrender before, replied: " We i had to earn the money which had been given us." . None of them have, as yet, betrayed the names of i the infamous instigators of this terrible plot. | The following account of the termination of the , insurrection, is from the Nationtl *>t Monday , I morning, 'J o'clock 3* ( ) '' J !V " vf ! * I I? W A JL MIA 48. -+ i Thebanicade in the Rue Guarde de Villes, fuubourg du Temple, and Rue d'Angouleme, hud been carried, and the insurgents retreated into the faubourg Menilmontant and Pepmcour | About eleven o'clock, the CJuard Mobile and the Line, crossing the canal, dashed into the faubourg Menilmontant, by order of (Sen. Lamoriciere, and effecteda.junction withCSeneral Perrot, who commandt d the troops in the faubourg St. Antoine. The battalion or the National Guard beyond the ci in '.were ordered to maintain their position until flesh orders. The cannon and the howitzers arrived. They were placed in position, and ready to fire. The insurrection thus concentrated, was surrounded on all sides by imposing forces, and no doubt existed but that it would speedily be crushed. Gen. Cavaignac had ordered up a regiment of engineers from Arras, with all the material necessary for a siege. All was, therefore, ready for a last attempt. General Lamoriciere, whose energy and activity were I unremitting, and who exposed himself .p eveiy danger, only waited for the attack in the j fauboug St. Antoine to commence. < feneral | Cavaignuc, whose prudence equalled his energy i and firmness, wishing to avoid bloodshed, had | sent a last eummous to the insurgents to surrender; their answer was anxiously expected; General Lamoriciere counted minutes; at last a message reached him from the Assembly, saying that the insurgents had surrendered, and that the fauburg St. Antoine was occupied by the National Guard; and the troops, at this news?officers and soldiers?rushed around General Lamoriciere, uttering cries of Vive la Rcjniblic, pressed him j in their aruis, and thanked linn tortus" noble and brilliant service. I From Second Edition of the European Times.] Further accounts from Paris state that several ' changes had taken place in the new Ministry. Admiral Le Blanc declined the ollice of Minister ot Murine, and M. Bastide, Minister ot Foreign Allaire, had been appointed in his place. General j Badeau had been appointed Minister of Foreign I Alliiirs. M. Marie, late member of the Executive Government, is appointed President of the Assem1 bly. The Democratic Paci/ii/itc, of the 2!)th nlt., ' which strongly recommended General Cavaignac as the future President ot the Republic, was extensively circulated in Paris. Every representative, as he entered the Assembly, had a copy thrust into his hand. Assassinations take place in great numbers in the quarters where the discontented population re! side, and generally at night, in the streets. The insurgents, although conquered, are by no 1 means subdued ; and it is not improbable but that they may attempt to renew the struggle. At present, however, they confine their attempts to poi! soning and secret murders. Courts martial were | being held on the prisoners as rapidly as possible. I At the meeting of the Assembly oa Thursday, 3,(XX),00(1 francs were voted to the National Guard, and 1,(XX),000 to the Garde Mobile. The son of General Negrier was nominated sub-lieatant in the 7ill regiment of the line, and a pension of 3<MX) francs a year was given to the widow, revertable to the children of the General. On one of the insurgents was found the follow| ing draft of a decree, written in pencil:? Article 1.?All the cltlacus who pay more than 200 francs in taxes, are deprived of their civil and politi cat rights for tell years. Article*2.?All the property, both real and personal, belonging to eitizens who have exercised public functions of any nature since 1815, is confiscated. Article 0.?Constitution of France is that of 1793. Article 4.?The Army is disbanded. The Memorial <ic Rouen says, yesterday morn j ing, when the roll of the liberated convicts in sur" ! viellanee at Bouen were culled over, it was found that 800 were absent; this is a very significant fact. The estimates ot killed and wounded vary materially : some accounts give 35,000 as the total on both sides, whilst others give only 10,OtH> ; the number will, we have no doubt, exceed 15,000 ; only 40,000 insurgents, it now apyars, were en' gaged in the struggle. Miscellaneous Intelligence. The ministers had a majority of 15 upon the sugar question in the English Parliament. We learn that Vicenza had been retaken by the Italians, that Padua has capitulated to the Aus triniip, that Trieste lias been placed in a state of blockade, and that the Lombard army has been defeated in an engagement near Verona. A formidable Chartist movement has been commenced in 8pain. It is rumored that the Austrian army has been ordered to invade Prussia. Tle-re is little doubt that an immense force is on the march for Poland. There is a prospect for the speedy termination of the German war, and the establishment of peace. The draf t of a new constitution has been prepared and islikely to be approved of. The disturbances, which broke out in Marseilles on the 22d ult., have been ipielled. The departments of France, generally, are tranquil. In Greece the rebellious disposition of a great portion of the people has been completely sulidui-d The Danes still continue to make reprisals at sea upon Prussia. Late accounts justify the hope of a settlement of existing differences. In Ireland the armed movement goes on unabated. Thousands are weekly (locking to the clubs, and government appears to be unable to devise a check. The League has not yet been construct cd, but its formation is daily looked for. The Jacobite press, headed by the Iritli Fehm, revels jn undisturbed sedition. Little doubt is now entertained by any party that a formidable physical force movement will be made in the autumn. The general condition of Lngland is pacific, all tendency to violence nnd tumultuous assembinges of the working classes having altogether subsided. Commercial and Financial Intelligence. During the past week business lias manifested no do- I elded activity, though not visibly affected by tho oo- ; currences whteh Lavo taken place on the Continent. The astonishing calamities which have overtaken tho Krenoh capital, have necessarily absorbed much of mercantile attention, to the disregard of trade engagements. our uien of business choosing rather to await the result of these movements, than to risk operations pending contingencies pregnant with influence, vital and important?the occurrence of events momentous The general feeling of trade has been confident, and the tone firm. In the manufacturing districts, though business has not been brisk, the temper of tho market is buoyant, with an evident tendency to expand. The Mnrkcte. I.onko.m Mosf.y Maiikkt, June 30.?Tho monpy market continues easy, in the face of the Kuropean disturbances, nnd the Increase of the precious metals is enormous, though much fluctuation took place The successive depressions of the week have materially recovered. Consols closed yesterday, for the account, 83Js a84>?; Three and a <iuarter per cents, 84J4 to 7i; Kxchequer bills. 37s a 40s premium, Foreign securities inactive. Lotvnoa Mosrv Market, June 30.?Valuo of wheat 1 i is ratlier higher, to-day. All other articles are dull. The quantity .of foreign wheat brought to market, is but I 140qrs ; but of barley, the supply is 342 qrs; of oats j 12,170 qrs. Much satisfaction is expressed at the eauj c> lment of the large amount.A'000.000,Portuguese bonds | deposited wfth iMessrs. Ilarlng Brothers, as security for their advance of 4,'lftO 000 to pay the last January <11 vl- , I dends. and which advance has been repaid Thefun't* < still continue to show a disposition to further Improts 'II I ????? LD. TWO CENTS. meat. Con-ois thin morning opened at 83to 83%', an 'I have since improved to 84 to 84',. Bank atoek . 189 to 190 ; Three per Cents reduced 84'4, M.1^, 84^ ; Three and a tjua tor per Lenta 81', to 85; Long An- < uitie* 8j; ; Exchequer Bills. March, 38a to 39a pre an ; ditto, Juno, 284 to 32s prem. lu the Foreign Stock Market there is little doing, and scarcely any variation in prices, except in Mexican, wh:oh has risen te lflX a 101a- in tire share market, also, the settlement of the account is proceeding. The general tone of the market is better, principally owing, perhaps, to tho gradual rise in coueole. * ' Two 0'< i.ot k.?The funds are maintained at the ad vanced prices of 84 to 84', for consols, but the transactions ari> very limited. The new Three and a quar t r per cents have been St?*' to 84Ji. and the Three pet cents 84l.t to 84;V Bank stock is 189 to 191; Exchequer bills have been 38s. to 41s. premium. The foreign securities have been more dealt in. and prioes are favorable. LatksT, 3 OYlock.?Consols for the account, ieftotf at 84. sellers. Livkhpool Mhikkt, July 1,?torn : Western Hour per barrel. 28s a 20s ; lib btuond ami Mexandria, 27s Cs a 28s ; Philadelphia and Baltimore, 27s Od a 28? ; New Orleans and Ohio. 27s a 28s ; Canadian, sour, 24s Od a 25s Od. Wheat: New Orleans and Canadis n, white and mixed, per 70lbs , 7s 4d a 8s ; red, 0s 5d a 7s 4d. Indian Corn, white, per quarter, 2Js a 30'.; yellow. 31s a 32s. Indian Muul.per barret, 13s a 13s 0d' The general business of the week has been limited, but prices continue to be maintained with considerable hi unlets, owing in a greut measure to tho unfavorable state of the weather and the deteriorating itilluenre wbieli is exercised upon the early prospects of thuhar vest. Holders. in consequence,vhow increased firmue's. Krcsli arrivals of Hour, of superfine qualities, have rer.our maximum quotation, hut the several articles of breadstuffs have n drooping tendency. At the market yesterday, retailers operated steadily in Hour, and though some parcels of Indian corn and meal wore taken for Ireland, prices advanced but little, if any at all, upon Tuesday's quotations. No improvement in tbo demand for barley, oats, beans or peas. The metropolitan market is steady.-and the account! from tbe provinces do not indicate a receding disposition. The import duty lias reached tbe maximum point ?vis : 10s. per quarter on grain, and On. Hd. per bbl. on Hour. Cotton, uplands, ordinary, per lb. 3'a'da3'^d.; middling. 3>ia3;'ud.; middling fair, 3Jid.; fair, 4d.; good fair, 4,'.|d.; good, 4)?d.; New Orleans ordinary 3a 3\d.; middling, 3>iu3J?d.; middling fair, 4 VI.; fair, 4>a?l ; g<4('^ fair.od ; good, 5'.,a5>4d.; choiee marks, O'^a 0>id.; Mobile ordinary, 3u3.1ld. j middling, 3Jid.; middling fair. !!\d.; fair. 4d.; {food fair. 4',d.; good, A^d.; Sea Island, ordinary to middling, 7aUJ.; fair to good fair, lOalld.; geod to line. 13al6d.; stained 4a7d. The imports for the week are 152 077 bales; tbe sales. 20,840; and tbe stock in port is estimated at 037,000 bales, against 440,000 at the same period last year. The suddenness of ariivals, so very considerable, has bad un unfavorable influence on the market, and has general iy caused a decline of,'?d. per lb. The prices of fair upland, Orleans and Mobile, are strictly given of the week's sales ; 34.000 bales were takeu for export and 1230 on speculation, The American descriptions sold consist of 0,300 uplands at 3>jii4 ,fld.; 11,000 Orieansf u'ndaOd ; 3.050 Alabama and Mobile, 2%a4^td.; 370 Sea Island, at O^al.'l^. There can bo little doubt that the terrific events which have taken place in Paris.and the generally distiacted state of the continent, have tended to weaken the tone of the market. Provision Market.?Beef?Prime mess, per tierce, new, 85s a 02s Od ; ordinary. 75s a 84s ; old. 40s a 00s ; men, per bbl., 60s a 54s ; ordinary and old, 30s a 40s ; prime. 30s a 30s ; extra India family, iic . 100s a 305s. Tork?prime mess, pwjibi., new. 14s a 55s ; old, 48s a 68s; mess, 48s a 60s ; prime. 32s Hd a 38s. bacon?Dry and smoked, old. per cwt., 15s a 38s ; middies, long and short, free from bone, in salt, Eastern, 40s a 48s; Western. 33s a 45s; shoulders, 20s a 28s ; hams, smoked or dry in canvass, per cwt.. duty paid. 20s a 50s; in salt, 25s a 45s. Tongues?Ox, in pickle, duty paid, per doz, 12s a 20s. pigs, per cwt., 2Ss a 35. hardFine leaf, in keg. per cwt . 40s a 42s ; do., in bbls., 38s a 41s ; ordinary to middling, 35s a 37s; inferior and grease, 20s a 31s. Cheese?Fine, not quoted ; middling, 40s a 43s ; ordinary, 33s a 38s. Rice?Carolina dressed, first quality, per cwt., 17s a 19s ; 2d quality. 15s a 17s. Marine Affairs. Tni; U. S. Coast Si'rw.v.?Nantucket Shoals.?In the marine list of our paper, of tho 24th of June, we published a report of the ship E. having struck up on a shoal, six or eight miles south of tbe Nantucket South Shoal, aud of her arrival at Boston in distress. We have since then seen the published ' Preliminary Sketch," of the hyUrograpliical determinations In that quarter, by the U. S. Coast Survey, under the superintendence of Prof. A. D. Uaclie, and it is evident that tho E. struck upon tho ' New South Shoal," which was discovered by the hydrographical party thore, in 1840, und we believo under tbe command ef Lieut. Davis, of tbe U. S. Navy. This shoal, lying six miles outside of tho one known as tho " Nantucket South Shoal." has removed the limitor safe navigation to that extent farther South. It would be difficult to find a spot where such an interruption could be more inconveniently placed, or where it would more geneialiy concern the foreign and domestic trade of the country. Being wholly out of sight of the land, it is the more dangerous and the less easily avoided. No vessel should pnil from tills port without one of the printed sketches of the Cowl Surrey, or at least n chart on which the government survey is laid down, as far as it has gone. They are to bo found at the various nautical stores, and the former are furnished to ship masters gratia. It appears from the report of the K. that her position was well known; had she, therefore, been supplied with one of three charts, she would have escaped the imminent peril to which she was Exposed. Wo urge the great importance of this discovery for the preservation of life and property, and for the occasion it affords ns of noticing the valuable labors of this great national enterprise, which having bestowed upon the harbor of New York a new channel of approach. Is now engaged in oxecutliigfduiilar services for the other ports of the coast. A Nr.w Y'ai iit, schooner rigged, called the Breexo, eighty-three tons burthen, commanded by L. O.Coles, arrived In this harbor on Saturday She is said to he a very tine vessel The whole yacht squadron, Cow. Sttrvens. may be expected here In the course of a few weeks,?Newport Newt. I<nw Intellgeuee. Ciiw uit Court?Before Justice llurlbut.?Othorne rt. Otborne.?This win an action on a bond. The parties in the cause were formerly husband and wife, Mr-. O. having obtained a divorce from hor husband and custody of their children. The defendant entered into tb nd. conditioned for the payment of $8 a Veek for the maintenance ot the children, and also conditioned to pay for their schooling. The declaration assigned two breaches-me for refusing to pay the weekly stipend of ?S per week, and the other a refusal to pay a school bill. The defendant pleaded ft tender of ?40: and then proceeded to show that tho eldest boy had left the mother and came to reside with defendant and refused to return to her. It was therefore insisted that he was not tymml to pay for his maintenance auy longer. lu regard to the tucond breach. It was said the defendant had no notice of it until this suit waa br< uglit. It was Insisted that tho Court should view the defendant as a guarantor or security and in that view lie could not be sued until after judgment and execution against tie principal. The Court allowed the plain tiff to take judgment for ?157. subject to the exception of defendant's counsel. s Okxkrai. Swiosi, July 14,?Before the Recorder, / A'dem on' iirroll and Downing?John MoKeon, Ksq^ / Vininoi \ norivj y Or and Lanenu?The trial of \Iargaret Campbell, on / a charge of st-allng eight ten dollar gold pieces -i>V resumed. I'r lU it\KTT, of 1'earl street, was sworn on pan* the defence, and testified, that the prosecutrix"1 MrManus. was drunk, or had been laboring u effects of ' blue devils," on the day after SfSuueed, larceny Witnesses* as to character v^fsnt her and testified strongly in favor of the pridccused as a husband, who is a painter, and also s>*Pr,'c,ll'.'rKn,0h particepi rriminit. The jury foutuffscharge of botll guilty, when the Court ordered y , , . herself and her husband. jfn moved that tne Tho District Attorney hugflse iulv* Court adjourn, to altem! tMrnent. who fell in battle officers of the New Yorkv^meu whose bravery and . and by disease in MeXevery mark of respect 1 no ,vnlor entitled them/yn,.,t for said purpose, ordering Court thereupon a<jj^n tho minutes, the fact to be ent#w ' pur?Circuit Court.? 3#. 47, Cot iit'I17 SO, 93. 04. Pft. 9?. 07. 98. J?, J??' 18. ftp. 7 ft. 71 , pit at- 103, 104. 100, 107. 108,,10#, 101. 103?V","7 173.174.17b. i70. 177. 178. 340. 179 to m-jaw:**: "? Maveniriita of Distinguishes! linUwIdttnU. Major 1'olk was in Louisville on the Mi mat. Gov Young and family have gone Irom Albany to their home in Livingston county. _ ,

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