Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 16, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 16, 1848 Page 1
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t Tit jtl NO. ai 54. Oar Irish Correspondent. Duulim, June 30. 1341. OUate <*f Ireland?-The Proteelant Rtpaaleri?The I.tagve?Tom Steele?The Crops?The Government Maui<Ja< luting Tikes, f t. OrganIzation is new the order of Ihe day. The formation of oluba throughout Dubliu at d the provinei a, ia progressing us rabidly us the moat sanguine repealer could wish for. In Lublin alone there are no leas than forty cluba, each coin pored of three hundred membera, making, in the aggregate. 12,000 men. Some oftheae oluba held a meeting in Donnybrook, (ever memorable for ite annual fair) on Sunday la?t; and when returnInf i eiveral of iheu were arretted for (aa stated) disorderly conduct. One man carried a tri-colored flag, uncounted by a formidable pike. Nntno of those arrested are bound over to take their trial at the next commb-alon?however the clubs appear nothing daunted by this. Arrangements have not as yet been made by the members of the Irish Leeguo for their first public meeting ; but from the number of persons, distinguished and otherwise. who bare sent in their approval of the union, the new association will be powurful and influential. 1 have not, therefore, much news to inform you of in this letter, which will ho as interesting to vour readers as when the political meetings were going on. Mr. O'Connell. last week, published a long address to the people of Ireland, telling why he cannot buoonie a member of the proposed League. His reasons, which occupy two columns, appear to be very conclusive to himself; but to repeah rs in general, they are stale, flat, and unpiofltable. to Ibu last degree. They exhib.t only the old cant t f moderation, fliusily veiling a deal 1 of genuine timidity and suppressed bitterness of feeling. The only p n-sage of lbe smallest practical importance, is couchtd in the following terms:?"! declare distinctly I hut 1 cannot join the Irish League. The majority of the country, I believe to j have declared for this experiment. I shall retire, and not venture to oppose their will, even if my opposition were of any weight" But, in a postscript to his ad- i dress, bo states, " 1 think to labor still for Ireland, as j a member of parliament, aDd at home, by writing wbon , I am preluded from speaking.', He will nevermore j be rcalied to the leadership of ihe Irish people. The Protestant Hepeal Association had a very largo meeting In the Mufic Hall on Tuesday night; but Air. | Butt, contrary to exp> c a'.ion. did not make his ap_ pearance on the occasion. J. B. Barnes. Lsq., took thechair. The proceedings commenced by the admis- i slon of several new members. Mr. Doyl* brought up a report on organization, containing a number of rules for the future government of the body. Tho commit- , tee said that they depiecated any secret password Tbey were Protestant Nationalists, deserving of liber- ; ty, and resolved to obtain it. In the advocacy of repeal they were resolved to go along with the other sooieties. for better or worse. The following is au extract from the report:? "Ihry l-elkve that in consequence of wanting a Protestant na tional organization, which >hould liave for it* object tlw guardian ship of Itnli rights, the Protectantdiameter is lowered in the ' eatin ation of our fellow countrymen who differ from us in religion : and that die cned we i>r..feu ha? boon n.i,*nl?.l i>u ma-.- ..r them mi oppressive and at ti-national in it* oharsoter. We are bound to admit that that opinion has bwn formed on somewhat just grout ds; for, hitherto, Protestant organisations were genorally of a defensive character, and not at all calculated to advance Iriah nationality, 10 tooth religious difference, or to win the tatoem and confidence of tha people. Nor could it bo otherwise, when Protoatauts. attcihed to their religionland the freedom it lnculcatce, wen cajoled Into orKanizattons commenced by jelflsh men for aeitiah purpurea, to work out their own ends, or the decjor designs ot the Log iah government?to divide, to enclave, and ti on plunder the people. Thus, while tho lute recta of this ovantry were sacrificed to the ambitious designs of England, . they were taught to mind nothing, to fear nothing hut Popish ascendancy, fergetting that their right arms were strong, nnd the principles ihey professed were immortal. Throuih these moans a .''lavish dependence on English power' was engiafied on the Pro teatant mind of Ireland. Vitus provincialism crept into every institution of the Stale |*nd tl c delusive fear of aacendaucj rendered Protestantism and patriotism antagonistic terms, and love of countiy nud its liberties a compromise of principle and truth. " Your committee are convinced that the groat majority of the Protestants of Ireland are favorable to domestic legislation, and iliat the minority who aro oppoted to that measure is fast docreas- i iug; but, owing to tho dread of the evil cousc'iuenoes attendant | ou an avowal ol repeal prii cip'os, and a mosc illiberal, and therefore un-1'rotestant ay stein of social ooeieion, numbers are obliged to be Urdy in giving their sanction to a measure which they aro 1 convinced would le lor i he advanta e of the country. Vonr committee consider that notl iug will more effectually destroy this avll than meeting ama*onntic opinions by argument, and lirmly repotting to vindicate the right to differ. "To dispel ell delusive fears, and plaoe Protcstantsin a position | to be respected, your committee propose the following plan of ac- I tion to be adopted by the Protcstan t Repeal Ass> c:ation:?Iintne- . d lately to form in each of 'he municipal wards of the city, a Pro- I Ustant Pcpcal Lodge, the duty o whose members will be to spnod the pri not pies of the Protestant Repeal Association, to eolloot funds -t.a new member* for that body, to aoothe prejudice in their respet tivs localities, to win over enemies, to support friends, to ; eneov.rrge the wavering, and to do every tiling in their power to : -influence the Protestant mind to favor a repeal of the union.? These lodges to be governed by officers chosen out of their own body :?vis, s msster, e score ary, a treasurer, and n good working committee: to have a ]ierieot control over their own funds, and to be bound only by the ptinciplei and rules of the parent essuci- , mtif-n." Mr. Gilbert O'Reilly addressed tho meeting, and said after some prefatory remarks, that when they had two millions and a half of men pledged to the syst-m of moral force, then, iu his opinion, the mission of the association would be at an kend, audit hey should fall ' hack upon and join " the League.'* Then, as a united body, they would thunder at the door, and, if it were not orened. smash it in. (Cheers) Mr. Simukl Faanuio* then came forward,''and proposed the next resolut on, to the effect, that while <hey gave full cred t to the nobleman and gentlemen who I had signed the repeal declaration, for sincerity, ttiey should regret that they bad not made use of a language leas arrogant and mure consistent with the respoot that it was desirable men should exhibit towards each other in matters of opinion. Dr. Nuttall m> red tho next resolution, to the fol- ' lowing effect:?That the friends of tho Protectant Church of Ireland can much more confidently rely on the strength of its own members, combinol with their Roman Catholic fellow countrymen, in a national spirit and for national purposes, than in the shifting policy of the British ministers, who, for the advantage of England, would sacrifice religion without scruple. Alter some remarks irom Dr. Nuttall, the meeting separated. The further reduction in the differential duty on rum and eolonial spirit*, which the Chancellor of the Exchequer reoently announced his intention of proposing, has excited great indignation and apprehension amongst the distillers of this country, who have already suffered severely from the policy of the government. A meeting was held last week, when resolutions were adopted, remonstrating ^lagainst the contemplated reduction of tho d.fferentia! duty in ooloniai rum admitted for consumption into Ireland, from 9d. to 4d. per gallon. The total quantity of spirits manufactured in Ireland, and entered for home consumption, for the year ending 5th April. 1847, was 7.302.365 gallons ; and in the year ending 5th April. 1848, ti,415,145, being a decrease of 977.145 gallons. It is stated that n whitesmith in this city is engaged in manufacturing pikes for the police, and that he has received nil order for the construction of a large quantity, at 7e. Od. each, so that the government ariyietermlned they will match the repealers with their own weapon. It will be seen by the following that the maintenance of the poor, for the year 1847, was a high chalk: Orenagh, Cork I Dion 7s. 3d. in the pound ; Kanturk Union, 7s. ; Limerick, 6s. ; Donogh, Limarkin Union, 8s. ; Nenagli. 7s. 2d. ; Sedriff Union, 7s. fid. : Klverstown, Sligo L'uiun. 7s. ; Thurles. (is. 8d. ; Westport, 7s. fid. The poor people hare suffered well by the Savings Banks. Mr. I'ratt. who was appointed by government, to make the award in those banks which have failed, had made the following of the Tralee Hank ; the public have lost ?20 000 ; wliilo the depositors on the Killarney Savings Bank, will lose 10s. in the pound, after subscriptions, fcc.. have been received. The mortal remains of honest Tom Steele liato been brought over from 1 ondon on Wednesday last. They were conveyed in a lie*no to Conciliation Hall The <atoful<ivr (upon which the remains <>t the late Mr. <>'! Council wero deposited ami exhibited la Marlboro street chapel, will be ngaiu put In requiaition to di?play tie coffin of poor Torn. The lamp pendant from the rod of tho cnla/'ulque. and the lamp- belonging to the building, will be lighted, and tho ball, till the interment of the deceased gentlemnn. will he appropriated to the public exhibition of the colli n enclosing hie remains. The body ie at present iu a plain black eotlln, upon which are inscribed tho worde, ' Thos. Steele. *>q- died 15th June, 1848. aged 59 years." A collln of a more costly and showy description will be procured, and the plain one lanf within it. Tho orest of tho " Head raciflcator." with tho motto of " prrilnltr tt am'awi." has lieen affixed to the catafalque Kxterndnatlnn is going on to a great extent in TipRrary; almost daily the t-hcrilf or his deputy is engaged the sad and melancholy work of loveiling the houses of the rural population, who have no resource except the workhouse; not even the workhouc. in uiany iu stances now, as with few exceptions, all those in-titution> are densely crowded. During the last few days there have boon dome heavy showers of rain, with tho appearance of a continuance of similar weather. Though these showers are copious | and very frequent, as yet they have not proved Injurious to the crops, with the exception of some early hay, which has su(T'red a little. Potatoes never looked more promising, and the fields In ail directions present as healthy and vigorous a growth as any farmor need desire. TintEATKH*Dl)nnom.i.? It was discovered venter | day, morning tlmt another r< nt Iim taken place in the Capo, below the citadel flagstaff, commencing new th guard-house situated within the enclosure which p divides the Governor's garden from the Slacts. The lienvy rains of the oast tew days have oubtleen hastened that which has been feared tor some lime past. The extent of ground which threatens to give wny is said to be upwards of 250 feet, and so imminent is the dangerconsiderod.tliat the Mayor, we are informed, has intimated the fact to tne inhabitants residing immediately below. There appears to be no enlargement ol the fissure this morning, which tinon an uverage apiienrs to be about two feet in widtn We were told yesterday that, to test the depth of the opening, a stone at- I tached lo h cord some seventy feet long was let , down, nnd no bottom was found.?i-thfr Chm- I nicU, IHh Jv>y. E NE J Interacting from tike Dominican Hepublle. City ov St. Dominoo, May 2i, IMS. I have staled enough in a former letter, wliei briefly reviewing the history of this part of th island, to enable the r unler, to infer in some men sure, the character of it* population, considered ii reference to the races from which it sprung, an< of which it is now composed ; having there showi the historical reasons, if I may so sjieak, why i necessarily differs in (liis respect, from that of tin other part, or republic,of Ilayti. I will add here as being in |>luce, u few words more on this point and then proceed to give some accouut of anothe portion, though a small one, of the population; as in a former letter, I promised to do. As in all far southern or tropical countries where slavery has existed, the servile class here where that institution was first planted on Ameri can noil, was, in former times, numerically greate than that composed of the whites ; and, as is the case in nil countries where the relations of innate and slave?the one white and the other black?ex ist, there spring up a third class, intermedial) between these two, both in color and condition and all of these classes, it will have been seen, are by the constitution of tins republic, placed on a footing of civil und political equality. Why thif third class should here have become in time?ever, before the universal emancipation under the Hay tiane?much larger, proportionally, than the samf class in other countries where slavery existed, and thus rendered the population much more hetero geneous and mixed than in other circumstances and under other influences, it would have become ?effacing more or less the nice lines and shades of distinction, both as respects color and social position, of the different classes?it may not be very difficult to uccount for, nor uninteresting to btiefly investigate. The Spanish colony of St. Domingo never was an agricultural one. The mining of gold, and ntsl agriculture, was the inducement?the object that biouglit hither the early colonists : and thougli the exceeding fertility ol the soil allures botne to its systematic cultivation, the great body of the land has ever remained, from tin' period of the first discovety to this day, in a state of primeval nature, or under a kind and degree of cultivation that hardly deserves that name. The colony, thus isolating itself by its lack of agricultural enterprise unc industry?still more than its island position had done, from the rest of the worjd, with its growing commerce and activity?its intellectual life und progress?when the supposed richer mineral regions of Mexico attracted away a large portion ol ilie jieculiar enterprise that existed, gradually dwindled away. The higher nnd richer classes, losing to a greater or less extent, the energy an-.l ambition which the business and other intercourse with the active world Stimulate and promote, sink into a state of intellectual and physical sloth ; agriculture became neglected, all industry stagnated, and in a succession of years this class became less wealthy as well as less elevated, generally, in their tone of sentiment, tastes and feelings; thp middling classes of the whites, by the same process, became poor, less moral and discriminating in their tastes and habits, and the poor still more degraded. The next step, as regards these latter classes, was ease arnf natural The nice distinctions of caste which, in slaveholding communities, ever exist in the domestic and social ideas and feelings of the privileged race?whatever licenses human passion may prompt and custom permit to the contrary?became gradually obliterated and lost; and a similarity 111 actual physical condition as well as in tastes and feeljngs resulting mainiy therein m, induced u coalescing, a blending of the similar classes in the two castes, reducing them to the same level, and finally placing them, in their own estimation, and in fact, on the same footing of social equality and familiarity of intercourse. And this commingling of the different races, naturally?as the condition of the country remained stationary, or rather retrograded?extended, in time, upwards in the social scale. .Such, unquestionably, have been the causes and principles operating here for centuries, and deducible from the actual state of society us presented to the view of the observer. I wish it, however, to be distinctly understood, that I do not intend to imply that there has been a universal commingling of the races in all classes, or indeed in any. I 8|>oak generally of general results from general causes, Besides the remnants of pure Spanish blood to be found among the great mass of the people, there is a small proportion of the creole or native population?the descendants and representatives of the old Castilian aristocracy of the country, among whom the distinctions of caste in social rank, as well as blood, huve ever been tenaciously adhered to and preseived with all the proverbial pride of ihut race. And yet, notwithstanding this rather general mingling of races to which I have referred, the intellectual vigor, the moral power, the active business enterprise of the nativn, vastly preponderates on the side where it might naturally be rxpect-d they would, by those, at least, who, though tliey may believe in the civil Hnd political equality of mankind, stop at that point. And the character of the government and its constituent elements, are, in a good degree, composed and moulded accord ingly. . Besides, here in the capital, and in a few of the other commercial towns, the mercantile class is mosiiy composed 01 naturalized, or at least, ion" resident foreigners?Europeans generally ; una these, together with a small corresponding n itive class, give u tone and character to business not less than to society ; and their influence is reflected strongly on the government itself, shaping in no small degree its character and policy. The remaining portion of the population, oi which 1 have to speak, in connection with the nob ject of the political elements of the nation, areihi colored Americans. To prevent, it would seem, the shock to the agricultural interests of the cointry, which the abolition of shivery would be likely to produce even here, the ifaytian government, soon after taking possession of this portion of the island, invited the immigration hither of the Ire-1 people of color in the United States, and provid'd the means lor their transportation. As an inducement to their coming, the future colonists were to be furnished gratuitously with good laud for agricultural purposes, and also the means ofsusten nice until they should have time to procure them from the soil by their own cultivation. They were, besides, guarantied perfect toleration and protection in their religious worship, as well as imniimiiy from militaiy service. Under these inducements, many hundreds emigrated from their homes in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Richmond, and the country adjacent to those cities, and cam and settled in various places in the island, chiefly, 1 believe, in this part. It is an injustice to the IInytian government to state, as I have found to he the uniform testimony of these people to corroborate, that that government sacredly kept its faith and promises made to them, and watched over them and their interes s with paternal solicitude. They have, however, never fraternized to tilts day with the correspond ing class of their creole neighbors. Utter strangers for a long time, at least, to each other's language, and forms of religious faith and worship, it is not strange that the two classes should not have coalesced. While the character and, conduct of the Americans inspired the natives with inspect, still the latter conrtl not force! that a hodv of heretics Iiiid been introduced and quartered, as it were, anions; them by a foreign government, towards which and its appropriate people, they nave, as a nation, ever entertained a deep-rooted and singular aversion. On the other hand, the Americans regarded their new neighbors and fellow citizens, with whom, for a long time at least, they could hold no social intercourse through the medium ot language, with distrust and fear; and, tit point of religion, looked on t hem as a very sail set of idolators. As used to he the case with the frontier settlers of our new country and the native 1 opsessors, though certainly on very different grounds; the creole rural population here were the bugbears, the terror ol all American women and children. On no occasion did the former appeal more emphatically in this as'|>cct, than in what the latter regarded as nothing less than diabolical incantations on death and burial occasions in the country. Jlut 1 ant digressing, which, I confess. I am stiongly tempted to do. refill, with all the pre jiidices of the incomers against the creolea ol their class, and which arc still fostered in a great degree, it is due to them, so fur as the Americ ins are concerned, to state, that the latter almost universally benr testimony to the uniform inoffensive, nees of conduct in the former toward thcmselvea. The present government has extended to this portion of the citizens, as has been seen, the protection and guaranties under which they came and had helore lived. Their lands and their religions prtvi leges remain secure to them. They form an exemplary portion of tile population, both in town and country; and, as every thing is by comparison in this world, it may ho added, that they act excelleni examplea of industry, intelligence, and enterprise to their fellow-citizens. And yet, with all the in rw? . v. . *.brwtxzxuimr w Y ( JEW YORK, SUNDAY 3 telligence, industry, and practical knowledge what the French call ytvoir vivrt?how to live which this |w?>ple, who it is natural to suppose we 1 among the moat enterprising ol" their class at hon a acquired by being reused among the whites, the; < serving traveller would look in vain among the here for that inte lligence and its fruits?that e< 1 roniy and thrift, and the thousand conseqw 1 nameless home comforts and me.ins of enjovin* j which are so general uinorig the humblest cl.iai of our own people at home. Placed by the govei rnent on excellent land, with good facilities in s near market here for the surplus of their agricui t raI productions, they seem at first to have enter ' with some degree of enterprise upon the cultivati ' of the soil. But the all-engrossing business of t f country?the cutting of mahogany?ha tli- h uido , a few capitalists, soon lured them away from tile fields, the very luxuriant fertility of whose soil, t nealh u tropical sky, required a continued round ? steady though by no means severe labor, to the It , continuous and therefore more attractive labor . mahogany cutting, with its frenuent returns of go wages, often in advance. Tliese tempt ittons t pear to have been too great for their degree of lot ! cast to counterbalance, or, consequently, rest r Their fields were abnnuoned to the care of the males; in other words, to necessary neglect; wh the men were away from home most of the yet 5 on the coast, in Uie mahogany cuts. The corn : quence wus inevitable. Nature, with her tropic , luxuriance and vigor, soon re-asserted liei supi i macy; and the fields tne1t had lately marked the l < turn of cultivation, were speedily overgrown ugi i wilh a rank, wild vegetation. The women, wit drawn from their appropriate avocations, or, mo ' properly speaking, having added to these the to I of the field and of the traiis]>ortalion of a few scan products of their rustl ing, on their own persons, i market, to obtain a few household necessaries, ai t perhaps comforts?which many of them do to il i day?the women, 1 say, undoubtedly suffered mi i severely, us perlmps they generally do in u pi one ! rural lite. And it would p .in the heart, it scei to me, of any human being, to hear tlieni recoui in their simple but graphic language, the privatio i and toils and sull'erings tliey endured, and in measure continue to endure. " 1 never was us : to this kind of woik," said a very intelligent acti i mulatto woman in the country to the writer, as s. i was trudging along towards town, wilh a lieu i load on Tier head: and she evidently spoke t truth in all ree|>ecte, for he knows her well. .' never was used to this kind of work when I liv ' in Philadelphia, and owned my little house and l< [ and worked out when I pleased, and got goi I wages in hnrd money for it." I No wonder that many of the emigrants sickem and died, as wus the case ; while a n.trt of ther 1 more loitunutc, perhaps, than either class, returni home, as those left here still invariably unci tend f call the United States. Meanwhile, the man, e posed?in the pursuit of the calling tlia th id lur< them from their rich lands, productive in eve I thing that the soil of a tropical or (with few exce tions) u temperate climate can rear, and the evi moderate cultivation of which would have secur. them an independence for after years,?to the i ternnte burning heats and drenching r.tins, t worse than those, the combined scorching rays a tropical sun nnd marsh or sea water, which the vocation compelled them to endure, have, fro thc6e fruitful sources, very generally contract? chronic diseases, pains, ami ailments, which ha\ broken down their constitutions, crippled then and made them prematurely old and inefficient f< manly labor. Thus, the heads of families fir themselves, in the decline of life, instead of beir surrounded with the comforts mid convenience which f aithfully pursued agriculture is sure to repn the tiller of the soil, destitute in a great degree < them ; without the force left (for the sons hat very generally followed the avocation of tl fathers,) to again reclaim their re-wooded fielt front the supremacy of nature, which, lmmmin them in within the narrow circuit of a small plat < open ground that surrounds their small andscantil furnisned cabins, seems to grudge them their ui profitable occupation, and resolved to extruc them from these limited precincts in th midst of her realms. This is no fancy pictur It is not highly colored. It is drawn from the lifefroni careful and frequent observation made by tl writer, of the general?not universal?condition i the "American" rural population here, and tli causes that have produced it. " Did you kno Mr. , of Baltimore]" was asked the writer, few days since, by an old looking, decrepit blac man. On being replied to that he had known hu well, though he was now dead: "Well, he was m first master; I wuited on his table till 1 was grow up." And the contrast between his present eond tion and that which had evidently been his lot fc years, with what it certuinly had been in Baltimon under that master, struck the writer with a tore not easily described. The writer has entered into these details, an will yet pursue them a little further, on account i the subject of emigration hither being now agai agitated among a portion ot the American colore population. lie has not done so to deter them froi the step. Far from it. He has desired to merel hold uj) a beacon-warning to caution them again the mistaken course of most of their predecessor It any of the free American colored population, < industrious habits and enterprising disposition are inclined to exchange the comforts of the American homes, with their domestic and socii means of happiness. (1 have not used the words hi heedingly,) for civil and political equality here, h them bear well in mind that these latter advar tages are not to be gratuitous additions to win tliov lutvtr nn^QPRa* tlwi/ h:iv?? their inpvituKln nrir ?either comfort lost or labor bought?the one c the other. Whatever inducements this governraet may hold out in the shape of guaranties, I am ver confident will be religiously observed and fullillei 1 Let them come, but with all the habits ofindusti they possess, and all the prudent judgment and fori thought they can command. There is no counti white thi \ will need them more, to secure the happiness, and none, surely, where, with the prai tice of the one and the exercise of the other, tl agriculturist may more certainly secure an iud< pendencc, and with it the happiness which tin circumstance, so far as it goes, naturally secures. It is an error, very prevalent, I believe, anion all classes in northern climates?and in such 1 ii elude, of course, the northern States of our counti ?that clothing and shelter, especially the tonne are matters of little moment in troiucal climate that, so far as comfort is concerned, the requir< ments of decency need alone he consulted in tl matter of personal covering. As regards the We Indies, at least, this is a very greut mistake, an the emigrant hither, from whatever country or lat tude, who should come with this idea, and in coi sentience entertaining the notion that he will hat to labor very little, indeed, to sustain life and I comfoitable, and with the lixed and settled intet tton of acting accordingly, could not commit more egregious, and, to himself, calamitous erro This is emphatically true, when applied to any ii i tt nded emigrants, of whatever class, from ot country. True?the lower rural classes of creoh can, and do, live without much care or attention i either of the referred to depigments of civilize i life. And they may live in their rude, unfurnisl erl, floorless cabins, and sleenon the ground, wit nothing but a hof-tkia beneath and a coar e blank i over tin m, as many really do, and think themselvi very comfortable, for they have never known, nc nspired to any thing better. But the America immigrant has not been accustomed to such a lit whether in Maryland or Alabama; and coniii here from either of these extremes, lie cannot ei i dure, without much physical suffering, stteh dest tution of the household comforts to which has bee i accustomed. Again, the creole can, and does fr quently, live almost exclusively on the spontaneoi productions of a prolific soil; but the America colored man, accustomed to a diflerent diet, won nine, contract consequent diseases, and, most pr< r bably, die, by such a course of living. All tli": c< mforts, and to him necessaries, must be procur< i bv labor here us any where else. Many art t clcs. which to the creole may be In'xurie to the immigrant are necessaries. What is inor in the present state of the country, they ca only be jirocured at a high price, being importer and if the latter does not, by Ins industry, furnis himself with the means of procuring them, he i continually exposed, not merely to the same riah of suffering and disease to which this destitntiu even subjects the native, hut also to the addition; and aggravated ones to which a change of climat and, in this case, habits of life, necessarily creat Besides, the force of example, constantly befoi f and around the immigrant, is ever inducing him t fall into the ways and habits of the native rl^ss < i his equals; and before he is aware, he finds hin self, without knowing how or why, in the midst i discomfort, if not destitution and misery. An without considering that the cause and fault I solely with himself, and not the country or itsgi , vetnmrnf, he bitterly rues the day lie. left his m tive soil; preferring, |>erchanre, as has been, on or occasion, declared to the writer, that he would r, tlier I >e a slave tn Virginia than a citizen her And here it may be remarked that, as it would I , natural to expect, there is a decided diflerence i t the intelligence and enterprise of those i mini gram . who were born free and those who were etnanc jnted slaies, though young. And the writer iuii in c? nrrience declare, though no friend to slaver )RK H MORNING, JULY 16, 1848. of Hint, frcm what lie has observed, he regards it us a the !? calamity to tlua laltrrclass to receive th-ir freedom we *re at home, il the conditions of that emancipation are ie, < migration, even to such u surpassingly fruitful aoil . 1 >b- and genial clime as those of this country. There lin| un might, and probably would lie, exceptions, but that of ;o- thin in the rule, his limited observation, and the . nt deductions ol reason, lead him equnlly to believe. >nt The writer has stepped somewhat aside from the 'lf>r ud line he had traced for himself, and, in part, aniici- ful; rn- pHted a future topic, out of pnre kindness, to fur- (ju. i a iiish some suggestions to any portion of his less ,no tu- , favored countrymen who may have an intention of ?lu . d i emigrating to thin country; and to warn them jj|t, on ngainst enteitainmg any unreasonable and illusory jM j he expectations, whirh experience would he sure to , ve ol dissipute. And should these lines fail under the sir observation of intelligent individu. m entertaining j|1P| >e- surh intentions, he believes tin y Jltrill recognise IMHI of and appreciate whnt has been written ns indicxt ve 0J,|, si of quite as much genuine kindliness of feeling ! >- Wu. of wards their class, as that entertained or manifested j ml bv those who. at home, under the irnrli mul i?-r. i r i i|i- haps with the fet lings <.t philanthropists, assume to K',.n es tukethem and their interests under their peculiar 0f ] st- care and protection. ' yer fe- And now, as it is on Sunday that I nm writ- , ?rri ile inp, and, moreover, in the way and humor of * t??! ir, digressions, and (ball not, besides, have my utr>-n- <,, * ie- i tion particularly directed again to that class which wj,| ml has occupied so, large a portion of this letter, 1 jor re- will ch sc by another view they present. As a r,.H. ?. class, they are not only upright in their character .,n? in and conduct as citizens, but as far as an observer thei h- can judge, humble, pious, and si cere christians. j0B ne The unpretending place of worship of their little ?rn lis Methodist society?the only protestunt church, or enc ty place of worship in this city?is a room in an an- t|,e to cient building neur the sea-side, past whose door, jUI) ad at the hour that custom convenes the little eongrelis gation of exiles, the soft morning sea breeze sweeps ist | freshly, imparting that delicious coolness to the j illiV er ' air, so grateful of a tropical morning, after the tire ns hot stagnation which occurs just before that hour, ,UK it, on the alternation from the land breeze of the j ns night; while the eternal roar of the breakers over jet;i a the rock, formed shore just below, mingles its ma- / ed jestic and isqlernn organ tones with ttie simple hoj vu chaunt of the neighboring worshippers^ Scattered y0] he ubout the vicinity of the city as these immigrants wa, vy are, the number of the weekly attendants is small, ,|er he averaging perhaps twenty or thirty, few of their jvjj 'I children being seen there. It caii hardly fill to |,?e ed awake the senous feeling of the American citizen Jar 3t visiter here?even though lie may not be very tel| a(j seriously inclined?to witness the simple, though j\ sincere worship of these humble countrymen of his, (hii ed if they are of a (there) civilly degraded race?ac- edi ii. customed as his ears tire generally, here, to the the 3d sounds of a foreign, though it may lie, to him, in- Pra Iy telligihle language, whether it be in the routine of n. x- daily life, of, of a Sunday in the imposing cerc an,| monies of the Catholic worship, in the spacious \ ry cathedral. And when the tones of some old I hop p. familiar church melody fall on his ear, which, I y 3n though certainly not expressed in the scientilic j rudi id accords of our metropolitan choirs, yet come from the d- the heait, and posses* some degree of that liar- tnaH ir, mouy and melody which the colored race of our j will of country always infuse into their music;?his heart T ir veaniH towards nis home?the land of his birth and ' sioi m his nflections?to (he scenes, it may be. of his j .,nst d childhood?the neat xillage church, and those j kno e amidst whom he there used to sit, now, perhaps, | the) i, departed, as have for him those days of boyhood; i still yr or, hack to the, perhaps, scarce less impressive, gan id and fondly remembered scenes and associations of j fBSh ig after years?the stir anu life of the city, and then rabl s its Sunday,quiet, and repose from the hustle and ; ln.n iy turmoil 6f business?the soothing stillness and | o j nf ease of the snlendid and luxurious elmroh?i!i#> i i /c friends there usually clustered round him, gathered Mrs ie Irom the varied intercourse of active life, connectja ed in| memory by ties more or less intimate and ipp endearing?now, perhaps, severed, or, it may be. uT still entwined with the light garland of ho|>e and " |y promise; und he, at length, awakes irom his mo- V a- mentary revciy, during which he has tinversed thai le the expanse of ocean that separates him from all , e these, und is surprised to find that ull this phantas- 1 e. magoria of pleasing and melancholy pictures have oral _ been evoked, an enchantment no more potent than non ie the humble religions services?in rude structure? j y,a s of a lew aged representatives of a race, whom ie long association and habit, at least, have placed in Vral w * grade so far below his own. Coei.ehs. in t a ~ Ma 'k The Watering Places. ^ 1,1 Saratoga, July 7,1848. |I(l) n Life at Saratoga. gpo i- If the longitude of heaven was changed, and if wol ?r man were admitted within the portals of heaven, tjor *; he would soon forget to admire, its order; he COI| would forget the very title of heaven and treat it jlas d as an illusion?a bad climate for the lungs; men , would weary ot heaven. What is this gross qual- ^ jrc ,(j ity in man which makes him look upon the divine juir| in art of God without awe! Is it insanity, or is it a j. ,., 'y 1 bankruptcy of all the pure emotions which should W1p have a place in the human heart! In a world par, 3t which would he heaven indeed if the felon death nmJ ?? did not invade it?mail breathes, and dies, and crai ' j rots with an inanimation and unconcern which is ton v incredible; I mean inanimation with regard to ;t knowledge; for in the control of the world men t l" would usur]> the prerogative of God, while in the but knowledge of it they do not often care to vie with sou :c Hun. life >r Beautiful Saratoga! cradle of fashion and in- thei 11 trigue ! rendezvous of lacqueys and jockeys! hen. y seraglio of the prurient uristocrac y ! realm of a f.cci i hundred queens! here in thy wild groves, and tree y here amid thy waterfalls, pi ets would love to live fero B" and die. crat J | The nature of the wnters which have mnde labc " I SlllHtOPM SO in ul'pII Un/iusn I.M tlio till. c" jicoplc that I need hardly attempt an examination turn 10 of 1 hem here. The Congress water, which is not drank freely hy invalids, and indeed by all who but lt visit Suratoga, is a cathartic of the eccoprotic or now milder class; the taste of this water is not unlike tion 'S that of soda; it is not unpleasant, and the invalid, | pluc 5" I alter two or three trials, is able to partake of it non y j without a grimace or a shudder; it is of remark- T r> j able buoyancy, and a pint of it may be d.ank with fluei s> case, and without producing any inconvenience. Hun e" ! Of its positive ellects upon the system L know bolt l" | nothing. I believe that it is not injurious, and I ting, have before tne the testimony of many to i "I : persons who assert that tttey have de ivoii of i '* i great benefit from it. For the information of per- said ft" sons who may never have seen an analysis of the napt rii Congress spring water, I have procured the follow- but lC ing anulysis of the substances contained in one boui gallon, or 231 cubic inches, of this water. This no'j !l analysis was made m London by Sir Humphrey T I Fkivy and Professor Faraday:? eyei ft* I Chloride of sodium 385 44 grain*. j will 11' ' llydriodate of ?ndn 4.02 " reel I < arbnnato of lime tlrt 00 " to Carbonate of msgnrsia 50.80 ' . i J l Oiide of Iron 04 11 ' j. Carbonate of .- oda 66 " I i, I, ! Mjdro-bromate of pota?b. a trace .00 ' - Still f!t Solid contents in a gallon 563 46grain*. ] met j 'i his water has been repeatedly analyzed (says a i wet >r j commentator) by n number of professed chemists; I pie, 1,1 ; hut the results of their examination* have been an a *| dnoordnnt as to afford hut little confidence in their do/ ,!? correctness. rnct 1" The amusement* in which visiters indulge with 'J lit (treat animation, arc riding, walking, bowling, (at Vet 11 ten pine.) gunning, yachting, angling, dancing, anx c" carte and tierce, billiard*, whist, and match ma- des ,s king. All these, amusements are very interesting of j j'J and innocent. The ladies occasionally have a whi hi game at battledore, and the children trnn- whi cile their hoops in the beautiful court yard of F t i lawn of the I nitcd Slates Hotel. In hid 'd the rear of tin- Congress spring there is a for circular railway, which ia putronized very liberally, era An elegant hotel ha* been recently built at Sara- W 1< *N toga Luke, which is three miles distant from Sarn- by 11 ton*) tlic roud to the Lake is in nodoiiltriud its t parties visit it daily. You may battle in its spark- of g h ling waters without u fear of shocking any modest lata ls eyes, or of finding a lfow street officer waiting to ??d s arrest you on your return to the shore ; you may thei " then drive to trie new hotel at die foot of the Lake, it"" " in the most princely style. I,r.c4 '*? For a week the weather has been cold, the mer- I1''el cury hardly ever rising above tit) degrees; while oth r'' we have such villanous weather, we do not expect I' l" to see a great tnllux of visiters ; it has, however, seel d already been large for the sea-on. In a few days the] the company will be, without doubt, as numerous the "J and select as could he desired. '"I1 id hop ic Saratoga Springs, July 11, 1RI8. her l^' The hot season has fairly commenced, and the l,l"J ,e improved state of the atmosphere has produced a ?,rP a- corresponding change in the feelugs of the visit- sob ^ ers at this watering place. Animation and hilarity |n in' have followed the torpor and gloom of the past ("||j t* week. The patients nre recovering, and the con- {>f( vnlescent are getting stronger ; nuptial stock is wet f arising in this market, nnd hymeninl ties are taking ERA lead of opera ties. The belles, consequently, ar n brighter look. The world of fashion is dii g towards this cradle of fashiou ?nd loan I?e, and the leading hotels present some scenes bustle, and hustle, and jostle, which aru exnely amusing to English cockneys and Yankee se dealers. The nights are wondrou-ly beautithey are mild, and the round moon hallows m with her soft beams. This night was u merable one; there was a ''hop" at the United tes Hotel. A "hop" is an informality; it may be the rehearsal of a ballrt; it is not a ball, but it ntroductory to a grand hall. The hop of this n ing was brilliant and amusing in many re- I els; all the beuutiful women were present, and ' re were several groups of old maids and old rried women, who go to hops for the purpose of ng people, and of boring litem in a hundred . bull at Saratoga is given in the modem uon, with all the modern improvements. The rices of Schneider's brass band, from the city New York, have been engaged. Tins hand is a y su erior one, aiwl the music is good. The other uig> ments are unexceptionable. A bull at Sarai is therefore an- event of great interest and at noire. They are in one respect a baz tar, ere die marketable maidens expose themselves sule to the highest bidder; anil they are in all tects very Hurhy and trashy, and wonderfully using. I remember to have attended one of i se hops last summer, in company with Mr. hua A. ?|>encer, of Utica. The venerable old | tlemnn was delighted with the dancing. Ilia ornmniu uro ro frun imn f u nil nmnhutiit iL'hun i waltzing commenced. Joshua was for a moment | :ib with horror He declared) on recovering, ! , t waltzing upon the modern plan was indelicate I , I indeceent, and tinnlly the old gentleman, ing experienced a sudden shock, abruptly red lrom the room. This was all very amusing, I 1 1 mention it to show the extraordinary dis- ! ity in American tastes upon the interesting subt of hopping and imong the loveliest of the lovely women at the > this evening, I observed Miss H , of New rk. Ilcr drees was modest, yet beautiful. It h apparently a skirt of white muslin, emhroied with bilver bees. The boddice was white, es 11. in person is majestic and comely. She i a dangerous eye, black as night, and hair k as a raven's plumage. She lias created a sation. liss II ,of New York, was another feature in s hop that ought to be noticed. This ludy was icated in Europe, and has just returned from nee with her father; so we overheard the venble old lady wtlh the peaked nose declare: Miss i9 evidently a young lady of great good sense, , I of tome claims to personal beauty. I Ye will give a more detailed account of the , in another letter. i /e expect shortly to he amused with masque- t s, vidottos, Ac. cVc. lly paying a small line, I nobility will be enabled to have a charming < queradc in the Venetian sty le ; we hope they 1 pay it. l he train of this evening brought a large accesi of visiters to this watering place: among the J -engers, I observed two sisters, who are ac- , wledgcd to be stars in the fashionable world ; < ' reside in Albany ; they are petite, but they are < women of great beauty: they are hnbitwx at c itoga, and they come there annually to lead the 1 ions, and to make the young gentlemen misee; what hecatombs of hearts have they bro! what armies of suitors have they put to route! esut! I hud rather encounter fifty heartless Cos,s than brave a woman's eyes. What will . Grundy say to this 1 Boston, July 11, 1818. spcct of Political A[/fairs in New En^Ln nrl. /hen 1 wrote you, more than eight months ago, t u plot was on foot among the oflicc holders i to " fraternize" with the disappointed demos of New York ; that they would oppose the linution of Gen. Cushing a second time in this te for the oflice of Governor, and that the demotic paperin Gov. Morton's term, would take part he movement, 1 was censured by some of the ssachusetts democratic papers, and accused of wing upon my fancy for my facts. I had a good gh over their witicisms at the time, as I had ken " by the card," und well knew that time uld demonstrate the correctness of my predic- ; is. Everything that 1 then prophesied has ie to liass. Till.- whole nfliee linhlinir i ntln..ii,.,> ! been arrayed against the regular nominations j , he democracy, and its entire weight will be | cted against Gen. Cushing, should the " barnuers" be iiernuted to take part in the I te convention. I do not believe that they j I be permitted to take purt in it, for the section lias now come to be as decidedly pro- 1 need between the two branches of the old demo- ' tic parly, as it is in New Vork itself. Mr. Moris as much cut off from the Massachusetts decracy, us is Mr. Van lfuren from the New York locfacy. It ih true he has not openly appeared lie disorganizing movements^ now going on; I every man here knows that he is the life and I of those movements?and a very precarious , and a very small soul has he furnished to : n. Of the government officers we do not now r anything, as we used to in the old time, when, mhng to the whigs, they were destroying i dpm, and overthrowing the constitution by the : city of their labors in behnlf of regular demoic nominations. Such of their members as do <rf direct their exertions against Gen. Cass. is not good enough for men of their exalted of mind. I do not mean to say that there are any democrats in the Huston custom house; j they certainly are not endangering liberty, tust , by the intensity of their interference in elecs, fearing, it is said, to be dismissed from th<*ir es should they actively support the Baltimore 1 imutmns. | he Taunton Democrat, which is under the in- j ace of the Morton family, has run up the Van en flag. This is the.paper 1 told you would . The lJcdhum Democrat has struck the Cass , but has not come out for Van Burcn lie extent of placing his name at the head ts columnns. The 8]irin%/ielil Sentinel is ? 1 to be shivering in the wind. All these 'j is are respectable in point of ability; n nothing more. Whether iht-y have been "lit, or not, is a point about which I can say ting. he whig meeting at Fanenil Ilall, last Monday uiug, was a failure, and nothing as compared ' i me laiiiicuuon meeting got up under me m- j ion of Abbot Lawrence. One old soldier ia "J I to have mistaken it for an anti-Taylor meeting, j to have expressed the opinion, in pretty plain i ns, that, in unite of nil such opposition to old 1 ieh and Ready, he would be elected, f under- ' id that there is to be a " conscience" whig 1 ting at (iroton, in Middlesex county, next j k. That held by the same party at the Tern- j in Boston, on the evening of tne 7th, was quite i pirited aftair. Indeed, the only one of our half <. en parties that hns shown any spirit thus far?1 < in in this city?is the " conscience" concern. ? v are full of hope, which is a great enlivwaer. J1 the leading men?some of them, at least?are t| ious to take a step that must end in the utter H truction of their influence. Thevare in favor j, nominating old Kinderhook at Buflalo, thin t ich nothing could be more suicidal to abolition t iggery in these regions. I hat the nominntion s dr. Van Ruren, by the Ruflalo Convention, will P the burn burn ere in your State, is conceded; but, y that very reason, it will kill the whig harnburn- | of Massachusetts, Vermont, Connecticut, Arc. ! it liter justly or not, Van Buren is literally hated lhe bulk of the whig party?by ninety-nine of n rn< inbers out of every fumdred?and no amount r :ildmg can render a pill so nauseous prr?e, pa- j S file. II ihey should ever get it into theirmoutns, ? find it sweet there, it would he as bitter in j J r stomachs as the " little book" was to the sto- J' li of St. John th'i Divine. All this may be T udicc; but what political leader ever aceom- f Ik d anything who disregarded tlie prejudices t is followers'? rem all that we hear from Maine, it would n that the whigs there are even worse off than ( I arc in Massachusetts. The Taylor section of 1 ( party is led there by Governor Kent, who rose | j face by fighting in the cause of one hero, and es to have another lilt by supporting another | i>. M<>st of the old whigs are opposed to him, , most of them will join in die " conscience" , rement, which will more than neutralise any nglh that General Taylor may get as being a h?r. General Cass is unquestionably popular Maine?his anti-Anglican sentiments being a | ;> to linn in what is a border State. A very in- ( igent gentleman belonging to the liberty party , 'onnrcticut, told me other day that the chances | re alt' g? thcr in favor of Casa in that State, and i , t the A an Buren demonstration would not draw I | I LD. rrTTrA m?vrrr JL VV KJ 1 more than one democrat from his support, vraern the whigs would low three anti-slavery and antiwar voters. The liberty men, he said, would, w ith scarce an exception, support their own candidates, following the advice of Arthur and L?wis Toppan, who ure certainly abolitionists of a somewhat older date than lien. F. Butler and C. C. Cenibrehng. Van Buren's nomination, the Connecticut abolitionists hold, would ruin them, if they should have anything to do with it, as indeed it would a much stronger political organization. Mr. Niles's influence in Connecticut is much overrated in some quarters, and his bol'ing will not in any essential manner weaken the Connecticut demociacy, who huve not lately approved of his coutse. The Massachusetts Democratic State Centril Committee have been in session here this weak, and huve called a State convention to meet at Worcester, on the first Wednesday of next Sep* ti mber, at which an electoral ticket, and caudidaies tor governor and heutenant-gov mor, will be nominated. General Cashing will receive the guoeruutonul nomination, unless he should prefer to run an the democratic candidate for Congress in distiict No. II, as some desire he should. The weather has heen abominably hot this week, and Boston Iihh been very like n place to which it s supposed to have a great abhorrence. AH wh? hu\e the chance, a*e ofl'to rural scenes or wateringplaces. Business is shockingly dull, even lor the season; hikI the ull-imghty dollar his entirely diMtpjicured?perhaps that has gone to a place in which water is said to be very scarce. Institution lor Uit 111111114 Thu half yearl; examination of the pupils of tho New York Institution for the Hlind. le-gaii on Thursday, and was oontinued on Friday We wore not present at the examination on Thursday, but we understand the accuracy and extent of ihe knowledge dis |>i?yen miorueu ine mom unquauneu grutinoauon ie those who with present, anil would Mara reflected credit on ii n institution of pupils In the full enjoyment of ell their faculties. Wo witnessed the examination yesterday. and the answering of many of tho paplla tilled us with astonishment To nay that they acquitted themselves as well an those who had the faoultjr of vision in all its perfection, would come very far shntt of the truth. Never on any oooasion were we present at a school exhibition where the akj talnments of the scholars were so comprehensive, anil the Knowledge of the different branches so accurate. Wheu we saw In the programme of the proceedings that arithmetic. geography, chemistry, grammar, riletorie. astronomy and geometry, were among the subjects for examination, we were prepared to limit to an extremely small amount the acquisitions of the pupils in those branches -reflecting on the diffloultiee which we ourselves, with all our advantages,had to surmount in order to acqulrea knowledge of soine of then and oonsidi ring also the obstacles which the inmates of this institution huro In the loss of vision and the want or books with raised characters, for their Instruction, We were astonished, therefore?agreeably disappointed at what we witnessed. In these layH of wars and rumors of wars, when oar muds are kept in a constant fever of excitement with die ever shitting tactics of the different combatants n tbifPresidential campaign; when the gloom cast over >111 city by the funeral obsequies of our citizen heroes, who fell in the Mexloan war, has not been wholly dissljated; and whs n every succeed! ng steamer brings us in;elligencetof the crushing of a crown, the smashing of a icepire,and the burning i f a throne, it is positively a relet togetuway for a few hours from the contemplation >f these scenes of coul'u.-lon and carnage, and to try to mmpose our ruffled spirits, by allowing them to participate for a short time in those pleasures which it waa >ur happiness to enjoy yesterday uvuning. The folowing was the programme of the exercises:? Pint I, I'oluntary on tht Organ. March Band. Chorus?Behold the Morning. Class in Elementary Philosophy Examined. Solo?Piano A. Wood. Chorus?Song of the Lark. Love Not Quickstep Band. Class in k'ocal Music Examined. Chorus?Serenade. Aria? D1 Piacer A. Smith. Class in Orammar Examined. rUn..-U...I....> \1ian,.IS Mason's Walts Band. Tart II. (>rand March Band Chorus?Vale of ltest. Class in Mm at Philosophy Examined. Solo?riano L Kaniski. Chorus- Hark tho Lark. Class in Instrumental Music Examined. Quickstep Band. Song . .M. McMaaur. Chorus? Hark ! 'tis the bells. Class in Jlstronomy Examined. Chorus? Beautiful t'rimro>e. Duet? I'iano C. Stewart and A. Merrill. Olee?Come, sing this round. Wo were much pleased with the answering of the gram* mar class. There was not a figure of speeoh that was not full/ defined The moral philosophy class completely astonished us. Any one who might suspeofe that ths questions and answers were got up for the occasion. merely parrot-like, would at once be undeceived by the smile of Intelligence which occasionally beamed from their countenances when an incorrect inswer was given to the question proposed. Consiiering the difficulty of acquiring correct ideas, without .be faculty of vision, upon many of the subjects upon shich the pupils wero examined, it appears to be ilmost impossible that they should tully comprehend Lhu answers which they gave ; but that they do so, Is beyond all doubt. This is extremely creditable to tho teachers, and could only have been secured, as ,Vir. Morgan remarked, by great perseverance on their part, and exemplary attention on the part of the pupils. What pleasing reflections must not these bereaved creatures have in knowing that under the system of education at this institution, they have the meana Df developing their moral, intellectual, and physical faculties to as great an extent almost as if they had the full enjoyment of all their senses ; and what pleasing reflections also must it not giva lo the Legislature, and to all those who have subicribed to the fund of this institution, to think that hey have been instrumental in alleviating, to such n extent, the misfortunes of this interesting class of ur fellow citizens, and conferring on touui such incalulable blessings. There are abeut 150 inmates in tho nstitution. After the exercises had closed, Mr. Ciiambeblaiit, he President of the Institution, expressed his acknowI'dgemeuts to tile audience for their kindness in atending on that occusion. and said that sinoe the insti nlioo had been et-tabli.-died, tile number of pupil* bad lever been no In rite- He was also happy to nay that inre he Inst had thu pleasure of meeting them, not a iugle death had occurred in the establishment, and t ry few core* of Illness, nnd these of a very slight name The interest which thu public had taken in the nstltution would act as a stimulus to biin, and to all onncctcd with it, to make increased exertions to proaote ita cilleiency. and to ninku it worthy of the paronaRu which lias hi en extended to it. (Applause.) Mr. Momuan then addressed the assembly. This was he liiv t time that ho had urer visited thu uxamiftation f tin-pupils of the institution, and tho exhibition he rltnessed had afforded him thu greatest gratilioatlon. sin* re.-ulls wcrn highly creditable to both teaohers ml pupils, and would be highly honorable to an estaillshment where they had thu perfect onjoyment of ill their faculties. (Applause.) This could only have >een attained by tlie great industry of the pupils, and ho exemplary fidelity and perseverance of their inliuctote. Ilu was also gratified on another account, it generally happened, that with those who were subectcd to any great bereavement, a feeling of gloom md sadness pervaded them; but what could be more {ratifying than to see those countenances, suiting with cheerfulness and contentment ; and .hough deprived of one of ths most oherished if our blessings resigned, nevertheless, to their loss, md able to mitigate, to a gnat extent, the eoneeouen !< ? of thin awful deprivation (Applnuso ) It gave rim much pleasure to see the efficiency of the instituIon. If l hat man was worthy of thn nim? of a bencaclor who ursde two blade* of grass to grow where only in* grew beforo, how rauoh more was lie deserviug of he name who wax instrumental in planting upon the nmno mind thoughts and ideas which, botore that, ad never existed. (Cheers ) Ho only wished that he same energies which were now exerted to drench he world with blood, were directed to enterprise* such s that which now afforded them *0 rauoh pleasure ? f the money which had been expended for the Ia<t wo years in the Mexican war had been appropriated o instruction and education, it would haro been quit* Officii nt to give an efficient educatiou to every blind erson iu the United States, (( livers ) He oonoluded y ngain expressing the heartfelt gratification he enuyed from the proceeding* which ho had witnessed ? The honorable gentleman resume! his seat amidst uud ehct rs.) Mr. Kino next addressed the audience, and cottipKnetiti'il the State of Mew Vork on tho nobie and g?neons spirit rhe had evinced in the cause of education, he might prouoly point to her I'd.000 district schools, a nd her 600,000 children attending them, and say, as he Roman matron said of her children, " these are my wels." (I.oud eheers.) The assembly then inspected the building and thn nriou* articles mauufactured iu the institution, and b?rtly afterwards separated, highly gratified wltkwhai hey had witnessed. Flood on .hk St. Lawhknoe.?The river I)u toufl're, which flows infoihe St. I?awrence, some llStlUICe belOW l^ueiiec, wu.n Iisnruu; anuuun reshet on the 3d inst., caused by heavy rein*.? 1'he river lore twelve tret, carrying away mills, nidges, whurves, irees, and every thing it met a ith. it inundated the whole of the village onth? north aide, throwing down bridges, fence*, See., ?nd funning deep ravines in its devious coarse.? Nearly all the bridges were carried away, and th? cow s nnd passenger b?ets having shared the same lute, the inhabitants were without any means of roiiiiiuiiiiculion with each other. Wood vard? were cougilctcly emptied of their contents of tinnier and plank. A schooner disappeared, sad ha? lot since been heard of. A gn al loss of [U^ierlf ittsbecn cacsed In thi? unenpected flood.

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