Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 17, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 17, 1848 Page 1
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T 11 NO. 5155. Korcptnn Correapoi>deitct-. TjOnd^n, June 33, 1313. Parliamentary Inte'ligrnre?Postage Rates?The Accid>at t the Hi hernia, $-c. <$r. Ao mcic inn a iy hhcui^cucc ui n ri'H Jus n-iture to comn u c it-', I nmy hh well open my letter with the pmiianienUry news orthe week.? Until last night, there has been nothing bro ight Under debate of importance. A very long an I t 4ioos discus lei occup > d ilie attention of the House of Commons during t e greater part of tour or hve evenings, relative t?> a dnp itch that is missing reierring to the col nml office. Lord Geo. Ucniinck, the protectionist leader, cannot^ remain quiet, (notwithstanding his asserted intention ot retiring, a few weeks back) so, because nothing better comes before liim, be brought charges against every one en. trusted with the management of the colonies, indulging too gross personal'lee. as well as giving vent to unparliamentary language. The udjoun e<l debate upon the question of the su. gar duties, vs> brought to a conclusion at a late hour this morning, after some smart speaking. Ministers, hewever, oui.v I.ho u majority of 15, and even this is Owing to the assi tance of Sir Hubert i'eul, who wa very < l'Tuent i- i night The small majority jus. naased, is viriustiy a defeat; for it is monstrous to uppo e that Si y _.V rnment can go on with that in guil.eant < Ve) plus it is the accredited report the; the question will be rejected when brought before til House of Lords there being so many of the aristocracy Who willfuffer s. vere losfos if tiie measure were to past; r< ntrquen Ijf twli be n et with dtoided opposition. In a late letter of mine. I named "six weeks" as th i probable time the potent ministry would be in power. Sly prediction w< uld not have been very wrong if las evening's debi.te had been allowed to have been a ministerial nuasure, but Lord John Hut sell strove m ght and maio. to make it an open question, by which means bo su-eeeded i n getting the magnanimous majority of 15. Ber-idi s himself, theroare only two pn.'ties who could possibly be placed in power, the protectionists, with Lord Stunley at their head, or Sir Ho Lett Prel and hie followers The former stand but a very bad cbaice as you well know; tho latter being the favorite, *bo it lie would really consent to become the "people's ' n an would, as long as he coutinued to lioid <(lice, have a large majority at his back. 1 endilnstn u liitmniowu nf f h>. unciiu mar? a wtr nsnana/Iini*!i rlua I - . """J (.. iwrunijo ?uiJug the past wcei, iu order thftt your readers may glean more minute particulars than in the space of a Ti tter I can po. sil ly give. Mr. Hume's moiionfor extended reform will again be Ui; rusn-d on 611. July \\ hlle tbe debate upon this question is occupying th<-attention of Parliament the out-ofdoor adherents of tbe movement are exceedingly quiet, waiting I have no doubt, to see what the ex- cmivo will do for them, before they commence a powerful agitation. You must n< t understand from this, that their meetings have been entirely su pendi d. but that they are less numerous, and at the same time exhibit more patience and mod'ration. Tbe only semblance of a ?ubllc gathering f 'his body lately, has been the pube dinner given by the reformers of Marylebono, to ther members. As f t *s political agitation is concerned, everything is remarkably quiet, not a chartist even "Ventures to disturb the peace of the town. Ireland is also tianquil, although efforts are being strenuously made by the clubs to enrol amongst their members, the rural population. With this exception, there is no disquietude; indeed, sotlioTougly have the government ?ct the upper hand in that oountry, that the rumor of be Queen and I'rince Albert going in the autumn to Dublin, gains general credence, conciliation Hall is in a lamentable et te; no one cares now to take the leadership, since Darnel O'Connel and Tom Steele liuve gone John O'Connell seems irresolute, whether to retire into private life, or give his sanction to the xepeal party. Probably he will do neither, by adopting Ihe via media The exceedingly heavy charges upon \mericanand <Jtber newspapers, coming into this country, are a formidable barrier to their circulation, and are exciting ton e great degree of attention. Mr Simmonds is about <0 sgiiate ihe matter in his Colonial Magazine, and tl e suhjei t will be likewise taken up by several gentlemo of influence connected with the press, if rnagaSines, for instauce were allowed to be sent abroad at a rate of sixpence would be a lystem that would lbs g'adly welcomed, a nd also afford a large revenue to the Pi st Office. Books are circulated in P.ngUnd through the post, at the rate I have named; the restriction* being that t hey must be open at the ends, and onntain no writing except such as is allowed by tbe official regulations. Supposing this to bo carried Into practice for books etc . going to places abroad, what u wonderful convenience it would be ! Mr. It wland Hill has not by any means been idle since he has llHii me management of the Post Office, and there are good prounds for hoping that, be will la induced to turn bis attention to the matter I hare ra-utloned. Tile Spltalfleld ball, to be given at Drury Lane Theatre for the benefit of the distressed weavers, has already an immense number of subscribers, Hnd nothing is heard of but quadrille*, formed from history, by the members of the a istocracy, by whom it will 1m" supported It is now definitely arranged that Mr Macready, the eminent tragedian will shortly leave us to visit the United State* where In- will iierfortu a series of his fa worlte character* On the Mth July, a farewell benefit Will lake place, by the special command of the Queen, on which occasion lie will will perform Cardinal Woltey In " Henry the e Iglith," and Mr. Oakley, in the *' Jealous W ife.'' It n anticipated that it will he d very rpUndid sight, for Air Macieadyis a man highly reepected here, beeidea which a* fier Majesty ha* signified her iDter.tion nf viaitii g the theatre instate there ia no qnestiou but that th< house will be crammed to ruffi cation. He will he n-sisted by scvrral of the mott niiient actoia and iirt ease#now in London. Last Monday 1 beartl R> ph Waldo huicraon lecture at one of the Iterary In titiiicna, on the -'Suoerlative in l.itciature and Mannera " Ilia oration wa* Tury eloquent, and ciowded with practical trutha Ilia la*t lecture will take place to night at Kxet-r Hall, being for the benefit of the early cloalng movement, for which Mociation he haa alrealy delivered two orations, which bove, I believe readied a conalderable profit. A. reform dinner, on a email acale?the one I have already alluded to?watiiven on| Wednesday night to the two memtxn for the borough of Marylebone?Lord Dudley Stuart and Sir Benjamin Hall. There were some tolerably clever apee< hea delivered by aome of ths membera who were at the dinner?George Thompson for instance ; hot with tliia exception, it was rather an exelusive aflair For the last five or aix years, a great number of workmen have been ngaged 111 erecting a very auperb Roman Catholic Chapel in St. George'a Fields, about a mile and a half from London Bridge, the progress of which haa been occar tonally impeded by a scarcity of futfhe. At lergth the sum has been collected; the building la row completed, and will be opened and eoufecrsted on Tuesday next It will be a splendid night, aa Dr. Wiseman, the Unman Catholic Bishop tor the metre politan districts, will preside, and be assisted by the whole pontifical brethren in Kngland. who "will specially come to town for the ceremony The building is a eery g>>rgi ous and handsome struct urn; |t. is s aid the principal nave is larger than that of VV< atjninster Abb y; h i dea which it has aennvent or nunnery attached, in order to give accommodation to some Sisters of t banty who will take up their residence in the Otlbtdrsl. The Hibernia which arrived here on the 21st, had a ery narrow escape No b'atne is, however attributable to the Captain; but on the contrary, the patsengirs award ts hm the I ighest praise. It appears sho pasted through the N'rth Clin until. and was running lor Ltverp* ol. in a thick fog Captain Shannonjudg-d fci m his i ourse thai be must he to the westward of t'.e nd ol Man; but to t feeling it secure to rely altoge11 i r upon ti at Judgment. he frcqnentl y stopped the en e res, In order to get correct soundings, a id when in the aot of getting a *a?t of the lead, about half-past -ix, he drifted on the Calf, stent on As she had no wav Upon her the coucus-ion was eitrcmely slight: still It ?H sufficient to alarm the passengers particularly the female portion of ti.em The captain instantly ordered the well to be sounded when the carpenter uuBounced the welcome intelligence that there was no increase of water. The fog must have been of the mo-t den-o den, rip ion. as Mr f'onnal. of Mount (lawne, cur infnrirati', says that at the time the llibernla ran on hi was pu ling acnes the Sound to the < alf, an?"ni| stiird by some ladies, nnd the obscuration of the land was so perfect tlist although both lie and his 1> mi s crew are well acquainted with every nook and c in i oftl e Calf they mis-ed tli" landing and it w?s crilv I y i lie voices of the people on shore that they were ?ble to reach it. Having been Infoimed by some of liie parties coining fiom the diier* wh i were at work on tile wreck of schooner whi< h stink on the t alf some twelve months ro U'?t n laige-tciinier was ashore V'r. C instantly proceeded to her. but in doing so it wan nece sury 10 11 Uow every cuivo A'lil sinuosity of the coast; fur at tl e d nanci- ol liolf n dn*s?n yard* It was entirely in"V Alb e On reach'ng the vessel he f und her as w? hav e described The appearance of a person acquainted with the locnliiy. end a knowledge of where they were, tended Bum h to re-tore tranqnlity. The lllbornla wenton so nearly at low water that the tide did not ebb from her foot. After renaming about tire hours shall ated - IT. without apparently receiving anydam**''.?'id proceeded on her ptirtnire to Liverpool, The ebb t do. Which, at full and change, run* with fcusfdl rapidity In the neighborhood of the Calf, hnil eaept her Imperceptibly to the northward and as the land was invielb e the course could dot be Altered so ns to counteract its Influence Noahailowof blame nttaehes to Captain Shannon; n the contrail lie entitled to the highest praise for Jirudi nee. for had be I rrn running at even half spee I ront Ihe rature of the coast, the ea'aslrophe must have been a fatal one. she itruck Immedi ilely under Umbel's house a spot well known to all who vi,lt King Shepherd'* < ominions. II proof were wanting that human foresight on this eventful evening was unavailing we have only In say thel within an hour of the lllhernl i being off, the Wini'aor. of Liverpool from Belfast, ran on shorn a few yards tromIhe rpot. \\> have net heard what damage she sustain) d tut believe It was unimportant. She 4 d not remain agiound, but meiely Bliuek an t leti uodi 4 off The United Slot's cams Into Chwea, olo'e by fiovt thami t' n, on the 2|.| irt ( on her ?tj to Havre if GiaCf, llrr calling was quite unexpected, and was mwmm?, ?r iwj i?i?u w E NE m.'m JMJ occasioned by having to laud despatches and letters for the Council at 8outbanipton. She brought the the nomination for the President and Vice President of the Uniti d Statu* Mr. Humn elauer. formerly the Austrian Charge d'Jlffalret in this country, is expected hure daily to re(jtier-t the mrdiation of England between the Austrian and Sardinian governments. I believe Sir Charles Napier, C. B., will shortly take cou mand of the fleet in the Mi diturranean. There is no authentic informati-n of this change yet oiroulnt< d but it is generally rumored that suoh will be the, in naval quarters. The Quceu went down to Portsmouth about a week baek. to opena new dock, just completed for the reoep. finn nf ?ur ctmi m or j twKiith m ? .. mwuatlw An *Ko in ciease. The old ships are being superseded and steamers are put into oommlssion as much as possible. A navy. well supported by war steamers oaunot be any other than unusually effective in its operations. The funds have varied very much lately; the latest quotations are as follows : Consols 83^; Dank Stock 190 ; Reduced Throe p. cts 8i>?; Long Annuities 8?, to 11-18; India Bonds IS to 20s preui.; KxcheqUor Dills 29 to 32s for June. The fluctuations in the value of railway shares during the week hare been extensive, the intrant having been principally affected by the insurrection in 1'aris. This is obviou-ly the case, from the sudden restoration of confidence on Monday afternoou, and the adYituce in the quotations, b ith on that day and on Tuesday. The quotations are : ? Aberdeen, 21; Birmii.ghHui and Oxford Junction. 23>4, Bristol and Exoter Thirds. 14; I aledonian 29.y. >?. }?; East Anglian (?25. L. and E. and L. and D.). 6>?; Kast Anglian (?18, K. and II.), 4, >4; ditto (?3 10s ) 0 pur cent. l'r? f, 3; Eastern Counties, 13J?, 14; ditto New Guar 0 per cent., 3 yi ; ditto Extension, 5 per ceut.. No 2, '4 da ; ditto Northern and Eastern, five per cent , Quarter Shares, 12's. Eastern Union, scrip guaranteed six per cent. "}*; East Lancashire, New, 9>? ex n: ditto six per cent., Quurior Shares, 2','; Edinburgh and Glasgow, 44 3>?; Great Northern, \ Great North of England. New. ?15, 28X; Great Western. 86, 4J{, 0; ditto Quarter Shares. 15; ditto hifths. 10; Lancaster and Cnrlisle, 52; Lancashire bud Yorkshire Fifths. 6%. ex n; ditto Now Guaranteed six per cent., 2?f; ditto I'reston and Wyre. 34; ditto llaif Shares (A). 12?,,'; Leeds and Bradford. 89. 8??; London and Blackball. 4>4; Loudon. Brighton, and South Coast. 30>4, ??; ditto guaranteed five pur cent. (iaie croyuon Tlnrde), 8; ditto. New ?5. (k?r six pur cent , 2%; London and North-western, 120. %, 19, 21, 19%; ditto, Now, 2%. %; ditto Eiftbs. 6%. %; ditto, ?10 shiicH, M. and B (A.). 0; ditto, ?10 shares, M. and B. (A.), 0; ditto. ?10 shares, M and 11 (C.) 3; London and Southwestern, 46%, 0; ditto New, ?50. 33. 2, %; ditto Tbirde. 11%; Manchester. Sheffield, and Lincolnshire, New. ?10. Preference. 7H; Midland. 99; ditto ?.')0 Share*, 8)4. 8; North StnlTordihire. 9%. %. %; Scottish Central. 24%. 4; Shrewsbury and Birmingham, Class A, 2%; ditto, Class B., 1%; South Devon, 15; Southeastern. 23%; ditto, No. 3, 16%; ditto No. 4. Third*, 5%; South H ales, 6%. 6. %; York. Newcastle, and Berwick, (original Newcastle and Berwick.) 29%; ditto No. 2, Newcastle and Berwick. 10%, 11; ditto IL N. E Purchase ?r Preference, 8%. %; I ork and North Midland, 67; ditto East and Wi st Hiding Extension 30. Southampton, Eng., June 3(1, 1843. The Steamships Niagara and United Slates?The American Steamship Line?Reflections on it, tfc. Soon after posting my letter of the 23d inst., to go by the Caledonia, I was informed of the arrival of the steamer United States, off Cowes, en route from New York to Havre. Capt. Huckstaff may be complimented upon making the quickest voyage ever known, from New York to Cowes ; Roads, and one of the quickest voyages from America to England. The United States beat the Niagara on the outward run Liverpool?but the palm ol success must, I think, be given to the Niagara, homcwatds?the latter vessel reached Li verpool, from Boston, in lOfc days. By the the subjoined table of distances, it will be seen that the passage from Boston to Liverpool is shorter by 273 mileB than the passage between New York and Southampton :? BosTOM TO LlTEBrOOL. Miles. Dock In Boston to Boston light N. N. W., true 9 | Boston light to lat. 43deg 19 min. N.,lon. 65 deg. '21 min. W , course N. 70. 29 E., true. Barracoa Point then bearing N. N. W., ten utiles distant 252 ! From position off Barracoa Point to Satnbro Island, light bearing W., true 2 miles, distant N. 53. Ion. 37 F 107 1 I root position off Sambro light to Halifax 12 From ,'lalfax out to Sambro light bearing W., true 4 miles, from which departure is taken; (lat . of ship. 44 deg. 33 min N , Ion. 03 28 W) 12 From position off Sambro to lat. CI dog 12 min. N.. Ion 9 deg. 29 min. W., course N. 79, 34 E., ! true 2203 [Cape Clear would then boar N., true, distant 14 miles.] From position off Cape Clear, up channel to Liverpool docks 288 Total... e ... " 2883 Fhom New York io Southampton. Miles. From Battery in New York, to Sandy Hook. . . 17 Fiom Sandy Hook to lat. 40 deg. 40 min. N., Ion. t.'j Vi .. course N. 80. 46 E, true 229 Front lat. 40 deg. 40 ntin. N,. Ion. 69 deg. W., to lat. 49 deg. 40 min., Ion. 6 deg. 18 min. .W., course N. 87, 27 E, true 2097 [Scilly light would then bear N, true, 14 miles distant.] Front position alT Scilly light to Start Point, light bearing N. 8. 2ti W.. true, course N. 73, 07 E 108 Front position < ff Start Point light to Needles buoy, course N. 70,19 E 82>? Fit ni Needles buoy to Southampton 22h? Total 3156 Here, then, will be seen that the United States made the run of 3156 miles in 12 days 6 hours, and theNiagara the run of 2SS3 miles in lOdays lOhours. Allowing the difference of 273 miles to occupy 30 hours in its peiformance, it will be noted that the Niagara has only beaten the United States by eight hours; und therefore the two vessels may be considered as rivals, and to have been equally successful in their trips. I was mentioning to you in my last, that it was a great pity that two lines of competing American steamers should occupy one station; and that a coalition of interests would be both desirable and necessary for the good of both companies, and for the more effectual competition with the English steamers. The truth of this remark mast be apparent. In Ibe present stage, it will never answer the purpose of the owners of tho United Status to contiuue her on the New York and Havre station; for in the precarious and distracted state of France, mercantile business must dwindle down to comparatively trifling transactions, and any great change for the better cannot be anticipated to take place for a length of time The projectors of American ocean steam navigation, should we.I woik the New York and Southampton line, p< rlotm Ibe voyages expeditiously, avoid delays, postponements, mishaps to machinery, da., lowei the rate % oi In lght on goods, and then an immense truffle would result, and the united undertaking pay handsome protits. One print fault in connectien with the United Mines man piiraeig (? mningion ana iii'rinHiin). ana tlid (unit winch has caused go ninny of the delays and hindrance-. iliat have befallen them. In the foolish notion of sending the ships to firemen. adiatance of 41)0 miles from Southampton In every point of view this is j.rijud cial to tlie enterprise, and If the notion i< persisted in, I can only foresee that the undertaking will tie a failure. It is understood. of courso, that the government nl the United St at eg, when incorporating it rtmni jacket comjiany for conveying mails to Europe were deeirou* to establish a direct line between N w \ ork and (lerinatiy. anil Bremen ?a- tlxed upon ng the port at whirh the vessels should -top. The ent< r11ire. ng a theory, on paper, no doubt, looked well, and the prospect of calling ul Southampton to land passengers end mails for Kngland and f ranco. and tlien prorieding on to Dremen. railing at Southampton on tlie way back, wag marvellously promising on paper - In t exjierience hag proved that too murh wag attniipud, and tiiiit misfortune hag been the reault. I will illustrate thla-flr.t assuring you that I hav? gin n tin- f nhjeet a good deal of attention since my a ay bete and that I have made enquiries in a variety id Quarters likely to tie well informed. 'I be steamer sails from New y ork on '20th of a given m nth. and would arrive indue course at Soutthsmptnn ahem iii 411 of ihe following month and at Dreim n on ihe 6 h. S ie Mays at Biomun till tlie 1Mb, arrivn g ei Si utliamj Ion en tlie 17th, fin illy stalling from 'hlatter place. ior the hi metvaid voyage on the '20th, and a r v ng at New York, say tlie lith The d itanee ti tie tiavsrseil by each ship, every voyage from New y in k to Br. men, and bark, may be computed at 7.H12 miles end 44 dgyg only ia allowed for the voyage, for eaMlliig at Sunt ham jdon outward*, stay at firemen, thri i d-ys'stayat Southampton homewards, and the n palis required to be done to machinery. Here then y u I aic the grand secret of the ill success of the Ooi" n Meant Navigation Company?the ships are too I ard run, and mflli lent time Is not allowed to obviate tl e delay of Incidental occnrienees, and there ia to he a continual struigle against time?and any detention arl> ing from had wi atlier or trivial aooident, produces a ili ley ami oernsiona j o-tpom tnenla of departare. the Whti h ia tatal to any steam enterprlxe There are besides three rnnriderationa, others of a peeuniary natnie which renders the navigation of the North sea by ' I) i f' 00o tone buiden haanrrions and ill-adviaed ? Ttie | r< m um of ineuranre en the vessels ia no donbt la'jeyla rinsed by Ui< underwriters on aeeount of th- v. yegra to Bremen ; there are the great ex pen*>-a ot channel lights, extra roneumplioa of tuel for luOO I t-WMHMtmm? *? -*mrr,mrm~wmtm 1 u ?i n?wwp.-- ar?' W V( ir?"f?r VAT>tr n/rmun k xr x/ CiVr lUIUV, iYlUilL/AI IYj miles each voyage, double port charges, heavy pilotage* which In the aggregate must far preponderate over any pro lit on freight and passenger* that mar be obtained irom Bremen. 1 here is no doubt that it is very important to encourage and oh. a u Die Deruiau truffle by these steamerr, but tbeu it should be considered whether such traffic might not be obtained to a Urg. r extent, and by a cheaper and moro rational un huh Supposing the company were to puicha-e or build two steamers of 60U tons burdcu. uud 250 horse power, to ruu between Southampton and Bremen; sueh vessel- inigtr convey the mails and passengers to aud fro at liali the c->st of sendiug the large ships ; whilst the latter remained In Southampton discharging and taking in cargo, and completing repairs fur the homeward voyage The regularity of the line would be assured - mid that impel tent particular accomplished, confidence would be gained aud passengers attracted to Southampton from all parts of the Continent to go to America by American 1-ti amors. The present prospects of the company are much commented on at Southampton.amongst parties connected with steam navigation. The line is wit lied every success; but the Impression is, as 1 hare stated, that too muoh is aimed at; and that a rsgular monthly line fiom New \ ork to Bremen, via Southampton, cannot be calculated upon by means of two ships; nor could a semi-monthly line be worked with regularity with four ships. An extra vessel must be kept in commission to provide for the elfeot of irregularities arising from the overworking of the running vessels?and that extra ship would be a far greater expense then two suiall ones fit for navigating the North Si a. It lias been mentioned to me that the Bremun p< ople are very anxious to have small vessels running betwci n Broroen und Southampton, as from the contiguity of the lalti r place to Havre (the Liverpool of Krauce.) it is thought a largo passenger and goods traffic, irrespective of the traffic connected with the uiad steamers from New Tork, might be established. I make this exposition of the general opinion here on the prospects ot the United States mail steamers, as 1 believe them to be bused (in sound und precliuul bu-iness views. Mr J. Ituducy C'roskey. the agent to the company, in Southampton, is much liked and universally respected; aud I hear iu various quarters the highest, enoouiiums oti bis ircntlcinanlv anil inili fatiuutilc attention to th? inltr.sts of tho company he represents. Some interest i? excited as to the race that is now being lun across the Atlantic, between the Hermann and the Aoadia?the former to leave New Vork on 20th this month, the latter on the 21-it. The bete aro made in favor of the Hermann, in consequence of her excellent passage outwards in thirteen and a half days to Sandy Hook We have had an arrival flrom Portugal by the Madrid steamer tide week. The news l'reni Lisbon savors of intended insurrections, with plotting and conspiracies. The government were making numorous arrests amongst the liberal party and personages formerly connected with the Oporto junta and the editors of the papers representing tho views of the I'atulea faction. It was generally supposed that these unconstitutional and arbitrary at rests would hasten, rather than retard, u revolutionary movement. 1 have had a communication from a gentleman, resident in Lisbon, who is well acquaintedwith ths disaffected to the gover ament. and 1 am assured that their plaus arc so well laid and so extensively preparing, that wheu the moment arrives for action,success must be certain,and the downfall of Donna Maria, and her corrnpt government will follow, as a matter of course. Republican principles are gMiuing ground in Portugal, and it is not improbable that the success of the reactionary party would l> followed by the proclamation of a republic, which form of government would be enthusiast.cally adopted by the Portuguese people It is eertain that the majority of the troops could not be depended upou by the government ; they are badly aud irregularly paid, and would not hesitate to pronounce in favor of any rational form of government h< Iding out a-prospeot of an improvement in the financial administration of the country. Another consideration that renders the downfall of Donua Maria more likely is, that the British government has determined nn Inmrer t.n he mnde the cut'a n?w In nun. porting an ungrateful und dishonest Queen and a knot of ministers. A British fleet is no longer kept In the Tagus. and in the event of a revolution, the Portuguese will bo permitted to light it out amongsttbemselves. and to choose that form of government that may be most acceptable to a majority of the nation. On the 19th June, at Lisbon, the exchange on London nt 30 days sight, was 52%d pur 1,000 mil rule, and at 00 days date. 52% to 53. Lisbon Bank notes were at a discount of 54 per cent. Trade and commerce wero in a state of great depression and uncertainty, arising from the depreciated state of the currency, and the uncertainty and hazardous nature of public affairs. By the arrival of the Pacha steamer last night, from Oibialtar, we have dates as late as the 22d June. There were very few American ships there. American buof was quoted $11 0 to $12 per barrel, with arrivals. Sales of American pork. $14 and flour, $0 3 per barrel. Exchanges.?London 90 days1 date 48%: Paris, 5fr. 30c. ; .Marseilles, 6fr. 30c <o 5fr 32c ; Genoa, 6fr 32c. Madrid. 8 days' right. 4 discount; Cadiz diz do % dia : Malaga. 8 days' sight. % to % dis ; Seville. do% to % dis.; Alicante, do 1%dis ; Valencia,do 1% dis.; Barcelona, do % dis. Spanish pillared dollars, 2 per cent premium Freight?To London and outpcrts in the United Kingdom. Brazil and River Plate, $14 a $16. and 10 per cent; Gulf of Mexico and Havana. $14 a $10. and 10 per cent; Malta, Leghorn and Genoa. $4. and 6 percent; and, for lead. $3, and 5 per cent. Moneys?One bard dollar, 12 reals; one real, 16 quarts. The American ship Monterey, Captain Crosby, with sugar, 28 days from Havana, the American bark Amos Patten, f oster. 29 days from Havana, and the American brig Salisbury. Capt. Pilsbury, 62 days from Matanzas, arrived at Cowes. Isle of Wight, yesterday. There is a movement getting up here to oncourago emigration to the United States, on a very extensivo scale. A company is about being formed, to run steam emigrant ships; and from the parties connected with it. and the interest it is privately exciting. I think it stands good chances of support. I shall be able to give you a few more particulars shortly. Stutqajud, June 23, 1848. Stale of Germany? lYouble ahead?A Republic Demanded, 4*c. The political and social ail'airs of the German states are aany growing more gloomy ana complicated. It is evident that the revolution has not yet reached its crisis ; that it has not wrought the change it was intend td to bring about; and that u vast deal remains yet to be done, ere the work of reformation in Germany will be completed. The election of the Parliament at Frankfort has, for a time, stilled the storm; the German people hoped that from it they would receive the fruits of the revolution, without suffering its evils; and the eyes of the whole nation were anxiously cast toward the church of St. Paul, expecting from it deliverance and salvation?but they were mistaken. The National Assembly does evidently not comprehend its task ; or, if it does, it is playing a despicable, hypocritical turce; pretending to secure to the |>eople their sovereignty, they are. drawing the cords of tyranny fatter than ever around their necks; and, if unresisted, they will eventually suffocate the whole nati in. The"Parliament was created by the people, in older to establish a universal government?a general system, throughout all the confederated States. They were convinced of the importance of union, and, with unparalleled unanimity and siamtaneousness, they abstained from further violent measures, and sought relief from that body, which they clothed with their newly declared sovereignty. Its task should therefore be, to carry out the will of the nation, of the people, as declared by the revolution ; it should act as the sovereign people themselves w ould act, without regard to any existing government, to any organized power, suve the people. Put it has faih <1 to do so. it is either too imbecile to comprehend the full extent ot Its power, or too weak to exert it in carrying out the will of the people in opposition to tlje potentate* eud princes, trembling, perhaps, before the glittering bayonets of the military; or it has shamefully, b.isely, betrayed the trust confided to it The report of the committee on the organisation of a provisional central power, has convinced every true patriot that from I hat source no relief to the country can be hoped for. The bill, which was reported by an overwhelming majority of the committee, provides for a llundm ilirrctorium. (Keileral Directory.) consisting of three men, to bo designated by the several governments.* and. after being confirmed by tbo vote of tile National Assembly, without discuiston. elected by them It Is to exercise its power by mean* of minisiers. who are responsible to the Na- j tn rial Assembly; its duty is to exercise the executive \ pi wer in all afhiirs concerning the welfare and security j of I he German confederation, to take supreme control 1 over tin1 stemiing army, ami especially 10 app >int the commander-in-chief of nil the forces, to secure the position of Germany an one of the Grand Powers, ami to appoint ambassadors nod consul* to this effort; declarations of war and treaties of peace or comineroo are ratified conjointly with the National Assembly." Thin is the central power intended to be forced tipsn the Germans; tliia ia the institution which, in the op nioti of the majority of the committee, ia the expression of the revolutionising principle which ha< agitated ope from one end to the other ; this ia to be the monitor, the guatdien of the libi rty ot the people and the unity ofthe States' Any one acquainted vruh the power* and organisation ot the former (and at II existing) Hundrttog. will at ouce perceive that this whole machination ia a mere new edition of that institution, aupplied with a in w name and hound in a morn substantial cover If the National Assembly adopt prop' allien, (and it is supposed that the bill will pass wilh few alteration'.) then it will have given the a tinal for renewed action to the people ; fir it cannot be supposed that they will submit am w to the drtrStcd ji ke ot tyranny rendered more gslllnr to them by tho disappointed hope < f delivery, more pressing and vast,y moie difficult to resist, front the fact that, in the proposed system, the actual, virtual, administration of the ailalis of the general government, aa well as those of the States sepal ately. rests in the hands ofthe princes, v hlle the poppet-show ot giving a liberal and republican torm of government to the peo.r'e Is carried on in the National Assembly, vhioh would be a very ronvenlent

modeiatrr between the''mob" and the autocrats ? a M lt of safe ty-Vslve. to lc' off the sien -a of r?volutin*ary tendencies whllethe utannine it elf :? * otkiog t taut fu.iy audM.luno-ii el/ in thi hanirofibo >RK I [ORNING, JULY 17, 184: conductor"?the pr noes! An ImmoBie excitement preTana; the newspaper* containing the report." of the proceeding* of Atsernb y, ere rented and read with an aridity never before paralleled in thia beer drink inn, tobaccoenjoking community. Democratic club" are forming ail over the country, In every little village ; and the acta of the Aaaeiubly are debated upon and critioiaed by every individual All are aware of the import tnoe ot its decision, in adopting or rejecting the report of the committee, in ref- rence to the central power. All ' are convinced that if adopted, the National Assembly ' will bate ceased to be the rgan of the people, and will hate signed iu owu death-warrant. Meanwhile, the | debates in that body have commenced ; the extreme ' left opposing the measure to the utmost of their power, I and throwing their whole influence into the scale to Ere vent its passage, while the support from the right and is equally skilfully conduct) d tlioogh leva vigori ouh. No less llinu one hundred and forty sp. ekers | have cut oiled their nauius, to b<- heard on this subject; | some eighty opposing, thirty defending, and the others ! merely commenting upon it. It will be soaie time be| lore the result will become known. I lu Iltilhronn some disturbances have taken place. ! which show that the true republican spirit Is being ; caught by ell classes, even among the soldiery A great ( pait of the kill regiment.of infantry, quartered at lieil! bronU were assembled at llentges'brewery, anddift| cursing the treatment of the soldiers, complaining that they were considered as more machines by their supe ; riots, when it whs prnpo ed to frame a petition and Send it to the Colon?l. 1 his was immediately d me; a ' sergeant ret up the petition and it whs signed by all pieseut on theocoa-ion. amounting to several hundred. The petition was then i nrried to the barracks by the I sergeuut. with the intention of presenting it to the | Colonel, when be was immediately arrested and lodged in pii on. The soldiers, hearing of the fate of their comrade, immediate-)' ran t<> the barracks, and throatj et ed to storm them if llnrtiiiHnn (the sergeaut) win i not released. A great number of citizens and rumen | (gymnastic students) ran t? the aid of the soldiers, and iirvwimj (unmuucu inr nuitiim ui um upon which the xfttci r? gave way and net huu at liberty. Hut tbti next day, an order from the governuo nt required the whole bth resilient to be disarmed; 111" 4th regiment, reported to b<i the loyal and obedient to Its officers, was sent to ex? cute this order ; and the town ? > threatened ?iib liombaidment, If the citizens i should abet and aid the rebels in tbeir insubordination , Hut even with ihete threats. It *n deemed imprudent to disarm tbe soldiers wliiie in Hellbronn, whero great sympathy of to ling exi.-ted between the citizens and the military. 1 hey wire therefore brought away to Ludwigsburg, where I heir arms were taken away, while absent on leave. The above petition siinuly requested a m< re Immune treatment, and expressed the determination of the soldiers not to flzht again t th ir ow.l fellow-ci tine us again, as they wore forced to do oil several occasions during the revolution in vlaroh. 'i'h'u perfidious manoeuvre excited the greatest dissatisfaction among the whole populace,and li strongly incensing the people agaimt the government. "A republic! A republic!" is the watchword beard in ovary club,spoken by every soldier and citizen, when not in immediate contact with their superiors; and a republic is the only eventual salvation ot the nation from ruin. The republican party is daily gainiug ground, and it already forms a majority of the people. Hecker, the former leader of the republican " Kreischauren," now exiled, is considered by many as the only competeut saviour of the nation; the military are enthusiastic in his supEort;'Vu several places, soldiers arc openly enlisted in is service. The excitement, stimulated by the prostration of commerce und trade in general. Is daily gr iwing ; ? inti mat warfare, bloodshed land carnage are inevitable; while from without, the Kuhmhii autocrat threatens inrasii n. Germany is feet approaching a terrible ori-is, a crisis which will either raise it, as a nation, to the level of the proudest nations on earth, hy the establixhmcnt of a democratic republic and an inseparable union between the Hew dicrdant elements, or crush it for ever, and make it a terrible warning for the people of other uations. The immediate future is pregnant with great events?events that will occupy a prominent place in the history of the world. May they not record the downlali of a great, of a powerful aud good people I J**. *The government of Prussia nominates one, the government of Austria one, and the third before ho is nominated, is first designated by the govcrnnieut of Bavaria, and must t? confirmed by the several minor goiernnv nts. The First Step In the Nrw Heform Movement In (in at Britain ( Krom the Manchester Examiner, June 24 ] The first step in the new reform movement has been taken. We say this, witlioi* any reference to what maybe the result of the motion made by ; Mr. Hume, on Tuesday night. Our readers will ! see that after one night s discussion, during which 1 five speec hes were made, the debate was adjourn1 etl till lust night; and then, as obstacles mterven1 ed, it was again adjourned till next Friday, the government having consented to give up that night i to a full difcussion of (he subject. So far, the a 1 1* * i '-i-.- j i ] _a I . ..a j quesuuu nil a iHiny wrmnuo alienor, nnu hiuuu out | to sea ; uiid not the shadow of u doubt crosses our minds but that it will ultimately reach its destined haven. Abstaining from mere criticism on the motion, or on the speeches by which it was supported or , opposed, (this is done in the letter of our private i correspondent,) we may' here reiterate the general | principles on which we advocate a new reform bill. These we^base on the existence of indispu- I tuble facts; and having stated them, leave the mat- j ter to the quiet consideration of all thoughtful, earnest, practical minds. It is an indisputable fact, that a vast portion of our population are thoroughly dissatisfied with the working of our legislature, and with the management of the executive, as controlled by Uailtament. This is no ephemeral feeling?no transitory belief. A great body of our people are permanently embued with the opinion, that government, as i carried on in this country, is far too expensive and i extravagant; that taxation is at once heavy and ! unequal ; that the constitution, in Church and State, is charged to the full with absurdities, anom- | alies, and grievances; that in the practical work- j ing of that constitution, there is too frequently seen one law for the churchman and another for the 1 dissenter, one law for the rich and another for the j 1 poor; that, in short, with all the advantages which I can be pointed out, as compared with other coun- j | ,ries, England is governed by the privileged clas- I | ses, us ugainst the unprivileged ; and that the re- j suit is a state of things with which thousands of j those for whose use government ought to exist, ] are thoroughly dissatisfied, and which ihey are de- J termined to take tfie earliest opportunity of atneud- | ing. . | This is a fact?an indisputable fact. It is mani- i fested, not merely by the chartist meetings which I have agitated the country, but in the quieter but far more determined spirit which reigns in thousands ; who do net ally themselves with chartism. One | instance of this came within our own personal obo...i... a i.:?? .r mri III 1..11 uui inline |.aoi n criv. /I ? <ji i\ni? in in, m remarkable intelligence, who is notu chartist, who doesnot nlly himself with chartism, wiio repudiates altogether the foolish language of so-called leaders, and would not resort to physical force, if it could he avoided, declared, soberly, seriously, without heat or passion, that he had a gun and a pike ready for the connngoutbreak, and that there were hundreds of his fellows similarly prepared. Remonstrance with him was useless. lie listened to all that you had to say, admitted Cthe force of your arguments, but in reply to all dissuasiveness from physictd force, affirmed, with grim and resolute countenance, that the day was now gone by for the r - ; claination of Hngland. otherwise than !>y demon- 1 stratton of pike and bayonet! Now, you may laugh at this?sneer at it?pooh, I pooh it?and affirm it to he dreadfully wrong, and excessively mischievous. All this was said and done, without producidg the slightest effect. Still PHtne hack the argnmeut that the middle clashes would not assist the working classes to obtain their just rights and privileges; and that nothing remained for the toiling, unenfranchised class, but such a display of force as would procure tliem political emancipation, and, perhaps, something more. We have no apprehension that the working classes ; would lie able to overthrow the government by J force ol stills ; and we have repeatedly spoken in j strong terms respecting the folly and the wick<;dI ness of these appeals to physical force, with j which tin' country has been recently affronted.? ! But tho exibtence of wurh a spirit amongst large bodies of our fellow-subjects and fel- | low-countrymen is a grievous and a most serious matter. Hundreds?we may safely say 1 thousands?who disapprove entirely of chartist : rhodomontade and extravagance, and who do not ' attend charti-t meetings, do yet so sympathise with the objects sought, as to have no li'-sitation in , affirming, that these objects must be attained any- | how?by arms, it necessary. Deplore the fact, and censure the language, as much as you please, but stdl the fact remains; and however resolute we may all be in supporting public order, and in repressing insane insinrection, it can give no pleasure to quiet, earnest men, to think that the British constitution requires encampments, great guns, grape shot, bayonets, und constables staves, to preserve it from those who ought to be the content* d children of the commonwealth. | llnve these men any right to be discontented! : They have: it is an indisputable fact, and cannot be gainsaid. The whole government of this country is carried on at a rate, and on a scale of expense, which practically excludes the idea of woiking-men. From the crown down to the i humblest government clerk, the notion involved is, that the art of government is an aristocratic business, belonging exclusively to noblemen and gentlemen born. And thougfi the church has I somewhat awakened to a sense ol its duties snd responsibilities, the same idea is embodied there. From the Archbishop ol Canterbury down to the > i IE R A 3. poorest paid curate, the notion is, that all clergy. t| men are and must be essentially gentlemen. When Moms whs informed that young men were |iroph? syiug in the camp, he exclaimed, "Would that all the Land's i eople were prophets!" In a similar spirit, we might wish that all our working classes w re gentlemen?not above their station, for that is only the characteristic of those who are expressiV' Iv termed snobs?but gentlemen in feeling, in ceroid ratenes , in deference to one onotlmr, and in cool, quiet courage, llut that is not the matter ive are now discussing. We are simply pointing out how, owing to the aristocratical constitution of this country, that the government of this country is framed on the principle, that both church and State belong exclusively to gentlemen ?a tact not at all affected hy the instances of individuals who have climbed their way from the humblest to the highest ranks, and leaped the fences of parliament, and even of the peerage. This practical ignoring ol the working cl isses in the business of government, is manifest in Parliament. Civil list, official salaries, diplomitic services, army and navy, are all framed with due and adequate regard to noblemen and gentlemen. Practically, a working man is deemed by nature utterly unfit, even if self-taught, to take a desk in JJown'ng street, to go as an ambassador to Vienna or Madrid, *r to meddle with th- not very recondite business of government. The very idea is considered a most outrageously laughable one. Even middle-class men are reluctantly admitted, , and only when their services are deemed useful. {, The whole notion of government practically shuts ? out the idea of a working inan ; and, consequently, the general scale of government expenditure p puts out of view the facj, that millions who con- a tribute the taxes have only a scanty daily or week- j ly pittance , l Wlule the working classes are thus practically ignored, the middle classes are not much hotter ? otf. They have, of course, more influence in the ,. election of members of Parliament; and they can nn ke thetus* Ives belter heard within its walls, d lint their position is, in many respects, cruel and J awkward. On one side of them are the continual- 11 ly increasing working classes, augmenting in e numbers, and becoming, year by year, more tho- ! roughly discontented with the frame-work of government, and their own practical exclusion from politic al power. On the other side are the aristocratic classes, who regard the business of government as theirs bv inheritance and right, and who look to ihe middle classes to sustain them in its i possession. The middle classes nre between the upper and nether mill-stones ; and though, for the sake of peace and order, they would at once join with the upper classes, if any attempt were made J to distuib public tranquillity, they have no security that they will not be required to become the st indi ing militia of the upper classes, permanently en- j u" rolled, and perpetually encamped, in the very midst ni of what is deemed social security: "" Here, then, is our actual position. The jgreat | . bulk of the working classes thoroughly dissatisfied dl with their practical exclusion from political power, a( and determined to acquire it, by some means or u other. The irreat bulk of the middle classes, l>< called on to officiate as the special conservators of peace, against the working classes, alihough satis- 0< fied that a large portion of the complaints of these classes ate founded in justice, nnd ought to be J* listened to in reason. The great bulk of the aris- ! al | tocracy looking to political power and government f0 as their exclusive possession, willing to concede u small reforms, if small reforms would uuiet the tt people, but uiiHhle or unwilling to do anything that i ct would adapt taxation and expenditure to the neces- j 01 sit es of a heavily burdened commercial country. ' 01 Can we go on with such a state of things! jjj It is impossible: A change musteome; and he ? is the true conservatist who manfully anticpates it. , ai : The new relorni movement seeks to disarm char- i 0' tisni, by a comprehensive enlargement of the frail- b ehise: to release the middle classes from perpetual i n uneasiness, by the removal of political discontent; ! ? and to teach the upper classes that there is a wiy i of governing this country, by which public credit will be kept, and the dignity of the crown be un- ^ impaired, without the necessity of a profuse ex- t jt penditure. These are great objects; there are more tl to be more enumerated; hut they may be summed fc up in the words?efficient, good, cheap govern- j y mcnt, over which the great bulk of the community shall have direct control. To this object tends the motion of Mr. lluine; it is the first step in the new " reform movement; and we have excellent reason a| for believing lhat it will be followed by many a more, if many more are necessary, to conduct to t< the great realisation we have In view. a< Aspect of AfTnlrson the Continent of Europe. ' [From the London Newn, June J 1 0{ As France now gives promise of a settled and j, a strong government, in which the military elemerit must have considerable weight, it becomes 1 in important to consider the state of the countries sb boideruig upon it, and of those struggles, calcula- h' ted to tempt or provoke French aggression, or to J' extend the circle of war and the number of belliBO geirnts. # . Hitherto the war in Lombardy has been favora- h( 1 ble to the Italian cause. Not only was a large Aus- H j trian army ejected from the Milanese, but that j is army, after receiving considerable reinforcements, ai was defeated in the open field near Goito by the a j army of Piedmont, under the command ol itssove- b reign. Charles Albert, however, did riot make the most of that advantage. He has rather reposed on his laurels,| than hastened to gather fresh ones. pi Verona, momentarily undefended by the Austrian ,, aimy, which had marched to the reduction of Vi- ni cenza, almost invited attack; but Charles Albert m shrank from it, nnd has thereby excited the discon- 1 t' tent of his soldiers nnd the murmurs of all Italy. 111 It is the character of Charles Albert to uct well and nobly upon impulse,and then to become feeble and p( pusillanimous upon reflection. Such a relapse at this critical moment would be fatal to him, to his nascent power and empire, and by encouraging the p? democratic parties opposed to him, may thng is North Italy back into anarchy first, and foreign de- or pendente after, at th" very moment when it seem- M ed in a fair way to attain the very goal of all politt- J? cal efforts^-freedom, unity and independence. | The desire of the Austrian government is deni- ' .1.II,, l?r I?r M.nn uil,,l it ,, ti ji , I. r j fiiir teims. such terms as would leave Marshal Ra- tli detski Hnd his army free to protect the unity of the M German and tfclavonian dominions of Austria. Hi The t-t itesmen at both Inaspruck auf Vienna a" would consent to abandon all claim to the Mi- J*1 Inner e, (rovtded thut rich duchy took its fair proportion of the debt. Hut they are not prepared to cede the Venetian territory, of which ihey are j0 at this moment in full possession, including the to formidable fortresses which guard it. Marshal d* Hadetski is at the head of some lit,(XX) men, and Hi reinforcement!- aie daily pouring in to him, which will raise his number to 50,(MX) or 55,<XX). On the other side of the Adige, Charles Albert hasHO.OtK) nt men : and Milan and. the other towns are making efforts, which will r iise the Italian force to nearly [K HO,(XXI. Cut, as it is iflcamfcent on Charles Albert ' u( to take the offensive, a small disparity of numbers wi would be fully com|>cnsated to the Austrians by fi' tlu ir str< ng positions. _ rl< In such a state of things, it is feared, that f" Chatles Albett might listen to the oiler of Austria J? to cede the Milanese, on condition that the Vene- " tian territories be left tliem. It is reported that {'^ England was applied to, for its mediation on sueh trims, and thut our cabinet had consented. Wc la* believe this not to be the fact, and understand that )? u direct negotiation is going on between the belli- (l'" gercnts, and that an Austrian agent has been sent to Milan and Hadetski ordered to conclude the armistice to allow time for the consideration I the pro- Bni jiosnls. We are very glad to learn that the Hrttisti wj, government lias not undertaaen a mediation, so rU| unlikely to lead to any satisfactory or permanent sot result. The Italians, it is plain, c,in never consent th? to the amputation of one of the most glorious and 1"' historic portions of Italy. I he \ enettan popul-i- "J" Hon itself could never be reconciled to Austrian sway, even though organized as a separate province, and gifted with a constitution. And a treaty even when concluded would be nothing more than th? an armed truce, which requires the same amount tr? of men, of precaution, and exiwnditure, aa th? at present on both hanks of the Aaige. Venice th? would thus cost Austria more than it is worth. ",a At the same time, unless Charles Albert gains J1"" one more striking military advantage, it is not to be seen how Austria can yield the Venetian terri- tJe( tory. The Germans have a strong national feel- |or ing on the subject, and the Frankfort Diet w is mad tx-r enough to pro|M>sc an incursion of Haviriaus into nie Italy as revenge for the blockade of Trieste. We th? need not say that n march of Bavarian troops I"11 through the Tyrol would assuredly tiring the ,or French over the Rhine. Better far that the unarrel be left between Austria and Lombardy tnHii swell it to a ritalry, which ought is>t to exist between Italians and Germans. Wlint is most to he hoped is, that the Provisional i Government of Milan tnay coins to some terms ?? ? with ih? Austiian envoy for Lombaitly'o retaining bli Verona, Vicenza, and the territory south of a eertain line, ceding to Austria Gsnore and all mat northern portion ot the Venetian territory which ?? intervenes between the Tyrol and Vienna. Th > ! ?i? conquests of Venice followed up the course of th 1 t r'vr r> ? hich flowed i>to lb'- Adrii'ie, nod t!i"i* < meet- >educed the tvhok valley ol the ihave t ) ! 1,11 " . ? i. I " a .rj, ti ' T T% Jj \J. TWO CENTS. fie mountains Tlfte is no ae.-J of aVidiit* bf tiese old demarcation*. Nor n?*ed It ilv seek to xtrnd beyond the Piave or the Lile W -reBi*. Hno ai d Tri vino the fr<>nti?i towns of North Italy, he Italians ought to he well contended. There cannot be a more import tut clement, * nore desirable result in the necessary re-organi:ation of Europe, thnn the est tblishm-nt of this ItOtnbard or North Italian kingdom, within uatu* mI . ml defensible frontiers. It would form a wide tnd wealthy empire, very powerful, yet most |>rone o peace Eying between the two Mediterr tire?v leas, affording a facile communication between he Southwest and Southeast of Euro, e, poss-asng Venice and (h no i, it would he as flourishing n trade and transit as in production. So prosperous, and pacific, and powerful a State interposed leiween France and Austria, would preclude alt Hiestbility of war between those States, and thun ifli-r an immense guarantee to the peace of Europe, whilst it would at the same time complete the biunce ol nower. If amidst the dre.iiltnl ln?? nf lif? inrl property consequent upon the events of lii4< luch a salutary result ss an Italian kingdom should irise, Europe will at least have compensation for ts throes, not only in increased treedom of all muntries, hut in the restored nationality of Italy. The Will of John Mason. In the name of God, Amen, I, John Mason, of tha Ity of New V oik, gentleman, being of a sou uil and dlens i rig iu. /.J, memory, and understanding, do, in and y these pro-outs, make, execute, and pubiieh my last rill and testament, as follows, that Is to say: 1st. I ordor and direct all my just debts, funeral excuses and testamentary charges, to be paid as soon Iter my decease as may bs conveniently done; -d I give, devise, und bequeath uuto my beloved aughter. .Mary Jones, the wife of Isaac Jones, and to hi heirs, executors, administrators, anl assign*, forver, tlie one equal undivided eighth part of all my roperty and estate, both real and personal, whatever 3d, I give, devise, and bequeath, unto my beloved aughter, ltebecca Jones, the widow of Isaac C. J >uea, ieeeaaed, and to her heirs, executors, administrators, nd lursignu, forever, one other equal undivided ighth part of all my property and estate, both real lid personal, whatsoever. 4th. I do give, devise, and bequeath, unto George ones, the husband of my deceased beloved daughter, lerona. and to iier children by him, aud to their repective heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns, orever, one other equal undivided ulglrth part of all ny property und estate, both real and personal, whatoever; the share, estate, aud interest of the said seorge Jones, in the said la-t mentioned eighth part, o be the same in right of his said deceased wife as if she rere now living aud should survive me. to the end hat he may not be prejudiced by her death befors ic, touching her slraie and portion in my estate ant roperty. either real or perMinul; the said ohildran iking under this, my will, their respective shares, dates, and interests in the real estate of the said last entioni d eighth part only, after the death of their iid father, equally, or, share and share alike. 6th. I give, devise, uud bequeath unto my beloved inghter. Sarah Jones Hummersley. the wife of Au-ew Gordon llumuierslcy, and to her heirs, executors, lm in intra tors, and assigns, forever, one other equal ridividid eighth part of all my property and estate, ilh real and personal, whatsoever, fltli. The remaining one equal undivided half past 'all my properly and estate, both real and personal, hatsoever, I give, dovise, and bequeath uuto the said aac Jones, George Jones, und Audrew Gordon Haaersley, and the survivors, aud survivor of th-m, their id his heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns, rs>vor in t.rnut fur IIim fiillnurinif iimim und niirnnam. int in to Fay, to runt, invest, and improve the asm* li leir. una bis. bent discretion, and to oolleot and relive the rents, issues. profits, interest, dividends, or her income thereof. and by and out of such tuuoine, ho much thereof as may he necessary for that purine. to pay the following annuities, that is to nay, te y beloved daughter, Helen Alston, the wife of Joseph Iston. of South Carolina, for her own separate us* nd benefit, anil into her own hands, and upon her wn receipt, or to her own written order, to be give* y her front time to t me. as such payments shall be tade, and not by way of anticipation, a clear annual nnuity of three thousand dollars a year ; also, to my eloved son John Mason, junior, a clear annual annuiy of two thousand dollars a year ; also, to my beloved tn James Mason, a clear annual annuity of two thoumd five hundred dollars a year; and, also, to my helved son Henry .Mason, a clear annual annuity of two ttousand five hundred dollars a year ; eaoh of the said iur annuities to be paid in two equal instalments* ear. at the end of every six calendar months from od after my decease, and to be continued during the jspeotivc life times of the before na ued four anuulkuts. with the exception of the said Helen Alston, hose annuity shall cease when, and if she survive her tid husband, and she sb*11.thereupon, become entitled, nd I hereby. In that event, give, devise, and bequeath 3 her. and to her heirs, executors, administrators, aul ssigns. lorevcr. wie urie equal unuiviueu louriu pars f the ssid half part of my property and estate, both sal aid personal ; but should her said husband surIvo her, then, from and after her decease, I hereby rderand direct the said annuity of three thousand hilars a year, to be paid to h>m iu like semi-annual istaimenls, for aud during the residue of his natural re ; and upon the decease of the said Helen Alston, louid she die in the life-tint ' 01 her said husband, I sreby glre, devise, and bequeath the said last manoned oue equal undivided fourth part of the said a if pnrt of my property aud estate, both real and permat, subject to the said annuity to her surviving hu?tiid, to her child, or children, or other issue, and hla, Br, or their respective heirs, executors, administrators, nd nreigns. forever, share and share alike, such other silo taking by representation, and not per capita; nd with regard to my said two sons, James Mason, ud Henry Mason, should tuey, or either of them, die iming a widow surviviug them, or him, such widow. r widows, shall be entitled to, and I hereby give and . rqiieHlli to her. or them, respectively, the same aniitty of two thousand live hundred dollars a year, to be tid to her. or them, respectively, in like semi-annual istalmeiitf, during the residue of her or their several sturai lite, or lives ; and I do hereby giro to the before imcU trustees, and thu survivors and survivor of m. full discretionary power to increase the said aliunde*. respectively, during the life times of my said lughter Helen Alston, and my said three sons, John ason. junior, James Mason, and Henry Mason, but >t after their respective deaths ; and should the olear it income of the said trust fund exceed the said anilities the surplus in regard to the three equal fourth irts thereof accruing after one month from my death, to accumulate equally for I he benefit of the children, ' other issue, of the said Helen Alston, and Jamee ason and Henry Mason, respectively, during their spectlve minorities, and to be paid to them, respeovely. as they shall severally attain thu age of twenty e years, such children, or other issue, taking their spective shares thereof, by representation, and not r capita : and with regard to the said trust shares of le said Helen Alston. James Mason, and Henry ason. so long as they may severally be without issue ring, the surffus of the said income thereof accruing, iifiirntniil frnm mm motif H aff>P mv iloulh nf'fnr net. Tying tIj< Maid an nulties to them, or to the surviving ishatul of the saiil Helen Alston, and the surviving loan ol' the said James Mason. aud Henry Man on all be paid, froin time to tim?, to tbe raid Mary nes, Hi Ih cca Jones. Weorge Jones. if he bs living, or, bia children, by my said deceased daughter, if he be ad, the said Sarah Jones Hammersley, and the said elen Alston, should her said husband be then deceasI. and ahe survive him. or to her issue if she and her id hu hand be both living, and she have iasue living, id to the iasue of either of my said sons. James Mason id Henry Mason, who may have issue, equally, or are and share alike, such issue, in each instance, king by representation, and not ptr capHm; aud <011 the decease of my said son John Vfason junior, ho la unmarried, and troin his bodily and mental inmities. in all human probability never will he mar il, I give, devise, and bequeath, the one equal fourth rt of the said remaining half part of my property and tate. both real and personal, together, In the mean me, that is to say. during his life time, with the surus of income thereof, afier satisfying the said annulto him In the several persons, and for the several lutes and upon the several contingencies herein tlly above specified ; anil upon the deaths of the said rues .Mason and Henry Mason, respectively, I give, rise and bequeath, the two equal fourth parts of the d remaining half part of my property and estate, :h real and personal, to their respective issue, such be taking share anil sharu alike by representation, < d not per capita subject to the said annuities to tho tows of uiy last named two sons, should such widows vli> them ; hut should tny said last n?m-d two is, or either of them die without leaving any Issue, m or him, surviving, then I give. d'-vlsa. and be I Hill II1?* HBIU IBHl UM-lllMIUril IW" I I<rui vit V'UMi one equal fourth part, of the -aid remaining hair pari II y -aid properly ami estate. both real and personal, the cH'e may be, -ubjeet to the -aid la-t mentioned nnitles to the raid Mary Jones, Hebecca done*, nriro Jonea. If he be then living, or. if then dead, to > children of my -aid daughter Serena Helen Alston, he-hall hare i-arrived her -aid husband. and If not. in to her Issue. I ho saol Sarah Jonea Hammer-ley and i issno of ether of my last mentioned two eon* who y have left issue. equally, share and share alike, the le, or children, in cither cane, taking by repre-vatari . and uot per capita Lastly. I do hereby noalle, constitute, and appoint the -aid Isaac Jones, ergo Juni* and Andrew (tordon llammeretey. eieoos. and my said two daughter*. .Mary /one* and Roica J one*, exec utrtxnn. of thi* my last will audtestnnt. hereby giving them power and authority, at or discretion, to rell and eonvoy all, or any part, nt ts, of my real estate ; and I hereby revoke every nirr will by me executed In witd?m whereof I have, to th?*e presents, set my hand and seal, this twenty-sixth day of tcmber. in the year "f our Lord, one thhujand eight bundled and thirty nine^ ^ ilgned by the testator at the end hereof, and by Mw iled. eiecuti il, published, and declared a*, and fur, i last will end testament, In our presence, who, In i presence, and at his request, and In the pretence of ih clher. have hereto subscribed our respective Dies, as atte-timj w|tne**ce, adding to onr re-peetlve tin s our plac < of reslrtenre, the lay and year lastly >ve written RANIIS F. lU'.KOKK. M -""i itre, t. iKOKt/l. W STRONW. . 1 '< 'J.esinwlcb street, ) of .New r ork