Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 17, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 17, 1848 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

WEW YORK HERALD, i IUnb-W rat ( ornrr of Kulton mill ^amnM. ' J AM? 8 GORDON BBN1VHTT, PROPRIETOR. OJUL V Wlil I*?8>ir| 41v> '< > mmi ,-tr ropy?97 ? H n 4/ Y HKU.ALD?Hv t\ Hutvrd**-9He4nt? p?r ttff S 12)? |<rr ?. Ua (z-iudttiiMi fcn. j^o./h tOor/'iOrri, r*c ?. **%??, I# t*rl%i4* Orpomtape : a? mfiiUo:* (m fA? French mm? flfc#J?A ?*?" w publmked on every Europe a* ^PrUITiajgJgNTtf (r?XtriMWfynrMi1#,^ tobepubfcftmi i |/?. ?iwi *i?ro?n? wWlow.) tM ? wi?a?? / - | - - ' - o , - u?f , ampoaeibie fr error* immawmtrki. * HLU- yi.M. u/ a-i 11 r? >!? > beautifully ana wtt a-aMfrA OrVrt rnrn~w <t( IV FubheaUon Ijfuo, eerner uf Mtaa md Nattaa *r?f?. , . All 11.1 iAAf> ty for iuWj nr t-nth aa?rtf*~w <-> t. I?K r>?r |Hi?a. #r fV fMtapr will be doduettd from K<i.t .- i 1>V ? COHKKHHOSDKNCE, eontnMnf i my art oat mem. eolwi'ed from any quarter of (V world ; t/ tM?d tsUJ ft* Morally yard Jar. Nt. fy' lith token of a?myn?i rammmnu-ationt. Whatever ? intended for weriwu mutt he authrntiratad by the ax and addreea of IV tender ; not noeeeearily far yubli . .^...r.'vjy of *u ?xH>a /naV vy. ammat return ALL PdVM&hTb to bo made imadmmmm. AML.-tJtE.NTS THIS EVENING. BOWERY THEATRE, How try.?The Jbwum?Ladt or tub Lake? Two or the ll'Hoi*. CHATHAM TIIEATKE. L'huhun (treat?Don I'umi n* Bexab- New Yobb A( It in? L'rci.t Hah. KIBLOT*. ASTOR Pltl'l Wmtii'l Victib? Oil two Contitt or M. em) lti me. JLabum he. BURTON'S THEATRE, Cliwiubart ?trect-I'Eut Pot?That Iebcel Jack. CaSTLE OAKDEK, Bttury.?Jboobite?Kobbbt MiBKCliANKT HALL, Broadway, near Broome.?Chbmty'd Knirrt kie?LTHiosiAr. Sinoins, to. panorama hall Broadway, near Houston.?Bi.mak i'i Fmoiaea or 1mb BianinaiFFi. VTNFRVa *00*t, Broadway.?Pasoiimi or Ubnbrei, Ee>mb'(H(bioeb Cejo aiosb. Jlew fork, Monday, .Italy 17, 1H48. Actual * Imitation of the Herald. Jill 9, t:ur. . ay I8,t?0 copies | " IP, ll.trfay l*?.73fi " ' 11,1 lie.- ay 21,360 " f * IV, Wcdi.euliy Ifri.lflO 11 j IS Tl vrttUy 22,OH) " - lt.lridny 21,120 " " U, Sftiurouy, 21.SPU ' j " Wick)) | 1?;576 " ? July 16,Sunday lty<00 " Tke poklirntion of the HrmU oomnuueed yesterday * 30 iiuittr p??t 3 o clock and tnished ?t 15 minuiM past 7 o'oluok. The Frenth Insurrection?It* Bffcttt on Gnat Britain and Ireland. When the mind ib relieved from the excitement which ie occasioned by rending the accounts of the recent sanguinary occurrences in Paris, it untnrally is directed across the Channel, and seeks to nquirc what influence those scenes, and the sue- j o^siul suppression of that insurrection, will have i #n the political condition oi Great Britain and IreUnit The state of affairs which has existed in thi k countries so long, cannot, in the nature of things, continue much longer. Gag laws, sedition laws, and crown security statutes, of great stringency, may be passed by overwhelming majorities, by the two houses .of Parliament ; hut such measures are of no avail when the majority of ike people are disaffected to the government, and demand a change of their political system. A few brave leaders may be convicted and sent out of the country as parliamentary felons; but others step in and fill the places which are thus vacated, and preach the same doctrines for which their predecessors have been punished. This, to a great xienl, is the condition of England at die present lime, and it is universally so in Ireland. More felons will be made, perhaps, to order, according to parliamentary statute; but governmental prose ation and punishment are attended with no moral flrct.' So far from quelling the spirit of revolt which prevails in Ireland, the operation of the stringent and despotic laws that have recently keen passed, has added fuel to the flame, and increased und concentrated, more dian ever, the opposition of the musses to their rulers. Snob was die condition of Great Britain and Ireland when the recent insurrection in Paris broke out; and as to the effect which the scenes , which markad that capital during the four days of , the civil war, will have on countries situated as these are, we think it will be adverse to the go- i eminent, and favorable to the people?especially so in Irelund. In that fight, forty thousand men? ffie computed number of the insurgents?without arnner arms or ammunition, suereu.-fullv dp #teir rude ;ind imperfect barricades and other de- ; fences, against a well disciplined and fully equipped army of eighty thousand of as brave xien as ever pulled a trigger; and it was not unfil they were decoyed from those defences to the level 1 ground, that they were defeated. But for this, the esult might have been different, and Paris might at this hour be in the possession of the mob. It shows conclusively, that in a street fight, the citisens of a city are almost invincible. When we take into consideration the fact that there are but thirty thousand troops in the whole of Ireland?a large portion of whom cannot be depended upon as loyal to the government?it must be perceived that the people of that country, as well as the chartists of Englnnd, have a strong proof of what Aey can do, when occasion requires it, at the breaking out of hostilities. They have learned a lesson, too, which they seem to appreciate, and that is, to keep to the streets, and avoid level ground, where the superior discipline, skill and gunnery of the regular troops would give tliem no shanceB ol success. If the "pluck" of the Irish, or of the chartists, is only equal to that of the workmen of France, as exhibited in the recent insarrection, they could, in a very short time, over ram ine government. With these views, therefore, we are of opinion that the events which have recently occurred in France, will hasten the crisis in English and Irish affai rs, and give the discontented portion o 1 the people?those, we mean, who evince a determination to upset the existing order of things?greater . advantages, and more hop-s of success, than they possessed before We may look, we think, for a collision at an early day; and from what we can glean from our Irish exchanges, and the general tone of the press of that country, we thinn such collision will take place within three months, both m England and Ireland, notwithstanding the grucious condescension of the Queen in visiting the one country, and announcing her determination to five up a portion of her income, in order to lessen tie agitation M the chartists of the other. Txlbokaphic Stock.?The Southern Tele' v graph Company have declared a dividend of u per cent, for the last twelve months, upon tkeir capital atock. Hurrah ! This is the Irst cult dividend declared by any of the tele- j gramme ci'ui]?uicb iu iuc tuiuu, cacc|h, wtbelieve, the Jiullalo Line. Hurrah! Ws are^ hai'i 7 to be able to find that there is any company managed with sufficient discretion and ho estv so as to j>ay any kind of dividend at all.? The amount of business between New York and Washington, including Baltimore and Philadelphia, has been great during the past year, but certainly it has not been greater, in proportion, than the amount done on the line between Boston and New York Notwithstanding, howevet, the Boston company is sound asleep, and, as it would appear, has been thrown into a magnetic slumber by their own wires. Nobody can tell what it is doing, or how it prospers, or when a dividend will be declared, or whether ever there will be any. As one f the stockholders, interested in this interesting hnsinem, we hereby offer a reward of ten dollars to any Christian personage who will give us any information o^any kind upon this subject. Ten dollars reward' Frostier Postal Trucllts.?The PocfmasL r of Hifbgate, on the bordrrs of Canada, advertises is the Montreal |?pers shout two hundred letters, which remain in that office in consequence of the Ktage not being prepaid. The postage on each ens stated, upon payment of which the letters will be forwaided. I Thi Washington Urntw and General Tailor.?In n lute article in the Washington I7ni>.n, n the editor, in discussing the importance of 9 " union g of democrats for the sake of the Union," and in a connection with the Wilmot proviso, says that J the election of General Taylor to the Presidency, t will produce a tremendous actional agitation, in and out of Congress, on the question of slavery, and that the Northern and Southern wings will 1 each hojie much from that "confusion of ideas j and manifest infirmity of pur|>ose," which have J* 11 U ru S* I ?> r I V . < 11 ika I.X.m. . 1 Ll. 1 w..?.uv.v..?vu uuiciiu a ICUCIP, lUUClllUg Ills ] acceptance of the nomination by the whig aa- ' tional convention. "We cannot, for the life of us, see that the elec- i tion of General Taylor, more than the elevation of General Cass, to the Presidency, would produce Such a trer.endous sectional agitation in Congress, as is spoken of by the Union; neither can we perceive from General Taylor's letters, nor from his pa6t history, that he, above all men, can be aci cuscd of a confusion of ideas or an infirmity of purpose. It cannot, with any regard to truth or \ j honesty, he aeserted that that great hero exhibited I any signs of either of these mental disqualifications in the Mexican war. Surely he showed no con- i ' fusion of ideas or infirmity of purpose in the j battles of Palo Alto or Kesaca de la Palma. Net- i I ther did he exhibit any in the capture ofMonj terey ; and more than all, there was no confusion , of ideus or infirmity of purpose, m his masterly I conduct in the field of Puenu Vista. Where, then, ( has he shown those weaknesses 1 In his letters j hi regard to his nomination to the Presidency! , Just the reverse, hi all his letters on that subjei t, ! General Taylor has been consistent throughout. His ideas have been as clear and his determi| nation as strong as they could be on this subject, from the time when he was first nominated for that hign office, by the JVeie York HtraM, until he was nominated by the whig national convention in ^Philadelphia. These remarks and charges of the j Unicn are gintcitous, and made of the same stuff | as dreams are composed of. If a sectional agitation should succeed General j Taylor'B election to tue Presidency, between the I i ultrus of the North and those of the South, on the ! 1 question of slavery, General Taylor would be em- i i I phatically the man for the crisis, as much so as 1 ' General Cass. The latter is a firm and determined \ i | man, too, and would doubtless make an excellent j j President; but from present appearances, hiselec- i I tion is very doubtful, to say the least. But if those ! ; ! ultras carried their mutual hostility so far as to disj regaid the federal comimct, and endanger, by their | madness and folly, the peace and harmony of this glorious confederacy, General Taylor's firmness of purpose, and clearness and comprehensiveness of view, would be just the weapons to promptly suppress such an insane state of things. He could be as much dej>ended upon in such an emergency as General Jackson; and his efforts to quell an outbreak of that kind would be attended with as much j success as were General Jackson's in the matter of South Carolina nullification. What, then, becomes of the charges of the Union j about General Taylor's confusion of ideas or in- ! \ firmity of purpose? If the editor of the Union j wants any further proof of the error whbh he has I j committed in this respect, we would refer him to i i General Taylor's correspondence with Secretary j I Marcy. He would find that there is very little i i confusion of ideas or infirmity of purpose in the ! ! letters which he indited to that functionary. i | Eloquekce.?Eloquence is the offspring of strung i emotions, and of truth. Such is its power that ' I when called forth on great occasions, it has acted like magic on the masses, and made revolutions. History does not present many more striking ex1 amples of the power of eloquence in a great emeri gency, than the brief, energetic speech of General Cavaignac, lately pronounced in the Chamber of Deputies. This great burst of eloquence had the i effect of stopping the torrent of a revolution which was rapidly hurrying on, and threatening to sweep away all before it. And to stop the wild inqietus of i a revolution, is itself a revolution. Let us relate , th? circumstances, and give, as far as can be done in our language, the spirit of this little speech, wnicn aiu sucii wonuerN. Paris was in an uproar; a general discontent j prevailed againrt the government. With some it [ was too ultra; with others not ultra enough?with t all, it was evident that it possessed neither energy 1 nor f>ower. in this state ot' hud feeling, suddenly one name, and with that name one spirit, arose, and filled the public mind. That name was " Na- i l>?lcon." All seemed to turn their eyes toward the name, and the proscribed heir of that great man, as the only chance of giving stability, firmness and respectability to the government. Drowning men | will catch at a straw, and Louis Napoleon is said to be morally but a straw. In this situation oi things, when a revo'ution in his favor seemed imminent, accounts arrived on all sides, from the departments, that the trooj-s of the line had pronounced for him, and raised, in several cities, with the National Guards, the loud and enthusiastic cry of "Fire Louis Napoleon." The account of these events was conveyed o the National Assembly, which was then sitting; consternation filled the mind ot every one?a dead and ominous quiet pervaded the Assembly?the 6houts of the people outside were heard crying, "Vive Napoleon!" It was a crisis. Then, at this moment, General Cavaignae lushed to the tribune, and pronounced with animation and energy, the following speech. We give the spirit of it:? "Fellow citiions- This is a terrible accusation of an attempt against the republic. Bo it far from mo to ere Jit it. No. I must believe?I wish to believe?ye*, I do believe, that he whose name has thus been used, in 1 himself innocent of the criminal purpose. At the some time, i am cure that I am only giving expression to the unanimous feeling of this Assembly when i devote to everla* ling execration the man, whosoever ho may be. who shall attempt to put bis sacrilegious bund upon the liberties of our republic. History has far more glory and honor in More for bim who consecrate* alt his 1 powers and faculties to the service of his country, man she will have for that man who, taklDg udvauttgo of a glorious name, would seek to pervert it to the pur, os or lit* own personal am union At these decisive and patriotic words, prono t iced with all the energy of deep emotion and tr hful feeling, the whole Assembly was electnli d. They all rose spontaneously in a body, and filled the air with repeated, and then reiterated, I >ud acclamations of "Vive la Rtpubliqur' The republic for ever." This was the decisive moment?an impulse was thus given to public opinion?the enthusiasm within the Assembly was henrd outside?it spread like wild/ire nmong the people?the wild enthus ism for a mere name was suddenly quenched, and the factious and discontented, who had hoped to make their advantage out of it, and to overthrow the republic, found themselves no longer supported by the people, whom, momentarily, they had led astray. Such is ihe power of eloquence in revolutionary , times. Spot-lint; Intelligence. Tsottisg.?Lady Suffolk and Lady Sutton eontsnd tbl* afternoon, at the Centrevllle track, for a purieof j ] >260. mile heat*, bent in tirr. The excitement and | betting on the Issue exceed anything of the kind that has occurred since the race between Black Hawk and Ameriru*. so sanguine are the numerous friends of each on the result. Lady .Suffolk was the favorite up to a late hour last night, at 100 to 80 But whether this will hold good to the time of starting, remains to be seen The facilities for witnessing this race, are made convenient by the Long Island Hailroad Company. Nuval Intelligence. The U. S. schooner Tami ico. Lieut. Com. R. I". Johnson, arrived here yesterday, thirteen days from IVntncola. The following is a lint of her of]; cere:? It K Johnson. Lieutenant Commanding; E. D Drnney. Acting Mester ; C. E Lucas, < aptalu'sjf lerk I Spoke > fl (lie TorUiga*. <ld Inst., U. S schooner Mahout e. from I'. nsa< cla, bound to Norfolk. The M had ' on hoard the body of Commander Finckney, U. S. I .Navy, and war. putting Into Havana for a supply of I wal - t 1 be U N sloop of war (lermantown sailed I terae day for Yncatan The U. H frigate Cumberland ! was to sail in a few day for New York ? Ntrfntk JUtt[ ore, Jt 'y Id. CAVK JOHNBOH AWDTHE MAII S, < >HCK W IT:: ? fceived the following tetter from Detroit, Michi8it, a day or two aiiiee. and publiah it to the world * unothor instance of the incapacity of Cave ! chncon to attend to the Post Office Department of he federal government? Detroit, July 11, 1848. I. O. Biwmett. E?q.? Itv.?ii Sir About t? n days ago I wrote yon on the intyect ot the Irregularity In (he receipt of iny dally fin aid here For the Iklt ten day* I have kept a memorandum of the Herald* received, and the time of rectivin* them lore ; and it siiow* such a sta'e of thing* a* ought to damn any administration who would ke? p in office officer* who are *o dishonest that scarcely one third of adaly pape< take.. here iro n your city reaches this place. Can any one, even if gifted with the patience of Job. pat up with, or submit to such outrage* as these 1 I am a democrat, and have been a supporter of the present administration j bat if uo honest man can be found among tbe party to be appointed to offices of trust, (particularly tbe Post Office), tbe sooner tbe administration goes to hell >he better. 1 ask you in all candor, whether the statement I give you below 1* note disgrace itnd a shame to the ad mnistration. and tbe Post Office Department in particular? It ought to makethe bead of that department blush. But, in point of fact, there ha* been no regularity or systtm in the Post Offlcearraugementsin this Western rountTy ever since t avn Johnson took possession of ibat department; and I hope thanks be to God, that his sdmlnistiation and that of bis deputy in Buffalo, will soon be ended Cave Johnson seems to have the Fame indifference to this Western country, that James K. I'?lk lias to Western lakt-x and rivers. Tbc following ia the statement which I have referred to 1848. July 1. Received Daily llira'd cf 27th June. " 2. An tax tern mull received here ; bat no lleraid ' " S. Reeeived Daily Htrald of 21)th June. Tbe Herald of 281A June not received at all I " fi } Kive Boats from Buffalo?three Ka-itern ? ? ' Mail*, and yet no Herald ! Beautiful comH mentory on tbe P O. Department .' " 8. Receirt d Herald of 4tb July. Tbe Herald* of the iiOtli June and 1st. 2d, and ?3d July uover heard of Good Lord deliver uh Irom thieving Postmasters ! " It. Two Boats from Buffalo?an Eastern Mail; but tho unfortunate lltrald hits been vie" 10. UeoTi've'd Herald of flth July.?The Herald of tbe &lh purloined, as usual. " 11. An Eastern Mail, but no Herald ! Sir, have 1 not reason to complain of these matters? Our correspondent, who is a highly respectable jentlemnn, asks us whether he has not reason to complain, and we promptly answered that he has; but not with us. Cave Johuson is the man to be censured?a man who has not the ubility to perioral the services which he undertook, nor the sagacity or spirit to acknowledge his weakness, and retire from his department. We can uesure our subscribers?North, .South, Ka6t and West?that their pajters are1 regularly mailed to them from this oilice. The fault of tneir not reaching their destinations rests not with us. Cave Johnson is incorrigible; and we need not expect relief until he is replaced by another and a more cpm->etent person. That official would sink nnv administration with which he miirht lie eon nectcd. He is as a millstone round the neck oi the present dominant party, and has done as much 0 bring it into disrepute as lias Mr. Polk himself. City Intelligence. The Weather ?The weather yesterday was delight'ul; the air balmy and spring-like. The atmosphere was pure aud In alibi ul. and gave more solid promise of good weather than any day for several weeks past. 1 he evening was also beautiful, and the gentle r.iys of the moon gave to it a beauty which 1r unsurpassed. A Strakgkr taker is.?An F.nglishman, named Thomas Curtis, with his wife. lately arrived in this country, formedan acquaintance. In coming from Boston to this city, with a man calling himself Kobiueon, who also professed to be an Knglisbmun. and came from near the same place as Curtis. They became quite sociable on the passage, and seemed much pleased with the company of each other. When they arrived in the eity, Curtis and his wife started for the Pearl street House, and llobinson weut another direction. 1 hey bad been but a short time at the hotel, when Robinson called to see them, and offered his services, in eac they should be needed. Mr. Curtis was not in, but the wife invited him to stay, saying that her husband had only gone out to get some mouey changed, and would soon return. Pretty soon Mr. Curtis r? turned, with >1.406 in American gold, all he was worth in the world. This occurred on Friday morning, and ss be intended to leave for Albany by theafternoon boat, packed his money in his trunk, assisted by llobinson. who made himself very officious in aiding his new friend: after which he left, saying he would return and see h<m off all safe At the proper time tliey started for the Hip Van Winkle ; aud when they reached the boat, ltobinson said that he (Curtis) would have to get a ticket for his trunk, which he would leave in the care of the barber. This he did. supposing all was right. Robinson had two a' complices on hand, who. as soon as they raw the trunk delivered to the bather's care, laid their plans to get it, which they succeeded in most admirably?Robinson ail the while staying with and talking to Curtis until the boat was ready to start. He then badehim good bye, and wished him a pleasant jouruey. When the boat. had got about tour miirs un the river. Mrs. Curtis became unp-asy about the money, and begged her husband to make some inquiry concerning it, which be did; but was told not to be alarmed, that all ?? perfectly safe. That, however did not satisfy him, and he determined u a search; but could lind nothing of the trunk. This created considerable stir on the boat; and when Curtis dseribed the trunk, some one said they saw two men, iti aarn doming. take tt on shorn. At this ho became very uneasy, and besought the captain to put fcim on shore, which being done he hastened to the city and commenced a search for hi* money, but with no succeps; and Robinson and the money were among the missing. The excitement npon the mind of Mr*. Curtis produced premature confinement; she at the time being in a delicate stato of health and she now lien dangerously ill in this eity. Robinson is. about fire feet, eight and a half inchea high, rather thin countenance, with large shabby whistlers, and apparently abnut oO or 4u years of age. Most Vili-asols Ovtraok.?A most foul and villanoua attempt was made a few days since to violate the person of an interesting girl, about sixteen years of age, in the vicinity of Harlem, by a fellow, the same who committed a base assault upon one of the female servants on Randall's Island, at the reeent Cherry Festival It appears that the girl left a father in New Haven, at the point of death, and came to this city in search of a brother, that he might return with her to bis paternal home Having ascertained that her brother resided at Harlem, she proceeded thither, and meeting this person, enquired of linn if he Knew her brother, and where be could be fouDd. He replied that be did; and if she would go with him. he would show her the place where her brother resided. The unsuspecting it male followed him. and when he had got sufficiently far enough from the village, as he supposed, to accomplish his hellish design, he caught her by the throat and choke.l ber severely, also striking her several severe blows id the face, causing a gore of blood to flow iroro her mouth and nn.e. Knowing that the safety of her honor depended entirely upon herse.f, she became desperate, and struggled with the villain, boldly rt sifting his diabolical nurnnse. nnrt fln.iu 1 , J . fr< m his clutches She ran with all possible a peed fur Dunham's Hotel, tlie nearest point, and having related toh:in the conduct of the rascal. he immediately tent for her brother, who went to the hotel where bin sister wai. and canted the arrest of the man. who, we are told is Hdiiie. who was rutViy lodged in prison ? The girl is I row New Haven, and of respectable, though poor, parentage. Harlem is said to be the bead-quarters ot a gang of dwperatu fellows, who do little else t) au insult resp< etable female*. 11 in to be hoped they all may be caught and made to suffer the severe t pennlty of the law for such outrageous and villainous conduct. AsoTiim SiiooTito ('est:.?An altercation took pluee on Saturday night,between two Hermans, niund Peter Ilfti mus. and J. H. Weiscngle, the former occupying the house No. I'D Slu riiT street, and the latter a house in the rear, 'i'hey quarrelled fir some time, whin Haniius wen', into his own house, rai-cd the window and deliberately shot Weieengle while he was going up the str op of hi*. The charge was of ordinary duck shot. the whole of which lodged in the thigh of W . wounding liim most severely. A physician was called. who extracted fifteen of the shot, hut many more had entered the flesh so deeply that It is thought necessary to perorm. a surgical operation to get at them. It Is riot known how ihe fracas originated. ntatis i k t or Iar.i and.?We ore indebted to Messrs. Wilm' r K- Hogi re. corner r f Nassau and Liberty streets, for a very valuable pamphlet. entitled Statistics of Ireland for the year IMS," which Is exceedingly Important as a book of reference. We have also received from the same gentlemen a plan of the city of Pari*, likewise of great utility as a reference. Almost all the journal*, a* well a* the A'eic York Herald, and periodicals generally, can always be obtained at the depot of these trentlpmcn. at the above mentioned place. Hon Ovr.a? A man named John Carroll, was rnn over about tl o'clock, on Saturday night, In Droadway, by one of Ormeby's spruce beer wagons, by which lie wa* most severely injured Hi* left leg wa* broken just above the knee, and the right one dreadful! v lacerated H f wan taken to the city hospital, where Lei lee In a Janjo-rou* condition. Dsownkd.?A lad about eight years old, uaoird John [rwln, wae drowned on Saturdny. In a pond on the Bloomingdale road, between 32d and 33d etreete A "1 ie a i) Ukad" in an UlU*8tTAT? Plac* !?As the freight train on t!?e Rochester nnd Auburn Railroad cast stopped at Ihc several way stations, the mewing of a puss was heard, and on reaching Fisher's, an inveatigntion wan gone into, rrsnlring in the discovery that a cat wae within one of the plate wheel*, which were hollow, and having ihree opening* about the size of a man'* fist! Poor I ties had made her way into one of these holes before the startu p of the train, and being unable to make escape, had been carried fifteen miles;? making in lint distance fourteen tliouaand hi* bandied and ei*ty-eix revolutions! On being relieved Irom her uncomfortable position, she manifested no particular uneasiness, but took it very coolly.? R(?.hatrr Atlvrrtivr, July 19. Theni rleati mid M ad ai. Bowiit Tiic*tk?:?This h -use hu been doing n flfft-rmto business dnrlug the pa-t week. I>iry evening the audiences were both numerous end of the highest respectability. Indeed in point of beauty end elegance wo thluk the ladies in the dress r rcle of the Bowery can compare most favorably with those cf any other place of amusement in the city. Mias Taylor continues to be an great a favorite as ever on the stage, and all baa been goiug on finely. With iuih an ei3elleut company, eucti timl-rate pieces, and sneh a well regulated and orderly house, the Bowery, indeed, presents great attractions. The n?wn baa hitherto beeD most suco.ssful, and aa a continued series ol novel!ies ni.il interesting piece* will be produced In rapid succession, the houae will donbtleaa (till continue to be aa Well patronised at aver. Toniaht the fine speetaele of the ''Jewess" will be product d. with all the magnificence the theatre ia capable of Mr. M-rsbaU. Mr. Tilton. Mrs Phillips, ami the other members of the company, will take prominent paita. 'Ibe drama of ' I he Lady of the Lake," with Mias Taylor aa Blanche of Duron, and the faree of " The Two B'hoys," will conclude tue performances. NiBLo'a TiilATat:.?The production of light, amusing and interesting vaudevilles, sustained by an excellent toryt drauioliquf, as. also, the pleasing pantomimes of the Lehman Fumdy, interspersed with various dances, in which the pretty Adelaidu moves with suoh grace and elegance, has attracted highly fashionable and delighted audiences to this beautiful theatre of amusement. This evening the performances will commence with the laughable sketch called the " Widow's Victim the principal characters of which will be sustained by th i-e sterling and inimitable artists, Miss R. Telbin and Messrs Dawson andSefton. This will be followed by a "Concert Dramatlque," in which Mons. and Madame Laborde, so highly spoken of as j uieiinguiynea vocausis, win uiaxe tn. ir tlr^t appearance. Several beautiful piece*?eoloa and duetts?will be executed, namely, frotn second act or William Tall,*' air and sceua. Mathilde. by Mine. Labord? ; as, also, the duet from same act. by Mme. and Mons. Lahorde. Urand air and poena fro in ' Le Rossignol," another from the beautiful opera of 11 La Juive a?, alpo. a scena lrom "Le Sermeiit." The lovers of variety of entertaiument. have thus presented to them a

splendid evening's divertisoment. Niblo is untiring in his endeavors to please his patrons ; he has onuaged Miss Brienti and Mr. Manver*. who will appear tomorrow evening in the musical drama of '* Le Domino Noir aud the Lehman Karnlly will also give their pantomimio representations. Chatham Thkatrk ? "1 he great patronage which this house has received during the last week, has induced the inansger to extend the season for one week more, in order to aceomraodute as many as possible of his visiters. He has, also, effected an engagement with Mr. Lesttr, the favorite comedian, who will make hla first appearance this evening, in the character of Don Ctcsar de Bazan. iu which part he stands unrivalled. Besides this, Miss Mestayer is re-eugaged for a few nights, so that, what with Mr. Lester, Miss Mestayer, the worthy young manager himself, and his talented and excellent company, this, the closing week of the season, will be a most brilliant one. To-night, after'-Don ( trsar de Bazan," 'New York As It Is" will be played? | the farce of "Isncle Sam" concluding the perform! snces. The correspondence between all the member* i of ihe company and Mr. Lbunfrau. in which they ten' drrb'ma benefit, in testimony of their esteem and j respect for him, hus been published already. This in a 1 most convincing proof of the harmony un 1 good feeling existing, and the tact and excellent manageinent1 of Mr. C. The hen< fit will come off on the evening of Monday, the 24th Inst., and will, no doubt, be a bril lianl utlair. \ Ciitle Garden.?This delightful place of resort Is sow under full headway ; the summer Is on us in right t good earnest?the hot weather has fairly set in, and the universal desire is to keep oool, or rather find ?omo plaee where one can achieve that desirable object, i buch a place is Castle Garden; its fine promenades, lefty hall and the elegant dramatic amusement cosinoi ramus. he. admirably tit it for the suuimor resort of our 1 citisens and visiters. The price of admission is now i fixed at 26 cents, a mere nominal sum. thus making it quite a trifling expense to family parties. To-night the pcrformanres will consist of the dramatic comedy , of '-The Jacobite," and the first art of the favorite melo-drama of "Robert Mm-alre." Mr. Holland will appear in both of these pieres. and by his fine comic ; acting will no doubt add much to the effectiveness of the representation In the interval between the pieces ' the time can be well emp.oyed discussing the first rate refreshments for which the Garden is so famous. Curing the present week. Messrs Bottesini and Ardlti will take their benefit, and one. of the most attractive bills of tbr season will be put forth on the ooeasion. On Thursday evening Miss Phillips will take her benefit. On that oocasiou. also, a most attractive bill will be ofTerrd, and a number of most eminent performers have volunteered their services. Burton's Theatre.?This place of amusement, altered and re-modelled so as to make it one of the most comfortable theatres in the city, has been well supported during the engagement of the Viennoise ohilflrrn Th? tkl. ..-nln. ? ..?? - r I tive. Theeomedy of"Puul Pry"wtll be enacted. The part of Col. Hardy will bo rustaiued by Mr. Thayer (hi* tirst appetranee for several jenrs ) and that of Paul Pry by Mr. Burton, who is acknowledged by all to be one of the beat comedians in the country ; and those who have icen Mies llose Telbin, will admit that she i-i one of the most pleasing and accomplished actr?s?es.in her line, in tbiacity. Mr. Crisp, of Park notoriety, will sustain the part of Harry Stanley ; and the other characters will be sustained by an exrelleut stork company. The entertainments will be concluded with the laiif huMr larco of ' That Unseal Jack/' in which the celsbiated John Dunn will appeur. and, no doubt, as usual, excite the risible faculties of the nudieuee. Burton, if he consults the taste of the play-going folks, will produce light novel pieces, interspersed with ballet and other amusing performances, as. during the summer reason, heavy representations will not be relished ; but Burton's celebrity as a manager is sufficient to ensure a selection of every thing suited to the 1 last; and refinement of society. . Christy's Minstrels bad made up their minds to : leave New York this week; in fact, their concert on Nature ay ivening. was advertised as their last.? 1 the requests of many of their admirers, to stay ano- 1 1 her week, however, have been too urgent, and they have consented to remain a little while longer. They , will perform this evening, and throughout the week. Banvaro's Panorama.?The universal admiration which is expressed by visiters to this magnificent exhibition. is proof positive of its great worth. Probably, no such accuracy and aftistic elegance has ever hetore been exhibited on so large a scale. This week is positively the last one that it can be shown in New Y ork: therefore, all who have not yet seen it, had bet- : iergoat once. The Panorama or Gen Taylor's Campaigns, uow | exhibiting at MiuerTa Itooms, is declared to be a most , surprisingly accurate and comprehensive delineation of the matches, battles, ice . of Old Hough aud Heady j and his gallant army In these exciting times, when ! all the world seems to be going to war. our citixen* can , ree without auy trouble the wars and dangers the \ American army, under Taylor.went through in Mexico. ' They will then be able to appreciate the great gallantry of their fellow countrymen. It is exhibi ted every evening. Kdwin Forrest was still at Buffalo on the 14th iust. Marine Affairs. Smrs ron Liverpool.?We uotice at the wharves, among a number of vessels loading, and about ready to sail for Liverpool, the fast sailing ship Joshua Bates. Her trim, orderly, and neat appearance as she now , lies at the foot of Old Slip, denotes care, taste and | seamanship; and it may not be out of place to state, ! although many ate aware of the fact, that she was at one time the Boston and Liverpool packet, so famous . for her short ruus aoross the Atlantic. She was some ! time since purchased by a respectable house in this i I city, and placed under command of Capt. Stoddard, ! who on his first passage in her, accomplished the run from Boston to Liverpool in less than fifteen days. In her new occupation as an lndiaman, she has earned I still more credit; and now, we believe, ranks in speed with any of our clipper ships in that trade. Her last vojnge was performed in eight months, including sixtv ' day* she remained at Whampoa. Another ship of great beauty of model, intended originally for an I ; East-Indiaman?the Memnon?is also loading for Liv? 1 ! erpool. Till-ship was built about a year since, by the builders of the Sea Witch and Rainbow, and partake* j much of the form of the latter, She is long. low. and { i very rakish, with great breadth of beam, clean and | I easy run. Her sailing qualities bare never been fully j tested under (.'apt. Eldrid/e, tier present rommander. Her performances will, no doubt, prove worthy of her | exquisite model. The European trade Is evidently not her legitimate business. The favorite packet ship Fidelia, under the command of Captain Yeaton, Is also one of the number which sail within a day or two for the Old World. The F. eaves this morning for Liverpool, and, as usual, carries out a full freight, and, for this season, a fair proportion ! of passengers. Tnr Steamship Wajiiivuton.?-This line steamer has been at her dock In the North rivir for some days past, and is now in perfect order, and will leave for Southampton and Bremen, on the 20th Inst. She Is looking remarkably well. Great Fall ok .iErolitks.?A fall of mrolitrs occurred in the neighborhood of fSecktcrstown, Pa., on the 9th inst. In one inatnnce, a large atone, some six leet in diameter, and resembling a nr its ol sulphur, in its descent, went through a large tree crushing it to atoms, and entered to the depth of about twelve feet, from whence it was afterwards recovered by those who witnessed its fall. The traces of several small bodies of the SHine nature have been discovered in that vicinity, within a abort time, and are creating conaiderable alarm. 1 am informed that the Hon. Judge Heid, of our place, has obtained permission from Joseph Drite, Esq , the proprietor of the farm where the stones fell, to remove the large one to his residence in Yoik. where it will be exhibited for a while, after wlncn he contemplates taking it to Itallinioie for the purpose of placing it in the Museum. It is really a curiosity.?Cor. Ilnltimorf Cliffrr 1 tut Watering Place*. Oceanic House, Coney Island, { July 8,1818. S It ia no trifling matter, believe me, to become tba hmlnriooranher ol a ti .s 11< nnh'" wuterinir nl.i<-f> ihe ' first season of its existence. In fact, young watering places (what an idea!) are like youuz m miens: they must be frowned upqn and caressed, humored and < ro6se^, scolded ami {eited, ull in the s tnie breath. Wherefore I, Fifzherbert Montaban Shandy, in view ol all the difficulties by which I am surrounded, in view of rebellious subjects and scornful peers, in view of the jealousies, oddities, caprices and whims of old men and young men, old women and?no, that is plebeian?there is no such thing us an old woman in fashionable life?but in spite of the women generally, and of little boys and little girls, and nurses and valets, and of every other creature?always excepting our glorious French cook, whose rule in his own department is supreme?hut in view of and in spite of everything and everybody else, I am about to shadow forth us an honest coi respondent should, a picture of" what passeih here." tie not deceived. I shall not tell you that the lovely Miss X., with a pouting lip, or the enchanting Miss Z., with u pink, eye, or the delectable Miss Amjiersanrl, with a Grecian contour, arefthe admired of all admirers, and lead the fashionable flock wherever they choose. For the life of iue, I cannot conce ive how any one writing for the Herald can fall into sucli blunders. It is classes, not individuals, that you, aaeditor, wish to see truly delineated. It is life, not i>etty circumstance, that you wish pictured in your columns. And herein consists the great secret of the suecpcu iif ih#? Hirul/1 u/Knbo ??ud ImtK uf fi rut and now, was and is, to hold,as 'twere, the mirror up to i nature, to show the very age and body of the time, I its form aud pressure. ' Other journals take but | a one-sided view of life and the world; and as two ! wrongs make not a right, so two journals which ' labor perversely to uphold different opinions, repre- j sent not the public opinion, the great voice of the people. Ana that is the reason why so many editors, to use one of your own comparisons, often run their journals ten feet into the mud bclore they get fairly under way. Well then, you have my plan for the campaign, j and as it is based upon the plan by which your journal is conducted, I feel confident, in advance, that 1 shall prove the most fortunate of all your correspondents. I shall furnish you with a daguerreotype of life at the Oceanic. ,Folly?wisdom and madness?philosophy, French cookery and salt water baths?a storm on old Ocean, and a tempest in a teapot,? you shall have them all! Lt vuila ! Shan?v. N. B.?I perceive that your printer's devil spells my name "Handy." Faugh! the Handys are a plebeian set; John Handy's grandmother blacked j the boois oi Fitzhercst Moutaiban IShandy's great I grandfather. Enough. Mahopac Lake, July 6, 1848. I If you with to get rid of the heat, dust, smoke, ! and noise of the city, where one has good opjior- 1 tunity to become familiar with weariness, lever, I and fret?where men sit and hear each other ! groan? Where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies ; W here but to think is to be full of sorrow, And leaden-eyed despairs ; "Where beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, Or new love pine at them beyond to-morrow ; ?just take the cars on the Harlem road for Croton | Falls, and then direct your course for Like Maho- j pac. In three or four hours you have left the ! world all behind vou, and are in a mountain paradise, in the midst of enchanting lakes, among ; green islands, fanned by pure cool breezes. | Heavens, how exhilirated you are ! The air is so fresh and bracing that oilcan not help opening his mouth, as though he wWi staring at the "elephant," in order to drink in as much as possible oi it at once. As Bums says? " What, tho' like commoners of air, We wander out, we know not where, But either house or hall; Yet nature's charing, the hills and woods, The sweeping tales, and foaming floods, Are free alike to all." There is no place in the State where the atmos- | phere is purer and cooler in summer?no place I where the scenery is wilder and more romantic. | The little lake, over which ever blows cool breezes, : checkered nt all times with sail and row boats, J beautified with two iairy like islands, " sunny spots J of greenery," is noi surpassed in beauty. This season, more than before, the place wears i the appearance of a fashionable resort. We have | met here some of the wealthiest and best families i from the city, who are so much charmed with the scenery and healthy air that they h ive resolved to j stay through the whole season. The quiet and I absence ol all rowdyism, show that a better class ' of persons has been attracted by its superior ad- j vantages as a watering place. Mijnc hknprieno. | Police Intelligence, Charge of Stabbing with a Sword Cane ?Officer Cunningham, of the 8th ward, arrested on Saturday * evening, a man by the name of James Robinson, on a charge of stabbing Alexander H. Stoutenburg. residing in Mercer street, near Broome, with a a word cane, inflictiug rather a dangerous wound in the r gbt aide, while in an affray in the front of the Mercer ilousu, corner of Mercer street and Brooine street. The facta which led to the occurreuce are. as we learn, as* follows :?It appears that a very interesting younj; widow, of piearing maunera. by the n emu of Mrs. franklin, keeps a boarding house in Meroer street, next door to the public bouse called the Mercer House, kept by Captain Underbill and the accused. Mr. 11 nliin,r.n inn,, flin n.Ai ac.n vt> In ?hu k.l.lf ?f tiikmg dinutr with Mm. Franklin, ami. to oblige Mm. K . Mr. Robinson acted as carver at the head of the table. This went on for a short time, until Mr. K. found be lost too much time in going to dinner in Mercer street, as his business was down town, and concluded to leave ; but. in ho doi ng, he did not forsake tho house altogether, but called in occasionally The last visit made was on the 4th of July; and in the course of conversation with a lady who resides with Mrs. Frnklin. a few words dropped vouching some household arrangements in some way connecting Mm. Fianklin. This passed on without any further notice, until Mr Robinson was leaving the house, when he saw Mrs Franklin alone, and feeling himself to be a friend. took the liberty of advising Mrs. Franklin, and said be bad a"hint" he wished to commuuicate. Mrs. Franklin felt vexed at the liberty taken by Robinson, and told him sbe was not in want of any of bis advice, nor did ?be ask for any of his "bints she was perfectly able to take carc of herself, and if she wasn't, it w?s not to him she would look for any protection.? Robinson then left the house, declaring ho would never make another call at that house. But feeling determined that Mrs. Franklin should receive the "hint" intcndi d. afiw days afterwards he addressed a letter to her, wherein he recapitulated the "hint," and likewise set foith his friendship towards her. This letter, it seems. Mrs. Franklin exhibited to Captain Underbill, who is one of Mrs. Franklin's boarders; and being a protector likewise of the fair sex. liu sent a letter to Air Robinson at his place of business, requesting his attendance at. the Mercer House. Robinson attended, according tothe invitation, when the captain took him into the billiard room and gave him a severe repimantling for the insult given to Mrs Franklin giving hi in to understand that such "hints" were ungentle nanly and perfectly uncalled for. Thus the matter remained, which occurred some six or seven days ago, until last Saturday evening, when Robinson called in at the .Mercer House to take a glass of soda water; when who should he meet in the house but Mr. Stoutr nburgta, who addressed Mr. Robinson respecting that old "hint," and what was the reason that he brought his (Stoutenhourgh's) name in question in the matter. Mr Robinson replied that ho did not kuow his uame, although he whs aware he was one of the boarders in t lie house.?" No," said Mr. Stoutenburgh. " you might not have known my name, but you alluded to ine bv saving tbat man In spectacles."?By this time their coiii i-rnilinn began to get of rather a personal nature as Robinson begun to baok out und was outside the door on the side-walk, when Mr. Ntoiitonburgh commenced to thrash Rnbiu.-on. with a rattan or slight cane which he had in his hnnd. On Robinson receiving the blows rather fn cly, he threw up, to defend himself, a heavy sword enne. which he had in his hand at the time the lower part of whleli fell off. it being very loose, leaving the sword part in his hand, which he thrust at Mr. Stoutenbtirgh. Inflicting a severe stab in the right side. Mr. S. was taken home, and a surgeon sent for to dress the wound, who pronounced it not mortal, although such stabs arc very dangeious If inflamation should Set in, ?therefore be wee ordered to lie kept perfectly uulet In lied. Mr. Roblnton was taken, together with the sword cane, before Jos tire Mctirath. who committed hint to pr.son for examination, to await the fate of tho injured man. Cote of Ketcham .J- I.ravcnworth.?We have received a communication from Messrs. Ketcham it Hcnsbaw, who do busim ss at No. l'il Kulton street, who state that they are no ways concerned with the difficulty between Ketcham & l.eavenwortb. respecting the cotting machine reported in last Saturday's Herald. 1 hi ir place of bii-incss was at lit Canal street. All we hare to say la that In the affidavit at the police outer It wu ??t forth at No. 121 Fulton Htrcut. novrmriit* mf Distinguished Individuals, Abbott Lawrence and ft. K. Belknap were both in Quebec on the 11th mat. They are handsomely noticed by the tfrvbrc Mtrruty, which devotee it long article to an eulogy u|?>n their enterprise and general worth. Anohikk Tkmhmpii.?The pine poles which have been along Third street for th? past two or three d. ye, are lor Morse and Kendall's new telegraph line, from Baltimore to New Orleans, via J'ittthurg, Wheeling, Maysville. Lexington, and thence through Tennessee and Alabama. It is the intent ion to have a line of potts up between this city and Maricitn, in the course of a week. Mr. Kliph let ('use has charge of this section. What effect is this competition going to have on telegraphic rates 1?Vincirnmti A'nqutrcr. __== i Steamships, StrmbMti, '< nl' madi and Telf gnqpbi In ProprcH. Atti ntion Laving Iweu u ge""rally to various important route?, for the tra"?it of merchandise and passenger*. we Khali notice acme of the worka in progress on tho leading rontee. The worka now in prt? gress, must, when coinpiet. tl, i>r>duoe a great change in commercial transaction. A little attention bestowed by our rcudtrt', upon the extendion of the area of commerce, may prove much to their adrantago. A geU'leinan rcccutly returned from Europe, is tekiUK active me?,-ures for calling ihe attention of tho community to the Importanee of eetabliahlng a lino of teamcra to Marseilles. The steamship United States ia the drat of a line to U.... U ,. .. I ln.t !..?_____ Ik. 1 k lanlic In 12 days and 10 hour*. A imM ut . U'?iiikui|ih i- luiiv tiblinhcil between Philadelphia and Charleaton, and an association toorganiaing to cstabll.-h a line to New Orleana. '1 he Howard linefrom this city to New Orleana, will soon hare additional vessels to run in oonneetion with * the Cresoent City. We stated in a former artiole, that Congress had given to XVir blue $?20u 000 per ami >iu fur tea years, to convey the maile between Ne w l ork and New Orleana. via Havana The Hou-e of Itrprei-eutative* have granted that gentleman $'if> 000 per month, in advance, in lieu of the farmer appropriation. Two ateumera that were building by -r. Law. it ia thought, will be completed forthwith, to fuldl that contract, which requires the veiux la tube ready on the lint of October next if the contract in em, lum.d by the fa-* tore action of Congress. If not Here "tinear* to be route uncertainty aato the oourre that will he pnraned. Cong!'o.-B should resolve up u suoiu rprcilic mode of action in regard to the carriage of the maile by ocean steuuiers. The postage from Lleriuuda la la per half ounce, and newspaper* 2d ?ach. to be paid at Bermuda. After completing lines of steamers to New Orleana and Havaua, communication is looked for by the rams means to commercial po n*? further s .nth 1'he passage of sailing vessels from Venezuela, which now occupies 20 to 3u days, would be made by steamships in less than 15 days, opening facilities to the fruitful West India islands- Curaeca, Porto Rico, \1artlntqoe. Haytl, and Trinidad?for the shipment ef their product ana. The largest river steamer in the world, now building by Isauo Newton, fcsq, who appears to hold ilia k.l.n,. in u 11 ait.., I.r.11 a,.II K.. 1........K...S at the Dry Deck before the 1st of August. That Taesel is 375 feet In leug'h?25 fe-t longer than any vessel float ng. Her destiny will be determined next week. The HudHon Hirer Railroad, to terminate at the foot of Canal street, will be completed in the year 18i0. The number of paasougers now parsing, annually, on the river between this city and Albany, is about on* million, it is estimated that during the first year after the completion of the road, the increase will behalf a million more. The Harlem axd New Haven Railroad will be completed during the autumn to Dover Plains, 82 miles from the City Ilall, and 22 miles Kant of the Hudson River. A line is now completed from La Prairie, ou the St. Lawrence River, to St. John. A continuation is in progress through Vermont, crossing the Hudson River between Glen's Falls and Saratoga; from the nee on the West side of the river to Albany. Another route is from St. John to Burlington ; thence crossing Vermont, through Montpelier. into New Hampshire, anil' tbiough Plymouth, connecting with the Concord road (which is a continuation of the Boston and Lowell road) at Franklin. Another route is to Vergennee, in Vermont, crossing Vermont through Rutland and Charleston, into New Hampshire, connecting with tha Kit chburg roud into Boston. The Pennsylvania Railroad, from Philadelphia to Pittiburgh, will probably be completed about 1862, when a perfect line of railroad may be looked for from Buffalo to Pittsburgh, a distance <>f about 000 miles.? From the present prospects of that road, it is antioipa > ted that their cars will run from Harrisburgh to Lewhton before the close of the winter of 1818-40; and witb the means now at their command, to connect with ths Portage at Hollidaysburgh; which, with the completion of the western fifteen miles, will give a continuous railroad communication between Philadelphia and Pittaburgh. with the except ion_ of fifty-five miles to be travelled by stages The oitiieus of Ohio have been making exertions to form a continuous wsy from the Atlantic through the fertile valleys of that State, to the distant West. One item of trade, wb eh is considered tiactable to this route, is the passage of 50 000 cattle, a number that annually pusses thiough Pennsylvania, from Ohio. On this road, the West side of the mountain will be | asB> il at Sugar linn Gap by a tunnel 700 y arus long, sua joo teei oeiow us apex. 1 *o gnat chains of railroad are contemplated through Ohio, towards which decided measures have been taken The first and most forward in its proa* peel a, la that leading from Cincinnati, through Co* iuinbue, and thence eaatward till it touches the Ohio river, at some point where it can connect with a roilroal to the seaboard. Tbla road conneota with the Cincinnati and Sandusky road, w Inch ia already iu operation asfar an Xonla, or Spriugilold, and passes through . Coiumlusand Newark to the mouth of Licking river. From this point, two rentes present themselves, one to Wheeling, through Zanesville, and the other in * northeastern direction till it atrixes the river about W'ellsville. The road, for part of the distance, is in the bands of oignniaed companies, who will carry on the work by local means, until they come to the point of divergence. A railroad is contemplated from Memphis, Tennessee. and spoken of at Wasliingtou. in oouueetion with the steamers of Howland and Asplnwali, that are to ply between Panama and Oregon, touching At the ports of California A telegraph is already in operation to Memphis, and Mr. O'Keilly has posts erected for the extension of tbiv Western line to the distnure of 4oOO miles. When anticipating the realization of such an immense increase of commercial facilities, by the connection of great routes throughout the entire extent of the continent, the mind is le i to many reflections. Win. IVnil settled amidst savages, relying upon fliendly influences; and by entering into the haunts, and oftentimes, no doubt, into the emotions, of tho warlike tribes of Indians, holdingdcominereiai trafflo with them, prererved amicable relations, and established an orderly government, whilst thore was turbulence and disorder all around ; yet, for more than 70year*. and np to the time the government passed into other hands, they enjoyed uniuteirupted peace. So by our Doming trequent or constant intercourse with a people, however uncultivated, ?r different in political or religious relations, they will become huutmlacd, strictly preserving order, ax well ax their contracts and treaties, without a quarrel or a war. ax the Indiane did in the day* of Penn. The tendency of every notion of government, xhould be to bring thoxe who are now ex- < trangedfrom ux, by all the influencex arising oat of arbitrary power, Into the xame brotherhood of freedom, by the conxummation of social, political, and oouuncrcial similarities. By the extension of internal Improvrmenta by railroada. on land ; and steamships, und river steamers, on water, it lx only to be ae*omplislied Steamshipx may, with ax much propriety, he ernstiucted by private enterprise t? ply between this port, and any South American port, a* between thin city and Albany. If commercial transactions would seem to justify the investment of capital yielding n xvitnble return, there ix no >loubt of thcro being bo lt, mid lie can xec no reason why the government should not issue proposata for the carriage of mails and enter into contracts, for xuch service, a? in ordinary antes: for wbirh service wc are advocates of the most liberal pay. Looking forward to the consummation of s*in* plan for reaching the Pacific ocean by a shorter rout* than around Cape Horn?thus Touring the trade of the Kast, aud perfecting a continuous route through iniportnut commercial poiutx throughout tho globe, la a subject that should reccivo the most liberal oomlderation oil the part of the government Whether th* plau of a canal across the Isthmus of Panama, at an estimated cost of $20.000 000, or that of Mr. Wbltuey ? a very feasible one?at a cost of abont four times that amount, is practicable, anil ought to be.eomplcted, are questions that require a prompt decision. experience will h111rm thut the human fam'ly are much the same, from whatever portion of the world they may have sprung, after brooming iullueuoud under similar circumstances. A remove of one general!'n from ignorauce and suffering will, in the offspring of the next, be strikingly manifest. With facilities for intellectual attaiuun nt. and under the appliances, comforts and general influences of a better condition, the features btrnmo morn symmetrically developed. exhibiting un intellectuality where before the grossncss of tho animal creation wan alone indicated A case of an apposite character wan related a eliort time nince of a Christian man saved from a wreck, and found on one of the Malay Islands, who became a desperate Cannibal, exhibiting all the feroeioua ness of tho tiger, in habit and appearance, and thirsting for human blood. People going to the South from the Northern States, to reside, become strong apologists for tbe existenoe and rontluuanee of slavery, and are said to be the hardest ton!;-masters. Who has not marked the effect of habit and climate up in the foreigner, who. after a few years residence here, beoomes so Americanised that his nationality t? almost lost In "thinness?" Tho Chinese, an different in habit, soon appear at ease, when abroad, and elpress themselves in terms of satisfaction with those towards whom, heretofore, they had never entertained any but feelings of prtgudice and estrangement. In some of our large hotels, we find a representation of people from every portion of the globe, who, living for years together, under similar influences, are soon alike in manners and habits. They harmonise and become affiliated to each other. The inveterate prejudices that were supposed to exist from national jealousies, or some formal difference in their social relations, have boon found to be ouly ideal We discover the heart to ho susceptible of refining Influences, or tending to tho cearser attributes of n?^ iur?*, go wnere vc may. in veilocation still runner 01 the assumption that naturally the human fam iy are * much the same, it is only neceasarv 10 revert to the similarity of character exhibited In all mankind wham making pecuniary demands upon each other. The game unrelenting digpogilion i.< ever manifest. These results only confirm the dietrine of nircurastances as affecting association and tending to alfeet the destiny of mankind, whether for weal or woe.? Then how important it is that erery facility for the interchange of social civilities, and all things pertaining to the relations of life, should be contributed to, by individuals and governments, whose Interests are one and inseparable. If commerce is calculated to meltorato the condition of men. and extend facilities for human happiness?if the progress of civilisation is the coesequent refinement of sentiment and maunuri? and ooitlmti o?tween distinct, distant, and Independent eoinuitinltles of men, are Inseparable from the condition of our spocles? there Is n double purpose to be accomplished of promoting tbc one end ; and, In regord to the latter, of assimilating their condUioa4wllh our own, by drawing th?m nearer?thus destroying the effeet of "geographical divisions and sectional parties" that are cvat the cause of strife and confusion. A British soldier lately fell from thechff of Cape Diamonr, at Quebec, inlo St. L/iwranoe street, a distance ol three hundred leef. He was, ol oonrae, dashed to pieces. It is not known how he o.iiim to full, hut it is supposed that he got dixzy in looking oyer the heights. . J ^