Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 18, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 18, 1848 Page 1
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T H NO. 5156. THE GREAT PARISIAN nSTRItrniOV OF 1848. Anoiner jDtcK&UDg ana mstorj OF THAT TKRRIBLE EVENT, 1'KOM WE OF THE PARIS CORKESPONDE\TS OF THE XTBWiTOZlS HERALD. Incidents and Scenes. Sus. dir. dcr. I'abu, June 23 1848. JH?won tic Incident, and a Mintage, after Hanger?Jl IMirl?The Election?The Palacet ? The Jltiemhly? No Ureal Genius yel Rittnin thil Revolution. 1 have referred to the manner in which one soldier nil served, after all tils companion.?, numbering fourteen. bail been killed by the masses (luring the third day of the revolution in I'uris, at the guard-house Of the Place de la Concorde. It will b? rem .uiber cu.tbat, rushing through the masses, tlie bayonets, and isbowers ot halt;1, a female seised him about the neck, railed biui her father, and demanded tbat they should rpare him. In all this she was successful. Ni t c ntont with this, she secreted hiui, and by her daily labor si:],ported him, until it was a ife for him to mate h's apperrance and gain Irs own subsistence ; this he dd as toon as he could; and finding himself in good | business. last week he reciprocated the protection ho had received, by making this young girl bis wife. The affair has created a good d-al of interest ; and they 1 at least will have cause to be reminded of the rerolu- ' tion and some of its fruits. Captain B?rtrand. who addressed the letter before referred to by me, to the commander of the National Ouards, which drew a challenge from the latter, and which was settled by fence swords, has just fought a duel with Captam ? -(Joudchaux-ofthe Vitirnal Guard,and badly lacerated him with his sword ; lie is the son of the faithful, who went with Napoleou to St. Helena, and remained true to him to his death,?his name is Napoleon Bertrande, and he seems to have little fear of exposing his own life. " i The letter of the Mayor of Paris, declining his salary as Mayor, which went the rounds of the press, proves to be fictitious, and has created a good deal of amuse- 1 ment ; but as he reported the constitution giving a salary as Representative and Mayor to the same person, if he happoned to hold the two offices, as is the casein fact,it has its effect, and may produce good results. though an clfort is making to detect the culprit. The press and caricatures are terribly powerful organs at this time in Paris ; and no man is strong enough to stand lip against them, and no people feel ridicule more keenly than the Fiench. or are less aide to stand against it. Two elections of Representatives are soon to take plsce in Paris, to fill the vacancies occasioned by the resignations of I.ouis .Napoleon Bonaparte and Thiers, who whs elected for the Seine Inferior. I think the former will he elected, unless he refuses the use of bis name. A caricature is in circulation representing "Napoieon as paying. *1 am me nepjew 01 my uii^io ;" j and another under it. representing Prince de Jolnvillj : ae saying. " I em the uncle of my nephew and both are asking for power. The wounded hare been removed f-om the Palace of the Tuileries ; and a strong effort is being made to in- : -dure the Assembly to hold their sessions there, ns the present chamber is very inconvenient : but there is ! much opposition to the measure, and it is uow said that the Palace is to be used by the President. The officers of the republic undot stand but imperfect- ! ly the to* ling of the French people. No man short of a crow in d head, or a talent like that of Bonaparte, will ever be permitted to sit himself dowu on the sofas of the palaces. Indeed, these magnificent palaces and their rich and elegant furniture, are great stumblingblocks in the path ol a French republic, and especially J in that of the lending officers of the republic ; they -ought to pray to be delivered from temptation, for to I touch them would be as fatal to them as eating the for- j hidden fruit wt s to poor Eve. Neither the revolution pot the Assembly havo de- : vtloped any such extraordinary talent us was develop- I d during the struggles of the first revolution. I.amar -tine lied a few weefcs rf glory : but both his power and eloqnenco seem to have evaporated for the present, at. 1 least. Yet 1 have no doubt that as much talent exists | in Frsnce now as at any former period ; but the struggle has rot yet been sufficiently severe to develops it These is evidently many men of very tine talents la ' tbc Assembly. although no leading mind lias yot been exhibited, for the accomplishment of extraordinary deeds, good or bad Ledru Itollin's last speech gave evidence that he would be a man of extraordinary power in extraordinary circumstances. OBSERVER. Paris, June 23d, 1848. 8u bjects which Engross Public *1 It cation?Progress of the Constitution?Pica's of different Presets and Persons? Want of Experience in Organising a Republic. Politics, emcutes, theatres aud dining parties are now in full operation in Paris, and all are well attended to?and amidst u.e n the Republlo mnrohes onward. The considernt on of t'm Const lotion, as it came from the committee, is now in the hands of the eighteen bureaux into which the Assembly is divided ; and each of these bureaux is to submit its amendments j and then t' e Constitutio i, and then several propositions for amendments are again to be submittod to the consideration of the committee, and by thum de*'t with i tl cy . ud?e to lie expedient, and then the final report of the committee i* to be made to the An Bombly, who are to d souss publicly the project. It will he wonderful if much of the original in left, after it ebaU bare gone this round in an assembly where there are as many minds as men, differing very materially upon many, or perhaps on all, the important principles which lie at the foundation of an organic linefora State?for instance.the Prule which I regard as tho most talented paper in Paris. and which has, perhaps, the lnrgeit circulation, hut which is offered to the govt rnment and probably the Republfo?yet discusses will) great ability, and I think would favor even a Republic, were the editor at the head of Presie?proposes a constitution in these words, to-wit: '-The i'rople reign"?"The Ministers govern"?" The general diiectors administer." This, ho says, is sufficient for the theory ; then he provides that there shall be three ministers"?' the President of the Council"? ' The Ministers of Public Finances"?"and Ministers of Public Works." That is sufficient for the practice, lie says : " The President of the Couucil is elected by ballot in the National Assembly by a majority ; and ho chooses Lis colleagues, and in case of a disagreement between the Ministers and the Assemhly. the latter is dissolved." Te the defence of the sufficiency of th's constitution for a Republic, the Prtiie has devoted many columns and much reasoning, and it has been seriously and vigorously refuted by other journals; but some of those pressi s. who deny the sufficiency of this ( onstitutlon. my that n half page is sufficient to contain all the provisions necessary for one. There ?re others who contend that the Republic will go along better without auy constitution ; an I that th?y must do as i he Provisional Government did?decree for the day and redi cree for the morrow, if necessary, never looking forward, in anticipation a single day. hut letting each day and rare be provided for , by a decree ; and I am not sure, hut this view w.ll cecnre a pood many voices in its support. Now. yes leiHBy?inr tfllliro unjr nil- rmu iu ??-, vjioui mu lurcnux. that part allotted to the Bureaux I mean, in discussing the question touching tho election of the President: and it in said that a majority are inclined to take hi* election nway from the people tho first two years, and giro it to the present Vnseiubly?this act. I understand. i* to defeat the election of [,oui* Napoleon. I give yon these view* that all may *ro how In,perfectly understood arc the great principles of civil liberty in the most enlighteued nation in En rope, and among the most distinguished mind* which, and many of them have added lustro to the world, by their production* ; yet. in the framing Republican Institution* capable of being executed, and of securing tho great purposes whleli they so ardently desire, t!l<y appear to reason like children, compared, at least, with the views of our people upon such snbj< ot* Throughout all my letters, it will be rerollicWd, lliat my impression never lias been since the revolution, that the greatest danger which the Republic had to fear, wn* from the Nation^ Assembly, and the Inability of tho lending niTfd* in France to perform well their parts?the manse* have done their duty to perfection, and even maiatain order now, under alt the dissatisfaction and discouragement, which tho confusion among tho leading mind* cri ate. The good sense is at the bottom of the heap; and must end well, rise to the top, from the masse* The masse* will serve the Republio, If It be ound. a* 1 think it will be. But they have made a grand mistake in electing so many public functionaries to the National Assembly, and yet it was a natural act, and one which all the world applauded, for they were thought to be men learned and bettor yuallfleil than thoso who gave thein their suffrage*. Time will cure this evil In Franco, a* It has In tho 1'nltad States OBSERVER. Pa a is, June 23, 1841. Condition of Affair t in Italy?The I'urpoeet of France ?w Reformer Thereto?The Uappel Boat?The French, Engliek, American! Mi Impreetione The aspect of affair* look* grave for Italy thi* morning?at least n uch more than a week since. Charles Albsrtls assailed severely for allowing Vlcensa to be exposed to tba enemy ; and Austria Is rejoicing over It >triumph. Francois beginning to caution the Italians, that they do not exchange the yoke of one king ft* that af another, en ' to indicate tbet Charles Albert wftt not p.* permitted to pl?v into the hand* of E NE NE"1 Austria, or own, at tbe expense of the liberties of i Italy ; and tbe opinion is gaining ground that thu contingency is approacbin; rapidly, when the Italian* will call loudly for assistance, as they have already done to a limited estent since tbeir recent disasters ; and that France should preparo forthwith to lend theui her aid. 1 do not perceiveuny account. orupp "tra ice, which confirms thu news of the declaration of war, on tbe part of ltussla, against tbe German confederation; and 1, therefore, at present, doubt its existence. There is great confusion aud irregularity in the mails, and the public mind is so excited, that it is exceedingly difficult, frequt ntly, to deturmino what degree of oredit can be glten to fpeoiiie information. What I see, I am sure of; beyond that, there iralways some uncertainty i n my twu mind, at least, and much more is necessary not to mislead others. 1. therefore, always exnr >s doubt ingly what 1 do not consider to bo quite well authenticated. The flr?t uews from Prague, aires the iro eminent a decided victory ; l>ut the second, left ilio ] units lighting. and tbu result very doubtful, aud so it remain* this morning; but one thing appear* to b< rcrtain, and tbat is,that a great many have been killed and wounded, and that the exasperation is terrible, r giving ai.d asking little quarter. At this moment tlio e riij'jjrl is bmiicg under uiy wiudow to cull out tile Nationul Guards; so I suppose there is another imeute, end lam going out to see the aspect which the city presents. For a day or two. there have appeared no o signs of au approaching movement; but 1 do not up- t prebend any grave event at this mont. If the French would only Iala one-hulf us much as the Fuglisb, we should better know what was going to happen ; but w then, perhaps, they wuu d do us the huglish do, deceive j, by doing nothing. It is only by certain indications that any one can judge of the future, or foresee events, in Taris, or Fiance?it is done before a stranger would e he aware that 11 movement had taken place. No ua- 6i tion run exceed the French iu courage and prompt!tudc, and adroit uts*. The Knglisli are much strouger " men. generally, than the French, hut much loss adroit, w Indeed, 1 regard the men of America, the Uuiled t States. I mean?and England. as stronger than those of t any other natiou ; and the superior intelligence aud s aptness of the Americans, give them a great udvantago tl over the English, in both the arts cf peace and wur? p Indeed, from what I bavc observed of the physical } strength of the men of other nations, the muuuer in c which they have been, aud are fed, their moral aud in- d tellcctuul condition. J am satisfied, that there is no ua- h tion that presents an at my of men. equal iu power, to a s| like number of Amerieaus, either by land, or sea, ua- tl ving the same discipline and experience. This tuny p stem like a disposition to prejudge our owu case ; but, ii as 1 believe it from the results of my own observations t uiiu experience, us I am conlident that it Is truo ; and b ue r< (none, ample ones, exist, why it should he as It Id, 'J why not declare it ; and il' the fact be true, let us v have the benefit of it t If not. lot him refute it who h can. Our character, country, mode of living, habits of a great labor and industry, aud education, moral, intuU a hitual and religious ; our manners ofliviug from our o infancy, inc luding both food and clothing, and the w resolution of purpose which are habits and institutions, j; instilled into the minds of men from their infancy n there, and other circumstances, give an efficient su- tl periot ity to out men which can be found in the people K o) no other nation of whom 1 have any knowledge.? a Tho-e who can see no other purpose in these remarks ? but that of glorifying our own country, i aak to refer o them to our institutions, and our habits of growing up p from t hose institutions, and see if some other deduc- w tions cannot be legitimately drawn from them. If o they arc facts, do tbey not tell in favor of republican o institutions, frfu schools, perpetual iudustry, equal it privileges, aud a bigb moral tonelof feeling, to bo met ti wilh in no monarchical country ? OBSKRVKR. si Pahm, Juno, 23 184S. "j My Discvvyits after the Kapjtel?The Stale of Excite- ai meat?The Conversation?The Conduct of Men?The w Jlrticle from the Press of this Morning. ^ The troops have responded to the rappel, aud ten b< thousand, at least, now surround the National As P1 D sembly, and are stationed about at the bridge and on the Place dt la Concorde, which is thereby connected p with the Palace of the Assembly. The dragoons and tl lancers of the line arc out in great force, as well as the ^ infantry of the National Guards. The occasion of u it has been large assemblies of men this morning about ' ' the Assembly, at the Luxembourg, on the Boulevards, at tbe Mies Saint Denis and .Saint Martin, and m?uy rj other principal points In the city. I have passed two II nours in walking round among me crowd, listening to J* their conversation!),and speaking with thoiu ol'different \ opinions and in different conditions. 1 asked one fr merchant in rue Riroli, what was the cause of the agi- ^ tation, he to!d me not to bo aUruiod?there was no n dangt r. I answered him I was not. Are ynu Knglish, said he? "No. I am an American." "Oh!"said he," I ft understand now." 'J'hen he said that tne people wore n d ssatistled with the National Assembly. and that there ?' was much mere excitement against it in the country o than in I'aris. 1 asked what they wanted ? He said, a< "generally Louis Napoleon " "Koran Kmpernr," sai i I? "No, for a Presidenl." "Then they want a Republio," said 1? "Yes. but they want him at ihe head of it; but a great many," said ho "want llrnri Cinq " Then,turn- -f' ing his bead up side down frequently, ho said : "Tbo French charge so? I ain Swi?s.?wo and ynu have a good Republic." So bidding him good morning, whom J had never seen, and never expect to see again, I went N into the crowd; and then I listened to their donuncia- e tionscf the Government and the Assembly. They said, "they do nothing but murder the citizens ami spend their money; they steal the publio money, idle away 11 their time, disgrace France in the eyes of foreign na- f< tions; and now they are attempting to deprive the poo- w pie of the liberty of the press and the right of electing their President (referring to what took placo in the * bureaux yesterday); and because we complain, they tl shoot us down. In six months." said they, "we shall ^ not havo bread, and there will be no employment for the labcrcrf." The agitation was extreme among tho 11 I loutri, and they trembled, and their lips quevered. and a tl.eir looks evinced a resolution that no one can mistake c the import wf. who knows much of the Fren:h character. Nik nld the Assembly deprive the people of tho n right to choose a President, it would be attributed to ^ tholr fear of the election of Louis ilonaparto. And u should ihe President be shackled at the same timo as 1 proposed by the Ministerof Justice in connexion with " the glowing dissatisfaction against the acts of tho As- " sembly and Executive, any one can foresee one result. P W hat others may follow in its train,no one can foroseo. v 1 he Napoln n RcpiiA/i'tan of this morning bus fur its v mctto The People are sole sovereigns; her llopreseu- c, tatives are our clerks." And for an editorial : "Civil * war,or a capture " And then the commentary : "Am- e 1 itions ot small stature.?gnat speakers ?braggarts of " all shades,?men subtile in mystifications,?fabr ca ors " < f political constitutions-Yon had promised the French *! ,1. v?.... ?u t i o InOllnllni,,. -..,1 I.O.I ..o ,mi o... I to < r,VK,C j - .. ...?U 1 .? guaranty the existence of the working men by their a labors;? you had yet promised to French ritizens up- 11 pnpriate labory:?you had offered them liberty, equa- * lity and fraternity, without death. You have n't i1 known bow to give either liberty, fraternity or o<|iieli- '' ty. but only death. Von are devoted to contempt, for 11 you are of those of whom it is aaid that "they gave ^ stones when they asked of them bread. \ on are de- r voted to infamy, for you had promised well being, and " you liave realized only the apoliation. Vou are devot- c ed to the indignation of honeat men. foryou know only '' how to make us die of misery; you seek to transform ^ brothers into enemies. I have said it before, the great '' talkers nnd braggarts destroy Franco; it is necessary * to linve one man to save it?Napoleon." ' Such articles as these thrown Into tho hands of ten of thousand, excited as I have described; and acting R under their present impressions, create a dangerous n crisis In the affairs of France. OBSKKVKR. ^ Pa a is June 23, 1848. o Condition of Pari* at 4 o'clock, P. M.? Grand Han i- H' cadet?Cannon cent to Drmolith Them?The Excitement it Increatin g. f This date of the 23d looks ominous?for it was among 1 those of my letters whicli pave you a dally acoount of the progress of the reroiution, written during its pro- s gross. I have just returned from a second oxoursion * and find tl at barricades hare been raised in Rue St- f -lotninr, and at Porte St. Denit, and in some other f places. Some of them reach the second story of tho T houses adjoining, and arc very solid. The government has sent cannon and artillery in full force to demolish o them, and while I v as out. a half hour since, the gene- y rale was beaten, which is designed to he the signal of t the highest kind of danger, and a call for all the force .1 in the city. I supp se that more than one hundred ti thousand men are now under arms in the different parts i f Paris; nnd as the day is very warm, it is not ho- $ liday sport for the soldiers; but it is a harvest for tho h water, beer and lemonade carriers, who are almost its 1 numerous ns the soldiers, and as intent upon their du- " ties. These are principally women, who take a long ? and highly ornamented cask upon their liacks, and hit ** ving a faucet at the end of a pipe extending in front of tin m, und with a bell in tbeir hands to glvo notice of , their approach, they march round dally ill the different parts of the city. There is a staff attached to tho lower end ef the cask, so that when they lean back enough to slnnd erect, and stop to rest, the cask rests tie weight upon the staff But there is no ocoaslon to ring tbeir bclis to-day. for the soldiers coine round them P Ill ronii'HDK'K. HUH ll is ceriBiniy inr hh ir inwrsn ui e pet np un imutf erory day. Hut I think the excite meat a grave one, and although it will be easily repressed. 1 have Utile doubt -and the government are in T lcree for the occasion- still it is very daugorouafor the n future. All business Is substantially suspended to day, , nnil the eily looks more like one of the days about the time of the revolution than it has looked sinoe that n gri. nil event. c 1 have given youths complaints wliicli 1 heard the . hiovtt* making in the streets, in a former letter; and, on the other hand, it Is said that the men of the attlim " natiormU are in engaged this imufe, benause they are f unwilling to lie sent out of Paris to labor In thooountry, In the different ways which havo been provided for 1 them This is unquestionably true, to a certain ex- * tent, f(* I hey have been engaged in a school of idleness t the last four'months. and Indulging In the habits whieh , a franc and a half a day would enable them to do In , Tari?. without any saoriflee of time on their part; thaws, fore, with the tbr.", lb* mean* neees.ar?, and other. % . * .Jp- - ? w v a T T JL W r YOEK, TUESDAY M (rise, which Paris affords for indulgence, it il not surpri- . ting that four mouth* training and gratification should { (tare created a taste fcr theui, which la not so eii-lly I controlled, especially if they entertain the Idea that ) .bore who attempt to rend them away are wasting J ihiics while they waste sou* Whether right or wrung, ' ;Lmc idt a.- prevailed, and are producing their ! gitiuate fruits lam prepared to see bio >d ti-jw to-night. I think the materials for an fmute. are in great 'reparation, though the masse* are not generally mind, unless with secreted weapon*, "and they lould not resist long the force of the government. who will act resolutely to maintain order aud the I overelgcty of the city. A* I told tho Swiss merchant, feel no Itar. and unless one goes too near the burn- j ades there is no danger; yet 1 consider the condition ' f evi ry one in Paris, with a regular civil war, as being i liferent from that which existed during tho revotu- I ion. when t':ere was no more danger than in one of I he towns in Connecticut. OUSKltVKll. 1 Pari*. June 24, 1S4H. J Terrible Inturrection in Par it?S.tne Particular/. t The insurrection in Paris is of the most grave eha- ' acter, and the flghti g and loss of life lias already ] quailed nemly, if not quite, that which took place > uriDg the revolution. There is an awful responsi- ' ilitv reslinir noon the executive, its ministers -?i r veu the Natiouul Assembly. It Is wot possible uoir I o discuss the right ; hut tlio future must dual with ! bat. The present state of affairs amounts to civH ' ur, and the people aro terribly exasperated. Oh j ow different la the scene now fron the revolution ; hen they fought for liberty, hut without any great ' xhibitiou of exasperation and anger; but now the 1 id picture is presented of uien and women oxcitod to reuzy, fouming with aDger and passion, raging like ild animals, almost, running the streets, carrying heir tings, and exciting their friends to battle, aud to he use of < very means of warfare. That tt-is will reult in uii entire new organisation ut the members of be exeoulive, and canse the expulsion of many of the resent number. 1 have'no doubt, hut the strife is not ct ilniehed. The dead aud liio wounded are being airitd to their resting places; more than one Injured and llfly of the latter having becu carried to one i ospilal last evening at an oariy hour. And why , peculate on results ' It is difficult to obtain aubentic accounts. Paris is too large for any one : trson to see inuch of what takes place ; and tun war < raging in to mauy paits. and bursts out too suddenly a aumit of going iuto the very midst of it, as I did elore, during the revolution, with perfect impunity, "he fire is from the doors, the windows, the passage '?)s. from behind the barricades, which are rai-ed in undreds, and every place, private and publio, which ffords an advantage ; and all [tor-sons arc, therefore, like exposed, who place themselves upou the theatre f the war, which is principally in the part of the city llich is east, of the Place de la Concorde, Port St. ti lenis; and u circumference around it for a mile aud i lore (IU every side, extending unite to the Uustile. is ! lie principal feat of the struggle anil carnage, j 'rom the most authentic information I can obtain, it j ppears that at nine o'clock, and until li. If past. all J as calm, and the circulation free. That at ah iut ten clock eomo sixty individuals arrived from dillerunt arte, at a eigual given by several sound* from a bistle?that immediately they seized the horses of an nimbus, drew the coachman from his seat, turned ut. the passengers, and ovorsettldg the carriage, placed { across the Boulevard, in front of 1'orle St. JJc it; and lie cry of ' %'iu.r barricades ' filled the air. At this veral hundreds and thousands rushed from the t Hies, the boutiques aud all parts, to assist In raising p ie barricades. Following them were men. well armed, | nU a laige uuuilier of boys, from fifteen to eighteen, * ith drawn swords in their hands. The men were c rcss'.d in Mouses, with a handkerchief round their g< aists. in the form of a hand fastening a cartridge . tix. Divided into groups of twelve to fifteen ineu, they recipitated themselves upon the ouinibuseH of St. c i. nis.'the carts of water carriers, and some gentlemen's ' n rivate carriages. The horses they unharnessed, aud I ? Isced the carriages beside the omnibuses, and thus | ? n y barred up the centre pas-age of the Boulevard, i c he first barricade was thus raised, and fifty or sixty tl omen took possession of it. One of them planted /< pen it a Ulctlor. d banner, upon which was inscribed M National workshop.4 anondissementbih section." At ; a ie same time tliey took from a house being erected, the tl alrwavs. and formed them, with earts, kc., into a bar- 1 I, cade/the top of which reached above the first story, i p a the streets Bourbon Vilieneuve and St. Appolino w triple banicade was raised, which was even ! e lore formidable, and barricaded, also, Hue St. Denis. I n . fourth barricade was constructed simultaneously In n out of the Porte St. Ue.iis. and between it and the v toulrrari Bonne Neurelle The iron gates of the rail- : t! igs which run along the streets Clery sill Tune, were s irown down?the stones of the parapet torn up?ami ! li ith these irons they dug up the pavemeut, and c .need barrirades Hitherto the movement had w ot given time for the goverument to send forces to p rrest the operations of the insurgeuts ; but at eleven ] c clock the troops h"gan to arrive at this place, an c -count of which will be given in my next. n OBSERVER. | g Paris, June 24, 1848. ' 'urlher Particulars of the Insurrection in Paris?One I o Thousand Killed and (founded. j ( At eleven o'clock yesterday, the detachment of the ? latinnal Guard commanded by Captdn Veron. reach- j f d the Porte St. Denis, and took command of the place; 4 nmedlately on being informed that a large number of i J len were seer, ted in an Adjoining house, he sent a | \ jrce to d s'odge therr, which was elfcotcd without ( lood lied. Soon after this, a bsttalion of the Second J .egion arrived at St. Denis, composed principally of f be companies from the faubourg Montmartre, in 1 ront of the barricades, and firing thereafter oom- J lenced immediately; hut it is not possible now to v sccr.uin upon which side it first commenced. This ' ontinued till half-past ons, when the troops became J tasters of the place, not without tho loss of many H llled and wounded upou both sides. The French, us j, sua!, fought ably, bravely, and deliberately. Among o he la-t lett upon tins barricade, were two women and f oc man. The women waved their red flags, and f, red frequently-the man fired rapidly Resisting all n ersuaaions. and continuing to excite the multitude. | f no woman was shot down dead; the other then ad- , t anced tow ids the troops, waving her Hag. and ex- I p iting to battle; and resisting likewise all advice, rhe p bared the late of the other. A National Guard rush- j d npon the inan. sword in h ind, and disarmed him j j t the moment lie was about ?o fire, without taking t 1r life. Among those who fell in this terrible con- <. est. on the part of tho troops, was M. Avriel, the fa- w her ol five children, and four of his nearest neiglib if; ' , nd out of six National Guards, inhabiting the house f, i the fuuhourx Mnntmarlrt. No. 10, one only returned n ithout being badly wounded One had both arms o enetrated by the same ball. At tluve o'clock a b itta- (, on of Hie Guards Mobile desc- ruled the boulevards, g nd the population chased them vigorously along the ,, treets; and after them soon came many general olll- tl ers. and their aides-de-camp, forcing their way P liroupli the multitude, which had then become very n (impact, the curious and the anxious having attended > immense masses After them came a squadron of ragooDs and a regiment of liglit infantry, who were j quaily cheered by the spectators. While the troops i re engaged at St. Ueuis. they were fired upon from be windows aud houses all around the barricades. At Fin It St Martin, the in isses erected immense ud gigantic hanicades; the men who defended them lade all the passengers stop and help raise them, by w ifgir.g up the pavements and transporting them to <> he barricades. Upon tbe-e barricades, flvo women, cl ne of whom ??i dressed in mourning, placed themelves, with each a drawn sword In her hand; and one raved the ling from her position; men rushed to the J urriunding stores, si d demand il aruis. and when lj hey were refused, they broke in and seiaad them. At li's moment, nil the shops anil stores, from the BasHi to On tee dt fa r^wntlt fitotfn, *iot InitoittT Cl losed and all the doors and alleys barred and IS trengthenoi; immense messes ofmon and women la- ^ iorcd nssidut usly in raiding barrieadi s. without extailitlng any other emotion except that of great resolu- n ion. irritation, ami sometimes fury. A description, h sint and Imperfect, of the proceedings, at these two , ilaces. will alford seme idtn of siinihir operations rhlrh were, at the same moment, going forward in *' J I , m-OliJ. Oil Ul>l II UlUtm W f the Seine The givernuunt invested (JeneralCaalgnec with full ronimsndof the army an?l Garde Vutiiiiialr and Mobil*. Ornrral Cl'mnnt rhomiii to?k he command of the guard* in the early pvrt of the lay, an bin place had not b.-cn filled, but being disabled , iy two grievous wound*. Redeau took bin place, who, baring the ?ame fate, the whole command has been nveftnl in the .V! In Inter of War. At the. Habile and t Antoine the fighting ha* been terribly bloody; an l ?*t rai ning at eleven o'clock. It was eatlmated that ho killed and wounded Amounted to one thousand ? great number of offlcer* among the number, but the oTcrnmeut were in possesion of all the prineipal lacea during the night. OBSERVER. Ta a is, June 24, IS!*. 'urther Particular* of Erent* To-day-Inturi rrtinn Progmitt, and Firing Continue*?All Part* of th* City Guarded?The /issue not yet. I hate been out again to day, to visit the eastern art of the city. A* my residence is at the western nd of the magnificent i ham/u Elyie*. I hare a good (stance to walk, to reach t' e Porle St. Den it, and still urthcr to the Dastile, amounting to from four to six nllea, going and returning; hut it carries me through he part of the city which ia now the accne of battle nd of blood and confusion. Last evening, I was as owardly aa an Englishman, for I did not go out. I unlertook It, and n j eoneie'g*, n good old woman, said, No?yon ray In tr-nlght." And to I did ; and I conesa It la the first nlgbt?' at has appeared to me to bo insafe for a stranger to go out; but the firing was so nlaeellaneons, If you can apply that term to a fusttade, bat there la no | n paring against it, especially In a lark evening, aa was last night. But to-day I haw wan la the theatre of the worst part of the contact, aa tear as I oonld approach It; but guards art stationed, / <i ?R K I OTJ1VTNO JTTT.Y IS IS, to interdict the pa-ssiigc of all persons. 1 attempted t go round, but fuutid all the streets aline guarded an prohibited. There *?? a fusilado going on with/n bear irg. a free discharge of flrcarrai,and undoubtedly hari fighting; bat it was likewise impossible to get acres* ti

that part of the city. Kor the .take of redaeing tbi crowds theM- guards are stationed, to prevent person from going to the scenes of action; and. certainly, verj properly. I met frequently these signs of war?the lit tors upsir vrhlcb are iluntly carried along the dead and the dying. during these revolutionary scenes A mattress Is thrown upon them; a large pillow at one end and four men take the wounded man. extended thereupon. op' u their shoulders, and oarry him to the hospital or the buryiDg place, according as hp may be woundi d or dead. The city is now guarded at every corner of every important street. Krom two to four hundred thousand troops are under arms, livery man is called out. I found the troops, in large numbers, yiiig thia morning upon the pavements, asleep. All ihe squares and important positions are Dili d with theui ; while large bodies, on foot and on horseback, ire pur.'.djng throughout the city I met several members of the National Assembly, with their robes of office, ind their ilotpeaux in their hands, walking down th? urge streets from the Assembly, surrounded by i nine ose crowds crying " Fine la National Jltstmhlie!" I'hey were followed hy men In blue and all other colors, dun ring them ; nnil they were chcerod also, as they lasted, by the masses of -pectators. I met also ttaneral avalgriiio, riding. In full uniform, with his chapeau in lis haed. end followed by his staff, lie, too, was apiroaching the scene of trouble, from which I was retiming. Kvcry shop In the city is shut; even in th s >art ot it. which is the most quiet, the stores ah .tit me iuvo been shut since my return, in conseqwonea of the leinoustiutIon just made upon the Champs Blystts and icinity. When I came through tho Champs Blysfrt, i body of dragoons was charging upon different masses if men. ami they were flei lug iu all directions, and the nitsars after them I noticed a good many boys'annng hem, who risk their lives for the sake of the fun. ami xoited by tlie example of others. I noticed tiro ptxi'tIulirlj. *ho appeared to In; about four tec u, an J were 'ery active. The Assembly haro been greatly agitated. anil It ban teen proposed to declare General Cavaignuc President, itoi isionaliy; but oilier* mid. deter it till the danger is iver. Lsinurtine came into the Assembly, and asked be members to reninin in session?to keep their pout*; iRRured them that the city had been carried by the roope. and tliat the Executive would t-y to arrest the (Tusion of blood in the streets. or go out and mingle heir own with that of their fellow-eitixnns; and they n uhl abide the remit, nud ask a vote of conddonoe ir accept one of impeachment. Gamier Pages declared bat the government knew that large sums of foreign ;olU bud been employed in gettiDg up this insurrection is did a number of the National Assembly. I will here remark, amidst this Rcene of earnago and >f excitement, that whatever may have been the reiponsibilitieR of the members of the government, in rei reneo to the causes which have produced this horriblt lontest, tliey have acted vigorously in putting it down ind In maintaining tlie command of the city. Tin ssuu involves life und death; it is in progress of trial. OBSERVER. Pa a is, June 24?3 o'olcok, P. M. Further Particulars at this Hour of the Insurrection? Curman Placed in nil the Important Parts of the City ?Fighting Continues?.111 Communication Inter rupted. Thu contest is i-till raging in Hie eastern part of the ity ; and In the neighborhood of the faubourg St. intoine tho Hostile, oannon have boon transported hi re, anil said to have raked the street* ; but it is imof sibii- to pi t there. I hnvejust returned from an in(Ti etual attempt ; but I could not proceed beyond the burch of St. Roche, in a line parallel with it. Kvery trect is strictly guarded, gudall circulation is strictly ntirdicted and entirely cut off from one part of the ity to the other. We are literally in garrison, and a lilitary officer is now evidently at tho head of atTairs. yatem and order prevail throughout every part of the Ity where I have been permitted to pass. Oauuon lino be terrace of the Tuileriea, so as to rako the Place de i Concorde aud the surrounding squares and streets, ith a good part of the Champs Ely sees. Cannon are lso placed round the chamber of the Assembly, at he Hotel de Villt, Palais de Justice, Palais de I uxamour f, Hostile, llourse, and all the other important laces. No one was prepared for the thorough rising htch has taken place ; and tho immense and daring (Tort which has lieen made to overthrow the govern < lint. It is said that the National Guard, inuch disiiMstiod with the conduct of utficor.s. did not turn out ery fully for the tirst few hours; hut wilen they saw he imposing aspect which tho insurrection had asumed, they rallied, as one man, and fought like ons The conduct of the Guards .ilobile and Itepublian, and that of the army, is said to lie equally praiseworthy and firm. The members of the Assembly have ronounced the highest culogiunis upon their conuct. Previous to this rising, so sudden, a delegation f the ./Heliers Natianavx went to M. Marie, and demanded certain concessions, which he refused firmly to rant; and that is said to have hastened the terrible emonstration which is now being made. There rem to be few cries on the part of the insurgents? ccosionally a has PJissemblet Nationalr et Executive, 'ira le Hepubtique Democratique, Vice Napoleon, ienri, Cinq, and Hashes, indicating a good many piries as having united. There are also some cries in avor of the working-men and egainst high salarius, lO .Sic. 1 have said that the government have dedared that foreign gold and agents wore employed argely to produce this insurrection They charge it ipon no one government officially, although a member if the Kxecutlve Commission announced it officially ;o tho Assembly, yet in private. They say that Kngand and Russia are both engaged in the matter. The uture will develope this more truly if it be a fact. Jut all the gold in Kurope could not have produced mch a case as exists, bad tli-re been no imprudent neasures to bring it about. The journeymen printers rere about to join the insurgent", when the governtent sent them an official assurance that the libery of the press should nut he invaded. Hut the poison ind hud five or six days to work upon the public mind; .nd it wns too late to remedy, more than partially at east, this terrible evil Hut the government and the unrils and army are deserving well of their country, or their i ffieleury in controlling this tremendous efort, which would have been followed oy evils which no ne can predict, hail it been successful. The firing rum the houses is awful upon the guards. I thought bis part of the city pretty quiet and free from danger, ut since I have been writing, the colonel of this legion as been shot almost under my window, from the winow of a house near me. Fortunately his wound is lot mortal ; hut it has bad the effect to put us under he severest regime in this beautiful part of Paris. I onsider t lie success of tho government certain; but it rill bo purchased by the Mood of many citizens, and nine of them very valuable ones ; and no one can iretoii tneenect wnicn iv may ii?*c upon me interior, mr upon the people who inny assemble at the banquet f 200.000, which is in preparation for the 14th. If len. Cavaignac should be placed at the head of the oveinment immediately, and invested with sole powr. it will be a great additional security. I am sure hut confidence cannot be restored without a radical hnnpeof the preseut organization of the executive nd the men. ODSKltVKH. Paris, Juno 21, 1848?4 o'clock. 'aris in a Stale of Seige?Executive Resigned?120l) Killed and IKoundel To-day?New: from .luslria, Italy, Germany, and Prussia I had just finished the last sentence of my letter, hen the news canto tl at the Executive had resigned, len. Cavaignac invested with full powers, and the ity declared to bo In a state of soige. More than srelve hundred men have been killed and wounded tony. and the time to come and the night will be liker to double that number. One of the tenants In the djoinlng house, whom I know, has just roturncd, overed witli mud and sweat, from the depot of the lorthern railroad, where be has been fighting as a atloual Ouard, two hours, and where they have this inmcnt been successful. This instant, a patrol of a undred men passed under my window; and as I t the same moment drew my blind to, to exelndu the in. the noise drew instantly the attention of the hole body upon me, who gave me one ;.-ond look nnd aeaed on. At a ?hort distance, they, or another patrol, ere fired upon from the window wMle p.-iaaing and [ Ten of their number killed when tbey l?r> ught canon and knocked down the house. K.very part of the ity reema to bo tilled with the men k lied in this wful ronteat. There baa been an entire change of the inlalary. aa one of the consequences of the late struggle l Berl n. Tlio newa of the declaration of war y Ktist-la doea not seem to be conflrraed. It la anounced in a manner which would sc-m to be worthy f credit, that Auatria ha* accepted the med ation ot Inghnd. and whi ther Italy will it remaina to be deterjined T'erhapa the conduct of Knglnnd at Naples, lay hare inrpireil the Kmperor of Austria with condcrce in k.ngland. The baaia of the negotiation cetna to be, that Auatria shall acknowledge Italian inrpendence, by I.ombardy's paying a part of the Attarian debt. The rebellion in Prague baa been quelled for the Ime The Insurgent* rap tnlatcd. to save the city rom ileatruotion; their arm a hare been dellrered up, ,nd they liaTe given tip roveral of their chiefa a* loatagea The National Assembly at Frankfort, hare de'lared that they regard a* a declaration of war against lemony any attack upon Trieste, or any other (Jernan State, by Italy. Tne Venetian papera now before ne, aay that Venice has aaked the aid of France In ter atruggle with Auatria. in an official note addreaacd othe latter: but I hare not seen any notice of auch in event in I'aria, and. perhapa, should not have done, fit were true, it haa not been made nubile, if aueh i note haa been received. The newa of thla morning ?, that Vleensa ha* been retaken by the Italiana, the Vuatrlana repulsed, and another attaek made upon the tallana, and that the main arnty ia In a condition to roaa the Adlge, and to aeparate Verona from the main tody of tha army of Auatria; ail of whleh I anapeet leeda confirmation. It la fnrthar aaid, that Oaaeral )nrando, knowing that the Auatriane had not kept tha erma of their capitulation, and hearing the cannon I E R A 48. 0 Kile, tfirned upon hln ?lnp?, and acting in concert with 1 the Duke of Savoy, who had punned the \dlg*wl?h 14 100 men, and On. IVp? with 6,000 men. had fought i tlio Austrian*, dtft'atcd them, ami destroys 1 and cap? tured 8 WW men. and that one of the Arch Dukes of i Austria had been kit oil; hut thi.s too, wants rontlrmv i lion? perhaps it in all true r Thf news l'ruiu the e unt ry under the jurisdiction of thi jK'itijj t'f Naples. shows that many strung places am 1 in iiisnrrertioii against him; anil that lnrg? forces are concentrating to mafia good tin- position they have as; hnmrii. The l o tigress at Berlin have rejected by a majority of forty, the constitution proponed to them by the King of Prussia, and are now engaged in prei paring a new one to present to him. At Saxe, thrre I* a full insurrection going on. and tliore liuve been some lire* lint, and the people appear to be in the ascendant: hut thin seems to be too email HII item in the torrent of events here, to receive uiueh notieo or consideration Al ten ho org In alio In full Insurrection. anil these affairs add more and more to tha complexity of German utlnirs. What in to he the end of h!1 tfcu European tornado, cannot be foreseen. OBSERVER. r**u, June'14, 184(1?8 o'clock. 7'if Jlnnnbiy hue if nick nut of txitfrnrt the Executive? General Cavai/tnac inveiled with Full Pawert? Further Particulars of the fmurreetion. i 'J ho Assembly sti uck tlio power from under the executive and their ministry, instantly, to-day, and placi d full power in the bands of General Cavalgnac? alter that, the executive resigned. Oon. C. lias iufused new life and force which the army exhibited to-dxjr he has uied the eaur.on freely on that part of the town where the insurgents were congregated?eighty men were killed and covered In the ruins; fifteen hundred men were killed anl raptured in the Pantheon?and those that have been taken in arms, siuco tlie city has been declared in a state of siege, have been immediately shot. Seven representatives have hi en wounded?throe, perhaps, mortally. Pierre Bonaparte bad his horse killed under liim, while lead ing a charge against a barricade The insurgents have fought terribly; ami unco Wenerai u. toutri.e command, military execution liaa been dons by the troops; he is an old trained ofllcer, who ban se-n service all his life?has been in the war of Algeria, and he makes no coquetry over the matter. This accounts for the new order yf things this luorniug, which 1 discoi vered. to my disappointment in not being able to i go to the seat of war. (Everything is now military? , large numbers of the insurgents have capitulated ? and, although others are lighting heroically, I will ven1 tiiro to hope, that to morrow will make a n wish of this civil war. and that the city will bo restored to order immediately. At least, it now looks as it thorough etft> j ciency was beiug practised, and I judge of to-morrow i by the work of to day. Violent opposition was made ) by a small pot lion of the Assembly to the manner of voting the executive and all the ministers out of otticv, in oue or two moments after the resolution was introduced; but it was carried by an immense majority, and it will bare au immense influence upon tho insurgents and (be public generally. I have spoken of the i anuouncemeut of the executive to the Assembly, that large qunntitiis of foreign gold had been employed in ; getting up this insurrection. In confirmation of this i fact. J will remark, .that between three and four hundred boys arrested, have had. generally, from live to ten fruncs in their pockets They were such boys as have no money, usually: and it leaves no uncertainty, then fore, of the fact ibat they were hired; one boy had forty francs, and others six hundred?In gold I hare expressed the hope that to-morrow will terminate i this tcrr>l>le drama; but as there are from one to ' two hundred thousand men and women, perhaps, eu- i gaged as insurgents, and as they livo principally in ' the most compact part of the city, where the streets are j generally very narrow, and the houses from five to ' eight stories high and built of stone, they can light, j as it were, from behind castles, and it will bo extremely j difficult to di.-lodge thorn without using cannon to | tear down their houses. If they holdout, no one can ! lorcst c the end of the draina now being enacted. The , uonipii UIU..I urn ftiiVilio wnmpn?Hint j?m Hint mirf nf the city in filled with them, they constitute an army of themselves, an<l their disposition is limited by no j bounds of consideiutinn. The National Assembly have decided their altting permanent, and they adjourn, therefore, only j from hour to hour; the soldiery sleep, if at all, on the I ground, at their posts, others watching in the meantime. All the dragoons and Uneeis nre carrying their < bundles of hay slung upon each side of their horses, ! and their oats in bags and sucks in front of them Very few people aro now found iu the streets, and little knots are no longer permitted to exist. Hows of women stand In and in front.of every honse, looking out, 1 wbilo their husbands, fathers, sons or brothers, aro gone, to return in what condition no one can know. The commander of the company, whose store is directly opposite to me. returned this morning mortally wounded?shot through the mouth aud head. But the Trench think less of death, tinder such eircum- j stances, than we do. The State adopts the widows and children of all the dead. OBSKUVKR. I'aku, June 25, 1848 Fui tktr Particular! of thit Terrikit Struggle, now Rngin ? j as Fiercely at Erer. I awoko this morning, ut the sound of the gem rale, j beating under my window, in parading through the streets. Oh, what a sound, in a city so beautiful and ! populous as Paris ; and what a thought, that war is J still raging between its inhabitants ; and what a re' sponstbillty upon the h?ads of thoso who have brought It about! The account of yesterday's proceedings, Imperfect, of course, now lies before me. What a recital of bloodshed and war?of heroic daring, self-sacrifice, and madness. Vet all the laws of war appear to be 1 preserved?no murders appear to follow, after men are made prisoners. Where the insurgents have been victorious. they do not appear to have been blood-thirsty ; but should the war continue, there is no comprehend ing to what extremities it may lead. Two addresses of Gen. Cavaignac are published, In which he says every active citizen belongs to tho Na- ! tional Guard?and whoever exposes himself to publio view, withouthis ranks, is wanting In his public duties, ! in presence of the dangers of the country. Ills second proclamation is a highly complimentary address to the Guard Mobile, for their gallantry, and i 1 discipline, and good conduct. This Is the body of men whom some person, in one of tho lloston papers, 1 ; described as being composed of the most vile of the Pa1 risian population. A body of youDg men. who have exposed their lives, whenever their country was in dan- j . g?r, in Paris and out of it ; and whose conduct has been characterised by the most noble bearing ; and in ! tbis terrible struggle, where hundreds of their number havealrtady fallen, their conduct bus drawn out an ' especial commendation from tlieir General?General | Cavaignac- signing himself 'Chief of the Kxecutlve Power." The Guard Mobile and the troops of the line have suflercd more severely than the National < iuard*. The two former are composed of men without families; designed especially to meet the exigencies of war ; and I presume that they have beeu assigned, more generally, to the posts of the greatest danger. Cannou were heard all day yesterday, as well as small arms, and by the account of this morning, the worst of our anticipated tears have been realized The insurgents appi ar to have fought with a desperation and fearlessness tlint is seldom equalled ; and the cannon have been freely employed, to destroy their barricades, and tho'r places of retreat and security. No . rannon bare yet l>cen captured from the troops by them ? I nit two bodies of the Guards have been compelled to surrender ; one of about sixty, and another of about three hundred ; and in tho latter instance, several of the troop are reported to have been shot ; but this, i think, need* coir Urination. It was said last evening, that insurgents taken under arms, after the city had been declared to be in a stale of siige. and they had been summoned to lay | down their arms, had been shot. I do not see that confirmed this morning, and I doubt whether it will be put j n practice t.. any c"o- id. r.>l.le extent. In a few in* ( stances, men crying Vivt Hr.mi Cinq, and exciting to insurrection, have been shot on tho spot. The insurgents carry on theirdi'ipeariT, " i'iir rn liaivailtant"? " J)u Iraiail ! mi la ianrl"?': tin yain on ,'a mart." An individual, calling himself yi sterday Count de Nathonne, and an agent of Henri Cinq, was shot on the spot, yesterday afternoon, and last evening, the tight appears to have become more and more desperate; and to pave extended ova r a larger spane. The cannonade was terrific last night, and Indicated all tho horrors of war. Saint Lazare, Saint Jacques, and .- in ii b .11 rt 111 > HI-IB II I X 11IB piwnm 1-nriitix.<* From thi' extent of the city which Is occupied by the Imurgi lit-, and llicir unity of purpose, I Iihvh no (lout t they number two hun<lrcil thousand lighting uicn and women Of course thin is a mere estimate, without other data tiian what is open to a mere random judgment, hut it embraces several square utiles of the uioi-t compact part of the city ; whole hosts occupy erery large house, and large and small are tilled to overflowing. It is raid this morning, that a portl >n of the student* have joined the i nsurgents ; I hope it is not so, because these men will give the masses system, and an etfeotive aid. which will strengthen them vastly, (lenerals I.atnoilciere. Duvlvler, Bedeau besides (Jenerat (bivaignso. and other principal officers In tho war of Algeria are at the head of the troops ; and those who are not wounded. In o mmand of the most dangerous posts in Taris. What a Sabbath day! OlISKRVKR Psars, June 2.">, 1S49?12 o'clock. F\nrther Particular* of I he Intiirrrclion--The Arrival of Sew Troopt?The Slanthler Conlimue?The l'reoevt Slate of the City. Fifty thousand troops from out of the city?guards from Versailles, liouun, Amiens. Orleans, and many other surrounding p aces?have come to the aid of the troops In Paris. This morning troops arrived, and were cheered, from Lille and other place*. They came ' evidently to fight, but without much preparation for I any other service. Their dree* I* singular: some are I In full uniform dress of a National Onard; or her* In i hlouiei; some ooats; some Jaokate; some one ooler, [ and some another; enme fully equipped, nnd some wR-h only a gun, a l ayonct, a asked ?wed. or oth?* li a>. TWO CENTS. di adly weapon. The various repre. tphtotlreo ware la the square to greet thorn; auil they tbem. io ratarn The tivalt were long and loud. The c w*alry received thiui ami cheered thorn, a* they paa IPt*: *n(' t'1* guard* of I'ari* escorted tliirm with the J?oei eutba* aiaalic ardor: hut these mi'n are a* bra^h*** 'he !*? ibises, dressed in hotternniform--there is wv-wontinif courage on the part of any one. Some of th toe troope, who c-me into the city yesterday, after t' <*?tvioff ? warm reception from their friends. recalred au equally warm one from the Insurgents, whose birrioadJ^thejr rhnrgi d with hemic valor, leaving many of their" JWove comrade* upon the field of slaughter, a* erlde.O*# of their bravery and the intrepidity of their oppon rate. H v<ry ahle-ltodied 1-ltir.en in I'art* is expected to fed# the rank*, and indeed, ia ordered into them, and o eeipelleii to take hie chance with the soldiers of the li # At one burricadc, yesterday. at the Clot Simtt l'#rurrr. where the ranunnadn lasted three hour# befotXv the plaoe waa carried, two hundred in one battalion of* the Gnaid Alabilt were cut down; and at the barricade at l.a Ch ytlh one half of the entire hvlnlion of the | Guard Mnbile were left upon Hie ground General i Cavnlgnar carried the tirst barricade which he carae to. h ading tiie charge in peraon; and through >ut the day exposed himself a* freely aa a oomm in anhlier. (leni ral I.nnioriciare ia reported wouniied, liut it is not sure to niu to he authentic. A lady i* now in my < room whose husband has been almost twelve hour* in the oonto't now rairinu. and she savs. the com nan ler ol llit) company to which he belong* yesterday arre t <i one of tho Insurgent*. who had eleven thousand ' francs in gold, hIIvit unit bill*, which ho was preparing to distribute 'Ilm evidence, from all source*. leave* no doubt that enorinoin quantities of fundi were distributed among the Insurgents; and where it cornea ft out is tho mystery. Sho fay*, Ave among her near neighbor* are mortally wounded. 'I'ho world will probably ue\er bo Informed of (ho extent of the killad and wounded In this rebellion, nor of Its horror*. It la well that the public are go farexclitdod. aa they lire, from witnessing ita h< nor* The cannonade still I gi os forward A portion of tha city In tho neighborhood of the Batlilr, St. .tlntoine, the ('lot Senile (.*zarre, See., in go compactly built, and there are an man / hiding place*, that it. Iiai been impossible yet to gain j that part of the city from the hand* of the ln?ur' gt nts. At the lintel </e Ville. the P.ihu'v d' bam* j hoarg. Fanhourg St. (in limine, I'nrtrt St Itrnii and .V i Martin, and a great niimlier of other principal placer, there wn* a terrible llgnt and slaughter of men on ! both aide*; hut they have been carried, and are now j in the possession of the government Fourteen batI talion* of troop* are stationed at tlm Hotel de Vtlie When tliete ure go many place* to guard, what a force ! to command one placel? and yet, if it were not deemed I necessary, it would be divided; for I'nri* I* *o large, . and go many mcu are required to guard that all the I disposable force of the city and surround ng country ' Is in requisition. Among the troop* that came to the I city this morning, were the young and the old. I saw | one ij an. appealing to be very old. lie tottered a* he i man-lied forward, carrying hia gun. lie appeared to j me like * giddier of the empire. Tho highest tone of ! public sentiment now exists; and one common puri pose seems to animate the entire population; indeed, j the city is divided, in full, by the reltels and tin ; government. Scarcely n straggling man oan he seen I ill the streets The well disposed do not go there much, except to join their conipauiong, and th-' rest ; arc either auiong,! he rebels, arrested, or coneealed. out j of the way. The law is rigorously put Into execuI lion, and the market men and women find it very dif: c?.,ii ..i,.. ii.....i. ii... -i ?i i.1. ..it .? ntivutn. IIVII( ions are l? ginning to bo scarce, ami the price* to Increase rapidly. and a few days mora Hke the three past and present, would create a good deal of difficulty j upon this point OBSKIt VKH. Jryr. 2">, 1848-Oneo'clock. Jlsscmlly in Sutton?Fur/her Particulars of tkc Progress nf the Insurgents, tip to two o'clock. The Assembly are in session. They hare decreed that sixty of their number shall be censtautly with the troops, guards,&c., and expo-ed to alt the dangers of the moment. Indeed, notwithstanding the wonderfully strong feeling against the Kxecutire, on the part of those who are sustaining the government, they all rally with enthusiasm to the support of the Rvp tblic. As a man and his sou were fighting side by side, yesterday, the latter was shot dead; the father took up the body and carried it to his house, and, as he entered, n second son left instantly to tako his place; and in a minute or two afterwards the father returned, and both were present at the carrying of the barricade. Home women sited tears when they speak of their friends, who ar? absent, and as they know, in battle; but it is very seldom they do.it: there is no screaming?no la mentation?no notation?no display. real or artifiolal; nil feel the presence of the danger, .and the necessity of meeting It; nod the right which the country has to the serviced of each man. But American ladies, who are less accustomed to scenes of excitement and danger. could uot so easily. 1 till k, control their emotions in such an hour ot trial; indeed, it sometimes seems almost attended with an absence of that deep feeling which animates the bosom of American ladies. Bat the French shrink front the idea of death less than Americans; the dead lire In glory and immortality, here, at least, in France; their bodies are buried in beautiful grounds; their monuments are of stone, elegantly wrought and carved, and dressed and ornamented, and entwined with wreaths of flowers, and furnished wi'h the most beautiful furniture for tha house of tbe dead; the stranger and the friend alike visit these beautiful resting places, and almost every Sabbath day is devoted to it visit to these tombs, and to replenishing them with whatever is necessary to give them freshness and beauty; tbelr busts and pictures are taken, and their rooms furnished with them; and if lliey were distinguished, or died In tha service of their country, their paintings, statues, busts, minaturcs. he., he., are found in the principal public places I In Paris. The widows and children of all who die in | the service of the country, are the adopted of the nation; and are always well provided for. Already, at this moment, the treasury Is supplying the families of ' all those who have fallen, who ask ft; men feet, tbere. fern, sure that they will leave no family behind to suffer for the want of their labor. Then there is a tone of feeling upon this subject, which does not exist in our country: whether it is aided by their ardent patriotism, their religious views, or by tbe circumstances to which I bare referred, or tofall combined, 1 cannot know; hut that it exists I have no doubt General Cnvnignnc has addressed proclamations to the insurgents, the army. tlie guard, and people, this morning, which indicate. I thiuk, that he is a man of good feeling. good sense, and a good degree of efficiency. He will bombard that part of the city where the insurgents are entrenched, if he cannot expel them without it; indeed, I am informed at this moment, that the bombardment of the Temple, so called, has commenced. It is true also, that many rebels, who have tu rn taken fighting and in arms, have been shot according to laws existing in this country, applicable to a place in a state of seige. Indeed, the issue is Immense. and the many tremble; that the city will be snckid should the rebels succeed, there Is little doubt; me rxHFpt-i'Hiinn iiak arnveu at trial fflatB when I think nil the National < iuard anil officers of the itoTBrnotent would he compelled to escape on fast horsea, ffhouhl the insurgents conquer them. and that thia la well underp i ocd Troopn continue to arrive, and I am informed at thia moment OH o'clock), that many peraena have arrive I from Rouen and other plarea. to aaalfft the Insurgents^ but thia I do not believe, because thev can have no meHiiff, unleaa by the capture of the railroads, or they come on foot, neither of which ia very probable. I am hnppy to say that I think the government are onductmic the defence of the city admirably, and that they arc moat faithfully seconded by the army, guards, nnd inhabitants: and that the republic will issue from thia terrible ordeal, doubly dear to the people; an I that tin y wilt all determine hereafter, not to oolloot in the heart of I'ariff. an .'Itelier Satinnale of 16'>.')00 id ? men, living at the expense of the State, and to dictate tcrme of peace or war to the government. A terrible responsibility rest* upon pome one'a head. OBSERVER. r*ai?, Juno 25,1S48.?4 o'clock. Hloodint Day o/\1tt?State of the IVar?Particulare and Incident?, a* they Tranrpired. From all the aonrcea of Information which reach me thia baa been the bloodiest of the three ; and at one time it waff said that the insurgents bad been gaining ground; and again, attacked tho Hotel de fille la great force. Th? Round of the cannon, a half hour or more iiince. seemed to approach, wbioh would tend to confirm the report, and all the churches, even In thia part of the city, received sudden order* to be closed, 'o exclude t' e insurgents irom ga ting poeeeaalon of them. With the mater'a's of the buildings. destroyed by the cannon, in the night time, the Insurgents hare built forts, irom behind which lo fire on the National tiuard. All t' e men in this part of the city, or In any other, where I am permitted to go, are swept clean from tie streets and squares?all persons, man or women, who harp occas on to pass into ths part of the city where the principal Insurgent foroe exists, are seaichedhy every guard they pass Indeed, te-day, ail are prohibited. I am just Informed that the insurgents h?Te set fire to the city In two or three dilforent pieces, which has lieen extinguished before it mad# much progress. Ilut Psris being of stone, little progress can be made in Ibis kind of warfsre?and the roofs are of slate, almost without exception. Halt post 4 o'clock ?The .National Uiiard, arriving fCoin the scat of war, say that the Insurgents bars not been dislodged from their strong hold ; that several of Ihem have b? en dlscovt red auioug the Hoards, dressed in the uniform of the Huards. which they procured from the dead, and put on to deceive. All euoh they have shot: and among them several convicts, who were detected by their prison marks. One Colonel of drsgoons is reported to have fallen Into the hands of the Instirg nts ; and to have had, thereafter, both bands cut ?tf. Out of a b dy of three huadred Onards. wbo came from a certain part of the iaitUemti, only thirty sre said to remain unhurt. Troops, in Immense numbers, arc arriving continually from the country, and they find plenty of employment It is not Improbable that a portion of the ?ity must be bembarded. to drive cut the rebels As an iudleaMoa of the slate of puhllo sentiment. (h> rumor la Hrnulatiug Ihst two momh'-s of the Kxeoutire as* bettered toh?

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