Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 18, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 18, 1848 Page 2
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In the insurrection. I win aot (fiw ? their umrt, bciuk I consider the nle? so dwiUate of foundation : Nl it imoDftratri one feature of the public mind, at tfci* trying n rairnt Six o'clech.? Two c? mpanks have left the city for the 1 to-night. from which, and other circumstances, I infer that the government ha* sufficient ^ force for the present purpoaea Occasionally, cannonade la yet heard, hat much leu* frequent lhaa a few hour* since. A print number of prisoner* hare been made to-day. and shot upon the spot?amounting probably to hundred*; as the government now shoot all they take under arm*. I think th? insurgent force mast be more and more diminished and weakened; and it ia exceedingly difficult, as it appears to me. to receive any reinforcements trout without the city The walls and barricades of the city, the constant watchfulness of the guard and the difficulty of getting through the city, reudi r it impracticable ; and all are carched. and every means is taken to prevent them frtm receiving ammunition. This is a fair trial of how far the populace ran contend in a regular and protracted flaht with the guard and troops they must yield sooner or later to the regular forre What the insurgents do with their prisoner*. I do uot know, only >B individual cases. 1 hare feared that the shooting of the insurgent* might tauw them to -hoot in ttturn : but I apprehend that the number of their priao- ! nere ie email, though one gentleman whom I happen to km w alightly. is reported to be in their hands 1 jurt Baked the re'.... rgi of my house whether her husband had returned, who is a National Guard. She raid no?he had been gone forty-eight hours, and prrhapa he was dead She had not heard from hint, and taking my cane, she whipped away the boys from the room, whtle she was telling me this ! And perhaps ho ia dead?as likely to he he as any one else -and 1 apprehend that tboaa who hare fallen to day. to say nothing of the two former days, amount to. perhaps, thousand' This has been the most awful day of the three, there can be little doubt. One other circumstance is worth mentioning. Six or eight little boys, from fire to eight years old, to-day were having a sham fight in front of my door, one side crying ' Uire Henri Cinq." and the?|other. "Uive la Rrpuhlique,"1 all armed with imitation guns and swords, whose fathers were gone, at the same time, into the midst of the battle, and whether dead, or alive, they did not know. The mothers stood around, without paying much attention to what was taking place. OBSKttVKR. r*ais. June 26, 1848?7 o'clock. A. M. first to It Blown Uf>?.Aspect iKit Morning?,Vo Neicspapers To- Voy?Inti resting Particulart?British Gold ?n Circulation among the Insurgents. This morning is sombre. Not a newspaper is publish) d. Yesterday we bad only strips and halves of a Tery few numbers, containing very little information? to-day none. The discharge of canuon, at intervals, la heard?sometimes these discharges appear to be very Mar. None of the men in this vicinity, or in the diffarcnt apartments, have returned. Yew are to be seen la the streets, except the guards. Little quantities only of provisions arrive. Women look more than usually sad. Taris is almost like the tomb of the dead, compared to its ordinary condition. Last evening the companies which 1 at first supposed were returning to the banUrutt for the uigbt, were on their way to h far mora unwelcome task than that of returning home ; it was to attack and blow up. if possible, a barricade or fort, which has hitherto resisted all attacks of the cannon. When 1 saw the sappers and miners, with their preparations, following soon the companies that belonged out of the city, it occurred to mo that tliey would not be going out of the city except to accomplish some military purpose?and so It proved. At the barricade of la Chaptlle is this place of resistance which they are undermining, and preparing to blow up How fearlessly all these men. from the country as well as city, meet death. They walk up to the attack with their drums Wating. in their variety of dresses, which much resemble those in which our forefathers fought at Bunker Hill ; for those from the country 1 are equipped and dressed very much after the fashion of the description given of those thiilling scenes in cur own beloved and glorious country ; and they have evidently caught up their weapons, bid good bye to their friends, leaped into the cars, and riiBhed into battle, many of them never to return again, in the same manner that the immortal founders of oer republic left their ploughs and teams in the field, and their houses, and their workshops, to fight the English and the tonus, in the days of our revolution. The French have to meet the influence of British money in this terrible carnage. Immense sums of British geld are found, in small pieces, upon almost all the prisoners?in many instances the distributors have been seined; sometimes having |froin ?10.000 to ?12 000, in value of British gold, upon their person*. There is no longer aDy doubt existing in the minds of the people here, that the British are furnishing immense sums of money tc stir up this massacre, as they did to produce that at Naples. These men say, Give us bread, or death 1" and yet bread has never been so abundant and so cheap in Taris for ten years, und wages never so high since the reign of Louis I'hilippe. Indeed all these men have been supported without doing anything ; and when the government is taking the measures to give them actual employment, they are stimulated to revolt, and paid in British gold for drawing the blood of their fellow citizens. Men are carrying flags with these mottos, who. when seized, generally are found in possession of five and ten francs in their pockets, more thnn this class of men probsbly ever had. under the most favorable circumstances It is estimated that, at least, twenty-five thousand convicts arc among the insurgents; and all who have been raptured hare their pocket# well lined with change. Of course it is necessary to fill up their pockets when they get empty, or they w ill not fight Great numbers of the industrious laboring mm are with the government, and fighting heroically in the rank* of its enemies. The moet desperate part of the population of Paris, men and women, are engaged in the insurrection. Some very heavy discharges of cannon are this moment, shaking the house in which I now write ; and news has this moment reached me that the insurgents entered some houses, last night, in Rue Mont marire. and killed women and children ; but under what circumstances rannot. atprcsent.be known I have not h*ard of many c??es of unusual cruelty on the part of any one ; and. I hope, they do not exist to any considerable extent. Fourteen women were arrested, last evening having poisoned brandy to sell to the National Guards; others havingfaminunition. disguised as milk carts and beds for the wounded, fcr. OBSERVER. I Psrir, June 26, 1848?10 o'clock j Vtcrti i of tit net a I Caraignac?Important Information. The rules are growing more and more strict, as necessity demands it. Those who drank the poison died immediately; and upon opening their stomachs, the fact of poison was established. Every species of device has been resorted to, to convey munitions to the insurgents. Several women have been arrested with ammunition sewed up in their wearing apparel. Kmile Girardin has been arrested, and a seal put upon his press. This incendiary has at last forced himself in the meshes of the law. ETery species of publication of every description has been prohibited, except un" dcr certain regulations, w hich will prevent the promulgation of incendiary publications. 1 have before in- | formed you that the two commanders, in succession, of the Guardt Rationale. had been wounded, and'their places supplied. Now. the Commander of the Guarde j Mobile bus been struck down, and it is found mortally, be h?d performed deeds of daring for two days, and yesterday was shot through, just as he was leading the Guarde to the charge of a barricade; he fell, covered withhisown blood, but rose again, cried" Vice la Rtf ublnjut.'* rushed upon the barricade, followed by his brave soldiers, and fell again, to be transported from thence to the hospital Gen. Duv'vier is also wounded. ! but not mortally. Gen. Lainoriciere has had his horse j killed under him. while charging a barricade; and the , colon*! of tb*-|4bth regiment ol'the line was struck dead at his feet; thus, four of the six commanding generals have been disabled, and the fifth had a horse k lied under hint. Gen Cavaignac. in whom the executive power is deposited, alone has escaped without accident. It was Gcu. id&mcsme who commanded the Guard Mobile. The battle of New Orleans was hardly mote fatal to the commanding officers of the K.nglish army, than has been this terrible struggle of four days and nights, to the heroic Krench officers, who have so gallantly borne themselves. I do not see that j it is confirmed that those taken in arras have been ; shot, except under peculiar circumstances of aggravation. and in only a few instances, where an exam- | pie was necessary. All information of this morning, | ndicates that the whole defence of the city has been conducted with the greatest humanity consistent with firmness, and the pros* nation of the lives of the ritlrens The following proclamations of (ion Cavaignac will be found full of interest ? "The attie k dire* led agtinst the republic, has aired uuivor>al in*iirnati?t>. From uI parts the National Guard have risen *P"l,tai.' <' -l>. Slid- ti.> t' the aid of f ,-ir Lrrifltt-r. in IV-inn In the evening of yoaterduy, ami during till night, numerous battalions ) ave arrived. The routes are overed with eitircn* armed in eeftlKC of Hie republic. All wish to share with the legions of Pari* and the bnnliruv the honor of ravin.' society, menaced in our den e-cratIc instituti na; and to finally terminate a straggle afflicting to our country. Ect each l* at bis p- at to-day, and the rtlicllion wil disappear, fom' reinf weroenta of troopa hare arrived from tlie country? en, munitions ard provision#?nothing ia wanting June 2Mb t>en. E. CAVAIONAC. At a Inter hour? "Tlecaun of order, and of the true renwbl'c, triurupha The insurrection ia lera powerful: considerable unnntitic# of arms liave t?-w taken Everywhere the National Guard and the army, alwa' a admirable in their unity, gain ground and overthrow- th? l>..ineadea. M'r can afhrtn, without f?ar, that the country and He icty are wived; from nil the departments, fraternal succor arrives France, entire, Bights Willi "Be heart, and deeper one iu' toe - the ra t oldie ami order. E. ( AVAIGNAC, Tli# Chief of Executive 1'ower. Still inter? "Tlie Chief of Executive Power decree . Umt the mayor* of the diflrrt nt orrondiaiim/inti in Paris rhall proceed to tne disarmII.a of every National Guard who, without legitimate ennae, doea nut reepor d to the at |< a'e wh eh uro inntle to him, to route to the defence of the republic. E. CAVAIONAC. Still Inter? "l<al>otvra, and you Who yet la-tu arm* raised acainst ymtr reentry, a I art time, in tlie Htm of all that ia renei table, holy, and swrud for men, ritpodt your arms; the National Assembly and thr entire nation demand it of you. They pay to yon. th t cruel punishments await you. These are jour rnemict. and onr?, who say this?they say yon will he sacriheed with mna froid? eeme to us come a# inroUiera re|entlm:, ami ru limit t" the law; and the artnfof the Repuilie are ready to reeelvt yon. Chief of tli# Executive Powrr, E. t AVAIGNAf. Si?*?u, President of the National Assembly. Still later The Exe. ntlve Power, in t iew of the decree of the National A<remlly of to-day taunt that the city of Pari# is put into a state of siege, we Supreme Command, r of all the military forear of the <spite), in tiituc <4 power which has keen conferred upon ns by the mined, en c Kiat which follows: ? Anr 1. Et?ry placard referring to political affairr; and not ewiiratlvg fr m tUeawlhrpy is deumca iuimitnl to the r*-e?tabli.hmect of public tranquility. Anr. ? Ait the authorities civil and militarv, will see to the execution of this decree. g CAVAIONAC. Still later. Every individual labeling t (ran-- ban u ados, will be roorid rid as if he waa taken with armt.n hi- hatid-1 K. t AVAIUNAC. 'ill Inter I Tfcd GMtf tl Ixetut ?e Pewn in virtue tf tl* decree of the National An in t.ijr. which |>ut Farta ta a rtataof liege. deuieae Th I'rtfect of Police an4 all tha areata of the piMie fnroe, >f < n tight thereof, a til unit citizen Kmiie Gtrardiu, and iuppreaa the journal, the Pre nr. 11 e hifrcl 'T the Puiire will imni diately leiie all the coj.'c iwhliai.cd. which Ly tt elr Itoftllr publication, will prolong the rtmnflr, which dreact - the capital in blood, and c mnrouiiae* the lately of tie Republic. K. I'AVMgN'AV, Thaee decree* explain thcmrelre* anil to a certain exte nt, tha condition of Pari*. OBSKHVDR. Pari*. June 20, 184S?2 P. M. i'rtitilt ctnditw'i oj fAe lnturgent*?Sorae a?rteaklt 7Vw/A?. The inmrgent* arc now confined to tha f'ouAouigi Hu Temple, Saint .intuitu, St. Dennit, and Puiitun nitre. and in the yuartitrt du Temple, and St. Mirtin ; Lot most of Ihfte places have been subdued ; and there is no doubt that this day will do much towards terminating a protracted battle, which bus continued four days and three nights, with but little cessation, and. in which a host of gallant officers hare fallen, aud several thousand citizens. It is refreshing, to turn from recitals of carnage to acts of heroism, and humanity. such as are exemplified in the following recitul of facts, and which throw a flood of light upon the qualities of the French and some of their remarkable characteristics. t aptain Loverdo, aid-de-camp of General Damesme. was sent to reconnoitre a barricade, in rue d: t Metku t ins and was captured liy the insurgents. The chiefs of the barricade wished to force him to take his I place at their head?he told them that they could kill him ; but that they could not dishonor him. They were about to shoot him. but one of the chiefs interfered, saying " 1 am an old soldier, and I will not sillier you to assassinate an officer disarmed."' The interference of this cheif prevailed ; aud he delivered the officer, and conducted bim iliuiaelf. to the quarters of General Daiuesme, where was M. Arago member of the F.xeeutive Power. At that moment Cupt. Lovardo i staled the facts , and they all surrounded this chief, aud congratulated him upon his good conduct. In a moment after, the chief retired, saying, "Gentlemen. I leave you?you are at your werk? I return to mine."' A few hours afterwards, this barricade wbs attacked and carried, after a bloody battle ; but the heroes cheiftain was not captured. Volumes could not better illustrate some beautiful-ah ! delightful qualities. In the French character. While all good men will deplore this page in the history of the I French natiou. and in the first days of their Republic. yet it will serve the more fully to demonstrate the strength of the Republic, the union and sympathy between Paris and,- :he country and the patriotism, valor and indomitable courage of the French citizen. Foreign instigations and gold, misunderstandings. errors, anil false circulations at home ; and the adoption of false systems of govern?ent for teratmiporary purposes, have brought about this direful calamity. But the enemies of a republic have gained notliir-.e- tbev have demonstrated here hew mncti stronger in a republic than a monarchy, to resist the mopt terrible and forcible rebellion, that ever transpired in Kurope OBSERVER. rani*. June 20. 1848?2 o'clock P. M. | Wounds of Officers?Louis Blanks Escape ? Representa. licet Killed?Legion of Honor Conferred on two Young Guards?The Incidents Attending these Facts ?Letter of a Guard to hit Mother, translated General I.afontuine is wounded, but not mortally.? All night, for the last two nights, the sentinels, at | eTery fire minutes, cried "Senlintlle , prenes garde a I and no one, at this moment, is permitted to step across the street without showing a good cause.? Louis B'anc was discovered between two representatives. near the Boulevards, and it was with much difficulty that the officers of the guard could save him ' from the indignation of these men. He was denounced as the author of this state of things, and they placed him in a vehicle, and rode the horse with him to the Assembly as fast as possible, where he was deposited. His official character was appealed to to save him, and 1 with effect. All persons concur in praising the humanity. the firmness, and the admirablo measures of Gen. 1 Caveignae. He bus brought order out of confusion, J and inspired the troops with that confidence which lias made thtin both uctive and resolute ; and being j sure that he had the insurgents in bis nnornvs he bus ! 1 taken more time to operate, tliat tbe ellusion of blood might be spared as much as possible. General Negrier. a reprerentative. has been killed, and ! CLarbonnler, another representative, wounded, said to be mortally. M. l.:ir< che. the editor of the newspaper, called Prre Jhtckitnt. of an inflammatory character, has been killed while fighting in the ranks oftbein: surgents. The Place Luf'ayetti has been the scene of ' a terrible carnage. This moment, under my window, the guards are examining the prorision and coal i carts, which are passing ; and a man. near by. is | dying of the poison given to him in his drink, before this horrid mode of taking life had been made known. One young man. sent out by his mother to find his ' brother in the guard, having done so, joined the battal- ( i ion in a charge upon the barricades, and fell at the first i discharge of the insurgents. The archbishop of Paris, 1 ; with four clergymen, has just been the bearer of a proclamation from General I avaignac to the insurgents. which he offered to carry, haring called upon General ( avaignac for that purpose, which offer was I most promptly and gratefully accepted. At the barricade of Rue Menilniontanl. where Gen. ! I amoririere surrounded the(?'ai</r .tfe/i.7/-. and where the battle was terrible, a young guard, only 18 years ' old. seeing the flag Dying on the barricade, rushed from ' his ranks upon the flag, amidst a shower of balls, and I | brought it off without receiving a wound Gen. LautorI iciere was so much gratified, that he sent him to the National Assembly, and soon after he was presented to i Gen. Gavaignae. who embraced him, and seizing tbe ' cross of the lrgioD of honor from tho breast of Colonel | < bunas, who stood by. placed it upon that of the guard, saying.'-You have well earned it." Then the | lad >aid. "Gh how glad my father will be." and wept like a child for joy ; as did most of those who were present. This is French character?that of which Buonaparte had so much and understood so well in others? > There is another peculiarity, and that is. that the whole battalion will be gratified with the event, without l>cing jealous. Another youug guard, who had per- . formed precisely the same feat, at the attack of the barricade of St. I)enia. where the carnage was terrible, and efcaped with only a wound in the knee, writes the following letter, which I translate, it is so beautiful and so characteristic?written while the surgeon was dressing hie wound :? Mt Diar Motiikr :? Can you believe the happy news, yen who thought ine so poor a soldier ? Ah, well! 1 inform you that I have been to-day doeri .1 I,,. 1 n,.-? v? I . j ? ? ... ? ,?V ?v.,-.. V,. vi, muuii litis uccu |?iiw:il II| III mjf breast by Pen. Csvalgnao, for li?\in? takm a rfr.?j?iji/ from t'.e army at the/anion r 17 St. Denis 11 In Chiipelle. So tliii l.rnv comrade, Ouard National, wkolirirgs yon thi? present, iacliirged I'jr me to embrace you until I can <lo it myself. I should go thin evening, but *? are yet engaged in some work which in meful. As to wounds, I hare only the knee a little shattered; but it is so little a tiling that I hesitate to make it known toyon. J imbraecyou with all my heart. AMEPF.E LEI.ORNU, Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur. Who can fail to discern from such letters and incident*, some del'ghtful features in the French character. and among others, tlielr immense pride of character ? I know that they will be read with pleasure by our people. OBSKRVKK. r*at?. June 2fi. IMS- S o'clock. farts *1ulhtnlic. from a Sational Guard, who has hem foui Days in the fight?Terrible Scenes?10.000 Fallen. The barricade of Puissonniere is taken, and i send you the account, as only one of the multitude of specimens of Fuch scenes. The attack, the account says, has been murderous. The insurgents were intrenched behind some formidable barricades, which the cannon could not destroy: they had resisted all the power of the cannon, after numerous discharges ; and behind | which the insurgents fought. The troops demanded to march to the bayonet A butcher placed himself at th head of the coluinu of attack, followed by the soldiers 0! the 01st Guards Mobile and MatinuaU?he first sprung upon the barricade. and seized their red 1 flag. The 61st left one hundred dead upon the field of battle, and the guards sullered severely. Si* o'ci-ock, 1'. M.?A national guard belonging to the horse, has just returned, who ha- lieen gone four days and three nights, and been in the midst of the fight?from him I learn that the tight and slaughter baTe been eren worse thnn our worst fears?that the t number of men of the Insurgents have amounted to , at lesst one hundred and fifty thousand fighting men ?that they were prepared and amply supplied with arms, powder and balls, and every speeies of deadly \ weapon, and as well organised and officered almost as the guaide themselves?that th'dr barricades were too strong to be destioyed frequently by cannon. I and so compact that balls would not pass through ; them?that the women were constantly engaged In runnirg balls ; that they gave their thimbles in great , numbers for this purpose ; and that the halls came to : them In that form?some were square, that the insur- , gents bad large ouunlitles of funds ; and in the first day of the fight killed more men of the guard, than . did the guard of them ?that the guard had to learn ineir mem1 or ngniiDg. oy peneiraung me nouses; ana from the window* anil holes made, fire upon the one- i my?that tho street*. In some place*. litfrally run with Mood; and that wholp field* of battle are more or luas drenched with blood ?that at first great number* of the guard were phot down in the street*, and that It wa? impossible for tl.ini to ascertain from whom the shot* ; proceeded?that (ieneral* < avaignsc and F.a Moriclere hare the entire confidence of the army and guard* ; hare conducted most gallantly, harmoniously and flrmlv : and that but tor them and thp n?si*tance which they received froin the guard* of the country. | which exceed, he thinks, one or twohnndred thou-and, the guard* of Paris could not have overcome the rebellion. the loss, and fatigue and disadvantages were jo great?that all the troop* from the country have ' fought a* honorably a* those from the city, or the army, that they have forced the insurgent*, who, he ! think*, nro yet one hundred thousand strong, *o near ' the eastern evtremity of the city that there i* no | linger any doubt about the success ; that (Ieneral C. 1 wishes to give them a chance to surrender. If they will; but will tomorrow. If they do not. bombard that part of the city?that all the sick have l?*en removed ! from the hospital*, and they filled with the wounded ? that the churches are filled up. many of thein, with the dead . that thousand* and thousand* are ami ng the dead, amounting, n* i* generally estimated, to more than ten thousand In all that much of the money which was found upon the Insurgent*. wa? In gold- that among other projcetlle*. was one which he brought to me. about 2Ji' Inches in diameter, hollow, with a small orifice, and made of composition ; this was tilled with powder, and a match attached to it, which was set on fir* nd thrown among the troop* to j explode lie say* the general impression among the II guards Is. that the old K.secutive are ill the couspirnry, and among them they Include . I will not name him, for I do ne>t believe it It seems to he Incredible. 13tit to be inspected?oh. he.w terrible! orsEiivt:n. i Pari *, June 3d?7 o'clock, P. M. Rtlurn Or soit t of tke National Guards? Tkeir tinting srith tkeir Friends? More Interesting Particulars of the Progress oj Eetnls . Great number* of the Guard* aro returning to theii friend*?the streets are full, and the meeting* joyous, to these who return uninjured. The army, Guard* Mobile, and Guards from the country, are releiving the National Guards, many of them, from duty tonight. There is no language that ean do justice to the noble manner in which the Guards from oue hundred and fifty mile* round Paris hare come to the rescue. The Guards Mobile have been on duty lonr days and threo nights, and slept only on their arms. Fighting has generally continued till one or two o'clock at night, and commenced at 4 o'clock in the morning. Great numbers of houses have been beaten dow n by the cannon, to expel the insurgents; and among tbe number, the beautiful Pantheon, perhaps the second or third building in the world fur benuty, and gran eur, has been dreadfully defaced, its pillars detroyed and would hare keen iintne- I diately blown up, had not the insurgents, 1">0J strong, i consented to have surrendered upon being assured | uliut vmilil hi? thntr fatfl Thi? insuri'pnt.i fouorbt I more like furies and devils tliau like men ; &ud the amount of labor that has been performed, in making fortifications and barricades, is incredible?both sides have had short living and little rest. 1 do not believe ( the history of the world affords any example of such . a desperate and continued contest by such immense bodies of men. Ji'Nt 27?7 o'clock, A. M.?This morning looks bet- , ter?but jet wolully gloomy. We feel assured that the crisis is approaching a termination ?that the insur- 1 gents are driven further and further from us ; and that 1 their means are becoming more straighteneJ, and ; their numbers nre diminishing. Dut the city is yet in a state of seige. and war exists; and all the rules 1 which have been so awfully put in operation, and so < well entoroed, are yet In existence;?we live in a for- , tification; under military law: and restrained in all I privileges of going abroad, or even walking beyond ihc fijUHres in whieh we live. But the grnirale did not bent this morning: and the countenances of people bate undergone a favorable change; we have some cheerful talking in the streets; the carts are moving, in limited numb rs?a few papers are permiti ted to circulate; some loads of provisions are making | their appearance; andth- womeu, in great numbers, ; have ceased to staud at their doors, aud upon the sidewalks, saying little, and looking in a manner to denote their anguish, and yet indicative of firmness, to restrain any lamentations. I have seen but one crying in the streets. A young iady. opposite, received a letter, ' : from the agent of the l'ost-ofllcc, broke It open as she i | stood at the door, and burst into tears of anguish. j Some of tli?? slightly wounded are walking about tho i i streets: while all the spare time of thousands has , been devoted to making lint and bandages for the | | limbs of those who have fallen. But to day will finish , the work of reducing the insurgents to submission. The force is so immeme against them, aud driven as i they are from every part of the city?except a certain I circle at the eastern extremity, upon this, the north j aide ol the riter? It will be impossible for them to hold , I out. w ith much force after to-day. All the south side ! of the river has beeu cariied; and nothing remains ! there, but to guard the ground gained;?aud unless I they haTo surrendered this morning, upon this side, ! ' ere this tho troops have lnoeed against them, in im- . mcnselv strnnir columns. All the trnons from the I country are still actively engaged, and others are com- | i ing In. Indeed, there has been ono general r'sint^Jn j Krance. to come to the aid of Taris. and in support of | the Republic AV'hat mighty power the Republic has , acquired, in so short a time! No monarchy in Europe 1 . could have withstood the shock?and what is churacI teristic of the republic, it gains strength daily, by bn1 ing attacked ttud tried. The alTeetions of the people , drove them reluctantly to its support It is the im- | I pulse of the heart that causes men to expoge their lives for it?fear of punishment has no existence?the army, guards and people, all share in the same sentiment; and there is no treason among the masses in suchanhour. OBSERVER. ranis, Junk 27,1948?8 o'clock, A. M. I Archbishop Badly I founded?Protest of the Insurgents?Letters and Conditions of Surrender?Gen. < Cnraignac Demands an Unconditional SurrenderConfidence of all in those old Officers now iu Command. The Archbishop, who went yesterday upon an er- j rand of peace, as I informed you, into the ranks of the , insurgents, was unfortunately very badly shot in the throat. lie caused the drums to beat for silence ; and the guards and insurgents, misunderstanding the object, interchanged shots, And among others tho Archbishop fell, covered with his own blood. The insurgents protest that the shots did not come from their 1 ranks, and bare furnished certificates to that effect; j but it is probably altogether accidental, and equally uncertain from whence the accident proceeded. Yesterday, the following important correspondence was read in the Assembly by the President: "lloN.UKin, Til F. l'BFSIIlF.ST OK THE NATIONAL AisEMM.V: AVe iln not desire the eltusioii of the Wood of our brothers: wo have nlways fought for the Pimocratic Republic; if wo desire not to pursue the bloody revolntinn which exists, we desiro also to preserve our title or French citizens, in preserving all onr rights I and duties." Here follow the signatures of the committee of Ave, who were the bearers of it, and which was brought I about by the agency of two representatives, who bad | gone among the insurgents for the purpose of produ- ' cing peace. To this letter the President of the Senate, after consulting General Cavaignac, responded as folfows : "Citizkns?If you ask truly to preserve tho title nnd to fulfil 1 tho duties of French citizens, destroy install'ly the barricades, in the presence of which we can seo only in yon insurgents. Submit your-clves, and re.urn, as wandering children, into the bosom of the Hem.s-ratic Republic, which the National Assembly has the mission to > stab ish; nnd which, at all price, it will cause to be respccti d." Following this, is the declaration of Gon. Cavaignac, that he has but one word?"unconditional submission. The firmness of Gen. Cavaignac and his old officers, in war. under his command, and the noble ! benring of the I'rcsident of tho Assembly, iu controll- 1 ing that disorderly body, and holding their mouths closed, in such a crisis, are worthy of all commendation. Perhaps never was a greater ascendency possessed over a body of legislators, than this remarkable presiding officer has acquired and preserved over the (. hamber. It was as necessary to silence this body as the press, during the military operations, and to disregard the miserable course of ofliciousness and folly on the part of many of tho members. The two members that got themselves among tho insurgents, and procured the above letter, are said yet to be there, and do not find their return so easy as they anticipated.? It may be inference end rumor, but they had not got back last night. A great number of propositions have been made for terms. l.y the insurgents, or a portion of them ; but in no very authentic way ; and the President of tho Assembly has announced to that body that General CaYfiianiLr hiui nrit thmiirht it wnrth vhilw t.n ilist nrh t.hi> plan of liia military operations, totake them into con- ' sidcration. Unconditional surrender is his only 1 answer, and he gives notice of his intention to attack 1 at a given hour the ft re ng holds, and time to snrren- 1 <ler, beforehand, if they desire it. This is the true position It is time that there should be no longer any ' half way measures, or tampering with treason in Pari*. 1 Two committees were raised?one to examine into ' the events which have led to this insurrection? j and another, into those which led to that of the 15th ' of May. There will now he thorough work ; and if the J old Kxeeutive are implicated in either, or any one else, 1 all will find it diillcult to shun the responsibility at- ' taehed to their acts. Old military, thorough tnen. are I evidently at the head of the affairs, sustained by the ' army and guards, and all the people ; and in the Pies- I ident of the Assembly they find a man almost une- ' quailed for firmness, and power, and command over ^ that body. And there will be, hereafter, no white- ' washing of men. if I understand the temper of tho 1 men and the times. All those who have fought, are 1 full of admiration of their general officers In command; ] they are so noble, and brave, and cool, and firm, say ^ l they ; and their system has been so perfect, and it has been an hour to the men OBSF.RVKR. I 1 Paris, June 27, 1848 i I.titer nf Hernial Caraignac?Hit Name Immortalised? 1 Position of the Insurgents?Influence upon I.ouis j , \<:j oleon?Change in French ?1ffairs? Triumph of j the UepvbUr in its Infant y. (rciieral f'avaignnc, yesterday afternoon, pent into the Assembly the following letter, which was received with Immense cheers, and tiraft for the republic "Mosisif i n l.t: Pnisu>r\r?Thanks to the attitude of the /S'mdly ant tlio devotion of the tinned Soleunit ami Hie ant y. tt < r< t olt if reduced. T! rc is no mure itmgide in i'sris. A'm n is I -h- II I* certain thai there is no more darner for the coonti.v. 1 flail ! mil re-prr fn'ly to tlio Astcmbly the powers uhiehit tin i tcarponirlly n elided tome. "GENEFAf, CAVAIONAC." should fieneral ( . never do anything more for France, he has rendered bis name immortal, and will be classed among the saviours of his country. He is surrounded by the admiration of the French people, and to him they give the crowning glory of having well performed his perilous mission ; and to this he ntlils the example indicated in his letter. The measure of approbation awarded to him will but be limited only by the power of the French people. I have no doubt n?w that nt this time, wi re there an election, he would | lie putn u in (lie I'residentinl chair iilimmt by unanimity Thin roTolntion. or rather rebellion, hna do. stroyed allprospects of the election at present of bonis Napolron. Tim rebels hive been too nearly identified in the use of biN namp, without any fault on hi* part, as I verily believe, to prevent him from coming before the public at thi* time for auch a trust. The insurgent* have based their demand* upon auch an extraordinary foundation, ''breador death.'" when they had an abundance of the former, and by thia time, probably, of the latter, and were actually maintained in idleness, and have fought so terribly, and used, in many instance*, sue h < xtraordlnary mean*, that whatever might have been the fault* or fell leg of the government, there la 110 longer any sympathy felt for them, and their power for the present, moral and phyaienl. la gone, both in I'aria and the eouutry; and it ha* prepared the public mind for stringent measures. and stilled all eickly aentlment upon the subject It hai also brought a more vigorous aet of men to the head of alTaira, and overturned the avstem of a divided executive. Napoleon wrote to the Directory, when they proposed to send another general to divide with him the command | ' of the Italian army, '-that one bad general la (setter i than two good one*," and one would think that France I ha* had experience enough upon thia point to be willing. I>y thia time, to give It up ; yet there will be a paity in the Assembly whleh will vigorously push thia project. But thia hurricane which haa overtaken the

Asstinbly render* the future atlll more uncertain, while it make* the repubir infinitely stronger. The aoil of i'aria ia watered bv the beat blood in France in maintaining it, and it has been foilnd equal to the hour and the occasion. Men'* mind* are inspired with more hope and confidence. Thoaa who have fought ; for it and (boat who hare undertaken to resist Ha , iecreera. Mil to overthrow it, have found themselves overthrown by it when it was but four mouths old, even before it uad put on its constitutional robe*, and while it wan in process only of organisation. It was si easily established that the thoughtless and wicked expected easily to overthrow it ; but the young giant baa put hir foot upon the moat extensive, the beat organised, and the moat numerous and powerful insurrection that ever exists <1 iu Europe, and crushed it to the earth. Crushed it to the earth?for it gives no trrus except unconditional submission. What a triumph for a system j Will Europe look at it in this point of view, and profit by it ? Can the English press so distort the working of this now popular machine as to decry it down and discredit it Let far seeing men?statesmen?view these events?the mighty events of the last four days in Paris, and ask themselves could any monurrhy have achieved such results ? is not a republic slrobger. even iu Europe, in the lionr of trial, tliau a monarchy ! ilow loug aould the English government have stood before this assault of one hundred end fifty thousand fighting men? The very first shock would have overset the goverumeut. but the republic has not even wavered under it. OBSERVER. Pasts, June *7. 1848?12 o'clock. 7'Ar lnturgenh have beta Convinced?Ifuund of the frcAbiihoji it Mortal?M?n?ial Ritet of the Dead? Conduct of the Irmu?lit futation of the Libelt of MU oil. It is finished? the insurrection has been completely suppressed, and the city is tranquil nud full of mourning ; there is no rejoicing, if there has been a victory worthy of immortality. It has been one of Frenchmen over Frenohinen?a triumph of order over anarchy. Following the sounds of war will be those of mourning, and the funeral processions. Great numbers of brave und gullant officers, who have met the enemy in a succession of campaigns, have been cut down by the hands of Frenchmen. The thought is awful; but they have died in the defence of their country, and in establishing republican institutions. The army has gained a crown of glory for its services and its integrity in support of the republic. Our people read the libels of Alison and other Kngllsh writers, or writers with English hearts, which is all the same thing, upon the French army, the French puople and their institutions. See how facts contradict them, when the republic is put in peril by designing men, practising upon the credulity of the more ignorant, and employing the wicked part of the population, which they stimulate by the use of large sums of fori ign money. lu one or two instances, carts loaded nun pjjcviic auu ui a w u vy uurpnn. uutu uutJii Bi'iAi'U. Let tin in look at the army which the English libeller of republican institutions said could nut be relied upon?their example of self sacrifice, and the noble manner in which they have given up their lives to defend that republic, whioh Krance is now establishing. See how an insurrection, believed to have been stimulated by English agents, and known to have been sustained by English gold, has been put down by the operation of lreu institutions ; and let them seo, also, with what justice, firmness and moderation, the republic will proceed to discriminate between the great and small offenders, and apply the necessary correcting chastisement, not in a spirit of brutulity, but in one of pain, sympathy and sorrow, for the cure of an offending brother ; nor will they pack juries to obtain a conviction ; nor will they expel the English, probably. from Paris, who are represented, over and over again ^aud i hope incorrectly) to have manifested only rejoicings while thi* insurrection has been going forward. I do not believe that this can apply to all tho English population residing iu Paris; but the excitement lias been terrible, in some coses, upon the subject. While death was staring us all in tho face, and the dead and wounded were being brought home, dancing and riotous laughter very illy became any people possessed of the first impulses of humanity. I hope the English have not been guilty of this unfeeling conduct, to the extent to which they have been charged; I have been obliged to make known that I was an American, wherever I have moved, to relieve myself from the most careful scrutiny. The Archbishop of Paris is sinking under his wound, perhaps dead ere this time. It Is said to be mortal, lie has received the last rights of the sacrament, and the surgeons have no longer any hope of his recovery. He was shot in the back, but it is generally believed to have been accidental. There have been some crimes of great atrocity on the part of the insurgents ; but the bearing e>f the guards and army lias been most noble, grand and humane, and even less bloody on the part of the insurgents than might, perhaps, have been expected, on the part of the most ignorant and wicked portion of a population so numerous as Paris, containing a great many thousands of liberated convicts. I do not learn that tho number of prisoners destroyed by them has been very numerous, though there have been some terrible scenes of cruelty. The women are described as having been the most ferocious, and reckless, and blood-thirsty. But the lower clasfes of public women, in a city like London or Paris, are so numerous, and so lost to every noble sentiment, that they constitute an army of devils in the disguise of women. The character of a people is no more to be determined by them, than is that state where thousands are said to be imps of Satan. The circulation through the most prominent of Taris is free to-day. and the city begins to re- | cuicr iiuiji iu?5 n-peci 01 inouruiog una Borrow wmrn It has worn for the last four days. OBSERVER. run, Jane 27.1843. Decrees of the *1ssembly ? Injuries Done in Paris? 20.000 Killed anil Wounded?Numbers Kngnged ? English Powder for the Insurgents?Foreign Money for the Same?Barricades. The Assembly have decreed that those taken in xrms shall be banished, and a court martial is organzed to try the military offences. 1 do not understand jrecisely to what extent the military supercedes the dvil tribunals, in the case of a city being declared in i state of siege; but I presume it includes all cases of 'fTences against public order, after its date. The comuittee to investigate the causes which have led to the ebellious of May 15 and the present one, are to retort to the Assembly. I shall look with interest for hat report; it may implicate those who are now in ligh places. I hope not. Cannon have been freely i?ed for three days, and in large numbers, wherever :hey could be usefully employed. The destruction of j houres, buildings and property must be very great. In 1 everal of the principal streets the rows of buildings sill bear the marks of this revolt as long as they last. The Column of J uly, 1800, has been injured by shot, but not very badly. Some churches, other large buildngs. and a great number of houses, have been entirely lemolished. All the barricades ever before made in I'aris have been cob houses compared to those erected upon this occasion. Great numbers resisted eflectualy all the operations of the cannon, and it was only by means of the sappers and miners, and by blowing lown the surrounding houses, that the iusurgeuts could be attacked or expelled. Many of these barricades were twenty-five to thirty feet high, and a hunIred .discharges of cannon against them would proluce no effect. According to the best information which I can obtain, there were about 250.000, including National Guards, (iardes Mobile, and the army, ind nearly one hundred thousand more guards from ihe country, engaged actively against the insurgents; tnd of the latter there were not less than 150 <Xk> fighting men. besides the women. Twenty thou-and have 'alien, in killed and wounded, it is said?and I fear It is true?principally upon the side of the government, ia the insurgents were so well protected. The insurgents had eight cannon in all, but not ammunition for using them. One huge four horse loud of good English powder, fitted for cannon. w?3 seized in Paris, on ilswaytothe insurgents. Hud the insurgents bocn well served with canncn. it would have been impossible to dislodge them. Immense quantities of Russian und Austrinn money Lave been found upon the insurants. and captured In proceeding towards them, as well ns of English, to which I have before referred. That these governments end the overthrown powers have put forward their agents and wealth to overthrow the republic, nnd (Mug'* thu country in blood. thore remains no doubt in Paris. Uut they have only strengthened it in a thousand ways; and. among others, they bare even driven the French royalists to support it. from a fear of the evils that might happen to them if it were overthrown. Last evening. ' rire la hipubliuur !" was floating and placed in large letters over tne doors of thousands who never before uttered that sentiment. Foreign powers will learn, too, how Frenchmen will fight, nnd what an undertaking it would be for nny combination to invade Paris. Not niueh short of live hundred thousand men have been engaged iu this battle among themselves; and but for tbe desire of the government to spare the lives of the insurgents, nnd allow time to do its office, the numbers of the slain would linve been greatly increased. All persons will now be disarmed except the National (Juard proper nnd the (Jarit Mobile. After the revolution, arms were allowt d to all, and they have been turned against the government. Kvery man, although not engaged In the lighting, will he disarmed, an well as the insurgents, and I hope both the rieli and the poor? both those in and out of office will profit by this terrible lesson. Of course the great l>arii|iiet will not be held. Ilnd the rebellion not been brought on before that day. when two more weeks would have hern given for preparation, and masses of men assembled from tlie enuntry. there is no saying what the result might have been You will see an article in the John fit ill. of London, which opposes the election of CJen. Cass to the Presidency. in the t'nited States, because, they sav, " he Is anti-F.nglish in his feelings; nnd Knglish interests would I** in danger of being compromised." The same jress says, that there Is no doubt that he will he defeated." I suppose F.ngland recollects tho manner in whicli lie defl ated the attempt of Fnglaud to form n Kuropean alliance against tne L'nited States, upon the ocean, by persuading France from entering into it. Thanks to Providence. Franee is now repub- I lican. nnd a svmpathy unites the republicans of Franee nnd of the l'nited States, and few men in either country have sufficient popularity to be praised with safety by the F.nglish press. I think the eulogising of the Knglish press, and his connexions with tho F.nglish. through his wife, who is Knglish. have done Lamartine great Injury, influenced him against Napoleon. and made the French nfrald of him. Perhaps they have corrupted him; hut this I will not believe, at present OBSERVES Paris, June 28. 1848. Jl Fit it lo tht Scents of Jtaltle? The Condition oj the huiliingt, and tht ?1pptaroni e of tht J'opulalion? The Demand for 1'unithmml i? Tempered with that for Merry. In the afternoon of yesterday. I visited most of the principal scenes of the bloody tragedy which lias just terminated; nnd one must *see them, to appreciate tbelr real condition. From tbe Hotel dt V'tllt to the Bastile, for instance, a distance of 260 to .800 rods, connected by the ever memorable Hut .hiteinr. the buildings "'dee arc rid<Led. i suppew tWe word will be undcntood. ( annua balls have penetrated the front* of a great many buildings, and thousand* of ball* seem to have been discharged against nearly every building; all the glass is broken, the entire distance, and around each window the walls are covered. and perfectly defaced by the halls directed at the window*, front lite first to thd highest stories. The greatest slaughter took place in this street, aud at the Hastile, connected therewith. Karh street leading into that of Hut.(inloint, was barricaded near its entrance, and across this great street, there was a succession of barricades, made of stone, principally, and reaching from ten to twenty feet high. On each side, the buildings arc of stone, generally from live to eight stories high, with a good share of windows in front. There was no mode for the Guards to approach these terrible barricades, in front, behind which were so many thousands of armed men, und flanked on each side by these rows of stone buildings, tilled with armed men, pouring shot into their ranks from the windows. The battle raged in thin street forty-eight hours, almost without cfaj-ing. by night and by day. The dead could not be carried o(T ; the streets were truly flUid with them, and the living walked over and around their bodies, and fought without sleep and without provisions, nearly. "Hie assailing party tought that time here and in the vicinity connected therewith ; and when it was annonnoed to the Presidentof the Assembly. that the place had been carried by the Guards and army, he rose and announced it to the Assembly, and fell back into his chair, entirely overcome.?the point had been carried, andjl'aris was safe. Around the Bsstile, in some parts, the same picture is presented, and the monument has been marked by shots, but not injured. except some parts of the base upan which it stands; no cannon shot appear to have reached it. In some parts of the Boulrvardi, real forts had been made, and in a manner to resist cannon. Numerous carts, loaded with stones, each so large as to weigh many tuns, were placed across the streets, and the spaces between tilled in with the paving stones which are generally nine or ten inches square, and equally deep. Many of the spokes, he , of these carts had been cutoff by the cannon halls, but they could not penetrate the barricade. Not one-fifth part of the number of barricades were made this time that existed in the revolution, bnt none now were made for show. Strong points of defence were selected, and something resembling forts constructed. No trees were cut down, lamp-posts overthrown, glass unreasonably broken, nor any of those little acts done, which were designed to frighten Louis Philippe. Kvery act done this time was in view of a battle, and in preparation to meet it ; and well and faithfully have they performed their part, and executed their purpose, to the extent of their power. But.another feature, most extraordinary, presented itself to the eye. 1 travelled without molestation, and in crowds of tens of thou ritiiun in uit-u, wiimco ana cmuiren, wntre. me uuy before, the parties were In mortal strife, tbo streets filled with blood, every person ready to take life, and no human being allowed to approach, except he belong ed to the army, and went there to war.?and what do yon suppose I saw ? Men and women deadly enemies, and waiting an opportunity to strike at each other, or a stranger passing ? Mourning over lost friends, and charging the wrong upon each other in words full of bitterness and hatred? No. Nothing of the kind. No one could have suspected that there ever had been war between the parties, or any cause for strife. National I(iuards. Guards Mobile, dragoons, cuirassiers, insurgents, women, all the population entire, were mingled in one general mtlee of drinking beer and Bordeaux, talking together in large masses and full of humor, walking arm-in-arm ; here parties were sitting at the tables, male and female, in front of the resfaumfettri. or in them ; there the soldiers were lying sleeping upon the straw, upon the side-walks, or on their saddles, in the streets, their horses standing by them, eating their fodder ; there was a man wounded, of whtmthe greatest care was being taken, and the bier in preparation to take him to the hospital. In front of nearly every door, women were making lint, and preparing bandages ; numbers amounting to thousands, were thus engaged. Here, again, masses are looking at the buildings, and disoussing the effects of the shots, and the manner of operating of the two parties; others are walking over the grounds included in the forts, and the whole population upon these terribly contested points presented one grand melee of human beings crowded together as compactly as they well could be, and although it embraced the combatants, men and women, not one unkind word was uttered; and all had the appearance of being one grand party, where the greatest good humor prevailed, and where they had become fatigued and exhausted?fer this was clearly marked?ae if by engagements in a great pic-nic party. All traces of blood have been washed out, and except occasionally a wounded man. and the the marks of prop* rty destroyed, or the effects of can iiuunut'. nuiuiug unpieasam was 10 o? seen. indued, it has been a great duel between Frenchmen, in wbicb both sides have behaved heroically; and an Denton Raid of himself and General Jackson. they have fought, and adjusted as gentlemen, and left no adjourned question of veracity. The insurgents have been fairly overcome, and they have yielded. They have lost all but their honor; but they have made the government feel their BtMT, and rcrpect their courage and their numbers, and now they quietly submit to such penalties as it may see proper to inflict. If these are not unnecessarily severe, they will be satisfied with them; if very light, they will feel a contempt for them; it too severe, they will be exasperated, and perhaps take up arms again, but they expect to be punished, and do not expect to escape it; still it must be confined to the chiefs and pr ncipal men? the others are too numerous?and I think it not improbable that the government may oven reduce this number by causing them to draw lots. I think the severest seutcnce will be transportation, except in extraordinary cases. The people have exalted views of the abilities and energies of Gen. Cavaignac. and they, also, believe that he knows how totempcr justice with mercy. There is but one feeling among the National Guards, and that is for a just punishment. One united voice goes up against unnecessary bloodshed for punishment. All want an example made equal to the occasion, but no bloodshed beyond that. They say almost all have been lead away, in the moment of excitement, by misrepresentations, excitement and foreign influences. If the French cau fasten the facts upon the foreigners, who have furnished the money and the ammunition in such immense quantities, and corrupted the agents by whose means these vast quantities of ammunition have l?een introduced stealthily into Paris, they will feel the power of France at this moment. To give some idea of the amount, it is only necessary to say that after fighting three days and nights, in a single fort 30 000 ball cartridges were found and captured. OBSERVER. Paris, June 28,1848. J1 llVtcar for the German Empire''?Bohemia Tranquil ? Venetian Kingdom in Trouble?Hewtpapert Supprened in Parii? Siege Conlinuet?City Quiet. The Assembly, at Frankfort, are about to choose an Executive chief for the German States, to be called "A Vicar of the German Empire.'' The commission to whom the question was referred, have reported in favor of it. and our information as to the point, is that It will be immediately adopted. The German portion of the Austrian population seem to be complete masters in Bohemia at present, and the Congress of Sclaves to have been scattered to the winds. Official correspondence shows that 15,000 Serbes are marching upon Hungary, and the movement is charged to the active influence of Russia. Austria is still rending troops into Italy, notwithstanding the attempt at negotiation, and the Venetian kingrlnm a 00 ma tn Ytt> luff h? 1'Kowloo A 1 !>??.? "J VU U. 1 11 ' **S* by tbo Austrian*, or to be defended by themselves. My own l?ynnloni are different, at different times, of the intentions and integrity of this man. Sometimes it appears as if he was only fighting to build up a kingdom for himself, and that soon it would be necessary to fight him to put him down; and, at others, it appears as if was acting for the well-being of Italy. Time only can solve the ((Ucstlon. as there is not always reliance to be placed upon what appears to be authentic information. Certain it is that he has allowed tho Venetian country to suffer surprisingly, which. I think, is about to appeal to Krnnce. Treviso has fallen into the hands of the Austrains. Several cltiea in Russia have been burnt down by Incendiaries, among them Orel, /Calo and Jaroslaw. Kluven newspapers have been suppressed under the laws relating to a state of siege, in I'aris, among the principal of which are the Prett. . Isiembly National*, and Liberty. The rest are pretty cautious. The siege continue*.though the city is tranquil. OBSKRVLR. Tarh, June 28, 1848?4 o'clock. J-'our Sentinel! Sbot La it Night in the Champ! F.lytiei?Hunger on? Conititiuii of Society at thil Moment? Circumstance! connected with the Death of the Bit hop. I have given you a view which was presented to me yesterday, in walking six or eight miles through the city; but it must not be supposed that the actual danger is entirely past; thousands of the insurgents have been driven out of the city, and are pursued by the dragoons; and they lien to the surrounding villages, and there attempt to excite new troubles and conflicts: and the vast number of convicts and other desperate men in I'aris. will continue to make the condition'of affair* very critical, and life unsafe, to a cartain extent, in 1'arl*, especially of the (luarda, in the night time. Four Guard* were shot last night in the Cham]'? F.lyiiti, close by my residence, by assassins. They were acting as sentinels, anil m^n came tin to them. Apparently to speak to them, drew their pistols suddenly, and shot them dead on the soot. These were four single enses in this part of the city; others were exposed. In the same way. to be shot from the windows of houses. Time, and the most vigorous proseeution of the necessary measures, can only cure this crying evil, by which the lives of many are yet destined to bo sacrificed. Some of this class of men are terribly desperate. One prisoner yesterday told M. Thiers that he had killed fourteen with his own hand, and only regretted that the number was not double Of course he does not. ask for nny other punishment than to be shot The military court is in tesslon, and these desperate cases are disposed of as rapidly us possible, barge numbers of these most desperate villains were shot yesterday morning and last evening on the Chum] Jr Man. The case of the Archbishop is a most remarkable one, and a very eruel one. It was undoubtedly the insurgents who killed him. as the ball was of the Jagged kind, whteh they used In great numbers, to make the wounds more fatal. lie was ns brave as he was good; fully comprehending his danger, and cautioned against It. he said it was his duty to go, and God's will be done In relation to him. His prenosttioM was cordially accepted by General (nvalgnae; and when he arrived at the terrible liarrtcsdc, where the parties were In deadly conflict, dressed In Ms religions habit, the enmmander of t be Guards joyfully accepted his mission, ar^'ordered the tiring to cease, which was responded b by the commander of the insurgents. Thereupon % w Artng entirely ceased; and the hi?hnp began to aaeend the I lii'iikitdtt tb gddmi thv Insurgents. He was immf - A 1 very desperate ones coming up in a threatening manner, the Guards drew op around hliu to giro him protection. Some angry words wnro addressed to tho Guards, and retorted by them; immediately a gun wan fired, and the two bodies agaiu rushed to the strife, and discharged volleys of shot, and the carnage became terrible around the bishop, who implored the partics to desist, and continued for a time to stand amidst j the two parties unhurt; but. at last a ball struok him, and be fell mortally wounded. He was taken up ana j carried to a place of security; an<l as one of the young : Gtarda Mobile was walking by his side, badly wounded himself, whose bravery ihe|hi.shop had noticed, and who had ru>hed upon an insurgent, and disarmed him, after he was thus wounded, the bishop took a cross from his neck, and placed it round the Guard's,telling him to keep it?that it would bring bi.n good?and the J Guard kneeled. Hud received it with hands uplifted, ; pledging him.'elf btfore heaven never to separata : from it. I Such scenes dovelope beautiful traits of character, and illustrate the strong points iu the character of ? nation. Tbcy are not stories no-rely?they are mirrors, which rcfiect the features of this remarkable nation; and this tends to illustrate the r religious opt nions and feelings in ajust point of view. OBSKIlVKlt Park, June 29, 1848 slsjitct of I la City?Jtcts of Crutlty?Individual Cases ? OtKer Incidents?7.00J Prisoners?10,000 to 20.<H)0 Killed and Wounded. This morning the city is quiet; but still looks gloomy; and people appear as if they felt tbut there was yet more danger, and more lires to be sacrificed before the r< storatlon of order. Some cases of terrible atroeity ate being developed, which create a horror. Among o hers, thirty dragoons, who had been surrounded and ca ntured by a large body of men. are said to hare been confined in an immense potter's oven; and that they bad been heating it about fifteen minutes, when the Ciardt Mobile, by swimming the canal, attacked the insurgents, and rescued them. 1 do not think that the fact that an attempt was made to burn them to death is well authenticated; though the other particulars are. There were some cases where men were terri bly mutilated after they were captured, by cutting off their hands and feet, and in other respects. One woman was seen carrying about the head of a man upon her sword, and makinir all kinds at iniorecations- hut these were individual instances of human depravity, perpetrated by probably State convicts, felons, and the most abandoned public prostitutes?creatures to b* found in every large city in every oountry?and who, in a crisis like the present, give full scope to tbeir terrible malignity against the human race. Indeed, * public woman ib ten times more the tieud of the infernal regions, if possible, than the most debased man? like fallen angels, they seem to become the imps of hell, and to revel in scenes of blood and carnage, and th* prospects of anarchy and confusion in society; and, perhaps, the surprise is, that in a number so large of men and women so debased, the cases of revolting cruelty have been so few. The enemies of France, and of all republics, will seize upon these points to aggravate them, and from them to give a character to the whole French nation. Let such a revolution, and rebellion following it, transpire in London, and who does not foresee the awful , horrors that would there be perpetrated, where this degraded class is vastly more numerous, and equally brutal and desperate ? Such are some of the inevitable consequences of a sweeping revolution, or successful rebellion, in any nation containing such cities, so populous as Paris and London. Last night we beard fire-arms, and the fusilade appeared to be considerable bands of insurgents are roving about the city, outside of the barriers; and the discharges of fire-arms are the encounters of the troops with them. But a short time will probably be sufficient to change this state of things and restore order outside the city, as it generally is within the barriers. Indeed, from the best accounts of yesterday and last evening, it appears that a great improvement has beenmade upon tne day before, and that substantial order has been generally restored. About seven thousand prisoners are said to have been captured, all of whom will be transported; but I understand, that this will not deprive them of their civil rights after tbeir return to Franoe, as the punishment here called "deportation" would do. The coqimitiee and commandant are engaged in the most rigorous examinations; and since vigorous men are now at the helm of State, measures will be vigorously pushed. Several passports of M. Lamartine. have been found upon the dead body of Count Narbonne, shot among tbc rioters. I hope tfce English have not corrupted him; but some men in high places have undoubtedly been at the head of this i mighty rebellion. Paris is now a mighty camp. The ' troops cannot be accommodated in buildings, but sleep in the streets. One mile in the Baultvardt, the Place ; rte la Concorde, Champs Klytctt. and other places, are occupied by them; the pavement being their bed. and I a stone their pillow. Thousands are now engaged in | visiting the troops and scenes of engagements; and to; morrow is to be a grand funeral service in honor of the : dead, in the Place dt la Concorde. The ninth and ' twelfth legions of the National Guards have been disi solved. Most of those two bodies, comprising 60,000 I men. joined the insurgents; they lived in the most inI fected districts, and fought most desperately. Mora than 30.100 stand of arms have been captured already ; from tbe insurgents. I think the best estimates or | the killed and wounded, place the number between 10 ' aud 20 000. Thousands of Sisters of Charity have | come to Paris, to devote their services to the wounded. How many noble ((iialities of the heart have been developed by this sad event! OHSKRVFR. Tams, June 29, 1848. I.atest Wewt. Gen. Cavaignac| has resigned his dictatorial powers, and received tbe unanimous approbation of the Assembly. aa h&ve the general officers, army and guards? I also the President of the Assembly, who has richly ; earned it. Immediately thereafter a decree was introI duced declaringGen. C. President of the Couneil of Stat* with power to appoint his ministers. He was chosen, ! President unanimously, and delegated with tbe power I of appointing his ministers with only five dissenting voices. Recurt, Carnot Bethmont, and Bauid* of the old ministry, have been retained. Lamcriciero is Minister of War; M. I.cnard, Minister of th? Interior; Goudcbaux, of Kiuance; and some others, whom I do not recollect, to minor posts. Gen. Cavaignac was the junior of Gen. Lamoriciere a nd several other officers?whom this whirlpool of events has thrown up to the first post in France, nndcr the most trying circumstances?with a unanimity, perhaps, unexampled In the history of the world, lie appears to be a man for this occasion?when courage, i great moral firmness, and military energies are requl1 site. He has imitated Washiugton in resigning bis | power, against the almost unanimous remonstrance of . the Assembly, but he answered "lhat under a republic a dictatorship should not exist one hour beyond what was absolutely necessary.'' The state of siege is yet continued, and, therefore, in another form, we have Gen. (lavaignac and the necessary power to execute the purposes of government, 'i he piosidential chair broke down M. Buchec?it lias made M. 8-na d? I fear his place cannot be made good. An address has been published to the French people, which is worth laying before the American people. A manly energy now guides the course of affairs. and the republic ia triumphant?ah : more than triumphant?it is surrounded by a- halo of glory, that nothing but such a rebellion could have afforded the occasion. Kurope will be more astonished, and monarchies more startled at the manner it has triumphed over the combination of men and devils to destroy it. thau at the revolution which hurled I.ouls Philippe from the throne; and those who know nothing of the recuperative oower of a republic, under a mortal blow aimed at it. wilt be still more astonished at the new and vast acce?Mou of strength which it lias acquired; the vixor of its measures and its tone of detiunce to enemies domestic oc f< reign, or both combined. The Knglish will tremble, Ru ssia will reflect, and liberalized Kurope will rejoice that such a trial has been thus made, even at the sacrifice of so much that was valuable. Indeed, one of the Knglish press, forgetting itself for the m louat, lias exclaimed that " if a republic can withstand such an insurrection, it lias nothing to fear.'' Look at the effect of such language from such a source at such a moment, and how strong must hare licnu the impress that gaTe birth to the sentiment. By the next mail 1 expect to be able to lay before your readers the report of the committee, which are most rigorously examining the causes of the rebellion of May 16th. and the present one, and to give you the names of men in high places connectod therewith. Mark my words, there will be no sparing. Men accustomed to deal vigorously and to punish flrmly. are at the head of affairs?men who have no fear, personal or moral. ThaTgovernment of France at this moment Is indomitable?no monarchy in F.urone. not even excepting that of Russia, so strong. The whole o mntryj has risen as one man, to come to Paris?troops by thousands have been pouring into Paris front the most remote parts of France, and ' vice la repuhlit/re" is heard witli an enthusiasm that was not even equalled in the days of the revolution itself. Twenty thousand men have fell tlghtlu.' for it?immortal honors hare been won for the living in the same cause?the republican banner has led them to glory, and has answered their expectation:' it was a sound?it is now a thing -a mighty power?developed, seen and understood?confidence is restored?the government is respected?and the public mind satisfied. The higher classes--the rieh?are now rallying around its banner, who have hitherto stood aloof from it; and they too regard it as the savior of themselves, their families and I property. The* see that It h?u done for tliem what: monarchy never could do. and they arc compelled to pay it homage. Among the insurgents were found several decree*, of which I give a specimen. to wit?"No man, having 200 franca yearly income, ahall exercise any political right* for ten year*?all persons who hare n?ld any office eiuce 181ft are deprived of nil civil and political right*, and their property confiscated then, other* in the fame strain ; and yet the Kngltsb now sympathise with this class, by speaking of them a* driven to it?the rebellion- by hunger. The. falsehood and the depravity aro alike manifested in the i< mark. Dread has never been so cheap In Paris, probably for 30 years, as at the moment the rebellion broke out. lvben I came to Paris, in November, it was seven sous per killogramme. whioh ia more than two of our pounds , and now but fi^soua for the first quality. livery person can live well in Taria, who Is In health and will work. OUSKKVKK lloi?r<l of Sii|M-i-v Ixors. Movoav. .inly 17 ?Adjourned meeting -Morrie Kranklin. Usq., In the chair The Mayor being absent. and the Hecordor confined by illneM, it waa suggested by the chairman that, the Hoard could not, In the ahsenre of both, legally transact business It was then moved and seconded that the Board adjourn until to morrow (tills evening), at 7 o'olock. Carried, it was afterward* moved and seconded that the vote ha reconsidered. Carried. Alderman .Smith moved that In consequeneh V the death of Alderman Swartout tha Board adjonrn without delay, which wa? 'econdcd and carried.