Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 19, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 19, 1848 Page 1
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f ============== TH KO. 5157. 'l'lic meeting oi me asariiMuriiera, Lait K veiling. The great meeting of the, which Was announced to take place in the Park last evening, for the purpose of ratifying the nomination of ex-President Van Uuren, ol Kindcrhook, as the barnburners' candidate for the Presidency, took place at the hour ap|>ointed. At six o'clock ? at a few minutes aftei (which the meeting was called to order, the assemblage numb-red probably twentyfive hundred ; and this number was increased from time to time until it reached the aggregate of eight tboutand.J' be the came more or less " The meeting was called to order by Benjamin F. , Butler, Esq., who m minated us chairman Stephen Alien, and a number of vices and secretaries, too numerous to mention. Immediately in front of the platform erected for the Use of the speakers and officers of the meeting, there was planted a large banners of the followiug description .-?It was manufactured of brown cotton oloth. on which was pa nted a portrait of him of Kinderhook. At either side of the portrait was a liberty cap and pole, entwined with a wreath, on the folds of which, on one side, war- iuipr.uled" Free Soil, Free Labor, Free , Speech," leaving i ne or two vacant spaces; and on the other. " Washington," "Jefferson Jackson," and blank (for Van Burt-n. we suppo-e) to correspond -with the btankx on the other side The inscription on this piece of bunting was " Fourth Ward?Free Soil league ? For resident Martin Van Buren''?the whole surmounted with a representation of the lioddess of Liberty, holding in her hand a staff, at th? top of which was a liberty cap, and having under her feet broken shackles. The following resolutions were then read by Mr. I Fowler, the reading of which occupied some minutes:? j Betolved, That insistence iu error can never invest it with , the sanctions of truili, und that however jiertinacimsly ndher'd ' to, is the assertion f a Uivision among the democracy of New | York, and whatever thn secret comfort thenco eatracted hy its . authors, jet a pre per defeience to the opinion of the public induces us to declare our coutinuiug integrity and uuity as a party. ; Mhtlhtr ue revert to the period wlieu the deinuoratie masses i banned the factious few, wl.u clamored at Albany for State ex- | penditvre and debt, or to that more recent time, when, at the cry , raised by the same conspirators at Syracuse for spoils and hondIage, tlie public voice swelled into" anathemas against them; nether we view them treacherous to the people of their own i tale, or obsequious to the rulers of tl.e slave in others, under all circumstances and i.t all times. are they the same unscrupulous, I elfish, impotent faction. At the sources of emolument ana office, 1 where wo round ihem, we leave them. Onr path it is that of the democracy. nesolvi d, That while wc regard all constituents as principals, ' ?nd tlieir as mere agents, we yet to the | doctriuo which requires the form r to conform to and to carry out ' the regular and authorized decisions of the latter. But that free Citliens, st all be o! client to a voice not commissioned by thuin, ; <.r subservient to tl.o dictation of those delegated by no authority Of theirs, is a proposition too preposterous to be entertained. The Convention sun-em Mod at Ilnltimure on tl.e d-d May last, determined : that the voice of New York, shou d not be heard in its councils. It i lias, therefore, spoken to us >n unknown tonguo<, which we can- ! net understand, ncr will heed. Its power to disfranchise New York was no gieater than its power to enfranchise South Carolina: and neither was included within its delegated trusts. The voice of one Slate KUnr.ierscd. and that of another deranged its whole actlin into a fraud upou all the States, and I Is, therefore, obligatory on none. Resole td, 1 hat tic iiemocratie party of this city has bean ro- j -rived by the action of the late Uuea Convention. Partaking of the enthusiasm, which characterised its proceedings, wo shall nu- I itate its energy and a-mre to its resolution. To all its acta we ex- I tend the esuom which aeoom|>anies the assertion of truth and the performance ot duty, hut our gratitude is bestowed for their i nomination to the Presidency of Martin Van Buren. The leader of his larty, wbeu struggling for Its distinctive principles; it# /aithfnl standard learvr when in power, thocalm and sagacious ?oui seller when in his retirement; by 1 is noble effort for free anil, I for the preservation of the territory of the Union from the inroad I of alavtry?he has given new probf of w isdom and statemuu- j Shin of exalted love of country and of true lymjiatby with tho ' rianisaiid the iutoTtstsuf humanity, and has thus established himevlf in the treat heat t of the A merit an democracy. Heat lvea, Tlmt we rejoice in the conviotlon that our exertion* W ill be instrumental to the favorable decision of the great uueation of freedom now |iending before the people; that, in our judg ment, " Caugress lias the power under the constitution to legislate for the territory of the United States, to organise governments for the inhabitants residing in such territory, and to regu late within it all matters of local or domestio concern," thnt it ia Mow asked of us whether such power shall lie exerted for the extension of a'avery or the advancement of freedom, and wo reply 1hat, so far as dej ends on us, the thousand million acres of Dragon and the districts recently added in Now Mexion and Upper -California, embracing ten drgrets ot latitude, and oxtending, through a salubrious climate, l.tXXi miles between the Pacitio ami the Hiu Grande, shall ever be and remain the exclusive abode of free labor and tree men. Resolved, That our sympathy for the " peculiar institution'' of the 8outh is not greater than He-mi to bs that of its champion for the truths pronounced seir-evident by the Declaration of Independence; and that if it c-imports with southern patriotism to dismiss *o repose, with captious criticism, the ei|ual rights of mankii c, we, more sober minded, may at least be permitted to doubt tie justice of that doom. We accord to that " institution" j a. i tliat degree of respect which its recognition by our federal constitution ie<|uires. Under the solemn sanctions of Hint xrner. 1 instrumiui let it rest ; under the exclusive care of the ?tate* in which it exists, letit stand or fall, let it nourish or ex I jure. I-'ree soil is the heritage of the North, and our eff rts are cirectod to its transmission to all civiliicd races in nil those jartc f our territory which are now blessed and honored by its iroicme. flicr'JMCu. ililtv \vc are uncompromisingly upp wo to auy i "OoinjTomife," which, instead nf confining slavery within nar- 1 IOT rr lituitis Rhad restrict the bounds o! freedom ; that the Con- i ftrers of ihe Uuitcd States has no power, under the cunatitution, | to abolish freedom in any part of the publio domain for the pur- I tioae of planting slnvciy liieiein; and tliet euch an uuactinenl h y j the presi u'. tongnrs,Uc led for no such purpose, would he an I act of usurpation and a breach of duty too proas to lie forgiven, , ?rd too shameful to lie submitted to by a free people. Rcoived, That the lash lias resounded through the halls of the I eapitol, and we are therefore prepared for the vote on which Nor- . them senators shall unite with their "Southern brethrvu" in con- i a lining an empire of free teritory to the dominion of the slave- | 1 older; that revolting as must lie the ceremony which introduces t tiy the baptieoi of a "compromise," 250,000 square miles of our ' fcuwly-acquired poescseions Into tlic co nmunion of slavery, there | Heeded to perfect Ite harm ny bnt the presence as ong the sponsor* of a ilickimnn and Bright, of whom, if the latter in his reeuianeyto Indians, is recommended to her compassion hy the Srocsadties which constrain the possjasion of slaves, tho former by 1 'almost witliing to have been born in Virginia," inspires iu the t I): essts i f the millions whom lie misrepresents and dishonors, a jm portionatc desire tor his translation to some more congenial el .me btso.vad, That we denounce in advance all projected comply jniscs cr surrender of the vitul principle of freedom regardless of their tri in, their object or their extent, that in the antic pated defect ion of the Semite, we place our reliance on the other branch e f Congress) but sh \t d th hope of favor, t 'c fear of punishment, r die ti hemes of poiiiioal amliit on, ace jinphsh the inaetnent of ?law lor the extension of slavtry over a single scpiaro mile of territory now fre., we ben l,y pledge ourselves iininodiately to on the task of it- re|ica1, and unceasingly to .labor for, tho Accomplishment of this object. Resolved, That wo regard the vacant lar da whioli are possessed or may Ie lie eaftor acquired by the L'n ted States, as a saored trust for those who are to oeeupy them u id to sohdue them to tie uses sf civilation; to be disposed of to actual settlers in moderate quantities, on tera s winch shall barely remunerate the goverrun nt for the expemes of tho truet; that we are irreconcilably ppored to tho nunopol- of them hy oapiutlists holding them in arge masses and cultivating them hy slaves bought ana old with the land ; that we regard it as the inevitable effect of srueh a eyttein to exclude from the public domain our own descendants, and the industrious and hardy emigrants who may seek here a refuge frmii want and oppression in their native land. Jirsilvid, That much as we admire the militarr explore, and lioror t' o personal charactor of Gen. Zacliary Tsylur, we cannot find in htm the know bulge, the experien'.e, or the principles domended at a juncture like the prosent, in the Chief Magistrate ef tins hi public; and ? e cspec ally regiet that Ids eminent services, as a successful eapttin. with his position as n slave-holder and his Studied r serve on the great question of the day, should have oun tgnod him to the tine of the slave interest. That we petoaive till less in Gen. Isiwist'ass to warrant his aspirations to the name liistiniuishod station. Tlio friend of Froe Territotv at a time when his freendship was unavni ing ? tlien Ibe suhjeotof a gradual and mysterious mental changu, simultaneously produotivo cf hie descent to the advocacy of Slaver/, an' his elevation into a puocerefn I candidate with tlie list imorc t'onveution for the I'residcney, we think him the fit representative of that assembly, and jerudiate both alite. From a eandidate. howmer worthy in himself, or meritorious by his military services, who oonfersos hia itinerants on all )?st p litM questions, ami gives no opin on on t e sole question n< w of pn ssing interest; and from on who has (tdo)ted the test prescribed hy the slave power, we turn with increased pride ana pleasure to the nominee of our own State, whose piintip es tin roughly established by his own matured reflection*, and explicitly avowed to his couu rymen. entit.e liim to receive, and justify them in bestowing their intelligent and cordial surftages for tlie most imp riant tire in tlie civilised wot Id. heeolved, That ss we have iTiiliantly triumphed in a wnr undertaken in delenee of Nat onal honor, we are grateful tor the return of a peace which bring with it National security, indemnity and repose We sympathize with those who have to mourn tho memory of kindred fallen on tlie stricken held, and welonmo hack to Joyces homos and ardent hesrts tlio heroic band who, surviving the conflict, have returned to wrnriu peaceful shades their honor< I ad tl i :r rlory. But admonished hy the oosi, in treaewrc and in fc'ood, i fthe warwhii h has just olocfld, f( the priooless blessings ot hone-aide |?ecc, wo find additional arguments for avoiding tlie estahli hn.eni of an ii siitutlnn in New Mexico and California, which w ill txfsue us to lie risk of renewed quarrels with our late e nemy, and to the temptation of farther acquisitions from her territory. Resolve)', That tlie interest of Commerce is not oonffned to tlio borders ot the Ocean alone, hut extends its ramifications through a'i the veins and arteries of our great inland seas and rivers, and therefore it is tlio duty of the General government to make a wise distinction between objects of general and national interest, and those of mere local Importance, and to afl'ord to the former that Ibsteting care and protection which the merits of each caaesspatwtely ( "tiMdereri, hh ivpgcntod hy tht wine and honest*minded Bib* H light,nI.aIIeeem to dmiAud. Risolved. TliAt we loi k with grrAt intercut to the Approaching Jk ice Boil t onvetftion pfopoied to l.c held ?t Buffalo on tlie 9th of AngiiM; lUtwp h??pe onr democratic Wends In this And other piistw, v ho unite with us in the wisli and the will, to preperro for jicrnicii, m an r*minn generations, ino f ion i age 01 irveaom wun which this R?puh ic liiui hecn entrusted, will bo renres?nt?d in Hvh C onvnntion ; and wo I runt that tho wisdom ana patriotism <d those who shail compose it may guide thorn to I ho adopt on of neatCTrs, which shall promote the advance, and semiro the triumph or the great principle involved in the present momentous trufflk. Martin Oro\>r wrr called upon to addre** tho meeting ; and in accordance with the Invitation. that gentleman *poke an follow* : We hare a??erahled here ihia evening, fcllow-citlicn*. te coneider and diacu** queatlon* of a grave character, unexampled In the "dilatory of thla country, for their importance, for tho Ja*t half century The year 1848 i* to be a memorable year, not only in the hletory of tho world in general, I but in that of our country In particular ; and while we meet to dl*cu?n tho*e attention, it may be well fhr ! im to take a brief review of a ihort period of our hlrf- < tory for four year* Four year*' ago. It la known to ! all,'the domocrailc party of thi* country wa? united, | rtrong and inviucihle. Four year* ago. they were i united on gri at nieaaurea and great principle*. .Among thoae inen*tirea and thoae principle* wa* tho ?atablishment of tho Independent Treaeury, which became audi* now tho law of tho land. It belong* to the hl*tory of the pa*t. Among them wa* a reform In the commercial *y*tom of tho country : that reform ha* been placed on tho etatuto book. Thene were two great question* that knit and bound together the great democratic party of the Union. They entered the oonteet on tho*e principle*, strong and In- I vincible. At the Uallimoro Convention, four year* 1 v hero thr ee principle* were engraved on the de- 1 xnooretir banner. It will he recollectnd by all. that there were other qne*tton* preeented It will be renolUcted by all who bear mo that at that convention j E NE NEW a resolution was paused for the early annexation of Tonne and the reoemipatlon of Oregon. These two <|Uestions were acted upon by that convention, and iv*<\ nup uj uio ouvrc^ucuii nuiiuu Ul me uouiu* l cialio party, right or wrong. a? they may hare baou ; and although differences existed among the deuv>- 1 ciacy ae to the mode in wbioh Texan should be I annexed,? some preferring one mode, thinking, i probably, that a war with Mexico might h? avoided; othera preferring another mode, that would, peibape accomplish the otyeot in view, witli more rapidity?yet the whole democratic party united on the principle. All agreed that Texas should be aunexed to tbie Union, us soon as such a measure could be brought about, consistent with the honor-of the country, its public sentiment and its general welfare. With these principles on our banner, the great democratic hosts of the uation entered the oontest. They eutered thai contest, and were invincible. At its close, the candidate whom we had sustained was installed In the highest office in the nation. As soon?and now I propose to invite your attention to the course that was subsequently pursued in regard to this great question? at the session of 1844 and 1S4S. and before the installation of the present executive of the United States, measures were adopted for tlie annexation of Texas. At the same time, and keeping even pace i with it, and supported by ail sections of the 1 country, measures were adopted to establish a territorial government in Oregon. Texas was net I then annexed, hut its acquisition was a favorite measure with the South. The occupation of Oregon was i a favorite measure with the North Oregon was I Northern territory?it was free soil. 11 was located ia i a region that was tree, and was to be settled, and every 1 body in all sections of the country -North. South,'last t and West?agreed that it was forever to remain freo. In 1 February, 1846, and before the 'present Executive i eti tered on the discharge of his duties, a bill was 1 ir, tr-,?l,<?</> It,- II.1>........ ?-?! / 1 I you will find a full account of it in the C?ngreition<.l Glolt) to establish a territorial government in Oregon. saving the rights of liritish subjects until the boundary should be settled. When that bill was introduced a proposition was made by the Northern members to inolude in that bill that clause of the celebrated Jefferson, known as the Jeflersonian ordinance of 1787. You all kuowwhat this clause was?it was forever to exclude ilavery from that territory, under every circumstance except for orimo; and if you will look at the ayes and nays taken at that time, you will find that six Southern men?three from Maryland and three from Kentucky?voted to incorporate that clause in the bill You will find that the entire Nerth, Kast and Wist voted for it, with four solitary exceptions all rf them voted. The introduction of that measure at that time created no excitement. The Southern men recorded their votes against it. They raised no constitutional objection. Nothing of that kind was thought of or dreumed of. It passed by a vote of one hundred and thirty-one to sixty-nino? almost two to one, and almost enough to override tlie Executive veto. And what will strike the thinking man as more singular is the fact that when that clause which the South now denounces as unconstitutional became part and parcel of that bill, only thirty-one members recorded their votes against it.and tbey were principally Eastern men, who were afraiu it might lead to a war with England. The entire representation of Soutl Carolina, 1 think, voted lor that bill, with that clause in it. It was then universally understood?it was theu universally conceded?that Oregon was^togbe free territory?that Oregon was to have a territorial government established over it?that the protecting arm of this confederacy was to be thrown around It. This was the position of ' Ihings, when the Southern men stolo a march on us. Tbey got their resolution for Texas through the House ?tbey got it agreed to in the Senate. Iu 1845 it became the law of the land and as soon as that was done, a change came over the spirit of their dream. Tbeyjheld to the principle?you stand by us and help us to get TexaB; we will compromise that territory with you It is all slave territory now, said they; but we will,agree that freedom shall gain something by the annexation of It. and we will preclude slavery north 1 oi 36 30. Mr. John C. Calhoun agreod to it?the North v voted for it. As soon, however, as that was accom- t pllsbed, a change came over the spirit of their dream. t Texas, when the resolution to annex it was passed? e and 1 wish to invite your attention to this fact, so that u you may see how southern territory is treated, and r northern territory is treated?1 exas whs annexed, as y far as the notion of our government was concerned; t but it required another consent yet. Mark the fact, n now; before Texas had consented, it was thought ne- s cessary to protect her. The Gulf of Mexico was filled y with our navy; our troops were sent to Corpus Christi; they remained there a short time. There was a dispute about the boundary. That, it was said, was disputable ground; and what was the course pursued? It is Southern territory. It is Southern soil which wc were tolook alter The troops were pushedon, (and whether it was right or wrong, I am not going now to discuss,) the troops were pushed on to the Rio Grande?tho utmost verge is taken, and the whole power of the country. at the expense of a war with Mexico, is called out to protect that country. Now let us trace and sec how it was with the twin sister of this question?the territory of the North. There is a dispute in this too about boundary. The Executive tells us our title is clear and unquestionable to 54.40 ; but is our navy sent to the Pacific to look after the interest and protection of our settlers there ? Is our army sent there ? No ! they were debating about the formation of it territorial government for Oregon, anil yet it passed over to the next session Negotiations concerning this boundary arc entered into. It will do to negotiate about Northern territory, but if it be Southern territory, tho course is first fight and then negotiate, (haughtet.) And notwithstanding that they came to the grave conclusion, that our title was clear and unquestionable to 54.40, they slid down to 49. (laughter.) they gave up the balance. Whether it was right or wrong to submit to this in tbat negotiation, it is not now important to inquire ; but my object in referring to it is to show how the North and the South are respectively treated. For Southern territory, the property of slwve owners, the property of slave capitalists, the rule has been, fight first, and then negotiate. For Northern territory, there it> no fight about it. (Laughter.) The claim was put forward for 64.40, and then they slid down to 49. This is the way with Northern territory. Well, in all this the North was calm and contemplative. They did c not talk of destroying the Union, and of retiring from t Congress; but said, now that you have got rid of five o <1 A.rvaui of Vnufhewn (avvllnvv Inf llfl hiiVA Ik fflrPltfipiftl government for the remainder. Now there is no trouble ci with the New England men. There is no fear of a war t with Great Britain any longer. Great Britain says we s may have to 49. Well, what do you think they did t? i After getting rid of five degrees, and alter resolving to p fight for Southern territory, they begin to think there 3 is some unconstitutional barrier in the way. (Laugh- p ter.) In taking Texas, they never thought of that ? (Laughter.) Senator Dickinson, when he voted to annex Texas, threw chaff in cur eyes, and deceived me then, for I thought there was a little that white men might have, and I was therefore astonished when they told us that our action waa all void. 1 thought, still, that we might have a government |for Oregon. Two years sgo we fought for Texas. Northern men were pouring out their blood like water for it. The troops were called out. and the Northern men gavo them Ken who would die in defence of the last acre of American soil. But after we got what was left of Oregon, what Queen Victoria choose tc give us. and we were beginning to talk of establishing a territorial government in Oregon, what do you think was done 1 A bill was introduced. This clause prohibiting slavery, which commended the immortal Jefferson to the democracy more than any thing else, was inserted in it, and then they began to have those constitutional spasms.? Southern men. flxst. were affected by them ; and then Northern men showed symptoms of the disorder.? General Cass, and I will speak of him with all respect, he was going to save Oregon?he was going to have it for white men. Senator Dickinson took sides with us ou the subject, In private conversation. I thought tbat all was right?tbat there was no trouble : but the South got up. and what do yon think they ilia ? They did not ray it was unconstitutioual?you have no right to do such a thing. Oh, no' they did not tell us this ; but they told us, this ts all right, but we want to amend the Jefferronian ordinance. Mr. Burke, of South Carolina, the prominent forerunner of the great Southern leader, he wanted to Improve on the.workofThomss Jrtlerron?he wanted totmproveon it I eeause, because there is no constitutional power 1 No, but because it Is North of 36 30. Let white folks have that. They liavegot it down South that this oouutry here in the North, where we have froets and snows In October, Is good for nothing, and they are willing for us to have It heraure it is North of 86 30. Well, they cheated us once, but we did not want to be cheated again. He did not want any more slave territory?he wanted the doctrine applied according to the rules of Jefferson? and this venerable chairman before you. (pointing to Stephen Allen.) can tell you that, about 1800, when the great contest between federalism and democracy was fonght and decided on this spot, here in New York, tbat that very thing added nerve to the charge. Jefferson was the friend of freedom?the friend of the KUnman Ua mantinl irt ivlua hsn vhitl* tllffn tiofcon- 1 It tbc North, bnt also a part of the South. He thought that our children ought to go to the South without lijlug degraded, and without being obliged to work in company with the black bondmen. He wanted to elevate lalior, and he relied on the great maa* of freemen to sustain him and he was willing to give them a chance to lire in every kind of territory. Well, they did not get success. The wcatern men atood thetr ground, and beat them thirty or forty. Here waa Oregon wanting a territorial government. They had been waitiDg too long already. Well, what did the South do ? They commenced talking about the oonatitution. No. they just took the bill and referred it to a Senate Committee. A Senator from Florida waa the ( hairman of that Committee, and he aaid that it waa not unconalltntlonal. but he atruck out that provialon for freedom, and inatitutcd a clauae sanctioning slavery there ; and after getting Texas fairly Into thecenfederaey. they cheated ua and got their axe ground while we wrro taming the atone. (Laughter.) They thought they would " wool ? ua in helping them to get Texas < In. Now thay cared nothing for Oregon Tney knew they could not get Oregon for slavery; but they knew that Mexico owed ua money, and that she waa unable to pay. and we oould get aome territory there. Then they tiegan to talk, and aald they were willing to give up Oregon; bat as for California and New Mexico, tney aaid we murthave that for alavery. Virginia, they said, lias a auiplua? they have no room to move about, and they wanted aome to that they nould expand, neither, aald they, do our negroea sail ae well here aa they would there. They are only worth here three or four hundied dollars, but we oould get eix or seven hundred dollars for them In New Mexico or California. Now under this state of things, tbey aald, w# think It heat Hut yon wi;i have Oregon, but by-and-hy we will k?M?[wwy ? -mm** -^r? ? mm '""u vrxtgr-:i W YO TT/"\T>Tr TTr-nTvHT-n/NT\ a -rr IUUK, WiliJJlXJ^SUAY Rive that part of Oregon which wo did not let Hr?at Britain have, to the North; but what we tight out of Mexico we will keep for ourselves. I hare pursuod thin boundary thus far. but 1 am not done with it yet. (Laughter and cheers.) I am going through with the history of It, 80 thai you may understand It. Of court? those of you who hare read the di lates are acquainted with it ; hut at the time a hen they began those constitutional questions, tliey began to talk to you about dividing the party. 'J lie gieat democratic parly is in danger, said they. oud if you in the North don't stop^taikiug about freedom. you will destroy the party. (Laughter ) (iracious heavens ! 1 thought that democracy was freedom. (Applause) I learned my democracy of .Jefferson. I thought that freedom was the great foundation of Ibo party; I had improved it by loaruing lessons of one Tompkins; and it seemed strange to ineto have to bow the knee to the great Baal of slavery, or else our party was gone. Well, they put that to us. and we began to look around us. Some of us told them we had not learned democracy rightly. If we had to fight for territory, and propagate the institution of slavery there, until slavery had the entire control of the terri tory ; anil that if that whs the kind of muslo we had, the party might dance for itaelf. (Laughter.) We told them that party was n good thing, oh long as it adhered to principle ; but when they came to hitch the car of democracy and the car of slavery together, on the sumo track, with the car of alavery a little ahead, no told them that then tho party might take care of itself. They whispered to ua then that they would not vote for any candidate for the Presidency who was i not on their aide. Well, when they commenced I to talk in that way. we saw that some ot them were in 1 trouble. tieneraljCass was for freedom, but he thought I hat was not a good time to urgo it. Dickinson was | nstructed to go for freedom. Croswel! growled a title, but they said they would not vote for any man for ! ['resident that would not go with them. Dickinson { aid, let it pass this session ; just let this agitation I >ass for this session. Well, we found our troops were felting sick. (Laughter.) Some of tbem were not bund on tho rolls. First, we had to chase after them; hi y dodged; tliey could not stand up. Well, then, *e pressed them, and tiCd them that the great i|Uestion fhich is to effect children unborn ; that is to detcruine the character of the country ; that is to deternine the fate of millions of emigrants from the old vorld, and their offspring, was to be fought n half an hour. But what did they do? Why, ioiuo of them wore sick, and others wore not to so found. Well, we fought it through the House vith a majority of ten, and we could hear he plaudits from thejeity of Now York. We were diluted in Texas, but we must not he fooled any norc. We wore going back to the Jcffersonian doo rines, ho said. Well, they wont to the Senate, and that did they do there? When their duty was to peak out. on behalf of freedom, and on behalf of the vhite man, and on behalf of millions unborn?not l word did they say. Something is the matter with llem. I beaan to e.nnuiro what is the rsuann Mmv an't vote. Why, don't you liear them whisper that ho South won't vote for any man for the Presidency vlio is in favor of it? Your Allen, and your Dickinon, and your Hungerford. did they tell thorn they vould not vote for any man?for any candidate that vas not for freedom? No. Not a word was there out if their pusillanimous heads. They wero as quiet as :oidd be; but, just as soon as they see the old spirit ?f New York work out?the old-fashioued doctrines of lefferson coming to light again?that ho of Kinderlook has raised his voice on behalf of democracyban there is going to be a sectional party, all at once, rhey say. we mutt throw all the fathers of democraoy iverboard. and unchurch them, as our delegates were [ mchurchcd iu the Baltimore Convention; and by and >y, I saw in the Union? not the union or our^tatcs, but I he paper published at Washington?that If [ and a 1 < w others did not stop our efforts about freedom, we rould break down the Union. Well, in that the old ellow was right for once; but the union we should Teak down was the Union newspaper. (Laughter.) Veil, they gavo the Oregon bill the go by. We got ' "exas by lighting for it. Our brethren in Oregon rere holding up their hands to us, and asking proteclon; and there was nothing dona for them. Well, hey got up another bill to give a territorial governuent to Oregon. That bill was pending in the Senate, ,nd the tomahawk of the savage was scathing white qcii inlOregon. and ('ass and Alien knew it when they rere here on au electioneering tour, and knew that roops ought to be dispatched to protect them; they .bandoncd their duty. Yet they say we must have no eotional party. Yes the North has been treat"d in this ray down to the present time nntll the blood of their lUlclicred countrymen calls on them for protection. Lnd what are they doing in the Senate ? Why, graious heaven, what can you think ? A Senator from vew York bargaining with a Senator from South Caro- i ina. whether it shall be slave tcrrirory or whether it hall be free. Oh. tell It not in Oath! I blush for my Itate, that one who claims to be a representative of s'ew York and a representative of Virginia, bargain- j ng with John C. Calhoun, to give up our blood-bought erritory of New Mexico to slavery. Ok, what degeneate descendants we would be of the glorious men who j hrew overboard the tea in Boston harbor, if we allow- ! d tlnm to bargain away the new territory to increase be profits of slsve owners and slave dealers. i'ellow-Citizens?This is the question we have now got i o meet?this is the question you have got to deter- j Dine. I now wish. If you will allow me, to call your ateutlou to a little more of the proceedings of these < euth men. You have seen how General Cass mannou- . red end shifted so as to adapt himself to the varying ! ireumstances of his position. Another of these genlemon, Mr. Dickinson, exhibited no less tergiversa- ; Ion in the course of conduct which he thought fit to j dopt ; and in order that you may have a full compre tension of his exhibition. I wouldjust wish to call your ] ttcntion to Dickinson's speech A year ago this win- j er, when the question was on the tapis, he Rare it as lis opinion that it was then premature. He was -going t" hy-and-bye. [Laughter.] He did not think the time . lad Just arrived when any derision should be come to | rith regard to it He then introduced the resolutions, >r at least he endorsed them, that were to settle or ever this vexed question. The resolutions wore irought forward; but as soon as the party sccrtained that the people of the North could tot be sheated again, and that they were fully aware if the chicanery that had been practised npr>n them, here veritable gentlemen made another wheel, and penly disavowed the whole power to deal with the ucstion at all. (Laughter and cheers ) Thus you ibscrve that he and ( ass got a hold of both sides of he plank, and as neither appeared to afford them a ufllciently stable footing they wer* now going to dip ' t edgeways. (Continued laughter ) We have got ower. said they, to determine on Ihe question above 6 80. and we have no objection in the world?coin* ilaisant as they now avowed themselves?to concede hat slavery shall not seek a more northern latitude; tut we have got no power to deal with it south of that, ['he constitution, they profess, gives them all power to ;o so far, but farther than that, it had no control.? | ' (ow, I have not studied the constitution in any such chool. nor do I believe that such a construction of it s bated upon truth. (Cheers) Martin Van Rur-n tut no such construction upon it. "Old Hickory" tad never taught, that. (Laughter.) When the icople of South Carolina had put forward ueli unjustifiable claims in his day. nndrelivd upon he support which they conceived the first section j [are. then he lold them to look at the second section, ind immediately afterwards South Carolina disbanded icr troops. This was General Jackson's interpretation if the powers of the constitution; and I am of opinion hat no rational man can for a moment doubt that it 'lists in as much force in Louisiana as in New Vork? n 80 degrees ef north latitude as in 36. (Cheers.) inding. therefore, that the position as far as geographical limits are concerned was not tenable, they lave fallen hack upon a new ground, and are low willing to leave it to the local inhabitants?the irst rquatters who may take up their quarters in the crruory. (lhukiiiitj ii appear* m m? exceeuingiy trange that the followers anil disciples or those vasoilating men evince such scrupulous reluctance to treat ;he groat question of free coil and free labor. They ire moat elaborate In questions that are not at Issue it all. For instance. we have never done hearing of .lie great argument whether Ooneral Cape' sword was jroki n two or three times at the Hull surrender. ;i.iuigkter.l Whether the population of Wlsoonsln numbers 90.000 or 100 000?(laughter) ?or whether the Western States can reckon a population of four or five millions. Of these and similar matters, the old hunk r papers give the most detailed Information, ami are jrammed to overflowing. Bnt what has this to do with ;he great and vital questions that aro at stake in this sontest. and when the problem for solution is whether ire shall or shall not haTe free labor?whether this great epubllc shall lend Itself to the propagation of slavery, or lasert the reign of liberty and freedom wherever she has iway? (Cheers) Why don't tho<o men take a noble md straightforward course on the .subject, and, Instead )f coming up to their work as the French have done, esort to all manner of expedients for getting rid of die difHcnlty. The very first act of the French people was one to abolish slavery. Talk of the breaking a sword ' Pshaw ' what has that to do with the Hubert ? That is the way, however, in which these papers dispose of the great questions which now protrude themselves on the attention of all, and lemand a final and equitable settlement. The ntelligence of the people, however, will not rest atisfled with this trifling. It is too great to be ed away by It. and too Irritated to bear with It my longer. He implored them never to forget Lhnt Silas Wright had received his death wound from Ihe nioloch of slavery. When this noble advocate of the principle* of trwth and treodom had. by tho course which ho pursued. excited their apprehension* on this rreat question. they gave unmistakable evidence of Ihe fury with which they regarded him. They trembled and were sorely troubled when they xnw that in S'ew York the rising star of freedom still burned brightly, and that old Jackson's banner would be un"urled. and be planted in triumph on the eapltol at Washington (Cheers.) It was then they cried out? 'olios ing the example of their persecuting prototypes

if old? 'Cruolfy him ! Crucify him!" Tne conspiracy was then formed, and men were to be fouud eady and willing to carry it Into execution I icouso nobody. All I say Is, that the conspiracy exsted. The orders were given, and Silas Wright was to re laid low, the first victim of slavery. Oh! remember it -remember it (a* an Irishman lately remarked tome) llll November, and then gave evidence ol the tpeling* elth which you regard It. (I heers ) They arc afraid of (he leaven of the spirit of old Totnpkina. which is atlll it work here I beseech you, then, remember it remember it till November, and when this period arrives, rive them a receipt in full (I.augliter and ehrcs ) ? Now fellow eltitens, you have bos- th-s n-n have macagi .1 to deal with this que-tion There ?a? lltt'ctn- no opposition to It thr** ;-e?essgn After tins IRR ] MORNING, JULY 19, they cried out. bye .111J bye?tlie 11 it wax maintain that the constitution had no distinct power to d> with it at all, aud at length they hud got to ta aleut compromise. What'a become of Allen ' What'a become of thoae who formerly exhibit theriFclvcs a* such strenuous asserter* to' freedo Where are they who once made the halls of t Senate revtrberate with their eloquence ? I a afraid they are now to bo found in widely dllTure circumstances. If one took the pains to explore tin whereabouts, it is to be greatly feared they would found in Delilah's lap (Laughter ) The Philistine ma would be found to beat work, and the locks of the worthies shorn and crone. (Laughter and cheer* ) I wi to know. then, if the great democracy of New Yol are reposing in the lapof Delilah ' (No, no, and cheen 1 hoje it will he shown that they are not; but on tl contrary that they will be found, like Samson, intl pride of his strength, when, withoutan effort, bo bur the bonds by which it wus vainly sought to bind hii (Cheers ) Thos. Jefferson had laid down a prinelp which they should at all times act upon He said tli with regard to all important questions. their first bui ness whs, to he quite certain that they were rlgli Once that was properly ascertained, their ditty On was to row their boat right into the current aud be aw ay. (Cheers ) Now,that was the language which eve freeman should adopt; and it was by acting manful and fearlessly up to it. that they might expect to s kcure a triumph for the principles which they advocate ' Of course you may expect to be assailed with eve: kind of obloquy which the ingenuity and malice your enemies can think of, to blacken your motiv and your actions. It is now said that we are a que set of fellows, and that revenge Is our actuating pri ciple. This, however, is consistently carrying out ti line of conduot which they have all along pursued, j one time they cheat us in the annexation of Text afterwards in the delegates to the convention, th* then conspire for the murder of *Jllas Wright, and nc they ssy that we are ntad, (laughter and cheers that we are bent on dissolving the Union at tearing this great republic to ntoms This is tl sort of tactics which It is thought advisable pursue in the great States of Florida and Arkansa and to such an extent have they endeavoured to pr pagate such delusions, that soma of the people those and other Southern States.try to persuade thee selves Into the belief that they nro degraded by tile connietlon with the Northern States. They say M Van lluren is mad. As I have not seen hiin I canm say; but I have seen a good many friends of his. and have net observed any very striking symptoms of ii sanity about them. (Laughter) If the Cass hunke had as little, It would tend, perhaps, to cause a triflir, diminution of the chances of the defeat they are sur to sustain at their hands. As to the course adopt, by the whigs in this contest. 1 have nothing t say. We have got oor own battle to fight VV have got to pick up the old democratic banrn front trailing in the dust?the banner with th inscription of freedom put upon it by Jeffersontliat banner on which was now inscribed the words ( victory."Martin Van Buren aud freedom,.'' (Cheers The whigs have had their own troubles. At the grea victory at Monterey, (iencrul Taylor permitted th enemy to fttarch away, with their drums heating am their tings waving, but ut the late convention lie put sued a different course and made them surrender a dicsretion. (Cheers and laughter ) At this stBge of tho proceeding* the oloud that wa lowering for a long time on tho dark and scowlin iaces of a large body in the right wing of tho vast as pembly, bum with great violence The moat deafening chiere were again and again repeated for Cass an butU r. und it became evident that a forrni iablo fore of this section of the democratic party was among til audience. The spenker was prevented for a short tim from proceeding with his observations. As he wa about to resume another interruption took plac from the same quarter, and drowned every sentence h uttered. An unsuccessful rush was then made t seise tho banner, on which a portrait of Mr. Van liu ren was painted, and tho most uproarious indication were given, that one portion, at least, of the dens mass was not in favor of conllrming tho nomination made at tho litica Convention. When this storm ha subsided a little, the speaker again attempted to mak himself heard, but to no purpose, for the disturber emboldened, no doubt, by their sucoesa. followed u their advantage, by calling loudly upon the celebrate Mike Walsh to address the meeting. Mike, to do hii justice, appeared no way bashful, and oomtnence with none of your amateur exordiums, "unaccustome as 1 am to public specking."?but shouted over in stentorian voice to the gentleman, who was vainly cot tinning the thread of liis discourse to a few persons i front oi' him?"Are you prepared to argue thisquestio with me?" This ohullenge was received with great laugt ter, and vigorously applauded by Mike'B friends, who ra lied round their champion with great enthusiasm. A no notice, however, wus of it, Mike began t address the audience too, aud fur some time both voice were occasionally heard, making their way above tb most discordant chorus of cheers and groans, blast and curst s, that ever cmauated from a public meeting At last, after tho lapse of n quarter of an hour, Ml Grovcr. seeing that it was impossible for him to pre cted further with his observations, ooncluded b thankiug the meeting for the patieuce and the kind ness with (which lhay had heard him. Mike and hi followers then itnagiuing that a little physical fore might seivo their object quite as well as mora aui! that they might exercise their hands as we as their lungs, began a furious ussaultfupon the occi pants of the steps of the City Hall. This led to a rov and for a considerable time the porch and the stef presented a moit terrific appearance. an each party er deavored to dislodge tho other. Several blows wet interchanged, but w? believe that no serious injur ass indicted on any one. After this edifying exem pliiieation of the freedom of speech, Besjimis Bah.y, of Putnam, was here loudly oallei. for, amid continued uproar, and cries of " Walsh !' " Walsh !" and cheers. lie said :?Fellow citizens c New York, I am requested to announce to you, the the officers of this meeting, immediately after we liav concluded, intend to form a procession, for the purpor of presenting that banner (pointiug to a banner o which was painted a portrait of Van Buren) to the 14t ward. 1 shall (Here the interruption, amid cries i " three cheers for Cass I" was repeated, aud auotln rough-and-tumble squabble occurred, during which tb superior force of the barnburner party pressed prett closely on the Walshitcs. Some coat collars were seize and button-boles were rent in this row. After cons derable groaning and hissing, the speaker proceeded t address the meeting, amid much coufusion :)?I prr sume there are men?the struggle now going on is on of momentous import?the people of the free Nortl propose names? (Confusion, hisses, and calls of "thre cheers for Van Buret] !" " three cheers for Cass !") ? know, continued Mr. B.. that the old political issues o 1844 do not enter into the present contest. (Cheers We do not now talk of the old issues of th tarlfT, tho appropriation ot the proceeds of th sales of the public lands, the national bank, nni the other questions that hare hitherto occupiei the public mind. (Cheers.) You will excuse me fo ranking Cass llrst among the prominent men of th< ilay ; but when I do so. I do it for my own convenience rind am quite scriptural upon that head, (laughter anr cheers.) for the Scripture tells us that, " the first shal be last, and the last shall bs first." (Laughter anr cheers.) And according to the views of the people.Vat Buren. who was nominated the last, will undoubtedly be the first, and Cass, who was nominated the first would come in the last, and Taylor would be thi second best off. ff'hoers. and cries of" throe cheers fo Cass," "three cheers for Van Buren.") All the oli issues have now passed away, and everything has be come new. fCheering.) He came before the meeting lie said, to advocate the non-introduction of slaver; in the soil that was now free?(cheers)?to oppose tlia liliehtlnir cur.-e of slavery flteneweil cheers I Th people of the free North would not agree that slaver; should be further extended, but all wou.d agree that i was a social and political evil ; and he would apeak fo the whole of hie political brethren in saying, that I free soil it shall not exist. To Adams, Jefferson, an others of their day. they were indebted fo the promulgation of those free principles by whlcl the ' Great West'' was thrown into the scale c nations. (Cheering.) lie was no abolitionist, as th teiin was generally understood. In as far as slaver had exiet< d in any of the slave Statns. he did not wisl to tamper with it; but as far as its extension to re cently acquired territory whs concerned, he was of posed to it. (( heers ) In the acquirement of sue territory it should not be forgotten that the blood r the North as well as the blood of the South was freel spilt?that the treasures of the North, as well as th treasures of the bouth were expended?aud that sue territory belonged to the whole nation. (Cheering. It was the property of the whole nation (Kenewo cheers ) Kvery citizen, nnd Congress?(Confuslon' Three cheers for Cass"?groans, hisses ) The peopl of the South demanded that slavery should be ex tended to this new territory, and the people had th power of deciding at the coming election. (Cheers At the Baltimore Convention the slave power wii there In all its force, and whnt was the result? Tli whole of the New York delegation was rejectee (Groans, hisses, and cluers from Mike Walsh's corne of the meeting, where his friends began again to rally And why were they rejected ? Because they were tl friends of free soil. (Cheeirs.) That sacred Mirk Wai.sii?I say you had bettor go home. (Coi fusion, uproar, hisses, cheers.) Mr. continuation It is well known the the Northern whigs. too, were sacritlceel. He. hir hostile to Henry I lay. but It <li<l him immortal honor Mill W?ijh~ What light *?(Groan*. ennfusloi interruption. amid renewed symptoms of another a1 tack Mike, however, boldly hold on to hie grourn and was not to be supplanted. or ousted, while no oal cd on the speaker to retire ) Mr. Daily again?Mr. Clay stands higher now I private life, than he possibly could In public life ha he Iieon nominated for the Presidency by the slave holding portion of the convention. (Cheer*) II stands higher in fame and reputation. He was sacri flced [three cheers for Clay, groans, cheers) bv th slaveholders, who have done him great wrong. (Hiasei "Three cheers for Case," ' three cheers for Van Du ren.") He would refer to the Chicago convention, an It was not to be doubted hut that General Cass woul veto any bill that may be Introduced to prevent the es tension of slavery. (Cheers and hisses.) He woul give him credit for . ("Three oheers for Va Buren.") He then referred to Van llnren. amid a pei feet storm of hisses, groans, and mingled cheering, ami cries of." He is an old whig," and loud groaning ) II would neat refer to General Taylor--General Pay l< wss. of oourae, opposed to what they termed the tVi n ot proviso. (Hisses, cheers ) I judge of General Tayk h I do of every man. tVuts location and circumstance lie < us i.v in tli' Ttr/ hot bed ot slavery, aud HERA 1848. Id wan to be naturally inferred Iblthtm farorable ti al its extension After glancing incidentally at th* pro .Ik greil of ftee principien in Kurnpe, and nlno the npreaJ ? of repuMieaniein, he Raid that auy talented man would ej make a goo? 'resident; nut tin woalil look . (Hriej in of "n?, no.*SLJvi. llo mav bo inot by simr ho democrat, aneitold that he Nhouhl rote for Cut, bi,m cause he was nominated at the Baltimore convention nt though he wax in favor of I'm extension of slavery.? >ir Ho would reply and say. that ho believed every North b? ern man was opposed to it. ("No. no,'' "yes, yon.") i ,id say this is the true democratic doctrine, and if the) an adhere to the true democratic doctrine, they could nol ah vote for ( asH. lie wan in favor of principled, uot men rk (Cheers.) 'i'ho speaker next referred to Messrs. Ca-o i) aud Ta)lor, the present candidates, who, as regardec lie slavery, stood pretty much on an equality. They re tie minded him of a backgammon board on which want placed, in gilt letters, tiie word "History of Kngland n. in two volumes." (Immoderate roars of laughter) ile The question of slavery was then to l>? met at tht at coming election, and they would meet It boldly ii- ; (( lieeis ) The speaker concluded his remarks amir it. fresh symptoms of a row in the meeting, airl murl in cheering. A rush was hero made towards the ban tier ar en which was painted the likeness of Van Buren, whet ry order w as again partially restored. Iy Mr. Walsh then presented himself Ho said ?. Fellow countrymen, we are assembled hern in ttu d. uamo of Immunity, and the eyes of the age arc upon ry us; let us then discharge our duty as men, and free of men. That old Tammany, opposite us. once consecra es ted to the genius of true freedom, lias latterly admitted er wit hin its sanctuary, the priest of Baal, hut we will puri n- fy it; yes, even by ue&criilce oliered without the gates lie 1 hey have called upon their Hod-lie bus given them \t very little response, for he was asloop at the Astoi is, House, or luxuriating in some other place. There is ey hut one question here; you must serve Hod r Baal; iw if Hod is for slavery, if lie has giveu an ordinance foi i) - it, then carry it out ; if not. you only need to beoomi' id the followers of Baal (Cheers and hisses) The no foundation of the altar of freedom has been laid, and to the prayers of millions of freemen will call down (ire i; from Heaven, to consume, not only the altar and the o- stones, hut to dry up the water in the channel so that of in this free country, we may liavo no idol shrine at a- which to worship and such I consider those who for >r "As much trash an maybe grasped thus," r " would dcul in human flesh, and trallic for gold, the i iinmoital soul of man. 1 1 his gentleman spoke at some further longth. hut l" from the excitement of the crowd, and persons seoinrl ingly friendly to the movement, coming into the place [K set aside for the reporters, we were not able to tuke the concluding part of his speech. * :\lr. JJ. h. lii.i then cauie forward. He Maid he, | at thai late hour, would not detain tbo meeting long: 0 h? had merely to rend a letter to them trom Senator 'r Uix, who stated that although he could not be present lB i with them in person, he was in heart. (Cheers.) lie, ~ (Mr. Dix) should attend to hie senatorial duties and '' not ruu about spouting for thiH or the other candidate. 1 >s souie had done; for the interest of the country should 1 be, and ought to be taken care of,irrespective of private '' | friendship or party desires, (cheers.) and in this eoa~ i duet of Mr. Uix there was one proof of how the counI try would be served, by those acting with him should * they come into power. Mr. Butler concluded by a i motion for adjourning the meeting to the head qiiarters. corner of (irand and Klizaboth street; to which K the body would move in procession. This motion of Mr. Butler's wus carried by a uuiversal - aye." No * sooner bad the word been pronounced, than some ill| i mannered, hut very strong boned follows commenced 0 | knocking at the platform, and in a few minutes they " did take away the understanders. both those above and " those below; for halt' of those on it oould not get down H before it fell with a crash, and the reporter amongst " the number; and there was. hero and there, a black 0 eye and broken nose, and great laughing from the ? crowd, as u fat man tumbled ever a lean man; and theu came the lighting for hats, at which a few beavers were exchanged, some blows hit. and bloody noses obtained. ! Onr reporter, however, got oil with the loss of his pen'j cil; so he don't complain of the fall, but merely the bad manners, not to let all down in safety. '' i T11K PROCESSION. The great body of the meeting who were friendly to A Mr. Van Buren, then formed Into a procession, and _ headed by a band, proceeded along Chatham street, , and to the headquarters, corner of (irand and Klizaj beth streets. There were some interruptions, as some opposing parties of from thirty to forty, would meet, and raise a cry of "Cass and Butler." This was sometimes " speedily suppressed by a knocking down of three or four of the most prominent of this baud of Theban" ;"' but at other timcH they were allowed to shout on an enlire .* block before tbey received a check, and when they did " tbey got it, and no mistake, as the blood on the pave' meuts.and the custom to the drug stores for plaster, [s will tell. The procession still, however, kept its onI ward course, and in due time arrived at headquarters. CLOSING PART. . Mr. Ghovei, on the procession^halting, said that he .' wanted the territory as yet uncontamiuated bysiavery for the white man. as the laborer was worthy of his y hire, and his hire, he who worked, ought and should j. have, and not to have his territory, won by the blood i? and money of the North as well as that of the South, ? ' partitioned out between a few very rich whites, who had 1 capital, and a number of niggers, who gave their labor. |j The white man. too, wanted to give his labor.and as labor , was capital, be wished for free labor, lie had no objecj tion to the nigger, but he did not desire the free white man to be cut down, and keep company with the negro slave. Send them back to negrcland, to Africa, if they ,e wished; but let them not push out the free white man y , in free America Yet this pushing out of the free ' , white man was one of General Cass's principles; for he | should have slaves to bide his will, tho same as the 1 absentee landlords of Ireland make slaves of their i poor cotters and tenantry; for in Ireland, if they ,r have not the name of siaverv thev have the thimr I (Immense shouts, and cries of '-we will soon end ,e it.") 1 hope you will, iny friends, (said the speaker): there is nothing would give lue greater pleasure n than that that country should be free; but until h ' it is. you will not blame me for endeavoring to keep a I free soil for ?uch of them, and of all other Kuropean ,r nations, as seek a homo in our glorious land. (Cheers ) ie [ There was here some rioting iu the crowd, but it ? I was speedily suppressed. Mr. Paly then proposed an J ! adjournment, of the meeting, and made a short but ). < good speech in favor Mr. Van Buren. Just as he con0 | eluded, a cry wns raised of "oh, aye. the Station I House! the Station House !"' No. my friends, said Mr. 0 ' I)., I do not want the station house, nor the police li court, nor the star; I am independent of them, and p above them, and its only an old hunker, who is liitn1 self a place-seeker, that would raise such a cry. (Cheers) f The meeting was then proclaimed adjourned; but we * could net tell by whom ; and after some kicking, euffp ng. and a few knock downs, which were the fewer bon cause of the overwhelming majority of the barnburners, I the crowd dispersed. ' Colonization Meeting nt the Tabernacle. ' A large and respectable meeting of the friends of j colonisation, assembled last night at the Tab Tnacle, I and the proceedings wero quite interesting. The 1 1 meeting was organized by calling Mr. Preston to the ' ; chair; after which, the Rev. Prof. McLean, of Princoton^ offered an appropriate prayer President Roberts was u I present, but owing to extreme indisposition, did not say J , anything, but sanctioned andcoincided in the remarks made by those who did speak. The Rev. Mr. Itinn.. of Liberia, was introduced to J the meeting. He said he had but a few remarks to v make, and would only state a few facts. He went to y Liberia in the early part of the year 1833, then a boy 1 of fourteen years, and bad grown up on that soil. The r condition of Africa was low in the moral scale. The 'J superstition of the natives of that land was as wide I ! as the rang<' of the devil himself, and a system * i of charms, was also very common Kvcry native, h. in ail the business and private relations of lifej '* and in whatever business he might be about to enter, ** would always have his charms to direct him. The h?y j lief of transmigration was also prevalent, and it was II not at all uncommon for the natives to suppose that " I after their spirits had left them, they would go into an 1" elephant, and from that into something else. The j. slave trade, too, had been the most common basinnss '* oflife. He had stood upon hi* own porch and seen Ave ? towns on Are at one time ; and natives often swam the ? river to escape the native slave dealers of the cou ntry. h The natives had taken to wearing clothing, though ' there were many men and women who only wear a shirt, or a sheet to wrap themselves In. and hundreds _ of them are now member* of the church of I hrist. A " pirit of energy has risen up among them, and the schools were filled The soil was a* good in At'? riea as ever the (iod of Heaven made It wa* ' i unnecessary for him to say any thing of the pro ductlons or tlmt not I. The rever naj been ? icrce.. cause of fear to the people of this country, but Allien * it hit been discovered to be only intermittent fever, '* it is easily remedied. and few die except by relapse ? The people of that country enjoyed all privilege* which the white people of this country enjoyed, lie bad seen a political meeting during the evening. The l- colors d people of the States cannot hold such a meeting on this soil, but In Africa they ran hold their poli,t tical meetings lie knew that there had been war with the uutives. but it all originated from the tr.ifllo of slavery. For the last si? years, all that has been done away. Religion was doing a great work, and oivillsaQ lion spread with it; scarce a nation to bo found in the .' vicinity of the colony but who know that the Son of j t Jod died for them. 1 love thut country, and expect to i.' live and die there. Rev Mr. first, of Liberia, was next introduced. He said that it was with great reluctance that he arose '! to address that enlightened audience. He was laboring under indisposition, and hut from the fact that it was announced that he would take part in the meet, ing, he would not have presented himself at that time He did not intend to make a lengthened speech, but " would briefly stale, after nearly twenty years of life in that colony two facts relative to l.tberia There were j two methods adopted in this country, hoth of which tended to the good of the colored man They oonfllot, however; and why! There it no ground for such conj fllct. The one was opposed to the colonisation move' ment. saying, that it was an evil movement; hut if no, . good lias grown out of that evil; they have fallen in . with the colonisation plan; they ought to be able to ' tell of some of the boneflt* of the operations ot that * plan, because they had fslt its benign Influence, and poor, deluded Africans, who hadffor hundreds of years ' been in darkness and superstition, are now, by the blessings of colonisation, there lias been more good "j . done lhai. hj1 < ny other osuse Such U the nature of I thj native Afrtoan, that though he may listen to ths l L D. TWO CENTS. ? word* of civilization. ho again fail bank upon hi? lilol*. The Lhrlstian- i.f this r ointry should still perI slat in tho great work of benifln-nee It depend"! on I llruly upon that. He supposed the ohjoot of tho IBMt] i lng wo*, that Christian* might show their z--al for the i ciunt of colonization. There wore now throe hundred who wished to emigrate to Liberia; bat the , Society was embarrassed. and without their Christian aid. it would bo Impossible to carry out th-> desired object Law* had long since been passed, inflicting a I penalty upon the trading In slave* He had never r known lint two men to he sold, and they were both t white nu n who had wandered into the interior without a guide, wera fouud by tho native*. and sold i They, however, found thuir way Hgnin to Liberia, I where they were again free. The colored people should look at the matter If Kugtnnd wore wrapt in , i ignorance, the people present would not be , sitting la-fore him, hut would fly ta that land and spread tin-light of intelligence among them Than i 4 why wi uld they not render succor to tnelr suffering race' (He was here interrupted by a fellow, black aa I tile arc of spades, and said, ' th.-y had given the sutyect i of colonization a thorough investigation, and war* opposed to it.1') He proceeded There were soma i colored people who supposed that the race was not SUS ceptiblu of the advancements of the white man, and would rather see their race die than prosper i | Itev. lltvrlLr L. tVii.sov, of Liberia, then rose and i said?He presumed thut enough hail been said.if tlio congregation believed what had been said He could bear testimony with his brethren. He had resided In Africa 1 for fourteen years; when he went there, he went with a view to return to America, or go to some other place. If ho did not like it. IJul he was pleased. He went to Lli beria a free man. and had. in this country, all the pri> vileges which any colored man could enjoy in this I country. And when he was about to leave Norfolk, a ; number of gentlemen in good standing, called upon him and asked him for what he was going to Liberia* i He told them that he was goiug to look for a home for , the colored man, and have a home for his children, | where they might enjoy ail the blessings of liberty, fie i went, and was pleased with the country?and if no j other consideration prompted him, he would go tor Ik.. ?# ?u 1 ?i " Mir |ii< itruiiif I'l VHr WIIPI B H1ITO WM TUUIH KIT J so much good to bin own rnco. Ha was a member of a free government, and stood untrammelled. Ha now stood in n portion which bo sought twenty yuan ago, and in Liberia he found it?the position of liberty, and under the flag of hi* own noil. There were many who were osposcd to them, and suppoaed they were govern' cd by sinister motives. Such, with him. was not the < case, and his eonsrience oould not be bought. Their children would nee the day, and blesa Hod. that they : could find Liberia, to repose upon her shores. He j thought the day wax not far distant, when the Hag of I Liberia would wave over the waters of the United States, and if ever he agaiu visited the United States, he should come in a Liberia ship The mercy of God : was upon Liberia: that place was hia home, and he I would go there by the first ship He loved it, because ! It waa the land of Ills fathers. Olve to Liberia, give te | colonization, and Hod will bless you. TUey are a race ' which must be redeemed. Kthlopia must stretch forth ! her hands, and na one of her sons, though born in this i country, I plead her cause. They wanted some fores to drive off the Spanish slavers. The Rev. Mr. I'inxr. former Oovernor of Liberia. \ stated that the colony waa much iu want of an armed I vessel, to drive off the slavers, and drive out the oroorle [ tors of u slave mart at Ceatus, which had been bought | out by the natives. Il? had known of a gentleman in I Missouri who sent out eighty-five slaves, and was now preparing to send a still larger number ; and the tide | was still Mowing onward. i A black preacher, in specks, wished to ask some ; questions, and though ordered to sit down, indulged in ! some language entirely unsuited to the occasion, and j out of place. There wero several other colored men | who acted in a very improper manner, and declared < that they entirely repudiated all that had been said, j The meeting adjourned with the utmost harmony ; . those who were obstreperous having been entirely for I gotten. Tar Nrw York Voi.rvrrr ri.?We had heard sa I many reports of the sad condition of the returned | troops belonging to the 1st Regiment New York Volunteers, now at Fort Hamilton, that we determined to I pay them a visit and examine for ourselves. Thia we | did yesteiday. and were fully satisfied that the reports j which have reached this city of the destitution and ' need of these brave fellows have not been exaggerated ' It is a burning shame that these men should be within ] a few miles of our city, with nothing on the earth to cheer or sustain them, but the hare subsistence which ' the government can allow l>y law. | W heu we reached Fort Hamilton, we were directed to go eastward of the fortifications about a quarter of 1 a mile, where we would find the Volunteers. On our | way out we met soveral of them straggling along, [ dirty and ragged, which somewhat prepared us for the ! sight that met our eyes on our arrival at the Volunteer | camp. There were some tweuty-five or thirty tenU Sitched in sn area of about an acre, on a large grating eld, A large drove of cows were stationed In the neighborhood ef the camp, evidently astonished at the sound of nine ringing cheers from the soldiers. We at once inquired what they wero cheering about. Tha ' reply was. General Storms, of New York, has been down to see us, and left a $5 bill for the boys to spend for refreshments and tobacco. We have just drank his health with three times three." We thought the UeDeral merited the compliment, and passed into the camp. There were 177 non-commissioned officers and privates mustered when the returned soldiers reached Fort Hamilton?belonging to companies H, B, K and K?and a more forlorn looking set of men we never looked npon in a body. They are without money?without decent clothes ?shirtless, stockiugles*. and shoeless. Now and then some good nature*! visiter, like (Jen. Storms. leaven them some money to buy tobacco or some little extra, but they are in the main actually destitute. Some hare a dirty shirt, and now and tben a clean one (when they go without to hare it washed.) Some hare a cap or old bat, and some no covering for the head. There Is not a New York street beggar who would take their clothes as a free gift, unless it might be for the braes buttons, and these the soldiers wont part with at any price, for they ! are about all they hare to remind them of the bloody battle fields of Mexico?although there are many wounded, who will long remember where they receired those wounds. ! These gallant fellows are enduring many privations, and yet they keep up their spirits. When they are i discharged from service most of them will be entitled 1 to two months' pay. or about $14! ! Those who hare ; tlii . amount earning to them might draw government ! clothing at government prices for that amount, but they do not want it ; they want citizens' clothing ? And very many of them live in distant parts of the 1 State, and they want the few dollars due thein to carry ' them to their hemes and friends. When the other companies arrive there will be orsr 5C0 men. Of the original regiment mustered, when lauded at Vera Crux, there were HOO brare men. I Where are they now? six hundred have died on the battle field or, worse still, have breathed their last in the fever hospitals. It Is supposed that only 200 will return of the original 800 men. The rest of those that | go to make np the 000 here, and to return, were recruited and sent out subsequently to the first Regiment of 800. We noticed a female in one of the tents. She was the wife of a private named White. Mrs. White ao1 companied her husband and the regiment from the time it failed until its return, and will stiok to it, until they are discharged. She is an interesting looking woman, and about ,'10 years of age. We hope that she will find more quiet seenes on the 100 acres of land her husband has earned In the isr; vice of bis country than she has met with in her Mexican campaign There were but two females who went and came with the regiment?a Mrs. Boss being the other. It is estimated that it will cost the city corporation st b ast $f?,U00 to give the publio reception proposed to then) men. Some of the intelligent soldiers with whom we conversed, said, "they hoped the corporation, if they really wished to do them essential service, instead of spending money in feteing them, and all that sort of thing, would appropriate the money contemplated to bo spent in glory, to buying clothes?$5,000 wmilfl npAniir.. r.oo unita of MHxxn's elnthes. and the returned volunteers could meet their friends comfortably clad." " As for the procession part nod military display," said one soldier. "why. let our military friends, if they rhooM*. escort us. and may be. give a* a dinner on their own honk?but ax for the corporation?If they have a mind to do the clean thing, let them give us clothes." There are land sharks who have alreat^ commenced plundering these men of their hard earned claims. When they are discharged, every soldier *111 be entitled to a warrant for 100 arres U. S. land, or $100 in government scrip This warrant or sorip they will get when they are discharged. Will it be believed that many of the returned soldiers, wanting a fbw dollars, have been forced by stern necessity to part with their claims for the petty sum of $oO. $'40, or even $10 ! and that there are men base enough to gtve blood money, (for it is nothing else,) and buy up undoubted rights and claims for these miserable sums f The worth of these 100 acres of government land is J-00, at one dollar and twenty.Ave cents the acre. Will not some of our citiions who have the pecuniary ability for purchasing such claims, pay a fair price, instead of allowing men who have perilled their lives In their country's service, to be swindled in the way they have been ? litre is a cast which comes home to the heart, and to tbe patriotism of every Amertean. Those men aro our fellow-citizens?nearly all are American boys; they volunteered tn go ont from among us. and fight oar battles- they have fought gloriously. Those poor privates. whose lives have been spared to return, are now ! in our neighborhood ; they are penniless, ragged and destitute ; many of them who get leave to coma up to the city, have to walk the distanoe ; they have not the means to pay even the shilling boat fare, and they shouldn't De forced to beg Tbey may be obliged tqs remain at Fort Hamilton three weeke, or even a month, before they are discharged, and during that time there are many things they need, which a very little Individual effort could easily supply to them will it be done ?? Tnie .San, July 18. Okvesoos Cospiii'T or Cart. Rvaia.?We learn that i ant Ryrie. of the Cunard steamer Niagara, (In wtaioh steamer Mr. Curtis, who was robbed on Friday last, of some $1400 came passenger in,) arrived in this city on Monday for the express purpose wf tendering to said Curtis and family, a free passage back to their home?he having learned, through the New York papers, of tha loss of all they possessed by * >me infamous scoundrel A plan iion (dot to in'rt . Ow'tibr* and, Md.

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