/-x r~ t r- r\ OIOO. Tbr Wntuliig PI?rM Sakatooa, July 16, 1848. The first hall of the seasoh was given at Marvin's liotel lust evening; it was supposed tint it would he en ufijii of some interest und some refinement; hut it turned < ut to be a mere contrivance of several New York shop and bur keepers who, under incognitos, wished to create nn immense sensation. An account of one of these silly young men, who have not courage enough to lit the world know that they labor a little with their hands, is so amusing that 1 will give it entire. This youn<r man is a clerk in a store in New Yoik; seven.I weeks since he was sent to Michigun to transact some business for his employers; while there lie cultivated u heavy mustache and imperial; having finished his business, lie s? l out on his r* turn, when he determined to visit Saratoga for a day, even though he should have to deviate very slightly from the direct route to New York. This individual having arrived here yesterday made his appenranre at the hall at an euily hour. He was registered, I am told, us an Englishman from London. His dress was very original; he una cravated up to the eyes, the entire spice between the collar hone and lur ueiti^ IHUWII ny u tiatoi nuivu n'"nu have in<ide a good winter shawl for a lady. The coat was a neuter < ne?it was neither a dress coat nor a frock coat; the skirts were about nine inches in length, and iliat part where tliev are joined to the waist whs but little higher than the knees : the waist was, in fact, a very long one; only the tips of the toes wer \ i-dile, the hoots being entirely covered by the T'its i f his inexpressibles; these legs bore a great resemblance to meal bags. The fate of this person was remarkable in many respects ; there was an animated etrupg'.e between the moustache and tlx- cr;?v it?:he hair being apparently desirous .to keep tit cravat below it. w hile the cum at was making efforts in an opposite direction. This is a biiefnen and ink sketch ot t us y< un>' cletk, who waltzed very well, and who declared his intention to remain here about a month. At the close of a waltz, lie seemed to be suffering some agonizing emotions He had suddenly di'c overed one of his employers, who arrived here a few days since from New York. The clerk, on making this discovery, disappeared by a private door. In two minutes afterwards he was seated 11 a barber's chur: in hv \ the hair was removed from his face, and in hilf an hour, lus dress was so far altered as to make him appenr decent. This morning, when he left Saratoga for New York, he looked like a respectable young man. This is 11 description of one class of characters who visit Saratoga I cannot say that the society of this class i.? very desirable. There were several otherclasses of characters at mis o." 11. which 1 nave no nine i<> (ie.-ci lue m hub letter. There were a number of women of exraordirary beauty present; it is a fact that some of the American women are remarkably beautiful. Miss 1\, of Boston, was unfortunately absent; but there were a number present who compensated for, but who could not linke me forg"t, this misfortune. Among these beautiful women, whom you are forced to love veiy deeply, were Miss 1 )?s, (a eipeey face,) MissC?t. (a blonde, with a tiny foot,) Miss B?r, (a type of Mary Queen of Scots,) Miss ! '?g, (a blue-eyed blonde,) one of the Misses W?n, of Albuny, (a petite sylph,) Miss H?t, (a brunette, with a brilliant eye.) Arc., Arc. Among the gentlemen present, I observed Cant. Huttcn, one of Gen. Scott's aids, during the entire campaign. Capt. If. is just returning from Mexico, by the way of New Orleans, the Mississippi, ana the lakes. P. S.?The New York Herald may he procured in Sarutoga every morning, at 11 o'clock. It is kept for sale by Mr. W. A. Mundell, at his news dejiot, opposite the United States Hotel, and two doors ft cm the post-ollice. Laouna. (Mexico) June20,1848. Ifaval Intelligence? Aj/'airs of Yucatan?Lot the Poor Indian. A large number of the vessels of the Gulf squadron are being collected here. The United States steamers Iris, Scorpion, and Scourge, store lur>Electro, bomb vessels Iiecla and Stromholi, ana s< liooner Wusp. arc at present in port. The Iris, Hecla, and Kleclrn, brought some two hundred ,.nd fifty marines from Alvarado, which, in addition to those alrendy here, make about three hundred in this town. Laguna. in the absence of Commodore Perry, is to he the headquarters cf the squadron. Veiy little sympathy is felt by the Americans employed on this service, for the cause thfcyare B- nt Here to protect, t nemaians. who nave now rebeiled?have hitherto been held in a bondage more galling by far than the slaves of Cuba. This may seem strange in a country whose constitution recognises no slavery ; but it is true, nevertheless, for by a law of the republic, a landlord can claim the services of a laborer in his employ until all debts of said luborer to his employer are liquidated. This the cautious eattle owner?farmer by wholesale?never jK-rmits, but keeps the poor Indian just so much indebted to him, by taking advantage of his necessities, as to render him very frequently a slave for life. This can easily he effected, as the Indian is hound to make all his purchases Iroin his tyrannical master. This nTovement ot the Indians is in keeping with the progress of the age ; and inasmuch as they are by far the most honest portion of the population of this country, (with which we are at peace) why interfere? Tnis insurrection ought to have been apprehended by Mexico in the first place, for it is one of the legitimate results of the war. What |terlect absurdity is the attempt to arrest the interference of European liowers on this continent ! How inconsistent ! The French and English at this day arc interfering largely in the atl'aii s of South America. A declaration made by a former President at the time that Mexico was struggling for her independence, threatened by the interference ol other monarchies, might well be excused ; but the extended application ot tins principle will never be sanctioned by the good sense of the people. N'o complaints will be heard as long as the government confines itself to simple assertion ; but when blood anil treasure are to be expended in maintaining a position so utterly untenable, then its practicability will be tested by those whose duty it is to correct such abuses. Now is the proper time to put the broad assertion alluded to, to the proof; for this movement may ha hereafter cited ns a tirecedent, on which' to build up still more nhsurd theories. I say now, because we are acting contrary to the expressed wishes of thcse'people, (the Mexicans) and because we are finther exposing the lives of the officers and crews of the vessels ot the navy, (who have already had a most harassing and inglorious part to perform in this war) to still more hazards on this pestilential coast. And in this place T beg leave to say n few words about the naval duty in this Gulf. The navy is divided into two classes: those who do the duty, and those who stay on shore and plav the gentleman of leisure. Few of the latter class of individuals arc to be found mi this squadron at present. If not at the watering plaee*. they have already monopolised ths sinecure situations on shore. They came down here in large numbers when the Cattle was to he attacked, in the ardent hopes of handing their names down to a grateful posterity. They tilled vessels on hoard of which they had no Tight to he; but now. when little glory, with much labor and exposure, nre the lot of all, the vessels of the squadron have scarcely officers enough on bonrd, to do the routine duty. The consequence is, that the officers out In re have fourfold as much to dons they have on hoard vessels sailing foi pleasant stations. But to come down from genetnlities. The frigate Cumberland is entitled to, peihaps, six lieutenants: she has three now on duty, .when Inst heard trom. The officers who came out in the bomb vessels, have all hurried back to tlic United State*, nnd but one ha* a lieutenant other than the commanding officer. The Iris has one lieutenant, n master and midshipman Many vessels have n master and midshipman; and in nearly all cases, the midshipman is ion young tc kiyp a watch at sea. The schooner Wasp has a lieutenant commanding, one of the few officer? who have been kept continually at sea. The crews of the vessels nru short, and in near ly every ves.sel on the station, marines are put on hoard to do the duty of seamen. The consequence is, that the few effective men on bonrd are overworked. Many officers who had not been to sea before foryears, have come down to this station, nrid returned home in |>crfect health, God known why. Those of them to whose eves this mnj come, will he self-convicted. Well, to be short, (tor my paper fails,) the sum of what I mean tc say is, that there has been among certain classei in the navy a gross dereliction of duty, and that junioi officers are doing the duty of their seniors, while the latter are playing the gentleman on shore This state of things would not have been com plained of, if alter the war bail fairlywoneluded, we bad been wait home; but from vessels short in efficers, who have fled from the station, and mndc f l oiter in crew, many of whom having shipped for the war, are cnlitfed to their discharges, wr o'e not in n rendition to interfere in the affiurs ol \ ilea tan. I*. M.?Light vessels here, and not one purser V lie it's jlic assistant purser bill 1 E NE NI Cm.r mim'S, < .1 n! y 15, HIS. Tic Taylor Prcrjvcls in Cent ml Ohio on the In.. ii .. ttr r n..< r> .. ?i Taylor?lit Probable Effect in Northern U'tio. The indications of recent political meeting*, v. ice of the press, and individual expression, l?y letter and otherwt.-e, are, that, in central Ohio at h ost, the whig: forces will he almost ununimou i in t! e support of General Taylor. The whigs of Franklin county held their usual convention for nominating a State and county ticket, on the 4t!i inst , when W. Dennison, Ksq., n lawyer of this city, was chosen for Senator, and Dr. London for Representative. All the leading whigs at the Ft ale capital participated m the action mid results of this meeting, and the great m iss" of whig voters of the city and county were present. The speakers fully'and unreservedly endorsed the nomination of Zuok Taylor; and their sentiments on this topic met with enthusiastic applause. The "ratifying" resolution, however, is somewhat chary in its phraseology?it is as follows:? "1 hat in the election of General Zachary Taylor as I resilient of the United States, ire eoulideutly hope anil expect to see the triumph of the great leading principles of the whig party of the whole Union; an cnu to executive usurpation; a chock to tan inordinate love of conquest and territorial aggrandizement; and. the surplus revenues ot the government applied to the Improvement of our Western waters and harbors. and other great national Improvements.'' _ But feeling sensible that this enumeration of their "hope" and "expectation" from the "election" of (ieneral Taylor, did not include, the "nmrrow end the fat of the political "hone of contention" now before them, they added adis\ t'.nct resolution in tUe words following:? i ' lti solved. That nil the prosperity, virtue, morality, enterprise, and rapid advancement in population, wealth and Intelligence, of the people of the Status of Ohio. Indiana. Illinois and Michigan, arc mainly to he attributed to the passage, by Congress, of the ordii Bance of July 13. 1787, 'lor the government of the territrry of the United States northwest of the river Ohio,' and more particularly to article 6 of said ordinance, which provides that 'there shall be neither slavory nor involuntary servitude in the said territory. otherwise than in the punishment of critnos, whereof the party shall have been duly oonvioted;' and we insist, that in the formation of all territorial governments, hereafter, by Congress, tho principles ol said ordinance, and tho language of the Cth article above quoted, shall form an indispensable part of suoli governments." And then, as it unwilling to subdue entirely the mi-tiust they entertained , imidst their hopes and e-.pect itionr, frt lit Cen labTuylor's elecdon, they im.de the declaration following:? 'Itesolved, That we will support no man for a seat either in the Congress of the United States or in out own Legislatuie. who will not use liis best exertions tc prohibit the introduction of slavery into all new State! hereafter to be fi rmed." It will he remembered by the carelul readers ol I the Herald, that 1 have shown by extracts from the j whig State central committee s address, heretofere, that the spirit of it was, not to rally in suppori ' of Zaek Taylor for the sake of electing him President, but for the sake of carrying (in his nam-*} the lota Uistrict elections of the State ; and it wili i he seen now, that these whig party managers (foi ! the said committee men took a controlling part in I tti s meeting) have not yet been able to g-'t rid of that demagoguish idea, notwithstanding that the add est has been severely handled and repudiated by the A&J?tubula Sentinel, the Elyrta Courier, and other 'H.serve" papers. The Courier said, tli it it was an endeavor " to seduce the whigs of the State from their principles." Now, what does all this prove 1 Why, clearly that the mass of the voting people are more read) to support General Tuylor, than what the old part) leaders arc willing to do. Vet, as these " masses' have other offices within their gift besides the Pre sidency, to sonic of which these leaders, having t longing eve and still more longing purse, they tot propose that the whigs be permitted to organizi their forces for the election campaign under tin standard of old Ilough and Heady. The Elyria Courier further charges to the ac ct unt of these disinterested managers that, at ih Slate convention, which appointed them as tlu executive committee of the whigs of the State there was "a well known and general tinder _J: *1.-* :x nLILJ.U,:. manamu, Ulill ll il iiinjuiuy <u uir x iiiiauri|>iu< 'convention should prove so treacherous to the patty as to recommend Taylor for our suffrages the whigs of Ohio would repudiate him." Judge Thrall, of the Stale Journal, denies the existence of any such "general understanding,' and brands the assertion as a libel upon the honoi of the whigs of Ohio. The judge is right, nccar ding to Hiv knowledge of the open and secre doings of tne whigs then congregated in this city, to far as the assent of the friends of the general is concerned, the absence of winch prevented tht " understanding" from being " generalbut tlia | the declaration was openly, freely, and loudlj mouthed over by the friends of Mr. Corwin (it particular,) and those of Mr. Clay, and mutual!' assented to as between them, cannot be gainsaid for it is true. The few Taylor men there in at tendance were so " stumped," at these bold an< vehement declarations, that their courage failei them, and they scarcely made an effort to liavt the old hero's name considered by the noniinatim committee. The final report of that COtnmittei being a "general" resolution of submitting tin selection of a candidate for the Presidency with out naming a preference, itself prepves it to be tin result of compromise of conflicting preferences and mutual " understandings" not expressed. Of these matters, however, the mass of th< whig voters knew nothing then, nor will they en quite about it now; their "general understand ing" now is. to vote for GeBeral Taylor! Am while the Clay whigs (Kwing and his faction) ank the anti-war whigs (Corwin and his faction) and the McLean whigs (Judge Wright, and hi ! Cincinnati rlii/ve), will each and all " swallow' the words they uttered in this city last winter, dc rogatory to General Taylor being the candidate fa whig party, and will now give him their suppot because they see the mass of the people will vot for him, the chances arc, that the ultra anti-slaver whigs of universal "Cheesedom" will adhere ti their position and " repudiate hint." Hut, even in that section and in the very mid? : of the "infected district," we have indication c some reconsideration of the proposed repudiatin ?a kind of "sober second (or second sober thought of the people," as he of Kinderliook one i said. In explanation of the motives which promp such a reaction on the part of the prime movers I may remark that Mr. Gtddings, although fa vored by repented nominations, nnd consequen -I-...:?1 .L_. ?i.?i.i ?r .#l. I C1CCUUIID 111 IIIHI Pll UII^IIWIU VM niiiuiciiii ill Cuyahoga, Geauga, Aspabula, and Luke count district, is not without his ophonents in the whi 1 ranks, nor without able and popular rivals fo future nomination. Among the latter may b named Hon. William L Perkins, of Painesvillc Geunga county. Mr. Perkins has represented his country fo some years as Representative and as State Senatoi He is an able man to compete with; of a hig order of talents; long devoted to the service of th people of nis district?at least the whig portion c them; and, as a whig, the Statr Ji>urnal sny truly, "Mr. Perkins is one of the strong men c r the State." Hits gentleman has recently replied by letter t an invitation addressed to him by some of th Cleveland whigs to be present at a time named, fo the formation of a "Rough and Ready" club. ] should be remarked, too, that Mr. P. was th delegate from the "Giddtngs district" in utter | dance at the Philadelphia convention, and, alon with the rest of the Ohio delegation (save two I supported General Scott. The invitation, therefore, was the more prope as he could tell what circumstances, il any, trans pired in the convention, which should operat | against giving their support to the nominee. I , this letter Mr. P. gives Ins views ut length, and t n vimst Infrintl niiiTnoiiited manner. 1 regard it a , ii document which will, more than unything thi has hern or can he sain or done, arrest the preser dissension in the whig party in Northern Ohio ! and circulating as it will alongside the recer . manifesto of the "Hale" nun, the effect of th two will probably he to restore the usual state < t party strength throughout the Western Reserve. Should this he the result?usually a vote of uhou | six part whig, three part democrat, and one pal political abolitionist?then wo may expect the tisut large whig majority, sufficient to overwhelm th J more equally balanced remaining counties of th , Mate, to he cast for General Taylor, and secur t him theeleetoral vote of Ohio. I make no extracts from the Perkins" letter, h ' which to show She points meriting the nig opinion I have formed of it, and the influence nn efleet attributed to it; but beg lenve to call yor | nltenlion to it, in view of giving it a place, in tli columns of the Herald. Von will find a copy ei | closed. . , | What still appears singular, and, to my mini I involveslhe future aspect and final adjustment oil'th campaign in much mystery ts, that, while it i here claimed by whigs who tike a high ant i *!. vt :y j'c:-ition, and "insist" upon inii-slaver % W YC "W VHDI/ TUTTttQTlAV i J VS .1.11X9 J-J J- \J XlkJJU'i.i x action by Congress, that "with General Taylor we can electa free soil House of Representatives," . how is ii that he is so universally satisfactory to the whips ol the slave States and the opponents of fiee territory 1 Is there not danger that the opponents of Gen. Taylor will ere lon?r be able to expose a contr-irety of sentiments among his supporters, more repugnant, or at leant equally so, as the late exposure of the fraud attempted by the friends of Gen. Cass in sectional publications of his principles 1 But, perhaps, I am in error in supposing such a result, and that the friends of free territory are fully authorised to herald Gen. Taylor as meriting their support in view of that object. If this be so. liter, why cannot the fact be folly developed, and thus relieve the hundreds and thousands whose hearts heat in throbs of congratulation and honor to the great captain of the age; hut are held back from rewarding the war-worn hero with their suffrages, on account of a presumed predilection entertained by hint towards the "peculiar institutions of the South'!" The highest testimony I have yet seen, that General Taylor may safely be supported by all the whigs of tli free States, has just come to my notice. The Zcnia Torch Light, of this week, says that Mr. Corwin lias declared his intention of taking the stump in favor of Gen. Taylor, after the adjournment of Congress: and adds, "Mr. Corwin has always been decidedly favorable to the nomination of Gen. Taylor: because, to quote his own words, he had satisfactory reasons for believing that? ' General Taylor was opposed to the annexation of Texas. "Is opposed to any further extension of our territory nt present, and, probably, for all time to corno. "That although a slaveholder, he considers slavery an evil, and docs not deem it right to extend or increase it. ' That ho has always deemed the Mexican war impolitic unit without justification. "And that on all other doctrines of the whig party, hiaprimeiplManeoinaMnit with ours." If these sentences are truly what the editor says they me?quotations from letters written by Senator Corwin?we are bound to presume that the honorable genteman was well informed in the premises. Western Sc&lbs. Philadelphia, July 18, 1848. Illness of Gov Shunk?Trouble about his Successor I ?Whigs and Democrats in a Quandary?Cooper | and Johnson the Mug Available*--The Baker*'' i Dozen of Democratic Aspirant*?Longstreth and Bigler most Popular in Quakcrdom?The Count 1/ Offices?Dr. Bunting, fyc., ffr. ' The death of Governor Shunk is hourly expect. ed. He has had another hemorrhage of the lungs, nnd is rapidly sinking. He lies for more than 20 ' years past been identified with the democratic party of our State, and though during that time he f has held many important offices, his honesty and ! purity have never been nssailed nor questioned, t even in the time of highest political excitement and bitterness. | Ills resignation has set the political elements in motion. Both parties were apathetic about the Presidency, neither favorite of the politicians, (whig and democratic,) having received the nomination; but the election of a Governor is so near to tiiem as to produce the liveliest animation. The wliigs j and democrats are alike divided about Mr. Shunk's successor. The Hon. James Cooper, of Gettysburg. formerly a member of Congress, afterwards Speaker of the State Assembly, and more recently the opponent of Generul Irwin for the Guberna} torial nomination, would undoubtedly be the choice r if there were an open field ; but the present in, cumbcnt, Mr. William F. Johnston, is too popular to be readily thrust aside. Mr. J. is front a demoerntif* fnmifv. and a democratic district: himself a democrat till 1840, and since then an uncompromising whig. He is a of very popular address, of excellent talents, and was elected to the Senate in a thoroughly democratic district. Both Mr. C. and Mr. J. have ardent friends; but, in my opinion, " Mr. J.'s pre-occunancy of the chair will give him the advantage and the nomination. Several other whigs are named, but the contest will be between ] those 1 have mentioned. The democrats have " about twenty Rich nonds in the field; and, I verily' believe, the convention will have a dozen real candidates. The most prominent seems to be ' Judge Kldred, Colonel Bigler, Judge Longstreth, , Judge Black, JohnKitter, Judge Bell, and William "? Packer. Judges, you see, are all the fashion with the democracy. Here the contention seems to be between Judge Longstreth and Colonel Bigler; and ' each of them has warm, active, ai)d sanguine friends. ' Col. Bigler is from the Northern part of the State, and enjoys ut home an unbounded popu. larity; lie is a storekeeper and much respected; hfc was Speaker of the Senate, and, by his warm ' advocacy and support, he carried against fierce op. position, the Central Railroad bill, so that tho improvement counties will give him a heavy vote, ' as will Philadelphia, in the event of his nominaI tion. Judge Longstreth, too, is popular. lie is a i Quaker and a Philadelphia!!, who removed, some fifteen years ago, over the county line into Mont_ gomery, and was there made an associate judge. ' lie was elected Canal Commissioner last year by a very large majority, almost equalling that of ^ Governor Snunk, and this is the most formidable ~ objection to him. If lie is a candidate for Governor, the democrats will make him at once resign ' liis seat at the Cannl Board (according to pre ? cedent in the cises ot General Jackson, General Cass and Thomas McCulley) and then his place would be rapplied by the Governor with a whig, i giving the entire patronage of the improvement 1 system to the whigs, and this, I judge, will induce ' his lri< rids to withdraw him from the canvass and ^ hold him up for another time. Judge Eld red and ? Judge Black both have zealous and anxious friends, so too the other candidates; but it is insane to at" tempt to guess who will draw the nomination, for !. unless the number of candidates is reduced, it will be little better than a lottery. Canvassing, for the county e dices is actively going on among the de* mocrats, hut if the whigs and natives unite, as is probable, the democrats will find their labor lost. 1( Dr. Bunting, of our volunteers, lias just returned '( from Mexico, and is a candidate for the nomtnan lion of Coroner. He was within ok vote of it . three years ago, and will be nearer this time, I p guess. Btr.t.v BtrrroN. Philadelphia, July 19,1818. !' Rencontre?Military Excursions?Bodies Fount!. i- The peaceful village of Gennantown, in Philait delphia county, was thrown into a state of consic derable excitement by a personal rencontre that oct curred in the streets between Major Freas, the edr itorof the Telegraph, and Mr. George T. Sluckert, e a citizen of the village. The latter accosted the '' former with un in<|uiry relative to the authorship r of a communication published in the Telegraph.? ' From words they proceeded to blojvs, and a blow J,1 over the head! with a loaded cane, inflicted by ,f Major Freas, was returned with interest by Mr. s Stuckert, by which the Major was thrown down and his arm fractured, besides receiving other m0 juries. e Several ludicrous scenes have recently occurred Jf in the lower part of the county, from discoveries 't made by wives of the unfaithfulness of their huse bands. Last night, an injured wife made a dead ' set at two females who were about embarking on t? a moonlight steamhont excursion upon the Pela') ware, having seduced her husband to accompany them. She tore of! their finery, and they fled in r? dismay, while the poor persecuted husband re' treated into a neighboring house, which the wife e watched so closely that the parties were unable n to meet again until after the boat had started. n The Stockton artillerists leave town to-morrow 8 for Mnuch Chunk. lt The body of a female was found near the mouth it of Cooper's creek, above Camden, on Monday ! niorniflg. Front the body having been sewed up in 't sail cloth, with a heavy weight of stones at the *. feet, it is presumed that the deceased had come to ' her death, from natural causes, on board of some emigrant ship in the river, and been thrown over1 board to avoid the expense of a funeral on shore.? rf <>_,! w?.. ?? . Ma >1 nbout 60 vears age, were found in a box about 0 three miles up Coojter's Creek. The arms and legs !* had been cut oil, and the body disemboweled alc most. A rope was tied around the box, to which a weight bad probably tbeen attached, but it had y been detached by the rope becoming rotten. The h remains were in a horrible state of decomposition, d rendering any attempt to identify them impossible, if They w ere placed in another box, and after being 0 viewed by a justice of the peace, buried on the >- l urk of the creek, a short distance front where the 1 discovery was made. e Thuitduy, lite tilth in t ., was sot ap irt tit Cltarhv? ton, S. C., us n day of thanksgiv lag and r-.oictng |. jor the r turn ol |" art . y TJ e r< ji.-us t l l'i ill..: u i I'V'M. & n 'wr t f ii j^k. jb; MORNING, JULY 20, 18 Mtrtitig for t!ic Rrlli*!' of llio Voiimtrcrs. A ineotiugof th? officer* of the Fir.*fc Division of New Y? rk State Militia, man held at the drill roo:usv over < entre Mai ket. yesterday afternoon, at 5 o'olork, to take meueureB for th?* relief of tlie Now York Volunteers. who have just returned from Mexico. Major General Sandford President; and Col. Klijah Ward. (f the division atriir. was appointed Secretary. Oeneial Sandford explained the object of the meeting. Col. Wakni H.trom the ooratuittue appointed for that purpoac. reported, and read, the following resolution*, Which Wif adopted: ? lie ii Ivod, Thatas citizen ??ldiers of this St vte, we re^iri with hen miug pride the gallant eoeduot of the FirM Ite-pment of New York Volunteers, whose achievements in Mexioo have done bo much to Miirieiti the national gl??r?. The sort's uf oillliiut vie. toiii-s ace luplished by ur a my, from the h-utle of Palo Alto to tie final i a '.nre of ti.e capitol of Me:.ico?in in my of w licit iltD r? giiueut In re mi eh a distirgnidicd part?c. hi jii tuto a bright pagi in ti ? history of our c? untry. i II. Kesolved, That while tendering our congratulations to the mi lvan? wa mourn the lots oi thoau wle> have fallen io bat le? and symi athi/.c with the wounded \vh > have 10turned to their l.ilnilici and friends, bearing upon their persons the evidences of their gallant theds in the tie d of danger. Resolved, Timt while we learn with deep andtdncero regret that tie net edition of thorn who have already arrive-l <?n our si mm require the aaristaa'oe of their frit nd? a ?<i oountijimen* we tirr persuaded ib t the memlierti of the First Division will cheerfolly coutrbuuto assist th w ho have so strong a 0 uiui on the gratitude oi their enuntryiurn. 1. Resolved, That subscriptions he opened immediately* under the direction of a committee to he appointed by this in int'iu, towards a fu . d for the ivlief of the noo-comiuis-ionod olttoers. nr>8i< inns and pr.vales of ti e New York Itcgiuuuit of VoUintsum, to b? disbr.r-td under tho direction of said uoinmittuc, in suuh manner us tiny may deem best calculated to relievo the iuuuodiat" neiossitits of the v. Inn leers. 6. Resolved, That llie rnon y lhug collected he paid into the hands ol a 'I reasnror, to be appointeil by said committee. (j. Resolved, Tnat enr fellow citiaem : morally be roijuostel to c<-operate w iih uh hi earning out Oil i hjfou <> this mooting, aim that Urn 11 n< V the Mayi r be requested t?> call a meeting of tlie?itii? 11"' i t a? | i.pore. 7. llofCved, 'that ihe e?inmitte<\ under the fourth resolution, ecu ist ot tlic 1;iiridicr Generals, Commandant* of ltojitumi* ai ?i i ?inj unitH. Lieutenant Colonel Spicer offered tho following preamble and resolution, which were adopted : ? Whereas pro j* mlsrepreioutatlo- a have boon made to our gallant soldiers just returned from .Mexico, by a number c?f ineroera y ami heartless individu ils, which have inducod them to disp* re r f their land warrant* for a cojsi deration far bel v. their actual NOJue; therefore? Resolved. Urn* the nihjeet of those iiupidtions Iw reoniuym-uded to tho consideration utul action of a cm mi t tec of officers, to he up]M>iutcd by this meeting, with the view of proteetiug soldier.' now returning, from timilar fra?.d.<. The following committee was thereupon appointed : ?General Sandferd, General Morris. Ganeral Kwon, Colonel Warner, Colonel Steward, Colonel Yates. '?? ? '-"IV ?' I '11 sigueu njr i-.io oftireis, l>c ftmiisliod to His II nor the Mayor. We have l>een requested to mate th it the committee, couiisting of the commandants of brigades, legimonts ami companies, appointed to collect subscriptions, will meet tit ilie ltrilj Room, over Centro Market, tills (Thursday) ovuniug, at tight o'clook precisely, and that punctual attendance b- earnestly reqested. Hoard ol" Uilunilloil. Stated Mektino, July 1S>.?Robert Kelly, Esq , President, in the chair. The minutes of the former meeting were rend ami approvad. .Suspension of the llulcs.?The rules were suspended 1 to take up us application for au appropriation for the education of colored children. The application was then read and referred to the flnance committee. Jlppropi iation?An application from the Trustees of the, f-'irst ward, for $19S0. for fitting up the primary school in Trinity Place, was presented. Mr. Di.keckkii asked for the reading of the resolution. Alter it was read, lie said ho understood the appropriation was asked lor fitting up aud furnishing, J but it now seemed it was for repairing fbe building; be would, therefore, make no opposition?tho application , was granted. Eleventh Ward?Report of finance committee, in favor of appropriating a sum of $6000. for the neoossary expenses of school No. 21, in the i'.loventh/vard.? Accepted. Fifteenth Ward?Report of same committee, in f.ivor of appropriating $K4 01. for fitting up ami furnishing : school ho. 20, in the ( 1fteenth Ward ?Accepted. Colored Children.?Report of same oommittco, in favor of an appropriation of |f>C7.r>, to meet the expenses of the school lor colored children in Coutre street.? j Accepted Sixth Ward?Report of same committee, in favor of j the application of the trustees and officers of the 6th ward, for hu appropriation of $1,236 8.', fjr the expenses of the schools ol the ward ? AI -pt> d Fourteenth Ward?Report of same committee, in fa- 1 vol- of an uppropriatiou to meet tho legal expenses of j the schools in the 14th ward ?Laid on the tible. hilts? Report of tho Auditing Committee, in favor VI iinjavh duluu uur?yicurptfu. I Evening Free Schools.?Resolution by Commisiioner Fellows. authorising the Committee on Evening Free I jhools to organise additional evening froe schools, in i le 6th. 6th and 9th wards-Adopted. nounty Superintendent.- Communication from the nty Superintendent, recommending that certain ,. jhool statistics for the State Superintendent, be made | under the dirt ctionjof the County Superintendent? | Referred. i The Free Academy.?Applications from a number of : perf on?, for professorships in the Free Academy?re- i 1 furred to the Executive Committee. Resolution', to deposit to the credit of the Trustees 4c., of the different wards, one-fourth of the appropriations made for tho current year?Adopted. Another resolution, appropriating $4.1(1.) for fitting up and furnishinggschoois in tho 3rd and 4th wardsAdopted. Fice Academy.?Uoport and resolutions of Executive Committee, in favor of engaging Professor Webster, of Geneva College, as principal of the Free Academy, which was made the order of the day at the last meeting was taken up. Tho report and resolutions, after a short discussion, were adopted, and Professor Webster appointed principal, at a salary of $2,600 a year. The hoard then adjourned. Lnw Intelligence. Unite* States District Court, July 19.?Before Judge lletts.?Decisionsl'rahody vt. The schooner Lucinda Snow, ij-r.?4,ibel dismissed, the claimants having proved title to the vessel. Thomas Crtwell el at. vs. 194 shawls anil other articles? The) Uritish Consul and two other claimants ? This was a suit for salvage of goods recovered from the British bark "Lady Kenneivay" abandoned otf the coast of Ireland. Ordered that the goods be sent to England, and that adjudication under the salvage laws of the British courts be taken thereon. George States vs. The hark ' Infanta.''?Motion baving been made on behalf of the claimants, that the appeals taken by the libellants be required to execute new stipulations on such appeals, and the motion having bee)} submitted on affidavits, and due deliberation being had in the premises, it is ordered that the motious be denied. i ftl n.tkd Statks CoMMiMionBR'tlOrFicE, July 19?BeI lore A. Gardiner, Esq.? Charge of Cruel and Unusual i Punishment.?Wm. Wbitte nicy nn<l Thoina? IteM. eapi tain nnd mate of (he American ship Avalanch. were ! arrested and held to hail in $.r>00, on a charge of vioI lent assault and battery on Kredorick Wilson, one of | the crew, at the port of Antwerp. Important Decision.?The Iaiw Journal for July | contains an eloquent opinion by Judge Lewis, do' livered at the June term of Common Pleas Court at I Lancaster. I'a.. on a case where a certain man devised | I to his widow all his property, ''provided she remain a 1 widow during her life ; but in case she should marry i Main, my will is she shall leave the premises " Sic. The widow having married again, suit was brought by other heirs of the husband to recover the property Judge Lewis decided that " the condition in restraint of marriage is void, and the pecond marriage of the i widow does not divest her estate"?" the principle of morality?the policy of the nation?the doctrines of ; the common law- the law of nature and the law of ! Cod, unite in condemning as void the condition ati tempted to be imposed by this testator upon his I widow."?J'cnnsylvanian. July 19. Hrooklyn liitcllljgeni-r. Brooklyn Savincs Bask.?'The amount withdrawn from this bank on Tuesday evening, was about $17,000. Fatal AccinsiNT.?The man who was wounded on the 4th of July, whilst firing a salute at Williamsburgh, died on Tuesday last. He was a member of Captain Lewis's Light Artillery, and his funeral will take place to day at 4 o'clock. Polite llltrlilgtlMC .Irrrst of Jhirgleri.?Officers Bryant and Curry, of the Third ward, arrested yesterday three boys by the names of James Dunn, David Hunter, and Conrad l arr. together with a man by the name of William Hare, on|a charge of breaking into the liquor store of John Boyd, No. 43 Vesey street, stealing therefrom near $100in bank bills, together with two watches of small value. It appears that on Monday night the store was forcibly entered by Dunn and Hunter, by breaking open the rear window of the store and 'orcingopen the desk. The above named sum of money was stolen. The young scamps must have been disturbed, as they went off leaving behind them in the desk over $100 more In bank bills and gold. On the arrest of Dunn over $20 of the stolen money was iou.,.1 /..s l,;u <t in v,.. ,? th*i 1i-uiiu mr. rviruu, J.IU U1 " Hit II ui ..... Din 11 Hare, as b? thought unobserved; hut tho nfflcor detected tho rascal in tha aot anil recovered tha money. at tho name time taking him into custody. Hunter acknowledge* committing tho robbery, and directed the officer* to call upon Mary Hood, who kopp* a porter houee on the Kivo Point*, with whom ho depended, for *afe keeping. $10 in bank bill*, this, together with the money fownd on Dunn, making In all $33 recovered. Tho magiatrato. on hearing the testimony, ci mmitted them all for trial. Slrnling Mnnru. ?Officer Dunlap. of the 13th ward, arrested, yenterilny. a man by the name of Kdward Clark, on a charge of stealing $.">4 from James Baynes, residing at No. 128 Delancy-slreet. The accused was detained for a fu.ther hearing hb Justice Osborne An Incident of the War?The following i* an c.ntract of a letter Irom New (Means:?" You will remember thnt General tie In Vega was taken prisoner nt his battery in the first battle on ihe Kio Grnnde?that there Duncan's buttery and Ilia opposed each other in mortal fight. Now it is remarkable, that on the morning ot our evacuation of the capital. General de la Vega commanded the Mexican buttery that saluted our flag, and that Duncan's battery saluted the Mexican flag on its rising to float again over the palace. Thus the butteries of the two men which first opened upon each other at the war's commencement, in May, 1H1U, on the Hio Grande, exchanged in aniitv the national salutes in the city of Mexico, in .T ine, 18-10, hi the \\ ar'f ending." x IE R A 48. City Iiiti-lJIsnicv. Tiii. I,*it in Natcnamzation. ?Tim va\0<1 quivtioa "f nuturalization so fur, ut least. a1* this State is concerned. litis by :i ri rent decision of ttic Supreme ' ourt' (Curren and wife v.i Hnn, S Denio. p. 219.) and an act part-id a fo\r day- allien i>y Congress, placed the whole innttir iu a lijfct easily to lie an ier.-tood. Alien* of either sex caunot hold property liy purchase dower, or otherwise, nulofs they declare their intention? to become citizens a ml 111" with the secretary of tire State, an c nth prescribed by the statute setting forth the fact. Ily the present 1 ws of (:<ingress, aliens comitig iuto the l nite t Status und r the uge of eighteen years, lifter residing here full lire ye irs, without being out of the United States, except temporarily, can. upon proof if the feci, procure their oillaeuship at on re; and aliens arriving in tine country over the age of eighteen, afti r remaining full file years, witli the?gcoption of tempore y absence and wuhin.two years ofw'.iloh time have (Isstared their iut-ntiun*. can, upon pro if of the fact, procure their final oertiiicate of citizenship The law requires iu all ca es. that the applica ut shall retide one full year in this State previous to being j naturalised, but this )rnr is iiof.Jconll ned to any particular portion ot the five years. The oath of allegiance must be taken by every parson rot born Upon ' the soil r.f the United States, b.-foro they can obtain ! the rightH of citizenship. Tm U'katuku.?The weather still continues clear | and delightful, though the streets have become quite , ' dusty, and are sometimes unpb a unt to ped estrian*, j I when the wind is high. Kor several days pad the weather has been delightful as May, though su'try Au- ! gut is so near at hand had , v- ning ?rt; o ie of tlio I most delightful ever enjoyed hy the people of (fotham, i > and Its olosing hours gave promise that, this would be ; like unto it. Morality or Mi:w Vohk.?Krory day the papers Riinounce cases of in.-ulls to females iu liiestreetn and i public squares. It is a disgiace to Now Vork; and the time has coia- when some energetic measures must be takeu to put a stop to those proceedings in the 8th ward, the most di. graceful conduct is nightly practiced; the itreets are tilled with vagrant women? 1 the writer counted one hundred and six in two hours, passing hie residence?they put the police at defiance. The truth is. the magistrates are lax In their duty In vi ivuril ti> Olid ultisa af i iifu mniiri ufitntun fint* u/iVng ami dnughte rs are 110 longer sale In the public streets. II' these tects arc doubts d, let the alderman walk in Howard, Mercer, or Grand, or Uroume streets, nnd see fur himself. '1 he citizens who pay mich heavy taxes are entitled to protection. A meeting of the o lizcns of the 8th ward is recommended, to take measures to abate this notorious nuisance, anil to in>ejtigato the degrading demoralization existing In tho ward. If something is not soon done, tho rospect iblo families In the ward will bo forced to loavo it Property lias already depreciated .10 per cent, and the taxes have not decreased in proportion; this Is another Btihject deserving tlie attention of tho citizens. The Improvements of tub Citt.?Never within tho recollection of tho oldest inhabitants of tho city, has the spirit of Improvement been so high as at this time. In every section of the city tho workmen aro busily encaged In constructing houses, though many ofthein are poorly constructed. Tho vacant lots in the upper section of the city aro fast becoming filled with blocks of handsome buildings, u large portion of which have stone fronts, nnd are to be finished in the most costly and lnagnilleent style. The Frea Academy, which will add much to the ucighhood in wh'cli it is locatod, is fast approaching its completion. Hits workmen being engaged in putting on tho roof. It Is destined to be one of tlio most magnificent superstructures in tiio city, nnd is located in a high and commanding position, besides being ono of the most thoroughly built edifices of wbicb New York can boast. Nor is the upper lection of the city alone in this work of Improvement. The lower portions are rapidly improving; and in many places where, a few months since, n mean, rickety shanty stood, a tine three, four or five story building may now be seen, | llliu UUHUU. ..1 nwniup 11,1 m.jr ILW Fiuvca nucm II. . was heretofore unknown There is one spot in this : great city which stands in statue quo. ThelSlxth ward ! holds to old its nppoamucu. except on Broadway, where | seme improvements h ive been made; but general j j peaking, the spirit ol' improvement is dormant, and 1 there is very little probability that it will be other, wise, until tlio.-e miserable horill on the Five Points give place to decency and good order. The city generally was never in a more growing ani prosper- I ou.i coudit'on than at this time. The following table ! will show a gradual increase for the last thirteen ycurs, except in the great time of speculation, in 1335 and '30, and the two year t succeeding the great fire of 1846. i The following is & list ot huldings erected in the city in each year, since 1833:? 183 4 877 1841 971 183 5 1,259 1842 912 183 6 1*20 1843 1.273 I 183 7 810 1844 1,210 j 183 8 7S1 1845 1 980 183 9 671 1846 1.910 184 0 850 1347 1,823 In 1638 and '39. immediately afyer the pressuro, there wosn falling of; but as soon as business recovered from that prostration, the work again commenced, and it is probable that 1843 will add upwards of twothousaad to the lift In the extreme northern section of the city, ' already factories of almost every description are in j successful operation, and others are constantly going up. The period is not far distant when New Vork will be in n commercial and business point of view, behind ' no city in the world. What is tiik Matter??About two months since, j there were resolutions passed through the Common ' Council, favorable to lighting several streets with gas, among which was Fifth street; but as yet it has not I been touehed. There is a derolictlon of duty some- I where; hut it is hard to tell where the fault lies. 11 is I strange that laws are passed through, hut never exe- 1 cuteil. If the fault lies with the contractor*, there should be some action to compel them to obey the rules of their i ontracts. The PaoniKT Mundav.?This individual lias made his appearance in the city, much to the gratification of the hoys, who during the heat of the clay, take a recess from their regular business of dog-killing, lie passed through the streets yesterday, as usual, without ' a hat. the hair flowing dowu Ills back, and with a huge i ! ! II tn kla |i? ? ?,l n i ? , u ' . r I',, 1 . .., I - /> f kill,,-. larger if possible than those of the black preacher of Troy. lie was followed by a large number of boys, who delighted themselves with worrying him about a paper which he carried, called " The Prophet," and his au- | perlluous appendages. Honor to the Brave.?The citiaens generally of the fith ward have called a meeting, to be held at the Marion House, In West Broadway, on Friday evening next, at eight o'clock, lor the purpose of giving to Captxin Daniel K Hungerford. of Company K of the 1st Regiment of New York Volunteers some testimonial of their high esteem for his gallant conduct, in heading his noble company from the bombardment of Vera < ruz the planting of the llag on the Halls of . the Montezumas. We sincerely hope the presentation will be one of a substantial nature. Returned Volunteers.?The friends of Colt. McClueky give him a benefit this evening at the Slk speare Hotel, as a testimonial of their regard for m?. as a volunteer during the late Mexican war. MeClusky served under Capt. Walker, and eaught him in his arms as he fell mortally wounded, at the attaek on i Hunjutlu He has numerous trophies which he capton .1 while attached to the rangers, which he will exhibit this evening. He has seen much service, and as the government leaves our volunteers to take care of tlicmselvps after their return front the hard fought fields of Mexico, wo have no doubt the friends of McClusky will give him a bump-r Vipitino the Institutions.?Several members of the Common Council yesterday, paid a visit, with Pre- j sident Roberts, of Liberia, to the public institutions The President expressedihimself highly dolighted with the manner in which they are conducted He. with several ethers from the republic of Liberia, will leave In the^stenmer te-dny. for f'.urope. Excursion to Niagara.?The Columbia Hose Com- 1 pauy. No. U. will leave the city this afternoon, in the sph ndid steamer "Oregon," en route for Niagara Kails. They will take their new carriage. No. 40 a most beautiful aparatus, with them. Dodworth s cornet band will accompany them. It will, doubtleis.be a most delightful trip. Serious .Accident.?A man named Daniel Tyrell, aged 7'd years, who arrived yesterday morning from Wilton. Connecticut, and who had purchased some trill ing articles for sale, was accidentally knocked down, at the corner of Nassau and Kulton streets, about half past three o'clock, yesterday afternoon, by hack No. 1. of Brooklyn, hv which his leg was broken He was taken to the City Hospital. Dkatii iiv Phowsinu.?A young englishman. sozie two or three months in this country, named Thomos llroornhall, whil# bathing with a friend yesterday nl'ternoon. nt Munhattanville. went into the current, nnd was drowned. Kvery effort that could be used was employed to find the body, hut without effect. ) We never saw sorrow more sine-rely depicted than upon the countenance of his unfortunate companion. I)*atii raoM hri'iri:?as( i:. ? Yestordny afternoon the Coroner whs called upon to view the body of a f- male who had been in the employ of Mr Nugent, at Manhattanviile. who, from intemperate habits, died suddenly yesterday morning, about three o'clock. Verdict accordingly. \Ve learn that she was an in tclligont. and. at one time, quite an estimable, woman, esteemed by all. She has relatives living in Newark, , New Jersey. iMirnT.?Coroner Walters held an inquest, yesterday, ?t the Kssex Market prison, on the body of a man named Niels .Vlassen, a native of Denmark, who hung himself in the cell where ha had been confined, during a fit of tempt rary insanity. Verdict accordingly. l'nlltlcnl Intelligent c. Gkn. Taylor and thk Volunteers.?The Cleveland /Irralrf says a vole lor President was taken among the Massachusetts volunteers on hoard the Saratoga. The following is the result:?Taylor, 278: Cass, 9. All the rank and tile were lor Old Zack, nnd alltlie officers butnine. Wii.mot's Course.?In a letter written June 29, Hon. l)avid Wtlmot, the "proviso" man says:? " I shall support Van Buren with the whole strength of my patriotism, and do nil in my power to get up an electoral ticket for him in Pennsylvania. ' He , also declares that he will introduce in Congress a bill to " repeal" any so-culled "compromise' winch maybe passed in regard to slave territory. LB. TWO CENTS. RkVil Intclll|tnMi The United States ship Cumberland, Commodore M. C. iVrry, arrived at this port l ist evening. She Ii?*H at enchor outside the L.ir. Commodore Pi: i j y and three other officers came up to the city last night, in the news steamer iv ws JJoy. The Cumberland lett Vera Cruz on the 17th June, I'enaacolu on the 2d inst., and llavani on the 8th inst. The following is a list of her officers: ? Commodore M. C. Perry, Com'dg Home Squadron; Captuin, \\ in Jauieroq; executive OIRotr, J .tine i L. Henderson; Purser. W'm Sinclair; Surgeon. A li. <inn.brill; l.ieu Unanta W'm I,. Ilerndou. I. I U. Watbach. I'. U. Murpliey; < haplnin. Nailiaulel Front; I.tout Cciu'dg Marines, .1. 'i'. Doughty; Commodore'* Sucretoy. Win. It allmnnd; Passed A?nt. Surgeon. Win A. Net-on; AeriMint Surgeon, it. K. Mason; Acting Vlaater, L. rdner (Hbbon; I'a-reil Midshipmen. Jlonry Rolando. Henry Rodgers; ( a;.Iain's Clerk, A. Moon Rose; Commodore's Clerk. J II. Wain wrlght; PurB"r'a ( Ink. Hubert Sneiiien: Midahiuliieli. C. I., I'liorburn, J I) UUke, C. W. KIuhkhk, .1 N. Quaokonbunh, O. P. A!li n ('. ('. Cannon, J. F. Mllliguu. G. It. Chapraau, J. I* K Myguttp; Gunner, Klijah llaskitll; < iirpentsr, Gerard Henderson; Sail-maker, ltiohd. Van Voorhi*. The United States schooner Reefer, Jarnes F. MiHcr Lieut. Commandiug, also arrived here yesterday, alter a parage of nineteen days from Pensacobt. All the vessel* of tire t iulf Squadron ire now on their way to New York and lloaton.? The Heefer lias been netively employed, for more than two years, upon the const of Mexico. She has been in six different actions, and was one of the gnn-boats that ran between the Castle of San .Tuun lie Ulna and the town, during the bombardment of Vera Cruz. The following is a list of her ofllcerB :? Ihiih'h K. Miller. Lieutenant ConunnndiiiK; Thome* I'uttlFon, Mauler; Kdward Vinnnnt, Captain's Clerk Tin-1 nited States store ship Relief came up from quarantine on Monday, and moored oil' the navy yard. The war steamer San Jacinto is in a state of slow progress. A portion of her machinery has arrived from Philadelphia. It is supposed that her completion will he retarded for three or four months. Very little is doing in the United States dry a?i, ^ I...,:I..?.I i???i U t 'I I\ . I.'i'liir I nu IIII ill! I VII TT V'lniiir.u aiu vni|'ivjvu there, and all have been working on credit since the last appropriation was exhausted, about the 1st of January last. The consequence is that the laborers experience great sutlering from the culpable tardiness ot Congressmen, in not hurrying up the expected and much needed appropriation. The f landing complaint ot the scarcity of seamen for the navy 110 longer exists They are enlisting at the rate of about a dozen |>er day. Last week seventy were received on board the North Carolina. The storeship Erie is being refitted for a voyage in the Mediterranean, rilie came over on Saturday from an examination in one of the Moating docks in New York. There are no changes to report front our last accounts in the government vessels at this station, except the arrival of the Relief, noticed above.?Brooklyn Advert iter. The U.S. frigate Brandy wine, Capt. Uoardman, bearing the broad pennant of Commodore Storer : U. S. steam frigate Allegany, Capt. Hunter, and U. S. sloop-of-war St. Mary's, Captain Crowningshields, were all in the port of Rio Janeiro on the 12th ult. The St. Mary's was to sail in a few days for the Pacific. Commander J. L. Saunders has been ordered to the naval rendezvous, Norfolk, in place of commander W. 11 Gardner, whose term of service has expired. The U. S. store ship Fredonia, Lieut. Commanding F. A. Neville, arrived at Pensacola, 5th inst., I..st from Vera Cm/., whence she sailed on the 19th ultimo?nil well. The Fredonia has on board n large quantity of nnvol stores from the depot at Snlmadinn, Hnd the marine battalion, composed of three companies, under Major Harris. The officers of the Fredonia are Lieutenant Commanding Frederick A. Neville, acting master Jos. W. A. Nicholson, assistant surgeon James Hamilton, acting purser Joseph Uideon midship man t'opeland P. Jones, matter's mate, Robert \V Kearney. Passenger?Surgeon W. A. W. Spetswood/* from the nnvui hospital, Saluadina, which has been broken up. > The following officers are attached to the "marine battalion ? .Major John yarris, commanding; Major Wm. Dulany; surgeon Davhl S. F.dwards, U.S. N,; 1st lieut. Wm. L. Shnttleworth, A. A. quartermaster; 2d lieut. Free man Norvell, adjutant; ( apt. John (J. Reynold, commanding company A; 2d Lieut. A. S. Nicholson, do do; ('apt Wm. f.ang, commanding company B; 2d Lieut, ( has. A. Henderson, do do; 1st. Lieut. Daniel J. Sutherland, commanding company C; 2d Lieutenant F.dward McD. Reynolds do do; 2d Lieut. John S. Nicholson, do do?with 231 non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates The Fredonia will sail for Norfolk. The F. S. frigate Cumberland, hearing the broad pennant of Com. Perry, sailed from PenMcola, bound to Norfolk. I lie i . steamer rscourge arrived m reusaewla on the 3d inst13 days trom Vera Cruz. We learn that the Scourge has been condemned, \nd that her officers are waiting orders. The following is a Ii.-iI of the officers attached to the Scourge:? Lieut. Com'dg Alfred Taylor; Anting Master, Francis Gregory; Acting Chief engineer. J. N. Adams; Assist. Surgeon. Ashten Miles; engineers, J. 11. Hatcher nnd W. S. Scott. The U S. ship tierinantown sailed from Pensacola on the 2<)lli ult. lor Vera Cruz. The following is a list of her officers:? Charles Lowndes. Esq., commander; Lleuts. J. P. MoKinstry. Hie hard Forest, Charles Thomas and S. J. Shipley; Surgeon, S. C. Laurason; Purser. Edward Storer; Acting Master, John Matthews; Assistant Sur- " geon. Alonso A. F. Hill; A. Uorsey, commander's clerk; Midshipmen, J. G. Heilenar, J. K. I.agou, W. T. Olassell ; Kdward Harrison, master's mate ; Samuel Mahoney, boatswain; W.C.Thompson, gunner; William Knight, carpenter; George Thomas, sailmaker. Assistant Surgeon Alonzo A. F. Hill, has been ordered for duty to the U, S. naval hospital Pensacola ; Assistant Surgeon Albert Pearson takes his place on the U. S. ship Germantown. From tut: Western Pi.ains?Cavalry Camp, skau Fort Mass, June 21, 1818.?Company C, now under the command of Lient. Strummel, who had been despatched on the 3d inst. to accompany the pay master to this post, had scarcely reached Pawnee Fork, when some twenty-four head of their animals were stampeded by a hand of Indians, supposed to he (>snges and Comanches.t The intelligence renched our camp on the evening oi the Hth, and on the 10th, a detachment consisting of twenty-five nvn each front the two mounted com ,u ,li.aivufi.li,>rl tit ivlioio litem ttnilf r command of Lient. Gully, of Company A; since then we have been nut in possession of aoine little news that may perhaps be acceptable to you, by the arrival of the paymaster, Major Bryant, and a government train of sixty odd wagons, together with our artillery und some seventy odd mounted recruits under Lieut. Royal. After Lieut. Strummel was relieved by Lieut. Gully, the horse detachment proceeded on from Pawnee Fork, with intentions to s.out arcund through the country a piece, before returning. Meanwhile the paymaster came on with the above escort, the artillery joining them, and they came on unmolested as tar as Coon Creek Bottom, when about 3 o'clock of the 2*ih, they were attacked by some eight hundred or a thousand Indians, no doubt the same band that has infested that point of the road for some weeks past, and been successful in robbing several trains, as well as wounding several persons, besides killing one man dead, in Brown's train, that passed n few weeks ago at Walnut Creek This party of Indians as 1 learn from good authority, were not cowardly in their charge, as they came up within some fifty yards before they began to break their columns, or ?ven before u shot was exchanged, when a broken fire from the artillery company with their small arms, which were carbines, with the same from the train and volunteer recruits under Lieut. Royal, broke their ranks and they retreated hastily, giving, as I supsose, the job up as a bad one; when occasionally a bark from the two six sounders, would seemingly add vigor to their flight. The mounted men pursued them some five miles, but did not effect much by such pursuit, as the Indians were soon out of sight. But hs short as the engagement was, I am well satisfied that but little remained for them to boast of, as the Dutch, with the assistance of Lieut. Royal's recruits, killed tw enty-three of them, though they only got two out of that number, as the^ dead bo dies were conveyed >41 as last as mey mi uj uisengaged Indians. The two that they got the I'uteli scalped, taking off the whole top of the heads, and they have the scalps with them in camp, together with a lot of hows and arrows, lances, shcihls, A*c., which they seem to rejoice over. Trains are passing almost every day. One handled ami seventy government wagons passed on the loth inst., under charge of Waldo Jc Co., whs I am informed have the contract for transporting or freighting all government provisons and property in Sante Ke, and elsewhere in New Mexico, for the supply of the troops ? Put. Si. R?