Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 21, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 21, 1848 Page 2
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IW failed State* > befoie r?marled rlifm are not, l trcit?l iu the Constitution ?- property. They *10 , naatfe property by llie iiwit taw. 1 I f Supreme Courts of thr I'nUfi Slitff have 4?"|. < d t* at. Mi'iifrllif power to n<(ulaU' emuiiwi'tix aui >ug tb* S ate*. Congress could not interfere with the slave ind btiwu tin- Suin And with how much gr | ?r p u)ii tXy nod href of argument could *<irh ? power b? susia II. d ibao Ihf pfl?>r l>> e si* oil b at i ver y i ii ii turrit' fj. In the latter there it mailing from irhi'b tho poor- r n be applied. wh le the former ie admitted to ire nda nil commercial J< a'tug among the State* And It Wn- pon the gr? nuil Hint iu the coii-litnti >n slaves *tr? tr ated as person* and not a* property, that th?y Wrre to d not to eimie witbin the oauimeiciai power. If Com e?*. under any implied power inny institute In nry in a territory of the I'uitvd Stater, on much tn ?ij.er ground* may they < xercec the eom in re al punei ov?i the tTaurter and rale of slares among the Stater. In the territory of Louisiana aud Florida. Congress reel gnirn# *"<1 to a limited extent. regulated slavery. Tut a? betore reiuaiked, slavery existed In those territoriei attiie lime they w? re ceded to the I'nited States; and. ii the treaty ol c inn of Louisiana, the Uuit-d Ma e? botmd thi mrclver to protect tiie proper'y of the j riUiiBs Maves in that territory were considered a* property, and were within the treaty. And itisainguJ ?r i hat thi t et in the Missouri controversy was not. 1 btlivv. rcli d upon by the South, it was the strong- , *?< T' s'tiou ll at could not have been taken on that s df Of the question. tl free ere ory be aJn itteil and Congress hare not , pow r t<> ins.itote *la> ery witbiu it. the territory m t >t j-? ni. In fere uut 1 the people *h ill form a State governViei t, tie ii the qu. etion nay arise, in the exercise of thi? rcv.-r. igo powtr whether slavery shall be admitted. Can the ri'esidcnt aud Senate by a treaty establi'h lavery in the new territory ? Such a power is not found n li e constitution n,,r iu the iaw? of nations. , On the 26th February, IV00, North t'arolira crded to the Union, trrriti ry which now constitutes the Statu of Teiitf Her, which wan accepted by act of Congress on t> c 2o of Ayrt 1 ensuing Iu the act of cession, among oil cr prov:sious. it wan stipulated I lint no regulation ai?i e or to be made by Congress, tdiall teud loo uati- ] cp tc slaves;'' and. on the 2(llh May. 17SH). bv 1 >t*s < a t of Confrere, the ordinance of 1787. with certain eepto no in the act of eeMiun, was adopted for the goverun cut ot the tenitory of thu I n ted States south of the i ver Ohio."' The tret aum xatiou of foreign territory to tlie United Mates v. n- Louisiana, within which slavery ex- j iated tnder the French and Spanish governments Kioto < a, which wan sub :rqurutly annexed, was also a lave . late Texas was a stave Stale. fluty part of Mexican territory shall be annexed, a? slavery is u< t sanctioned iu Mexico, it must cone iuto the Union as free territory; and the important qui stiou arise* whether C ongfess have power to make I it Have leiritory. No qnesliou is better settled iti this oonntrv than that slavery exists in a State by virtue of the loeal law; tbattLepowei over tbo subject is exclusively rested in'be State: and that Congress, except as to the re- , a) ture i f slaves. ean exercise no power over it. [From the N V. Commercial Advert ser. July 20 J And this brings us to the radical defect of the system I piopo cd hy the select committee. The provisions of the bill, so far a? regards Oregon, are unexe ptimiable. at ha-1 for any thing wo yet know; but those iu relation do New Mexico and California, if uot expressly designed to insure the introduction ol slavery, without regard to the will or the wi.-h of the inhabitants, at least make no provision whatever f??r consulting that will, and certainly give the President, a tlavelioider, power to make its introduction all but certain. The laws for those territories are to be framed by a (Jovernor and JuojdS. We may b< sure that the.-e Judges and thiv j \t vcmor. appointor oy me president, will bo slave- I holders, or tn the interest of slaTebolder?: it is very , easy to ?ee, tbcieforo. that they will onset law* creat- I ii>K the institution of slavery? declaring human lieing* < Si<- ( njr?in iHoot, notwithstanding the nominal pro* 1 lition to legislate upon the subject That i* t hoy will enact to law* lu uny way preventing slaveholders I I i in ?c no Dg into the territory with their property," I or from dealing with it as property; and the same : fudges. in the territorial court*, will decide all case* inT.i v ng the question. directly or indirectly, in faror [ .1 tl;e pro| erty" holder The advocates of slavery 1 x'enslon can desire nothing more. Well may the ! Union bail the bill a* a "rainbow," full of promise to the flu t? holding interest. It may be said that an appeal lie* from the decision* o' the territorial gourt.s to the Supreme Court of the 1 1'nited Stall a. But of what value will that uppenl 1ms on such a qmsttoti' Who will be at the vast trouble ' and erp< Use o! making it ' And if it is tirade, how easy will it not be to procrastinate the deei-ion for years, while iff the meantime slaveholders are still pouring in v i'.li their'' property." and gaining such a preponderlitre f numbere ?ltid power us to insure a final enacti it of slavi ry laws, when the time comes fur the dc- ! ?i it u of that question by the inhabitant* themselves? j i eople or the free States, this cotnjiromise i* no oom|r ii Isc at all It is a Intel surrender of your right*, ' year interests, and your convictions. [h'r tn toe New \ oik l>ein< I ost, July 20 ] the vox rMOtitH. PROPOSED in I lir. senate. The m ii 11 committve < f the Senate, to whom was , referred the question of a t niter al goverum-nt. Seem to have considered it one of extreme urgen y. No hesitation, in the opinion of tho slave interest is ! to be allowed in the steps taken todispore of the con- I troveisy. and if possible to prevent further ngita on. j The public attention is turned to slavery an t it uut-t ! Ie diverted at once or it will forever put a stop to the ' 1 rt sp? r;t> of this institution So itopuriuut did the t case apt eat. that in lcs? than one we. k. the committee l ate acted upon one of tho mo.-t couiprehi-nsite. inipor- I lanl and Titil questions that has come before f (ingress ; tor years. They even held their sessions on Sunday, a r rcumstauce that the public sentiment generally dis- j t, nntenanccs except in revolutionary time*." I it it e North have an important measure to be promoled. it may sleep for mouths and year* upon the table* ot the same Senatorial body. But when the j slave iuti reit has a point to carry, ull is life and bustle , in that body. Night? and Sundays are not even giron ' to re't until the three hundred thousand slaveholders ' | ate gratified Such was the case with the annexation J ot 'J nar. Ilow was it with Oregon, tho twin sister of i ' l-i *_? ? ll?? 1. t? -1.1 ??... .. i . , I . . i- 11 "mi inr orani'u mm in >e* I \ * rk,? Howgis it with tbc snbjeet of cheap postage? j 'lie moment rlavery utters its behests. every ear is ! open to Liar; when otber interests pleud for ntten- j I tion they must wait till the Senate is perfectly at , leisi re. Tl e new plan of a compromise proposed, by a com- 1 ioitt?e, of which Mr. <_ albouu is a member, and adopted , ; with Lis consent, does not materially differ, so far as ' r^paids tbe provinces of New .Mexico and California, j ' front the plan accordinglo which that gentleman has ' frequently expressed his des:re that the question should le ettled With regard to the territory of Oregon, ! tb> qi csfion is given up. *? ???, JJiil w th regard to the provinces of New Mexico and Caliiirnia. it is intended tlial they shall be a market ' for slaves. * nd here. ace> rdiugly. a stand is made ; here j the scruples of the slaveholders, respecting the const!- ' futhn arc revived in all their force. The bill, there- ! fore, does uot sanction the present laws of those pro- j winces, among which is one prohibiting personal siavery. It piovideswhat somebody vails the lowest, I and we may add. is the worst iinii of territorial government. consisting of a governor, judges and a ! seiretary. who are to make the laws, but who are expruslj forb ddeu to make uuy law respecting slavery : and it directs that all questions respecting the rights of property to be er jojed by persons removing into tha territory, which is n genteel circumlocution for the power of a masler over the person of bis slave, are to j be deeided by the 1'nlted States courts, with the right , of s|peai from the territorial courts to the Supreme Curt i 'J his. if tbc bill becomes a law. amounts to a renunciation of all authority on the part of < ongress to legislate on the question of slavery It first takes the question out of the hand- of the territorial government, ' and next takes it out of the hands of Congress. A goverm r and judges appointed by the President, hint- I if pi thai s a claveholdi r. or tlnir instrument, and who will therefore he likely to take th?in from slave- j holding S'aies. ere to ir.ire the luws. 'Petritorts 1 judaic, appointed by the same authority, are to admi- : msli-r tbem. Under tbase circumstances, both In making and administering the laws the grcato-t faediliec may be expectv d to be given to th'-slave owner in transplanting | t ti | r c u I in r institution of the Son'h to ibr new region Though there la no power given to h-gHate d!tcclly on toe subject of slavery, indirect ad vantages i may be given in n thousand ways to tho slave bolder. The territorial judges, if taken front the South, will, of m trie, deride in favor of the slave holder If an appeal should be laken from their decision to the Supr-me < ourt of the l otted States, that tribunal is I filled with fo ma ny mom tiers from the South, that there is no c- ilaiuiy that it decision* would be in favor of freedom. 'J'i lk as we may of the Impartiality of our courts, a judge from the Southern States, allied to the arintf.;rn'j of th?>se States. would share their prejudices end decide according to their views. 'J his c< nj| ri mise is. therefore, an ingeue us method of giving Mr ' allroun Iris own way in the controversy It is a concession of everything by circumlocution stripping < ongre-s i f the power of legislation on the vui jrot of sluvery, and denying the power to the !f viri.tiints of the prolines a newly annexed. < 1'iroi may pass it; but it will not ijuict the agitation. The free -oil patty will not be satisfied with anything short of an cxpr< s-confirmation, e milar to tliit! wlm h i? propo id in the ?a-> of Oregon of the prcofit 1. ws of New Mexico nod * a'il raia iu favor of p. rsonal freedom For that it will struggle us long as there is a voice or a vote b it. j ,* raoas in the \Vi:*jkrn Hivekr ?From 1S35 "o 1810 thi-rc were built .V>2 steamboats for ttu j n \ ipntinii ef ihe Wi-Mcrn rivers, mostly on the f>hi<>. 1 lie nvcrHm ii^e t>l tbene bo.tin is live i .u i 'I tije-e ;"i.')2 iio.il>-. ill*- munrifi id lo? tv ,is , iIiuk 2f.(J worn out, 2l'i .-napped, 12 burnt, 22 lost ' |r collision, 7 Jo^r hy explosion.? H'cftrrn Rrvil ' 1 ji win. i < 'I'm Wsiiiini.?(>n Saturday, IStli inst,, the l 1 ih* 11." >? l?-? i.i f Iihi)< -ton indicated HO deim''-", I winch in ?uni to iutvr ti.cn the w.iriii"*t w? iitlu*r i ixpetiriKd there this season. Koi r-lumls ol lilkiin^uiHiK (I Individual*. | Central Win. S. II..nicy, r. s A., arrived at ] Philadelphia, on the IP;), I'li<- w ill- and rlai^literol fb-n. are at Avon , Fprinps. (Jen. Caleb Curbing arrived in lb ton on the noriiiiig of ill'- 1 J*tli irrst. 1 Thk Jtr:n knino Voi.i niki ii?An I.ntiiu.vr.? An lb' \<>liini> i is W T'- in-ri liin^ up the Wliari, . t 1 Pitol>uift!i. 11< i dn? iiiluuk .iion. a yountf, gallant < J< oUir.g midii-r, happened to rnfi-hsight of a younp woman at the came moment that she saw lum Hhe wu <p-i < no-ny, vriv neatly dressed. Rod had j a v< r> bright little baby in her aims. Til* young ' wom in intend a el, ort joyful c-ryua she saw the soldier. Awny went tin- musket, and daitin^ i o n I ins p he- in the ranks, th?- brave fellow caught his wile and child in Ins arms. To us, this was one 1 ?d the mora tom-lnng occurrences of tlm day, so /Ttiirfn! in tonelimp seems.? Pittfbnrph Journal. I NEW YORK HERALD. | <p?rtli-\VilH'?iiiir of 1**111 (4iii unit Miumu abi JAM KM ttOiPOl limiUKTT, PROPRIETOR. Dd.l t KRkjtLlj?t,very day. two rnAa ,?- copy ?$7 ?> pet l .i.i-t,. H t h.KI V HERALD? Rnry Raturdav?ee ite per copy? ** '*K J er .tim <iw ?it, thr ("/ o.f htotra. tti ;rr .>?.?% ., to ineitd, Ih. raatnpe i nu edition (in 'Ar AVrw/. .i.d Koj'uA laupuayea). uiU he pi.-hluhni on tarry Rueo/cun t'tan held.it i i.*- if.'l ! klrt tlonrr. 4/11 I K 1'ISKXFSTlH tuewrarv r y morn, up, nnd t? be pubIvhri'n I hi mormuy nad eliciting ediiu.ua.) ill 'a.i'imibu ri. ee? . In li irnim if ajUoif, Upihlt uwaraer ; the proprietor uA rvept i iil i foi error* In mauu.ei ipt. I RlK'l IRti of a 11 Kii./' errrvtrJ beau'if'illy <i nd urUh </ atrh. ( iit. ri rxnnf at the Publieataor, Office, corner of lWfi?. tineeau it recta. ALL I LI lh.iiS by i?..u, tor aulacrtphmu, or ;m/A ndtartaenia at . to hi meet paid, or the fintiye imil be deducted from "he wart rcwiitta!. t C/.f S Tar V (ORREHPUXHKKCE, eont,titling important i?in-, ao/inter! from ntig yuorter of the toorld ; if uted utUl be lit rally paid for. Ml KOTK'R taken of antmymcui commm-Jenl'ione. Whatever it blended for tiurrttcw tnwt he nutheett iUed by the mm arid addreia of t/u toiler , not iicemurily for pnblL inrri, lot or i guaranty of hit pood forth. IVr cannot return retectid eounhn-n. nrim.e. 41./ PiVMRVTK In he erode in ndi'imei, ami KBMBNT8 Till?. KVEMNU. DOV ER'* TIIEaTHK. IS.merjr.?Tim Kniohta or St. Joh* ?Tim li i.nrkiM i SrkAMiiti ? Naiad Qimiur. <11A Til All THEATRE, Chatham mrett.?Cap tai* ofthi W at H-TiWjV tha Tvlir?."i*w York As It Is? Rattro I'ALOCNt NlBUrS, ASTOR PMOR -Riki.* Rricai.e Operatic Sf IMS K\ ll'M. iMl Mill'. I.AIIObl'K. lU'RTOVS THEATRE,Ckimberaiitrcet?Swi-ktwicarts awd ' Wivm-Kaicai. Jack. \ CASTJ.E GARDEN, Rattery.?JACGiuTr?Opfe ATIC Olio? < MHP.IlARI.lli. ^ MECHANICS' IIA 1.1* Brouilwuy. nt*r Broonia.?CHnmYi , Win6th Ei.s? Ethiopian Singing, fco. PANORAMA riALU Rr<,r.<l\>ay, near IToofton.?Banvard's Panohama of thk Miwnpsirri. | MINERVA ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama or Gcrmal r<\ lim'i MEXICAN CAMI'AIGVP. iVtw 1 ink, Krliipy, July Ml, !>? ?. Artnai Circulation of lira U?ral?l. July 20, Thursday 21,120 cojiioa. ! Tl.v imhiieatiuB of the Hernia oem <nsnood yextcrlay %t 30 | niiuutip pan: 2 o eii ct and finished ut 15 minutes past 7 o clook. , Tlte Ntw Agitation or Htr Slavery (ineitlon, A new and terrible agitation of the slavery tjuea- ; lion, in connection with (he territories, is now i approaching the channels of public opinion with such gigantic steps as will attract the attention of the whole country, to a much greater extent than will tliut ol the mere contest tor the spoils and the Presidency The extraordinary report of a new j compromise, proposed by Mr. Clayton, from the i committee of eight in the Senate, lias opened up its aspect in a new, a fresh, nnd a remarkable, but a cowardly, view. This journal, two days ago, was the first newspaper in the T'nited States that had the sagacity or enterprise?by a liberal use of steam, electricity , and money combined?to give the people of this j community the first intimation, the first account, i the first report of the new and original phase which the slavery question will now rapidly as- j sume throughout every State of this confederacy. jS' of a single journal in this city *ntade a solitary effort to proeure that intelligence, but the Herald. liven those journals which call themselves leading ?and they do lead in dullness and indolence? have not as yet touched the subject; and the few J who have made comments on it, will be found i enpied in. our columns to-day, for the purpose of showing the commencement of the agitation, the | divergence of opinion, thf difficulty of adjustment, i and the new crisis which begins to loom from .the distance, over the country. We also give, in connection with this important subject, the bill which was proposed by the com- j t mitiee of the Senate, together with a very remark- j ( able and concise opinion, attributed to Judge Mc- j (j Lean, of the United States Supreme Court, winch c was first published in a Washington journal, in De- ! ], comber last. All these papers, articles, and no- j c licet, must command tne attention 01 tne country, tl far beyond the mere scramble for the Presidency, 1 c which actuates, to such an extent, the miserable ' g and corrupt little clients and coteries of office- JV seekers and office-holders, scattered throughout ( v ihe land. a "What will be the course and tendency of this ] b new agitation 1 IIow is the slavery question to J :ie settled in the last resort? What reception will J pi te given to this new compromise, by the various 1 arties throughout the country, and by the people 1 t| it large, in the North nnd in the ."south! i |t It is difficult to answer these questions. Already 1 t( be two leading journals published at Washington, 1 ^ inder the control of the two parties there?the JH .vhigs and the democrats?both unite in praising w ind approving this new compromise, as the bes a node of getting rid of the agitation, during the , tc iresent crisis of public afhiirs, and perhaps with , tf special reference to the Presidential election. But < c; he influence which controls those journal#, is part 1 and parcel of the stone influence which brought ^ about that compromise tn the committee. ' 0 The people and the free press, and all tiie h oilier regions of the Union, are no parties to s the intrigues of the coteries at Washington. ?. For sometime past an effort to throw off the shackles of party, and erect a mental inde- ? pendente on its own platform, has been made k throughout the confederacy, beyond any former ti period of our history. We are persuaded, there- 1 J fore, from the symptoms which have already shown 1 th? niselves, that the discussion at id settlement of c this question in Congress will by no means settle j; it out ot doors, but will produce an auintated and j, warm controversy t h rough on t th?* whole press ami j| tlic whole Union, on the cow ardly conduct of Con- c gress, in pecking to shove it upon the Supreme Court. ; y Now, in this discussion and in this controversy, I p what positions will the various parties in the eeve- n ral sections of the country, take! The South have H thetr interests to secure ; and their conduct and Ji treatment of the compromise may depend on the p r-onlidence w hich they place in the Supreme Court, ( in reference to this particular question. In the p North, we Hre much afraid, from appearances al- jj 'cady indicated, that all purtics will succutnh t? k >ne movement, and that is, a determination that, w tnder any circumstances and all contingencies, || ihcre shall he no extension of the slavery institu- w lion ol the South into the free territory acquired ? under the treaty w ith Mexico. By the mode pro- ta posed in the new compromise, of submitting this question to thcJSupreme Court, no other species of servile institution can be legalized there, except _ what exists, or has existed, under the Mexican re- pi miblic ; and this description of servitude resembles g more the feudal condition of Europe, some centu- Ci rtes ago, than it does the peculiar institution of the ti Southern States. There is a strong tendency in the fi mlili/* tiiinH for kiirh u pnnAiimmnVmn T h? f. novemcnt of Mr. Van Buren und the btruburners, 0' * merely a drop in the current. The motive which ),< ian stimulated him, is pimply personal revenge to- _ G] vnrds General Cans?not a regard for the slaves in i w California, or freedom any where; for Vnn Buren li lever hud any regard for any thing Beyond nis in >wn interest. The wings of the North, as a party, 01 nre equally imbued with the same sentiment* on tl his particular que.-tion; and notwithstanding the r; resolution put forth by tlie regular democrats, who t| support General (. ass, there is a strong, wild, un- U lorinrd im|>ulse among them, t? join the general ni movement hi favor ol keeping this territory free p< (rom any oilier ei>ecicB of servitude than that B( w Inch existed under the laws of Mexico. jx If, therefore, the North, unitedly, should carry Bt ihis point, what will the South do! What policy d< ftill they pursue > How will they obviate its con- C( sequences, or will they come to the resolution to f0 hp? ate from tin; I nion and eel up for themselves! If ihey w? re to do so, they would he in a worse tli I osition than they are in at present. They would th lie heinni'd in between Mexico and the States of w the North, as w ith a border of prairie in daily con- fhi ('ration?expored to all sort" of agitation and p, movement* on their borders, that would soon |H reach and inflame n purl of their own |K>pulation. w 1: i", L< wc\er, if. <J in some ?pml< r", that Mr. p? 'otk'? atfm'.nisti uion is secif-tly negotiating with i t|N<in for the annexation of Cuba, w ilh u view of j t?n?-x 1 r ' it to the slave Smt^s, and of strengthonng the institution of slavery in the South, and ulimatfly,)?-rhaps, of re-eetuhlidling it iu other porious of the Writ Indies. All these matters may >e conjecture: hut there ran be no conjecture, ind no doubt, nud no hesitation, in the present licnicntous < risis which this question lias as>uut?d in the country, and the responsibility of which he committee in the Senate have endeavored to hiow 011 the Judges of the Supreme Court, instead )t manfully arid boldly deciding on the matter ihenieelves. 'i his question is only In its inception. It will tgitale the whole country, and may change the "see of the political factious and parties, to a much greater extent than any one can now tell. Partus Hereabouts and Thereabouts.?The Presidential parlies, in these latitudes, are in a .urious and amusing condition. All is apathy, all s vapidneBS? all is "flat, stale and unprofitable." fhe whigs, democrats, and barnburners, seem to )c all equally all'ected with the dry rot. In this siuir u. gi urim uirpiuity, some ure caning uui iui lew organizations?others for tnore newspapers, ind others again for Rough nod Ready clubs. But the people ure as deal as adders?they won't listen o the charmers; charm they ever so sweetly. No rem, uign papers are read, and ennui and listlessless are the order of the day. An attempt is occasionally made by the various nests of corruption, who are either in the enjoyment or expectancy of posts and places, to excite an agitation in this general lull of parties; but their ellbrts hitherto have been unavailing. The jteople ure as still and motionless as the great, the vast, the boundless, the beautiful, sometimes blackguard, ocean in a dead calm; and all the efforts and noise of the corrupt liquet, and clubs, and coteries, are insufficient to produce even a ripple on the vast surface. Let us come to a more detailed examination of this state ot things. Not long ago, there was a meeting of the independent Taylor men at Baltimore. Because the old chap hud accepted the nomination of the whig convention, as he had of very other nomination from every other party, for the last year, they agreed, with tears in their eyes, to break up and abandon him. Poor devils 1 they ought to have dbpersed long ago. They were nothing but a little nest of office seekers and place hunters; and finding that General Taylor accented the nomination of the whii* convention. ihey were completely dispirited by the dimness nf their prospects. General Taylor, however, accepted all nominations; and he was perfectly right, hut these little cliques and corrupt partizans, which infest all our large cities, New York included, iiave received a heavy blow and great discouragement, in consequence of the apathy of the people, tnd the total absence of any manifestation of strong political excitement. Even the ratification meetings which have been held by all parties, and jot up with great effort, considerable expense, and icverul kege of cheap whiskey, have been producive of very little effect. The only indication of itality they give to the public, is an occasional racas at Tammany Hall, Lafayette Hall, or some ither rende/.vous of the old parties. The exhibitions at Tammany Hall, last week, .vere exceedingly interesting and amusing ; almost is much so as a shilling farce at Mitchell*s dirty heatre, but hurdly coming up in respectability to he performances at the Chatham. Terrible has >een the contest among the sachems and conscript drunken) fathers of Tammany Hall, for ascenlency in the Kepublican Committee. The General 'onnnitlee is divided into two fliwtiiiot n:irfi<>?? unkeis and humors?the former being in the asendaut in the Committee, but the latter having be majority in the Custom House and the kitchens f the parry in Wall street. The hunkers have ucceeded, after some struggling, in dislodging laclay, neck and heels; and having done their oik, they are now crying to Mr. Polk for beef nd grog for what they have done; but the b&rnurners have too keen ?"*elisli for the good things own town, to gratify hunkering longings by any artieipation. Here is the great point at issue, 'his is the hone of contention, which has raised le snarls throughout the whole party, Irom the Col-ctor and Capt. Ryndets, at the top of the list, down . > Mr. Butler, Mr. Purdy, and Mike Hoffman, ho bring up the rear. Both parties are lying siege to Polk with an assiduity that ould make them their fortunes iu any other iterprise; but in the present one, only serves i make them ridiculous. But poor Polk wants le courage to meet the case. This ts the real seret of the catastrophe that has lately befallen 'ammany Ilall. All, however, is yet in the wi rid. j lr. Polk won't act; many of his ollice holders are pposed to Cass, under ihe impression that if Tayjr carries the day, they will in such an event , tand a better chance of securing lli"ir present portions hereafter. The whig.% too, have had troubles in their comiittees; but having no spoils to fight about, and 110 itchens to smell, they have exhibited more ofscumcnt and less of Appetite. Dudley Selden, N. B. Hunt, and a whole troop, are utterly opjtosed to 'aylor, and in open hostility to the party. But the teat muss of the whig party won't move at the dicltion of the iliqutt, and are jn?t as (pitet and silent, | joking on at their munuuvrings, as the mass of tc democratic party are towards those cliqur$ and oteries. In short, we have never seen in tke last thirty ears, sueh a singular Presidential election as the resent. The organization 0/ every party is hreakig to pieces, like ohl machinery used up. The ttempts to produce new organizations by estabshing new starting additional campaign Hjiets, and raising new clubs, meet with the same erfect indifference from the great body of the peole. In this general state of apathy and disorientation, it is difficult to tell whose chances are the est; but we believe that the 7th of November 'ill find General Taylor the rightful proprietor of te White House lor four years. If it should not, i e shall not break our heart with disappoint* I irnt, nor do we think w ill he cither. We'll both ike it easily. A Harm* Kkpiulic in ntK U.niteo States, j -Any out* wlio is in the habit of watching tlte roceediflgsnnd doings of that sapient body of le- S islators, colled the Congress of the United States, 1 innot hut think that it is a funny affair all I irough, and that there are some remarkably inny chaps in it. The other day, one of these inny chaps got up 111 his seat?his heart doubtless | rcrflowmg with philanthropy, and his breast paving with kindly emotions towards the (>eople f eolor, and no doubt with an air of importance hich come men assume when they wish to dever themselves of something very good?and aide u motion that the rules be susjp-nded, in rder that he might offer a resolution, instructing ie Committee on Territories to inquire into the ipediency of appropriating a territory or State for ie occupation of the black population of the nited States. Whether the gentleman who lade this motion immediately fainted or not.rert does not say; but we think from the fact that ime nttention was paid to lim, that he was in a isition of danger, perhai>s having hurst off his rap buttons. The resoluti n was promptly and ;cidedly negatived; and les the gentleman might uiceive himself slighted, si ;.'een members voted r it, as much out of fun as any thing else. This is certainly the newest dodge yet. Only ink of establishing a little Huyti?n republic in e centre of the United States, and only imagine bat a nice state of things it would produce in a w years! In introducing the subject we give the ntleman credit for philanthropy; but even chari- j My disposed as we are towards the whole world, e cannot extend our sympathy so f?r as to say he j rtee es much common sense ( __ * IlitllMHul Mild Muu<ul. Bo* aav Tunm t?Thesplcudid dramatic spectacle I of ' Vasha" w a? produced i?-t erenl ns at thin house, i and pern run d iu excellent style. It is a piece which | I* well calculated fur the display* in the way of sceneryt . due!-. J.O., which the llowery Theatre is so famous for; I uod the truly flue acting of Mr*. Ptiillipw, la the I part ot Va hii and Clarke. J. H. llall, Bellamy, nud . the rest of the pi (formers, In their various parte, ma le ihe piece go oil with the greatest tclat. The play of i *-Charles XII.,'* with .V I-? 'I ay lor in the character of Kudiga. wee rest played. Miss Taylor continues to he us pii at e tuvi rite as.er. r. '1 he i|Ulef. lady-like m.taaer in which this young lady performs her various parte, i and the priii di umatic ta!- nt she p-w-ee-ee t 'gether with h? r tine voice and btuunful singing all combine to innke her otic ol the m et attractive actresses on the An<eileau Mage Mr liauildin In succeeding well this nit con at thi llowery?Ilia uatne aloue is a tower of rtieiglh in the thentileal world The long anil successful career w hich he has run a- an actor and in inai per Iu Mew \ ork. certainly giver him a right to a pro| inineut pi sit it u in the theatrical world, He has alj aays rallied first rate roinpanie-. around hint; and at the preient lime he lis* one at the Bow.-ry. which, an I an tflieient and talented company of performera^la not equalled in the Union. T in-drama of ' sixteen String Jack ' concluded last evening's amusement. I'o night a splendid new spectacle Irill be produced, viz , ' The Knights of St. John.'" in which Ml?s Taylor will take a pn mine ill part'; introducing several of her most admired song.-, and the whole resources of the Stage properties will be brought in play to give the piece due effect. The amusing t'arcc of the - lllu-trious iMiuorir. ape me vniy iavornu spectacle 01 inn j "Naiad Queen.'' with Mitts Taylor as Zurliue. will conclude the entertainment. Nihlo'i, Astor Place.?The vrand musical drama, arranged f r this ostab lshment, ca'led the " Black Doui n>-," ti ui'.t by Aufcer, t' e celebrated composer of

" Massanlel o," & ., was prese* ted hen last evening, be for. a tashiouab e and telect and < nee. The part of Jvlio. by Mr. Mauve s, was su ta ned with inlluito ability ; in the songs, duets, and choruses, his rich and powcriul voice throughout gave much effect to the performance, and his pi r.on.ition of the cbaroterjwas j excellent lie was admirably supported by Miss E. Br.oiiti its lluuiilla. whose high vocal powers, and su! potior cleverness in the part, elicited the waruisst 1 applause. Oregorio by Scilon. and Jiiiron by l>awson, | were v.i ll pcrforini d. and the pieoe went off with much | success '1 he drama was succeeded by a grand pas ' 1 do troisM from ' Le Diable a Quutru," by Aldlles Adei .la de and .Mnthilde and Mods Sebuiidt, in which they were rapturously encored. The hlsh talents and po] pularily oflhtsu di tlnguished artists have iusurud ! for them a deserved popularity at this highly fushidn! able thi atrc, and they ate always sure to receive their ?ue nn i a 01 popular applause whenever they make tlii ir apfii lira nets. Thin evening. Mons. and Madame Luborde will appear in sceneR from the host operas, and the enUrtainment will embrace a variety of gi'aml attractions. Chatham Tiikatrf..?Messrs. Kipp and Brown's benefit, last evening, was very well attended, and tho intern ting pieces performed on tbe occasion were well received. Clianfiau shows much taet in the pieeoa ho selects for these warm evenings. People will not sympathise through Ta five act trageiy whilst the thermometer is betweeu 80 and 00 degrees high; they want light, da-hing pieces to serve asaspeeies of taure pitjtmntr to the mind, which has been wearied out by the bustle of business and the beat of the wuuther du: ring the day; and such pieces they can seo at the Chatham. Last evening, the agreeable little comedy of the "Captain 01 the Watch," was played first, .Vir. ! Lester eusiaining in his easy and auiusing tnauner, the port of the very inventive and fortunate Captain of th- Watch; and Miss Mostayer, the part of Kairyn. The story of this little piece is but a mere sketch; one of those triilcs which, when well noted out on the stage, U fllll nf s/isfr.lsf.n. mkllb... nil li.si?.,i,j < k... extreme, still conducing to carry out the plot which, of course, eods happily lor the loTtrs in the piece. The ''Captain of the Watch'' save great satisfaction, as the applause of the audteuce testified. The remainder ot the performances went olf well. Mo;o was as much inclined to "Ism"' people as ever, and the dance which the audience had at New York, was as satisfactory as ever. ''Nix, the Cabman," or the Ups and Dow* of I.ife, ooneluded tho performances. Tonight. is tho last night but ono of the season at the { f hatham; and Mr. John Winaus, tho very favorite cc median, and the representative of the immortal ?oo, in "New York As It Is." will take his farewell bcunflt. Messrs. J. Anderson, Puff, and W. Voice, and Mile. .Ann-He. have volunteered f heir cervices; nud Mr. Les-. ter, Chatifrau and Mi.-s Mestayer. will also appear. The bill will consist of the amusing farco of tho 1 "Captain of the Watch." "Teddy the Tiler," "New I York As It Is " an d "Mntteo Falcone." Mr. J. Anderson will perform Teddy Mullownoy. in the Irish farce; " and in the rest of the pieces Mr I.o-ter, Cbanfran, Miss 1 Mestajcr. and the worthy beii'-flciary himself, will appear. \Ve trust "Joe" will have a good time. Bl'ftto.v's Tiirsrat:. CiiAMiir.as sthkkt.?The galaxy ; of beauty and fashion which crowded this elegaut little theatre last evening, boro convincing testimony ; that the efforts of the talented and enterprising proprietor are duly appreciated by a discerning public, i The popular comedy of "Paul I'ry,'' was repeated by paiticular desire, and Mr. Burton, as before sustained the principal character. To say that he acquitted himself to the satisfaction of the audience and the expectation of his admirers, is only to re echo the ,1dju: dication which every successive nn^ersoii'ition by him. ui iui.i laugnaoie rnnTacier. lias uniformly elicited. Though not much given to risible outbursts it wan wholly impossible tor us to witness bin arch drollery? his incessant < frtciousnc-s?and ill* apparent unconsciousness of the horror which overy one with whom he came in contact regarded him. without being convulsi U with laughter. The whole house was kept in an incessant roar, and the loud applause which followed the clone of each act. ahowed that this comedy, with Burton's ' Paul l'ry," will bo a good while perfurnied before it in voted a bore, iiin acting put un very much in mind of Cbarlea Matthews. The piece wiu admirably put on the stage, and the cant was uncxcep- l tionable. Mr. Thayer, as Colonel Hardy, went through liin part well, and displayed considerable ability, as did 1 :ibo Miss I hnpnjan audi Mi=s Mill. The latter, how- i ever, appeared to us to want sufficient confidence. ! The piece was well received throughout, and if a spirit j of enquiry be. aa Paul l'ry remarked iu one of his apologies, the prevailing characteristic of the present { age. we appn hend that as often as he pleases to muke I his Low to the public, h's appearance will be regarded as a welcome intiusion. and he will receive that hearty \ npplauso from a crowded house which he so richly j merits, if he only takes care previously to make the 1 people of New Vork aware of his iuteution. The laughable farce of the Omnibus, or the Pleasures of a Convenient Distance." concluded the entertainments \ hi the evening, iu which Mr. Brougham as Pat llooney, ! kept the bouse iu a cu ntinuid peal of laughter. Cistlk Garde*.?The benefit of Miss Phillips, last i evening, was attended by a large and highly respec- j table audience. The first piece was the comedietta of ' The Widow's Victim," in which Holland as Pelham [ Todge. and F. S. < hanfrau as Jeremiah Clip, kept the I vudietice in roars of laughter, by their truly comic ' pcrionation of character. Mrs. Vernon, always perfect in every part, admirably sustained the character I ?if Jane Chattelly. During thy nerformance of tills i piece, Mr. ' banfrau sure imitations of many leading . actors, anil, from his excellent representation, re- ! reived the unanimous clioer* of the audience. Mr. | Winans follnwtd in a com>c song, which was encored. ' The next in succession w?re scene* froiu the last act of ' Iticiiuru III." Mi's S. Donin was Tory well received iti the part of Gloi,tir, as was also her sister in the Duke of Richmond. The fencing and death scenes wire excellent. The entertainments closed with the comedy of "Grist to the Mill." in which Walcot. Niekinson aud Miss ( larkc sustained tlieir respective characters well and were much applauded. Castle Garden, we are glad to perceive, is now becoming a favorite resort, aud we are ouiy surprised that it is not. crowded every night, as there cauuot ho found a more cool and refreshing location. I Christy's Mivstrels will sing out their budget of songs tills week, and then take up their line of march for other parts Mow we shall get on without them in New Vork remains to he seen. As they have oc.cupiod such a pi ominent position among onr places ot amusement lor the 1?-t ten months, their departure will Indeed ranso quite a void. Meantime, the folks are crowdlug to hear them with as mvcli gusto as ever. Banyaiiu's I'awoaiMA will positively he closed after this week; this evening, and the afternoon and evening exhibition to-morrow, are thereforo the only rhnne-s lett to see this rno-t unrivalled piece of painting?a pietly large piece, hy the bye. as it measures three ni'les in length Wherever it Is exhibited next, it will undoubtedly lie as inueh patronized as it liaa been lure. '1 he Vlennoire < bildren are a? successful in Albany, as they have been at every place where they have daneed Mr. Collins is still playing at the Theatre Royal, Montreal. Mr lie Bar. the cr median, and lady, have arrived in town, after a successful tour through the South. They leave for K.nglund 011 the 1st of August The Great Western, Miss Bernard, the vocalist, and company, are very successful at New llaven. They plaj at Hartford next week. Foreign Nfws.?We miiy now expect to receive one week's later news from Europe at any moment. The Iliberma and the United States are both due to-day. STEaMsntr Washington.? This ship left her dock yesterday morning precisely at 11 o'clock, for Southampton and Bremen. She takes out 19 passengers and $55,000 in s|iecie. Irish Meeting in Montkkai,.?The following notice of an lrieh meeting lately held in Montreal, Is given In tbe Hrrald of that city on t< 18lh July :? On Sunday tbe streets were placarded with bills calling a meeting of Irishmen to promote tbe indvpendonce of Ireland, and tilled with exhortations to " now or never," " not to be nfrald," he. The meeting was advertised to bo held in Doneecotirs Market; but we learn tbat his Worship the Mayor very properly declined to lend the building for such a purpose. Certainly the iuipudenre of these people is something extrsordlnury. Two or three individuals, comprising all that Is dbreputable in tbe ritj, got up a meeting to threaten war on the whole province, and they modestly demand the Market llall an the theatre f r their contemptible, but at the same time insolent harangues. The meeting was accordingly held in the liny Market; hut a vcr> hiavy storm coyiing on about half past 7 o'clock. Ibe assembly dispersed, and we believe some r.f tliein again met at Me.tnlay's tavern. The principal hands weic Mr Devlin. Mr. O'Connor, an entire stranger to the city, from New York, and Mr Uelliughem. who has returned to Montreal lately, after about three years abKset. miwumnc WrKLLNWMW. I So mm my of the Nowh. Governor Jrfliunk, of Pennsylvania, is dead, lie died luet cveniug, at seven o'clock, in llarri-1burg. In the Senate, yesterday, the motion of Mr. 1 Niles, to strike out of the Naval Appropriation bill the item authorizing the payment of u certain hum per month, in advance, to the contractors of ocean mail steamships, wus defeated. Mr. j Clayton gave notice that he should call up the , Territorial bill to-day, and urge its consideration from day to day, until it was finally disposed of. 1 In the llouse of Representatives, the principal pottion of the sitting was occupied on a motion to reconsider u vote, l?y which an appropriation ot $15,000, to improve the Savannah river, was lost, i Without arriving ut a dectstou, the House adjourned. UfBlli of Governor Mtiunk. Pnn.ADEr.Piiu, July 20, ISIS. Governor Shunk died at seven o'clock this evening, at Harrisburg. TIIUtiltCTH COXUUKSH. FIRST SESSION. Senate. WiiHim.TOK, July 20, 1S4S. 'flu- Smut* convened at 11 o'clock. A. M.. wbun the 1 Vice President look the chair, and culled to order. Several petitions were presented, received and referred. A MEN 111 Ntt THE niTI VS. Mr. I'nlerwiood, of Kentucky, submitted a resola- ' tlon ft r consideration, in favor of Hiueuding the rules 1 ot the Senate, so as to take up at the ensuing session, j all business left uutimshed at the close of the lir?teo?- I eion. and in the tame order in which it >u left at the preceding session. The resolution was laid over. NAVAL A I" I'Unrill A T ION RILL. On motion of Mr. Athkrto*, Chairman of the Commits e on Finance, the Senate prooeeded to take up the Naval Apprnpriut on hill. .1 r Nn s.s. of Connecticut. offered an amendment to the bill, in fuxor of striking out the Mention authorising the Secretary of the Navy tu make monthly advaiicea to eontrncti rs for mail steamers. On this proponed amendment a debute sprit off up. In which Mepsrs. Miles, Atherton and Yulco participated. The dihate was further continued at considerable length by Mr. Allen, of Ohio, Mr. Douglass. of Illinois. Mr. t'ulhoun. Mr. llale and others, in which the merits of the system, its advantages to the nation at large and to commerce in particular, were discussed. Various arguments were adduced in support of the measure, as well as in opposition to it, when the previous question was called lor and the yc&s and nays demandid, which stood as fodowa: yeas 24, nays '26. So the Senate refuted to strike out. Mr. Lkvvis, of Alabama moved for a reconsideration of the vote. The motion to reconsider was put upon the journal. Tl<K TERRITORIAL HILL. Mr. Clayton, of Delaware, gave notice that he should move to take up the Territorial Bill to-morrow, and that he would press its consideration until a tlnsl vote was taken on its final passage. EXECUTIVE SESSION. Mr. Dm, of New York, moved that the Senate go into Executive session, which was agreed to. After sometime spent therein, the doors were opened and wit oi-iiaie ujiMiiucu mer 1111 lu-iuui row, rriuay. House ol'Representatives. j The House assembled at 11 o'clock, when the Speak- ! r resumed Lis Feat and called to order. The journal I was r?ad and approved. qVEtTION or ordek. The House spent upward* of an honr in deciding a ' question of order which was raised by Mr. Stuart, of Michigan, respecting Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, who changed his vote, and by the Speaker's casting vote | an item in the civil and diplomatic bill appropriating I $15 OOU for Improving the Savannah river, previously . stricken out. was restored. The item being put upou its final pnssngo. and the question belug taken by yeas ' and nays, was decided in the negative, by yeas 78. nays 100. which caused its rejection. The whigs finding the democrats voting uay, voted likewise. Mr. Turner, of Illinois, moved that tho vote be reconsidered. Mr. Conn, of Georgia, said that he hoped the Houso Would reconsider and recommit tho bill to tho Committee ofW8ys and Means, so that it might be so fiamed as to suit the views of a majority of the House. Mr r?.iTiT, of Indiana, moved to lay the motion on the tabic. 1 he yeas and nays were deuiauded on the 'last motion, and decided in the negative, as follows :? i yeas SO. nays 161 ; so that the House refused to lay the motion for reconsideration on tho table. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, said that the most of th^items in the bill, had been reconsidered by the Executive i Deportments He said that be knew not why gentle- j men on the other side voted against it. Mr. Gentrv, of Tennessee, spoke tor tho whig side of | the Hi use He said that when they saw the o her side of the House voting nay, that they choose to vote with them. Mr. I 'iinn said that the objectionable items caused his and other negative votes. il? said that lie otpjeoted ' to the Savannah Kiver improvement olau-e. Mr. Virion resumed and replied to Mr. Cobb and other-. I Tli? nnuLlInn lull In r.-?ln-l? I nnlllU-l ,1.t - which Mr. McKay, of North Carolina. Mr. Bayly, of Virginia. Mr. Stephens anil Mr. Iverson, of Georgia, pari icipa ted. Mr. Smii ii. of Indiana, has the floor on this question for to-morrow , On motion, the Hoose adjourned over till to-uiorrow, , Friday. Markttii Bi ktalo. July 20.?Receipts withiu the past twenty- 1 four hours Flour, 3,000 bbls.; wheat, 5 000 bushels; , corn. 7,000 do. Flour was dull with light sales at $4 60. i At heat?Kales of 5 000 bushels Sandusky, Ohio, wore ' made at Otic. Corn?This article was Arm. with sales J of 14.100 bushels at 37 a 38c. Oats were steady at 33 a ' 33c. Other articles remained about the same. .Albany, July 2o.?lteceipts within the past twenty- | four hours:?Flour, 4 400 bbls.; corn. 0 700 bushels. J 1 Flour continued steady with light sales, confined j chiefly to this State ; Oswego, sc.. nt previous rates. J At heat?Sales of 3 400 bushels were mad" at $1 12 * ("oi-ti ?Salt* of 7 600 bushels including mixed at 40c, 1 ?nd flat yi IIow at 62c. Oats-Sales of 14.000 bushels were made at 4'.'S cents There was no change of moment in other articles of produce. [From the Philadelphia Bulletin/) i'lttsbi'ht ii, July.20,JlK4H?Our.market* are inactive, and rtceipts of flour and other produce limited. We ret' r to yesterday's quotations. Provisions are. if anything. improving both in price and demand. The channel en nnot pnss boats of over four and a half feet 1 hire Is stdl. however, enough to answer the demands for shipping purposes. Baltimore, July 20. 1848?Flour to-day is inactive. Salts at $5 tii*^ to $5 76 for Howard street and city mills brands. Small parcels of new wheat sold this norning nt 116 to lllo for white, anil 11(1 to llu for rutl. I ( orn~Sal(R at 43c for while, and 48 a 60o for yellow. c W bltki-y~ 22Jic for hhdii, and ilt\c in bbls. Weather .< extremely hot. t The Present Common Council?Where abk ?i Tiiey 1?We have anxiously looked for those grout 11 reforms in the eitv government which were so r faithfully promised upon the installation of tire 1 piesmt Common Council; but as yet there is as y good a prospect of a camel passing through the eye " rrf a needle. The same extravagant practices are < pursued; and wc are inclined to think the demands * ipon the treusury of the city will be heavier this J rear than they have ever been before. It was n cause of general and just complaint ' imong the tax payers, that the late Corporation n acre prodigal with the people's money, and a b ihangc was wrought that the immense burdens night be partially, if not wholly, removed?at least, j' he Mipcrfluoua burdens. ? Since the present Corporation have had the y rower in their hands, we have carefully watched ? heir progress; and thus Inr not a salutary measure u ins been eflectcd save that which tended to the ' xletmination of the dogs which infested the city, fi There have been several important measures of * cform and retrenchment proposed, but they all a .,i?4 a i?-? ? ti uiii vi vii onttcpni ii ihuoi uvuvuuiui uiic nao i?i v* jj >osed, viz.:?Tlint of cleaning the streets by con- t, rait, and to which they each and ull ngreed, r intil called to vote upon the question. ^Iiere was hen n diflieulty as to the particular mode of con- * rncttng, and after various and ridiculous dis- 'M uissions, the subject was consigned to oblivion, ei t was clearly shown, and admitted, that a saving, ^ rom that source alone, of more than one hundred housand dollars, could be eflected; but that wan lot sufficient to bring about its adoption. On ^ Wednesday evening last there were appropriations o the amount of $13,141 71 made by the Board of j, education, which must be sanctioned by the Com- V( non Council; and this in the work of but one tt neeting, almost every meeting being of like chn- 1,. acter. bi Their very first action was one of foolish ex- #1 ravagance?a costly dinner at U'.irnham's; and ?' inre that time the feasting has been kept up, ,r without regard lo tlio e upon whom the burden of ir lie expense rests. We hope that tliey may be- J*' hink tliem?f Ives, nnd, in their career of extrnva- is ;ance, adopt tlint salutary maxim, fttlina knit; ine which will be sure to t> || in after times, how di iroper nnd judicious action, with a true regard to lie interests of the eity, o appreciated bv h dis frnu and calculating eoinmunity tf si 'l"nk WArcnisn I'i.a' k>.?The number of -trail- jj rers reported at Saratoga, at last account, was V *MI. A. iiOt?r? about WW. ^ illy Ihu iigciitc. Trie WtiTMii.? rtio weatticr yesterday, like the . day i t wax d<-1i|fhtti?I; the IkMMMtllf,)MMW| /jB ranging >eveial ilrgro* lower The atmosphere was ^ 1'K>>t aud the wiud blew ?kuuJ lire~ae from tbs South 1) day. which considerably detracted from the heat of the nun At noou. the thermometer stood. iu the ifrru/d office. at 84 Uegiee-. I'he first of the month gave a profusion of rain, and there was little or no pbasant weather; now, a good shower would he moat acceptable, the streets being parched and dry. The evening aai ihod?li|(liii'nl though there was * horiaon which strongly indicated rain. Tut Pa u k . at Niuiit ? i he Park now, lu tliu evening preset t* a beautiful appearance Those miserable nil lamps. which were so long complained of. h ivo been rcinoTid. and gas Rgbta have takun their pl ino. Kor years, tliia delightful spot wu? looked upon liy all reFpcolalde persona as a deu of abominations: end truly it was so. Hut light has driven away the darknesa which covered the deeds of infamy which wore constantly practised. and it has now become one of the miit delightful evening retreats above the Battery ? The miserable loafers who bulged therein, during the i-uuuiicr seasou have been driven off; and there is not the least danger, under the eye of the efficient police foi ce who watch it, of ladies b'ing insulted. They can row. with perfect safety, take an evening stroll through the Park; indeed already has it commenced Last night, the neighborhood of tho fountain was thronged with ladies, w ho tot* their children, that they might patch a breath of tmru air, even in the very heart of the city It. had ceased to lie frequented by respectable ladies, from the fact that it whs >hc rendezvous of every description of reckle's creator- s. They have disappear! <1 with the darkness; and, as the grounds are beautified by the brilliant, gas lights, so wlll'they be resorted te by the genteel portion of tho oltiseu* residing uosr it. I Disuaactrt'L Coxnucr.?On Wednesday night, the steamer North Ann i lea wrut d<wu the bay on a eolilion excursion. The excursion passed off most agreeably until tlioy reached the city on the return, at midnight. The first lauding was made at the foot ol < nniil street, where a gang of rowdieN. who had undoubtedly concerted the outrage, jumped on the boat, rushed to the cabin, and made an attack upon those who bad been on the excursion, without the slightest provocation whatever; entered the ladies cabin and most grossly insulted th-- lad es. By the prompt and decisive action of the goutlein m on board, they were drum from the boat, and ail w is again ijniet. and the pleasures of the evening went on. The rowdies, who, liy seme means, learned that the next landing would be made at the fool of Hammond street, armed themselves with clubs, an J proceed- d to the pluce. Here they aguin boarded the boat, and made another attack upon those on board, with their clubs, and again rushed to the lad es cabin, where all the females on board had run for safety, and renewed the insult upon them A general tight ensued, when one of the rowdies received u severe wound on the heat, which completely paral'zed their efforts to take possession of the boat, and were forced to retire. A more disgraceful scene haa rarely occurred in thn city, and it would be but just for those who go on such excursions, to bo fully prepare d for such marauders, and give them such a reception, that one would be sufficient to deter them from attempting a similar piece of villany. A Politicsl Pic Nic.?The National Reformers, nisb-and fi-ma e, had a grand pic nlo. at Morriaanla. yesterday. There wa? a large train of oar* filled with them plainly showing that if the ladies could vote, they would soon each have a farm. The Kicchiion of his Niauana Hut Co. No. 0.? This company, with their beautiful now aparatus, left the city yesterday afternoon, iu the steamer Oregon, lor Niagara Palls, at which place they intend to spend a few days on nn excursion. The company numbers about forty men, and is one of the most effloient of the city. Mad l)oc;.?A mad (log was killed about half part four o'clock, yesterday morning. at the corner of Norfolk and Delancy streets, by the police of the Tenth ward. Fatal Accident.?A fatal accident, the result of carelessness, occurred yesterday afternoon, near the Catherine ferry. The ferry b.at Independence, on (he way to Brooklyu, was run into by the sloop Sterling. of Bridgeport, just forward of the wheel-hows?, by which a child of Mr. ltobiusou, of Madison street, was killed, a large piece of wood having (struok it on ibe bead A man, whose name was not ascertained. bad bis arui broken, and several others were slightly injured. Tho DUrse who had the child in her arms was considerably hurt, And a man jumped overboard, who was immediately picked up by a smell boat near by. It appeared that the sloop was coming down tho river with no person on ibe watch, and when the pilot of the ferry-boat dis cgveied the sloop coming immediately on the boat, he had the engine reversed, and called to the captain of tho sloop, bgt there being no one forward, hi.' call was ' notbeaid lie then had the ferry-boat backed, and again culled to those on the sloop but was not saen until too Into t-> obviate the collision. That was the most substantial boat on the ferry, but was considers b'y injured by the blow front the sloop. There Ware many persons who witnessed the accident, and all charge ii to the carelessness of those on the sloop. Kim: ? A lire broke out about half-past nine o'eloek last night. In a house in Vesey street, second door below (itecnwlch street, which is occupied as a boot and sb<e store. Ilia damage sustained was but trifling. Fires ? A fire broke out on Wednesday afternoon, in lliu building at the corner of Market and Water streets, which was put out without an alarm having been glv?n. An attempt was made last night to (Ire the l iable In the r?ar of No. 93 sheriff street lie nim-. ii.g a>iuautliy r.f matches iu u bale of straw. and ip niting them. II was d soon-red however, and extinguished bet'oro an; material damage wax douo. \ fire broke out ah?|"n Woduesday nigbt. in a wooden bouse. In the i car of No lu7 Seventh street, which was pat out by the occupant. Damage trilling. Koiwd Dkownkii ?The body of a man named Jamer i I.iusey, whs found yesterday afternoon at the foot of pier No. ?. North Hirer He has been missed for several days. and until his body was found yesterday, nothing could be heard of him. IsqtiMT.?An iuque-t was held yesterday, at No. 81' linen street, on the body of a man. named Edward Hammond who csiue by his death, iu consequence of iwslUwii g a quantity of opium, during a fit of temporary derangement. The deceased was a man of acl tice and intelligence?and had been an inventor of [he revolving rifle. He was well skilled in other aranehes of selenee. I'oilte Inbillgciire .1 ytmale in Malt Autre.?tfuite a sensation war produced early yesterday morning at the Tombs, be ore Justice Lothrop. in oonscquenoe of a neatly lookup little chsp being brought into evurt by offloer imilli, one of tbe"polit-emen of ibe Fifth ward. The ihajfc was made by tho otllcer that the prisoner was a eiuKie dressi d in man's clothes, whom he fonnd prone nr. dill r in llroadway at 3 o'clock in the morning. The pi if oner, when takeu to the Station House, gave ler nsine as (/barley Ciray ; she was dressed in a light uninicr coat, blue pantaloons, a largo pair of hoots, ind a straw bat ; she was of short stature, about 23 ars of sge. rather a pood figure, tbin face, long, thin harp nose, dark arched eyei rows, black eyes, and deck hair, cut close to her head i ke a boy, or like a tewly efeom d convict: when ?h? l?infh?.i x..? m* anything hut pretty. but when clo-od It was rather titeiesting However, lake ber altogether. she created uite a l??jkk:re au'l whispering iu court, especially with ome of i lie old ofih era, and one or two of tb? now ilerl o, who pride thi-mst-lve* on knowing thn inr >nd outs and whereabout* of all sach female M-aulir*. Kven thc.told coon. Prince John, wan cmplrtely thrown oil tlie track, screwed np hi* p i, and twisted hi* mouth, endeavoring to look wl*e, >ut ail to n<> purpose a* the lady wa* evidently fresh, t b ?et around the police office Amongst many, u loubt existed a* to i he sex u< her conduct generally ran wo bohi and boyish, exhibiting not the slightest imidity when brought before the magistrate. To deidi tine question. the Ju -lice put her und r clamina Ion; when he soon became satisfied on that point, and >rd?rcd ih" officer to mak? hi* afH lavit of the foot*. iVhile thi* affidavit was making, the Ju*tlce wiwliing a liny" of light thrown, if possible, nil this mysterious ?<ly ?as she refused to give any other name than hurley tiray?railed up a negio looking young man. rilh a ml curly head of hair full fnce broad nose, and utnstrel looking hp*, who. fr un hi* appearance, might ie mid to have just escaped from a galley fire. Thl* ndividuHl ww* aeon to converse with the lady In ireeche*. and for that reason he wa* called up to give ny particular* that he might know respecting the i) *toricui* female. JpaTier.?What do yon know about thi* young wo. n? n. who call* herself t"barley (Jray? Witsvm?Well. ?ir. ell I know la that I wae in Iradway la*t night, when this young woman came ur d me, and said she wanted to get acquainted with le; and when she spoke her voice wa* heard by some oung men who were parsing at the time, who followed fter us. and requested the policeman to arrest her. I now nothing alsiut her who she i*r nor what she is ; I ndersta nd she is a married woman, and did this mere f for u spree " Jt.stM r.?Such sprees are not allowed by law; there >r? it will bo my duty tohold her to bail in the sum of 200. for her future good condnnt The prisoner looked np and laughed at tiie .Justice, nd said:.'* Is that all? only $200, Judge; why I think hat's vi ry moderate, considering the offence Is sc rest." winking her < ye *t the Justice, a* mneh as J say You ran't keep me here long." Then plaIng her lintty straw hat on one side af her bead, turnI hi rsvlf around to the officers and comnieneed to onversc frc?ly on the Irnpraprlety of men dressing ill omen's clothes; finishing off with humming a portion T one i ft 111'}sty's songs; "It suits.?It suits;?it saekly litsj this child"? causing a general laugh through the nutt. After waiting In the office about an hoar, she rnenred hail, and was conveyed off in a carriage, poshly to her residence Marine Affairs. Tsui, Tair or Sti stirs Nina.?The fine littls earner Nina, recently built here, made her trial trip sterday afternoon, from the Dry Dock down to Sandy ook and back. She is a strongly built and stannob ssscl, constructed for Captain Magee, of Charleston, . .urmnn imv onj iinu inorn?iown, Kf . liar URth on (lock In ono hundred and fifty two foot; readth of lionm twenty-fire fret and n half. Keren ne. which tun mad* by Mr. McMillan, worked well, lid gnve great natinfuetlon. Her cylinder Inilfi inchea i diameter, and ha* 0 feet ntroke; the whiel? 114 feat i dlnmetrr, 7 feat fall, and 24 Inchen dip. Kor a ntilT a boat, nhe made good tlm# on her trip, running om the Itattcry to the lower light houno on Staten land In .14 minute*, and the wh.le dintnuca from the atterv to Snndy Hook in 1 hour 20 minute* Avery irerable pnrty were annemhli-d on board, and the laien of rhnrlentnn and New York were toa ted often urlng the trip, with great eiithunlanm. Wkkki.t Report of Dkf.r Island Hospital, (or ie week ending July 18, 18481?Whole number, ? l?er luKt week a report, 112; Admitted, 8?Total, If). Discharged, 1; Pled, 1. Rem lining, 118 ? 1/hole number admitted., to date. 272."?Won/on 11 far. JuJy 20. _ LJ