Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 25, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 25, 1848 Page 1
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''J.rri^"-?-jTM?' ... - TP IT KO. 5163. The French National Assembly. INTERESTING PROCEEDINGS. JttTTiaft or June 2ft. Thu circulation on Ih- I'Imch de la ' . nsorde, an I TCund the Chamber *? no. so unrestrained during the morning ss the day before. Sentinels were placed at all tLc approaches end. though cards were not la all caees demanded, each p-r-nn wn< called on to declare what kind nf hit-it.res called him to that part of the capital. The cuirassiers and dragoons were atilt picketed on the Plsoe*de i? Concorde and q u ay - their horses being ready snddled. and prepared to more at a moment's notice. LaC r hi the nay. the seTerity observed in the mornl"g w>? entirely relaxed; one of m., -...in tiu.lr ii..i.>..rhn, i ... it... hour when the Chamber r (half-past four) the other was apparently on the point of moving. Inside. the attendance of members was exceedingly great, but. like the u?> t eior>, n il much auiui tiiou was perceptible. The public tribune* were crowded, principally with National Guards. The chair was taken by M. Senard, at a quarter to two. The Pa kiidknt?1 have to demand from your authorization to sllghtlv change th' order of the da v. for the purpose of allowing me to present a proposition of a grave cliuracier, and ?oitin of nil yonr interest. On our order of the day. I la>t night placed only one nomination, that of tbo President, but uiihaopily there is another vacancy amongst the persons composing your bureau for which it will he necessary to appoint a successor. I allude to one of your quostors, the bravd and deeply lamented General N<-g> ier (mat its of sympathy.) Before proceeding to that nomination,' we have a duty to perform? n debt of gniiltuj,. to payto the family which he hits left.behind. In consequence, in tne name of your bureau. 1 have tu bring forward to you a decree on the subject, which will not need to he developed General Netrricr was hnm in Portugal, of French parents, aud was brought to France by Marshal Laulies? Some voices here seemed to quc^t'on this statement. General Suiikrvic ro e in hi* rUre. and |n n voioe weak frc m emotion, stated that It was he. who, when serving as tbo^Marshal's aid* tie ramp. had been commissioned by him to bring to France the gallant officer whose loss caused so great an affliction to all his friends. The General here seemed uiucti Hflcctod, and, after be sat down, buried his fnee in his handkerchief The Frksidknt?But why dwell on that point? It is immaterial. Allknowt.be eminent services of tho deceased?there is no ecessity to enumerate them, lie has left a widow and two children to lament his less. Of the latter, one. a daughter, is married; the other, a young man of 10. has entered tho 7th regiment of the lino as a volnute r. and has passed his first examination for St Cyr The widow is entitled to only the poor pen-Ion of 1.5'Ofa year, given to her in consequence of her husband having been general of division. That provision was evidently inadequate for the widow of such a man ; (h?-ar. hear); aud I ain convinced that the facts which I have just mentioned will enfurc the Immediate adoption of tho following decree: ? The Natior-al Assembly, Oonsidtri k that Genera'Near! r, w ho has met wi it his death ii fighti gforthe maintenance of order and for the defence tl e republic, was at the same 'itne general of division, or.mmmder of corps d'tirwire, representative <>f tic poot le, and queitor of tlie National A eeentbly ; Considering be,ides that there :s in ces?. y to provide in a R)<e' ial manner lor hi? fnreral uhisq ie>a.\lt?r t e support of hi] 1; mily. decrees as follows:? Art. 1. Tlie iieitrt f General Neerier shall he deposited in till 'invalided and his body tak-n t" the city of Lille, whlolulaims it. Art. 2 Tlie sen of Generel Vejrier, nowenrol'e I at a volunteer iu the 7th regiment of tho tine, nod havlnr pu-eed his tir,t cxami1 alien for faint Cjr, i? nominated sub- ieutenant. Art.*. A petition of HMIfa sear, with ficii'tv of reversion i, tU two (hildrrp, ore half to rub, it acr rilcit to Ccocr.il Se{ Tier's v idov as a national recompense. Aitd. This rcDiinn m-y bnre>*cir d hy Mine N'egrlor in nddif.-n to that which she is en itled t -icceiveas widow of a ft ncrnl of tiWision Hiicd in flshtin* for 'ho rrptihlio. (I.ntd approbation) The Fbmident?Is the Assembly of opinion that *T-ere if urgence in th>s ra?e? (Loud cries of ;; Ves, yea.) Shall I put the articles separate? (Cries ef "No! no!") 1 therefore put the whole decree to the vote. The Assembly voted the decree by acclamation without a difsentient vote. General Cavaicwac?The non-acceptation of Admiral Lehlanc to the post of Minister of Marine has neeefsitated a modification in the Ministry. M. Uastide Is appointed Minister of Marine, b-inr aucee-ded in ihc office of Minister of Foreign Affairs by General lledeau. (Marks of satisfaction ) The order of the day w?s the ballot, for the nomination of President. The following is-the result:? Number of voters 790 . Absolute majority . 396 M. Marie obtained 414 votes M. Dufaure 297 " M. I.acrosee 61 u In consequence, M. Marie was deolared to be President. Id. Kr.NaaD. from the chair, 'aid?Citixen llepresenW..AI *1 .hhifAf the ovoAnfivn nA*nv anil f Visa Pewei dent never quitted each other during the crisis. The Hon General Cavaiguac expressed his wish that we bould still remain together by offering me an important post in the administration, which you had authorised him to form; my first reply was an absolute refusal. and you will easily comprehend my motives tor it. lie who bad been called by your suffrages to the Presidency of the Asseirbly, and who. after having been there oonstantly supported by your sympathies, received from you the testimony awarded me by your decree of yesterday, could only become lower by accepting any office. The interest of hig, glory and of hie repose, therefore, forbade him from entering into this terrible movement of public affairs, where men wear themselves out so fast, and where the strongest last but snch a short time. I. however, felt that there were time* when all personal considerations should be hushed; when a citizen, like a devoted soldier, should place himself at bis post, aod when honorable representations impel hint to believe he may render further cervices to his country. Gentlemen, in the difficult task In which 1 am about to engage, permit me to carry with me as Inspiration, and as my rule of conduet. the sentiment even of this Assembly, and. as encouragement. the hope that it will yield me its support, in order to give to the administration a decided and vigorous impulse, so that, as well by its members as by its acts, it may inspire tbs nation with full confidence, reassure pood citizens, disconcert the factions, and make the republic every where respected and beloved. Suoh is the end to which all my efforts will bs directed, and I promise you I will devote to it all the good will, tbs teal, and the energy, that I possess. (Loud approbation.) The honorable gentleman then left the chair, whlob was taken by M Ce rbon. 8<>m? little delay took pi ?ce, during which time he had gone to his seat as Minister, and was apparently consulting with M. Bethmont, M. Ba?tide, and other Ministers. He then left his place, and ascended the tribune M. BFKABI). miDWWr ui tun mvnuur, iviiu auai vur first duty of the new ministry was to provide for the want* of a number of families loft destitute by the loss of relative*, in the late events The wounded would also require aid ; and the National Guards who had come from the departments to preserve order, were to be provided for suitably In consequence, he intended proposing, forthwith, a bill demanding a credit for the above purposes, premising, that it was not to affect in any way the pension* which the republto might think lit to vote hereafter. The following was the deoree "Art. 1. A oredit of .1 (OH,US lr. s pei.ed to tlie Minister uf the Tntrilor, from the budget of 1st8, to suae r rueli N? ionsl Guards us may bare been wounded.u> sited aid to the faun lie* left without mcsrsof ropport by the death of their natural |,roteotorj in Mutate Insurrection. "Art. 2. The National Guards eontin* from the departments aliaII be | ided for out of ibe same sum." This bill was at once adopted. The MiMsTica ov the lisTF.ition also presented a bill granting a sum of l.Ouu.OOO fr tor the support of the Garde Mobile. Adopted d'urgrnce, without discussion M. Mskuei. was happy to tutorm the Assembly that General l.afontai tie's wouud was going on favorably. The next order of the day was the discussion on the bill relative to the national workshops. General Caviiotiac ascended the tribnne and stated that ui> nsures had been already commenced with re f) CCl 10 tliese rrWDIIinuwiltF. uut imui i ur moil kuuBS U, tho time which had elapsed since attention could bngirt n to them, no decisive result hud yet been come to. lie thought it would bo better to postpone the discussion until something of Importance had been done ? lie should propose to postpone the disoussion to Monday neat. (Hear, hear ) The postponement was pronnunoed # ? * * * The PaaitDKNT then stntod that the representative! *i re to meet next day at heir bureaux, to consider the bill on the constitution. A representative remarked that as the bureaux went to be renewed in four days. and as the atnr member." would not be again elected to the tamo bureaux, it wa* better to wait tor that torment In eonLequence of this nh-ervntinn It ws? decided (bnt the bureaux should not be renewed the next day. The sitting was thert brought to a close at half-past lour, UJitll the next day at one o'clock. Kitti.xi or Juar 30 The approaches to the hamber continue to bo all strictly guarded, though tho tro-pshave been munh diminished On the I'Iucm de la Coucordo one regiment of cuirassiers slid emalns picketed, and on the quaya large bodies sf troops are stationed. Inside the ( hamber, the attendance of members was exceedingly numerous, and the public tribunes were crowded. M. Armand Marrast one of the Vioe-Presidents, took the chair at half pa.-t one The honorable representatives proceeded to the monthly renewal of their bureaux When this had beeneffected. M A. Msrrn-t called onM. Marie, the new President to take the etia'r. 1 he Psrsins st then asoended the estrade and drlivi-red the followins address:?Citisens : In calling in? to the presidentship I this Assembly, you have given me a high mark ef rmi'i louoe for wm.tb I thank you Ithack you abt ve all for ...irini once more, and at a difficult moment n adc an sp I to my devotednes* Thefntsl days which have m t over Kranco an immense ntlllcuon linpos* on all most important. duties ? I am well aware of them, and I accept them Men's minds msy I e astonished*at them, but they swell at I he Isct, and give men courage, and it Is on that side II nil hope to justify your contlilencii. Besides, If. for i t Instant, It publican Kienoe was forced to bend its 1 i i d b< fere an impious war. it may now at lengt h rame 1 i p v It'i Incren*ed prld? end confidence The r?,.irb -onM-ii - strong aid we end will remain pawrrat 0 11uilli l. Ii.r nr.'i rti; will ui t p i.rsll agninst it E N E Nil. it wa no ) < people of February. go great in co nl at, go great in vietnry. wh>. raided up th'-ge Hanrilegirug barricades. over which. thank (lod. the color* ndrpted by France hare never floated No, it it not the republic, which fought against the republin, but barbarism which ones in >re dared to raise lie head against civilization. The victory was written down for Ul in tho very laws of humanity It Is for tia now. citizens. to consolidate it by the wisdom of our labors, by the tlrmnoss of our conduot, by tli?* moderate, but constant development of the principles which tho republic lias laid down. France knows this, and hears it in mind when lo >kiir^ at you. You have before you an immense ta*k ; but you have ul?o an immense courage, and an ardent determination lo fulfil it With time as au auxiliary, with peace in the capitst, with order, ab >ve all. that supri mi- law 11 society, nil sufferings may he a'tovivteu, all miseries succoured. all the springs of labor aud indiiftiy again placed in motion Ah to m<', citizens, permit uie once more to felicitate myself on the noble share w hich you have assigned me. In order to render myself worthy of it I have examples to follow? striking examples and which you have KUtllciently Increased to prevent them escaping the public eye I i halt follow them ; I shall also havo to aid my zeal that sacred law of my country, which is never Invoked in vain Permit mo toreekou on your kind support. Tho gravity of the circumstances call for oorresp nidi ng gravity in our discussions aud you will aid me in raaintainii g it You wilt also maintain the liberty of all opinions. On there conditions be certain, citizens, ?e shall see those great parliamentary days of past j times revive of which France is proud, and which slio ! again demands, in order to A on immoveable bases 1 the constituiion which she attends. ( Vpprobation.) The Minister ok Public Wokki reruiaed the Chamber. that, a bill demanding a credit of six millions fur works on the I.yons Hallway had been presented. Ilo wished now to Hsk permission from the Assembly to have it voted d'urgence (Murmurs of various kinds ) T he Assembly had proposed it because the railway question was on tho order of tho day. At present that is so no longer. From all sidus?"Yes, yos, It Issostill." (Longagitation ) The Ppksidk.nt?The railway hill has boon tomporar- ! ily withdrawn from the order of llie day on the demand of the Minister of Finance, f All .' ah I) I say temporarily withdrawn, because no determination has yet been come to with respect to the measure. Does the Assembly now wish to proceed d'urgmce, In consequence of the demand just made? (Cries of "Yes, yea." ! "No, no." and confusion ) M Dm ON.The toll relative to the I von 5 Hail way can not be voted before the railway question has been definitely decided (Noise?Continued agitation.) M I'KBRounii.tt insisted on the urgency b?ing dei olared. (Cries of "No. no?to morrow.'") It was finally decided that tiio bill should bo put on the order of the day. for the next sitting. The President then drew lots for the deputation to attend the funeral obsequies of General Xegrier at Lille. The members, it was decided, should assemble this morning at ten o'clock at the Northern Kailwuy station. The Minister ok Public Instruction presented a bill relative to primary instruction. TLe Chamber rose at six o'cloek Sittinc; or Jn.r 4. i A regiment of cuirassiers still continues picketed la the Place de la Concordo. The circulation of the public was perfectly free. The Chamber was stiU most i strongly guarded Inside, the attendance of representatives was not , vpry numerous; the public tribunes were again crowded with spectators. The President took the obair at a quarter past two A number of reports on petitions were presented, but noue of them were important. M. Ktienne presented thereport on the bill relating to the definitive regulation of the InMget of 1847. M. Denjoy demanded th?t the bill presented the day I before on primary instruction should be referred to a i special committee After a short discussion, the bill was sent to the bti; reaux. M. Gov in, presented two propositions from the Com' not tee on Finance, tending?one, to fix the salaries to I be received by the I'residuut of the Council and the ; Ministers; it proposises a sum of lOOOOfr. per tnontli ; for the former, and 36.000fr. per annum for each of the | latterand the other, allowing to the members who ] compose the Kxecutive Committee a sum of S.oiWfr. a | month each, during the period they were in office, and , to their Secretary a sum ot 3 OOOtr. a month. The bill authorisinit the town of Saint-Ktiennn to ! contract a loan of 200,000fr.. to afford employment to the working classes, was adopted without (li-cussion. ' sen ted a report on a bill demanding the creation of a battalion of Gendarmerie in the departments of the | West. He committed the bill to be adopted d'urgescr. i This was accordingly dotfe . Tbc PsF.siDrNT read a letter from the son of General Nenrier, thanking the National Assembly, in the name ; of his family, for the pension granted to his widowed mother. The Presideut alee read a letter from M. Ilty1 rial announcing that General Bourgnn had expired from the wound* which he badreeeivud during the late insnrrection (Marks of regret.)?' I have to inform ! the Assembly," said the Hon President, '-that the state of General Demesne is hourly improving. Gent ral Duvivler is going on more slowly, but his position affords no cause lor apprehension. I hare also received anothor letter informing mo of the arrival by the railways of gifts of all kinds?food, linen, medioine, wine, kc., for tbe wounded." (Hear, hear ) The adjourned discussion on the bill relative to tbo eleotion of the municipal councils in the departments was then resumed. It continued all day on matters relating to the various appointments. and. after coming down to article 10, was again adjourned. The PsrsinrsT?A review of the National Guards who have arrived from the country within the last two or three days, will take place to-morrow morning at 8 o'clock, and I pray the whole of the representatives to attend on the perystyle at that hour. The Assembly then rose at a quarter past 0. The reprerentetives met on Saturday in their bureaux to proceed to t heir monthly organization. As it is In the bureaux thus organized that will be discussed the constitution, and several organic measures whioh will nrobab'.v lie referred to them, the proceedings were unusually Important. The nomination of Presidents, above all. gave rise to very sharp contests, and Itwdl be seen by the subjoined lint that the greater number of the chief members of the meeting of the Hue de Portiere have been elected, particularly ,\1 Vf. Thiers. Berryer. Dufaurc, Vivien, Dupln, Diilauit, de Tracy, and O. de Beaumont. Only one member of the late Executive Committee wait named President, namely. M Francois Arago. M. .Marast was beaten in a seoond ballot by M. Vivien. The following arc the members nominated preeldcntk and secretaries:? l*rriidrntM. Secretariei. let bureau. MM.Oirard Chauffeur. 2 ,, Dufaure Buffet. 3 ,, Thiers I.ouvet 4 ,, PagiNs (de 1'Arrlese).. Perignon. fi ? O. d? Beaumont < havoux. I) ,, F. Arago V. Lefranc. 7 ? llillaut Bonjean 8 ? naze Pigeon. ? ,, Barochc A. A ond 10 ,, Cormenln O Lafayette. 11 Dnpin,sen Bsrailler 12 .. Vivo n Ouicbard 1C ., De Tracy Freslon 14 ? Seym ml Malssiat. lf> ,, Berryer St. Beuve. Some bureaux even named vice-presidents, vinesecretaries. thinking it likely tbat the work would be ton heavy to be got through under the ordinary arlangeroents. 1 lie bureau then commenced the examination of the constitution '1 he preamble, which enumerates ttia rights And duties of man. was tnurh objected to. as be ingvague and incomplete M de Cormenin, who is said to lie t he author of that nart of the draft, defended it on the ground that it was made fur the people, and not for deep thinkers or philosopher*. He allowed that the declaration* contained in it were vague, but he maintained thet thoy were sufficiently clear for the , multitude, and such a* could he easily engraved on the memory. Sotne member* deolared that ther should prefer to substitute lor the maxim drawn from scripture which concludes the first article of the preamble, this formula of the constitution of 1795? ' Constantly do that good to others which you would be glad to receive yourself from them.'' The discussion was particularly sharp in some of the bureaux on the seven articles which define the gua; rantees accorded by the constitution. The definition of the principle of liberty gave occasion to M Louis Blanc to propose the following wordingLiberty | consists in the power given to man to exercise and develope his faculties under the empire ot justice, and un, dcr the safeguard of the law." 'I his wording was not approved of M Bsrthe observed that it enumerated nothing essential, and that con* qvently all would remain at the will and arbitrary deci-ion of the rulers; and that in fact there would he no limit to the right of liberty; he added that the articles of a constitution ought to be drawn up in a practical point of view 'J he definition of the right of labor was considered alt i get her loo absolute and likely to lead to hope* which could not possibly be reall-sd The g eate-t number of the representatives were however, of opinion that tl.e promises held out in February on this point ought to be carried out, without however falling into wild Utopian schemes. The State, it was observed, ought not to give assistance except in exceedingly rare cases, ruch as public calamities, the displacement or annihilation of certain branches of Industry. &o ; it being above all. ueccssarj to avoid holding out a premium to Idleness; the right of aseistance ought to be recognised, but without enythlng absolute being predicated for strong healthy men; beside*, It was agreed, the new organisation of the communes and canton* would now permit wore efficient aid to be afforded to the working classes. The discussion on this point was in particular important in the .Ird bnre u of which M. 1 biers f rmed part That gentleman'* opinion produced a very marked effect on the member* The following is a sketch of what took place M. Thirh*. the ('resident, inquired whether it would )ih are the bureau to commence by a general discussion. or a special one for each article It was decided that, a general dlsciiaslnn should he. first proceeded to on the whole draft of the eonstltn tlon. M David objected to any declaration being made of the duties and rights of man; several had been ma le in p*st times, and tl.ev had always been either to no pu J""c. or attended with danger, (n 17R1V when so. rietj had finally shaken iff the feudal regime, -neb a W YC NEW YORK, TUESDy declaration might have been dtrmeil necessary; but at present, when no one dinned these rights, it uro- I less If net perilous to pr ". laini them, especially in tlie ! vague manner seen in tlio draft under consideration. ! lie should prefer baring tiiat part of the document j omittr d altogether. slnoe it whs not to be hoped that | any one could draw up the definition in Mich a way a.a j to suit the occasion. M I) *. a a i' i>* L a s i h i k a k declared himself opposed to j Ihe opinion just pet forth. A declaration of rights and I duties ?a?. he said always prefixed to every oonstitu- i tinn, and was at present, more than ever, necessary, i n ; order to proclaim to the world certain principles n ote misunderstood or overlooked by mere theoeiita.who iif- | tec led to ret aside all ideas of property or of family t-es; | he declared besides tHut the genius of the French ui. j tiou required euch a couimeneeinent; loving, as it did, wliul was imposing, it would look on the work of the mmlilnllA.. ? ^ i 1..?~ i* - -- - by un imposing fioutbpieco. .A long discussion ensued on the point ja?t alluded j to. but the arguments for tho most part horn tuoie or hsson lb ok: which wo have just enumerated M Tim:ss ileclaiod that, in principle, he was *n *d- | vocate of t hut was simple and positive, and that ho. therefore. had but little ta-to for tho vague.gener il an 1 i Iwuys somewhat declamatory declarations profHed to 1 tho griater cumber of constitutions; th it what the old | rcvoluth nary as-eiiibllcs hud d?ue weighed but little with him; tout, though remarkable for patriotism an 1 talont I hoy hud boon wanting iu political xp?rioue?; thnt tho now republic in France, which ho desired to ser peaceably i fltublbhod, ought not. if it do-ired to succeed. to aim at imitating tlic fir-fc republic, but should endeavor, >.n the ootitrury. to distinguish itself from it by timplicity of language. prudotioo of conduct ?in fact, by plain common sense. Hut. continued \l. | Thiers, this declaration of duties end rights, which I j sin old m t have placed lit the In ad of the constitution, | having bet n so ret down, to withdraw it. might be attei.ihd with more inconveniences tliau advantage, and. at present, our efforts ought to ho directed1 to change it in whatever pointpare defective. I, therefore, j admit the priclpto of a declaration of duties and i iglits; and 1 i veil consider such a declaration, when properly defined, to be of great utility in the midst of the sub- j veislve ideal) which it is now attempted to diss mi mile. fmrticularly relative to property and family ties, but t has been thought Indispensable) to add two other principles?the right of man to assistance, and the right of man to ? mnlovnient I ain of nninion thai ?il that is possible ought to be dono for the people, but I am also of opinion that nothing ought to be pro it .sod , that cannot be performed. To promise what coo not he carried iuto ell ct is to expose it In deceptions j which Is avenged willi arms in the hand. Let tho right , of assistance be proclaimed. I Hoe no great danger iu : doing en for. with establishments of charity ou a more extensive scale, I think that auch a promise can be perfointi d to a certain extent But to prootaiin 'ho right of man to labor, is it not to enter into an absolute ? n.cogt nient to furnish at all times aud on every occasion work to those who have none ? If that on gagemetit run he fulfilled, I have no objection in the world to its being made ; but is there any one here . who dares ufll i id that it can be carried out? 1 have thought touch of what at present is called the nrgani- ] ration of labor (u new name for an old thing.) ar,d I hare deplored tl.e imprudence with which questions have been brought forward, which are soilifll tult to resolve. A discussion. Bolt-run mature and without any thing being kept back, must tuku place on this subject in the National Assembly; for we must a-cerlain if any one really possesses the secret of putting an end, at will to all the miseries of the people; and if he possesses It be must give it to the world: if no one possesSi s it. it must net be promised, for to make such promises can only lead to bloodshed. The horrible see aes of the last few days are a proof of it But. whilst waiting for that soli inn discussion, vre may enqu re if any one j can point out any means ot always giving employment to the woi king classes No doubt a n able government may do much hy legislation, by a proper system of tiixatu n and dulios. to favor production and iu- j crease labor: but in Iho very richest anil most indui- | trial countries, how r.au these stoppages of work h" | prevented, which spring from a superabundance ot | production ' To promise employment to workmen iri i such cases, is it not to enter into an engagement iu advsnce to renew the recont and most disastrous ox- ; pcrimont of the national workshops? It is true that agricultural colonies, reclaiming wa-te land, and draining marches are spokeu of. but surely the?e ar-> u sad ICR" uvcc to oiler unemployed hands; for of wh it vinccs to din the earth. ill order to kwp ..ff starvation.' . 'I In' displa-i ment, the weakness of their armv nud their inexperience, would render such a resource no- | thing else ihan a cruel mockery. Still, though I coneider the plan of the State making itself manufacturer, ' rr agriculturist, or machine maker, as impossible to 1 realise, still I think it may do much by affording work : to the labouring classes, for It i? true tbat the State j has need of linen, of cloth, of shoos, of arms, for its tri ops; it has to get fortresses built, artillery wagons 1 constructed.steam-engines manufactured; by creating establishments, the principles of which would be to work little In times of Industrial prosperity, and much in times of distre-s, it would not be impossible to provide for such moments when general work is slack. I have thought much on the possibility of a system which would tend to reserve the works with which the State Is naturally charged for times when general industry does but little; I but auch a system which would demand a correspondent financial system, would be difficult to establish and exceedingly expensive?the 8tate would exeouto well, but at a great cost. Still I am in favor of such an experiment to a oertain extent; but on the mere ciiROCW "I pnrvm rucccpn, "uguv vuu rigub m muor to OP pioclnimed? I think decidedly not. I think, therefore, the State ought to avoid making any formal promisee in this respect; for it may possibly turn oat nothing more than a deceit for the people. It is considered that this preliminary examination of the constitution will last some days. Common Council. Boahd or Aldekmkn, Monday, July 21.?Morris | Franklin, Ksq.. President, in the ohair. The minutes of the proceedings of the last mooting were read and approved. Pay of a Clergyman ?Petition of sundry persons to pay the Catholic clergyman on Blackwell's island. Referred Eree Hydrant.? Petition of sundry persons for a free hydrant at the corner of Ann street and Broadway. Referred. Special Election.?Petition of the electors of the Third ward, for a speoial election in that ward, for an Alderman, to supply the plaoe of the late Alderman bwartwout Granted, and the second Tuesday of September set apart for the day of election Chief of Police.?Communication from the Mayor nominating George W Matsell for re-appointmunt as Chief of Police Confirmed. The City Hospitalities.?Resolution tendering to Commodore M. C. Porry. of the U H frigate Cumberland, the hospitalities ?.f the city Adopted Condolence.? Resolution favorable to condoling with the family of Coffin, late Superintendent of the Croton Aqueduct Board, also to attend his funeral on Wednesday next with their staves of office. Jlppropiiation.?Communication from the Board of Kdu< ation, asking an app.opriatlon of $4.10* 52 for common school purposes. Also, for $1.24(1 3d for the schools of the Sixth ward; also, for $6dl) for the beuetit of the eolortd children Granted. Court Pooms ? Report of the special committee relative to constructing additional court rooms in the old City Hall building and the rotunda, and that notice be given the occupants to vacate said premises. Adopted. Jl 'lender ?Communication from his Honor the Mayor, scoompanied with tho proo dings of the Common Council of Philadelphia, during the raging of the yellow fever in that citv in 17w3. Aooented. and the thanks of the corporation to be tendered to the corporation of Philadelphia by the Chirk of thin Board t'lmton Mnrkrl ? Kcport favorable to appropriation fr-HOO for building sheds at Clinton Market, for the convenience of pernonn doing bun nes.i at that place. Adopted. f.m/.g'on .lemur ?Report farorable to regulating and grading Lexington Arenuo, between 28 h and 42i treita Adopter. Iv rlfih Street.? Uepo.t farorable to regulating ami grading 12th street, between Avontiu U and Dry U.ick. Adopts d. .Sever.?Communication from the treet Commissi,Toer. with a resolution farorable to constructing a Se?rr in 22d street. Adopted Alderman (Jmey mored to take np the communication <f the v>ayor. vetoing t. r appropriation of $210 for the benefit of Willia*n R Oriflitna. f r in uries reCoiri-d by being tun orer by the carnage of Hook and Lsdd.r Co. No. 3. The appropriation was again passed. dpprepriflfien.?Resolution farorable to appropriating Hind for the purchase of a iot of ground on 2>th atiert. for the purposes of the Kire ^epartiuent Also appropriating ihe sum of $ 12nd fur the building of .in engine h- use on said ot Adopted /'irn.?Res lutiou farorable to leasing I'ier No. 13 . North hirer, to tbe Commissioners of (-.migration. for the term of fire years, provi led they will build an addition of SIM) feet to said pier Referred, with power. County C'ntifi'ngeweres.?Communication from the Comptroll r. asking an appropriation of $2,>.000 for coumy contingencies Adopted in cocourr no*. *ilj<]ioi*tmrnt ? Resolution farorable to appointing S. S Van Buskirk as a city weigher Adopted in concuirenee. After dispoilng of some ether matters of trilling importance. the Board adjourned until Monda/ next, at 6 o'clock P M. Besan or Assistant AlngaMKir, July 24.?Wilson Small, Ksq.. President. in tbe ehsir. An/- Itork and l.odder Co ? Petition of Nicholas Seagrist and others to hsre a hook and ladder company organised and located at the corner of 8th avenue and

4rsilistriet Helmed Grade of 31 tf street.?Petitions of John Sheridan and Micbht-I Met oruilck. tor compensation for dam ge sustained In consequence of altering the grad of 31st st nt t hi fi rred Fourth dfr-ettue?Petition of sundry persons, to hare [ cast side of 4th arenue, between 90in and 27ih streets repaired Hi ferred Murray stiref Pier.?Petition of Poughkeepsle barge owr era. li r i xelii?lre use of pier at the foot of Murray street. Referred. free J/yrfiim)? ?Petition of sundry Inhabitants of the bib ward, for a free hydrant in North Moore street Hi fern d. fYaiww Water in Fdtklk .4r-rw*e?Petition of sundry profHriy ownere to hare tlm Croton water pipes in 8th in niic extended frem 3Mb to 44th street Referred It' ' .irmto Report adverse to openln,; V.a-lt. IRK I VY, JULY 85, 1848. m>u avenue, south to Broadway, for the present. Adopted. Gradr of Pearl Street. ? Report and resolution upniuet altering the grade of 1'earl street, near John Mreet. Adopted. Thirtieth Street.? He port and resolution from the Board i t Aldermen, in favor of regulating .'10th street, lu tvrrn Stli and tab avenues. Concurred in. Twenty-third Street.?Report and resolution in favor (f tlnpgiuK a space. 6 feet wide, in z U1 street, between 3d and 4th avenues Adopted. Jevctng Vacant l.nti.? lteport and resolution, in favor of causing vacant lots In 'JOth street, between 3r<l nnrl 4tli fiveiiiit-K to hi? in Pavement of Eighth -Ivenue?Report in favor of paving the 8th avenue, between 24lli and 43d streets. Adopu d in concurrence. Fourth aivenue?Hrport and resolution In favor of regulating 4th avenue, from 2Sth to 38th streets. Adopted in COBCWTI urn. Seventeenth Street.?ltrport and resolution in fivnr of regulating and paving 17th street, between the 1st avenue and avenue A. Adopted in concurrence. Fourth Strret?lie port recommending a concurrence with the Board of Alderman, in authorizing the flagging of sidewalks in 4th street, between 1st and 21 avenue* Adapted Twelfth Street?Report in favor of directing the oide walk on the noutn side of I2.U street, between t'tli and lOtls avenues, to lie flagged. Adopted in concurrence. hi fly-third Street?lieport in favor of regulating 53d turret ftom 1st avenue to the Kast River. A opted in concurrence. Nineteenth Street?Report und resolution in favor of paving 19th street, between 5th and Gth avenues. Adopted. F.aelern Ditjirneury ?Report and resolution in favor of grunting further areommodalion to the Kastern Dispensary. Adopted. Chief ot Folia- lit solution from the Board of Aldermen. in favor of couflmiing the nomination and reappointment of U. \V. Matsell, Ks<( , us Chief of I'olice. t'onrurrtd in. Clinton Market.? Iteport in favor of erecting several sheds at Clinton market. (.>nrurr> d In Pier Ao If, North Wi'tier,?Resolution from (he Board of Aldcimcti iu favor of leasing pier N'o If. Norih River. to the Commissioner* of Kmigration. Concurred in. New Court Promt.?lti solution iti favor of re (Hiring the American luslituto, Mechanics' Institute, hihI Gallery of Fine Arts, to vacate ilia premise* occupied by them, iu order to provide the necessary rooms for the holding of the courts Concurred In School Jifiprofiriati'itii.?ltesoiution in favor of depositing certain moneys to tho credit of thu Hoard of education. Concurred iu More Qui.? Heport and resolution in favor of lighting William King. Ilumniersley, and Klizaboth streets will: gas. Concurred in. Hon or to Commodore Perry,?Hesolution in favor of tendering the thanks and hospitalities of the Corporation and citi7.eiiH bf New S'ork to Commodore ferry, the i til, ers and crew of his frigate, for their gallantry, kc . during the late war with Mexico; also in favor of priseipting the freedom of the city to Commodore ' IN rry. as a lasting testimonial of the gratitude and res- | pert of its inhabitants, for his conduct while in command of the ( uif squadr-n Cnucurred in. More Stwert. - Report and resolution in favor of constiucting a sewer in Roosevelt, ChathiiM, aud Pearl Mreets. Concurred in hesrrvoir Si/uare ?Report and resolution in favor of lowering the grade of l his square. Referred. Peeeirer oj Tniet.?Report of fluauce committee, to whom was referred a message of the Mayor, anil com- I riuuication of tho Comptroller aud referred to the receiver of taxes. Action of the Hoard of Aldermen concurred In. The Old Jirtenal.?Report In favor of applying to the next legislature for tho passage of a law authorising the sale of the land now occupied for arsenul purposes, j bounded by Franklin. White, F.lm and Centra streets. , Concurred in. , President of the Crolon Water Hoard.?A communication from tho Mayor, announcing the death of.lames A. Ce flfln. Ksq.. President of the < rnton Water Hoard, accompanied by a series of resolutions, adopted by the Board of Aldermen, sympathizing with the family and frirnds of the deceased, and deep respect entertained i?T in* uipniory, j\cliuo ui iue nuuru ui Aiuerinen concuried. AYtc I'orA- VolunUtrt.?Resolution offered in favor of approprisl ing ?6.(100 for the relief of the surviving volunteers, who have recently returned from Mexico. I.aid nr. the table After acting upon come other papers of minor importance. the Board adjourned until Monday evening ext. *liieh will be the last general business meeting previous to the annual recess. Brooklyn Intelligence. latvur.?Coroner Anderson held an inquest yesterday upon the body of John Shaw, recently arrived from Kuglaud. who was drowiwd at Red Hook Point, on Sunday, by the upsetting of a sail boat. He resided at 118 Ann street, New York, was 25 years of age and has left a wife and two children in Kngtand. The jury found a verdict in accordance with the facts. AsoTiirs.?The coroner also held an inquost upon the body of a colored woumn. named Mary Ann Spader. aged 22 years and 8 months, who wasdrownod during the collision, which took place a few days since, between the Main street ferry boat Independence and the sloop Sterling. The body was found in the water j at Red Ho* Point, and was in such a condition as not 1 to be rorognised, except by her apparel and jewelry, j The jury found a verdict of death by drowning Loos out i'ok Mao Dooj.?On Sunday, a dog, be- i longing to a gentleman in Henry street, bit a man very severely in the arm. He also bit one or two dog* He was not known to be mad. and was locked up for the night in a stable in Harden street, so that the owner i could ascertain the fact I n the oourse of the night he . managed to escape, and was at large in the streets du- I ring the greater part of yesterday, during which time ; be bit two persons and several other dogs. He was i finally killed in Jorolemon street. ArrrcTiisn Sckwic.?A young woman appeared be- : fore the Court yesterday, with tears in her eyes, and 1 pleaded for the release of her little aistei, who. with a number of other children, was imprisoned on Saturday for street begging and stealing ladies'dresse*. It appeared that the aecused has a lather and mother, re- 1 siding in New York, and was never away from home before. She was acquainted with the children, but bad often been forbid keeping their company. On the day of tbelr arrest the child requested it* mother to let her go over to Brooklyn; but although her reque t was positively denied, her ovil companions prevailed on herto disobey the commands of her mother The Court stated to lhe young woman, that if she brought satisfactory evidence <>l tne goou character oi liar little (Outer, she would be discharg d. Romantic Affair?A few nights since a romantic affair took place between a gentl-inati. belonging to I ilie; .Navy a<>d a young luily. to whom he had M >me . attschid. who is the niece of a wealthy gentleman residing on Brooklyn Heights, and who is likely to be bis heiress. It appears that there were somosuspicions of the motives of the gentleman, who had concluded to elope with the young lady. A time and place were arranged, but the unrle became a ware of I he plan, and while the lovor and his friends were hovering about the house, they received a polite invitation from the uncle to ci me In the front door, in a straight forward way. After this was done, the uncle stated to his uieou that if she was determined to marry against his wi?h and at ! the ? xpenee of the future, he intended to leave her; I that she might do so. and tho ceremony could take place immediately beneath his roof. Tho niene and the gentleman at once accepted the offer, and they were married on the spot Police Intelligence, Ckafgr of Uuhht* y ? Officer Cro-ett. one of the vigilant officers at the lower pollen, nrrested yesterday a genteel looking young man by the name of James >V Ijrven. forme) ly a 1.leu tenant in the New Yo-k regi- I ment of volun'eers. on a warrant t'sued hy.I us tire Ttinpsnn, wherein he stands charged with feloniously detaining a gold watch and a gold ti oger ring, togethi r with other property valued at about f >0i). ttie proper- i ty of I aptain ( barb s II Hereon, of company K belonging to tho New York volunteers, who died In the city oi Mexico in October last from u wound received In the thigh at the storming of Cbapultepcc. Tim circumstance* ou wh.cli this arrest is founded, as far as we ran learn are somewhat remarkable. It appears that the accused (item, b- longed to Company I. of the same regiment, anil lifter Captain Hereon was wounded, paid him every attention necessary up to UIK UI'UMl, ?uu tw>l> < ll.HH- "i 111" OU-OIK ?iw r?itnii. On the tlilht ot < hi t>ti11 I'iersori* death. una nf the soldiers. by the mtio* ofChristopher II Dunn, who was acting as the Captain'* cot van', heard hun re- | qunt Mr. Oreen to take charge of hie wmh nnd rfng for the purpose of being given to hie relativee I In New York After hie death Mr Oreen took po<*eteioti of all hie effect*, and on hie arrival in thie oily a few months ago cail< d upon Mr. Itobert fi Piereon, the brother of the ducea-ed; hut instead of returning the watch and ring n.a requested hy the bravo Captain. kept them back, and presented a hill of over fllty dollar* paid to be cxpen*es paid by hltn for the benefit, of the deepened 'I his amount was paid by .Mr IVrtoti pnppoaltig all to he correct ; and it was not until the arrival a few days ngo of the officer* and private* of that regiment that, on enquiry, it w*a ascertained that .\ir. Ureen wa* in poase**lon of the watch and ring together with other prope'ly and effect*, belonging to the deceaeed Captain It wa* for thin detention of the property, and the obtaining of the money, which i* paid to hava been obtained by f?l*e re- I presentation*, a* the dereaped wa* net in debt an thu* represented, that the accused wa* arrested. The whole cape, to pay the least, is a very reinarKnble and singular affair i'ho whole matter will be further examined to day at 3 o'clock; and aoine very Interest ' ing test iniony is exp< oti d to be given as Col Burnett, 1 I.lent Col Iturnham. and seveial officers and privates i are puhpccned as w it nevsea to testify in the ease, on the i par of the prosecution During th? pending of the examination Mr Ureen i* detained in custody. Miiltciou$ Miichitf ?Officers ll?y* nnd Stephen*, of the lower pnliro, arrested yesterday an englishman by the name of L.S. King on a warrant issued hy )online l.othrop. wherein he stands charged with maliciously cutting and destroying Several valuable chairs, valued at ffMO, the property of Mr Lorenio Dnlmonico, of No lift ll road way. It. avpeara that about two weeks since King put up at Mr Delmonlno'a and run up a hill for si ppeip ko., which he refund to pay, and being aomewhit in liquor at the time a dispute a<*ose which Plilti d in Mr King lieiog lodged In the police station hous) 'I he iicvt d*? the till' v. i lid uh* ' lesvlpg th* bonse pe <%*, h <-\\a mat lie ] WOt)til ! * e r II i co, p * I E R V eveninp* nftiTwurJt. thn chair* were out Inthrrualiciouame' 'IT an above atated Thl* to ether w th other evidence. llxi .t tho charge upon King. who was arree < <! a< i ortl tigljr and h :.d to bail in the lum of Sr&bO to i r the charge. I<atv liilell'itciiit. SurieMr: Cot i t, Srinu 'JVH.m, luly Jl ?Before Justice Unrlhut.? Omtiimi.?Jerri* vs. Palmer -Ord< red. that the plaintilT* eoet*. <>10, be wet off agxiuat the defendant's rosin, ami i ridoreed on the execution In this cause. Jn the matter of the application of the n tin. in in M:il or of trust?Order of the Surrogate af. tinned with costs Witleetuo vs. Ward?Kxeeptlon to report of referee allowed. Moore v* Moore Suntbar!; l( i further pr of of adultery Silliintn vs. Kirtlft.n - jvnimo 10 oissnive injunction u nie<i, wim coats 10 ubid>*4ho event. L>uug.m rt ill. ails Crugtr ? Order, enjoining II. 1>. I lU^ii from proceeding in the ejectment suit ngunst Lhviiiihc Hurl, sud from filling up nnd alleging In uny noil 1 r suik.x b> tween John S. Mali, Lawranc II ?rt. or y '.lizabeth Waters. that lh? petitioners, fli?or^? an I William Douglass, wcru not duriug thu years IM4<i ami lb47. seized of iiDti wi ll entitled unto all the 1 tods whereof tin-w*iil Hall, Uart anil Wat*re weru respeclively oocupants, an mentioned In the petitions, and irorn denying in uny null between the said II. D Crugeriit.il said llall,that tlio sual petitinru re h ulgnod right and full power to let to mid Hall the livn stoolt inentinned in the raid petition, until the further or I. r of the court. And in the suit thirdly mentioned in t tie of the petitioners, ordered, that unless the plaintiffs elect. within ten day* alter netie.e of this order, to reCel\ 11 the aiiawer or plea of defendants, on tho oath of William Douglass, and without thu oath or signature 01 <h i igo Douglass nutl Harriet D. Cruger, that the defendants have six months further time to plead or an8Wir;aml if the piaintdls el.rt to receive the answer or plea above ineutioned, the defendants bare tixty dujs after such elect Ion to put in the same. Or a horn ails La Uav?Moth n denied G'i iffen vr Tiuitem of the Third Congregation of tin llrformid Church ? Let it he refer re t 10 (fun H'. Morrill. Ksi| . to appoint a receiver of the rents mentioned in Hie petition, with the usual powers, and that such referee report upou the claims of Klijah llaughton to such rents or any part thereof. ,/iwie llt rrijiscij to. Itonirt Ji Tyler, et. ol ?This was a motion to open a default. The lull ill this cause was liled hy th? complainant ngninst .Mr. Tylee audothers, praying to be decreed entitled to property amounting to flOO 000, claimed by Mr. Tylee, in right of his deceased wife. 'I lie couipliilnnnt allege! that Mrs. Ty!?... I.a<l l.i.i ?? lifn i it t ..rust in tlvtt nrnnm-iv 11 n ti that upon her death it reverted to tlie oouiptanant. Mr. i ylee has nmr answered the bill, ami It was taken as confessed ngaiii't hint; he baa. since the suit was coinmeneed assigned hie property to the petitioner*, for the l)en? lit of hi* creditors? they were not mad* parties to Ihe FUlt and allege tbnt they have meritorious defenoe, ind ought to lie let ill to detend it After very strenuous opposition by complainant's counsel, the Court lold that they must he let in on ternn. namely, that Ibey should pay ail costs and be restricted to a certain ' Line of defenoe. Marinj. Court.? Before Judge Suiith ?Josrph Sal- ; irny tar. H'm Hollar ton ?This was an action of asaull and battery The defendant was captain of tun hip Naiuia, and the plaintilT was oue of the crew. I Lin tlio part of the plaintiff, il was alleged that whdst { Ifce sliip lay lit Havre, he. with one or two others camo an hoard after night tail, and the defendant attack tillii a violent blow with a belaying pin and afterwm d* ;ave liim in eliuigo to two ij tl'arm*, who toolt hitn lo prison. Kor the defence, it was shown, hy three . witneise*. that plaintiff, with two of his companions, i come on board late in Mho evening in toxics ted; tiiat 1 they were very noisy and riotous; llint the defendant ! pare thi u? in ehurge to the Krwnrh police, but did not , strike the plaintiff The Court rendered judgment j fur the plaintiff?six cents damages. Common I'oeas?Ciiamakrs?Before Judge L'lshoeffer. i ? Ihrcliuyoed ?A young luil, nau.ed John A. Noott, ! ag>d about 13 years, was brought before the Judge, i pursuant to a writ of habeas corpus to be discharged lioni the at my. It appeared lie catne on here front Philadelphia, in oompany with unother boy. on the j lrt el June Inst, and on the 12th enlisted as a drumnu r in the United States service, and has continued since on Governor's Island His fat her, who it seems is a reFpectablu citixen of Philadelphia, when he ua- I oerstord where he whs, came hero aud caused a writ of j habeas corpus to issue, and claimed his son, oa the ground ol bi^huviug enlisted without his consent or the consent of a guardiau. The Judge discharged him ; initio diately directing llm father to return the regl- I mental clothing Civn. Taylor lit<-ln?mli. g LKad bttlirn Wssmsuroit, July Ui, 1848. Tbo Postmaster General, tbia morning, reoi-ir. d the ' following letter from the Postmaster, at Baton Rouge:? j 'Bitot. Roi ck La., July 8| 1848.?I n the quarterly ' return trom this office, fur the quarter ending the llilta June. (1848) there are tiro bundles of refused letters. ' 1 he majority of them are for Gen 7. Taylor. The Gena- I rat's postage has amounted to so much of late, that he has been constrained to refuse many of the less important communications i hat come to him. The letters in queitiou were hastily examined, as he did not expect them to be sent off under three months. He now finds that sents of them arc of Importance to him, ' aud desires them to be returned, which pleas# de, as 1 early as possible, and oblige yours, G A. PIKE, P. M." The packages were examined accordingly, and the I letters all found in due order. Forty eight were ad- J dressed to General Taylor, suren of ?hlch were from I biladelphia?the June letters post-marked 4th, 7th, 8th, 9'h, and lOtli. Three from Baltimore, Judo loth and 12th. They were packed up and returned to the ; post-office at Baton Rouge this afternoon. There is no doubt tbat one of the letters is from Got. \lor?- I hesd. interning General Taylor of his nomination to i the Presidency.? Phil. North Jim. Melancholy Catastbopk at New Orleans . ?The following are the particulars of the calami- j tous event communicated some days ago by tele- ; graph from New Orleans The accident happened on the 13th instant. The Picayune says: "On Tuesday (11th) a small portion of the levee at that spot gave way and sunk, and some fears were entertained at the lime that a larger t> rtion would soon break oil. On the evening we nave spoken ot some men were engaged in driving pickets down at the place where the hank had given way,in order to prevent the levee front further wearing away by the action of the water. Some fifteen or twenty persons, who resided near the place,were gathered on the hank, viewing the river and the men at woik, when about two hundred feet of the levee in length, and eighty feet in width,suddenly gave way, and without a moment's warning, six human beings were ushered into eternity. The scene is described by those who witnessed it to have been the most heart-rending they ever looked upon. We have leuined the names ot only six persous, as yet, who were diownrd, hut it is asseited that others, who at present arc not known, were lost. The names of the victims, as we have learned them, are Mis llypohne Troump and child, about eight months old; Fanny Troump, aged nine years: I^ouLse Troump, aged seven years ; Felix Troump, aged twenty-four years ; Miss Cnarlotte Deztre, and Mr. Francois Andry. The latter genth man arrived on the spot but a few moments before the accident occurred, and having t.ed his horse to a capstan 011 the levee, had given some directions to the men who were at work, and had started to come out in itie road, when he went down, as also did his horse. (>1 the live men who were si woik driving pickets, lour of them escajied: Felix Tronmpheing the only one who was drowned. A little fellow not ipnte ten years of age, Custave Troump, was precipitated with the others into the water, bul beingable to swim, and fortunate enough to retain his presence of mind, reached the shore. He is the son of Mr. Hypolite Troump, and the only one ot his family that is left to him. Mr. Nohlat was also carried into the water, anil somewhat injured by a piece of limber, but succeeded in saving himself by swimming ashore. The death ot Mrs. Troump and child was the most agonizing portion ot the terrible scene. The spot upon winch she stood, instead of rolling over into the water as most of the bank did,settled down beneath her, leaving her standing with her child raised above her head, with ihc true feelings of a mother, and calling until she nearly disupia ared nam some one to save her child. Her husband, who whs but h short distance from her, rushed towards the si>ot, and when within n few feet of her, a large julc of wood fell over and crashed her beneath it. The unfortunate man who had thus lost all lie held dear at n blow, could with difficulty be restrained from plunging into the water and going down with his ramify. He yesterday presented the most melancholy spectacle we have ever looked upon. Without noticing the crowd that was congregated about the place, he rowed ever the spot in a small boat from morning till night, vainly searching for the remains of his lost faintly. None of the bodies had been recovered up to 6 o'clock last evening, but ihe hat of Mr. Andry. and some other articles, bud floated ashore some distance below. Mr. A.'s horse was picked up in the afternoon opposite Mr. BenvenueV plantation, below the Barracks. Americans in Pakis.?Col. 1 hayer, who held a command in (he National Guards,and was wounded in the late outbreak in Paris, was of Provide nee, K. 1 , origin, fits father went to Parts in the time of the old revolution, and hv the purchase of confiscated property became immensely rich, i It was supposed that the confiscated estates would he filially restored, and that no respect would be j paid to the titles of the revolutionary government; consequently t'tey were sold very low. Among ( other property, he bought (or a small price, the lm- ; . mense Montmorrnci estates. The titles were all con filmed, and he became one of the richest men ; in France. His son, the one lately wounded, j < married a daughter ol Marshal Bertraiid. i , Hinoe the Americans were in Vera Cruz the citi- 1 rens of that place have petitioned the Congress of t Mexico to grant the colonists a portion of the pub | ic lauds, and secure to them religious toleration i. a?i m m,nmmw ? ?WW?? ??? LD. TWO CENTS. Kew? from the West. in nun B.?ttaiion Mn. Vein ro? tub Plains, f Col. OiLri.x's C*?ir, (mar Kort Mann.) > Jun? 1UI. 1418 > In my Im(, *>f il?te 10th fnetant I nave y.,u to leara It.nt the artillery romjiiny of this battalion, while oa their a ay to meet and e.-roit the ptymaxter to thU pl*ee, hhtl b> < u attarkeil by the Indian* at Pawnee Kiil< ehero they etempedcd the Miilmals betonxinj; to tlc i <>npan\, and left tliein inahelpe.is condition /.U additional supply whi forthwith m<ut'o th 'ir rolii t atirt they ri-Huuted their ron'e Meeting with tha p ytnarleral Walnut l>e< Is, tliey countermarched toI.' ....... . . . - ..mm, hmi in 11 i..g p?rnuuiar occurred uiiMMIiiiiihiii.uk i.i Sunday Ui.-18.li. when th? fortui.tt.r r. full unending the la-t aiemptof ibe red Bl. hi.-, induced i)i> iii in i. nW<* iiit<iHi. r . Hurt Atthif liluu ihu i.rulniy w. m in company with a doti-ctiment .?? Meruit., lur he Sam a h'c battalion.and tin y bt-ittg iidaiirally mounted. no doubt gure a great?r . t taiiiue to ilu- inarioixui. mind- ?.| these .vunton rcbi.ti*. Tiny charged boldly, but *.ry tiro wuii^recoim d until Ibey were * llliiii a eh.irt d>* mice of thd 11:. in, a l.i it tin- on Kin.'i of death were lot h-oso ?n I hum, iii.(I tbeir i. ad nam rum. uduui.ly checked Mm and an.inn : f. II '.o ihu ground in chaotic confdsl u mid too Indium p.,id dearly tin- tiuiB for tlinir ioi.u.t-1 iwow, Tbey tor-, pumued across Mia Arkuma. r v. i by tbo mounted recrulls. under Mm c. ti.inand of I. BUI.-ni.ti lloyat. who gave thinn um li ii < buktnenieut ha ml1, no doubt, leave on ihnir ni iidAhD ludt libit- iu.prt*M.ion. It lining mi iavariabl rulo with tbo 1 udutiia to . airy along their dead and no i did. if at ail priicticable tho aggregate amount if lb. ir Io.-k could not be nsci-riain-d \ bit we may t,a uinliy infer It wa-. mry considerable. when tncy wi-io compellid toleave iu tin- two skirmishes. 211 boc 1 ? on tin Held IV lint n.m. most astonishing was, tiny never molested a largo train of wag. na only a Kboit (I KiauuM in the r> ar of the paymaster and h -< .-? o 11? 11.uo giving raii ?r a toll-rube plain indication tin y worn perfectly ontinrsaul wnb tbo valuablecommodity in ibe pay luante. 'a pm-session it .a gent-rally rU|.poked and I believe with truth, tt at tbn marauding parly ih c.inpo ed of Carnation-f, tinge* und a toll ruble sprinkling of pale f.tceK tin tbu id It. a deiitchni nt of lliti cavalry, fornrn? pmt < t tbih battalion, woia Kent in pui-.ull of thn desptia.iooh From tbiA detachment, wo have an yet had no i id i.gA; but aa they toik thirty day*' provUloufl villi tin in. tliey may not return yet for sometime.? All flncercly hope their expedition will bare a favorable h-AUe. 'il.e ht tilth of tin- bat tulion is excellent. Capt Pol zt r ctill remains underarre-t, on churtp-sof th? uraTattt i in pi >i t The mucinous Liellt. S'chiMliil also continue* h. uurancu ?lle: lot the female volunteer haa !>a?n toi e lOlne 1 iuc to the slate* CLIO. T. 8 ?There were uniy three of our tut! n nightly Wi.u ii tied. News hujm Chiuiiahi'a.?Last week, t?ttr fellow -citizens, E. V\'. I'omruy and Joseph I', iiamline, arrived iioin Chihuahua Tliey left that city on the Mill May, and t*unte Ke on June4tli. Mr. IT.mime has politely favored us with the following minutes til the tiip I rum tSuita L'V:?Mel, June 7th, at Mora, 15 wagotiH of Web!) -V lVian ; June Hth, 7 ol Eein re duller Co at Wagon Mound ; June !Uh, HI ol Lritensd oiler ?V (Jo , at creek 12 mi lea this aide; June lotli, 2 of Wiggins, at Koint of Hocks ; June 111li, |:J of McSlianc, ten milea this side; 11 ol llobeits. JTynolds, Clarkeon, Corder <V Jamison, two miles beyond Itock Creek; June 12th, 16 ol McKiught, nt liub't Eur ; 45 of Messervy, llean, Lucas, Mugetv Tod, and others, at Cotton Wood; Juiic Hth, 11 of (louck, Miller, Francisco nod Hoggs, at Willow Bar; June 15th, 26 of Coons, Whet l< t and Miillikin.HtMiudlrCimmuron spring; June Kith, L2 of Hranhain, Hem, While nod Carr, Che latter government,) eight miles this side; June 17ili, 18 ol Heck and Owens, fifteen milea beyond Lower Ctmmaron spring; 27 ol Hall und Hurneti.at Ixtwer spring; June 18lh. 11 ol tSubl -ue Ar llert lord, 8 milea tins aide iHatid Creek; 67 ol East, Welliereds, Hoffman, Karnes, Waits and Hamilton, 15 milea this side >and Creek; June 19tli, 70 of MeCov. Haw. Fhilli.ie. Waldo, and Atlibury.H miles beyond Buttle Ground; June21st. 75 government wagons, in charge ol Pulton, una 70 recruits tinder Lieut. KovhII, ut Fort Mann; June 29ih, !t) Government wagons, and upwards ol 2(X) recruits under Cant. Turner, 2 miles tnis side Ash Greek; June 2<ith, 12 of Ptrca, 5 mtles beyond Wulnut Greek: 37 wagons and over 400 rt cruits, under Capl*. Kor|tonay and Ilook, at Wulnut ('reck; June 90ih, 48 wagons of Billiard, ft miles beyond Couuc'l Grove: July 1st, 25 government wagons in charge ot Fristoe, ut BwitzJer's Creek: 2t> in charge ot Wood, at One Hundred and Ten; July 2d, 7 of Armi|o, and others 8 miles this side: 80 of Aubry, at Black Jack Cut Oil ; July 3d, 25 of Mexican traders scattered between Bull ('reek and Independence.?Lexington {Mo.) Exprte*. I ate prom Santa Fk?.*t. I-ouis, July 19 ? Jim Beck with arrived last evening from Santa Fe. Geneial Price was at Chimi iliua on tbe 21th May, awaiting notice of the ratification of the treaty.? Col N? why made a treaty with the Navajo Indian-, e mi elling them to return captured horses and other Sicpenv belonging to our government. Lieute taut jral nad a skirmish with the Indians at Coon Creek, in which three Americans were wounded and twenty-three Indians killed. Lieut. Colonel Wharton, ot the 1st Dragoons, died at Fort Leavenworth, alter three weeks' sickness.? Cincinnati Enyuirrr, July 20. Frckption ok thk Massachusetts Voluntkews at Bo>ton.?Gn Saturday last, in accordance with the preliminary arrangements, the ll-giment ot Volunteers, under command ot Col. I. H. Wright, who have just returned from Mexico, were received in lit it* city by the committee previously api>ointed Previously to leaving their encamp ment in Brighton, they wers addressed by Gen. Iff fNfll Th??v U/frti t hpn nnnt/a traA in ilia n .ra the Cambridge crossing, whence they took up their line ot mnrcli, mid arrived at the foot of th? Common, on the Mill Dam, about one o'clock, wh? ie they were received by the First Brigide, f irtt Division,of Mass.ichusett's Volunteer Militia, Biigadier General 1$. F. Edmonds, who were ordor? d out o perform escort duty. The whole then proceeded, accompanied by two fine bands of music, through the several streets designated in the previously published programme. Their well worn dresses and cloth caps, covered wirh dust, v inch seemed 10 have seen long and hard service, presented a porry contrast to the bright uniforms end polished minor ot the citizen soldiers composing the escort. There was an immense concourse of people assembled in all tile streets through which the cortege passed. There was occusionully a cheering us the war-worn soldiers pursed; hut the general feeling which seemed to petvade the vast throng of people, was that of pity for their sufferings and compassion for their destitute ui.d wretched condition. The procession arrived at Faiienil Hall about halt-past two o'clock, where a dinner had been provided by the committee of reception. The hall -.rrangements were very good. The tables in the body of the hall were set opart for the volunteers. On the sides and in ihe galleries were tables, which were filled wi h the Bosion companies and by persons whs had purchased tickets. On the platform at the head of ihehall whs the President of tiie day, Col. Charles Gordon Green, with the invited guests, among wh? in were Brigadier General Cushing, Colonel Child* and Colonel Dix, of the regular service, Colonel \Vright, of the Massachusetts Bcgiment, and oilu rs ?Boston Atlat, July 24. Mexican Akfahis.?At New Orleans, 18th in*r., i n arrival Gout Mexico, brought dates Irorn the capital to 7th instant. The forces of Bustamente and t'ortazar had consolidated, and amounted to :f,(M 0 men, and intended attacking the insurgents under Pandes and Jarauta. .Turauta was endea Voting to bring the question of the con-titutionali iv <>i uie treaty with this country before the .~uipreine Court of the country, ;.nd us an initidtnry sup find entered a formal protest .;igiin*t it-tennerm? nts bring tulfilled The Mexie in government had despatched a vessel for Yucatan w ith n?o iey and troo,*, to protect (he inhabitants of that couatiy.?Clinrlf?ton Courirr, J?Jy 20. Ann)' Inti'iMntnt'c. Several conip-mes of U. 8. troops, recently enlist'd and ordered to Governor's Island, n ?v b en sent to garrison posts at the Wear, tin- close of the war having rendered their trans i > taiion to the .South unnecessary. They p-tssed through this city on Saturday in the cars.?R xhettrr Jhmocrat, 24th last. Ccl.Donichoh.?Th'Hdistinguished gentleman is devoung Ins oratorical powers to the cause of Gen. Taylor. A laic ellort ol ins at Brookville, K.y., is highly 8|okenof. The Maysville H-rulU aiys; j hie sketch of the character sod serv oce of Oen Teylor Dm superior to anything of the -nine kind we I avo evpr heerd, and we np?-ak but the uiif?i-r?al ?ant Bo-nt of the audience, when wr cay th ?t hi" friend* may as safely rest hiaelaim* to di?tinct(on upon hla capacity ae a public speaker, a- upon hi* celebrated Santa K# expedition which has given hint a fame oo-extensive with the clvillied world. NsvioAnoN.?Among the arnvala at LJueb. c on the I.Sth ult., reported by the papers sf Jiat place, is the steamer Free Trader, (aptata Mi Millar, from Chicago, July 7, with 6434 barrefa >1 Indian corn. This I* the first arrival at this N>rt horn Lake Michigan She made the voyage -29t>0 mile*?in eleven days.