Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 26, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 26, 1848 Page 1
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_ TH HO. 5164. ' VERY LATE FROM EUROPE. ?? ARRIVAL OF THE AMERICAN STEAMSHIP UNITED STATES, IN THH Quickest Passage Aoross the At- j lantio to New York. FXVB DATS LATER. Highly Interesting Intelligence* j fcf. kt, &e. The steamer United States, Captain IlackstufF, ! Arrived early j^sterday morning. We have received advices by her from Havre five days later from Paris five days later and from England three days la'er than those brought by the Hibernia, which left Liverpool on the 8th inst. The United States sailed on the evening of the 12th inst. The News Boy boarded the United States off Rockaway, 18 miles E. S. E. of the Hook, fifteen minutes past seven o'clock. Captain Iiackstaff stopped ins vessel to give us our papers, and we thank hiin for this favor to our news collector. | The News Boy made the quickest run on record to ; the city. The United States brings one hundred and twelve j passengers, and has a large and valuable cargo , of five hundred tons of measurement goods. Paris remained perfectly quiescent, although i vague rumors ot intended outbreaks were still prevalent. The measures of General Cavaignac were very decisive?he declared that the siege should not be raised until tranquility was perfectly assured. Arrests of parties supposed to be implicated ill the disturbances ot the 23d and 24th of June, were taking place daily, and the search for arms still continued. The number of prisoners already in the power of the government was said to amount to 12,000 or 13,000, and the executive is much perplexed what to do with them. The idea of transporting the whole number was deemed impossible of accomplishment, from the vast expense it would entail on the finances of the country. The number of muskets already taken by the authorities is said to amount to 120,000. Inconsequence of the firm attitude of the government, mercantile matters in France appeared thsoosed toimorove. The funds had risen consi derably, and the price on Saturday, at the close of the Bourse, had reached 51J francs for the Three per Cents, and 80 francs for the Five per Cents. General Duvivier died on Saturday, the Sth instant, from fever, occasioned by his wound. This la the sixth general dead from the effects of wounds received during the insurrection. The English Three per Cent Consols were quoted at about 87 at the close of business on Saturday the 8th inst. Business at the Havre Bourse ' had much improved. Cotton had gone up, and a little more confidence was perceptible. The trial of Ernest Jones, the chartist agitator, took place on the 10th, in the Central Criminal Court, London. He, as well as Looney, was convicted, and will probably be transported for seven years. The Austrian government has issued a manifesto declaring that every endeavor for making peace with Lombardy having proved abortive, it will now prosecute the war with the utmost vigor. An engagement was expected to take place in a few days between Radetzky and the Sardinian forces. It is feared King Charles Albert will be beaten, and in that case French intervention will be solicited. General Bedeau has consented to accept the portfolio of Minister of Foreign Affairs. Hverything indicates that the Government of rMMAA ta oknut tn mnrtrp intn n miliftirv Jnann. I lautr 10 avuuk ?w mv.gv ???? u j ?vw,.w tism. It is acknowledged by well informed Frenchmen, that this will pave the way for a regency, and it iB looked for that Thiers, Odillon fiarrot, and others, will shortly be called by General Cavaignac to assist in his Council. There is no moral doubt in the minds of many in France, that Lamartine, Ledru Koilin, and others of the late Executive, were implicated in the recent insurrection. Lamartine is about to leave France, so says the French journals, but it is denied by that gentleman, most emphatically. We | refer our readers to his letter. At Havre the cotton market has improved, and during the week ending on the 8th inst., sales have much increased. On Saturday, the 8th, the sales amounted to 234 bales, the largest day's business known for some time. The total sales of the week 1 exceeded 8,000 bales, at a rise in price of about l?f per 100 lbs on the middling qualities. We learn by advices ju9t received from London, that Consols closed at 86J to 87J; the rise of the week has been 3 per cent, in consequence of the favorable nature of the accounts from Paris and the settlement of the Schleswig Holstcin question. ! The accounts from Spain represent that a Carlist I war is now approaching, and that it will be car- i ned on with energy. Lord Palmerston is said to be assisting the plans of the Curlists with anns, ! ammunition and money. The Collingwood, from Valparaiso, arrived at Portsmouth on Saturday the 8th, with $1,040,000 specie on freight, for merchants' account. We leam from Prague that, in consequence of some shots having been fired on the soldiers of a guard house during the night of the 28th ult., the governor had again proclaimed martial law. Tbe Lntcst News. Havre, Wednesday, July 12,1848. The detention of the United States till this evening, affords me an opportunity of sending a few hncs, and also of enclosing the latest Paris 1 ?i u.. i.?. I'njti , juni icvcitcu UJ caj'hno, ttiiiwu auuiua l/ut little interest with regard to politics. There is a general decline in French funds and railroads? Three per Cents, 48f 25 ; Five per Cents, 7<if 25. The state of Beige, although strictly maintained in the Banlieucs, is somewhat relaxed in Paris, i The disarmament ol the National Guards of the 8th, 9th and 12th arrondtssements, was proceeding j Batisfactorily. The London Tim?? of the 11th inst., at hand, gi\es the arrival of the America, on Sunday, half past 1 o'clock noon, at Liverpool. The English funds close at 87 J for money, and for account at 87.J. In the Liverpool cotton market oa the 10th, there was nn extensive demgnd; 8,000 bales sold. Prices fairly maintained. The fall of French funds is attributed to a report of the concentration of Russian troops towards Calicia. Cotton market in Havre rather active to-day. , , Males about 1,500 bales, with prices well main- j tained. TIUQ DBTA1L.M OF TUB NKWS. _____ A Whirs In Rnglanit. The London jfYmr* of the 10th inst. states, evidently on authority, that Her Majesty will not pro- j ceed to Ireland thu summer. Few persona, how- I ovsr, seem to have thought that the announced j ? ?p^? - I ???? E NE NEW royal visit was really in contemplation; it would indeed bo difficult t < imagine such a step, in the present state of the Itiah capital, and in the face of the undifguiHed threats of insult towards the Queen by the p-irtv whose open sedition has just led to the arrest of several of its leading members T11K CIlAltTlST TRIALS AND CONVICTIONS. On Saturday, the Sth inet . an Irish chartist, nim j I.couoy, was tried at the Old Bailey, for attending the late illegal meetings. The charge of creating a riot was withdrawn frome the prisoner's indictment. The pioctedings were as follow:? The Attorney Uener&l, Mr. Welsby, Mr Bodkin, and Mr. Clarke were counsel for the prosecution. The prisoner was defended by Mr. Kenealy. The Attorney (ienural. in opening the case, said that this case was very short and conclusive. The case would be proved by a single witness, and he need not do more than read the speech delivered by the prisoner ?a speech he must characterize as a most dangerous one. There was some slight degree of difference in this case as compared with those that had already been under consideration; for in those the speeches had been delivered to large open-air-meetings, whilst Ific speech. Tor delivering whiob the prisoner stood at the bar, was delivered to a meeting of some three hundred persona, in tho Chartist-hall in the lilac lifriars'road. In addition to the ohargo of sedition, the prisoner was charged with attending an unlawful meeting. and with taking part in a riot; but with regard to the latter charge, the jury would not have to enquire into it. The Attorney General then proceeded to read a transcript of a government short hand writer's notes of the prisoner's speech, tho substance of which was as follows:? lie Said he attended the mooting to assist in the formation of a club. He avowed himself a dreadful opponent "practically" of Lord John Russell. He advised the audience to possess themselves of arms, as they had a right to do so?they had a right to repel tho midnight burglar, and they bad equally a right to keep aims to oppose tho myrmidons of a base governmont. A time was coming when men would have to aot as men. He said that John Mitchel. a man who for fourteen woeks had written and propounded the most beautiful doctrines, and who bad done his duty as much as Robert Emmett had dono his in his day, had been removed from amongst them, lie avowed himself a republican in heart and soul, and advised all who could to get arms. Pikes, he said, oould bo had for eighteen pence a-picoe, and pistols were cheap. The House of Lords was a rendezvous for pickpockets, and no good would be dono uutil the land was wrested from ths robberB who held it. To the Irishmen present, he would ray, that the harvest that was then springing up from the surface of Irish soil, would nevor leave the land until every man had enough. English and Irish should be united, and if their demand for juEtlco were unheeded, they would take it; and if the myrmidons of the English should attempt to hew down their Irish brethren, when they appropriated the growing harvest. f hv hhAVATia " fittifi hu " urn will ha fhawa n solo t them." He then moved a resolution, which wax seconded by a person named Rooney, and which was to this effect, that, as God made man, and as man made arms, it is the undoubted right of every man to possess them, and to know the use of thorn; and, as the possession of a mi imparts a diguity and importance that none but the possessor knows anything of, he advised every man to obtain them. Evidence being called to prove the delivery of the spe -eh:? Mr. Kenealy then addressed the jury on behalf of the prisoner. Ho certainly felt considerable embarrassment in conducting this defence, bocause he could have hoped that a member of the profession, with more standing than himself, had been selected to conduct the prisoner's case, and beoause he had yesterday received a friendly intimation from a member of the bar, that he was to be watched in his conduct of this defence, and all that ho said on tho subject of repeal was to bo strictly noted down to be used against him. The Attobnev Gerkkal?How dare you say, sir, anything of the kind ? How dare you make any such assertion ? Some friend of your own may have made such an observation, but I would not condesoond to do so. I say, how daro you, sir, make such an observation ? Mr. Kerealy appealed to the benoh, whether the Attorney General was to be allowed to use suoh language as that to him. Chief Justice Wilde said that he had mentioned Bonn thing that had been whispered to him by a private friend, and. if it wero untrue, he must expect to have it tepudiatod. It was a charge against the Attorney General. Mr Kekealv then proceeded with his address. His client, he said, was an Irishman, and was oue of those who considered that the repeal of the legislative union between his country and England would bo most beneficial to both England and Ireland. He had boon placed by her Majesty's Attorney General before the jury to answer a chargo of sedition, of attending an unlawful meet;Dg, and of riot. The attorney-general had thought proper to abandon the charge of riot, and why, he would ask, had it over been brought forward? He was but a young lawyer; yet over since he had made law his study, he had applied himself to the constitutional law of this country; and although ho was not to be supposed to understand constitutional law as clearly as an Attorney General, or an Attorney General's colleague, he thought he knew what was the constitutional law well, anil hp had no hesitation in asserting that the law, as it had beon laid down in these trials by the law officers of the crown, was not the constitutional law of this country. It was contended that the people had no right to resist. That dootrino he denied. He never could subscribe to any such dootrine. The revolution of 1688 was not the less glorious because it was effected by force. He did not deny that the prisoner had attended the meeting in question. but he believed that he did so from pure and patriotic motives; and, if they believed that?however misguided he might have been?he acted on that impression, it was their duty to acquit him. He considered it amurd to raise an outcry against such doctrines. when they remembered that scarcely any great uational cause had ever been gained without force, that great foundation of our liberties, Magna Charta itself, having been gained at the point of the sword. Similar opinions had been held by numbers of celebrated men, although they had not expressed them with the same force and oarnestness as the prisoner. Among the statesmen of modern times who had on many occasions expressed similar principles, he alluded particularly to the Karl of Chatham; and among philosophers. to Hume, Locke, and Paley. As an instanoe of the necessity for resistance to unconstitutional measures, he pointed out the ipjury which had been done to this country by those proceedings on the part of George III. and his ministers, which had caused to this country the loss of the American colonies,, which Lord Chatham had described as "the brightest jewel in the English crown." If those proceedings had been prevented by proper resistance on the part of the English people, those oolon es would still be retained. and this country would be in a far more high and independent condition than at present. The right of pubiio meeting was undoubted. Not the most despotic minister of George the Third attempted to put down this right, and it was only in the free exercise of this right that the prisoner had acted. There were always alarmists, who exaggerated the danger of such meetings as bad recently taken place. Direotly the meeting was advertised, a leading newspaper raised the panic, by advising trades people to shut up their shops; and what perhaps would otherwise have been a peaceful and unimportant meeting, was raised into a dangerous proceeding by the presence of the horse police; and then, to increase the public apprehension, a number of persons, actuated by a most miserable spirit of " flunkcylsm"?it was an expressive word, and very properly applied?had sworn themselves in as special constables He quoted an opinion laid down by Sir Thomas Wilde, at the State trials in 1844, when that learned gentleman said that a meeting to lie illegal must not be merely a large meeting. but must be of such a character as to excite alarm in reasonable minds ; yet the Attorney General de tied the law to be so. Now he thought ho had clearly established the right of resistance to tyranny and of public meeting ; and. he asked, had those rights been taken away ? The privilege of public meeting, of course, meant the privilege of speech ; and if it wero attempted to deprive them of that liberty of speech, then the attempt amounted to an act of tyranny ; and. whether It was right or not to resist it, became a delicate question. But it was one forced upon them by recent events. Louis rhtlippo destroyed liberty of meeting, liberty of speech, and liberty of the press, and made trial by jury as it is now in Ireland, in the word* of a great man. ''a delusion, a mockery, and a snare;" and, he asked.whsre was the man who had taken Ithose unconstitutional measures? The liberty of the press was unassailable, because It was too powerful to be successfully grappled with. Out it was not the same with speaking ?for an individual might be taken away, and his inllurncu ceased. lie therefore urged thera to be verr jealous and watchful of every encroachment which tended to diminish the rights of the subjeot. After citing various authorities for the course the prisonor had taken, and alluding to the present condition of Ireland, as showing the result of unconstitutional measures adopted towards her by this country, the learned counsel returned to the immediate object of his address, and reiterated his conviction of the moral innocence of the prisoner. He ooncluded by expressing his entire confidence in the jury, in leaving the case of the prisoner in their hands. The Attorney General having briefly replied, the jury, after an hour's deliberation, returned a verdict of guilty. The sentence was not pronounced. TRIAI. OF Kit,NEST JONK.1. In the Old Court, on Monday, the 10th inst., Lord Chief Justice Wlldo, with Sir U. Carroll and Mr. Alderman Oibbs, took their seats on the bench. Charles Krnest Jones was then placed under the dock, charged, (under several counts,) with misdemeanor, to which he pleaded not guilty The Jury were then about to be sworn,when Mr. Sergeant VVilkina requested that knottier jury might bo put into the box. Ten gentlemen ot the jury who sat in the New Court on Krlday, and two others, were then sworn. The ATToanr.v Oenksal then opened the case for the prosecution. lis made no olfaction to the learned sergeant's request, that ths jury who tried the former cases might not be the same who tried this. Though this was a matter of favor, ho had not interpoesd, as he was most anxious that the oase should both be and appear to be, tried with the most scrupulous Impartiality. This case, though the last, was by no means the least, hut possibly the most important of all these eases, not because ths Isngusge of the speaker had been more gross and violent than that of former speakers, oa ths contrsry, they had been less so. but the importance attached to thsm was far greater, for the speaker was a men of education, and W was ashamed to say a member of his (the Attorney Geacrai'a) own pre feasts a ??g~: ' ~ W YC YORK, WEDNESDAY lie was not one of the mob, but their leader and instructor in the doctrines they would hear promulgated from bis lip* He could not plead ignorance of the couteqiicnoe* of what he advocated. He had preached a general thing throughout the country, with a view, the jury would perceive, of introducing a democracy intolhia country?a democracy that all experience showed could only have ended In a military despotism. As the former jury had, in somowhat simU* cases, found the prisoners tried by them nut guilty of the counted riot.be (the Attorney General) would not press that charge in the present case, or ask this jury to do what the former jury had not done. Ho had no desire in the present prosecution to violate the birthright of Englishmen?the right of publio discussion; hut it was yet more necessary that that birthright should not be degraded and abused, la carefully considering the question, they must consider the circuin btancctyii me case tdo jury must cin iiler whether the subject discussed was a real grievance, or wax merely convened and addressed for nurposes of excitement. The opinions of the charter might be right or wrong, but had nothing to do with thin case. Kvery one had a right to be a Chartist. and to discus* the principles of the charter; but in the prudent case, the defendant had advised the mere disousxion of the principles of tho charter to be abandoned for other purposes. It was a mere pretence to talk of public discussion. I'ublio discussion there could be uone when an excited meeting was merely addressed for purposes of excitement. There wus not in the speech of Jones any discussion of political grievances or political principles, but the mere inculcation of doctrines of violence. The tendency could uot be mistaken?it was to organise, to arm, and to prepare. It discountenanced partial outbreaks aud partial riots, but gave unmistakeable bints that general and not partial outbreaks must ho prepared for and organised for, with class leaders, a arduiotes, and secret signs. "Organise! organise! organise! and the rust will come without fear.'* Joues concluded by telling the people that he was going to excite tho inhabitants of the north?to raise them to the mark; and he told them that Mr. Sharpe had something particular to say to thein. Mr. Sharpe then told them thatat a neighboring public house plana of organization were being sold for a half-penny each, which each man ought to provide himself with. The ipeeliug ended with a fray between the people and the police, as l lie jury would bear from the evidence which would bo prerently given, and preparation* for a great rising on Whit Monday wero significantly recommended. The learned gentleman concluded a long and able exposure of the doctrines held forth by the prisoner as an example to be followed by calling his witnesses. Several reporters and policemen then came forward and proved the delivery of the speeoh, and that there was a considerable disturbance thero. A great many persons wero wounded, and several wero taken into custody. The civil authority was uot suflloieut to quell the disturbance, and the military bad to be called eut. This closed tho case for the prosecution, and the jury retired for a short time. After the return of the jury, Mr. Sergeant Wilkin* commenced his address for the defence. He said that it was far easier to sting than to eradicate the venom. The Attorney General bad spoken in what was called " a very able manner," and had exhibited, in opening the case against the defendant, greater earnestness and vehemence than he had displayed on any former occasion throughout these trials; and Le would say that he had done so with great sophism and fallacy. Tho speech for which Mr. Jones was indicted did not conta n anything which could have called forth the observations of the Attorney General, and he was sure that they must have been surprised at the speech, when it was read to them, that it was the speech for which Mr. Jones had been indicted. He could not. in passing, refrain frcm expressing his burprise that a portion of the public press should have commented ou those trials until all of them had como to a close. He contended that the speech for which Mr. Jones was indicted did not contain anything that was seditions, and he believed he would be able to prove to the jury that the words used wero not seditious. The Attorney General had said that this was the most Important of all the trials, and he (Vlr. Serjeant I Wilkins) believed that it was so. as far as the Attorney General was concerned, because it was the most diffl- I eult case of the whole, and that tho Attorney General felt the difficulty of establishing the case. The defendant was a man of great literary and legal attainments?a member of u learned profession?and he would ask the jury if such a man wero likely to band with the poor and needy unless he was conscious that the people hud grievances which required redress, and unless he was convinced of the truthfulness of the doctrine he preached? That doctrine mirfit bo dangerous to corruption and undue power, bu^coukd not be dangerous to the legitimate und constitutional exercise of power. The Attorney General had employed a little figure of speech when he said bo blushed to own that Mr. Jones was a member of his profession. He believed the attorn y general had not blushed for a long time, and ut any rate he had not cause to blush at inat. M . Jones desired the people to organise; the Attorney General then made a number of inference* upon the fact. A rash man could sometimes make more a Fordone iu an hou- than could be refuted in even years, lie knew no better means of gaining an ohje t than organization. It avoided confusion and many other ills. The oorn laws had been done away wita by organization ; the Refeim Bill had been got, and Cathode emanc pa tion obtained by organizat on, and precedents *ere not wanting to tell Mr. Krnest Jone< what might be obtained by organization. The Attorney General, too, had said that the dofendant had no excuse for what he did?he could not plead want as his excuse. No; but was all high feeling dead, that the Attorney General should utterly ignore the possibility of sucb a thing us patriotism existing in Kngiand?? Was it because Mr. Jones had no immediate personal Interest in what he did, that the Attorney General was to infer that his motive coull not have been a good one ? If it had not been for patriotism and organization, few good laws and privileges could have been obtained. Magna ( harts was due to organization; and where would the Attorney General, and the jury, and himself now he, but for organization ? only probably rrirurinor. and fuwninir. and Irtieklintr In a tnrunt whose selfish passions and personal impulses would have been the only law of their lives. The learned Sergeant then proceeded to comment upon the speech on which Jones was indicted. Jonos said?1' Mad as the government were, be did not think they were mad enough in such case to attempt to put down public meetings.*' W hat was there in this that was soditious? How was it in a neighboring country? Had it not been for the mad attempt of the Krench government to put down the Reform Banquet, old Louis Philippe might now be sitting on the throne, Instead of being an exile, uncared for and unpitied; and (Julzot, prime minister, instead of a fugitive from public opinion, hiding himself here and there from the eyes of men. What was there in the recommendations of organisation. of class leaders, of clases, wardmotes, fcc , that could be objected to? There were plenty of systems of organization in the country. What system of organization. for example, was more perfoct than that established by that great man John Wesley, for the regulation of the Wesleyan Methodists? Another passage had been inveighed against by the Attorney-General, where Mr. Krnest Jones declared he would preach no peace doctrines until the poor men had their rights. The Attorney-Oeneral had very boldly declared what were tho dispensations of Providence, and had dcoiared that it was contrary to the dispensations of Providenoe to expect differences of rank to be done away with. I He (Sergant Wilkins) thought people should not. be too ready to talk about what wero the dispensations of i Providence. People were very apt to assume the dis- I pensations of Providence to be whatever they thought j to be for their own particular interests : and, howover able a commentator on Sarlpture the Attorney-General might be, he weuld find it hard to persuade starving men that a beneficent Providence had intended them to starve, and tho luxurious sioeourist to roll about in his courtly carriage. Such were not, and could not have been the dispensations of Providence, and people ' should be careful that they wero not standing in the way of those dispensations of Providence which, when : it suited them, they affected so much to revere. He (Sergeant Wilkins) knew that it was Impossible to abolish all dlRtinctionH of rank, but that did not provo that it was the dispensation of Providence for hardworking men to be without bread, and aome dowager aunt af a defunct statesman to have the people taxed far her luxurious benefit. Lordly bishops declared it to be easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to eater the kingdom of heavon. and their dwellings were the most sumptuous palaces in the land. Heally what was there In i this meeting that constituted it an illegal one ? Was it held at an unlawful hour ? No. It was held at tiro o'clock, In hroad daylight. It was perfectly public, \ for the government short-hand writer sat quietly at work the whole time. There was nothing in the meet- ' ing that could be called illegal unless it were in the speeches themselves, and he trusted that the jury would find this charge to be utterly unfounded. Even if the great judge who sat on the bench should incline in a direction opposite to that which he (Mr. Sergeant YVilklns) did. though the casewould be made far less hopeful than otherwise, let the jury remember that even that mind might be liable to a particular bent, and might not be able to prevent that bent from becoming apparent in his charge to them. Itut it was their duty and privilege to stand between the people and the smallest attempt to encroach upon their rights, and it even one among their number remained unconvinced, It was his sacred duty to alf there till his tongue failed him before he. without thorough conviction, returned a verdict of guilty against the prisoner. 1 ho Attorni.t Oistsii. then rose to reply, and, at considerable length, recapitulated the arguments he had previously employed, and enjoined the jury to return a verdict npon the evidence, which, he believed, must bo against the prisoner. The Lord Chief JusTicr thsn summed up This trial, he said, had been a momentous and most important one. and the decision, of thejury (to which all Cost proceedings were merely preparatory) could only e useful to society if thev decided the question strictly according to the evidence that had been adduced. The jury had to ooneider both what was the tendency of the words that had been spoken, and what was the intention of the man who spoke them. Tho jury then retired, and after some mlnntes' absence returned Into court with a verdict of guilty. Interesting from Ireland. The arrest of Mr. llufly and others of the seditious writers in Dublin has been already stated. The following are details of the intelligence:? Mr. John Martin, proprietor of the Felon newspaper, has been committed to Newgate to take his trial on a charge of felony, at the commission, whiofa stands adjourned to the 9th of August neit, IRK I MORNING, JULY 26, and not, as Mr. Martin imagined when he gave himself into the custody of the police, to the month ol October next. The government are ttriinir with energy, so far as the state of the law will permit. Previous to Mr. Martin's surrender, the police had seized all pn|iers, etc., at the office ol the FYlxm; yesterduy evening and this d.iy they seized upon all the numbers or the Felon they could lay their hands upon, either at the office of that po|>er or amongst the news venders in the streets. Rut the treason journals are still increasing in violence, and the club organization pro- j ceeueat railroad a|n:t'U. MISSION OK nm. HFlfiUKU TO AMIIRICA. The con federates and their glubs have been working in secret since the passing of the Treason Felony Art. One portion of the plana of the Executive Directory, however, has transpired, namely, the mission of Mr. T. F. Meagher to the United Slates. Thtjre are various rumors as to the object of this move. Some are credulous enough to believe that Mr. Meagher is to join an expedition of sympathisers, from some American port, to rescue John Mttchel from the British authorities at Bermuda ; others state that Mr. Meagher is to mhke a tour of the United States to organize clubs similar to those in Ireland, in order that the Irish confederates may be able to calculate the extent of their resources. MARTIN'S EXAMINATION. When taken la-tors the maaistrate this morning. the following was what took place Mr Tyndall asked him whether he was aware that informations had been laid against him. and that a warrant had bean issued

several days ago for his apprehension ? Mr. Martin?lam not yetaware of the exact nature of these Informations ; but I do flot wish to waste the time of the Court, In having them read to me, and wilt be quite aatialii <1 to be informed whether or not I am charged under the recent "Gagging Act," and for what particular writings or speakings ! Mr. Tvndall?You are indicted under that art of Parliament, and for several distinct articles published in vour paper. Mr. Martin?Will you be good enough to favor me with the names or titles of the indioted articles ? Mr. Williams, one of the office-clerks, then read the titles of the prosecuted articles l'rom the indictment. Mr. Martin?Can I Iiavoa copy of that information? Mr. T? shall- Certainly. That is ail 1 have to say to yon, Mr. Martlu, aud 1 neod not tell you that it will now be my duty to commit you to prison, to stand your trial at the next commission, for this offence. Mr. Maiitin then, addressing the Hemch. said - Per. i baps your worship will allow roe to o?er an explanation burn which I hare now no other means of communicating the facts of to the public. I wish to state, that I have purposely evaded the execution of a warrant (which I was aware had been issued for my apprehension) from Monday until this day, for the following reasons, which 1 have stated at length in a letter in this day's number of the Felon, aud which, 1 understand, has been seized upon by the polioe authorities in a manner whioh I conceive to amount to nothing short ot public robbery In- consequence of this procedme I am anxious to mention here, in order that the publio may learn the fact, tliut my object in keeping out of the way was merely to get time to secure something like a fair trial; for I apprehend that I should have had no chance at all of a fair trial if I hud keen tried before the -ommission which sat last Tuesday. and was closed on ihut day. I therefore, resolved if possible, not to deliver myself up. or be arrested, until that commission was udjourned in the usual way. 1 wish the public to believe what is the truth?that I , am not in the least afraid to meet the consequences | of mv own deliberate act. i now fully understand that 1 have to meet u prosecution under the Treason- i Felony Act for certain articles published in a news- . paper of which I am tha responsible proprietor. For all these articles 1 hold myself alone legally and mo- : rally responsible ; and 1 am now ready to bet conduct- , ed wherever you please to s<;nd me. Mr. Martin was then conveyed to Newgate. THE JPVRNAl.S Mr. John Martin has published, in the Irit\ Felon a long letter, addressed " To the ltight Hon. the F.arl of Clarendon, representative of the British Crowu and 1 lifmilv In Ir*?]?nA >' fa Is Antnil O ITrnni in w lit.1ii.iv place, July 0,'' and gives the following account of the causes which induced him to keep out of the way of the police:? 11 On last Monday evening, when, armed with your warrunt for my arrest, your detectives searched for me in my offico in Trinity street, and afterwards in the 1 house of my friend Mr. Rellly. it happened that I was sitting comfortably in the house of another friend, j where 1 had dined. Informat ion reached mo vary soon i of your proceedings; and my friends and I formed our- > selves into a little cabinet council, to consider the j course proper for me to take; and we agreod that the 1 best course was, that 1 should endeavor to keop clear j of Green street till after the rising of your present commission. Wo understood that ilieXrown had provided itself with a panel of oven surer ' loyalty' i than the one you packed for the conviction of 1 John Mitcbel ; that the most ferocious of your ! partisan judges, Chief Justice Blackburne, occupied | the bench; that your convict ship the Shearwater lay i in Kingstown harbor;?that, in short, you had aU 1 your arrangements ready made for ' trying' me. convicting me, and robbing me?putting me in irons and sending mo off. like a burglar or murderer, to live and die among burglars and murderers?all within twentyfour. or at most forty-eight hours ; while I could* have no time or opportunity to prepare my legal defence or my moral vindication?no means of exposing to the world the iniquities of your packing, your contrivances for making 'crown,' 'government.' and Maw' abominations to all honeRt men?your official meanness, lying and malignity. My friends and I considered that your advantages in a trial' for ' felony,' under such circumstances, would be too enormous? that your dice were really too heavily loaded ; and. therefore, we determined that I should avoid a ' trial' during this commission. And thuB it is that I have condescended to hide myself from your detuotives for these days. Your commission, which, as I am told, finished nil the businese before it on Tuesday last, ' stands adjourned till Friday;' and people say that tills sitting on Fridnv must be intended for inv u. I Seolal ense, which is really doing me far too much onor (for indeed I am but a very feeble opponent of your empire, though 1 will yield to no man in hatred of that grand engine of huuian debasement and misery ) The commission, I understand, must rise tor tbo long vacation on Friday, as the benig ant Blackburne and the other esteemed Crown and UoTernment Judges are to go on circuit upon Saturday. And after Friday it will not be convenient for your courts to 1 try' me. or any other patriots, for ' felony' till October next. It. then, you confine me in Newgate till October. v.e will both of us t ave three months for preparation before my trial?which 1 trust will be also your trial Von can employ the time in perfecting your picking arrangements, 'instructing' your lawyers and judges?perhaps getting new acts from ycur parliament anent the atrocious ' illegality' of speaking trutn in Ireland?to take away from me any legal chance of escape; and in setting the speakers and writers of your faction to slander and vilify me in the same way as they slandered and vilified John Mltchcl, representing me as a communist, a socialist, an advocate of pillage and massacre, a fiend whose delight is in tempests of anarchy and civil war, and in torrents of human blood ?so aa to nave me morally ci nvlcted as well as legally. On the other hand, it will be the part of my friends and myselfkto oiler ail the little opposition in our power t? your jury-packing, and at least to expose your practices. in that department of ' government,' to the contempt and detestation of the world; and to propagate ' felonious' sentiments a- extensively as we can among thsse of our coun.ryinen whom their ignorance and bigotry, and the acts of your faction, keep away from the national ranks, as the Orangemen of l ister, tho demented landlords, who are rushing upon their own destruction, and the misguided men o, your army and police force. For ray own part, I hope to effect some good by explaining the national doctrines, and urging the necessity of the course proposed by Nationalists, and so effacing from tbe minds of our wretched ' better classes'those prejudices and fears which impel them to prefer civil war to Irish independence I can reasonably calculate upon a moral triumph in thervesof the world, by October next. And I have good nope that by October next my countrymen will be so armed and organized, so cured of their terror for policemen's batons and soldiers' bayonets, so strong in their sense of right, so bold and determined, that they will not p?rmit you to lay your insolent hands upon the meanest of the six million Irish ' felons'that, in their heart of hearts, curse your impious crown and government. " Mr. James F. Lalor. in an article in the Ftlon, headed " What must be done ?" recommends the formation of a Felon newspaper proprietory of from 400 to 1.200 persons. lie says:? i no nana 01 tne Kngitsh government points to this journal a* the foo which it hates and fears the most. If Irelnud bo desirous that it shall not sink, overborne by repeated assaults, there is one sure way to support and sustain it. and but one alone. I now do what I bare deferred too long?I appeal to Ireland to oome to the relief of her assailed and endangered fortress; and 1 claim, for sake of her own safety, to hare that fortress manned and provided?its garrison increased, its defences strengthened. I demand the immediate formation of a joint-stock company to take Mr. Martin's plaee, if he should be crushed, and to oontlnue this journal under Its present or some other name." Mr. Lulor thus concludes:? " Korm the company I propose, and then, before they ' squelch' Ireland they must ' squelch' the Felon office, lla' 'tqueloh' It?by Heaven*??squelch' It! It is no good No middle eourse can answer that. Your knee te the ground?or death and defiance, oh Ireland! , _ F. Lalos." The Tribune is quite on a par with the other Jacobin journal*; 1 shall, however, confine myself to a single extract HOW TO CONQtER. " We plainly told our fellow-countrymen last week that the land question is the one of the greatest importance?the one which ought to oooupy their minds at the present time while the harvest is ripening; and if they can make up their minds that the land is theirs, it is quite dear that the produoe of the land?the corn, potatoes, and green oropels their own also ; that the whole harvest of Ireland, and all that is therein,' belongs by right to the people of Ireland, and to none beside, and that It Is theirs by Divine right?by the grace of God. This, so Important a truth, we are desirous again te bring under onr countrymen's attention ; for we would have them knew that In no other olvillaed oenntry is this Divine right ef the people te the land, and te be ?p< , I ERA 1848. ported by the produce of the land, *o wilfully outraged and attempted to be totally abrogated. Vain attempt ! a* if a natural law. an ordinance of hnaeen, ran be long held in abeyance and terrible misery not to be produced flight thousand have usurped thin gift of Providence to the exclusion of eight nullum*, Can tbe*? eight thousand hold it much longer agaiiiitt the awak- , er.ing intelligence of tbe million* ? To root out Irish landlord*, and exterminate landlordism - to eradicate it. root and branch, out of the Island, should b? the frincti m nilitnt of Irish liberty ' Kxteruiinatinn of risl. landlordism' rhouid Ire the first war-ery--should he the password of any army of independence--the constant tin me of club?? the tint deliberation of tha council of three hundred.'' THE STATE OK llilXAND. The writer of the following letter is Mid to have resided seme years in Ireland in an official capa- ' riiy, which affords liim the bestm-uns of information, and to be a military man o' high rank and of great experience, as well us great intelligence:? ' " This country, since Mitohel's transportation, has been apparently quiet, but that rury quiet leads mo to suppose I bat it extends only as far as appaeranoes go, and that the disaffected arc only waiting for what they may consider a favorable opportunity. The clubs have within the last month not only increased in number. both in Dublin and the provinces, but are daily t becominj^more cautious in their proceedings, and perfecting themselves as much as possible in i>tails, so as to become efficient an one body. Crimes which twelve months ago were frequent all over the oouutry now are almost unheard of?merely because the repealers are waiting to make an attempt on an extended scale,and all iteland will take its tune from Dublin. It Is known that M.liOO men and upwards are at present armed, and well aimed too, and almost the wholo of that nun- ' bor have been practised to use tbelr arms. An >m- j insure quantity of ammunition hasfoun I its way into Ireland during the Ust six months, Whore is it.' The number cf avowed repea'ers is great, the number of re pi ah rs not avowed is also great; and to these others ' whim the Manliest chance of sucoess would surely i turn, from selfish motives, and say how many honest me n und true are left? Some strong and decisive men- [ sure should lie at onee taken to put down the clubs, i and disarm tlio disaffected as much as possible. Till ! this is done, all other measures must be fruitless. Our | soldiers are true as steel, and, should there be a few black sheep among them, they dare not show themselves, as they would bo shot by their comrades The pensioners may also be calculated on as a most efficient force. The Dublin police and the constabulary in the country are a most useful force, and to be trusted as a body; butstill when wo reflect that they are all Irish (with very few exceptions), nnd mostly ltoman Catholics, it caunot be supposed that there are not some disaffected men amongst them; and, 1 think, were there any symptom of thu Repealers getting the upper hand even for a short time, both police and constabulary would in purt sympathise with them. The events which have just taken place in Paris have no doubt shun n the Repealers what disciplined troops can and will do. and now is the time to act with energy (when, to use a vulgnr expression, they are down in the mouth), and not to wait till they have gained increased strength and confidence. I have no doubt they hare leaders in different paits who couid easily raise, in a very short time, a desperate attempt at rebellion; that, when once up in arms, these leaders have not the power of reprnssing their followers, and though in the long run < tlic> would bo defeated, il would not bo till after much 1 bloodshed. lteiuember tho harvest in fast approaching. i Tlio clubs aro hourly increasing?the priests are tlpe for repeal?aud upwards af DO,000 men are known to be well armed. The clubs must be put down at onoe, as the first great step to Improvement." 'llis French He public. There Is only one article In the Taria journals of the llth inst of sufficient interest fur extract. It is In the Comiilutionnel, in answer to some of the journals which have accused it with having a reactionary tendency. The Cunslituhonnrl declares that it is sincere in its adoption of tho republio, but then proceeds as follows to express its opinion as to the oourse which ought to be adopted for the consolidation of new institutions " Let government call itself monarchical or republican, it is indispensable that its institutions be adapted to the partioular character of the people for whom it is destined. Extremes can no more be resisted in physical than in moral order. Too much or too little lood proves injurious ; the sight is equally affected by too much or too little light, and it is just the same for man in a multiplied slate, which is the poople. Too much or too little liberty destroys him, either by consumption, or by fever and delirium. Liberty, therefore, must have its limits. When under the monarohy sacrifices were imposed on liberty, it was thought that they were made solely for the interest of the monarchy ; we admit that it might have its share of them. But there are sacrifices which must be made even under the republic, because tbey are commanded by the inteiest of society as a body. When the monarchy placed its principle above discussion, an individual interest might be seen in that act. But when society refuses that its double base, property and family, should be discussed, wwuld not that retrenchmeut from liberty be effected for tho most extenaivo and most lawful of human interests ? Let eare be taken. however. The question is not to cut short learn- j ed discussions in which metaphysicians reason in large j books about tho oriain nf Lhin^s ?nn if tho hnMuit no. I (rations be advanced. Such negations, buried in writings not very accessible to all. are without danger.? We speak of the exciting polemics which appeal to the passions, and which, denying the right of property in presence of misery, set the poor on the rich as a prey., We have just seen tho horrible effect of such predion- i tions? they lend to civil war. In fact, there is not i merely the daily press to disseminute them, there are < the placards, there are the clubs. Scarcely had the i republicans of the veillr achieved the right of plaoard- i lug. when they used it, as generals do in haranguing their troops, to prepare them for attack or defence 1 against an enemy. M. t aussidiero said in onu of his s addresses to the people of I'aris. which was posted up: 1 ' Citizens, keep your arms." Another Invited, in a well- 1 known placard, one portion of society toademaud pardon ' or menaced it with the justice of the sections militari- 1 ly organised. At the same time certain clubs b?cama . i citadels or camps. Such was the effect of extremo li- 1 bcrty in our nation of soldiers. It is evident that such | a state of things would send us back to the middle ages r ?that It would assimilate the French ropublio to those ; t Italian republics, In which civil war continually exist- I ed. in which the parties fought amongst themselves to | t proscribe each other in turn, the conquerors entering e into possession of the houses or lands from which the 1 conquered were driven out. Modern liberty has chaog- t ed this savage regime ; has substituted the discussion j of the tribune for the field of battle; the vanquished j lose power in place of losing their country or their pro- t ft rty; they undergo tho moral condemnation of public ' opinion, in place of undergoing an order ot banish- | 1 ment The French republic must not renounce the ad- 1 vantages of this happy transformation it cannot \ continue, except with a restricted liberty They, 1 therefore, who desire it to be moderate are they who wish to ensure it a 'ong career." THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. The National Assembly, on the 11th inst.. adopted, i almost without remark, a bill to regulate the stenographic service of the Chamber, for the purpose of giv- 1 ing the reports in the Monileur of the sitting; also, one for the formation of a camp of 50,000 men in the j Champ do Mars, or in the environs of Paris ; and, | lastly, a bill demanding a grant of 500,000 fr. for effect- | ing certain clearings and improvements in tho State forests. The Minister of the Interior presented a bill relative to the caution noney for newspapers ; the sum to he deposited has been diminished more than > three-fourths, a dally paper paying only 24,000 francs, l in place of 40,000 francs, and the others in propor- ' tion. Tho honorable Minister also presented a bill against offences of the press, but it differs from that j hitherto in force, only In certain modifications of tanguage, inserted to suit the republican form nf govern- > meut ; the pains and penalties remain as they were, j He likewise brought forward a third bill which seemed to excite even more interest than the others, namely, one to regularise the holding of political clubs. Any citizens are permitted to open a club, provided they make a preliminary declaration of their intention to the proper authorities?to the Prefect of Police at I'aris. aud to the Mayor of the commune In the departments; the said declaration must be made at least fortyeight hours in advance ; all the sittings must be publio, and at least a quarter of the seats must be reserved for strangers ; a government functionary may be present at ail the sittings, in a seat especially reserved for him; aprovit verbal of the proceedings of each sitting Is to be drawn up by president and secretaries ; no club CAn PtM rpsnlvn into a nnmmlHao nn* any propositions tending to exalte disturbance or civil war be brought forward any one contravening these provisions is to be subjected to a fine of from 400 to AUO francs, and, if thought necessary, to a suspension of civic rights, for a period of one year at least, and three at most. Whoever appears at a club with arms, is to be liable to an imprisonment of from three to six months, and to the privation of civic rights of from three to ten year* The trihunnls can order the clos- ! lng of a club, when convicted of having contravened 1 any of the above enactments; and, In oase of the club meeting after the order of dissolution has been pronounced. the parties so offending are to be liable tobn imprisonment of from six months to a year, and to a suspension of civic rights for from five to ten years.? 1 The honorable Minister also presented a bill demanding 500,000 IV to be distributed amongst the theatres of ! l'aris. and 470,000fr. for the Krenoli Opera. The National Assembly formed itseif on Monday, j the 10th, at four o'clock, into a secret committee to regulate its own expenses The budget of the Chamber of Deputies amounted In 1847 to 786,5Wfr.; that of the present Assembly is fixed for e'ght months of 1*48 to the sum of 6,224,- I 217 fr . of which the indemnity of 25 tT per day for the representatives, during a period of eight months, amounts alone to 6 400,000 fr. Two questions were examined respecting this indemnity In the first place, the Assembly derid- d, contrary to the opinion of the committee, that no suspension should take plana 1 when the representatives were absent on leava, or da- I talned at home by illnase. The second question was to decide whether any proceedings at law for debt could be allowed to affect the Indemnity granted to the representatives. It was decided that as this allowanoa was intended wholly to permit the representatives to support tbo expense of their residence In Parla, no oreditors could be allowed to Interfere and prevent the memliers of the Assembly from continuing properly the duties confided to them by the people. In consequnnoe the Assembly decided, after two trials, that the allow- I ance made to representative* cannot be subject to any selsiire The Assembly then considered certain aug- ! mentations ot salary proposed for the functionaries and ' m*s*cng*r- whose labor has been (nervaeed etuoe tfcj LD. TWO CENTS. meeting of the new n>pm*nt?l>r<: but It rejected erery proposition lo that effect brought forward, ahowi riff flu If in general <>f a aerere n>nn,,iny The A aimbly alao decided on ?iip|>rf??lni? altogether the 'iiuatar for refrerhment'' generally known by the name of the itrrtffr, whtrn since 18o4t wine and wa?*r. ni([?r and wnl< r. cud surh light beverage*, were distribute t to the monitors gratuitously Tho expenre In 1847 waa only 4V,000fr , and in Id'8 would have toen it waa thought, abotit CO 04)0ft. The AHai-nibty uot wiihtng to impoee that expense on the Stale snpprenand tlie huoeti* alto, (tether. It has refnaed alao to with arias the ?ntablivhinent, in the interior of the building, of a counter, where on paying members conld obtain refreahtnentr. It Is supposed that the Aaaenihl* will again altin ho ret thin <1 lY to reuuh-te t l.e reniHi nine detail* of its hint eel Tie I 'uimit'ee on Labor was oocupledon Monday In i xsu Intng a proposition of M. tiorln. tending t* modify the articles ot the penal rode relative t? ooaiitions The com mitten at last t hooght It better to adjourn the question for the present. The committee next took into consideration a petition emanating frotn M. Lobi'sel. of Paris, teiidlng to have sis establishments created in Paris for the purpose of giving a proper education to the children of workmen, on the model of that founded by the Abbo tlcrraugor, in the Hue do Vauglrarri, where every child ie prepare* for aomo particular calling in after life. The committee decided to recommend the petition to the notiow of the Minister of Public Instruction. On Monday. Messrs. Victor Hugo and Due tux presented to the President of the National Ass'imbiy Lieirtenunt Charles llrrard, an intrepid Natioual Guurd of the fith Lrglnu . who was wounded in taking a flag from the berrirade at the Barriere das Train Couronnee M. Bcrnrd brought the flag with him, attended by a deputation composed of Capt (iu llaume and Nub-Lieutenant Brocard, of his own legion and Capt Samard and Lieut. Gousset, of the Kith Garde Mobile Capt Ouillauuie and Lieutenants Ibrardand Brocard accompanied MM. Victor Hugo and Oaly C'azelat on the Saturday to the attack and capture at the barricades at the Temple and the Marais, whioh was not made until alter M Victor Hugo had tried ! ain every moans of conciliation. Lieutenants Berard and Oouseet, unaided, took the cannon at ths barricade of St. Maur, which had been cast by the insurgents during the night, and had no other carriage than a thick plank under the barricade. After this boM frat, which was performed under a complete storm at bullets, M. Berard exclaimed, " I have taken a cannon, and now 1 must have a flag " lie kept his word, far not many minutes after he seised the flag on the barricade den Trois Couronnes. where he received * wound In the foot. The President returned him thanks in the name of the representatives of the people. and accepted the flag, whioh will be deposited I* the archives of the Assembly. STATE OP PARIS. The following decree has been issued by the President of the Council, obief of the Executive power " In tbo name of the French people, the President at the Council, charged with the Executive power, is virtue of the rights conferred upon him by the deoren of June 24. whioh plaoos Paris in a state of siege ;? Considering the decree of June 27 whlnh nrovldaa thai) the individuals who bare takon part In the insurrection shall be transported to the French possessions beyond sea, and that the proceedings commenoed before the courts-martial shall follow their course so far as concerns those who shall be designated as the abetters, chiefs, or Instigators of Insurrection, or who shall have tarnished or distributed money, arms, or ammunition exercised command or authority, or committed any ee to aggravate rebellion;?Considering the decree whiek Instituted the commission of inquiry Into the events of June, of which Colonel Bertrand Is 1'resident?decrees as follows Art. 1. There shall be constituted fonr courts martiul, of each of which there shall be three military men members, and of whioh a superior oflloer shall bo I'resident. Art. 2. These oourts-martial. after examining all the warrants, and other evidence laid before them, shall decide?First, as to the discharge of the accused, this right of discharge being nevertheless reserved to Colonel Bertrand in caaea of urgoncy; secondly, as to the individuals liable to transportation; thirdly, as to sending parties for trial before thepcrma nent courts- martial of the first division. The whole in conformity with the decree of June 2T. Art. 3. The courts-martial shall bo hold at the seated the Central Commission in the I'alatsde Justice, according to the order which shall be given by Colonel Bertrand. Art. 4. The following are made members of the four commissions, via : 1st Commission, Chef d'Kscadron, Courtats d'Hurbal, of the staff, reporter to the first permanent court-martial; President and Captain Hossord. of the staff, and Captain|Wohlfart, oftha IStk light rogimcnt, as members. 2d Commission, Lieutenant Colonel Revon, of tne 2d reginidnt of dragoons, President; Captain de Jouffroy, of the staff, and Capt. Hanitmrt. nfthn filh tnmnlior* Mrl I '.ominiafiina Colonel de Macore, of the 23d of the line, Late President of the second court-martial of Curia, President; Capt. Caubuud, of the ataiT, and Cupt. (inland de Songutrne. of the lat cuirassiers, members. 4th Commlsaion, Lieutenant Colonel tnmbriere, of the lat oulraaaiera, President; Captains Lahuro. ot the staff, and Vieiilard. of tlio 2d dragoons, members. "CAVAfQNAC." " Done at Taris, this Oth July." The Peuple Comtituant appeared yesterday with a black border and an announcement from itseditoi and Iiroprielor. the Abbe de Lamennais, that it was the u>t number that would be published, and thst, in future, theaubM-ribera would receive the Reforme in lien of it. in hia farewell address, M. de LamennaUsays:? ' The Peuple C'ori<(i'(iian(commenced with the republic and ends with the republio, for what we now witness la not the republic " Uu then attacks the government and its partisans with great violence, and continuing, as in most of bis recent articles, to attribute the late nitbreuk to a royalist faotien, predicts that their trijruph will bd of short duration. In conclusion he lays:? -For some time past our journal, snatehed from the lands of the venders, was torn up and burned in the treets. One (f our venders was even imprisoned at touen, and the journal seized without any formality, t was determined at any price to reduoe us to silenoe. I l<is has been accomplished by the cautinnnement. Jold? a great deal of gold?is now demanded for the ight of expressing an opinion. We are not sufficienty rich. Silence to the poor!" We read in the Men Public l; The Club dei Reirestntanti du Peuple, which meeta at the Palais Naionat. held a sitting on Sunday night, whioh did not ireak up till a very late hour. The prqjeotod constiution is said to hare been the subject in discussion, liid to have given rise te warm debates. Iftheinormation wo have received be correct, the club came o an almost unanimous vote in favor of the legislative >ower being vested in a single Chamber." General Caralgnac at present resides in ths hotel in he lluc de Varennes formerly occupied by Colons! I'horn. the American, and terming part of the property eftbyMmo Adelaide. General Changarnier has dovoted several honrs for the last two days to visiting such of the National Guards as had been wounded in the late Insurrection. The compositors, etc., of several of the journal* which were suppressed on the 20th June, on Monday sent delegates to requeit an interview with the obmf of the executive government. They were received by M. Marie. President of the Assembly, who, after hearing what they had to say, stated that he was not responsible for the suppression of newspapers, but that in a few days there would be a solution satisfactory to all interests. Works of publie utility are now being executed in the quarter of the Arsenal, and a considerable number of workmen are employed on them. The reserve stores are being enlarged; and on the right bank of thn Seine, near the Pont d'Austerlits, a new port Is being constructed. Tho Cm on says:?" There was a talk yesterday at the National Assembly of the arrest of a high functionary of the previous administration of the department of war This person, whose name we keep book until we shnll have received more ample information, has been, it was said, arrested on the gravest inoulpatlon. and accused, if not of coiftplieity, at least ?f great negligence, in the last insurrection. Several other important arrests were also spoken of." Two nephews of Commandant Constant in haw just been nrrested. by virtue of warrants issued by Colonel Bertrand. President of the Commission of inveetigatlon into the events of June. The young men, like their uncle, resided in that part of the quarter 8k Antolne in Which the insurrection displayed its greatest strength ' Yesterday Mrning," says the Droit, " a shot fired from a window in the Rue llambuUau entered ths eye of a Garde .MoDtie, panned tnround Mis Praia and killed him instantaneously. The liounn wis Immadiately surrounded, entered, and searched. A mamket recently discharged was found in a room, bat the assassin had effected his escape, and has not yet been discovered. Some workmen in the crowd attracted by this event, stated that, for several days before, papers were found scattered in the workshops, promising bOfr. for killing a Garde Mobile. 40ft. for a soldier. Mfr. for a National Guard, and 'JOfr. for a Gardlen 4a Paris.'' We should doubt this statement; who was ta pay the sums offered' An individual wearing the utiiform of the National Guard. a corporal lu the liith Legion, having been seised on a barricade by the Garde Mobile, was aboat to be shot, when he appealed to M. Gairard, Prefet dea Ktudes of the College St. Uarbe. who had frequently shown kindness to him. to Intercede la his behalf m. Gairard did so. but as he had killed several Gardes inebile. the Irritation was so gieat. that he was put ta death. His papers were examined, and amoag them wns one thus conceived : Jl fuiiller It. , ?wa capital's*. Af. end It. Gairard. , There was an assemblage of several thoussade ?f workmen on Sunday at St. Uenis. but they dispersed at the first summons of the magistrates. The proposed object of the meeting has not been stated to us. M. t ormenin has continued his visits to the different prisons in which the captured insurgents hare i been placed, and has effected many auielioraMone, aa to sir. food. kc. In many case* the prisoners are new allowed the use of pen, ink and paper. The Caniiiiuiionnel publishes a long article from Or Hoger on the nature of the wounds iufl>eted by the i?- ] surgetits of Jun<?. In which he states that, asHne bad* ware nearly all flreJ af short distances, most of them made a complete pnassge. or seriously fractured the bones against which they struck. The Guar l Marine which was organised at Parta after the reveliuion of February. Is, it is said, te be raised Imtnf liafelv to Its full number of 10*) mea, and 1 sent to the wa-.-lde in Normandy, to act as con* guards, and prevent smuggling A plan, having fcr its object to give oconpatlon te workmen, has been propos. d to the municipal Panned (<f l.-uviirs and adopted to open a suWrletfon. la I which whoever plea*.-* shall put down hi* nam* for ' "lc or more m.-trvt of wing or black olo'.h st Iff 'do er J

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