Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 28, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 28, 1848 Page 1
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TH HO. 5166. A?ITA1 OV THK NEW STEAWSniP EUROPA AT BOSTON. Three -Days Later from Europe. IWrORAM INTELLIGENCE. Another Plot in France! THE CRISIS IN IRELAND. fcc. &c. &0. TELEGRAPHIC. The new steamship Europa, Capt. Latt, arrived at Boston at i past 6 o'clock yesterday morning She lelt Liverpool on the 15th instant, at 6, P. M She reached Halifax on the nt 5, P. M., and left at 8. She was detained oil Halifax nine hours by fog. Our advices by the E. arc from Liverpool of the afternoon ot the 15ttli; from London of noon of the seme day; from Dublin of the morning of the same day, and from Paris of the morning of the 14th instant. Another plot has been discovered in Parts. A correspondent of the London Globe says that the men of Ateliers Nationaux, and the other turbulent workmen, had resolved to make another attempt on the 14th, the day originally fixed upon for the five sous banquet. It is now known that this was merely a pretext for getting together an immense bodv. most of whom wore to carry arms secreted under their blouses, whilst others were on the first signal of outbreak to have proceeded to the depots of muskets and ammunition, which were to have been made in the quarter three or four days before the intended meeting. It is said, now, that such ot the projectors of this plot as have not been captured for the part they took in the late insurrection, have, for the last fortnight, been organizing their forces for a final and desperate struggle. Fortunately, however, the entire plot has been discovered by the government. The headquarters of the insurgents, this time, was to have been the Place MaUsheibcn, at the back of the church of the Madeleine; and the piiiage of the houses in this quarter was part ol the plan. The insurgents were to arrive from the outer boulevards, where, notwithstanding the searches that had been made since he insurrection in June, they had still an immense number of muskets secreted; more than 1500 were found in the houses of the Faubourp Montmartre, and seizure of muskets and powder was made in the quarter of the Madeleine; the government is in possession of the whole detail of the plot, and many of the intended chiefs have oeen arresiea. we can nave no uneasinees, tnerefore, as to the result. The Minister of the Interior M. Senurd, who is a man of great probity and energy, has already given notice to several of the great functionaries in the provinces, who, in the recent emergency, betrayed apathy, or decided hostility for the cause of order, that they will do well to send in their resignations. It is said lllut o? It. ..of Cfr....r. nF ?U- " < will be replaced, and it is not improbable that three or four will be placed under arrest, for having withheld or falsified the telegraphic despatches which were sent to them, inviting the National Guards of their departments to inarch.? General Cavnignac and General Lamoriciere, in accord with the Commander-in-Chief of the National Guard, have adopted a plan for the prevention of barricades, which he effectual. Patrols will be continually on foot during the right, but the National Guard, in whose zeal and courage the greatest reliance can be placed, are to be summoned as soon as there is an attempt to move the pavement, and are to put in force the clause in the decree which assimilates the maker of a barricade to the insurgent taken with arms. Before this, barricade making was merely an infringement of the laws of what ' was called la police simple ; but now, any man assisting in forming a barricade,c-tn be at once shot. Gen. Cavnignac is said to be resolved to act with st^rn severity if another outbreak should occur. The ministerof war has published in the Momteur an order in relation to five companies of the 18th regiment ol the line, who laid down their urms to the mob during the late insurrection, ana reprooaics the act of the troops as one of base cowardice. He d ismisees the officers who commanded it; breaks one of the companies, and disbands the others, observing that, but lor considerations of mercy, all the delinquents should be punished with the utmost rigor of martial law. The example now made, ullliough not so severe as this act of cowardice merited, will suffice. The army generally will regard the diss race indicted on these men as the greatest punishment that could be bestowed. It is not probable that sncli a sad pusillanimity will be again shown. Three d >ys previously. Gen. Changarnier, Commander in Chief of the National Guards of Paris, issued an order to the Colonels of the several legions to meet him,with the principal officers of his staff, at appointed hours, yesterday, at the Mitiries of their respective arroruliMcmrnis, to confer with him on matters of urgency. These conferences took place, and the sulupct is now known to have been to concert, with tlie several commanders of the legions, what inepsures should be taken in each errowlisscmrvt in the event of another attempt at insurrection. The importance attached by Gen. Changarnier to these conferences, has been manifested by a strong reprimand, published in the Mont/cur, against one of the Colonels, who, hemg prevented from attending personally sent his Lieutenant Colonel to the conference. The Colonel has since resigned. The postscript in the European Time* says, that our accounts from Paris, dated July 13, are again of an unsatisfactory character. A report is current to the ? fleet that a serious division prevails in the government. Evidence has been obtained, it is said, which so plainly inculpated certain members of the lute government, that it lias been judged by some of the present government to be unavoid 'I - * - 1- " ti>? Auaomhlv for ncrniMsinn to auic iu "iT'j *?iv- -^?wv...-v . _ , prosecute ihcin {*. Another pally intlie government is firmly opposed to this, not on grounds connected with the merits of the question, but from reasons of expediency. Gen. Cuvaignac himself is included in this latter party, the greatest activity lias continued to be observed in the departments of the War Office, the Etnts-Major of the National Guard, the Minister of the Int?riorand the Prefecture of the Police ft appears eeruiin that attempts at excavation have been attempted in numerous places; one of these ii close to the Chamber, another on the Houlevari Jtaliens, rear the Rue Louis le Grande, and anothei near the Faubourg Potssontere. Much alarm con tunics to he felt, and it is very remarkable how few persons are visible in the streets or puhlii walks, alihouiih the weather is fine. The officers o the Ktats-Mnjorhnve been warned by Gen. Cavatg nac to adopt extraordinary precautions, f> r attempt; would be made to assasinate them at their re spective homes. The following are samples of the reports in circu lation :?(>ne is, that a general murder of the niem bers of the Assembly is intended; means b an organized of executing this simultaneously at tliei respective plaeeH of abode. Another is that at 1 organized assaulter ill lie made on the hoarding schools, were ^ftng persons of both sexei are educated ; that these shall be cai> lured nnd kept as hostages, to !>< delivered up onl on the payment of a ransom in money, and tli concession of such political measures as the in surgents may require. Other reported projeeti ] have for their object the blowing up varioii portions of the capitol, by means o ' gunpowder deposited in the quarters n 1 the Catacombs, sewers, pipes, cellars and othe i excavations, which already exist, besides excavu lions exnp ssly executed for the Purpose, It is tin derstoed iluit the sail other establish meats tor education, have been placed under e,ire lul surveillanre. Again, it is said that a column o 40,000 ok cm ?, w ithout work, intend to march t 4 E NE the National Assembly, and demand peremptorily to be led or to be shot. By Eifctrle Telegraph. JFrom thu Lendon Times, July 15th ] Notwithstanding an official announcement of the government that no danger of an outbreak existed, the Paris papers of yesterday show that much a; prehension prevailed throughout th- French ca, j'ital. All ihe |>olitical prisoners were moved or Thursday night, from the prisons of Paris to the detached ports; several escaped on the wav. The National Guard and the garrison were under arms at the depaiture ol our express; and cannon ware planted at various points. Our correspondent Uliicnpro inn cull vin loll, lieVI'[TileIPH.S, in 11 nO 1 movement of the disallected would take place. In Ppnin, th- insurrection in favor of Count l)e j Montemoltn fiUslhe government wnh alarm, Sa| 1-tnonca, the capitalist, whose dexterity as an in tiiguerrendrrs him oneot tha moal formidable en! emtes of the present government, isahout to exper rience the effects of its vengeance, by ihe conlisca-| lion of all his property in Spain, as a C irlist and a rebel. Narvaez proposed this measure in 1 a cabinet council, and it will, most probably, be carried into eflect. ilut little reliance is to be placed in the news from Navarre and Catalonia, published in the government journ il. TheC ipI tains General of Catalonia and Navarre have betjg. i ordered to shoot upon the spot Cabrera and Cnr>7 or any other Carlist chief who may fall in their hands. The cholera appears to rage with great intensity at Moscow. From thel2th to the 19th of June there were 1,724 new cases, and 928 deaths. In the last named day, not less than 327 persons were I seized with this "dreadful malady, and 153 others ! died. The cholera i? gaining ground at Kasan, Nigna, Novogorod, Kostoma, Jain-la, Wologdn, I frmolensko, Touia, and Kalnia. it has also made its annearance in Pcnsn. Tnrlmw (WnMr.j and Orsa. The cholera is frightfully on the increase in St. Petersburg. i The Pcmiiro Italian* of Genoa, of the 8th inst. states that the PiedmontcBe Ministry had given in their resignation collectively on the question whether the war shall be carried on-to the last, or whether a temporising policy should be adopted. The Ministry professed the latter opinion. Gtoja and Durtna are spoken of as forming part of the new Ministry. In Italy, the war is still carried on without vigor. No farther decisive impress'on has been made by \ Charles Albert. i The march of the Russian troops into Moldavia ! is confirmed. The people have declared a re| public, and the Prince has been forced to abdicate. It is reported that Wallachia is in a state of revolution, and that the Prince has been executed by Ins subjects. The Austrian Ministry has resigned. The news from Berlin is unsatisfactory. The communists are endeavoring to incite an insuri lection similar to that ot Paris. The three months' armistice between Prussia mid Denmark has been confirmed, (for the third time.) Pence is expected to supervene. Portugal is tranquil. Mehemet Ah is represented to be insane. Considerable disturbances have taken place in the neighborhood of Frankfoit. Barricades were ? i __.j . i r i:r - . ? citx-iru, hiiu suiiic ioss 01 ine iook place Germany is still unsettled. The election of the Archduke John is causing the utmost excitement. The Swiss Diet have decreed the absorption of Neufchutel, notwithstanding the rights of Prussia. Important from Ireland. The crisis is now fast approaching, and each party is girding itself for the conflict, the government, by a vigorous censorship of the press, the arrest of the confederate missionaries, the employment of spies, and the augmentation of its armed resources; and the people by prodigious activity in the enrolment of clubs, the establishment of the League, the destribution of arms. I the most complete fraternization of classes ana boundless resolution and enthusiasm. On Saturday mailt, Mr. Duffy, of the Nation, was apprehenated to Newgate, " wBrtfl&'Tre***"wTfiJ rmrovreti by Mr. Martin, of the Felon, who had previously surrendered. On Monday the proprietors of the Titbune, Messrs. O'Douglierty and wil hams, and Mr. Hoban, the publisher, were committed on the like charge: the whole of whom wil be tried on the Sth prox. Mr. Dolierry was arrested in Cashei on Monday, and Mr. Meagher in Waterford on Tuesday, on charges of sedition, and will be tried at the present assizes in Tipperary and Limerick. Mr. Meagher's apprehension caused the utmost excitement in Waterford. The chapel bells were rung ; thousands of confederates assembled,, and it required all the authority and influence of the gifted and chivalrous captive, aided by the C'Hlholic clergymen, to prevent the people from falling upon the military and police. As it was, they stoned the authorities, and cut off one body of tlie troops from the other. They created a fori midable barricade, which impeded the progress of | the escort, and for miles harassed and hunted the | procession, hut happily no life was lost. During the week, also, a Mr. Darcey, Mr. M'Gee and Mr. Haywood were also arrested for sedition, but the I bills were thrown out by the Wtcklow grand jury 1 on Thursday. The excitement, not only in Dublin, but throughout Ireland, is intense, and the note of preparation is everywhere sounded. The fepiinrr of revolution has extended to England, and spreadthere. The united repealers and chartists are rapidly orgarvzing and arming. The Nation, notwithstanding the proclamations, lias appeared J this morning. On Monday, the convicted chartists, in London, were sentenced each to two years' imprisonment, I wnh security for future good conduct. The Queen's Ministers have abandoned their intention of permitting her to visit Ireland in tiis course of next month. | The UrtnlU o 1 the News received liy Special Alcsstnger, hast Night, over the New Haven lloutr. Important from Ireland. The compendium of Irish Intelligence, which the 1 renter will tinil below, is most Important:? Alluding to there topics, a Dublin correspondent, in a letter dated July 10. write* as follows:? I ''The Irith F'elon and the Iriih Tribune published extra editions this forenoon, containing accounts of j the new arrerts under the Treason Felony Aot. In consequence of this renewed attempt at publication, crowds collected In Trinity street. In front of the office* of those journals. Tho news-venders were selling the papers very rapidly amongst the crowd, when the police interposed and deprived some of tho venders of the papers they carried. In some instances it is stated, per on* who had purchased copies of the Tribune or F'elan were compelled to give them up. the poI lice writing the names of the owners on the margin of the paprrs. I.oud remonstrances were made against the proceedings of the police, who endeavored to clear the footways of the streets. At this time an altercation arose between the policeand Mr. Stephen Meany, of the Tribune, and Mr Joseph Urenan, of the Felon, both of whom were taken in custody on a charge of obstructing the police In the execution of their duty. n>i convcvcd to College Street 1 UV'BC pu*a?iwi. ? _ police office. and were brought before Mr. Tyndall In the board room. Mr Meany requested a postponement of the cade, on the ground of tho absence of hie legal adviser. and the magistrate allowed both tho parties accused to stand out on bail until twelve o'clock toI morrow. Subsequently a large number of copies of ; the Trihunt were distributed gratuitously among the crowd. The police again Interposed, but many of the i crowd succeeded in running off with the papers. Up to half past four o'clock, Trinity street continued ' quite crowded. Some of the police were in attendance. There was much excitement, but no appearance of disturbance." ' The police hare exceeded their Instructions, in ret gard to the seizures of newspapers front private indiI viduals. as will be perceived by the following comtnu> r nlcatlons, addressed to Mr. J. Boylan, of Orafton street " Mr.TRoroi.iT*pr Tomer Orncr,) Dublin Castle, July 11. ) ''Sia?I sm directed by the Commissioners of Police ' to forward to you I ho copy of an order issued this morning; and as they have just been informed that 9 you wero tho gentleman in who?e hands the newspaper was seised, they write to express their regret at the 1 occurrence, and at tho annnyanee to which you woro subjected. I have, &c.. . | (Signed) "R. M. A.DAOH, Secretary. r I "To J*. Esq., 102 lirafton street." * The following is the order issued by the Police Cora' I missioners :? 1 I " The Commissioners of Police having been informed that in one instance a copy of the h'tlun newspaper * was seised in the hands of a gentleman who was reading it. hereby rati'ion the police against such interfery once with individuals. | "The orders given respecting this newspaper were, to seise it in tlie places whore it was sold, or In tho hnnds of hawkers, as a seditious print, not otherwise." * 1 Mr. Michael Doheny. the barrister, was arrested on 9 the 11th, in his own house, near Casbel. by Mr. Joseph 'f Cox. the sub-inspector of police, and taken before the if H?n Mr. French, the stipendiary magistrate, charged r with sedition, uttered in a speech pronounced by hini at Roserea, in the North Hiding After a short exaini. nation,before the niagistate, a committal was made out, " ! a ml Mr7l)oheriy w as being r*moved to the bridewell. '* when an attempt at rescue was made by the mob. but " alter a short delay, the prisoner was safely lodged in ' i ii bridewell? however, not before two private soldiers o ; of the 43d light infantry, spectators in the crowd, wore r*s >- <r v ^ar?>i ! in? 4n^ftx. ?PTWW'JI w Yt NEW YORK, FRID^ knocked down iinJ severely handled Mr. L)oh >ny Is to be sent this evening to the North Riding. Ano'h< r letter states that such w< tlin violence of the members of the club* that the mild try an i |> >lioe were ordered to prime and load; but the firm c induet of the authorities produced order, v|r B > eny nave bail st Rorcrea. to stand his trial at the assises of the North Riding of Tipperary. Mr. T. K. Meat: her ??" arrested on a charge of se Waterford. on the 12lh When his capture was made known, the excitement of the populvm knc v u<> hounds, anil a desperate attempt at rescue ?-as made. Mr Meagher expostulated with the people, and implored of them not to persevere In the attempt. The crowd barricaded the bridge. anil out the traces of the horses attached to the carriage In wh'uh Mr Meagher was about being conveyed to the Great S'tithern and Western Railway, in the presence of a strong body of military. The scene is desorlbed as iuf in Itnui excitement. II 1H also staled til it rtl > at. ti-mpt at rescue would have bceu sueeo-sful if Mr, Meagher had not entreated the multitude to Ho has given in hail to stand his trial at the a-wiz.u lit Limerick, but will traverse iu prux till tho speing assizes. Messrs. T. D Mageeand E Hollywood were arrested at Dublin, oh a charge of sedition, on the l'ith. They have given in bail to stand tbuir trials at the Wicltlu* assizes, now going on. . The Dublin Confederate Clubs met lu their rooms on the 10th. it is stated that the ' I'olioumon were stationed at the doors of the cluh-hou-es. by whom tile members who entered were riotetL" At tite Vleroan! *'M? ABsistimt'* Club. \.r T. I). Vi'flea presided, and !' thf following resolution was adopted:? Resolved ?We consider thi^ontinuad delay in the ; formation of the Irish League has been seised on by I the government as a favorable opportunity for crush- j itig and imprisoning those gentlemen who hive un- i flineliingly advocated the people's rights, and we are 1 forth) r of opinion, the ouly way to meet this griev- | ance is by at once forming the Irish League, thereby I u"iting all sections of Irishmen sincerely desirous of ! achieving the country's independence, to co-operate for purpose." Tho clubs of the small town of Carriek-on-S'ilr, eleven in number, hare adopted the following resolution, which has obtained the concurrence of lltlj persons, members < f these clubs:? ' 'J hat toi ling, in common with tho groat majority of our fellow countrymen, the great nunc and pressing necessity of immediate aud cordial union in the proposed Irish League of all true repealers, we oousider It u duty to express our extrouie dissatisfaction at the elaborate obstacles to t.liut ncinn o..-?..-o.,i u_ o ? vj nr. John O'Connell and come few other members of tho Repeal Association, and we pledge our.-elvos to use our best endeavors to support the principles, and carry out the policy of tfie League, for the speedy repeal of the Act of Union," FIRST MEETING OF TIIK IRISH LEAOIIK. The first incetiugof the Irish League took plaoe on the evening of the 11th instant. It was held in the Music Hall, Abbey street Although the attendance was numerous, yet the proceedings were not characterised by any feature worthy of particular remark; at least, sui h as might be expected at the first assembling of a new association. Conciliation llall repealers were present, but they were few. and those few have been long kDown to lie favorably disposed towards the oonfedei ation. and oven suspected of being tiaged with its principles. On the motion of Mr. R. O'Uoiimav, tho chair was taken by The Hon Mr. Barnewall. who briefly addressed tho meeting. Ho said, 1 firmly believe there is but one way alone by which we can ob ain from tho British Government the restoration of our lost rights, and that is by uniting? (hear, hear)--and my only feeling of regret is, that that Jusirable consummation has not taken place long since. Ilud it been so, those men who are now the inmates of a prison would be with us to-nigbt. (Cheers.) Mr. It O'Gormax, sen., moved a resolution to the effect that it was expedient in this hour of peril to the lives, liberties, and property of Irishmen, they should all unite, in order to be better able to resist the common enemy. Mr. Maurice Levnf, (late of Conciliation Hall), amidst loud applause, next proceeded to uddress the meeting. After some few prelim nary observations he said?Our objeot here is to combine all sections of repealers. I owe it to myself to state that I am not a renegade from my political faith ; for I bold It that he who preached its principles said tnat when the constitution was abrogated, then resistauce became the duty of the subject. What is tho policy of the british government? They have failed to desolate the land by famine and they would now fain exterminate us by bringing us into a premature insurrection. (Hear.) But, my friends, it were madness now that we should meet with uplifted arms. England has a million foes ?muy heaven strengthen their hearts ?niln?i? ?k?ioutraged natives ol ner colonies burn for liberty. Canada conspires to throw off her yoke, and affiliate herself under tho constellated banner of the congregated republics of America. (Loud cheers.) On the continent of Europe the name of England is a byword of reproach. Her reclamations are toorned, and the fiction of her invincibility is laughed at. Spain resents, with it suits, her audacious intermeddling in 1 h<t diplomacy, and they invite her to seek reparation j from the descendants of tho older chivalry of Ca-dile and Ariagon amongst the sierras of their land And < Ireland?Tr. land burns to fulfil the dream of liberty, which was the it spiration of her kingly roll of patriots I and martyrs?Ireland burns to inscribe the epitaph of , Emmet. (Loud cheers) Ireland burns to appease the shades < f Tone, and the manes of tho slaughtered orutuurr?sue uurtio uuuijjirio mo "utiv wuiou O'Connell commenced (Cheers.) Yes, Ireland burns to have restored to her her lost patriot and exile, John Mitchel. (Cheers ) It ally, then, Irlshmon, and you will send terror into tho heart of England. Fer my part, though I do not intend to break the compaot into which 1 have entered, and giro utterance to tho thoughts that I burn to express, yet I must confess that, under existing circumstances, I hare an inveterate admiration for sedition. (Cheers aad laughter.) The time will come, and it must come soon, when it will be the duty of tbe patriot to preach discontent. (Hear, hear.) After some further remarks in a similar strain, Mr. Leyne resumed his seat amidst loud applause. Mr. W. J. Battkrsiiv seconded the motion. Mr. F. Mouua* submitted to tho meeting the names of the committee of the " Irish League." Amongst the more prominent were?Mr. C. O. Duffy, of the Nation; Mr John Martin, of the Felon; Mr. K. D. Williams and Mr O'Doherty, of the Tribune ; Sir Colman O'Loghlen. .Mr W. S. O'Brien, M. P., Mr. T. K. Mea glier, Mr. A. 11. Stritch.-Dr. Kane, of Kilkonny. Reverend Janice Hughe.*, Mr. J. U Dillon, Reverend T. O'Mally, and the Messrs. O'Gorman. Mr. Morgan then assured the meeting that the men whose names he had read had sworn fealty to Ireland, and would be found either in the council room or behind a barricade. (Loud applause) He (Mr. Morgan) considered one pair of hands outside a prison worth ten pair inside; therefore, in his humble capacity, he would try to serve his country in the dry details of businoss? tho league and the clubs. It was desirable that their enomies should'not takejthem at a disadvantage, and therefore the people ought to be organised in clubs and in different localities. Those clubs would be. of course, unaimed, but nevertheless it was the constitutional right of every man in these countries to possess arms for his own protection. All those clubs would be, and are iinnrnied; but they should send forward their returns to the league, and the leaguo would announce their numbers, und when it was ascertained that those numbers had reached a certain point then they might depend upon it that the rights of the country would be respected. He (Mr. Morgan) was aware that the numbers of those clubs were formidable, but as yet they were but rude masses. The Duke of Wellington had . stated in his letter to Sir John Burgoyue. on the prospects of an invasion, that no matter how brave the population of a country might be. they would be nothing but a helpless rabble unless previously drilled aud disciplined. (Hear ) In conclusion, Mr. Morgan assured the league that lie would prefer being shot at a barricade than eudurn the preseut police domination as prai tired in Dublin. Mr Richard O'Oobmas, jun.. read a series of letters from different parties expressing their approval of a union of repealers, and the dissemination of the lota. One writer says :?" The clubs are doing won dors here; every man seems impressed with the Idea on eutering them that he must be prepared to act for h s country." Mr O'Oorman finished the reading of ( the 1 Iters by saying, the best speech to bring convic- j tion to your minds ought to bo the policemen's batonf, and the bars of Newgate. (Cheers.) Mr D'Asrv Maori-, at considerable length,defend- | e l the rlata, dwelt on their utility, explained their oiject*. snowed irom tne opinion or .Mr llolme.o, ' the iarristag, that there was nothing Illegal in thoir Construction On concluding. Mr. Magee implored of the country to hasten and join the league - to take advantage of the interval between the present time and the first of August. to increase their number*, and he bad no donht if they enrolled oue hundred thousand leaguer*by the time he mentioned, the cowardly government of thl* country would not dare to bring the martyr* in Newgate to trial ite had reesiv < d a 1< tti r from Mr. Smith O'Brien. In which tho he norable gentleman stated that he would be in town hefi re a week had clapped, and in lime to be present at their next meeting, (t'heer*.) The meeting then separated. Tlirr PKOI'KSTANT RKl'KAt. ASSOC'tATTO!*. The Protestant Kepeal Association held a meeting on the ractiing of tlie 12th, in the Mualo Hall Abbey afreet. There was a crowded attendance in all part* of the building. The chairman. Mr Sullivan, in opening tho pioeeedinga, expressed his opinion that the elements of th? constitution w ere now merged into brute force; that the policy of Knglnnd now wa* to stimulate Into a premrturr insurrection, and then crush forever the power and spirit of tho people Several new member* were admitteil.and speeches of the usual character delivered. in the course of which the political honesty of Mr. John O'Connell wa* severely questioned. Rosolntions were adopted, declaring that a perseverance in tho pres< nt system must inevitably lead to such a state of things as will risk the connexion of (treat Britain in Ireland ; and that all classes of Irishmen should unite to obtain their rights, and the restoration of a domestic legislature. DTNJtKR TO MR. SMITH o'lltUKN. The long projected loirtr given by the t'itisens Cluh, of Cork, to Mr. Smith O'Brien took place on the 10th instant The attendance was numerous, and every one present was enthusiastic in his endeavor to do full honor to the guests of the evening. The spacious a| artu.ent in question was splendidly lifted up for the ooorsion, tho walls being decorated with banners of p RK J lY, JULY 28, 1848. rsrloiis e?lors, In aring appropriate in-i/tii a an 1 m?t tew e. Among the latter wen remarked the following Let every men have hie own country." Demooraej all over the world" It was and shall be " 'Un'oi is strength." " In (Jod is all our trust " ' Forget th? 1 punt aid make the future glorious," &c. Tile room hi pen to fill at nhout half pest ?even o'clock and at hull-pad flight. Mr. Smlih O'Brieu accompinied by Miss:*.'Dennis Shine Lalor. John Shea Lalor, Denny Lane,and several other gentle*neu, in id? their appearnnee. His arrival was the eigual for the most euthusia-tic applause, all present, who at about this time numbered about Ave hundred, rising from their seats, oheeriui? fi r several minutes. The speech of the evening was delivered by Mr. S. O'Urien As this wms his firs: pubtio appearance s'nee his late trial, in the Court of Qu-sn's H-n ih a a unusual ''egri e of interest was attaehed to the alfair. We ( unjoin un epitome or the address Alter eulogMiig Mr Meigherfor his integrity and political honesty, and alluding to the speech tor which lie w?e piosecuu '1 lie said?"I will not be tempi ml by th' wicked maobination* of * bad government to go la-youd tho policy wb cll I think safe to announce to the country 1 he announcement I mile in that speWn was this, that I. for, my utn part, and 1 ib-lieve I i-peak the sentiments of the guest body of th >?e who are united in the movement, that I urn not desirous to plunge this couotry unnece-sarly into civil strife. Tbire is no inHn who more than myself <teproeat?s the sledding ot a single drop of blood witboiit a legitimate location Therein iio man who lias so little to gain by agitation of any kind. Were I to con <ult my own liappiuefwi urvwr w nlil have nut red upon tile carter, llut, on the other hand, thi^fi are. in my opinion, evils greater than the siorifloe of life.? 1 any further, that, there is not in Ireland any one who entertains mo great a horror of plunging the country into a prrinaiuie rebellion, lain ready, if neoes ary, to offer iuym If as a sacrifice ; but I am not prepare J to offer niys?lf as a sacrifice to an abortive effort And, therefore. 1 any stiff ? I shall continue to siy It uutil the cure shall have arisen that will bring us into the field?that I earnestly desire that all questions between (treat lirllain and Ireland should be settled aii'ioably. 1 do not r|Ucrtlon the right of uny mm to hold uny opinious ho may till nk proper about forms of government?one man may advocate a republic another may desire a monarchy, but f r my own pirt I ain ready to avow that. at. present, until the first blood bo shed, I am for a continuance of the ancient constitution of Ireland?the liueen. Commons, and lords of Ireland Now, do not mistake me ; lot it n >t bo imagined that I am here to tell you that I do not think a full and fair case has been made out for resistance I avow that 1 am of opinion* that the Irish people would be fully justilled in an appeal to arms, if they were fully prepared. But when vra come to consider the sacrifice of life that has been p-emitted by the British government, it has become a solemn and imperative duty te every man to use his utmost endeavor to preveut the r-curretiee of such a disaster And. provided that men do not infringe on those sacr> d obligations which are paramount to every political and social right, provided that we conduct the strnircle as becomes men and Cbri-liu,ic i i.-i,...... is would be our duty, if we were oertaiu of sucbims. and if we bad no other alternative, to make the e!T >rt tomorrow. These are uiy theoretical doctrines, which will be conveyed to Lord Clareudon by his friend dr. llodges. 1 believe that the true policy of this country is to place the Irhh liat'.ou in such an attitude that it shall be irresistible; that we sliouid forbear to strike till we can obtain lull success; auil my belief i?, that when thu people of this country are in that position th'-y will obtain all they want without n bio,v. I feel bound to state, what I have sui 1 before, that the land- | lords of this country stauil in a more perilous position than they believe thcin-elves to bo in. It is uiauifcst by such organization na the Protest out Repeal Yssoclation, that they cauuot rely on those classes now?that they have nothing now to rely upon but the bayonets of Kuglnnd. Let me ask what v.-ould be their position if Koglund should get into difficulties within thu nest six or twelve months? What have they done to establish a claim to the affection of their fellow countrymen? Let us conciliate those who possess property, as well as tlioso who possess no property, to unite with us But let me here repeat the sentiment I gave utte- 1 lanre to four or five years ago in tile Repeal Anssolution, that il thu landlords of this country do not desire to join the people in their progress to national freedom, that is not a reason why national freedom should not advance without them. 1 believe the democracy of this kingdom is able to achieve that freedom. And now I suppose you will expect to hear some- I thing from me on the subject of prep iraiion. I do not think it at all expedient lor the interest of the country thui I should be sent to Borm>' 'v 1 do not ' think that 1 should oousult the in..rests of the country by placing myself in such a position ; and, therefore. I shall not suy much on this subject that Cat} the authority "of a very able lawyer. Mr. Ilutt. who defended me in a manner that showed that he and hit claes did not repudiate the first principles of manhood ?I believe I have the authority of that eminent lawyur to assure me that it is not only the privilege, but the duty of free subjects to contemplate an aggression on their liberties, and to think that the time is come to , contemplate the possibility of such an aggression I i Ul/u in l-nAitf whuthar thu iiirv t.rinl ban nnfc I been invmfed? I should like to know whether, if a sourt martial had been held on Mr. Mitohul he would not have had a fairer chance than by that mockery? I for I will uot call it a trial? (A Voice?A jugglery.) I Mr. O'Brien- Yen than by that juggling ? .Vow. let I me tny that 1 trust no long period will elapse before tliis country will be in a position to negotiate with ' Kngland for the return of Mr. Mitchul, unless in the meantime the Americans should do that, which, it appears they are about to do, anil anticipate {our peaceml negotiations by a capture of Mr. Mitchel I understand from the newspapers that a hunting expedition is going out to Bermuda, and that it will be armed with ail necessary weapons for the capture of poor Mr Mitchel. Now, with respect to those military evolutions such as drill, and so on, I am far from advising you, although I was until lately purfectly ignore nt ot that act of parliament prohibiting tho use of tl.ose terms?but 1 set no value whatever on being able to say ' right shoulders forward," " left shoulders forward," and so forili. But what you sheuld obtain is this--and they must construct a very ingenious law to convict you of any crime?you should obtiin the method of acting together, and of relying on each other, and knowing each other. The object of all militaiy manoeuvres is to get men to work in bodies fur an end?and provided th it be done you may make them a present of all their military phrases. I counsel the young men of this country to study houi strong places may be taken. (Hear, hear) / mean no inurndo?how strong places may betaken, and weak places defended?how supplies of ammunition and provisions can be given to a friend, and kfpi from ?r? enemy?how the communications oj a country can he facilitated or intercepted?how the access to the sea coast may be made auxiliary for the purposes of defending this island. These are the imprescriptible rights of every student among yon; and I will not forego my right to study these things as matters of science, and my apeliciition of the knowledge I shad derive against foreign enemies shall be governed by circumstance#, whatever description of foreign enemies they be. Another portiou of my prosecuted speech was that in which I expressed a desire that every nation should entertain a good feeling towards Ireland. I extended that desire to the French the Germans, and the Spaniards; aye, and the Spaniards took the hint, and gave Lord I'aimerston a lesson. I apprehend that there is not a man Amongst you who lias not read with pleasure of the manifestations of sympathy that have reached us from America. At this moment I haven letter in my pocket from the son of tha late President. Mr. Tyler, asking Be in what manner! think America can best apply itself to support Ireland. Now, I believe there is no law which compels me to repudiate that sympathy; and fo far from repudiating it, I welcome it; and if the government choose to send ine to Norfolk Island for the expression of this sentiment. I think it not at all impossible that the Americans will follow me there. The death of Serjeant Warren is attributed to the homo'opathtc treatment to which he had been subjected for six months, \bout January last, he exhibited a tendency to paralysis, arising frotn softening of the brain Two hotmcopathlc doctors were called in. and continued their Infinitesimal prescriptions. The day before his death two of our most eminent physicians (( rampton and \dam?) declared his recovcry impossible and ascribed his sudden decline to the treatment he had received The Perry papers announce the demise of the ltev. Aeber llutler. late I'rofesaor of Moral Philosophy in the University, of fever The following bill ha* been extensively circulated through all the channel* open to the Irish confederacy; that Is, through the club* and the other branches of the organization. It does not bear any printer'* name, but there is little doubt it come* through this source: Joiirr Martin?To tub Citizens or citizens: An Infamous outrage has been this day perpetrated upon a felow citizen by the servants of the English government. Without a color of law, they broke Into hi* house?seized and oarried o(T by force his private property. In hi* person the law hu* been set at defiance, and the moat sacred rights of the citizen have been Insolently trampled under foot. Before their trial, citizen* aro treated a* convicted felons ? their homes violated?their property slezed and confiscated. irishmen ! this must not last. We must not be tame?we must not bo idle?whilst an Austrian despotism is being planted in our country. The day of reckoning Is at hand?the hour for the death grapple with this tyranny approaches. Till it comes, no shrinking, no rashness- but prepare! prepare!! prepare!!! Mr. Charles Gavin Duffy, althongh confined in 'a felon's cell," has again addressed the readers of the Nation ' on tho point of attack, the clubs." Ho says : 'We have no real and vital power, then, but that which the clubs have, or may have, and we must hold them fast, or all is gone. * * * There is at present no law enabling the Irish government to put down the clubs. If they attempt to do so without a law, they ought to he resisted at every poiet of attack. No cluh room ought to lie yielded without a siege. If Ihey ask an act of Parliament, it cannot pass under ten days or a fortnight : if there were six honest and capable Irish member'. It would not pass this session. But the interval, whatever it may be. ought to be used in spreading the club organization with the furor of a crmsde. If tho act be> omo law, and our last right is stricken down, the presidents of all the clubs in Ireland might incet as a provisional council, summon the country around them, and resist the aggression with arm*. No fairer ground of national quarrel can ever mife. It is a ground bron-l enough and cb-ar enough for a battle field ; for it Involves, practically, the last right we possess?the right to complain, and re-bt a K B A When it is none, we will have thrown a y >r-l and shield We may submit aud din " r Mr. T. I). M l ice, who. although indicted for sedll ti?o, does not scruple to ootne within the iu >r? v >rai oIoiih fsngs of thn Trea oa-feiony Vet, iu an article t headed ' Ireland's Trial," he daringly write* hi follows : ? ' What I would advise tho people to do I* this, that tbey forthwith throw themselves Into ' The Irish League.' That every club rends up to tli? next in luting Its two three, or lire luiu lred members to be proposed. That by tho 1st day of August next we shall have 100,000 Irishmen enrolled as Leaguers, and miy try the efToi't of their moral force iullustteu on the cases of the patriots now I i Newgate. That, in the meautime, every club shall double its numbers, and everv msiulmr nf I, *.l,ili ahull h.. I J _ - . oberve the original rule, and to bring in one n iw member Ity these means but -vecu 1 tj jig) a l i ::).|0J) men may be aotuiilly enrolled b"f.>re the a tjourue i commission resuaios. if all moral lullueBoc* fill?if juries are packed, and false verdh ts ohlaino I against title men- then, aud not before, 1 demand - uu arrcit of judgment' l>y the Irish people. I demand this not b> cause of my personal attachment to th- prisoners, but for the sake of our atioioiit cause and <1 inntry If these men, with such notice an 1 warning are also sent to Bermuda, the eooivrevery in tncalliuf hhnsMf ' Nationalist,' chooses another country, the better fir him and for oui raged huiuan reason " Iht French liepubllr. Ptiu, Thursday, July 13 Tho National, which used to be considered th* Debut of the republic, makes a decided though courteous, opposition t> the government. with respect to the instrictive laws against tue press and the clubs. This is the uioro nmaikablo, as thia Journal stands almost alone In this act of opposition The National finds that, a lodgment of J 1.000f. security money is too much, although it does not amount to a fourth pirt of the sum required under the monarchy The clubs ought not to he interfered with, unless they me"t armed, and thus this moderate republican organ, Uy a singula rly ill-timed opposition, hopes to win back the good graces of the more advanced party, which had began to liato it. Several jouruals alluded to the disagreeable rumors that were current yesterday, but generally for the purpose of expressing disbelief It is not true that there had been attempts to throw up barricades iu the Katiboiirg St. Marcenu. as had beeu asserted Th a U'for me , of this morning undertakes to say. that all such rumors are the natural result of the feverish excitement of tho public mind after such terrible events; but the Consfitionnel. in the following article, docs not shrink from so exposure of the dreadful designs still working in the heads ?f the vanquished party: ? 'J'lie firm and resolute tone assumed by M. Senard, in the name ef the government, in presenting the bills relative to the clubs and the pr-ss, has produced a return of coniiilence, and caused a rise in quotations s t the Bourse There are at tbisinoment in presence two conflicting iuilueoces, which act by turns ou the public mind, and animate and weaken the hopes of tho public. Whilst the Assembly and the government seek to secure order and restore labor, by the re-establishmeut of confidence, and the restoration of activity to trade, agitators are busily engaged, either by vile attempts or by crimes, to keep up a perpetual state of nuxioty in fans, in order to increase the misery of the wormug CltlSseS, aud giro a fl'BSh ItUpntllS Co disorder, it is thin parly of agitators tint wo designate tb? t'anmie and misery party. They ba"e tlieir odious calculations on the duration and excess of puidia inisfor tune. Kent-wed prosperity would condemn tlieui to powi-rlessness. " '1 lure Is, therefore, no design too monstrous to bo taken hold of by these sanguinary agitators. Atone time they organize asassination on a large scale. Not content with firing at the corner of every street on the aimed force who may be moving about singly, they propose, it is Fnid, to visit the residences of the representatives, aud murder thnm in their houseR. At another time, the question of incendiarism aud infernal machines is in c ntcuiplation. (Quarries, sewers, anl mines, dug for the purpose, an- to be filled with powder, so that i'aris. surprised and alarmed by numerous explosions in different parts ?t the same time, may mire easily fall into the power of thoso factious robbers. "At another time, a still more nxeorable criino is agitated by them A razzia has been in contemplation on all the boarding schools and conveuts. from which all the inmates are to be taken and retained as heitages until the release of all the prisoners in confinement has been ordered, with any other financial or political capitulation which may be imposed by the actors of this internal scheme. " To denouuee these frightful schemes is to say that the authorities are warned of them; that the suhools. are the objeot of a particular and special survoillauce, and that an attempt nt any of those monstrous me.isuit s will only cause redoubled vigilance. lhn mnffltha nnnih.F nf B.TitutArj hn-BiTl.1 r.tilllnt I A less violent plan was. therefore, talked of to keep the ' capital in a continued state of uneasiness, aud per- | petuate the exiting m'sery. It was to form a column , of from 30 OUU to 40,000 persons if possiblo, and to ; march to the National Assembly, and then demand ! food or to be shot?that was to bo the watchword. ' Tlie answer hus been already {^ivhci ?it consists in the assistance which tlio state distributes to the old | workmen of the atelirrs nationaux, through the ruedl- j um of the mayors; in tho funds voted every day to give afresh impetus to labor; in the incessant oxertion. of the Assembly and of the government to restore credit, and, as a matter of course, oouimcrco. ' The annir to be given to these 30,000 petitioners may well be? Vou, yourselves, by lending yourselves as you hare done to the manoeuvres of the enemies of socioty and of tho republic, destroy the public fortune | on which you wish to live; you destroy the sources of | labor, the very object of your desire; you nuke your- ] selves the accomplices of the 'Famine and Misery Par- , ty.' who build their hopes on the excess of your suf- , ferings. Tho efforts of good citizens, the firmness of the Assembly and of the government?tho indexible resolu ion which they will show in the maintenance of order, will repress and discourage all thoso detestable ideas. Confidence will return in spite of the efforts of I those who wish to destroy it. The discovery of the desperate schemes of bad citizens will still more contribute to fortify the hope of honest ones. Such a statu of things imposes more than ever on the executive power the necessity of energy, and on the pollco devotedness and capacity." In confirmation of tho remarks of tho Conilitutionnel it may be added, that the government havo come to the knowledge of an extensive conspiracy which hail ; been concocted, the scene of which was to have been near the Madeleine, so as to have given tho parties concerned in it a greater chance of being able to make a successful attack on the National Assembly. | Searches have been, in consequence, made in several | bouses in that neighborhood, in one of which upwards of 3*0 muskets and a quantity of ammunition are ruld to havo been seized We read in the Mesauiger :? ' The alarmists contiuue te instil apprehensions for i the 14th of July, and some of the vanquished, in a spirit of impudent defiance, which is really an attack upon order, go about repeating that all is not finished, that the beginning only lias been seen, &e. We can- I cot declare too strongly that no now effort of bad pas- | sion is to be made at this moment. We will add. that even if it were not physically impossible for sedition again to raise its head, the force assembled in Paris, a od the measures taken for the maintonanoe of order, would make of a combat, if it should be attempted, only an occasion for au exemplary and final chastisement." The Palrir says:? ' On Tuesday a Guard Mobile was stabbed in the breast on the Place de l'Hotel do Ville. The assassin, who was immediately arrested, said that, as the insur- I n cti"n was soon to recommonce. and as he could not j take part in it. he wished to pay Ills debt beforehand. The wretch was immediately taken to the Prefecture of Police." The Mayor of Taris has made a report to the new municipal council ot the financial state of tho corporation. which is very gloomy. The receipts at tlio barrier gates of Paris upon the articles of consumption brought into the city, and which formed the chief source of tho revi nue of the corporation, had falb n off one half. Tlio money in hand does not amount to ...mi .... t???? ,. 11 i... In 11,,, 20th of August. whilo at the name time the corporation Is called upon to make extraordinary exertions to give | murk to the unemployed, lly the reduction of the duly of a sou a pound on meat, the corporation has | lost six millions, and nothing remains now but to undo ! all that the provisional government had done affecting the corporation revenues. Kvery day tends to show, more aud more, the recklessness with which the pro- i visional government spread ruin wherever their hands touched. \ csterday M. da Lamartine attended till Committee of Foreign Affairs, and made a speech on the foreign policy which it became the republic to follow M. de l.amsrtlne still adheres to the principles laid down In his celebrated manifesto and repeated in the Assembly subsequently to the manifestation of the 16th May, when the question of I'olish Interlerenco was raised He summed up his reasoning by expressing his principles to mean sympathy with all nations?abdication of nil ambition, of conquest, patronage by France of all nationalities wlilch desire a glorious revival, and an alliance of ideas rather than of arms Why M de l.amartiue should have deemed it necessary at this moment to come forward and repeat these sentiments is not stated. It may he that he desires to meet the accusutions that are breaking through the luquiry now proceeding in lielgtum relative to the violation of the Uelgian territory by men who had been armed in France, supplied in Franco, led by French Polytechnic pupils, and guided by French commissioners. To the invasion of lielgtum M. de Lainartine may have been a stranger, but there is strong reason for believing that his colleagues favored and supported it. The movements of the ltussian trooops iu Moldavia and Wallachia have excited the most earnest attention In Paris; the expected decisive engagement between the Pieduiontesc and the Austrians keeps the public mind awake, and the new complication in Spain sdds to the trouble; for should the republic be able to maintain itself, it is considered most likely that sho will forbid theformatlon of monarchies on her Alpine and I'yreiiean frontiers, and encourage republican propagandism in Spain and Italy, and evsn along the Ilhlne. The war party would therefore desire for the moment to see Charles Albert beaten and the Count do Monteniolln succeed For every reason M. de Lainartine'a warnings need to be repeated, although they have lost much of their authority. 'I he f/wtrsrs. which is the organ ef the Catholic 11 h si hood, eontainsnn article on the state of Ireland, which It thus winds up LD. TWO CENTS. ' The government Hcem.i re-ujlvod upon dealing sever ly with the anarchical party. After the departure ofMr Mitchel, Young Ireland gained an firman la the Tiikune. The felon replaced > he If \<tnl Intknin and thn Nation continued iU warlike propagandism, pr- Hi lling that Ireland ooul i only be freed by civil war The proprietor* or editor* of ttu:*e journals are arrested. aud are ah ut to be pros-cuted Severe iu?a?ure* are to betaken ng.iiu-t the club-u several leading member* of which are to b" put on the'r trial. Three repressive measurer are necessary for th* *?t urity of the country. The rmnlution of the K-p?al Association, repelling all connection with men whOM aunbitlon shrunk not before the effusion of hi rod or the ruin of their country, was very well timed The energy of power can aim... ?i-_-? ? - - - iroittuu i r )in i[i9 <vll days evil po i.ions were preparing for h *r " And this praise of the eonluot of the Briti-h government, and encouragement to put diwu the lri*h civil war party. come- from one of tho best accredited organ* of tho Catholic Church. Thu Journal tin I'tuple of Bayonne contains tho I following:? * " ( abrera, four day* after hi* entry into Catalonia, fought an uctinu whioh Ion given him fresh celebrity in tlio eye- of hi* partisan*. hy thu display of military fali nt which he gun and by the lou lie occasioned to his opponent*. On the '2Sth June he wan at Sim ilui, about Ave league* from llarcnlona. when ho riOelved intelligence that < Mineral I.a Itoob a iti< ad vanning to attack him with about .'1000 men, while the whole force he (Cabrera) oould oppoje to him was 900 infantry and 35 cavalry. Inateau of flying. Cabrera immediately left the village, took up a position with Hie troop*. and awaited untH the tirut body of the Que >n's troop* advanced within pistol ehot lie thou advanced hie men to flro, when the full discharge killed a great number of the enemy, without hi* luring a single man in consequence of tlie excellent position iu which he hid Elaced theiu. The tiring hinted for upward* of t vo ouis, and then, in order to take advantage of tho ground, ho ordered hie men to retire, in order to draw hie a-* into a email valley, which was skirted with plantatione, whioh afforded him cover for hi* follower*, and fr?ui which he kept up a conetant diecllurge of musketry until a late hour at bight, with rapidly increasing lore to the t|ueeu'e f tows He then nuiile a niovemont which led (leaeral 1.a Itooha te believe that ho had retired toward* tho mouutaina of Moiihcu, whimt, in reality, hi* troop* went quietly to lepor-o themselves at (.al ia* do Moohurg. Korcadell, with tho force* which lie had assembled, attacked on the euuie day Home other Indie* of the Queen'* troop*, and after u *harp *kirmi*li ho remained muster of the position which the latter had occupied, and with about 4UU of their men a* prisoner*. In f'Htaloiiiu tlie Carlist party i* making immense progress." iVadrid Bourse. July 8.?Throe per Cents, 20%; Kivo per Cents, 12%; Exchange on London, 42. Austria. THE XBOENT OF fllRHilfT?THE CHXNOH Of HIVUrllr, ViKvris, July 9. We have received the following intelligence from luspruck:? 1 heir Majesties and the Archduke Krancis Charle* are, we are happy to report, in perfect health Last night her Impetial Highness tho Archduchess Sophia arrived here from Tegurueee, with her illustrious sons tlie AlchaullOb Francis loi. i.h ui.J I -ri.?~ .... all perfectly well. At about ten o'clock in the evening their Majesties and the Imperial party appeared In the baeouy, to view toe festivities which were celebrated iu houur uf the election of the Archduke John a* lieRent of the empire. A festive procession of above 4U0 torch-bearers accompanied the National Guards, and a corps of musicians and singer* were drawn up under the balcony. Thochoriste ? amid the deafening oheera of the people, struck up the National Anthem. They then sang the German llymn, by Arndt. The whole procession afterwards deliled before their Majesties, auud the continued cheuriuif of the people and the roar of 101 cannons .In our third edition yesterday we announced the change in the Austrian ministry ; we now give the following details:? The Miuistei of the Interier, ud interim, who at tha same time provisionally filled the post of President of the Cabinet, hasthis day resigned th >*e offices Into the hands of the Archduke, as Regent of the empire. Hereupon the Regent wrote the followiug autograph letters to the ministers:? * ' Dear Baron Vou PillersdorfT?As you have requested to be relieved from the commisHiou imposed upon you to form a new ministry, and desire my sanction, I hereby accede to your request, and delegate this office to my Minister of Agriculture, Trade and Commerce, Baron Von Doblhoff." ' Bear Baron Doblhoff?Baron Von Pillersdorff having declined the mission to form a new ministry, I am in?B?W^'l.^.nTa1s-TVrg?Themmof ~ Minister of the Interior, the Minister of foreign Affairs and of the Imperiul Household." llaron Von tVussenberg, who was delegated according to constitutional forms to attond his Imperial Highness the Archduke John to Frankfort, in order, as responsible minister, to maintain the correspondence between the Regent and the oabinet council, has adopted measures that, during the short interval of his a bse ace, all important reports and communications shall be sent after him; in case they require any immediate attention, the decision of the cabinet council shall be obtained: b?t In the current chancery affairs, the business shall be transacted by the head of the department of the interior, under ordinary ciroumstaaoej. CHANGE OF MINISTRY. Vienna, July fl. ? i.___ i n.,i>iiin<r i* -i ? by Archduke John with the formation of a new one, Pillersdnrff's popularity lias latterly much declined, lie is reproached with having betrayed the committee if safety ; nod yet in that committee fifty rotes declared against tire for the maintenance of Pilleradorff in the Cabinet. The whole of the press hare attacked Pilleredorfl, with the exception of the UazetteOjjicielle. Hungary. OTKMNrt OK TilK IlIWU Alii AN UIKT. The solemn opening of the Hungarian National Diet look place on the tith of July, at Pesth. His Imperial Highness the Archdnke Stephen, after laying before the Assembly the forms which constituted him the royal plenipotentiary and representative, spoke as follows :? ' His Majesty, our King, was pleased to convoke the Diet of his faithful Hungarian subjects on the second of this month. It was the gracious and paternal intention of his Majesty to open and conduct the Diet in person ; but to the sincere grief of his ftilliful people. severe illness prevents the carrying out of this intention, and, by royal command, i am commissioned to open this Diet in the name and in the person of the King. " 1 therefore lay before you this royal commission, and at the same time another roysl ordinance, in which bis Majesty informs the estatos of the empire, that so long as his illness continues, and ho is thereby prevented from appearing among his faithful {Hungarian subjects, he has been graciously pleased to appoint uie the representative of his saered person for Hungary, and the countries included in the military frontier." After the Minister Szemere had read the rescript, the Archduke delivered the following speech from the throne :? ' In the name and as tho representative of pur glorious reigning Sovereign, Kerdinuud V., I hereby declare tbc present Diet to bo upeued The extraordinary state of tho country rendered it nece-sary to convoke this Diet without delay, and without waiting for the working out and completion of nil those proposals and arrangements which tho responsible ministry of his Majesty hail, by the command of the late Diet, been commissioned to prepare and oomplete. "in ( roatia there Is open insurrection; in the lower provinces of tho Danube insurgents have broken tho peace of the country; and while it is his Majesty's earnest desire to avert a civil war, he Is, at the same time, convinced that the united representatives of the nation will consider it their primary aod important object to adopt such measures as may be requisite for the re-establishment of peace for securing the integrity of the Hungarian crown, and preserving the sacred inviolability of toe laws. The defence of the country and the finances, therefore, are tho chief objects which. under the present extraordinary circumstances, in the name of his Majesty especially, I call the attention of the representatives. ' 'lbe responsible ministersot his Maje?ty will lay be. fore you suitable proposals on these subjects, lie confidently expects that the representatives of the nation will adopt speedv and suitable measures foe the security and weal of the eountry. ' With teelingsof pain aud great displeasure his majesty has been informed that although he, who has the welfare of all his subjects at heart, was following the dictates of his owu free will when in the late Diet hu sanctioned, on the petition of his faithful subjects, and granted tbose laws which are called for by the requirements of the times for increasing the welfare of the country; yet, notwithstanding this, in (.roatia and the Lower Danube provinces, evil-minded rebels, by false reports, excited against one another the various inhabitsnts of the country who differed from them, and said that the said laws were not the free result of his Majesty's royal will, and thereby incited them to withstand the power of the law. "To calm ult the inhabitants of this country, of Whatever Trillion. I Ilfiruj U'U?I TT, o? .inc.,, charged to do no by onr illustrious lord and master in hie nemo, and as t lie representative of hie [tereon, that hie Mi\je*ty is firmly resolved to protect the unity and inviolability of the Hungarian crown against any aggression from without or within, and at all times to maintain Inviolable the lawe sanctioned by him. " The unian of Transylvania with Hungary havbeea sanctioned by hie Mivjesty with the most neartfrlt pleasure. the more so because be has thereby sounded to the wish of hie beloved Hungarian and VransjIAuian subjects. It ie only by the amalgamation of the two c< untries Into one body that they will, by the combined development of their vigor and prosperity, be a firmer bulwark for the throne and liberty. " Hia Majesty's ministers will submit to the Diet everything that remains to be done in regard to tho details ot the already effected amalgamation of the administrative body. . , ' With regard to foreign relations in the LombardoVenetian kingdom, where the hostile troops of tha King of Sardinia, and some Italian powers, have attacked the army of his Majesty, the war is not yet terminated. " With regard to other foreign powers, our friendly relations remain Inviolate, and his nu^jeaty less oitestions the continuance ot this since it has ever been the ohlef care of his government not to neglect anything which, without infringing upon the dignity of J

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