Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 29, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 29, 1848 Page 1
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TH HO. 5167. Great Aiitl-CompromliM' Meeting In the Park* In pursuance of ail invitation (o all persona opposed to the bill now pending before Congress, and who desire that, in the organization of the governments of Oregon, New Mexico, and California, slavery should be expressly prohibited, an assemblage, numbering about 3,(XX) persons, convened, last eveaiug, in the Park, to hear speeches from a number of gentlemen, who, it was announced, would address tlieni on liie subject. The meeting was called for hull-past six o'clock, hut at that hour the carpenters who were engaged to erect a staging tor the use of the officers and the press, had progresst d very little m their task ; and it was evident that if the meeting was not organized until they hud finished, it would not have done so until ten o'clock at nieht, if not later. Under these circumstances, a motion was made that the meeting be organized on the steps of the I City Hall, and tne hint sct-med to meet the views > Of the parties who culled it As that place pro- ; mised no accommodation for the reporters, two gentlemen connected with the press, anxious to do i their utmost to fulfil their duty, procured a table . from the interior of the City Hall, ami placed it j immediately in the rear of the place which they thought would be occupied by the officers und > oratois el the duy. No sooner had they done so, , than a crowd ga he red ulaund them, in front and behind, and after arranging, as they imagined, j such a way as would enable them to take notes, they were pressed and crowded to such a degree, 1 that they found it almost impossible to hear more 1 than one M'ord out of ten which the speakers deli- ! vered, or to write more than one of fifty which j they heard. Under the circumstances, therefore, , our rf|?jrt is much more meagre than we would desire ; hut it is as good a one as could be made, j taking all things into consideration. The following named gentlemen were nominated as officers of the meeting:? rmiDiKT, 1JENKV GKINNELU VIC IS I'RHSIilK.NTS. Thco. R. Deforest, Thop. Martin, Itcnry Brcvcoi t, John XI. Niron, Sylvai us Gcdttcy. Seth Goer, Samuel ^atortiury, John Becker, Jas. II. Cook, Smith Dunning, J. L. Dodge, Myndert Van Schaick, James Kelly, Albert Garoscv, Adam lllaoklcdgo, James B? lirniuo, Abraham Van Nest, Willie Hall, Daniel Stanton, Benj. Drake, John I. Morgan, M.JL. Ihnis, | Jay Jarris, " Win. II. Webb, John H. Howie, Edward Ewcn, James Pollock, .'as.Tt. 'I ay lor, J. Q, Mott, Win.C. Kuso'l. Peter Embury, Jno. J. Doaue, Richard A. Rending, i Win. Tjmn, P. B. Bawdier, Francis V. Edmonds SKCn BTAHIKBT. W. Faulkner, Henry Iiibhard, Aug. C. Morrill, Sohureinan llalatead, J. J llerrick, Charles I'urdy, James R. Wood, Francis Cilinore, Jas. O. McAdam, Jo iah Mott, George Weir, Isaac Ii. Bailey, Jeremiah Simonsou, Richard D hotter, Chas. J. Dushnoll, Jacob I . obring, Dsniel D.T. Marshal),Jas. W. Avery. Marcus > . lloruek, Bernard Caseerly, As soon as these gentlemen had taken their seats, or rather had elbowed their way through the crowd, and secured a standing place, the following resolutions wcro read and adopted:? Resolved, is the tcn?<- of this ir.cetin", that the question whether the I'nhcd States shall abolish freedom and plant slavery, in the territories of New Mexico n: d California, is totally dilterent from any of the questions heretofore decided by the American people, in respect to Louisiana, Florida and Texas, in each of which territories slavery existed when aei|iiired by the United States: and that this new question should he met and decided, according to its true me lit*, aud with a sacred regard to the principles of the Declaration of Independence, the constitution of the United States, the dictates of reason, morality aud religion, aud the enlightened i pirit of the present age. Resolved, As tho sense of this meeting, that the Insti utlon of slavery, however allowable, necessary or right in certain stages or conditions of society, and however difficult of removal where it has long existed, is yet, in its origin and essence, repugnant to tho natuial rights of mankind, snd the bonovulent spirit and manifest aim of Christianity, and, in its practical effectthe souroo and occasion of incalculable evils: that while we will fa thfully alide by all the compromises of the Constitntion, in respect to slavery within the States, we are irreconcilably opposed to its extension, by any Act or omission of the federal government, tc tho now free territories of Oregon, Now Mexico and California; lliat to abolish freedom and to e-taMish slavery in these territories, or in any of them, would expose the government and reopls of the the friends oi liberty and justice throughout the civiliied world ; that as such a measure can only be accomplished by the consent and agency, active or passive, of a majority of all tho states, and of the whole pcoplo, toe free States nnd free people of the North, as well as the ttaies and people of the South, will, bo fsr as they fail to oppose this measure, lie partakers in itsguiltand its shame; tl at the convictioni of morality and rel gion, of conscience and of duty, cannot be surrendered or compromised; and that we, therefore, think it due to ourselves,and to the great <|Uestion now before us, solemnly to declare, ttat we cannot concent to any arrangement or devioe, by which a single square mile of territory now free shall be converted into slave soil, but, ou the contrary, w ill forever, and by all just and constitutional means, oppose every attempt, whether open or covert, to effect such extension. Resolved, 1 h.it while our opposition to the extension ol' slavery, by any act or omission of the federal government, to tcrritorei now frco, aptings chiefly from our strong repugnance to tho institution. as a moral and social evlb nnd from nn earnest desire to shield the honor and preserve the fame of the American repuhlio, we find in tl.o fact, that the extension of slavery to New Mexico and California wi 11, nnder tho provisiona of'the constitution, which require three-filths of the slave population to lie computed in the apportionment of members of the lie use of Representatives, secure to the slavel olding States nn immense and?considering tlie advantages already conceded to them by tho North?? most inequitable increase or political power, another and conclusive argument, if any such were needed, against any further concessions of this nature, on the part of the free States; and that our resjieet for the intelligence, cand.-r and patriotism rfJust and 11 >berminded men, in the South as wo'l as in the North.'induces us to believe tl at this view of the subject will ultimately command the assent and apj rotation of the great majoiity of the Ameru an peo> lo. Resolved, Chat although we are advised by eminent jurists, and as we 1 elieve, correctly, tliat the laws of Oregon, California and Nee. Mexico, by which slavery lias been abolished in those territories, will remain 'n force until altered by or under the authority cf Congress, or by the proper authority of these territories after they shall be formnd into Stales; yet, as this doctrine is generally denied by representatives of the South, and as Congress clearly |i0;t?5*cs the jxiwer, under the federal constitution, to jTotect tl.c territories in ouestii n from tho curse, and the peoplo of the l ul cd States fr< m the disgrace of converting the soil of freedom into the abode of slavery, we deem is a matter of the xnjliest moment that the Jtffsrsonian ordinance, proposed in JTr?, established In 17Hf, and ever since, in all easel of free tor. ritory, tl ? fundamental rule of our republic, should lie expressly inc< rpon ted in any law that may bo* passed providing for the go, Vftpjji^ut tyf these territories, , Resolved, T hat if, under any circumstances, tlie ooinprcmis4 of this gicat iiucstron were allow able, it is not for the present I Congress, whose members were elected without any expo tatinn 1 on urn purl of theircons'.itucnts that any such measure would come before them, and in which one of the free Stat s (Iowa) is not n presented in tho Senate, to enter npon such a work; and that the disposition w hich many of tliem have evinced, at the heel of their session, when from want of time and other causes, it I is Impossible to rtcurc to the sulrjcot full debate and due consideration, and without affording 10 the people an opportunity in a regular and constitutional w ay, to pronounce th"ir judgment U|i?n it, t*initiate and to pa-sa law in hot haste, surrendering to the inroad of slnverv the territories i>i'New Mexico ami I slif,,rniti I in the face of the declared will of the Ion States in favor of the 1 jk ritire proh.bition of slavery, and of like expressions of the pnh. lio sent im nt, coining; in a thousand forms, from the people of tlio free States,ds us unprecedented in the history of American legislation, as it should he alarming to every freeman and patriot. Resolved, Thatnndcr the constitution of the United States, the j power ot "disposing of and tonkin?; all needful roles and regula- I tions" respecting the torritiries in itiestion, resides vlnrtvelT, ! in Cotgrcea, suhjcot to tho approval of the President: that tlio attempt now in progress to take this power from thoStaees and 1 Hie people, in the two Houses of Congrets, and to transfer the . disposition of slavery in MMh territories ton body holding hya I life tenure, ami consisting of only nine |>ersons, the msjor part of \ whom belong to the stnve Stales, is repugnant .".like to the provisions of tho constitution, the rights of the States and of tlio reople, and tlio first principles of free representative government; and that in tlio Inception and the progress of this andscions sclieme, v e have a new and most alarming proof of the arrogance I Of the slave power, and of its contempt for constitutional charters, for the popular will, and for all considerations of frater- ! uity and justice, w hen in the way of its schemes of intciests or ambition. Resolved, That wo unhesitatingly deno^fsea the lill^Mo e.,taI'llth the teiritorial governments i f tlrrgon.d.'ulifemla ITTnl Now Mr x'ro," which has just tassed tho PcnatO of the Utiitcd States, as inooasistent with tbo jrlnc'ples ef the constitution, the wol- : f>re of the people, and the character of the nation; that even in respect to Oregon, where, for the present. It leaves in ldroo the Iswsnmde hy the settlers for the lroluldtlon of slavery, it fails ; to consecrate the terrlfflry to freedom, after the manner of the ordinance of 17.-7. and "thus exposes to contention and hazard, in , any futi,reUon mess, thin greet interest; and that, in rosiest to California and New Meiioo. though cunningly drawn, anil withoutany tl'rtt t enactment to shock the moral sense or love of frebh to 11 the people of this Union, It yet evinces, in all its pro- j visions, an evident des gn to fasten#'pt n the free soil of these tor- , rttorin the cui-c of lntmnn slavery, id such a way as to prevent the imiii fr m being ever removed or mlti atorl ly any action of , thefedeial governuient. Resolved, 1 hat, independently of any extrinsic proofs of the i olitracti'i und pur|M,se ot this bill, in respect to California and NtU Re sico, the following are derived from tho bill itself;? 1. T1 e laws of Oregon, one of which forbids slavery, sre ex|ircisly tt tinned until they .-hall he alti ml hy the territorial I.e. gialatnre or hy Congress; hut the liill studiously omits any recognition of the laws of California and New Mexico, hy which slsvety wns long since aho lst ed; and this omission is ac cnipand t* the claim, <>n the part of the South, that there resides, in tlio republican constttoHon of the Untied Stairs, a latant |' i 'D,'lie inovltabla tfftct of which la, to abolish such law a ami to <-#ablish the alave lawa ol the South in all territory a'litiind hy this government. i W hlle the Mil provides for Oregon a legislature to he chosen l.y its inhabitants, tlie right to choose their own legislators l? entirely del, d to the inhabitants of California ana New M'-xiio, who are to be arbitrarily governed l.y livt officers appointed to rule tlirm I v one man at the distance of thottsnmla of miles. 3. It prohib ts th sshadow of a Legislature from the par age of any law 'resi-cctlng slavery." thus preventing the par-age, by the tire nt'i rs. of uny law tor the pretention of human heings claimed In a master as his property, whatever atroo.ty toward thetn Mich master may commit. 4. Lest the jHTple ol California or New Mexico should complain Of the tyranny to las imposed npoti thorn, and proclaim their wrongs to the Congress and people of the United Slates, the privilege of sending a delegate to Congress given to all the other territories,!!! not allowed io them- a discrimination the morn Indofensilile. heouusc the delegate, having no pew or to \ ote, would ba impotent fur injury. _ a. While the right of sttfTrago aud cligihllity to office are sc(tired to the inhabitants of Oregon, without regarxl to property, theic is no provision to restrain the legislators to tie sent to t slih rnfit ami New Mexico, from confining to a small and ox elusive < lass of the larger land and slaveholders, the right of choosing sntl living chosen to any inferior offices in the territories. ti. The" Constitution and I-aws of the l otted Htati a," claimed by Si ulhtrn expounders, as Including Iho estflbllshmotit of slavery in Iho territories, are extended oxer and declared to I In force In California and New Mexico, Imt not in and over Of "it, thus to i ho color to a subsequent argument, that Congress intended to exlablish slaveiy in California and Now Mexico, I tit not in Oregon. 7. W Idle iho bill was reported hy the committee, as providing lor an a| pc.il to the Snpr'-nu'( ou t of the 1 Ini ted States, for its decision up! n lite right to held slaves in California and New Mem It waa so drawn, either hy liamlnlent desgn or from hasty and heedlrss execution, as to allow no appeal w hich would include the onto ol a person claimed its a slave. 8. In retard to Oregon, liberal provision ie made for public education, hut in California and Nt xx Mexico, a policy more congenial to the slavo aristocracy is aiiopted, and no aid l? to he extended to >' ntmon schools, which cm to he considered as dif. fusing s light destructive to hondtu i 9. If tut ultiinate sppeal to the Su preino Court of Iho United Slates should he fully s?i red in the I ill, it l? not prohahlo that a linal dseision would I e l cured in leu than six -r eight years, within which pot iod I ali'onxln and New Mexien will, to s great rr tent, 1 e t on-red with slave ry, ft in which, si the framersot I lis E NE I ill well knew, it w ill bedittealt, if net impassible, the.; t; re claim them. 111. In other pariirulers, end In its whole Mope, that part of the I ill w hich relates to California and New Mexico, if evidently designed to favor the entrance of slavery into all those parts of theie extensive regions which are adapted to slave labor, and, wl en once so established, to perpetuate its existence and its evils. Hi solved. That Denial S. Dick in on, one of the Senators from this Siate, by uniting in preparing, and bj voting for thebill referred to, has grossly misrepresented Die w ill ul' the people of New Vorlt, as he has openly violated the repeated instructions of htr Legislature; aud that we shall held any representative from this State, if any suoli there he, who ihall, directly or inderectly, aid in the passuge of this hill of abominations, or, without the most unuucstionable excuse, fail to vote either uuon the tinal quest < r. or any previous di\ Uion, faithless to the wishes <f his constituents ami a batterer of their rights, interests, and honor. Resolved, That wo tcndor to John A. Di*. anil to each and all of the Senators, without d stinction of party, flora t*ie Nortln-rn States. who, hy their votes, have rati'ted the passage of the pretended "Ct inpr< miae hill" through the Senate, the tribute of our most sincere and h nrty thanks; and more esiweia'ly do we award this In n age to thorn who, with the fearlessness ef truth, and the power of commanding eloquence, have exposed the deceptive character and tl:e iniquitous design of this most atrocious measure. Knotted, That thouhl this measure be finally ei.acted into a law. we pledge ourselves to ourfriends throughout the Union, to labor with unieinn ting teal, until oier.r clsum it may contain antagonistical to the nrefcrvulion of fiee toil for free mc.i, is repealed; and a new law l? passed, securing to freedom, in the most explicit terms, all free soil which the Uuion now lias, so lung as it remains under the government of Congress; and that we can assure all here and olsew haro, who deceive themselves with the falsa hope that the people of tl.e V orth will submit to tb? pretended oornpromise hill us a final settlement; tliat the spirit of ireedom will not lie "down at tlioirbidding;" but that the passage of this bill will be t) c signal for renewed exertions, uutil tho free soil of tlin mighty M'c.-t I o fully and forever secured to the free la lorerj of tliis I iibii, and to those who, rp 111 other lands, shall desire to plant tl.nr-i Ives and their posterity in there extensive regions. Resolved, In vietv of the cot siilcratiotis expressed in tlio foregoing resolutions, und of the momentous interests involved in the approaching e'celions, State and ratioual, it is tlis judgment of this meeting, the iin|<cratire duty ot the fi ionds of free soil, in their respective p< liticul connections,, throughout the Union, to look, witn the utmost vigilance ami care, to the views and principle', up, n ilie mat question of the day, uf the men for whom tl.oy projen- tn vote, and ton c thcirbeat exenious to secure tho election ef men know n to he in fivor of the enactment of a law expressly prohibiting the existence of slavery in the Torritniia* of Oregon, hew Rex ice, and California, so long ss the sauic shall he under the government of Conine, s. Resolved, Ti nt the represcnta'lies of this city in Oongrcs: lie requested to use all and every bonorablo means to defeat the hill just pat sod hy the fens to. Resolved, That a copy of those resolutions, signed by the officers of this nesting, he transmitted by the seuietaricx to tlie representatives from this city in ti e House of ReprcsentativiS of the United States, Willi request that they lie laid leforu that House, as tl e expression of this meeting, and as they bolicvc of the grcit mass of their fellow citizens of all purties and classes, n the great question to w hich tin y relate. D. D. Kiki.c, Krtj. was the first itpeakcr, anil after a few preliminary remarks, the purport of which our reporter did not bear said that the compromise bill as it is called, which has just passed the Senate of the United States, embraced within It an issue of an extraordinnrv nature, ens. the lik? of which, we have not seen or heard Of for n long lime. After speaking of the objects of the bill, Mr. Field said Fellow-citizens. we say in the call of this meeting, that we aro opposed to all compromises, to all compromises of freedom on the new territory of this Union. We say so, because we believe that any compromise of this great and vital question, is derogatory to the credit of freemen, and fatal to the honor, prosperity, and union of this confederacy. Wo say so, fellow-citizens, because wc believe that that compromise is based on a fundamental error in relation to our government. That error we believe to be this?that the South demands as a right, under the constitution, that their people may go into the new territories of this Union, and that they may take their property with them wherever they may choose to go. Now, tjiere are two answers to this? first, that the slaveholders themselves, from the origin of cur government to the present day, have declarod that slaves were persons and not things. They declare It. becauso there is a provision in the constitution of the United States, which declares that Congress may regulate trade and commerce between the several States of the confederacy ; and it has been contended on one side, that of the slaveholders, that this extends to the passage of slaves from one State to any other. This has been denied on the other hand, on the ground that slnves are not property, and because the argument implies that tliey may go from any of the old States, taking with them their "property and as a consequence, that they may use it in the new territory in the Same way as they could in the States which they left, and have the same right over it. Now, let us look at this. If it should, for instance, be declared in South Carolina that a man has absolute property in white people, and that lie might sell and dispose of them if he chose to do so. could he carry that " property" into Oregon, and hold it there us such, and that your representatives in CoDgrcss could not prevent it? Now, lot us apply the rule to any kind of property, aud it will be seen that the argument is equally fnllaeious. While we udmit that man may hold any property, recognized as such by the laws of his State, we deny that he cun hold it as such in another State, provided, that to do so, would be contrary to the laws of such State to which he may go. Take, for instance, the sale of li qucr among the Indian". This is. as you are all aware. prohibited by law of Congress; and yet they say. in principle, that if u uian has a hundred hogsheads of rum, he can take it, as lias property, among the savages and sell it. Now. this we know is not so. We know that it is against all the practice of the government lrom its first origin. Take, again, for instance, the sale of gunpowder. Will it be said that if u merchant of South Carolina is permitted to keep a hundred kegs of gunpowder, that he can go to Oregen or California?where the law states that he shall only have fifty pounds in his store at one time?that he can do as he did in South Carolina ? No, he can't do it; and wether you consider men as slaves or property, the right is in the Legislature to regulate tiie transmission ot property; and if this right is superceded by the passage of this compromise bill, as it is called, we will endeavor to repeal it, (applause ) because the very proposition is an insult to our understanding, because the proposition is outrageous. (Applause.) because it proclaims at once that these tree States of the North are bound to the slave States of the South in a partnership of crimo. aud that we can't go in any direction?North. Hast.South, West? without carrying with us that infernal institution of human servitude. (Prolonged applause ) They may proclaim the monstrous doctrine that our glorious ling, the herald offrcedpmj carries with it not emancipation?not freedem and glory, but human servitude, human slavery?and with Tt. dens of slavers and negro drivers. (Applause and hisses.) Fellow-citizens, the proudest thing that one of the orators of KnglAnd ever did, was the proclamation which he made in Parliament that wherever the standard of F.ngiand Is planted. there shall lie no slaves; and when he made it. all the members of the Iiowse arose and applauded the sentiment?and are wc the citizens of the only free republic in the world?are you who have lowered the stendard of that F.ngiand to the dust?you who have displayed to the nations of the earth the flag of emancipation. are you to be induced at this day?in the year 184S?shall it be paid of you, at this" period of the world's history, that your Hug is aa black as night ? that it is the herald of slavery, and not of emancipation?that it is covered with slavery, not with union, and glory, and freedom but with sla very, bondage?that it justices the selling of men and women, and the enslaving of children to the latest generation.' (Kent wed and prolonged applause ) No, forever no. After saying that wo are opposed to all compromise on this question, let me call your attontion to this eon promise bill which has passed the Senate.? Our objections to It are stated at length in the resolutions, but 1 will call your attention to the most importsnt parts of it. In tho first place, the fectien whieli applies to the legislative power over Oregon and California, declares that that local legislative power ? hall pass no laws respecting slavery. Now, I ask you. fellow-citizens, in what aspect are we to be Tigardcdbv the world in this matter? In the same clause of that same bill, we have a prohibition on the part of the local legislature to pass laws on the subject of religion, lis if religion and slavery are in the same category. In our federal constitution it is provided thai the States shall not interfere with certain things, such as trial by jury, the habeas corpus act, and other things, which the legislature shall net invade; but now, for the first time, we soe a clause put in. that the legislature shsll not interfere with the question of slavery. In the first plsce. the oitir.ens of certain States maintained that slavel oldorOiave a right to go into our territories with their slaves; and that, therefore, slavery exists in Oregon, New Mexico.-and ( alifomla, If they should go thcie. Now, wo deny it, and assert expressly tho contrary of the proposition. Well, passing over the absurdity of this. I say. that whether the slaveholder! Is right or wrong, I ean'show that there never was a more monstrous law proposed in any legislature. I repeat ?this law Is an infamous law; and let me tell you why. If slavery be established thsre, then the legislature may psts no law about it BWlmt docsfthis mean? Let me read a renort of a cause which occurred in tho State of Mbslsslppl. and which you will find reported at length j in Howard's Mississippi Reports. Mr. Kit-Id tht-n ro: Inti-d the circumstances which we condense. It appears that a planter of that State had a child by one of his slaves, and having the natural feelings of a man and a father, he desired to bring up that child who ; was a son. In a proper way. according to his own ideas and wealth He accordingly removed to Ohio, and there executed a deed manumitting the child jind his mother, the slave ; and afterwards made a will, giving his property to that child. The relatives contested the legality of the document after the testator's death, before the courts of .Miss ssippi.nnd the decision was in their favor und against the slave mother and iter child. "J he consequence was, that they took their own blood relative as a slave. Now I would ask you. fellow-eitl/.i ns. it a man goes to ( slifnrnia from Mississippi, willi his staves, whether he is to be bound by the laws of Mississippi or not ; and jet this is precisely the form of the law which has passed the Senate, and is now b< f >re the other branch ot Congress. At this point our reporter was so much incommoded >,y tie pretrwv* of tttmvd that he eonld not take a note, in (I whs ( blig-d to appeal to those who were crushing him, to push no more than they could help. M bile he was doiug this, ho lost a few remarks of the speaker. Mr. In 11- continued.?Now the slaves which go to California or New Mtxieo has, under the provisions of i this hill, to litigate bis rights in the district courts of there territories To get l.is ca.-e (it elded there, will occupy one or two years; but he has got no appeal from th?re by Ibis hill; bid. it gives the slaveholder the i right to ap)cat to the Supremo Court of the United j States, so that It is tmposiiliie tor a slave to get his j enie heard by that court. Kor one I am determined to look this danger in the | face, and will never, so long as I live, or so | longrs my tongue shall move, will I cease to aggitatc it W YC NEW YORK, SATURE while I can get men to hear me ; I shall endeavor to arouse the people, and there are a hundred more like me. (A voice?"yes more, a thousand.") Wo shall make our representatives acquainted with our determination; audit they sneak, we will inform them that the breath of the people is like a consuming tire; and we will do more, we will find honest men to bo to Washington, who will make laws, at some future time, prohibiting slavery in the new territories. Mv motto is in this case, "don't surrender an inah." We will tell our representatives that, if tbey pass this bill, they will be recalled, and their pla?es filled by other and better men. Mr. Field spoke a few miuutes longer, but our reporter was compelled to succumb to the inconve niences aronna mm, ana was gtau wn>n no was tnfoinnd that tbo staging was sufllienlly finished to allow cf the parties adjourning tliero. Horace Greeley, Ktq , roso to address the mooting. and as soon as he had done so. some hoys in tho crowd made remarks about the cow. " Who has got Greeley's cow?" " Bring back that cow." ' Give the man his cow, you'vo milked her dry." " Who took the editor's cow?" &o. &c. Mr. Greeley's remarks were not audihlo to our reporter in the new position which he took on the platform, under the impression thr.t the remainder of the speaking would be made bom the platform, as he was informed; but itc gathered from what he heard, that Mr. Greeley said we have got this new territory of which so much has been said and written, and as it is a free territory now, the question is. whether the government shall continue it as such. or introduce slavery there. The South talk of a compromise, but what do we want of a cotnpromite? A compromise presumes tbat two parties have a certain claitn, and each is wiliing to ubundou part for the rake of a settlement?that, esrh has semi-thing to give away. Now. he thought we had nothing to give away in this matter, and iu the next place the South has nothing to take off The proposed compromise is semetbirg of this kind. A loafer who has no coat attacks a man who has one, and proposes to fight him to ascertain to whom the coat belongs; and this is precisely the kind of compromise that is forced on us on this question of the extension of slavery into the new territories. He concluded by saying that there can be no mpromise on this question, but tho naked question must be decided whether slavery shall exist tin re or not. The speakers and the officers of the meeting were then informed tbat the platform was at length finished, whereupon there was a general rush to it, the committee attempting, in vain, to keep the multitude from nionopolis.iDg it. After a little while, Mr John T. Doyle, addressed the mooting, and for the purpose of staying the tide that was pouring on the staging, said, that before ho would m ike any remarks on the subject that hud drawn together the vast uHMmhlage, he was requested by tho committee to infoi 111 those present, that the staging was very fruil, very much like the platform on which the pro-slavery men had planted themselves, and would break down if it Ulll rivorlnu boil I lu Him tail tn nn t main subject, and paid tbiit t'uo assemblage had convened for the purpose of i easing their ntiments on the subject of the ext' ion of slavery to the territory newly acquired by Uni 1 tute.-i. under the treaty recently ante 1 ini o between the Unit' Slates and Mexico, which territory was acknowledged by all to bo now free. He imagined that throughout tho length 1 breadth of the Northern, Eastern, Western, and s-.ites, there is but i no sentiment en this impi nt ml jeet, and that but one idea agitates the h in mind in those regions. Three months ago, 1 tl subject which this assemblage was now < to discuss, was hardly alluded to, or toueh< ut since then, it has been taken in hand by tl d they having given it their attention, ai. I upon acting upon it, it would not be tbri ntll an issue favorable to the cause of freedom ached. It is useless now to deliberate on the merits of the matter, for they are evident to the most thoughtless observer. They hsd a bill just passed by tho Senate, which provided that a laboring man, who went to Mexico and incurred a debt there, could be seized and sold, and reduced to the same degraded condition as tho black slaves. (Cries of " Shame.") That bill was now beforo Congress. The lower branch of the Legislature would shortly be called upon to take action upon it, and to decide whether they will confer power to incarcerate that man?to give the power to sell and to buy him for this debt, and to consign him and bis children to eternal bondage. (Great sensation.) This was the state of the case, and they wore appealed to to acquiesce in this shameful proceeding, and either to allow a ban to be put upon the labor of tho stalwart freeman, or to entail upon him tho degradation of human slavery. They were told that they might have Oregon to themselves, if they pleased. Now, to his certain knowledge, that territory had been paid for by them years ago ; and such a mode of compromising the auostion was grossly at variance with every principle of justice. (Cheers ) It was an equitable settlement, indeed,that they should have Oregon, while Mexico aad California, which were vaster in extent, richerinfertllity,and more abundant in resources, should be abandoned to the cause of slavery. Air. Calhoun demanded that the bill should be passed, on the ground that the South had always been faithful to her engagements. This ho (Mr. Doyle) denied. South Carolina had proved most reort ant to her bargains, lie would just ask them to look to the case of the negro sailors, when they went to the Intl. Any who went down to the sunny South from Maine or Massachusetts, were apprehended as soon as they mate their appearance, and clapped into a I dungion. where they were detained till the vessel | was leaving, and till they |had paid the jailor's fees.? i (Cries of' Shame V') These were the men who were I now dt niandiug the enactment of such laws as this | territorial bill. These were the men who sentenced ! the slave to be hung in Georgia, though the sentence was reversed by the Supreme Couit. They demanded the shield of the constitution to be thrown over them. As long as the coustltution coincided in every respect with what thoy considered tiieirown interest, all was well; but as soon as it spoke a different language, then they went for nullification. (Cheers and laughter.) If ever an attempt was made to pass a tariff, then the shield of the constitution was thrown away, and the cry of nullification was set up. (Laughter.) According to their views, tlio constitution left the power to the respective territories to decide themselves whether icey should be slaves or freemen. This looked a very nice Interpretation ; but he would ask that meeting, if a number of rowdies and respectable people happened to be placed together on the same lccnlity. who would linve the beet of it ! (Laughter.) The bill was an outrage upon all the manly feeling* and generous impulses of the human heart. Ju?t let them fancy a free citizen ef the country, subjected to the ignominy of being sold as a slave, for non-payment cf a storekeeper's bill?let them realize the case of an honest carpenter, or an industrious mason, being sold like cattle in the market. (Cries ef ' Shame,'' and great sensation.) Their acquiescence in such a measure as that would be a compromise of all that was dear to the human heart.?a violation of all the noblest impulses of nature, and a tlagrant outrage on the purest sentiment of the understanding. (Loud cheers.) The South, however, did not want this bill so much en account of slavery?that curse against which tlipir fathers had so vehemently protested? as they did to make it the instrument of increasing their political power. Any Northern man or Northern Stnle who wished to procure the most paltry office or situation at the disposal of the federal government, bad very little ehanro of obtaining it nn less he was ready to pray by good lord or good devil as hia Southern patrons might require (Laughter ) but any Southern man or Southern State who preferred a similar solicitation had very little difficulty in procuring federal compliance. As an instance of this lm would just cite the rase of the State of Ohio?the third State in the Union?one of the giant children of the ordinance of '87. Some time ago this State at,k"d the iederal government for two judges to lie as-igned to it for the better administrat ion of its judicial affairs. What was the result of the application' It was refused. (Cries of' Shame.'") And for no other reason than because this State has always shown such a tern front against the curse of slavery, and ev?r raised its video on behalf ef free labor and frco soil. (Cheers ) Now he would take the case of Arkan-a*. He need not, tell them of the extent or importance of this portion of the Union. They all know that its population did not exceed that of the Sixth or Fourteenth wards of the city of New Voik. (Laughtor.) That State made a similar request, and lo prrstn ! was the word; and they quickly obtained their request. Doing children of the sunny South, their solicitation could not be refused. Tnis would giro them an idea of the immense preponderance which the South exercised over the North, was owing to the influence of the slave States, which, from the present representation, exercised three-fifths of the political power. He would now go. however, to the foundation of the federal Union The constitution started with the grand principle t^at all men were bora equal, and were entitled to the possession of equal rghts. He was sorry, however, to see that this prln riple was but faintly recognized In the atmosphero of Washington. It had not been carried out in the negotiations with regard to Louisiana; it had not been carried cut with regard to Florida, lie did belli re. however, that when they got Tcxa?, thev would have had a email portion, as a little cerner. where the free laborer would be ablo to repair, and to hire his labir

to the lifst advantage. But Mr. Calhoun uirinnged to get this too. and to secure exclusive possession for ids slave.-and rags and mongy cattle. And now these Southern gentlemen come forward, anil with unparalleled effrontery, demanded that they should have this ni w ti rritory also. Their unptincipled and greedy e? nduet reminded him of the story of the f.it fellow who eat the apple dumplings, \fter despatching seventeen of them, ho was asked, as he was devouring the eighteenth:? Oil. pappy, won't you give John totne?" To which he renlted. with an air of great innocence. ' Don't bother pappy; 'pappy is sick." (Laughter.) These men of the South having got Louisiana. Florida, and Texas. now go in for Mexico and California: and because their will is opposed, nuke :.n outcry about the shield of the constitution, and talk of the dissolution of the I nion (Laughter ) But it is all a shatn. There will he no dissolution of the I nil n. '1 hoy dare not do it. They are too v. de awake to their own interests to think sortMi ly if Mieh an event -as they alone would be the sufliiirs. (Cheers) It was necessary, however, that the N< rth should now speak out. They must now go harnl in hand, to prevent the extension of that principle which was opposed to the constitution, a stain upon ilie country. and antagonistic to tiie rights of mail. (( lima) Thij who were the bulwark and mainstay of this glorious republic, who | aid the great proportion of tie taxes, v ho were the principal support of the government, who fought the battles and enhanced the lure of the country, must not permtt this territorial hill to become law must withstand the project of this IRK I ?AY, JULY 29, 1848. litinuituus propagandist), and must nolonger4bo cajoled wttn the reply,' Don't bother pappy, pappy is ?iek " (Mr Doyle retired amid loud cheers ) Mr. St. John then addressed the meeting. He mid that alter the eloquent speeches wliioh they hid just heard, he would not take up their time with any lengthened observations. The time, he believed, was coine when it became necessary for the eountry to epeak out it they wished te operate upou roiigress : it was of the most vital importance that public opinion should be brought to bear upon it without delay. (Cheers ) It behoved them to chow to the world whether they wore deserving ut the imputation which wan recently made against them, that they were " as putrid ai Lazarus." Were they, who bad received the teachings of a Washington, of aJolTersoii. of an Adams. and othor noble spirits, to bo new charged with being ua putiid as Lazarus? (-'No," no.'' and cheers.) lie did not believe that the South wished for thin bill on account of their dense population, so much as for hu inciease of the appointing and contirniing pow< r. It was a preponderance of this power they wonted over the North, and to this alone may bn attributed the exertions they are now making to pass the territorial bill into a law . lie would ask. however, was it right or just that 350 INK) voters, which composed the constituencies of the Southern States, should have au equal power with the three millions which noiu[riredtlin actual voters of tlie North? (Cries of *'No, no.") ^Virginia, he had to inform tliem, had more inilueuee in procuring situations under the United States government, than alt the r<st of the Union put together. lie would now conclude, a' there were other speakers to address them, and he hoped they would strenuously exert themselves to oppose the further progress of the bill. (Cheers ) Loud cries for llutler, Greeley and others then proceeded from the va>t assemblage. None of the poisons culled f< r being present, a Mr. Washburn was introduced to the meeting, which he addressed at considerable length on the object for which they had assembled together, in a forcible and impressive style, but for tbe want of suitable accommodations bit excellent remarks were, of course, entirely lost John N. Lai son followed in n few brief remarks, in which he set forth In glowing language the evils that must necessarily result from the extension of slavery into Ihe newly acquired territory ; but, owing to the lateness of the evening, on motion the meeting was declared to be adjourned ; when, notwithstanding the cries of " Go on!" "Go on!" " Latsou." "Latson," ke , the main stand became nearly deserted, when the attention of the multitude was once more directed to tbe steps of tho City Hall, from which Arnold Buflura, sen., had commenced to give his views of the question at is: ue. and his remarks elicited freuuent bursts of applause. Three cheers were theu given for Hurry Clay. Martin Van Buren and others, while groans were as freely given for Cass and Senator Dickinson, <f New York. Oroans and cheers were successively proporcd for Tom, Dick ami Harry, until scarcely I an individual prevent knew what they said or did. Call after call was then made for somebody to speak, and considerable delay and nonsense having ensued, an individual, who gave his name as Bowen. a printer by trade, proceeded to address the remnant of the assemblage. Ilia remarks, as far us they could be distinctly heard, appeared to be very sensible, and were enthusiastically received. Several other persons attempted to address those who still lingered behind, but the confusion was so great that it was impossible to catch more than now and then a word. At a late hour, the concourse divided into squads and discussed the subject of "Free Soil and Slave Territory"' amongst themselves, without making any convert, however, cither on one side or the other?some going the whole figure for free soil anil free labor, while others went for free soil only, so far as it did not interfere with the prospects of that portion of the democratic party to which they professed to belong, and no farther; and, by way of illustrating tho madcap course which both sections of that party were pursuing, relating an anecdote that two persons were once contributors to the purchase of a fan; that on a certain hot day,one of the interested parties wishod to take the fan from the other, in order that ho might use it himself. wbicb being resisted by the possessor, it was proposed to cut tlie fun in two, which wa<! carried into efl'eot. The result was. tho fun was rendered good for nothing to either of the owners; andthusit would be with the Union, through the reckless course of one party of politicians. The Union would bo dissolved, and its institutions crushed forever. Police Intelligence, Charge of Grand Larceny.?Uapta'.n Magnes and officer Wfcalen, of the Oth ward police, arrested yesterday, three suspicious fellows, called Walter JclTerBon, alius Johnny Snoozor, Charles Burdett, and Theodore Curtis, whom the oflicers found on tho Five Points, on suspicion of having stolen two gold watches, one valued at $70. the property of Samuel Sneedeu, ship builder, residing in this city, it appears that the accused parties were all in a kind of rough und tumble light at Fort Hamilton, on Monday last, and Mr. Sneeden mixed, in in order to separate some of the parlies, while In the nieltr he was relieved of his watch On the person of Jellerson $70 was found, and a gold watch. Tlicy were all committed by the magistrate for a further hearing.' Hooking a Gudgeon.?We believe that all fishermen, or at least all those who have any pretensions to scientific fishing, are aware of the patent fish hook called the ' sockdologer," which is a long hook with two prongs to it, thrown up by a spring towards the line, arranged so that the instant the fish nibbles at the bait the spring files off, and tho hooks are thus thrdst on tho snout or head of the fish, making him certain gsme. The hook, wo understand, was invented by Job Jolimon, a resident of Brooklyn, and patented by him as the " sochdologer hook, for the more certain way of catching fish." This Mr. Johnson, it appears, had a partner, for a time, by the name of Thomas F. l.nglebrccht, but finally dissolved copartnership a few months ago. the right and title of the sockdologer still remaining in Mr. Johnson. About nit; ou ui JUJJTJ uu uuut-obj ruiuwu-iwuKiu|$ nuivuu. by tho name of Kdwin Marsh, from the gooa old State of Connecticut, where tho milk and honey flow, mixed in sometimes with a little pork end moliMCJ, by the way of a sweetener, wended his way to York State, setting himself down in tho I groat city of Gotham, in order to make a fortune, like many Of his predecessors. Mr. Marsh having a few hundred dollars with him, the savings up of many years hard labor, felt dlsposei.lto Invest it in some good and secure business, whereby he could in one year realize more tbnn double his capital invented. Not being knowD, or conversant with the city affairs, or the mode of doing husiness, Mr. Marsh resorted to tho daily pspeTs; running his eyes over the various elap-trap advertisements inserted tbere'n. by a parcel of laud sharks, for the purpose of catching tho unsuspecting individuals who seek to do an honest business, he finally fastened on the following : " WA.NTED?A person having $/SI)#, cash capital, can purchase a l.rsincra now raying 11000 per annum, and will he dispoted of only on account of otlu" engagement*. Apply at Sit Reaver street, up stairs, Lack office,from a to I. or to 'this advertisement appeared to suit Mr. Marsh exactly, and early that morning he hurried down to the ahtiTe number, fearing that the chance might be snapped up teforo he could get a night of it. On entering the office, he saw Mr. Knglebrecht, who represented himself to be the advertiser, and. after a short conversation, stated that he held the patent right of the sockdologer llsh-hook, and. as he was about going into another business, ho wouid sell out his I right and title for tho United States for $1,000. While J they were thus conversing together, who should como inLut a Mr. Robert B Ilulr. An introduction wus then given by Mr. Knglebrecht. between the parties, i ud dt.ring Die conversation on sockdologers. it was Hattd that Mr llale had made over $700 the last year, by merely felling the article in different parts of the L nitod States. This little bait, thus thrown out, was nibbled at by Mr. Marsh, and an understanding was soon brought about that Mr. Marsh and Mr. Hale should buy out the patent right jointly, that is to say. Marsh was pay down $500 cash and llale $500, and enjoy all the profits that might accrue equally. This bargain was struck, and Mr. Marsh paid down $C0O in good K.astern bank bills, and Mr. Hale paid his half by a cbeck drawn on one of the city bsnks. which was taken by .Mr. Knglebrecht with the u'most confidence. After the money was paid out and the bargain consummated, Mr. Knglebrecht said, his man, who manufactured the sockdologers for him. at a very reasonable rate, would still continue for them, but unfortunately he had become suddenly sick, and therefore they must endeavor to get some other man. Mr. Marsh, in searching for some man to manufacture, heard of .Mr Johnson, in Brooklyn, and on calling ou him for that purpose, was then informed that the pa U'M IIUI'l IIIUI ^UUU.IUli; UUU UUb 111 .ill/ way in ( '.nglebrecht. \tlhis iistounding information, Mr. March began to find out that lie had nibbled to* strong at the sockdologer, his $500 having sunk, evidently to hint, to rice no more. On returning to Mr. i .pglebrecbt. he was put olf with very unsatisfactory answers ; even his partner. Mr. Hale, fought remarkably shy An office was. however, taken at at No. 0 ( eurtlandt street, by Mr. Marsh, for the purpose of carryingon the buslue-i'. w hen lie #?? immediately notilied by Mr. J< hnson that if ho attempted to manufacture or vend tliesockdoleger ltook he would at once be prosecuted This alarmed Mr.Marsh.and in order tost ekrmlre s, laid his complaint before Justiee Timpson. one of our efficient magistrates at the Tombs, who, after hearing the facts iii the case, took Mr. .March's complaint against Kngh brt cht and Hale for a conspiracy in cheating and defrauding Marsh out of the f 5H0. under the pretence of owning the patent right of the celebrated sockdob ge r, by which poor Mai h took a nibble aud hooked himself to the tuno of 500. A warrant was isti'i'd f( r ll arrest of the accused parties, and placed In the lands of officer Welch, who brought them up before the n aghtrate. who detained them in custedy for a further hearing. On further affidavits being made touching this conspiracy to defraud, two other individua's have heen Implicated in tic matter; one by tbo nniiic of John W. Porter, and the other calling hlinstlt Panic! I'i - hi n; who were both taken into custody yesterday, on n warrant issued by th Justice; and iii default of hail, committed to the Tombs for a fuitlier examination. 'J bus, in throwing out a bait lor 'lie nr -u-i eetirig Yankee, they lmve hooked tlicmm Iu with their own sockdolegsr. ANTICII'STKII Ii I->l UK OK 1 UK ClSAIM CollM'KItl KiTKiii ?With respect to the precautions taken to pi even* tin; rescue of the gan^t of counterfeiters now in juil at Slieihrooke, we have to-d.iy bet n inhumed flint so extensive litis iieen the synipailiy rreiited lor them outside, that thcywere furnished with crowbars, saw s, A u., in fact all the r? i;iii?ite imph riienis to make their "- enpe. Ills unnoted t hi' te uii> putties 111111 (-11 o <1 a standing h? yond m:> pi? u n wlie i.re nut-h implicated in il.c mutter Qvrbtr Mnrury, JM*' j.nif. IER A Miscellaneous* Wenton R Gt lea, editor of the Raln%h Regitfr, ' died of apoplexy on the 23tl iinrt Ralph Waldo Emerson, who lias been on a lecturing lour to England and Scotland, came home in the Europe. The British hark Agerforia, Iluut, from Liverpool, 4th ult., with 2J7 steerage passengers, arrived at Boston on the 27th, and was ordered into quarantine. Four deaths and one birth had taken place 011 the voyage ; twelve, sick with ship fever, have been ordered to Deer Island Hospital, and more may )et be sent. John J. De Groff, of Schenectady, who formerly represented his district in Congress, died on the 25th iust. "Old Phil," a servant belonging to Mr. James Brent, of Charles county, Maryland, died on the 5th instant, at the age of one hundred and fifteen years! Up to the nay of his death tins fuithtul old servant enjoyed almost uninterrupted good health. Wo learn that the heavy rain of Saturday last caused a serious freshet in the neighborliooti of tin- Juniata lliver, by which the hanks of the Pennsylvania canal were, in many places, carriedaway, and the aqueduct at the junction with the Susquehanna was destroyed.?Philadelphia Y. American, 97th July. Theodore Oleott, cashier of the Canal Bank of I Albany, says the Albany Knickerbocker, was arrestee on Monday, at the instance of a el rgymau named Jutnes A. Cornell, and charged with fraud. The nature of the charge is that he sold some fifteen hundred dollars wortii of stock of the Canal I Bank in April last, and represented the bank to be in a sound condition, lie was livid to bail on the charge. The city of Quebec employed a Yankee engineer, to repoit apian with an estimate of the cost, for supplying the city with water. His report is ni^niy |irai?cu m uic jm-na ui uiu.<riiy. j wu^iuiuia for procuring water are recommended?I rake Ghat lew, and the Trots Sauts of the Montmorenci, in both of which cases tlic cost is set down at $620,000. Baldwin, the engineer, estimates that 5 jier cent upon this amount would be realized even for the first year. Fine sweet pataloe3 raised in the vicinity of Cin cinnuti, are now plentiful in the markets of that | city. The Viccuburgh Sentinel of the Uthsays: "The 1 three remaining companies of the 2d Regiment arrived here on Sunday night. The men are being paid off und discharged as fast as circumstances I will permit." M. Gabet has written to Gen. Cavnignac, requesting him to grant a passage to Texas for a coI lony of Icurians. M. Gabet proceeds along with | them. The Bostomans were on the look-out for the ' steamer Kuropa on Monday night, and sent the ! steamer Mayflower out to lay at Hull, ready to re: ceive her mails, passengers, vVc., with a Custom House officer to pass their baggage. | Nine bars of gold, weighing 1700 pennyweights, and valued at were recently taken from the mines of Messrs. Mosely & Co., in Buckingham 1 county, Virginia, and were sent to the mint. | It is stated by theCincinnati papers that thirteen I of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, \vho passed uptlie ! river last week, had Mexican w ives. It is stated in the J kin war inn that so much sick| ness was never before known in Wilmington as | now, and that no less than thirteen funerals occurj red in one day last week. The principal disease j is a low bilious or typhoid fever. I The American Republican, at Westchester, and the Doyleetown Democrat, recommend the erection of a monument to ex-Governor, Shunk, of Pennsylvania. The Dead Sea Expedition.?We are pleased to learn from private letters that the Dead Sea Ex! ploring party have successfully and satisfactorily | completed their task, and returned to Jerusalem, j where they were the 19th of May. They have I sounded the sea in all its parts, to the depth of , GOO lathoms, and found the bottom crusted with : crystallized salt. The pestilential effects attrij buted to the wafers turn out to be f'ubulous. Ducks j were seen skimming over the surface, and par| fridges abounded along the shore. The part v were upon the sea in their boats, or encamped on its borders, for some two months, and their re| seurches and estimates have been of the most , thorough and interesting character. All were in | excellent health and spirits, no sickness or accident having occurred. By the Arabs they had ' been received, and uniformly treated with the ut- I j most kindness and attention. The .Syrians consider " the men of the Jordan," as they call them, j the greatest herns of the day. Lieutenants Lynch [ and Dole will visit under the most favorable cir- I i cumstances. sill tile lihices tnnile mi>mnrnlil? in I | scripture history; and we may expect from them ! n highly interesting account of their explorations of the Dead Sea, and their adventures in the Holy ; Land.?Boston Trunnript Mismanagement op titf. Mails.?We know very many who would he " pleased to learn"' that Cave Johnson was doing anything to redeem the mail service from the just aud universal odium into which it has fallen. For our own part, we do not know of a single direction in which it is safe to send business letters by mail. Our ownletters, in almost every instance, are f rom one to three days hehind their time ; and we never write or send a letter with the slightest confidence that it will reach its destination the day it is due. The same thing is true of papers. Complaints of papers delayed come in upon us from every quarter.? Courier unit Enquirer. Ariiivai. of an Insurrectionary Ft gitive? ! General Lopez, of Cuba, said to be the intended lender of the revolution contemplated in that island, arrived at Bristol last Sunduy, in the brig | Neptune, with his son and servant, and proceeded the next day to New York. Gen. Lopez reached | Matanzns just as the Neptune was leaving, the j only vessel bound immediately for a foreign port. : Several arrests had been made previous to his de- j pantile.?l'i ovitiew . I'u/1 The Blockade at Trieste.?A lett-r from ' Trieste, received by a mercantile house in this city,under date of July tith. says:?"Accounts have | just been received, that the Italian squadron are about to take off the blockade. An Austrian ship hud just entered port from < >deesa, without having been spoken or impeded in any way." A Fresiiet?Damage to the Pehlic Works.? We learn from the Harrisburp; h'ei/stnne, that the country in the neighborhood of the Juniata was (loaded by a heavy rain on Friday night. Much damage was done to Juniata division, between Millerstown dam and Duncan's Island, and to the North Branch division, between the Island and Liverpool The aqueduct below Liver[>ool was swept away, and it is reported that culverts have i been washed out and breaches made in theembanknients of both divisions, between the |>oints men- j tinned. Several days will elapse before riavtg.1 tion can be resumed Kirk in Newport.?A lire broke out on Monday ) Disfit, about II o'clock, in the boat builder's shop of I'itts Southwick, on "Gravelly Point," soutn side ot Long Wharf", which soon communicated to the shops of Lewis Caswell and llenjamin .^otithwick, on the south side ol the wharf, and to the dwelling house occupied by Charles Hrown and the boatbuilder's shops of.T. Pierce and Moses Harlow, on the north side of the wharf, which were all destroyed, together with many of the tools in the shops, and several boats. Loss f3,000 or $-Ul"0, w ir!i little or no insurance- .Xiirport . Daily llrraltl. S I II.L ANOTHER VERSION OF TIIE LEOPAItl) llttNT. j ?The sliigi'sta Clirontrle, ol the filth iiiat., says, i umb r head ol? Wiri Ukasi Host.?A tiger hunt took place in ] -Ithstrot, N V., on Wednesday. During the after- | noon, s tiger sprung out oftho weeds, near the side- ' walk, upon th" breast of a young man, fixing its talons in his fnee and its teeth in his right arm. A crowd , soon collected, nnd the animal, after bi'.ing several of its assailants, was linaily despatched. Hut this was not all. \bout, 11 o'clock the same night a leopard was discovered in an unoccupied house in 17th street, and shot. It was previously upon the roofs, and 1 thought to be a burglar Alter some inquiry, it was t'-und that the pair had escaped from the house of Mr 'J hompson, in li.ld street, who kept them as pets in his | establishment." Nr.w York Kiri \ikn o* a Visit. The Columbian Hose Company. No U. arrived at RnlTalo on the list inst. They were handsomely receivd by the Buifalo fireman, attended church In a body on Sunday morning. and left for the Kails in the evening. On th' ir return they were met at Rochester by h ire Company, No. 'J. of that city, who had invited the Columbians to re- , main a few hours with them. They met their guests at the cars and escorted them to tiie Knglc Hotel to j dine. After dinner, says the Rochetltr 'Idrrrfiitr, the guests and their entertainers went to Mount Hope, the Kalis. &o. In the evening, the New Yorkers were treated to a fine rollstlon. at the house of No. ], nu St. Paul , street, where there hud been provided, by that always liberal and spirited corps, a bountiful supply of deliea- L ales to please the palate A number of cltixons were | i resent, and there was a pb ssant Interchange of sentl1 meat and good feeling on the occasion LD. TWO CENTS. lnrldent* ComiKltd wU.ii the Unit Ooir War of 1M4H. Tile last week will bo lung remembered by the boy* of New York, th it is to nay, by the boys of the lowor or loafer order, who bare entered into the dog-killing business, under the proclamation of tba Mayor, allowing to any individual 50 cents for each ami every dog killed by them, on presenting the dead body at the nearest police station. Under this authority the boys In each ward mustered in gangs of aonie 10(1 or 150 strong, from the ages of ft years up to 18, bare-footed, dressed in every form of tattered clothing, exhibiting (that ia by those who bad any) a portion of shirt hanging from their pantaloons, giving them altogether a kind of ns'/ige appearanoe. The titb Ward, mustered ubout as strong a force of juvenile dog killers, as ?uy other ward, and poaaililv n. litt.lM ktrntttfi.p In .v... ? ? ~ ..i I.?* 1 c/% ??j ? ? rv '? "uv- "Ki ?Maab ,t/v? from the ages of 6 years up to 17, all armed with the implements of trade, consisting of billets of wood, from the size of a lath up to the M/.e of a piece of timber or henry tire wood. weighing some Vi or It pounds; these, as a matter of course. were carried by tlw larger boys, who are culled the "uetUer*,'' being generally railed in to give the finishing blow to the larger dogs who refuse to die from the I'ght blows Indicted by the small boys. Un Saturday uu incident occurred which is worth relatng. A gang of hoys, numbering over 100, was on the march in the 0:h ward on the loolt out for loose dogs, and.on turning up one of the streets a rartman had just dumped a load uf firewood, consisting of small round sticks, mostly about the size of one's arm, and a little smaller The cartman had just entered the house to receive his pay, and while thus engaged, a good sized dog made his nppearanoe around the corner of the street, running at full spued near the load of wood The order for the chase was given by the leader of the gang, and away they went in full cry ; but un passing the wood, each boy, ablo to manage a larger bludgeon, picked up a stick from the load and still continued the chase. The cartman, on his return, missed his wood immediately, as there were not more than five or six sticks left. Un casting his eyes up the street, he saw his wood in full chase after a doc, in the hands of ths young democracy of tho tith. This the poor curtman had to grin and bear; for an attempt to regain possession of his wood, would be foolish. After a long chase the dog was captured in un are*, beaten on the head and body by almost every one, all wishing to have a blow at the unfortunate animal, until he was supposed to be dead. A ropu was then attached to the neck of the lallen enemy, and a row of boys on each side cf the rope dragged him to tho 0th ward station house, with u < much pleasure and triumph as a number of Uremeu draw a favorite cugino. On hulting ut the stution house door, and the dog exhibited to the captain of polioe. the ears of the animal were demanded before the certificate for 50 cents was given, in order that no deception on the city lie practised. by eonveying the same dog to another station, and thereby receive double pay A rusty butoher's knife was then applied to one ear of the dog, whioh was. after a little exertiou, tukeu ofl; but before they luid time to turn him over to take off the otbor, the dog demurred to the proeeedings by jumping on his legs, and commenced snapping at those near him. One hoy cried nut: "Oh.'thunder: Tim. ho ia'nt dead; give it to him again." and at it tlioy went, bang, wuug, with the plubs. One boy with a long stick, the end covered with the dog's blood, threw it hick over his shoulder, in nril??r t.n irivo n. whi>n it vnunir mun atunil. lug near, eagerly looking on to see the effect, reooived tlx* end of tb? club in his mouth; thli caused considerable l'un for all the little scamps. to see the fellow spitting and spluttering from the blow, not at all admiring the doggish Haver. The dog was finally, after many, blows dispatched; the other ear eut off, and both trophies parried before the Captain of Polioe, who, upon these vouchers, gave a ticket for iifty cents, payable at the office ef the Chief of Police. On reociving this ticket, he again showed himself in the etreet, and front the smaller ones, some ef whom were scarcely able to wnlk, to tlie largest, all shouldered their bludgeons. and followed on to the Chief's office, to witneM the drawing of the fifty cents. During a slack of business, these warriors could be seen at the corner of Centre street and Franklin, "resting on their arms," a bludgeon, covered with blood on one end, placed before the nr. watching for the next dog to come along, like the Mexican banditti in seareh of plunder. It was quite amusing, on Saturday afternoon, when the sight of a dog became rather scarce,?to see about twenty of the most evil looking boys' armed with heavy bludgeons, place the old apple woman's stand on the corner of Franklin street and Centre in a complete siege, the old woman having a favorite little red dog with a lante leg. which for years past has always escaped the regular dog killers, but aincu the Mayor's proclamation the poor little dog's, life has been several times placed in the most imminent danger. These young rascals endeavoreu lu every way they could device to enticu the (log from under the old woman's stand. One boy would say to the other. Jlui, go to the other side of the stand and ask the old woman tha price other nuts." In this way they got the old woman to rise, and the other would throw a piece of cuke down in order to tempt the dog/rmn under the stand. Thiswas no go. as the little dog was well aware of their designs, and kept himself closely curled up under the stand; with one eye open, watching their murderous movements This siege lauted for about an hour, several of the boys offering the old womau a shilling to let her d<>g runout, and then ail go in for thechances; but the old woman refused the liberal offers and endeavored to drive them away. \ ot she was realising some profit from ihe boys, who were pretty liberal in tbeir demand for hot corn; as on the delivery of each dead dog. all those immediately concerned took an ear each by th" way of a refresher. This bounty of lifty cents being paid for thn death of each dog running at large, has been the means of exterminating some 700, from Thursday to last night, the Chief's clerk having paid out $060, being 60 cents a bead. The Mayor has abolished the office of regular dog killers, as the new system works to admiration. A deputation of four boys on Saturday evening called upon the Chief of I'olice, and wished to know if he paid 50 cent tickets for dogs ou Sundays. Upon being answered in the affirmative^ and asked the reason why, they said that they had* three or four dogs they intended to get during the night ; and if they could get the money in the morning, they wanted to go to Coney Island. The beys generally paid respect to the Sabbath, and rofusod to kill But during the afternoon, we saw several gangs <.i dots wuu nogs u-u io a string, saving Hie U1 up for slaughter on Monday morning. On that morning the work commenced afresh, and then; were quite a number of new recruits, among whcm wcro several white men, who leagued with the big whiskered Uurkey. in the work of death. At thu 1Mb ward station house, on that morning, the darkey appeared with a tremendous New Koundiand dog, the cars of which he handed oyer, and called for his certificate. The captain made out the order and handed it towhrds the fellow, when a white man stepped up. took possession of It. and they all went off together. So great has been the work in that ward, that not a dog is to b? seen. Tussing through the more densely populated portions of the city, erer and anon a aur might be seen stealing and crouching from every one he saw. At the corner of Washington and Chambers streets, a very pretty spaniel made his appearance in the street, but was immediately snatched by a fellow, who started for the Chief's office. Arriving at. the office, and supposing that was the.place of slaughter, he calledgiut to some one standing ut the door, "say, where Jo you kill ?" lie was told that the dogs had to he returned at the station houses, when a certificate would be given, that he might draw his money, lie started for the Sixth ward station house, when he was discovered by two others, who immediately set to work to divest him of his prize. They pursued him ; but the fellow took the hint, gulherej up the pup in his arms, and seated himself on the grass, in the Tark, thinkiug he would hold 011 until they should leave Rut they were energetic and persevering, and after having frequently expressed themselves to the effect that it wus a pity to kill such a pretty puppy, the sympathy of the catcher was aroused, who agreed to let it go for a spilling, provided they would not hurt it. The bargain was struck, the money handed over, and the dog discharged from custody. He had not left the place, however, before a heavy bludgeon from one of the two lads, dashed his brains upon the ground. They then picked up the puppy, nud ma-ched off to the station house, ranch to the chagrin of the poor fellow who only received a shilling, after carrying the dog in his arms for an hour or two. '1 h<ag was another incident on Tuesday morning, which was quite rich, though one poor fellow will, doubtless, suffer by the prank played upon him A tieiman sausage dealer, in the Bowery, had a favorite dog. which he committed to the special care ol a hoy in oils employ, and in whom he had every confidence. Put, withal, he was not to be trusted, for he so-u bargained with a companion, to kill the dog tor one half of the fee. which was duly done. st.il the proceeds divided. While the sausage man was lamenting the death of -Wella," as he called if, h?> w?? inform; d that the hoy had been accessory to its death. He became SO enraged that the hoy was immediately discharged Determined to he even with hls,-boss." he .1 .. ?..? ...i.:-i. 1... Lin..., - .1 1 ._ - ?--e man-likr manner, leaving the skin up >n tlu- head and pawn. Watching hi* opportunity, In tboeveniug, when tttre were several customer* in the .tore of h** late master, he walked quietly in. laid the cat on the counter. in the midst fd those present, and said to the man, "Here, this is twelve you owe me for and immediately left Those who were present, In a moment disoor* verintr that it was a eat, commenced an attack upon the poor sasuage maker. In vain lie tried to oonvinuo them that hiasasuages were not made of that material They threw down their put chases, demanded their money, and left tlie place perfectly horrified at the idcu of eating cats. Thus the poor I'ellow lost the sale of his sun-aces as well as his dog ; and when the thunder stricken ladies. who were present, tell it tw their neighbors, it is probable be will lo e more customers still The work is still going on, thonghthere is very little game to be found now. the don having either been removed by their owners, or p-rcuiving their own danger, migrated beyond the bounds of the forbidden territory. Aubkm'at Lani ,i*it:h.?' >n the 2Wtii inst., J. If. Pollock was arrested ut Lancaster, on the charge of forgery. Pollock represented himself tut a merchant front Tennessee, and is charged with presenting two forged checks?one for $120 and one for #!&'- on the Merchants' Hunk of New York; one signed hy Charles Ifeese ?\c XJo., and the other hv fumes L. Reese He was at the Farmers' Hank of Lancaster, and wnnted to draw $1200on his own check, on trie Mechanics' Hank of New York. < hie of the checks on New York, of ft 120, was offered to a merchant of that city hy the nam ot" .Silvers, to he ca?hcd.?Philu'feljmin /-ei/g<v.

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