Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 30, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 30, 1848 Page 1
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f TH m HO. 5168. lllJROPEAN INTELLIGENCE. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF T1IK WE W YORn HERALD.; Extracts from For* ign Newspapers* ! Onr French Correspondence. Paris, July 13, 1S18. The Money Market. The rapidity with which all securities hare risen Since the re-opening of the Bourse, and particularly Since the presentation of the financial projects of If. Goudchaux, is a certain sign that with a good and wise administration of the public purse, the government may rely on the support of French and foreign capitalists. The predecessors of the present minister will, no doubt, perceive in this sudden Improvement in the martet, that fidelity to contraota Hd the maintenance ot publio order, ard the first oon- ! diticna of publio credit. Speculation has had something to do in this rise, as I have already stated, but no great part, and would have been comparatively inactive but flromthe knowledge that orders to buy were arriving on all sides from those who having sold at any rates, in the moments of panto, were now disposed to repurcha-e. The reappearance of money has induced uiost of the speculators to nrame their opt rati n in addition to their approolatien of the mini-terial measures. But ought we to conclude, from this perioral activity, that matters politically end financially, are of sooh a nature as to jus pij iw u n?i iumi an me sores aru Healed and that wo ought blindly to trust to hazard for the future? C*rtainly not. Never wax prudence more necessary, and never ahoHld it be more strongly re com mended It is enough attentively to consider the operations for tho acoount for the last wtek. to show that speculation ma_v bring about a transition completely loreign to the actual situation. Wl at baa been slated ? 'I hat the capitalist and the speculator have biought about the rise. And what may tesult ? I lie first umy cunteut himself with haviDg bought in HdvaDiageoualy, and will remain indifferent to the ductuanoua of ibe Bourse, whilst the oth r i bi'ged to name. will And himself forced to buy in at a noimut when all cii cum stances will favor a 1 rise. Experience has shown moie than once that what WO consider possible, may happen again. I The spicolator ia toe most useful and at the same time the moat dangerous uuxd'ary in matters of tl nance WitLout him. no loaua ate possible. He takes the lead, and thu cupitali-t 1 eliiws; but at tho first alarm; be utters the cry of distress, carrying every tne in his < flight. It ia to be feared then, that itls he who will commence the nior? ment for a Ml; for spite of the I abundance ol money now iu this -iarket, there is not 1 oltrgea prop-rtlou towards the end of the month that the bulls will then he able to take up otherwise the stock they have bought. It ia reasonable to suppose that there will be considerable deliveries to be made, because a great nnmber of holders of trea>ury buns bavo been obliged to Bell for the aocount. to en-ure the reoeipt of sums, the liqnldation of which, they could not wait for. It must he admitted, however, without speaking of the 800,t>( 0 too oi the savings bs nke to be reimbursed In fire per cents, that it may uoi be very difficult to find the probable ^amount of treasury bunt thrown on the zarhet, to raise money; but it is not until after the ext or the following s< tilemont. that any reasonable calculations can be made, or auy speculations be safely entered into Bank sbares'bave been In demand this week; the probable piolits that will b? derived from the loan of i 160.UO0 OW) to the (ioverunif nt. the receipts from the j realisation of its treasure Sons, (of whioh It it l < Tory large holder.) under the ministerial measures now t proposed, the certainty ih?t no new Issue of bank f notes will take place und? r the present ministry, are < nU so many motives. 1 Treasuiy hoits have undergone important variations; < nt first quoted at 18 per cent disoount. they then rose to 6 per oent, and afterwards declined to 12; and have 1 Inoe undergone other fluctuaiions, aooording as the discussion on the minisieilal measures tended to one < or other of the amounts pr..posed in whloh the llqut- < datlou sh< uld le made This will, probably, be finally < Bett ed at 80 in the h ive per cents, or a corresponding i amount in the 'ihrees < Railways have psrtlclpated in the riFo, partlaularly j tho lines whose share- are all paid up; and a rise has , Bincu taken place on the unpaid up lines, owing to tho i belief that the g. v.rnmeiit were disposed to make a t liberal arrangi ment with the Lyons line, who were in 1 treaty with th. m for the sale of their line. 1 " En resume,'* since Friday the 23d June, when the Bourse closed; up to Saturday the 8th July, there was ( a rise of 8 francs on the Threes. 11.76 en the Fives, Vftancs on the Fours, and a 26 on Bank shares i I may salely say on tbe whole, that since the late inenmction was se energetically repressed, and the new government has been installed, confidence, and with oonfidenee, credit appcais to be rev ving. slowly of course ; since, after such a crisis, considerable time most elapse before matters can resume their normal state, but still surely. Paris, J uly 13,1848. The Nature of the Wound* Received by thou Killed and Wounded in the Insurrection of June, Incidents, Alarms, fyr. 4'c. No event of striking importance ha9 occurred since tbe date of my last let er. Every building I in and around Paris, which it is possible to con- ! vert into a prison, including the entire circle of detached forts outside ihe fortifications, are filled ! With insurgent prisoners; the number of whom has aow attained tbe enormous amount of 15,000, and warrants are issued daily for tbe arrest of so great a number tbat the olerks cannot fill up tbe namee and dates with sufficient lapidity. This is an awful state of things; and almost verifies Caussidiere's dec'aration, that things would not end until ons half of Paris should arrest the othsr half. We live in | constant alarm. The streets and pnblio ways can ccaroe'.y be ruid to be sale, even by day, and arc decidedly not so by night In the suburbs insur- ' gents lie In ambush behind walls and empty buildings, and everywhere that ingenubycan suggest, and tire on tbe passengirs. In the noonday assassinations take place in the most frequented thoroughfares of the capital, the murderer usually striking the blow from ' the windows of the bosses. The public places of amusement are closed, a large proportion of the shop* bankrupt; the spirit of desolation broods over this once gay and brilliant o-i> tal When and in what result, all this Is to terminals, every one a-ks and no one oan answer. Tbeie are still about lfit)U suffering wretches, Including e ery rauk <>t lite among the wounded in the ho-pitnls; and nothing e?n bn more painfully cu- , rioua than the nature anil circumstances of the mutilations which these unfnitunates have undergone. 1 hey bear no atiology to the results of a battle-tield 1 he iiumau form Is torn >ns ripped to piooea i n a manner infinitely more revolting than anything witnessed in common waifare More tbsn one inspection of the bo>pi'aia and ambulances and the observation* of a piactiscd med cal < fflrer have -u 111,1 lerl the fnllnwlnw curius paiticulai* connected with the unhappy result* of this col,flu t. It la a I ouiui Li.ble fact, that sword wounds ace extremely Rceroe; those by sabre-and bayoaetsare far less numerous than during th- d?>*nf February; and still lea- hotbnn during the revolution of July, when oaTalr* charges took place in several purts of th? town previous to a more serous conflict At thin laU epoch, the acta of the aggressors were in a manner, a prelude to the final commits which gave victory to the people; Whr rear, during the day* of lone, the conspiracy meditatidnnd prepared helore band, buret nut suddenly, and almoet everywhere at one-, b hind or near barricade. with the fury of the nod implacable civil war. In July. 1 !ioO. the insurgent* taken unawares, had no LUiniumtion. In June. lHtfl the enemies of eoclety had full time, and every faoility to procure, nnd amuss ammunition. They were deficient neither in powder t?or bullets. at Inset. in most of the quarters, and during the fir-t days And if It has been proved that they employed flattened halls, bit* of pewter torn from the counters ct'ihe wine shops, sheets of lead, 1 large (-lugs; pierced with an iron or copper wire, projected on both sldt < bullets cast In thimbles, or surrounded with small shot steel pen*; two sorawa coyer- ' ed w'th was. and unit, d by a wire?It surely was not for wunt of ordinary projectiles, and though expediency but from calculation, and a refinement of premeditated revenge. 1 Arobroise Tare, comparing the arms of theanelents irlth the warlike weapons of his tlms. explainedt ? 1 'Wiccrnlile collection of ornelty Really, when I here apet'i of the machines employed by the ancients, such 1 aa hows, darts, cross-bows, slings it seems to me. as if i ho was speaking of children's toys, compared to these 1 weapons which surpass in shape and cruelty, the most ornel things which esn b- imsitinod What would be bate said, on seeing the Inventions and barbarity of modern insurgents, professors of barricades, expert In the art of killing. In QODcr(jticncn of the short distance which separated the combat Bute, the bullets lost noneof their power, nd inflinird a double wound by going In and onini ng out, fracture* of the hones with much splintering and much tearing of ih* flesh Or. if the bullet happened to meet a large bone which It did not break, it entered with such strength, aa In genemi. to render extraction Imposssble. Amengat Other fixcts ef tills kind which we have witnessed, the most remarkable, ia that of a aoldler of the Unas the bridge of whose nose ha- been penetrated by a ballet without occasioning any fracture, or any serious Occident. Th) bnllethes b. en lei at the depth ef twe or three Inches?no ssrtotii consequences have taken pUre hitherto, nnd it Is hoped that the hand of (his bra- ' allow ? boooms aooastomed to this Strang* E NE i gueet. and will lodiiw it. without Ineonrenioooe, for natty year* ai wo have men in otlior oa?e?. The unusual nature of net. r*U f t''o i.r vj?'-ti|e* manufactured by the insurgents. ha* produced, in seyeral of the wounded fortunately not numerous. most eitruer d n*ry accidents. Those voluminous and irregular projectiles on entering the flesh, made Tory extensive rente, ard occasioned vest wounds, laying the bones Anmnlutj Iv Km - ?l 1 I a 1 t ? * ? flish and could not be immediately extracted There exist* eome plight difference between the wound* of the military, or National Guards, and those of the In urgent*?the former have been wounded. ?lmoet itidiitinctly. in every part of the body, and almost always in front ; leveral who had been tired upon, from the windows of upper stories, have received wound*on the crown of the bead ; others have been wounded by balls rebounding, while O'hers have b?en injured by projectiles levtlhd at thotn in an oblique position, present cares of a long sinuous wound, which Is very serious, and allow* few chances ef cure ; others are more toitunate, as the balls, which have struck the in. having fallen sideways along a hony surface, have slid thereon, and, by a happy do vial ion. passed over the most important organs without injuring them seriously T he direct ion of the projectiles?the bloody rent which it has traced, has more thau once thrown a light upon the point from which lisped, and thus it was we have been enabled to ascertain precisely who** criminal hand caused the death of the archbishop of Paris. Asf< r the insurgents, It has been ascertained at /.* Prtie. Saint Louis, and Saint Antoine hospitals, to which they were principally conveyed, that their wounds were, for the most part, situated in the upper parts of the body, suoh as the top of the chest, the neck and face, in ron-equence oftheir lying in ambush in windows, at the corners of houses, and thosehivng m< re seldom presented themselves more openly to the bail, tbey are generally wounded in the upper part of the body ; their wounds present an oblique form upwards This peculiarity has been more remarked at the huenltal .saint. AnNiim. Ihin U -?.i,...... ?l-.. i - f. ?i tbe gi eater part oftnsir wounded wero brought from tbe bariacka of tbe Hxtt dr Kruilty Theso barrack*, wbich contained a email detaohment of tbe let and 5th line commanded by a cap'ain who bad taken bin oath be would ta'her perish than surrender, resisted, as wo well know, tho most violent and reiieiatid attacks, ball* and conflagration; the benelged opposed barricades to barricades, and lying in amburh in those parts of their barracks which were the most favorable to defcDce, they did infinite mischief to the aggiesecrs ; at this single point, we counted thirty killed and sixty-six wounded, the most of them among lha insurgents. home v? ly singular wound* well deserve to be mentioned Four or tive patients present cases in which tbe ball has entered the cavity of the mouth, doubtless it tbe moment when they were vociferating their eries, or standing with the mouth open. In some cases the balls have r< nt the lips. Two patients, now lying in ihe wards ot the Hotel Dieu. offer a peculiar ca-e : the has i nlered freely in the huccxle orifice without touching it ; one of them had the lower tnaxillmry bone broken, and tbe ball got under the teguments of the seek whi re it prnjeots ; but in tbe case of the other, t has lodged I sell in the palate M. Blaeedin extraet'd it ; and when it was in the hands of the skilful surgeon, the youthful tiarde Mobile exclaimed : " Oh! give t me. I will send it to my mother!" hl.Nelatin, surgeon to the Hospital dc Saint Anoine, who was blockaded in that hospital during the our days of the insurrection, tells us he saw tho norpses of two brothers brought to the hospital, whose leuds had been cut oO by a bullet An Insurgent we rieited, had had hisgr? at toe carried off by a biscayon. cvtial were wounded by shells; the apothecary of iaint Antoine was wounded by a pieoe of one as he vas quiet y crossing the hospital court-yard, where all i,nd- of projectiles were huiling down; fortunately be i as merely bruisi d We have also observod some wounds occasioned by laving stones, while destroying the barricades by lannun vi uen ine ouuet sirixos lumc neaps 01 treuitoue, (tboiue de Faubourg Saint Antolne had been inpaved upon a length of from thirty to 'orty yard*.) t creates a very thick cloud of dust, in which it breaks :he atones and hurls the picoea to an immense distance, and In every diroction One of these piece', ifter tho third bring, struck the thigh of oueof thn principal rioters ami threw him dowu; be was a kind >f ferocious maniac, who. on bis being conveyed into the hospital, threatened both the overseer of the tnIrmury and the surgeon ; cursing and vociferating, he ompla ned. in his savage delirinm. that he bad fought two oays without having had the look (they nre his >wn wolds.) o meeting with his father in ibe opposite snks and of killing him. Ilis father is a Gardo ltepubicaine Has themed'oal examination of the wounds, of thoir complication and oonsoqoences, confirmed or c intrallcled the atrocious accusations laid against some >f the insurgents ? Has the faoulty, by tho dereloj ment of accidents peculiar to the" wounded af the army and National Guard, acquired the proofs of those infernal combinations of poison ?nd iron ? We are happy to say suoh pro d's have not been found, bundry projectiles prepared with the moat infernal art. havo indeed been found in the bouses of some of the insurgents, and in their magazines, tine surgeon has declared, in the Henue Mtiicatt. that be has seen metallic bodies in which arsenic was mixed up in a very considerable portion with other metals. The same surgeon has remarked in ppeaklng of ibose bullets which arc crossed with a copper wire, that the copper, by producing verdigris la tbe flesh, must add to ihe wound a complication of poisons; and that it was for that reason, thn insurgents had purposely preferred the use of that metal. We were also shown balls melted in thimbles, and to which weie affined pieces of oloth of a greenish onlor. But if some iusuigent.s. in the highest parozy-m of a furitus mania, did. indeed, form suoh criminal combinations, they havo fallen short of their aim ; either because they have horrified at their own inv-nti ms. retrained fic m making use of the venomous balls, or becauae these projectiles having crossed through the flesh with the most incredible rapidity, had not sufficient time to manifest their double effect True it is that tbe surgeons have not as yet met with any logical phenoDienou, nor uny anominal complication they could attribute to pdson Suoh is the result, at loast of our observations up to the prosont moment. And ne w. leaving tbe exclusive domain of surgery, it would douhtless be interesting to examine the rrhiliv numbers of the wounded now lying in our hospitals, and to compare ti e losses of the army and the National Guards. wi<h those of our adversaries To Inquire into those professions which have supplied thn gri ater ntuiilx r of soldiers to th? insurrections; the average age of the rioter* (for among them are t<> bo found boib old men and cb'ldron); the as-ist inoe they lave obtained from their women, whoao part appear' to hare been that of preparing the ammunition; or fiom the other aocomplioe* who had joined thprn There are no lea* than ten wounded females in the 11< pit ill St Louis The study of the moral stato of the msuigt nts would not ha less interesting The defender* of order exhibit the quiet of a pure con'olonoe, resulting from the fe? ling of baring courageously uccon pllsbid a vigorous duty, and the internal content of basing sared their country and socie'y, saddened, howerer. cy the aflbcting thought tiiat their rictory was dearly bought The insurgents present the apecta< le of the greatest dejection. Wlih them mistrust has assumed the p'ace of excitement, and the fuiy ot the first days, instead of nries of passion an 1 appeals to an appr< aching rerenge, we tind an obstinate silenee or protestations of their innocence; ho much so that were we to Interrogate them one after another, we should doubt whether a ciril war had really deluged the streets of Paris with b'ood ; and when we lind so many spo. tators whore we thought We had to b? hold combatants, we are led to inquire what invisible band lias spilt the blood we deplore ? But let us stop in our investigation Such investlgations belong to justice, who will, with firmness and discrimination d stingutrh the truly guilty from those who were merely led astray. They are the domain of philosophy, whore mission It is to sound these moral wounds, and 10 seek the remedy wliieb ean Veal and cute them First o all. let us allow the justice of the rej ubllo to here Its course, and then let philosophy, supported by chrbtion fraternity?that eacmd and eternal ha-is, find the remedies proper to cure t.h" evils ot our society ; and o?rtainly philosophy will suooeed in finding these rwmodics; for as M. de Chateaubriand rightly observes : tbnt man is an able physician who diaws his whole learning and his whole cxpariunoo fr< m the bottom of his own soul. Paris eoiitinue.r to be haunted by the continued apprehension of insurrection; and every precautionary measure of the government, every proposition to give it increased power, if indeed, that lie possible, is hailed ' with aeoisiUHlioD by the Assembly A decree has just been adopted, almost unanimously, to establish a per- j manent camp mound Taris, consisting of an efficient force of fiUOtKl men, with the usual complement of oa- , >nlry. artillery, and engineer*. Rigorous Ihwn hare also been adopted to restrain tha licence of ?ha pre**. No daily paper can now ho published until th<< proprietor cUpooit* 6000 dollars with the State, an a security for Mich fine* ac limy ho Inflictod in c*-*e of any abuaa. Meanwhile unlimited power of immediate suppression Ik idreefed in Oen. ('avaignae, or whatever other chief of the e??cuiive power the Assembly may from time to time ap|?lnt. I hare already Informed yon that in consequence of nlmoet all ton-ignore, and a large portion of Krennli rei pie of the more opulent claeeoe. having quitted ration, Pari*, once eo gay, ha* become en entirely deported t hit t the then tree bare been for eomc time doped ; a nice-ore which they did not adopt until after having euetatnrd. however, loapo* by continuing open without audience*. In order to indue* thorn to i p? n again, the government ban obtained from the Asw ttihly a grant of nearly 700,000 franca to bo divided amorist them lo indemnify thera for the loa? they may sustain in re-opcning aud keeping open for a oertaln specifo-d time It la understood that thla offer will be acrtpted. and lhat the attempt will bo made; but With what rerult remain* to be eeen. Vou may judge of the rendition we are In when I 1*11 you that price* am laid upon the head* of different classes rf ritir.en* einplcyed by the State, for the mainIs nance of order hy the ineurgenta. Thua it la ann< ttneed that ft() franca will be paid for killing* Ouard Mobile. 40 franca fir a soldier. 30 franca for a National tinard, and 'JO Irnnoe for a (tardier de Parte. One of the journal* here venture to deny tbla, aeking where thla Moid money can come from f The answer U obvieu. It may cento from thoeame aonroe a* that from wi Ich the pocket* of the insurgent* wer? filled, on the four day* of June. To-day I am informed that the government have attained trace* of the eglatenne of a plot to blow up certain part* of the capital Kioavation* have actually baen deti-ote <1 la *ee*ral place* : a* for the eaample, In W YC NEW YORK, SUNDJ var<1, near the Hue Louie le Oraad Another pr >jeot if eaid to he. to eelae the ohildri-n of both neien at the different inetitutionp and boarding pchno'g *nd thi m an hottegen until the demand* of the InetirgenU be tatieflnd 1 be da; ae-iirned for the ontbrenk In -aid to be to morrow, that being the annWerearT of the taking of the Battle, and the day on which the moo- J etet 5 noun banquet was to haee been held r\ jji'ri in oucuiaieu in-naj inu mere ih a spin in the government. owing to the discovery of evidence implicating certain members of the last (orcirnm?iit with thn latn tii'urri>rtion. and thn aVair of thn 15th May it In said that ooo party In the government Insbts that thn person" thus Inoti'patnd shall b" arrestnd ; but that thn othnr party, including Man Cavalg. unc. oppose thin Thn part inn said to be inculpated arc MM Lumartine, Ledru Rollin, Klooon, and OauslidilTC Tbnrn can be no doubt that the wrest of p?rson* like thn flint of these, would proe- U r i^nlmu explonkn. \LB fWATOB. Onr Italian C)?n?'Sf^,'j M 4 J uly 7, ?HM. Negotiations between the Aiu' and Italians? Activity tn Camp, f, -c., fr ., /jr., Since the date of my la At letter the war of liberation has made no pro "re a#. Negotiations were opened by the Austrian government with Charles Albert, having for their object an arrangement, in virtue of which the Venetian provinces should be left to Austria. In consideration of the surrender of h> r claims to Lomhardy These propositions, however, were rejected hy tint King o! Sardinia. In thn mnan while, the pro* siona) government at Venice proclaimed by an almost unanimous vote, for the annexation of ti e Venetian provinces to the Kingdi m of Upper Italy, formed under the sovereignty of Charles Albert Oii at notivi'y bus been manifested for several days in the opt rations around Verona ; but it Ir now said that Charles Albert will pass that fortress for the purpose of relieving the Venetian provinces, and pe haps to raise the bioohade of Venice on the land side. It was reporti d, a tew days since, that a decisive eugagement was nt hand hut circumstances now do not piosent so immediate a prospect of it,, July 3d., l^fs. Alarm ting State of Napits?Affairs in Sicily, <$rNothing can be more deplorable than the condition nl thiu ?....;iul ti,? p?t;?m,?i o..?l ? assembled on the 1st inst., to hear the King's speech. The apprehensions of pillage were such that the inhabitants shut all their shops on that day, and closed their gates, having previously coated them inside and outside with iron plates, to secure them against an attack. Most of the provinces hare refused 10 return deputies. Some, tike the t alabrians, are in open insurrection; others refuse to elect, the members tbey elected bsving been already dismissed by dissolution. Those which have elected, have returned the same members us befi re, but their total numb r is insufficient to form a legal quorum, and so the Parliament is nullified. The communication with the in-urgent provinces is su-peuded, anil wo are wi'hout certain information from tbein ; but it is said that the royal troops have suffered a great defeat, and that their com mender, General Nunstiaute, ia captured ['J he accounta from Sicily say that the provisional government have decided thut the island shall be a constitutional monarchy, and it is aaid that the crown willpiobably be again t (Ti-rt d to a son of Charles Albert,] Our Spaulalt Corrempondcnrc. Manicm, July 7, 1H18. The Events in Spain?The Queen's Health?l7ie Insurrection, $-c.t fyr , Sfr. I write because the tune has come round, rather than because I havo anything important to communicate. The constitution is here still suspended. The Queen is with child ?by whom no one pretends to say?but at all events she is three months advanced. Her sister, the Duchess of Moupensier, is resident at Seville, approaching her aocouohcint ut The Queen and court have just gone to La Uranja We have the temperature of the tropics; the thermometer stands t lOf) dftfffPPR Civil War rnrrn w i n t.ho Rnsnnu nstvinaau ? ?? - ? - " r, - - . _ ,I and Catalonia. Insurgent bands of Carliste. or ax they I are now called, MonteniolinieU. beaded by General Cabrera a lid Klio. overrun these provinces. Tbe prospects (if Count Monteninlino brighten anil I no one ut proeunt can tell what may be the probable j mult. Tbe diidomatio relations with Kngland are | mo periled nor is there any present prospect of their i being renewed. As usual, we are plunged in financial distress, and the funds arc falling. Our Herman Carrripondenre. I3brun, July 10,1818. j Interesting German Intelligence?'/V Election of Archduke John as Governor?The Cholera, \c. What, six monthtt ago, was but the dream of poets, has been realised in these duys in Germany. The old German Empire, remodelled so j as to suit our present tunes, has been re-establish- j ed, and a provisionary government installed in the | person ol the Archduke John, of Austria, as Go- , vernor of tne Empire. The imperial governor, j invested with the executive power of the State, is him- j self Irresponsible, and exercises that power through minsters, who are responsible to the people. The au- j thority of tbe governor decides all matters concerning j tbo welfare and safety of the State. By liliu all officers of the State, and the representatives of Germany with ' foreign powers are appointed, and the representatives oi foreign States > oceived. War and peace eaunot be declared by him. nor commercial treaties concluded, I but by a nil with tbe advice and conseut of the National Assembly tie has no power whatever to direct or interfere with the work of framing a oonst'tuiion I for Germany, with which that legislative body is charged. Though a provisionary government is now establish- j trl in Germany, and by it some degree of confidence lias been ri stored, i he political fever which is raging 1 in K.urooe and is the cau.e of so much ilisor.lMr umi dhturbancc, is not abating In this country, but increasing every hour, The elect on of a governor of the empire, who, though appointed by tho representatives o* a sovereign people. Ih not responsible to the people, ban created tho greatest excitement, and is now the eutjeel of angry contention* among the different parties. When the German National Assembly first met at Frankfort, and Heinrleh V (legem was elected president. lie tolenmly declared that the sole authority tiy which I he representative* of the German p.ople had as**mbUd. was the sovereignty of tho Gorman nation. Now. thi* assembly ha* decreed, a* the will of a sovereign people, that they will not only keep all their kings and princes, but that they mnst have one more prince to he thu head of all the other*. This is represented by the republican party a* exhibiting the strongest proof that the oppn?ttc parties are acting wholly without political sense or consciousness of the teal state of things, for it ia very plain that the confu- | si< n in Germany, which was chiefly caused by princes, will not te lessened by adding one moro ) ffince to their 1 number. The hope entertaim d by those parties that thu kings and princes of Germany will bo willing to I resign tho gieaier part of tlieir power to the head of the central government of Germany, is certainly vnin, If we consider that It is much more probable that lhey will strive to retain as inu. h of their power, and continue to cause as much trouble and confusion In Germany, as they may he able to do Thus thu unity of Get many will not be estab ished by a form of government like the one now adopt* d. and the prospect to rer*i Hrtlllv anil luirrt.uni.nfle ? siafa nf .nl.f in (iftnuu; for the preaeut la yet distant. N?v?rtholera, the eatabll-hiiicnt of aouie form of government hit* acted favorably towards encouraging public ooufldr-noo mid ore (J it 1 bo election of the Archduke John, nil (lovernor of the K.inpitw, took place at the end of laat month, and a deputation, with the Vicw-PreMdent of tba National Arrembly nt the head, proceeded forthwith to Vienna to deliver in per.-on the mcaaMgo of tba r prerenUttve bony cf the German people, to the Arohduke. All parte of the country, through which tne deputation paaatd. evinced their joy on the happy event of the Hiablirbnit nt of a government for Germany. and the election of the Archdirtte John, by a feative reception et the nm ear vigor* of the I'riDoa The deputation, on ita arrival at Vienna, wan solemnly received anil conducted to the Archduke. who anoeptod with modesty tbo high trurt committed to him. lie poeition. which Frus-ia intenda to occupy with reepi ct to ihe new created government at Frankfort, baa been pointed out In one of the latent sitting* of the liuaeieD National Aaeembly here, by the VtiniaterI'recidcnt. V Anerewalil. The rrnaaian government then declared that it had ecogniied the Archduke John an OmiM of Ihe F.mpire. though it* conaent had not been asked by the Gtrman National Aaaembly. but that, that < are ahou.J not atand aa a precedent for other race*. when it would expect that ita advice and conaent would be de-aired It ia evident from thia, that aa much aa Prusala will have to give up of ita power, aa an independent State in Kurope. It ia not willing to become merely a provincial State of (termany. Ihe Pinraiiin National Aaaerobiy rontinuea to hold ailtiiiga and uninteresting diacuaaions, on the moat Ureter* questions, unprofitable to the country and s Tory one elae. except to the uu-iuber* of the A?aemhl v, who receive pay for annoying every body with the slowness of th. lr proceedlnga In the course of the next rlilinga it ia hop?<1. however, that the Minister of Mane, will give acme cxplanatlona relating to the finances of Prussia. which will throw light on matter* hitherto held obreure, and have been long wirhrd for by the people. (tr> at military forcer have lately hewn concentrated in and about Berlin, and it ia the object of th* .'Yucatan government, wi'h them and the Burgher Guard, of thi* city, to aupprwaa with all energy further attempta ot the revolutionary party in the capital. theat fear* are entertained for the approach of thn rbsdt ra which now ragr a in the city of St. Petersburg, and advanced mwtwtid. Aooruata juat received frcm Vlanna atat* that the mlnieti v of Pflleredorf haa rewlgncd, and Mr. Dohblof raowtveu the ooMilawon to form a ntw mlnUtry >RK I \.Y, JULY 30, 1488. f nriTOAi T, (South Germany.) July 11, |8H The Progrnt of "Socio' Rcpuhlicunixm"?The. Hope* of the Germane in Arch Duke Jhn? The Erthvuasm of the People occasioned by hit election, tfC , tpc. An undername thorough reaction has again taken place in Germany. The prospect* for a republican system of government, in the severnl

Slates composing the German confederacy, are daily growing dimmer and more obscure; the petty tyrants?the police, and other instruments of ihe present despotic system, are ag .in rearing their heads, and have recovered from the panic into which the late revolution had, for a while, thrown tiitm. The majority of the people are again falling buck into that lettable, lifeless etuper. for which tha (let mans are eo uuivimally known, and. if a desperate stroke is not hazarded by those who really wiali for a bettor state of things. they will relinquish those dearlyla'V.0bt privileges and lights without a struggle which are ihr fiuits ot the unparaJclled, universal revolution ' In March The people fomiu to havo forgotten their f?t? in 1815 and 1833 ; now that tl r cords are a little loosened, Ibey make no farther attempts to obtain release. '1 he game played by the monarolis during the revolution was cunning anil well planned; they knew whom tbey had to contend against. It is known to all ihe world with what UDauimily and vigor the (>erdiidi expelled the French, aud drove the p iworlul Bonaparte from their country in 1815; aud how tha princeaand pote-tales prou l ed ilu-in a popular governiin nt, a conf. deration aud union of the Statet - . as to make one great and glorious republic of the several ein ptres, kingdoms. archduke and dukedoms, a ml wh itev> i the smaller countries wore catted ; and it i- k no * n, too, how <ha< promi-e was kept A coufodeiatmn certainly took placo ; that Is, thu famouH Blindest g" wiis on an d. in which the several princes concocted llimr no asure* and delibciated in concert. ? hat moao* wore m cessaiy lo undcryoke more fully the deluded, b o-oly bi uaytd people. The Hermans, however. were so confident, so fuliy convinced of tha good faith of tln-ir ruler*, that it t-.ok thani thirty-three years to dlso ov-ir thai the Bundestag ??s net instituted for tha bedsit 01 the people, or the internet of the nation at large, but merely for the pole u.-o of tbn several princes who c? mpoei d. or were represented in It. Liberty of press, ot conscience. llie tight to meet and d souse political n atters and other similar privileges were freely pr t- j mieed tlieui, and for a tnte granted, and the people I were enthusiastic in the support of their "liberal pi lores;" but by degioes these concession* were with- j di aw ti t11 m i in m, the press fettered and the famous i " I tmur" introduced, ail gathering* of the uiliaen* j f> i bidden, or placed under the control of a powerful p - ] lice until not a shadow remained of the promised ' right* and piivilepet. And now. afti r the commotion* of the neighboring France has wake 1 t'le tier nans from their lell arg c plumber, afier they demanded aooonnt fn in ihe r iulers, and uiadu them tremble upon their tbrom 8. the paine trick is resort- d to ; and it seems to apl tor, with equal success. The people have eleoted a National I'aruament (in the United States it would be called a convention) to supercede fie Uuudeg'ag, | and to erict a national confederated government. When th s was accomplished they thought that tho whole work of the revolution was done; without deponing a smgle prlnre (except, perhaps, the Kiug of Baravia. the famous gallant of Lola Moutoi) they were oouteul w ith proiuipi *. that in the future all the rights, which a free and #oven ign people could demand should be arcoided tbein ; that the government would be caitied ou in a liberal manner and that they should bar e no fart her cause to cotnp aip. x in |jruiuinr.i uitti again nun Hum a raag'.e oiic-oi ; that they tbriaien to neutralize the whole rev lutlon. We will liave another edition of the Bundestag. baptised ' Uticks-VrTsnmmluvg " who will satisfy the I vanity of the people by making them believe in the | gieat, glorious, and powerful oonfederattnn, or rather union of the German nation, and at the name time , play into the handa of the monarcha ami princes. | V\ hen the excitement, created by the popular oouimotions during the spring, ahatl hare subsided, the neek I ot the patient people will gently be planed under the ! yoke again, and nothing will r-nit nd us of the latere- 1 volution eave its record on the pages of history '1 he present reaction tray bo a'tributed to several other raU'ca. not the least of which ia the wild, chimerical scheme proposed by a part of the so called ' social republicans," Tfcoir doctrines and plana am welt known to ail;evi n in the United States, where no necessity for a reform among the laboring olassea, in a pe< noisiy and material point of view, at eras to exist. They advocal c not only the e-tablishment of a political republic, but, at the same time, they wish to organize I hi State in such a manner as to insure to all its members a sufficient, and even abundant amount of the ci mtorte of life?not only by giving them free scope for the exercise of their talents and labor, but by a-tnady employing them for the community, whenever tht v may require cr demand it ; In a wothey call their new Utopia a " social republic.'' it is evident to every one, tbat if the laboring classes are to I hsve more than their pre-ent aliare of riches, stioh must be taken from the wealthy classes for the State itself, be it a inonairliy or republic, a democracy or oligarchy, has no means except what it derives from itseii'zens. Such a plan tuust necessarily nlarm thu wealthy and rouse them into opoosition ; and as their gieateftsecurity consists in the greatest peace and Mcnrityof the State, they are naturally ad verso and hostile to every change, and hence they oling to the piesent system with the more ardor; the greatest the daog?r is which threatens it This circumstance aooe. together with tho powerful influencoof the numlu luffe aristocrats nobles, officers and polloemen, I vhoie Interest Is insrperably connected with that | ot the govtmuient. would he sufficient to blight the j pri s|m cis ot the republic. A notbi r cause may be the election of the new ; i' Win Awmrfirr.'' (the executive of the provisional government. I do not rt tollect a word in the Knglish language which precisely expresses this name,) i wMrh has tilled the minds of the people with unpvra < It-lis d enthusiasm. It has fallen upon the Grand I.iulie. J< hn of Austria. The news of his elect'on and of his consent to take chsrge of that high office, was reretvi d with such manifestations of joy. as if the whole nation were redeemed from ruin by this event. When the committee that was charged with acquainting hi-highness of l lie result of the election arrived in Viinnn, tiny were received with great cordiality by the citizens, and since Kodolph I. proclaimed tho election of the Grand Piince. such a day has not been seen in the empire city, The several committees of the government, who were present in t e city, went t"?i rtiyirr to the dwellings of the deputies, where mouolid national guardsand miliiary musicians were posted. The pri ce.-sion began to move and the music played by tut ns the German and the Austrian national hymil. At 11 o'clock thay arrived at the oastle; tha who)* rot-pt diplomatique wcro gathered around the prince. The ante-chainbeia were tilled with national guards, and German, Hungarian and 11alii*n i ffli nri u/v...11_..i,.i ?._.? _j.i_??j su.. ( rend Luke, and the latter answered in a firm manly voire. tear* started to tho eyes of all present, oven tin* stoutest, iron-hcartoJ general*. The door was then opened and the roar of cannon proclaimed to the populace that his imperial high'-tki the ArohLukc John of Austria, had consented to tskochargu d the office of the Germ n /?li> hivrwuer An immense multitude was gathered in tho eonrt Is fore the castle I he Arch-Duke accompanied by the diplon atlc corps and the deputins from the National ( oDTcotion.stepped out upon the balcony and a tiiros*. ed a few worda to the crowd, which were received with ? nthuslastic cheers. At last the procession returned in the ssrne order. In the evening a grand Illumination end torch light procession look place Similar festivities and ot lehralions of this groat event in the German history took place In all of the prinoipai cities, and it is easily to be seen that the Germans hope from Triticc John the reaiiia'lon of all their wi-hes and defins and consider him tbe embodiment of their own sovereignty How far their hopes will be fulfilled, time must show; hut it seems rsthsr an ill omen that Auatiis whose running inanre-uvos and crafty stntemsnship has pulled tbe smaller Siatee of the it mid lay the nose for suah a long time, should givo the tlrst executive < fficer to the new republic. In all probability It will still continue to pay the same game; go with Ihe balance of the States. If its Interests dictate such a course; and do as It plea-es regardless of faith and duty to award the others If occasion repulses Ita my next I will give a review of the proceedings of the Parliament, relative to the rata hi l-hma n t of tha principal rights '?f the German citlions, whioh haa new Is on in discussion for four days, nnd still the first point tieating of the oitiaoaship in tho several States, being undecided. J" K.t kctioms in Atsia's a letter which we have re celvsd from Vienna intoiuia us that the clectloua of deputies to the Constituent Assembly of Austria era concluded In most of the provinces. These " rcprescntatlvcs of the empire" will. ind<vd. form a motley crew Meny of tbe honorable members ' a>e mere peasant*, understanding no language hut their own bastaid llai'an, German or Bohemian \bout forty of these worthies, o'reted in the province of Galllcia, engaged two room* at an hotel on their arrival at VI> nna. ami Intimated to the host, that they required no lieds but Intended to sleep on straw. Tliey have since he. n quartered In the barracks ef the Polish regiment. The no misers for Vienna liad not yet la-en chosen ? Lonilt n Timet, July 12. Theatrlrali. The Sunday Tiwr$ states that the steamship Niagara. troni lloeton, U. K brought over ainoogst ber patsengers Signer Kn-derlco Radial), director of the Italian Opera at Havana who Is sent by Cavalier Don Krancceeo Marty y Torrent, proprietor of the Theatre Tac n. to select at me of the best aiiigers fVwn the ' two operas in Condon, to lake over to delight the Ha- I banese nobility. It la whispered in the theatrical cireles, that eltiaen ! Vacraady may yet give up hla Atnevloan engagement, , and be come the lessee of tba " National Theatre." Tho Lyceum will remain open until tbe and of thia month On dt'l, that Mr. and Mrs Keely and Mr. Strutt ara likely to booome tba laaiaaa of una of the metropolitan theatre*. Tho Adelphl oompaay will go over to tho ifarmnrkot In tho conreo or a fortnight, and Wright will ap- , pear In several of I.ieton'a favorite ohnrnotera. Mr. and Mm. Itq aw playing ad the any?tad. I E R A Collvftr I'unifitr iirviiifii i a. kiitokk's coi.i.kob. N? w Bkuimmmck, July 'M 18M. The annual cnnnncnn uiont >*X' ruim-H of lhi* pupillar hijiI tlourirhi i.r li.Vrary inxtl tutinii are n>nnln>re<l [ with the things of tb? piiht. 'lhe chronicler may now record th< ar uml the rnt < pas in judgment. in llicr merits The return ?f tliesc literary festivities make the scholar's heart hotivld with joy. or sink with sorrow um their oxb bO"ttua of the literature of our time* sh<w advanci merit or deoliun I he public cannot riew them with indifference. Their genius aud character are the presage of the future There festivities, always intere-tlcg possess, on the present occasion, more then ordinary inten-et. They commenced. on Nabhath morning last. fiy the delivery of the burealiiureate address to the graduating olasi, in the f ollepe I Impel bv the Hev John Proll tfit, i). D.. one of the professors of the inatitution tdiasub1 jictvu" 1 T he Study of the B'ble " The ad lrea? before the attimnl. on Tu a iay morning, was deliver# I by Annuel u- K. Taylor, M D., Mayor of New Brunswick. The subject of hie address was. TopuUr Physic " 1 Addresses were alsodelivered, on Tuesday, bsftirs tha I'eithew opliian and Philoolean Societies. The address beli re the former was delivered by (} U Adrian, Ksi| , of this city: and it is spoken ? ', by nil who had Uiu jderi -lire of hearing it. aa a very able and splendid pro. ' duriion. As a lawyer and subolar. Mr. -Vslriau is far ; above mediocrity; and us an oiatnr he has but few i tqr-als. His style Is ehu-te aud classic; his elocution mini/, dignified and elegant. The address before ttie Other hi cii iy ?e did nut bear. JoMph P. Bradley Ksq . t>f Newark, delivered tho anniverssiy oration at '? o'clock. P M.; and at. 4 o clock the eauie afternoon an address was delivered, before the literary societies of the college, in the k'lrst Unformed IJuteh hurch, by the Uev lohn Kor yth, | 1) I), ofPrincvton College ilia subjeot w is. ' I'he ll'gheet A'm of the Scholars " it was characterised by much ab tlty The spacious edition was crowded almost to suffocation. with the beauty and iuti lligcnru of New Brunswick and the surrounding country. The music, by Dingle's bund of New York, was excellent The orations were well written and well delivered. Rvery oircunistanrc seemed to combine to render the whole performance entertaining in the highest, degree We noticed a burlesque that was oiiciilstitig among the auditor-, tind. by some of the 4 knowing ones," thought turbo someihlpi.r tine; hut. in our humble opinion, it was a most *n tclud affair. On Wednesday morning, about 10 o'clock, a procession whs tornied in the I ollege (.'umpire, consisting of the iacu'ty students, alumni, clergymen, and *tr*i gera. many of whom were from New York. Headed hr the band, it moved to the church occupied on the previous day Tl o church was much crowded The orations of the graduating class were honorable to them, ns gentlemen, and oreditab e to the institution th<t I lias hud the direction of their studios. The degree of uchelor of Arts whs oonderred oo the following young gentlemen, viz ;?I. K Iternart, N. J.; VV J>. Jiurkclew, N. J ; C. Chase, N I.; .VI Coddington. N. J ; K. W. Collier. N J ; J A. liedgUn N. I.; L. N Janson, N.J ; O II Mandville, N / ; J Mulford, N. V.j J. B. Iiichmouil, N. J.; J. Scud ior. Ma Iras. India; J. B Wilson, N. J ; T. G Whitehead. N. V ; A H Vrancken. N. V ; C. A. lleinemann, N Y.; E. B. Clement, Mobile, Ala ; H. J. Clalk, N. J.; A, lSlomnth id. N. J. The devree of Master of Arts was then oonferrei on the foil' wing young men. graduates of the class of IIU5 : All'hilie 1). Dubois, i- Mhs Du~enbury, I'eter Elraend->rf, f llaa A. Kn l child B-'iij I). Frost Thos, l.awreuco Hasbreuch, J W. Scbenok. John Steele. John VV. Smith. J i'nscal Strong, Pet. r Stryker. John A. Todd, T. Ogden W'jckoff. and Isaac Van Wagener. 'J he hsnorury degree of A. M was conferred on J. VV Ilen>mond. Semi T Pearle. W. II Ten F.vck, Chas D. Dchlilor. of New Brunt-wink; Alexander Watson, of Kindt rhook, N. V.; und George McGrath, of New \ ork oily 1 he degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred on Ttev Baynard it Hall, of Nowburgh. TLe degree of LL. D watt conferred on Charles H. Buggb-s. one of the Judges of thu Court of Appeals in this State. In the evening the students attended a levee given l.y the President of the College, which terminated the doings of thu day. UNION COLLEGE. ScHcnicTtor, July 27tli, 184S. Yesterday was the commencement il?y in Union College. The period had again arrived when the venerable Dr. Nott shoulj give bis blessing to the graduating class, of uearly one hundred youog men. The oomm> nceraent exercises were held in the Presbyterian C hurch which was crowded to overflowing About th rty of the class bad received appointments for the <b y. and by their spe< she* did credit to themselves and honor to tbeir Alma Mater. I cannot omit to mention a fi w who seemed to me to be deserving of especial notice. but in doing Ibis I would not detract in the least from the general excellence of tho whole. '1 he " Greek Salutatory," by D Ueattie, and the " Lntin Salutatory." by Dexter Reynolds. were beautifully written and fluently spoken " The Graduate," by George A. Urandreth, of Sing Sing, was anexoellent thing. Written with much neatness, abounding in beautiful figures, and spoken with grare and energy It commanded the decided attention of the largo audience, and was received with much applause. "Spain," by C A. Waldron, of Waterford, waa excecdii glv wi ll written and well delivored. ' The iloloen Slave," by O M. Mot'.aehron. of Crgyle, s\as a piece i f much merit. The speaker's address woa 1 excellent, bis pronunciation very diatinot, and hij ; whole manner impressive. "The Progress of Society" by A. .I.Thompson, of Scbenrctady and "The Mystic thuln," by J. T. 1 Spriggs, of Floyd, wero roceivod with much approbation. " Men and Books," by P. Ripley, jun., of Hartford, I was a most excellent pieoo of composition Unbound- I ed in wit and sarcasm of the verv hc?t kind ' Echoes of Antiquity," by D. Noyes, of fvenesee, was a Tory well written speech. Tho delivery was excellent. ' The Money Power " by W. Miller,of Mount Morris, \ exhibited care and thought. Tliis speech was energetically spo'en?the stylo ofdelirery was peculiarly adapt' <1 to the piece itself. ' A Nation's Olory," by II. P. King, of Jonasvllle, commanded. whnt it truly deserved, the entire attsn- ; tion < f the audience. It wasa first rate piece. "Desolation." by C. H. Taylor, ofCohoes, and " Col- | lege Days," by li C. Nott, of Ouilderland, wera well I wiitten, snd of the nature of ruled ctory addresses. ' 'J he speskitgwa* finished by a beautiful poem by I. | Huntington, of Couuibus N. V. It was the "Farewell i Words." Ills address to his classmates, ami his farewell to the venerable President, were Tory touching It showed deep feeling. At the close of the speaking, tho President, (who is now so feeble that he cannot stand ) conferred the degree of" A. 11 " upon the graduating class. I he second degree of ' A. M." was then bestowed upon the applicants 1 lie benediction having been spoken, the people separated highly gratified. The giaduatcs and literary strangers present partook of a cold epilation at the West College, immediately ! after the adjournment. Among the distinguished per- I som present we noticed Millard Fillmore. f'hancollor I Walworth, ( luirbs Sumner, of Boston, Bishop Potter, I of I'ennsy lvania. fco. The students had n largo bail in the evening. Thus : terminated the exercises of the day. ' Old Union" is flourishing. Never were her prospe?ita brighter Tho vacancies occssioned by the d< parturo of the Ia<t e sss are fast filling up Long m?y the noble Insti- | tution continne to send h-rth into the world her hun- | dreds of practical young men. fitted to fight the bittles of life. May hersons svur do their Alma Mater justice, and of the good old college which we onoe knew so ' well we now can say Ktlo prrprtua C'lI.I.LUK OF THE IIOI.Y OKI'S*. Woac?:iTKS. Mil's , July 2d, 1848. j Tho annual commencement of this Institution, and distribution of premiums, took place to-day The ' exercWs worn i f an extremely interesting and satisfarforv nlmrMPlir Th? follow i nniiifd utud An fa. having dislingni-hed them--Ives in their r?-pei!tiy# placer, were rewarded with silver Croarca of Honor or premium*, were honorably mentioned. In the class of Rhetoric, tho Drosa of Honor wo award t il to Jauien A llealy. Georgia; tho premium John Met nhe. Masasarhusotta Aorevaerunt ? Hugh llealy, Georgia; John H. Brownaou. Masaaehuaett*. During tho yenr Mnsti r John Brownsoo won promoted N. B - Promotion is equivalent to a premium In the clc* of Poetry, tho Cross of Honor wive award* | e<l to Antonio M Kimball. Meiloo; the premium Win. H Devlin. Mat; Aeoesalt, Patriok H. llealy, Georgia. : During the year the following studnnts were promoted to ihie olaes :?Antonio Kimball. Patrick llealy, Henry Browneon. In ihe class of let Humanities-, the Croae of Honor , wee awarded to John Power. Massachusetts; tho preinimn. 1 linninv C Jenklna. Maryland Aoccsserunt? | Tinman VV. Maher. Virginia; Joseph W. (lough, viatyland; Wiilism Lyndon Massachuaetta; John Olo- 't ver. New tork; Alfred Kuaelier, Louisiana, ex wyuo In the rlae.s of ?d llunianiliea, the I ross of Honor was ovardt il to Alexauder S lleal y Georgia; the premium. Kdward Boone District of Columbia vccessemut -Jaa t Bergsn New York; Daniel C. Kltahngh Dlataiot of i oliimbli; i arhery Lay, District of Columbia; Mlehval Doherty. Massachusetts. During tho year the followipg hiudenta ?> re proniated to this class : Jamas Bargen Idward Boon. Michael D<>herty. Jama* ' roan, John Dixon. Iliehard McCaffrey. Krneat Deblanc, Jinnee Sulivan. kruncia Baby InthocUaa of ltd tin111anitli a. the Creaa of llom r was awarded to llanry Collier. Maasachusetta; the premium. Richard Barm-t, Massachusetts Acceaaerunt Thomas B"Udar Virginia; Charles Williamson. Maryland: Joseph Calanan. New York: Dennia O'D mnoghne, New York. During the year the following atudania were promoted to thia claaa llensy ( oilier, Richard IJarnat Thomas Boudar. Charles Williamson. Joseph Calanan, Dannia (I'Donnoehue. Joseph lioadar, Kdward MoGo* Tern. Jan es Wade In the 1st claaa of Hndlmanta. tho Crime af Honor waa awarded lo Francis BraggtotU. Smyrna. Aala; the ' premium. WHIh-m < Jaa ton North Carolina. Aoceaawrunt William Kane, Ireland, Thomas Lynch. Maasa rhusetta; Jnlea Dalacrolg, l.nuislana; Francis Piaxlnl, j Corsica During the year the following stndanti ware promoted to this claaa:?F Bragglotti. W. Kana. Thoa Lynch.F Maalni. Ramon Oavtlan. MlehseJ Kayaa In ' lhe kit claae of Rudiment*, tha Crosa of Honor waa awarded to Patrick Lcamy, New York: the preminm. Dai hi Major. New York Acea?ernnt?Hn?k Oaa- | L n, N< rth Carolina; Franeia Coaley. MaaaaohnsetM; i harlee Francis. Delaware; George !>#*h*rata, Lower | Canada. In the 1st cUae of Kagtiah tha Oroad of Honor w?u ! LD. TWO CENTS. Hwarrii'il to Janii'S Mel aim Van*ach\i*"tta; fbn pr?niiam tuCbarlrr II. O'Nfll. lift York .\fr????rnnt? AniwUt HoImdUii; kVnUall ' ?tfn. Dirtriftl (!? Jol.n biilnio. N? w Y< rk; I anno" Timnrian. Now York. I ii i liu tid cIhab of Kpglfab I ho i rnr? of Honor w?? awnrdr.1 lo It I' hunt Collin*. Now York: thw pr-aiiu?t? (lorgr Hunch N. w York AcorwnWu nt?Jaioiw A ?? Dion. VarjIantJ; Mortimrr L. Kow|nr Ni*? York; edict It. nimi \lhb-HrhiiBiiito; Oiiatav*' Ilitymnn'l. Lower I a audit In tin. 31 clam of feugi'lab thuCrniiof Ilondr ?m nwarilnl to Fredniok Oaray, Uti-now tyro*; tin* premium to Jo.Mph Itaro Cuba. Aooomtwrunt? llniiii I Shai koy. Mii- Hchu-. ttji Thnmu (MAa. Hta. | eaehmotta; J'amea Klnuiing, ' Maaxaohueotta; Job* O Kiile Maeiarhurctta In the lit claax of trench tha Croat of Honor vai awarded to John H Br??n-on, Maaaaohimatta; ffco piemium to Lndger Laatr?pa. Loulaiana Anvmwhnl - kranola Uraggiotli, Smyrna. Aala; John MoCaffo, Mm.-rarhiiRi-ila, John Power. Maaaaohutett*. Tboinoo < Jenkinx. Maryland During tha year tha f 'lowing Mud*lit* were promoted to I bix olaaa: ? Kdward loona: K. Plltln*; < harli'N Will ani on In tha 2d n'ta nf French tbo Croaa of Honor wax awarded to A wadiw Hi irhUldn. New York; the premium to Alexatofer 1. llealy. Georgia Accrmrrunt?Dennia O'Denno haa. Niw York; Kranuia Uaby. Lower Canada; Jamaa l-rpen, New York umfim; I honiaa W Maher Vlrjula; John Mot arthy I lo de Maud During thayaar tha lo lowing atudeuta wera promoted to thix rliin- Kawdall Cain; Ilicbard McCaffrey; Jamaa Bergen; Oeorgw Deebarata. In tha 3d nlaaa of k'ranoh tha Cro-a of Honor ? mm awarded to KrauniM Arum rung. Maryland; the premium to Joaeph Bonder, Virginia AOiiaaxxruot { ?1). Carrol, Kifahugh, Diatrict Columbia; Miebaat Keyea, Maaaachuaetta; John Dixon, .Vlaaaao'iuxotu; I Joaej h Bur . Cuba In the nlaaa of Sp.niiah the Crn?a of Honor wad awarded to Jamaa A llealy, Meorg a; tha premium < Hugh llealy. (leorgla Aoieraeruut?Antonio M. Kimball Mexico: Nteholaa (iraa, Majo na In the lot claaa of Malheuiatioa the Croaa of Honor I waa a?atded to Kamon Oavtlan. Cuba; the premium lo Jaa A. llealy Georgia Aocnxxeront? Hugh IL-aiy, (leorgla: John H. Brownaon. Maaxachuaetta lath* 2d ulaer of Matbi malic- the Croxa of Honor wax awarded to Henry F brownaon. Maxaachuaalta; tha p e. i uni to Antonio M Kimball, Mexico In the lb rd , clara of Mni heniatina the Croaa of Honor waa awar l< d to Richard McCaffrey Maaaachuaetta; tha premium to William Kane, Ireland Acou-aerunl?Patrick H -alf, Georgia; Win. Davie Maxaaohuxetta; Alfred l.ouuiana; William II Devlin Maaaachuxetta !n i he clxaeof Algebra the Croaa of Honor wax awardad lo hendall I aln. Diatrtctot Columbia; the pin in mm to W'illlmn Lyndon. Maxxachu-etta. Acoexxerunt? Johu Milino. New York; Tboa C Jeukinx. Maryiaad; A I' x? rider S. llealy, Georgia; ltomuld Taaao, Lower tauhda In the claaa of Bonk heaping the Croaa of Honor wao swarded tn Frannis A Pissiul. Corsica; the premium to ./no Milmo New York Aooes-erunt?I hmnu S. J nkins, Maryland; Patrick Caiman. N?? York; Cltaa. 11. ON oil, .Set* York; William Lyndon, Maasaohiie sot ts . In tbo 1st class of Arithmetic the Cro-a of Honor wai awarded to Fredcrloo Lamunags. I'eru. S. A.: tlin premium to Joseph Baro, Cub* AccHsserunt?Freder ok Garay, Iluonos Ayroa; Jacob Oavilan. Cuba; Joha ..lujor, New York. Henry isnard, MassaohunctM I* the 'Jd class of Arithinetio the Cro-a of Honor vat awarded to Francis Conley. Mas-sohuaeUs; the premium to Amedic Uoieaubin. New York Aooesssriiiit ?-William (iaelou. North Carolina; Riohard Collins, New York; Co-are Deblanc, Louisiana; Jules Delacroix. Louisiana, r.r uquo; Richard C. iteamieh, New York In the class of Chemistry the Cross of Honor was awarded to Julius Ducalel. Maryland; the premium to John Milmo. New York Accenserunt?Romuid Passe, Liwer (ana/la; Jas Mct'abe. Masioichusetts; James Mund. Msr>land; Amc-'ie Booaubin, New York; Riolhard Beamish. New Y'ork ex aquo. In the let class of Caligraph j the Cross of Honor was awsrded to Miobael Keye?. Massachusetts; the premium to John Major, New York. Aooeeserunt-Riohard Beamish. New York; John Brady, Massachusetts; Nicholas (Iras, Majorca; Carroll Fitibngh, District of Colombia. In the 2d class of Caligraphy the Cross of Honor was awarded to Jacob Oasilau. Cuba; the premiov-i to Mortimer L Fowler, New York. Aooesi^ root?Francis Baby Lower Canada; Ouatave Raymond, Lower Canada; Lucion Laatraps, Louisiana) L'lward O'Neli, Massachusetts. In the 1st class of Cbrletlan Doctrine, the Cross of Honor was awarded to Hugh Healy, Georgia; the premium to James A llealy, Georgia Aoco-seruot ?John M't als?. Massachusetts: John Power. Massaehnsetisi Patrick ileal/, (ieurgia. Thomas W Mahnr, Virginia, Igoatlus Tangly. Maryland, er irrjun la the lit ola?t of I biistiun Doctrine, the Cross of Honor was awarded to Michael Doherty. Massachusetts; the premium to Ulchaut Harriet, Massachusetts. Acoeeeerunt? James M'Cabe. Mnseschu-etts; I)enni< O'Dooungnua, New York; John Dixon, Massachusetts; Henry Collier, Massachusetts. la the class cf Fencing, the Cross of Honor was awarded to Alfred Kitselicr. Louisiana; the premium to Frederick l.aranaga. Teru, 8. A. Aooe-scriiul Ksm-ii tiavllnu. Cuba; Krnest, Debian i. Louisiana) Antonio M. Kimhall, Moxloo; John McCarthy, Rtioda Island. In the clap* of Music, the Cross of Honor wad awarded to Francis Armstrong, Maryland; the premium to Michael Keyes. Mas-arhueett* Aoooaseruat? John Tower. Massachusetts; Patrick Healy, (liorglaj Richard Collins. New York; I). Carroll Pitshugh, District of Columhia. N II.?The e> erclnes of this Institution will he rasumed on the 16tb September next. Tiih Soi,i>ii:i.'? Wu r. and Wihow?Aw Arenoviwa IncinKNT.?During a recent visit to the enoampmeat of the Massachusetts regiment at Urighton, we warn an eye witness to a most distressing scene While standing near the eutrance to the apartment alotted to the offloeis. a young and well dressed female oame, with faltering steps to the door. Throwing aside a thick, black veil, a face of uncommon beauty was rw vealed. but it was evident that grief and anxiety had partially effaced the rosy hue of health from her cheeks, end caie and watchfulnee* dimmed tne lustra of her cyea Her form was fragile, and a sad pre-entment shook it, as she reached the door, and drew forth a letter fmui bur bosom. '* What is your wish, young wi man ?" inquired tlie officer who guarded the #atrance, nod who at the raine time gently prevented her from j aesing into the room " I wish to see one ot the volunteers." the replied. " Is he an offloer or a private?" asked the seutluel '' He ia a private," aaeweridtbe feuiule "To what company does he belong?" " I do not know " " What Is his name?* " It is Clark," replied the female, and at the same tima impatiently pressed forward to the outranoe of the room ' I cannot lot you pas*; my orders are most strict." continued the sentinel, ' but if you wilt wait. I will >end tor biin at once." " Do send for him,'* sold the female with great enthusiasm; and for the (ir-t time hope n emed to poises* her oaroworn inco with his blessed promise. The sentinel called an attendant, and gave an order fnr Mr ( lark to he called. ' CJaik ? Clark, what company does ho belong to?" asked the a'teodaal. M\ hat company, young women?" continued the sealiiu ] tit' ntimnnrm I" uaiii f.hsa f?muU hadiLatls# 'Coin) ?ny I," repeated the aentiuel; '-there in no aush ci ii)| any in the regiment; yon mu*t be raiatskan " 1 Jura M>y I nmy be." ??i<l she. and referring to* long and Tiry cloM-ly written letter for a moan at, she replied. "I *?* mieUtkrn; it *?? company R " '-Clark of company K," ejaculated the attendant; "'Clark of ?eiapauy KT why. he l? dead " We uever wlah to bo prorent again at anothir audi a scene. Hope, that ba4 for a ujonient rbone npon that poor female, had sank l'orever from her alght Had Mime atraoge commotion of nature swallowed op every living being, aod every thing that the eye delighted tolook upon and the heart to cherish, and left deaolato to that one poor oreatura, the transition eould not be greater It was n >l an atIravifant sorrow, but aaileut, deep anginal) that rent every human channel and diaaol red the great obain that connected the being with IU kindred; all wad gone The doubt* and hope* tbat had alternately etmggled together, were at an and; the last struggle wee over; and ilia'. t< male, who a year ago, looked forth upon the great vista of futurity fur many happy years, waa mo* alone- alone in the world Hundred* of young and buoyant spirit* were upon that oamn ground ana while the air rang with many nhouta for those whn had returned home in safety to in* boaoma of thei; fr *ndd and family, we aaw that poor female mechanically thread her way through the noi-y crowd with teartilled eye* and grief choked utterance, and a crashed and broken hi art. ? ffoalen Matt, July 2B Fatat. StreERHTrrioN.?We heard of * very *iagular t-flair that transpired in the upper part o( the oily yesterday morning, which resulted m the dentli ot a German named Mitchell, wtm resided on Man-hull, near Jackson afreet. M.tchell's wife was suffering wiih an excruciating tooth-ache, und remembering a supersiiuon quite prevalent bmong the lower class of her country people that alie w mild Is* immediately relieved by having soma blood buried under rite root of an Hjtple tree, sh? owoke her husband during the nighl and reoue*ted him ft'go into n neighbor's yard where titer? wss a tree of the kind, and perform the requirements of the superstition. Mitchell, who, it i? believed, was partially intoxicated at the time, mitncd bis way, and instead of going to the ?l*o? he had been directed, entered the yard of Mr, Carter Tiller, on Walnut, just below Jackson street, where he commenced digging a hole with a hoe at the root of a tree. A few nights previous rn Htt> nipt had been made to rob Mr. Tiller'* house, and exi?ectinff a return of the ncamp*, he whs up watching h*r th^ni when Mitchrll entered the yard Supposing him to be the guilty one, he went into the yard, and struck him over the head with a stick or cane, indicting such severe wound* as to rau-e (he unfortunate inan's death about te* oVlo< k yesterday morning. Mr. Tiller, ha* always Inline the reputation ot an excellent cittaen. - /x uirvitte Courur, yWy 19 The steamship Caledonia, which arrived at Halifax on the 23d inst , was seventy-five hours on the passage from New York. The steamship ffia* gam riiHtl*- her last trip to Halifax from llostan in thirty-five- hours, a difference of forty hours Tbn trip ot the America, the swiftest Canard steamer fn m Halifax to New York, wan about sixty bonm, J or neatly twice an lonp m t? this o?ty

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