Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 31, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 31, 1848 Page 1
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TH ' r NO. 5169. ADDITIONAL FOKiifGN CORRESPONDENCE ok thk arsw YO*K HBRAID. London, Tuesday Evening, 14th July, ISIS. Affair* in Eurof>c. After so much t moke and bloodshed, it is pleasant to turn aside to a more cheering prospect, and i ~ui_ .? .... a.... i.? i...., ... t. u. tu uc uuir iu oay tiuiiug iiir; ian wwriv, uu ncta* tomb of human victims httB been raised to oon- ! vulfted Europe. Ho much human life has been lost, that two or three men killed of an evening in the suburbs of Parts, is not even commented upon; ?ind the dark sullen waters of the Seine, as they Jun in the dark night past the Morgue, could tell a fearful tale of murdered man. But tranquillity has been established, to use a diplomatic phrase, ad inle- ' rim ; that It will last, is another question. Cavaignao tiU keeps his seat?issues decrees against the liberty of the press?orders troops to the capital, and is supported by the National Assembly. A sort of lull has ot in atter the storm, but the vessel he has to steer, requires a firm hand at the helm to keep her clear of hoals. it is a cuiious taut that nothing has as yet been made public respecting the originators of the late terrible insurrection Tht Union remarks as follows on this subject:? Tl?eiu.urrectionof June lots mysteiies yet unknown. Tne investlgeting committee inn U ep*tb ofjrreatdisooveriea. Wo are lufermed that an insurgent, depositary of a terrible secret, iuti Wiittetia letter to M Antony lliuuret repreooma'ivu of the poo lde, t' offer to revsal it to him, in exchange Tor hi a iberty, sta'ing that on the secret deiienrts tho rafety of ire repu lio. M. Antony Thount, without pr.judgiiig ? ything on thi* grave pioposiiion, I Instant y remitted the letter to the I'reaioout of the Committee of Investigation The other journals throw out dark and mysterious liinta of new plots and machinations, which are on foot. The Debats has the following :? The investigation into the ctr tuuatuiioea of tho Into insurrection is far from Icing terminated. Ml l.aoaille, I'uget, and llaeuniii, jure* d'inttrvction at tho civil tribunal of l'aris, and MM. Dousy, Vincent, and h6n6 Dnbail, advocates, adjoined ty ihe government to the mi itury onntniBidon. act permanently at tho fort of 1 rry. They have already heard upward* of nOO pritonera. It ia iu that tort tl at ate detained the loaders if tho bar. 3icades, the principal ineutgciits, and the presumed nsaaasiu.s of General Brea and Captain .Viangtu. One ot theae prisoner*, the head of the barricade ot FentaiMldesu. relates will, a frightful cynicism that when General liu-a perceived that he had been drawn into a sn > re, he cau.e up to him m d aaiil.?* Friend, save Jno, aad I will alw ays regard put a* toy faUier?it oasyforyiu tosaveme!" A ijuarterof a. hour after tiie general was dragged into a guard-house and pieri id witti upw ards of thirty bolls. It was the *40.0 man who gov t c signal and tired the first shot! Captain Desmuret/. of tiie -lib Regime t of lite line, who ese-ped hy means of concealing himself under a ted, has just identified llain, Nonrrit, and Maillanl, a- |tardea concerned iu that dreadful aet. Hiere are still 71*' prisoners to lie interrogated at I try. 1 Several insurgents have signified their madness to make ruvela- 1 tions. On their indications, warrants w-uc issued on Satur I day, principally against mrrrhan'<s dr-vin, keepers of lodging- i houses, and even some person* in * high position. At the procession of the funeral of the slain, a sud- . den change was made iu the line of march, owing to Information rnpuivml flint Minim r.rrlhl.. slut nB. ?n foot, to shoot Cavaignao h ml all the members of the government. The Gazette del Trtht nauj. alludes to the**' run ore as follow* :? We will not make ourselves the echoes <>f the alarming '.m n to which the ohang in t r programme of the funs, aloerv urn wy in i h< nor of the defenders or publit order, who tell riutiuu in tin insurrection of June, has given rise in Pari... It appear* that - numerous warnings, emanating fro,.. difl-rent sources, but n-aohing the authorities too late to make it [rfleM ie to ver fy Uie exaotitnde in a sufficiently coti plete muniicr. caused it to o feared that an attempt of the nature o. that o' Pteso'il might be direct- 1 ed against the members of the \>>.oim A toe ..My Su- h. it is tutid, a na the motive which cunae t part of tho programme rulative to tho removal of the bodies of the victims, from the Place <te In Concorde to the Bastille. by the line of the Boulevard* to be abandoned. We know no' what foundation there may tie iu tho rumors which have circulated on the subject?rumors exaggerated as usual, and to such an ux cnt that nothing less \t:.? t:ukod of than that whole quarttrs v ere mined, a, d w . re to be blown up with the executive governme. t. he Assembly, the magistracy, and ail tlie bodies foimiur part of ti e corteot Whatappuara certain is, that the very minuto and very cxt* n*ive investigations that have taken place have produm d ro serious result, and that if numerous arrests w ere oil. cu d on Thursday and yesterday, they arose from precautionary citcutustat oes. All this, however, proves, that the commotions have not yet subsided. A curious change ha* come over that onoe gaynud festive city. 1 was showing the lions yesterday to some ladies who had just If it the French capital, when we suddenly came upon the guard on duty at Buckingham palace. O, man Ditu ! Quel hnnheur dr voir dee loldatt qui ten mt un monarque escaped involuntarily from one of them. I never heard a stonger plea in faTor of order and tranquilli y,w thout,however,applying It more especially to men that wear crowns. Paris is, i It scorns, like the city of the dead ?a shadow of the I onoe ray city, Chaos in Krauce has oonie again. The greatest act in Germany is the- elevation of | : A...I. 1V..b., l*.Kr, ,.f .1 In t li n nn*l nf m ,1 I .vuu ? K""* "* -J?K" "*w head or administrator of the German empire. 1 send too an account of this liucinuatus of modern days. Hie life in a remarkable one. I send also tbe speeches that irere made at Vienna, oo the occasion of hie acceptance of the imperial dignity It muat not, however, be Huppoeed that the long desired unity ot Germany Is hereby established. Old King truest, of Hanover, bag been the first to express bis d'seeutat having a master put over his head?and you may be certain that Frederick William, of Prussia. will ill-brook the imperial mandates of a seion of the House of Hapsburg. A violent debate bas however, taken place already In the Frankfort Parliament, culling in question the right of the king to conclude peace without tbe sanction of that body Disturbances have taken place at Frankfort, and some lives Intt. but all is now quiet. The disregard of human life at present is fearful. The reet of Germany is quiet enough In Spain, the Carlist movement, can scarcely be said to be gaining ground; but civil war bas actually commenced.attend- ; ed with the usual horrors. One of the Carllst general! has been shot, and General Flio. by way of reprisals, . shoots his prisoners Nothing of importance has taken place In Lombardy. Paris, July 10, 1848. (heat Rattle in Calabiia?Preparation* to Attack Vmma?Armitticc between Prussia and Denmark?Movement* of the Scluve*. Tlie. troops of the butcherons and blood-thirsty king of Naples have sustained a most important defeat al Calhnria. General Munziente command ed tliem ; and it in said that only about five hundred have escaped by getting on board the steamer Archimtdea. The numb, ra engaged are not stated but it is known tbat the Calabrian forces wore large, amounting to many thousands, against wnom the king sent his army. The battle is represented a* having been of a desperate character, in which man fought against man with bayonets and knives. A second royalist force is al*> repiesenied as having surrended upon the news of the defeat of this grand army. All the artillery has fallen into the hands of the insurgents. If this information he correct, and it seems to be regarded as authentic, an important blow has been struck against the kmg of Naples, which will affect him seriously in the very citadel of his power; and, perhaps, result in driving hint from the country. At theotber extremity of llaly. the news indicates that Charles Albert is waking up from his dreams, aud preparing to attack, in force, Verona. It is time, if he wishes to save his character in his kingdom. At the same time, the Minister of War lias been making some extraordinary disclosures in the Congress at Turinone of which is, that be advised sid to be sent to Venioe inseason to have defend, d it against the Austrian*, hut was prevented by a council of Oener&ls to whom t harles Albert submitted the question; that in the second place. Duration was ordered to withdraw from the city, and not risk a battle, but that he disobeyed bis orders and fought; and in the third plaoe, tbat pietty much all the oflleers in the army are InoaI aide of performing their duties, and that he had urged upon the king to send fur a well known Lieutenant (>en< ral. to lake the command of the army, which ciouns* I was rejected, as the king was deUrmiued that Italy should do it These seem to be extraordinary disclosures to make, in the present juncture of alTaira, and we should suppose t hat their elf. ot could not be favorable to the Italian cause Charles Albert haa sent for more troops- and b< th Austria and Italy ap jnnff WJ D? prrjmnriK '"r ? *rrnm uuiuntk ? ??w IM the English will succeed In buying off Charles Albert, and how far they hare already nrippled hi* operation* by their tlirea's and power, ann only be Inferred from their aiding in the manoeuvre* at Naples, and their movement* in other part* of Europe, to the same effect. Several of the entailer Uertnan State* have signified their adhesion to the art* ol the German Assembly, In electing the Archduke John, hut aha her they will be content to have hint performing the duties of Emperor of Auatria at the same time. I* yet to he determined. It appear* that he think- (he duties of the two situationa are not inc< mpHtihle. auil has signified that view to the committee of the A*s*-iubly, who do not appear to have responded to the ruhjeci An armistice has undouhiedly been oonoluded between Prussia and Denmark for three months, In which England lias UeeD artlng a- mediator?and, under the circumstances of the case it lonka as tf there ought to he a peace growing out of the measure By an exposition of one of ihe members of the late Snlhve Congress et Prauue, It appear* that it was the Intrigue of the agent ot Russia and hi* subordinate*?In connection with ttiosefioui Vienna?'h?t brought about the collision at Prague, and the expulsion of Congress from the city; and thai ih* .Nolave country i* now taking the neressarv measure* to prepare, thoroughly, to assert their rights, and to maintain them, and that they will commence to art as soon as thf y are in a condition, and this attack hsa caused great excitement throughout the Sclsve country; and that all the different parties of Nelaves were leeresented in the convention, as well as seme from Poianil and that there interests were In progress for harmonising with each other when they were attacked; that the tendency of their country ia democratic. OBSERVER. Paris, July 12, WES. (iraiui Mraturr* of Yrntrrdny tw thf Awmhly. The act* of the Assembly yesterday were very j tm|iorlnnt for France, tind tended to Jtive a derided ; character to the new c'minieiration of (Jen era I E NE MORNINi Cavaignac. General Oudinot anil M. Senard were the agenciea through whom it spoke to the Aaseinbly; and the meat-urea proponed, and the Inn mage employed to explain their meaning, and the purpose of the government, were alike forcible, and ettled the question, that all the powcre of Franca are to be employed in tbo maintenance of order and public tranquillity; and that the government are to bare no trifling with offenders, except in arresting them and bringing them to a severe punishment. The work is to be thorough; and hence grand measures are being taken accordingly. The Mini.-tersays, the government lias been strongly solicited from the interior of the country to put all krannv in a state of siege; and although that measure la not now oonsidared necessary, Uiey will adopt it if it bcooinea necessary. to hold iu chock the wicked spirits that are thirsting for the blood ot society; that, Uod willing, theae men should he restrained. and society preserved from their malevolence. Ilia ssntiments met the rapturous applause of the Assembly; and his measures were adopted, to the extent demanded, almost without debate. M. henard rises higher and higher in publio estimation, as the public danger presses, and as he is oallud upon to perform new and responsible duties. He says, the journals, and the prefects of police, in large numbers, in the interior of France, are the leaders in attacks upou the Assembly aart upon sooietv; and that he is applying the remedy, with all possible despatch 'J be proposition to establish an army of at least fifty thousand tueu around Paris. besides the Garde Mobile, Uardt l<r/iut'lican. and Gend'armes ot Paris, and some thousands of artillerymen wa* adopted without debate; and the proposition 10 repeal the decree of the Provisional Government. limiting labor to ten hours a day, was received with great favor and was postponed only hi cause the Minister of Public Works asked it, for a day or two. as he bad some propositions, from both masters and workmen, uuder consideration, which he wanted more time to oon-ider. The law requiring 24 000 francs to be deposited with the government before auy press can be established, with written d< cumeutsin refeiouce thereto, to l>e filed with tlie govtrnuient, and the enactment and r>-uewal of certa>n legal provisions, by whioh every author is liable to fine and imprisonment, who makes an attack upon properly, the constitution, laws. .Assembly, &c., he., as til o too law regulating the clubs iu Paris, providing for the presence, in ail cases, of a government officer, and the punishment of the authors of any attacks upon society in them, and of the officers of suah clubs, tor permitting any such attacks tu be made, and other nio-t rigo>ous and stringent measures; these laws were received wnn universal approbation, ttietr urgency declared, and put in a condition to be enacted, (if soon as the order of the day would permit,which will probably be to-day. And upon the inquiry of M. Flocon, the Minister answered, lbat the existing law would be enforced against all presses, until the one proposed was adopted. 1 hi insurrection, and change of men. have brought about a new state of things in i'aris; and yet, General lavaignnc and M. Senard are among the most liberalminded republicans in France, consistent with publio Drder and respect for the laws and society, llut they are men for the occasion; and, as danger increases they rise in strength te meet it. General Bedeau has accepted the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. General C. has, therefore, secured him Gens. Lamortoiere, Bedeau, Changarnier, Oudiuot, l.eheton, and Damasure, his old ooropanioDS in arms ; all. i believe, bis former seniors in service; and aline selection jf civilians in and about his cabinet; and tbey will ?overn France, and hold the unruly ta a severe ao:ount. OBSERVER. I'aris, July 12,1848. Votre of the Assembly?Characteristics of the French?Ncu<s from the French Islands?Other Mattcis. Among the peculiarities that mark the French, is heir love of the fine arts and public amusements ' hey will have these at any expense and at any sacrifice in other respects They have here no sold winters, no time when women do not sit out ill day in their shanties beside the streets, or upon die public seats, bare-headed, with no unusual clothing about them, and sell their commodities I never wearing a glove or mitten upon tneir hands, toil never actually needing any fire in their houses, though fire is acceptable, it is not necessary to prevent I.ivinir nnLdnnr i r?rv niit.dnnr ?nd Deeding only a place to sleep in, the French never anticipate want, and umusemeata are to them a arihbtitute for bread?and the administration feels the neoessity of providing it, when individual enterprise fails to do it. 1 beee observations will explain the vote of the Assembly of yesterday, giving to the National Opera 170,000 francs, and to the other theatres 600 000 franos ; and declaring them to be measures of urgence, they voted the sums without debate, beyond the explanations of the Minister proposing tnem The alternative was prevented of having them shut up, on giving them this sum. But this is nothing new in Paris, the royal gOTernmont paid (some of them) large sums yearly ; and now the representatives of the people do it by a unanimous vote, at a moment when Franos is so pressed for means, and has so many new sources of expense to supply. The servioe for her insurrections, the repair of damages, her Jttei, and her funerals will not be small this year, amounting to several millions of fraDOs. There was also voted a compensation to an association cf Fttn<>grapbers. fifteen in number, who are sai l to record the debates and pioceediugs of the Assembly with wonderful acouracy. Could not this idea be usefully employed in our country, to give the people an exact transcript of the proceedings of the Congress of the T'nited Stales and of each ono of its members ? The news from Martinique and Guadaloupe, of the conduct of the negroes, is not vry enoouraging, though the condition of affairs would seem to hare improved, since the arrival of the commissioners from 1'raDce according to the official accounts received ; but what will become of these islands under the prosent state of the political condition of the oountry, remains to be determined It is said, that the blanks have returned in large numbers to work again ; but this may be not so far true as the authors expeot. I have much doubt upon the subject, and fear that there will be a great deal of blood spilt in these islands. Gamier Pages has notified tba Assembly that he approves of the principle adopted by the Assembly, of requiring a strict account of the manner in which the s< cret hthiw fund has been expended, and tn*t to a few days. the old Kxeeutive and Provisional (lofornnii nt will bo In a oondilion to render an aocount for all tbe moneys by thom expended,which annunciation the Assembly received with strong marks of aatiafaotion Neither Arago. Lamurtine. nor Ledru Rollin, appear to have taken any part in the Aaaembly ainoe their ejection from cilice Louia Blano ia skipping al out, but keepa silent ; and when hie ten honra ayaW m war about to be debated be loft the Chamber, and returned again when he found it waa to be adjourned. How fallen are the mighty! But aizty daya since, Louis Philippe and (Jtnxot were, and the next day they were not; and so it ia with the leaders who ?tj?cted them from power. Marie, president of the Aaaembly. and Bethmont, minister of justice, only, have any present power. Among the fourteen members of tbe Provisional Government, one of their number is in prison ; some doubt ia yet hanging over the heads of me others; and the rest, two excepted, are cyphers in tbe events of tbe present hour What is political life in France ? An evanesoent thing. Some say that General Cavaignao thinks he may last two months ; hut I think that he is on the road to endure. France will sustain a man honest feaiinaa and rigid OBSKKVKR. Paris, July 13, 1S48. TTir Russian /ntvmon?A iHiruption of the l*rovincei of 'l\?rkry?Seized by Runsui. The news of the entry of Russia into Moldavia is fully confirmed. The Russian general, Duhamel, came to Ledva in great haste, and gave an order to pass the Pruth ; tltis was effected the 25th of June, by fording the river with 25,000 men, the pontoons not being in readiness ; General Erienaten ommanded the foroes. General Duhamel returned to Jasaey, and announced to the Prinoe that to maintain order and tranquility In Moldavia, he should occupy Jessey. while the greater part of the army would remain at Volachia. The Turkish commissary made a repor as soon as possible to Constantinople ; and the next day the Bogard of Moldavia, the Metropolitan chief, and the priests, presented to the Sultan a protest against ^thisf Russian ooeupation The Dauubian provinces lost to Turkey by this aot, whioh will now become the theatre ot war are the prinoipality of Servia, embracing an area of about six hundred square miles, occupied by one million of tnhahitente, and of which Belgrade is the capital, and which Is one of the most delight lid countries in the old world It now ajs to tiie Ottoman Porte an annual tribute of about $160,000, and the revenue of this principality anionnts to about JiSOO IKK) Volachia Has an area of about thirteen hundred square miles, one million one hundred thousand inhabitants, of whiah Bunharist is the capiial, and has a revenue of about $'2.400 000. and pays a tribute to Turkey of about $132,000 Moldavia hes about six hundred rqUHfe miles, a population of half a million jof inhabitants of whioh Jassey ia the capital. end of which the revenue is about $120 000. W hen Russia takes and appropriates to herseil these three rich provisos, she will have only another step to lake to islis upon tbe Bosphorus, and whioh will soon thereafter lead her to Const ant* uople Perhape she will arrenge with klngland, to satisfy her, by granting her Constantinople, while she (Kue-isi takes K.gypt and Syria ; and thus these two moderate powers will divide up between themselves the Turkish territory What course the other powers tn Kurope will adopt In reference to this aot of Rtietia. must depend upon a thousand other contingencies. They are more busily engsgi d In taking care of their domestic affairs ; and Russia well understand* this It Is said also, that Russia, some fifteen years since, had forced the Turkish authorities to grant to her the right by secret, treaty to enter those torrilcrtr* whenever shy ib ight W YO G EDITION?NEW YO It necessary to preserve order and tran (Uility. and that her agents proclaim that they nov enter for that purpose, as there have been some latent movemints in theee provinces. and enmn dtsp leltinn manifested in the authorities to grant eoine email rights to the people But when once the foot of Kru?*ia Is planted upon Turkish soil, it will not he removed, without those ransoms and stipulat ona for a state of servitude, which amounts to a conquest The power nf Russia is an alarming element in the d^plomioy of Europe OBSERVER. Paris, July 13, IBM. Recent Events and News Touching Italy, Prussia, and Posen. The union of Venice to Piedmont is now put beyond a doubt; and, therefore, the kingdom of Churlea Albert is now composed of the ancient provinces of the Lomb&rdo-Venitiau, Piedmont, with Savoy and Sardinia, the whole of the Duchies of Purma, Plaisance, Guustalla, and Modern, less Leiniquiance, which appears to api>ertdin to Tuscany. JVben the King shall have delivered the provinces now oooupled by the Austrian.*, and incorporated into his kingdom the Italian provinces of the frontier?those, for instance, of Tyrol, Istria, and I)al. matia? he will find himself master of half the Italian territory, containing nearly two-thirds of the population, and capable of raising an army of three or four huudred thousand men. Seldom has a man had more to stimulate him to action, and to withstand the seductions which foreign governments have held out to him. Charles Albert is a liourbon. and in that oue word his churaeter is explained. Hi- interest will now lead him to fight, for the foreign princes nan offer him nothing equal to his prospects at home, if he is victorious. 'i he Tope has lately held a secret cousistory at Home, in which a great number of Bishops have been elected, and in which he has confined himself to treating only upm spiritual maiters, touching his relations with I'arma; as is said, while I he Congress at Berne are discussing the project of his ministers for raising an army of J44 0U0nien. The Cardinal Scoglia lias given a public dinner, from whloh lie excluded the Minister of Foreign Affairs at Berne; and he has written dispatches to Austria, saying that the Miuister is a .iaoobin, and so regarded by the court; while all the people regard his course against Austria with great satisfaction. There is trouble at Home, giowing up between the spiritual and the temporal powers- the former are subservient to MeDardiea, the Pope excepted. the movements at Berlin are still growing more and more revoluiionary. Large assemblies of people fill the streets, and the barracks, even, of the soldiers The clubs constitutional and democratic, are agitated, and the latter would have before them the question touching the viceroy of the German empire. The ru nior recurs. mar mo reactionists wl?n to bring on hii imeute. Tbo people ore agitated, and mai ntain their right to sell papers in tho struct#, and to alHx placards upon the wails. It is said that tho students arrested at (he office of the arsenal, would bo delivered to Russia. This the people will resist, at every hazard. A deputation has alieady been sent to the Minister of justice to protest ngainst such an outrage. At Poscn there has been a collision between the 8th and 18th regiments, which has oreated a great deal of agitation. There have been some public disturbances, huU some Polish retugecs have been delivered over ot Russia. I think there appears to be a very good understanding between the Prussian authorities and Russia, of which the people are jealous. OBSERVER The Kiel it'll t< evolution, ami the Character of the l.< aticiot ilie CSoveriinicnt Troop*. [From the London Herald, Juue 25 J As we lind hoped, anticipated, and predicted, the insurrection, commencing on the 23d Juue, and earned on with a bravery, an obatiiiacy, and a skill worthy of a better cause, has been wholly and cittiiely suppressed by the bravery and devotion ot the aimy and the National Guard, and the preeminent skill and vigor of that young soldier, who, though a tnan of Dirth and family, is a republican ot nn old date, and one, too, who has sullered, both in his person and in Ins profession, for his sincere adhesion to his opinions?we need scarcely say we allude to General Louis ISgene Cavaignac, son of the viscount of that namti, and brother of the famous Godefroi CwUflM, the lornier president of the Sorute tin Droits tie VHunme. Followed by thut army of which he is the idol and the pride?for he shared their dangers and won every grade on the field of battle?the exMinister of War, and the absolute Diciator of three days, showed himself not merely an able and accomplished, but a determined and a vigorous soldier; and to his masterly combinations? i still moie to the vigour and energy with which ihev were brought to bear on the inad and misguided insurgents?it is, under Heaven, owing that Paris is not now given up to the pillage 1 and the plunder of ferocious communists and ! biirinflt rouge* of the Blanqui and the Barbes I school* Never at any period of their history, i either in domestic insurrection or foreign war, had the regular French army to undergo such horrors asm tnismost recent and most deplorable outbreak ot the 23d June. In foreign war, sieges and battles are conducted by operations precise, regular, and the result of militaiy science and combination. On such occasions, too, the combatants are sustained and comlorted by die ennobling recollections of country and ot inde|ienden< e. They fight for their hearths or their homes, to defend their soil, or their institutions, or their independence, against unjust invasion and tyrannous uggression. But in civil struggles and contests, these patriotic incitements are always wanting. Citizen is armed against citizen, and children of u common country, speaking a common language?inhabitants of j the same capital, protected by the same laws, and ! living under the same government?are und^-r such I sad circumstances brought into hostile collision, j Party and political, and factious rancour, are on I such occasions superadded to the usual horrors of i war, and this is the reason why of all contests civil commotions nre the most horrible, sanguinary, and internecine. Our own civil wars were not Ob* marked by cruelties rarely exercised against a foreign enemy; and the civil wars of France, numerous and oft-recurring, have been stained by atrocities which seemed to have attained their acme?such atrocities could not be well surpassed?during the progress of the revolution ol 17Ht>. In later times, as if to prove the theory we propound, the civil war in .Spain has been marked by a bloodthirxtiness and a cruelty even unusual amidst that wholly sanguinary and half-savage People. But, after reading the eventH of the last few days, it must be j admitted the horrors of Knglish, of former French, and even of Spanish civil wars, have been exceeded and transcended by the French civil war and sanguinary slaughter of June. 1H1S. To the rash bravery of the Ciaul was added Iberian ferocity, 1 and that dogged and des|>erate determination? that unyielding tenacity and stern steady power ol resistance, which have hitherto peculiarly distinguished the sons of Butain. No wonder, then, Uitit the French regular army severely sullerea and was sorely tried; lor neither in foreign battles n.\r in inro i (?n diuitau ha/4 it oiror l\u<in uvonunil til so many unhappy and adverse chances. In battle you choose your ground, or, at least, select it in a position in which you can form freely, protecting as fnr as (Kissihle both front and flank; but in the narrow streets of Paris the regular troops were assailed from before and behind, from windows and portf* atrhtrrt, from behind barricades, from the to|is ol houses, and under the cover of walls. Every deleterious substance and every deadly missile was hurled Htrainst the rogular forces. Boiling oil and boiling turpentine, implements unknown in regular warfare, were hn<J recourse to; and mutilations the most horrible were the lot of those who had the misfortune to he captured or to be taken piisoners. Women and children aided and encouraged the rebels; and when it is stated that the assailants were French and Parisian, it is needless to say that bravery, that intelligence, . that strategeiical skill were always and at every i baricade manifested. Every Frenchman is at heart, and by nature and disposition, a soldier, and none ao much as your native Parisian, who is more esl>eciaJly " unto the manner born." Add to this, thut in every ouarter of Paris there are hundreds of old mtmttacnet who have served witli the Kml?eror and the granite armie?together with many returned Irom the army of Africa, who have learn ad war in one of the luteal, if not one ot the beat ot school a. The advice and co-0|>eratioii of auch men are never wanting against Hiithority ; hut even without their aid we hesitate not to aver that there ia more nulitaiy intelligent and knowledge in any knot ol French conspirators and rebels in the Faubourg Si, Antoine than could he found in five tunes their number of any other nation on the fare of the earth. This is one among the many reasons not merely why the positions taken up were so well defended, but also why the whole ajn pears the result of strategy and combination of no mean order. We would not be understood as saying that aide military beada have not been engaged in this rebellion. There can scarcely be a doubt of the fact Hut even without such heads and lenders, the most unlettered Parisian, capable ol nothing or of little else, la capable of conceiving any plan of attack or of defence, nowever complex or however intricate. That the rebels wanted neither aims, ammunition, nor, in a certain degree, money, is also apparent; and all these eircumstanceh grently increased the difficulties of the regular 111my and of the public force. To suppose , tin t the money distttbut< d amongst the insurgents vi as Ion mti money would, we think, be not mend) rash but ridiculous, I'rtifMa. AuMiiti, and the Italian power* tire ft no ft id ; ii t? ; >ju ii'. i g* It; Li-v1 ai ot BT * IRK ] RK, MONDAY, JULY gii ni could huve no obpci or wish to do bo; an< Uiert* t> mains hut Russia who has the means o perhaps the desire, thus to waste her resources u fostering civil war. hut the complicity of foreign era is 01 ly vaguely, however violentJy asserted and one would need something more precise anc truth-worthy th- / assertion of M Flocon however sof?;.'? '-slivered, to be convinced o the (act whi '< |H?sitively alleges. That do in' iir new1 r tj nave Muuaereo goiu aorou is prolmhie nnd possible. Tlie adherents ol I f >nry V.?of Louis NH|>oleon?of the Prince de Join ville, or of 0U1T pretenders or would-be presidents of the republic, mav have been busy, and doubtless hud their emissaries at work ; but wr also think it probable that the money and the countenance ol certain socialists, communists, and ultra r publicans, were not

wanting. and that these skulkers favored the rebellion with everything but th-.ir cor|K>ral presence and bodily support. Many emissaries were seen to approach the barricades belore the fmngcommenet-d, to encourage the populace, and to give theni money and drink, hut at tne approach of danger such agents vanished, and not one of those despicable and detestable villains is supposed to have fallen. On the other hand many brave soldiers and estimable citizens have lost theirlives in doing their duty to their country. Among the foremost of these was I)enis d'Afire, Archbishop of Paris, a man of zeal, of deep religions convictions, andlot piety, in the fashion in which he understood it. lie had, in compliment to his perhaps over fervent zeal, been raised to the Seeol Putis, at the request of the ex-Queen of the French, and though Ins views w< re narrow and bigoted, and exclusively Roman Catholic, or, as ccitain parties here would say, purely Papistical, yet hissudden and unhidden de ith in erformiug a greutactof charity and conciliation, muslcuuse his memory to be ever revered in tins Ins last and crowning aet as a great, and, because a great, a brave piacticnl Christian. When affairs assumed a desperate character, lie offered bis aid to General Cavaignac as mediator?an uid which was rdadlv areented. While narlevmg with the insur gents, surrounded l>y four of his vicars, he was shot down, either fry malice or misadventure, in endeavoring to reconcile his brethren and countrymen, and it is to be feared has before now died of the wound. A great seldier?a great administrator?and a good man has also been on this sad occasion lost to the army of France. It was our fortune to have been personally acquainted witli General Negrier before he assumed the command of the province of Constantino 111 lttll.nrid after his return to France in J845, and seldom have we known in any aimy a more general or universal* fuvorittj. To use the words of Sir Philip Sydney, he had " a high soul sealed in a heart of courtesy." and lie was loved, revered, and res|>eeted by those who shared with him a soldier's tent and a soldier's fare. Such wus the ascendancy, and yet the gentleness of his character, that In e hi->< <J hv Ins administration the submission ot more than one hundred Arab tribes, and rai-* d > revenue in a year and a-half, from 2NO,OOOf . I ,.500,0001". He is gone uutuildeu and hastily, M In- last account, but he leaves behind him thai loin' line of yourgj African soldiers, beginning with Cavaignac. and ending wiih Duvivier, Bedcaii, JGrqiiay, d'Hilliers, Lamoriciere, Combes, Corbin, and Sevigny. Duvivier, the man among tliem all who has seen most service, the distinguished scholar of the Polytechnic and ol the School of Artillery of Met/.?who made the campaign of 1S1-4 aB a sous ueuirnani?ana utierwurdH organised the army ol the Bey of Tunis, and served both at Martinique and in a moat distinguished manner in Africa, wheiv he commanded 111 the province of Tillery, is also wounded?as well as his friend and companion in arms, Bedeau. The severest and the most arduous post in this rebellion was confided to Buvivter, and it there lie a man who, next to Cavai^nac, deserves well ol the Iriendaof order, it is Duvivier. In raising either Cavaignac, Duvivier, Bedeau, Baraquay, d'Hilliers, or Bachelu, to the |>ost ol President of the Republic, the National Assembly can commit no error. One of our contemporaries, who is profoundly ignorant of the character of Cuvaignac, and of the state of opinion in France, has announced, in a ! leader of yesterday, that Cavaignac has called Thiers to his counsels. A greater libel on this distinguished general never was written. Not merely has Cavaignac announced, at we notified yesterday, and fully expected, that he is now funrtui officio, Inil he has jn-oclaimed it in a manner so simply and so modestly as to be worthy <>f Washington. Such h man and such a soldier is not likely tc oppress hiou elf, under any circumstances, with the cumbersome company of M. Thiers, least ol all, under a republican regime. The Kngllah View oft t Indian Troubles In Vucat n. [From the London Turn?, July 15.] Nothing but the variety and attractions of our revolutions at home onuld have so completely diverted public attention from a certain revolution in the n?w World, which ia even more extraordinary tbau would be an irruption of Asiatic Highlanders upon the scenes et their old exploits?the plains of Kurope. I'rojectiug Westerly from that curious connecting link between two continents whiob is termed Central America, ties the peninsula of Vuoalan, the Westernmost point of which stretches out almost far enough to meet the hasternmost point of Cuba. Little of it. even in the best of maps, will be found laid down, except the coast, and one or two inland towns towards the north. The interior appears, and probably Is, altogether uninhabited according to the sense wbloh civilisation affixes to tt.e term Our readers will probably remember that the discovery of these parts was long subsequent to that of the American islands, not being achieved, in fact, tilt several years alter the death of Columbus.? By the year 1542, however, the Spaniards bad established themselves in the country, and the city of Merida was founded at that period, as the memorial r.f the struggle thus victoriously terminated Up to the revolutions in the Spanish-American settlement#; Vuoatan remained a oaptain-generalcy of itself, distinct from the governments both of Mexico and (tautemaia. After the independence of Mexico had been effect# I, that of Yucatan followed with the stream, no particular efforts being made to retain this province when the rest were seen to be irrecoverably lost. It would not be very easy to define thu political character or relations of the country between that time and the present. It has been attached to Mexioo. as one of Its federal States; it has been occupied as a subject province, again detached then connected with Texas, subsequently declared an independent " Repiiblio,-' and at this moment perhaps is becoming something not unlike what it was found in the 10th century Herein lies the interest of the revolution In question. Our readers will easily believe that we should not have bespoken their attention so particularly if our topics bad been confined to those political convulsions and transformations which seem inseparable from the essence of any Spanish American State But in the present case there is a great deal more behind. The party at this minute uppermost in Yucatan is no political or military faction, but a revived ho-t of those very aboriginal Indians whose forefathers were massacred by Hernandex de Cordova. We may perhaps presume on our readers' recollection of an article which we published at the beginning of the year, containing some striking information of the hardihood with which i lie Northern Indians of I atitoruia descend periodically on the provinces of Mexico; but there is a very important difference between these forays and tti" ln-urreciii n to which we sre now alluding The inroad* upon Mexican territory are mere exemplification" of Indian cupidity, encouraged and enhanced by Mexican cowardice. The red men of the North appear in rery email band*, seldom exceeding 500 fighting men. and. after plot derlng and (tearing all thing* and perron* within their reach, they depart to their hunting ground* without any demonstratlon whatever toward* retaining a foot of their 0on<|Ue*t*. Tho frontier ha* lieen desolated. it i* true, but the uotninal boundarto* remain a* they were before, nor have any Indian* attempted to form a settlement on '.he rite of ranked village* or abandoned town* But in Yucatan they are deliberately re-coni|uering their Inheritance. The Spanish race, throughout the whole of there territories ha*, in point of numerical increase, long remained Htatlonary, and, indeed, ha* lately retrograded, while the race of red men ha* been steadily gaining ground. The consequence haa been, that here for the rery first time, we behove. In the history of civilization, the inferior abotiginal race ha* survived the oouquest, and after so many generations, U at length tound again making hi ?d sgain-t it* ancient and degenerated enemy. Vt helber they remained in greater number*or in purer blood in thi* t oruwall of the West we oannot precisely or. but tile V heVe certainly ?*?t tn ei.rk In nnwl sn rloua mrneat, itnii they diaoloaril thoir ayatomalic policy and determined ???* very dearly aom? time bank, by aelioting one of their chit-fa with a genuine A*le? and crowning him afli r aomn victory. on one of thoee ancient Irvrallit whioh had wltueaaed tile glorie* of their anceatry. The atrnggl* haa been going on for -onie time, and hitherto each auoceaaive do-patch ha* brought information unfavorable 10 the while m- n. Tim latoet acoounta were of a moet alarming oharactor. The war waa eouduetcd by the Indiana on the principle ot eitermination and no white man falling Into iheir handa waa apnred Their bund were daily Inert Bring in atrengih and audacity, were ably led, and were, at that moment, within twenty mile* of the oity el .t ertda. againet whioh tlieir noil attack would be d.reeled. '1 he Interior of the country aeemed wholly in their handa and the white population w,n caged u-^ in the town* ot the ounat, which the Indiana wi re preparing to alotui It waa even Conceived that I key night wentnre to attack the conliguoiia Ihltith p.**.. alone, and a detachment of troopa embarked 1;*Ki Jatnaiea i n the 21 n h <i MBy. for the protection *,f our inlarval in the Hay of Hon dura*. If the c. nt i dll.gparnea were left to Vhein-elrra we havi little doubt that the nWUlt Wouy entirely correa pnlti.'l. pr- nt pr- mire oil he ;rftjr #I1(| lllt, Ill ' i '*"> h'li-1, V.I It'll ?9V I y ,.ft to lh' re J n ;t> X IERA 31, 1848. J America Nay we fully believe that in the ahience of ( r Hoy foreign intervention. tho Indiana of Yuoa'an j j would speedily BiK-t (heir brethren of t'alifornla on the plateau of Aiiahuac, and enter again upon tho | possession of tho Hails of Monteiuma. It ia rumoroil ( ? already (hat tho North oountry Indiana are only ? I awniting the withdrawal of the American army to ooin- ' , me nee mi invasion of Mexico, ni-rn formidable than ' i? they have ever attempted before , and on helpleHn aro the descendants of Cortes against any auoh aggression | that in the recent treaty of peace as originally penn-d, t It was expressly stipulated that tho Americana should undertake the protection of the frontlera. Partly from indeflnite ambition, partly from pugnaolty, and partly from an hereditary antagoniam to the rod race there ia every disposition in tho inhabitanta of the States to lend the aid ao imperatively demanded ; t and when tho Amerlaan army ooinmenood breaking up i he other day from Mexico and La Puebla, Mr. Tropica, tho warlike editor of the Vera Cruz Star, received and regiatored volunteera on hia own account for an immediate expedition to Yucatan. It aeema, however, that the government of Washington entortaina the idea of despatching leaa irregular aucoor, aa fieucral Butler cancelled this Teoplea' edition of a war by issuing an order that no aoldier ahould bo discharged until hia arrival at some American port. In their dlstresa. the whiten of Yucatan am aatd to have made simultaneous proposals of allegiance and annexation t" more than one power supposed to be interested in their possessions, and it will not of course bo permitted that any fraction of ilie Kuropcnn race ahould be visited wllh total extermination ana penalty for having lost the ability of self-defence Hut other coniideratinnt enter alto into the quettion, and it may he found, yer- | K I?r,r br^'ri't'ifr .-yian-.arat /rum the hand a of their/lien we way he doing good terrier to own initrts(< M that iUfavored region. llitrremliiK from Hungary !J fKrom I ho Loudon Tiroes, July 16.J , The Hungarian Diet wan opened at I'esth, on the 6th t of July. l>y the Arnhduke Stephen, Palatine of Hun- f pury. under circumstances of peculiar Intercut, not * only to the internal attaint of that kingdom, but to the power of the Houxe of Austria, and to the wh ile con- , (i d tion of the I'. 11 at of Kurope. Already before the com- I u tnenctuicnt of the perl'd of general revolution which u Iinh since convulsed the Continent, the Hungarian k Diet, in itit last teseinn, had very formally and peromp- j torily asserted its rights ; and the fall of Prince Met- j | ternieh was instantly followed by the enthusiastic | ? adoption of those measures which hit* administration I n had xteadily opposed. The authority of Vienna being ' > then totally | nralysed. a national government was > J formed at I'esth. lirndy resolved to uphold the alio- ' ginuce of the nation to the reigning Kiug of Hungary r or his fumily. but equally resolved to restore all the ? ancient and indisputable constitutional rights of the I riaiin This ministry was composed of men of very different shades of opinion, from the courtly and aristocratic msgnates. Trinoe Ksterhaay and Count 1 liatbyanyi, to the active Count Sieohenyi, and J the |*ipular Leak and Kossuth ; but these men j had the great merit of laying aside their per- , so rial and parly differences to promote the com- , nwn csiisn of their country. No sooner had t the popular movement which swept uway the ex- ? isting government occurred in Vienna than the liberal party in Hungary was carried onwards with tho ? swiftness of a revolution The property of the ohuroh a and the nobles was at once curtailed of those feudal c< rights of tythc nnd labor which pressed most heavily e upon the people, and. with or without indemnity, the ? ] most ponderous social institutions of the country were Himmarfly abolished. Vet amidst this scene of innovation and confusion the new ministers retained their ti iin.-ltion in the cnvernnient. *ni! omul their now.-r with ?i success"; and the supreme legislative. as wort ax exooa- tl tlvo authority, having liceri delegated hy the King- R Kmperor to the Archduke Palatine, the Diet is now * convoked to mature these great reforms. A strong at- J( tempt will doubtless be made to carry on the revolu- ? lion An extreme liberal party, stimulated by clubs ? and fnctiouH journals, which is prepared to demand >< ! the abolition of the Chamber of Magnates, the total " subversion of the Hungarian constitution, and even to proclaim republican principles, exists; but it may p be hoped that the patriotism and vigor of the govern- ci incut will effectually resist these encroachments, and St rule with a strong hand the vehemence and agitation : 111 of the people, for. assuredly, it is by the experience " and intelligence of the men who have now assumed {," the direction of affairs that Hungary cau alone escape the horrors of agrarian anarchy and the danger of is | foreign subjugation. "1 Meanwhile several events of great Importance have 1 occurred amongst the provinces of the Lower Danube. | The Diet of Transylvania met, we believe, for a single j day and a single vote, which served to decree its . 1 ifmon with the kingdom of Hunger}-, and the sponta- " neous and unanimous abolition of its independent <> rights This act increases the strength of the Mag- IV yars hy a million and a half of their countrymen. a But whilst this sympathy of rure established a closer ' ( 1 connection between Transylvania and ilungAiy. tho ( I antipathy which exists between the Magyars and the -y I Se at on inns threatened to detach from the latter king| di mseveialof the Southern provinces hitherto con- p I ncctsd with it. The Solavontan party, which Is all ' p powerful in Croatia and along the Turkish frontier, P even to Servia has loudly protested against the policy r of the Magyars A Croatian Diet was illegally con- 'i ' yoked in Agram and In fact civil war has broken out ( ' between the government in Pesth and the provinces, ( I which recognize the authority of the Bnn of Croatia, f I Jellachich. 1 he Sclavonian insurgent-have already I defeated two detachments of regular troops noar Peter- J I wardien. and some regiments in the Austrian service I have refused to march against them As these pro I vinces include (he military frontiers of the empire, the i | whole population is organized in regiments and aocus- I tomed to arms, so that thoir resources for such a oon- 1 test are remarkably great, and they have been taught to look with confidence to the support of Russia as the ' \ head of their religion nnd their race. Tho Hungarians on the other hand, contend with some reason i !' that the possession of these provinces is indispensable ' * to meir 11:111011:11 existence, t>ecan?e uiey command I 1 not only the Lower Danube. but the sole lino of 00m- I 1 munieation from the plains of Hungary to tho Adria- ] tic nndthe port of Hume. They aro, therefore. r?- ' r solved to put down this insurrection bv force of arma, I ( unless tho mediation of the Archduke John should | * suggest some compromise of the difficulty. The speech ! delivered by the I'alatine from th? throne, ulludes ' pointedly to this alai tiling sta< e of airairs as the motive 1 for opening the Diet, and it impliea that tho dociaion I * taken on thia auhject will materially alfeot tho opera- C tiona of the army in Italy It. ia underatood to be the j . Intention of the Hungarian government to endeavor (J to raiae the effective forcea of the kingdom to 200.004 1] taen But while thaee events are going on within the pro- | vinrea at>d dependencies of the Austrian and Hun- I "J gariant rowna, the moveroenta of the Russian army, on J', the Piuth. and in the Turkish principaiitiea, have been J watched with oxecrsive solicitude, it now aeema to be A ascertained that a ilussiancarpi d'armet of 'Jo.OnO men M actually did enter Moldavia, on the 2Sth of June, and ]{ has reached Jaaay.for the alleged purpose of restoring order In that and the neighboring principality ; and at this crisis such a movement will produce tho greatest excitement not only in Hungary, but even in Germany It will be regarded whether rightly or not as the first open step of the Cabinet of St Petersburg towards the .. patronage or protectorate of the Solavonian provinces , on the Danube , and as those territories command the , lower portions and the mouth of that magniQoeot river !'. wbieb Sows through the whole of Southern (lermmny, i and oonnerta the vast internal navigation of Hungary J with the Black Sea. the question is one of vital impor- ,. tance to all that eonatftutea the Orrmsn Kmpire in common with the Hungarians It is beyond ail doubt that the exertions of the Ilussian clergy and of Ilussian emissaries have been aotively employed for many years w t<> maintain a strong Kuasiau party in the Kuropean e provinces which have been gradually wrested from the J1 Tuiklrh Kmpire ; and the time may be arrived when a more ostensible dtspUy of the power of Russia can be (> ventured upon to counteract the establishment of a It powerful liovcrnnient oi Hungary,or the formation of ti an independent Sclavonian kingdom We are inclined e to believe, however, that if teeneral Duhamol has en- <S tere I Moldavia he will not. for the present, go beyond v that position, and that on the Danube, as well as in 1 other parts of K.urope. the policy of Russia will b? , guided by the course of events rather than by any preconeeived scheme of aggression It cannot, however, u be foigotten, that these province* have often been 00- ti , eupied by her armies, and always abandoned with re- n gret. and it Is greatly to be desired that the restoration f< of order and ot peace by the authority of the Hunga- o risn (Jovernn ent or by rea-onable concessions to tho a Selavnnian pi pulation of the south, may remove every j, pietext for foieign Intervention Thrntrirsii j, Mr M*cxr*dv.?Wo find the following notioes of |c Mr. Macresdy's farewell appearance at Drury Lane Theatre on the tenth of July, in the London Chronicle of the 11th , 1hi? wnck of a tlieatra, ?o long the resort of wild boaau, \ masters and mum mors ol nil sorts and nati' us, was last night (j I urinal.cd up for "oou night only" of egilunaie drama, the en || teruinmrnt* boing " oomman ?d by her M..je?tjr" for the Urawell . benefit ol Mr neoready " previous ui lu dep?rvirv for America." ' j Laiier tantalia na this for the auuiiiera of nativi alent, to he , ll called up. ti to wlfniee otii? hlaee Hi th?> atar" which hsa eo long 1 .. hold aloof tr-.m their adtn'Miig ?ck t o. and thou to hoo it tundiint fiotn ourheioiaphtroattrona tb# broad Atlantic. Mr. Macready, hy 8 theeay.h a been loug nnotigu almoin from the atage to have guns ii nnd returned ir?n> t tinea fn.in A mono* in the In'oriiu , iwid pro- I laid.. buih r " tJn r iyaloommnnd" .og oicmaly rnnoiioafedtohlm, U I < migl t hure t?Kon hm departure n *. with .ut thinkini of going ' tlm ugh tho painful rerrniom of loave-tak ug Aa it ia, let tia to It tliaukrul ft r what orumha fell to our tot. ami, wiahiag the die- |, tinguhhod actor "good apeod," proceed to notioc the perform uioe g*?t up laat oientiig on th n angnet ocoaafen. The enteriaininente conaleud of litre* eciaoi Hhakapraro't " King Henry tho Eighth." ivhii h, (he bill aay a, " terminate with the falj of Cardinal *oli*y and Colman'mouiedy of tho " Jeatoue Wife," compmeeed into ihrro acta. Toitxplein theee aoti of curtailiuent and compilation, it may only lw i.aocriary to uiMrrre-that Mr. Macn ady iih |>layrd Cardinal Wideoy, which puiaooagB doea not appear np<>a tl o etage ifier tho third act, and that Mr Ma. n-ady al*n playing Mr. Ota Icy in tin- coned*. all matter whloh did not Involve that oharaetor una Judton ualy oaponged tho " doctrine of the atam' to liow-a day e leing. that )h? leoe Uio lutereet of tho audii.no.) U dirtd-d over a variety of ohaiaofoxa la ehort, tho more neartv dramatic leiioimeiKoemay lai o* uteniralod int.' mono-dfamaa tno hotter th.' efcou" In tho face of ouch prtnoiplen aa theee, Ml what aigntftea it thai Shahopoare, who lived in a le-a enlightened J| hgt?? an act- when there won' no "afar* ?annum have thought . diflnen'ly tp?n the i-ubyeot, and inbnnd to produoodramaUo in. ?? tercet hy ?hectm#tttm.? of ron.cadiaf ptwMonitaui matt tig ran ma mtiM di^is ml brvngiit with ndniiiBW? kiU-?tiow^fuf nitwit* ; noted intonalotairolatioi ehtp with oaoaaother , Mr M reedy conetd. r. tliai W.miner i? the one eharat tor of I oner a n* imp. runoc: and that nothing vhnuid be auflervd to divert tlolntereet of the rpwUtor from this great part, iinper | y e i.ali l es t' io hy I imeelf. On aomn fitluro la-cnaion, nerh p< when lorlr tie thie plar, he may dtvue ??.. in-an. by wkioe tht urdii al (or at h ast file ghat) r ay be a hi* to dollter lihak- t|i eprare'a lino lin'?. dtuerildng hie character aed aad eatt fr re ?I ,, world n. w divided lvl*?oii ((ten Kv.'nnne aid frown II / 1} Wtf'l M f nM( n iM . ' * LD. TWO CENTS. great |>-At'n hIcim. ?" fli?n th?- i.riuimr ?>f KathaH no'J jeath Intn the bar aiii- an incident which now oonolade* MM IjOmiiiful kitn? 'o whfc h ?f tofcr. For Mr. Mininnt'i pnrf ?nu tnco*, both m ('trdinil Wooimf bnd Mr. Oakiy th?ir n?*nu and defect# are too woll known by I majority of play g?*ra to call Tor criticiiitn at our haade. aod ' ? *? '! theraf rr limply *ay that, herring dm off* t ?l a little oi./iv ft mpt, at t' ? wimoienc. ro?n', r????ilt?ng fmm the <?rar irowded Ha of the houeo. he p'ayed with mora than hi4 naval I'irit, MLd war lawiahly applauded. Indeed, he had it all hi* own my ; for how oould tie fail to lie the " admired of all ftrnirogif* .undid M?h at iuetlicient company ? tie had got about him f 1h* cheer i.g having sulicided, the curtain roan for the play I en ?< regret to ray *hat for tome minute* the v toe* ef the peaotmeti* w- re rnndered alm<i*t inaudihle by aotta 1* of di ? ?o<*o^ vhieh proceeded Horn the furher i arte of the pit and ga'lerj^ vhich *ocmed t? tie inucti ovororowded. The dieordef inoreaand wil? act prmxeded, and it wai especially loud when Mr. Ma ready wax on the Htagi*. At the opening of the aaoond aoene? In; council?liAiulcr?toe play wo* oroiigi t fairly to a aland atifl? ?y reaami of the uproar and Mr. Macready havrig spokau to Mr. -eigl Murray, the lat'er went? ff Um H'ane. to oommnnica'e, ai *e Miiupowd with Mime m- niheraof her MaJ-ity'a auita, and In axn her pleasure. 1 hi* movement was reooivea wlthanplnnM >y the body of tlmlmuHe; and on Mr. Murray'* return, Mr. Ma* ready, ruin* from hi* i*at, bowed to her Majoety, and th*M t# Jit* ? edict ce. Htid rpoke nuarlv on follow*:? "Ijulieoand (ie tl*mci>? Havingobtaii *1 |?crmliialon to addrtfli ton. I l**g toalatethni I have, I believe. now itaoer ainad thn ;au?e ol hi* dixturhunoe, namely, that the gallery i* toe fdlL Hear, hear.J In tlie course of my life it ha* Immu my happy lot o hum teceived many favor- fnun you, hut you will add ainiMy m ih m, ir av y twrron who l.<w* paid ft r admuMon. and feel* i*> tomei fenced, will leave the theatre, and take back hi* money." Applatihe follow* d this brief a?ldreN?. To what extent the *ng(jatlon won acted upon we cannot *ay, but regret to odd, thai hroiighout the whole ??f the remain erof the find, ant ttie pecormnnce wan frequently di?t<rb*l with orie* ??f ' police," u man* lavr,"' rhaine," lie., which frequently rend- red Ute piayereiuaiw libit*. Order who then at length eKtnbli<ih(wl, and prevailed hroughout lite rem*ifi<lcr of the onter'mniumW. [From the Kra ) The London New Kra Friyn:-Ah may be xcen in a paragraph in another part ?d* TV Kr<t? Ir Mtioivudy hax, in one of In* fierce ht:ige-on daughtaj *111, and h it wHit at firet reported, actually out off hi# antagonist'* n ?*?. 'bin ix hi me'hing more then acting, l-ut far abort of what we allay* thought, would occur in o? e of thortt "piwedonate hur*t*,# hf?*c "ehul it ion* of pont-ap rage.' and app al* to p)iy*i?ii rue, in which tho mimic hero indulge*. He ham we are told* roundi d the hand* of many in the whirlwind of hi* fury, but w? ave expicted to *ee an unguarded liead clove to the ohine by a un>ber*one cut from the weapon which every playgoer know**# be coinhat'HWord?a Htiunpy thing, with a banket handle, pointi** and hluut, and, tinh** hotter temfmrad Uiau U?e nerton wh# wait, liaheto become *pherieaJ, hut more r?**cin b ling half tm. ran h?4?p than a 1'urkieh cinieier. In all vtHge bu ine**. Mr. Macready hi known to have the boat f it. For this advantage he Htipnlaie*; and ho arbitrary i* he la bin ivHpiM't, that variant tucritioo* are made in <?r?ler to aooomlodato a ml fever tlie eminent traced an. Nobody mu?t be acre pro minent, nobody muat get in bin way, nobody must pr*umc to interfere with the centre of attraction, tin* obsorvud of 11 obaervere. Macready istho play, and ' Uui play'* the thiiy." dr. Macready prenumev mom than any other player upoa ortifeai? nal privibg.', ai d wield* hid nword untnendfully, n?gard,i*.a*?if xpeiue . Many a brotlicr nctor ha* quailed beneath hiH attack, nd wi*l?e.d biin*elf ou> of it, ai d now ouo h&a nearly lost a incn>er in the unmiual conflict. The Loutlr n Post of the 11th ?ay? Thr |*?rf< im-ti.co, la.st niaht, for tho benefit of Mr. Macready, \BN bv wimwiuI ei.miimiwl ill' licr Mui<*alvth<i liuihtn. Th? iMacail elected (or tlio ooowaon were Shakip area Kiatorical J>f?J "f ' King Henry Ibo Eighth," nnd Coleman's oomoSy or " Tire ImUiaih U fe.' During tlx; first net of tlie pl iy tlio rat ?H uosl diagreouful : not a word emild l?> hearu until Mr. Maumadf i a.mhlig. d to arlvanoe to the foot liglila and pa il'y tho diain restid I y needing to them tha privilege of haviug thoir moicy returiiod ; hut (hi* might have l?>eii eaxly avoided by net -euiog a greater number of uliO'iuee than the theatre vr ** k ori OB Willi Hf to 01 ntain. ftagnr tho opiv>ruinity of gaining lew . xtra pounds, tho royal viaitors weru the furred K|iaolatora no auUilora of aem oa and hinguitwo whioh, liy the exerolae at mill' II | rudenco, tliey might have lawn spared. After aaveral nuleiiiuint r piste I on in tho pit mid galleries, the play, of whieh lily tl a throe lirst aeta were given, was sntfured to prooetal?Mr. no ready deumii g i? unnecessary to retain any portion in whieh a was not the lo-all and the end all. Tho play, aa performed lank i lit, should liavo been oallod " t.'ardnial Wnlsey,' for the twaaful third art. in wliioli ocotira tiie patlietii ilealh of Qu ea KaI uiine, up< n w hieh chakspcaru has oentrod the ((oetio power 1/ lie piny, and the eonoluding act, with tho tine ooena of Cr.niutir ml the council, anil tlio famous prophecy of Britain'* supremacy, ere net considered aa auffleiently dainty dtahoa 11 net before a ueeu. Now Mr. Macieody haa girnered up much fame and pruII y lining nup|aoed to luivo restored Shakspeare. Tlien, surely, a such an occasion aa the presence of the Qnoen of Kngland, U ould have boon more aeomly to have lire 0)0 fed Uie play in its itegnty, and not, because Cardinal VV oleer dooa not tiger* 1b ie fourth and tilth acts, to ruthlessly sacrifice the poot to the pit ism of the player. It la unueooaaary, upon this occasion, to signalise.tiro salient nints of tlie noting, aa we ontorod at some length on Mr. Mareiuly'sint?r)irotation of tlio Cardinal when tho play was a turnip V I aeioe fow mouilui ainoe at the Princess's Theatre. It wag .arkrd by the win oexoollenoes and the same dofocu, though we lought tlio latter were rattier increased than diminished, owing isaibly to tiie uproar in the gallerioa during tho Aral act. Theee aa throughout a want of re|M>M) and of dignity ; and the oelo iiled solilo'iuy in the third act lacked continuity, and snetnaS tlier I he erntit Ion of spasmodic grief than the bitter denotation ' crushed hope and the agony ot frustrated ambition. Army Intelligence. The steamship Alabama, Captain Baker, arrived lis morning from Vera Cruz, whence she sailed n the evening of the 15th instant. Passengers? laior General Worth; Colonels Rohh-m, Clark nd Whistler; Lieut Colonels Smith and Loomis; luptains Peas, Fitzgerald. Woodbndge, Blake, /'ndy, Todd, Alezander ana Lovell; Incuts. Harry, Vood, Kirkhum, Hancock and Armistead; Surr ons Kyndail and Moses; Mrs. Jordan; Messrs. itanhbury. Waterman, Morns. The other regincnis ot this division are embarked and on the oute to their res|?ective destinations, to wit:?Tha hi and 3d Artillery sailed on the 15th for the North lirect; the 4ih Infantry on the 16th for Pasa hnstian, via Cat Island; the 5th Infantry probably in the Ibth?same destination; the Hth Infantry on he 16th lor Jefferson Barracks, via New Orleans, rhere remain at Vera Cruz hut one horse-battery, ive troops of cavalry, and the let Artillery, lha tameon of the place to be embarked. It is pro abJe that all the public property will be withIrawn, and the final evacuation take place on or clore the 1st of August. Tho U. S. steamship 'irginia has brought over from Vera Cruz 300 en belonging to companies I), H and K of tha viligeurs, and the following cabin passengers:? ,ieut. Colonel J. E Johnson, .Surgeon J. W. '}ler, Captains M. J. Barnard and J. C. Marriott, iieui. W. Terrett, Adjutant; Lieut.s. T. D. CochHn, George W. Carr and M. H. llooner; Lieut. '. C. Marvin, R. y. M.?all of the Volugeurs. 'Itssrs. Wm. Cock burn and John Todd, Q. M. I)j abb Smith, John I) Smith, lady and five chilten; Mrs. M'Comeskv, niece and child. Pnutoo f^?(irrn? ^oliun unil AnHmur I. T. Hlovpr. of cmpenv L', U. S. V. regiment, died on the p.us;ue. The steamer E. A. Ugden arrived yester?y from the Brazos. General Wool was there on le 15th instant, awaiting transportation. By some ccident we received no palters whatever by this rrival. The following passengers came over on le E A Ogden :?('apt. Gee, Lieuts. Henry, R. . Malone and 1). A. Malone, witii a company at labania Cavalry of seventy-four men, Mr. and Irs. Miller; Lieut. Vanderlinger, of the Texas angers, and eighty-seven quartermaster's mee nd discharged soldiers.?TV. O. I'icayunt '&)th i st. Naval Intelligence The U. S. surveying steamer l.egare anchored la am p ton Reads on Wednesday. The foiisving Is a et of her cfllcere: ? Lieut. Corn'dg, Richard Baobs: ieut Wainn light; Anting Master. C. Ben ham; I'aMod lidehipmen. Reginald Fairfax, I'aul Shirley, and T. trbin; I aptain'e I lerk, J N Riohatea; 1st Kngineer, Dougherty; 2d Kngineer, J A. Ituggles; Pilot, C . O rut man?Noif?lk Htaeon, July 20. Fkarfiu. limoNTEE.?On the 22d inst. there as a inisunderstaiidiiig among several young ulcers and men ol the regiments, returning front lexico, now in l/ouisville, and in the evening two I them, Robert W. Morrison and Lieut. Snackford, met at the Exchange hotel. Some altercai n passed between them, and a fearful rencontre neued. Morrison exclaimed that he would shoot 'hackltdord, and was seen to rus'n ui>oq him, hamg a cane in his hand. Shackleford immediately rew a rifle pistol and shot Morrison in the breast, lie fiall perforating the lungs. Morrison, now with revolver in his hand, still continued to advance |a>n Shackleford, ana snap|>ed his pistol at hint nee or twice, the cans only exploding, Shackle.r.i ff,nlt u /.|i?ir and with it felled vounc Morris it to the floor, in an instant he was upon his feet (tain, making inefii dual effort* to shoot Shackle>rd, but the pistol only mistied fire. He then hurlil it at his antagonist, seized a chair, and in turn, ruck hi in to tne ground, and while attempting 'seize him, fell headlong himselt, faint with the it-sot blood. The friendsnt the wounded man eneavored to seize Shackletord, but in th* confnon and mrlet, he escaped. I)rs. Cross and I'nce xamined the woand, and pronounced it a eery angerous, it not mortal one. Tne ball entered if breast, passed through, and no doubt severed te lungs, as he was bleeding inwardly und spitng up much blood. Mr. Morrison is from Fayite county, and belonged to the 3d Kentucky renin nt. He joined Captain Cox's company aa a rivale, as it imssed through Maysville, and during is star in Mexico lie acted as clerk to Oener J bos. Marsh dl. Lieut. ShackJeford was attached ? Capl. McCreery's company, 4th Regiment Kernicky Volunteers, and is from Hancock county. Ltivisville Courier. Poll lies I IsUlligeiM)*. Ntkamiioat and Railroad Virrivo.?On the last t-e-'Ce ot the steamboat Niagara, from Chicago la iflulo, a vote being taken, stood thus?for Taylor, lor Caaa. 30 : lor Van Huren, 27 ; tor Hale, T ; r Clay, 10 On tiif Huflhlo and Altii a Railroad two ballots r-ir taken on the 2Hih The following ia the rel?:?Tram comiug Kn?t: Taylor, l?i, Caaa, 7^ tJr, 7 ; Van Buren, 22 Train going Went: Tayr,36; Cane, 6; Hair. I i Van Buren, 3. On board th?* Pike, No. 9, arrived at LuuiaviUa l ibr 26*h, a voir w in laken, and show*.J ?Poc ajlor, 71: ('ran, 33; Van Bnren,2. \ on- on board ibr Swiia liny,on the Ohio river:? wylor, 33; ('a.-*, 12 ; Van Burro,2 On hnatd the Ukr Ojtffiih, lulv lith, i >oi> -lood (inrtit ih, I; John 1' 11 w4? : Mat*n V '.n lim.-n, I. iW |1: UW wh.ST

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