Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 31, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 31, 1848 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERALD. Nalh-Wrd Corner of Fulton Mid ntn, J A MEN (?OKIN>!V HKNKKTT, PROPRIETOR. SPECIAL NOTICE TO THE WORLD. DAU.Y HKRAlJl?Three eilUione crery day Iwm eenti per oopu- Vt 2* per a num. The WOK.V/.M; EDITH tX dnlri. huled before breakfatt; the hrit EYE-ISO EDI THIS can be hail of the nemlayt <W 1 o clock, the ccowl EVES'IS'U EDITH'S or 3 oct? k. MEEKLY HKEAI.D?Every Saturday, for circulation on 0ir Jmrrtcan t ontwirr.t?bin rente per copy $.< 12^ per an u?i Every iteam packet day for European circulation; evbecrwEon jb rer a mum, to include the pottoye. The European cdu tuf. unll be printed In the French and Enoluh lanpwteee. ALL El>ITlUS$ to contain newe received to the moment of "MM TISEMESTS (renewed everyroonei't, and to be pub m?h*t: in <*c mommy and rve/nn* cn%luma.f ? frvri; to brwUUn in a yLitn, Icciblc nuinner; the proprietor mot rtftmwille tor error* in manuscript. PRIhTlSdof all kind* execute* Uautif Uy and unth d*. Huitch. Order, rerrt.rd at the Office, corner oj EuUan and ?u.ii?ftrrrti. ... . ALL UTTERS by mail, for MuUenftume. or with adver. tteemrnf, to be poet pout, or the pott aye mil be deducted from the money remitted . . VOLUxTiRY OURRESPOxD&XCE, containing import. ant nem. eotieited frcm any quarter of the world; if need loill he liberally paid far. HO XOTKE taken of a nanymoui communication!. Whatever ii intruded for insertion must be a uthenticnted by the name ?nd addrea of the writer; not necenn rilyfor puhlieatimi. but as a guaranty of hu food faith. We cannot return rejected eemmoi icotiovi ALL PA YAIEHTS to be made in advance. a movements this evening. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Cil Bi-as?Jenny UtoBamrooxlins. BURTON'S THEATRE, Clumbers street.?Tiffbrarv Lb #act?Lvcv huiSham-Amovr. NIBLO'S. ASTOR TLACE.?Viu.jr.t Doctor?Sentinel? nsfolios's ovarii. castle GARDEN. Battery.?Boarding School? IlrBR lumos the Tight Rope? Goveekou's Wirr. MECHANICS' HALL, Broadway, near Broome.?Christt's mlnstrei-s? ethiopian SlNOING? BrRI.EtKlt'e Danoxno, he. MINERVA ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama or General Taylor's Mexican Campaigns. Ntw York, Monday, July 31,18*8, Actual Circulation of the Herald. Jrtty 23, Sunday 1.6,840 copiea " 24, Monday 21,130 " " 28,7 W ay 34,216 " - 26, Wednesday 21,130 " " 27. Thursday 23.280 " 20, Friday ... 30,832 " ' 29, Satuiday 21.216 " " " Weakly 10.440 ? 168.064 44 44 30, Sunday 16,330 " The |mblicali<n of the Herald commenced yesterday at 6 minutes part 3 u'aloek, and finished at 30 minutes past 6 o'clock. The Free Soil Movement?'Tragedy or Farce. The vote in the Senate in favor of the new territorial or compromise bill, and the vote in the House against it, have produced a momentary excitement in the community, which, with the free soil movement in tins and other States, will probably keep the politicians active till the convention is held in Buffalo, on the 9th proximo, or till the 7th of November. The vote in Congress, in a sectional point of view, was as follows SECTIONAL VIEW Or THE TOTE. SrrutU. Hounc. VOTE roa THE BILL. TO LAY IT ON THE TABLE. From From From From Slave St a tel. Free St a tel. Slave Statei. Free Statei. T?m 26 8 8 MM Hsjfc.... i 18 76 21 ilKKt, .. 12 11 7 Majority in U,? ll? uf? ficoinM the bill 16 Majority in the Sennte lor the bill 11 Apparent majority in Congreaa against the bill 4 Total abrvnt membere 21 The free soil movement, as it is called, will terminate its curious career, either in sad tragedy or broad farce ; and that in no great length of time. Composed ot the discontented from the two old organised factions ; mixed and blended with the old abolitionists and liberty men, with a considerable sprinkling of the puntanism of the day, this movement is beginning to threw in the shade, to a considerable extent, the usual efforts of the old parties, for the election of their candidates for the Presidency, and to concentrate in its course, a higher degree ot public attention than can be beBtowed on either General CaBs or General Taylor. The passage of the new compromise, as it is called, in the Senate, which is no compromise at all. but merely a cowardly shifting of responsibility on the Supreme Court, which Congress should have taken on itself, is one of the elements that aids the free soil movement. In that bill the two old parties have fratern'red; but whether the compact will be carried out by the House of Representatives, and subsequently confirmed at the election, Beems more doubtful. The great end and aim of all this movement is to be developed at the convention, which will assemble at Buffalo on the ninth of next month. Now, it seems that the Buffalo Convention originated in Ohio, among the discontented politicians attached to the fortunes of Henry Clay, and from this faction it is supposed that many of the free soil movements in the North-western States can be traced. It seems, therefore, that those politicians who have been disappointed, both at Philadelphia and Baltimore, in not receiving the nominations oi Mr. Van Buren and Mr. Clay, are now uniting with the old liberty party, in producing the movement that will place its representatives before the country at the Buffalo Convention. Thus far, Mr. Van Buren has the vantage ground, having had his name presented before the country at the convention atlJtica, and by his acceptance of that nomination; yet, without the concurrence of the Buffalo Convention, which is by no means certain, considering the influence under which it may be organized, Mr. Van Buren may yet be doomed to disappointment, for any ulterior purposes he may have in view. The Southern influence in the two conventions, equally demolished Mr. Van Buren and Mr. Clay; but the reaction from this striking fact has evoked a Northern sentiment, assuming the highest ground of morality as regards a social institution of the South, applicable to the new territories. This moral sentiment, disappointed politicians feeling personal resentments, broken political power, and a certain portion of religious, seem all to unite in forming this new movement, that will be represented at Buflalo next month. If union and concentration were to be expected i _?_ ... . L. mirriif liA A a n en* r unrl I rum PUCIl nrilirqiP, uinr infill uiMifjV , deep danger, to the union of these .-Hates from this movement: hut the idea that these men, and politici&ns, and religionists?who have been squabbling, and abusing, and opposing each other for the last quarter of a century?are now united as one man, seems almost too improbable. If such a union should not take place?if the Buffalo Convention should present hostile elements, personal ambition and a state of disappointment, it is very probable that that body instead of creating a great revolution, will simply exhibit a magnificent farce, that will end in nothing but laughter at all engaged in it. But whether it is to be tragedy or faree, can only be determined by the fact when it takes place. Mr. Van Buren is nothing in this movement, nor is even Mr. Clay, or any other great man. Mr. Van Buren is not even a patriot He has been Southern in practice while the South was for him. He has been a land speculator?an admirer of power, and everything that is questionable in politics or its morality; and yet, such a man, by the singular combination of elements, produced in this memorable day, may fill an important part in the tragedy or larce, that is ts ensue?which ever it may be. Some say that Mr. Clay will be nominated by the Buffalo Convention, and that Mr. Van Buren will be thrown overboard again. Mr. Clay is certainly more pa tnotic, more popular, les* aelhsh, but more ardnu1 nnd lei?? prudent than Mr. Van Buren. Both united on the new Northern impulse. tliey may lead, no one know* where We are not sure, however, hut that nil the&e movements and counter-movements, ure merely the u a tin I consequences that Httend the regular revolution el parties that takes place in this country e\? ry twenty-five years. Tha wing and the lorofoeo factions have lived the time allotted tor such lactione, about twenty years, and they must give flue# to other ?nd new combination!. There are, it ir pud, nearly one hundred and forty new spa pen in favor of the free soil movement in the I North, and thirty or forty in favor of Mr. Von Bur? n. Whether this is basis enough on which i to create u revolution of parties, can only be deteimined by the character of the Buffalo Convention, the proceedings that may take place there, and the result of the election on the seventh of November next. Km opeaii Prospects The jamng elements, which, for the last five months, have convulsed Europe, appear to be as remote as ever from settlement or pacification. On all sides, the rumbling of revolution is heard with undiminished fury, and no man can even guess what new phase#these angry and chaotic forces may yet assume. The atmosphere of every nation in Europe is thoroughly surcharged with the electric fluid of liberty; and as no period of the by gone history of the Jworld has furnished gene, rul commotions of a corresponding nature, no analogical judgment can be formed of the issue or development of the tremendous agencies now in operation. i Of one thing, however, there can he no doubt. The old, rotten and worn-out system;of the divine right of kings, ban received its death blow. The organized hypocrisy which has for ages pressed like a nightmare upon the nations of the old w orld, and compelled the homage of religion and the sacrifice of the denrest rights of man, lias felt . the force of the pent-up wrath of humanity, and been crumbled to dust under the chariot wheels ol liberty. Juggernaut has been deposed from his usurped throne, and the Goddess of Freedom has 1 grasped the sceptre. The tyrant oligarchies of Europe have been swept away before the fury of the trodden down millions, and the will of the many, instead of the lew?of the people, and not of a class?is now recognized as the source ol all legitimate power. To expect, however, that a change of this kind 1 1 could be effected easily, or all at once, would argue but little acquaintance with human nature, the results of experience, or the proverbial tenacity of irresponsible authority. The sanguinary j struggles in Paris and Berlin, Vienna, Prague and Milan, were but tne beginning ot tne end; and tne violent commotion which at present convulse European society, are but the preliminary throes to the birth of that fair child of freedom?true democracy. The present condition of France is very deplorable; and, however strong or energetic may be the meesures for preventing a recurrence of the disturbances which have lately occurred in the capital, we fear that it is still destined to witness a repetition of them. The wild licentiousness and heedless freedom from restraint, with which the masses have been indoctrinated bj the communists and socialists, and the infidel spawn of the old revolution, will not permit them to settle down in rational subjection to any 1 authority, however legitimate. Taught to believe ' that everything is a-jar in the structure of human ' society, and that the only mode of ejecting a ' remedy for its evils is to pull it to pieces and 1 construct it anew on theoretical associative prin- 1 ciples of their own?the strong hand of force, we fear, must still be used to awe them into submission. The consequence of this is, that the oum'ers and the bourgeoisie?the men of property and the men of no property?are marshalled against each other in deadly array, and the Hames of civil war 1 are ready at any moment to burst forth again with , augmented fury. It may be difficult to say how all this may end?whether in a military dictatorship or a democracy. But anything is better than anarchy; and by the latest accounts, General Cavaignac is determined, should there be any further attempts to disturb the public tranquillity, to re press them with the utmost vigor and severity. I One more insurrection like that of June would j crush the insurgents, and give France peace. In Italy no decisive movement has yet been made ; but from the spirit of enthusiasm which I still continues to pervade the little States into j which that country is divided, and the exertions | they are making to aid Lombardy and Venice in 1 their struggles against the Austrian despot, the ! issue, however protracted, cannot be doubtful. The internal disturbances in Austria may also assist materially to that end. But we fear tha* ^ some more energetic leader than Charles Albert | i must be found, and one who will not fight under 1 republican banners to become a greater mo- | ^ narch; and if the rumor lately current in Paris 1 be correct, that the speech of Lamartine on the | 12th instant, recommending a i>e;severance in the j non-intervention policy, was occasioned by a de" j claration from General Oudinot, that French in- I j terference in Italy had become necessary, it is not | ^ improbable but, ere long, Austria will find herself ^ face to face with her old enemy, and a more fortnidable tactician than the King of Sardinia. Spain is again plunged in the horrors of civil | * war. Another insurrection has broken out there in favor of the Count de Montemolin; and from the ^ detestation in which Queen Christina and her minion, Narvaez?who are the real sovereigns of j the country?are held, it is difficult to say how it may eventuate. If left entirely to their own resources, and after the snubbing they recently gave England, in the person of her ambassador, Mr. Bulwer, this is not improbable?it would not ex" ' cite much surprise if her most Christian Majesty, Donna Isabella, should have to resign the crown ' to her ambitious rival. Portugal is also on the eve of revolution, and j ! the ne.;t intelligence may be fraught with the | most vital consequences to that kingdom. In the centre of Europe, the elements of change 1 are also at work. Germany is as unsettled as ever, < and is likely to remain so, unless the Archduke John?who has just been elected administrator|of the empire, at Frankfort, the ancient coronation city of the German emperors?is able to keep in check the spirit of communism, which is endeavoring to reproduce in Berlin, and other places, the bloody drama it lately acted at Paris. Indeed, disturbances have taken place in the neighborhood of j ' Frankfort, where barricades were erected, and several lives lost. Wallachia, it is reported, is also in a state of revolution, and its Prince executed by * his subjects. The Prince of Moldavia lias been more fortunate. He only lost his crown, and ! his people have declared for a republic. The movement in llussia, and designs of the Czar of that empire, yet remain an enigma. All 1 we know is, that large bodies of troops are con- j centraiing on her frontier, and large fleets are collecting in her seas. 8he is over a volcano, which ] will, sooner or later, burst forth. Apart from Huseia, England has been the only 1 i itower that. ut> to the uresent time, has successfully resisted tin continental contagion; but discontent and disaffection with the existing state of things, ' Hre too general there to warrant the belief that internal tranquility can long be preserved?however formidable the array of military or special consta- 1 hies?unless great concessions are made to the x people. The complexion which things may take Oil the other side of St. George's channel, may operate wonderfully in accelerating these changes. * But of this, we have treated in another article. News from Evrope.?1The ateamsliip Hermann ? was to have sailed from Southampton for this port on the 20th ; she is, therelore, in her eleventh day, and may he expected to arrive about Wednesday, i Sbe has a large list of passengers engaged. By the last ueeounts, sixty-five were hooked at Bremen, and ubout .V) at Southampton. The America, from Liverpool, also for New York, is in her 9th day, having sailed on the 22nd. Movements of litstlngulslied Individuals. Maj. Gen I'atterson arrived in Washington on the 2rth in where is also, at present, Col. Aberrrombie. ' M a|or G< n. Worth was expect'd to arrive in ( bsrleston on the 27ih inst , and would probably be , | | ' lit on the 28th, on the occasion oi the grand i it,.; if r reception in that city. Krllgloua Br?glnf[ior Ireland. For some time putt we have had i\mou;' us a pertain clerical gentleman of the name of King, a relative,we believe, of King Solomon,for his Christian name ib Solomon, and a native of Dublin, Ireland. The gentleman possesses much wit and humor, and never fail* to keep his auditory iu t roar of laughter, when he addresses them in anniversary time or in class meetings. He preaches t good sermon, too, and evinces as profound an aver sion to Catholicism, Romanism, Popery, or what ever other name that religion maybe known by, at the most funutical Protestant could desire. These high recommendations, of course, arc sufficient U commend him to all the revilers of the Catholu religion in the United States, and the consequent iw that he has been taken by the hand by all of then here, and in other cities, and the "celebrated Ins! clergyman,Mr. King, nuide a lion of. He is showr about, and is frequently requested to preach; anc as frequently complies with the requests by detail ing the benighted, moral, and religious conditio! of his countrymen, which he attributes to the dog mas of the Catholic chnrch, the Bulls of the l'ope the 6ecrets ot the contessional, the spiritual swuj of the priests over their flocks, and not at all tt their political condition, or the infamous system o oppression practiced by England towards them foi a series of ages. Thus much for Mr. King; now for the object o his visit to the United States. We beg our read ers not to burst their stays, or their strap buttons while wo tell them that Mr. King's visi to the United States has for its object the or ganization of an effort which shall ultimately re suit in converting Ireland to Protestantism?o; clearing away the scales from the eyes of Catho. lies, so that they can see Protestantism in all 1U simplicity, and enabling them to perceive the errors, fallacies and superstition of the religion of their fathers. To commence this movement requires money?the sinews of all religioue movements now-a-days, as well as of all wars? and Mr. King wishes to beg as much as he can, so that an American mission can be erected in Dublin, from which tlio whole of that country would be flooded with tracts, essays, and othei religious publications. This once done, and the ultimate result of Mr. King's visit to the United States would be in a fair way of accomplishment. This programme must certainly be very flattering th#? ultra ami fanatical Prntp atari fa? an<l wp hnvp no doubt that the celebrated Irish clergyman, Mr. King, will collect a good many coppers from the ultras, and go on his way rejoicing in his success. But we hardly think that his ultimate object will be accomplished so easily as he thinks. It v.-e had a railroad to the moon, it would be a great thing,and would,doubtless,be attended with a great many advantages, in a variety of ways; but before we would subscribe to the stock, we would jertainly enquire whether there is abundance ol fuel and water on the route to supply the engines? iftcr the road was in running order. And we think that many of our liberal people will enquire into the probability, or possibility of success, before they take shares in this joint stock corporation project, of which, the reverend Mr. King is the head. Be this as it may, however, we protest against this religious begging?this obtaining ol money under representations which cannot, in the nature of things, be realized. Another consideration strikes us in this case There are among the dignitaries of the Catholic Church in Ireland,and among the Catholics them selves, men of as great talent?of as large mental calibre, of as great learning and ac quirements, as there are in any country, or it any church, christian or infidel. They are as de votedly attached to their religion as the Rev. Mr King is to hie, or as the Rev. Mr. Tyng is to hit salary of six thousand dollars a year. They car show a reason for the faith which is in them, as well as the Rev. Mr. King can for his; and ta'lvat rinlit liou TVfr Tfinor nr i?nv lmrlv pIrp nripRl or layman, to come to this country and beg money lor the conversion of men, who actually, in theit daily prayers implore the conversion of Mr. King himself, and all like him, from the errors of Protestantism. But it is part and parcel of that nistaken zeal which has,ere this, hanged,quartered, hii ned, disembowelled and tortured thousands and housands of as pure and as religious people, with>ut regard to particular form, as ever were created, t is part and parcel of the same system of perseution which has helped to reduce Mr. King's own ountry to its present degraded and impoverished .ondition?which made it penal for a Catholic >riest to celebrate mass: which conferred on one nember of a Catholic family all the property vhich that family owned, provided he embraced Protestantism?which ignited the fires of Smithfield; which,in fine, under the nnme of religion, instsgated ind committed the vilest, most atrocious and most >arbarous crimes that stain the history of the globe ve live in. Notwithstanding all the attempts that lave been made?notwithstanding all the paina ind penalties and burnings and massacres that lave been resorted to for the suppression of the :lornish religion in Ireland?with a constancy beyond a parallel, that country has maintained its incient faith, and is, to this hour, as much Catholic, n proportion to the increase of population, as it :ver was. But the Rev. Mr. King can ellect a :hange. Only hand in the collections ; so that an American mission-house can be erected in Dublin, ind the final result of Mr. King's movement will lie in a fair way of being achieved. Fudge. For our own part, we wonld rather see Mr. King it home, laboring to remove au oppression, far greater than that of the Romish church, from h:s jountrymen?un oppression which, within the hist wo years, has sent morethun a million of theiuto ? I_. L_. .1 1 ... . , . _t ,| til untimely grave uy me eieiwo.-i unu worai oi an loathe?we mean the yoke of foreign dominion? lian to tee him begging coppers in u foreign counry, to expend in a project which every man of :?innion tense and liberal ideas must pronounce is Quixotic and wrong. Irish Affairs.?We understand that the subicriptions are pouring into the coders of the Irish Provisional Committee of this city at a rate which s hardly credible. Fifty thousand dollars will, It s confidently asserted,be transmitted by the steamship which will sail from this city on Wednesday lext. The real friends of Ireland are coming out, ind they seem to vie with each other in the tnuniicence of their contributions. We leara from authentic sources that the <|uanity of ammunition and arms in Ireland,secreted in daces known only to the leaders of the people, is rninense?sufficient to last for a prolonged warfare, n case the matter be not decided at once when he blow shall have been struck. Mr. OT'laherty, the friend of Meagher, arrived lerc by the last steamer, as the accredited agent >f the Irish leaders. On his return lie will take vith him all the money that may have been sub?11 1 .... .1? iCIlUCU UJJ iu MIC IIVUI HIP VVfttllMIV, There con he no doubt that the people of Ireland \ ill receive great assistance from the United -tales, towards accomplishing their independence ?nd freeing their native isle from foreign tyranny ind misrule. Tut Steamship Cej.^cknt City will leave tomorrow afternoon, for Havana and New Orleans. Tin. Hkiuhm North American Province#.? The Halifax Sim, of the 25ili instant, has an article on the condition of the British North American provinces at the present lime. It says that their commerce is shattered, itgriculture depressed, and trfusuries empty. The press of New Brunswick (says the Sun) declare that province to be in a state of bankruptcy, and the state ol (Jungs in Newfoundland is but little better. Nova .Scotia, so far us commercial mid monetary matters are concerned, has arrived at the lowest point of depression. The Sun adds, however, that the people ate heirmniiig to produce more and to spend less, to thai n better -t ite of ufiiiir' -a anticipated. Branch Mjnt in New York, and the Post Office Abides.?The necessity for the establishment of a branch mint in New York, has been loner and forcibly felt by our trading and commercial community, and the refusal of Congress to pass the necessary law upon the subject, has created a feeling of general indignation. The gross tyranny of Congress, and the Postmaster, in com|>elling the citieens of New York to pa> Jin at the post office, on business transactions, all sums in American coin, while they refuse us the proper facilities for putting it in circulatu n, is so pa pable, that few acts of greater injustice have ever been perpetrated. Most of our business population are necessarily compelled to take the Spanish and other coins; and these men 1 frnnaa/if f lut rrro r? Knllr t li n rtAaf aIK/io Kll u I llOOa i affording an immense revenue to the government. 1 The manifest injustice on the part of the post of' fice, in refusing to take foreign coin, while Congress, at the same time, obstinately refuses us the 1 meuns of putting it out of circulation, should arrest the attention of some of our active members , of Congress, before the close ot the session. ' The people of New York are bound, for their > own convenience, to make every effirt in this matter, and should pay the government in "its r own coin;" and the refusal to tuke foreign silver, on business connected with the post office in this f city, makes out a prima facie case against Congress and the government. Those who live ? for half the year in Washington, and are convert sant with the ordinary mode of trade and business transactions, will at once perceive the fact, that - large sums are made by shaving operations there, f in consequence of the circulation of foreign - coins; and this affords a strong argument in ? favor of the general circulation of American s coin. But the glaring injustice which we have pointed out, as regards this city, should be prompt ly and efficiently remedied. > The recent conduct of Congress on the subject of a New York mint, is an insult to the great com, mercial emporium of the Union, and the perpetuation of this post office abuse, taken in connection with its many crying sins, is an aggravation suffi" cient to rouse up a whirlwind of public indignation against Congress in this community. We would ! urge this whole subject upon the attention of Congress, even in the midst of its electioneering speculations and rowdyism. The wrong, the injusI tice and imposition must be promply remedied; and we hold thut the current coin of the Union is a suf" ficiently legal tender at the post office, any law of Congress, rule, or rigid restrictions to the contrary notwithstanding. Give us a branch mint, or aboI

lish this post office abuse. "Cook it any way,'' 1 as Sir Giles Overreach says, even " without orders ' for the dumplin," and we maintain that the present ' impositions by the in this regard, are a 1 palpable violation of sound law and equity. Theatrical and Musical. Bowery Theatre.?An entire ebange of performance* will this evening be produced at thia favorite bouse. During tbe past week, the attendance has ' been very numerous, and it must have been a profitable time. With tbe well organised company which Mr. Ilamblin has engaged, be is enabled to present every kind of theatrical amusement, in a most perfect manner. Tragedy or inelo-dratoa, comedy or faroe?it is equally well done, and all those pieces, which, in r theatrical language, are termed -'spectacle pieces,'' are . produced in better style at the Bowery, than at any other theatre in the Union. The immense stage, and : abundant supply of magnificent scenery, (to which, by tbe by. additions are continually being made.) give . this house the pre-eminence over all others. To-night, : i two now pieces will be produced: The first is founded ! on the adventures of Gil Bias de Santillane. Who is ! there, who has not read over and over, the life of this moBt pleasing and lucky of all adventurers, from the ! time when be starts from his uncle's care until the | end of his career? From the title of the present adap tation. we are inclined to think it will embody his ear | lier adventures, and-'Gil Bias, the boy of Santillane," Sersonificd. as he will be to-night, by the charming lary Taylor, will, no doubt, become one of the most ' | popular of our stage characters. Stevens, Burke, I I Bellamy. &c.. will take parts in the piece. The other new piece is called "Jenny Lind," and will likewise > prove very amusing. Miss Taylor will play the part | of the Swedish Nightingale. The faree.of "Bambooz, ling" will be played previous to 'Oil IJlas" and "Jenny ' Llnd.-' ' ! Kibio's Theatre.?Although the attendance here is very respectable, yet, from the great talent engaged by the indefatigable manager, Mr. Niblo, wo are somewhat snrprised that the house is not crowd- , ed every night. Placide is generally aeknowledged to i be one of tho best comedians;?Chippendale, also an 1 excellent actor Sefton, the incomparable Jemmy 1 Twltcher, and Mr. Dawson, who is nightly eheered in I every character he undertakes?and though last not 1 1 least, the beautiful, accomplished actress, Miss Ilose , Telbin. who is a general favorite. There are but a few 1 of the rorji-t Hramatiijiit, and when it is considered that ; the amusements are diversified by the introduction of 1 | j light operatic sketches, in which Miss Brienti and Mr. 1 Manvers sustain the principal characters with great 1 , | vocalability ; surely this host of undoubted talent should be sufficient to draw the largest houses. Tonight an Interesting bill is presented: the drama of - The Village Doctor," the musical sketch of " The Sentinel," and the beautiful peice called " Napoleon's Old Guard." The performance of Haversao. by Mr. , Placide. and that of Melanle, by Miss Rose Telbin. are, in themselves, worth the price of admission. This is a strong bill, and no doubt will attract a large assemblage j Castle Garden.?This delightful place of resort, the true oasis in this wilderness of brick and mortar and hot. dusty streets, has been well attended during the past week. The performances have been of varied i kinds. Italian concerts, with all the most eminent performers, both vocal and instrumental, dramas, farces, ballad concerts, cosmoramas. he., have by turns been brought forward, and contributed the enter> tainment of the visiters. The proprietors are determined not to stop in their well doiag. but will go on as energetically as ever; and during the present week they purpose to bring forward many novelties. Herr ; Plinc, tlia mnat snlnndM nerfnrmer In Uia wnplA nn ft. ' tightrope, has been engaged: and the Interval! be1 tween the agreeable dramatic performance" will be occupied by bta unequalled dancing. It la really astoniehlng to wltneae the grace, aecurity and elegance with which be danceaon the alender rope, which, to a caaual obaerrer, aecma aoarcely to afford foothold enough for a fly. The very laughable farcea of the "Boarding School." and the 'Governors Wife." will likewire be played tbla evening; Holland, Nlckinaon, Mrs. Vernon, and the teat of the company, all appearing In the courae of the evening. Burtos's Theatrf..?Tbla beautiful theatre ia going ahead, in conaequence of the untiring ezertiona of the proprietor, in Relenting talent of the flrat order, and producing new drama." so often. To-night, the new farce of tho "Tipperery Legacy" will be performed for the first time. Mr. and Mrs. Brougham, the celebrated I John Dunn, an admirable comedian, as also an excel1 lent young actor. Mr. Raymond, will sustain the prini cipal characters. This will be followed by " La Rondija,'1 by Miss Anne Walters. But the prime feature of the evening will be the trnly laughable burlesque called "Lucy did Sham Amour." which was received with reiterated cheers on Friday and Saturday evenings. The manner in which it is put upon the stage does credit to the management . and the disarrangement of the music, as it is called, reflects great praise on Mr. George Loder. under whose superintendence the musicul department is placed We advise all the lovers of genuine mirth to see this piece, as it Is really , the best burlesque we have seen for years The mad scene alone, by Miss Chapman, is sufficient to excite j tho risible faculties of the most gloomy persons; and | her imitation of Madame Bishop, in tho beautiful melody of the " Gundalquiver." is really the most laughable, capital thing we nave ever heard. Christy's Mirstem.?'These philosophers have flnali Iv attained their last week here; and they will take ! the opportunity of individually appealing to the nubi lie. in the shape of a benefit, which several of them ! are to have during the week. O. N. Christy, the Immortal Julius of the parte, leads off to-morrow evening; and we thin* it but fair that, after all tha fun ha has created for his friends and patrons, they should return the compliment, and, by giving him a good benefit, enable him to bava a little fun on hia own ao count. io-nignv ? oni-riw programme win iw> prevented. Bas?a?i>'? Pasobama.- The exhibition of thin groat work 1* now eloped. It will be re-opened, however, on Wednesday next, and the addition of Banvard's new penoreaia of the Missouri river will make it doubly attractive. This new panorama haa occupied Mr. Hanvard for a considerable time. and. in accuracy and beauty of execution it la said to be quite equal to tho Mississippi one There will he a rush to see it. no doubt. Tm : Pavosama ov OtstliL Tavloh's Mkiican t ampaiow Is one of tho most Interesting and beautiful exhibitions that we have ever seen It is visited every evening by great numbers of our cltir.ens, and strangers who are visiting us. The gallant acts of old Rough and Ready and his army can be most fully appreciated by a view of this panorama. Charles Plhdin Titt and Mrs tieorge Jonc-. arc playing at the National theatre. Detroit. ^porting Intelligence. IImow Cotixsr., L. I.?Tsottiwo ash Racivo, To. | lav ?Two matches, of fi',100 each, take place tliis afternoon the first being a trotting match between two 1 "good 'una,'' and the latter a smart p.iclr.g mateh bo- j tween t.eneral Cass and General Taylor, fitTordlntf an amount of emusenieijt well worth witnessing. City intelligence. Tin Funeral or Another Volunteer.?The lost Md tribute of respect. via paid yesterday afternooo to the remain* of John G. Snow, lately returned from the war scene* of Mexico. Ho fought nobly in every bai tie, from the landing at Vera Crus to Churubusoo, 1 where he received a severe wonnd. He was one of : those noble spirits who defended the flag of hla country. even with bis blood, upon a foreign soil, and returned again to the bosom of his family, to breath bis last, surrounded by wife, children, and friends, lie was one of the number who last arrived, ' and in consequence of his prostrated condition, was conveyed to the city to the bosom of his friends. On Thursday last, so great was his desire to join with his comrades in the grand reeeption, that he prevailed . upon one of his friends to take him to Fort Hamilton, j that be might return to the olty with them ; but he was so much exhausted that it was necessary to take him home, as soon as the boat reached the city, where he died on Friday. An immense oonoourse of persons attended yesterday afternoon, at his late residence, in Attorney street, to join in the funeral train, among 1 whom were several of his late companions in arms ; but there was no gorgeous pageantry of music, and j officials with their staves of office, as on a former occasion. He was not an officer, and, therefore, his re- I mains were not respected by those who indulge in such demonstrations. But he was a patriot?a true lover of his country, and there were those who appreciated his valor. He is dead, but his name and deeds still live with every honorable patriot, and around that name is entwined a wreath of never dying renown. His remains were deposited with the usual funeral ceremonies, in a vault at St Stephen's Church, at the corner of Broome and Chrystie streets Inquests.-? An inquest was held, yesterday, at the Alms-house, on the body of an unknown man who had been found drowned in the East river. Another inquest was held on the body of a man named John Fenley, who came by his death in consequeuoe of injuries received on the head, by aocident. on board the steamboat Rhode Island. The deceased, it appeared, incautiously went near the crank of the engine of the steamer, while at work, and received the wound which AUHfiitrl Ilia rinatk Firs.?A Are broke out on Saturday night, in a bake-house, at the corner of 1st street and lid avenue, which was put out with trifling damage. A fire broke out yesterday morning, in the dry goods store of Mr. John White, No. 276 Bleecker street, which was not subdued until goods to tho value of $2000 were destroyed. which were fully insured. It is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary. The Weathf.r.?Yesterday was a most delightful day. The sky was clear, and a oool breeze from the south rendered the air balmy and healthfhl. The evening was fair as the morning, and gave promise of ? continuation of pleasant weather. Common Council.?There will be a meeting of both boards of the Common Council, at the usual hour, this evening; after which, it is probable, they will take the usual summer recess. False Alarm.?The alarm of fire at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, was caused by the burning of a chimney, in Christie near Division street. Police Intelligence. -4 Funny Jlflair.?On Saturday night quite an oxoiting alTair took place at one of our large und fashionable boarding houses, situated on the corner of Boaver street and Broadway, in which watch and murder were cried aloud, bringing the aid of ofUcer Collins, one of the vigilant policemen of that distriot. On entering the house, a negro waiter by the name of Jim Madison, commonly called Robinson, was pointed out to the officer as the offender. He was immediately taken into custody and conveyed to the Station House, and. in the morning, taken before Justice Lathrop, one of our efficient magistrates, located at the Tombs; and in the routine of calling the prisoners thus brought in by the police, the negTO Jim wsb called, and the Justice enquirt d of the officer what charge was preferred against ! him. The officer replied, that he took him to the Sta- I tion House on the night previous on a charge of being ! disorderly, but he did not see any one now to appear j against him. The magistrate then asked the negro, i (who waB rather an innocent looking chap, with a little lisp in hia speech, just enough to make him interesting.) what was the occasion of tho difficulty; and in reply he went on and related the following circumstances which led to the alarm of watch being called. Negro?Well, Judge, 1 'spose I better tell you all about it. Does you see, I've been with Mrs. Mix and jrip ?u u? muifr. i wans on tame, and does other things about the home; and last night Mrs. Mis said to me. after I had just washed out a few towels," Jim," Faid she. " I want you to come up stairs with me. and more some trunks out of one room into another." So 1 did dat, and soon after 1 goes to bod; andinthe night I was woked up by a a kind ol' whispering at the ciack of my door, and it sounded like a woman and a man. When I hoard dis, it a kind of scared me; my room where 1 sleeps is on the upper floor, and No. 1, and do two servant girls sleeps on the same floor in room No. 6. and by a kind of twist iu de entry, room No. 10 comes zackly next to my room. Well, Judge, alter I heard dis whispering, I thought it was some thieves in de bouse; so I laid quite still, when I heard such a cracking and snapping in No. 10, where Mr.? j (I forget his name)?one of the boarders, sleeps, just as if some thief was forcing open a trunk. ! Sometimes it would be louder, and some times not so loud, and so on, which so scared me 1 that I thought thieves were in de house sure. So I gets I out of bed. and on picking up my shoes dropped one on de floor, making a noise. Then I heard voices say, dat nigger's awake, and den I heard a whispering by women at the crack of my door again, say, " Oh ! he's awake; hehasseenus; we are found out." Some one said, den what shall we do with him; another one said, give him some poison, or get some fellows on the corner of the street to knock his brains out with some bricks. No, said a man. I'll fix him with a piece of cold steel. I meaning a large knife Dis so frightened me dat I felt sure dey intended to kill m ; so 1 fastened up dc door I as well as 1 could wid a chair, under the lock, and a 1 piece of wood besides; when the man came to de door snd said, you d?d nigger, open do door; dis I would'nt do; but sooner than be murdered, 1 opened the winlow and cried out watch, and hearing a loud bang at the door. 1 jumped out of window and landed on the paint store in Beaver street?foiling down three storicc pn de roof, cutting my hand, and almost broke my leg. ' I den got Into a small closet. When de M. P. come, he > lake me off; and dats all I know about it. Magistrate?Who are those young women who 1 sleep in room No 6, on the same floor ? Negro?One is de chambermaid, and the other is a maid belonging to a family boarding in do house. Maoistha i e?Do you know who this man was that wanted to give you some cold steel ? Negro?1 b'leive he's a student flroni Canada. Miumcri?Well, I don't see thatnny one appears Against you. therefore I suppose your story to be true, as you stand here uncontradicted, consequently I shall discharge you from custody; but let me give you a lesson for your future conduct. If you wish to keep out of difficulty, you must not hear so much. It appears in this instance that you have heard more than was intended you should hear, and from that fact it seems the trouble arose, and was the cause of your jumping put of a third story window, where you might have broken your neck. Negro?Yes, Judge, dat's a fac; and another time I'll keep dark, and won't say nothing. Magiitrate, (Laughing)?I guess that will be the most prudent course, and will no doubt b? the means jf saving you a broken head. There, you can go this time, and bn more careful in future. The negro :hanked the justice for his advice and liberation, and I eft the cfllirt with m. smile nn his sksns -nni.Gf.-nnn I Hohbed on the Battery.?Officers Cady and Gunning. ' >f the First Ward, arrested on Saturday night two poung men. by the names of John Smith, and John <utx. alias King, on a charge of picking the pocket of Slalchior Francis of a wallet containing $860 in bank 1 sills. It appears that Francis fell asleep on one of the senches on the Battery, and while thus in the arms of Vlorphens bis pockets were in the bands of thieves, rhe officers detected these two young men close by 'rancis when he said he lost his money, and arrested ' hem accordingly. On searching their persons no noney or clue to the same was found, as it is supposed ' he money was carried off by a third party, who was een to make his escape Justice Lathrop committed hem both for a further hearing. Marine Affaire. SrLK.miin Launch?Tin: Monster Stkamkr.?The uonster river steamer, four hundred feet in length, md now on the stocks at the ship yard of Mr. William J. Brown, foot of Twelfth street, Fast River, is to be 1 aunched at seven o'clock to-morrow afternoon She s the largest river steamer ever built, and probably rill be the swiftest and most magnificent. She is to be iropelled by forty-six feet wheels, and an engine of flf- ] een feet stroke. She is sixteen hundred tons burthen, ' md will carry, as a day boat, full twenty-flvc hundred pasrengers' The first steamer compared to her, is | ike a cock boat to one of our packet ships. This t earner is to be fitted up in a novel style, with a series 1 if splendid cabins, or parlors, so that parties of ladies ( ,nd gentlemen can travel and have their dinners < erred up d la Franjalte. There Is to be no table ['Aate. It is the intention to place this boat on the Indson River, to ply between this city and Albany, i t is expected that she will make the trip in six hours, ['his will enable her to go to Albany, and return on J he same day. We advise all, fond of such sights, to | ritness the launch of this monster. They can at the amo time see. en the stocks, the noble steamer now mllding for Mr. E. K. Collins' Liverpool line. She is 1 hree hundred feet long on deck, and three thousand ons burthen. Arrival or Troops.?The ship Toronto, 18 days [ rom Brazos Santiago, brings four companies, A., i 3., C , 1) , of the 10th regiment U. S. Infantry, con isting of nbout tWO men, under the command of Lieut. Col. Norvee, and arc encamped at Fort Hamilton. The men are all in fine health and j -ondition, and have brought the remains of Capt. I'ostlcy, of this city, now laying in state at the 1 ort; and also those of Capt. Collett, of New Jer- , ey, which will be4 immediately forwarded to his Iriende. The butanes of the regiment, (fi companies) under the command of Col. Temple and Major McCuity, having sailed in the ships l'hur alia, and (ieneral Taylor, on the same day with the Toronto, may be hourly looked for. There ure now encamped at the Fort, nearly 1000 men, viz., the 10th and 11th Infantry and 1st Volunteers. (?en. Patterson, at the Volunteer Banquet, on Monday, made use of a beautiful expression in his speech. "You presented me, fellow-citizens," siid Cen. J' , your brightest jewels;?1 bring them back to you, not encased in bl ight silver or fine gold, but in statues of bronze Beautiful sentiment !?Vhtlut'etphia Spirit of lite Timet, Ji'fy 29. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. Summary of La teat Intelligence. The long and anxiously expected letter Iron? Gen. Taylor, in reply to the notification of his no* ruination by the Whig National Convention, ha* at length been received. TheiGeneral accepts th* nomination, and expresses h s gr titude for the honor conferred upon him, but makes no pledge* to support any particular measures ol the party. The Hunker Democratic Convention assemble* at Syracuse on the 5th September, to nominate ft Governor and Lieutenant Governor. Some other items of interest will be found among our despatches. General Taylor's Letter to Gov, Morehead, ao? ceptlng tlic Whig Nomination for tlie Prest" deney, Philadelphia, July 30, 1848. 1 Hasten to despatch to you by telegraph, a copf oi' the letter of Old .Rough and Ready to Govemog Morehead, accepting tlie whig nomination for th? Presidency of the United States : Baton Rouoe. July 15. 1848. Hon. J. M. Morkiiead, Greenborough, (Guilford Co.) N. C. Sir?1 have the honor to receive your communion' tion of June 10th, announcing that the whig oonven* tion, whlob assembled at Philadelphia on the 7th of that month, and of which you were the presiding officer. has nominated me for the office of President of the United States. Looking to the composition of the convention and ltd numerous andpatriotio constituents, I feel duly grata* ful for the honor bestowed upon me for the distinguished ocnfidence implied in my nomination to the highest ofp flee in the gift of the American people. I oordially accept that nomination, but with the sincere distrust of my fitness to fulfil the duties of an office whioh demands or its exercise the most exalted abilities and patriot* ism, and whioh had been rendered by the greatest names in our history. But, should the selection of the whig convention bg confirmed by the people, 1 shall endeavor to discharge to discharge the new duties then devolving npon me, so as to meet tho expectations of my fellow-eltlaen% and preserve, undiminished, the prosperity and repu* tation of our common country. 1 have the honor to remain, with the highest respect, your ob't servant, Z. TAYLOR. Distinguished Arrivals?Important Political Movements, die. Washington, July 30, 1848. Col. Dominguez, of Gen. Scott's Mexican Spy company, is in town. He is a most warlike looking customer. Several Mexicans of his oompuny are with him. They are at the United States Hotel. Gen. Butler is also at the United States. Capt. Dan Drake Henne, distinguished for that lucky escape from Gen. Minor, is at Bluckwell'er. General Taylor's reply to the whig nomination is here. He accepts it, but says nothing of whin principles. His letter to the independent party ot Maryland says, that he did not authorise General Saunders to speak for him in the whig convention, but General S. having done so, he was compelled to endorse him. We understand that a letter is also in town f rom General Cass, pledging himself, if elected, to veto the Wilmot proviso. There is yet an effort to be made in both Houses^ for the territories. Hunker State Convention. Albany, July SO, 1848. The hunker democratic State Convention meet at Syracuse, September 5th, to nominate candidates for the office of Governor and Lieutenant Governor. Death by Lightning. Philadelphia, Julv 30,1818. On Friday afternoon last. David W. Gihon and James D. Campbell, of Philadelphia, were struck by lightning while lying in bed at the Jersey House, Absecom Beach. Mr. Gihon died early next morning, and was brought home for interment. Mr. Campbell lies speechless, but may recover. A child of Mr. Gihon was on the bed with its father, but escaped uninjured. The Jersey House was considerably shattered, and set on fire, but the flames were soon extinguished. Kevlews and Notices of Books, Ae. The absorbing interest of the late news from Eur ops,' and the claims on our space from the several Preside 11 urn parties si some, oavt compelled us to leave unnoticed for some time past the large mass of books, magstines and pamphlets, that now crowd oar literary department. We hasten therefore to dispose of them. 'The Constitution of thb United States or America"? by W. Hickey. Second edition. T. K. k P. O. Collins : Philadelphia. This is a book which should occupy a place In the library of every oitisea of the United States. The many eucowiums bestowed upon it by the present Vice President the Speuker of the House of Kepresentativos. the Chief Justices of the Supreme Court, the Associate Justice, and several other judges and Senators, each of whom are well qualified to form an opinion on its merits, stamp lb with an authority which cannot fail to procure for it a wide circulation. The Senate of the United State* passed a resolution last year, that 12 000 copiea of tha volume should he purchased for its use. and has than given the official sanction to its dissemination, and a guaranty for the accuracy of its information. No oaa can doubt the importance of having a full and accurate understanding of the American Constitution? that great charter of our liberties ; and from ths varied and accurate information concerning it in this book? the analytical index of its topics, so well devised and carefully digested in alphabetical order?and the several documents and tables, embracing the annals of tha Constitution from the first movement towards its formation in 1786, it may be regarded as a text book which can be confidently referred to in all eases which involve questions of constitutional law The voluma. is neatly got up, and the typography carefully executed. "Wilson's Business Directory ok New Yohk Citt"?H. Wilson, 40 Ann street. This little compilation appears to be got up with great care, and will doubtless be much appreciated by the business portion of the community. The publisher submits it to th? oublio, with the assurance that no pains or expenaa lias been spared to obtain full and correct information, and we have every reason to believo that he has been successful in these points. "Patent Office Retort eor 1817"?Wendell Sc. Benthuyren, Washington. The Annual Report; of the Commissioner of Patents, for the year 1847. will be found exceedingly interesting and instructive. It will be t.ceu by it that, the progress we have made in science and the useful arts during that year, keeps pace with thesp read of education and the increasing intelligence of our people. The number of patents applied for during the year was 1631, and the number ot patents issued 672. Many Di the rejected cases, however, where patents wero claimed for inventions or improvements, wero to be reconsidered. The patent office is. airreeablv to the in tcntioDR of Congress. a self-sustained Institution, nearly all its revenues being derived from inventors.? It may be truly regarded as the head and representative, to use the words of the report, of the Inventlvn genius and the industrial arts of the country. To any one of a curious and scientific turn of mind, the reEtorts of the examiner* on the various inventions and mprovements connected with agriculture, chemistry, household furniture, surgery.manufactures, steam engines. and navigation implements, tic he . must afford an inexbaustnble source of pleasure and instruction. The appendix will also repay a careful perusal. In addition to several interesting tabular statements eon ' nocted with agriculture, information is given of tha production of cereal grains in the United States for 1847?the consumption and surplus for exportation? demands of foreign countries?foreign oountry rival* of the U. States?aggregate amount of property, real and personal?and a vast compilation of valuable miscellaneous tables. " Thk Modkr* Standard Drama," edited by Johflf W S. Hows. Douglass. 11 Spruce street, New York.? This is the eighth volume of the modern standard drams It contains the following plays :?The Apostate, The Twelfth Night, Brutus. Simpson & Co , Merchant cf Venice. Old Heads and Young Hearts. The Mountaineers. Three Weeks after Marriage, tegether with a portrait and memoir of Mr Geo. H Barrett Koch of the plays Ip prefaced with a few critical remarks front Iho pen of the editor. This collection will be read with much pleasure, particularly the first play from the pen of the eloquent Richard L Shiel. This was Ihe tragedy in which Mr. Macready first won his way to the favor of a London audience. It was first produced at Covent Garden in 1810. and was the nrst original part the celebrated Miss O'Neill appeared lit on the London boards The other pieces are very popifTar, two of them being from the great master painter of nature, the immortal Shakspeare New York and New Orlkaiw arkoosnitcrko.? It gives us great pleasure to announce that the telegraphic communication between this city and New York, and, therefore, all the North, is completed by way of Montgomery and Augusta. The lirst message transmitted was the following from ihe agents ot the Crescent City in New York, which we have been kindly permitted to copy:? Nkw York, July 18, 1818 Mmsr*. J. P. Wiiit.vkv ft Co. -Yours of the 8th is received; also your despatch of tho llth. The ''recent City will leave here August 1st. for Now Orleans J. HOWARD fc CO. In the originnl this watt condensed into seventeen words; the omitted words supplied by u? were useless to ninke out the sense. This messnge wns received here about seven o'clock last evening, and we may presume tt to have been d livered at the ofiice in New York tlie forenon i of the same day. From New York to New Orl am by daylight! Instance uiul time are annihilated ?we have never felt this so completely an at t ,i* mcuicut.?jV O Picayiitf, JiUy Itf.