Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 2, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 2, 1848 Page 1
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TH f * NO. 5171. Ol'R CORRESrONDENCE FROM FRANCE. Paris, July 10, 1848. Pti??porti R*fused Lamar tint? kVKo it Retporui bit??Condition of Paris and France. It is said that Lamnrtine has asked for his passports, to leave the country, and that they have been refused. How much of truth there may be IB this rumor, is not yet precisely known. It is Mid that the government wnnt him to aid in accounting for the expenditure of the public funds from February 24ih to June 21th. I should think that government would also want some Information, from bath ths Executive and the Mayor of Paris, as to the Manner in wLich an insurrection was allowed to progress, and strengthen, until it became so frightful, and M v ell prepared. With a wall and a barrier round Paris, With every gate guarded^by night and by day; every per.-on who entered, examined, and a passport re- . quired; every carrlsge arrested, and the most minute inspection made; a police armed with power to visit Very bouse and plaoe of business; and guards duly organised to watch over the security of the city; and j nic pirm uuu luc lumiil's k,t1uK UMIJ OTIUBUru VI SO | appi 'aching itorm. ho that a stranger could foro*ee Ud foretell it;?under these oircuinaUnoes, one would naturally suppose that those in power had a good deal to-answer for, for leaving thing* to take their oourxe, and allowing the stotm to overtake them without any Jtinu of preparation, but to deHert the ship upon the first attack. 1 he public are looking with great interest for the report of the committee charged with in?uii*ng into the causes of the insurrections of May 6i)i and June 23d; and if that report be a faithful one. as there is reason to believe it will be, the public will then better understand whom to hold responsible for luch a calamity as has followed those two events. France nerds examples in high places, more than in low?the masses are the mere instruments and machines used. The great crime lies among men in higher places. who assume power, aud squander the public funds, and stand ready to desert the government, upon ' the first indication of danger, if they are not engaged actually in overthrowing it, or in attempts to that effect. I apply these remarks to no particular mau. but there must necessarily be many to whom the; apply; and I believe the public will insist upon uexample being made of those who are responsible , for uch terrible events. The Minister of the Interior bar ordered all the foreign legions in France to be dis- , sol-.id; and tbe Minuter of Justice, all persons to be rigidly prosecuted aud imprisoned, who have I not complied with tbe law. General Cavaiguao in- . tends to maintain the state of siege in Paris, until ! peace and order are firmly established, and the govern- 1 merit is in a condition to meet every contingency t which may ari'e At present all is in a process of in- ! relitigation and inquiry; the prisoners are but par- { tiaily examined yet. and tho dead hardly buried, ! and thousands, perhaps, are yet to be arrested, and these probably the most important, as being in the highest places. The men inarms were easily to he seen, but not those behind the scens, whe arranged tbcm, and sent them out to battle, i Yesterday, a professor in one of the colleges in tho i 12tl> arrondissement was arrested, said to be deeply | invi Ived. Indeed, as yet, it can hardly bo known ! Whether the court itself is pure which is to try tho ac- ! cused; for.no longer than last week, one of the reporters, who is here tho first man in the board of the triLunal for trying the offences, was pointed out by the insurgents as the man who had given them orders ; i to engage in the Insurrection. Society here needs, ! and's undergoing a thorough purification. General Cavaignac has a herculean task before him: but he is j surrounded by his old generals and companions In i aruns, who have with him, seen much hard service; and ' aided by M. Senard, and others, they are making thorough work, and. in my opinion, the guilty will find it difficult to escape them, or to deter them from doing tbe<r duty. Every day pubiie confidence is increasing with wonderful rapidity; indeed, the upward tendency is almost tso rapid. Dut society now feels as if it had an imcient Beau, and bad escaped being swallowed up in a volcano. OBSERVER. i Faris, July 10, 1843. Condition of the Prisons and the Forts?A Report? The Conduct of the Press?Isdru Rollin. Capt. Durand, of the 4th squadron of the National I Guard, and M. Lefeore, have been delegated to Inspect the prisons in a certain part of the city, j and some part of their report are worth translating for the purpose of giving an insight into these homes of the accused. Their reports are only imperfect ; but each one can draw his own impression front ^them. The prisons which they inspected were in the forts. It appeared that the first of the forts contained 1,504 prisoners; of this number 700 were known nominally, the others had been arrested under circumstances which prevented them flrom being known, as most of them were taken in arn.s. and duriDg the combat. The fort is commandad by a captain of the line, who performs civil and military duties, and who had conOned the prisoners under the quarry upon which the fort of Ivry stands, and which received the air through two wells, or air holes only ; but by virtue of an order of the health committee, the prisoners bad been transferred into the fort. Fort Montrouge contains prisoners who had been twice interrogated ; but they were a little docile. The regime is the same as at Fort Vanves which Is the best conducted The suburbs about the forts are filled with insurgents and badly disposed people, who, daring the day, oonceal themselves in tbo wheat, and wbo maltreated the soldiers the day of their visit, mad in the evening fired on them, the balls passing by their ears They recommend to explore that quarter. At the F'ort of the East, there are 700 prisoners not interrogated; and among these were a large number of lads from twelve to fourtoen years, whom the) had directed to be transferred to a seperate fortification, and treated with some care. After having visit(d many other forts, these gentlemen visited the Fort Vanves,where the regulations were exceilent. and which regulations they reoommend to be adopted in the other forts. In this fort there are twelve oasematis.or cells, containing a hundred prisoners each? five hundred of these only had yet been interrogated ; but the prisoners here have better provisions than in the other forts ; they have a peund of bread n day, >n<J soup and vegetallies, and only six were sick. Upon th? fp reports it ban been decided to send the courts _ of interrogatory to these forts, to complete the work * there, rather than attempt to transfer these prisoners to 1'arls for examination. Krom this short sketoh an imj rt salon can be obtained of the condition of ten to twelve thousand prisoners, and the labor of examining <, the in in reference to such a case as the insurrection ^ prconts. . And yet, in view of these facts, and of the I CXperienceoft.be past, the Rtformt, Lt Ptuplt Cumtilutt.l, and Lt Rrprtttnlanl Ju Ptuplt, aro as violent as any press before tho insurrection, or nearly so. I do not see why it may not he necessary, in case of further danger, to suppress them also. A revolution j atiis up society from the very bottom, and it requires a steady and a forcible band to hold the wioked and the ambitious in check until a new organization oan ? be made. , l.< dm Rollin. since his ejection from office, has been silent in the Assembly ; but ifthe Krformt speaks his t sentiments, they Indicate that the author of them is j ready for some interference, and highly displeased with . the piesent rigid discipline. Let no one suppose. I repeat, that a French republic is to be established and a ma utained during the first year of its exertions without terrible struggles, and more or less blood shed. But With firm men at the head, every t uoh contest will give new strength snd increased force to It; the people will rally round its standard, discover its weak points and im) i Mentions, and remedy them, and the public agitators will become dally to have less and less influence ovi i the public mind. The Provisional Oovernment panned a system to save France flrom troubles until thi Assembly should meet; but they laid the foundation for a struggle when it beoame necessary to apply the hand of restraint But the struggle was more deeper; to; the power of government was greater to control it after than before the meeting of the National Aset mbly Whoever supposes that a republic oan be estnhlisbed upon the ruins of a monarchy in Kranoe, or any other populous European country, without Jjlc d* lied, understands but little of lt? oondition. OBSERVER. Pabib, July 11,1W8. Jtnjx riant Human Movement*?News from the lml inn and Aunt nan For re*?The Sardinian Assembly and Ministry. The grand event of this moment is the entry Of tw enty-five thousand Russian troops into the Danubiatf principalities. The letters from Jassey, capital of Moldavia, announce that this entry took plare on the 23d ult.: that General Duhamel, Con- | bul General of Russia, gave the order, in conr -rt With the Turkish Commissioner, Talab Kffondi. being dissatisfied with the conduct of the Prince of Valachia, JBiMsco, who, yielding to the popular voice, had oonsent i d to give a constitution to the country, and had foraied a committee of eight members te prepare it. A part of the llussian troop* will remain in Moldavia, to suetnln the government of Prince Sturdsa, an instrument of Russia; the other wlM march into Valachla, to establish order there. A Isrge number of Boyards have vouglit an asylum in Austria avoiding this interven ion of the protectors of principalities This Russian movement Is sn important affair, for Both Turkey end Austria, and. in lei <1. for all Kurnpe ; for such a power as Russia?embracing 70,000,000 of people, ana as much territory n? all the other States of Europe- oannot take so important a step as this, without iillecting. and, perhaps, endangering, the interests of European States. At Vienna, the Council of Ministers have deoided to reinforce the Itsl'an army with 00 OOOmen: and emboldodmI bv bis recent niece.--, O'ca-ral lladctikl rpeaks Only or going U Turin to make kit terms with Chutes 51." - II I -J-ttSWJ- **> '*W - n .. K - .... J < 4 E NE MOKNING E Albert; end. unless the Italians adopt a Tory different system of conduct ft on that of last month, he Will maka good his promise. But Venice has become alarmed; and the Venetians hare raised a strong currant in faror of uniting themselves to Piedmont, and hare been taking active measures to this effect. At the same time that Charles Albert appears to have been putting bis troops in motion to or<>M the Adige, and to attaok the Austrian 'oroea. be has receired communications from the Venetians of their desire to annex themselves to his kingdom; and this may no* induoe him to put himself In motion to defend them. And at the Austrian treasury is in a deplorable condition?more so than her political condition?and as silrer has disappeared from the oountry, Charles Albert may be in time toiart himself and the oountry whioh has been annexed to Piedmont. From the position of the armies, at the latest accounts, it may be that ere this a decisive action has beeD fought near I.ignago The new Lombard regiments had arrived, and were ooneentratting at Cremona, and in flue condition. A letter, dated at Caprlno, announces tba a portion of the army bad crossed tho Adige. oppo ite Madonna della Cerona, and bad enoountored the Austrian* and defeated them. The Congress of Sardinia is in alli-nce with the ministry of Charles Albert, upon tho question of arranging the terms of annexation between Milan and Sardinia. The Assembly hare agreed, by a largo majority, upon an Assembly constituent, as Milan desires, to arrange those terms; and again, tho ministry desire the execufiwn nnwnw tn Kn owawo I a a/I ?"?< ! nt-J montese executive, until the meeting of the Assembly. Milan claim* that the members of her Provisional Government shall be added thereto, and the Congress has so decided against the I'ledmontuee ministry. OBSERVER. 1'aeis, July 11, 1849. Important Events tn Austria, Germany, ami Berlin. The opening of the National Assembly of the representatives of the people, at Vienna, will take place on the 13th instant. Already, two hundred or more representatives have arrived in Vienna, of which number are thirty-two from Clallicia, who, it is said, can neither read nor write, and lodge in two chambers in the soldiers' barracks. Count S'adin is in hopes, through the mlluence of these Gallicians and others, to arrive at the head 1 of the presidency of the cabinet, and to exclude J therefrom the Baron of Wessemberg and other liberal i members, and to construct a ministry countur-revolu- ' tionary, in concert with Count Callondo. But the ( unpopularity of these two gentlemen, in Vienna.would ( prevent them from long enjoymp the fruits of such a , victory. in the present state of the public mind. j In Hungary, also, the Diet will soon open their seedon; and the Archduke Ktienno has received full ( powers from the Emperor to exercise in his place, all , the rights which the constitution confers upon him? t jven the right to sanction the projects of the law The t Archduke John, then, ruigne at Vienna, and the Aroh- , luku Ktienne at Hungary. The Austrian government has recognised l^ueen j imwuu ui apaiu. rrance, men, ana Anuria are s "ricndly with the ruling power in (Spain; but England , las never been well pleased with her young Majesty. t 1'wo young ladies can't agree. What a pity ! They R ihould give them sugar plumbs. j The Prussian government 1b in process of forming t, mother new ministr/; and a proposition ban been in- v roduced into the National .Assembly at Berlin, as fol- t ows:?That the Assembly at Berlin does not approve _ )f the election of a Chief of Exeoutivo l'ower, who is [ sot responsible, nor answerable in unymaunerto the t Assembly; but that the Frankfort Assembly has no j need of the assent of the German government; and a .hat the Prussian government, therefore, cannot make r my reservatinns upon the subject. This resolution. ? f passed.will confirm the powers claimed by the Frank- t 'ort Assembly, to a great extent, although it will ex- B iress disapprobation of their proceedings, in one reipeot. it is very important, in both point? of view, md opens up to the public view a new chapter in tho , political history of Prussia, and indicates the political :ondltion of the public mind. The Prussian Assembly have also decreed, that any member who accepts any salary or place under the ;overnment. thereby vaeates his seat as a represent*- f tive, and the Assembly shall procerd to order a new J election. Step by step, tho Eurnpeau people are prozressing towards the extermination of corrupting in- 8 ttuences from tho government, and the acquisition of ( political rights. How interesting to watoh their struggles and their progress ! At this moment, most of the I leading minds in Europe, liberated, are turning their ( itteut ion to our country and government, as a beacon . jf light held up to the old world, to lead her out of darkness and misery. The United States, with her t stable government, rich country, thrifty population, t end national eredit four to six per cent above par, is * monument of glory and an epitaph of immortality ' to its immortal founders. * Besides the National Assembly, at Frankfort, there i a a body composed of envoys from all the German , States To them the National Assembly ha" officially :om&'Unicated their proceedings, in reference to the F Executive Power and Chief, who have transmitted the e 'ame to their respective governments The Assembly s now engaged in discussing the preamble to tho couititution. and the rights, of the German people * The Deputies of Austria, of the Hesse Electoral, and t )f the Grand Duchy of Bade, have resigned, (for what ^ eason does not appear.) and the Assembly have in- ( rlted the Envoys to invite their governments to pro- , eed to new elections to fill their places. The Envoys ,, lave decided to inform Charles of Bavaria, that cir- j umstanccs do not warrant his withdrawal of all his roops from the Grand Duchy of Bade; and that he ias full power to make such changes as he may j leem necessary. At the samo time, a note lias ?een addressed to the Federal Directory of Switerland, sent by our Envoy Plenipotentiary, and a imllar one.to the government of Bade. Through the F nvoy of Oldenburg, the committee lave introduced a resolution into the Diet of Envovs. 1 is follows : '-That under the existing actual cirouu- r tances. all the fuderal States, a here the measure has M lot been adopted already, shall giro notice of their efective military forces, according to the per ountago of ' heir population, that the same may he doubled In be course of six weeks," which motion, and the writ- ( en report accompanying it. hare been ordered to be irinted This does not mean France?for Germany ,, ias no fear of France?it means Russia, there can be ( 10 doubt?as a precautionary measure. It may also tare some reference to the increasing republican orces, in the different German States, and the enrtased boldness of their demonstrations?for although ill the German movements are liberal, making vast r trides in civil liberty, yet monarchist forms are preerved by the raling powers ; and there is, therefore, ( in increasing pariy. who are for overthrowing all ( nonarchicai forms, as well as spirit ; and adopting the , orm of government existing in the United States of Vmcrica ; but this party is yet in the minority ; ,11 hough it will finally swallow up the other ; and not j i vestige of monarchy will be left in the German . itates?but representatives must learn to read and rrite, before they will be well prepared to draft a re- . lublicnn constitution. Monarchies hold men in ignotiuce. Republics instruct them. OBSKIIVKR. j Paris, July 11,1848, The late Demonstration tn Paris atul France. ? Between two and three hundred thousand bayo- r lets arrived at Paris, from the country, during, 8 ind in a few days after, the scenes of the inaurrec- f ion, from every part of France; many of the bat- J aliens, however, travelled on toot, railroads ex- t sting but in certain portions ot the State; and ? lad it not been for the treachery of many prefects, ,nd other officers in power, in different parts of he country, and the telegraphic notioes. after the in- ' urrcotlon bad bren suppressed, probably 400,000 bayolets would have been in Taris, from the country, the ret week after the insurrection. Great numbers of bem brought their ammunition, olething, and a large I upply of provisions with them?and among the re d isrkahle events, too. was the bold and heroic manner n which all these men, thus hurried from home, rushed j nto the midst of the fight, on the moment of their arival at Paris, Many of them had large numbers of heir company to return dead or wounded, to their riends. In one ease there were five brothers In the ame company ; In another, a father and three sons, ine of whom fell at his father's feet dead, who, plaoing limin a place of safety, immediately returned to his I 0 wo living sons, and resumed the fight- the sons step- | pea nMiir, una viewea ine ueaa nroiiicr. ana aia inn >ame. The four days are full of suuli stirring incidents, h which would All volume* to detail accurately. All these troops have been reviewed by the government; given the post of honor ; treated in the most attentive and gracious manner,and every acknowledgment of gratitude made to them. They return happy, and satisfied with themselves and their reoeption ; and with assurances full of mean ng. that whenever their services are again wanted, they are held at the command of the government. Among another species of extraordinary ilevelopenient, is the extent to which the National Guard, of I'arls, have been engaged in the insurrection ; and the good faith and hero.em of t ie large minority that remained true, with treason all around them In that legion, the first, where I supposed there wero few Insurgents. eleven oempanles have been dissolved ; and 1,600 stand of arms found among those who did nat respond to the call of the drum Among M 000, eleven ci mpanles are a small number? but they are something All persons, respectable, bad been admitted Into the National Guards, and the tight was so terrible. find to many so donbtful the reanlt. that the neutral and timid conetl'uted a considerable number: all of whom have been alike disarmed The present guard is an expurgated edition. OBSKRVKR. Paris, July 11,18M8. General Duvivier?Some Inridenie? Fifteen Hundred Wounded idtU in the HetfntaU?Debate tn the Chamber*? Ireland. The recent death of Oneral Dnvivier has cast another cloud of sorrow over Porta?lie was so brave, be*0M tad gnmnm. Hat wound seemnd mill 1HMJJ?? W YC DITION?NEW YORK. to have been so trifling at first, that he was re. ported hs only slightly wounded. As he was standing upon the barricades, a ball struck the uppor part of his foot, carrying away a piece of hie boot, upon which the General remarked, ' Jt tun pique," and paid no more attention to it for some time ; and until hia military operations were closed. Ho then remained at the Hotel do Vitfe for a few days, without giving the proper attention to it; on going to hie house, be insisted upon walking up the five flights of stairs to his apartments; inflammation set In, the foot was laid open, and the pain became so horriblit that In-told the surgeon that he oould not long bear it; that the wound was altogether the less paiuful part of his system; the pain waa in his bead, hid chest, ami every part of him; ho was in tormeuts; and although temporarily relieved, soon fell into a fever; then into a delirium, in which state ho died from exhaustion The President of the Assembly, yesterday, announced that 1,6U> bundled men still remained among the wounded in the hospitals; and that they were rejoiced to see him and live other gentlemen, who visited and spoke te theui all kind words of tnoourgoment and a-suranee. France watches over her wounded sons, as a mother over her children. Two of the throe presses that I noticed in my letter of yesterday, wore suppressed yesterday; the Heformi yet escapes I haro not seen it to-day, but yesterday it was very violent. It seems aa if some of tiie evil spirit had entered into these men's hearts, and thoy conducted themselves more like wild men than like rational beings. Between flfty and one hundred morn insurgents wero arrested yosteiiiay, and 1 should not bo surprised if the number should tinally reach 18,000 to 20 000. The grand investigating committee have heen in session lifts-en days and there appears to be but little prospect of their coming to a close for several daya at least. The discussion of the constitution is becoming very warm, especially upon the question of one or two chambers ; and. strange to say, the most radical are arranging themselves in favor of the former; they can't keep the Kuglish House of Lords and the French Chamber of Peers out of their minds; and they modify the force of our example as far as possible, by saying that ours is a federative and theirs a coutral government.; that of our State governments they admit the numbers are gaining in favor of t wo chambers; but it requires time to change men's ideas and to remove prejudices. The idi a prevails that the two chambers might come into collision; that the Senate would restrain the free voiee of the people; and that the Assembly should have unrestrained power; they hare not yet had enough o its impatience and power to learn what a tyrant 1* may heroine But the promptness of the French As <cmbly in the hour of peril is remarkable; hardly two nlnutes were occupied in striking one executive out if existence, erecting another, aud clothing him with lictatorial powers; and but little more than that, in eceiving the surrender of those powers, and making liin President of the republic by a unanimous vote. Sevonty members of Parliament, 1 believe, or some >ther grave body, have informed the House of Cornnous that the clubs and pikes in Ireland are becoming laugerous to the peace of her majesty's realm; and the niniatera have graciously replied, that they will attend o tho matter; so, f suppose, more am to bo MitohulUed nd sent out to Bermuda. When thu Irish learn that t is a much shorter road to Canada from the United dates, than to Bermuda or their own couutry, they rill then begin to make the English respect and fuar hem. But the English have too many steam boats nd ships of war, to permit any body of " instructed rishmen," to return to their country in the present xcited state of Europe. There ought to be no delusion ipon this subject. Ireland's wrougs arc too grievous o be aggravated by exped tions which can have littlo Topped of success Tho vigilance of all tho counries in Europe now is exceedingly great; people can lot come anil go as they please, as in our country, til person are subjected to the most rigid examination; nd if there is any thing suspicious about them, or in espect to their purpose, they are imprisoned ; men rill be arresteu before they step on the shorn, who reurn to Ireland for wailike purposes?let there he no aisunderstaudisg. OBSERVER. Paris, July 11,1848. 5w ff/ts/i SI a ve Trade?Testimony of New Commissioners. The people of the United Stales, who have had o much faith in the English professions about the lave trade, may think it a little extraordinary that my one should dare to speak of the English slave rude; but in addition to the concealed and disjutsed traffic which they have been carrying on :ontinunlly, they are preparing, under the lead of he English government, to throw off appearances, and ? enter largely into tho business. Their sugar plan- i ation* want slaves to work them; and they are pre- I Taring to scizu them in Africa, and transport them rh?n they are wanted. The first public movement torardstbis end, was the speech and motion of Lord olin Russell, in raiiiament, to which I have called lublic attention. This has been followed up by spoechis fr?m other members; a vote of thu Iiouse, in favor f the measure; and now is published the testimony of n English commission, and the arguments of tho lommissioners, to prove that the English naval fleet, d?ich Miey made to much parade about placing upon I lie African coast, have r< illy iucroased both the mm- ! er ef slaves exporled, and the hardships and sufferngs of their conditions during tho voyage They ave examined thirteen Englishmen and one Amurinu. accoidiug to their account, all of whom they ay, are most reliable witnesses, to prove that untold iorrors have been added to the former sufferings of the legroes. in consequence of the presence of their fleet, ipon the coast? that no good, and a vast amount of { >ii i n." urru nunc i>j mr presence oi me II eel; ;uii . lint tlio trade in slaves has in fact Increased, and < nil not bo suppressed ! It is Kngland who first roves these fnrts and doctrines, and then attempts to ! npose upon the world. See the Examiner oi' this j reek, and you will there read a catalogue of crime that inkes the heart chill. OD.Ooo Africans have been ' ransported alive, and 40,000 died on their passage. I lead the account of their treatment, disclosed by liese Commissioners. Do the officers of the American avy corroborate this account' and if so, why have ' lie farts not before been made public? Is It true that ] he navy of the civilised world is not capable of doin; , tore than to increase tbu horrors of a passage, diiniution of food, drink, aud room? that piracy c.in exist, nd defy the world aud that men can persist in . rowing rich by the commission of such crimes and rutalities? And is Kngland to induce the civilised i orld to succumb to such a horrible system of piracy ' j an not pirates he caught upon thu African, as well as pon the Spanish coasts ? Is there any more difflcul- | y in taking them in one portion of the ocean than in ny other, or any such insuperable difficulty, as to ield the idea of making further attempts to suppress he practice? A tid because Kngland wants slaves iu er islands, she is ready to give up all attempts to | oppress a system, the horrors of which are not suita>le to he placed upon paper, to bo read by a civilised j 1 euinninity I call attention to the article in the > on den Exam inn- of the last week, upon this subject. | The United States and Kngland have a treaty upon his subject, which has cost the United States thelites ! naDy line officers and good sailors, and the govern- j lent a large sum of money; and if it has only had the Oect to increase the horrors of the slave trade, with- | ut diminishing the amouut of it, It Is an interesting act for the public and their representatives; and it is j singular fact, that Kngland has found this out, aud 1 voce (led to take testimony upon the subject, just at : he moment when she proclaims in Tarliament that I hese negroes are necessary for the cultivation of her 1 ugar plantations. OBSERVER. Paris,July 12, lsi4H. rtnict it United to Piedmont?Potxtionof Vhnrlet til i ir: r n ' - -- yiiimi ? J*ITIH u/ M-rutMI<t?mClUCHlt?unctriaintitt. Venice has finally, formally united herself to ! 'icdniont, and Charles Albert is now in a conition to contest the matter with Austria, without | aving his time occupied with political intrigues. Ie has lost the golden moment for forcing Anuria from Italy, probably from motives wholly , elfish; and from which condition he will find it , lay coat bim more blood and money to recover, than 11 he has heretofore gained In driving Venice Into his ^ ingdom?for if the union be not cordial, It will not be flong duration; and insuperable difficulties will rUe p in the path of ite execution. From some reason he as so conduoted as to lose the eonfldanoe whloh the urelgn public reposed In him ; and it is to be hoped, for lie rake of the Italian people, that he will not, in the end, iTove either incompetent, or traitorous. But I think list at this moment Austria Is gaining strength luder the auspices of the new arrangement*, which lave taken place in the Kmpire, and at Frankfort; .ml under, the inspiiatlon of her recent successes n the Venetian country; she is preparing to push her idvaotageg in Italy to the extent of her resources. I'be issue, therefoie. which was decided at Oteto and Vechtera. is to bo fought over again, under aircum tsnces vastly more favorable to Austria. This ad -antsgo appears to have been conceded to the Ausriens wholly through the fault or treaohery of jharies Albert. He had ample forces to have nreventod ht m unit to have pnehed bin < wn eucoeaeee, and wat idvlecd no to do by hi* able roiniat?r of war; but he ha* lone nothing except attempt a negotiation ; while hia idvenarj ha? boon winning poattioa after poaitlon. 'I he republican trouble* at Berlin are lnoreaeiug; ind the King hae manifeNted a deaire to leave B rhn mil retreat toward* the conAnc* of Kmala ; but to this lie advleer* and the people will not consent?they do jot like ?urh a proximity to Nicholas af It mala. Four mllitarr eeurt* were yesterday appointed to try nllitary offender*, consisting of one President and two iMOctate*. and they are to be put into operation forthnth, while the civil tribunal* pace upon thoeewhodo not belong to the military I yet feel uncertain nhetherany considerable maibei of men have been 'hot einre the suppresaion of tl>e ineurrectlon by nllitary order. W bile there are thnae who affirm I at large nnml era were tlu? rh??. there ara other*, mo appear tube equally weti informed, whe declare J**t none havw been shot suioe that event. In b?rtug 7 IRK I , WEDNESDAY, AUGUI I *11 her tho nue nr the other there would nm>in to be no doubt, if the statements were not in direct collision, j No official account has been given of any such pro- ' ] reeding; but I bad no doubt of the fact, until It hat J been so positively denied. This week I conversed with i

a gentleman who says that he stood by. and saw a largo ' numbershot: but he estimated the number so high that I it almost leads me to doubt whether the whole w?? not i an exaggeration. He declares that there have not been | less than three or fur th insand shot, while several t oilier National Guards have told mo of the numbers 1 fhol in other places; ono said live, and tha ether (if- ? teen hundred, one evening on the Champ de Mors, t besides several other squads; and yst ft is now f said, that nil this is a (lotion?others say so. My do- c duction from all this is, that several bodies of men e have been shot; but tbat the number has been great- it I ly exaggerated; and I am induoed to think, that the ti number ef killed and wounded may have been over- G estimated, th?ugk the world will never be in formed; and we miyht about as well estimate tbe leaves destroyed during iv lire in the forest as the men injured in this t| contest, both sides conceal all that is possible; ouly 0] those are public who are carried into the lioanitaU. ^ Should there be another insurrection in Kranee, I jj think it will show itself in the interior at the snms time that it doc* in Paris. It is not probable that ^ there will l?e another one so grave, but there are yet S( spirits not satisfied; and that th>-re will be more attiuipls, I have little doubt. Vet, it is to bo presumed _ Hint the government will bo strong enough "promptly J"j to resist them, and to punish their authors. . OBSERVER. " 1'aiu.s, July 13,1S18. ci Cholrri: in Kvsr.a?Artwi mrnt of Rumia?Europe tl alarmed about her Purpose?Suppression of the 11 Reformt?The necessity for such measures. i j, The cholera has broken out with a good deal of ti violence at St. Petersburg, and in the country, and it appears to be rapidly increasing, and creating a l>< great deal of alarm. There had been more than J." 1,000 deaths out of 1,500 cases, and the patients in generally died in two to four hours after an attack, j J" We have information Irom Bucharest, that there is a panic there ; that the public tribunals have been id closed ; that the Piince and Princess have lied, and all the people who were able to do so. The ^ latest date* are June 28tli. Earlier da tea announce, K that univernal military preparation)) were in operation; (lJ that ail l)ui munitions anil arms that hail been aoou- jj( mutating for twouty-five years bad been forwarded to Jn Dancbnurg, Viowne, unit Riga, where thero were also jj( depots of arms. Russia lias manifestly some important enterprise in contemplation ; whether it is to crush | Turkey, and possess herself of her pr .vinces; or to enter Germany, and make war upon tho Confederation; P1 or to put down the Germau people, and restore tho s,: diectation of Austria and Prussia; or whether it is to !il plaoe herself in a position to stir up tho Sclavs coun- el try, divide the Austrian Empire, and create an Empire a Selnve. under the protection ot Russia; or whether site intends to enter Toland. and make her bound try R to the Rhino ; or enter Austria, and from thence go tl into Italy, to restore Austriau ascendancy, and put w down French influence?these all seem to he mat'ers c? of uncertainty?alt probabilities?some of timm strong ; probabilities Certain it is, that liberal Europe is dis- 0) quieted, in 6ceing tho immense military preparations of Knssia. cv Yesterday the Government of Franco suppressed the Ktfmme. The Rt/'urtne copied the same artiole for wh icli the Rrpreientanl du I'eujile, had been sup- p, pressed Fourteen presses have now been silenced j Cf since tlie commeneement ni the insurrection, and rH during the state ot siege which still exists ; and this gfl would seem to be an atrocious act. and it is und'-ubt- jj, edly one of great power but the existence of society itself depended upon it. The best papers suppressed "j" advocated the seizure and confiscation of one-third ; ,j, of any man's income, and a division of it auiong the masses. This doetiine was pressed to such an jr extant upon the public mind, through tho press and ' the clutis, asserting f r a basis that all property was a robbeiy. marrisge a monopoly, and family a house of "" stitutiou, that tho ideas of the mare degraded portions of the community had become so wild, as to ! r!t amount to raving insanity per fee c madness, and to ; " place such a press daily into their posses* inn. was like 0,1 putting lire-arms loaded into tiia hands of maniacs, j .' and setting them loose, upon society. Proudhon. wlio aci wrote the article, is a Representative, elected to till ' in one of the vacancies. It has Iv en said, that the Gov- I we ernment bad determined to apply for aut hority to tho he Assembly to arrest him ; but it has not beeu done. In judging, thereforo, of the acts of the Government, p, nue must consider how much blood has just flowed in ,,, PHris ; that the avowed obji ct of the :n-urgHnts, displayed upon their flags, was pillave and rai>e, and the ^ erthrow of so ciety ; that through the influence of jyp forcigu gold, and tiiis class of the press, the convicts and public women were placed in the front rank, and that every political consideration, of a temporary ohsracter. at least, must yi?ld before such a promise as these circumstances produce. My letters show that I am no monarchist, 1 think?no frimd to usurpation J.*'1 of unnecessary po ers ; but I feel that there is a necessity in the courso that the Government is adopt- I" ing. and that thero is no choice left to tliem '' hli.il all private property be destroyed snddivlded ?* and women of virtue trampled under the feet of con, 1 victs. and degraded by them I or shall the government ye su| press the pre*fcs that advocate this doctrine, and Its if need be imprison the authors ? Theso are the alter- me natives I go for a strong hand to the extent of the ed necessity, and the Government does not appear to me tia logo further. The examining committee lias not yet j closed its labors ; arrests arc daily made in Inrge num- ;H , hers, and many of thrm in high places cjt OBSERVER. 1 Paris, July 13,1SW. ?tn The Lot est News. tri( The English commander despatched three ships 6 of the line from the Levant to the Illack .Sea, " ^ upon hearing that Ilussia had sent her troops into trit Moldavia. Whether this is for the purpose of jj protecting the Turks, or lor being in a condition c o divide the spoils, remains to be developed. u"' Ihe liberal press in Europe has become very se- trit vere upon Charles Albert, for his recent conduct. '> lie lias lost the confidence of liberal Europe ; and if be now wins, it will only be regarded as the battle ot cot tbe Italian people against tyrants, but that the man 7 it their In ad is nearly as selfish as the one to whom 9 they win e opposed lie has coolly atoou by and allowed Gri IKD >|11|>V|1>||1> uumn nuu mrin lu I till mill lllf IIHIHI- J Dt the Austrian* for the purpose of driving the Vone- j t'.an* into hi* kioKdi.ru, when he had uniter his commaud the Italian forces from all the Italian State*. ] and was ae inuoli bound to provide for the security of ] one State an auotljer. He appears to me to havo for- *tr< feited hie honor ; but circumstaucoa hereafter to bo ] develop" d. may relieve him from his present position 1 before the world. For a man who began so wall, it is ftri lamentable that he should have done anything to 1 juslily the censure now heaped upon his head, and to 1 all appealancea very juetly 2 General angai nier has reprimanded one hat- etri talion of iufamry, and broke one colonel and five 2 captains, and dissolved their companies, for surron- 2 dcring to tho insurgents. He t< id them, that French trii soldiers should know how to die for their country, but o net to suircnder under sucli circumstances. Tho 2 troops of the line. Guard Mobile,&c. uu duty, and to 2 be instantly employed, amount to about HO noo in Paris, 2 and I think they are needed Evidently, there is a 2 niass yet of combustible material, that needs to be 2 hatched ; and that there will be every species of at- 2 tempt to destroy the principal members of the gov- tlif eminent, the members of the Assembly. Sic , there is 2 no doubt Kven night before last lltWWl CswlglM sidi had notice of an intended rising; and preparing to L deteiid himself and to attack the euemy, his forces j yes came upon mo insurgents rc a no tit one o ciock at i ami night, .mil arrested them anil their preparation*. Klo But in several place* are found thrown aiuong the < fall workmen?fiO franca for the head of a Guard Mobile. 40 1 ft o for roidit r* of the line. .'10 for a National Ouard, and nga 20 for a tJuardlan da I'ari*. Who pay* these fundsT 1 bio Under such ciroumstances, we shall bare to be under a j fur severe regime for month* to come, and take care not I to bo out much in the availing*. These nightly a-sas- i j finations are the most horrible, though not very frn- ' [||( quenl ; hut they endanger every person'* life, more or less, a* they expose him to be mistitken and to aoot- ,, dent, Guards must defend themselves; and only a ') few evenings sinoe, one of the late Secretaries of the i'"1 Chamber was shot very badly, on the Place tie la Con- an< corde. by a guard, through mistake I,et those who eel, call General t assignee a dictator, understand the oir- atn cunistances stid the n< resettles, mid no honest man w |j will apply that language to hiun lie gives every fa- gt,f cllity and prams every liberty, that is consistent with . i the security of society from pillage and violence But . when overthrown dynasties, foreign agents, and the J" dlsaffeoted at home, monarchists and anarchists, aro employing assassins, convicts, and uianiacs, to |"*1 overthrow society, severity is a mercy , and the good die will gladly Fubmit to Its rules, for the sake of the senu c>H rity it affords Under the present government, there is no danger for France from either anarchy or ar] tyranny and that Is the identical difficulty with those who complain. The mail closes to day, and you will . nr>t hear from me again for about a week ; but let the American people rest assured that a power now exists ef) which will control France, and hold the wicked with a w< tight rein ; that if there are struggles, the govern- Wil no nt will triumph and punish, and that the resolution wl of the K.xecutive is as Inexhaustible as the funds em- na ployeJ in tim work of wirkedrvM OBSERVER an Riot lit AijLRqhany Crry?Alleghany city has been tire scene ol great excitement all day, in consequence ot a riot among the tnctory oiieratives. A strike had taken place to tore* the mill preprie- n)| tors to let tlie ten hour-law go into operation. t|)| ^nme ol the operative* hud resum* d work in the Pennsylvania mill, not withstand ing th? owners re- j fused to grant their demand, and inconsequence, i the other malecontenls attacked the mill, hruke the on doors and windows, and tiu.dly dispersed the pu shenli'aposse called out to represa the outbreak. Je Tht slieiifl and several ol the police ollicers, and ( olh< r jiersons, were hadly hurt. The operatives s appear to have gained the day, and tears are en- ^ ali i d that they will proceed to turtlicr violence. " They are now in poaseaaim of tha taatory.?Mi*M. Oar. PUUtmrg Adf St. ^ IERA ST 2, 1848. City j th Bowliko Ohkbn Kounrain.?For some tinio i past the Crotou water ban not Iwen allowed to full ! over the high pile of rook in the Howling ilreen, and I e place now preteat* a moat miserable app,-aran?*. The ba*in is tilled with a kind of Ulthy green eliuie, loin which weeds are growing rendering It unplna<aat ind disagreeable. Thin fountain in in nue of the most luhlic sections of the oily, and conetantly exposed to he view of at rangers, leaving the city br the Kastern toats ; and its present oondition most certainly r?lects great discredit upon the city It may be that be Crotoo river in Ki tting dry, but that in lotprobable, rom the tact that there la sufficient to water aim oat cry street in thn city, from morning until night, very day. Tiiara la vary little uaad for thn fountain* I i> thn I'ark and Union square ; and there must carlinly ba enough to dampen the rook at the Bowling In an occasionally. ' ] Fii.tht STRrtTs.?The complaints about flltby 1 , rents ara common as ever. and it really does seam 1 fat it will never bo any better The eastern section I 1 r thn city is in a most deplorable oondition, so far as j ] eali h is concerned, and it seems as bad, if not worse, | i those streets up town, where the population is ,>arse than in the lower part. Kleventn street, from ' venue B to thn river, is sufHoient of itself to generate j < <me dire epidemic or contagion; for those who are in J | te habit of breathiDg only tolerably pure air. are un- j < ilting. from the stench, to pass through it a seoond , me; and It is the same case with many of the streets F Ijacont. 1 here are several streets, too. in the very j ( untre of the most densely populated portion of the i c ly, Anthony, RThomas and Churoh streets, In a I | lost filthy condition; and the heat of the suu, after f te recent heavy trains^ makes it doubly worse, from J j te fart that there seems to be a decomposition of ull t te matter in the streets, and the sun of every day i r ut iPitkcH it worse and worse The city is at this 1 ? nie exceedingly unhealthy, and if there is not mora n ire tskeu to keep the streets in a cleanly condition, j, is impossible to surmise what may be the result s for** th? HUmiDAP ill Thu uftnnarvliAWd Kma J cime infected by tho efHuvia which in constantly ! w sing There ban been a great deal said about allow- n ig im pl ants to land in the city, from fear of oon- J f, iglon, while it would appear, nothing is feared from , cal causes, which are indeed uioat to be apprehended. ,j Iti* maim o?- Cavtain Tiiomas Posti.kv ?The re- ; o sins of (.'apt, '1 h< inhs I'ostley. wore, yesterday after- c oon. brought to the city from Fort jiainiiton. under > cort of tho National Greys, Captain Itay nor, accorn- t in led by a band of music. They were conveyed to ** 10 Arsenal yard, to await the arrival of the remainder the 10th regiment of regulars, from Mexico, to which : was attached. On the boat, in which were the reaiiifi, approaching. llio n venue cutler, lying in the ly, lowered her colors to half-most, and fired a salute 'minute guns. The Weather.?Yesterday wan abeautiful day, and eeted with p ensure by all The warm rays of tho in were wi loomed aft'-r the ohilly blast from the oast, 3d the fashionable thoroughfares were crowded in rery part. The evening was delightful, and indicated continuation of fair weather. The Benkeit or the Volunteers.?Tho steamboat utfalo will l>e run to the Fishing batiks to-day, for ib benefit of ihe New York volunlocrg. It is a praisoortby act and should be patronised by every one who in spare time to go ou so delightful au excursion. Audi 11 ion Kejoicinh Mkkti.nu.?The abolitionists the city held a meeting last night, at the Wesleyan mrch in King street, ill commemoration of the rent i mancipation of the slaves of the West India I?ud* The congregation was a medley of colors, t ough but fur in itit-ndmice There were several ? id addresses. in which the slaveholder was donoun- ( d as a murderer; but the principal feature was the si lstug of funds to assist an escaped slave from the -] utli on bis way to Canada it wus asserted that the 1 usilaii slaves, who escaped from the F.ldridgelstrout r< il. are at the island of St. Domingo, and are constant- w prayingfi r Mr. Smith and the others who assisted em to escape; and from tho way the pronoun we tc is used, it is probable there were some in that meet- hi g connected with that affair. tl Ur.ncrK Street?This street has become a great [lrouchfnre. and is more travelled by night than any eet in the city; yet it is tho darkest part of the LD y '1 he question is daily asked, why is it not light- I " wiili gas? Wil^atiy member of the Common Coun- ? ask the question? Sad Accident ?A little boy, named William Flood, i rideutally fell from a new steamer, on the stocks, ! j,| the yard at the foot of Stanton street, by which, ho .s so seriously Injured, that ho died in about two . tli iurs after. lltin Ov eb.? A boy, named Michael Pembroke, aged i n years, was run over by a hack, on Monday after- I w ion, at the corner of barclay and Greenwich I w reels, by which he was very mueh injured ? ' a hey, ni-mi-it HCoUey. -aril eW Ut j-mm, wwo run nrrf iii.day aflernoon. by a grocers' wagon, in Delancy Cf reet, who war also, very seriously injured. \\ A Piiik Kiuht Srorrr-.n ?A couple of the pugi- tl tic gentry, repaired Monday afternoon to Thirty- ' 01 tond street, near Oth avenue, for the purpose of n -ting their science; but just as the ring wan about K rmmg Ihey discovered a posse ?f pelioemen. which ni it an end to the affair. They will probably have it 1? t s< me other time, beyond the reach of the knights j cl the "stars d< Fire ?A Are broke out about half past four o'clock, '' rteruay morning, in a large building in thorearof ' Attoi ney street.occupii d by John Conger.as a wood ulding factory? the contents of which were destroy- 8f The building belongs to J. Hitter, and was par- i * lly damaged. I ?? .ist or Fines Occurrino in July.?Tho following i correc t list of all the tires which ocourred in the y, during the month of July. st. Three story brick, e.orner 1st Aveuue and Oth I set; trifling. ?< d Two story frame, 18th street and 2nd Avenue; \ llr I1DK- n th Two story brick, Bowery, near Walkor; coapral'ie. J" lb. Church in Prince, corner of Marion street; I _!! ling. ' lb. Wood shed, 728 Water street; trilling. ?i th. Two story wood, 128 Delaucoy street; trilling ' th. Three story briok, 17th street, near 16th Are- h, s: considerable ^ th Wooden house, rear of 219 8th Avenue; *! 1ln,f th th Wooden house, on Bloomingdale road; de- , >yed. _ln, th Two story wooden, 43d street, near East river; ,,i iMdcrnble. th. .Stable. 27 Sheriff street; destroyed, th. Two story wood, corner Horatio street and '' i wwich Avenue; considerable. ' t 3th. iSniall wood house, 220 16th street; destroyed. I tf. Cib. Several wood houses, 16th street aud 8th i inue; destroyed 4ih. Four story brick, 86 William street; trifling ! th. Two story wood, corner Madison and James , ets ; considerable 6th Three story brick, 266 21st street ; trifling. 9th. Three story brick, corner Market and Water S, cets ; trifling 9th. Stable rear of 93 Sheriff street ; trifling. J tttb. Two story wood 107 7th street ; trifling. J 1st. Three story briok, Vesey, near Greenwich pet ; trifling 1st Ship Jrno, foot of Carlisle street ; trifliBg. 4th. Two sti ry briok 17th street, near 8th arcuue ; iiog. b' th Stable in 11th str< et, near 3d avenue ; trifliug. 6th. Two story brick. 4 Hamilton street ; trifling 7th Two story wood 65 Itoade street ; trifling. 7th Three story brick. 63 Bowery ; trifling. "? 7th Wood house in 00th street ; destroyed. co1 81h Wood house rear of 119th street ; trifling. ?h !uh Two story brick, 1st street and 2d avenue ; v*1 ling ch 9th. Tbreo story briok, 276 Uleecker street ; con- <" stable. Ieaih sv a Fall.?Coroner Walters held an inquest . Wrday, at No. 72 floerck street, on the body of a ill boy, of seven years ot age by the name of Wm. H. od, a native of Ireland, who came to bis death by ; Ai tug dowd the bold of a ship, lying in the Kaat river. te t of Stanton street, striking his head in the fall . dnst a piece of timber, and from the effects of tha ! _ w he died In a few hours afterwards. The jury rant d a verdict aceording to the above faots. i Audacious Attempt to Shoot a Man on th* ^ ' uiiway.?On Saturday last, at about half past 8 o'clock in the afternoon, as Mr Henry F. to de, of Newton Centre, was proceeding home, cr having sold a load of vegetables inthis city, i had reached the edge of New'on, he perceiv, a tew rods ahead, a well-dressed young man 1 nding at the side of the road. This young man, , io could, Irom a sort of hill upc n winch he was, '-1 ' both ways, after gazing all around, waited unMr. Hyde had got within a few feet of hun. I icn he raised a mstol, took deliberate aim and | In. icharged it. After the disetiarge, the ruffian, be 'reiving that he had not effected his purpose of hi ablirig Mr Hv<le, took to his heels ana made /f in the direction of the city . At the time of the 'charge, Mr. Ilyde was sitting with his arm rnss liis breast, sunoortllltr bis t-inn. The wrist teived the ball, which wiw undoubtedly intend- , lor his breast. It pierced through two thickness- , of coat and two shirts, inflicted a slight flesh j >and and lodged in the cuff. Afterwards, the ; , aiding was found on the ground, near the spot ' ieie the pistol was discharged. Mr. Hyde had a , rrow escape for his life, and cannot conceive y other motive for the attempt than robbery.? i thinks he has seen his assai. ant in this city. fr carriage was a little way ahead at the time, but is concealed Ironi sight by a turn in the road. m together, it was the most audacious attempt at t |{ uder and robbbery we have heard ol tor a long f| ue.? //cstcri Evening 7Vovtlirr, J<dy 31. IS llnvtmrnla of Distinguished Individuals, J" Guilliuimc Tell l'oiissin, Knvoy Extraordinary (I Minister Plenipotentiary of the French Re- , hiic to the United .States, arrived in Phila- 'a lphin on Monday. Colonel Demingnez, of (irneral pott's Mexican ? v Company, with several of his companions in v ms. are in Washington city. ( i Caftnia Dm Dim* ifwn* u ?U* ia Wuhinf- mt city. *a -. h . i. i i i LD. TWO CENTS. Intelligence Union Coutu, L. I - Tiiottinh mn Pjvsir.ti. ?Not wnnMauujng lbp psciodteaj excitement# political, financial. nnd religious- which, from tima to time, serve to attract the attcntkpn, and distract Ihaala4fc of the great publio?there ia one passion, ad*rt all other*, that seems to survive all ahocka -all vweahations - and even to riae with fraah vigor upon t.%?<*ourrenre of every new topic of popular conHid*ro?dam. Yea,? whether we hare ju?t reoeived Home gloriona at WO from Mexico or whether an upheaval of tho m.W* narchie* of Kurope liaa taken plaoa?whether tha cause of republicanism ia progressive, or the dleeneee of the potato limited? whether an astounding develop* uient ban transpired in tlie political world, whloh, emanating from force cunning knave, exoitee eureae and groans, prayer* and maledictions, Just as It hay pen* to meet the politioal predileotion* of dltfarent partisans?whether some new light haa burnt andienly upon the morbid imagination of aome devout idberent of Kourierism, socialism, or folly, leaving ia ts train bliudnoHH, wickedness, and ruin? whether general Taylor dee* or does not write hi* letter* vhether Van Buren ia Hincere, or simply amusing himelf in a game of opOHRtim playfulness?whktber (iea. 'ass broke hia sword over a leg, or over the British ifticer'e head?whether bloodhounds were Introduced nto Florida to worry the iudiaus, or merely to dad lut their hidiDg pi toe* whether the new presses of th* irrald vie in speed with the velocity of the tbua lerlott?or whether green pea* should be eaten wi'h on at beef or grteu turtle soup? yos, whether an/ or II of these tremendous incentives to infatuation inlame the pub<ic mind, eoileotivuly or separately, eoaDintly or disjointly ?there is one uxoiteraent ?oil musement? one infatuation, which, in fair weather r foul, whether people are in town, or drinking naaty ater at the ttpriugs?that never fails to attract it* i< dictiin of publio attention : and that ia, the paasioa >r racing in all its phases Ou Monday last, notwithstanding tho lowering and amp it ate ot the weather, a number of the old patron* f the turt were at their posts to witness the sports k* ouie olT. The tlrst engagement announced, was * r.?af /.t. k.Uc. I. - III ' - ? ?' ? ? v-oi" " r." .1"min'r, anil u ni. ueoepion. for $200. two mile beats, in harness, which, how. ver, after preliminaries bud been (one through with o ensure a successful issue. waa declared off. the owner >f the latter paying forfeit. The usual exhibitions of lisrontmt upon such vexatious termination* of nalchea. were visible in all direotiena, and curie*, ' loud .lid deep," were lavished on the owner of Deception. V calm of the passions eoon followod ; the Hummona 'or tho horses in the pacing match being promptly ;iven, which wan luile heat*, for $200, under the svlllu. The contestants were named after the two eeU>iated raceia that are now in training for the great irerideiitial content, to take place in Nov-mber, flan, ana and (Jon. Taylor; and tho spectator* Neeined to ot their political preference* overbalance their judguent in horse flesh, Taylor becoming at onoo tha avrriie. at 100 to 40 against Can*, at which odd* eonidcrable alakes were poatcd, and large amount* loat. Jen. Cass won in two atraigbt hcata. with the greatest u?. tint Utat ? The liorsea were mounted by two eoleiratcd riders, liartine on Cass, and A. Conklln on ay lor, the letter on the Inside of the track. They amo up at a rapid rate, with their heads together, and be word was given. Caaa took the lead on the turn, nd opened a wide gap to the quarter pole, paasiag bcro four or five lengths in front of Taylor, in 3T rounds. Down the back stretch he maintained hU peed, and was farther ahead than at tho quarter, 'line, 1:18. There was little variation of position mud the lower turn, or up tho home stretch. Cass on the In at by thirty yards, in 2:45. Sec mid ll-at~Al the word, they started again, wel >get her. but ere Taylor got round the upper turn, h* eke. and fell off two or three lengths, Cass passing is quarter pole that distaiico in front. Down the ick stretch to the half. Cass continued to increase a space between him and Taylor, passing that point l;20t? Itound the lower turn Taylor made a burst r a close, and succeeded They came on the horns retch side end side. A struggle for tho load followed, it 1 ay lor hreeking up, Cass came home about three ugths ahead, in 2:44)4 To morrow, at the Union, two matches will take aeo between four splendid horses, for $1200, and mslderablc speculation has already taken plaoe on io result. I'*cind at Saratrua, July 20.?A matoh of great tcrest came ufT to-day over the beautiful oourse hicli is situated about, one milo from this village It s? a peeing match best in live, free for all horses, for purse of $50 offered by the proprioto s. to go under l< saddle. 'I be borers aUsrrtt nd %o i.ta. l <rrm the lebrated nags called Jami * K. I'olk, Villago Boy, 'estern Drovier, and Doughnut The consequence wag lat 1 here was a very large attendance ol spectator* i Ihc ground, there buiug a general anxiety to witess the performance of a horse so celebrated at James I'olk. But that. nan. to tlie chagrin anil disappointcut of many, (lit) not nppear; and only the thro* ,i-t nanit (1 horses showed for the purse. The day wad lour and beautiful, anil the traok was in brut-rate orer. The odds were In favor of Village Boy Kvery ling being in readiness tho horses were called up foe 10 Pint Heat.?After one false start they eamo up toihn lore very even, and at the word ' go" they wont off at tremendous puce, Village Itoy taking the load Here the horses reached the quarter pole, Western DrtK it broke up and fell olf several lengths; but he revered very aoon,and succeeded, after a hard struggle, regaining hla former position, at the heels of Village y Doughnut broke up Immediately after beiag seed by Western Drovier, and his chances for the at were gone. From the three quarter pole to the aw gale, the atiuggle between Drovier and Village y for tbc heat was very spirited and exciting At e diaw gate howevel, Drovier, being forced too hard, oke up. and the heat was won by Village Boy, by ten rd*?time 2:36. Second Heat ?The second heat was ono of the isest and most exciting that was ever witoesaed upon y track in this couutry. It was also a very q.uiofc at. as will be seen. The horses name up well fur the irt. and went away at the top of their sp.-ed. Westa Drovier, in faot, made n terrible brush from s score, and succeeded in taking the lead beh going one hundred yards Me was, however, llarcd at the quarter pole by Village Boy, who seemdetermined not to give up the heat without a strugTliese horses remained dead locked from the first arter po'.o to the draw gate, neither being ahlo to gain y adviininge over the other Duughunt having broke . as usual, was considered nowhere ; Village Hoy and ovier came up the last quarter a' a wonderful pace, d the contest between them for the heat excited the sctntors beyond all bounds It could not be dlscori d that either horse had gained an inch of advance until they arrived within thirty yards of tha Dre : at this point. Drovier to the great _ disappoint?nt of bis hackers, suddeuly broke up, 'and Vtllsge iy reached the.core thrae lengths ahead. Tims of e heat. 2 26 ! That Is very good tim" sven for pacing irssa. At the close of the second heat, Donghnut wan awn. Third Heal.?The third heat was a mere repetition of e second Drovier made a terrible effort for the heat, it was carried off his legs by Village Boy, who won several lengths ? time, 2:27. We are informed that a regatta came off yesUrday tween some fifteen skiffs, starting from Tacony and lling to Hichmond and baok. for a suit of beautiful u.njan.Jfil by Captain Vansclver, which nam* out ni of all others thirty-two minutes The whol* air I" represented as having b?en of an intsrMtiag ararter, attracting much interest among those o*arnei in the race ?Philadelphia Nawi, JP14. 1. Political Intelligence. Attorney General of Pennsylvania. ? The ttorney-GeneraiHhip of Pennsylvania, has bee? ndereu to James Cooper, of Adams county. Travkllinq Voters. ? The following are the suits of several votes lately taken, as designed:? On a Genesee Valley canal packet?Taylor, 14; im?, 6 ; Van Huren, 2. On board railroad cars coming from Paw Paw IVtroit?Ca>s, H5 ; Taylor, 19; Van Buren 4. On board steamer Q.ueen City, from Buffalo to licape?Taylor, 51 ; Cass, 14; Van Buren, 29 On board the E. W. Stephens, on Ohio river? ivlor, 71 : Case, 19. On boara the steamer Colorado, on her trip from Louis to Pittsburg?Taylor, 94; Casa, 46 ; Va* iren, 10; McLean, 1 ; Garrit Smith, 1; Hale, 1. Another Hrao Off!?Samuel Barager, Bareirner, Postmaster at Candor, Tioga county. has en rtmoved to make way for Hiram South, inker, appointed in his place So they go.? haca Chruvirlf. Peoprrtt in Providence.?The assessors o| rovidence have fixed the rate of taxes at fortyre cents on 'ne hundred dollars; the same as the pt vear. The valusiion is?Real estate, $18,17,700; personal. $11,878,300. Total, $28,518,000. icrease since last year, $1,276,100. The whole x this year is, $128,322, being $5,743 more thae waH last year. Erie Canai, Knlarqemknt.?Proposals *ere ceived on Tuesday for the construction of two ciions of the enlarged canal in this oitf, cons> < _ i . ?. ? r<1 It en? encingat r.rie street, ana running ><" ? ? ork, about h mile and a half, which were denred ori yesterday morning. The canal la to bo >Ofeet wide, and eight feet deep. The suoceea1 competitors for the contract are Messrs. Ly n H Phillips, of Catnes, Orleans county, aid ebulon Moore, of Lyons, Wayne county.?Buflo Commercial. There are now three churches building at Cape ay, and a fourth is about to h completed. The nfera are now called to prayi -eery morning at m o'clcck by a deep-toned t . rch bell, instead an ordinary dinner boll, at, *m lomedy Iks aa