Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 2, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 2, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. V*atk>W<?t C?riwr of Fmlton and Wimn ita. JAJUBS GORDON BKNIfKTT. PROPRIETOR. SPECIAL NOTICE TO TUB WORLD. DUJZ.Y Ht.KAl.D- Tkr.e mlstuxu eecryrau. Mao ernti per npy?$7 2f' i*r a' num. The WOKATMr KDlI'Tl)V is disfri>nf?o before break J a>i, tie frit EDITIOS can fco A?U of tA* mew toy at I o'clock, the I tcond LVESISO EUL THIS at 3 o'clock. H LKKL V HEH. ilA)?Kerry Saturday, for rirrvLKim or. Go Awirrwin Continent?txm cemti per copy S3 12^ per an .wn. Boer* ileum packet day Jot Eur,spea? circulation; tubicripAnn pd ver asmum. to include the postape. The European edition mil he printed in the French and EnpHih lanouaoei. ALL ED/TltlSk to tamtam new received to the moment of pomp to wren. JUJi'EKTlSRMEWB (renewed everymorns'f, anetto be pub. ttshod in the and tvemnp edituir.t.) at reasonable prices. to be vrtUen in a plain, lepible wianner; the proprietor net responsible for errors in manuscript. FMASTISil of all kinds executed beautifully orul srsth de Mteh. urdrri received at the uptce, corner vj run-. ALL LE TTER S by ma it, for t ubtcnptiom, or trith ndvertmementi, to be poot paid, or the pottage trill be deducted from VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE. containing import, mmt metre, tolinted from any quarter ojthe tnorld; \f uted icdl Mbcrtiliy ftvid Jot. NO NOTICE taken of anonymout communication!. Whatmet li intended for in-erfon mmt be a uthentieated bp the name end addritt of the writer; not necruat ily for publication, but me a guaranty of hi. good faith. HY cannot return rejected MniMiiiU'dfkmf el I PAYMENTS to be made in advance. AMCoXMXNTS THIS KVBSINa BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Oil Hit Jiai.ovi ?JiMtr Lino. kibixts, ASTOR PLACE.?Ron Roy?MvmcAl Milanui ?Angii. or ran Attic. BTTRTON'S THEATRE, Chkmbert street?Lvcv did 9>iamAnovE?Ommbva. CASTLE GARDEN, Battery.?CattAin or the Watch? Uier CumA Dancing?Poct or Honor. PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, near noaiton.?Bantabd'a panorama or the missouri and MlSSMSllTI RlVIHS. MECHANICS' HALI* Broadway, near Broome.?CHRiarr'a IbiiTiiLi-Etiiiofian Ringing?Dancing, Re. MINERVA ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama or Genxrax Vatiae'i Mexican Campaign. FANORAM A ROOM, corner Branlw?y and Walker etreet? Diorama* or the Creation or the Woru> arb Dei.t'oe. Hew York, Wrdnrnday, August '4, 1848. Actual Circulation ot the Herald. AafEft 1, Tuesday 20,132 oopiee 1lM pabHeation of the Mornin* Edition of the Herald oom oaMd yseterday at 10 minntee lofure 3 o'clock, and finiihed at Miaates past 7 o'clock; the tiret Afternoon Edition com tenced at Nminntca paet 1 o'elook, and finished at 25 minutes before 2 o'clock; the second at 3 o'clock, and finished at 15 ABatss part 3 e cloek. The Buffalo Pn c Soil Convention. Thie original body of politicians meet at Buffalo next Wednesday. According to all appearances, it will be a vast assemblage, composed of all kinds of discontented politicians, ready for rebellion, revolution, change, and every thing else. This asssm% blage originated in Ohio, principally among whig politicians, favorable to Judge McLean and Mr. Clay. It was taken up warmly in several of the .New England States, and has been subsequently concurred in by the barnburners and Van Buren men of New York, who intend to send delegates there. At this moment, the number of meetings and conventions holding all over the New England StateB, in favor ol the free soil movement, and for the purpose of sending delegates to this convention, is very numerous, indeed. Probably many thousand delegates and amateurs will be in Buffalo next week. What is to be the complexion of this convention 1 What will they do ! What is their purpose 1 This is more difficult to tell. In this State, the barnburners intend to make a violent effort in favor of the nomination of Ex-President Van Buren, of Kinderhook. We have every reason to believe, however, that the original contrivers of that convention in Ohio, and the first concurrers in it from New England; will l?e more favorable to some other candidate, and that candidate, probably, will be Judge McLean, of Ohio. There may be a few of the delegates kindly disposed towards Mr. Clay; but we think, according to all appearances, that Judge McLsan will stand highest on the list,when the convention meets properly at Buffalo. Indeed, he would be the most popular, and most decided candidate. His nomination would sorely disappoint Mr. Van Buren and his particular clique in New York; but all the deficiences ensuing Irom such a movement in this State, would be easily made up in other States, on this side of Mason and Dixon's line. It would be a very curious result to see Mr. Van Buren again thrown overboard, and the same poisoned chalice which the Baltimore Convention commended to his lips, returned to the same lips next week. The political character, principles, I and honesty, of Mr. Van Buren, favor such deserts, i ruch a consummation. The CoNSTiTtTio.n of the New French Re ... i ruBLic.?I he people and the press ol Prance are discussing the form of the new government for that republic; and, according to all appearances, j there is a very strong party in favor of a govern- ! meat similar to ours. The French statesmen and j philosophers, who are endeavoring to obtain some > form of government based on the peculiar charac- I ter and capacity of the French people, prefer a sin- ] gle assembly, with some sort of an executive of similar simplicity in character; and we are rather disposed to concur in opinion with them than with ' those who would wish a foim exactly like ours, I which would be inadequate for such a people and j race as those of France. The situations of the re- j publics of F'ranee and the United States arc altogether different. The people of this country ' are different. The French republic is surround- ' ed by monarchies, watchful, jealous, fretful, intriguing, and endeavoring to stir up continually, all the elements that might tend to prevent any well regulated republican government from ever being peaceably formed in France. Again, the French people are entirely different in their nature, passions, and feelings, from the Americans. The French are a quick, lively, and energetic people. A republican government to suit such a peo- 1 i>ic, uiun jiucsese some 01 me same cnaracieristicB. It must be 'juick, energetic, intelligent, and easily | changed when necessary. From the wide circu- | lation of newspapers in Paris and throughout the j provinces?for there are probably five hundred ! . journals now established in France?all public j measures can be discussed, and amply discussed, before even they go through the first form in a ! single assembly The press in modern times is part of the government in every republic; and no more forcible instance of this may be cited than that of the recent compromise bill, which was passed by the Senate of the United btates, but which was negatived by the leading journals in this part of the country, and their j?ositiona and arguments concurred in by the House of Kepresentativet. In tact, on that measure the journals of the day were in advance of the politicians at Washington, as they generally are in almost all ; ether subjects. With these views, therelore, w? arc deliberately of opinion that a single assemblage would be a better form of government lor the French republic than a more complicated machine, composed of two different bodies, elected in different w-ys One imj>ortant point in such a form of government would be annual elections, even lor the legislative, as well as the executive departments. The French people could not wait two years, much less lour, to reverse the public conduct of their representatives. Hence the necessity of making their terms of office very brief. Insurrections and attempts to put down the government by force would disappear, if the masses of ihe j>eople were sat- ' isfied that at the end of six or twelve months they could goto the ballot box and put out the men who have disapj>ointed them, without lighting or resorting to barricades to etiect a change. Tiu. Coi iits.?The I'nited Slates District Court is the only one, at present, in session. The August term commenced on Monday ; after the transaction ol some routine business, it was adjourned to yesterday, when it was organised and adjourned The other courts are all closed. The Supe- ) nor Court will organise on Monday next, deliver some opinions, and adjourn, it is understood, ta the 1st of September. f ? North Carolina Election.?The election in j North Carolina ia to take place to-day, August 3The officers to be elected are the Governor and members of the State Legislature, which Legislature will have to choose a U. S. Senator, to succeed the lion. Geo. E. Badger (whig), whose term of office will expire with the present administration. The whig candidate for Governor is Charles Manly. The democratic candidate is DavidS Koid. The following will show the state of the popular vote cast for several elections past; 1844. 1848. Pay it You* Instalments.?We have just received, from an important financial quarter, the following billtt doux, demanding an arrearage of ten dollars on the stock of the Hudson River Railroad Co. Otriie or tub Hipion Rivrn Railroad Co. ) 64 Wall Street \ Nbw Yobb, Jaljr, 1849. Sib:?The 6th liutalinent of ten dollar* per nhare on your nubeeription to the stock of thin company, la now paet due and payable. Will you please call at the office and pay the r-aine ? lleepectfully yours, J, M, II0FK1NS; Tr, J. U. iitMMTT, Ksq., Herald Office. There must be some mistake in this note. To the best of a sound recollection, we do not think we ever subscribed to the stock of any company, railroad, banking, or landed, with the exception of a certain amount of shares in the Boston and New York Telegraph Company, of which we have never heard anything satisfactory, from the day ol ! the subscription to the present time. It seems, by this letter from Mr. Hopkins, that five instalments have been paid in the name of J. G. Bennett. We should like to know if he has got the money. It certainly never was paid by us. As a general principle, we have no faith, no confidence I in the management of any of our railroads, banking, orother speculating companies. Once on a i time, some years ago, when the people were pray , ing in cnurcn, one ol tne wall street speculator , requested us to take ten thousand dollars worth ol stock, in a certain oj>eration. We replied in the j negative. "If I had," said we, "ten thousand dollars more than I knew what to do with, I would take it out to the middle of the Hudson River, tie it up in a bag, and sink it to the bottom of the ; stream; for in such case I would know where il i was, even il I never should fish it up again; bul | if I were to invest it in any of the Wall street specuj lations, 1 never would know what become of it, | sftcr it left my possession." Our companies, 1 banking, landed, and ail other kinds, are badly I managed; imprudent and dishonest managers gel into them, and destroy their usefulness, as well as ; the property of those who trust them. Hence, the low standing of many of them. Jacob Bark Eli in New York.?We understand that Jacob Barker, formerly a distinguished citizen in Wall street, a philosopher and a financier, in the days when philosophy and finance meant positive quantities, has Recently appeared in these northern latitudes, having just arrived from New Orleans. To many of the speculators, saints and sinners in Wall street, the name of Jacob Barker may be more familiar than his eventful history. Jacob wu* a miming ana a saining ngtn in wall street, during the period when Nathaniel Prime flourished there in his glory. In fact, Jacob may be considered in some respects as the father 01 grandfather of the system which exists at the present day in that region. Jacob is a native of Nantucket, and came 10 New York when a boy?full of genius, enterprise, and industry. During his residence in this city, he presented to the gaze of an admiring world the great versatility of his genius, and the multiform phases of his heterogeneous character. He was financier, philosopher, patriot, politician, and, in short, a general performer in the great drama of human life. Towards the close of his career in this quarter, he provoked a general confederacy of the rogues and the simple against I himself; and by their efforts and intrigues he was surrounded, and partly crushed. In the explosion i of the fire companies in New York, he was connected with Henry Eckford. Hut Jacob Barker was pitched upon by certain parties to be made the.'r scape-goat ; and he was punished and persecuted without reason, and contrary to law. Some of these persecutors have been richly served and treated since, but some are yet living on the spoils , of that day. Jacob Barker triumphed in the end, ' left New York, went to New < rleans, and has al| ready been active in producing a second crop from the great resources of his intellect, enterprise, anc industry. Jacob is truly a remarkable man; anc a good study to any dissector of human nature* Music, OrcRA, and otiitk Stiff.?There is very little doing in the departments of music and opera during ihe summer season. All the artista are scattered about the different watering places in the country?sometimes giving a concert here and there, to pay expenses; but most frequently drink ing the waters, recovering their health, strengthening their voices, and flirting away their time by way of preparation for the approaching cam' paign during the winter. Benedetti and Truffi liavp rr/inf* tr\ tn ronmlo Kotkofo rxf O .v, UO.i.CiD U1 IUC Ocean House, at that fashionable watering place. Strakosch, the youthful pianist, who is most re. markable in his line, has gone to Saratoga, where he will probably attract as large audiences, if the place be so crowded as it is represented, as any he drew together in this city. And the others are dispersed over the country, in quest of health 01 pleasure, or the no less necessary requirements foi a life of enjoyment. We have the materials of several operatic troujHs among us, but we hear very little of attempts being made to secure anything like a complete or perfect organization of even one good company during the ensuing winter. The project put forth by Mr. Fry, seems unsettled and incomplete. He has got in his possession the music of some of the ope ras ; but he has not got the at. thtc$?a thing as hard to accomp.ish as catching chameleons. We have no doubt, according to appearances on the other side of the Atlantic, that there will be a large emigration of arti?tr$ of all kinds here during the next winter. With the exception of London alone, the theatres throughout Lurope, and particularly in Fans, are utterly ruined. In London, nothing seams to take but the Italian Opera. The legitimate drama is nearly gone ; and by the last accounts, that extraordinary man?at least in his own estimation?Mr. Macready, was about to take his leave of the Queen's Court and nobility of England, to come over to the United .States, and settle down here as simple Citizen Macready, in order to teach us and our actors how to play legitimate drama. So it is probable that, during the winter Beason, we shall have a good supply of the disciples of Apollo and Terpsichore, with some of the principal delineators of the legitimate drama. General Tailor's Letter.?The newspaper criticisms on General Taylor's letter accepting tllP Wlno nnminatmn ova. 1 Hv.i.umuvJi, U1V ljUilC t&UIUBlILg tuiu interesting. .Some of the ultra-whig journals were at first in doubt whether it was a real letter or a forgery; others, at the other end f the string, gulped it down at once, and pronounced ij one of the greatest letters ever written. Thurlow Weed, of Albany, who has some queer notions, and who has got himself into some uncomfortable positions, hardly knows what to suy or think of the letter. Sometimes he damns it with faint praise, and then runs of] into a cadence of twaddle and nonsense in the usual style of political writing. Thurlow begins to be uncomfortable, in coneequence of the free soil movement in this and other .States. He 19 preparing to take off his jacket, and jamp on the fence, to cool himself during the warm weather; and in the fall, when ihe people themselves begin to speak out in favor of Taylor, he will he ready to come down from the fence, put on his jacket again, and if there are any offices to divide ufttr General Taylor's election, he will l?e the first on such an occasion. The Steamer*.?The Hermann is in her Pith day, and the America in her 11th. According to recent passages, it is time they were here. The Southerner arrived yesterday morning, as usual, many hours ahead of the mail. We have Charleston papers aa late as Saturday afternoon. Pi.kkambi co.?Accounts from 1'ernambuco to the 2d July, stale that a revolution had broken out there, which was suppressed, with the loss of tw |ve of the government troops. Whig rote 43.232 4G.9ti!j Democratic tote 09 287 30 007 Whig majority 0915 7.001 This will be the opening ball to the Augubt elections, the results of which will be looked lor with , the greatest interest, as uffbrding un index to the great elections in .November. The States which are to leud off in the political field of 1818 are, after North Carolina, Alabama, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas; Tennessee huving no election for State officers this year. Theatrical and Musical. Bowery Theatre.?The performances last evening went off with much eelal. The bill was the same as the previous evening, vis: " Bamboozling," " Gil Bias," and " Jenny Lind;" in the two latter pieces , Miss Taylor appeared; and we need not say that her performances Were excellent. She makes a very handsome (ill Bias; and we do not wonder that old Gil I'erez is : ogenerous with his ducats, mule, and even I whip in tilting out such a charming nephew to go on [ his travels in search of lortune. The piece " Jenny Lind " is a very ^laughable, musical extravaganza, we may term it, hitting off the mania which this cele. brated singer has produced to admiration It would be better if we bad had the veritable Jenny among us, ' but who knows but what Borne day or another, - he t may come in propria persona. The theatre was filled in every part last evening, and we were glad to see it so; the manager does u very thing to make his house an , agreeable resort for bis fellow citizens, and the respectable and intelligent assemblages there every evening 1 show how will his efforts are appreciated. To-night " Gil Bias " and " Jenny Lind " will be repeated, with the comedy of Is he Jealous." Mr. Hall, Mrs. Phillips, Walcot. and Sutherland, will sustain the characters in the comedy. With this bill we anticipate a full house. Nibi.o's, Asron Place?The highly attractive bill put forth for last evening, drew together a full house. The popular comedy of the " West Eud, or the Irish I ii..1 , v_ a. ...n... ii i >.j.. i. gurance," was presented by a highly talented cast, and the performance throughout elicited marked applause. Mr. H. Placide, as Sir William Daventry, was an excellent personation, in which the high comic powers of this gitted comedian shone out with effect: and Mr. Chippendale, as Major Bellamy Fuss, kept the house convulsed with laughter, by his inimitable drollery, quaint humor, and graphic portraiture of the i character, which was frequently applauded. Mr. Dawson's Percy Ardent was equally well sustained. Lady William Daventry, by Mrs. Maeder, was also an excellent personation, and Norah O'Connor, by Miss Hose Telbin. displayed her nairt and comic powers to much effect. This excellent and highly popular comedy could not have been presented by a more talented cast, and its reception all through was most enthusiastic. This evening, the opera of " Hob Roy" will be presented for the benefit of Miss K. Brienti and Mr. Manvers. Several eminent artists are announced to appear on the occasion; and the house will, it is expected, be crowded to excess. This highly fashionable theatre will present on the occasion, an array of the many patrons and friends of the popular Miss ?. Brienti and j Mr. Manvers. Burton's Theatre. Ciiamrers street.?The laughj able farce of the "Tipperary Legacy," was repeated here last night, and was received with the same rap> turous applause as before. Mr. Brougham and Mr. John Dunn, acquitted themselves, in their respective | parts, with their usual ability. This was followed by ' the new burlesque, entitled "Lucy did Sham Amour." It went to our heart to see this splendid opera of Donizetti's, treated in such a way: but in the profane days in which our lot is cast?when everything, however sacred by antiquity, heavenly ip conception, or serious in its nature, goes through Punch's alembic, in order to be made palatable to that taste for ridicule 1 and fun which characterizes the present age?wesup> pose we must submit to a state of things which we have no power to control. Mr. (Jeo. Loder, who executed ; the di: arrangement of this opera, displayed oonsidera1 ble ability in its transformation, or rather deformation; i I and any one who eTer saw "Lucia di Lammermoor." would feel no difficulty in assenting to the description 1 j in the bills of the new burlesque, that it was a " pec u. liur version, done at the vernacular, with musical agl i gravations of the most eccentric character." The i : variety of comical airs introduced, and the many 1 Yi..n,.u fin,I Til, n mi n t .IIilI.t. ,.f - I- 1 > I ! called forth several bursts of applause. Mr. John Dunn sustained his part with great ability, as did also Mr. Meyer aud Miss Sinclair, but Miss Chapman easily , bore off the palm. The versatality. truthfulness, and ' I comicality with which this young lady went through I the many shams of "Lucy" were fully appreciated by i the loud laughter and prolonged applause of the au1 ' diencc Mr. Frederick and Miss Walters, concluded | the entertainments of the evening, by dancing one of ; Taglioni's polkas, which they did to the delight of all j who witnessed it. Castle Garde*.?The very interesting drama of | ' Napoleon's Old Guard'' was the first piece played at this theatre last night, and was well sustained throughout, particularly the parts of Haversac, by Mr, j Nickinson, and Melanie, by Miss Nickinson. " The Double-bedded Room'' followed this piece, in whloh Holland, as Dulcimer Pipes, greatly amused the audience ; and the character of Mrs. Deputy Lomax was also well sustained by Mrs. Vernon. Mrs. and Miss Phillips were well received in the ballads they sang. This evening a very ^attractive bill is presented, the > comedietta of ' The Captain of the Watch." Herr Clin* will appear on the corde elartit/ut. The won; I derful performances of this artist on the tight rope are well known to our citizens generally, and require very little eulogy. His daring feats, given with such grace and elegance, are always sure to receive the reiterated I cheers ot the audience. The amusements will con| elude with the farce of" The Post of Honor." If the I excellent company now playing at this cooland.comi fertable location do not draw large assemblages, we | will be muh csurprised. as not only excellent acting can be seen, but the purest air can be inhaled, and, consequently, health improved. Christy's Minstrels.?This evening will be posi. tivcly and truly the last one but three of the season of ( the performances of these remarkable geniuses, and ! the receipts are to be for the benefit of J. Ray nor. the : primo basso of the troupe, whose voice has been so much admired by all the visiters to these original concertsj and not only his voice, but his acting, it may 1 be termed, has been a grand feature in the perform| ances. They are all equally good singers and players ! ' each in their particular branch, and all deserve good ' benefits. So we trust that Raynor will have one. as he has got up an admirable programme for the ocoasion. Bawvard's Dovrlf. Panorama.?Much as the original painting of the Mississippi has been admired, and extensivo as the patronage of it has been, still, Banvard is determined to go on henceforth with still greater attractions, and re-opens his exhibition to-day at Tanorama Hall, with the addition of a panorama of the Missouri river also. No less than 2300 miles of country. viz., from the mouth of the Yellow Stone, near the Rocky Mountains, to the city of New Orleans, are now to be seen, delineated with the utmost accuracy; and Banvard can truly boast of showing the largest painting of the largest rivers on the globo. This Immense exhibition will remain open but a short time, and ought to be visited by every one. It will be exhibited twice to-day, vi*., at 3 and 8 P. M. The Panorama of General Taylor's Mexican Came An. n, at Minerva Rooms, is a faithful transcript of Old Zack's movements among the Mexioaus.? Among the multitude of sketches, drawings, kc. of , the events of that celebrated campaign, this is the ; best, as it gives a continuous and faitbtnl represent*- I tlon of every occurrence in it, from the landing at 1 Corpus Christi to the last skirmish. It is indeed an illustrated history of the campaign. The Sacred Diorama, by Hanington, now exhibiting at the corner of Broadway and Walker street, Is truly a fine piece of painting. The sublimity of the subject, viz: the creation nf the world, has been preserved, and the mechanical ingenuity and fine scenic effects displayed, entitle Mr. .Hanington .to much credit. Those who have the charge of youth* will find Ibis a most delightful exhibition for their yeung charges. The Camprell Minstrels are playing an engagement at the American .Museum, and their singing, he. will no doubt add much to the entertainments at that place of amusement. They are a most lulented and original set of performers. Benefit to the New York Voli ntli rs,?We attended, yesterday, a rehearsal of the vocalists and musicians who are to figure at the grand concert, at Castle Garden, on Thursday night. Only four of those in the programme were prerent. namely Ma uuiii una me nuie, lagolto, and lirit trumpet . performers of the Nteyermarkische musical band. 1 1-rom the manner in which they executed the respee- ; tive parts allotted to them, being n-nd, re<l with great i musical precision, we are convinced those who symnathise with the brave rclun'eer* will receive a rich compensation for their visit to the Garden on that evening. Madam Otto sang two pieces with great sweetness of tone, and brilliancy of execution. We are informed another rehearsal will take plaoo on Thursday, ut twelve o'clock, when Miss Northall, a great favorite, and the celebrated Madam Augusta, will practise their parts. We are of opinion that this concert is hurried on too rapidly ; hut we hope the ; efforts of the benevolent artists, who have so generous- i ly come forward to aid the brave, will meet with every | success. Yankee Hill was to have given an entertainment at | Detroit, on the 20th ult. Marine Alio Irs. Lav sen 01 no. Nkw World.?The tremendous steamer New World, will bo launched this morning, at 10 o'clock, from the yard of W. II. Brown, foot of ! Tenth street. Naval.?The U. .S. frigHte Brandywine, the j M'-ain-lrigate Alleghany, and the elnmeof-war .^t. Mary, were at Hio .Janeiro, on the Ihlli of.June. ] The Utter would sail goon lor the i'acific m+-1 imi?? n ? 11 11 t he Origin ud Ftrtltulan of tlie UU | Mgro Itxamclloa In tHe 1/anlaIi VV?t In- | di? Islands. I Our correspondent at St. Thomas, 1ms furnished us with a full, and evidently a faithful account of the recent troubles among the slaves at St. Croix. The letter confirms all the statements we have already published, concerning the troubles, while it contradicts a paragraph whish appeared in some of the papers, denying that any serious difficulty existed umoug the inhabitant* of that place. It will be read with intetett. Sr. Tiiomah, July 13, 1818. Thinking (bat the lute iusuricction fu our neighboring island. St. Croix, among the glares, would prove highly luUrt-Hliug to a auuiberof people iu the United Slates, I herewith transmit to you, fur publication, an account, with tome few remarks, which can be relied upon for accuracy, ue. On the morning of the 4th inst., we were all astonished by the intelligence that the slave* in St Croix were in open insurrection; that they had beep in possession of West Knd. where they had pulled down the police office, stripped the coat aud epaulettes from the Judge. (Andresen.) and completely sacked the premises of a merchant, Wm Moore, whose loss Is estimated at $10,000 or $30 000. The insurgents sent for Uovernor Geueral Von Scholton, who earuo down to them about 4 P. M They demanded their freedom, which was immediately granted by him through fear when l In y lift West Knd. (in the first alarm, the militia assembled at Bass Knd, (Kast Knd.) and posted eannon at the outlets of the town. About 9 P. M , a very large number of blacks were approaching the town, by the Knglish Church entrance; they were warned oil repeatedly. and sevi ral pistol shots were fired over their heads, but tbey still continued to advance. Lieut. Adam McCutchin. who was in command at the Kngli.-h Church, fired a field piece among them, loaded with grape, which killed three or four, and wounded a number. This dispersed them at once, and they did not again make their appearance that night. These were tbe occurrences oftheddinst. The vessel that brought the news over here, brought also tbe prcolnmution of the Governor General, dated 3d inst., proclaiming the slaves in tbe Danish West India Islands unconditionally free, which was posted up at the corners of tbe streets, at 3 P. M. on the 4th, here. On the 6th, an aid of the Governor General , came over to ask assistance; the St. Croix mllitiu being nearly exhausted, from being under arms for fortyeight hours; the blacks were in possession of the country, burning, plundering, and destroying; and had made continual attempts to enter Bassin, but had always been xepulscd; that tbe terror of the inhabitants was excessive, and most of the non-combatants, women and children, had sought safety on board the i vessels in port, wuiun one nour alter the receiptor this news, fifty or sixty volunteers, of the whites and free colored, were on their way to St Croix; and the Governor here, requested of the agent of the I lloyal Steam racket Company, a steamer, to bring up , troops from St. John's, Porto Rico, which was promptly granted. The steamer arrived at St. Croix with COO Spanish troops, that were immediately furnished by the Captain General of Porto Rico. Previous to their arrival, however, detachments of militia and regulars had gone into the country from Bassin and , West find, and captured many prisoners. It appears that a greater part of the blackH had quietly remained on the estates, and professed their willingness to go to work, if their masters would come out and make the necessary arrangements for their pay, ho. The conduct of Gov. General Peter Von Scholton caused the greatest dissatisfaction, even in those who were not opposed to emancipation, it destroys all security; for having once yielded to force, the community will be exposed to the same, when the blacks have any cause of complaint, whether imaginary or real. The Gov. General reprimanded Lient. MoCutchln for his conduct, which was noble, I think; and at last the government was actually and virtually taken from him, and placed in the bands of seven persons (a provisional government), composed of the highest officials in the island. They immediately proclaimed martial law. and marched the troops into the country, which resulted as above stated. The people are much excited in St. Croix, and it is reported that the investigations now going on are tending to prove that the outbreak was planned and countenanced by persons whose duty was to maintain order, and not excite rebellion; and some think even that the Gov. General himself is at the bottom of it, which is not unlikely, as he has a great grudge against the planters, and has been working their destruction for a longtime A considerable number of the negroes have already been shot, who were the ringleaders, and more will shure the : same fate. A s'ngular feature in this business is, that not a single white has been injured, i All this goes to prove that a very little firmness, in j the first instance, would have put down the outbreak quietly, while, now, numbers of these poor deluded I creatures must suifer the extreme penalty of the law. It must be maddeniag to those interested to reflect that the want of decision and nerve in one man should have ruined that beautiful island; for evon should quiet be restored, which 1 doubt not will be the case, still the feeling of security is gone; and the always difficult task of maintaining order among a newly manumitted people, will b<^ rendered doubly so by the circumstances under which these have obtainad their liberty. Our Governor, Oxholm, was called over by the new provisional government, and nlaced at its head, and, , as he is a man of sound, discreet judgment,prompt | and energetic in action, he will, 1 trust, maintain order. Every precaution has been taken herein this Island, ; by doubling the night guard, and swearing in almost j all the previously free male inhabitants as special con' stables, fifty of whom nightly patrol the streets heavily armed : evervthinir has remained nuiet. nor do I annre. bend any disturbance, as the large majority of the I whites and free colored (who have property) will put 1 1 down at once any attempt at insurrection?the leader! i treated with a shot, he. Business is very dull; our warehouses are full of American goods, and no sales. Flour $6*4; meal $2X; pork $11 and $W ; beef $10 and $8 ; rice $4. The recent large failures in I'orto Rico have diminished confidence very much with ue, and have withdrawn all credits from that island. Exchange on U. S. 3 per cent, discount. W. [From the Boston Traveller, July 31 ] The following extracts from u number of letters received by a merchant of this city, from his correejiondent at St. Thomas, will give a good idea of the recent insurrectionary movements in the Danish West India Islands:? St. Thomas, July 7,1848. On the 2d inst. the schooner Vigilant brought the unfortunate new? that tho negroes in St. Croix had revolted. and that the Oovernor General had been compelled. the day previous, to proclaim their freedom. This wus done here and in the Island of St. Johns on the 4th Inst. On the 5th inst the schooner came again and brought news that the negroes bad joined themselves for the purpose of destroying every white man, and all property, both in town and country, and assistance was demanded for this pluce. Eighty volunteers immediately left in the schooner, and a steamer was despatched to Forto Rico to obtain aid from the Spanish government. The news was of such terrifying nature that we trembled for the safety of our St. Croix friends. The negroes had possession ef West End Town, and all communication was stopped from town to town. The females and children were crowded in the vessels in tho barber, and a great many had arrived here. We have seen St. Croix enveloped in flames every night. During all these proceedings the Governor of St. Croix was attempting to effect a reconciliation with the blacks. This they have taken as dictated by fear, and they are getting worse and worse. One of the blackics, who had assumed the title of general, sent him a message, promising him his protection, and that be would send a few ef bis aids to escort him on board any vessel in which he might choose, to take his departure. 1 be attempts of the Governor to save the town of ! Christiansted from being sacked, at the expense of the country, has been condemned by all parties. Several of the principal men waited on the Governor, and in- , formed biui that they would not submit to his foolish , course of proceeding; upon which the Governor told , them to do as they liked upon their own responsibility. , The military command was then vested in Colonel De ] Nelly and Major Talbe, and they immediately left the ' town with two hundred men in search of the negroes. { The newt from St Croix is related here with a sufll- , ciency of extras, and the result is that every one is j fearful of their lives, particularly as many of the n?- j groes in the oountry have refused to work, and are de- j termined to enter the town. On some estates the own- < ers effected an arrangement with which all parties j were seemingly satisfied, particularly as tho negroes > turned out ns usual the day following their emaneipa- i t tion But at aboundo'olock they found the sun too hot, , and that it was unprofitable for them to work any t more, now that they were free. To guard the town we ( have both military and civil patrols?also eonie horse r patrols- in all about 1<K) men, on the alert every uight, f and so far we think ourselves safe. The following are the particulars of the damage at I the west end of St. Croix : Moore's store robbed aud 1 the bouse torn down?loss about $140,000; Anderson, v the police-master's house, destroyed; also all the pa- j pers in the Recorder's office; Gov. Oxholne's estate nurned: likewise the Christophe estate; the sugar in j the curiDg houses was strewed on the roads. Martial f law has been proclaimed, and every one enlisted as sol- v dlers The houses in Bass Knd are shut up aud aban c doncd. r Jii.v 8 ?Last night news was brought from St. Croix ol Gen. Schutten's resignation, to whloh he was com. pelled. A Provisional Government has been formed, composed of Kumer Peterson, Foster Krrderlcksen, t Arnvsen Bambery and Rotbe Five hundred troops *from Porto Itico had arrived, half of whom were immediatrly d'spatched to the West K.nd. Tho volunteers q from St. Thomas bad been out and had captured -'10 I negroes. On the 0th, the negroes stormed the town of f Christiansted, hut were repulsed with great lojs. Itis j a curious fact that up to this day not a white man has j been hurt. Up to the latest accounts, about .'(00 negro prisoners had been raptured and brought to town. A court martial was immediately to be held and the delinquents shot. \ esterdny we had news from the West Knd. The whites had again mastered courage, and had returned from on bonrd, driven the negroes out of the town and bad taken a number of prisoners. A drum-lo ad court / martial condemned seven, who were shot immediately. About one hundred worn tn he ahnt of Unas Tim? for order *<mis to bo again restored in that quarter, n* 2ft0 of tho Spanish troop* have boon *ta- ( tioned with them. Tho people of the West Knd eeein n to be dlstatlsfied with the rroTlslonal Oovernment at t Cbrlstlansted. They havo a*ked Oov Oxholm to come ,k back, an It issuppofed he will be acting (jovernor until j orders arc received trom tho Hunt Government. K.vcry one condemn* (?or. Von. Koholton (who U at , present Tory sick.) Had energetic measures bonn | adopted, much bloodshed would hare been avoided. Hi* brother, who was at the head of the mllitnry at the West kind, tied at tho first outbreak and took refuge on board one of the ships In this courageous step he was followed by other officers, and the town left to the n modes of the negroes. Major Syllieh ?m the only of- * w?P?wc?vnmmammm?i?mt doer who KBtlnel in th? town, and attempted to oppose the negroes. Yesterday we were ? rood deal alarmed by reports from the West End of this Is.'.^wd (St Thomas) that the negroes had revolted, and that tires had Woken , out on two estates on the East End The tires word, however, put out, and the negroes, it turned out, were pal only lighting among themselves. A Spanish frigate has brought 6C0 mora men to tho ? assistance of the inhabitants of 8t Croix, bat thsy the have Dot yet obtained permission to land. .. Prom 8t. Johns we have little news. Tho negroes wanted to come down to St. Thomas, but leave had pu! been denied to them. ? No wot k has been done on any estate since the emancipation. the The following is tho Proclamation of GovernorGeneral Von Scholton proclaiming the emancipation of all the slaves In the Danish West indies, St. Croix, St. Johns and St. 1 homas. MAKETO KNOWW: 1. Ail unfree in the Danish West India Islands are from to-day en uncipatsd. 2. 11 o estate negroes retain for three months from date the use of the homes and provision grounds of which they have hitherto 1 be. njipffi ssed. prc 3. Lulorls in futnte to be paid for by ag cement, but allow- ^ 4 Tlie miuntaitanre of old and infirm, who are not able to *h work, ir, until l'ar>ker determination to be furniehed by the late i?n ?. t 1 he St. Thomas Times of July 6, iu announcing the bill act of emancipation, pays:? fro " It becomes our pleading duty to record in this ref number of our journal that by a Proclamation dated / July 3, ipsued by Ills Kxcelleucv (Jovernor-Unneral me I'eter von Scholten, all slaves in the Danish West In- in dia Mantle are emancipated. The lively joy with tin which the boon was received by the unfree in this Is- coi land can easily be imagined; but we are happy to state bill that, ulthough the decree was so sudden and aounex- cut pocted, no other sounds were heard but those of re- inc jniciug and thankfulnesp. boi " To the late untree we frankly say, freedom is not idleness nor licentiousness?you have now to show by 1 your industry and good behavior that you are fit to be Sei tree. That the clergy of every denomination will J strenuously exert themselves to educate you religious- wei ly. morally, we are well convinced, and to them wo tio ray. falter not in your good endeavors, though your Nv patience may he sorely tried. An tio Six Days Later from Brazil. ? By the af- ad< rival of the Bark Isabehta Heyne, Captain Dewing, from Rio Janeiro, we are in receipt oi files of the Jornal do Corner no and Corrtio Mercantil, to the ^ lsth of June, six days later than previous ac- pr< counts. We. are greatly indebted to Captain bu Dewing, and to Mr. Heyne, for the latest copies < of the Comertio. *o1 The accounts from Montevideo are not so late ^ as those received direct from that port. The House of Deputies was in session at Ilio, but their debates were on purely local subjects, en devoid of general interest. ^ i lie itmperor ol lirazil has lately despatched tb< three Capuchin monks as missionaries among the Indians in the province ei Minas. We iind, in the a8 columns of the Jornal do Comtrcio, an advertisement of rather a singular exhibition. It is of no j less than a locomotive engine and a railroad, in fc0, model of course ; the exhibitor, M. Victor, invites of the attention of the inhabitants of Rio to his ex- inc hibition, and assures them that it is an exact wa representation of the true locomotive. We hope we before many years the Brazilians will have real otl railroads to admire and use. 1 From Pernambuco accounts had been received at Rio, date, however, not mentioned ; incendiary fires were unfortunately prevailing there. In the 20( other Northern provinces, however, the greatest 67( tranquillity prevailed. We annex a letter from our gai correspondent, giving the state ?f the market at ter Rio, at the time of sailing of the Isabelita Ileyne. Ilio he Janeiro, June 16, 1848.?The imports from . the United States have been 12,804 bbls Hour, 1,023 Rc packages domestics, 108 do tea. 100 boxes sperm can- fjii dies, lii2,000 feet lumber. 300 barrels rosin, 90 do beef w and pork, 2.161 hams. 329 kegs lard, 2,765 boxes fire * e crackers Land sundries Flour?The sales have been Al1 quite limited, principally by retail, the only large parcel being 1,300 bbls Columbia (Hax&ll) per Isabel, unl at about 20;|500. The market the past week has bee n fle< exceeseively dull, the bakers being well supplied ; ar rivals more abundant, and reports of other cargoes expected. Many holyd&ys have also interfered with utti business. Holders are firm, as there is no disposition i ,, shewn by the bakers, and it would be useless to force it into the market in its present state. The asking. llUl prices are 24j| for Gallego, 21|| for Columbia. 181 Balti- 0^( more. The stock in first bands is 3,500 bbls Gallego, 3.500 do Columbia and Richmond county, 6,000 do vie Baltimore, and 1,000 do Philadelphia?Total, 14,000 Co bbls. Tbe bakers hold about 20.001) bbls. Dates from t Montevideo are to 3d June. The last sale of flour ^ netted about $8, sp. The stock was much reduced, l&u but sales to any extent could not be made, in conse- Me qui nce of the uncertainty of affairs, and the excessive by tax lately levied. The French commissioner had re- ]lai ceived orders to return to France. Nothing certain respecting the blockade. Dates from lUo Grande are to 1st of June. Richmond flour was quoted at 23 j to ' 24 ; Baltimore 20|| to 211!. Domestics?The excessive arrivals hare quite paralysed the market, and the last quotations must l>e considered nominal. Sales cannot be effected, except at reduced rates, if forced ; and, should imports continue, there will be no remedy, as the dealers are now largely stocked. Sales of rosin at 5 , lard 240 reis. bams 150 to 300 reis. pepper 190 reis, fire crackers 13||, 12' 500, and lll'.OOO per 100. The season for them hns nearly passed, and; any other arrivals must be sold at lower rates. Lumber 501 to 55||. sperm candles 800 reis, salt 650 to 660 reis. All imports are extremely doll, and stocks generally are abundant. The supplies of coffee have not lieeu very abundant, but fully equal to the demand. Superiors have ranged from 2 '450 to 2 600 ; good firsts 2:1350 to 2 ;450. Stocks are now reduced to about 60,000 bags, mostly ordinary qualities. Very little new coffee has appeared; it Is quite ordinary, and of very small bean. The exports have been chiefly for the United States. Some sales of hides have been made at 115 to 120 reis ; at? these rates there are but few buyers or sellers : stocks are still quite heavy. Freights have declined to $1 per bag, and but little now offering for United States. Exchange 23%d to 24d nominal ; doubloons 32 250 ; dollars 2:000. Affairs in Cuba?Revolutionary Rumors.? ine i\ew urieans JJclta ot the 23d, has an article on affairs In Cuba, in which predictions of a revolt are confidently made. The Delta save:?We have at various times spoken of an intended movement in Cuba, but many of our contemporaries expressed doubts of the correctness of our information, for no other reason. that we know of, than that they had not received similar intelligence?the secret being that thev had not access to the sources of information from whenoe we obtain inklings of passing events in "ever faithfui': Cuba, it appears, after all, tbat our information as to a projected outbreak in Cuba was correot. Without further preface, we lay before our readers the following Important intelligence, which we have received from a reliable source:?The 24th June last was fixed upon by the friends of independence in Cuba, as the day on which the people were to revolt against Spanish authority, and to declare in favor of the independence of the Island, and its annexation to the United States! Circumstances occurred (unnecessary to particularise) which prevented the plan of revolt from being carried into elfect at the time specified. The project was Bostponed?not abandoned. In this state of affairs, ion Gabriel Pedro Sanches informed the Governor of Trinidad of the conspiracy, at the head of which was General Naveiso Lopez, who succeeded in making his escape via Matanzas, on board a ressel bound to the United States. In consejuence of the information furnished to the authorities, many arrests were immediately made of men of wealth ind station in the Island. At the present timo. or. at ill events, only a few days ago. as we are informed, Don Jose Maria Sanchez Isiraga and Don Jose O. Die/. Ullegas. gentlemen of considerable wealth, were [among others) confined in the fort Principe, at Havana. and Don Jose Joaquin Verdaque* was detained n the tort of Cien'fuegos. These prisoners, we further earn, are to appear aud answer the charges laid against :hrm, before a military commission, of which Colonel "hristoral Zurita is appointed President. What their ate will be, under the mild administration of law by a ipanlih military tribunal, we can easily conceive. We urther learn, that American citizen^ in Cuba, are in i very unenviable situation. They are all objects of mspicion, and their movements are continually watchid and noted. No American citizen, we learn, can go tut of Havana to any part of the Island, unless he first wears that he is a Roman Catholio and a person of ;ood lame, and the Amerioan Consul certifies that he s so. Kvcn then, he must give security for his good >ehavior. Our information is not as full as we could rish. but it is sufficient to show tbat the spirit of inde endence is aroused in Cuba, and that the authorities ire using strong means to ropress it. The end is not ret. One failure will not daunt those who aspire to rcedom and independence The day of reckoning rill come, and Cuba will, ere long, shake off the yoke t sun;fruoi) our rniumnn ar > go crowned that we nugt refrain from further comments. Lre long, we hall have occasion to recur to thu subject. F*o.u tdk Fak West.?The steamer Yellow stone arrived at Si. Louis on the 24th ult. Her ffieers elate that the Indians were comparatively ^uiet. It is said thut the reason why tne Sioux " ired Mjion the steamer Martha, was the non-fttl- ThJ ilment of certain promises made by the traders to tbej ha Indians, and not as was stated, because they tber uid not receivrd their annuities. The llertrancl whli nade the trip, from Fifty miles above the mouth of (|uic he Yellow Stone to this port, in fifty-three days, agra vhich is, we believe, the <piickest trip on record. F*r* *he whs loaded with furs and peltries, consigned o 1!. W. Camobell, of this city. She reports the iver fulling all the way down.?St. Louis Rt/iub- b{;t icon, July 25. ? - bell. Appointments iiv tiik I'iiicsioknt. ? Nntlmn Clifford, of Maine, to be Knvov extraordinary J;.1!1 nil Minister l'lenipotenliuiy of the lTnifed States re^ o the Mexican republic. Consuls of the United (1?#1 Mates in Mexico:?John Hlack, for the city of two. dexico ; Franklin Chutic, for Tainpico; John A. troo fobinson, for Ctinymas ; John Parrott, for Ma- spat atlan ; tl. W, P. Ilisflell, for San Plus; F. M ?ar Jimontl, tor Vera Cruz. !j b*| the nnil Kn Mures. n(,ei tin the evening of the 27lli July. there were four tQr, isilrt duo freni New Orlsane, ao'l three from Mobile. prff t Savannah, Oeo. us t TELLttKAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. luminary or the UtMt Int. Ulgvnce. rhe Senate, yesteiduv, were engaged princily, in the consideration of the civil and diploitic eppiopriation bill. The appropriation for ! improvement of the Savannah river was icken out. In the House, the only subject of )lic interest was a debate on the Oregon bill. I'he commercial .transactions yesterday, in all ' principal marts, w ill be found detailed among despatches below. TH1RT1KTH CONG UK 88. VIBST SESSION. Senate, Wajhinuton, August 1, 1848. ["be Senate convened at tho usual liour, the Vio* sident resumed the chair, and called to order, 'arious petitions and memorials were presented, ich were duly received and referred. CIVIL AM> DIPLOMATIC A TP BOTH IA TIO.N BILL. )n motiou the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation I from the iiouse, with the aineudraents reported m the Committee on f inance, to which it had been erred, was taken up. L discussion was commenced particularly on amend* Bts submitted iu reference to the slavery question? the consideration of which the Senate spent mucb le without excitement. After having consumed isiderable time in discussing the amendments, tho 1 was laid aside, and the Senate took up, and conTed in the Home resolutions for a Committee of |Uiry respecting the employment of reporters for th Houses of Congress. EXECUTIVE SESSION. The Senate theD, on motion, went into Exesutivc islon. Ifter having spent some time therein, the door* re opened, and the Senate resumed the eonslderan of the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bilL imerous unimportant amendments were proposed, i amendment in favor of striking out the approprlan for tho improvement of the Savannah river, iraa >pted. The further consideration of tho bill nil in postponed, when, on motion, the Senate ;i4irned over till to-morrow, Wednesday. House of Kepresentatl. es. rhe House assembled at 11 o'olock,wheu the Spv.vktt lied to order. The journal was then read und ap>ved. After the transaction of some unimportant siness appropriate to the morning hour, * Tn OMI.ON bill. )n motion of Mr. Smith of Indiana, the Honse raved itself into a Committee of the Whole on ths >te of the Union, and took up the Oregon bill with lendments. tn amendment was offered relative to giving ths Titorial government of Oregon the veto power over ritorial legislature acts. This gave rise to a leugthsd debate, in which Mr. Smith of Indiana, Mr. irke and Mr. Taylor of Ohio participated. Ths to power was stricken ont by the committee, when s committee rose and reported the bill to the Hotue :h amendments. On motion, the House at half past ir o'clock, adjourned over till to-morrow, WedaesY Markets. Ii'sfalo, August 1.?Receipts within the post 24 an:?Flour, 2000 bbls; wheat, 3000 bushels. Sales 1000 bbls flour were made at $4 25 a $4 37>4, which licates a alight improvement. Corn was dull; 41s s asked, but no sales of moment reported. Oats re inactive; 37c asked. There was no ohange 1a ter articles. Ilbawt, August 1.?Receipts within 24 hours:? >ur, 3b00 bbls; corn, 68G0 bushels. There was no ange in the price of flour. Wheat?Sales of 2300 shels were made (Ohio) at $1 04. Corn?Sales of 10 bushels were made at 54c for flat yellow, and aft ; for round do. The market closed rather dull. A e of a few hundred bushels of barley was made 08 ms not stated. The Capture of Alvarado.?It will be recoiled that Lieutenant Charles G. Hunter, of tht lited States Navy, was detailed by Commodore rry, to station himself m the neighborhood of k arado, for the purpose of blockading that port, :il he, the Commodore, had concentrated a largo ;t there, for the purpose of attacking and captug it, with directions to him on no account to ick it. Instead, however, of "lying low," a? sired, Lieutenant Hunter, with one gun and a idred men, captured it; and for aeting in diasdience of orders, he was court-martialed, conted, expelled the ilect, and reprimanded by the mmodore, and then sent to cruise in the Mediranean for pirates. This treatment of the galit Lieutenant, all but that of being sent to the diterranian, was condemned pretty generally the public, and by the officers and men of the fy. A boatswain of the fleet composed the folding verses on the occasion, which are very nted, and display considerable genius A Hatty Subject. In ancient days, we nave been told. Fish, fowl or beast oould converse hold. New we'll revive a courtly chat, Where stood for judge, a lusty rat! Whore fair proportions, sleek and round, llespoke of plenty, always found; His air was pompous, and his grace Been long acquainted with the feline race. He, like all warriors, showed his scarsMemorials of predatory wars. He was most valnj for ne'er before niu ue bucu weigniy Dusiness Dore. In silence there, by bin decree. Sat rat of high and low degree. The criminal rat, of modest mien, Seemed to enjoy the courtly scene; And seemed content as any rat, When well secured from wanton cat. The judge arose, and silence brokeWhile thus he to the jury spoke ! My ftiemls, long tried, of judgement sound. Of learning and of sense profound? To yon this business I entrust? Certain your verdict will be just. The prisoner, that before you stands, lias held at naught my strict commandsUsurped my power, and took in hand What I your strength would feign command I'll be explicit, and make known, The ills and injury he's done. Some days ago, a cheese we saw Was guarded by a feline claw; I knew, sagacious as we are, 'Twould not be gained without a scar. Thinking this rat, would no doubt please, I gave him power to watch the cheese; But by no means attempt to take, Or by his actsfsusplclon make Till I, with numbers of our raoe, Should come and well besiege the place. So that we might, with greater ease, Affright the cat and take the cheese. But ne, without rclleotion due. No sooner had the cheese in viewNo thought of cat came in his head, Of cat, that enemy so dreadSlap on the prize he clapped his paws In spite of me. or feline Jaws. Lucky for him, its guard had gone And left him and his prise alone. But seniors, what surprised us most, When we, in numbers, gained the coast We found our rat in perfect ease, HIKMI.. _t?V *' .nKvuug, wini uucuncvra. ip cneose ; Tbat cheese that I. by right, will claim, And cauaed me trouble to obtain. His speech thus made, with air profound- 1 He viewed the lengthy circle round. The jury, with but small debate. Their verdict they did briefly state : The foreman then the verdiet read. The judge, thus, to the prisoner said : "You are expelled from place of trust, And think your sentence is but just; And, covered with undying shameProceed from thip to whence yon came.'' A noise, a most terrific shout. Came from the populace without For everv rat had heard, at large, The verdict, sentence, and the charge They judge and jury do declaim. And loudly praise the prisoner's name. Much small Infringements, that result so grand YVehail with rapture, in our land. The cheese was taken, be it understood, Not for a single rat. but general good. Twice have you strove it to obtain, And he alone the prise did gain. Shame ' shame I Lot justice have Its sway And blot out onvy from the face of day. Ilring valor forth ' let virtue shine I And call not acts like this a crime. Come sir. although this judge condemns. You have the people for your friends. The judge, be heard this, with dismay, Then lower'd his tail and slunk away. he Mexican Kkvomtion.?The N. O. Pica* t of the 23d ef July, buvs:? 'e are still left In .."....t-l-n -? ">? i of th<> actions betweon Taredea and Bustamonte. paper* in the interest of ?aoh claim the victory foe r sldo. In the Monitor Rtfjuhlicono of the 14th, e ia a Kind of diary of eaoh day's events, from ?h it appears that on the 7th every thing vai t. On the 8th Bustaraente attempted to carry bj uit the fort of K.I Tajo, but wan repulsed after delte fighting. Soui- dcaertere went over this day to idea On the Oth acme tooope of the 3d Regiment .liendo went over to r&redes. There was little ling thi* day. On the loth tranrjuillty reigned, there is a report thnt this day llmtamente retired I Marfll. hut the government newspapers refuse to ve it. Kvcn from this enumeration we think it dfest that f'aredeg had the best of it down to the i We have a letter from a very Intelligent foner In Vera Crur.,who writes that the report Is ouri there that Rustnmente hsd fallen back, in consonee of hisreversus, toCelaya, about halfway be?n fluaujuatn and (Juetetaro. and that most of lilu ps had deserted. Iiustamente confesses, in s dech dated the Nth inst . that the division of Cortahad been repulsed and that many of his troopa i rsed.luthe sfTects to treat it as a light affair. Supreme Court liss pronounced Its deolsion upon question of tlie treaty, deelarlng that it was not isssry that it should bo submitted to the Logiala s of the different States for th<ir approval. Th# sure of K.uropean news upon ouroolurans compel# o cut short Mexican affairs.

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