Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 5, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 5, 1848 Page 1
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" 1 TH r NO. 5174. ~/Trrival OF THE STEAMSHIP AMERICA. ONE WEEK LATER FROM ALL PARTS OF EUROPE. THE PROGRESS OF THE GREAT EVENTS IN THE OLD WORLD. SPECIAL FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE OF TIIK NEW YORK HERALD. Threatened Rebellion in Ireland. THE MARHETB. ke. ke. ke. i The steambhip America, Captain Judkms, has arrived from Liverpool, whence she sailed on Saturday, the 22d ult. The first announcement of the marine telegraph, at half-fast 11 o'clock yesterday morning, was, that the steamship Hermann, Captain Crabtree, from Southampton, was in the lower bay, coming up; but it was soon after discovered by the telegraphic reporter that it was the America, from Liverpool, instead of the Hermann, and hence the report that the other had arrived. The America brings us one week's later intelligence from all parts of Europe, which, in the present critical state of affairs on the other side of the Atlantic, cannot be otherwise than of the greatest importance. The News Boy boarded the America at ^ before 12 o'clock, 10 miles E. by S. of the Light Ship. Our despatch end parcel bag was immediately thrown to her, and for this favor we are much indebted to Capt. Judkins. We are also indebted to Mr. Purser McKilvie for his kiudness. All energetic men like enterprize. The Hermann sailed on the 21st, from Southampton Affairs m Ireland, on the 18th, assumed a grave aspect. Dublin, Cork, Watepford, and Drogheda were proclaimed?a proceeding which, without handing over the people to martial law, enables the Lord Lieutenant to accomplish all the purposes of legal despotism?for the safety of the country. This indicates that, at the present moment, Ireland is in a most deplorable condition, and that every moment that passes is expected to be the mgncl for a conflict toe sanguinary and terrific to contemplate. The ample details "of news from Ireland, which we this day publish, will repay an attentive peiusal. The following, according to the European Timet, f the 22d ult., gives the Irish news in a few words:? , Approach of tlte insurrection?proclamations ' against Dublin, Cork, Waterford, and Drogheda? rescue of State prisoners at Carrick-on-Suir?prosecutions for vending the Nation and Ftlon newspapers?fuithcr arrests in Cork and Tipperary? movements of Doheny and Meagher in the South? Mr. Smith O'Brien at Drogheda?meeting of the Irish league?declared principles of the Dublin Clubs?Sligo election?prospects of the crops, &c. It will be seen from the proceedings in the House of Commons this evening (July 21),that Lord John Bussell has announced his intention of asking, at the sittipg of to-morrow, for leave to bring in a bill ompowering the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, or the governors of Ireland for the time being, to apprehend and detain, until the 1st of March, 1849, any person or persons suspected of conspiring against her Majesty's person and government. The reports which have reached us from all parts of Great Britain respecting the state of the crops, Ac., is very encouraging, and afford convincing proof that we shall, should the weather continue as favorable as heretofore, huve a most abundant and timely harvest. Abroad, things continue to wear an appearance of returning tranquillity. The German-Danish war may be considered at an end, and, according to the most credible rumors, the war in Lombardy , ' promises to terminate coon in peace. Charles i ' Albert crows strong in Itulian legard, for the Sici- ; liana have conferred the free crown on hia son. France continuea tranquil, and the people of Paris have called for their wonted amusements.? Assassinations have been reported, but beyond two or three instances they have not been confirmed. General Cavaignac retains the good opinion of the people, and not undeservedly. Lamartine has taken occasion to vindicate his policy while Minister of Foreign Affairs. Ilis published speech is full of eloquence, point, and sound principles. He claims the merit of having i preserved Europe from war, and challenges approbation for successful efforts in attaching the friendship of England. In her hands he recognizes the I destiny of civilization; and he sees, beyond the operations of whig and lory, the power, above all, of public opinion. There is little additional Paris news. The arrests continue, and stores of gunpowder have, is some instances, been discovered, showing that the late outbreak still smoulders. M. Marrast's election was looked upon by the journals as important, | in giving an intimation of the feeling of the as- 1 sembly us regards the Thiers party. M. Marrast was himself too much indisposed yesterday to taks ' his sent in the assembly. The Milan Gazette, of the 15th ult, states that M. i Moricluni had returned from Ferrara, after a ! fruitless mission to Innspruck and Vienna. The Emperor of Austria declined all personal discussion, and the Minister at Vienna only gave evasive* answers. We, therefore ^conclude that Austria is not disposed to acknowledge their independence of Italy. fft? o nn iliinM fnr Rnain tli* Partial nnurpr 1 UCIC to uv .w. , ...v has been tested and is found impotent. We have Madrid papers of the 15th ult. The fact of the probability of an heir to the throne is confirmed. The Carliat rising continues, but nothing new is stated as regards the rebellion, except a rumor that an English vessel had disembarked arms at Corunna. The I'nivert publishes the Pope's answer to the Roman Deputies. It is of some importance, as showing that the Roman Commons have rather taken his Holiness " at his word," and interpret their freedom literally. It is asserted by the Mtno%tr that France and England have, without concert, ordered squadrons to the Rlack Sea, to watch the movements of Russia in the Lower Danube. The .Swedish consul at Abo has officially announced that the cholera has made its appearance in Finland. In the village of Salmi, in the circle f Sortewala, out of thirteen cases, eight proved felei. The Prolan Gazette stales that the English - - 1 E NE MORNING E Government line already declared itself ready to foim commercial treaties with the Vicar of the German Empire, and to acknowledge tire unity of Germany. The Berlin Ztituv^n-HuUe, of the 18th, contradicts the report that the l'oleo in Posen are preparing for another insurrection. The Hkh.mann was appointed to sail from Southampton on Thursduy, the twentieth iilt , at one o'clock. She did not, however, do so until between one and two o'clock on Friday morn nig, the 21st ultimo. The Hermunn has the iuigc iiuiuur-r 01 i/? passengers<>I Doth classes, besides 210 children, and about KK) tons of measurement goods on height, a considerable quantity ol which is from Bremen und Havre. The total value of the cargo reaches nearly ?250,000 sterling, the goods from France consisting of merchandise of the most cosily character. The Britannia, which sailed from New York on the 5th, ond Halifax on the 8th inst , arrived in the Meisey on the 19ih. Oar French Correspondence. Paris, July 20, 1848. Within the lust week, the only matter of importance which has occurred, is the modification of the Cabinet, produced by the resignation of M. Bethmont, Minister of Justice, in consequence of indisposition; and that of Gen. Bedeau, Minister of Foreign AfFuirs, in consequence of the continued ill effects of his wound. M. Bastide has been reinstated, consequently, in the Hotel of Foreign Aflairs; and M. Marie, President of the Assembly, has been appointed to the Ministry of Justice. The vacancy produced in the Presidency of the Assembly, was filled yesterday, by the election of M. Armand Marrast, for whom there were 411 votes; and his opponent, M. Lacrosse, received 324 votes. The candidates, M. Armand Marrast was late Mayor sf 1'aris,, and M. Lacrosse, ene of the Vice-Presidents. , The former was supported by that section of the As- i embly which generally expresses the sentiments of the | late provisional government and executive commis- , lion, and which supports the present government. The latter is the candidate of the party composed ef ' :be ex-deputies, members of the centre left, and left of j be former Chamber of Deputies. M. Armand Marrast has ceased to be Mayor of Paris. 1 The same municipal organization which existed beforo ] :be revolution, is re-established. There is, as before, a Prefecture of the Seine, to whioh M. Trouve Chauvel, ' ate Prefect of Police, is appointed. M. Ducoux is ap- J jointed to the Prefecture of Police; and M. O'Reil- t y, of Irish descent, and a politioal convict inder the monarchy, is appointed Chief Secretary. J is you will doubtless henceforth hear much of to* division of parties in the Assembly, under the new titles ' Ley have Leveraley adopted, it will be necessary that ' should uive vou tome account of their * otbrrwiie a great deal of what you will read In the 1 ournals and in your correspondence may be uninteligible. The Assembly, then, besides its meetings in t lommon in its general hall, and in its bureaux and iommittees, resolved itself primarily into two sections, 1 tne of which assembled in the Rue de Polctiers, and c be other in the Palais Royal, now called the Palais Na- 1 ional. These two clubi have accordingly taken the ' lames of the places where they met?the one being i sailed the club of the Rue de Poicliers, and the other 1 he olub of the Palais National. The composition of ' hete clubs respectively was originally as follows ? The club of the Rue de I'oictiers consisted of those 4 nembers of the Assembly who formed part of the cen- ] .re left and the left of the old Chamber of Deputies c inder Louis Philippe. They were the parties who slustered round MM. Thiers and Barrotas leaders, and ] iniong them figured MM. Dufaure, de Lasteyrie, Leon f -aucbcr, he. ito. This club was also joined by most c >f those deputies of the right and the legitimists of the p x-Chamber, among whom are MM. Dupin, Berryer, he. 1 t also included all the new members of the Assembly (bo favored moderate republican opinions as Pnnnsml i o extreme ??.?.?"?'ge luffjOTiiy urttrtt'ttW, t or example, could, were it practicable, establish a so- c sond chamber to discharge tho functions of the late a 'hamber of Peers. It would grant the President s , bjitendid salary, and surround him with some v tegree of magnificence; it would give the aris- r ocratio principle considerable play in the republic, h K very large proportion of the members of this club a rave accepted the republic more from necessity than h rom choice; they did. however, accept it, and are w inxious to establish it, because they think no evil can je so bad as that which would attend another revo- fi ution They would prefer, it is true, a constitutional tl monarchy; but they believe that that could only be ii attained through another bloody revolution, which n vould be followed by another series of disastrous com- sj nercial calamities The number composing this club s e>timated at nearly half the Assembly. The club of the Palais National collected round the b nembeis of the ex-provisional government and the t ate executive commission as a nucleus. Ifupont, (do s 'Lure) Arago, Marie, Marrast, and Gamier Pages take t prominent parts in it. It was joined also by tbe ultra lcmocrats, socialists, communists of every shade, and originally formed about half tLe Assembly. The leading doctrines it favored were those of extreme demo- ( uracy, but it was mostly in the composition especially as regarded the doctrines of socialism, communism, the organization of labor, Ike. After a while these two great ' re-unions " resolved themselves into others, according to the prevailing opinions of their sections. An off-shot of the club of the Rue de Polctiers was formed, consisting of a small number of members who belonged to the old legitimist party, such as M. fierryer, and who held opinions on certain peints not quite in harmony with those of M. Thiers and his friends. Without actually deserting the main body in the Hue de I'oictlers, by reiusing to co-operate with them on important points, this little section has nevertheless private " re-unions" held at the houses of its leading members. Opinions being still more motley at the Palais National, a greater and more decided dispersion has taken place among its members. That seetion of the club which adopts the doctrines of communism and socialism, and the organization of labor, has entirely separated from tbe c.uh of the Palais National, and formed a " reunion" of its own, which first met in tho Hue des Pyramidcs, and more recently In the Rue Castiglione. The leading members of this club a?e Messrs. Louis Blano, Caussidiere, Flocon, Pierre Leroux, I'rudbou, Lagrange, Ike. Its numbers are from seventy to eighty, The prsonors of Vincennes, Messrs. Barbt's, Albeit, Raspail, Blanqui, (to., belong to thlslclub. It equally sympathized with the movement of tho loth of May, and wouid have supplied the new provisional government if the insurrection of June had been successful. Thus this club represents the most extreme democratic opinions. There is another offshoot from the club of the Palais National, characterized by opinions tbe reverse of j those which produced the club of the Rue Castiglioae. This section meets at the Palace of the Institute, and has obtained the name of the club of the Institute. It la characterized dj moueraie opinions, ana aeciucuiy opposes tbe club of the Hue Castigllone. Nothing but personal antipathies prevent the reunion of the Institute from coalescing with tbe club of the Hue de Toictiers. Tbe number of this offshoot of the Institute is from forty to fifty, From this statement, it will be seen that extreme democratic opinions. and especially tbe party of the communists and socialists, are in an extremely small minority in tbe Assembly. They make up, however, for their want of numbers, by a certain virulence of spirit which resembles fanaticism. Nothing can abash them; defeated again and again by immense majorities, they repreduce their doctrines with ail the pertinacity and faith of the apostles of an infant religion. They declare that Christianity is worn out, and will speedily lie effaced from human society; they think that tbe institutions of family and property are old prejudices originating in ignorancc.whioh. in process of time, mutt depart as certainly as Christianity ; the human race, according to them, should form a joint stock company, laboring in oommon and sharing preQts equally : competition, they say, is the curse of soolety. Individuals, accordibg to them, should feel no interest, save that of the community. The number of prisoners captured and confined In consequence of the insurrection of June, has oreated a serious embarrasment to the government. It results from the last official reports, that the sanitary state of the various prisons in which they are confined is generally satisfactory. Tbe numberof siok is comparatively very small, and the majority of their ooinplaints date before their incarceration. According to the numbers, the following is the proportion of siok :? Prisoners. Sick. Port de Vanvts 1.000 67 " Charenton 60 21 " De 1'Kst 673 32 " d'lvry 1.600 66 Do la Conciergerie 777 17 " d'Aubervilliers 000 20 " Noisy le Sec 600 15 " Homanivllli- 820 18 Toial 6.226 236 That Is ibree sick in a hundred. Among the sick, idiots, epylcptics, and, those affected with cutaneous disorders, form about two-thirds. Since the 28th of June only two have died; their death arose frotn intlammalary affections, neither epidemic nor contagious. M. de Ccrmenin, celebrated as the author of the pamphlets under the fictitious signature of " Timon,'' lias signalized himself by the humane part he has taken in visiting and inspecting these prisoners. He lately visited those detained in the fort or Roman!villc. In thia visit, which does honor to his humanity, w ro :DITION?NEW YORK, he ha* proposed mine changes in the arrangements more conducive to the health and couifort of the prisoner*. Many of them he found had uo change of linen, some were sleeping on foul straw; while others wire withe ut any. lie also visited the prisoners at Vltrennes and conversed with Ilarbi s, Sobrier, Albert and lias pail. lie tound the three tirst calm, and expecting iiii amnesty, ltaspail he found in an alio o it l'rt nzitd sfnte; be talks neurly all the night, and is perpetually rehearsing hia defence, as if before tlie Judges In the morning he is generally in a state of the greatest prostration, and the attendant a are obliged to rub his temples with iced water to bring him to hiin. self. They demanded permission to communicate t In ir families, (leu. Courtais is still at the Couuiergeiie. T he state of siege still exists. Various and contradictory rumois are circulated as to the time whon it will piobably cease. In fact, government is as yet undecided; and in the face uf the possibility of another outbreak. Cien. Cav&lgnao shrinks from the respousibility of relieving the press from its present restraints. So long as journalists feel that that they may bo treated as M de Girardin has lately been, they will lie cautious about preaching insurrection. T lie sluti'iueut of the expenses of the chiof of the executive power, and his establishment, who performs Lhu functions lately abdicated by Louis I'bilippe, has been just published in the form of a project of decree proposed by th? Minister of Finance. Aooordiug to this, a credit of 16.000 francs a month is to be opened to the Minister of Finance, to be applied as follows:? Franci. 1 Clerk of Secretary General per month 300 0 " at 260 trance each 1250 1 Chief Clerk in bureau de publicito 600 4 Translators at 260 francs each 1000 2 Copying Clerks ut 260 and 200 450 1 Huissier 108 63 4 " at 100 francs each 400 3 Messengers at 83 33 each 2 4 99 Subscriptions to French aud foreign Journals. 200 Printing, publishing notices, Itc , k.o., (this iuoiitdeB the expenses of the Uonitcur).., 10,000 Cab hire 300 Sundries 241 08 Total 15,000 00 The allowance to General Cavalgnao personally, as chief of the executive power, (out of which he has to provide bis own hotel) is 10.000 francs a month. A curious and novel project has been put forth by the government of our infant republic It is nothing less than to establish a system of publications daily and weekly, having the official stamp of authority, to 1 supply information of undoubted authenticity to the public, and to deep the people, inoluding even ; those who have neither the time nor opportunity of reading tho journals, informed of what is going on. It is proposed tliwt a journal of tho government shall ! ippear every morning kt Paris, a second edition of 1 which shall be published at four o'clock for the de- ' [lartments. 1 Journals of a smaller siso, intended to popularise ,u? viuumunr ui democracy, ana to reclily the errors aloulated by tbe daily papers, shall be likewise published by government. One of theso papers, edited for tbe working classes ind for tbe inhabitants of tbe rural localities, shall be >ent to schoolmasters, who are to read, after school 1 lours, to all those citisens who may be pleased to oome j ind bear it read. Tbe Sunday reviews will also add their share to these * laily publications, and will form the first elements of I .he communal libraries. t The communal libraries will complete the institution >f the press of the government, as well as tho means ' >f instructing and educating the people. c The journal of the government shall be sent to all f he communet of France. They who cannot pay for it ire to receive it gratuitously. a It shall likewise be forwarded to all functionaries I cho, by their employments, are obliged to be made B icquainted with all the acts of government. A general direction of the press is to be established * it the ministry of public instruction. * A committee, chosen in the National Assembly, the ' louncil of State, and the Inslitut with the director of n he press, are to preside over the editing of tbe popular * >ublications of tho government of the republio. * The following view of the political relations existing * inder present circumstances between France and " ilussia, has appeared here this morning; and, as it is * inderstood to be from the pen of M. de Lamartine. it rill be read with interest, even so far off as New Vork. ri ' The revolution is the spirit of God, which pass- '! tth over the world, and which stirrelh up nations, ? rben constitutions, which are but the spirit of man, J' icing no longer equal to tbeir movements and ideas, " lease to bo in harmony with their internal life. H " The revolution is at one time religious faith, at it vas three hundred years ago; at another, the unity of ? >owt r. as under Richelieu; sometimes, philosophy, as 4 u the 18th century; sometimes, the affrauohisement * if the disinherited classes, as in '93; and sometimes, d JoV|, as under the Kmpire ! At our epooh, it is 0 ibcity. 0 " Nations, divided by tho intmity of races, by a rival- * i,. -j- i.i?- ./? separated by rentiers, which policy or war have marked at their 1 hoice, are not all ripe at the same hour, to allow the pirit of God to pass without resistance and without a " truggls. In times of revolution, among nations as rf 11 as among individuals, there are always to be found " elardatary as well as impatient men. If France is P' inpatient, according to tbe opinion ?< <> ?.? 'e rlio are now trembling on tneir throwee, KueeJa is beiudhand, according to the opinions of those nations 'ho are now yearning for justice and liberty. ' And are not France and Russia, those two poweril personifications of young and of old F.uropo? . liose two living symbols of tbe future and of the past? i reality, civilization and barbority, movement and ssistance, force and right, the spirit of God and the pirit of man. the idea and the fact? Behold, at the first rumor of revolutions, Russia lands erect, and the cry of war resounds throughout ~ er steppes and ices Her llattering promises, which lie will not keep, lull to rest the neighboring aatious; ei he evokes the remembrances of the past; she flatters j{ hose passions she so lately blamed; she recognises hose nationalities which she has just steeped in blood; it rtd she nnncfLrfl mrnhpn unit m*nnclnir with ilHl (Hid 41 nen at her extreme frontiers, ready to pass over rivers, lecided to occupy cities and to point her cannon at be terrible propagand which has galvanized every tl tation. g) " And France, kneeling with pain upon the tomb- | tones of her sons, decimated by internal divisions? | 11 ranee, who sutlers from over strength and from want b if cccupation, and who has all to gain from a war jj rliich would carry the most adventurous and the nest ardent far from her cities?remains silent and 11 mmovable beneath the distant threat, because she a rell Knows that glory would annihilate liberty, and t< bat ideas, like to the thunderbolt, can cross moun- ] ain? and rivers, and will be stopped neither by armies ? tor by persecutions. G "What a deep lesson does not this contrast offer to ? he historian, and what a magnificent spectacle it pre- 0 lents to tbe eye of the philosopher. Nor does it op- < iear to us to be either mat apropos or without interest, t .o take a rapid survev of the intermediary countries ? vhicb separate France and Russia, and which are a ibout to settle their destinies between the fact and f .he idea. a " if we do not err in our provisions, never will the ( map of the world, which has been modified by each resolution, have undergone more suddenly, nnd in c nonseijuenco of the same shock, a more radical change. c But a most remarkable fact which prevails throughout p the present situation is, that want of power and of ( rorce?that tendency towards unity witi rh seems to j lead the people of every nation to reauoend to their , i-radle, in order to reunite under one sole authority ( ail the dispersed elements of the primitive nationali- t ties. . Thus Germany, that singular assemblage of States ( and of sovereign principalities, took, some years back, , its first step towards unity in adopting the zoliverein, ( that customs union, which has caused the frontiers to , be levelled in favor of material interests. The soil- ; verein was the forerunner of the National Assembly ( oi r lanHiori, wnicu soon followed it. ' 11.en Italy, that magnificent aail generous country, which Austria had given up to the good pleasure of its archdukes, and to the brutality of Its soldiers, after having paid for the aggrandisement of her territory with the purest blood of her citizens, has offered herself freely to that of her sons, who appeared to her to be the strongest and the most devoted to her cause, and hns thus laid the foundation of ber glorious unity. ' But let us not dissimulate to ourselves that the homogenlty of Germany and Italy will considerably change the balance of Kurope, and will greatly modify their national intercourse. In times of peace, the exchange of produce and the transactions of commerce will, doubtless, be great gainers by it ; but in case of war. or of a misunderstanding, an offensive and defensive alliance between the two great powers may prove to be unto us a direct, and even an imminent danger. " Mistress of the Baltic and of the Oerman Ooean, of the Gulf of Genoa and of the Adriatio, they would succeed, by their joint efforts, and in concert with Russia, in destroying our trade, in intercepting our arrivals ef timber, iu ruining our possessions in Africa, and would throw, unexpectedly, upon our frontiers, one of those innumerable armies of which modern history has lost all recollection. "And what should be the polloy of France, foreseeing such dreadful alliances? "A new policy, springing from the very nature of things, geographically indicated ; a firm policy, openly acknowledged, clearly designed, and persevering above all; a polloy ever on the look out for events and encroachments, acting conformably to the recognisance of historical rights, by the influence of traditions, by an intellectual crusade, by the propagand of ideas, by the Intercourse of persons, by the ever increasing fusion of commerce or solidary interests. "France must, in one word, insulato Russia, by degrees, by placing between her and F.urope, as an insurmountable barrier, about forty-five millions of human breasts, by endeavoring to resuscitate those powerful nationalities which have, for ages, disappeared from the map of Kurope?nationalities, the existence of which is unknown to the majority of the French?the Sclavonian nationalities. "We willjgive a summaryMndication of the Interests and tendencies of the Sclavonic nations, the natural r 11(1 neceaaary auie* 01 crane*. ' The Sclavonic racer, the Ancient Scythian* of th* Homan world, are four In number: on one aide, the bluarovltea, confounded with th* Kuaalana, that ia to ray, with the rtctorioua nation; on th* other, th* Tolea. Bohemian* and lllyriana?that la to any, th* oppreraed nationalltle* "There four nationalltle*, separated by time and by eonqueat. bar* preferred, deaplt* their Ineorpora\ iRK ] [ SATURDAY, AUGU lion with their invaders the most rtrihing analog of manners, language, literature, and original trail! t i nr. A J clavonian, win soever way be his mastei whatever may he bis dress, Is euro to be received b; the other Sdavi s at a brother of the same country he la .'Ure of ft hearty welcome It iw thin lively feeling of nationality, which has re fisted time, oppression and misery that Russia ha lotg endeavored to over-excite, by the promises of It! Uitent6. kv its lireuching and bv its hriherv. and whirl it now eiideavo"a to excite by a deceitful appearand of n odt rat on and profound sympathy 'And, certainly, it is not for the love of her dNin herlted sisters that Russia?that vast heartleEs bodycalls t he oppressed nationa to liberty and fraternity Ask Constantinople wha* the support of the Czai costs in dignity; ask Serbia what blood and gold arc required to pay for an Idea of independence, aftel having accepted a master in a protector. " Russia keens her eye fixed on the West becau'esbc is well aware that it Is from that side danger uiay fa I upon her. She advancea with slow but sure steps; ami her Madiiavelian policy hesitates neither hefore time nor the sacrifices of money, nor before those of wel! fftid massacres, nor the cruelties of religirus fana ttcisui Russia knows but one aim: to annihilate while confiscating them to her profit, those national! tit0 which might attempt to rise up and place themselves between the principle of absolutism ?which consf itlltskC liar ul f,. V. nw.l IIca^.U.1.1- -f ? - * ?hum iin- |*ii?t;i|ii<? ui uruiocrtR] whl, b France bringH to a world regenerated. ' And tliat Is why she announces to Poland, astonished and shaken to its very foundation, forgotfulnoss ?.t the past, the end Of ber disasters, the roconstitution of ber kingdom. It in for that, ehe Matters the gn at lords of Bohemia and Hungary with seductions of all kinds; and keepa alive in their bosoms that instructive hatred which separates them from the German races it is for that, she sends her soldiers to encamp ui on the frontiers of Valnchia and Moldavia; these two Roman colonies, whoso interests bind them so closely to the Sclavonisn provisoes; for that she psys their hospodais, those traitors who will, on the promi>ed day. luy open to her the high road to Constautinople. >vh eh has been eternally coveted by the C/ars. and which would give them the supremacy of the Mediti rrum an. " And, in reality, it is a golden dream, and highly capable ot reducing a coDCjUeror ! To the North, the Kronen ocean; to the South, the Levant; behind, the deserts of Asia; and before her?through Germany, which would, in that case, be hers?Krance. at bay at theocean! Russia would merely have to open her arms to embrace civilization; and to close them, to smother it for ever ! ' Let Krance then be aware ! Kldest daughter of humanity she will have to account to future generations Tor the holy mission God Almighty has entrusted to her devotedness, to her loyalty, and to her generous rharacter. All nations who are athrlst for liberty are tier brethren; and she must combat, even that ignoraneo which should tend, under the specious appearance of emancipation, to hide that oppression shicb gives birth to barbarity.'* Paris, July 20, 1S48. Tfie Money Market. For some time after the insurrection of June, larltes at ihe Hourse were so occupied with the lolitical position of affairs, and the confidence in>pired hy its suppression, and the energy of the tew government was so great, that all descrtpion of securities rose rapidly, but now that time has >een afforded to consider the financial situation of the country, considerable apprehension is entertained as o it. arising from the vast increase af expenditure, tnd enormous diminution of the revenue. This has iroughtabout its natural result; and from day to day decline is continued, as I noticed in my last report, 'here is also a considerable number of speculators 'ho have bought for the acoount, and who are aaslstag the fall, with a view not to be left inembarrassicnt at the end of the month, by having to deliver trek on a rising market. Tho amount or stock that 'ill be brought into the market by the conversion of 'reasury notes and savings'banks deposits, also adds ts (juota to the fall, since the delivery of that stock 'ill commence on the 20th. Another reason operating 0 the fnll, is a rumor that Is in circulation, and gene illy credited, that the government are negotiating a ew loan from tho bank, in addition to the 160 unions already agreed on; and the uncertainty of the prms on which this loan will be effected, and whether : may or may not be guaranteed by a creation of new lock, which will be thrown on the market. Some parties assert that the government is about to ffertotake a new loan from the publio. and that the 1 tins of such loan will be te give 7&f. 26c., tho price at 'hich the three per cent loan in Nov. 1847, was adjuicated; allowing the subscribers to the latterloan (that f 1847), the amount of their guarantee (10 per cent), n their subscribing to the new loan a sum equal in mount to their subscription to thefermer lean. Very little is doing In railway shares. Those of the .yons railway have been somewhat in demand during be last dav or two, in consequence of the treaty for :s repurchase ohving been concluded between the overnment and the company. The terms of the rcaty are to give the shareholders stook in the five er cents projuolng 7f. 60c. of dividend, being equivant to about 360fi ancs per abare. otes not'gat due. a^I~Vu-f. tAWfl-tn 1 G20 Treasurv nt discount; Fives closed yesterday at 76f 75o. for isb, and from 7f>f. 60c. to 74f. 73c. for the acoount; hrees closed yesterday at 46f. 75c. cash, and from ?f. 75c. to 4Gf. 25c. for account. Oar Italian Correspondence. Naples, July 13, 18IS. 1 seize the opportunity of a steamer sailing for inform you that at length Sicily is erectd into a constitutional kingdom. The Sicilians >ve not a republic, and the inhabitants of Palermo, aving got out of all patience with the delays of le Parliament, determined they would treat It as tho ordinals are treated by the Roman laws, to compel iem to electa Tope. The National Guard accordingly irrounded the House of Assembly, In which the Parament was sitting; tbey made around it a hedge of ayonets, and sent their commander to intimate potely to the President of the Assembly, that not on idividual would be permitted to issue therefrom until king was eleotcd. The Parliament found itself obliged > come to a decision, and accordingly elected the lube of Genoa, secor d son of Charles Albert. King of lardinia. This was duly certified to the National iuard, who received it with a feu de jnie Due production of the new kinir heinir nimli- th? foreign vessels f war which lay In the harbor vera Invited to raise he Sicilian flag and salute it. The first to comply with his request was the tyrltish brig of war Bull Dog. who aluted the flag with twenty-one guns. The French hips followed next, with the like salute. Soon after, Ive British line of battle ships sailed into the harbor, ind a steamer was "despatched with a commissioner to Jenoa,to signify to the Court of Piedmont the election. This city continues to be the scene of continual 'ouflicts between the bourgeoitie and the troops. The >ther evening several persons were at the Cafe do Anjells. at Toledo, when a troop of about twenty officers, if all arms, and especially of the royal ;juard, entered t. The officers began crying out: " Vile assassins, bejone; blackguards of liberals, hence, or we will cut you ;o pieces." Such of the bourgeatiic who did not make heir escape in time, were struck to the ground; strong .atrols who were passing before the door of the cafe, lid not attempt to put a stop to such scandalous conluct. Other coffee nouses of Toledo were obliged to ihut up, on account of similar scenes. The officers, iccompanied by sub officers, parade through the city, n the mest mensciog manner; a few days ago, they iestroyed everything at the printing office of tbo Cal aire, snd have forced several shops to be closed. In shirh were sold publications which did not suit their taste. The officers have no fear in saying, that If the "haniber of Deputies (now without defence) attacks :he troops, the ministry, or the king, not a deputy ihail leave it alive, Ike., See. Florence, July 12,18JH. The address, just voted by our new Parliament, n answer to the speech of the Grand Duke, is the ?ubject of conversation in all circles here. This locunient, which affords n remarkable example of he progress of political ideas in a State hitherto ruled by an absolute sovereign, contains some passages ivhich will be read with great Interest. As the war >f independence (says the parliament addressing the loverelgn.) is the first charge of all Italy, so it is the luty of all the States which compose It, and we repeat) with you. that we must, above all, put an end to that national war whloh we wage against no nation, but jnly against the Emperor of Austria; to defend the right of nationality, which is the first sanctioned by nations. Italy is full of gratitude to the magnanimous Charles Albert, the champion of that right: to the glorious pontiff, who haa supported it against I h n > i ni MirAP lilmaalf aw/I ?Ka will waI If lit pontiff and a* king ; and, finally, to you, who the first furnished arma to support It. It la a grout misfortune for llaly to hare to deplore the defections of the Bourbonhf Naples. Tuscany waa the flrat to rise, at the ory^f berolo Milan, and has taken up arms, as if she Bad ever boon accustomed to wield them ; she hastened to the field of battle, and fought ; she did notcoutyher enemies?ehe trusted In tho destinies of Italy ; ?Tea hor losses were glorious, and a pledge of victory. The day of the 25?th of May will be t nvled by posterity ; but Impetuosity is not enough, when a regular war requires that art, valor and discipline be united. As the direction of warfare is a royal prerogative, it is for you to fix the number of our soldiers ; to yonr voice shall be joined ours, and those of all honest men. Nor will our generous youth fhil when oalled upon by tbe voice of their common country. None will fear that arms will be wanting to industry ; or were we to be forced to embrace the dire extremity, we should all prefer independence with poverty, to wealth |witb slavery; and we confidently hope that while the raw soldiers will be about to be armed, your government will re-organise those who are already In the field, will give them able eblefs. and will render the military ad SERA ST 5, 1848. y minietiatiou incorruptible But, In order to accele- , rate victory, and to draw the greatest utility in con- t , it tutiug our nationality, it iN nero<*ary that the affair Y of the league be terminated by a treaty.In which the * ; basis of the stricteat union tictwoen the different faml- j l ea of Italy shall be laid down In thin view, wn con- /, vratulate ourselves upon your having received the * Sicilian deputies. and we do not doubt but you will re- r, i cognise the State of Sicily, which has constituted tti self, in a legitimate manner, to submit Itself to the n ) government of a king Italian in mind and origin It le ? for that we rejoice that Louibardy, Vrnetia. I'armesan, Modena e. joined to Savoy. Piedmont and Llguvia, have formed a strong kingdom, which will form a bulwai k against a foreigu invader We are happy to il r m o that by the junction of l.ueca. and the union of b i Maaaa. Carrara I.iesgiana. and (Jarita Guana. the Tus- J r cau siaic ia completely constituted. ' 1 he Urritory of tho States of Italy being than rt>- t i comp< red agreeable to the will of nature, of certain, I and to the present and future destinies of Italy, tlia a I federative compact allowing earh State to preserve its , ! personality, policy will establish tho uniformity of all. t! I and will piovidc. by tho representatives of all. for tho oiunioon righto ana Interests, so that the Italian na- P , tion may be strong, happy and respected It Is thus J . | we augur, that from the league formed to acquire our in- c <*eprndenee, will spring tho federationlwhich will pre- ? serve It. and from this tie, national unity. The folic!- ? r | ity of Italy will contribute to that of Kitfope, for tho h fortunate Issue of tho war and the constitution of the " . 1 Italian nationality, will secure the real political equlli- ti briuin by founding it, not upon artificial States, but a upon natural nat'ons, and by removing all pretexts H I for conquest It is for'tbat we rejoice that while our '' armies drive back the Kmperor of Austria, who alone s< i wages a war, contrary to justice and to the interests c' of Kurope. wo keep up the most friendly intercourse tl with foreign powers, including that of republican cl France, and that we bare still strengthened it with Spain. Italy has a right to tho friendship of all nu- si tions, for she attacks none of them, and defends them J' all in defending herself ", July 13,1IM8. g We are here in statu quo. No important move tv hub been mude since the date of my last. lean l} enly report to you what we huve heard from the tt headquarters, at lloverhella, up to the date of yes- ^ terday. " We have only here what is happening always in war; projeots are formed wliioh, at tho mo- K ment of execution, have to be modified to prevent our K | being taken unawares by the enemy. Radetsky, to stop our preparations about Verona, has marched a division between Leguano and Mantua, and by his marclics and countermarches has discovered his intention. whioh is, if he could, take us in the rear, and tbuN menace the provinces of Loinbardy. He lately j, miido a sortie from Verona, to throw reinforcements e; into Mantua, and sent a large body from Vicenzu, to ? support that part of hia army which is operating i against Venice. el Charles Albert has consequently been obliged to r, take such measures as were commanded by prudence 0j ni.u tuo jinuuipirB ui war, inai iiih army nugnt, comu jr Mliat may. have I lie greatest confidence in him and jj, liiB generals. All our columns ar? now placed in po- al Dillon. We shall not be long before we have an engagcment with the enemy, who ia concentered beyond tL the Adige, between Verona and L.cguano. Consider- j,, able reiijforcementa having arrived from Lombardy, tbey will form our second line, and the troops whioh p, have hitherto been employed in that duty will push jB forward, and everything prognoaticates an important operntion on Mantua. Charles Albert koeps the most profound secresy as to his plans, which, in the face of fe; an enemy so near to us, is of tho last importance. j,h Austria knows better than any power in Europe how th to conceal its reverses and repair its defeats, and we tic must be on our guard with ht>r. i A deputation from Venice arrived this evening at our cauip, and buve delivered to the king the act of pr, union of the Venetian provinces. His majesty has assured them that some Piedmontese troops shall intmodiately be sent to their assistance, and has recom- jUI mended them to persevere in their efforts, and given >i them hopes of an entire deliverance. of The great curse of Italy at this moment is the im- tlis patient nnd enthusiastic, who imagine that Charles pui Albert has only to wish it, in ord?r tp drive 120,000 0f, Austrians out of Italy. we P. S.? Orders have just arrived that the army is to u0 be in readiness at 8 o'clock to-iuorrow morning, to >i marrh in udvauce. This is all we know. My own (.1,, opinion is that It is on Mantua, so that you may soon jn expect some news. i< Our Spnnlsli Correspondence. Madrid, July 15, li?IS. tht TheCarlist movement in the Navarre provinces j?? has proved a complete failure. We have every ?< day executions of Carlist officers taken in urms. *ni The first of these was General Alzaa, who was arrested ,nt by the Gendarmerie after a conflict with that body at (Dj Mont Bayarette.on the 2d Inst., and on the 3d he was 001 shot. He was a very distinguished and highly popular chief, and his loss was a severe check to theCarlists. of Since then the Generals llzarbe and Zubiri, who were ' closely pursued by the Queen's troops., have been no Sl^ , u,kM8SH& to o^JWb,MeSeU HWA*1: 2S, military authorities at Bayoune caused them to be dis- th< armed. General Jlzarbe would have been a dangerous < oppc nrnt to the government at Madrid. Ho Is full of J?" courage and enterprise, and has a thorough aoijuain- "r< tance with the province of Navarre. He served under Mina. and since under Xumnlcarregui and Elio. ''?. Zubiri also served under Zumalcarregnl, and was also nes I a skilful chief Sebirino. Ermcterio and Soto were also y"} distinguished commanders. These, then, are losses ! that .render the Carlist cause in Navarre hopeless for "'J1 tho present. art" Fiom Catalonia we have no recent news The ad- ' *4' Tires from that quarter, that have come in the shape of * H rumors, are contradictory and not to be relied on )>a< Our German Correspondence. r* 'r Frankfort, July 15,1848. lor This town has lately been the seat of debates, in the result of which all Europe is interested, for The Archduke John has left this morning, alter an having appointed a ministry which will, during mv his absence, conduct the affairs of the country per in- 'au lerim. it is a provisional government upon a provi- ,, j. sional government. I have already informed you that jn the anti-dcmocratical tendency of the new central *ei power, betrayed itself by a thousand symptoms. The choice of the ministers is among the gravest and the aB most significative. The Vicar of the kmpire bad at In first cast his eye, as president of bis cabinet, upon M. t 'amphauiea, recently fallen at Berlin for having rjf denied the revolution of the 18th March. This perso- Oi nagc has been more skilful and more prudent than the Archduke, for he has refused the proffered minis- \{ try, fearing, doubtless, that his unpopular name might injure the power about to be established. On his refu- be sal, M. Schmerllng has been entrusted with the minis- ari try of the interior and with that of foreign affairs. ?v< In the National Assembly, M de Scbmerling has been ever seated on the benches of the right, and has voted We with the extreme fartion of that party. His col- ]BI leagues are:?War, the Prussian General I'eaoker; Hp, Justice, the Deputy llecksher. The last renegado of |nt the lelt is tbo historiograph of the triumphal journey faj of the Archduke; and it is to his recital, which I mentioned to you lately, serio-comical, mixed up with do- j scriptiour. banquets and ultra courtier-like tirades, that he is indebted for having attracted the attention ia, of the Prince. These three ministers are the only > ones named as yet. On his return from Vienna, tin where he is gone to open the session of the Austria* tie States, the Vicar of the Umpire will complete or reform his cabinet. (> lie left, at parting, an address to the German people, which was read in the parliament, in this day's sitting, th< and which is but an assemblage of common phrases, wc without much meaning. The discourses of installation, Pqi pronounced by MM. Schmerllng and de Hecksher are _i little better. The whole had a very peor success in the hu Assembly. The archduke had been more fortunate in Bel the eve. at tbe play-bouse, when, in taking leave of the hnurgeoitit, who had come in compliment to him. he fo] promised to return shortly, with the objects he held most dear on earth, his wife and son. But not one la word for his country and for liberty. No matter. His tb: patriarchal simplicity drew tears from all eyes. I know of not what orator said, a short time ago. "that the French Ti were monarchical In the bottom, although they had tb< adopted a republican form of government; whereas the sij Germans were republicans in the heart, though they in; lived under a monarchy.'' What would this lover of agi paradoxes say. bad he seen the Inhabitants of the free mi city of Frankfort, burst out with frantic bravoe at the m, the thought of possessing, ere long, the timulacre of a rie court. He Since I speak to you about the manner in which na franc* and the r renin are considered nere, l may say th a few words npon the important debate which took M place this morning in parliament. It was relative to th the proposal made by the Committee of Defence to add Pa three thousand and fifty men to the effective of the fe- he deral troops. The motion passed by a majority of 303 w| votes against 140. it Is true, that by a second vote, m the Assembly, ever inconsistent, has somewhat chilled hi the triumph of the monarchioo military party, by deci- as ding that the new soldiers should not be assimilated to th the now existing troops, and should be merely placed Jo on the footing of a a kind of Mobile National Guard; | su but the number demanded, has. nevertheless, been its granted Would you believe, that among the argu- , hu mints employed to obtain this result, they have held T1 forth the warlike aggression and conquering disposl- i tion ef the French' The noble declarations of Lamar- I 18l tine, the sympathetic language of the press, the reserv- ( wa ed attitude of the republic, were held as nothing. I thi err? it is not the German people who think and speak an thus; It is the evil remains of that race of princes, of | coi diplomatists, of publicists, who have, for 30 years, made it their plan of tactics to caluminate our feelings to- tL wards the populations beyond the Rhine, so as to *el ' keep up the mistrust with which they receive our Ideas. inj MM de Itadowlti. I.Iebnowskl it to., have adorned He 1 this olden thesis with more or less talent?with more th ' cr less r? heme nee, and the three hundred odd fune- rei ' tioiiarb s who people the benrbes of the right and of the be< ' centre, have ssgerly answered the appeal of their lea deis Hut the left protested often, and violently, an t ------ LD. TWO CENTS. gainst this deplorable injudtlro of prejudice. Now, be left alone, pro orly dpeaking, represent* the poole, and bae proved itdelf to be, on thin ocaaaion, their ery faithful echo, (invcrnmentd have their masons to read and caluniinale the republic, the party of the nurgtoitie who make* one muse with thein, yield* to a own antipathy and repeat* old acuaatioua. The lnainder, that is to nay the inaaaea, wh>n>? ju Igment, uided by inatinct. is baeed upou facta. lovni France, nd deeiree her for an ally. It icon theee iata.ta.i we iu.?t rely. ThrtnlriM'tl ItrlieMon In Ireland. The luet rluh prnuussir u in Cork brought the leader* n contaet wi li the authorities, and the rexult ha* ecu II urn m of .\1aa.ra Varian, Bourke. Lena, and n'n?i_~ . ? un .in marge* or sedition. The arrest* rok place on Tuesday. The parties were all admitted o ball Mr. Meagher lias traversed in pror, until the naxt railea of Limerick Kespecting tlie doings of thin gentleman, we And he following in a Limerick paper of the 15th ult :? " Mr. Meagher lait night addressed another crowd of ermine from the window* of the In mm of Dr. Onar y, . P.. Oeorge street, where ho had dined, lie raid the ounty Limerick grand jury had found tru? bill* gainet him ; that gome of that panel, innluuic; the irrnian were memberg of the late Irinh Council. which ?d advorated the national doctrine* for which he la iOW to be tried a* a felon. He adverted Indignantly 3 the leisure r 1'.Mr Oavau Dutfy'a property In Dublin, nd deilgnaled our rulerg iih the government robber* le thanked the government, notwithstanding,for sendig him to trial to Limerick, where lie had now found a care snd substantial footing He cared not for tha nurt, the government, or the army, and he intreated )e people ofl.imerlek to organiae and inereaae tha lube, now becoming of universal formation throughiit Ireland Let them never forget the ten* of thouinda of their kindred and oountrymen i-tarved in path by Kngllsh nongovernment, and mouldering in ntimely gravra; and reaolve never to under the glo our bnrveat of thi* year to pus* out of their baud*, at le peril of adding to the human sacrilioe of the !a?t fo year*. Thia dlaplay took placo in a atreet nearly opposite le judge*'lodging*, and certainty within hearing of leir lordship*. At the recond meeting of the Irish League, Dr. Can# anded in a Hat of 170b Kilkenny men. including the tayor of the city, and three magistrate* of the city of llkenny, with a gnat number of the corporation of llkeuny, vending In their pound each. Dr. Can# lid It wa* no light cnuae that brought four out of tha ve borough maglatratc*, to whom the peace of KUenny in confided, here to-night. Atthe nine meeting, 3e ltev. Thaddeu* ()1Malloy alluded to Lord John uaaell'R declaration,that ho wonld rather die than *ufir the union to he iliaunlveii iie/vt-> > -* ? .?V \iu?, V 1HUI1 xyjf wuuill ill him that if he insisted in maintainlng th? union, e must die. In extinguishing th? union they would xtinpuieh him if he came in their way. Perhaps it .lght be without Meagher's virgin sword being stained, hey must boa ever, repeal the 11 uion.evo n at the risk of countering Lord JehnKusseirs formidable spear. The verend gentleman thus concluded : If the good Sense r Kngland was about to abandon her at last, and if ideed Ireland was destined to be the rock on whish tr proud empire should split, then must armed milllonf ife as one man on the same day and at the same hour ireat cheering and waving of hats); for thus would le sterner duty of patriotism and the milder voice of imanity both be best obeyed; for, going thus, they inuld have to strike but oue blow, and the first should i the last, the final death-blow of Kngland's dominion i that country. Smith O'Bhikw offered this resolution:? "That the urraDgeincnts entered into at the late conrence of repealers, requires that the repeal clubs ould continue totally independent of this league; but is must not be understood to imply any disapprobain of local repeal clubs under proper management." 'J he officers of the city of Dublin clubs held a meet; on Saturday night the 16th, Mr. John B. Dillon, usidunt of the Curran Club, presiding; when the folring declaration was adopts d. ou the motion of Mr. ilth O'Brien, M. P., seconded by Mr. A. O'Oorman, i.:? The systematic efforts made by writers in the pay the British government to cause it to be believed it the Hepeal clubs of Ireland are organised for the pose of pillage and massacre, and for Ihe overthrow religion and social order, render it expedient that should define the real ohjeots of the club organisan; be it, theretore, resolved and declared? 1 That the purposes and end of our organisation are ) overthrow of the power of the British legislation this island. ' That while we are firmly resolved to abstain, in r political capacity, from any interference in mats of a religious or sectarian character, we are not ) lees desirous that religion should be upheld, and ) legitimate influence of its ministers maintained in integrity. That so far from desiring to overthrow social order, d to subject our country to universal anarohy, our t anxiety has been, and is, to secure the legislative iepondence of our country with the least possible ury to any class of its inhabitants; and in the acnpliehuient of these our designs we hope to put an. il for ever to the sufferings and the disorders whick v? never ceased to afflict our people under the sway Britain " " nitntiiii/, iuuuum|u<ii!i:?oi a report wuicn uad foundation, of the ljtun of a warrant for the arrest Dr. Cane, a magistrate and the leader of the cou rates in that quarter, the populace maJe a for oilJ foirn -"''"lion, and barricades were erected in nuauW-R f/u- ProgPouted papers, we take the ftf, Irish 'treason,' uow MtlihsiWk the s'Bn*l,^^TrablT )ally,' declares that we will be fond of ItiTs" lovelfs four hundred miles off,' that we will hang ' felons' n each tree-brauch and Ump-po.,t, and forgetting bbereen, and forgiving Schull. will be balm/, and si, and patient, and persevering. It is a lie. We not' loyal;' wu have no particular partiality for our ueen;' we don't care a fraction for 'I'rince Albert;' have no sympathy with the -ltcyal Family,' we te Knglish ( overninent' and Knglish -law'?Cla idous and Blackburnes?we are 'rebels,' aye derate Tele Is' and 'felons'?thorough goi g -feis'?heart and soul, every one of us. The cry, ive the word, sir. ' which was lately heard in sterford, was the dirge of 'loyalty.' Dig a grave it, encofltn it, write over it rei/uieicat in pace, d have masses said for its soul. Irish politioa y now be fairly reduced to this : 'Authority' ist squelch ' felony, ' or ' felony' must squelch thoiity.' 'Authority' sits in high places, and clad in rich garments, and revels la luxury, elony,' for the most part, is thin and poor* dwelling back lanes and peasant streets. - Authority' is eneon magisterial bench, and, surrounded by poit police men and delicate detectives, looks a send Daniel ' Felony'stands in the dock before it, id is awarded punishment, and is ordered to pay es, and is despised. But the hour has ooaae when slony' shall sit in judgment on ' authority.' The >rd who ruleth all rulers has willed that we should e. Extaltmvit huinilti, depoiuil de ted' euperhoe. , perhaps, we are too sanguine. We may lloo before we are out of the wood. Trua it in this case we can get out of the wood we take axe in band. The voice of prayer and tition has been stifled, and the only voics to be ard is the voice of deflanae If there may be cowls amongst us, whioh I believe not, we can, at all rnts, select a Lconidas band, and make a new Thertpylw. War Is proclaimed, and until it oommenoe, must spend our time in preparation. Felons af Ireid ' arm. and that immediately! The breathingice before you must close with your foemen is brief leed, and you mnst treasure every minute. If yon ned weapon In our hand.". Arm !" Wr. Devin itoilly open* on Lord Clarendon, by call( hi* Hxceilency the u General Turnkey of Ireid.'' he. ' Nothing remains for thoao who would make their oughts known, in this, our country, but to speak em with their hands." Devin Hcilly speaks and prints his thoughts. He ys farther - Klog them (the Irish) at the triangle, decorate em with the pitch cap, let the lamp posts bear their inted vintage, till at last they be compelled te uelch (?) yon as a hideous nuisance, to escape agony to take you by the neck, tyrant, gaoler, assassin, and irl you and your dominion oiT this Irish soil Into the a." One of the Cork papers of the loth ultimo gives the lowing respecting a threatened massacre ? " A circular was read on Wednesday evening, July , at some of the clubs in this city, and we suppose roughcut the country, which ought to open the eyes any who yet doubt the designs of the disaffected le circular we allude to bears the signature of one of 91 felons' now in custody. It was directed to the prelent of eaohciub, gave sundry instructions respootg the organisation, and exhorted all to be ready ainat, we understand, the 8th of August. At preut there are said to bo 182.000 of them armed, amunitloned, and drilled, and waiting but the word to ie. Until that be given, they are to employ themIves enlisting and drilling others, none of whose tmes are to be sent up to head-quarters (Dublin) until ey are armed, and in the same state of discipline the 182 000 whose names are already enrolled ere When the signal for slaughter is raised, ch club Is to fall to, in its own neighbortod, in .order to baffle the military and police, who ill necessarily be so concentrated as to be unable to eet the rebellion at every point; and when any club ks conquered resistance in its distriot?then it is to eist any neighboring club in i ant of aid Some ousands of the rebels, it is calculated, will be out wo In thin sort of warfare, but the extent of the lurreotlon. thej expect will. notwithstanJin*, insure i triumph?in their own language, the/ ma; fail ia i nil re ds ot place*, bat the; will succeed in thousand*, its is the plan of proceeding. A Privy Council waa held at Dublin ( astie on the th, at which the I.ord Lieutenant presided, when It j resolved to proclaim the following place* undar s Coercion Act: Connty an>l city of Dublin, connly deity of Cork, county and city of W'aterford. aaj unty and the town of Drogheda. rhe government have been prompt in following up e proclamations issued on the Htii, by notification (. ttlng forth the days and places appolutid for grantI licenses to keep arms The commissioners of p.?e in Dublin issued a notice that they will attend a', eir office in the Lower < astle-yard. for some days, t > reive applications for licenses. Suullai notices have en Issued in all the proclaimed district* t he police have reoelved Information that depot* of in ?ai*t Iniotr.e parts of th* metrop.'lia, anil that

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