Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 6, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 6, 1848 Page 1
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'=>^riWii-rK.v<uaBc w.n. U.H? BT^W^ai ~"W rT~ nn ir it J. JO. . NO. 5175. ZNSJIILSiSTJ.IS'fS- r?03l?i*CH>T COBItESPONDEXrK TO TIIK NEW YORK HERALD. Paris, .1 illy 1.1, Isi.<. Immediately after tiic termination of the insurrection, I told you that, from the host information I could obtain, the number of killed nnd wounded amounted to between 10,000 and 20,000 : and siir.e that t:me I have given you some accounts, placing it a little more than three thousand, from sources that ought to he quite responsible. The Constitution, of to-day, discusses the subject in lull; and says that the numbers are not, and never will be, accurately known ; that in the revolution of July. IS !0. the fighting continued but two days, was limited to a comparatively small portion of the city,and yet the numler of killed and wounded, as ascertained, amounted to seven thousand; and that from the faots already known, the great surface of the city where the fighting took place, its duration of four days, and its great ferocity, they regard 10.000 a low estimate. In | this opinion I concur; and why the French are so anxious to diminish the number of the insurgents, ] and of the killed and wounded, is not apparent. What folly to talk about 40.000 insurgents, when there wore i more than 200.000. men and women; all Paris, east of ( Rue Montmartre. Palais Royal, and the Luxembourg, \ and most of the Ranlieux, were insurgents, and this t embraces one half of the city?i f the population, I j mean. Then, as to the killed and wounded' then. < were m< re than a hundred regular pitched battles, t terminated generally by the bayonet. The 48th regi- | ment of the line, out of ninetoen officers, had fourteen | killed and horrib y wounded; most of them kilted on the spot. One battalion had more than one half of its j ! number killed; and u National Guard told me of anotl er that had but one hundred men unhurt, out of teven hundred who commenced the fight. There were nearer fire hundred thousand men, including those that came from the country, engaged during the lour days, at different period, in guarding the city, < ' and flzhtlng each other. The numbers, duration. f f. rocity. space, rapidity of movement, uninterrupted- , uess? all were far different now than in 18i!0. Now " both sides were well prepared with arms and amtnuni- I tl tion; then only one tide had arms at the commence- I r ment. Certainly I should be glad to believe that the i numbers were as small as some now represent them; ; * but I have given you my impress ons. and still have 0 no doubt about their correctness. A very intelli- j gent French gentlemnn. with whom I am intimate, j w two days ago assured me that no more than 400 had ; tl been killed, and 000 or 700 wounded. 1 hud been just e reading the remarks of the President of the Assembly, in which he informed the Assembly that 1500 then re- j ? iriaiutd in certain hospitals, which he named and had | e visited. M. Dance, another representative, died of his ' c wounds yesterday. A gieat proportion of the balls 1 f used by the insurgents were not round. They were I ? tud. some of them in holes, some in one thing, and 1 tl some in another, and they made had wounds. A great | j uinnv wounos prove 10 du mortal, that at first were (j not thought to be so. Twelve generals wtre cut down p in the field; some of them mortally won dod all the {j rest badly, If one more does not prove to be mortally, g, Only one' general, in command, I believe,1^escaped, Ue- w neral I,unit>reci<re. There is no record of such a slaughter among the officer. in the history of France. r< It equals that of our own brave heroes at Buena Vista. tl where, I believe, about one quarter of all the officers in g the army fell, killed or wounded. I refer to this with j fomo additional attention, because facta are interesting; and I do not intend to mislead anyone, nor to permit n others to create the impression that things are spoken b without sufficient consideration or knowledge. There t) are those whose opportunities forjudging are better than my own. because they lived in the part of the eity .A where the fighting took place, who estimate the num- tl her of killed, wounded, prisoners, and missing at 00.000, and that the killed and wounded constitute the major p part. I do not believe it ; others estimate those ac- ri tually shot by the government, not in battles, at 3 000 a to 4000 ; that I do not believe; but I shall never know, p ?irobably: nor will any one else, Nothing Is said about r t; and the government bas substantially denied that c it has so shot any numlier. On the afternoon of the p 15tb of May. a captain of an Knglish ship of war met B me. and said there had been a tight on the bridge, and t the insurgents had disarmed tjie guard As I had D stood by. and saw the whole afTair. and knew, there- t fore, that it was not a fact. I asked him if it took c place in his presence, and if he knew it to lie a fact, i both of which he answered in the affirmative, positively. v OBSERVER. c Paims, July 19,1&48. Emcute in tin National Assembly?Guards Mo- [, bile?Austria?7he Vicar and his Ministers? I Hun^ai-y and Bohemia. I Yesterday the National Assembly conducted with r s much violence as do sometimes the House of J epresentatives in the United States: and to-day t e press does not spare them It was a fight pre- J tinory to the election of a President to-day. c Crosse, one of the Vice Presidents, has been *?cted by the Thiers party, and Marrast for the p ?'jr party. At this hourthe result is not known. ? ? do not understand the importance of theelec- [ ? tion, except as a mere expression of opinion?and * pretty indefinite in that?for the President never ap- d points committees ; they are always chosen by the As- i eembly. or drawn by lot c The Guard Mobile has immortalized itself. The o public admiration for its conduct grows stronger and I stronger Composed as it is of young lads, generally h from 16 to 22 years old?more generally from 17 to 19? 1 It was not er that they would take the front of 11 the battle ; t tbey did Those decorated with the Cross of Honor are from 16 to 23. andalready they have been scattered in pictures containing their profiles to ' ' the four corners of the world. General Cavaignac has [ adopted the youngest of them, a lad of 15. He thinks | that the General saw him fight, whilst looking out of a , window, but he says he did not know it when he wag fighting. These Guards are to be sent a little way out of the city for the present; for the insurgents shoot ! one, whenever they can get an opportunity, day or , t night. There was no limit to the bravery of these boys. Ono of these lads, who rushed In among the ' insutgents, and brought off their flag, fell just as he i returned to his company. They took him up, sup- ' posing be was dead. He said " No; I am not hurt, bnt I could not help falling " Rut he was still holding on to his flag. From such materials, another Napoleon would make his Marshals. The Archduke John has been received with great ' . consideration, at Frankfort; and has issued an address to the German people, full of good sense and feeling. It is raid that Bavaria, and the King of Prussia, are inclining to ad' pt the ground assumed by Hanover ; l but this would come with an ill grace from him, who was a candidate for the Vicarage. The Vicar has appointed one minister from Austria, one from Prussia, , and the other from Bavaria, I think There is another Assembly at Perth, the capital of Hungary, which is th( first of the kind, I believe, since the world was made. Hungary Is a strong power, and although nominally under the Kmperor of Austria, it is but nominal. Hungary can bring 200,000 troops into the field upon short notice ; although there are some agitations and divisions, which at this moment weaken her power. She Is friendly with Austria and the Kmperor. In that part of the world where the territories of Russia. Tur- ; key a.id Austria corner, as say the sun eyors. there is an Interesting movement of the public mind showing Itself. as very democratic?embracing the Serbes. the Vallachians. Moldavians, the ('mates, the Madygars, Sic. &.O. ; and there. In the vicinity of the Danube, is the foundation of a vast republic already laid The Remains are. perhaps, taking the lead at this moment. I At the other extremity of Austria in a similar more- e ment in progress. the first effect of which shows itself y in the Congress at I'rague. Neither of these extremes ( is in a condition to make head, at present, against j the powers which it must encounter; but the re- j, publican principle has found its way into those coun- y tries, and is preparing the war for great erenta. per- | haps at no very distant period, iiow soon it will de- ,, eelope itself will depend much upon the policy which t France adopts. The replies to I.amartine hare not t been published, ns it wan against the intention of the t committee to hare any one's remarks published. I { cannot know fully then the ground assumed, bnt the ? press is pushing France to act; and especially upon t these points ltueela is struggling to keep the pestl- . , lenee" out of her dominions She prefers tho cholera. , But it is in rnin 1'pon the Danube, and at St. Peters- , burg, it is threatening her dominions ; and it is not , certain that absolutism will surrire Nicholas ' . OBSKRVER. | { I Paris, July 19, 1848. j i France and England on the Slave fluent ton. I Krnnce proposes to poj tor the MgTOOO liberated i Ion tho Mo of Hourbon. 800 flMOl per bend; at | J iftiuqM nud Goodoloopo SOOfr) ot CifMM ? Mfr. At this ntt even, it woold ooot ooMothtaf j 1 lo |>ny lor lU in the U sited States. if tboif owners i mid part with tin m. Three millions, ;it one ; Inndred dollars each, woold amount to duos hts* j red millions, which woold not ho lnnre sum; itit st fOGOei.ch. it would amount to fifteen hundred Bnillions, which would be pretty large I suspect their ( verngc ralne to their owners i? between these two Bi.niH pel hsjis sercn or eight in i II ion a would nav their Inir value. Will the North pay It* fair proportion of ' lii* >un to aocompilih thli trmed purpose ' Divided ^ mctlg the Stnte*, it would probHlily give New York ^ uly about fifty million.) which ehe could pvj without s |i,vt exertion*, 'i'he Indebted Stnten. to lie eure, ,{ I ?uld fi el it more -eneihly. h* the nortlon to each St*' [mild i. mount to MM million- Bill i 11 nee hi i? Reap- 4^ with the lnniMin nod j.mi. > .me future |j Ly with llw wnttl iniluprnhiUon nl wtM,or nil, ?|h* -hit", hi mi-thing i.f thekind any he ctlccli .1 in In ; i.ilnl Mnt ? (?t niiree. the MMl of the M L . ' ding M*t ? MMl he obtained, ** Weil?? of' lie jai T\xT THI Sit I'M Sit MOKNING ) ay ing States. But, I perceive, thst the English are now i ec< n uiending tri o scope to the slave trade. Tliey ray. the sisters hitbi rto have bed small vessels, little eat era nil provisions, made long passages, and gave s > little 1 cm in, and so closely bare the negroes been crowded, that it has caused the death Of thousands; and that there evils have been greatly aggravated by the tact that the slave trade haa been denounced and endacgi red by the presence of au English squadron upon the African coast; and tbey tbeieforn recomlii si d that the squadron be withdrawn; that larger and more airy ships be prepared for the .African service; that the danger of the slave trade be thus diminished; lliat the English slave dealers may give a comfortable voyage to the African, instead of conflnlug him, as the Brazilians have done As these recommendations aro boldly advanced now by the ministerial and other pri s*e? in England; and ns the English want slaves, nt Ill's time, for their several islands, what influencethese recommendations may have upon the public mind, upon both sides of the Atlantic, in renewing the slsvc trade and making it popular on the ground that the passage will be more romforiable for the slave*, remains to be seen. This Is not the recommendation of a solitary press; it is followed up and pursued, and repeated, and a commission bas been engaged in taking voluminous testimony upon this point. The witnesses say. that one cargo saved will pay for three or four lost; that to escape the navy, it is neoessary to make longer voyages; have less water, food, room and other conveniences. arid that the negroes arrive in suoha horrible condition that they cannot walk, and that the vest-el is so filthy that she is frequently burnt. All these witnesses are slave dealers mo?tly merchants, who have retired, tr exporter.-,in ihe business, say the Anierirans; and till concur io recommendinga withdrawal jf all restriction upon the trade, and toe commission ind the press adopt the same vh ws I have referred to Ihis matter before bemuse I think the matter is so print rdinary. and so full of instruction. While Franco s liberating her slaves. England is proposing to open he siuve trade in " large, airy ships," and to make he slave to enjoy good English comfort fiBsvnrni Paris, July 19,1818. 7Vie Fietuli (jtneral*?The iAtdiet and their Dogt?lriih /ntuirertion for October?Austrian A stem My, fyr., Src. Generals Medeau and Damasme are slowly reovering; (he former, appointed Minister of foreign AHairs, will not he able to enter upon his uties lor some time; while the latter, with his Ingh amputated, is yet in a critical condition, ' eneral llren, shot dead, and General Dainusme, I ere successively placed in oommand oyer Col Thomas f the line, on the south side of the river, and both ere shot, leaving Col. Thomas twice in command of be troops, who Anally achieved a complete triumph, xposing bis person in the most daring manner, in a rent number of charges upon different barricades, and leaped unhurt, lie has been promoted for his good onduct. 1 have remarked, that of thirteon generals, ivelve were shot; and, I now rccoltuct that (Jen. Latoriciere bad two horses killed under him; but albough exposed in the most fearless manner, for four ays, in uniform, he was not wounded. General curtate is still detained at the Luxembourg, live ersons were allowed to see him. to whom he protests, bat he did not intend to betray the Assembly. S >me ly he was drunk; perhaps he was; but his couduot as none the less masked. The Irish have Axed their time for an insur ction in October, and give publio notioe of be fact. These adjournments operato as the credit iven by a man in this city, who has over his oor?' pay to-day. and 1 will trust you to-morrow"? s to-morrow never comes, be is in no danger. On notbersign is?''stepped payment for one mouth" ? ut as the sign is without a date, it always dates from be day. and has a month to run. About two hundred members have opened the Lsetmbly at Vienna, and although they had not be majority required to act, they commenced, nd are going along just as well. Tile members resent, speak nine different languages, that is, epresent nations, tribes. Ike., speaking this number, nd many of them, the Galileans. in particular, cannot peak the German language. The question has been aised. whether there shall be an interpreter; but to ut the matter short, a laige number of the members reposed to "turn out" those who could not speak Garnan. I know you do those things in your caucuses; lit it is the first time I ever Irnuiw >>.. ? undo in a legislative body for this rau.se; but it shows he progress of ideas, mid the notions entertained of ivil liberty. The entry of the Russians into Molda4a baa created 'a good deal of aenaation in that proiDce. and the (ierman States: but all are yet too much iccupied with tbeir own internal affairs, to give great ttention to any act of thia kind. The naval forces if Sardinia, before Trieste, amounts to 280 cannon, nd 2 660 men. Several well counterfeited billa of the lank of France, are in circulation. The cholera la making a good deal of progress at St. Vtersburg and Moscow. The deaths amount to seveal hundred a day. Madame Rachel, who is making ao nuch sensation In Kurope as an actress, is now before he court. A painter did some work for her sister, to be amount of 180 franca; she did not pay?he seized i?t furniture, and Madame resisted it, saying it beonged to her The matter is bring tried. This elutriates the temper of the times also. The ladies in Paris all promenade, tied to a dog. If >ur ladies wish to be fashionable, they must buy a dog, srge or small, 'tis not material, get a very handsome tringfor him. and if large, put a muzzle on his nose; ire their cbildri n to a nurse, and devote their whole ttention in the house and out, to their dog. When mi king with the dog. if he wants to stop, t ley must 10 the same, for it is the fashion in Paris?which, some imerican ladies in Paris imitate. What more delists, than to wait upon a dog for a lady; in company >r out, it is all the same, the dog must be attended to t is a sure sign of a lady A dog is more necessary irre, than was a bishop in New York. Accounts from lavre, show that large shipments have been made, ikely to the I nited States. OBSERVKR. Paris, July 19,1848. ?han^s in the Cabinet, <$ < , $-c.?Ftotte, the Cook, and hit Master?Col. Barbet. M. Marie has been appointed Ministerof Justice, 11 the place of M. liethmonf. who resinned in eon equence of ill health. M. Marie appears to be he only one of the old Executive that has outived the shipwreck which that body experienced, .amartine, Arrago, Ledru llollin, and Gamier 'ages, have not been heard of since the hour of heir fall, except the former, in ills attack upon Nape on before the Committee of Foreign Affairs.? Vhether rightfully or wrongfully, this bod." of men led of contempt, in their condition of V.xecutive ommbsion. That (teneral Cavalgnac will hare a hard ask to outlive the influences that will be brought to ear upon him and retain popularity sufficient, at the nd of his provisional term, to reach the permanent residency, is more than probable. Yet he is on the est road to do so. for the French prefer an arbitrary biof to a stupid or incompetent one. Armand Marast. I.acrosse and Hufaure are the candidates for the 'residency of the National Assembly, vacated by the ppointment of M. Marie. The Naiionil represents .arrart. and Mufaure belongs to the Thiers party and > represented by the ConttilHtionnel. and is what the Itrformt" call the re-actionist party, which means hat they wish to lestore Louis Philippe or the Count le I'aris : but I do not consider this allegation to be rue. 1 bellevo this does of men most sincerely deirous of supporting the republic, and of making it trongand respectable Between a repiblir of the nsurgents |anil a monarchy, I suppose they would hoose the latter, as they would certainly lose their leads under the former Among the other curlosiles perpetrated by the insurgents, they had their ofIcera of government agreed upon, and for the I'resilent of tne republic was Flotte. a cook in one of the ating establishments In the city, and the ministers rere all selected from tbe same class ; so that had ol Bathes, with his yellow trousers and white gloves, teen set at liberty, he would find himself ousted and lotte. the cook, in the plaoe which was assigned fbr lint, we believe, at tbe insurrection. This idea of laving a common oook, with his greasy fingers and I bows. President of the republic of France.did not strike be mind of the French agreeably, and they seemed to hink it truly odd. To see the workwomen's caps and be men's blue iroeks in the palaces of the kings, and ising the rarpets and furniture, seemed to the French i great violation of good taste, and annoyed them exreroely ; but the idea of having a cook fora President inda battle of four days to defeat them, was still more innoying Flotte was Barbes' co*k?thnt is, Barbel red to dine frequently where Flotte cooked- and he ras a great friend of his till his master was put in irison. and then he set up for himself, and be certainly iiiitii1 ni'iivr nyni m n, man am m* master. 'i'heio * a little specie of sllpperinesp in the French diameter, ind I suspect Flotte intended the revolution for hi* >wn benefit, and not for that of Col. Barbe*. Flotte ia* been raptured, and now there are two candilate* for that place in priaon Flotte and his master vnd both have acquired an immortal fame?at least, shile the history of France ha* a living They are low a little off of the road to the Presidency, and upin that which lead* round Cape Horn OBSERVER. Paris, July 19, 1H48. Isttrr of General Changamier?E.rpentet, from the rerorilt of ui? Philippe?Sole, 4*r. The National flunrda had been called upon by icneral Chsngarnier, their new commander, to eceive the honors which the government proposed o pay them for their gallantry and good conduct; ind to designate those regiments that had so iravely conducted, front those which had not reponded to the call. But the colonels of the regiiivnts answered, that the Assembly had voted that hey had merited well of their country, and they iwired no other honor. To this the General return* lie following answer, which I translate Mv l)rs* Colossi. Monsieur, General Cavaigao, President ef the Couneii, to whom I have submit W YC EDITION?NEW YO ted the observations, which, in the name of many of his colleagues, the colonel of the 4th legion Inn n tdrested to tne, the Oth of July, persists in thinking that it is pioper to give to the (ia.de National* the decora, tions which it ha* an well merited, in the days of June. If. in depriving of all recompense the National Guards, who bam fought for order and for society, we could leave out this bloody and sorrowful page iu our history, then patriotic hearts would rejoice. But this deplorable recollection being unhappily indelible, we cannot separate, in the partition of distinctions of honor, the National Guard, the Guide Mobile, and the Army, so united during the combat. M. the President of I Hun. ril, having. 1 repent to you, takeu a decision to which many of the legions huvo already submitted, 1 do not doubt that you will put ine in a condition to execute their orders, not solely with the obedience which we owe to tbe*u. tut witli the warmth whieh I am nulho. rifed to expect from your patriotism, and your condilating and enlightened spirit. Accept, my dear colonel, tne osi lira nee of my sentiments, truly, dis'inK-..1 .-..i i ?_ r-... Tide govt rnuiciit is publishing occasionally some of tlx- expenses of J.ouis Philippe's administration, as well an sotac of hi* coErespoudi-noo. Among other ex. penned, ore thoeo of fortifying Paris. which amount to 14O,0Q0,(Jl>0 francs, which appears to me to be a very ir aeon able mm. The wall and ditch around Paris measure.about seventeen niilon ant) a quarter; aud both am very perfect and effective : thoir expense was 64.362.000 franca. The exterior of the forte and their trepchea measure about fourteen mile*, and cost 59,033(060 franc*. The land cost 17,472 000 franca The balance w:is "pent on magazine*. hospitals, barrack*, !<c. (to. There lire magazines to hold four inillion pounds of powder. About three-fifth* of the distance of the wall* is upon the north side of the river : west Of the t'erts. a* 12 to U There i* another item of expenditure. of a very different character, besides the cost to France, the city of i'ari* paid, in celebrating the marringe of the Duke of Orleans. 873 013 franc*; for the baptism sf his first child, the Count de I'ari*, 226,(KK) franc*; for a *woid to l>o presented to the new-born, 4!',000 franc* ; for a tobacco box given to Gcnernl Atbalicr, 1,775 francs. Here are some of tho glories of royalty. A few days since I saw an account of the expense* of the Duke do Nemours, during hi* journey to Spain ; of Joinville. to America and brazil; of Duke d'Aumale. to Germany ; and Montpensier. to Italy. Spain, &c. &c. ; each near 600 000 franc*. When these boy* went a-courting, the State paid dear for It What a burdeu and a nuisance is such a family to a nation ' The sale of the riding establishment of the Duchess of Orleans is now going on ; and the second and third class ol Knglislunen are paying almost any price for some article that belonged to royalty. Several of her horses sold for more than <1500 ench. (2260 francs ) MUSKllVKR. Paris, July 20, ISM Tableaux Vivans in Paris. 1 have seen some discussion in the American papers upon the subject of "tableaux vivans,"' exhibiting in New York. \\re have had them here in the purity and perfection of nature?fourteen or fifteen young girls, froin fifteen to twenty years old, two or three young men, und three negroes, have Un. ?;? ?]| _i :.i 1 : i wv? vjnuukiiig in an 111c uiiaiiiia wim which nature lias clothed them, without any ol tlie drapery of art. The police wore informed of these exhibition,', entered while the exhibition was proceeding, and after it bad finished,arrested the managers and the'-tableaux vivans" themselves. Upon their trial, the managers were called upon to explain what part of the divine art of painting, poetry,or sculpture, they elucidated in these representations; and ho responded, giving his explanations of the offices fulfilled by each of these representations, either singly or in groups?their histories, character. fkc. Sic.; and by theseexplanations, and the testimony of the girls, it appeared that several of these females had thus been employed since they were four, five and six years old ; but after a full hearing, the court fined the managers 100 franca eavh; some of the older " tableaux vivans" 16 francs each, and the younger ones they discharged on account of their youth. I believe these figures were generally from Italy; where I think the munners of society are a little freer than even in Paris ; and where young ladies, in imitation of Pauline, sit hours and days for young gentlemen to take their full length portraits; and where those who have good figures receive their daily pay for so doing?not exceeding a franc or two?such is the I price which modesty pays for the developement of the fine arts and personal vanity. I appreciate the value 1 of paintings as highly as any one; but it seems to me | that too great u price may be paid for them?or for I ' tableaux vivans." The latter is a little beyond the manners of Paris, where ideas are quite free, and the taste for the fine arts will be gratified at almost any expense. Here they exhibit in statuary and paintings man and woman as they exist; but tbey do not admit the public representation of living nature, in that j form. The French taste is accustomed to these exhibitions frrni their infancy?tbey look upon them as upon marble, and with the same indifference?there is no shock, no thought, no recoil from the image created. | Such is public mind; and yet when taste has been so i long and so thoroughly cultivated, and has learned to I look only at the excellence of the picture, that taste will rot admit the living original. With us it is very dilTcrent. and what we have lost in a cultivated public , taste for the fine arts, we have gained in the delicacy of sentiment among society, andespecially female society. The public mind in America is not prepared for the exhibition of the French paintings and statuary, without at first recoiling from its exhibition. These things are worthy of note among a people who yet hare this question to settle, before the admission generally into our country of those works of art. which exist so generally in many parts of K.urope. I feel that if there ; is much to gain in one respeet. there is muoh to lose in another. We do not understand the condition of i the society of foreign countries any more than thev do ours, and when we undertake to introduce their manners too suddenly into our country, we make a great mistake, and do violence to a well ordered public sentiment. OBSERVER. Parib, July 20, 1848. Election of President of the Assembly?Parties? Proudhom ami his Doctrines. My letters will be again deposited to-day for the mail. Yesterduy Arinand Marrast was chosen i President of the Assembly upon the second ballot. His vote waB 411 to 334 for La Crosse, and 20 for M. Bac. The first vote was 386 for Marrast, 341 for La Crosse, 84 for Bac. La Crosse was the candidate of the Thiers party; Bac of the extreme radicals; Marrast of the administration; yet I do not consider Thiers in opposition to the administration by any means; though he is not in its counsels, nor are his particular friends in the cabinet, yet he and his friends have great strength in an Assembly so nearly divided, and in which they have an advantage in experience and talent developed. The socialists, as a body, appear to have diminished in power and numbers very much, since the affairs of May and J June, and Proudhom alone seems to stand forward to advocate their doctrines. The sentiments of this man. put forward in argument before the committee l upon his motion, to seize one-third of all the incomes | of individuals in France, and appropriate one-sixth to ' the State, and one-sixth to the poor, are startling, to i use no stronger term. He says he considers property, like Christianity, a thing wearing out; that both will soon cense to exist; that they are a great tax, and i great evils to society, and in an improved condition of society they will have no existence. Thus he lays i the axe to the root of the tree boldly, and declares the i ..t hi. ............ j - uvyw. v.. ...r. uicumiiv in U|iu#rU IU OP. tO UHMPD IO0 I coming of that state of the world What a fanatic: or what a villain; probably both Thin man hoa been elected in Paris by about ono-half tho number of rotea | given for the highest candidate upon the list; but he could not now bo cboeen. And wo have been told auch maniacs na this man aided in bringing about the I insurrection, by filling me streets and shops with I their printa. filled with aurh kiod of doctrinea, and their cansecjuenees ; for, where (. hi wt'anity and pro* ' perty are abolished. there all organizations and lawa for their creation and protection become a dead letter. Families will ceaae to exist?to inherit?the dial!nation between meum and lunm will be aboliahed. not only in reference to property, bnt to everything elae. Wirea, husbands. children, fathers ami molhera, mine and thine, will have no existence. All obligation to aupport or to protect will ceave to exiat, and the human family would become a congregation of barbariana? worse than that?wild beaata for the savagea hare acme Idea of mine and thine, touching both property and persons. and there are aome things held sacred even by them Men who hold auch doctrinea in auch high plarea ought to meet the acorn of the human family, without limitation They arc not republicans ? they arc anarchists, atheists, and the enemies of the well being of the human family, and wherever they are met with they sh< nId be treated as auch 1 hope Thiers will do himself and tho world justice in hia report upon thla maniac's doctrines. The committee aic unanimous against him. and 1 have no doubt that the Assembly will he nearly an The Insurrection and its consequences will have a purifying effeot in Paris and France and will be productive of more good than evil. I have no doubt. It has brought a good many hidden things to light that need extermination No man in the Assembly catne forward to sustain M. Proudhcm And the report will give all an opportunity to express their sentiments upon It. OBSERVER. (Paris. Jul) 20, 1&18. tru the At/mimit ration of Pari*?The I-Yrnrk anii then money matters?Publi' Placet, 4-r. 4r<. The l'reatdent had aholiehed thr office of mayor, and re-eMuidished llint of mayor of' tlie Seine; and the mnn lie ha? selected a|t|?*?r? to give universal satisfaction. ( >*rtaiii it is, tlint Uencral t vaignac w?* not satisfied with the expends of M. Matinst, who has run tlie city into debt 111 an extravagant manner , an I allkougli they have struck ft the drily r n incntt an I ?une tlirr article* t>r tight ntn th-'clt) . they all iwtl th" bat'tier* anl Mher* to * frc K I T rkrr n4 1 A TT A TrriTTrtr KK, 2HJ IX DA X, AUtrUSJ ? | so monopolize ?j to ! pep np the prices ? and so they put the inf?r> J into their pockets There lire to be ! stands establi-l.-d, where] the poor can buy at low

rates and without profit ; and the monopoly is to be removed. I do not know how much consideration is to be given to circumstances and constraint for the sake of preserving the peace; but certain it is, that that the finance* wi re badly managed by the Provisional Government. According to present appearances, great allowance is to be made, but making thein all, there appears to have been great waste of the public funds. This feature has tarnished their reputations. and will wei*h them down for time to come , but the Trench, though ex eesMvely exact, and contracted even in tlieir private views of pecuniary mailers, are extravagant in their drufia upon the public treasury. They act as if (hat was an inexhaustible fuud ; and tbeie seems to lie a rivalry, even now. in getting a ere- I dit opened ut the tieasury, and yet I have never m-t any people so exact in their private negotiations. The world speaks of the Yankees as shrewd and close? 1 stingy'.as thcjexpression more generally is ?but the Yankees do not hesitate over dollars as the French over sous?and a sous answers nil the purposes of liberality, cbaritv,and change in I'aris. where it would require shillings and dollars in the United States I have not seen any people so ingenious in making a little sum suawer for a great display as the French. I have Seen no such economy iu any pari of the world. I never knew what economists was till I came to Frauce, nor what exaction wus in monev n?tiur?_,nii. ?... divided into centimes. and no onn of them lo?t in making change, but are regarded with the earn of dollars with un. And yet the expenses in Paris are very considt rable?quite u.? great as may be supposed ; but this exactness which would ruin the reputation of any Yankee, is carried out iu all respects. Does a Frenchman give to a beggar, the church, the wounded, Ike. bo. it is a sous?reldoui beyond a two souis piece, whici ? a common coin also ; but his gifts are quite numerous. pirhaps, but those exact and limited?I speak of street gifts for wealthy merchants contributed bountifully. as did a vast many others to the wounded in Die Republic at an early day after the Revolution. If you go to a Fiench church, you psy two sous for a chair; 11 an Knglish one a franc for while the knglish givo freely. |they extort in the same or a greater proportion. A dollar in Paris is worth a pound sterling in l.ondon, 'J here is no system of extortion in Paris as there is in l.oudon. which amounts to the robbe-y of strangers, With ail the exactness of the French, there is no extol tlon practised upon strangeis. Less money serves lor risking public places, theatres excepted, perhaps, than in any city which 1 have visited in America or ! F.uropc. The exac<ions of the French consists in I their sous and centimes - not iu their extortions of . large sinus while a man is literally fleeced who vi its ; the public institutions iu Loudon. All in Paris are ' free, and there are no servants to dog the visitor at every corner for a shilling?two sous paid for taking , charge of your cane or umbrella at the door is all that is permitttd to be received. If you give more than that, it must be done privately, as it is contrary to their rules. A vast concourse of people havejlett Paris for the sea shore at this time, but it is not as warm j here hs at New York OT Boston. OBSERVER. Paris, July 20, 1S-18. I J.a 11 st Keifs. That Kussia has entered the Danubian territory ! with a stronir force, and a hostile uiirnnae there is I no doubt. There have been many und some con- ) Hiding statements, but I regard the question as ; settled upon both points, and it has occasioned a j general uneasiness throughout Europe. That France will act upon this contingency, is more than probable : depending, of course, upon what ; she ascertains to be the sentiment of the eight to ! welve millions of people whose territory has been in- | titled, and perlinps the sentiments of the German States. This Russian movement will be felt, perhaps, as severely on the Rhine as ou the Seine ; and how far j England will acquiesce in it, will depend upon her j prospects for a division of the benefits. This act of | Russia endangers the peace of Europe; it may bring : on a European war. Europe will not aee Russia at- 1 tempting to extend her dominions, and to crush smaller states, without interfering. While her power is comprehended and respected, France does not fear Russia, in the present state of publio sentiment in Europe. With Germany, France will not hesitate to encounter Russia ; but France will not tight Russia, if it can be avoided, with Germany host l?, or even neutral. that is. unless Russia should directly invade her rights. At Constantinople, the Russian influence has prevented the ambassador of the Flench republic, frnui being recognised ; and Franca will have no objection to interfering with the projects of Russia upon the , Danube, from various considerations. The attention of Europe will be directed to that point, for the present; and active measures will be adopted to check the prog"t?s of Nicholas at this point. But he Is in condition, while Europe has yet to prepare. The latest news from Calabria, does not tend to confirm the extent of their success over the troops of Ferdinand, whioh was, at first. | represented?it leaves the issue doubtful ; and the , proceedings not very important. Neither is there j any authentic account froui Charles Albert, of much importance, beyond the fact that he is making large preparations to attack Verona, lie has lost so much time and publis confidence, that I consider his success greatly endangered, and his ultimate defeat not improbable. Vet all is, : t present, uncertainty; and the mails are expected dally to bring important intelligence frou the field of battle. The civil war is progressing moderately in Spain. The government shoot all they can catch; and the other party, we have the authority of the Flnglieh press for saying, will do the same; but we do not need any authority to inform us that the Spaniards will shoot each other in their civil wars, as do the Indians and all parage tiibes. I hey seoin to act an If llieir race was not running out fast enough, and needed the aid of the musket to hapten the measure. This is a mere war among chiefs in Spain, which involves no principle, except who shall hnve the privilege of living out of the public treasury: and whether Lord I'almerston shall be gratified in overthrowing the existing administration for sending away his minister, and refusing his advice?and in the present posture of Kuropoan affairs, therefore, is quite unimportant, except to those who lose or win where heads are the stakes. Lord i'almerston will not go there himself, and, therefore, his head is not in danger?from the Spanish at least-and there is more to apprehend from the Knglish chartists than from the Spanish. The committees of the assembly are engaged in discussing the measuri s to be applied to the clubs and the press; although the question is still open, there will be some stringent law applied to both. The design will he to have it temporary, but the strong arm will be relied upon at present to govern France. The public mind demands it. and is prepared for it, and this regime will be much more quiet and respectable than civil war. I think all merchants doing business with France may safely act upon the supposition that order will be maintained, and quiet preserved, while General C. is at the head of the state. OBNF.RVF.K. Bi.ni.iN, Inly 11, 1*4S. The s ate of Prussia may be compared to that of a patten! who has just passed from a high fever to the languor of convalescence, uiui whose frame is Mill sullering Iront the inroads of disease. The worst symptoms hnve subsided, or appear under a modified aspect, but the enemy may yet be lurking in the constitution, and a relapse would be fatal ft) the invalid, whose .-strength i? not equal to sustain a fresh attack. The new m nistry, of which Ilansemann is the primum mobile, though he has not thought fit to a?siim^ the title of Premier, seems to tie breaking down under tbo snme difficulties that led to the diisi lution of the Camphntisen administration. The first of these Is the want of confidence, the second, the want of money, or rather, the second is occasioned by the first, which Is increased in its turn by the reaction arising from the second There is a profound distrust pervading all classes?a distrust of the stability of the Prussian monarchy, of the German Confederation, of peace and order in general, of everything and everybody it Is felt that a strong effort is requisite to save a nation palpitating under the throes of a new birth, and writhing in the agonies of emancipation from centuries of political enthralment ; but this is not to be attained by a mere burst of frantic enthnsiasm. wOlch evaporates without leaving a trace of its short-lived existence Leaders are wanted practical men. not dreamers ? mm of action. not men of the closet covered wiili the duet Of that profitless science which has done more harm to (iermany than age* of Ignorance Such leaders, unfortunately, are not forthcoming Mad the King of Prussia been a man of spirit and energy, capable of stemming the tide, instead of being borne .iwny by It, he might have perform-d n splendid part, anil have easily raised h mself to that pre-eminence which hi* house has been so long striving for ; but his irresolution and politics! tergversations have proved fatal to him, and the election of Archduke John bids fair to reduce him to the rank of a vassal prince, while the star of Austria though lately eclipsed and almostextinguished, is once mere in the ascendant The deficiencies of the I'russian Ministers may lind some excuse in the overwhelming difficulties that surround tbem but their want of candor and openness must dbgust the most unprejudiced. With the Scylla of Democracy yawning on one side, they are not always sufficiently anxious to avoid the Cliarybdix of Absolutism which threatensthem on the other j and hnnoe their endeavors to gloxe over the malpractices of the old regime, and to cover its nakedness with the broad mantle of ( hristian charity. Only think, for instance, of M llansem.inn's telling us to-day that the I'russian finances have always been in the most admirable order, that they are even now in a more satisfactory state than those of any other country in Kurnpe, that?to use the words of his royal master, whose veracity is so unquestionable?" the demands of the present have not exhausted the savings of the pastand In the same hrsalli proposing an income tax, to he levied from all persons possessing an annual Ineome of more than 400 thalnm, (about M4 dollar*. American money), and, to I t * I*- , .***'< - nl*r1iirv??^iTt???" - ?: m. IE R A. F (), 1848. cap Ihfcllmn v.ii force! loan, after havinLf failn 1 in producing anything worth inentioning frmn a volun t:.rv on* A imul .1.1. IK.. ? . - - ?" ; -?vr W.<7 ....n.K flK UlUnL lie in. sura enough. to render such measures indlspensat !e The hostilities against Denmark continue to bo earrb d on in the rame lukewarm and dilatory manner as ever. 'i hit iutctference of Hiiglaud and Itussia appears to have | nr.i I)/.id thi' energies of both parties, and since the retreat of General Wranirle's nrmy from Jutland tbe operations have been confined to a series of nmrcbrs and countermarches. without meaning a remit ; the war languishes, and," like a wounded snake, drag- its Mow length along '' If reports ore to bo credited Ibnt have been in oirrulrtion here tor the last week, a three months' truce is about concluding, to be followed by a peace, on conditions which will leave the whole affair In etntu quo, like the right of search was at the treaty of Qhrnt. to be settled at some future opportunity The fact la, tbnt the i|uestlon at Issue turns entirely upon what is to be done at the demise of the present King of Denmark.and, his Majesty being now only in the tort:otli yi ar of his age, it strikes one as rather absurd fee pi ople to tie cutting each other's throats about the ci nsequences of so remote a contingency Yet tills is what the Hermans nnd Danes have been doing for the lust three months, nnd it is really time to put an end to so unM URonsblo a squabble. Prussia especially, i alter moan ile i ing the remains of an Impoverished treasury, tiud undergoing a vexatiousand ruinous blockade of her ports, iu a quarrel in whieli she has no earthly interest, uiust b > anxious to extricate herself from an < entrangli uont which 'he has been Involved in, more in obedience to tbc dictates of popular clamor than from | any motives of sound policy We ere still in the very midst of a commercial cri'ia l or rather stagnation that threatens to become peren- j iiia) and far exceeds tho-e temporary pressure# of the j money market so common in the t nlted States. Kven 1 during the panic of 18117, when shin-plasters were the j order of t he day, and a specie dollar was a vara avit not ! inferior to n black swau. things did not wear anything : like so desolate an aspuct as they do here. No businesa is transartvd hut such as Is absolutely necessary to meet the demands of the present moment. Speculation and enterprise of all kinds seem utterly and finally extinct. Many of the more wealthy inhabitants of Berlin having left the town, in uonsequence of the late revolution and subsequent disturbances, the rents in some districts have dropped nearly one half;rthe fashionable hotels that used to be thronged with strnngers.pnrticularly Knglisli. Poles, and Itusaians. are nearly empty ; quite a number of the first merchants and manufacturers of the city have failed, or hare been obliged to contract their establishments, and thousands of citizens.operatives, shopmen, kie , are thrown nut of employment Of late, indeed, there have been Aigns of a rally, occasioned principally by the restoration of a vigorous government in Kratice. and the prospect of a peace with Denmark; the funds have riseu, and thvre is a little more activity on 'Change than heretofore ; but the heavy olouds that obscure the political horizon of Kurcpe preclude all hope of a permanent amendment. The stock of combustible matter is kept alive by the prolonged warfare in Italy, and the republican movement in the south of German y. while the revolt of the Selavonian provinces of Austria and the rovolution in Wallaclifa. will probably call forth the intervention of Itussia. and precipitate that collision that has long been inevitable. ' Coining events cast their shadows before them," and it is this shadow that ohilla the public mind, nnd fills it with vague apprehensions and forbodings of evil. A. II. Ai.hany, August 3, 1848. The Iiu//a!o Convention?The Necetmit)/of Nominating Judge Me Lean?The Reason for Repudiating fan Ruren. There has never been a tune when the politicians rf the eapital city were so filled with perplexity and embarrassment, as at present. Old associates, who have acted together for scores of years, and have devised plots and plans for accomplishing certain political objects, now find themselves in direct opposition. They scarcely can approach each other in confidence; all their ? j:~I i_.i ?i : I iviiiivi n^oiM.iaiiuup ate ui.-uuihuu, illlll 111 UCCU81* ing each other, it is ten chances to one, if a political enemy is not encountered?high words ensue, and an enmity created at parting. Standing aloof from all connexion with either faction, I occupy an eminence, from which can he viewed with the utmost impartiality, the character, course, inten- j tions, and proceedings of nil the various political | hacks, who assume to dictate, and leud the masses. I discover that portion of the democratic party who support Cass and Butler, gliding quietly ajong, without suffering themselves to become excited with the free soil humbug, the all absorbing topic of discord, and the only disturbing element in the coiningci>nt"st. When accosted, they only | exclaim?Arnold, Burr, and Van Buren?"/?ir I nubile fratrum" They view wi th stoic fortitude the Kilkenny light between the barnburners and j abolitionists, and appear perfectly indifferent whether the black voters unite upon Giddings, Fred. Douglass, or Van Buren. They see that New York is iost to Cass, and are, therefore, prepared to yield the electoral vote of the State to either Taylor, McLean, or anybody else. The Cass democrats are the only quiet and peaceable politicians in the city, and do not intern! to resort to any exertions to obtain the State. The last letter from General Taylor lias given no satisfaction that he is any more whig than lie was when wiiting to Sken Smith, Birkey, Dr. ( lurke, Delony, W. G. Wood, Col Mitchell, or the B ichmond Republican. The whig* i nagined that lie would declure himself an ultra in his reply to Governor Moreheud ; but their disappointment is so great, that measures have been taken to un.te wiih the wliigs of New England, < Ihio, See , and present a force so formidable at Buffalo, as to nominate Judge McLean. Should this be effected, it is freely acknowledged here, that the Judge would carty the largest vote of any other candidate in the Eastern States, in Ohio, and in New Yoik. lie is claimed as an orthodox whig, as an original free soil man, and as a consistent abolitionist of long standing, lie has no revenge to grainy?no rival 10 neieat, anil no uinmtinti unatlaineil. He has never been under a " load of liav," 1 nor had an im|>crtinent son, rambling to and fro, lor tour years, preaching treason to the people. The , ipdgt will come before the electors with clean hands, and with principled uniform and consistent, ills friends will not ask votes from a class of I people whom he lias constantly abused for thirty years, nor usk them to abandon party ends for his f own personal gratification. He has no " heir ap- I parent'' to whom he wishes to bequeath (patro- ! nage and power. The whole country know Judge | M'Lean's principles?he has never disguised them?never been accused of hemp a "dough j face"?a man wiih one set of principles for the j North, another for the South. Hut he has always | stood firm and unmoved in the faith which lie pro- : fessed, without any variableness, or even a shadow of turning. If the free Sail Convention, which will soon assemble at Buliulo, desire a leader nos- i sessing honesty, capacity and integrity?if tney i desire a representative of their principles?if they desire a man for a candidate who never yet uttered an untruth or deceived a friend?then will j the upright, righteous, and undeviating Judge | M'Lean receive such nomination. A meeting ot the whigs who still adhere to prin- ' i ciple is called for to-morrow evening. The call is ; made by si?ch staunch men as James Kidd, Tunis Van Vrchten, John 1J. Livingston, Judge William Parmilee, Thomas B. Bidder, Arc., A'c. Invitations have been sent to Culver,Greeley, Giddings. Webster. Governor liriggs and several others; and they will all be pRML miller in person or by , letter. The Hon. John J. Slingerlnnd, member of Congress from the Albany district, has already responded in favor of the object, and is e ipeetea ! also to be present. His firm and manly adherence to the principles of his party will produce a greater 1 eflect upon the masses than the example of any other man in the county. His iwiiuilartty with his , country constituents is unbounded, and by re- i ( maining unseduced by Thurlow Weed, and no party Tay'orism, lie secures a triumphant re- j election to Congress. The meeting I speak of will give a tone and direction to the Buffalo Convention, which will be heard and respected. This movement is opportunely made. v'h *ii< uuuiini"iio* "??' uic nr* t?'ni |??n ' v iu expect from Martin Van llurenI ( 'an sucn a i man be trusted ! During hi* long political, ollice- ] holding life of thirtv years, what evidence haa he ever manifested that lie wo* a tree soil man ! When and where did lie <*ver advocate that doctrine ? lias he not rather been a Northern instrument, to sustain Southern interests I Look at hi* ' course when a candidate ; hi' so adroitly and completely hoodwinked the South, that the slave States , adhered to him, when the whole North, Hast and West abandoned him. Van Huren advocated every Southern interest?even went so far as to j arrest the public mails, and establish a censorship over them, rather than sutler intelligence to reach t the South. Would any Southern slaveholder have } done morel Would John ('. Calhoun have ven ( tured farther I No President whoever occupied t the chair, was ever so subservient to slavery as | Van Ihtren. None of the Presidents from the j Southern State*, where personal interest* might t dictate them, ever attempted to intercept the peo- |, pie's sealed mails, to prevent Northern publications j r from brine transmitted intn Southern State*. , When did Van Ihtren become an idvocate ol free r soil 1 Hid he not vole for the nominees of the ' < Syrncu-e Convention, when tl Wilmot provi- . so vv; -. repudiated 1 < hi what occasion, or i ill what plate, dtd lie "V i Ultel a '?T|. 1 ___ . I Li I). TWO CENTS. uient in favor ol (hat measure, tmtil after the last Baltimore Convention ' Why has he te allied silent, while tins free .noil question was convulsing tlie nation in and out of CougreM during the fast three years ! Why that long silence, j| he believed so much danger really existed in the extension of slavery 1 He has had frenueitt op|>ortiinitiea of making known his views; aira had he done so, he might then have exhibited some clidm to disinterestedness. No, it was only at the eleventh hour that he ventured out from his retirement, after the nominations of Cass and Taylor, and when he discovered that the principle of free terntory was becoming a formidable ingredient in tlie Hpprourhing canvass. We tell the BuffaloConvention, that if anything is to be attained by that assemblage, they must indignantly repudiate Van Bnren's pretensions. There is no political honesty in him?lie has treacherously betrayed i the party which sustained nini through a long life, and will again betray any party, and abandon any principle, for the sake of accomplishing a personal gratification. Trust him not in this great emergency?the occasion demands honesty, integrity and political consistency. A traitor to one set of principles, cannot so summarily be converted to opposite extremes. The brand is upon him. Let the Buffalo Convention act nobly in choosing Judge M'Lean. W. M Police Intelligence. Jlrson and Larceny.? On Friday night, between 11 and 12 o'clock, the premises No 73 Nassau-stroet wsr t discovered to bo on lire. The room where the flame were blazing is occupied by Mesriia. I.apyre and Ladvers, publishers and printers of the Rco de Europe et lee Urns- Monde>. The rooms above these offloes are occupied by Mr. George Ilayward lithographer ; and in a room directly over the tire was sleeping John Major, a lithographic printer, and his two sons, both small boys, who were all ai-leep until awakened by th* alarm of tire, when, endeavouring to make their escape, and flying to the entry, found it impracticable, as the don?e smoke rendered it impossible to get down stairs. The firemen came promptly, and soon extinguished the Are; not, however, until the whole of the papers and valuable correspondence wsre * consumed, and a large bole burnt in the ceiling. From ^ the appearance of the tire, it was considered at the time to be the work of some incendiary, as Are was communicated in two distinst places; and only for ths timely arrival of the Uretnen. in all probability Mr. Mitjor and liia two sons would have perished in the flames. The most singular part of the story is yet to relate. Between 2 and 3 o'clook the same night, as officers Owens and Cnrland. of ths Oth ward police, were on duty, in the Park, near the fountain, they observed a young mun sitting on one of the tenches, in rather a peculiar manner; and on a further examination they found that he was sitting on a bundle of something which looked like clothing, and on opening the same, several coats and other articles of weiring ap perel were found, lie was at once taken into custody, and informed that be was arrested on a charge of stealing the above articles. On his way to the station house, he informed the officers that he wanted to be arrested. und for that purpose he had stolen the clothing from No 73 Nassau street, and fearing that would not be sufficient to hold him. he set tire to the house to mske sure?explaining the manner, aud how he communicated tlie fire, to the officers, before they knew of the Are hiving taken place. On the prisoner's feet was a pair of slippers, belonging to Mr. I.advere. the prisoner having taken off his heavy boots, and put on the slippers because, as lie said, they were much cooler All these statements, the officers found to be exactly correct upon visiting the burnt premises. The prisoner Is a small. slim, young man, of twenty-two yeari, and a Scotchman by birth, giving his name as William c9|io*rn. niiu saiu ue omy arrived ir?m Ulasgow about four weeks since. lie further said ha hud a father, residing in loth street, who was engaged as porter in a store No. 4 William street, hut did uot treat him well, as ha would not let him remain at homo beeausa he did not work and feeling himself destitute, committed the crime in order to be tukon care of. Take the case altogether it is a very singular alfair. and the loss falls heavy on Messrs l.apyro and l.adrere. a* tbey were uot insured But what is more unfortunate is the loss of valuable papers and correspondence, which rannot be restored by money. From the conduct of the prisoner in the police oflloe it is supposed he is insane. Justice Lothrop committed liiin t* prison for a further hearing. Jl Diihonut Sailor? Officer Hopkins, of the -Id ward police, arrested yesterday a young inan by the name of Thomas Bowen. a sailor, formerly on board the schooner Factory, lying at l.ittlo l-.gg Harbor, on a charge of stealing fi'JOO in silver and bank lolls from the vessel, belonging to the Captain. Samuel Kndicott. The robbery was effected about two weeks since, and inline liately Do wen prrceedad to Philadelphia to have a glorious spreee on (lie money; where, after a few days' spree, some woman eased him of all his bank bills, amounting to over $100 Finding his stock of money diminish rather suddenly, be concluded to come onto New York and speed the balance?arriving in this city on Tuesday night last, taking tip his i(uarter* on the Hook in Walnut street, where he was found by the officer. On the officer searching him, $'.*5 in silver was found on his person, in the identical bag in which the Captain bad placed it before the robbery The accused, after being confronted by tn* captain, acknowledged his guilt, and said lie was vetj sorry for having done so. Justice Cothrop committed the accused to prison for trial. Contlrvelivi Larceny.? Officer Bowyer. of the chiefs office, arrested yesterday a genteel looking man of til* legal profession, by the name of Solomon 11. Noble, ona charge of obtaining a gold lever watch, valued at $200, the property of Mr. Oeorge C. Baldwin, jeweller, No. 170 Broadway, by a trick and device, under the following cireums'ances. according to the affidavits. It appears that the accused called upon Mr Baldwin on the 27Ih of last month, and represeated that his mothor wished to purchase a watch, and selected the abovementioned watch as one he thought would suit her, and wished them to let him take the watch up to show his mother; and if she did not like it, he would return it agsin at 0 o'clock tho next morning. Upon this condition, Mr Baldwin allowed him to take the watoh.? However. 0 o'clock arrived.and no watch came baok. The next day Mr. Baldwin saw Mr. Noble, who stated that his mother said the watch did not exactly suit her. and that he would bring it down the next day.? Well, the next day rams, and no watch, and then twu more days passed over, when Mr Noble was seen again, who then gave as a reason for not bringing the watoh, that his wife had gone to Philadelphia, and by mistake took the watch with her, but faithfully promired that he would send it back on the third of August This story, likewise, proved false; when Mr. Baldwin, finding that Mr. Noble was practising a deception upon him. applied to the chief of police, and Mr. Bowyer was deputed to unravel the mystery, which he did, by ascertaining that on the 27th of July, the day he obtained tho watch from Mr. Baldwin, he employed a Mr. Richard J. I'arisen, residing at No. 20.', Madison street, to take the watch to Mr. Simpson's pawn-shop and obtain $2o on the same, which no did, bringing the money to Mr. Noble, who was waiting nt T ammany Hail until the job was done. Consequently, under these oircumstancea or false representations. Mr. Noble was taken into custody and conveyed before tho chief of polico, whoro ho was detained until a further hearing before his honor the Mayor. Tntch in Prmm .//jain.-Officer Bowyer arrested yesterday < harles Baxter, commonly called " Tosoh," a notorious pickpocket, who stands indicted on a charge of an attempt at grand larceny, in pioklng a man s pocket A few weeks ago he was liberated from prison on straw hall, and yesterday he was brought in sgain. and locked up, in order to find better bail. Jlrrttl of an Jlltege I Fugativr.?Officer Croslett, of the lower police, arrested, on Kriday. a genteel looking man, by the name of Kdwin II ay ward, on a warrant le*u>d by Justin I.athrop. wherein he stands charged with being a fugitive from justice, from Pittsburg. Pennsylvania. where he obtained a bill of dry goods from the firm of Hampton, Smith Ji Co.. amounting to $24a8. It appears that Mr Hayward called upon the above firm about the Oth of October last, and wished to purchase a bill of goods, representing at tho time that he had or was about to rent a large storehouse at Portsmouth. Ohio, where he intended doing business. Upon th<a representation together with paying ,$1000 cash, the i/noils were sold. Ilnnititon v t.bl? ?- u ward's note, at 4 montlm. for the balance. $183,8. This went on until December following, when Hampton fc Smith arcertained that llayward never had a a tore hi Portsmouth, but Immediately conveyed the goods on to ineinuatl,where they were Hold at auction J.T Tannnr was a sufferer to the amount of f'drtO for a bill of hoot* and shoes ; and several other merohants. to the tuna of over $1000. are likewise sufferers. Mr Hayward was taken before the magistrate, and detained to await a requisition from the governor of Pennsylvania The accused, when arrested on Friday, was acting as clerk to Abel Riggs. grocer. No. 91' f'atharine street. There are er>me doubts, from a partial examination before tha magistrate, as to the identity of Mr. llayward, as it appears to be shown, almost cenolusively, that at the time Mr llayward Is said to have been In Pittsburgh, he is proved to lie here in New Y ork . f Charge of Perjury. ?Officer Crosctt, of the lowar police, arresti d on Friday a genteel looking young man. by the name of I.. K. Iliilkley, on a warrant Issued by Justice I.athrop, wherein lie stands charged with an alleged perjury in swearing falsely in a certain suit, before Judge Daly, in the Common Pleas, setting forth that lie had no interest in a certain suit theu pending before the court. The c? -e will be fully investigated before the magistrate, on the 18th of this month. Mi:\!< \N I'ltOTKM- AGAIXsT i'MkTi:FAIY >. C i i < A Ml.Ul l'K DISMISS)-:!) BY I MF St I'RKMK < '??' IIT.?The Monitor Kipubhrnno, of the 13th July, at the city >! Mexico, publishes the protest laid before the Supreme Court, i'ront eleven representatives of Jongress, against the constitutionality of lite treay of (tuuduToupe. On the 10th July, the court de* ivered its opinion in the presence of nil the hidl> unctionurics of government, declaring the treaty o be constitutional, and that " the power of mating peace, or declaring war, being vested in Contress, its jurisdiction over the subject-matter was xrhisive, and the States composing th<- conf.-l.*si v Ii.kI no legal riuht to assume cognisante liur*d." This put?* the question at met. lh l< te .1 ' ,:K is prorates* Ihr > i up, ^aiw ml it ' Jiff, in at! V f ti|* ? : 1