Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 8, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 8, 1848 Page 1
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ir z I IB 1 n I wmn ! ! ?Li^.--rrr?.< wwi?:ixrm ) TP H I T* ~'- ' NO. 5177. Trrnty of Commerce and ITavlgatlon between Hirkituburg-itcliaerlii and tlic 1'. States. [From the Washington Union. Ana. 8.] \1 cpnblish to-day. by proclamation of the President, the declaration <f accession of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg Schworin to the treaty concluded on the 10th of June, 1846 between the United Statea and the Kingdom of Hapovrr liy the terms of the accession. it will be seen that the administration, under the immediate superintendence of tho head of the State Department, baa a most vigilant eye to the advancement of the gri at commercial and agricultural interests of the country. The navigation employed by New England in the South Sea fisheries embraces, as well as we recollect, upwards of 860 floe large ships. Not more than about one-half of the whale oil produced by them find" a market in the United States. Nearly all the other half is exported to the Baltio and North Seas, and is principally consumed in the States Of Germany. Prussia has long manifested a desire to monopolize this trade, and even now she advances a bonus of 30 tbalers per last to every vessel that wilt , engage in it. and gives a premium of 1 thaler fur each barrel of oil that may he produced and brought home by them. This is fearful odds against our fishermen; and they cannot fail to be highly gratified that Meek- j lenburg-Schwerin?which, we learn, consumes more of tbeartiole, in proportion to her population, thin any European State?has obligated herself to lay no higher duty upon it, for the next ten years, than the mere nominal one of 18 cents, or thereabouts, on the 100 ids., less dy iweniy-iive per coat man Mat exacted In HanoTer, and only one-half of the amount exacted in Prussia and the Zoll-Verein. So much for the watch- | fulness of the President and bis cabinet over northern interest*. Now, let us turn to the south and the west. in Mecklenburg-Kchwrrin. cotton Is to enter free aa ia Hanover; tobacco and tobacco stems imported in benheads or casks are to pay the same duty that is : levied upon them in Hanover?only 70 cents per 100 lbs; rice in tierces, or half tierces, 40 cents per 100 lbs. In,Hanover, the duty is 70 cents per 100 lbs.; and in Prussia, $140. in whatever way Imported. Paddy (rice in the husk) is to be admitted free. or at a mere nominal rate of one cent and a half per 100 lbs This is an important concession for the rice grower. |Paddy, notwithstanding the extravagant and unjustifiable Danish Sound tolls levied on most of our staples, is almost the only one which is permitted to pass at a nominal charge; and as this article oannot be carried from Batavia upon as favorable terms at it can from Charleston, it is evident that we have secured great advantages for our product over that of Java. Mecklenburg-Schwerin levies one cent more?a mere n ominal or control tax?on the 100 pounds of our four staples transiting through her territory on the Hamburg and Berlin railroad, than is levied in Hanover and Oldenburg; but, in consideration of this difference. she obligates herself to lay no duty whatever ou the same articles transiting in other directions. The system of transit-duties, from the blow which it received in the|Hanover treaty, it is believed will be abandoned at no distant day by the Herman confederation, ns it has been for some time in Krnnne. To two or tliee cents transit duty, as a tax of control, no re 2ifiCt.fr hi A ohipntifum nun l.? mnilm* Kiif Ka?An/1 fl.Io it in our duty to jersevere inabolishing them oa all ; articles in which we are interested. The grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Sohwcrin has en- : joyed all the advantages in carrying, since 1S33, by the ; proclamation of the President, pursuant to the ant of Congress of May 24,1828. that it will enjoy by acoes- | elon to the Hanover treaty, it was, raoreovor, privl- ! leged to purchase its vessels wherover they could be \ had cheapest; but, by the terms of this treaty.it is now nstricted in its intercourse with us, to the vesseld of its build, or those of the build of the United States, , by which our ship builders will be benefitted. Still, it I appreciated the liberal spirit manifested by our government, and consented to reciprocate it, by bestowing ' Upon us every thing commercially at its disposal. The work of negotiating the proper kind of commercial treaties, under the auspices of Mr. Duchanun, is bow fairly commenced, and we trust (as we believe) that it will bo proaecuted, until every nation is forced to act in that true spirit of generosity displayed by Hanover, Oldenburg, and Mecklenburg-Swhwerin. We desire to see entire freedom in navigation extended to all foreign States; but where there is inequality in sine, ' and in commercial nperntions, we Bhould exact relaxation in import duties upon our products. It is not easy to see upon what principle any German State can justify itself in persisting to collect $3 33 duty on the 100 pounds of our tobacco, when adjoining States only levy TO cents. If the habits of the people of each were different with respect to its use. there would be a sort of excuse, though hardly a justiffca tlon lor continuing this exorbitant tax. Butthe people throughout Germany derive as much enjoyment from th i pipe as do the subjects of MecklunburgSchwerin. and,in fact, consider it indispensable in a great degree to their very existence. The grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin contains two sea-ports, Rostock and Wteuiar. It is a fertile country, containing 229geographical square mites, and atout 650,000 inhabitants, who are in a better condition than any in Europe, its annual export of oorn, when the crop is an average one, amounts to 2,000.000 bushels. The reigning Grand Duke is a nephew of the Empress of Russia, of the King of Prussia, and of the Duchess d'Orleans. He is about twenty.four years of age, has been a great traveller, is generous in his sentiments and uncommonly iutelliger.l for his years. His v'ews of political economy are Vnc more creditable to him ou account of the relation he bears to the sovexe'gns of Russia and Pruvia, and his near location to their capitals. DY THE PEEffDENT OK IKE T'PflTED STATED. ^ PROCLAMATION. Whi rets, tho Grand Duke of Mecklcnburg-Schwerin, ' under the authority of the twelfth article of the treaty of commerce and navigation between the United States 1 of America and the King of Hanover, bearing date the , 10th day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, has become a party to the said treaty, with \ certain modifications, by virtue of a declaration of accession to the same, which was signed and duly exchanged at Schwerin, on the Oth day of December, one thousand eight hundred and fcrty-seven, between A. . Dudley Mann, special agent of the United State", and ' L. de L?tt?ow. President of the Privy Council and First 1 Minister of his IlC"*! Highness the Grand Duke of ileoklenbarg-Schwerin, on It; part of their respective | governments; which declaration la, WCfd for word, as follows . DECLARATION. Whereas, a treaty of oommerce and navigation between the United States of Ameriea and his Majesty the King of Hanover, was ooncluded at Hanover, en the tenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six. by the plenipotentiaries of the contracting parties, and was subsequently duly ratified on the part of both governments ; And whereas, by the terms of the twelfth article ef the same, the United States agree to extend all the advantages and privileges contained in the stipulations of the said treaty to one or more of the other States of the Germanic Confederation which may wish tc(accede to them, by means of an official exchange of declarations, provided that such State or States shall confer similar favors npon the United States to those conferred by the Kingdom of Hanover, and observe and be subject to the same conditions, stipulations, and obligations: And whereas the government of his Royal Highness the (..rand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerln has signified Its desire to accede to the said treaty and to all the stipulations and provisions therein contained, as far as the same are or may be applicable to the two countries, and to become a party thereto, and has expressed its readiness to confer similar fbvors upon the United States as an equivalent in ail respects to those conferred by the Kingdom of Hanover: And whereas the government tff the Grand-Duchy of Mecklenburg-Srhwerin, In its anxiety to avoid the { possibility of a misconception hereafter of the nature and extent of the favors, differing essentially froui those of Hanover, which it consents to bestow upon tne United States, as well as for its own faithful observance of all the provisions of the said treaty, wishes 1 the stipulations, conditions, and obligations Imposed upon it. as also those which rest upon the United States, as explicitly stated word for word, in the English end German languages, as contained In the following articles: [ Act. 1 ?1 he high contracting parties agree that ' whatever kind of produce.manufacture, or merchandise, of any foreign country can be, from time to time, lawfully imported into the United States in their own vessels, may also be imported In the vessels of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerln. and no higher or other duties upon the tonnage or cargo of | the vrisel shall be levied or collected whether the ImCrtation be made in a vessel of the United States or a vessel of Mecklenburg?Schwein. All in like manner, whatever kind of produce, manufacture. or merchandise of any foreign country can be. fTein tiroa to time, lawfully Imported into the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerln. In its own vessel*, may also be imported in vessels of the I nited States; and uo higher or other duties upon thetonqago r cargo of the vessel shall be levied or collected, whether the importation bo made in vessels of the one party or the other. ' Whatever may be lawfully exported or re-exported itrjr. may In like tunnnrr be exported or rp-expnrted In * the vessels of the other. And the name duties. bounties, and drawbacks shall be collected and allowed, ? whether such exportation or re-exportation be made I In the vessels of the one party or the other. I Nor shall higher or other charge* of any kind be K imposed in the ports of one party, on vessel* of the 1 other, than are or shall be payable In the same port* 1 by notional vessels. IB Art. 2.?The preceding article Is not applicable to l| the rr.-iating trade ?n?t navigation of the high eonU trooting parties, which are respectively reserved by i M raeh exclusively to Its own subjects or citixen*. f I As i. 3.?No priority or preference shall be given by I either of the oontraoting parties, nor by any compa ny. ccnxoratlon. or agent acting on their behalf, or I vnder their authority. In the purchase of any article n of commerce lnwfully Imported on account af, or in II reference to. the national character of the vessel. Wi whether It be of trie ore party or the other. In which ft such article was Imported R Art . 4 - The ancient nnd barbarous right to wreck* I of the sea shall remain entirely abolished with respect I to the property belonging to the subjects or citiaens I of the high contracting parties. I When any vessel of either party shall be wrecked, I stranded, or otherwise damaged on the coasts, or I will In ; b '"'minim ? (ftlie other their respective || | oltlretn or subjects shnll receive, as well for themselves I | MM tln 'rvcela and effects, the same assistance | E NE MORNING which would bo due to the inhabitant* of thecouitrywhere the accident happen*. They shall be liable to pay the same oliarge* and dilPA of fislr&trA an th?(Laiil itihahibinla ur.ml,! ?ui liaRU t o pay in a like cm. If the operation* of repair shall require that the whole or any part of the cargo be unloaded, they shall pay no duties of custom, charges, or fees, on the part which they shall reload and carry away, except such a* are payable in the like case by national easel*. It is nevi rtbeless understood that if, whilst the vessel is under repair, the cargo shall be unladen, and kept in a place of deposit destined to receive goods, the duties on which have not been paid, the cargo shall be liable to the charpftt and fees lawfully due to the keepers of suoh warehouses. Am. 5. The privileges secured by the present treaty to the respective vessels of the higli-oontractlng parties, shall only extend to such as are built within their respective territories, or lawfully condemned as prises of war. or adjudged to be forfeited for a breach of the municipal laws of either of the high-contracting parties, and belonging wholly to their subjects or cituens. It is further stipulated that vessels of the Grand Duchy of Merklenbuig-Sohwerin may select their crews from any of the States of the Germanic Confederation, provided that the matter of each be a subject of the Grand-Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerln. Art 0.?No higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into the United States of any articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Sehwerin. or of its fisheries, and no higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into the Orand Duchy of MecklenburgSehwerin of any artioles the growth, produce, and manufacture of the United States and of their fisheries, than are or shall be payable on the like articles, being the growth, produee. or manufacture of auy other foreign country or of its fisheries. No higher or other duties and charges shall be imposed iu the United States on the exportation of any articles to the Grand Dnchy of Mecklenburg Schwerin, or in Mecklenburg-Schwerin on the exportation of any artioles to the United States, than such as are or shall be payable on the exportation of the like articles to any other foreign country. No prohibition shall be imposed on the importation or exportation of any articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of the Grand Dnchy of MecklenburgSchwerin. or of its fisheries, or of the United States or their fisheries, from or to the ports of said Grand Duohy or of the said United States, which shall not equally extend to ail other powers and States. Art. 7.?The high contracting parties engngemutually not to grant any particular favor toother nations in respect of navigation and duties of customs, which shnll not immediately become common to the other party, who shall enjoy the same freely, if the concession was freely made, or on allowing a compensation as near as possible, if the concession was conditional. Art. 8.?In order to augment by all tho means at its bestowal the commercial relations between the I nlted States and Germany, the Grand Duohy of Mecklenburg Schwerin sgrees, subject to the reservation in article eleventh, to abolish the import duty on raw cot ion una pauuy, or rice in me nueK, tne produce of tne United States; to lory no higher import duty upon leaves, stomp. or strips of tobacco, imported in hogsheads or casks, than one thaler and two schillings for one hundred pounds Hamburg weight, (equal to seventy cents United States currency and weight;) to lay no higher import duty upon rice imported in tierces or half tierces than twenty-five schillings for one hundred pounds Hamburgh weight, (equal to thirty-seven and a half cents United States currency and weight;) to lay no higher duty upon whsle oil, imported in casks or barrels, than twelve and a half schillings per hundred pounds Hamburg weight, (equal to eighteen and three-quarter cents United States currency and weight) The Oraud Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin further agrees to levy no higher transit duty on the aforementioned articles in their movement on the Berlin-Hamburg railroad than two schillings per hundred pounds Hamburg weight, (equal to three cents United States currency and weight.) and to levy no transit duty on the above mentioned articles when conveyed through the ports of the country. It is understood, however, that nothing herein contained shall prohibit the levying of u duty sufficient for control, which in no instance shall exceed on the two articles imported duty free, or those on transit, on schilling per hundred pounds Hamburgh weight, (equal to one cent and a half United States currency and weight). Aut. U.?The high contracting parties grant to each other the liberty of having, each in the ports of the other, consuls, vice consuls, commercial agents, and vice commercial agents of their own appointment, who shall enjoy the same privileges and powers as those of the most favored nations; but if any of the said consuls shall carry on trade, they shall be subjected to the same laws and usages to which private individuals of their nation are subjected in the same place. The consuls, vice consuls, commercial, and vice commercial agents, shall have the right, as such, to sit as judges and arbitrators in such differences as may ariee between the master* crews of the Teasels belonging to the nation Vhose interests are committed to their charge, w'thout the interference of the local authorities. Unless the conduct of the crews or of the captain, should disturb the order or tranquillity of the C'antry; or the said consuls, rice consuls, commercial agents, or vice commercial agents should require their assistance to causo their decisions to be carried into effect or supported. It is, however, understood, that this speoies of judgment. or arbitration, shall not deprive the contending parties of the right thev have to resort, on their return. to the judicial authority of their own country. The said consuls, vice consuls, commercial agents, and vioe commercial agents, are authorised to require the assistance of the local authorities for the search, arrest, and imprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchant vessels of their country. For this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall. in writing, demand said deserters, proving by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the muster-rolls of the crews, or by any other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the orews; and on this claim being thus substantiated, the surrender skall not be rofused. Such deserters, when arrested, shall be plaeed at the disposal of the said consuls, vioe consuls, commercial agents, or vice commercial agents, and may be confined in the public prisons, at the request and cost of those who shall olaim them, in order to be sent to the vessels to which they belong, or to others of the same country. But if not sent back within three months from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall not be agaiunrrested for the same cause. However, if tho deserter ahall be found to have committed any crime or offence, 'lis surrender may be delayed until the tribunal before which his case shall be pend ng shall have pronounced l?j sentence, and such sentence shall have been oarried into effect. Akt. 10.?The subjects anu citizens of the high oontraoting parties shall be permitted to sojourn nnd reside in all parts whatsoever of the said territories, in order to attend to their affairs, and als? to hire and occupy houses and warehouses for the purpose of their commerce, providod they submit to the laws, as well general as special, relative to the right of residing and trading. Whilst they conform to the laws and regulations in force they shall be at liberty to manage, themselves, their own business, in all the territories subject to the jurisdiction of each party, as well In respect to the consignment and sale of their goods, by wholesale or retall. as with respect to the loading, unloading, and sending off their ships, or to employ sueh agents and brokers as they may deem proper, they being in all these cafes to be treated as the citizens or subjects of the country in which they reside, it being nevertheless understood that they shall remain subject to the said laws and regulations also in respect to sales by wholesale or retail. They shnll have free access to the tribunals of justice in their litigious affairs, on the same terms which are granted by the law and usage of oountry to native citizens or subjects, for which purpose they may employ in defence of their rights such advocates, attorneys. and other agents as they may judge proper. The citizens or subjects of each party shall have power to dispose of their personal property within the jurisdiction of the other by sale, donation, testament, or otherwise. Their personal representatives, being citizens or subjects of the other contracting party, shall euooeed to their said personal propehty. whether by testament or ah inientaio. They may take possession thereof, either by themselves or by others acting for them, at their will, and dispose of the same, paying such duty only as the inhabitants of the country wherein the said personal property is situated shall be subject to pay in like cases. In case of the absence of the personal representatives, the same care shall be taken of the said property as would be taken of a property of a native in like case, until the lawful owner may take measures for reoolving it. If anv uuestion should arise amonir several claimants to which of them the paid property belong*, the name shall be Anally decided by the laws and judges of the coiiDtiy wherein It Is situated. Where, on the decease of any person holding real estate within the territories of one party, such real estate would, by the laws of the land, descend on a citizen or subject of the other were he not disqualified by alienage, such citlsen or subject shall be allowed a reasonable time to fell the same, and to withdraw the proceeds without molestation, and exempt from all duties of detraction on the part of the government of the respective States, The capitals and effects which the citizens or subjects of the respective parties. In changing their residence. shall be desirous of removing from the place of their domloil. shall likewise be exempt from All duties of detraction or emigration on the part of their respective governments. iter. 11,?The present treaty shall continue In force until the tenth of June, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight. and further until<the nnl of twelve months after the government of MecklenburgSchwerln on the one part, or that of the United State* on the other part, ehall hare given notice of It* Intention of terminating the simc, but upon the condition hereby expresaly stipulated and agreed, that if the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg Hchwerln shall deem it expedient, or And it compulsory, during the said term to levy a duty on paddy, or rice in the hu*k. or augment "the duties upon leaves, strips, or stems of tobacco, on whale oil and rice, mentioned in article VIII (eighth) of the prevent treaty, the government of Mtckloiiburg-.Seheerin shall give notice of one year to the government of the United States before proceeding to do so; and, at the expiration of that year, or any time subaennently, th? goyjrnment of the United W Y < EDITION?NEW YC I States >hall hare full power and right to abrogate pr< sent tr< aty by giving & previous ootioe of six mon I to tbe government of Mecklenburg-Snhwerln. or continue it (at ita option) in full force, until the ope tion thereof shall have been arrested in the mau first specified in the present article Now, therefore, the undersigned. L do Lutzow, p sident of the privy council and first minister of royal highness, on the part of Meoklcnburg-Schivei and A Dudley Mann, special agent on the part of t United States, invested with full powers to this eff? found in good and duo form, have this day signed triplicate, and have exohanged this declaration 1 effect of this agrement la hereby declared to be to tabllahthe aforesaid treaty between the high parties this declaration, as fully and perfectly, to all intei and purposes, as if all the provisions therein conta ed, in the manner as they are abovo explicitly stat had been agreed to In a separate treaty, concluded a ratified between them in the ordinary form. In witness whereof, the above named plenipotei aries have hereto affixed their names and seals :? Done at Sohwcrin. this 9th (ninth) day of Decern!: 1847. A. DUDLEY MANN. [l. ? L. OK LUTZOW [l. s And whereas the said declaration of accession 1 been duly ratified on both parts: Now. therefore, be it known, thnt I, James K. Pc President of the United States of America, hi caused the said declaration to be made public, to t end that the same, and every clause and arti thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with gc faith by the United States and the oitizsns thereof. In witness whereof. I have hereunto set my ha and caused the seal of the United 8tates to be afflxei Done at the oity of Washington, this seoond day August, in the year of our Lord, one thousa f l s 1 hundred and forty-eight, and of the I 1 " i dependence of the United States of Amerl the seventy-third. JAMES K. POLK By the President: Jamks Buchanan. Secretary of State. Intelligence from Mexico. [From the New Orleans Delta. July 28 J The intelligence from Guanajuato la of no parttcul importance. On the 12th. the troop* of Bustatnec entered and occupied the village of Valenciena, afl a painful march by a route which presented many d Acuities to the transportation of artillery. The Insi gents made some show of resistance to the march the government forces; but it docs not appear that ui barm was done on either side to ' man or beast." private letter states that Jarautaand Nogrcte fled pi citately from Valenciana on the approach of Bus! mente. A party of dragoons were sent In pursuit the fugitives, but, of course, did not succeed in ovt taking them. On the 14th, the government forces we entrenched at Valenciana and Mellado. and the t\ hostile bodies were quietly watching each other Pi visions were every day becoming scarcer and dean whicb. according to the Monitor, rendered more desf rate the situation of tho besieged in Guanajuato Bi tamente bad sent his wounded, which amounted more than eighty, from Marfll to Silao. On the 17t there was a sufficient number of Senators of Congrc in the capital to form a quorum; they according organized for business. There was no quorum of tl Chamber of Deputies. Much alarm esisted in f State of Queretaro on account of the rumored su cusses of the insurgents. The State of Guatemala h declared an amnesty for the past, and security for tl future, to all who have endeavored to overturn tl government. A large number of the citizens of Ve Cruz had petitioned Congress to enact a statute d .-.tm- ?k uuiiii, xiuuMunra ueiwcen ve Cruz andtbe city of Mexico wore becoming so freque and audacious, that the Monitor insists that the pe pet raters should be shot as fast as detected. The tri of the notorious robber. Roque Miranla, began on tl 18th, before Gabriel Gomez de la I'ena. The gover ment still complains of the remissness of Dustamen in transmitting advices of his movements. The oil zens of the capital are subscribing for the relief of tl Yucatecos. More than $1000 had been raised for th purpose on the 16th. The Monitor states that of tl three millions of dollars received from the Unit States, only one million remains In the treasury, ai calls upon the Treasury Department to account 1 the disbursement of the two millions. The electioi in the department of Vera Cruz resulted as follows : For President, Herrera; for Senators, Pedro Jose Kct vcrria. Juan F. Barcena; for Deputies Ramcn Mun y Munoz, Manuel Xarate, Jose Miguel Bringos,Rami Nunez Jauregni and Francisco Carbs.ial. The Mot tor has accounts from Huasteca. the seat of the war castes, to the 7th July. The government troops we making head against the Indians, and hopes were e tained that peace and tranquillity would soon ho i stored to that portion of the country. The Ceg'slati of Morelia was in session. The new governor, Juan Ceballcs. had entered upon the discharge of his duti On the 6th July, the city of San Luis Po'cosi was bei fortified, in anticipation of a hostile visit from Pare< and bis adherents The government had ordered D Francisco Enrile to depart within three days for V? Cruz, and the~uee beyond the limits of the Mexic republic, on suspicion of being an ageut of Paredes. [From the New Orleans Ticayune, 28th July ] We see no mention in the papers of the resignati of General Arista, ns Secretary of War. reported h< some days since. Should he resign, it will doubth be to take command of the army, in place of Bust mente, whom the government would gladly be rid i Arista is esteemed the only soldier now in Mexioo, all a match for Paredes. The papers of Victoria, (of Durango) mention t incursions of two bodies of Indians, into that Stai They had encamped, and were awaiting the arrival a third party, when the whole would form a very stro force. A commission has been appointed to concer system of operations against Indian inoursions. EU riaga and Garcia Conde are, among others, nam upon it. A paper in that city, announces the exec tion of Fabian Medrano, a culprit who had murder five different people, robbed haciendas and travelle on the highway, and escaped from prison, in Zacal cas. to which ho had been sentenced for ten years, i led an infamous life for fifteen years,his gross sensualit not sparing his own children by his mistresses, and t Inhuman cruelty numbered, among its viotims, h own sons and concubines. We add a letter from correspondent, at Vera Cruz "Vera Car*, July 22, 1848.?A notice from t' Quartermaster's Department, was stnek up about tl streets, the day before yesterday, notifying all citlxei who wished to go to New Orleans, that tney mast a ply for a passage on or before the 25th last. 1 undt stand that all public officers are expeoted to olose tin business before the 28th, and that Oen. Smith ai staff will leave on the 29th. The 1st Artillery, and oi or two companies of the 2d Dragoons, are the on troops now remaining here, and they will probab leave on the same day, with Ocu. Smith. The sale public property is continuing from day to day, ai will close on the 28th ; all remaining on hand aft that date, will probably be sent to the Unit States. Some of this property has been sold remar ably cheap, and large fortune* have been made wit in a few weeks. Colonel Kinney, of Texas, hasbe< the most prominent purchaser. Mr. Peoples arriv here yesterday from Yucatan, having seen the gover ment of that province at Merida. lie brings with hi a dooumcnt or agreement between himself and Barb chano. commissioning him to raise a thousand volu teer* for servioe against the Indians, providing for the pay, bounty land, ho. Mr P does not give a very fla tering description of either the oountrv or peopl The Mexicans are certainly the ooolest thieves in tl world. Yesterday, some six or seven wagons we standing in the Plata, opposite the mole, the most pu lie place in the city, ready harnessed and loaded, ha lng jnet driven up ; their drivers had gone to the qua teruiaster's to report, when a party of Mexicans mouc ed tho wagons and drove them off They had proceed* some five or six squares on their way out of the cit when the theft was discovered, and they were pursui and overtaken. The culprits are safely lodged in tl calaboose Last evening a room in the quarters of soi officers of the 1st Artillery was broken open, and abo twenty trunks smashed and rifled ; this, too, in tl early part of the evening, when the people were up ai moving about the house " PARKDES THE AOKNT OF SPAI.V. The N. O. Delia of the 29th July, says " A comm nlcation was yesterday made to us by a Mexican ge tlemun. who. from his position in his native counti has had means of acquiring much authentic politic intormallon, that seems to fix on Uen. 1'aredes, tl author < f the revolt which li now in full rigor in tl city of (laansjuato, the charge of being directly undi the influence of the Spanish Bourbons ; in fact, of b ing the acknowledged agent of the present titular Kit of Spain, the husband of Isabella. The following the substance of what has been related to us A ft years ago, before the war bioke ont between tl I'nited States and Mexico, an individual nam Don Francisco de Paula F.nrile, was arrested < the road from Vera Crux to the capital, on the sus| clon of being the Infant Don Francisco de Paula. 1 was taken before a magistrate, and his baggage e amined ; among which were found a variety of wrltin In cipher, which no one could interpret, besides sever crosses and patents of distinction, and the designi tion of the prisoner. As nothing could be proved of criminal nature from these documents, against De Francisco de Paula F.nrile, he was set at liberty, ai his property restored to bim. It has been since n r.ertained that these documents and titles of honor I blank were destined lor Paredea, for, almost lmmediat ly afterward, the Tirmpo, a journal which openly a vocated the project of changing the republic into monarchy, and calling to the crown a member oft! Spanish Bourbon family made Its appearanoe at th capital. We all recollect the Intrigues, heart-burning and dissensions to which the seal of that paper gm rise, and the manner in which it was covertly an ta tied by I'aredes. after he had succeeded in ore throwing Herrera's administration The newsjn received from the capital of Mexico, announces thi Don Francisco dc Paula F.nrile has been banished fro the soil of the republic, in consequence of havii boon detected in a conspiracy at tbe metropolis ar being an adherent of Paredes This is the Identic personage who was arretted, and brought before tl authorities at Vera Crur. Onr inform int. who is warm patriot and a devoted republican, ad la. in callit lo bis memory Cicero's denunciation of Catalinr: " How long will Spain continue to abuse our patieuc To what lengths will she go in her ardent desire < conquest and domination"' This good citizen, th apply hi* Industry to consolidate the tottering thron of F.nrppe. Here, In the Western hemisphere, m earthy I* Insufferable; It nauseate* the > ar rain will hi- the attempt*- ell the machination* of 1 agent*, to induce republleana to retrograle into! eacluMrene** and it* thotuaad abuaoa " * )RK, TUESDAY, AUGUS ;h; TREMENDOUS DEMONSTRATION to OF THB IPH IRISH UNION, hi* At Vanzhall Garden. Between Thirty and Forty Thousand ??" Persons Present* &c. ke. ke. nta In ^ The largest and most enthusiastic meetiug ever held in the United States in favor of Ireland took ltl* place, last night, at Vauxhall Garden, to ratify the ,er union between the Provisional Committee and | the Young Friends of Ireland. jM Long before the appointed hour, the place was filled to overflowing, and the greatest spirit of ^ harmony prevailed. The misunderstanding behe tween the two branches of the friends of Ireland Had, by the action of the proper committees, been adjusted, and there was a grand rally to sanction J"1 that adjustment, and cast into the treasury for* that of oppressed people. As the hour drew near for the nd organization of the meeting, the crowd became more and more dense, until it was almost impossible to breathe ; but withal they pressed into the room, the first object of every one being the welfare of his country. At eight o'clock", Robert Emmett, John McKeon, Horace Greeley, and several other prominent [J* tnends of the cause ol Ireland, made their uppearter ance, when a general shout went up, and the place if- provided for the press was besieged. As soon as of order could be restored, John McKeon, Esq., prooy posed Robert Emmett as chairman, which was re- ! .? ceived and responded to with the greatest enthusia asm. Bv this time there were thirty or forfv thnu. sand persons present, thousands of whom were [ re obliged to remain in the street, the garden being *? too small to contain all who were present. A call was made for a meeting in the garden, as it would ,ej be impossible for the spacious hall to hold one,3. tenth part of the people who had assembled, among j to whom were quite a number of the daughters ot h, Ireland, and whose presence excited the greatest j ?? possible applause. An attempt was made to restore ; ('y order, that the chairman might state the object of the meeting; but the press from without was so great that it was impossible to proceed until tlicy ! a3 had fully satisfied themselves with cheering. j [j,, Mr. Kmmf.tt rote, and after considerable effort to ; lj0 restore order, said:?Fellow citizens, we have assembled ra for two purposes; the first of which, the ratification of ;a_ the union of the friends of Ireland in New York, is : ra a minor consideration; but, ugreeably to promise, 1 I nt have to tell you that there is now a perfect fraterniir. | zation of the friends of Ireland. Wo desire your apal probation. Wo hope you are satisfied we shall go on > | prosperously in the cause of Ireland. Are you satisn. ' lied? (Cries of ' Yes," " Yes," from every part of the crowd.) The other object is to obtain aid for Ireland. >j. You are aware that a Provisional Committee existed, si in whose hands all the money received was placsd, and : who have acted most nobly, without regard to nation or party, that Irishmon might have an opportunity to ! e(j contribute to the necessities of their country. That committee was not ample enough. It was necessary or that a meeting should be called and the proper ar- i tts rangements agreed upon, and that thing has beon , _ done. A body has been formed for the purpose of i ie_ facilitating the work, and that body hAR been termed ot the directory, who will most fully oarry out the wishes I 3n of Irishmen. The name is the same as that held by | M-. the committee in the struggle of "t>8. He here read nf ' the names of the directory. Headed bv his own ? I r"B" j He continued:?The emergency fs 0110 which demands i n_ j that I should announce my own name first, because it rP_ if the wish of my countrymen, though there are others lru i whose names would he better than my own. But the B ' post has been assigned to me. and I would it wore a post 1 of danger. (Great cheering.) In that directory there are ne 1 thr<e O'l onmrs. a name which was congpiououg in jPR the rebellion of '98, and it is necessary that that numon bcr of O'Connors should be on the list. IVe are in di,ra rect communication with the leading men in the move__ ments of Ireland, and will be governed by their desire j in the fund already raised, and that which will be raised The crisis is approaching fast and all the aid that can possibly be rendered, is now wanted. Are you on satisfied? (Ves, yes.) Then, let us go on and see who >re can be of the greatest iservice to his forlorn country ,aa | in this, her hour of need. Are you favorable to the ta- I gentlemen of the directory ? if so. say aye. (Aye, af | aye.) Then it is the unanimous ohoice of the Irish of the city. I have related to you the obI jects of the meeting, and hope you will sanotion them, he I The time for speaking has gone by ; action is neces| sary. We want your money to-night. Money is needcf ed now. The 8th of August was the day when tho risiug Dg of the people was anticipated ; and this is the 7th, the t a wry eve of the crisis?a crisis which will either anni)r. hilate the Irish raoe, or restore them to their position a(l among the nations of the earth. War is the cry, and u. war may it be, to the knife. Wo want your money, e(] and I trust you will give all you can. and give every in one an opportunity to come up and give over their sub^. scriptions. j# Here he was interrupted by the tramp of mon and - the sound of musio. The Young Friends of Ireland lis appeared, and forcing their way into the room, a shout L|R | rent the air. They displayed a beautiful banner, on a | which was the inscription " To the Friends of Ireland, by the Ladies of New York." In the centre was an be englo, perched upon a branch of shamrock. As soon t,e ' as that appeared, the shouts were deafening, and the Qt crowd rushed upon the stand, throwing reporters, tap. bier, and everythiafcelse that came in their way. in ,p. every direction. Tne band continued playing the ,lr " Bould Soldier Boy." which filled the crowd with such enthusiasm, that all speaking for the time had to be ae suspended. Order haying been again partially restored, the ,1^ chairman presented to the people, MAann O'Fi.aher0p ty, a young Irish patriot, wno had just arrived in the 1(l country. He said: My friends, without the charge of er affectation. 1 may ray, that my position towards my lI(j country, at this time, is an important one. I did not k. design addressing you, but between my wishes and j," yours, I felt there was no choice. My position was an #n humble one, but when my country required my sered vices, I was always ready when called upon. 1 am now, n. in a minor oondftion, oonnected with the fate of Irem land, and intend to maintain that position at all a. hazards. My friend, Thomas Meagher, (at the menQ. tion ot that name, another shout more terrlflo than all ,i. ine rest waa given,) intended to vlait thia country, ? but ii bow lying in prison?but for that, he would have been hereto apeak to you to-night Tne English be government had to resort to hia arrest to prevent his re coming among yon, that the sweet eloquence of hia ,. voice might not swell the spirit which is; already T~ abroad among you. (Here the 8mith O'Brien Club, of 1 " the 4th ward, entered, which caused another scene of '/ confusion and cheering.) He continued?Ireland will J maintain her independence. There waa one glorious epoch In the history of the recent movements of Ireland?that moment when she determined to strike for liberty or die in the struggle. Here the enthusiasm became so great that it was ut impossible for Mr. O'Flaherty to proceed, and he sat h down. d Michael O'Conkor, president of the Young Friends of Ireland, rose and stated that there was a mutual agreement among all the Irishmen, and there would now be unity. u- Hosier Greei.fi rose and said : In rising, fellown citizens, to move the resolutions which have been 7, agreed upon by the directory of the friends of Ireland, al | shall not occupy yonr time in speaking. You are he aware that to-morrow is the day set apart for the trial he of Thornaa Meagher. I)evin, Riley, and others; and if a jury is to be packed against them, the people of ire* land will rise and protest against such a proceeding, ig Those jurors are to be the mere instruments in the 1* hands of the Knglish to convict these men. If a jury >w is packed, Ireland will resist their judgment at the ho point of the pike. He then read the following preamsd Lie nnd resolutions, which were received with the >n greatest approbation : it- Whereas, The tidings which last reached tie from Ireland, leave le no room to douhl that the crisis so long expected has at last hilly g. sirived, and that the contest between the people nnd their oppressors has at length ranched a point at which an appeal to arms K, is Inevitable i therefore, ' Readied, That we recognise in the cause of the Irish maws ? that of e',nnl lights and human brotherhood everywhere?the a cause f.r nhieh Hilton wrote and Hampden .died?the eante for ,n which these Stateadevlared their independence, and under W tabid irgton gloriously maintained it through seven years of dubious nnd def lating warfare; nnd we reverently appeal to the Qod of Unities for Tits blessing on the efforts of the oppressed and down!U trodden to redress their wrongs and diminish their miseries e- Resound, That when a nation of oight millions has forced upon d- it the dire alternative of wasting away by famine, bereft of all ? polities! rights and suljjret to an ahaolute and relentless dospotnm. or standing forth in defence of those rights and its homes, we ore niishle to realize that any true republican and lover of 18 Justice can do otherwise than nope for and releice in their ttiutnph. ra Reside d, That in the struggle on which the people of Ireland g. have row entered, we prefer them onr warmest sympathies, and r. will tender them all tlie assistance lawful y in our power. ^ h r. (-sit i t.v continued You have lieard the resolu tinn*. iril I liopo you will not only Hfrnnil them by m ahouta. but by aubacriptinna. There will be an opportunlty tomorrow to eond money to Ireland. tho dir,[} rrtory ni od every cent that can ho retard. Wo will now ro Into tho collodion, end I hope you will (fir# lw liberally The tint collected *m a donation from the Cordwaine ra Society, of the city <"* New Vorh, of $10!> _ The nent waa a contrlbut 'on from the Smith (('Brian ( lub, of the fourth ward, of $1911, all of which waa Bf raited In two day*, and they pledRed themaelTea to I, ralte an equal amount In a few more daya. 1(l Mr i'iMai.?:i O't'nneK then came forward and made p, a atirrliKt eprecb, B Mr T. Ot'onon.nf the I'ohinfttr, waa oalled for, 1(i aril e'-'o rddrerred the rrretteir tll Of rural inor.d that the meeting adjourti to Wi doeaday niuht neat, ahen. a,a he hoped, all would come with m ooy In both pockaU on for I E II. A IT 8, 1848. bin wife, another for lilmaelf, and in tba TP?t pocket* for hi* eon* and daughter*. .niter Hiring turi-e cneera ror Ireland and for Mitohol, the meeting separated, seemingly determined to meet again on Wednesday. MEETING IN THE OAKIIEN. A platform was erected in the Garden, about which j not l< aa than aiz thousand people assembled At halfpast X o'clock, Mr. Michael T. O'Connor and Mr. Thoui] aa Mroney arrived, with the Irish Brigade and the I Smith O'Brien Club. Mr. O'Connor was called to the 1 chair, and Mr. Mooney appointed Secretary. Aa soon aa the Chairman and Neeretary were appointed, the hand in attendance struck up Hail Columbia," after which Mr O'Connor addressed the meeting He said?The English government were determined to hegin the war in Ireland; it is well, however, that she should know that we met here to-night to tell that rotten and cor! rupt government, and the people of England also, | that our friends are on their way to assist our fellow countrymen to put England down, i am happy to tell you, that the most perfect unani- | mity exists between all sections of Irishmen and never before were they so banded together as they are this night in the oity of New York But let me tell , you, also, that we havo met here to-night not so much j I to talk as to act. And I can also tell you that every I man who came here is determined to act as ono man. There are uo longer any divisions amongHt us. Tonight, while we meet here, our unfortunate country is i under martial law?her patriots in dungeons, waiting to he tried by packed juries, couvicted. and ssnt to | linger out a miserable existence in the penal settle- ; ments of Great Britain; and all this, because they loved Ireland. Well, we havo coino here to serve Ireland, and to sympathise with her martyrs; and she needs ail our sympathy and assistance. She no longer looks fur repeal. She is determined to establish a glorious republic, such as we now 1 live under. Let us, then, make one grand rally to-night, and the God of battles will lead them on to victory. Mr. O'Connor thou reviewed the system of landlordism in Ireland, and attributed a great deal UI me iuis?rii-li 01 lue irisil people to Wlal I nlqUtCOUS ' system ; but If the s* ;uggle "f the Irish people was successful, that system would be swept away, and the people of Ireland would be like those of Switzerland? proprietors of the soil. Great as the iniquity of the Knglish rule in Ireland was, the system of landlordism was the original sin of that vile government: it was the curse of both FDgland and Ireland. The landlord class were the murderers of the people In both countries ; but we shall now meet them in the battle-Held, and sweep them from the face of the earth. The Journal of Commerce. and the Express, two papers published in this city, have attacked us. (Groans and hisses ) They say we are men of words, und not of action ; that we ere brutal ; that we talk of nothing but blood Hnd slaughter; but who everheardtho.se two journals or their editors say a word, in private or public, over the two millions that were slaughtered by the English government, and their allies, the Irish landlords. I.et them think upon, this, and then say 1 whether it is Mooney and O'Connor that is brutal. 1 Mr. <)'< onnor continued to speak at some length, and 1 concluded by stating that there were three thousand | men now well armed ami equipped, ready to march , into Canada, where they would be joined by fifty , thousand of the patriots of that country, the very moment the struggle was commenced in Ireland. John Mi Ks:oa next nddressed the meeting. Ilesald: ? Follow citizens?We have met here to-night under the most gratifying circumstances. Whatever dltlerence of opinion may have heretofore existed between us. there Is no longer any difference of opinion. Union never was more necessary. It Is particularly necessary that wo should bo united in presenting ourselves to the people of this country, in order to give countenance, I and to strengthen the people of lrelaud. in the coming I crisis; for I have it from the best authority, that the I mast desperate struggle will be made, and that before | long; una in mill struggle you will have a duty to perform, and so will every man who pretends to be the friend of Ireland I.et us. therefore, in the face of the nation, pledge ourrclvos to stand by her in this irapending struggle, and to do ail in our power to bring it to a glorious termination The British government dread us. and are watcbiDg every movement we make here. But I tell that government we defy them, because we will keep within the limit 1 of the laws. Mow then are we to serve Ireland? I will tell you. it is bv sending them the sinews of war. And now, I ash, is there a man here that would not give a day's work for the liberation of Ireland ? (A thousand TOices : " Yes, six days' work.") But this is not the time for talk 1 told you the last time 1 addressed you, that the talking part was done, and that the time for action had arrived Come forward, then, and give all you can ; and I fervently hone that the time is not far off, when you will receive a glorious return in the news of the freedom of your long opSressed country, and the downfall of ber oppressors. 1r. McKeon. upon sitting down, was loudly cheered. Some other speeches were made, after which $10, $0. $3 and $2 bills came in in hatfuls. Police Intelligence. Brfore .Juslin Tuny son?The police offloe, yesterday morning, presented quite a lively appearance, ex- j hibitirg a motley group, whites and blacks, arranged ! along on benches, anxiously awaiting the decision of i the learned Justice on the charges made ngainst them. In one corner of the oouxt was seated Josiah I Stanton, Catherine Jeffrey, and ('aatherine Anderson, : who stood oharged with robbing Alexander Miller of , $96, while in the premises No. 274 Water street, the 1 night previous. Next to them sat seven other female i prostitutes, inmates of the same bouse, who were all < arrested on suspicion of being concerned in the lar- j ceny. These women were certainly some of the belles j of Water, and somewhat the worse for rum and hard treatment, bearing marks of violence?some with black ' eyes, broken noses, patched lips, and bruised arms. All { these miserable looking creatures were locked up by 1 the Justice in order te come at the real thief. Amongst ' this interesting group of Water street nymphs, was a t genteelly dressed young man. who gave his name as i John C. Johnson, who was brought in by one of the t Third Ward policemen, on a charge of being drunk , and disorderly in Broadway, bearing the marks of a spree on the forehead, where he evidently had run against the policeman's olub, or got foul of alampSrst On being brought before the Justice, he begged ard to be let off, pleading his first offence, and the effects of bad company, in visiting the Broadway oyster 1 AiilUva ? /? nkiA ma 4k? m.-I.e-l- -1 ? wv.4w.bj ?v , tt uivuj mo ?uv mo^ionmo uuacrfuu, ?ro making vagabonds of one-half of the young men in the city. The Justice, on hearing his story, remarked that as it >vas the first time he bad been before him, be would allow him to go this time, but if he erer was brought in again, he should certainly put the whole amount of punishment on him. The next prisoners were three boys, possessing anything but honest looks, calling themselves Lewis Hubble, Kdwaid M'Crath, and Timothy M'Cnrtv, who were caught by officers Cory and Riley, of the 2d ward poiice, on Sunday afternoon, stealing bocts and shoes, from the store No. 225 Pearl street, corner of Piatt street, occupied by Mr. Andrew D. dale. The ? flicers stated to the magistrates that they watched these bojs, together with several others, very busily engaged at the basement window of the store, which was secured in front with iron bsrs : but the young scamps bad armed themselves with a long stick, at the end of which was an iron hook. They broke a pane of glass, and with this stick were hooking out through the broken gla-s the boots and shoes that laid in their reach on the counter They had already hooked out six pair, when the officers detected them in the aot, catching three Of the boys, aud recovering two pair of the boots The others were carried off by the boys who escaped. The mag'strate locked all three up iu the Tombs for trial. GoxiarA on the Tapii again ?Officer Paterson, of the lower police, arrested yesterday Isaac II Coward. the reputed writing master, on u warrant issued by Justice Tlmpron. wherein he stands charged with defrauding a young man, green from Ireland.by the name of James Iiardis. residing at present at No. 40 Second street, out of {>20. under the same old representations. It appears that the young man saw in one of the dally papers the following advertisement :? | Wanted?A clerk in a grocery, and two ia dry goods stores; s1s > asrictant teachtrs ( all s to II, at .155 10th street. N. Y. C. Cnhegi; lilted and (maided. I pon the strength of this advertisement, Hardin called upon Mr. (loward. and was then Informed j by him that if be wanted a good place, it would cost him one hundred dollars. The young man said he had not got so much money Then, said Mr. Coward. 1 will oharge you $50. as you must be well prepared before I can recommend you to a goad situation. Kinding, however, that the young man had not so much money, he concluded to take $20. for which he was to prepare him, and procure him a good situa- , tion in two weeks. This promise, like many others. Mr Coward omitted to fulfil, but merely obtained the $20. as the young man alleges, by false reprerentatlons, J; thereby defrauding him out of hie money. Upon the " officer cringing Mr Howard before the magistrate, he '> twcainc olermed , and refunded the fHO, which , was banded to Mr. Stewart, the property clerk, for eafe ; keeping; and the magistrate held him to ball in the I eum 01 $800, to anawer the charge. Robbed While Nayjimg.? We noticed under this head, | in yesterday s Herald, the arrest ef a young woman called Kmlly Traeey, on a charge of robbing a sailor, called Joseph Campbell of $.TJ. while in a heuse at No. j 'J74 Water street. The complainant in this case, is not Joseph Campbell belonging to the New Vork I Volunteers, hut a sailor of the same name. Jt Charge of Perjury.? Under this head, we noticed In Sunday's Hrrold, the arrest of a young man by the name of L. K. Bulkley, on an alleged charge of perjury. We are requested to state by Mr. Bulkley. that the charge is wholly unfounded ; which, he alleges, can be fully and satisfactorily explained before the magistrate on the 18th of this month, at which time the hearing will take place. | Tim Vkkmoist Coai.itios.?It is said that the i abolitionists in Vermont are to be strengthened by "the unnexation" of Horace Kverett, and Mr. Slade. A Ntate Free Soil Convention was held at Mu'bury, on the 1st, and wax addressed by Messrs. Kesson and Stanshury, of Burlington, and H. II. < Stewart, of New York city. The Committee reported the nominations for State officers, as fol- , s lows I For Governor, Oscar L. Sohafter. ot Wilmington ; tor Lieut. Governor, Luke P. Poland, of Norristown. The Convention was addressed by | ? Hon. Horace Everett, vindicating his course n i " leaving the Whigs. He considered the Whig party b ns a national party, for ever dissolved ; and e.x- h pressed a determination to devote the remnant of 2 his life to the cause of freedom. Ex-Governor 11 8lade made a long speech sn favor of the Ires soil '' movement, and repudiated Oen Taylor, and the j I1 course of the Whig party I ? :l d. TWO CENTS. Symitoms ok a IIiot.?At Philadelphia, on Saturday afternoon, a scene of" excitement occurred on the wharf, growing out ot the following circumstances. A French family, recently arrived at New York from the inland of Guadaloupe, whence they had fled from the disturbances that threatened to overwhelm the imputation, and with thnn came four colored females and one male in the capacity of domestics. They "were all horn free with the execution of one female, and she had been manumitted by her muster, in whose family she whs raised, previous to the decree of the French republic, declaring all the slaves in their colonies to be free. Some difficulty occurred while the parly were in New York with the abolitionists tht re, and one of the colored women was carried of! and confined, as she says, in a cave or some secret place underground, from which she managed to escape, and took refuge at the hoarding house Irom which she had been enticedOn Saturday morning the French family and their attendants came on to this city, with the intention of proceeding to Emmetsburg, Maryland, whetr they intend settling. The abolitionists here, it is sa.d, were informed of the movement through the telegraph, and u crowd ot colored persons had assembled by the time the party had removed themselves and baggage on board the Ericsson steamboat boun d for Baltimore. The ca| tain of the boat, becoming alarmed at the threatening appearance of the crowd, advised some of the police to remove them to the Baltimore steamboat, which would start in a short time; and accordingly the whole narty were transferred to Dock street wharf. The crowd, nothing daunted, followed them, and their boldness increasing in consequence of their accession of numbers, they would liuve seized upon the objects of their mistaken benci olence, had tliey not been resisted by the officers in attendance. The confusion and noise occasioned by the mob in their interference with the movements of these strangers greatly frightened the colored women, and caused them to cling to the French gentlemen of the party for protection The latter asserted that their servants were not slaves, that they were at liberty to go at once if they chose: but on their part the servants declared they would rather die than desert their friends < >n? or iwo 01 me women nau tntants at their breasts, children belonging to the family in which they were raised, and to whom they had been much attached. The efforts of the philanthropists were, however, unavailing, and the boat pushed off from the wharf with the party on board, a few minutes after the regular time. A writ of habeas rat])us had been obtained, directed to the captain fif the Ericsson boat, but by the time the officer leached Chesnut street wharf the whole party were safely lodged on board the other boat, so that the document was useless. One of tlie colored men composing the crowd was arrested for inciting :o riot, and held to bail by the Mayor.?Phila. The Ai.t.kghkny Factory Riots.?Yesterday our sister city, Allegheny, wus the scene of another of those factory riots which rendered her somewhat notorious two years ago. Ever since the first of.Tuly, when the " Ten Hour Law," as it is called, went into o|>eratioii, the cotton factories in that city have been standing idle, the ojieratives, as they have a right to do. standing out tor the ten hours, and the factory proprietors, asserting their inability, on the ten hour system, to compete with eastern mills which work twelve hours. A nortion of the hands are willing to go to work, at the old iimr, ana n&u entered into a coniracc so to ao, as the luw provides, and yesterday (Monday) morning, the Penn factory was started with a respectable number of hands, though not full. Those of the operatives favoruble to standing out, together with a crowd of men and boys not connected with the factories, gathered around the mill, and throughout the forenoon contented themselves with no further demonstrations than the throwing of a stone through the windows occasionally, and shouting and hooting at those within. They were waiting for the dinner hour to arrive, when they expected thejiands working would go home to dine, as usual. But in this they were mistaken They had brought their dinners wtth them, and when the factory stopped, thv doors were not opened, and no one come out. The fury of the rioters then broke joose, and an attack was made on the fence, botli in the rear of tne building 011 Isabella street, and on the river front. The fence soon gave way, when the crowd rushed into the yard, and commenced an attack upon the doors with axes and poles. One of the doors soon yielded to the blows of the infuriated Amazons, and the rioters carried the factory by storm. All the other doors were immediately thrown, open, and llie building was soon filled with the rioters, who commenced throwing out of the windows the dinners of the work hands, together with bobbin-, Vc. Through the exeriions of some men who !iad influence with tiie attacking party, a line was ormed, and the hands who had Deen at work were lermitted to pass out, uinidst the shouts, and jeers, ind scofls ot the rioters. Having thus succeeded n their object, by putting a stop to v^ork in the lull, the rioters retired to the streets again, where hey hung around the mill the most of the afternoon, reguled with an occasional harrangue by their leaders, and pne or more lights. TheJAayor of the city and police, and the Sheriff of the county, with his posse, were present, but were wholly unable to protect the property, or to prevent the rioters from obtaining entrance. We regret to hear that Mr. Logan, one of the proprietors of the mill, was badlv injured hy a eul or blow in the face; and that Mr. Weigley, one of the mayor's notice, was quite seriously injured by blows, and ;uls with knives. The windows in the east end >f the building arc pretty badly shattered, and we inderstand, some warps, Arc., were cut. The michinery, we believe is not injured, except by he stones, rotten eggs, i.Vc.. which catne through he windows.?Ptltxburg Gazette. Among the MissiNo.-Since the sudden departure tom this city of Messrs. Wright, liegeman, >tec., ibsquatulations have become quite fashionable in Brooklyn, especially among some of the mercan tie fraternity in the vicinity ol the South Ferry. An ntense sensation has been created in that neighborhood during the present week, in consequence bf its being discovered that the firm of Lewis and Stewart, extensively engaged in the grocery and hip chandlery business, and generally believed to be possessed of considerable capital, had hastily eft their establishment andgone to parts unknown, saiah Lewis, jr., the principal partner in the con ern, was formerly in business in New York, and ionic time ago retired, as was supposed, with * :ompetcney. At all events he secured the confilence of several large wholesale houses, and was hereby enabled to obtain an almost unlimited iredit. It is rumored that he has availed himself >f these advantages of procuring frqjii various lources goods to the amount of several thousand lobars, and that to evade payment of obligation* bus contracted he and his co-partner had ned fh-:ity. Another individual, in a different branch of business, in the same vicinity, lias, it is said, dsn, suddenly made himself scarce within a ew days past, considerably involved in debt.? Brooklt/nAdvcrUter, Au^inl Tur Pbairie Car.?General Semple has been ngaged in the vicinity of this place, for some two veeks past, in making experiments with the prmie car. Many of our citi/.ens have witnessed the perations of the car, and have expressed the conlction of the complete success of the undertaking Ve understand that the car now used by Oeneral temple was never intended far business purposes, ut w as built merely to test the principle of the road cylinder wheels on the prairie. The engine t not on springs, and consequently cannot be elected to make very great velocity; yet ithas bevn un regularly at four to five miles an hour, carryying fifty passengers, and for several miles has un ten miles an four. There is no doubt that a arcan be made run at least ten milesan hour vith |>ertect safety. Going, however, at five miles m hour this car would make a trip to Alton in less ime than the stage coaches. Fifty passengers vould be more than five times as many as the caches carry; while the expense of malting the riim would not exceed that of the coaches Should all that is expeeted from the prairie car be eulized, it is obvious that it will work important liHnges in the busines operations in the State fhe city of Springfield, situate at a distance from ny navigable water course, is more interested in bis matter than any other place. It is estimated bat ten or twelve thousand dollars will be sulhlent to out in operation a daily train from this ity to Alton. This sum is completely within the ontrol of Springfield alone. We think that our itizens, if convinced of the triumph of the expeiment, cannot too soon turn their attention to th: i abject.?///. Stntt Remitter, July 2H. Ex portat i on o. Frfach Goods to rut: Unitkd !iatks.?The /.. nrloii 7'idtrv of July 21, says ilia' 'large exportations of irencu goods are now eing made to the United States, ill consequence of he premium of Ij percent, allowed hythe French overnment ipon shipment. Thisexport ition ;>r nium induces large shipments, and American iiiyeis are availing themselves of the present dkiesv J pttct- to purcha- very largely in Pa.ta ,i i th- F retch r> luufArtunng districts "

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