Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 11, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 11, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD, f IwMWOwim of Palton ^n<l Rum iti JAJOCS UOKUOIf UBKNUTT, raopfivroi Mtt lAL NOTICK TUTIIS WOEMU OAKY HKILAIJ)--Three editums every day, two cents per nrv-tT ?p*r annum The WOKNIStI EDITH'S M dielri tasted before breakfast, the tkr.t BVE\IN<i EDITION ran be hatt / the nrtnbvye at 1 o'clock, the second hIXMVO EDITION edt S atelaek. WEEKLY HEKAIJf?Every Saturday. Jar circuLitiess on : the hater yea* Continent?6'? rente per copy ft \2frper annum. Every iteam packet day for European circulation; subornp. han |f per annum. to tnrluds the pot tape. The Europea* tde no well be yrnetea in the Trench and English l/inouagcs. 0 ALL EDITION tt to contain news received f.' the mrnnc-tt of , ^^VE^TIEEMENTS (renewed every mor-nng, and to be pubh hod in the tnorniny arid evening edition.) at reasonable prices, to be written in a plain, legible manner; the proprietor mot responsible tor error* in mantucrist. EJtlSTINil of all kinds crrcutrd beautifully and with de pdlrh Orders received at the Office, corner of Fulton and \aosan streets. ALL LETTERS by mail, for subscriptions, or tenth aiver 11 ?0W*nl u. lo t* pmt paid, or tht post a?* xaui or ocuua'u** j/mn the wanty remitted. . . VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, eontairanf vmp^f tint mws. eolieited from any quarter of tht world; if used ioJl ^NONuWcEtaken of anonyenoue communication*. Whatever M intended for intertion mutt be authentic,itrd bp the name uudaddree* of the tenter; not uecef irUy for publication, but at a guaranty of hi* pood faith. We cannot return rejected ?? nmimira f jom Al l PAYMEKTS to be mode in advance. " aml'aEMENTS THIS EVENING. BO WIRT THEATRE, Bowery.?The Whistler?Jenny LOIKUIL Buf. K1BLOS, AS TOR PLACE.?Merry Wives orffmmi. BURTON'S THEATRH, Chambers street.?Joobo?Lvct did am, amoi-r?Threshers. CASTLE GARDEN, Batter;.?Napoleon's Old Guarin? Mvstibiovs Family. SOCIETY LIBRARY, BroAdway, corner of Leonard street? Campbell's Minstb els?Ethiopian Singing, Rc. PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, near Houston.?Banvare's Panorama or the Missouri and Mississippi Rivera MINERVA ROOMS, Broadway.?Panorama or General Taylor's Mexican Campaign. MILODKON. Bowery?Vibginia Serknapers. New York, Friday, August 11, 1848. Actual Circulation of the Herald. Angwt 10, Thursday 21,07.! enpiea. The publication of the Morning Edition of tfie Herald comriscm yesterday at 20 minutes pact 3 o'clock, and finished at 10 sainutea pas' 7 o'clock; the tint Afternoon Edition com menced at 10 minutes past 1 o'clock, and finished at 20 minutebefare 2 o'clock ; the second at 3 minutes past 3, and finished a; 30 minutes past3o'clock. THE LATEST NEWS. IFTERXOON EDITIONS OF THE HER ALD. We now issue two afternoon editions of the Herald, for the mails and for sale at the steamboats. One is published at one o'clock, and the other at three o'clock These editions contain the latest news of all sorts, received by eleetrio telegraph and by the mails, to the moment of publication. Thus the public can always obtain the latest intelligence of the elections, he., he , In the Herald, at this office, or from any o' the news boys who throng around the afternoon steamboats to the minute of their departure. News agents and news boys can be supplied with the latest editions. Foreign News. The steamship Acadia, Capt. Stone, is now in her thirteenth day, and may be expected to arrive at Boston at any moment. Her news will be one week later. Advices from Ireland are looked for i with no little anxiety. Nomination of Martin Van Barm at Buffalo? The Presidency?State of Parties In New York. 1)iit fclarr-rnili.1 inf aIIi rrpn/.^ lact (.I'lln 11Irr frnm ! Buffalo informs us (hat the committee*of conference, consisting of nine delegates from each State represented in the convention, reported yesterday afternoon, in favor of Martin Van Buren, of New York, for the Presidency, and Charles Francis Adams, son of the late John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts, for the Vice Presidency. These nominations have been confirmed by the convention. The list of candidates for the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the United States, for 1848, is now, we hope, complete. It is annexed, and embraces the abolitionists, liberty league men, natives, national reformers, and barnburners; they are all, by the convention at Buffalo, merged in the three parties represented in this list. Hamm ok i'he Candidates. Politics. h'or President. Fur I'ice President. Whig Za<h. Taylor, La. M. Fillmore, N. Y. Demo Lewis Catj, Mich. Win. O. Butler, Ivy. Free SoU. M. Van lluren, N. Y. C. F Adams. Mass. As the nominations for President and Vice President at Buffalo, completed the series of primary movements by which the various parties that divide the people are to be marshalled into action for the approaching contest, it will, doubtless, be considered interesting to look into the condition of parties in this .State, where the barnburners or free soil movements huve principally had their origin. ?_ -i. _ ,u? l- ?r .1 .nil ailrti\ MS ui Liic >uicr vi nic |?cvi|iic ui luis State, at the Presidential election in 1844, shows the following division, viz.? Democrat* 207,6S8 Whig*. 232 482 Aholitionii tp. 15,812 Total. 485,882 j The election for Governor, in 1846, chowed a great division of the votes of both the leading parties ; but the whigs rallied in sufficient strength, with the aid of the anti-renters and a few thousand ot the old hunkers, to defeat Silas Wright, and to elect John Young, the whig candidate for Governor, by more than eleven thousand majority. The lollowing was the vote at this election, leaving out the abolitionists :? Young, whig 198,878 Wright, democrat 187,300 Young * majority 11572 Probably twenty thousand anti-rent democrats and old hunkers voted for Young, while some whigs refused to vote for him on account of his anti-rent views. . It will thus be seen that over fifty thousand whigs and thirty thousand democrats stayed at home, or declined voting for Governor in 1M6. At the election lor Mate otlicers, lieutenant ?-overnur, Comptroller, Arc., in the fall of 1*17, it will be recollected that the feud between the old nunkers and barnburners broke out into an oi?en < uarrel, and threw the Mate into the hands of the whips. The democratic Mate convention for the nomination of State ofiicers being controlled by the old hunkers, and the ticket nominated being composed of that section of the party, the barnnumers bolted and refused to sustain the ticket, alleging fraud, unfair usage, and trickery on the part of the old hunkers. In consequence of the barnburners, bv general concert and understand- j ing throughout the Slate, withholding their votes from the democratic candidates, the following i wan the result of the election last fall Lieut. Governor. .Sish. whip 170.072 | , Iiayton. democrat . .130,823 ' Whip majority 30,449 , retary State. .Morpan whip 109 470 Sandford. democrat 144 133 Whip majority 25.337 ? rmptroHer I illmore. whip 174 700 ' iiunpurford, democrat.. . .138,027 \ 117 V4.. ?-: U _ ??ujg uii^unij llmore, whig, and Sanford, democrat, being n ne anti-rent ticket, and neither Fish norfiuy< being voted for by them, we are enabled to esmate the amount of the anti-rent vote, namely: will be found to average about Jive thousand. To form an opinion of the probable strength of toe barnburners at the present time, we think it fair to assume that the old hunker vote is at least I equal to that given by them last fall for State ofli- i eers, namely: about 140,000; and il we deduct this t from the democratic vote for President in 1*14, t which was 237,000, we have 97,yn, us the number of democrats who declined voting last fall, soil these must have been principally barn- ( (miners Supposing the latter to gain 80,000 votes ' (rom the wh'g>- and abolitionists,then the following may be set tiewn &s present timtion of j ar'iei 1 in the Ptato of New York, as marshalled for tho Presidential election, viz.? WhV? 217.000 for Tnvtor. 1 Old Hunker* 140.000 for i .tea. Barnburner* 1Z7.000 tor Van Burtd. , Total 484 000 The number given to the barnburners includes 15,00(1 abolitionists. We have thus afforded our politieimns something like reliable data on to which to form calculations respecting this t?tate, and the probability of Mr. Van lluren obtaining the electoral vote. The odds nppear to be largely against hun. Indeed. ihis State may be set down for General Taylor. With the division in the democratic party, caused by the aspiration of Van Buren for the Presidency, or something elsew Taylor will have a start in the coming struggle with the thirtysix electoral vaite* of New York. They will be eoutfl to two or three round of grape lrom Eragg's battery. This is but a beginning. We now intend to follow up these statistics, which, with the election returns now coming in, will give us a clearer view than we have yet had ol the contest before us. Thf. Irish Movement in the United ? The meetings which are being held throughout the United States, for the pur[>o8e of raising money to be sent to Ireland, for the purchase of powder and ball, are signs of the times worthy of a passing notice. The enthusiasm exhibited at these | assemblages is without a parallel, and the amount 1 of money collected is hardly credible. We verily believe, that if the next steamer bring us tidings of the commencement of hostilities between the people of that country andthegovernment, a larger amount of funds will be contributed to aid the former in their struggle for freedom, than was collected to purchase food and provisions during the famine there a year ago. From causes that are obvious to the observer, there always has existed a firm bond of sympathy between the people of Ireland and those of the United States. The Irish are identified with everything American. They contributed, in proportion to their numbers, their full share in achieving the independence of the old thirteen colonies from the mother country; three natives of that country attached their signatures to the declaration of independence. Irishmen fought and bled to maintain that declaration, and ever since have 1 shared in the duty of preserving our government i and institutions. Yet, in?the face of these facts, the American people never had much confidence in the Irish, as asserters of liberty in their own country. They have seen them on more than one occasion?when England was in such a position as to be unable to refuse their demand, if it were pToperlv and sternly claimed?content themselves with a bare and miserable instalment of their rights, some slight concession, which they accepted as a boon, and after getting it, turned round and become the most loyal subjects of the British crown. Thpvhnvp ; seen them swallow the bait which the emissaries of the government laid for them, and go to work and cut each other's throats, fordifferences in forms of religion. They have seen them divided among themselves, and cheated and humbugged by a few designing men, whoBe only object was to feather their nests at the expense of the nation, by adopting politics as a trade or profession. We do not i believe that the men who are at present at the head of the Irish agitation, are mere politicians, and place and fortune hunters. We believe them to be honest and patriotic, and we believe the American people are of the same mind Hence the enthusiasm exhibited aj those meetings, the large amounts ol money collected, and the interest which many of our leading men take in the affairs of that country. It i?> a nice question whether the collecting of money in the United States, and the transmission of it to Ireland, avowedly for the purpose of promoting revolution there, and making it successful against the power of the British government, is not an infringement of the laws of nations and of the stipulations of treaties. It is undoubtedly a moral infiingement of that code, and of our treaties , with England : but we do not think that it can be i brought under the cognizance of our courts of law. , \ A person may do what he pleases with Ins own i money. We have no doubt that the men at the ' head of the movement here, are fully aware of ] what they are doing. j At all events, it is clear that large sums are leav- j ing this country for Ireland; and we have no doubt l c that if the next steamer, now due at Boston, bring a us intelligence of the commencement of hostilities, I n immense sums, in addition to what has been sent ; c already, will be collected and sent over there, to I j lid the people in obtaining their independence. ? The SriKiT or Kiot in the United States.? , Any person who reads the newspapers of the day, j and the accounts of the disorderly proceedings J which frequently take place in this country, cannot but perceive that there is a spirit ol riot abroad, which, if not checked, will ond in consequences 1 awful to contemplate. The other day there was a t serious row in Pittsburgh; there was another in j ' Philadelphia a short time since, and almost every J paper we take up, recounts similar occurrences in I dilierent parts of the country. ' ' There is a fact connected with these riots and 1 ? disturbances, which is of remarkable significance, * and that is, they proceed, in nine cases out of ten, ! , from some supposed grievance; and are com- | ? menced lor the purpose of asserting some imagina- ! ry " rights,"?rights which never had any exist- i j encc. except in the brains of visionaries and en- I i thuaiasis; and which, even if they did exist, are J impracticable; and if attempted to be put in prac- s tice, would end in converting society, as it is at ' present constituted, into a system of barbarism, by j which might would triumph over right, and the : w euker man would lie at the mercy of the stronger. ' But whatelsc than nots and disturbances can we expect, when we see the public journals of the day preaching and instilling into the minds of the people, the doctrines of < 'wcni-ni, T'ourierism, associationism, communism, and every oilier ism ! Wo arc convinced that the spnit of riot, which is now at work in different parts of the , couniry, can be traced from the several places 1 where it manifests itself, in a direct line to the ' disciple and apostle of Foiirierism in America. lie t unceasingly advocates the identical princi- 1 l?les which led to the late insurrection in Paris, j by which ten thousand or more lives were sacn- 1 ficed on the altHr of fanaticism; and we are con- ' , vinced that if they take as deep root here as they 1 have in France, the same consequences will fol- i low, and that our streets will pun with blood. "We have inllumniable material in our midst in J abundance, which, once ignited, would result in a t ronflagration that would be destruction to society ? aid to its best interests. The British West Indies.?Files of the Guiana Timet, published at Dcmerara, to the 2.3th ult., ituve been received. They contain no news of interest. The custom house returns of the export of sugar ( for the half year ending 30th June, give 21,770 t( tihds., J,9N hhds. more than for the same period jy of 1847. Jt is said to be doubtful whether this r] improvement can be sustained as the year pro- . presses; many estates being reported as making f sugar, but doing nothing else. jl Nl ?To UupiHin Thomas, of the " raik Bogota, which urnved lust night, we are 1 indebted for papers from f'arthagcna and Bogota, j o the IHih of July. We can lind no news in k hern worth giving. MH.T. J-ATKR FROM t il l. ? The Packet sllip J.J hristoval Colon, Captain ^mitli, arrived yester- J ley from Havana, with advices to the 1 st u!t. ^ ,Ve have files of papers to that da'e, hu' they say ' i o'h n^ r 'efereuce to the rej<i'ted srsonectio^ TVtea?>l?(il Kttd Mtwlttl. Bo? n? Turm:.? This house was filled in every part hot evening, ami tho utmoit enthusiasm prevailed umoug the audi nee. Th? diaina of the "^Whistler" w?m performed I.rat; and the excellent act11* of thn young l)?hins, ia this piece, wai applauded highly. There little ladies though young iu year.', are proficient* in acting. and have a long and successful career befire tin in. Thn drama of thn" Whistler" i* founded on thi (latter part of Walter Scott'a nival, of the Heart of Midlothian, that part where KUlu Duun* finds the offipring of her rliauie. a wild half savage 1 id, among thn hills of Scotland. It is a titling thmn? for a drama ; and thn version of it, at the Bowery i- highl y wrought and interesting. Wo need not say that all the characters were well played The remainder of tbo performances went otf in hue style, and the imnit*me audience, at the conclusion of each piece, evinced their delight by long continued cheers. The " Whistler'1 will be acted again this evening, with the same oast, including Miss Taylor, Mr. Duff, Wlnans and the Misses Uenin. The musical piece of' Jenny Llnd." and the drama of" Oil Bias"' will also be played. In both of these pieces. Miss Mary Taylor will appear They are pieces which are great favorites with the * public, ami we expect to see a very crowded house. The liowt ry Theatre truly looks natural now-a-days, with its ample tiers of boxes, and large pit. filled every evening. Suoh great patronage isl but a just return for the very liberal and enterprising manner in which it is managed. Niblo'b.?Mr. Hammond made his second appear, ance here last evening, in the character of Paul Pry. The house was well attended, though not so full as it might nave been. The comedy was well cast?Chippendale as old Col. Hardy, Miss Roberts as Eliza Hardy, and Mrs. M&eder as the vivacious Mrs Phoebe. Mr. Hammond's performance of the meddlesome, intrusive busy body, with his everlasting'' Hope I don't intrude," was most admirable. We admire the ea<y and natural manner In which Mr. Hammond goes through his part. Taul Pry is rather a difficult character to perform, with any degree of originality, as so many actors of eminence have made it a pet part, that but little ground is left for any improvement on the usual reading of it. Mr. H.,we can only say then, was a most excellent Paul-such a one as is seldom seen on the stage. Chippendale's Colonel Hardy was a fine piece of acting ; the Irratciblc and, indeed, tyiannical old martinet of a father, was done to the life. We think Chippendale's forte lies decidedly in the pourtrayal of such characters. The Tboebe of Mrs. Maeder was excellent, and the stage waiting maid?that curious character which, we confess, we have never met with any where but on the stage?was capitally acted by her. Miss Robert's Klisa Hardy, ulso. was a very good performance. The burletta of *' Hercules," with Mr. Hammond in his original part of Tim, concluded the evening's performances. To-night, the 44 Merry Wives of Windsor" will be acted for the last time. Messrs. Hackett and Vandenboff appearing as FalstalT and Ford. Burton's Thiathe,-The success of this theatre is unprecedented, and it is not strange, when suoh talent is nightly displayed in the performances. Last night the house was crowded to witness the last appearance of the Lehman family, and M. Murzetti, who fill every one with delight that beholds them. Last night the laughable burlesque of " Lucy did Sham Amour" was repeated, and the style in which it was played kept the house in an uproar of applause. Miss Chapman, as Lucia, received that invlountary applause which is nightly bestowed upon her by an admiring audience; and it is but just^ for her personifications and transitions are most beautifully accomplished Miss Sinclair, as Alise, another of the same sort, was peculiarly happy in her character, and was received with acclamations of delight. She improves with every performance, and is destined soon to become one of the most popular actresses of the day. The part of Morefat, by Mr. Meyer, was excellent, and the iiorflnnifipfitinn nf tho imliviriiml whnm tha pharuclar represents, perfect. Count Kdgardo by Mr. Dunn, was received with great applause. This piece, performed as it is, becomes more and more popular every succeeding night, adding to the favor with which it is received. Miles. Adelaide and Mathilda appeared in the beautiful national pas, " La Napolitaine,'' which was received with thunders of applause. They were enoored, and repeated their performance, to the rapturous delight of the whole audience. They are decidedly the most popular danseuses of the day, and, indeed, are not to be excelled in the beautiful and graceful passes. Miles. Julia and Flora Lehman 1 performed the " Tas Matelot," in beautiful style. The 1 performance concluded with ' Jocko, the Brazilian 1 Ape,'' in which the Lehman family and M. Mazetti appeared; and though it has been several times per- I foimed, it was received with the same unbounded applause. M. Mazetti was, in his personation of Jocko, 1 as perfect as possible, and won for himself a tame which will live with the audience when he is far away. Mr. Burton is determined not to be excelled in cater- , ing for the public amusement; and that his labor is : appreciated, is eTident from the crowded boxes which j are so common at this theatre. There are several rich j pieces in rehearsal, which will shortly be presented; and the public may be satisfied, from the past, that the 1 future will be attended with more success. Ciitli Oiurs.?After the langour occasioned by the very great heat of the day, where can one wile away an hour or two with more advantage to health, or greater pleasure to the mind, than in a promlnade on the balcony of this charming retreat. What luxury. while reclining on one of the sofas, to behold the silvery light of the cbastc moon, shining with bril- ! liancy on the most magnificent bay in the world, with j vessels of every description passing to and fro, and their beautiful pennants streaming on the ambient air. by which this elegant amphitheatre is surrounded; and which possesses the two-fold quality of tea and mountain breezes, that strengthen the constitutions :>f the most delicate persons. Many are referred to the apothecary's store, in order to procure a tonic or ntbce medicine to stimulate a debilitated system; but | ite refer them to Doctors French and Heiser, who will prescribe the Inhaling of the pure oxygen air of the Battery, which is entirely free from the hydrogen gas if dirty street', which they say should be consumed )y those alone who create it, namely, the city authoities. The < orjis dramatiqut engaged at this theatre :omprise some of the leading comedians of tho day. , ,cd the dramas selected for representation are light nd amusing. The orchestra, also, with Mr. Chubb s Its leader, plays in excellent harmony. What more an be required ? The Camvhell Min?tkkla are performing with much 1 clat at tbe Society Library. These darky philosophers .re carrying every thing before them. They sing, day, dance und joke iu the most approved K.thiopiau >tyie, and are well worthy of a visit from all '1 hey vill sing again to-night, and to-morrow evening also. Christy's Mntrrni perform at Trenton. N. J., his evening. They w ill slug at Collet Hall. Flizabethiown. to-morrow night. IIanyard's Panorama If as much patronised as ever. The arrivals from the country at our various hotels are rery numerous every day now. We strongly recomB' nd all strangers in town to visit this exhibition, as .hey will probably never have a better opportunity of >eeing the most remarkable and splendid panoramic minting in tbe world. No less than 2 300 miles of :ountry are accurately delineated in this panorama. Tiie Panorama or General Tvylor'ji Mexican ampaign presents a most accurate and minute representation of all tbe movements of the army in Mexico, inder command of the gallant old hero. The sketches rom which it was compiled were all made en the pot by talented and competent artists, and those who vcre engaged in the way. and who have visited this inhibition, declare that it is most exact. The panoania is exhibited every evening at the Minerva Rooms. Melodeon.?This very popular place of amusement las commenced operations again. The favorite Virglila Serrnaders are again at their posts.and each nignt iive a most excellent bill of the most popular Kthiopian nelodies of the day. The Melodeon is well managed, ind is a very appropriate place for family parties. The Steyermarkisches are at Saratoga Springs. A not fur Letter Ironi General Taylor on 1 Political. IlKAUql'AHl KM, AHMV OK uccvpat ION. ) 'amp mar Monterey, Not. 0. 1847. ) Sin Your letter of the 4th ult. has been received. In reply to your remarks concerning a letter which I iddressed. some time since, to the editor of the Cinintiati Signal. I have no liesltation in stating that it was not my intention in that communication to express an opinion either in concurrence with or in opposition to any of the views embraced in the editorial irtiele to which it refers. The letter, it.-elf, like most other letter* of mine on inofficial matters which have found their way into the newspapers, was not intended for publication, hut limply written as a matter of courtesy in answer to me which I had received from the gentleman in ques- I ion. For this object, it was entirely sufficient: though, inder the belief that it would never go beyond this mint, it is quite probable that it may not have been prepared with that care and critical accuracy w hich ippears to be so much required by politi'dmis. It was imply my desire, on tbat occasion, as bus been uiy ustom uniformly through life, to express my respect I or opinions which I believed to b<- honestly entrrained. and. ns long a? thus held, my approval of his naintainii g them. Should it ever become my official duty to give my 'pinions on any or all of the politiral questions rufcr d to in the article above mentioned, I shall discharge he duty to the best of my judgment. I ntil then, my pinions on such matters are neither necessary nor mportant. I need liardly add. In conclusion, that this cornmuliration is not intended lor the public prints, lam. si:, very respectfully, your obedient servant. / TAYLOR. Major General V. S. A. Mb id ?? Affair*. Lsi'tii it oi thk Ohio.?The splendid steamship I ihio. which we alluded to yesterday will be launched o-morrow morning at 7>i o'clock, from the yard of tessrs. Bishop k Simonion. foot of 4th street, Fast iTer. Aniuv Intj t.i.ioi mit.?'The United States stenmliip Telegraph, Captain Folger, arrived last night ii eighty-two hours from the llrazos. We heve o news by this arrival except the death of the ditor ol the Mutamoran ?no particulars. , 'lie Telegraph hioueht the following im?spnn?M I Brevet MtJ.'Gen. J. K. Wool; BrevotMaj O.Y'.Vin- t liii. A. A. O.; Lieut Jam** Totten, A. I). C ; Lieut. ( . i. McLcin. A. !> >' : Opt W. I> krn?er, Kn|{lnoer | orp*: Breret' nptain I.. Sitgreave*. T. <; E.j Captain | ?*. M >ior|ion, Ordinance Corps; MaJ. J C. Patricide. ( ijTiiaeter. ('apt. Newton. Hitles , Lieut. L.ti Meriaut; Mb Inf.; Lieut. O. T. Andrew*.3d Art.; Lieut. A. MareUly Iflth Jnf Mr*. In . tor Madi*on ; W. J nr.dell. P?)roaster* Clerk; Doctor MeUhe? ; 11. S irl??y; L. Murphy, H M. C.; D. C. March, C. D.? I ! M.|uj< r* aod ttuarter Matter * men?a part of Capt. [ eit'a company of Illinois volunteer*, anil 11 ?" ? , tat Moj. fi Ct'. t legiia# ; artL'Iery. ' J

Tto Free ?ofl Convention at Buffalo sroxtaiWiiT IOOT OF A RT.SN VAN BURE* FOR PRESIDENT, AND CHA RLIB raANCIC AD AJtt! FOR VICE PKESIOBNT. Ate. Air. Ate. ** THE MAIL. UnrtfATn Anmi-s? S lvJfi We have delicious weather in Butlulo. The e> traordinary movement upon the question of slaver in the territories of the lTnited States, which ha signalized the memorable year of 184*, has e.> tended further southward than I had expected some of the slave States have sent delegates to th original convention which will assemble in thi city to-morrow. These delegates may, howevet feel no sympathy in this movement, and they ma have been sent here merely to ascertain the stat of public feeling at the North. I am persuade that this anti-slavery agitation will be of a ver formidable and powerful character?much more sc in fact, than 1 have ever had reason to expect. Th disatlected portions of the old political parties consisting of whigs, democrats, Tyler men, Arc. and the ultra abolition party, are at this momen actually undergoing a process of attrition, or cc hesion, or amalgamation. The idea seems to b incredible, but I have entire confidence lhat sucl an extraordinary fusion of parties is at thi moment taking place; what will be the resul of it, and whether this unnatural amalgamation o parties will succeed in destroying the old politics organizations, or in effecting any important changi in the principles upon which the government t< administered, cannot at present be predicted witl certainty. Some of these stems of parties are however, making certain demands upon the gov ernment, and have certain projects in view, wnicl cannot be successful without sacrificing some n the most sacred public interests, nor without en dangering the existence of the Union. The convention, which will assemble here to morrow, will be partly composed of some of tht wildest fanatics, upon the subject of slavery, wh< have delayed the abolition of that institution fo half a century. These men are entirely wild anc insane upon this particular subject; they are tin mere victims of those miserable prejudices of lati tudes and longitudes which control all weak minds They cannot understand that a Jew will clinj to his religion as firmly as a Christian and that one may be precisely as sincen as the other. This convention will also b< partly composed of some of the friends of Mr Clay, who are dissatisfied because thnt statesmai did not receive the nomination of the whig Na tional Convention. A verv strong delegation wil also be present from Ohio, and the memben of this delegation may be regarded as thi warm friends of Judge Mcliean, of Ohio who is, at present^ a Judge j>f the Supremi uourt ot tne i nited states There will also b< present, a strong proportion of the leading men it the Van Buren party, who will be prepared to urg< the claims of that person to the nomination. ] believe that this last named party will succeed it getting the control of the convention. The Massachusetts delegation have all arrived ; some of the members of this delegation, whom ! have seen, are men of talent and sagacity. Tht entire delegation met at the American Hotel this morning, at ten o'clock, to have a confidential consultation upon certain subjects. Before the delegates had all assembled, Mr. Sawyer, a whig delegate from Cincinnati, Ohio, appeared in the room. Mr. Sawyer is a fi.m whig and a personal friendof Judge McLean. He is also a man of intellect and tnlluence, and he seemed to have entered the room for the purpose of making the Massachusetts delegates acquainted with the views and feelings of the delegation from Ohio Mr. Sawyer proceeded to say, in a conversational way, that the friends of Mr. McLean, and the delegation from Ohio, were in favor of the nomination of Mr. Van Buren. In regard to Mr. McLean. Mr. S. sanl he had recently Been a private communication from that gentleman, upon the subject of the nomination to be made at Buffalo. In that letter Mr. McLean had said ihat he approved of the movement in favor of free soil, and that he was opposed to the introduction of slavery into Oregon, or California, or New Mexico, or into any other free territory which the United States might hereafter acquire. He (Judge McLean] was with the friends of free soil, and if Martin Van Buren had not been already nominated at Utica, he (McLean) would, if nominated at the Bufiido Convention, have accepted the nomination; but now he could not accept it under any circumstances. lie thought it was the duty of the friends of free soil to make every effort in their power to unite themselves together in this crisis; and he (McLean) believed that the measure which would best accomplish the union which he so much desired, would be the nomination of Van Buren by the Butlalo Convention. Under such circumstances, he (Mr. McLean) would feel bound to decline the nomination. Such, said Mr. Sawyer, were the contents of the letter which was lately written by Judge McLean, and which I, as the friend of that distinguished gentleman, feel authorized to divulsre. Mr. Sawyer then proceeded to make some other observations in favor of the nomination of Mr. Van Buren. among which was the following: ?That, in the opinion of the Ohio people, Mr. Van Bnreil would fref mnrp wliiir r<n?? ill? T..-1-.. ? -?A JUUgC McLean; because, if Judge McLean was nomiraied, the Clay whigs would fear the election of (.'ass, and, to prevent that, they would go in for Taylor. Mr. Sawyer made this remark, with the impression, of course, that the barnburners of New York will support Mr. VanBuren; whether he is nominated at Buffalo or not, they certainly will do so. Mr. Sawyer, in conclusion, said, that another reason why the whigs of Ohio were strongly in favor of the nomination of Van Burcn was, because he believed that it was constitutional for the general government to make appropriations for the improvement of rivers and harbors. These views of this Ohio whig made a gTeai impression upon the Massachusetts delegation, which, I should observe, is composed of an equal number of whigs, democrats, and abolitionists. Still, a majoriVy of this delegation is believed to be in favor of the nomination of McLean: it is known, in fact, that they will insist upon his nomination for the Presidency, or for the Vice Presidency. At the confidential meeting of the Massachusetts delegation, which was held after Mr. lawyer had concluded his remarks, the following resolution was adopted:? Resolved, That it bo recommended that a committee cou.-isting of a number eijual to one-third the number ol' Presidential el?ctor? to which each State is entitled. ho requested to meet at the Man.ion House at live o'clock this afternoon, to consult upon the business likely to come before the convention. '1 his meeting will be held for the purpose of devising some plan for the* organization of the original convention to-morrow. I am utterly at a loss to comprehend upon what parliamentary principles the organization is to he made. In fact, some of the ablest men here are fearful that the c< mention cannot be organized without great difficulty, and perhaps not oil. < >ne of the usual pailiiiiiientary forms will have to be dispell: ed with; viz., the receiving of the credentials of the delegates Any body and every body will have to be received ns delegates. I think. (here Will Lie a souahhle noon tin. f.?. the fact that there will be several colored gentlemen pre-cnt from < 'hio, who will claim seals as delegates; there is also one negro from Cortland count) , in this State, who will claim a seat as a delegate. The wild abolitionists will probably int upon the riitht of these colored gentlemen to -i:i, and the more moderate white delegates will piolutbiy refute to receive the credentials of the colored gentlemen. If'this ijuestion is onceraised, it will be disc nssed with great warmth, and it will pre tluce considerable fun: it may end in a blow up, and the abolitionists may withdraw from the contention in n littl?? hit of a passion, as the barnbutning delegates withdraw front the Baltimore Convention. If these colored gentlemen are admitted to sc ats, they will, of course, vote f or Massa Utile or Massa Giddings. I ain writing at tivp o'clock F. M., and at this meinent the city is filled witli thousands of delegates from the East and the West. About ten hour and strangers are now in the city. Considerable excitement exists; the hotels are filled, and ;rours of delegates may lie seen collected in the rending rooms, and in front of the hotels, discussing the probabilities of to-morrow. From some in-timstances w hich have occurred, I judge that he fusion of these stems of parties will not be ef (ctf (i witliout some exhibitions of acrimony? 1115'* biiternf!^-, unci some terrible nnd ferocious liicussions. I believe flint the mcctini; of to-mor nw will he intensely curious and exciting. J learn liat John Van iluren is in the city, or is in his way here. He coines here, doublets, to intrigue for his lather. 11?* will lot appear upon the surface of aHairs, but lie will >e actively engaged behind the drop curtain. John s u <iuter chap, and some body has been making iropoeule to him to drop his father's nomination, Ti condition that he (Johnny) shall i.e nominated u Hie Vjc? Presidency by the Jbullaio revolution. ifts. Cut John will consent to no such arrangement. The great struggle will be between Van Euren and Mcl/fon ; there are, in fact, no other candidates? .u Ludv else is thought of. The Pennsylvania i mc{ Llioa held a meeting at the American S hotel at tnree o'ctoca this afternoon. Nothing has transpired in relation to the posit ion they will take. I believe they will go for Van IJtiren. At present, in consequence of the curious materisls of which this convention is composed, 1 um unwilling to hut.ard any opinion in regard to the result. Among such a body ol men it is impossible to form any conclusions; some nomi? nation may he made which is altogether unex pected; some Cafi'rc or Hottentot may be nomi nnted, or the wild abolitionists may vote for Mr. Foote.of Mississippi. Either of these events may lie as likely to occur us the nomination of Van Buren or McLean; and yet, as I before remarked, they are the only gentlemen who are now named as candidates. I advised you, to-day, by telegraph, that a letter from Judge McLean would be read to the Convention, in which lie would positively decline the nomination, and in which lie would express some y opinions favorable to the nomination of Van Buren. s But I have great reason to believe that, notwithstanding this letter, the Massachusetts delegation will urge, and insist upon, and demand the nomination of McLean, and that they will never give e thpir votes for any other man. s It is rumored that Governor Briggs, of Massachusetts is here, or will arrive here, and that he ' will bring wiih him an extraordinary y>,onumiuy mrvto from Henry Clay. e Hon. William C. Crane, of Herkimer, arrived j to-day. It is doubtful whether the Hon. George Rathbun, y ot Cayuga, will be present. He is one of the most ?, powerful friends Martin Van Buren can boast of e in his old age. Rathbnn is eloquent in speech and wary and sagacious as a politician, lie is a ' brilliant man, ana he is one of the strongest pil? lars in the temple of freedom and free soil. :t The negro Frederic Douglass is here, and will ' deliver an address this evening, which will be faithfully reported by your reporters. '* The friends of free soil wilj hold a preliminary 8 meeting in the Park this evening. Messrs. Jarna] gin, of Indiana, and Smith, of Wayne county, in I this State, and other speakers will address the 1 mpeline. f'.rrnrs M BY TELEGIUril. i Buffalo, August 10,1848. , The Convention has done some terrible things ;o-day. f The barnburners, with keen diplomacy, are - gradually shoving Van Buren upon the Convention. Giddings (the abolitionist) declared, in a speech, I that the liberty men would go for Van Buren, if j he was fairly nominated by this Convention, r I believe that the friends of Judge McLean will | yield quietly to Van Buren's nomination, and that 1 McLean's letter will not be read. Thirty thousand men were present dunng the I sittings of the Convention, to-day. There has I been a good deal of bluster, and some passion, but i nothing definite. The negro delegates did not present theil* cre1 dentials. * Bitfalo, Aug. 10,1848. s The Convention met this afternoon at three i o'clock, Charles Francis Adams, President, in the ? chair. i The Committee on Resolutions made a report, i which was read, and adopted by the Convention 1 without a dissenting voice. [ 7 O'CLOCK, P. M. The Committee of Conference, consisting of nine delegates from every State represented in the [ Convention, have just reported in favor of the noj mination of Martin Van Buren for President, and Charles F. Adams, of Massachusetts, for Vice President. The New York delegation could not ' agree upon a candidate for Vice President; but these nominations will be unanimously confirmed. | v 7i O'CLOCK, P. M. ; The result of an informal ballot for President ! gave Mr. Van Buren 22 majority over all others, I as follows:? For Martin Van Buren 244 For John P. Hale 181 Scattering 41 Whole number of votes 466 Mr. Van Buren was then unanimously nomi" nated. ' S O'CLOC K, P. M. The lion. Charles Francis Adams was nominated as the candidates for Vice President. The prominent candidate were C. F. Adams, John P. Hale, and Joshua 11. Giddings. Nine o'Clocr, P.M. The conference composed of all the voting delegates to this Convention, have been sitting to-day in the church, during the meeting of the Mass Convention in the Park. Alter some brilliant speeches from Mr. Leavitt, of Massachusetts, and others, a question arose whether Martin Van Buren would accept the nomination, if offered him. Citizen Benj. F. Butler was asked to reply, and during his remarks, read the following letter from Martin Van Buren. Lisiiiehwald. August 2, 1848. Gentlemen -It has occurred to me, that a direct communication of my feelings, upon a single point, may in one event serve to remove embarrassment in your action at BulTalo You all know, from my letter to the Utica Convention, and the confidence you repose in my sincerity, how greatly the proceedings of that body, in relation to myself, were opposed to my earnest wishes. Some of you have also had opportunities to satisfy yourselves, from personal observation, of the sacrifices oi lerungs inn miwsi waicn i incurred in submitting my future action to its control. Nono of you need be assured of the extent to which those feelings were relieved, by the consciousness that in yielding to the decision of that body, that the use of my name was necessary to enable the over faithful democracy of New Vork to sustain themselves in the extraordinary position into which they have been driven by the Injustice of others. I availed myself of an opportunity to testify to them my enduring gratitude for the many favors I had received at their hands The convention, of which you will form a part, may, if wisely conducted, be productive of more important consequences than any which has gone before it, save, only, that which framed tlio federal constitution, in one respect, it will be wholly unlike any convention which has been held in the | United States, since the present organization of parties. It will, in a great degree, bo composed of individuals who bare, all their lives, been arrayed on different sides in politics. State and national, and who still differ in regard to most of the question* that have arisen in this administration of the respective governments ; but who feel themselves called upon, by considerations of the highest importance, to suspend rival action on other subjects, and unite their common efforts for the accomplishment of a high : end?the prevention of the introduction of human slavery into the extensive territories of the United States, now exempt from that great evil, and which aro destined, if properly treated, to be I ipet dily converted into a wilderness <f f eemcn. I need not say how cordially I concur in the sentiment I which regards this great olyect as one sacred in the | sight of heaven: the accomplishment of which is due to the memories of the great and just men long since, we trust, made perfect in its courts, who laid the foundation of our government, and made, as they fondly , hoped, adequate provision for its perpetuity and suej cess, and is indi.-pensiblo to the future honorand per| inancnt welfare of our entire confederacy. | It may happen, in the course of the deliberations of tbe reinvention, that you become satisfied that the great end of your proceedings can, in your opinion, I he best promoted by an abandonment of the Utlea r. ?> i i V.... ?ill ? 1- ? sunJtors of my uniform derlre never again t<> be a candidate for the Pre lid ncy or for any other public i lth c; but you u.?y appr? Lend that it might not be iiCK table to rue tube superseded iu the nomination nfti r what has taken ptice in regard to it. It is upon this point that 1 desire to protect you against the tlightiM embarnust ui.l, by afsuring you, m I very sincerely and very cheerfully do. that, so far from experiencing any inert lib at ion from su. h a result. it would become most aatisfaetory to my feelings and wishes. Wishing the convention success an 1 honor In Its patriotic efforts, and begging to aecept for yourselves assurances of my unfeigned respect, I ?m, very sincerely. your friend and servant. M VAN BUREN. After the reading of the letter, the Convention went into wn informal viva voce ballot for President, with the following result:?214 delegates nominated Van Buren, 1*1 nominated Hale?scattering, 41. On motion of two distinguished friends of Hale, Van Buren was then nominated by acclamation. This evening the Convention nominated Charles Francis Adams, for A'ice President, by acclamation. The Convention adjourned (10 o'clock, P. M.) from the brick church, and reported the result to the mass convention, in the Park. The report was confirmed by acclamation, and amid a torrent of enthusiasm. Po V^n Buren and Adams are finally nominated The Convention will probably adjourn this eveninr, ?:?u tfrV. i Eleven O'CLOCK, P. M. The resolutions adopted at the convention are explicit and satisfactory to liberty men and whigs. The substance of the resolu:ions is "no slave territory"?"no more slave States?"the end of the District of Columbia''?is declared to be no object. "Friends of Free Soil," "Freedom of Public T.ands," "Cheap Postage," "Flection of public officers under general government by the people, in all practical cases, are boldy declared. The best possible feeling prevails. WhigB, democrats, liberty men, are all grasping each other by the hand. The only difference of opinion is between whigs and liberty men, which are entitled to best credit for consummating the union in favor of Van Ruren. Roth candidates were nominated by acclama tion. me enthusiasm is immense, inreecneers given for (he candidates, three ior Ilale and the liberty party?three for the radical whiga?three for Wilmot?three for Preston King?three deafening yells lor John Van Buren. Then a universal scream for five minutes for everybody. As everybody is in Buffalo, it is believed they will vote the ticket made to-day. It is now 11 P. M., and the Convention has not adjourned. A motion has just been adopted by the unanimous vote of the Convention, that Johu Van Buren shall throw aside all personal considerations,and stump the Unioji for the candidates. The celebrated banner of Van Buren, painted by Harrison, of the 14th ward, of your city, is admired by the ladies and gents who fill the Park. Every body is so well pleased that we cannot say that this Convention will adjourn till November next. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. Summary of the Latest News. Our telegraphic intelligence, this morning, will be lound varied and highly interesting. In the Senate, Mr. Webster yesterday delivered his long-expected speech upon the Oregon bill, developing hi6 views respecting the proposed extension of slave territory, ?Src. In this effort, Mr. W. appears to have compressed his views in the shortest compass. His speech is not lengthy, though cogent, eloquent, and impressive. lie opposes the introduction of the proviso against slavery into the Oregon bill, on the ground that it may be implied, that if slavery be prohibited North of latitude 36 deg. 30 nun., it may be inferred that its existence is countenanced South of that line. He is very emphatic in his declarations of opposition to the further extension of slavery. He is against all compromise. He says he will vote against the bill if the proviso be attached, and in its favor if it be stricken out. Mr. W. then touched upon California and New Mexico?rejoiced that he had nothing to do with the commencement of the war ?said he regarded the war a calamity, the treaty a calamity, and every acquisition of territory, calamitous. Mr. Webster hasthus defined his position on the Wilmot proviso, and, it will be seen, adopted the platform of the iluffalo Convention. He has not, however, pronounced his opinion of General Taylor, which the political world has so long and so anxiously awaited. The debate on the bill, throughout, was highly animated. Messrs. Butler, Calhoun, Foote, Douglass, and others participated warmly in it. At 9 o'clock, P. M., on motion of Mr. Douglass, the Missouri compromise was adopted?ayes 33, nays 21. The election returns from North Carolina afford, as yet, no positive indication of the result. Each party claims the election of their candidate. Returns from other States, received up to the hour of going to press, are also furnished. We refer our readers to the despatches for the details. The correct particulars concerning the proposition of the Hudson's Bay Company to dispose of their possessory rights in Oregon, are set forth in a letter from one of our Washington correspondents. llic K lections, kentucky. There is no doubt of Crittenden's election as Governor, by a majority about twice as large as the whig candidate, Owsley, obtained in 1844?vi/ ,4,624. Louisville, Aug. 10?9 A. M. Twelve counties have been fully heard from, and no doubt remains of Crittenden's election by 7,000 majority. Louisville gives him 4<>0. INDIANA. We have heard from St. Joseph. The whig Representatives are reported to have over 900 majority. Clay's majority in 1844 was about 200? and since then the county has been about equally balanced. The indications are favorable to the whigs having a majority in the Legislature; but the returns are not yet sufficiently lull to decide the question. ILLINOIS. The vote for Governor in this State is all on one side, there being no whig candidate; consequently, Augustus C. French, democrat, has been elected Governor, and Wm. McMurtry, also democrat, Lieutenant Governor. For members of Congress, the election has been spirited. In Joe Daviess county, E. D. Baker, whig, has a majority of 300 for Congress, being a considerable whig gain. Baker is probably elected. The district is now represented by Turner, democrat. In the Sangamon district, now represented by Lincoln. (whig,) the contest is between Harris (dem.) and Logan (whig). So far, there is a democratic gain in the counties heard from. From the other live Congress districts we have no details. Buffalo, August 10, 1848. Annexed is the result of the election in Cook county. In the city, Scanimon (whig candidate for Congress) has a majority of 230 over Weniworth; but Wentworth's majority in the county is 250. Two years ago, Ins majority in the county was 1,(136,and in the district neurly (1,000. There are thirteen counties in the district; and three candidates in the field?two locofocos and one whig. In .Toe Haviess county, linker (whig) has a majority of 300. Folk's majority in 1844, was 71 In Menard county, Harris (dem.) has a majority ol 72. In Sangamon county, Logan (whig) lias a large majority, and is probably elected. In St. Clair county, the whig Legislative ticket has 450 minority. This county gave 903 majority for Folk in 1844. MISSOURI. ClN< INNATt, Allg. 10, 11) t\ M. The whige have carried Saline, Cooper, Clark, Warren, Montgomery, Boone, St. Francois, and Washington counties. Tiiey aho elected four whig representatives. The democrats have carried St. Charles, Lincoln, Pike, and Howard counties, with a gam of two representatives.? The majority of the latter is rather small. IOWA. CiN< iNwrn, August )]?1 A- M. The democratic ticket is elected in Lee. I>esnioines counties. The whirrs have carried Muscatine county. In Henry and Van Buren counties, whig Senators, two whig Representatives, and one democratic Representative are elected. Wapello, Monroe, and Pottowattumie counties have elected one whig Senator. The returns from Jtllerson county are ini|?erfect. NORTH CAROLINA. Washington, August 10,18IS. Wilksand Surrey counties show a gain for Re.if of 1118. The Legislature is still in doubt. The Washington Union of yesterday says:?"A' half-pastH, last evening, we received the lollowing from the editor of the Raleigh Standard:? " Forty-five counties heard from?democratic gain for governor about 1800-a close race. The whtge admit that it will be in hundreds, ono way or the other. < |0ar pain !c the i-cisistare. sla?three morc w|u <iP w?.